Seekers of Knowledge 017 – Tafseer of Surah al-‘Alaq (Iqra’)

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Tim Humble

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Well,

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Gina

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europea alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Nabina Mohammed wider early he was so happy ah marine. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. We begin with the praise of Allah and by asking Allah to exalt the mentioned grand peace, Tao messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to his family and his companions. And also we like to start by wishing all of you a Ramadan, which is Mubarak mobile aquamatic Michelle, we ask Allah Subhana Allah to bless us all in it and to make us all from those who stand Ramadan and faster Ramadan Eamon and YT server with Eamon. and hoping in the reward of Eliza Magellan, we asked our last panel talent to make it possible for us to reach

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their laser cutter which is within this blessing month of Ramadan, the most blessing night and the most blessing month and we ask a lot to make it easy for us to reach that and for us to stand in prayer on that night human and wacky surber with a man and hoping in the reward of a larger surgeon. In terms of the Tafseer there are a couple of points that we would like to make a shout out to Allah, the plan for the month of Ramadan in sha Allah is that bluehill muram will pause we will pause the blucon muram classes and we will do Tafseer twice a week inshallah. And the reason for that is that this is generally speaking, the Center for silence the righteous predecessors, they

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will give extra importance to the Quran in Ramadan. And some of them used to stop their classes of Hadeeth. And they would give all of their attention to the crime. So what we like to do in Sharla, since the Bula homolog classes are ongoing regularly, and there's no particular need for us to rush through them in the month of Ramadan because we're still you know, ongoing, there's not a particular topic that we're trying to reach or a particular deadline that we're trying to make. So for that reason, inshallah to Allah we're going to pause the blowhole Milan classes and we're going to do Tafseer twice a week in short, a long time. The Tafseer that we have for today is the Tafseer of

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sorbitol Allah and this surah It has three names two which are very famous, and one which is less well known as for the two that are very famous, of course, it is known as sort of Allah, the surah of the allok of the blood clot. And that's what as Eliza gel told us into sorta color, insane I mean Allah, that Allah azza wa jal created mankind from the clot of blood, we're going to speak about that when it comes to Tafseer of the eye. And it's also very famously known as sort of ikura, the surah with the title ikura.

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It's also known as a third title, and this one is not so common, as sort of a column because Allah azza wa jal said, a lady unlimit bill column, the one who taught with the pen, the sort of the pen.

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But that's not very common that is known by that name. Mostly, it's known by the name of Cora, or soret, Allah. And this sola is the very first thing that was revealed from the Quran. And the story of how this surah was revealed, or what we will call the cause of Revelation is one that I think almost all of us know but it's interesting and worthwhile to go over it from the Heidi's have I shot or the alarm on her. And the Hadith is narrated in Buhari, Muslim, and others. And there are particular narrations, this particular narration that is mentioned here, from within the Tafseer. I think atheists from Muslim I've met,

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but I shall have the alarm on her. She said that revelation began to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ala He will send them through true dreams in his sleep. So he will not see any dream, except that that dream would come mithila phallic is super, like the breaking of the dawn, ie in its clarity will become so clear that the Prophet sites and would see something in a dream and immediately that thing would happen. After that, when he would have worked, he would work it would happen and it would be clear it wouldn't be something ambiguous or something that needs interpretation or it needs some thinking about what did I see that What didn't I see Mr. felica. So

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it would come as clear as the breaking of the dawn.

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Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he took to being alone

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and he used to go to Hara

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and he used to worship Allah azzawajal

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They're for many nights in a row. And then he would go back to Khadija rhodiola. And he would take provisions for the following set of nights and then he would go back to Hara Salalah while he was setting them and he would take to being alone and to worshiping Allah subhanaw taala by himself in the cave of Hira. Then, one time when he was in the cave of Hira, the angel came to him to Angel debris, and the angel gibreel sakala ikura. He said, read,

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for Kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam call a call to my Anna Bukhari. He said, I am not able to read and the statement Marina Bukhari I'm not able to read is not a statement of being unwilling to read is not that he's a man of equality. I'm not going to read but my honor, because it means I'm not able to read because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was unable to read salallahu alayhi wasallam and that was one of his signs one of the signs of that was unique to him. Salalah Valley was selling within his prophethood is that he was the Prophet was unable to read and write sal Allahu Allah who said that

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and perhaps we can come to this more in more detail. When we talk about the column how Allah azza wa jal taught with the pen. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said ma Anna be Akari I'm not able to read, he said for a high Veni fava Pani had to Bella minijack

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the angel took hold of me and he squeezed me and here for a hot Penny is a bug. A shady is that he squeezed him and he put a lot of pressure upon Him until the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam couldn't bear it anymore. And ajet here it means Alma Shaka was extremely tough for him and extremely difficult for him from the outset and he then he let me go

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for Carla Cora.

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And he said, read a Carla Cora said read.

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The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said fakuma Anna Bukhari I'm not able to read.

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And then he said, Papa Pani there Nia Hector Bella, Bella hominin jet, he said, then he grabbed hold of me and squeeze me again until I couldn't bear it any more. From that I'll sell and then he let me go for Karla crock. He said read. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said for call Toma Anna Bukhari. He said, I'm not able to read a call 2030 the third time that he squeezed me had a bit of a mini jet until I couldn't bear it anymore from the outset and he then he let me go for Carla. Then he said if Cora bismi Rob Baker levy Hall up until the end of the ayah I lemon in Cerner, Merlin, er lm.

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Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came back, he went back home. And when he came to Khadija rhodiola, when her he said to her zemi, dornie zemi Luni Cover me, and she covered him until the extreme state of a roller of anxiety went from him. And then he said he or Heidi Giamatti, or Heidi Joe, what has happened to me What's the matter with me?

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And he told her what happened? And he said, Hi to Hershey to Ireland FC, I became scared for myself I thought that I was going to die and I became fearful that for myself

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and then Khadija she said Keller, she said, No,

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she said, Abhishek, take glad tidings for our lie. She said for by Allah. She said, For by Allah La z kala, who Allah will never ever disgrace you Allah will never cause anything bad to happen to you. In Nicolette hospital, Ryan, you keep ties with your family.

