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Matn Alajurroomiyyah #08
Channel: Adnan Rajeh
Series: Adnan Rajeh - Matn Alajurroomiyyah
File Size: 55.92MB
2017 10 20LMM after Maghrib
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa masala syndrome hamadryas it is mine.
So we finished.
We finished last time we stopped.
Yes, we recycle we read the first two chapters of the of the mountain
and we're at the chapter of verbs. Now before we start with the chapter verbs today, Inshallah, I'll do a quick summary or remind you a bit of what it is that we use, we've studied, what we've looked at, if you've looked at the statuses, that words can carry within a sentence that words that are, that have the ability to carry statuses in the first place. And then we talked looked at words, words that are mean that have the ability to carry status as we looked at what the different types, so the categorization looked like this
a Hawaiian Arab,
to the different statuses that words can carry in a sentence, and then we looked at more Autobots.
Which are words that can carry different statuses in a sentence.
All right, so this is the different statuses that words can carry in a sentence. These are the words that have the ability to carry different statuses in the first place, right, so we looked at it from two different angles so far. So there are four
So these are the four statuses that words can carry within a sentence, it can be more for monsoon mudgeeraba machi zoom. That's how we describe the word you'll see Mark for monsoon Maduro machismo, now, the words that have the ability to just carry different statuses within a sentence the ability
are categorized into two groups.
your automobile halachot.
A one category that
its status will be expressed through many vowels through how to cut, well, this maneuverable Bill roof
another section or title, the status will be expressed through letters but hold off. So we have these are different categories that we have right will have meanings when we know
when when it's metaphor,
the expression will be with a llama. When it's monsoon, the expression will be with a Fatah orchestra. When it's majeure, the expression will be with a customer or a Fatah. When it's made zoom, the expression will be with the sukoon.
Now, this section over here, when they have a status, when the word has a status, it'll be expressed through letters. When it's metaphor, it will be expressed with a well or an Elif correct, or through Bucha noon or the existence of the noon at the end of it. When it's been sold. It will be expressed through letter and Elif, or a Yeah, or the deletion of a new one at the end of it. When it's measured, or it'll be expressed through an area and Elif or the deletion of the noon at the end of it. When it's made zoom, it will be expressed through deletion. That makes it up a letter at the end of it. So when we look at it from two angles, you get some clarity. So when we say that this section
is being expressed through letters, that means does it mean it can't be meant for our muscle? No, it can't be it's going to be meant for and Missoula, Missoula Mujuru but the expression of that status is going to be through letters. The existence of a letter or the deletion of a letter.
These words here will be will carry different statuses will could carry that off and also just one more job but the expression will be through Holika mini vows photog Sol monsoon. So when we studied this we took we took off our took the status of offer and we said what are the different markers that can exist for Rafa what are the different markers that can exist for refer? What's the most notorious of markers? Yeah. About the most in Taurus of the most famous of
madly famous Yeah, but see it because it is badly famous. The problem with it is that we think because it is the most famous that's the only thing right? But there's there's something else that actually is sometimes almost as as common or as popular as it So Mum
is the first one for us to know as a marker of Rafa another marker for our fat no matter
another marker of offer.
It was a letter Well, another marker
existence of immune. So we look on off here are the four markers, three are letters and one is the moneyval is just one but three others are letters now for what different types of different types of words that use it. Right? How do we know those different types of words we come over here
there's someone yarn over the halachot a person on your roof section will be expressed through the status will be expressed through many vowels or halachot. And this will be expressed through letters when it comes to Muslim what are the different expression markers that we have
been taught number one?
So have which is deletion
There are five is not some is the one that has the most
markers, right? So we look at it we have two Harakat. And then three letters
is expressed in twice by many vowels but how to cut and three times by by letters. When it comes to Jara is expressed through the mark, the markers are in the first one
second one, Fatah.
Yeah, correct. You were doing well.
You were doing well.
And then has
no is that right? No, there's no husband? No, no, I've been known.
When it comes to jism, it is by Sycuan. That's the first marker.
The second marker have
vowel at the end of the of the field. Now, what else did we say regarding regarding gentleman jism. There are two things that we should know.
Genre does it work? Yes. Go ahead.
