Channel: Riyadul Haqq
Allah employs a unique method in displaying and manifesting His many miracles. There is no constraining or circumscribing Allah powers irrespective of if it conforms to logic or not.
The exegesis of two interconnecting surats is contained within this talk. The first of which outlines the miraculous nature of how the Kabah was protected from destruction by the Abyssinian viceroy of Yemen, Abraha, and his assembly of elephants. The story is expounded on in great detail. Allahs power in destroying his ploy, despite of his might and power, is demonstrated within this talk. This event was a harbinger and foretelling of another great miracle which occurred 50 days later, the birth of the Messenger Muhammad SAW.
The talk then progresses to the second surah which outlines Allah countless blessing bestowed upon mankind. We are reminded not to adopt the traits of the Quraysh in disregarding the many favours of Allah. As believers, we should always be grateful for what we have rather than divert our attention to what we dont have. We should not compare ourselves with people above us in wealth and status, rather compare ourselves with people below us. This will enable us to be grateful and to do complete shukr of Allah.
We also learn the correct and in-depth meaning of the word Quran and why it is a means of reminder for us rather than a book of enjoyment and entertainment.
Why don't we know he wanted to walk karate when I was
in the army Medina may you have the love for them at home in your grill for her Do you want to share the one either Hi, Lola I
want to show that Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala he was about a cup of cinnamon Sleeman theater and
my biographer was learning in a straight line of regime.
manner, Rahim. Allah Who am I? Who is
your Latina, Somali he was
later on a
respect to listeners
once again we
gather for the monthly the seed of the Holy Grail.
As you're aware, we've been
studying and listening to the scene of the final sorts of having started from the back with the final sort of what I was would have been now sort of the mass.
Today insha Allah will be
studying sort of on fee and sort of Quraysh, the 100 and fifth and 100 and sixth, sort of the Quran.
One of the main reasons for starting with the shorter silence towards the end of the Quran
most Muslims are familiar with these particular sorts.
the shorter sort of sort of
totally almost as familiar with them. But
most Muslims have memorized these final short sort of sort of around in order to recite them regularly in their daily prayers.
And so it's only fitting that we
take a look at these sorts first, in the hope that
we familiarize ourselves with their meanings and their message just as we are familiar with their words.
the whole idea of repetition
is to constantly remind ourselves
and if the
reminder is lost,
honors, then the very purpose of repeating the spirits regularly is also lost.
I won't go into much detail here. But you may recall a few weeks ago when I was speaking about the topic of how reminding benefits of believers,
and how the very spirit of the forum is not one of imparting new information on each occasion.
but rather to serve as a reminder.
For those of you who study Arabic,
you may wonder
what the word could actually mean.
I responded to this question not too long ago when one of the senior students or one of the senior classes while studying the seed of the Quran, asked the question What does the word itself me?
And I gave them a detailed reply which I will provide a summary repetition of, but this shows us what the spirit of the Koran actually is.
So what does the word or an in itself actually mean?
Well, this is a bit technical, but for those of you who study Arabic, or own is actually a Muslim. Verbal Noun. A Geron
Have the verb got an
atom or an or an is actually a muscular a gerund, a verbal noun just as it is.
And it later became an S from a Muslim.
But in short, what the word or originally refers to, is not there are in terms of read.
Rather, it refers to something which is publicly recited in a ritual manner, repeatedly.
And that's best understood from the verse of the Quran in which Allah says, What God earn for Akana hula Taka who had a nasty Adam
and a bottle, which we have divided, divided into what into different portions to be recited on different occasions
or an sokhna on a book which we have divided the taco, so that you are prophets of Allah me read it, the book the book, to the people, public
books, with pause with hesitation, meaning very deliberate in portions
so that the message is delivered. So or am actually does not mean reading per se, it means a ritual recital,
which is repeated, and in a very public congregational manner, similar to him.
In a congregation or acts of worship,
similar to ritual readings of other scriptures, which again, are done in places of worship in a public manner in congregation. And these are divided on a weekly monthly annual basis, or periodically, they are divided into different portions.
So the people, weekly sermons, for instance, but the weakened sermons, not the public sermon of a preacher, but rather the actual passages that are read.
In a similar manner, this is what or an actually refers to, it's only later that the word or arm began to be used in a much wider sense, as we understand it today. But originally, this is the meaning of God. And why do I say this? the very reason for saying this is that the word or itself speaks about repetition, about ritual reading, that's what the court needs. So more than just simply a book of information more than just simply a book that provides new information on each occasion.
The original purpose is
a public ritual recitation, as a reminder, for people something which is repeated again and again and again. And the best example of the or any sort of fad,
of which that will Mr. have said that, in essence, sort of refer to her being the first sort of, of the or an is actually a summary and a microcosm of the entire
everything which are contained is more or less summarized in sort of refer.
And how many times on how often do we recite sort of defect
in every regard of every single seller every single day, repeat.
And so the purpose of the shorter suits is the same. We recite them regularly in Sala.
But it's not simply a matter of recitation, we should be reciting with reflection with understanding and reminding ourselves not just of the words, but of the actual meaning and message of these words that we recite repeatedly, as
in our everyday lives. So this is the main purpose for beginning with a short sort of having said that sort of defeat and sort of Quraysh are two very famous sorts of the court and in fact, they
they are the beginning of the last tense orders of the court. Well, they are the beginning of the last portion of the program, which most people know by heart. So let's have a look at both swords. Another reason for
explaining both suits together in conjunction rather than separately, is that sort of infield and sort of Quraysh are interconnected, they are related and sort of arrange although it's a distinct
Sora is more or less a continuation of sort of sort of Quraysh is more or less continuation of sort of sci fi
sort of Quraysh meaning life or he is a continuation of sort of refeed. And I'm done. I gave a follow up book a bit as having feed. And that's why it's been narrated that so you
know, the law one,
he was cited, as you know, that some method of recitation of Surah Fatiha followed by one surah Yes, publicly say that, Allah and world's leading prayers recited sort of referred to
at the beginning, and then he was cited sort of feel and under okay for a lot of poker players, how do you feel and then, without reciting Bismillah, he immediately resigned to sort of leader flourish.
