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Matn Alajurroomiyyah #21

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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Episode Notes

2018 2 23 LMM before Isha

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Bismillah Al Rahman Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam wa barik ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala he also had been Jermaine.

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So, last time we studied and looked at it,

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we defined them as a subject in a noun based sentence. So, it is the main character or the main noun, the noun base sentence you can define it like that you can define as a subject in an on base sentence both ways. It works out

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is the information in an on base sentence

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is the piece of information that comes with the subject or with the main noun

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within a noun base sentence very important though remember, what types of sentences that we have in the Arabic language there are three types of sentences

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so, now one based

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verb based

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and then finally, you have a complex sentence was a complex sentence, either a noun base sentence that has a verb base sentence in it or a verb base sentence as a noun base sentence in it so, when sometimes you can put them together today would have an example of that and shelter would have example of a noun base sentence as a verb base and is inserted into it. But generally speaking, we talked about the cover and looked at that we're talking about noun based sentences, right because the moment you say a verb base and then the moment it becomes a file, the subject becomes becomes a file becomes a subject and verb base sentence nobody studied in the last couple of sessions. Okay

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so what is the default definition that the actual room Rahim Allah put in his book? Well, first of all, they will cover up this man, move Rajan.

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Number four, Elon Musk will motional II for most of the day, which means the the noun that is the status status of refer

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the known

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is in

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the status or the state of refer

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that informs

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about the subject.

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We're about to move to that here. It's going to be them up to

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just a piece of information, can you talk about something you just say something just you just point out a wall, or a masjid or a person handy you point someone out, you see the name, there's no information until I say something about you. Right? So when I say something about you, then that piece, whatever he said about you is going to be the cover. The actual subject is going to be dealt with as they looked at it. And when I say about that, that somebody's going to be dealt with those will cover the cover of the Imam here. In the mitten says we'll cover this man there are two categories for cover. He says

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move rodmell Animal flood

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move rod means singular.

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Okay, so move on to the singular

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and non singular.

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So what do you mean by that?

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Okay, so moving on, doesn't mean the word has to be, it can't be a plural, it means there's just one word is just a noun.

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Right? So move rod mean, with a dash of a singular actually means is a noun.

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Here, what he means by this is the cover the cover is going to be either a sentence

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or a semi sentence.

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Sentence or semi centers. That's what getting offered means you're going to what does that mean? I'll explain to you in a second what that means.

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So let's give you an example. The minute gives examples, but I'll remove what I do now. We'll go with him and move read example. More further things Aiden cotton. So we're talking about Z, as we quite often do.

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So as they

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say, this time standing up there, you don't bother anyone, whereas they looked at it here. Yeah, handy. Yes. Zaid, who's come up.

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So look at the word cloud, it has one word, the company here

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it is one word it's not it's not it's not a sentence or a semi sentence is one word. Well, they will move forward in a bar to Russia and the name says that the nine move from the non singular a sentence or a summary sentence is basically categorized or gathered in four, four ideas. So the first one

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and John Wooden

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after that, a lot of

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I'll explain them a second. Well, if you ever do math for any

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All right.

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So, these two

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are semi sentences.

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And these two are full sentences. So it's either a full sentence or a semi sentence, right? You're almost sure I

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mean it's

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so we it's called a preposition right? Isn't that what a English grammar preposition or proposition which one is it?

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With the E right preposition? Yeah. So fee. So example in in the box, for example, the son Luke, are in the masjid. So in the masjid

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is a preposition in the masjid is what comes after an Arabic these are called job? Women? Sure. So in Arabic, you will it will be written like this fee.

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And Miss Judy. Now a question in this in domestic is that a sentence

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is not a full sentence. So it's called a semi sentence. Right? So a cover sometimes will be a semi sentence. How does Aiden

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fill mustard?

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That makes sense. So when I say he's a different sentence, it's a full sentence. They just looked at it where his cover the scent, the summary sentence of filibustered. That makes sense. Now, of course, there's more to it than that. Actually, what I just said, there are Arabic scholars and linguistic scholars who would you know,

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who would have my head on a platter for saying that because for them aboda can only be a full noun or a full sentence. It cannot be a semi sentence. You don't accept this. But for the purpose of teaching Arabic simplistically for it for the first time, we say okay, is it somebody sentence, but later on, when you go and you study a bit more, the hover becomes something that is estimated just so that you you've heard this from me. So in the future, I've done my so Zaidan msgid

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is a full sentence with the Hobbit is estimated, the hover is estimated as a word here, that means

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they is existing in the masjid. Right, so the cover is a word that's estimated and filled Masjid here, this summary sentence is attached to this estimate of rubber. That's how they that's how the scholars of linguistics talk about. But we don't need to do this. Right now. We don't need to do this at all.