Yes. verbs? Yes. So nouns, nouns. And
verbs are often and also jism. Unknown cannot be Masoom. And a verb cannot be measured or ever. Like they can't take those statuses. And these are the markers. Right? Now, these markers are for different types of words. Right? These markers are for different types of words. Here's where we study the dip. Here's where we look at it from the concept of halachot, meaning put them in your automobile halachot, there is a tight there's a section of words that are only going to be expressed, the statuses are only going to be expressed through how to cut and then a group is only going to be expressed through letters. So what are the Hata cards? Mama, Pata
what are the letters? Well, I live Yeah.
and have the concept of deletion. Huntsville, Ella, deletion of the of the noun at the end, right. So these are the markers that are used for statuses from a letter point of view letters. And these are the ones that are used as many vowels by Marfa, Texas. So that's why we looked at these words from two angles from this angle. And then from that angle, there's one, there's one more angle is where we take the different types of words, right and just study the this type of word and we give a lot of examples which I'm gonna start doing that's not a part of this smitten name, but I'm gonna do it as a side as a side thing and then continue by studying verbs Inshallah, but I wanna do that
first, because I think that'll be helpful. Can you get me a tissue from using it someone give me or just yeah, there you go. He's like, Yeah, he's ready. He's ready with the, the ammunition. Yes, you have an example of the last one I Fidella. Simple. So yeah, do
Right. So it means makes zoom, because hopefully Allah is a marker of jizm Right? So he put LEM before it which is a tool that will cause jism we delete the heterophylla Unless it was written like this
just Obama to make up for the well
I'm gonna do well mania, sort of mania Oh My Allah He.
Alright, so that's, that's an example of how you could you would you would
delete and there's a lot of examples of that in the Quran, like a lot. So you're not going to find difficulty coming up with the Magellan finding. So what we're going to do now is we're going to take a look at words.
Just study some words.
example of a couple of words just shallow. I'm not gonna do all the words I'm gonna take a couple of them that I think are are important. So let's study
something called gemera.
so what does that mean? We're not going to sell him sound masculine plural. Okay, sound masculine plural. So what are examples of the sound masculine but how do we do it? You take a masculine singular noun. So give me a masculine singular noun that is usually used for
for conscious beings because it's usually used with the conscious or subconscious. So Muslim is probably the easiest
which to hit.
Okay, that's enough for now, right? Muslim, J Hill means ignorant Mooster head means someone who works hard or is very, very knowledgeable. Okay. So how do we turn this into a gentleman with a cursor when you want to turn it into a sound
masculine plural because this is a this is a singular form. So what do we add at the end of it?
So you do one of two things. Yes, either you add well when noon
or yet when you
write one of those two things
so if you add the well when it's going to look mostly moon
if you add the yet one will be misleading.
Is that clear so far? Here, the same thing here? It'd be just healing
Would you stay doing
or would you stay heating?
So why this or this?
Because Germanic without Christendom is a noun that can carry 123 statuses. It can be more four months sober Mujuru. When it's Smartform. It gets below.
It is not for winter.
When it's monsoon, or majeure, it'll get this year
for mid June
so it's about four it's mostly Moon in Aries most supermajor or Muslimeen. How do we know the difference?
Well, definitely not. Because the same letter you know what from the sentence you have to study the sentence and see what the sentence is saying. And then you'll know if it's muscle or majeure, but that's how it's done generally. So the sound masculine plural.
are words that have at the end of them well, I noon or Yeah, and noon, right. And they're talking about the plural of a masculine, singular noun.
That's a noun so it can be my flu. I'm on Sugata Mitra, every smartphone is going to have one winner at the end of it. Yeah. Hebrew in which the Hindu and Muslim woman or if it's more super major road, it's gonna be Mr. lineen, John Healy and Mr. Haney.
Are there examples of that in the Quran? There's a lot of examples of that in the Quran.
Way more for too much for us to actually even count. Hola, hola. Hola, como el caffeine. The word caffeine is my mum. So because at the end of it, in Allah, you hate seeing that someone saw one as well.
Eborn sort of doba if you started at Eborn Larabie Dune, alHazmi. Dune, sir, it was five or six of these ones right in a row. All the while renewing at the end of it does that mean every single word that has well and noon at the end of it is going to be masculine sound masculine plural? No, not every word. Some words have well unknown and it's not a masculine sound plural. It can be a different word can be a verb, or it can be just a word that has a window at the end of it. But it is a plural
it's a plural and in the end a form of it becoming a plural is a well when noon or Yeah, and everything is of sound masculine plural. But you have you have a lot of words and you have well when noon at the end of it. That is not the masculine there's not a pearl it's not a sound masculine pearl. Does that make sense? So for in order for it to be a sound masculine plural, you have to identify what the singular form is. You have to see that all they did was add a well when noon or noon to the end of it. If so our noon, if metaphor, and it's a noon that is my solar module. All right.
What's more rare
wildlife. It's just those words that were written like that.
So if a place is, is occupied and people are living in it, you'll find a spoon.
That's not a foil, because mask is not a singular noun.
Right, this is taken is derived from the
root second, which is to live and drive turned into a spoon. This is not a sound a masculine plural here because not a portal to begin with.
The other hand that we're
not it's a that's a singular noun and someone who performs repentance. Just add a while when you're able when that's a masculine sound plural sound masculine plural. Very simple. And then is it more formal sort of measurable as well? So a small for me the marker of refer for is the well, right? And if it's been
then it's monsoon or majeure?