And as you will come to realize the meanings of both solids are actually connected and that's why we will be going through both sort of today
sort of will feel First of all,
I'll quickly translate the read the Arabic and translate the words.
I will be learning in a shape on a regime map Rahmanir Rahim. Adam thought okay, founder of Boko Haram and feel.
Have you not seen
once your Lord has done
with thee? Or have you not seen what your Lord did with the people of the elephant?
Okay, the people really do not
make their plots or make their scheme go astray. What I've said I'd even played on a Barbie and he cents against
birds in flops. dummy him Jonathan means G.
Who pelted them
of baked clay for Jonathan Gosselin McCool. So he made them like stumble, eat, like eaten stubble.
I will explain all of the words, this is a very simple translation, unfortunately, I'm unable to because of the constraints of time, I'm unable to render
what for two reasons one because of time constraints. And also, for the sake of simplicity, I haven't given a very precise and
deep translation of sort of the field, I've kept it rather simple, just for the purpose of understanding.
This is the 150, sort of
famously known as sort of the field, taken from meaning the elephant taken from the first verse, and it's also known as sort of Adam, Adam Dada.
this is a very early surah, of the mungkin period. And in its Allah addresses the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
But obviously, he is not the primary address, see, through him, Allah is addressing the whole of creation.
And especially the people of Makkah, at his time that rush
sort of refers to a particular incidence was a major incident,
known later as animals, what the incidence of the elephants
and this requires a bit of a history, not too detailed, again, because of lack of time. But
as you may recall, from my various explanations in different talks, the
situation of Arabia was that
the Arabs were divided into many different tribes. And there was no
Arab Empire or Arab country per se, an Arab nation per se, as a single political entity. They were divided into many different tribes. And to the we're surrounded by various empires, the sassanid Persian Empire to the east and the Northeast, the Byzantine Roman Empire to the north, and the Abyssinian Empire to the west and Africa.
And the This was at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his birth and even before
parts of Arabia.
under control by different sub empires. So for instance, in the northeast, you had the
mid Arabs, who were a powerful force, but they were Christians. And they were into the total influence of the society, Persian Empire. They were their vassals. To the end, that was the zone of Persian influence. To the north of Arabia. You have the middle Hassan, the cassani, the Arabs, again, they were Arabs, but again, they were Christian, and they were vassals of the Byzantine Roman Empire, to the south of Arabia, where modern day Yemen, in Yemen.
At one time, the Persians held great influence there. But later they were driven out, and the abyssinians actually controlled Southern Arabia, part of modern day Yemen. And then, sometime before the birth of Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam. The
Abyssinian the Abyssinian ruler in Yemen,
on behalf of Abyssinia, he rebelled and he became a ruler in his own right. And then eventually, again, he became when the new Abyssinian ruler, ascended the throne, this Abyssinian king in his own Well, this king in his own right in the south of Yemen, became the Viceroy of the Abyssinian Emperor. So this was the
whole political climates and the division of Arabia, parts of Arabia were controlled by Persia, parts of Arabia were controlled by the Byzantine Roman Empire, parts of Arabia were controlled by the Abyssinian Empire. And none of them actually directly ruled. They all had viceroys or vassals who ruled parts of Arabia. And the reasoning was, as I've mentioned before, they consider the arrows to be wild and ungovernable. So they use their own Arab vassals to control the rest of the apps and central Arabia.
Where the mccanns were the people of Medina where
these arrows were considered totally ungovernable. So this area wasn't controlled by anybody. Now,
in the year 570, ad, in the year of the birth of Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, a major incident took place. And the background to this incident was that the same Abyssinian viceroy in Yemen.
He had, he was Christian as well. So you had Christian groups all around Arabia, except for central Arabia. You have Christians to the northeast and the society, Persians, Christians to the north, under the Byzantine Romans, and also Christians in the south. So this Abyssinian viceroy was a Christian, he built a huge Cathedral
and a major place of Central worship in southern Yemen, in the Capitol,
and he had hoped that this place of worship would become the center of pilgrimage for all of the Arabs from the whole of the Arabian Peninsula, not only to arrive on Makkah, but also to surpass it. Unfortunately, his ambition wasn't realized. People did not take
to this new place of worship, as they were accustomed to the garba and to maka, maka, Rama, one, only the Christians visited but the pagan Arabs took no interest. In fact, things became so bad that pagan Arabs were incensed that the Abyssinian vital and Governor should attempt to rival their famous place of worship acaba in Makkah, Tomoko Roma summit so that according to one narration, one Arab
went and he defiled and desecrated the
the church. And according to another narration, some of the Arabs went and caused arson damage to the church by burning it. So these were the pagans. Because of this, these incidents as well as the fact that his ambition had not been realized of surpassing muckety muck aroma and attracting the pilgrimage of the Arabs from all over Arabia to his newly built church or Cathedral, the viceroy in anger. He decided to
mahkamah and march against it. And so he assembled a huge army and marched northwards to muckety muck around.
Since he was a Abyssinian viceroy and southern Yemen's very close to the Horn of Africa, so well to
to Africa. So what he did is that he had elephants, African elephants in his army.
And he himself had one huge elephant. At the head of the army. He marched northwards with this army of elephants and with his own huge elephants at the head of the army.