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And then he says she said what else to call Heidi and you're truthful in what you say. What middle Cal and you look after the weak and the orphans and the needy. Were tougher in life and you take care of your guests. What we're in right now I will have a new help people a new a new support, will use a new support the truth. Then Khadija she took him out

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Until she came to a cousin of hers what aka it been no fee

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and what have I been no fun. He was the

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cousin, the paternal cousin of Khadija of your loved one.

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And he had become a Christian in Jah helia he'd become what had turned us off in Jeddah. He'd accepted Christianity at the time of Jamelia.

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And he was an old man who had become blind. So Khadija she came to him and she said to him, or my cousin, listen to what your nephew has to say.

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And then he said, as he matter, he said, Oh, my nephew, what is it that you see? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him what he saw so while I said

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he said, how the no more said lady owns Isla Alamosa. This was the angel that was sent down to Moosa.

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And then he said late any fee her Java, I wished I had strength. Or kuno Hey, and had

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you hurry joker? komak he said, and that I would live to see your people throw you out.

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Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Our mockery jiya home. Are they going to throw me out? Are they going to cast me out? So what I said now I'm Lemmy it Roger long coffee magic Tabby Illa Rudy. He said there is no man who came with anything like you have come with except that the people should emnity towards him.

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He said we're in New Delhi Kenny yo MK on solo can us one more azura he said that if your day comes and I am still alive, I will support you. With a great support I will give you my complete support.

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And what aka he didn't last very long before he passed away.

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Or the Allahu anhu Allah. He passed away. And he was not he passed away before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was commanded to invite the people to Islam.

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And so he was considered he was not considered to be among the, among the Sahaba rather the Allahu anhu as a Sahabi as a companion because he passed away before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was commanded to tell the people to accept Islam. However, there are some narrations which indicate that a lie so Joel accepted this intention from him in the sense that he intended and he said that if the day comes, your day comes either day comes when you preach to the people, I will support you. But he passed away before that opportunity came for him. Rahim Allah Tada.

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Then the revelation was, it stopped. And that's why in the narration, it mentions were Federal Way. The Revelation it stopped were federal where you federal 10 for a while,

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and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam became anxious.

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Now up to here, the narration is in agreement with what is narrated in Bukhari and Muslim as for the narration and in the Muslim development, which adds that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tried to kill himself by throwing himself from the mountain because the revelation stopped, and he became so anxious that he would go to the top of the mountain and he would think about killing himself and then gibreel will come to him and he would settle and then he would go again, for all of this is narrated in the in the Hadith outside of the Sahih hain and it appears that it is not authentic and Ally's origin was best and that's because it is from the Mara seal of azuri Rahim

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Allah to Allah because as he said, female Bella Ivana that he has reached us he stopped the Heidi, the Hadith is there from Asia. Then he said, it also reached me, I was told by some someone else and he doesn't mention who told him that was told by someone else, that the Prophet seven became

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sad until he would come and he became anxious until he would go to the top of the mountain, and so on. So we don't find that this Heidi to be authentic, and allies or generals best, but the authentic part is up to the part of the revelation stopping. And then the revelation when it started again when he saw jabril the second time and the revelation came again. What was

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The Sora that was revealed when the revelation came again.

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Because ikura wasn't revealed completely to the end ikura was revealed up to a lemon in Santa Maria, Miriam, what was revealed after that? Have a think do you know what was revealed after that is sort of a death, sort of trauma death. And once sort of a death theater, what came to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the revelation came, repeated again and again, it came that it was it was constant after that. So ikara was the first part of the Quran to be revealed, and then up to a limit inside of me. And then the revelation stopped, there was a brick, and in that time, that was a great test for the prophets, Allah Allahu Allah, He will send them and then again, he saw jabril and the

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revelation continued from sources of more depth.

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And that perhaps explains the heydays of jabber, or the alarm and in which he indicates that the First Solar to be revealed from the Quran is sorted from a data.

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So how do we understand this? was the first Surah Surah ikura? Or was it sort of modesitt? Which one came first? If you look at the hadith of Jabba, do you actually say that Jabba refers to what happened in the cable Hara? He refers to the fact that sort of to my death did when it came, it came after the Prophet Sizemore had already seen the angel gibreel in the cave of Hara. And that would appear to me that the hadith of jabber what it refers to and this is this statement of some of the scholars that the highlight of jabber what it refers to is that sort of death, it was the first surah to be sent down after that break, after that break. In other words, if you consider that the

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Quran came continuously to the Prophet size, after sort of a death, but as for short, ecola, it was by itself and there was a break from the beginning of sort of Accra, there was that break in the revelation. And then when the revelation started again, the first sort of law was sort of more depth and this appears to be the best way to join between the evidences about which the first sort of was to be revealed from the Quran and the majority of the scholars. They said the first part of the Quran to be revealed Mortlock on apps in an absolute sense was ikara Bismillah be keleti Holla Holla Holla, insane I mean, Allah, a Cora wa bukan, Ekrem. And levy Allah bill column, I live in Santa

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Maria me Adam, they said that this is the very first part of the Quran was revealed. And then everything after that, it came continuously FROM SOUL TO modesitt. So there is no doubt whatsoever that this surah is was revealed in the time of Makkah and the Macan period,

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in which the prophet SAW Selim was in luck, and indeed it was the first part of the Quran to be revealed.

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And that's why some of the scholars they said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam became a prophet, with Accra. And he became a messenger with them with death. What does that mean? What does it mean that he became a prophet with ikura and he became a messenger with him as

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a prophet here, there is a lot of difference among the scholars about the difference between a prophet and a messenger. But if we take the opinion that a prophet is the one who receives revelation from Allah, and when they become a messenger is when Allah commands them, to convey and to call people to accept that message. That's one of the opinions one of the many opinions. Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the first time he received revelation was a crow. But that revelation didn't command him to go out and preach to anyone. He received it for himself. And so he became by that revelation and nebby. But when he became a soul that was sent to convey a message was

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when Allah azza wa jal revealed salts from a death. That's according to the opinion that of the difference between the Navy and the soul. Being that the Navy is the one that receives revelation generally speaking under assault is the one that is commanded to preach it to the people and to invite the people to accept it. And that is one of the many opinions about the difference between the Navy and our soul. But here the main concept is that the Prophet saizen received revelation with a crow, but he didn't receive a command to preach it until sort of Toma death.