Either way, and the marker for it is going to be the yeah is the marker for both nossob and Jonah within the sound masculine plural. Let's take another example. Let's take
basic principle. Yes.
So let's try jammer.
sound feminine plural. Let's try that first. A sound Yes. What does it mean by sound?
So the word sound means that it follows a rule
so what's the rule for the sound masculine plural you either a well when noon or noon to the end of it says it's a law it's a formula you don't need to make anything up Muslim just slap alone no at the end of it. Either just put it up put a while when noon and then you have this soundbite masculine plural.
You can say regular as well. Regular would be
acceptable if proper would be fine as well. Then it only matters that the point is that there's a rule that it follows it follows a rule which is either a slap oh and note or Yeah, and then at the end of it and we're gonna give you example of the one that's not set him in a second. But right now this is the feminine, the sound feminine plural. So we take a
we take a singular noun that is feminine. Let's use the same examples we did a second ago. So almost Lima.
Jaya Hina was the last one. Musa Heda
we turn it into a into a sound feminine Pearl
Yeah, so we just take away this last part
because all it takes there's no two there's no two types just mostly that's all you do. Take off this
is always gonna be
always gonna be relevant.
But there's not always a to delete here at the end. Sometimes there's nothing here at the end.
becomes center what?
You may say why is it not summer yet? Right? But the Arabic don't speak like that. Meaning that becomes too hard to pronounce. So they'll change the Hamza to a vowel just to make it easy for somebody what? So you stick an elephant at the end and I would say sound feminine plural very simply. Now
if this is metaphor, what do we do?
If this is I'm gonna forward with what do we do?
What do we give it?
if it's mom. So what do we do
that is the ultimate mistake. scheduler, right? So scheduler, and it was mentioned or it's also customer, right. So, this is almost similar to the sound masculine plural. The reference one thing and also being general is the same thing. In the sound masculine plural, plural refers Well, here is the MA there is yeah, for Nasim, injure, here's Castra. So there's no such thing as tml Latin
is no such thing. Never. It's not a word in Arabic. Right? Nice to look at it somehow to smell it. So it's a summer
then becomes a summary
right? And is this more supermajor?
Either, we don't know, because it couldn't be submitted no so but can be measured or this is a marker for both in this word, this word, the sound feminine plural, if it's not a full or the expression is Obama, and if it's more so remeasured, or the expression is like Astra, right? Whether it's massage or the expression is the customer, there's no difference. So when you look at the word similarity, and ask her what is it also requires you to either show me the sentence and I'll tell you from the sentence I can I can find out if I look at the sentence, but I don't know just by looking at it on his own. All right.
You may say as a wider Arabs make things so complicated, why don't you statuses in the first place started to make a big difference. The the complexity that statuses offer a sentence is huge. It allows you to work with a sense to work with a sentence and in many dimensions, allows you to reorganize words in a sentence in ways that will bring out certain meanings more than others that will emphasize certain meanings more than others, because the status is going to be preserved through one expression is being expressed either through Harakat or through letters going next we're going to know what it is. And that allows a lot of so that's why when you when you study the Quran,
you will find that the more pristine will be able to explain an idea in multiple ways because there's there's so many different dimensions or different ways for you to look at it based on based on the status is that these words, if you took that away from from the concept of Arabic language, then a lot of what the Quran can mean wouldn't wouldn't mean it couldn't mean any more meaning you would lose a lot of meanings in the Quran Had this not been the system of how Arabic words function to begin with. That makes sense. So this this idea is critical for the Quran to have the depth the diversity that actually does if Arabic Arabic language didn't carry that that's why when you when we
look at you don't find often when you're studying, if you're studying
the English English Version of the Bible or the Old Testament, the you don't hear it very often there was a difference of interpretation like it happens but it's not very often in those books. It's not as often as it in the Quran. Because the English language is not as as dimensional as the Arabic languages meaning it's very rare or it's not as common for you to find an English sentence that can have three or four different meanings. Me there's different ways to understand this in Arabic that is quite common for you to be able to send things more than one way and because of that being the you know, the fact of the matter, the Quran has much much more it's much more it's much
more deep and there's a lot more flexibility and understanding of the Quran which is what is needed for this OMA to be able to progress and to continue to learn. Let me give you an example of a type of word jam at Dixie. So there's a fine plural define the final plural sorry so we talked about the sound masculine plural and the sound feminine plural now the final Pearl now the brothers said how about regular Yeah, so if that was that was regular proper now the one we're going to tell you right now is called gem at Dixie the broken plural
or the irregular plural or the improper pearl? So what is the difference? The difference is that first to have a formula Muslim gouner in its Muslim and Muslim wherever you want Muslim or Muslim out that's all it is very simple. It says math just that it turns into this. Here there's no there's no it's a broken throat there's really no
there's no law. It's just it's how Arabs speak. That's what they said. They took the word Masjid
did not say
lets you do
and they did not say message you that
did not speak like that. They didn't they said
why? No idea. No one has any idea. That's just how they did it. They just added an IV right slap in the middle. Right
so the word misdeed from a linguistic point of view means the place where you do sujood the concept of security just putting your head on the floor is an Arabic linguistic is a linguistic word meaning it has its linguistic meaning it doesn't have to have a religious term. masjid means where you do you put your head later on of course the word Masjid became the actual place for worship
give me other examples.