When, and he he marched north woods with the Express intention of attacking mugger and actually demolishing the gamma. The Arabs learned about this and a number of tribes on routes to McDonnell kurama attempted to intercept this huge army, but all of them were soundly defeated, and he marched forward, uninterrupted.
summarizing the whole story, shortly before he reached Mugu
before actually launching an all out attack, he sent word to the MCC and nobles and dignitaries offering them negotiate terms of negotiation.
some of the mucca nobles went out to meet him. One of them was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his grandfather, Abdullah
Abdullah was an open one of the Quraysh. He was a very handsome in appearance, and a man of greats of gentle disposition, but a man of great personality and all when
the viceroy whose name was when I met him, he was actually quite impressed by him. And he invited him to sit down and discuss with him
he had invited these Arab nobles of Makkah. Abra had sent forth a few raiding parties to raid the area around
and in doing so they had taken off with a lot of loot some booty, including livestock and a lot of animals in in those raids, abdomen, but he had lost 200 camels of this.
So when he invited these nobles, and then he sat down with Abdulmutallab, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam grandfather, and he began speaking to him,
and said to him,
that I would like my camels back
my 200 camels.
said to him, through the interpreter, that I'm very disappointed in you, when I first set eyes on you. I was quite impressed by your appearance and your disposition and your character and mannerisms. And I considered you to be a noble dignitary of Mecca. But you proved yourself to be otherwise. Here I am with a huge army
come to conquer Makkah, and to demolish your place of worship the garba. And all you are worried about is your camels.
So I'm totally replied, with a very beautiful phrase saying that I am the Lord of my camels. And that's what I'm concerned with.
The garba has a Lord of its own,
and he will take care of it.
Eventually, the discussions broke up, and his camels were returned to him, and Abdulmutallab left along with the other noble nobles and dignitaries of Makkah. And abre he repeated his threat that's vacate Mecca, otherwise, you will be killed, and I will match.
And anyone who remains, this was the purpose of the negotiations, he was intent on destroying the garba. But as a gesture of goodwill, he invited the nobles and the dignitaries of Makkah to tell them that you have a choice, you can either just surrender the city and I will still go ahead with destroying the garba or you can put up a fight. In that case, I will invade the city and kill anyone who resists. So the brain, the corporation, the people of the muckety muck arena, they were convinced that they could not stand up such a huge army. And they were obviously quite frightened because of these huge beasts, the elephants, so they decided to vacate the whole of mccahon retire
to retreat to the mountains and the hillocks around him,
and they did so.
Before doing so, however, many of them went to the holy precent of the Kava, and they prayed in earnest and quite telling me what we learn from the narrations. And the poetry of that period is that even though there were hundreds of idols around, in and around the garba on that occasion, they prayed exclusively sort of last panel, or
they abandoned the idols on the statues, and they played, prayed exclusively to Allah, praying and then retreating to the surrounding hills and mountains. Makkah was left, vacant and exposed to Abraham and his army, Abraham March 4, however, when he arrived near the outskirts of the when he arrived at the outskirts of the city of Mecca,
all of a sudden, the head elephants, which he was mounted on, sat down, it stalled.
When it stalled, the remaining elephant stalled, the army stalled, and it refused to move.
It just refused to move.
Some of the elephants were actually tortured in the process of getting them to rise and move, but they just wouldn't budge. In fact, if they were made to face any other direction, they would flee in that direction. But if they were made to march towards Makkah, they would
stand their ground and refuse to move an inch forward. Once they were in that position, all of a sudden, remembering that mugger is not too far from the coast of the Red Sea. And all of a sudden, the army, and also the Arab tribes who were retrieved who had retreated to the mountains, they saw the sky dark, with flocks of birds coming in from the direction of the sea. And there was swarms of birds, small birds, swarms of birds that darken the whole sky. And the the the swarms of birds flew over the army, and released small stones on them three stones, each one in the beak, one in each claw. And in this way, there was a constant sortie of attacks.
There were constant sources of attacks by these birds. It's a very detailed story, but some summarizing, the army was pelted bombarded with these tiny pebbles from the beaks and the claws of these very small birds.
As a result of which
the whole army was devastate completely destroyed rhapsode those who fled were chased by the birds. And even though they may have fled a certain distance, they were caught and killed and destroyed,
managed to return at least some distance, but he eventually died also, and the manner in which they died again, what we learned from the narrations wasn't just simply being pelted and dying under under a hail of stones. Rather, when they were struck by these stones, these small pebbles, the pebbles actually caused their whole bodies to erupt and split and their organs actually fell off piece by piece.
So it was a horrendous size. And this is why Allah has original describes him at the end of the sorter as gasim goon like stubble. what's meant by stubble as as can be described as any food, especially grass, or leaves, that animals eat and chew, but that they don't actually ingest but they regurgitate and once they regurgitate it, the chewed stubble and the chewed grass or the chewed crushed leaves, that we can see from the regurgitated food of an animal that is known as as sort of last panel data describes a whole army lying there destroyed in such a thorough and horrendous manner as resembling the stubble that is devoured, chewed and spat out by me.
So this was the story now.
Obviously, the grayish the people of Makkah, consider this to be a great miracle and it was miraculous.
And they realize that Allah had protected the garba in his own miraculous way. And they were very familiar with this whole story with this incident and in
Fact, being a very momentous occasion, they marked that as a beginning of their calendar. So from that moment onwards, they will normally refer to events as having occurred in the year of the elephant. Or a year after the year of the elephants, or 10 years before the year of the elephants, it became a milestone in their calendar and in their history. So the people of
the mannequins, and not just the mannequins, but the surrounding tribes, we're all familiar with this famous story and incident. And this miraculous defeat of the other has army which contained huge beasts, the elephants, and they refer to this as the incidence of the elephant.