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Allah azza wa jal began, it caught up bismi Rob became ledi hallak.

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So Allah subhanaw taala

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he tells the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam if hora so how can the Prophet slicin be told if Quran

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When he said Manoj Bukhari I'm not a person who is able to read, because he had the word ikura it means if you have a lake, read what has been revealed to you. ie that a lie so a gel revealed the Quran to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the profits items command was to read what Allah had revealed to him, and not the general ruling of reading something with the prophets. I said man of your clarity I'm not able to read rather to read what Allah azza wa jal revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam as for the bat eflora Bismillah Robic the bat here the scholars have different opinions about it. It's the same opinions they have about Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.

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from among the most famous of the opinions is that the bat is at least the owner and that means it is bowel is to Allah meaning I seek Allah's help. If caught up, Bismillah Robic read seeking the help of Allah by mentioning his names. That is one opinion read, seeking the help of Allah by mentioning his name's Allah, your Lord who created you. That is the that is one of the opinions regarding the bat. Cora bismi Robic.

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The second opinion is that it means beginning with ecola Bismillah. Read beginning with the name of your Lord. Here Cora bismi Arabic Read beginning with the name of your Lord.

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And there are other opinions as well from the opinions mentioned or the opinion of imagery of poverty, Rahim Allah Allah, when he said he cannot be the creator of Bic. He said, read or recite by remembering your load by making liquor of your load.

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ecola bismil Robic read in the name and here isn't here is general it means all of the names of allies origin, as you said in Bismillahirrahmanirrahim that seeking the help of all of the names of Allah azza wa jal read with the names of your Lord. I read seeking Allah's help or read beginning with the names of your Lord. Your Coronavirus, Moravec led Halak, the one who created you

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hear a lot of xojo generally when Allah subhanaw taala speaks about aspects of his Ruby.

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So he speaks about his creation. And he speaks about how he taught mankind LML in Santa Maria Island, what they do know and he talks about how he created mankind from Allah. Then all of these things are aspects of the rubia of a Lost Planet, Allah, Allah lordship that are lies the rub and they goes with the name rub, it cannot be smear, a big lie, Alevi, hallak and so on. So it goes with the name of Rob and that's why the name or rub is mentioned in the ayah. Having said that, though, what is the purpose behind that? Why mentioned the Ruby of Allah azza wa jal when the robia of Allah the Lordship of Allah is not something which is in dispute, generally speaking, it's not something

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that there is a great deal of difference over or a great deal of dispute over that a lie is the Lord that allies the Creator, Allah subhanaw taala mentions this in order to lead people to the worship of Allah alone in order to to draw people's attention to the blessings of Allah, and that those blessings deserve praise. And that's why Allah azza wa jal later on in the surah talks about the one who is stubborn,

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stubborn, he considers himself to be free of needing a lie, he doesn't think that he needs a lot. He sees himself that he's, he's sufficient, he doesn't need a lot. And that is related to the first part, that allies your Lord allies, your Creator, Allah subhanaw taala brought you from an Allah from a tiny clot of blood all the way until the point where Eliza which has taught you so many things that benefited you and things that you didn't know. And then the person after that, to your to her any to show transgression. And then to consider that he doesn't need Allah and men to prevent the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from praying at the Kaaba. All of these things are related

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to the beginning that Allah subhanaw taala you Lord who created you He is the one that is deserving of worship and showing the contrast with those people. Among them the example given is the example of Apple gel, but it applies to everybody goes people who consider the data

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Need, their Creator will consider that they are above needing to worship their Creator. And then they oppress others and then perhaps they even go to the level where they stop people from accepting Islam, even though allies or gel created them and brought them from an Allah from a clot of blood, and then taught them everything that they knew and taught them what they need, what they didn't know before. And that's the contrast between the two parts of the surah. So it talks about the need to praise Allah and to worship Allah Who created you. And that's why the end of the surah Keller LED will trip who West should work trip? No, do not obey Him and make sajida some of the scholars said

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it means and pray, walk target and come near to Allah, come near to Allah West should walk trip, pray, make center and come near to Allah, Who is the one who created you from an ad up and the one who taught you what you didn't know. So whenever we have a robo v i mentioned in the Quran, the Lordship of Allah that Allah created and so on. All of that is to lead you to worshiping Allah all of that is to lead you Keller that will clear who was should walk Terry, that's to lead you to that point.

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Your Cora Bismillah beacon lady Holla Holla Carl, insane I mean Allah. Allah azza wa jal said, read in the name of your Lord who created created man

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from an Allah. Now here, there are two types of creation mentioned. There's a general discussion of creation, or a general mention of creation. Robic and levy Halak eco Bismillah keleti Hala, you will load who created in in halakhah kulesza he created everything. Then Allah azza wa jal, specifically after mentioning the general creation that Allah created everything, Kalia kukuli, Shay, the creator of everything, then Allah specifically mentioned the creation of mankind. Why is it that Allah is which has specifically mentioned the creation of mankind? What is it that brings us to this topic, as we said, later on in the solar Alliance, which talks about the oppression of individuals from

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mankind, and how much pride they had and how haughty they had and how they were trying to be above others, and how they tried to stop the people from worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. And the example here is the example of Abu Jihad with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So it may make sense to mention the creation of mankind specifically, after mentioning the allies, the one who created everything, then allies which are specifically mentioned the creation of mankind. And that's in contrast to what is mentioned at the end of this war, how can you not worship your Lord, when he is the one who created you, and also there is a benefit here, which is that it shows the weakness of

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mankind and it shows the insignificance and the fact that in comparison to the creation of a lie so gentlemen, and how Allah subhanaw taala is created everything in the heavens and the earth. Allah azzawajal created mankind from an Iraq from an Allah and Allah is the pool of Allah, which is a clot or a drop of blood, and that is the second stage in the creation of man.