Yeah, without cause misuse, like my life is like a different type of word.
There you go.
11 did not say if palemoon Even though we have a place in Syria called called ammonia and he busted it, it's not it's not plural of column, we don't have a bunch of pens sitting somewhere, he only is he didn't say a column ad.
put an LF right before the end and the homes out to begin the beginning of it.
Now, if you try to come up, you can come up with around 80 to 90 rules like for how to do this, right. So there's 80 to 90 ways to do it. But that's not a rule anymore. That's just that's how Arabs speak just how they speak. It's called a broken plural or improper plural, we don't know how you just know the word meaning you have to actually go and learn how to say the plural of this. And, and that's, of course, I taught Arab Arabic to
to non Arabic, Arabic speaking group in Syria for around eight months, in Syria, just for a brief period of time. And that is by far the funniest thing that ever happens is when were the critical conversations as a part of our course was conversation. So I would converse with these brothers. And some of them were some sisters. And they would try to make a plural of a word. And I couldn't, I would break out the laughter I couldn't help it like, sometimes they would make the most absurd plural in the world, because they would use one of these ones, because that's what they're used to. And which makes sense. I totally understand it. But sometimes the what would come out would just be
too funny. I couldn't I couldn't help it. It was just too funny. And then I explained that this is this is what it is. Because I laughed once and someone felt bad and never did it again. I didn't mean to you it was just a matter of it. But they say a word that is just so bizarre. That's impossible. There is no such word, but they think they're trying to follow a rule which makes sense. But unfortunately, a lot of words, when it comes to plurals, they're broken plurals. And we just don't have the ability to show a broken plural, like this one here. How is it expressed?
First of all, is there a specific way to express the statuses? Or does every word have a different way to express statuses?
So the last column is one masajid.
John Yeah, so I smoke, maybe
But my question is, how would we express the status of these words? Is there a way to do it? Or is there different ways?
Say it again?
Yes. So for us, it has always been, right. So it's never expressed through a low or anything else. It's Germanic tickseed. It's always the raffia is always going to be expressed through Obama. Always right. When it comes to.
Again, until this point, we have not differentiating between twin mean and nonton mean, for you. There's no difference so far like you for you. You don't see a difference until now. Right? So doc, like there's no difference, until we come to the point where I'll explain to you the difference in Sharla. Now, if you want to express nossob In general, what do we do? Not somebody Express NASA.
NASA was always gonna be Fatah. What about customer?
Sorry, so not always know. So Jarrah is not always customer general is sometimes customer and sometimes fatigue.
Right? So for gym ethics here.
Yep, no, so there's not geometrics here. So it is a sound feminine plural. But it's similar to it. Yeah.
A smack or massage clown if they're Marfa is all going to be a bum cone massage you do an Oklahoman always if it's monsoon, it will always get a Fatah. smackin massage EDA acclaim and always, if it's majeure, sometimes it will get customer smacking in sometimes it will get a photonic massage EDA. Sometimes we get a time when we look at a time, when will the genre be expressed as a geometric series? So that's like a an exam question. Of course not for you, but So when
be the expression?
Or sorry, the photo
of general expression of John
in the broken plural in gymnastics you
here's a question that you would ask. Right. So how would you answer that? Go ahead and write
Yeah, so when a word can carry all o halachot olds, all statuses can carry them. It's called and it's small levy law young Salaf. Or listen, ma'am, no, I'm not sort of, right. So in a word. So the answer is
In a word that is
middle sort of, or basically a word that can't carry all three many vowels you just can't carry off even eval was why we don't know it just it just can't it can't do it. It can't get a good example for that is like the word massage and massage it cannot you cannot say massage it unless you unless you attach it to something or unless there's something attached to the beginning of it on its own it has to be massaged, you know, there is no other examples that apply to that as well.
geometric see if there are other example but this is for domestic See, so for the broken plural if I ask you, how do you express this the status of rough Daniels? How do you express the status of nasolabial sofa? How do you express the status of job you will say Khasra or Fatah in words that can't carry cassava words that can't carry all three statuses?
No, it's like flexible ebooks as well. Again, these are just translations. And I'm not I'm the photo is Mullah De Lisle serif is actually what we're looking at. Okay.
