Matn Alajurroomiyyah #19

Adnan Rajeh


Channel: Adnan Rajeh


File Size: 43.74MB

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Episode Notes

2018 2 9 LMM before Isha


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AI Generated Summary ©

The speakers discuss the use of a noun in Arabic sentences, emphasizing the importance of having a subject or a substitute for the actual object. They explain the difference between active and passive sentences, emphasizing the importance of the former for a main character and the use of a secondary character for a passive sentence. They also discuss the importance of " pest" in a grammar sentence, and explain how to make a sentence passive without an object. The speakers provide examples of changing passive verb "can" to a "can" form, and discuss the process of finding the passive verb and finding the object in the passive form. They conclude by discussing a study on evaluating the passive verb and creating a new sentence using an object.

Transcript ©

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa sallahu wa salatu salam ala calici Mohamed while early he also had me here Jemaine Obeid. Okay, so today, inshallah bourbon Mfold la Vela Musa Farah, who so where we are right now we're studying an MA for Actonel estimate the nouns that are given the status of refer in a sentence and we talked in a couple of weeks ago, we talked about the different types that they have. So we said that they're the find the subject and a verb, the sentence we said, and that had been followed with a photo that he

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talked about a number of different types of nouns that are metaphor. So we talked about them in a general manner today, we're going to be talking about them in more detail now. So today is my food.

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Allah the summer

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so what is that in English

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so in my phone means object, it's always the object

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in a verb, base sentence.

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So we're back to the same concept verb base sentence.

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That doesn't have a subject.

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So the subject has been conceptually removed from the sentence. And because we've removed the subject from the sentence, now the object is going to take its place is going to be a metaphor. Again, remind yourself that when I say my photo, Lila Musa who the object of the sentence that doesn't have a subject where the subject has not been named, this is a metaphor.

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This is a noun that in the state of Raafat metaphor, or the state of affair means that we are either a main character, and I'm

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sorry, when we say my foot, we're talking about a main character in a sentence that has not been tainted, has not missed, been touched. So when we say you're offering something that is more for that, what that means.

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What this means, mean?

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An unchanged,

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untainted main character

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in a sentence.

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So that's what metaphor means, right? So we started to find the subject and a verb based into the first order for now. And the second one for a noun is the objects. In a verb, a sentence that doesn't have a subject subject has been conceptually removed. Within the sentence, what do you mean by conceptually removed? It's also called an Arabic they also give it a name, the email module Rumi calls it and

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they also call it an editable file.

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CO subject or the substitute of the subject and a verb a sentence. So we talked a bit about how to kind of make them what would you how would you make a file exists what we do to the to the verb

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so Aquila,

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over, documented

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a bomb. Okay? So, Aquila is a verb, right? So it's a verb, base sentence, a verb, base sentence is going to be the subject, right? Who's the subject?

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Who did the eating? Smart for the Dhamma is the marker of refer, right? So I'm gonna do, I'm gonna use a macro refer. And a panorama is called a Mfold. B.

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So this guy over here, this is the fact there's a subject and a verb, a sentence. Here, this is the subject.

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Or here's the object.

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It's called my phone.

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Be here my phone. So on my phone, this guy, this guy can turn into a VC he's monsoon. It's months. monsoon has a fatality. He's not metaphor.

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So you can turn this guy into the substitute of a subject or an

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iPhone into the museum of value or an object and a verb, a sentence that doesn't have a subject, we can take out the subjects conceptually from the sentence. How can we do that?

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There you go. So you that's exactly what I was hoping you would finally say that. So that's the exact that's how you do it. So you get rid of this guy altogether. By changing this verb change the way this verb is pronounced, or the way it exists, and it becomes a passive verb. So this is a direct verb.

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We turn it into a pot into its passive form.

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As a verb, it turns into Akela

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So, this is the example

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that you will find that so Keela to Akela is how you say but now this guy is gone and okay that was that transfer into English. translated English. Here's Ahmed ate the food. Here's the food was eaten, the food was eaten so in Arabic

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the bomb now becomes the Mfu Allah the lemons MFE who becomes the object in every sentence that doesn't have a subject, because when I say the word, verb, a sentence, there has to be a subject. There has to be a subject we like, well, the subject is taking notes. Yeah, well, someone will fill in. The next word will fill in for the subject, but we have to have a subject or something similar to it, and it has to be marked for. So Okey doke. See, went from being marked for when so to him being marked for him. So the moment you say verb a sentence, there has to be a subject, if it's not the actual subject, it will be the alternative, or the substitute the substitute, or a noun that

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will fill in for the subject, it will be also marked for it will always be marked for what are the markers of offer in a

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for a noun. I'll put the cheat sheet up again, one more time.

