Seekers of Knowledge 016 – Tafseer of Surah al-Qadr

Tim Humble

Channel: Tim Humble

Series:

Episode Notes

share this pageShare Page

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:00--> 00:00:00

What

00:00:07--> 00:00:07

do

00:00:10--> 00:00:10

we

00:00:13--> 00:00:27

do Linda europeen alameen wa Salatu was salam, ala Abdullah, he wore a solina be you know Mohammed wider early he was a heavy engineering Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. We have another

00:00:28--> 00:00:33

Tafseer class, and we have reached the Tafseer of Surah elkader,

00:00:34--> 00:00:36

the Tafseer of sort of terracotta

00:00:37--> 00:01:15

and this surah is known by the name sort of Qatar. And it's also known by the name solyte laylatul, part of the surah of al Qaeda or the surah of laylat. Al Qaeda. Even though cattier Rahim Allah hooter, Allah, he indicated the disorder is makiya, but that's not a thing. Well, that's not a matter that all of the scholars were agreement or in agreement over. Some of them said that it was Melania. However, it appears that the majority and allies or generals best appears that they indicate that it was makia.

00:01:18--> 00:01:44

The topic of the surah is the revelation of the Quran, and the noble and virtuous nature of the night of Laila to clutter as well as the virtue of the Quran that was revealed within it. And the first issue that we're going to deal with in this surah is the meaning of the word cutter.

00:01:45--> 00:02:03

What does this word cutter mean? in an zelner, who feel a little caught up? Indeed, We sent it down on laylat al Caudill. What does this word cuddle mean?

00:02:05--> 00:02:16

There are three different opinions that I'm going to give you for this. The first and this is the most common is that the meaning of it is

00:02:18--> 00:02:22

that it refers to the decree of Allah as origin.

00:02:23--> 00:02:32

And this is taken from the statement of Allah azza wa jal fee how you for aku kulu ambreen hacking

00:02:33--> 00:02:48

in this night, every matter which is hacking, every wise matter, everything which has been decreed, it is separated, and it is organized on that night.

00:02:49--> 00:03:17

And the statement of Alliance or gel in Sanofi Lattimore Baraka, we indeed sent it down on a blessing Good night. And so they said that this refers to and this is in Surah Doohan, that it refers to an herb, that the word cutter here, it means the night of the decree of Allied soldiers were allied rules and decrees certain things to happen.

00:03:18--> 00:04:11

The second opinion is that the word harder here, it means cauterizing shut off the nobility, the night of nobility, the night of the night, which is noble, and virtuous. And it has virtues and he has a position. and linguistically This is another meaning of the word harder, because linguistically, we also say we also say, for example, harder O'Shea the position of something the status of something. So here, it would refer to status, other meaning a shot of status, and virtue and nobility. And there is no reason why we can't bring these two together and keep both of them. And this is a theme I think you've taken from our Tafseer classes many times is that the majority of

00:04:11--> 00:04:55

the time, the different opinions that exist in Tafseer, or from the point of view of data for China, where they are examples where the differences are not contradictory. They are complimentary. So yes, Laila to Qatar is laylat and hokum. It's the night of judging the night in which the decree the Qatar of Allah as origin is decreed fee how you for aku kulu emran Hakeem every wise matter that is going to happen everything that Allah has decreed to happen in the year. A lot of xojo has decreed for it to be on that night that it is it is sent down and it is set out.

00:04:56--> 00:04:59

And also, it also means the night off.

00:05:00--> 00:05:24

Have a shot of the night of virtue and the night of status. And the surah talks about both, it talks about the huddle of Eliza gel as in the decree of Allah and what Eliza gel decreased to happen on that night. And it also talks about Shara for Heidi Laila the position and the status of this night in the sight of Allah gela Viola

00:05:26--> 00:05:38

there is another opinion because I said I would mention three to you and that is that the meaning of a cuddle is oblique it means that it is the night which is

00:05:39--> 00:05:43

restricted or the night in which there is no space

00:05:44--> 00:06:06

that's a strange one one thing where did that come from? Because isn't it a night where the risk is set out? So why is it a night of sleep a night where everything is restricted and there's not there's not enough space? What does that mean then they took this from the use of the word powder to mean restriction

00:06:07--> 00:06:10

to mean being restricted.

00:06:11--> 00:06:14

For example, it's alright Alfredo

00:06:16--> 00:07:06

when he them over Taylor who for cada de la here is a who fair, cool Robbie ohana. And as for the person, when they are tested, and their wealth is restricted, their provisions are cut down. And the word used for it is cut off. So that word could be used for that. Now this opinion is not a strong opinion, it can I just want you to understand where did it come from? So we said that the word cutter can use to mean oblique restriction and limiting something. So what is the restriction here? They said it is Catherine actually Malaika. It is all of the angels that come on that night. And there is an authentic narration which mentions that they are more than the stones on the earth more

00:07:06--> 00:07:49

than the pebbles on the earth. There are more angels on the earth on the night of laylat will cutter than all of the pebbles and the stones on earth and saw that there is no space because of the angels that flood the earth at that on that night. And even though it is not a strong opinion, in terms of the meaning of the word, it's not a strong opinion in terms of the meaning of a cutout in the sutra in answer now violates the principle of the fact that the angels fill the earth and the earth is flooded with the angels. And then the angels are great number on that night on the earth, then this is something which has a deli has an evidence for it.

