Matn Alajurroomiyyah #20

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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File Size: 48.74MB

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2018 2 16 LMM before Isha

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It's really handy little blood. I mean, while Masoli was telling him about Nikola CD, you know, have you been on Muhammad voila.

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So last time we studied a bit fine or Allegra Musa Lu, which is an object that does not have a subject and a verb a sentence, or is the substitute of a subject and we're still talking about nouns that are in the status of refer, we're still talking about the nouns that are the status of them. We're not done yet. We talked about the subject and a verb big sentence last time, and today we're going to talk about and show we talked about the fact that two times ago we talked about the subject define and the last thing we talked about now but find a substitute or the alternative of that there's still one part left of talking about now that follow up finished today or on end today. And

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then inshallah we will move on to talking about looked at that will cover so

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now I will find

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wearing my phone

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allow the lump sum of IOU

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so it's an either the alternative

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or the substitute of the subject. So as subjects substitute

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or an object

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in a passive verb, base sentence.

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Subject, an object of passive verb a sentence. So we have a passive verb base sentence

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given done in England, Arabic, or LPEA, for ADA Almeida and we talked about passivity or in fairly nebulous module, and how a sentence of a sentence you're always going to look for a subject. If it's a if it's a direct or active verb, you're going to find a subject and if it's not, if it's a passive Are you gonna find a substitute substitute or not I've been fine when object about a passive verb a sentence All right, now, there are two your two categories for this. Well, I left this mean as the email I'm gonna read I'm gonna read the text first.

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So we don't end up held behind and I'll continue So Imam says Barbara flotilla the lemons MFA. Well, we'll listen will mark for hula de la Muse karma HuFa, Idaho and is the noun that is the state styles of refer that does not have a subject in the sentence which is basically an explained thing kind of ethereal Maldon if we have a verb that is past tense verb, boom, well, who were kusudama copula theory he

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they put Obama on the first letter, and he put a camera on the one before the end. So if you remember when he talks about this last time, I gave examples, if you say Fila

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you get a cushy about malerkotla theory here, so don't worry, we'll meet Obama for the first one. And Castra for the one before the end, this is one before the end. So for either if it's a past tense, right, when can I move body and if it is in the present tense verb, present tense, then Luma well, who were footsy hammer WFE. So if it's your file

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then you don't know what who will give a bummer to the beginning.

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And if I turn to the one before the end is already one so your file is already one here. But if there was a castle here you put a ton. So this is past tense.

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And this is present.

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And here our passive verbs is how you turn

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a sentence into a passive verb, base sentence, right? A passive verb a sentence, you will have now been five instead of a five, you will have this subject substitute instead of actually having a subject what's in common between the fine and been fine. Both of them are for both of them are nouns that are the status of a law firm, which is the most important point of studying this.

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This topic, okay. Now, the meme continues by saying, Well, why does this mean a while here, and there are two categories for notable fine while hitter

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apparent

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one will Damara

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implicit, as we established last and same thing for the file, if you remember, right, so we say well, what do we mean by water?

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Okay, it means like there's actual, the actual word is there. Now we'll have a VA here. We'll call it the non continuous explaining the mountain. And the apparent is like seeing believers, Aiden will drop who's Aiden? We're Oklahoma. I'm Ron, are you Cromwell I'm Ron.

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So he gave examples like this.

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He said,

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body busied

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Madiba, this is a passive verb right? It's a verb a sentence a passive verb

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So you're looking for a subject substitute, or you're looking for an object of passive verb base and he's looking for now a bit fine here. So his age is going to be they used to be Baba someone's Aidan. And then we took out that someone and that was just the date was hit.

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So they know is the subject of the sentence, but not really. So he's the subject substitute because he's like you used to be an object in a regular base sentence. So he's been talking about for so long, he was a done

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and you'll drop was Aiden.

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Right, what do you do in a present tense verb, you give a bum at the beginning and if I'd had before the end

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you'll drop was aid on the same thing. Zaid is being hit

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No, this is what her see looked at the

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eye on the same page, I

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think you're in the wrong page.

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Is it is it bourbon fragola de la Musa.

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Yeah, so

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I think it is my page. So here see the guy has written the name is written is apparently the name is right there. Right. Another example he gave, he said you're from Oklahoma.

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I'm Ron.

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So Cree, Mossy Oak Reema

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is a passive This is a past tense verb. It's a passive so there's a bum at the beginning and a customer right before the end. So Oh, crema Amarone and here's the object who's now a subject substitute right? Are you Cramo I'm Ron

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if it's present tense been at the beginning Fatah right before the end, right

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eukroma Omron

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these are examples of a parent. Now, in fact, are apparent objects in a passive verb a sentence

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right.

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Now, mobile or implicit is to two things.

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Two things

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pronoun

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are estimated.