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What the man in algebra rooms explained is good is good is good enough for now, we don't have to go any any deeper. So sometimes the Hobbit is just a word by him.

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And sometimes it's either a summary sentence

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or a full sentence. So the general ledger or a preposition and what comes after it, a lot of

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so birth with a lot of means. It's either a place or a time

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estimation. So

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if I said I'm giving example, that exists here in the

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in the mutton

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let me get something else at the button there we go with with diligences. So if I say Done, folk

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focus should

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be focused on seeing the movie before. So focus on top of right on top of the tree. So the word so if you say on top of the tree

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is that a sentence?

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Is that a sentence? It's not it's not a full sentence. Neither is it in Arabic, full sentence. But what is folk folklore is called over a lot of is either it talks about a placement in space, or talks about a placement in time. So it's either something that's talking about where something is, or when something is so focused on. It's talking about where it's, it's on top of something. So a lot of is either where the answer to where or the answer to when.

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So

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the example of

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of a time you can see by the Leisha

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so after Isha,

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the same thing, a semi sentence, and this is a lot of bad. After right?

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Making sense. So here if you say Zaidan bad in Asia, there's something estimated he's coming off to Russia he's gonna be there after Russia with a seam of trash or something like that. So that that becomes a cover after that.

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We'll use it like that. Yeah, there's not a sentence by the nature application that a sentence is just a it's just

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a lot of scope a lot of in Arabic English. I'm not sure

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exactly how you would translate this often look that up and show them

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so the cover is either a noun it's either a semi sentence that has preposition to what comes after it. Or it's about does anyone have the English translation was translated here

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is the world's largest amount of McCann translated as

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tense is a good word I think it because not just time tense is also placed as you do you find it

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a lot of circumstantial preposition. Okay. So that's, that's perfect.

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So here is a preposition

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and this is a circumstantial

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preposition. What do you mean by circumstantial? It's talking about either in space or in time. It's either before or after in time or on top or under in space. And any any other word that would bring a meeting like that the email I'm here given examples, Zaidan

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is a you don't Endeca he said Endeca and go with you. So with is also a circumstantial preposition. He's existing in space in the space that is right beside you.

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That makes sense. So these are very similar, but they're a bit different in terms of whether we're talking about because it's not because this is not a preposition fee. For example, fee and is a preposition focused on an actual preposition. It's an actual word. But they call it a circumstantial preposition. That's how he explained it in Arabic explains by explained by being the robot is called over.

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This was called okay. That will give you examples Inshallah, to make sense of this. Just for now, just understand the basics.

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Another way a robot can exist, it can exist as a full sentence, like a fiddle and it's fine. A verb and it's an it's subject.

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To the cover can be a verb.

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And it's subject together a full sentence.

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So I'll give an example.

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So Zaidan.

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Isn't now in vCenter Server base sentence?

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No, but what about combo this combo?

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It's a verb, right? So it's a known base sentence with a verb a sentence inside of it. So this is what I mean by complex a complex sentence. So if it's an on base sentence, was going to be a factor of two that

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it's always gonna be looked at, right? Because Because an unknown base sentence, we don't have a fine, we always have looked at it. That's, that's what we have an unknown base sentence. So this here is it looked it up.

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Whereas his cover, his cover is this sentence. Comma,

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you're telling me that's not a sentence? It is a sentence.

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Comma, the is a verb, right? Where's this file? Whenever you see a verb you have to look for as far whereas it's fine. We're just subject

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is estimated, right? What is what is the estimation?

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There you go. So it's

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not there. It's estimated. So that's the feral.

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And it's fine, right? And this sentence is a cover. You don't say that this verb is a cover note. It's a past tense verb that is naturally with a Fatah at the end of it, but the sentence of karma and his and his and his subject is a is a harbor for his aid. So the difference between is they don't call him in they don't karma karma immunoassay there's a cover because the noun bomb he knows not to cover, the sentence is a cover. The sentence is a cover. That makes some level of sense okay.

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The final situation for a cover to be, it will be a motel and its cover. So a cover can be a sentence a full sentence, a full known base sentence, because the full noun base sentence, which has removed a main character and in the information about it, full now in base sentence.

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Just like this is a full verb, base sentence, a verb and is subject to the full verb base sentence. So what's a good example for that?

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No, that's actually a simple that's the most Hamza acid. The name of Allah subhanaw. Taala is it's added to the word acid, meaning it's, it's not a cupboard for it. In order for that to work you'd have to say that I said Allah is a sentence is SS Allah sentence.

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So the line of God is that a sentence

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Oh,

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yeah, we're just covered

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to the line of God, where's this cover?