00:07:51--> 00:08:13

So now we've taken that now let's go to the beginning of the surah. We've understood the meaning of the word al Qaeda. And we've understood that the two strongest opinions that are called is broken, and it is shot off. So there is a layer of it's a night in which rulings are established. And it's a night of virtue and a night of nobility

00:08:15--> 00:08:35

in anzahl No, indeed, We sent it down. Now one of the things you'll notice here about the word it is that the topic or the subject, actually it's the in a way it's actually the object, not the subject, but the object of the sentence is not mentioned

00:08:36--> 00:08:43

the damir here the pronoun we sent it down, it's not mentioned what it

00:08:44--> 00:09:31

and there is no way to tell if there was no difference that I can find in that what is sent down is an but there's a an interesting principle here is that sometimes, generally I think in Tafseer often for us as speakers of English one of the trickier points to deal with all the Boma are the pronouns because Arabic is very flexible in its use of pronouns you know like the way that pronouns are used in Arabic has a wide application, and it can be sometimes difficult. Here it's not difficult to know what is meant, but here we have a little like little grammatical benefit, which is that you can mention a pronoun in Arabic without having ever mentioned the actual noun itself. If it is

00:09:31--> 00:09:59

understood clearly what is being spoken about. Because he allies which I said in that and Zellner who feel a little cutter and all I didn't say in Zell Corps and feel at a loss it in that answer now who because the the understanding is clearly that the reference is to the core and there isn't a need to have mentioned the actual word core and it's allowed in Arabic for you

00:10:00--> 00:10:34

To jump straight into the pronoun like that and say we sent it down, as long as there is no confusion over what that word it actually means. Indeed, We sent it down on ordering laylat al cutter laylatul cutter is one night. And I didn't find any ft laughing this among the LMR despite a lot of laughs they have so much different over when that night is none of them different that it is in night. To the best of my knowledge, it's a night.

00:10:36--> 00:10:52

So how is it that the Quran was sent down in a night because our lives are genuine and say we sent down some of it in Zen barbell core, an affiliate. We sent down some of our analytic philosophy, we sent it down in layer two.

00:10:53--> 00:11:45

How is that? So in this we have a narration from Abdullayev near Ibis. And it's not an aeration, which is raised up to the Prophet size emanates from his own opinion. But what we're going to hear about this is how the Malay or carlu bellroy it what the Ibis says here is not possible that he could have said it from his own opinion. In the past, he said Anza larval core and Joomla tanwar Haider, Mina lo Hillman fools Ll Bay Isla beetle is a free summer in dunya. Summer, New Zealand Mufasa Alan B has a bit of work hard, fi Fela thing where is sharena center Allah rasulillah he saw a lot more and he was sent them this effort from him Yeah, but this is a report which is say

00:11:46--> 00:11:54

authentically reported from the Ibis and from others that he said Allah sent down the Quran in one go one time,

00:11:55--> 00:12:12

from the local foods to a place called Beit La Raza the house of honor or power of omate, which exists in the Santa dunia, it exists in the lowest heaven.

00:12:13--> 00:12:16

Then Allah sent it down

00:12:17--> 00:13:04

morphus silane in pieces, some of the scholars they refer to as moon and Gemini in portions to according to the events that happened over 23 years to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, this is an this is Ethel as we said from the Ibis is not something from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But we asked the question is authentic from epi bass? Is it possible if my bass just figured this out for himself? Is it possible that he read it from Benny Israelite eel and he reported it in reality isn't for him to say that Allah sent it from low hammerfall tbaytel is from beetle is to the Prophet size and all the 23 years, this is something similar to caliber,

00:13:04--> 00:13:52

right? It can't be said from just guessing or just having an idea about it. It has to be something that he knew from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam so I believe that this episode of in the eyeglasses vehicle, I don't know for it is the ruling has the ruling of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that this Quran was sent down one time, from the lower levels to beta is this place called beta is the house of power the house of might in the summer of dunya, in the lowest heaven, and then Allah azza wa jal gave it in pieces and in portions to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam over a period of 23 years.

00:13:54--> 00:14:16

Now, here, the there are other opinions about about this, and relating to the AI. One of them is that the meaning of in zelner, who means in einzelner, a Wella, who we sent down the beginning of the Quran on labor to Qatar.

00:14:17--> 00:14:40

We sent down the beginning of the Quran or later to Qatar, because the very first idea of the Quran, Cora, this miracle lady Holla Holla insane I mean, Allah, Cora wa Buccola alacra. This we're going to come to in the next hour because we have the Tafseer of sort ikura insha Allah which is going to come up in the next lesson, but right now,

00:14:42--> 00:14:56

the very first ayah that was sent down ikura this mirrabooka Lady hallak was sent down to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on a toccata. So, here that one of the opinions is that the meaning of

00:14:57--> 00:15:00

we sent it down and later to a quarter is wasted.

00:15:00--> 00:15:09

The first idea on layer two cotton. But it's interesting now question, are these two things? contradictory?

00:15:10--> 00:15:55

Is there a contradiction between these two things, these two opinions that we sent down the beginning of it? Or that we sent it down? Is there a contradiction in these two opinions? And the answer is no, there isn't a contradiction. It's perfectly possible to accept both of these as being the Tafseer of in answer now, hopefully, we sent down the beginning of it in later color, and we sent down the whole core and because both are true, so the whole Quran was sent down to the semi adonia to the lowest heaven on layer two cutter, and ikara was sent from the lowest heaven to the Prophet size on laser cutter. So there is no reason why we can't take both of these two opinions

00:15:55--> 00:15:57

together. And there are other

00:15:59--> 00:16:25

there are other opinions among the other opinions is that every little cuddle Allah would send down from the Quran everything that was going to happen in that year, I everything we said the profit sites and received a quarter out over 23 years, in every year, he would send down the portion of that year in and there is no there is no specific evidence for that any analyzer General's best.