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In other Ayat of the Quran, Allah azza wa jal mentions the creation from not far from the drop, either drop of semen Eliza Jen mentions the creation from a drop. The next stage after the drop is the Allah to Allah cut the plot of blood. And that's the first sort of transition that a human being makes towards becoming a person and being born. The first transition is the transition from the not far from the drop to the clot of blood. That's the first transition that the human being makes. And that Eliza gel created from the Allah analyze which is sometimes mentioned the creation of man from its origin, crime, its origin, which is the creation of man from clay, or from to rob from dirt and

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dust, and the dirt of the earth, the dust of the earth, that the earth that our lives which are created, mankind from and the water and the clay, so sometimes allies, which I mentioned is the origin of mankind in terms of their creation. And sometimes he mentions the creation of mankind in terms of after that origin and then the process of human beings. How human beings are born. After the original creation that are Lost Planet Allah created from a clean created from the clay and from the teardrop.

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So Allah subhanaw taala tells us about

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Allah to show the insignificance of those people who think themselves to be above needing Allah. And then they call they prevent the the worshippers of Allah from worshipping and the cause they push people away from the religion of Allah azza wa jal, even though Abu Jamal who did that to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he came from an Allah. So What right does he have to show that pride and that rebellious, or that rebellion or rebellious nature against Allah, when he came from an Allah, He came from a drop, where a clot of blood

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ikura waterbrook alacra also the other one of the things that Alex shows us is it shows us the power of a Lost Planet Allah to bring Benny agumbe from an Allah to bring all of the children of Adam, to bring them out from an Allah from clots of blood from clotting of blood, and how Allah subhanaw taala. This is the beginning of the transition from the other car to the motorcar to the chewed lump, and then from the mandala onwards, that are lost penetrated the bones and Allah how Allah subhanaw taala fashions the human being and gives it its skeleton and its skin and so on. And then the the child that is born, and how the after allies will bless the person with that how they become

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ungrateful and how they turn away and how they turn against the loss of data.

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ikara will rob bukal accurate?

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Read and again the command is repeated while Rob bukal Ekrem and your load is Ekrem. Do load is

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a column and a column I'm going to quote to you what le man ignore him rahima Hello Tyler. He said regarding this.

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If not allowed to Allah He said then allies ojochal repeated the command to read telling about himself that he is an acronym. And this is on the pattern f from L Karen, meaning the most the one who has the most current, the most generous and that is L Karen. It is capital to hire it is having them the most good and there is no one more deserving of this than Allah subhanho wa Taala for every kind of good is in his hands, and every kind of good comes from him and all of the blessings Allah is the one who gives them and perfection all of it. And all honor is for Allah. So he is truly a Quran he is an acronym hochkar that's a beautiful quote from any mammal or pagan about the meaning

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of ekron.

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ecology Cora well Rob bukal, a chrome and Lady Olenna build column, the one who taught with the pen. Now why is it that Allah azza wa jal here mentions the pen what's the significance of teaching with the pen?

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Here the scholars talk about this, the beginning of the surah being in relation to the blessings of Allah azza wa jal, the creation of man how Allah subhanaw taala brought man from the Allah from the clot of blood, and how allies are jealous of a Quran, the one who all of the blessings and all of the good comes from him Subhana Allah to Allah, then Allah azza wa jal mentioned another one of his blessings, which is a column that Eliza which taught people, and allowed people to write. And writing ultimately is how so much of the things that we need, and the things that we learn have been preserved.

00:34:04--> 00:34:48

And here, the scholars, they talk about the blessings of all of our lives without having allowed us to be able to write and how Allah subhanaw taala all of these different sciences and all of the knowledge that we have, and the essential things that we have, the only way that we have been able to protect those things is through alkalyn through writing, and preserving for example, history, preserving knowledge, things like medicine, and even the the the scriptures of the that Allah subhanaw taala sent down and even though we're going to talk about how the Quran is different in that sense, but Allah subhanaw taala gave a great blessing to mankind through the pen and being

00:34:48--> 00:35:00

allowing the people to be able to write and to record the knowledge that they are given by Allah azza wa jal and that knowledge and that knowledge itself also has its own benefit.

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

fit in it.

00:35:02--> 00:35:03

That knowledge that Allah has

00:35:04--> 00:35:05

taught.

00:35:06--> 00:35:27

And that knowledge itself that allotted so what you're taught is itself a great blessing. And it's one of the things that distinguishes Adam and his children from all of the other people and all of the other creation of for example, we talked about how Adam was distinguished from the angels by the knowledge that Allah has taught him

00:35:30--> 00:36:10

while I'm Adam melasma akula from out of the home Island meta equity for color and be only be a smarty her Ola in quantum saw the team Carlos Hannah Keller le Molina, Ileana lm Tina in a kantele Alamo, Hakeem Kalia, demo MB bs ma him, that when Allah as origin taught Adam the names of everything, then a lie. So Joe showed these things to the angels and said, inform me of the names of these things. If you are really truthful, they said, Glory to you and Exalted are You we have no knowledge except that which you taught us. You are an alien and hierarchy

00:36:11--> 00:36:53

than allies, which I told Adam to teach the angels the names of those things or to, to, to recount the names of those things before the angels. And Adam was able to recount the names of all of those things from the angels from what Eliza had taught it taught him. So here what we see is, we see that the teaching of Eliza Jen is something that distinguished many arguments from the Quran, which about which are lies, which I said, Well, I had to cut Robin Benny Adam, we have certainly honored the children of Adam. And that goes with the name of Allah azza wa jal. Excellent. So there's a link there or less told us that he is an economic and from the current of allies of Jawad Khurana, Benny

00:36:53--> 00:37:14

Adam, we have certainly honored the children of Adam. And, and one of the ways that allies which will honor the children of Adam is that he taught us and he gave us the ability to learn, and one of the ways that that is carried out and one of the most profound and the most powerful ways that is carried out is with the pen.