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So the markers because we're studying

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nouns that are metaphor, right, so the markers of refer

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for nouns

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told them what else?

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Wow, very good. What else?

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Right, who's ever

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doable for him very good. So do a farm for the Elif.

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catching on, well, we have the sound

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masculine plural.

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And then we have the five exceptional nouns that you mentioned.

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Ham was awful, right.

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And then you have the single

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the singular, noun,

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broken furl.

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feminine plural.

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Right. So these are, these are the so when we see a noun, these are

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the expression of raffia, the marker of raffia is going to be given by one of these three things is going to be Obama and a while and there's really no other choice for a noun, right? So when we talk about notified, the substitute

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for the subject, or the subject, substitute, or the object in a verb, base sentence, that doesn't have a subject. So if you if you look up the definition to make to make sure you're clear on it, it's an object. It's a verb, base sentence

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doesn't have a subject, the subject is being removed, aka the bomb or taking a hammer out. It is no longer part of the of the equation. Why? Because we don't care who ate what we do care about is that the food was eaten. So it shifts it shifts the

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full focus from from from a conceptual perspective from from a linguistic perspective, when it says, I'll give you

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Sorry, yeah.

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By with Amad, so it's like he was used to do if someone took him in? No, so many people, he admitted

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he was even taping Timothy Akhmad. So he said, what your question could be, what was the difference between these two sentences? Now, if you're gonna handle bom,

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bom multiple Yeah. What would the difference be, are the differences huge? Here, the focus is on what I did. Here's the focus is that the food isn't there anymore. It's been eaten.

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It's less important who ate it? That's not That's not the point. So when you change around the words in Arabic sentence, you change the emphasis from one thing to the other, or the emphasis here could be Ahmed

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meaning the file we're emphasizing that's why you move doing put him at the end of the sentence so that we can emphasize emphasize him here, there's no emphasis really, because it's a normal sentence, you're just stating a story. You're not emphasizing anything, you're not focusing more on who did it not focusing more on the action or on the object, you're just telling the story as normally as possible, whenever you you change things around whenever you want to, because then that is that was what happens is that you end up emphasizing something or you know, or de emphasizing something or make something less important, okay.

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So now I've been fine or and my formula, the language and buffet. It's just a fill in for the subject. So it's like we're studying the subject where we're saying the subject is taking a leave of absence, and we need someone to fill in for him because every verb base sentence has to

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Have a subject and the subject will always be more for we have to have a subject there's no no way. So even if the different even if the verb is being built in a way that a subject does is not needed, we're still going to find someone to fill in for him. He's more important than the object so you will not have a sentence without without a subject. We just won't call him a subject anymore. We'll call him now the subject of a subject or element formula Dena Musa Farah very low, no difference. And what do you look for in the same way? So what examples Can we can we can we come up with?

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Last time as you guys were examples for the phone? We didn't do very well. And

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let's see what we can do today for.

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For now, I will find

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give me an example. What can you do?

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Okay, we didn't.

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Alright, so I'll give you examples. So, these were the kids. So raka

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What's your name?

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The guy who was wasn't happy about the What's your name?

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What's your name?

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Are you okay? I'm not gonna lie to you.

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So, uh, you kicked the ball, you played, you played soccer. And so you kick the ball? Like,

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are you boo

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it's a verb based sentence, right? It goes into the subject. The subject is the guy who did the kicking, the kicking was done by a tube. So he's metaphor. He's a singular noun. So he's gonna have a thumb on it, right? And then the thing that was kicked

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the object is of course the ball is going to fall he's gonna be monsoon is gonna be different. Now. I don't want to talk about who. Let's say I come in. And I said, before I left that this ball is gonna be left here. No one touch it. I come in, I found the ball is no longer in space anymore. So I'm gonna make a statement. I don't know kicked it. So I'm gonna say the ball was kicked. I told you guys know what does not touch the ball. I'll say that English. I'll say the ball was kicked. Hmm. And I said not to touch it. So in Arabic, I would I would express that by saying little key that's important.

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I will say rookie, that rookie that. So raka went to rookie that. And then I removed a yoke. I don't know that he did it. And then Cora. So it's a third base sentence. But it's a passive verb. It's a passive verb. It's not a direct verb. So now I don't know I don't know who did it. I know it was done. So now this guy becomes a substitute or the fill in for the subject. He's called Nat and been fine on my phone at the Lemelson buffet who he used to be the object but because he removed the subject from a conceptual perspective now he's going to be the fill in for the subjects he's going to be more for as long as he's going to get Obama so lucky that in quarter two

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very good. That's a good example.