00:16:27--> 00:17:17

As for lay lateral capital, and when it is then their arm around about or approximately 40 different opinions about later to Qatar, which are mentioned by Alhamdulillah Mohajer, Rahim, Allah to Allah and others when they brought this issue out. And they looked at it, they said that there are around about 44, zero different opinions about when leading to other is, however, and it's surprising because if you consider laser cutter being in the last 10 days of Ramadan, then you only have 10 options, 10 different opinions. I mean, we can extend it to 11 different opinions. Maybe if we see the whole of Ramadan, we can extend it to 30 different opinions. But a lot of them are how did we

00:17:17--> 00:18:06

end up with 40 opinions about something which doesn't have that many days. But when you see you see that even some of them, I didn't limit it even to Ramadan. Some of them said it can happen any day of the year, and other opinions like that. However, the strongest opinion and the one that is inshallah supported by the evidence, and we're going to cover it in some detail is that little clutter takes place in the last 10 days of Ramadan, and it moves around Tatiana, it moves, it's not on a fixed day of those 10. Rather, it moves around among those 10. By here, we're going to mention something extremely extremely, extremely important. And that is that there are two ways of counting

00:18:07--> 00:18:08

the last 10 days.

00:18:09--> 00:18:42

And the difference between them could be the difference between making Laila to Qatar or missing later to Qatar. And that is do we count the days from the beginning of the month? Or do we count the days from the end of the month, and there are narrations which would seem to support both. But there are a couple of very clear narrations that laylat will cuddle is counted from the last 10 days counting from the end of the month, not from the beginning of the month.

00:18:44--> 00:19:32

And this is why we advise people very strongly not to count on an even days and not to give it any consideration. In other words, to try to catch a little cutter on all of the last 10 days of Ramadan. And what we see a lot of people doing when it comes to labor to Qatar is a huge mistake. First of all, the biggest mistake, they only go out one night in Ramadan, they pick the 27th night and they go out on the 27th night. And this is a mistake from a number of angles first of all that are highly for indicate that it can happen on any one of the odd nights. That's the first mistake. So they cut their options down to 20%. one fifth of the possible end of the game gave themselves

00:19:32--> 00:19:59

only a 20% chance of being correct when they go out on that one night. But actually, when we look at this issue of Les little cutter being counted from the end of the month, actually it's even worse than that. They only gave themselves a 10% chance of being correct because the end of the month changes the even in the odd days around so the days that will even become odd and the days that will odd can become even depending on whether the month is 29 days long or 30 days long.

00:20:00--> 00:20:06

So the people who go out on the 27th, they're not even guaranteed that that night is even the 27th.

00:20:07--> 00:20:49

They're not even guaranteed that it is the 27th by counting at the end of the month, yes, from the beginning of the month, they have some water guarantee, even though the beginning of the month of Ramadan could have been calculated incorrectly, and it happens sometimes that people misunderstood the the beginning of Ramadan in some places, but let's just say that that's unlikely. But if you're counting from the end of the month, ie when there's one odd night remaining two odd nights remaining one, even one and so on, then the night that you thought was 27 is either 26 or 28. It's not 27, according to the count at the end of the month. So this is a big, big mistake people make, and they

00:20:49--> 00:21:37

actually reducing their chances of Layla toccata down to a very, very small amount, because they're only going out on one night. And most likely that one night they're going out is not even the night that they think it is. It could even be the wrong night, ie it could be an even night and not an odd night, which is what they think it is. So really, this is a matter which people need to be careful about. And that is that from the earliest possible time that les little cuddle could be, a person should spend that time worshipping Allah azza wa jal and praying those nights from the earliest possible time that it could be. And the earliest possible time that it could be is if the month is

00:21:37--> 00:21:57

short is 29 days is you go back from that, any that 10 days back from that. So ultimately, you want to catch all of the even days, you want to catch all of the ideas in case the odd becomes even in the even becomes odd because of the change at the end of the month.

00:21:58--> 00:22:29

As is indicated in some of the IDs. So here, it's not safe. What we're seeing here is that it's not a safe opinion, for a person to just guess when les little cutter is and go out on one particular night. Rather, what a person must do is a person must go on all of the 10 nights, not the odd ones, not the even ones all of the 10 nights, all of the last 10 nights from that from the shortest time of the month, ie from the night which they are counted as the 20th.

00:22:31--> 00:23:01

The 20th night come before the 20th day. And that brings to another issue which people get wrong about little clutter. And that is that they frequently forget that the night comes before the day. So in Islamic months, nights, or in Islamic days, nights come before days. So the night of Ramadan comes before the day of Ramadan. And that's well known because of the issue that when you pray taraweeh you pray to Allah we the night before you start fasting.

00:23:03--> 00:23:51

Has anyone thought about why you pray the night of taraweeh before you start fasting because that is the beginning of the day the day begins. And so we pray Tara we before we fast, because it comes before so the first night of Ramadan comes before the first fast. And the first fast happens after the first night and saw it and then saw if you look towards the end of the month. Ramadan ends with fasting doesn't end with praying ends with the fast that finishes at the other end of markup, which is the Margaret on the day, which is Margaret before the deal of 88 on the deal of 80. And it comes before that. So because the days the Knights come before the days, this is another reason why people

00:23:51--> 00:23:59

get all mixed up and confused. Is it the 27th night is it not the 27th night the simple solution is all of the last 10 days

00:24:00--> 00:24:30

or 11 days, even if the month is long, including the very last night before you think that the eat is going to be and the last time you pray taraweeh so you think it's going to be the last fast tomorrow. For example, you still pray on that night. And as for this issue of people going and wait until the masjid is full on the 27th night. And every other night maybe on the 29th night that Masjid is empty. And yet there is an equal chance

00:24:32--> 00:25:00

or an equal likelihood of it being on that night as much as it is there being on the 27th night which people presume that it is. So this presumption about laser cutter and going out on one night. This is not the this is not the correct thing to do. Rather the person for all of the last 10 nights they should be whether the month is short or long all of the last 10 nights. They should be there praying so that they can be sure that they pray.