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If I stand up and say the line of God,

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did you take any information from me?

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Think about it just based on meaning if I said and they say the line of God, did you take a piece of information? No, you're waiting for me to finish the sentence. Something's missing. So as a doula is not a full sentence, it has a lot of words. Sometimes you can have a sentence with like 50 words, but it's not a full sentence because it's missing something. It's missing a main character of the sentence. And he's saying

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yes, but that's not that's still there still, and I'm afraid. I still am afraid you're right. That's, that's proper at that point. But it's not it's not a

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it's not a nonsingular cover. It's still a singular cover. So one word, so Hamza, I said, Allah said Allah is between brackets. So handy.

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But when I talk about a full sentence, I'll give you an example. It's different. So to get here is Aiden.

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Who, who caught him?

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Zaidan a hookah. hookah is a full sentence A who is demoted and caught him his brother standing up is a full sentence his brother, he's a mucked it up.

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And there's a cover.

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If I gave you this sentence, I said who got him?

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In that a full sentence? Yes, Noseda at the beginning of it. So Zaid, his brother standing up, man so, so sad. And this whole sentence is a cover for this month. But this isn't this isn't a cover as well.

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Does that make sense?

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So as cover can either be singular which is one noun, where it can be non singular either a full sentence or a semi sentence. And semi sentence is going to be a preposition and what follows it or a circumstantial preposition what follows it or it will be a verb base sentence, a fan and a fine or a noun base and a cover can exist in 12345 forms. It can exist in all these forms.

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Generally speaking, generally speaking, there are Yeah, there are some some exceptions to that rule. But generally speaking, that's a good way of looking at it. So far.

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Different

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meaning

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one of them will be presented.

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No.

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Same thing. They looked at that Bama who the sentence will cover what type of sentence is this

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is a verb based sentence, a verb and it's fine.

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And you're saying if it's same thing, but now it's a verb, base sentence. This is a noun basin is a hula button. Or you can say a whole comma the same thing as well. But that's a bit more complex can only have one base verb, noun base sentence with a noun basins that a verb a sentence then so now now we've just made it a bit more complicated, but they don't come out who the same thing this is.

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To put the hammer before the

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comma

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didn't send up this his brother who did? Yeah, but if you want to

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comment, or say Don't call him or his they don't karma.

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Right. So they do call me sending karma. And this is a verb a sentence. It's just a subject here, it's estimated it's not it's not non existent. The subject is estimated here, but there's a full date full of full verb base sentence. Here's it's a bit more complicated means the subject has written it's actually there in front of you to see okay, I'm gonna give you more examples so that we make so the email I'm here gives example college aid and fedora 090 comma woohoo, was he doing geriatric Buddha he but he gave examples of all four non singular or full beit full sentences or semi sentences in terms of the Humberto.

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Okay, so we're going to take a subject right now, that looked at that. And we're going to do all the different forms of cover that can attach to it so that you guys can make sense and show a lot of what we're doing. So let's take let's take the word Masjid.

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So msgid

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So this is the first word in the sentence. It's a noun base. And this is going to be the month today because I think before it and there's nothing in for interfering with it, and looked at it is always meant for remember that what we're studying are nouns.

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They're in the state of affairs, what we're studying, we're studying nouns that are metaphor, that are main characters that are untainted in a sentence. So it often means refer means a noun, a character, sorry, a character that is always the main character in the sentence is untainted by anything that looked at it a couple of examples of that, so unless it is demoted,

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have given me a cover that is more than a single there's one noun

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for is a singular noun, the marker of refers to the camera right now we're gonna take a cover that is limited that is non singular that is a full sentence or a summary sentence. Let's start with a general image or a preposition

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think

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and Masjid

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fee London. Yes.

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What

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are you doing?

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Gentlemen? Which is a preposition what follows it? So this preposition fi in London is a city so what you're saying is Masjid exists in London so the word exists doesn't exist here.

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Right so they really exist is not put here so we say and message you to even say the message you can't even feel London or you can just say Mr. Duffy London and the word Catan which is exists is estimated and it's the cover or what the Imam says here he just makes it easier for everyone by saying that this sentence

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is

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a masjid

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you're waiting for me to say something might say feel undone. Now you know something. Now you have information I gave you information. Now you're good. You can you can move on. It's a full sentence at this point, right.

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So there's no marker of effort sentences. markers of refer don't exist for pronouns, estimated words or sentences. They only exist for nouns and verbs that are singular, right they don't exist for sentences. So you save him

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in the place in the placement of raffia for October, but there's no marker for it because the sentence so that's for

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give me the third the second the third type or the second type of nonsingular which is a circumstantial preposition

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tell me the message is close to the street

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full is a proper noun. So I want something different or make me not close to the street.