That's a trick question. You can ask someone and they will feel it horribly if you do
if you want to. Alright, let's try other words.
Just Just one more one more type of word before
let's do the
what are the exceptional notes can someone give me I've said these like 50 times and the good
going home and
father of brother have in law of owner of and mouth of that's how that's what they mean. Now these words
if you're going to say the father of someone or the brother of someone or the owner of something or the mouth that is owned or part of someone, then you will express that so let's say that we're gonna express it by one by one by one word. So here let's say it's so the owner of money
the see here's Ahmed so I'm as most
Muhammad's in laws
it is Brother
give me a name. Hello Handys dad.
Dad, so he always remember his father. Now if you were if we were gonna do that, what how do we express that? So if it's my fault, it's
a whole Hamill, who miss mark for we hit the well. If it's me, I'm so
sorry. The quarters that are bad.
They're good. So if it's not so what do we do?
So, so, first was about Hamdi, right? Is you Are you the oldest if
not the oldest, oldest male
who's older than you?
Okay, that's true. Of course. No, I haven't.
it was majeure. What do you do if this
these are the five exceptional nouns. They are expressed through three different letters. There are no other words that have three different letters expressing their statuses. The sound, masculine plural is expressed through well, and Nasim injera through Yeah, both of them get the same letter, right. And you'll find something similar. In other words, here, literally, each status gets a different letter off. So Oh, and also gets an Elif, and Jada Garcia All right.
In law, the law of so the father of the brother of the INLA of the owner of in the month of May, and then you put something you attach it to someone or something that is after that. So let's do the five
the five exceptional verbs. Now what are the five exceptional verbs any verb? So let's take the standard verb yeah file or file.
Right. So what we do the five
except what they are is you attach here either Yeah.
you touch here either on Elif right or a noon or well when noon
the add up to five different situations right to touch other yeah all right. And then either an LF known or well known so I'm gonna make or break them down for you so that you can remember them inshallah so
don't fall on
deaf Island Phylon right, then you're following
and then to Falleen
you can take any verb and put it instead of the word define that article called timesheet,
phenom whatever you want, all of them work right. Why are these five statuses because, why they are the unique because of the expression of statuses. When no verb is expressed in the status is that can carry is an offer nossob And jism. Right? Refer is expressed through the existence of the noon at the end of it. So as long as there is a noon here, this is a metaphor. And the expression of nossob and jism is by taking the known away. So because if I loo it's gone, that's how we express that's how we explain the the five, the five exceptional verbs work the five or six words that there are these, if they're a metaphor, then the noon exists, and if there are no soap or mud zoom,
because they can't be modular because no verb can be image rule. If it's not sober Mazoon then it's going to be by the deletion of the noon at the end of it. Now what are the difference between these five why do we need them to fit one is
address when you're talking to them, and their portal to falloon you come to a bunch of people to follow you are doing the following the following. These are what type of verbs are these
are the past tense verbs are the future tense verbs or the present tense these are present tense verbs, right? So the five exceptional verbs are present tense verb that are not in the singular form. You can see plural here to find the address dual.
So you cannot and you address two people see Arabic doesn't work like English. English, one is singular, and two and up is plural. And Arabic one is singular, two is dual and three and up is plural. So you and your wife are not plural, you're just singular, you're just dual Khalifa you become a plural inshallah. But until then you're just you're just a duel.
The file and address dual and to mattify law, you're talking to them, you're falloon
They are LIBOR is third party.
So I'm talking to you about a bunch of people over there. I'll say your falloon that's what they're doing something
you'll find on third party
Alright, the last one here, the Falleen.
So you're speaking to one lady.
You say Auntie to family and you are doing this, you're talking to one to one lady, one female.
These are the five exceptional verbs mean, these five exceptional verbs, the statuses that they can carry are expressed through
the new one, the new one is the expression is the marker for them. If these are metaphor, then the new one will exist. metaphor because no one is there.
And if we take away the noon, right, then this is either monsoon
we'll have to do this at least a couple of more times for everyone to
get the hang of it. Yeah, five special verbs.
I'll do one more type of word. And then
we'll move on and show. So when type of word and show
are you doing?
So, so plural is what we saw right now. Right? Anything else you can't use for so the well we knew at the end of it will cause the
For the burbs, if I knew we want to find one that's that's how we use Yeah.
So let's talk about
the dual form nine, dual form, you take a singular noun, the same singular nouns you took a second ago so Muslim
give me another word that's not just
the opposite is like a lot. So if you were to turn this into a
sound, masculine plural, it will become Muslim or or Muslim and if you're going to turn it into a sound feminine plural, it will become Muslim at how do you express the status as a Muslim met with the llama for Rafa orchestra for nossob. Ninja right. Now if you want to turn this into the dual form, there are two ways to do that you can turn to do it for about two people.