00:25:00--> 00:25:06

On laylat polkadot and we're going to come to more of this as we come to the narrations which are evidence

00:25:07--> 00:25:26

for this principle that we mentioned a lot so gel, he told us in nuns are now related to cuddle one either aka Murli little clutter. What will make you know what Lea little clutter is? There is a statement from Sophia and

00:25:27--> 00:26:25

from Sophia Rahim Allah Allah, that he said every time in the Quran that Allah says ma adorar cat. He goes on to tell you what the answer is. And every time he says my Eureka, he doesn't tell you what the answer is. madaraka is the past tense and margaretha is the present tense, what will make you know, so madaraka What made you know, and now you're darica what will make you know madaraka What made you know in the past one iota Rica, what will make you know, so, here Imam sufian Rahim Allah to Allah He said that every time that a law says MMA either aka the past tense version, and the two meanings are the same. What will make you know, whenever ally use the past tense, he goes on

00:26:25--> 00:26:31

to explain the answer. And whenever he uses the present tense, he doesn't explain the answer.

00:26:32--> 00:26:33

So for example,

00:26:36--> 00:26:37

when are you DeLuca?

00:26:39--> 00:27:19

What will what will make you know how will you come to know? La lesser atacado kariba perhaps the hour will be near so when Allah said my Eureka in relation to the hour, he didn't tell when the hour will be. He didn't tell. But when Allah said warmer add our ARCA Murli little cutter he told you what little cutter is warmer either our camera a little quieter. What will you know about laser cutter laylatul kateri hi urine. Min elfi ciao. Laila two quarter is better than 1000 months

00:27:20--> 00:27:22

1000 months.

00:27:23--> 00:27:40

Now imagine 1000 months in a dare to shoehorn in de la Hefner ash Arusha. Hi I'm Frankie tabula he Omaha La Casa La de la, the number of months in the sight of Allah is 12 months in every year

00:27:41--> 00:27:58

12 months in every year, now take 1000 months 1000 months and work out how many years that is more than 83 years

00:28:00--> 00:28:07

of worship of rewards in one single night, in one single night.

00:28:09--> 00:28:56

Look at the rewards of that night and the virtue and the shot off of that night. That all of those rewards come in just one single night. And imagine now a person prays, let's see the prophesizing he told us the average lifespan of this oma will be between 60 to 70 years old. So let's say that a person lives until 65 on average. And let's say that for, you know, let's say four will take 10 years off because of the being young being very young children. But we'll say from the age of 10 years old, they prayed the last 10 nights of Ramadan, every Ramadan from the age of 10 years old.

00:28:57--> 00:29:36

That's an average of 55 years of praying 55 years times by 1000 months 55,000 months worth of prayers from that lifetime of just getting later to a quarter every year. What a huge reward in the sight of Allah Subhana Allah and what a huge indication of Allah's mercy and allies, kindness and allies generosity, that he made so much so many opportunities for us to worship Him in a very short amount of time.

00:29:38--> 00:29:59

And then imagine the person who went through those 50 years or 55 years, and Subhanallah they didn't pray that layer to call them or they just came out on the 27th night every year and maybe in the 55 years. They only got it right 10% of the time or 20% of the time.

00:30:00--> 00:30:28

How much good has that person how many 1000s of months and 1000s of years and so on have a bad day has a person prohibited themselves from have as a person lost, because they just came out on one night in the month or because they didn't for many years take it seriously. And they didn't come out on later to Qatar. And they didn't make an effort to worship Allah on that night.

00:30:30--> 00:30:55

The reality isn't, and I want to, I want to just highlight something that even Mr. Wood, even Mr. Wood has some narrations where he wrote you'll love it and indicated that Layla to cuddle could happen on any night of the year. When this is maybe not a strong opinion yet, because there are many a hadith which indicate that it will only happen, it only happens at the end of Ramadan. However,

00:30:57--> 00:31:30

what I want to take from this statement, regarding later to Qatar, the self who said the lives of culture could be any day of the year is that if you really want to be a person that catches later to cuddle, you can't be a person that worships Allah one day a year. Because generally speaking, it's when you worship Allah on that regular consistent basis that a lot opens the doors for you to be able to worship him on these special occasions. As for the person who thinks they can cheat the system, and they think that they can,

00:31:31--> 00:32:07

you know, find a way around it, and that they're not going to pray anything during the year. And they're not going to pray anything during Ramadan. And one night a year, they're going to get out and stand up and Allah is going to forgive them. You hide, you hide your own Allah, ha ha ha ha do. They try to deceive Allah but Allah will deceive them. And Allah subhanaw taala very rarely will that person achieve a success in their life. If that is their mentality, that I'm not going to worship Allah, and I'm not going to turn to Allah, except one single night in the year. And I'm just going to make a guess about when it is and I'm going to get forgiven for everything. But that's not

00:32:07--> 00:32:43

a good mentality for a person to have. We're not going to say Allah will not have mercy on that person. Because the mercy of Allah azza wa jal is vast, and it's not for us to restrict it. But we're going to say that it's not the Sunnah of Elias origin, it's not the way of Allah with his creation, that a person that has that mentality will typically get the trophies from Allah, and the success from a lottery to get that data that they want. Maybe that from time to time, they will get it but it will not be a regular thing, because the whole mentality is wrong. It's a mentality that I'm just going to go out one night a year, and I'm going to get Rama I'm gonna get mercy. And I'm