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This is the same as after the message.

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So what is active passive? What is that in English? Tell me what that is. Active is basically you're focusing on the subject is doing something. Yeah. And the passive is the opposite. Yeah, so I say direct and passive, active and passive is the same. So I have a passive probably not very good English grammar, to be honest. So you're probably that's probably more precise in terms of the English grammar, so active or direct and then passive. So we're, we're studying this, this only exists. So I'm gonna add something to the definition here. This object and a verb base sentence that doesn't have a subject, right? So it's an object, it's kind of de modify that is the object

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in a passive

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verb, a sentence

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All right, so that's, that's, that's even a better different way to define the ultimate fight. So he's the object. It's a verb, a sentence, but it's a passive verb. A sentence is not a it's not a director is not an active verb, a sentence, the file the actual subject that needs an active or, or direct verb, a sentence. So the example you gave me,

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so we'll say this, we'll say

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Allahu Akbar. Allah Subhan. Allah, Allah forgives, forgive sins, or if it gives the sins, right. So this is how it works from a

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dish de la.

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Allahu he is the subject here. So we've got about a fourth amount of words. It's a singular noun. So the Murkrow roof is going to be Obama, right. And Ivanova is this is the object is going to be monsoon. Now if I want to focus on the if I want to say the sins were forgiven, I want to focus on the on the sins being forgiven. I don't want to call out who actually forgiven

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that what I would do is to actually remove this Allah subhanaw taala his name from the from the sentence you will say a lot

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because this is feminine as a pearl.

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So the sins were forgiven. Now it's a Furby sentence just like the first one, it needs a subject you're like, Well, it's a passive verb. passive verbs don't have subjects they have fill in for subject of a substitute subject is called notable file, whatever folder, the name of the file. So now the object is wants you to fill in for the subject, and he's going to become more of what he was saying. So he was, he was bumped up a bit, you will give him a raise, now he becomes more important. And that is exactly what a passive sentence does. It gives importance to the objects philosophically and grammatically meaning now at the beginning of this sentence, he's the secondary character.

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Right? So this is the main character, the font is a main character. And here's a secondary character.

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So I want to make since the main character, I want to make them more important, I want to make the concept of their forgiveness more important, I want you to focus on that, rather than focusing on anything else. So we focus on on sin. What we do is we remove the subject conceptually by making the verb passive. So churches who feel that is the loop and now this guy has been bumped up, he's become a main character. Now he gets a bummer. Now he's mad for Google. Right? So if you want a simple definition of what nabble vide is on my phone of the dilemma of somebody who is used as an object in a passive verb, a sentence and object in a passive verb a sentence passivity being the key word and

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understanding this

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so I'll give you an example

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so hola hola hola.

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Summer when it will, right

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so it's a verb a sentence, coworkers are active or direct verb is going to need a subject to 100% Who did the creation to Allah subhana wa Tada. So he's metaphor is a singular noun, the micro rough is going to be long, right?

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And then the objects are the cosmos. The sky is the heavens and the earth and their monsoon. So somehow it will Alba, right. To the sound feminine plural. The marker of Nasim for is a customer, it's not a photo. Now what I want to do is I want to emphasize the fact that the heavens or the cosmos and the earth were created and I don't want to talk about who created I just want to focus on the fact that they were created. So from a from a grammatical perspective, what I do is, is I remove conceptually I remove the subject, I remove him how I remove the subject is I turn this guy from active to passive, I turned him into a passive verb. When you turn into a passive verb, it goes from

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halacha to Holy but

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holy, but

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so follow patterns of the Holy Father. So it's a passive verb no silver bass sentence, you still get to say, well, it has to have a subject Yes, it has to have a subject. However, the subject has been removed. We're going to have someone fill in for this object who's going to fill in for the subject, we bump up the object Okay, now you're you're you're in play. Now. You gotta you weren't the captain before the captain is out. Now you're in you have to be the captain for the day. And you get treated like the captain as well. So it used to be on soup, you're not going to be on soup anymore. Now you're going to be treated with royalty. You're going to be my for

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this summer well do. Well.

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What would it be plural for the verb? Why isn't it was like?

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Like, yeah,

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it's always gonna be like that, if you don't think it will always be seen even even if even if even if the first of all singularity and plurality will follow the subject. Not the alternative, not the substitute of the subject to always or the subject himself. Right. But if you don't know, even if you don't know because even if even if he was plural, even if here it was people who did it, you still wouldn't change that. It was still stay in the in the singular form. I'll give you example. Okay.