00:37:16--> 00:37:59

Some of the scholars of Tafseer here they mentioned that the first time that a lot talks about teaching your soul like creation in general allies, we just had a lady I lemme bill column, the one who taught with the pen, and Eliza gel, didn't mention mankind and didn't mention any or didn't mention the angels or mankind. So it covers all, just like when Allah said eco Bismillah beaker Lady hallak, the creation he was General. Then Allah mentioned the creation of mankind, colorful, insane. I mean, Allah created man from the clot. Then Elijah john mentioned about teaching generally how allies which are taught all of creation, what it is that they need, and then allies were just

00:37:59--> 00:38:45

specifically mentioned, what he taught Benny Adam I lemon in Santa Mal, me, Adam, he taught man, what he didn't know. And that's because when you were born, when you went through that phase, you went from the not far to the halaqa, to the mobile, and so on. And then when the person was born, that person was born, they came out of the womb of their mother attalla monisha. You don't you didn't know anything at all. You didn't know anything. And Allah taught you LML insane and I damiana Allah taught you what you didn't know. And then and I think this is really important. Look at the situation of those people who turn away from Allah, after Allah azza wa jal created them, after ally

00:38:45--> 00:39:11

xojo brought them from that clot of blood to be a human being, to give them a shape and a form. They were born, they didn't know anything. And a lot taught them everything they needed to know a lot taught them everything. And then after that, they claimed that they didn't need Allah. And they turned away from Allah and some of them denied Allah and some of them refuse to worship Allah and so on.

00:39:15--> 00:39:18

Keller in insanity auto,

00:39:20--> 00:39:42

then aligns Oh, Jen said Keller, and Keller here, it has two different meanings. We mentioned one of them already in our Tafseer classes that Keller it was is used for Azhar. It's used to say no, it's not like that. No, it's not like that. No, it's not like that. But here, it doesn't make sense.

00:39:44--> 00:39:59

Or at least there are different opinions among the scholars here. That it seems to be it's difficult to see how this word Kela in this situation, it means no, it's not like that. Because all of the things that I mentioned before that are true occurrences.

00:40:00--> 00:40:22

Mira beacon lady Holla Holla Holla insane I mean Allah, eco wa bukan, Accra, la de la mobile column, I lemon in Santa Maria, Miriam Keller. The Keller here is not it doesn't mean that what Allah said before is not true. But rather what it means is how certainly

00:40:23--> 00:40:33

Keller certainly in in Santa lyoto, certainly, man transgressors

00:40:34--> 00:40:42

and yat la here is from October yet, which is to go beyond the boundaries and to go beyond the limits.

00:40:43--> 00:40:51

man goes beyond the limits. Why does not what causes man to go beyond the limits are who stuff

00:40:53--> 00:41:41

that he sees himself that he doesn't need a loss of pinata. And this is one of the worst things that can happen or that one of the worst characteristics that a person can have is that they see that they their heart is still not our raw Husqvarna. They see themselves that they are not in need of a lie soldier or they see themselves that they everything came from them. It's it's all from their own hard work. And they don't attribute those blessings that I mentioned, the blessing of reading the blessing of knowledge, the blessing of being taught with a pen, the blessing of being created the blessing of the different phases in the creation of mankind. And then allies after mentioning all of

00:41:41--> 00:41:47

those things, talks about the person who doesn't attribute those blessings to Allah doesn't

00:41:49--> 00:41:59

act upon those blessings that Allah has given in the right way around who stagnant and this still this feeling that you don't need Allah or seeing that you are

00:42:01--> 00:42:35

feeling yourself to be self sufficient. is mentioned elsewhere in the Quran as well. When dakila was still governor, what kept their Barbie Hausner a senoia. pseudo hooded Ursula. As for the one who is stingy and sees himself to be self sufficient that he doesn't need a lot. And he denies a listener that said he denies Islam or he denies La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasool Allah, or he denies the recompense of of Paradise and the hellfire. He denies a listener

00:42:36--> 00:42:42

for centuries to ovulate was a Lost Planet Allah will bring him to difficulty.

00:42:43--> 00:43:25

So this is one of the ayat that also mentions a person who sees themselves that they don't need a lot. And they see for example, like the statement of carlone in ML, OT to Allah end all of this that I got, I got it from myself. And this is very, very profound when you link it to the stable of Eliza gel LML in Santa Melanie, Allah, Allah taught man what he didn't know a lot what man what he didn't know and then learn says in them or ot to Allah in nd I was only given this because of my own knowledge. The reason I'm wealthy is because I'm really clever, and I'm really smart. And I've done loads of hard work. And the reason that I have this knowledge is because I work so hard, and I'm so

00:43:25--> 00:43:49

clever and the person denies or forgets that these blessings came from a Lost Planet, Allah, Allah is the one that taught them, Allah is the one that created them. And yet the person turns around and says, I don't need the enamel ot to water in nd I was given this because of knowledge that I get got for myself. And they don't attribute that knowledge and that came from Allah subhanaw taala

00:43:51--> 00:44:00

our governor in Edo, Rob Baker Raja, but your Lord will be the return

00:44:01--> 00:44:03

to your Lord will be the return.

00:44:04--> 00:44:45

analyzer john mentions this as a threat of punishment, and a wake up call for those people who believe themselves to be self sufficient in that way. And they see themselves that they don't need to worship a lot of stuff and that they see themselves and that's what Allah who means he sees himself are our Husqvarna. He sees himself that he is not in need. He sees himself that he's not in need and then Allah says but you will be returned to Allah in a lot because Pooja at your Lord will be the return and you will be asked about that knowledge and what you did with it. And you will be asked about that wealth and what you earned it from and what you spent, what you earned it from and

00:44:45--> 00:44:59

what you spent it in all of those things you will be asked about in a lot because Raja, you will certainly be asked about that. When you return to Allah subhanaw taala and this year tell it takes us to a point where

00:45:00--> 00:45:09

is very, very vital point really. And that is the point of showing your need before Allah subhanaw taala

00:45:11--> 00:45:12

this issue of

00:45:13--> 00:45:44

lftr showing yourself to be in need of Allah, and what some of the scholars call an inky SAR, showing yourself to be broken before Allah subhanaw taala how much you need a light switch? That's the contrast between the believer and between the disbeliever what's the situation of the disbeliever when you look at the display or was there what was the situation around we're still gonna seize himself I don't need I don't need to worship Allah, why should I worship Allah? Allah who still gonna I've got everything I need right here.