00:32:43--> 00:33:23

not even going to make an effort even for 10 nights of the, whereas the one who really gets it is the one that worships a lot as many nights of the year that they can worship. And they try their best for Ramadan, from the beginning of Ramadan, the middle of Ramadan, the end of Ramadan, the not last 10 days, they make even more effort after Ramadan, they make even more effort and they're just trying all the time to worship Allah. That is the person who, generally speaking, you hope that Allah will give them the trophy, to get that night in the way that it was deserving. And not to be from the people who said I will go but then fell asleep, or the people who say I will go but then

00:33:23--> 00:33:55

left early, or the people who you know, for other for whatever other reason didn't get the benefit of that night of that 1000 months of worship in a single night and 1000 months of virtue in a single night. So I really want to hammer this point home to everybody that if you want to be from the people who get the 1000 months, you need to show your commitment to worshiping Allah throughout the year, especially in Ramadan, and especially in the last 10 days of Ramadan.

00:33:57--> 00:34:42

Also, later to Qatari hiren mean Alfie Shahar laser cutter is better than 1000 months this contains also another evidence which is that allies are gel you will die fully Masha Allah gives increased to anything he wants whenever he wants. So Allah Subhana Allah will give an increase to a night and make it worth 1000 months and He will give an increase to a good deed and make it worth 1000 or 10,000 or 100,000 good deeds out whatever he wills will love your life will you make your share a lot increases anything however he wants. So it is not for a person to say how can a night be worth 1000 months? How can we be going for a night and the night might be very very short. And when we

00:34:42--> 00:35:00

have Roma live in the UK in the summer, then the night could could be certainly where I'm in Newcastle. We might finish maybe salata Asia, we it could be 11 o'clock, and Federer might be at two o'clock in the morning might be a variation.

00:35:00--> 00:35:14

short time, only a few hours long, but in a few hours, Allah subhanaw taala put that reward Allah who will die fully Masha Allah increases wherever he wants for whoever he wants.

00:35:16--> 00:35:42

And that's why it is narrated about this particular night, which is the night of Laila to cuddle. that whoever misses out on that night has truly missed out as truly missed out, and that's why alleman Akhmed and unless he and others narrated from Abu hurayrah that the Prophet size lm

00:35:43--> 00:36:00

Lim Mahabharata malankara, Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when the month of Ramadan came the Prophet size and he said caja Akasha ramadan ramadan, the month of Ramadan came to you, Sharon mobarak a blessing month if thought of Allahu Allah.

00:36:01--> 00:36:04

Allah has made fasting this month obligatory

00:36:08--> 00:36:44

to Pharaoh Fie Ababa agenda, the doors of gender or opened what to call aku Fie available jehane and the doors of jahannam are closed, what to call loafie sheltering and the devils are chained Fie Layla tune, Kira min l Fisher. Men Halima how you have heard him, there is a knight in it, which is better than 1000 months, and whoever loses out on the virtue of that night has really lost out.

00:36:45--> 00:37:16

Now I don't want to get too much into the into the details of this Heidi's because we would spend a long time on it. But it is a hadith which tells us a number of a number of benefits that we want to highlight the month of Ramadan, of course in month, which is Mubarak, and this is the this is the better expression to use. Sometimes we see people using the expression Ramadan Kareem candidate, Danny that's something which I don't believe it falls into that which is haram.

00:37:17--> 00:38:03

To say however, it is better for a person to use the expression that was used by the seller for him along to Allah. And that is that Ramadan is a month, which is Mubarak. Shout on Mubarak, allies orogen made fasting that month obligatory in it to a terrible fee avoidable agenda in some of the generations to factor roofie avoidable gender the doors of gender are widely open, and the doors of the of jahannam are closed. And the shell thing in the narration of unnecessary mala that a shelter in the Mara that the very severe Sheltie. The very obstinate sheltering are chained. Now with the chaining of the shell clean. This is a thing a lot of people have a question about so I thought I

00:38:03--> 00:38:44

may as well mention it here. First of all, we have a number of issues about this, the chaining of the sheltering, and we can mention it here because it has a connection to layer two cutter, the chaining of the sheltering is not something which means there are no sheltering. That is from a number of angles. Number one, because some of the narrations mentioned the only Shelton to be chained other murder, the murder, extremely obstinate and stubborn Shelton and so maybe some of the Shelton that are not from the leaders among them, they might not be chained. That's the first thing. Second of all, change doesn't mean absent means their efforts are reduced, their power is reduced,

00:38:44--> 00:39:14

but it doesn't mean they have no power. And thirdly in an epsilon monotone, we saw the soul is constantly inclined towards evil. So, this is why we can relate this to little cuddle. And we wanted the end of the Hadeeth in it, there is a night that is better than 1000 months, whoever loses out on its good has truly lost out. But here we want to we want to go to this issue of is it possible for there to be evil happen on layer two cutter

00:39:15--> 00:39:59

is laser cutter a night in which there is guaranteed to be no evil happen at all. What we see is that the same answer can be given as is given to the issue of the chaining of the shell team. First of all, the chaining of the shell team, if it refers to the leaders among the jinn, then this chaining doesn't mean that they are absent but it means that their efforts and their powers are reduced. Also that it doesn't necessarily exclude shell Tina in the shaytaan of among people, some people behave like shouting and and be and become like shouting like allies we just said Shelton you know NCL Jean you hate ba boom ba ba

00:40:00--> 00:40:10

Then zakuro falcoda hora shaytaan from the men and the jinn, each of them inspiring the other ones with decorated words of deception

00:40:12--> 00:40:50

and also the neffs as well the neffs of the people which is enough of a cause of evil. So we're going to come to the statement of Eliza gel Salam Salam on here that does this mean that there will be no evil on laser cutter and we say that the Raj is the correct opinion here is that it doesn't mean that there will be no evil there can be nothing bad can happen on layer two color or if something bad happened to you then that night could not have been laid for credit. We're going to speak about that in more detail, but we can we can highlight it here because this question comes up a lot if the share time has changed, then why do we still see some bad things happening in Ramadan?