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All right.

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Yeah, so I'll give you an example. So let's say

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just to me because if you only change the status of the of the verb if you already know who the subject or the subjects were talked about before, so it's usually a noun based sentence maybe you've already established who the guy who did it was or the people who did it before but if you don't know then you don't change it you don't you don't touch you keep the verb as it is. So

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now that was not a good one because we don't have we need one that has a an object in it. Now

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upper level

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al Kitab or Quran whatever.

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Okay, liquid to powder,

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so here's the verb base sentence, right? It's an active one Quora is an active one. So it's going to have a subject, a subject and a verb. It says a fan, the faculty member for who did the reading is the blurb. It's a, it's a broken plural. So the Murkrow profit is going to be Obama Sakurako level and then good is the object is monsoon because the Fatah but also love will Kuba. Now, I don't want to focus on who did the reading, I don't care who did the reading. What I care about is that the books were read. That's what I care about. So I want to emphasize that in the sentence. So I turned the sentence from an active or direct base verb sentence into a passive verb sentence. So I move

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remove students and I say aporia.

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So I say accordion because that is needed for feminine feminism because this is a feminist a feminine word. So ready

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for change it well. There's still a verb a sentence, I still need a subject you have to ask for the subject. But here I tell you as to what the subject is to fill in for the subject, the subject is gone. We're gonna fill in, we're gonna have to I'm gonna bump up the object. So what we're doing is really giving emphasis of the object. We're making it more important Motherfu where's the ramen soup? What are they? What are they? What are words that are most soup? metaphor is an unchanged main character in a sentence about voice that's the most important thing you can be in the world of grammar. If you're in the world of grammar. If you're a metaphor, you're the best you can be your

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your the unchanged main character of a sentence I won't touch you, mon soup is either you're a secondary character, or you're attainted change main character like your main character that something came in affected from the outside, right. So here is a secondary character, we're going to bump him up to being Montford was to make him an unchanged main character, we're giving him higher status, we're bumping him up a bit, right. So it turns into 40.

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q2 is not for now.

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So polyaxial q2,

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so it doesn't matter. Pluralism doesn't affect the verb because even if even if the subject is a group, verb basis is always start with singular verb, always singular, unless we have some reason to know that they're the subject before, like the subject has been spoken of at some point.

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But if that's the case, you use a plural verb. If if we've already Yeah, but then you wouldn't need to use you wouldn't need the subject because the pluralization of the verb would would have the subject within it, I can do when you say I can do right or Cara, acoustic is easier to write. Okay, this is this guy is the

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remembering the pronouns we did last time to the pronoun we did last time I told you, this is the subject now. So you wouldn't need a bola you'll say Tara who contributed Cara or Tila will Kutub that will become two. There'll be useless because now you have the subject and you repeating it again. But talking about passivity for a moment. Now no more examples. If you can think of an example from the Quran, please give it to me later on. As I'm going along, I'm going to give you a talk about passivity. So AdMob needed module is an Arabic and mini

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passive verb

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so fairly minimal is with the passive verb.

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There's going to talk about a past tense passive verb and then a present tense passive verb just so that you because there's no point of studying naval fine, we're in the photo Medela Musa Farrell, who the object in a passive verb a sentence. If you don't understand how to make a sentence passive, you don't understand what a passive sentence is, or you know, that is completely useless information to you. So you have to understand how to make a verb base sentence a passive verb a sentence. So let's talk about the past tense.

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And then we have the present tense

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so past tense, we're going to take the standard, the standard

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verb with the standard Beaufighter. You always use five as a standard verb when you're studying verbs. So we say

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when you turn it into passive, so this is active and turned into passive

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it becomes

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full. I

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always be like that. So take any verb, any verb you want. That is the past of the past tense. Hit me with some verbs anything.

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Cohiba. What else?

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Okina give me. Yeah, so, so I was hoping you guys would wait for a minute before you guys gave me something. Good. So I'll come down in a second because there's not an exception to the verb, but there is a little twist when you have a vowel in the middle of the verb

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are a vowel at the end of the verb it becomes you have to kind of make a small adjustment, which is example of the word Kleiner.

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But this works for everything for any verb you want. It's the same thing. It sounds like fighter, or fighter, it could suffer for tight the beginning for tight the end. And then you just put a thumb at the first letter, I guess throughout the second letter, and if I typed the third letter, and that's how you change them all in the past tense, right? Now, what happens if we have vowels in the middle?