00:45:46--> 00:46:25

But when you see the believer, the believer sees the need of Allah and recognizes their desperate need of a Lost Planet Allah and to mourn for Cora illallah wa Allahu Allah, honey, your Hamid, you are the people who are in desperate need of Allah. And Allah is Allah, honey and honey, the one who is rich and free of all need, and the one who is Worthy of all praise. Allies free of all need allies Worthy of all praise. And that's the reality anyone who says that they are honey that they are not in need of, of Allah. And I'm not in need of unlike the some of the hood when when they made that statement.

00:46:26--> 00:46:34

And they said and they said, in the law half appear on when I know alvernia Allah is poor, and we are rich.

00:46:36--> 00:47:15

They said the statement that our life is poor and we are rich. I Why does Allah require us to give charity said that our lives poor and we are rich. And yet the Muslim is the one that's the situation of the disbeliever. As for the situation of the Muslim, they realize their desperate need of Allah and they realize that Allah is the one who is completely free of all need, and Worthy of all praise. And the word Glenny, the word being rich and free of need that is truly applicable to Allah Subhana Allah. And as for mankind, however rich an individual might become in terms of wealth is still faqir. He's still in desperate need of Allah subhana wa Tada.

00:47:17--> 00:47:27

I'm going to quote you now from even Okay, him or him a while to Allah. It's a beautiful statement that he has, he said, these are despite their brevity.

00:47:29--> 00:47:31

And along with the fact that they are very,

00:47:32--> 00:48:24

very summarized in nature, and extremely eloquent, they indicate the different stages in existence, in all the all the different stages of existence that are attributed to Allah subhanaw taala, in terms of our lives, creation, and our lives Tallinn and Allah mentioned two aspects of creation and two aspects of teaching, an aspect of creation which is general and a creation which is specific, and a teaching which is specific and a teaching which is general and allies. So Joel mentioned, from his attributes the name and icon, the one that is the source of every good and every perfection. So Allah azza wa jal has every perfection as a description, and every good as an action.

00:48:26--> 00:49:15

So he is a crumb, in himself, and in His attributes, and in his actions, and this creation and teaching. It came from Allah has come from our laws, generosity, and from Allah as a San Paulo has been an axon, from the goodness that Allah did towards his creation and from the excellence that Allah had towards his creation, not from the need of Allah for that, because He is Allah Honey, you will have it and that's why I brought this team in here with McLean because Allah azzawajal contrasts himself with his creation, a lie so jelly didn't doesn't need his creation, all of those blessings and that person who turned around and said that I have no need of Allah, or Rahu

00:49:15--> 00:49:28

Stavanger, all of those blessings alive. So Joel had no need for giving those blessings, no need for creation, creating creation, no need for teaching them what he taught them

00:49:29--> 00:49:38

alive so Joel had no need because he is 11 year old Hamid but the one who has need is his creation who has a need of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:49:43--> 00:49:59

And from this, we can also see that Allah is still gonna, that seeing yourself to be free of need, and not seeing yourself to need a lot It is the cause of every destruction is the cause of every Halak. Every destruction.

00:50:00--> 00:50:42

Every evil, the cause of it is this concept of self sufficiency that I don't need a lot and I don't need to worship our last parameter from this is actually relating to that statement of rebuttal came from this we can also take this issue where people turn and say, Why should I worship Allah? Does he need me to worship Him? When you hear from atheists they say things like that. Why do I Why should I worship Allah? does Allah need me to worship Him? That's the kind of St Helena is a kind of a person's turning away from a lion saying I don't need Allah. You know, why why should I? Why should I worship Allah? But ultimately, the Muslim realizes their desperate need to worship Allah.

00:50:43--> 00:50:48

Then Allah azza wa jal went on to tell us and this is this, these two ayat were General,

00:50:50--> 00:51:12

about Keller insan, Allah all talks about a group of mankind, not one specific person are who still gonna in a lot of bicker Roger, generally about mankind, that group of people among mankind who see themselves to be self sufficient, and think that they don't need a lot. And then they oppress. They go beyond the boundaries

00:51:14--> 00:51:28

he laid out to her. They have that to Leanne. They go beyond the limits and the boundaries, but then allies, which I'll give a specific example, and spoke specifically about one among them and that is Abu j.

00:51:30--> 00:51:43

r r. A to levy yen, other than either Sala, have you seen the one who prohibits a servant of Allah from praying.

00:51:44--> 00:51:51

Here, this is a specific this ayah netherlight v abijah, it was revealed about Abu jihad.

00:51:52--> 00:52:03

But this is also General, in the sense that the same punishment and the same threat can be applied to anyone who prohibits the servants of Allah from worshipping Allah.

00:52:04--> 00:52:08

And in reality, there are four, four kinds of people.

00:52:09--> 00:52:53

Ultimately, in terms of you can divide people into four kinds. There is someone who is a person of a man, and they call the people to a man, and they command what is good, and they forbid what is evil. And they are the best of the people come to hire our own metal, aka reject leanness tech model, and I've been married for over 10 years now, and he will carry with me whenever you are the best nation that's ever been brought out for the people, you command what is good, and you forbid what is evil, and you believe in Allah. So there are a group of people who are from the best of the people, what they do they they are people of a man, and they are people who command what is good and forbid, what

00:52:53--> 00:52:54

is evil.

00:52:56--> 00:53:16

A level down from them are a people who are a people of Eman, but they keep that to themselves. They limit it to themselves. So they don't necessarily go out and call people to the good. And they don't necessarily stop the people from doing evil. But they themselves apply it to themselves, even if they don't call it to or call other people.