Then either we say mystery man with an Elif.
Or it's a mystery mean
with a Fatah on the final letter before they up.
Alright, so mostly Nene is going to be a month sub or major sound, masculine plural, right? Mostly main is going to be among sube or Majid or dual form. What's the main islamophobe or module dual form and this is a mouthful or dual form. So if you want to say a mystery to Muslims, and the status of rougher than you would say Muslim man,
if you're going to say it in the status of Nasim or Gianna, you will say mostly nine.
So you put a photo at the end, would you stay hidden?
What is the marker here? The marker is the LF
and it was a micro buffer? And the with the Fatah on the letter before it is going to be the marker for Nossal bingeable. All right, I can see the brains are almost completely burnt out. Call us.
Yeah, this is good for for one day. All right. So
so basically what we've talked about, when we looked at so far, we've looked we've looked at something called Rob. Yeah, love means that a word can carry different statuses within a sentence. A word can do different things in a sentence. Sometimes this word can be the subject of the sentence. Sometimes it can be the object of the sentence. Sometimes it can be completely useless in the sentence, it's just an additional piece of information that you didn't really need in order for you to be able to function, right? So can carry different statuses in a sentence. Where does that carry different statuses in the senses are flexible, how for basic statuses they can be under, they can be
about four months old, modular imagism. Right now is can only be three of them. But I'm also measurable verbs can also only be three of them. But what also Bazoom right? How do words express their statuses, they express them through different markers. Some markers are going to be Holika many vowels dama or fattening cassava cassava or thumb or spoon and some of them will be based on letters it will be an Elif, will be a while it'll be the existence of unknown it will be a year there'll be the deletion of the new it'll be a deletion of the vowel at the end of the word. So sometimes the expression will be through the many vowels and sometimes it will be through complete
letters existing or not, or changing or not existing within a word.
What types of words are there there are not an infinite types of words there are a number of different types of words what you studied today we looked at the masculine the sound masculine plural there's what we looked at today so far so gentlemen with that kind of selling you looked at that
so what's left from the words that we did not study it so that all we that we didn't look at look at so far I have read
the singular noun I usually get to start with that but I on purpose left it till the end and fairly Muladhara
let the limit doesn't be cliche, the present tense verb has nothing nothing attached to the end of it.
So if I will come so are examples are present tense verbs that have something attached to the end
it, there's a there's a present tense verb that has nothing attached to the end of it. So 123456788 types of words, laying there are eight types of words. In the basic, of course, basically, without going into much detail, there are eight types of words basically in the Arabic language that you need to know. If you understand them, then everything else becomes pretty simple. Like everything else is standard. So it's not an infinite number of words. Well, why isn't complicated? Why are you like, what are you feeling? This is insanely hard and too many things. Because each word
carries different types of statuses meaning verbs carry three and then no one's carry three with differences. And then each word expresses those statuses differently. Some of them express statuses with a whoa and a noon, mostly moon. Some of them express it with Obama. Some of them express
not with within the Muslim mean, some of them express it with a Kassala Muslim Latin. Some of them express it with a Fatah.
Some of them express it with a Muslim mean, some of them express it with effort
so that these words will express their status as Rafa Nasir Jasmine Joe, in different forms, different ways, it won't always be the same thing. That's why it's a bit complicated. That's why we I looked at it, I tried to look at it from three different angles, hopefully, that if you look at these angles, you go home and look at them again, then you understand Oh, so there's just nine types of words that express themselves differently. And once you understand that expression, then you'll you'll you'll have the ability to maneuver within a sentence. So I'll give you an example of what I mean. Remember when I told you when I when I told you what I felt when I tell you what that stood
for what is often what is something that was meant for
the most important part? Yeah, so it's either a main character in the sentence. It's a main character in the sentence. And it's something that is untainted as well, so as to be an untainted main character in the sentence and unaffected main character centers that nothing can affect it from outside of it, and actually the main character, and everything that is like that there's a main character that is untainted, and the sentence will be marked for.
No, so it's a secondary character, or attainted main character in a sentence. So and also there's like one level under either a secondary character, not saying I need unnecessary character knows a secondary character, something that when you get it, you're the meaning becomes complete. And without it there's there's a missing the meaning the basic meaning is there but there's something missing, you needed something to complete the meaning or it's a main character that's been tainted, something came from outside and played around with it, and changed it or did something to it. So it's no longer pure anymore.
Mature or mature or is unnecessary in the sentence, anything major or totally unnecessary, meaning you could have understood the sentence fully without it. It's not a secondary characters, not I mean, characters don't unneeded characters unnecessary. It's extra information. It all offers you depth, it gives you detail, but you didn't need it. For the sentence, a sentence gave you enough information with the main and basic characters with the main characters. That's why when you're studying, what what's the importance of all this, when you're studying divine text, your focus always has to be on the main and secondary characters that give you the meaning. And then everything
that is additional, you look at on a secondary level, you have to focus on what is what is what is main, what is the main character and secondary, so they can take the meaning from it. If you leave all of that and you focus on things that are less important, that means your understanding of the language is all completely messed up.