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So if you have vowels in the middle, like the words color,

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how would you do the same thing here? Only to do the same thing here? How would you do it?

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Follow the same rule for Karla. What would you do?

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The same thing with 500 to 14. How would you do for God? How would you how do you turn it into

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a whale? If you're gonna put the cuff a bomb on the top right? When you do the same on the cuff, so the cough becomes blue. And the lamb has a fat ha. But I want you to do here for the LF. Give it a customer. How do you give it to formula?

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No one says Kulina. That sounds dumb Arabic. People laugh at you. So they're like okay, since this is a customer, this is more important. So we'll just get rid of this. We'll move this cursor over here. And we'll turn that will turn the world into a year because they're all interchangeable all vowels and Arabic are interchangeable you can change you can go from one to the other. No problem at all right? So it turns into the law

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has the theta and is where you say

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you say like this, you say Lila?

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Bailey, you makers. Your lips sound as if you're gonna give Obama but you don't. So we say a feeler when I read his Hopson album and falloon you see feeler I look at RC feeler, feeler. Well, why are you gonna know that because it's supposed to be a bummer here. This was something the Arabs changed. So that's an interesting kind of thing to know what else what other examples you have a verb that has a vowel in the middle? Bomber. So what would you say? Bhima? What else?

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That's a bit more difficult because that doesn't have you need in order for you to make it passive. What you need in the sentence.

00:27:20--> 00:27:58

What happens if the if the verb doesn't have an object? So dai Mata, Mata Phoolan? Someone? Where's the object in the sentence? Can you can you can you come with an object? Can you can you produce an object you can have some verbs don't can't can't carry objects in a sentence. So making them passive is is useless. Why would you there's no object you're gonna send it with? It doesn't mean anything, right? So you need always need, you always need a an object or you need it to be able to do potentially carry some form of an object. So what would you say to the Quran? Yeah, well, gee, oh, my God.

00:27:59--> 00:28:00

What else do we have?

00:28:01--> 00:28:02


00:28:04--> 00:28:27

But now I have an object. Right? So it's useless to do it, you can still do it because doable, you can say nema. But then it's literally how would you build a sentence like that? And it would be very, very difficult. You have to go through a lot of different you have to mess up things because it doesn't carry an object to begin with. Another exception? What happens if you have the vowel at the end of the of the verb?

00:28:29--> 00:28:29

So if you think of

00:28:34--> 00:28:38

let's say better, just okay. Because as a clear object, so by now

00:28:42--> 00:28:56

by now Mohammed will be Iranian Masjid friends of someone. So now when I take out the subject, you want to see the message was built? So would you say yeah, do what we do here. Same thing here for I like trying to force you to how do you turn it into

00:28:58--> 00:29:10

money? But how do you make it that quick? Where do you get the air from Shark if you're just gonna come up with letters? You give that bomber to the customer to the newness is all easy. How do you give him a Fatah and Elif

00:29:12--> 00:29:27

is a customer before it. How does that work? Can you say an elephant is a customer before it? It's impossible. That is like literally, Bulkeley impossible for you to do. So you would check because the customers before before it you turn it into a Yeah. And then you give it a time because when you because you're interchangeable

00:29:29--> 00:29:30


00:29:32--> 00:29:34

All right. So another example

00:29:43--> 00:29:43


00:29:47--> 00:29:48

great. Yeah. That got

00:29:51--> 00:29:52

do it.

00:29:54--> 00:29:56

Sorry. Do it Yeah, like there's no wellness

00:30:00--> 00:30:00


00:30:07--> 00:30:18

know, is maybe what you're talking about? Probably what you're talking about. It's something that's similar to Neda, which is a forte, but that's a four letter base verb. So nada

00:30:23--> 00:30:24

so far

00:30:25--> 00:30:28

that would hear translate into father.

00:30:31--> 00:30:32

It would turn into 40.

00:30:36--> 00:30:37


00:30:40--> 00:30:42

No, no, no, he called someone but

00:30:47--> 00:30:48

these are just

00:30:49--> 00:30:57

so this is the morphology you're asking about earlier. So some some verbs are, are, have three letters, all these files, and some of them are like this file.

00:30:59--> 00:31:02

That's how they're built, meaning they have four letters in them. They're not three letters.

00:31:04--> 00:31:05

file that is,

00:31:06--> 00:31:08

file is an actual verb, it hasn't meaning.

00:31:09--> 00:31:14

No, it means that two people are doing doing an action at the same time. They're interacting.