00:53:17--> 00:53:22

Then when we talk about the people who are evil, then there are two types.

00:53:23--> 00:53:35

If we're going down again, there is the one who is upon misguidance. But they don't spread that misguidance to other people. They don't stop that they don't share that misguidance or they don't stop the people from being people of

00:53:36--> 00:53:55

it themselves are misguided, but they don't stop the people from EMA. And then you have the worst category. This is the category of Abu Jihad falls under. And that is those people without those people who are upon misguidance. And they stop people from believing in Allah.

00:53:56--> 00:54:45

They're the opposite of the one who is giving down their diet, they the opposite of the one giving our the one who's calling to Allah calling to good, they're calling to evil. And that really is the difference between the chez Pon and the general disbeliever. The general when we say generally like a disbeliever when we talk about what's the difference, who is the shape on the shape one is the one that prevents that people from a man or calls the people to misguidance that's the shape versus the one who is upon misguidance they are upon misguidance upon misguidance but they don't stop people from being Muslim. And they don't stop people from practicing Islam. And those are enough. There is

00:54:45--> 00:54:59

enough evil in that in a person rejecting a lot turning away from Allah disbelieving in Allah. That's enough of an evil but more evil than that is the one who prevents the people from worshipping Allah like

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

boudjellal did and that's the one who really deserves the name shape one

00:55:06--> 00:55:13

and there are sheltering Of course from the men and from the Jim Shelton you know NCL Jean, as allies just told us in sort of

00:55:14--> 00:55:50

our a to levy yen. Do you see the one that prevents other than either Sala prevents a person, a servant of Allah wishes to pray. And this is during various narrations about this. All of them are very similar that a Buddha when he said that when he sees the Prophet next time that he sees the Prophet sitesell and pray, and when the Prophet sighs and puts his face down for sajida that Abu Jamal said, I'm going to put my foot on his neck and I'm going to stamp his face into the dirt.

00:55:52--> 00:55:57

And that was not the only thing that Abu Jen threatened to do or not the only thing that we just did,

00:55:58--> 00:56:02

because Abu Jen was from the worst of the enemies of the Prophet sallallahu it he was sending

00:56:06--> 00:56:09

out our ATIA in Cana Island Hooda

00:56:10--> 00:56:38

our Mr Big taqwa here this is really interesting because here the AI changes and stops talking about Abu Gen. And now goes on to talk about the profit cycle. So the first two were about Abu jihad. The next two are about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and then it goes back to Abuja hell again, or at the other than it also Allah. Have you seen the one that prevents a servant of Allah from praying? That's about Abu Jen.

00:56:39--> 00:57:28

Our ATIA in Canada and Allahu there mrip taqwa This is about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam does he not see if this person that he's preventing from praying is upon Hooda is upon guidance, and is commanding the people to have Taqwa commanding a taqwa or Mr. B taqwa. So the prophets I said in his actions, and in his statements were statements of guidance and statements of taqwa. What was he commanding the people to do? Was he commanding the people to gather around him? Was he commanding the people to give him wealth and status? He was commanding the people to have Taqwa. How can you prevent a person from worshipping Allah when that person is upon guidance, and that person is

00:57:29--> 00:57:30

commanding the people to do good?

00:57:33--> 00:57:35

So these two things are about the Prophet sighs.

00:57:37--> 00:57:52

Can Alan Huda or writing can alhuda because the prophets are symbols upon guidance in his actions and his statements are Mr. B taqwa and he was commanding the people to have Taqwa commanding the people to turn back and worship Allah subhanaw taala alone.

00:57:54--> 00:57:57

Our ater in kettlebell whatever Allah

00:57:58--> 00:58:34

Allah lamb and Nala Hara. And this goes back to Abu Jen. Do you see if he denies and turns away? Does he not know that Allah sees him? Lm er lm bn Allah hi Allah, does he not know that Eliza just sees him. And this also leads us to a benefit as it relates to maraca knowing that Eliza just sees you and we know that's an element of accent and taboo de la haka and their Katara in them taklon Tara hufa in Iraq, that you worship allies, though you can see him and even though you can't see him, you know that he sees you.

00:58:37--> 00:58:38

Look at the situation of

00:58:39--> 00:58:40

Abu Gen.

00:58:41--> 00:59:12

And his lack of maraca his lack of care or concern that allies region sees him does he not know that Allah subhanaw taala sees him and me Island be an ally? Senior know that allies are gel sees what he does, and that Allah subhanaw taala will punish him for his actions in this world. And in the next, and we're going to hear about that in the subsequent is cat Devo, Allah, He disbelieved in a lot. He turned away from Allah.

00:59:13--> 00:59:34

Does he not know that Alliance which sees him? Keller Keller here is back to the normal meaning of Canada that we spoke about which is, as I like to say, No, it's not like that Ken Keller like to say no, no, because what Abu Jamal did something which is evil and something which is wrong Keller

00:59:36--> 00:59:39

let me and tehila ness varam be nasiha

00:59:40--> 00:59:41

if he does not stop

00:59:43--> 00:59:57

and he does not stop in his harming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and their lamb here his little cousin, that by a law in your law swears an oath that if he does not stop lenez for aam be nasiha

01:00:00--> 01:00:08

server here in this van there are broadly two different opinions about it. One is that a server is a solid,

01:00:09--> 01:00:10

solid to fill which

01:00:12--> 01:01:02

learners for me nasiha we will blacken his nasiha we will make it dark and in other words on the day when the faces are bright and some faces are black, Yamato Buju Han what is what do we do on the days when some faces are bright and some faces are black, those whose faces are black on that day they say that this is one of the meaning of a surfer and an S family nasiha that we will make his face black eye we will single him out yomo piano to be among the disbelievers, then that's fine be nasiha and then now sia is the the for the the front of the head, the nasiha is the front of the head. So it said lenez family nasiha we will make it black, we will make his face black or we will

01:01:02--> 01:01:34

black in his face yamaki ama on the day when faces will be bright and faces will be black those that will be like a sign of the disbelief and the sign of the punishment that is to come. And that was the opinion of ignore Kathy as for a majority of poverty rahima moloto Jared, he took the meaning of Safar from Allah. What tena will that be who were what should that means to that Allah will seize him with might and power.