Right? That's why when there's an Amana, in the Quran, when there's a present tense verb la takanobu, Xena, right, that's, that's a verb and a secondary character, that's a sentence, that becomes extremely important. And then if you're anything that's added later on is less important, or things that the sentence would have lived without it. You don't necessarily need all this to be both understand this basic command. And that's how Arabic works. It gives you a really important thing emphasizes emphasize is used unless emphasize things, anything major or know.
Its level of importance is much lower than anything more for our monsoon. And based on that move, I see dean of Quran and the scholars of Hadith and, and all poets, you know, well, I think that's how they, they base their, what they were going to do. That's how they understood and interpreted the language.
All right, anything Mazoon is neutral, meaning it's subjective, there's no there's no clear understanding of what it's specific to verbs. So it's a verb that is being affected in a certain way, something that can't change it. It's either a command or something that's been denied in the past. That's what Zoom is. So when you understand all of that, all these black words can carry these different statuses in a sentence. Well, how do they express those statuses, they express them differently. Some of them will express it with alum, some of them express it with it with a well some of them with an Elif some of them with a noon they express them differently. Now what you need
to do you need to be able to identify and recognize those different types of expressions. You need to be see oh, this is this is a Fatah. This is the expression because I'll give you an example that you know
Uh, I hope this won't you know, but these are the eight categories. These are the aka who studied 123456 today who will stay tuned next time inshallah there's not too much there's not an infinite number of categories.
The word Mussolini if you look in the Quran,
this is a sound masculine plural, you will find it written like this
know if you don't know what you're talking about, you will say, Oh,
it must be monsoon, because that's a fun time. But no, this is a sound masculine plural. It doesn't express itself its agenda without concern him. It doesn't express itself with a Fatah. It expresses its statuses with either a while for refer or for nossob in general. So you'll say no, no, it is mon sube. Probably it's monsoon but not because it has a fatality on it. Rather because there's a yeah here. Because if you're given mostly moon
then the same person who doesn't know the difference will say Oh, this is also but no, it is metaphor because it has a well why because this is a sound masculine plural. It doesn't express itself through how to cut too many vowels expresses itself through letters. Well for refer, and yeah, for messenger understanding the problem. All right. Sorry.
So it's not an expression everything. It's just it's just to, to tell you how to pronounce it. So that Holika that eval is just to tell you what to say. You say Muslim Munna or Muslim, Mooney or Muslim you say mostly Munna, but that's not an expression of the status of the word. And you say some letters are, the express that this word is has a status, a certain type of status, and some of them are just for purposes of pronunciation, a proper of proper speaking is just the moon is the subject, but what does the data tell us? Nothing. That's the whole point. That's why I'm trying to teach you it tells you nothing the world tells you everything you need to know tells you this is
metaphor, the fat has just a pronunciation issue has nothing, it tells you nothing at all.
When we look
the following you will find it written in the Quran like this.
Right? So someone doesn't know he knows I'm gonna say this is one so it has a fatality end of it. They know this is a verb,
one of the five exceptional verbs of all time so they express their statuses through either the existence of the noon at the end, or the deletion of the noon at the end. And as long as the noon is here, then it's metaphor as normal. So if it was no soap, it would be like this.
But because they don't know they look at the Fatah Why is it if I thought that's how it's pronounced. That's how it's pronounced. Another example.
can verbs be mentioned? Or? Yeah, it's a verb can a verb be measured or never a verb is either my four months sober, Masoom they can never imagine. That is a trick question. Never. A verb is never mature, just like a noun is never met zoom. Never mean do status. They don't carry Abdeen.
To servants, you'll find it written in the Quran like this.
That's how you'll find it written historical. How do you map again, someone doesn't know what to say. It is magical, because there's a cursor at the end of it. But you will say no, the problem is that this is a dual form. This is within it's a dual form. Dual Form expresses the statuses through letters. If it's not four, it doesn't Elif and if it smells soup or Mujuru, it will be a Yeah. So this may be majeure. But not because of the Khasra. This means, you know, because of the Yeah, that's the that is the marker that we have here. That's why if it were to be
I be done a b I've done. So there's a customer does that mean as much? No, it is not a full letter. Why? Because there's an Elif so what is the customer just pronunciation is just how Airbus pronounced it
one that's why you have to know these if you know these you no longer mistake them you see the word you know what type of words is oh, this is a dual form so you don't care about the Holocaust the end of it you're carrying whether it's an LF or a Yeah, so you know if it's more so Majora metaphor, that's why we studied it like that. Because if we didn't if we didn't say it like that, I just told you that the Hanukkah are expressions then that will be can be confusing to be like Well, here's a customer who told us a customer's
true, but not in this type of word not in them within and within that does not express itself to have occurred within the express itself in either an Elif
It was trying to is making a bit of sense as we as we go along. All right, give you another example.