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If you remember, remember, we did this for the fun. We did the same thing for the fun, literally, same thing. So we can do it right now quickly, not quickly, quickly. But we're gonna try to do it in a way where we we've actually established this before, to make to make sense of it. So if you were to study the implicit notable fine so we're going to take a verb that is a passive tense, they're going to stick on it all the pronouns that we could possibly stick on it. If you want it let's break it down like he broke it down. Last night. They broke a leg the last day What did we do? We had three

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so now

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yes, now I've been fine logMAR

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not by me the implicit now I've been fine. So we're going to break it down into three. So what were the things the ones addressed

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speaker

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and third party.

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And these are the only three ways you can you can speak in any language you have to either be the narrator speaking to someone or speaking about someone there's really nothing else you can do. So let's talk about the speaker first. So let's take the what's the

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cover he gives here the examples I will move tomorrow is now showed exactly like the file, there's 12 different types of multiple implicit now we'll call this like Usain Bolt to eliminate or derivative or dreamteam, Optima will do rep to model up to now Alibaba Alibaba, Alibaba, Alibaba revenue, the same thing as the subject is just what's what's changed the verb, the verb is active in the subject sentence. And it's passive in the knob advice. And this was the exact same thing. There's no difference whatsoever. So let's take speaker if, if I'm saying it, so let's, let's break it down

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singular, right singular speaker I'm talking about I'm only speaking about one person, right? So when I say

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for, right for a girl

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to write for into

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if it's plural

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it's fine.

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Yes.

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Now, is there any other way to speak as a speaker? Speaker either I'm one or I'm plural. There's no two right? Okay. So addressed.

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So what do we have in terms of addressed

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mail

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single meal very good

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so no we're talking about now I've been fine here. So now I've been fine. What does that mean? What is the type of sentence that we have to have your Hamdi?

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I see a passive verb yeah so if we're into right so the word friends it doesn't necessarily have a clear meaning but any other verb if you put it in its place will boot into or kilter

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right

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is active actually

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so for in C is very important data skied here right I used to be a bum at the beginning customer before the end now what is it talking to have one at one time to a single meal

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very good so as far into this what you have to kind of slowly try to remember that you're talking to someone who's talking about you is to talk about yourself is to Nirn for us so a single female

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tourism

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right, if you're talking

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neural

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there's no female and male dressed you'll find it in third party right? So do already speaking to two people.

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Yes.

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You're right

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for him to

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write if ultimate would be the way you would say it in the act of for him to be the way you're doing it in duel, right? So tumor is the pronoun for the duel addressed. Basically what I'm trying to make you memorize by repetition is you I know that the NA is the pronoun for the plural speaker. tumor is the pronoun for duel addressed right addressed to people. So if you memorize them at the end, you'll you'll have something too so what else can you speak to you can speak to a group

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of males

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for

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free

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and the last one yes.

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Very good

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so what's the difference between this and what we did in this subject

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was the only difference

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that's all it's just a verb that it looks different because it's a passive verb but the exact same thing file to know for tonight the same thing we just changed we just changed the verb but now the the

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other difference so for him to insert a file for instance in a file, but also the turret here in the in the time we did the subject was going to be a subject here's not a subject it is a notified it's going to be a subject substitute that that that was a subject who studied the subject file that is the subject here is going to be notable find the subject sub right or the object in a passive verb a sentence

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Okay,

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third party

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so who can we start by doing Reba single meal is talking about a single meal

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very good

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where has he not been fired here? Where's the subject substitute

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estimated Hooah.

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single female would be

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very good.

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And now I've been fired here with the estimated right here.

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Let's talk about

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we're going to talk about third party dual.

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Dual meals to two men. For very good, exact same thing all we're changing. All we're changing is the past the tense of the verb means the form of the verb the verb is passive here is not active.

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Do all females.

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Yep.

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group of males

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and group of females

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For in

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no take any other verb that works better than these ones I put and you'll make so Mareeba boob to I was in Bolivia we were hit

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Laurie

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you were hit

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but empty you were hit as a doctor woman boob tumor but you both the both of you were hit whatever term you guys were hit

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tuna a group of ladies were hit talking to them Laurie but he was at what he meant she was it booty bad but the both of them were hit booty butter the both of them two ladies were hit booty boo with a group of men were hit. But even though that group of ladies were hit, take something else Hopefully though.

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I was taken. Okay, now we were taking go on. So any any other verb that you want. And then you can do the same thing. We were studying for our past tense verb perspective, of course, without getting into too much details with with the present tense, but this is enough for now. So this has not been filed. Give me an example have not been fired yet. One more. One more example, from the Quran maybe.

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Before we wrap up, and I've been fine.

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Cuz now we've been fired, we said that you have to have a passive verb a sentence has the passive verb base and the verb has to be passive. It has to be with Obama at the beginning and a customer before the end of it if it's past tense, and it's Obama at the beginning. And if that time before the end of it, if it's a present tense verb, and then you don't look for the subject anymore. You look for the subject sub notable fine, or the object in a verb based and that is going to be metaphor. It's also going to be more for the most important part of this whole thing is that this guy here is Mata foo.