The last panel or the other in the sorta reminds them of
this famous incident. And this he says, Adam Thoreau gave a father a book a bit, how they feel, although he's addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the word, the syntax and the format of the words here is singular. So the address is singular as well. And I'm done okay for final work. Have you not seen what your Lord referring to one person so who is that one person? Obviously the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but through the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah is addressing the Quraysh, the people of Mecca, the Arabs in general, and every one of us.
Have you not seen what your Lord did? with the people of the
Did he not make their scheme
What I said I'd even played on a Barbie.
And he sent against them.
Birds in flops, that I'm eating the Jonathan Min Soo Ji who pelted with stones of baked clay
for Jonathan gastrin McCool, so he made them like,
devoured or eaten stubble.
Now a couple of things about this particular story and the sorta what was so miraculous about
this army being defeated by pebbles,
and by birds releasing pebbles.
There's also another consideration here, some people have objected to this whole story. And they provided a rational explanation to it, saying that the army was devastated by a breakout of smallpox, the disease, smallpox, and that's why actually devastated the army, not the pelting of pebbles. And there have been various interpretations of the words or sortable theme, which ultimately point to the discounting of the birds actually pelting them with stones. And a rather convoluted explanation is given to suggest that the pelting of stones refers to the breakouts of smallpox. And the whole idea and the reason for this rational approach to sort of defeat is that
it appears to offend rational sensibilities, especially in relation to miracles. Well, this is it that's the whole idea that it's a miracle.
And the lesson of Salton feel is, this is the last panel with our last creation.
A lot has the virgin chooses his own method, his own approach to manifest His miracles as and when he wants. There is no
constraining or lost power, there is no restricting lost power.
There is no circumscribing a lost power. Law has a vigil, chooses to display and manifest his miracle in a manner that he wishes it does not necessarily have to appeal to our reasoning or logic, or our understanding, and
different nations were destroyed in different ways. In fact, let's look at Pharaoh
who oppose the Prophet Musa alayhis salaam, and his people
who subjugate them, who enslave them,
and caused wreaked havoc and mayhem
and was tyrannical in the land.
so arrogant that he denied the
in essence, if you consider all the verses about Pharaoh, he actually did
Night last panel.
And not only that, but he said, I'm your Great Scott.
And in claiming
to be a God Himself in claiming divinity,
exclusively for himself. One of the arguments he used was Elisa Lee moocow, Misawa the hill and heritage dreamin?
Oh my people.
Don't I have the Dominion the kingdom of Egypt
and do not these rivers
and streams flow beneath me.
What he meant was, the Nile was a greater source of water for them, but all the rivulets and streams
from the Nile itself, and the Nile itself,
all of these waters, along with the streams, and the springs and the fountains that were natural, as well as artificially made in the palaces and throughout the cities of Egypt, being a great civilization. He said, Do you not see my power, do I not enjoy the dominion and the Kingdom of Egypt, and do I not do not see all of these rivers and streams and these waters flowing beneath me, when the last panel without or destroyed him, he chose to destroy him by causing the waters to flow of
he drowned him and his entire
Allah subhanho wa Taala chooses to punish who he wishes how he wishes.
It doesn't have to be a huge punishment. In fact,
some of the greatest tyrants were punished in the most despicable man to reduce their worth, even in death.
Like I will jump
when I'm alive, and the alarm was about strike off his head, in the Battle of breath.
Even at the time of death, impending death, double General said to him,
seven my head,
slightly lower from beneath the shoulders, so that in the row of heads my head will still stand high
after death, so
many of the tyrants were punished and destroyed in the most despicable manner. And for Abraham, and his huge army that went to destroy the garba as the lesson for others, as the lesson for the people of Makkah, as a lesson for eternity for the whole of creation, Allah has original chose to punish them with the smallest birds of his creation, and with the smallest pebbles of his earth.
And in that manner, the whole army was destroyed. That in itself is a miracle. Nothing can restrict the power of Allah has nothing at all. In fact, today, we see as human beings, Allah has original says in the verse of the Quran,
my mother became
a nun knows the armies of your Lord accepts he Allah.
We as human beings,
we've mastered so much. We've sunk to the depths of the oceans, we've dived to the depths of the oceans. we've landed on the moon.
Except according to a few people.
We've sent probes out
onto Mars. Man is planning manned missions to Mars.
We scan the heavens we have huge satellites.
We have huge
we've mastered so much with control the atom.
almost all the animals subservience.
We pan animals into zoos, we control elephants.
We've controlled and mastered so much, of course, obviously accept ourselves.
But the one thing
or a number of things that continue to defy us that continue to disturb us, that continue to happen to us are diseases, viruses.
And these viruses are the smallest of last creation,
diseases and white types entire nations
And these are the smallest of a large creations,
bacteria and viruses. So
let's not pride ourselves on our strength. Allah subhanho wa Taala. It gives us a lesson in this. And Allah mentions that lesson throughout the book and in many places.
That's that no one this is a paraphrase and that let no one pride themselves in their strength look at the people of
a loved one the branch that Allah has destroyed many of the nations who are far more powerful and numerous than you.
So do not reject the messengers.
Do not oppose.
This is just one of the lessons of sort of defeat.
And another great lesson of sort of feel like a fad or a book there's hardly feel till the end is that
Allah is telling informing the Quraysh
that you are well aware of this incidence. You remember yourselves how you pleaded with Allah and you pray to Allah in earnest sincerely, Allah.
Defeat defeated and destroyed the army of law protected the city of Mecca. Allah protected his house, the gamma. And Allah demonstrated his power and showed you his miracle.
And that great miracle in itself was actually the Harbinger. And the foretelling and the forerunner of another great miracle, which occurred only 50 days later. And what was that the birth of a sort of loss of the law it was.
I say miracle in the sense that
the form of his birth was not miraculous, per se. But his coming was obviously a miracle and a mercy for the whole of mankind.