00:40:50--> 00:41:05

Reality is the effects of the shale teen are lessened but we also have our own knifes and also there are narrations which indicate that it is not the all of the shell team that are chained and ally soldier knows best.

00:41:06--> 00:41:57

Also, we have a hadith in Bukhari and Muslim from the hadith of ebihara. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Mount Carmel Ada so Casa de man and YT cyber warfare Allahu murter Kadima mean them be whoever stands the night of elkader Eman and YT Saba with Eman and hoping for the reward of Allah. their previous sins will be forgiven and there's a great emphasis on layer two color in the forgiveness of sins and that's why our mother Irish or the Allah and her she said in an authentic hadith to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in worth up to laylat al Potter murder if I match if I catch the little little cutter if I'm if I if Allah gives me success to catch little

00:41:57--> 00:42:12

cutter, what do I should I make the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said you should see a llama in a careful one to hibbeler f factor for me or law. You are the one who loves to pardon the most.

00:42:13--> 00:42:59

You are a fool you are the partner and you love to pardon. So Pardon me. So there's a definite emphasis on forgiveness. When it comes to later Takata there's a definite emphasis on laser cutter when it comes to forgiveness being forgiven and being pardoned by Allah. Warfield Allah Homer thembi. His previous sins will be forgiven, also in the hadith of Arusha, and this hadith narrated by a tournament in the same merger and others that we have an evidence for making our own laser cutter. Because if you look at this, there is no evidence in the surah or in any of the Quran that talks about laser cutter for da rather than evidence for two outcomes from the Sunnah. In the

00:42:59--> 00:43:38

statement of Arusha murder, what do I should I make? So that shows there was an understanding among the Sahaba that lay little cutter was a night for do otherwise? There isn't a specific evidence among the things which mentioned laser cutter and da but the hadith of Ayesha it shows us that one of the things which is recommended on laser cutter is a matter what do I should I make? He said you should say a lot in f1 to hibel f1 for me, although you are a fool and you love Apple you love to pardon to overlook the mistakes that people make. So overlook my mistakes and pardon me

00:43:42--> 00:44:41

a lot so we just said in answer now if you later feel cuddled woman or aka my little cuddle Laila to Qadri hi Iran in elfish, China's Zulu mera eco to World War houfy ha be in Europe be him in Cooley and Tennyson. This word Tennyson here indicates that the angels descend. But here it indicates something unique because a large hotel didn't say 10 00 10 00. The angels come down he said xs zelle. antennas is a word, which to Laura l kassala. What tabber indicates happening a lot and it indicates one of them coming after the other one coming after the other one. So indicates that a huge number of angels will descend. And it also indicates that not only will a huge number of the

00:44:41--> 00:44:48

angels descend, but that they will descend, one after the other after the other.

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

That is why our email Akhmed narrated from Abu huraira the Messenger of Allah so I said Lim said about laser cutter in half he laid at Eden field at Serbia.

00:45:01--> 00:45:13

our test car where actually it is on the 27th or the 29th night, we're in El mela aka tilde kelela. Fill all of the x men, either the house or

00:45:15--> 00:45:15

any man

00:45:16--> 00:45:40

that they that it will be on the 27th or the 29th night. Now bear in mind that this we have other narrations give other nights so when we put it together, we said we get all of the last 10 nights of Ramadan, and that the angels on that night on the earth are more than the number of pebbles more than the hussite the small stones there are more angels on the earth than the number of pebbles.

00:45:42--> 00:45:57

This is also indicated by the statement of Eliza gel tennis and tennis and the huge number of angels and that they come one after the other after the other. So they come in droves in large numbers, and they follow one after the other tennis.

00:45:59--> 00:46:02

Tennis Zuma aka woo

00:46:04--> 00:46:07

the angels and the Spirit, the rule

00:46:08--> 00:46:28

and the rule here. The overwhelming majority of the scholars of Tafseer they said the rule is gibreel and jabril is described as being the rule in a number of Ayat of the Quran. Allah azza wa jal described jabril as Whoo hoo kudos the sacred rule

00:46:29--> 00:47:17

as a rule, I mean the trustworthy rule. And Allah azza wa jal described it or described gibreel described him as woo Hannah, as our spirit is created spirit from Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah azza wa jal created gibreel but gibreel has a special position among all of the angels. Others said that a roar is a is a type of angel and not jabril. But here the evidence seems to indicate that it refers to a gibreel. Therefore, why is gibreel mentioned separately? Allah has set them to the angels tena zero mela iica what Whoo hoo Fie her, the angels and the Wu and jabril descend

00:47:18--> 00:47:21

in it. Why is that mentioned,

00:47:22--> 00:48:15

the scholars say this is lil Manziel, it was shut off because of the status of jabril above the other angels and the honor of jabril and his position above all of the other angels and for that reason, it is Apfel Halsey LLM, it's mentioning something, which is specific, after something which is general after where it generally belongs. So gibreel is an angel, tennis celluma aka, of which jabril is one of those melodica what rule and jabril is mentioned Additionally, even though he's one of those angels, because of his position and his status, in the sight of Allah as origin, tenants alimera equal to World War houfy her min Cooley Ammar

00:48:16--> 00:48:29

here is where we get to probably the more complicated or the more the part that needs the most amount of thinking about the statement of allies or gentlemen could lead me

00:48:31--> 00:48:42

first of all, the word clearly means every thing or every command and model can be a command and an ammo can be just a thing. I mean clearly shaken from everything.