01:01:36--> 01:01:45

And that lenise for me nasiha it refers to the statement in solid rock man, for you have been a while see well akhdam

01:01:46--> 01:02:15

that the disbelievers on that day they will be seized by the nasiha then we'll see the nasiha by the front of their head and by their feet. So they will be seized and thrown into jahannam by the front of their head and by their feet by their nausea and by their by their feet. And so even Jared he took this from Salt ramen and he understood the same thing he lns family now sia we will seize him by the front of his head.

01:02:16--> 01:02:20

Now si tiene que de bateen haltia

01:02:21--> 01:02:41

and now sia which is kariba it is lying, or disbelieving, called clear. And here hardly is different from mocking the word mocked it means in error from a copper heart It means deliberately sinful. And that's what the difference between coffee and water

01:02:44--> 01:02:59

it's like he made a mistake. But how are they here? It means deliberate. So that this nasiha is Cara diba Katya. It is lying, disbelieving and it is hardly, it is sinful.

01:03:01--> 01:03:33

Now here is a very important point that I would like to make. And I think that this is something where I've spoken about it before a lot. But I feel that a lot of people go astray in this issue. And especially the people involved in dow, are those people, for example, who took this statement to say, and they made it from a jazz with me from the amazing miracles of the Quran, that Allah told us that lying comes from the frontal part of the frontal lobe, the frontal part of the brain, and this is a miracle of the Quran and so on.

01:03:34--> 01:03:55

Well, I see that in the issue of layer jazz and we feel are an miracle scientific miracles in the Quran. many if not most of the people who spoke about them, they went beyond all of the limits of Allah. And they spoke about Allah without knowledge. And they made Tafseer of ayat in a way that none of the sell of a silent made Pepsi of them.

01:03:57--> 01:04:43

For a long time, I don't know but I see in this situation, this is another example of this, because there is no evidence here that allies are gentle, he said or there is no meaning in the eye. That says that the nasiha as in the front part of the brain is the place where lying comes from, rather than now see a 10 kV bet in hotseat is an Arabic expression which was known to the Arabs before the Quran was revealed. And it was commonly in use among Arabs that they would say about a person nasiha they would describe a person as nasiha by the front of their head, meaning Sahaba No, and now see the person who is the one that is the one whose head it is. And this is a common Arabic expression.

01:04:44--> 01:04:59

So whether science is correct in saying that the person's lying comes from the front of the head. Ultimately, that actually doesn't make that's not what the Quran is saying here. So well that might be true and

01:05:00--> 01:05:04

I have no issue with that being true. It's not my area of expertise. And it doesn't

01:05:05--> 01:05:25

concern me or worry me whether it's true or not that a person lies from the front of the head or not. But you can't say that a lot said that. That's true. Because that's not what a lie is. I just said, a lie. So a gel used an A normal Arabic phrase to refer to a person now see a tin caddy, but

01:05:28--> 01:06:03

fairly adoro, Nadia, let him call his nerdy. The nerdy is the mejlis. Let him call the mejlis. Let him call the people around him all those people that his his supporters, the people that support him, the people who sit around him, you know, when he comes in, he sat and all those people are sat around him fairly ADIRU, Nadia, and quality supporters. It's mentioned in some of that, Heidi, that he threatened to do this, that he threatened to call his supporters that's mentioned in some of the narrations that he threatened this.

01:06:04--> 01:06:48

And it doesn't matter what the support is what form the supporters take. Because in this day and age, the supporters may not be the people who sit around you in your living room, you know, like, but in those days there was like imagine it's an area where every town and every village, it would have a inadi it would have a place where the people would gather together and all those people who would gather together the all the people who supported each other and so the people who would gather together around Abuja, his nadie faliro, Nadia name call all of his supporters, Senator Rosa, bernia. Zephaniah, they are the angels of punishment. Allah said, we will call upon the angels of

01:06:48--> 01:06:48

punishment.

01:06:50--> 01:07:12

And it's read mentioned that this word it comes from the word to mean that those who are severe in putting punishment and allies which I said about the angels relavent she that la mala ecotone clean oven, she that over the fire, there are angels who are the lavanchy that they are reliable, she that they are strong, they are severe.

01:07:14--> 01:07:21

Then Eliza jelly said Keller lert will clear who West should work.

01:07:23--> 01:07:32

No, rather do not obey Him lateral terrible. do not obey him and what he prohibits you from doing don't stop praying because he

01:07:34--> 01:08:21

compels you or tries to force you to stop praying or threatens you don't stop praying lateral terrible. And that gives us the principal la tele mahalo can female sciatic Holic there is no obedience to creation and disobedience to the Creator. West should walk Terry Westwood here either it means sajida as a mix editor or it means such that as in pre which comprises such that West should walk and come near to Allah azza wa jal we know from the authentic hadith acabo Mayor corner in Arabi who are surging the closest a person is to his Lord is when he is in sujood. So Allah azza wa jal commanded the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam not to be Abuja, and commanded the Prophet

01:08:21--> 01:08:36

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to make sajida to pray, to make sujood and commanded the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to come near to Allah azza wa jal through his prayer, and through his sujood.

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And from this, we can also take the benefit, that the prayer is one of the major means for coming near to Allah azza wa jal and also that this is in a a in which there is sujood Attila,

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there is so Judah to our meaning that when you have this ayah it is Mr. Habits recommended for you to make sajida

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when you hear this ayah kelela toltec West should walk whatever it is from the recommended act, to for a person when they hear this

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ayah or they recite this iron ore they're listening to this ayah that they would make sujood kelela tutor who was stood, walk tarab No, do not obey Him and make such that operate and come near to Allah azzawajal that's what Allah subhanaw taala made easy for me to mention analyzer General's best. Wa Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad Ali Asahi h my GS aka malacanang for watching please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com