And it's well known that the majority of scholars are believe that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was born in our own field was born in the year of the elephant, and approximately 50 days after this particular incident, so many of the older people from the time of the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, were actually one eyewitnesses to this incident, those very old people, and even those who have not witnessed it, because it was of their generation, they had learned of it, and heard about this whole story from eyewitnesses from their parents from their own immediate family, older family members. So the story was fresh.
And a lot has audiences reminding them that this was a last miraculous favor to you, or people of Macau? Do you then deny laws messenger Dean, do you then disregard laws messengers message, do you then is disbelief? And do you then show such in gratitude?
This then leads us to the next sort of, like I said, the two students are connected. And I'll explain more about the lessons of both swords together. Moving on to the next sort of this sort of grayish, the 160 sort of the program, as I said, although it is a distinct Sora from the one before.
In reality, the meaning is continuous and the two are related and connect, alas, easily enough arrange for the keeping of the poor Ah, Isla, for him, it will save for their keeping the journey of winter and summer for the Abu Dhabi.
So let them worship the Lord of this house and let the man do what
He who has fed
and save them from hunger while I'm in a human health and he has granted them security from fear.
Actually, this sort of will help us understand sort of feel as well and we can put all of its into one picture.
lead off or Ah, for the keeping of the race for the habituation of arrays. I'll explain that more in a moment, for the keeping of the arrays for their keeping the journey of winter and summer. So let them worship the Lord of this house he who has fed them of hunger from hunger, and he was granted them security and safety from fear.
Who are the rich?
We all know that the poor he is the famous tribe of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they were the rulers of Macau.
How did this name come about?
In reality? Well, the Arabs had a habit of naming or giving titles to themselves or to others.
After animals like many
of the tribal societies all over the world in Africa, even the Native Americans, many of them had animals, Sitting Bull and wild horse, etc. So the this is true for many tribal societies all over the world, especially from rural areas, and the Arabs were no different. So you find names such as lion, Fahad, Cheeto tiger,
go dog actually meaning a powerful dog such as a wolf etc. Well, a powerful dog not just any dog.
Brush means shark.
And the Arabs.
As you know, the students of Arabic will know and I've mentioned this before they have what they call a diminutive form of the words.
So the MR is the name the diminutive of amorous on a
prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told the younger brother and asuna Malik or the Allahu Allah. Yeah, I made my father know he made what has the little burden already done. navaid is itself a diminutive of a bird on a is a diminutive of armor. So,
we are saying you have the name has some has some means good, beautiful. Hussein is a diminutive of hessen which means the little good one or the little beautiful one. And the form is invariably for a for saying remain or Save
I'm a cushioning shark and Rajesh is a diminutive of shark. And orange means little shark.
Now figurative pneumonic, one of the descendants of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his 11th ancestor. His name was fairly nomadic. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his father was Mohammed. Mohammed Abdullah, son of Adam,
son of Hashem, son of abdomen, AF, abdomen AF, some of you say, some of get up some of Mandala, some of garb, some of law a son of a Harley, some of fear, some of Malik, some of Ghana, and continues, so forget about nomadic, the 11th ancestor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his nickname and title was warraich, the little shark
and he was powerful figure. All of the descendants of fricative nomadic, who was also alternatively known as little shot orange
are the members of the tribe of Quraysh.
So these were the bright orange never ruled mK ozar another tribe arrival tribe ruled Makkah, but some time before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his fifth ancestor
so Abdullah, his father, son of ab dimopoulos, son of Hashem, sort of abdominals, abdomen, abs father, Hussain, his fifth ancestor, he united the
scattered tribes of orange who were out of Makkah, and he invaded the area of Makkah, that was ruled by the Hazara defeated them and drove them out. So they exchange places the Quraysh were out of Makkah kuzava in Makkah, after their defeat the Hazara dispersed into different tribes out of Makkah and Quraysh under the leadership of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his fifth ancestor, they took up residence in muckety muck aroma, and they unify the tribes of Quraysh.
And amongst the tribes, there were two, there were those who were the most senior,
or say his own immediate family members. They occupy the central part of America, and they were known as Quraysh of the inner parts of man. And the remaining tribes were distant relatives of or say, although they're often they were known as operation of the outskirts.
And all the main duties and functions and responsibilities of Makoto Makarova, political, military, social, and especially religious such as the keeping of the gather the custody of the gather the feeding of the pilgrims, the watering of the pilgrims, and this is important, all of these famous functions which were considered positions of great honor
dignity, they were divided amongst the immediate family members of OSI.
So the, these are the four h. So last panel and remember at when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was born in 570. And then 40 years late, well 40 loony years later, when he proclaimed his prophethood.
He, his primary addresses, his people, his primary people, the rulers and the most powerful and the elites and the nobles of greyish America were the branch. So Allah subhanho wa Taala addresses the four h
or h for the keeping and the habituation of the four h er theme of the ship that you will save for their keeping and their habituation of the journey of the winter and the summer. What does that mean? I'll explain what the journey of the winter and summer refers to and then I'll explain what I mean by keeping and habituation.
Again, let's look at Makoto macabre.
It wasn't an empire, it was a small city state.
Although I've always used the word city state, that's only in contrast to the eventual city states of Medina.
However, it wasn't a large or powerful city states, such as the city states of Greece and Rome in the classical period. Now,
maca wasn't walled for one thing. Secondly, the Quraysh were considered noble and dignified
and honored by many of the people, but militarily, they weren't powerful. They led us well, the British were city inhabitants, and they were surrounded by wild Arab tribes who are very powerful.
And if the other Arab tribes actually marched America collectively, or they would have crushed muckety muck aroma, and the price would have been non existent. And well before when the Grange defeated the Hazara. It was only the hoser that they defeated. But
grace went all powerful who ruled the whole of Arabia. Now they only held sway over muckety muck.