00:31:15--> 00:31:24

So far that you did something fun, meaning they interacted, or the fused in some form. So now you're saying New Media.

00:31:28--> 00:31:37

Alright, good. So that's where the past tense and we covered whether we have any vowel in the middle or a vowel at the end, but a little bit a bit tricky.

00:31:38--> 00:31:39

So you see,

00:31:40--> 00:31:40


00:31:41--> 00:31:47

you do, we'll keep it very simple. Very simple. It's very simple, right? So you just need to know that when you say

00:31:50--> 00:32:25

and Abu Hibino, the Father gave the son something wherever he doesn't. So you want to take out you want to pass it we take out the subject. So to remove Remove up it comes Wahiba and iblue to now the object who was the son now he's bumped up here because my forehead becomes the net had been filed in my folder, the demo some of you, he's the object of the passive verse, big sentence, and the our model for I have it up there. He's metaphor, but we're studying we're studying words that are meant for nouns that are metaphors. Please don't forget that this whole point of this study. If you if you learn all this, you forget, okay, what is their metaphor? What are the markers of refer nouns is

00:32:25--> 00:32:28

either Hola Mundo or Elif, depending on the other sentence.

00:32:30--> 00:32:38

All right. I'm gonna give an example. Let me see the present tense. I'll give some examples are a bit more complex? Present tense. So the same standard? Yeah. Philo.

00:32:42--> 00:32:48

Yes, alright. How would you make it pacify and make it make it passive? Your follow?

00:32:51--> 00:32:52


00:32:55--> 00:33:00

Okay, so that's how we do it. So it was a follow to follow, no follow no final?

00:33:01--> 00:33:14

Well, I can do it regardless of what's at the beginning here. But the present tense verb, to regardless at the beginning, you just turn it into that you just keep on flipping it, you just give Obama sukoon faith how Obama. So let's give examples of words.

00:33:17--> 00:33:27

I don't think it's word used ever. But this is just for those, the purpose of deriving. So it doesn't have to have a meaning you just do that. You just have to derive it, that's all. So let's say

00:33:35--> 00:33:37

think of a I want to use the same words every time.

00:33:39--> 00:33:45

Don't give me a vowel at the end immediately give me regular stuff until we come to the vowels. So

00:33:49--> 00:33:54

how will you convert it into passive verb? What would you say?

00:33:56--> 00:33:58

Your lab, right? So you lab

00:34:00--> 00:34:10

your lab? See your file your file? If you look, what's the difference? So cool. In fact, how about massive, just we're just changing the first letter, right? Just the first letter is being given.

00:34:14--> 00:34:18

But sometimes, sometimes, this one here we'll have a customer

00:34:21--> 00:34:21


00:34:22--> 00:34:25

we turn into sometimes, so again, younger label

00:34:26--> 00:34:27

younger him

00:34:29--> 00:34:29

or dumped

00:34:30--> 00:34:32

him remove one.

00:34:33--> 00:34:36

Now these are just things you have to remember if you tell the judge to to drop

00:34:38--> 00:34:38


00:34:42--> 00:34:59

you, for example. So when you have a passive verb like this, then you're going to have a net advance or Mfold Adina Musa object in a passive verb, the sentence is going to be a metaphor. We're going to bump it up from being an object that was once a secondary word that had a fatality or with monsoon. Now we're going to bump it up

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

make it

00:35:01--> 00:35:04

okay what happens now let's give examples of vowels

00:35:08--> 00:35:10

yep so yum D for good example.

00:35:12--> 00:35:15

So follow the rule on very simply don't complicate things yum li

00:35:19--> 00:35:20

yum Li.

00:35:21--> 00:35:30

So you want to put Obama on the first love letter yum. So going on the second one and then Fatah on the third one

00:35:32--> 00:35:33

yum ba

00:35:34--> 00:35:45

we can't put your way you gotta say that Yamaha again. They're interchangeable vowels. It goes from anything he didn't No problem. Just change it to whatever the the mini vowel the Holika is before it.

00:35:46--> 00:35:48

Give me more examples think of something

00:35:53--> 00:35:56

anyway, yeah. So again, we

00:35:58--> 00:36:03

want to see you and we will say, you know

00:36:06--> 00:36:13

that's fine. The whole point of this why we're from teaching people a PhD is narrow because we're trying to learn the simple stuff. No, it's all good.

00:36:14--> 00:36:14


00:36:16--> 00:36:17

or not, boom, boom.

00:36:20--> 00:36:22

So how will you change the home? What would you do?