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So the little like FOCA like data, like Gayndah,

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close to the street and the shutter for example, just just to end the shutter for example. So Brenda

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is a preposition with a circumstantial prepositions based on space. Where is it in space? That's why copula Obeida, right or circumstantial prepositions based on time, where is it in time music to happen before of course, putting it here in time makes no sense.

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The messages of things so has to exist in space. You're gonna you're gonna talk about it in time, then you're going to talk about is it's building the way it was built. There used to be you estimate more things. You when you're speaking Arabic, you try to estimate as the least number of things that you have that you can, you want to estimate too many things in a sentence because people won't understand what you're talking about at a certain point.

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So this sentence in the Shara

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folklore, perfect folklore, there's also a proper cover, but it's a semi sentence. Like I said, if you call this cover, there are some scholars in linguistics who will have your head on a platter for it, they will throw you out because they don't it's not acceptable. But for the purposes of teaching Arabic for beginners was okay we can call this a center that I'll cover later on. You'll study that there's something estimated there's a word here Canton that's estimated that is the cover and this is attached to it but that's okay for now. We can just call this a cover that's fine.

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Okay, the second the fourth form of color is a full sentence a full verb base sentence. So unless you do

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think of a base sentence

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to think about something about it more more complicated

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Listen,

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this good

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y'all don't move Alamosa lane

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there you go. There's mine. There's a mess Do you do you actually model

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remind us

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so yeah, Joomla is a verb, right? A verb always needs a subject with a subject in this in the sentence just minus

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No.

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And this is going to be who's the subject

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is the message so who?

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Missed you? Very good. And this is a fob, here's my NASA

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but this rain

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Our big mountain

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he gathers people is a full verb, base sentence is a full very base sentence. As a fan as a verb, find the subject and the verb, a sentence and fob and an object in a very base sentence. So unless he doesn't look to that, and this whole sentence is

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understanding a bit, I'll do a few more in shall try try it. But if you have something, you're asking me out, and I'll explain to you the final form of a Hummer, is it.

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So let's say I'm asking you, where is the message? So you're telling me I'd missed you during the shutdown? Right? You're sitting in your living in a residential area and you're asking where's the machine I tell you to be beside the highway beside the street. So that's what you learn from it. So this is that's why there's a circumstantial there based on some there's a there's someone's talking about something before that. This is not how the dialogue began. Did you do something that was spoke of before or some Yanni? There was there was there was some conversation that occurred before we actually said this sentence? That's what they call circumstantial prepositions. And the same thing

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here, especially with the London usually, people know what you're talking about. You're telling them where's the message in terms of its global existence and most of you go back home, think Mawla the masjid it's a beautiful message I love that anyway, just message unless you if you London. Now that's a full sentence you explained to them where it was when you're using a cupboard as a preposition sentence or semi sentence.

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Now give me an example for a cup of being a full noun based sentence yes

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by Eden is like candy it's just an it's just a noun.

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There you go.

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So if you say emammal Hakeem and

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his Imam is knowledgeable or wise, right? That's a full basement that's a full non basement this is a full sentence is nothing you don't need anything else. This here is a Muqtada

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emammal and hockey one as a cover. It's a it's a simple cover right? And then this whole sentence and mess you do it is a cover for msgid

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this a noun based sentence within a noun base sentence that makes sense. Can you keep on doing that? Oh, you can get one do that forever.

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Is it not you can just take this guy and turn him into a noun base sentence and then in the sentence after that, turn it in but that becomes redundant and useless. And no one understand anything at the end right? So it's about making sure that the message actually understood. So you take hacky human, and then you you play with that do you turn that into a noun basis? How can you turn that into a noun be centers

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a noun base and this would be turned into maybe a verb base LMS unless you do email them or you hate bonus points, just keep on going. So, the point is, you understand that cover the information, the information about the subject, about the move to

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this guy here being the constant and all these examples

00:28:20--> 00:28:23

can exist in one of five forms. It will either be

00:28:24--> 00:28:25

a single noun,

00:28:28--> 00:28:45

a single noun, or it will be a preposition, semi sentence or a circumstantial preposition semi sentence or it will be a verb a sentence or it will be a noun based sentence. What are five things because it is not always one the same thing can be different things. Okay, let's just try another one.

00:28:48--> 00:29:10

Yeah, there you go. See if you're going there. So maybe comes completely. Or Jacqueline's did it for us? We did like 15 and at the end, no one that idea any idea who we're talking to? So you can do it just understand how the Arabic language works, but it's not used like that because the point of speaking is ban is a flop. So people understand what you're saying. So if you're gonna speak speak in a way that people don't understand then you kind of you're not serving the purpose anymore

00:29:13--> 00:29:16

everything because everything is necessary no but the meaning to work out

00:29:20--> 00:29:21

No,

00:29:22--> 00:29:28

no, no. If you London that's that's the cover you're done. You should feel London is done. Only in this situation would that work?