But they were they held a very dignified and prestigious position because of the garba and because of
Arabs all over Arabia made a pilgrimage to Mecca. This is exactly what I wanted to rival with his church and Cathedral.
was considered a holy sanctuary, a place of worship, a sense of pilgrimage, because of the religious position of the Garber and McDonnell.
This brought in trade,
social prestige, on dignity, disputes was settled in the pilgrimage season, in and around one in Makkah.
Not only that, therefore, the rage became political power brokers.
this attracted trade, Makkah became a hub and the center of trade at the center of a crossroad of trade between many different empires, Abyssinia, Persia, India,
the east, the Far East, Byzantine wrong, Africa.
This brought in much wealth,
despite the prestige despite the armor, despite the religious stagnancy despite their privileged position. Despite all the trade and wealth
in terms of politics in terms of military Malik's branch in Macau are always weak and vulnerable.
Everyone treated them with deference and respect. And because of the garba because of the presence of the GABA and because of muckety muck aroma, this was the only source of their pride.
did not come to Makkah, because of their mercantile skills or their business acumen. Originally, it came to Makkah because of the garba because of the heroin and in answer to the dwelve say that it Brahim alleys
when see that it Brahim alayhis salaam left to suddenly smile he and his wife on her daughter Leila, Juana and he left them and at the edge of the valley, he turned around and prayed to Allah robina igneous Gundam and Juliet he was in the desert in debate.
Tomorrow, open it up masala fudge. The minister we lay him was minister Miranda.
Oh my Lord,
our Lord, indeed I have settled my family
members of my family in a valley later these are without a single blade of vegetation in the basic animal hovering close to your sacred house.
Why did he do that?
our Lord so that they may establish some
see them Abraham right at his salon left his son smash
the alarm on her in such a manner that either party states that season Ebrahim alayhis salaam
let them want to hatch of dismount with her baby smart either cradling him in her arms, and he gave her a leather bag of water and a bag of dates, a bag of dates and a leather bag of water.
And he departed. She said to him,
in whose care do you leave us? So you're going to Ebrahim alayhis salaam replied with one word Allah.
Allah and his reply was in the name of the urina in that case, he will never allow us to perish. Imagine she's there with her baby is smart. He laid his Salaam in her arms, with one bag of water, leather bag of water and a bag of dates in a value without single blade of vegetation.
What's your theme? What trust in Allah? She says and she says and whose care do you leave us? He says Allah, not even in the care of Allah. He just said a law and her reply. Instant reply was even legal the urina in that case, he will not allow us to perish. When her food and water ran out, she left see the nice Mary relates to them and frantically began her search for water and running to and fro between the two Hilux.
And especially where there was a dip where she couldn't see his salon, and she ran in that period. Imagine a last panel Darla loved the her behavior, her efforts, her endeavor, her sacrifice and the sacrifice of her husband and prophets. See that Abraham alayhis salam, and see the next man he really has said I'm so much that Allah
introduced all of these simple acts of survival and simple acts of care for her child
into the pilgrimages of Umrah and Hajj for eternity.
That's why we do seine that's why we will run between the Hilux of Safa and Marwa that's why we run in between in imitation or Maharaja or the Allah and her. That's why we drink of the well of Zamzam, which was the barrack offseason, a smart elite his salon, after she frantically searched there was no water. She believed at rehearsal and descended and dug his heels into the ground. And there gush gush forth the spring of sums.
So when Susan Abraham le histogram left, see the nice Marine, there was nothing and no one there. His prayer was, I have settled members of my family, by your sacred house in a valley later these are without a single blade of vegetation of no vegetation whatsoever. And that has always remained the case with MacArthur MacArthur.
But what is his prayer, our law our Lord calls the hearts of the people to flutter to my descendants in Mecca, and feed them and sustain them of produce and fruits. From that moment onwards allow the people of Makkah, despite not having a single blade of grass and vegetation in their region, they have always enjoyed the best of foods produced and fruits from all over the world in all sees all the time.
And that was through the Baraka of the drought season.
So the orange were always in a very difficult and precarious position, their prestige, that wealth, and their dignity and honor and even the trade that became to muckety muck aroma through all the trade fairs. All of this was a result not of their own endeavors. Rather, this was a result of muckety muck aroma being a place of worship and a sacred presence. It was through the burqa, the garba and the Baraka and the blessing of the DAO, see them Ebrahim la sala
otherwise, militarily, politically, they had no position whatsoever
and this is why when Abraham
to invade muckety muck Rama, no one could have resisted that might. But la has saved the city of Makkah and the Ganga miraculously
as part of their trade.
The Quraysh the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his great grandfather, harsh,
per se his grandson, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his great grandfather, Abdullah Philip's father, he introduced a regular
method of trade, whereby he managed caravans of trade that will travel north in summer.
Sorry, north in summer, and south in winter,
you'll travel north to Syria to the cities of Basra Damascus.
Gaza, in fact, Hashem prophets, Allah, Allah, Islam was great grandfather was buried in Gaza. That's why Gaza another name for Gaza is 120 her because of the Hashem because of Hashem. And he died, they're untrained. So they will travel northwards to modern days well to show him modern day Syria, Jordan and Palestine, the Levant, and that would normally travel to the cities of Damascus, Basra, Jerusalem, and also Gaza in Palestine. And to the south, they will travel to Yemen, some and even to Abyssinia.