00:36:25--> 00:36:27

Yeah, so very simple, you will say to

00:36:29--> 00:36:31

and then Fatah, to calm

00:36:34--> 00:36:50

to calm Well, the second letter is supposed to have a sukoon on it, right? Well, there's a vowel after the vowel will always have sickle and you can have two letters with sukoon so you move this one, this Holika to the one before it, she moved that money available to the lender before it becomes to come.

00:36:54--> 00:36:55


00:36:56--> 00:37:30

these are issues of derivatives. This is stuff we're talking about. Some of this is sort of, it's not important that you know all about it, I just want you to be able to mildly have the ability to recognize a passive verb when you see one so that you know that what you're going to find after it is not a subject is going to be an object in the passive verb base sentence is going to be a substitute. And now it will substitute for the subject going to the metaphor as well. Whenever you see a verb a sentence look for a subject or something that is substituting the subject to be on for always look for it, you're going to find it 100% Okay

00:37:33--> 00:37:36

so that's the passive that's the passive verb.

00:37:37--> 00:37:38

It's very important that you understand

00:37:45--> 00:37:52

give some examples to make to shake things up and so we can focus on about failing the markers for a while. So let's say

00:37:59--> 00:37:59


00:38:02--> 00:38:03

Muslim woman

00:38:05--> 00:38:06

and what should it mean

00:38:11--> 00:38:19

for the Muslims defeated the pagans, all right, that is a common name sentence to see.

00:38:21--> 00:38:27

So you want to conceptually remove the subject right want to take out the subject one who did it or the Muslims remove it remove them

00:38:28--> 00:38:33

so now we have to church changes from an active verb to a passive verb a director to a passive verb.

00:38:36--> 00:38:37

Very good uzima

00:38:41--> 00:38:42


00:38:44--> 00:39:09

Now is a verb a sentence you need a subject, but because the passive verb you're not gonna find a subject and find an object in the passive verb a sentence is gonna be more for or you're gonna find the net will find a substitute for the five who this up whose object in this sentence and we should again right so we're going to turn them into they're going to become the net and finally gonna become the object of our big sentence. They're gonna come before they can become the substitute of the five so how would you what would you say here was the man

00:39:11--> 00:39:33

Yes, you see we have a change now. Instead emotionally cool and smart for correct. The marker of and this word is, is the well because the sound masculine plural. So who's the man emotionally cool, and it's not emotionally keen anymore? Because it was been Soubirous metaphor here. It was bumped up a bit now we're focusing on the fact they lost now the fact that Muslims one okay?

00:39:53--> 00:39:54

So Akadama

00:40:02--> 00:40:06

So Muhammad treated his father with dignity, right?

00:40:07--> 00:40:32

So I want to remove conceptually the subject from the sin zone and move on from the sentence. I want to make the the active verb is a verb basis, I want to make the active verb of passive verb. So, how would I remove him home and turned him into a passive verb? agreement right? So yeah file, you file, a chroma crema or file for either economic or criminal. I didn't give you all the derivatives for any of these things. I'll give you a few so oprema

00:40:36--> 00:40:36


00:40:38--> 00:40:48

the object becomes the night before it becomes the substitute of the subject or the object in a passive verb a sentence is going to matter for now you're gonna be bumped up so what would you say?

00:40:49--> 00:40:50

Oh, crema.

00:40:51--> 00:40:53

Dry even if you're wrong

00:40:59--> 00:41:00

so ocarina

00:41:01--> 00:41:14

whoo hoo, whose father was treated well, we don't talk about who did it we just say that he's treated well now because it's one of the five exceptional nouns the marker of Rafa is the world so right there it's not about who anymore is who

00:41:16--> 00:41:22

are we clear on what how these things are working? Right? It's okay. Even if you're not showing them with time you will make sense of them.

00:41:36--> 00:41:36


00:41:40--> 00:41:41

muda ratio.

00:41:44--> 00:41:46

teacher taught barley bean

00:41:51--> 00:42:09

so the teacher taught the two students, let's break it down from you. What would you do? So when I move on to remove the subject, I want to turn the active verb into a passive verb and then this guy's the object is gonna become now I've been fired or an object in the passive verb based sentence. So you can be metaphor. So what would you say?

00:42:11--> 00:42:25

Very good. Very good. Oh, Lima. So now it's a passive verb base is a passive verb to the passive verb a sentence. So we're gonna look, we're gonna find a subject, we're going to find a substitute of the subject, a subject substitute.