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And you look for the markers of raffia. Correct. You look for the markers, if it is vital. If it's a word like Zaidan Amara, and if it's not, if it's apparent, if it's implicit, like a pronoun or estimated, then you don't look for markers anymore, doesn't matter. You have to know the pronouns at this point, just to know what is next. And for its final speaker, what is Ooh is a group of third party group of males, you have to know what their pronouns are going to refer to that. That's pretty much it. Give me an example of a

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here, there's no markers in multimeter there are no markers of rasa. Alright, so here when we talk about these two, so it's not for one without a marker.

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It's more for without a marker here. Here we have markers of refer

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the

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body busied.

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On Zaid, you told me

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they don't data and there you go. So it'd be the subject. Subject not that would be is the No

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Okay,

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so

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I commend

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Zaidan Baba is a, it's a past tense verb has nothing to do with it with it with metaphor and it's many anyway, so even more, but you want to remove conceptually the concept of the subject. So we move him so we had to turn this guy into a passive verb, so he becomes really become. Yeah, so it comes Buddha instead of Baba. And Zaid, who was once the object of hitting is now going to turn into the subject. So because it's a verb a sentence, even if it's passive, it still deserves a subject or a subject sub. And this subjects that would not have been fine or the origin of verb a sentence is a data cinema form because that's the whole point of a study novel fine. So he's gonna say you done.

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So basically, Zaid,

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he was given a promotion. From a regular sentence, an active sentence, put in a verb sentence, you promote the object, you take it from being among sube. Now you make it more for it's a higher level. It's a main character. Now, secondary character instant isn't the status of raffia. So what's more important? So this is an emphasis of the Nabbit file, you're emphasizing Zaid, you don't care who hit him you're just talking about you're emphasizing that it was hit that's all you need to think about here. There was a to the fact that was hit who did it? That's not our that's not our concern.

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What is the thing that doesn't exist? No, it's just in the status of raffia without a marker, what is the status words of statuses and they have and because of these statuses, they have markers to indicate that status. So these guys here hide the status of these don't have a marker for it. There's nothing to

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know the nna Okay, yeah, and I've been fired Of course. No, this is this. This isn't the world here. The NFL has not been fired. I live here has not been fired.

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Right. The here has not been fired, but now here has not been fired. The tower here the tower here, the tomb, the tomb, the tuna.

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Here is a difference of opinion was denied. It's probably it's probably estimated one

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right? So the estimated not even five are in the size of an offer and the actual things that are

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points are not been filed in status Robert they just don't have a marker. Now what are the markers of rough and downs yellow? I give you a cheat sheet three times what is it already again? What is the marker of raffia and nouns

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and

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hamdulillah okay in Obama who's it for?

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Obama is America Russia for whom for which nouns? Give me just one

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singular noun very good I'd like to stay tuned that for you what else think of the biggest selling right now what else we have? No he cheated you gave it to him yeah

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broken plural broken plural what else

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dual dual form and what else?

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Anything else? No there's nothing else well what about well

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primary sexual nouns and the sound masculine plural and the sound feminine focus on them right good. So our cheat sheet didn't completely it we have something I read it again just for the sake of it holding on to the piece of information inshallah.

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So markers

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refer

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the nouns

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we have the Obama

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if you have the wo Bama for singular

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nouns and for

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broken plural

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and sound feminine plural

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lft dual form

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only.

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And well five exceptional nouns

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and sound masculine.

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Great. Now what are the what are the five essential nouns before we continue?

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Start with the obvious of a hammer the father of brother of in love owner of and the mouth of someone and of course the last two to be less less used.

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Who are extremely used very commonly?

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More cheat sheet for you?

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Fine, fine. Yeah. Handy. Fine.

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I'll put over here.

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Okay, let me see if I can fit it in.

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So I will

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do for all right. Father of brother of in love.

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Owner of and the mouth of. Okay. So that's, that's the that's now been five that is the subject sub, or the object of passive verb a sentence. And it's just basically when we remove when we remove, conceptually, the subject from the sentence we don't want. We don't care about who did it, or it's not the focus of the sentence. So the object is promoted from being an object that is monsoon to being a subject sub there's meant to be metaphor. And it's if you understand it, philosophically, you understand that that's how Arabic language works. We promote words, and then we demote words based on their importance of a sentence. Can you give me an example from the Quran?

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Right, I'll give you one.

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I see her Bushati men, he said he will open up to them Kampala. Now, do you know is it a passive verb? Or is it an active direct verb?

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And based on what do you know is do you know that a direct active verb words of the passive verb? How do you know what is your clue? Because it's not saying what was adorned with what?