And these annual
trade journeys became very famous, bringing in great wealth, and they became the Hallmark caravans of the crash. All the Arabs knew and the arrows would join these particular caravans, under the leadership of the ER Ah, so again, the grace enjoyed great privilege and prestige. And they were held in honor. So despite being just a small tribe, they actually had diplomatic relations with the Royal Courts of Abba, senior of Persia, of Rome. And that's why when the Muslims emigrated to Abyssinia in the fifth year of prophethood, the arrange sent a delegation to the Royal Court of Abyssinia almost as a diplomatic delegation. So they have diplomatic and trade relations with these
huge empires. Despite being a very small group of people in themselves. All of this prestige, this wealth, these trade caravans, this leadership, this recognition. All of this was due to the Gabba, and the holy city of Makkah, and nothing else. And these two famous trade caravans, these famous journeys of the winter and the summer of the trade journey to the north in in winter, sorry in summer, and the trade journey to the south in winter. Again, this was a source of great prestige, pride and wealth for them. So Allah subhanho wa Taala reminds them in both suits of all of these favors. What's the first favor, or Quraysh? Remember how alarm miraculously defeated the army of
America and prevented him from invading your city of Mecca, destroying your homes and your livelihood, killing your people and destroying and demolishing your place of worship the gamma operation. Remember that? Remember how law destroyed? How will law protect you or perish? Remember how Allah has made you the inhabitants of his holy city of these precincts of the gamma? How the garba brings you protection, honor, prestige, recognition, trade, wealth,
influence or crush?
Remember how Baron MK guys and he says Olivia, I'm a human Jew in the second last verse and the final verse of solar arrays. What does he say?
He fed them of hunger. Nothing grows in Makkah who around it, and yet the grace never stopped. They only underwent famine, because of the curse of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for a short period
when he prayed against them. However, prior to that, despite nothing growing in and around Mecca, the Quraysh enjoyed wealth, food produce, so much the best of fruits. So Allah Subhana Allah Allah gave them food, a lot granted them security, every human being as an individuals and as societies and as communities as peoples as nations. we all aspire to to great things, peace and prosperity.
Everyone wants peace and stability and security. Everyone wants prosperity. as an individual. We want peace. We want prosperity. We want peace of mind, peace of heart, peace, of person.
Peace of body, peace of surroundings, peace of accommodation, peace of environment. We want peace in every way in our hearts and minds. In our bodies around us. We want prosperity. We want the prosperity and the flourishing of our wealth of our minds, hearts, of our bodies of our belongings, our possessions. Everyone wants peace and prosperity. Allah subhanho wa Taala told the Quraysh that look at how you enjoy peace and prosperity. Your prosperity does not come because of any
wealth, any property you use any agriculture, any resources, any minerals, your pee your prosperity comes from the Garber and it's holiness and it's sacred precepts. Your security.
Makkah was in central Arabia, I say Central, as opposed to Southern Arabia and northern Arabia. So Makkah was in central Arabia, an area consider ungovernable wild tribes all around. And Allah mentioned this is another verse of the
hour amuro. Imagine that Herman armina, with the help of nurserymen, holy him, do they not see either grace that we have made her on the sacred precincts of Makkah secure? Once we have the Muslim and holy him, people all around them are being snatched, and that was the case, tribes rated each other fought against each other. I told you last week on on previous occasions, that Arabs would capture Arabs and then sell them into slavery.
women would be captured, children will be captured and sold in slavery. That sounds even the Hadith ahead of the law. One was an Arab
was captured in child sold in slavery. And that's how he eventually found his way to the house of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So we have heard from him and holy him all around them last season, and people are being snatched and kidnapped and carried away because there was no security or safety. But we made the Haram secure place.
does not last a elsewhere in the Quran with Tina was a tuna to receeding waha. Bella Nene. Allah swears by the fig and the olive
and Mount Sinai, the fig and the olive or figurative referring to Jerusalem, last raised by Jerusalem,
and Mount Sinai and then finally by what hardenability mean, and the secure city. So macadam, Allah made it secure. Where did the security and safety come from? Not because of the military mites or the British, not at all, there were a small tribe in comparison to the others.
Not because of any protection from any of the other empires? No, they were independent, a lot granted them safety and security only through the garba and the sacred states of Makkah.
So Allah azza wa jal says, remember all of these favors upon your operation, how Allah protected you from the army of Abraham, and miraculously destroyed them using just birds and pebbles from their beaks and their claws. Remember how Allah save the garba? Remember how Allah gave you the custody of the garba? This is what brought them pride. They were the custodians of the gap. They were the ones who watered the pilgrims. And law refers to that in the Quran, a gelatin sakarya tanhaji were a modern mush to the Haram government arm and when they were young,
addressing the orange, that have you made the fee the watering of the pilgrims, and the occupying in worship of the mustard and how long have you made these things equivalent to those who believe in Allah and in the final day, meaning they always prided themselves even for the eight years before after the Hydra before the conquest of Makkah, by claiming that the Muslims are in Medina, we control the garba. We control them. We are still the custodians of the gabbeh. We are the ones who feed the pilgrims and water the pilgrims. So Allah has told them, have you made the watering of the pilgrims and the inhabitation of admission of harm equal to those who believe in Allah and in the
final day, ie the Sahaba of the Allah? They were not equal. Allah azza wa jal tells them in another verse. In fact, they were protected by the presence of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah has told them and sortable and file well mark on a lovely little one the fee Am I gonna love my
room? Well, Marlin Allah, Allah want me to do an anti mosquito harami omaka only in Olia or in the home alone law says And Allah is not one to punish them the Quraysh as long as you are messenger of Allah hallmarks his presence was a man
For them under protection. Further law says, and nor is a loved one to punish them as long as they seek Allah's forgiveness. And why wouldn't Allah punish them? Or why shouldn't Allah punish them when they prevent others from either harm, or Mark Hamill only, even though they are not the true custodians of machinery, how long they may have the keys, they may have access, they may control access to emotional harm, and they may physically occupy a machine or haram in Makkah, but in reality, they are not as true custodians and guardians. Allah says in Olia or in the womb, it's guardians are only those who have done
so the arrange the security and the safety that they enjoyed was only through the blessing of the carrabba. And Alicia did her arm and muckety muck around.