00:42:28--> 00:42:30

And it's going to be more for it's going to be the object in the

00:42:31--> 00:42:34

body to send a body burn.

00:42:36--> 00:42:42

Why because the Elif is a marker of and the duel form. Right. Elif is a marker in the dual form.

00:42:44--> 00:42:46

Is that relatively?

00:42:47--> 00:42:54

Clear? Okay. Give me some examples. Maybe with a few examples before we have like three or four minutes. Give me some examples that you think would.

00:42:56--> 00:42:57

Are there any questions you can ask?

00:43:02--> 00:43:04

Yeah, so I think I can think of

00:43:07--> 00:43:08

so theta,

00:43:11--> 00:43:33

theta, theta doesn't have a direct object doesn't have a notified. Right? It's important. It's if you can deal with objects but in a different way, not in the direct to indirect when you say the word said or recliner. Alright. So it says, so let me let me summarize what we talked about so far. And just so that we have some clarity and show on the issue.

00:43:36--> 00:43:50

And a verb based sentence, the moment you see a verb, you will look for a subject that's going to be able to form sometimes the subject will be a noun, sometimes it will be a pronoun, sometimes a pronoun will be clear, it'll be written there'll be said verbalized sometimes will be estimated, we talked about that last time.

00:43:51--> 00:43:57

If you come to a verb, a sentence and you find the verb to be in the passive form, so we come to a verb base sentence

00:44:04--> 00:44:07

and find an active or direct

00:44:08--> 00:44:10

you will look immediately for the subject.

00:44:12--> 00:44:16

Okay, if you come in and find the verb is a passive verb,

00:44:17--> 00:44:18

then we will look for

00:44:22--> 00:44:22

is not

00:44:24--> 00:44:24

in five,

00:44:25--> 00:44:28

or the subject substitute, or in the photo,

00:44:29--> 00:44:38

or the object in the passive verb a sentence. Alright, so you can look for one of those two things. Now, what, what, what in what way are these two guys equal, they're both

00:44:40--> 00:44:59

matter for the whole point of this study, though point it was going through it in the way that we're going through it is that they're both going to be more for so you have to look at the verb and see if the verb is is active, direct and then you look for the subject. If it is not, if it's a passive verb, then you look and you look for the for the notify with the audience based on this stuff.

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

Sometimes you may not find it, sometimes you may not find it. But

00:45:04--> 00:45:12

the way I like to teach this is that you always find it and just look for it and helps you kind of focus focus on what you live with. Sometimes, sometimes you may not find it in a very passive verb in a passive

00:45:14--> 00:45:21

verb a sentence, you may not find it in certain words, but for the general rule, just keep in your mind that you'll find a yes, or that word,

00:45:23--> 00:45:24

and then leave

00:45:25--> 00:46:06

the hub. So but then is the sentence of the hub door is the is the navigator, not the word? That's why it's way more complex. I don't want to end I don't want to enter that realm yet. But yeah, that would be that would be acceptable, right? Now, what's important is you recognize it. So this is simple. The subject is just being substituted by, by by, by a different word by by the object. That's all that's happening here. So what really is the trick to this whole thing is recognizing a passive verb The trick to all this is it can you recognize a passive verb. And if you say yes, I can. So make sure that you know the basic rules of recognizing a passive verb. If the verb looks

00:46:06--> 00:46:09

like, so the verb

00:46:10--> 00:46:14

is fine, in the passive tense you will find it to be

00:46:15--> 00:46:15

for you.

00:46:17--> 00:46:18

If it's your file,

00:46:20--> 00:46:21

you will find it to be

00:46:24--> 00:46:26

your file. And there are other ways but this is

00:46:27--> 00:46:35

generally see, you will see a verb that looks a bit different. It has if you look at what brings it together, what is the main

00:46:36--> 00:46:38

what is the common denominator in passive verbs?

00:46:39--> 00:46:43

What's the common denominator for both passive verbs with the past tense or present tense?

00:46:45--> 00:47:15

Yeah, the first letter is gonna have a number the biggest clue you'll get is the first letter of the verb whether it's past tense verb, present tense verb, three litre verb before the verb or five litre verb is that the first one will be will have a bum on its and that's like the biggest clue for you to know that the passive is a passive verb, and then you don't look for the subjects anymore. You look for the object that is going to substitute the subject and look for the object that is subject to the subject, but it's going to be my fault as well. Alright, so we'll end with that inshallah. We'll we'll start we'll continue with the second.

00:47:17--> 00:47:24

We'll continue with this bourbon Charlaine and extend cyclomatic Shinola into something a little bit early he also has a domain