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Because

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because I'm on the beginning and the customer before the end, that's how we know it's a passive verb. So direct verb would be say Jenna. So

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if you say Yena because they're gonna means made made beautiful or made lewdly or an illusion illusion based, making it seem nice and giving a Dormans so humble shallot, harbor shower the love of whims and desires, the love of sure what's right, so zooming you know how Bucha the love of desires and whims has been adorned or made beautiful in the eyes of human beings leanness. Now

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Oh, that's just so this is the passive verb. This is

00:25:05--> 00:25:12

this is the notified. This is here, gentleman's rude it's not important. So you can take that other sentence altogether, this is going to be nasty

00:25:15--> 00:25:24

right? So what's the origin of the sentence? Who did that disease who who made the love of Jehovah music and for the human being

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shape on the knifes the dirt Yanni the plan of Allah subhanaw taala. But because that's not important, this is how the sentence came. And he said the idea it was a Ghana for example, say you Xena shaytaan Bucha hurt right now it's an active V sentence. And shape line is defined as a metaphor and hope is going to have a photonics hub it's monsoon but because it's not important who did it was important that it is the important thing is that hobo shower is Musa yes it is yeah, he made the animal is born in proportion in the hearts of human beings. That's more important and that's why the sentence came the way it came to the zoo you know. So hope was not fine as metaphor,

00:26:03--> 00:26:06

but it used to be an object if you go back to the origin of the sentence okay

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so that's now been fine. We're going to move on in Sharla to Gupta

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fighting has been

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good. Give me a good

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example is

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oral female

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is a is just it's just a verb with no pronoun attached to it. So it has no pronoun attached to it. So you know hobble the word help is the apparent we only talk about like attachment if we're talking about a pronoun there's no pronouns do you know who do you know who the love has been adorned or has been made?

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Beautiful in the eyes?

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Is your word yes don't worry there's nothing attached to it. Yeah. So the one that you said what is it? Yes very katiba

00:27:01--> 00:27:02

Aliko

00:27:04--> 00:27:05

Hello Peter.

00:27:08--> 00:27:15

So I am here is not important that sentence upon you. When we look at is the verb is a verb based sentence. The verb is in the passive

00:27:16--> 00:27:39

tense Correct? Descriptive. It's not cateva can tell you an active verb katiba. Now if it was in the what was what is the origin of the sentence? Who catch up Allahu Allah como catered right so PETA would have been consuming that sentence but we conceptually removed the name of Allah subhanaw taala removed his name and he put cookiebot kita fighting or combat has been written or has been Yanni

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made obligatory upon you. So he tell is now been fired here.

00:27:45--> 00:27:51

Yeah, exactly. So he tell he has now been fine. It's a singular noun. So the marker refers dama so cookiebot equals Peterloo.

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Okay even though you do not desire it, you know like it

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Alright, so that is not that fine. Let's move on to

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the section after that. The section after that is moved on that will cover

00:28:09--> 00:28:17

what are we studying? I'm going to remind everyone what we're studying. We're studying a summer Elmer for Mr. Whiteman, I smell

00:28:19--> 00:28:24

we're studying nouns that are in the status of refer that's what we're studying this is the point of this study.

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So what are the mark for ESMA? Can you remember what they are?

00:28:30--> 00:28:32

So this study is about a metaphor

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smart

00:28:41--> 00:28:46

smart mean that the nouns and the status of refer yes what are they?

00:28:48--> 00:28:51

First of all, the subject in the verb base sentence what else?

00:28:53--> 00:28:57

Yes, the second one we just finished now now if i the subject sub, what else?

00:28:59--> 00:28:59

Very good.

00:29:07--> 00:29:08

Some kinda

00:29:12--> 00:29:12

and

00:29:19--> 00:29:28

so this is what we're studying. We're studying nouns that are in the status of refer. Okay, so now we're going to start with that will cover

00:29:42--> 00:29:42

now let's

00:29:46--> 00:29:47

go ahead and see what John

00:29:49--> 00:29:59

is like the main noun and like information on the very good. So it is a subject just like in fine bye

00:30:00--> 00:30:06

In a noun, base sentence, number base sentence. Does that make sense? So I'll move to that.

00:30:09--> 00:30:10

Looked at that

00:30:14--> 00:30:15

is either the main noun

00:30:18--> 00:30:20

or what I like more is a subject.

00:30:23--> 00:30:25

In a noun based sentence

00:30:29--> 00:31:02

like I said there are three types of sentences, there's a verb, base sentence, there's a noun basement, there's, and there's a complex sentence that could be a verb with a noun base inside a bit or now with a verb base inside of it. There's different ways. But if you have a verb base sentence, the subject is going to be called fine. And if you have a noun base sentence itself is going to be a couple of movies. Now how do you know if a sentence is verb based or noun based, you look at the first word within the sentence. Look at the first word. If the first word is a noun, then you're gonna look if you're gonna be talking about the subject being called looked at it. And if the first

00:31:02--> 00:31:30

word is a verb, then you look at the subject being called fine. So they're very, very similar and file and move to the from a philosophical point of view in terms of linguistics, it's just based on what type of sentence are we talking about? Here we're talking about a noun base sentence, a noun base sentence very important, very, very important. Okay. The email your roomie Rahim Allah when he defined and looked at it in the text, he says, and move to the holy swimmer for Alighieri until our middle lovelier.