So we took the word massage
muting the words that we kind of focused on so you find it written like this
so someone doesn't know how to say this is definitely monsoon because as if
that's not true, it could be monsoon, it could also be Majid because the expression of general, in a geometric series that carry all vowels and many vowels is also a factor. So you say correction, it could be either monsoon, or majeure. We don't know this fact has not enough at the end of it. It's not enough
just to memorize these words. So these words Yeah, we'll we'll study them in a bit more detail later. Like, there's actually a chapter that we just talked about that but it's too early for us to get into it. It's too confusing right now. For now I just need you to know the basic different types of words and how the how they're supposed to look. So I'll give you another example.
That's the sculpt my name is Sophia will study in China. So it's a bit complicated with so you see the word Yakubu Simon has no say
no, well, is the marker of offer. Right. It's the marker of refer in the in the masculine sound masculine plural. So it must be the marker of Rafa here. So this is metaphor. So you know,
this is a verb one of the five verbs it expresses is refer with the noon at the end of it and expresses nestled been jism without the noon. And since there is no noon is either monsoon, or imagery. Zoom is not metaphor because of the world. And it's understanding the problem understanding how Miss Miss.
Misunderstandings could happen or miscommunication. Because you're not sure what you're looking at, you have to know what type of word and then what how it expresses the different statuses that it can carry. That's why we looked at it from all these different angles, because I want you to be able to see the different statuses and how they, they carry it. Same example another example.
Find the word yet.
Like that, you'll say, Huh, if you don't know is a this is metaphor, because look, it hasn't been math, the end of it. I know, because it's almost always refer back end of it. So you know, that's not true. Because actually, this is the, this is the actually the origin of the world, the word is Yeah.
And that was taken away. And the end, Obama just stayed at the end of this is my resume and get on. So it was informational before and it lost its its losses, losses, Val at the end, meaning the expression of this word, we didn't do that, because that's next time, the expression of this word RESUME resume is the deletion of the vowel at the end of it.
So it's a matter of knowing how these eight words, express the four statuses or the fee statuses that each of them, one of them each of them can carry. The last example is if you look at the word somewhat,
and it's written like this semi tin, someone doesn't know what it's measured, or obviously, because as casted on it, you'll see, you know, correction is either module, or Hmong sube. Because even if Masuka also gets customer, it could be that it could be this. So if you just focus on looking at the end of the word, then you may get lost, what you need to know is how these words express themselves, how they express their statuses. Some of them express them through Harakat. At the end, some of them express them through the letters well, when in Yeah, some of them through Lithonia. Some of them, some of them through the existence of a letter, like the noon at the end, or the deletion of the
noon at the end, they express themselves differently. And that takes some time for you to is I'm not asking you to memorize right now. But at least to have the flexibility to understand that different words will express themselves differently, sha Allah with the continuation of this, and the repetition of every time we sit down, repeat the number of these words and I keep on repeating to you until you inshallah they stick with you. But once you understand them, your ability to understand the Arabic language will be 10 times more than someone who was studying Arabic Without this information, just trying to understand sentences and phrases, meaning you could start like that
I could write a sentence right now and give you the vocabulary and tell you how, how words work, but you will you'll never understand the essence of the philosophy of the language. If you don't understand that there's different types of words. And there's different types of statuses. And the expression of the statuses are important, first of all, to understanding the census, and they're expressed in words very differently. Words expressed those statuses differently. So I hope inshallah that made some sense next week. And shall we also continue or after a solid, solid Muslim? Do try and if you haven't listened, if you've missed a couple of lessons in the last
couple of weeks, I think this is our what our seventh sixth or seventh lesson I'm not sure, I don't know anymore, but I thought I lost count. But we've done a number of lessons so far. Even if you've lost the number of lessons that you want to learn and you feel like this is something then this is a good week for you to go back through everything that we have talked about because this is the end of the first two chapters and they are the most important two chapters in my in my judgment of understanding Arabic grammar. So go back and go through them all. Listen to them, understand them so that next time when we start
With the verbs because we start with verbs and nouns and start moving forward and actually talk about different statuses and in incentives we'll talk about subjects and objects and and how all that works together but how you need to first of all understand you know the basics so next time I will also i'll explain these two statuses at the end. But please if you haven't listened to all them or you missed a few or you're not clear, listen to them one more time you inshallah if you do, it'll become a bit clearer to them. Okay, so Michael gametic should do Hola Hola. Hola.
Manny Baraka Luffy
them one more time in
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