00:29:29--> 00:29:30

In London

00:29:32--> 00:29:44

then there'll be a different estimation here. There'll be there'll be a word that's estimated and that's not how you would speak in Arabic. No one would say that like from my perspective, like your slang you would say it but not Arabic.

00:29:50--> 00:29:59

You saying the masjid T Medina, T London, T Medina to London. And mo Judah fever V Doublelift. Canada. So you'd add a couple of words to mix. So you will say Finland

00:30:00--> 00:30:11

because you'd have to estimate like four words to say that you can do it, but people were like, Why would you do that? It's not right. Don't estimate 20 things. Don't mean don't estimate for nothing estimate when it's needed. Okay, let's see another example.

00:30:12--> 00:30:14

Give me a subject, any subject.

00:30:16--> 00:30:18

Any subject anything to talk about?

00:30:19--> 00:30:24

Combined, that's the most boring thing in the world of Bob door. Give me something more interesting.

00:30:27--> 00:30:27

How?

00:30:30--> 00:30:31

Okay, how to

00:30:34--> 00:30:35

jam yeah

00:30:41--> 00:30:44

so jamea is a mucked up.

00:30:45--> 00:30:48

metaphor, right? What's your 100

00:30:49--> 00:30:59

right Jamie? Right. So we're gonna give it five different cover. Each cover is going to be one of these one of the options that we have so the first option

00:31:01--> 00:31:02

is a singular noun so

00:31:05--> 00:31:08

Give me 100 Give me one noun that describes the jam yeah

00:31:12--> 00:31:14

yeah can be done can be elicited

00:31:15--> 00:31:17

by a certain way but he didn't.

00:31:21--> 00:31:23

Because this is a is oneness.

00:31:24--> 00:31:51

It's a feminine noun so as to be a feminine cover. So by either turn, and this is a cover and this is the form of cover that is the easiest. We all this is how we like our computers to be very simple, just one word we're done. But unfortunately, there are four other ways to do it. Now these four other ways offer different meanings and offer different actually add to the meaning and change the meaning and a lot of different ways so it's important to be able to recognize them. So let's start with a semi sentence a preposition somebody sentence

00:32:01--> 00:32:02

elegancia that

00:32:04--> 00:32:04

is a description

00:32:06--> 00:32:29

that you're describing it you're not giving information saying Oh, John, the CEO to the engineering university. What? What about it? Right? So you have to know what so we didn't we were still describing I mean given a piece of information yet. So data is going to be a circumstantial preposition. So I want a normal procedure is done and we fee last time right so we said fee

00:32:30--> 00:32:31

we said

00:32:32--> 00:32:33

we said min

00:32:37--> 00:32:38

What else do we have

00:32:41--> 00:32:53

the problem with all these because we're talking about a thing like we talked about a message the first time which is building now talking about Jamia which is also a building so it's hard to use anything but fi so maybe we use a different let's use a different

00:32:54--> 00:32:57

looked at it a little bit now.

00:32:58--> 00:33:06

It's still right but I don't know it becomes more of a circumstantial circumstantial Spacebase sentence but you're right. So I let him

00:33:09--> 00:33:13

on the hill right. So this sentence

00:33:17--> 00:33:18

a verb would be

00:33:22--> 00:33:24

yeah a lot of would be focused

00:33:32--> 00:33:32

or being a show

00:33:37--> 00:33:42

are all circumstantial prepositions. And this sentence is

00:33:45--> 00:33:50

give me a verb based sentence as a verb based sentences. I mean I do

00:33:58--> 00:33:59

okay

00:34:02--> 00:34:04

so on top of

00:34:07--> 00:34:07

the hill,

00:34:09--> 00:34:11

on the Hill on a hill

00:34:13--> 00:34:15

right far

00:34:18--> 00:34:19

under

00:34:22--> 00:34:24

the sky being a showdown between

00:34:27--> 00:34:28

the streets

00:34:31--> 00:34:36

Okay, so if we're gonna use a verb a sentence, I'm gonna try something you only move

00:34:41--> 00:34:45

so I'm gonna do something a little bit different. I'm gonna say you only more.

00:34:47--> 00:34:48

We got really sue.

00:34:52--> 00:34:55

So you only move as a verb. The subject of the verb is whom

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

we're going to assume it's teachers.