00:31:31--> 00:31:35

It is the noun that is more for now again, we're studying in metaphors

00:31:37--> 00:31:50

are both more fun. So it's a moot it's a noun that is given metaphor, Laurie Angela, middle of the year, that has nothing nothing in the sentence has come and affected it. Nothing that says it has come and changed it or

00:31:51--> 00:31:54

tampered with it, nothing is nothing is nothing is

00:31:55--> 00:32:18

affected this this noun in the sentence, meaning we don't have a verb that entered we don't have a something that is similar to a verb, it is just a noun, in its purest form. So it's a noun in its purest form, expressing a concept or talking about a subject with nothing interfering with it. So that's what the Imam has how he defined it, I find a division to be kind of simplistic, I think it'd be a little bit better. So as a subject and a noun based sentence,

00:32:19--> 00:32:27

if I was to or to add one more thing, just so the Imam Yachty would be happy with the decision, I will say, a subject in a simple

00:32:28--> 00:32:37

now on base sentence in a simple noun, base sentence, there's nothing there's no additional additives, there's no effectors there's nothing coming to affect it from outside. Okay, well, how about

00:32:38--> 00:32:43

well, this will matter for Elon Musk. Net LA, he will cover the cover

00:32:44--> 00:32:52

is also a noun that is metaphor, obviously, because that's what we're studying. We're studying nouns that are in the status or refer

00:32:54--> 00:32:59

to Islam or Muslims in a meaning that brings information about it. So

00:33:00--> 00:33:02

the informative noun.

00:33:06--> 00:33:30

For now, we're talking about nouns. The Hobbit as a concept can be a sentence, but right now we're studying nouns. Like we say we're studying a smell. We're not studying how about as a, with a full picture, sometimes uninformative. The information can be in the form of sentences or the form of a noun, but right now we're talking about nouns specifically, just just just so that it's easier to understand. So covered is the informative noun. In

00:33:32--> 00:33:34

a simple

00:33:35--> 00:33:39

noun based sentence the same thing it's important that these two things

00:33:41--> 00:33:50

and it's unaffected by anything from outside it's not being affected by any any external interference coming to the sentence so that's it looked at it and doesn't cover

00:33:51--> 00:34:11

them. Okay, that is a subject and a noun, base sentence. And recover is the informative noun. It's going to tell us something about it's telling us something about that subject right now Oh, really? Can't you It's like saying that you don't call him was a Danny got email was doing by Iman. So let's just take the simple first sentence just with him. So Zaidan

00:34:15--> 00:34:15

in

00:34:22--> 00:34:46

which here is the subject now is there is there a verb anywhere in sight? There's no verb in sight here there's just two nouns. So this is a noun base sentence. It's not a verb, base sentence. Again, if you look at the first word, the first word is a noun. So it's a noun, base sentence even if later on there's a verb is still unknown base sentence. If you see a verb later there's a complex sentence you have to study it will be a bit more difficult to study but that's okay. But as long as the first word is a noun is a noun base sentence. That means a subject is it going to be a fine or

00:34:48--> 00:35:00

there's going to be a move to that because a noun base sentence, the difference between the moment and find is almost nothing but the the sentence what type of sentence is it is a noun base or verb base, if it's very basic to fall if it's nobody's gonna get moved. So there's a noun base sentence

00:35:00--> 00:35:05

Because the beginning isn't now is unknown. There's gonna be a non base and the subject is going to be a move to know

00:35:06--> 00:35:23

who's the subject here and who's the informant, which is the information by him standing up there he did someone So who's this which one is the subject? They did obviously the subject and for me is the informant informative now is giving us an information. So this guy over here is called El Muqtada.

00:35:25--> 00:35:32

This guy over here is called El kebab. In Arabic words cover means information news, you can be given news

00:35:34--> 00:35:36

now okay use of now

00:35:43--> 00:35:45

are what? What are the hundy? What?

00:35:48--> 00:35:49

What type of nouns

00:35:51--> 00:36:11

was the most important part of this whole study? As we're studying martial art, very soon, I'll take out the word but for art I will study on sohbats right and then it's important that you remember move to the cover or murder for the nouns that are Marfa and here's a cheat sheet for the for the for the for the markers of love and any noun. So this is what type of noun is Zaid?

00:36:12--> 00:36:19

Is it a dual form? Is it a singular noun? Is it a plural what is it? Singular? What is the marker of rough any singular noun?

00:36:21--> 00:36:22

Right so is Are you done?