00:48:43--> 00:48:47

So what does it mean min Cooley

00:48:48--> 00:49:05

so we're going to look at two different or even three at least two different opinions about this mean clearly. The first one we're going to look at is the opinion of majapahit Rahim Allah Allahu taala that he

00:49:07--> 00:49:18

he said that the min Cooley amor here relates to the salon. So he said mean Cooley ambrym salon

00:49:19--> 00:49:23

that it is a night which is Salim

00:49:24--> 00:49:31

it is free of every matter it's safe from every matter.

00:49:32--> 00:49:42

So here the Mujahid took the word mean Cooley Amma from every matter to relate to the setup any Salah moon here mean clearly

00:49:43--> 00:50:00

that it is free of any thing happening in it. So what does it mean that it's it's free of things happening? seller it's not going to happen like Salam can mean here and you sell him I mean who isn't it it escaped. It didn't. It didn't

00:50:00--> 00:50:32

Didn't get that didn't happen to it. It didn't happen. So what is the thing which didn't happen on that night? Any every min Cooley amarin everything and even more sheltering from the matters of the shade upon from the matters of fear from the matters of a shadow from the matters of evil selam Salam on here I'm incredibly angry that that night is free of anything happening in it which is from those things of the Sheltie

00:50:33--> 00:50:41

that was the opinion of Mujahid so he connected minko de amor to the word in the next ayah Salah.

00:50:42--> 00:50:50

Tena zero mela aka to World War houfy happy is Nero be him with the permission of their Lord Ming Cooley amarin

00:50:52--> 00:50:53

Salah money

00:50:54--> 00:51:04

for every matter it is safe from it I save from having anything bad happening in it. That was the opinion of me Jade

00:51:06--> 00:51:08

however the opinion of the majority here

00:51:09--> 00:51:47

is that the word Salam is a new description of layer two cutter it's another part of laser cutter and it isn't connected to mean clearly. And that mean clearly it either means mean edge Lee clearly or it means liquidly amor or it means be equally Mo. So here these three are actually quite close to one another. So they connected it to not to the salon but to the angels, ie the angels descend min edge Lee Cooley for the sake of every matter that Allah had decreed to happen in the year.

00:51:49--> 00:52:33

And they took this from the statement of Adelphi how you for aku amarin hacking, in sort of too hard. On that night, every wise matter will be separated and decreed. It's going to be decreed it's going to be established, every wise matter. So they said the angels descend min edge liquidity ama for the sake of all the things that Allah has commanded to happen. So why is the earth flooded with angels, because Allah has commanded this angels to do these things, and these angels to do these things, and these angels to have the responsibility for these things mean agilely clearly and for the sake of all these different things that are like commanded them to do, the angels come down,

00:52:33--> 00:52:49

tenants, alumina, aka what roofie had the angels and jabril come down for the sake of for the purpose of all of those commands, which Allah commanded them to do min Cooley and

00:52:51--> 00:53:38

likewise liquidly ama is quite similar in that way. meaningly clearly Mr. amatola will be IE they they come down for the commands that Allah had commanded them to do, I fought for the sake of Allah commands. And it said be equally amor that they can they come down with those commands, ie they bring those commands down to the earth, Allah azza wa jal commands, the angels in the heavens and the angels come down to the earth with those commands, bearing those commands to do this, to do this to to do this. So they come down with those commands for the sake of those commands, or for the reason of carrying out those commands. These are all quite similar. And this is what most of the

00:53:38--> 00:54:12

scholars of Tafseer they said about it, that the mean coolie amor, relates to the AMA of Allah azza wa jal that his Kaaba that he decreed, and that he gives to the angels. So they descend with it, and they descend for it, they descend with it, ie, having taken it from the commands of Allah and brought it to the earth, and they descend for it. I the reason why they descend is to carry out those commands that Allah Subhana Allah gave them and those decrees that Alonzo JAL gave them.

00:54:14--> 00:54:17

Solomon he had mattala in federal

00:54:19--> 00:54:59

law, his origin, he said selam again, most of the scholars of Tafseer they said that the word Salaam here, what it means is that that that night is a night of solemn and a solemn is to be safe from something. Here some of the scholars they said the Salam is the Salaam of the angels to each other or the Salaam of the angels to the people on the earth. This is one opinion they said When the angels come down, the angels give each other selam or the angels give Salaam I make two hours

00:55:00--> 00:55:11

For a law to keep the people from the believers in the masjid safe. So those people who they find in the masjid on that night who are praying, the angels make dua for them.

00:55:12--> 00:55:56

However this requires, it requires evidence, you don't see necessarily a strong evidence for that, except the general evidences of the angels, who go by the halaqaat of Vicar. They go by the remembrance of Allah and they go and they listen to the Quran, which is there and they lower their wings for the student of knowledge and so on for the general evidences maybe but specifically for later so cut off that the angels specifically come to give Salaam to the people in the massage it needs a deli and he needs evidence for it. However, it's said that salon it means Salima Mina Shelton Oh, Salima min shot and that was the opinion of God of primal Alta, Allah salema mina sharp

00:55:56--> 00:56:04

that is free from the occurrence of evil or free from the shouting and safe from the shell team.