00:35:00--> 00:35:11

University. Its teachers teach first teachers teach well, here in this case, you just say you eliminate it they actually do it well they do it properly right. So you're living with a resume and this is a foreign

00:35:13--> 00:35:14

teachers is a felon

00:35:15--> 00:35:16

and there's a fine

00:35:17--> 00:35:30

there's a full Ruby sentence and this whole sentence served as a cover letter for the university from Jamia so Jamie I do you are living with a resume. Its professors teach or teach well

00:35:31--> 00:35:41

let me say Jamie, I do too. I luminous teaches people that would work exactly the same way. However the subject would be estimated going back to the Jamia okay.

00:35:43--> 00:35:48

The final example here would be a full sentence or a known base sentence. So Jamie i to

00:35:50--> 00:35:51

masari for

00:35:53--> 00:35:54

your role today

00:35:56--> 00:36:00

you've been studying behind our backs Yanina telling us that you're studying Mossad evil okay.

00:36:01--> 00:36:12

So the word the sentence Mossad EVO cathedra is expenses are high. They have high expenses was very expensive. masari means expenses

00:36:14--> 00:36:15

hi or many

00:36:17--> 00:36:52

if you say my sorry for her coffee, that's a full sentence. Her of course going back to something you knew which is a jam Yeah, she was a Mossad evil Jeremy Attica theory, the expenses of university are many are very high. There's a full sentence. So this full sentence is going to serve as a cover letter for the word John. Yeah. John. Yeah, my sorry for work with you. And this is what am I what do we teach? Where are we talking about we're talking about the fact that the cover is to kind of recap a cover is the second main character. Maybe now in base sentence, both main characters are looked at, and we'll cover the subject and the information about it our metaphor. Now the move to

00:36:52--> 00:37:05

that for now, is going to be just a noun. For now. That's all we're gonna look at it as a noun or as a pronoun. Remember last time, we said that it's either a noun or a pronoun, national, and it can be pronouns as well who are here they can be like that.

00:37:07--> 00:37:34

The cover can exist in one of five forms, it can either be just a noun, a simple noun, or it can be semi synthesis, or full sentences, semi sentences like generalmajor a preposition and what follows it or a circumstantial preposition and what follows it or a verb base sentence meaning a verb and it's fine if you're adding fire to a bourbon is subject or it can be a noun base sentence we will also have a move to down cover. So the cover is also here. This is a cover

00:37:36--> 00:37:47

the words cathedra is a cover but for this month and the whole sentence was also a cover a cover within a cover you have an information within from within information

00:37:49--> 00:37:50

related to them.

00:37:51--> 00:37:51

Sure.

00:37:53--> 00:38:04

So this sentence is not isn't not related to the movie, but this one is related to smoke so it works so this cover doesn't have to be relate to this it has to be related to the to a smoked it

00:38:10--> 00:38:11

Yeah, and in the bourbon.

00:38:14--> 00:38:22

No, no, that makes no sense at all. That's just they're just words. Just words put in I put in a row that serve no purpose at all. He's like

00:38:23--> 00:38:27

you're on a roll today you're gonna you're gonna keep on giving me give give me give me a subject that is

00:38:29--> 00:38:31

not a place

00:38:34--> 00:38:35

okay

00:38:44--> 00:38:47

I'm handy Sadie with the quarter. Okay, handy. Let's see if you can give me

00:38:48--> 00:38:51

so I'll call her to. So the ball

00:38:53--> 00:38:59

is going to be moved. Obviously, it's a known base sentence. So we'll call it as looked at it. What is the marker of raffia here?

00:39:02--> 00:39:04

Right llama, el corte to

00:39:06--> 00:39:07

now we're going to do at this point.

00:39:10--> 00:39:19

You're gonna choose a number of different informations are for use of hover, there are five forms. So the first form is going to be just a known simple noun. So it caught on to

00:39:20--> 00:39:22

give me a noun hum deal.

00:39:27--> 00:39:40

All right. We don't want a coffee for tequila, Jamila, whatever you want just a noun that describe your you're saying give me information about this ball. You have a ball, tequila. So heavy ball

00:39:45--> 00:39:59

Makarova on a single noun there's going to be a lot more right up the Latin. Now, the second that's of course, the simplest form of copper. It's a singular form. So now it's very simple. But then when you take it to the second level, you start talking Okay? It's not a singular is not singular anymore. It's going to be other

00:40:00--> 00:40:10

Call Centers are semi sentence you have four options now to fulfill what the information is going to look like. So the second one is going to be a preposition what follows a semi sentence? So according to

00:40:15--> 00:40:26

Phyllis Chang V. Just because I'm tired of keeping, let's say the ball was, if you want to say the ball was made in China, or came from China, you can say you may have seen

00:40:31--> 00:40:48

the ball came from China was made in China, you know, scenes from China. This is a preposition and what follows this is Java measurable. That's not a full sentence. If you say mean have seen means nothing from China. What's from China? Who's from China? What are you talking about? Me? So it's another full sentence is a semi sentence, right? But it will serve here.