00:36:24--> 00:36:25

And what type of noun is called him

00:36:27--> 00:36:28

also singular

00:36:29--> 00:36:35

it's also a singular noun right so it's also going to be Marco Rafa is going to be Obama

00:36:40--> 00:36:48

standing up now can you give me examples from the Quran because this is an accepted no one giving me examples last time because it was a bit difficult but now and this is a simple

00:36:51--> 00:36:53

shift. No man can probably offer us if you were

00:36:57--> 00:37:01

to give me a sentence. Okay, I'll give you a simple one. So Allah who

00:37:03--> 00:37:04

noticed similar to a lot

00:37:07--> 00:37:08

look at the sentence.

00:37:09--> 00:37:31

You're gonna start with a verb or a noun. So with the noun is a noun, base sentence. So the subject of this sentence is going to be a father. It's going to be able to that because a noun base sentence right? Nor is the light, Allah subhanaw taala. The Deity So which one is the subject in which which one is the subject and which one is the formative noun? Know, what is the informative noun? And Allah SubhanAllah? The subject, so they wanted to have the sentence?

00:37:33--> 00:38:02

Not always no, that's why I didn't say just first look at what I'm saying is look at the sentence. Which one is the subject here? Who are we speaking about? And what is the information because sometimes it can be switched cases where it's not politically feasible, sometimes, but that's like any way down the road in terms of study. But generally speaking, you look at the sentence, you should be able to determine which one what is the subject of the sentence? And what is the information that we're taking. And then you can say this is about this matter, even if they are put Diani

00:38:03--> 00:38:13

if they're changed, so notice and nor is a cover. So the question for you we are handy. What type of noun is the name of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:38:16--> 00:38:25

It is a, it's always gonna be more formal to the cover or fewer by definition, it's what type of noun is going to be singular announcer what is the marker of any singular noun?

00:38:28--> 00:38:29

The cheat sheet is right here.

00:38:30--> 00:38:43

Right? So the marker of of any singular noun is always going to be Malama. So Allah Who and notice also a singular noun that Marco refers to now is also going to be Obama. That's Allahu Allahu Senapati. Well,

00:38:45--> 00:38:46

let's take another example.

00:38:48--> 00:38:52

This one is just to make it more Yanni interesting. Elumelu

00:38:54--> 00:38:54

Welborn Hoonah

00:38:57--> 00:38:58

Xena, Tolyatti dunya.

00:38:59--> 00:39:08

Emmanuel balloon, Xena to have a wealth and children wealth and family are the Xena are the adornments of this of this of this life.

00:39:09--> 00:39:12

Now which is a subject in which is the information

00:39:16--> 00:39:18

subjects very good

00:39:21--> 00:39:27

information right so Xena is is the word that we're the information we're taking. So here's the problem.

00:39:29--> 00:39:53

And in that he hasn't looked it up because it's a known base sentence. To now and base sentence The first word is announced that we're going to have a month to cover instead of having a fight and in that fight or something different right now is adding so we're adding this to this. So we don't call this guy Muqtada even though he's going to be very similar to him. But let's take this taking Mal. Let's take out by noon altogether just so that this example inshallah becomes more helpful. So Alamelu

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

Xena, and MaryLu Xena to hayati dunya. So mucked it up

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

Cover, what is the marker I found the word man and why?

00:40:05--> 00:40:32

But as a marker of rough around the word mechanism itself, there isn't any metaphor. So what's the marker Rafa? Now when you ask you that question, how do you answer your first thought you told me what type of word it is. You tell me if it's a singular noun. If it's a broken plural if it's a sound feminine plural, if it's a dual is a five exceptional noun over the sound, masculine plural. So well man, what is it? singular noun, right? So what is the market refer? Bum? Right? Just that I want you to be able to think like that so that you can start identifying what we're doing. So l man and Xena, Xena, what is it?

00:40:34--> 00:40:39

Is it a is it a plural? Singular now right? So singular nouns are going to be also

00:40:41--> 00:40:54

right? So let's substitute the word mal with other words because almost put them together here. The money wealth and children are are adornments of life. So let's take out money to say wealth is a dormant of life this time.

00:40:55--> 00:40:56

If anyone

00:40:59--> 00:41:03

right now, what is the market by noon? Why?

00:41:04--> 00:41:05

Because what type of oil

00:41:07--> 00:41:39

sound masculine plural right so it's a sound masculine plural. You've been? You've been burned noon. When you make it clear like that you I dwell with noon becomes by noon right? If it's meant Zubin majority becomes benim if it's more for it's been who in the world is a macro refer? So here the marker of rough and this word is going to be the word not to fatten the noon forgot that it was normally comes anyway it's just a part of the word it's a marker of anything the marker here's the well and well balloon has been doing okay. For the moment Yeah, okay just

00:41:42--> 00:41:45

can you think of more examples give me an example or two

00:41:50--> 00:41:53

class filled with these things games one of the simplest.