00:56:07--> 00:56:43

Hi, Ron. Could you have some of them said all of it is good. And there's nothing in it which is evil or nothing in it, which is from the matters of the shell team. The statement of allies So Jen Salomon here had multiple are in federal until the coming of the dawn. When the dawn comes there are certain signs that little cuddle has come from the signs that are mentioned in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam is related to the sun

00:56:45--> 00:57:14

and that the champs The sun will come out, moo stoia lay seller her sure it will come out, and it will not have any raise it will be like like a disc, and it won't have any rays coming out from it. That is one of the signs of like the moon on the night when it is full. That is one of the signs of Leo to cuddle.

00:57:16--> 00:57:23

And it's also said that the night will be sakeena saggio will be a night that is calm.

00:57:25--> 00:57:43

So it will be a night that is a night that is calm, a night that is calm, and a night in which the sun rays come up. The sun comes up without any race, however, on these issues of these signs, and there are others that are mentioned regarding laser cutter as well that authentically reported in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:57:45--> 00:58:18

The difficulty with the signs of Laila to Qatar, and the area where people often go wrong is in relying upon the signs. And again, trying to skip the act of worshipping Allah regularly throughout the last 10 days of Ramadan. And instead relying upon looking for signs so that these signs are authentic, the sign regarding the sun, the fact that it's a calm night and so on. These are authentically reported from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But the difficulty that we have is when people

00:58:20--> 00:59:05

often try to kind of cheat and use the sign and they will say, Okay, I'm not going to go out tonight because it doesn't seem to be a common night, or that I saw the sun rise yesterday without any raise. So therefore, I'm not going to go to the masjid tonight or tomorrow night or the next night where this is all a mistake, because it's very easy to misinterpret the signs and the signs are not clear and easy for a person to understand in that way. Rather, it's easy for a person to make mistakes and errors. And it's easy for a person to get it wrong. So I wouldn't you know advise people to change their pattern of worship because the night is not cold or not hot or not still or

00:59:05--> 00:59:53

not calm or because they've already seen the sunrise the morning before and it was rise without any raise. Because this is something which is easy for a person to miss interpret. As for the actual day, in which little cutter can be the narrations in this are many there are narrations about 21st to 23rd to 25th to 27th to 29th. There are narrations for the last day before Ramadan finishes I the last day in which there is a taraweeh prayer there are narrations regarding when there is one day left to go when there are three days left to go five days left to go seven days left to go. There are narrations even in Bukhari and Muslim that there are so many different iterations regarding the

00:59:54--> 01:00:00

happening of laser cutter and which night later to cutter will come up.

01:00:01--> 01:00:46

From the narrations we just going to mention a few of them is the duration for rated by Buhari from Abdullahi Ibis to the Messenger of Allah seisen said his name is su ha, Phil actually our human Ramadan fita fee tear CIT tabqa visa Be it TEPCO few homies in TEPCO, that seek in the last 10 days of Ramadan, when nine days remain, or seven days remain, or five days remain, that talks about the importance of counting it from the back. And in some of the narrations from obey even kept and also last Sunday, he said, and he later to Southern, where actually it's the night of the 27th. And in other iterations that we have in the Hadeeth of robotic assignment, the Messenger of Allah

01:00:46--> 01:00:55

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was asked about later to Qatar. He said few Ramadan felt me pseudohyphal actually our here for in fee with three.

01:00:56--> 01:01:40

We're shooting outside as in we're actually in our homes. And we're actually in our server in machine altissimo machine over here. Layla. He said that secret in the last 10 days, it's either on the 21st, or the 23rd, or the 25th, or the 27th, or the 29th. One the last day or this. This word on the last day here in this narration is not authentic, but in other narrations it's mentioned authentically on the last day. And in other ahaadeeth like the Hadees of ebihara. In Serbia, it alters the itinerary Actually, it's on the 27th or the 29th. A night. And in other narrations there are there are other things mentioned as well. Some of them mentioned counting from the back of the

01:01:40--> 01:02:25

month. Some of them mentioned counting from the beginning of the month. So the only way for the person to remain safe and for the person to remain with a guarantee of catching laser cutter is for them to pray all of those 10 nights last 10 nights of Ramadan. Whether the month is short, whether the month is long, and to remain worshiping Allah azza wa jal, steadfastness and regularity until that time, until that time comes Salaam on here hattar multilateral federal debt it is a night of solemn it is a night of in which there is salon in which there is safety and in which there is peace. It is a night of salon until the federal comes. And that tells us the importance of

01:02:25--> 01:02:47

worshiping allies which are throughout that night, as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to do and we remind ourselves of the hadith of Arusha in which the prophets eyes and said cooling their home in their car for one to hiplife affair. Finally, say Allah, you are who you love Apple, so forgive me, pardon me and overlook my sins.

01:02:49--> 01:03:35

As for do in Ramadan, in general, then, of course, we should be looking at all of the times where we have Malvina to each other, where we have an expectation or a belief that I will do I will be accepted. And that can be of course, anytime during the day, it can be when we come to break the fast it can be when, between the design and the karma, it can be on the Friday before mother's job, it can be at different different at any of the times when the rain falls, and you take advantage of in the last third of the night, you take advantage of all of these times to make your two are in Ramadan, and especially Laila to Qatar. As we said, it's one of the times where it is Melinda and

01:03:35--> 01:03:41

hope and expectation that allies which will answer you because of the statement of eyeshadow Viola.

01:03:43--> 01:04:12

in which she said former editor, what do I should I make? And that that, first of all, should be this? Asking a lawful pardon and asking Allah for forgiveness. That's what allies Magellan made it easy for me to mention from the tip of the sword or otherwise there are a lot of issues connected to Ramadan and little clutter, but we just tried to kind of connect it to what is mentioned in the solar and allies So Joe knows best wa Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri.

01:04:13--> 01:04:20

Just come along here and for watching, please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com