00:40:49--> 00:40:51

It will serve as a cover.

00:40:52--> 00:40:59

Gonna give us information about a quarter. All right. After that, we're going to do a vote of a semi sentence that has a circumstantial preposition.

00:41:03--> 00:41:06

Poker, yes, right. So foco data, or Ender or codabar

00:41:08--> 00:41:10

or copula, so focus on the roof

00:41:15--> 00:41:19

Those were the good old days focused on top of the roof.

00:41:21--> 00:41:23

This is a circumstantial

00:41:25--> 00:41:26

so the theater heavy

00:41:29--> 00:41:30

from

00:41:33--> 00:41:34

trying to on top

00:41:36--> 00:41:37

of the roof

00:41:41--> 00:41:43

and this sentence here is a cover

00:41:50--> 00:41:57

now, we're gonna have two full base sentences. One is going to be a verb, base sentence, and there's gonna be a noun base sentence to give me a verb, base sentence.

00:42:00--> 00:42:01

There you go. So that's the whole thing.

00:42:04--> 00:42:05

Now, here's a question.

00:42:07--> 00:42:11

Where is the? So this is a verb, right? Where's the subject?

00:42:15--> 00:42:17

Yeah, you're right. So where is it cool to hear?

00:42:20--> 00:42:23

Hear, hear you. Good. So the estimation here is here.

00:42:25--> 00:42:42

And the moment is a object that is an object sorry, and a verb a sentence. Now this whole sentence here, the full sentence. If I tell you Ducati Marma it entered the goal and that's the full basis for for it being something that you would know about which is going to be the ball here and going back to the month so we'll call out to Dakota tomorrow and this is October

00:42:46--> 00:42:55

Alright, so it's pretty simple is not very hard. Now one more so entered entered the goal. Right so entered the goal Dakota comma entered the goal, or entered the net?

00:43:02--> 00:43:03

Final

00:43:05--> 00:43:06

I know on base sentence

00:43:11--> 00:43:12

I didn't hear

00:43:15--> 00:43:20

was a verb No. So you do the same thing here which is right. But it's here is the very base interest. No.

00:43:22--> 00:43:23

No, no no.

00:43:31--> 00:43:43

So if I say loan haha hammer, its color is red as a full sentence. Right loan is a motor that is a cover. Right. And now that whole sentence of loan

00:43:45--> 00:43:48

is a cover for this smoke to them.

00:43:50--> 00:44:13

Just making a bit more sense in terms of how you make cover. Now this is simple because now we have nothing entering the sentence nothing's affecting this sentence. This is like the core, the root sentence very simple. I'm open and nothing else is interfering. When other interferences come in, things change a bit. But this will always be the same meaning a move to that will either be a noun or a pronoun.

00:44:14--> 00:44:24

And 100 will either be a singular noun or a semi sentence or a full sentence. So I'm gonna I'm gonna put that down just so that we only have chocolate clarity on this

00:44:32--> 00:44:38

perfect, let's, let's try that. Let's try that before I do the summary.

00:44:40--> 00:44:45

That's because all the nouns we've chosen so far are singular nouns, right? So let's choose a noun that's not singular anymore

00:44:57--> 00:44:58

so give me a duel

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

I

00:45:03--> 00:45:07

started doing was You're right but you give me a dual word like a word does dual

00:45:09--> 00:45:10

a polybags let's say up five

00:45:12--> 00:45:13

choose something different

00:45:14--> 00:45:16

anything else anything else just anything else

00:45:17--> 00:45:19

I'm already flagged that to me pleases give me something different

00:45:28--> 00:45:29

what is the word

00:45:32--> 00:45:38

becomes too let's say Muslim man. Just just simplify everything is a Muslim man. So as a Muslim man

00:45:41--> 00:45:44

so here's the move to the metaphor what is the marker

00:45:46--> 00:45:55

here and this word I left to the NFA is a marker over here right? Not to bomba because in dual form now give me a single noun that is going to be covered I must be man

00:46:00--> 00:46:04

so we're gonna see their fasting right there in the state of fasting so you don't be able to see now slot him you see.

00:46:06--> 00:46:07

Saw Amen.