00:41:56--> 00:41:58

Very good There you go. Like filled

00:41:59--> 00:42:01

is filled with Muhammadan

00:42:05--> 00:42:09

rasul Allah Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah now

00:42:12--> 00:42:15

which is the subject in which is the informed information and informative known

00:42:21--> 00:42:47

obviously, right Mohammed is a subject he's hammered the word Mohammed is not informative, it's unknown unless we don't see it as a name. And we see it with its meaning. That's a whole different story. But if we see it as a name, a person you are not an informative now you are a person I'm so the name is always gonna be the subject and then whatever you have after they're going to be the informative noun. So we'll move to the is Mohammad Rasool Allah is a horrible Rasul is a cover now. Mohammed what type of noun is that? Yeah, handy.

00:42:51--> 00:42:53

What is their marker of effort?

00:42:54--> 00:42:56

Yes, yes. Awesome. And for Rasool.

00:43:01--> 00:43:02

Allah rasool Allah Rasulullah.

00:43:03--> 00:43:04

Okay, very good.

00:43:10--> 00:43:10

No,

00:43:13--> 00:43:13

no, no.

00:43:15--> 00:43:18

The Messenger of Allah, if I told you the Messenger of Allah sentence

00:43:21--> 00:43:27

in English, isn't this the Messenger of Allah? No, because I sent this there's something missing. But if you say, hola,

00:43:28--> 00:43:29

hola.

00:43:31--> 00:43:34

There's something missing? I think about in English, the Messenger of Allah. Is that a sentence?

00:43:35--> 00:43:42

Something missing? Yeah, you didn't. What about him? What about him? Because I think it's okay. The Messenger of Allah. But what about him? Do you didn't tell me anything about him? Tell me something about him.

00:43:43--> 00:43:44

Yes, yes, I'm doing

00:43:50--> 00:44:10

very good. Allah who I had or Allahu Samad. Right, perfect. So Allah who is a subject that looked at a summit is the cover is a formative noun. Both of them are more for both them are singular nouns. Both of them will get a Obama, right. Like, what am I gonna get? Obama? Alright. Let me give examples. Just kind of, if you have more examples give me I'll just kind of give some examples for the

00:44:11--> 00:44:12

so if I say

00:44:22--> 00:44:24

if I say Jamia Masjid

00:44:26--> 00:44:29

beautiful the masjid thank Jimmy to the masjid.

00:44:30--> 00:44:37

It's a it's a noun, base sentence. Obviously, it starts with a noun. There's no verb in it. So where is the subject? And where's the information?

00:44:41--> 00:44:45

Is the very good. So the message here is

00:44:49--> 00:44:51

here's a couple, even though the

00:44:52--> 00:44:59

Yes, but you could also do this. So you can say like this, or you could say it and message me then that works. Either way. They're both metaphor and they're both singular nouns. They both

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

With get Bama Jimmy university do

00:45:05--> 00:45:14

it sounds weird because you don't speak like that very often, but it's just totally totally normal. And what you're doing is you're emphasizing the habit of putting it first or emphasizing the material or putting it last depending on the context

00:45:17--> 00:45:21

No, that's not that's a he's calling upon him use it was calling about use of men's clothes

00:45:28--> 00:45:41

let's not pretend that and description this is the description descriptions are different. All right. Now, what type there are two, two categories just like the ones we studied a second ago. There's two categories.

00:45:42--> 00:45:43

It's either via header

00:45:47--> 00:45:50

or multimodal via an apparent

00:45:51--> 00:46:01

like everything we've studied so far, all the examples I've given you so far, where there's a noun, there's no right in front of you. Allahu noodle is a you don't call him the noun is right there. And logMAR

00:46:03--> 00:46:09

meaning implicit, just like we studied about the Fae, and that would find are the same thing. So implicit

00:46:17--> 00:46:22

same thing, so here we're talking about the move. Did you have time? I think we have time.

00:46:24--> 00:46:27

So, so the implicit we're talking about the pronoun

00:46:32--> 00:46:35

All right, give me one of the pronouns for

00:46:36--> 00:46:38

the subject and a noun, base sentence.

00:46:43--> 00:46:48

So we're going to cut it down and we're going to do the same thing we did a second ago. We're going to say, Speaker

00:46:50--> 00:46:51

we're gonna see addressed.

00:46:53--> 00:46:54

They're gonna say third party.

00:46:59--> 00:47:03

Same thing, Speaker If the singular speaker, but what I say the pronoun

00:47:07--> 00:47:09

very good. So the singular speaker would be.

00:47:11--> 00:47:12

I know.

00:47:14--> 00:47:15

So if I say

00:47:20--> 00:47:48

I am hungry, right? So there's a noun based sentence because it starts with a noun, not a verb, a sentence, a noun basins is not gonna have a file, it's going to have a look to the cover, right? And there was gonna be more for so energy. Which one here is the subject and which one here is the information? Obviously, hunger is informative. And myself. I'm not information. So an agile. So Anna is the Muqtada. Right? Angina is the harbor. Now, here's the question. Here's the million dollar question. What is the marker roughly on the word no.