00:46:08--> 00:46:11

In the marker of Rafa Here's also the Elif

00:46:13--> 00:46:20

Eman and this is a cover now let's make things more complicated let's enter the semi sentences and the sentences. So semi sentence with a preposition must be man

00:46:23--> 00:46:23

first siara

00:46:28--> 00:46:29

Very suspicious

00:46:35--> 00:46:45

open machine which is less suspicious yeah You must be so you are in the car. So in this is a preposition after so this sentence now it will come up

00:46:49--> 00:46:53

right so give me a circumstantial preposition which is going to be this the second the third example

00:47:00--> 00:47:03

so folk art data, and Yes

00:47:08--> 00:47:08

Rob

00:47:11--> 00:47:18

and Rob Right beside them how Rob Right. This is also a semi sentence is circumstantial preposition.

00:47:19--> 00:47:22

And it serves as a call right?

00:47:24--> 00:47:41

Now give me if you see there's nothing nothing here shows us this duel. Right? He was asking me about doing nothing here shows this duel is just one single noun that it shows that it's doable and it's not it doesn't really make a difference. So now if you were to take a full sentence, which is a verb, base sentence, give me a verb base sentence and musky man

00:47:45--> 00:47:56

gotta know now you have to play with the verb if you remember you asked me does the verb always stay singular? In this case it doesn't anymore because we already talked about the Muslimah to begin with. So now we say Carla

00:47:57--> 00:47:58

Salam

00:48:01--> 00:48:10

Bala, they said color is a verb. Where is that? What is the subject of this verb? Tell me the subject of the verb. The left to the left here the subject of the verb

00:48:12--> 00:48:15

and this whole thing is about for them mostly man.

00:48:17--> 00:48:23

I'll give me one more example the last example where it's a full noun base sentence The Hobbit has a full noun base sentence

00:48:25--> 00:48:26

childhood home

00:48:28--> 00:48:29

shelter home

00:48:31--> 00:48:36

again very suspicious you're building a very difficult profile here by the use of this

00:48:37--> 00:48:39

job having a black here

00:48:41--> 00:48:42

so shout Obama

00:48:44--> 00:48:45

is one of us.

00:48:48--> 00:49:03

So if I say shout Obama is one their their hair is black. That is a full sentence. You don't need anything else really shout out. The word shout a woman shot is is going to be looked at and so it's going to be covered. When I say Muslim man shout him out as well. Now this whole sentence is a cover for a Muslim man.

00:49:04--> 00:49:26

I feel like you kind of grasped the concept of it that the cover exists in five went to five forms. It's either a singular noun, or is going to be one of the two semi sentences either a preposition and what follows it or a circumstantial preposition what follows it or you're going to find two full sentences either a verb a sentence or a noun basis over big sentence we're gonna have a federal NFL

00:49:27--> 00:49:29

a subject or you're going to have a looked at Elphaba.

00:49:32--> 00:49:33

Know this whole point of having a cover

00:49:34--> 00:49:37

now you just you just wrecked every good thing you did alter the old day

00:49:39--> 00:49:59

you just wrecked it all you said was when? So he's a Muslim man. Right? It's just the two Muslims that I sent this What about them so that's why we started cover because cover is gonna give you something sometimes a couple is going to be informal word that mostly men are good. They're mostly mine are here the mostly mine and haven't come yet whatever it is. You can use a verb you can use a whole sentence or semi sentence the word it depends on

00:50:00--> 00:50:05

These are the five situations with that cover can exist within

00:50:06--> 00:50:12

Okay, now that's the end of chapter that we'll cover. I want I wanted to summarize quickly what that meant

00:50:13--> 00:50:16

oopsie fall down sometime

00:50:17--> 00:50:20

let's quickly summarize what this all meant

00:50:31--> 00:50:32

so now one based sentence

00:50:42--> 00:50:44

so now in base sentence is made up two things

00:50:47--> 00:50:48

is made up of a movie

00:50:53--> 00:50:54

and it's made available

00:50:57--> 00:51:03

we'll move to that exists in one of two forms for now we're not going to go in it's either a noun

00:51:07--> 00:51:08

or pronoun.

00:51:11--> 00:51:15

Maybe either a noun or a pronoun, it'll cover is going to exist in one of five

00:51:18--> 00:51:19

it's either going to be a noun

00:51:23--> 00:51:24

it's going to be a preposition

00:51:30--> 00:51:33

there's going to be a circumstantial preposition

00:51:42--> 00:51:45

there'll be a full verb based sentence

00:51:50--> 00:51:51

will be a full

00:51:53--> 00:51:55

now on base sentence

00:51:58--> 00:52:03

so this is what when we look at an on base sentence, is what we have moved

00:52:04--> 00:52:16

them up there either via noun or pronoun. And then the Hummer is going to be one of these three things, five things. This is one word, obviously one word and then these three five are all sentences and semi sentences

00:52:22--> 00:52:33

is that Giuliani relatively clear or Okay shall so we'll end with tabular data. You will continue in Sharla next, next week, Docomo here. So backlog 100. And then we'll go to billing