00:47:49--> 00:48:00

But it's a pronoun. There are no markers on pronouns. Yeah, so there's no there's no markers on pronouns. We just say that Anna is a Muqtada. That is more for with no marker. There's no marker.

00:48:02--> 00:48:04

Are you saying markers are only on

00:48:05--> 00:48:20

nouns not on pronouns? Pronouns don't take any markers. They're just they're they, they're needed? It's nothing changes the word? No, it's not No, or any or no, oh, we're gonna say No, nothing's gonna change that because it doesn't carry markers. So an F, for example, if the

00:48:22--> 00:48:22

Yes.

00:48:25--> 00:48:29

It is information, because it's defining is defining a name. So it's information in terms of a name.

00:48:31--> 00:48:38

Right information in terms of you're giving a name? Does that make sense? So it becomes, he asked me, Can you sometimes

00:48:39--> 00:49:06

can you find it difficult to differentiate looked at a company? Yes, down the road. There are certain examples that make it a bit more difficult to say which one is covered which one is demoted? Usually examples like that doesn't make a difference. You can you can do whatever you want. You can you can you can interchangeably call them especially examples like that. But as a pronoun, can it be covered, it can be covered as well, depending on the context meaning the context of the sentence will build will tell you which one is the information which one is the thing that we're talking about. Sometimes there's so similar you just have to kind of

00:49:07--> 00:49:27

you have to improvise or your choice of which one's gonna be the material cover will dictate the meaning of the sentence that's why the Quran can have so many different meanings because sometimes you'll say well if this is what this will cover, this was the meaning you get if you change them or you get a different meaning and it offers depth in the layer big language but I'm giving examples for now that are simple just just for the the ease of

00:49:28--> 00:49:49

studying in Charlotte but no, you're right someday, but I don't know man. And if he says it began with it, because not many are the same thing basically. But you're trying to inform someone meaning what's happening here. Are you gonna continue the sentence is it and Amanda? Me Norman hungry, then our mind is not about here. But if you knocked on the door and said who's there?

00:49:50--> 00:49:57

Right or who are you what they say and our mind then normally becomes a cover. So it depends on the context of the of the dialogue that's gonna happen for me to do.

00:49:59--> 00:49:59

The demonstrate so

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

no plural speaker, no, no.

00:50:05--> 00:50:05

No, no.

00:50:06--> 00:50:11

Right? We are hungry. So now I know is there going to be gonna be a Hummer? For example?

00:50:12--> 00:50:19

With a very good way because it's a sound masculine plural. Right? Very good. Just take a look at that's trying.

00:50:21--> 00:50:26

addressed if you're talking to a single male addressed and very good.

00:50:29--> 00:50:31

On your own, yes.

00:50:33--> 00:50:35

If you're talking to a single female, and D,

00:50:37--> 00:50:40

very similar, right? That is still giving us the problems. If you're talking to two people.

00:50:43--> 00:50:47

With no difference between male or female dual or mixed the same thing, if we're talking to a group of males.

00:50:50--> 00:50:51

group of females.

00:50:52--> 00:50:53

Perfect.

00:50:55--> 00:50:58

Third party, we're talking about one male

00:51:01--> 00:51:02

one female.

00:51:04--> 00:51:05

Talking about two males.

00:51:08--> 00:51:08

Two females.

00:51:12--> 00:51:23

Here's the same that here's the same, right. So here there's nothing here is the same. And the other ones are different because you can add the dot you can add the tilde here is home for both group of males

00:51:25--> 00:51:26

to females.

00:51:28--> 00:51:34

I was gonna ask you, like, Oh, my dad doesn't make sense. No, that doesn't work. Here it because it's because here's it's a programmable

00:51:35--> 00:51:52

motor. So the motor that can be a Valhalla parent, like they don't call him Allah who will have some mobility will write something similar or sci fi or something like that. Or it can be implicit, like a pronoun it'll be in the form of an animal depending on whether it's a speaker, whether it's the address or whether it's a third party

00:51:54--> 00:51:57

pronoun just like you said earlier with

00:51:58--> 00:51:58

the door

00:51:59--> 00:52:02

if you say your name by itself, does that still count

00:52:04--> 00:52:12

and that's an example of the move to that being taking out estimated estimated Sharla next time

00:52:14--> 00:52:33

Okay, so that's where they looked at that next time we do the cover and then I'll give like a number of examples and show a lot so that it will make a bit more sense in terms of how of how we would study this but the Quran is filled with examples of attempted uncover if you open the Quran, you'll find it almost literally everywhere. Because it's the simplest form of

00:52:34--> 00:52:51

of information is a known base sentence. A noun base sentence gives the feeling that the sentence the information is solid. It is not variable. It is not it's not changing. It is it is static. So we'll end with that and show our next time we'll continue. Is that gonna look so Hello, I'm Nick Shinola, because we'll be the customers