Their prosperity was not of their own business acumen and their trade and their wealth. It was because of the gap. All of its was to do with the garba. That's why Allah has the word essays when they were protected from Abraham and his army. It was through the blessing of the garba. The position that they enjoy them, the privileges that they enjoy the most all the Arab tribes was because of the garba. The Prestige that they enjoyed was because of the garba, the trade relations that they enjoyed, and their journeys to Yemen, Abyssinia in winter, and to Syria, in summer, and their trade, commercial relations, even in the Royal Courts of Persia, Abba, sr, and Byzantine Rome.
All of these relations, commercial and diplomatic were by virtue of the gap, that food that they enjoyed the fruits and the produce that they enjoy, that rolled in from all over the world was not because of a single blade of grass that grew in Makkah, was by virtue of the garba. As a result, Allah says foliat Buddha obeyed so let them the worship house, let them worship the Lord of this house.
That was the message for
but they chose to oppose Rasul Allah, some of the love it alayhi wa sallam. So in essence, these two sorts go together, this is a joint This is a joint meaning of both sorts. Now,
we may say that, well, this is all to do with the operation. This is all to do with
the people of Makkah at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam when we every day, recite these short swords in our prayer in our Salah, how is this applicable to us? How is this relevant to us? It's very simple. The greatest message in both of these swords to us is one.
The miraculous manner in which a last panel with data protected
the power of a law, how law chooses to manifest that power.
And another great lesson for us is that let us not be like the court Ah, in that we
disregard the favours and the blessings of a loss.
But let's be grateful to Allah
and be constantly reminded of a loss, countless bounties and blessings on us. As humans, we are always looking at what we don't have rather than what we have.
And when a person sinks to that state,
he or she will never be happy.
Always clamoring for something else, always clawing, clawing for something else. And this attitude to life
leads a person to their grave. And they are still not happy because there's always something else as a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, If man was given a valley,
not a sovereign,
not a coin, not
a bar, not a nugget, not a bar, not a tray.
Not a crate.
Not a vault,
in a mountainside.
But if a man was given a whole value of gold, imagine
a whole value of gold.
man would still desire a second.
And if he was given a second value of gold, he would still desire a third. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, wanting the job of Adam in the law, we do blah, blah, blah, and nothing will fill the vacuum in men, except the dust of the earth. And Allah turns and a lot of terms and accepting repentance, to whomsoever He wishes and also said
nothing will fill the space in man. There's vacuum in man, even a
Value full of gold, even two values of gold, even three values of gold.
Because we're always wanting something else. And that's why in English is a very beautiful phrase, do you know what life is?
Life is what happens while she planning something else.
Life is what happens.
Life is what goes by, as we're always looking elsewhere.
Life is what happens whilst we are planning something else.
We never live for the moment we never suggest we should live for the mountains. My idea of saying lift for the moment is not eat, sleep drink. And that's it without a care. Know. What I mean is
in our minds, we're always either living in the past or in the future.
It's not easy, it's a struggle.
And that's why a person is never grateful
for what he or she has now, in them around.
And that's why we are taught to be grateful to Allah for every little thing. Every little thing
a sip of water Bismillah in the name of the law of Hampton,
more sort of food smilla.
We are a man to be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala for everything. Once Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam?
Well, we don't have time, but he taught his followers to be grateful for everything, even a sip of milk, even a sip of milk, even a sip of water.
We should learn to be grateful to Allah azza wa jal for what we have. And what is that gratitude shook to be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala is to use the gifts and the bounties and the blessings of Allah in their correct manner. A good way of describing it is, imagine if someone gives you a gift of a pen.
And it's a very expensive pen.
And the person fields, the intention is that I don't want to just give a gift, I want to give this person a gift, that will remind them of me, that will always remind them of me, that will show my appreciation.
So, they give the person a gift of a pen. And their idea is that this person will keep the pen on them on their person will use the pen writes with the pen all the time. Whenever they use that pen, they will think of me they will be reminded of me, they will appreciate my gift
of hope person gives an individual that pen with that intention.
if the other person says thank you,
puts pen away, forget all about it. And the other person, the woman who gave the gift
realizes and comes to know that the pen was never used, it was discarded, put aside. And the only gratitude expressed was a simple thank
How will that person feel? Will they feel that their gift was appreciated? Well, they feel that their gift was used in the manner that was intended and desired. Will their intentions and their hopes and aspirations for the giving of that gift be fulfilled? No. In fact, would they be indifferent? Or would they be very disappointed and actually hurt despite the person saying thank you orders aka well,
because one of the meanings of gratitude is to use the gift in the manner that it wasn't intended. And this is why
this is why
one of the meanings of gratitude and shock for us is when a lost crown or data has given us limbs and organs of the body. We use these gifts of Allah in the manner that Allah has wished. Allah has given us
eyes and ears and the tongue. This tongue should be used for the remembrance of Allah and not for sinning against Allah. If a person sins with the tongue, not only is it a sin, not only is it a sin, not only is it an offence, but it's a form of extreme ingratitude to Allah subhanho wa Taala. But Allah gave us this tongue for a particular reason. And look how we are using it.
So this is why cough
which as a
tertiary translation not even a secondary translation not even as a primary translation
as a tertiary meaning as a tertiary translation evolved into disbelief or rejection. What is the original what is the secondary meaning of offer unexplained in great detail before it means in gratitude? And why is gopher considered in gratitude, because cofra means to conceal to cover to hide.
And a person who
is ungrateful, have a law's gift of life, of lemon, of mind, of body of person, this person, whilst being ungrateful, have lost power without
what this person does, he or she conceals the gifts of Allah. So we pretend by concealing the gift of Allah by hiding it, covering it, we pretend that it doesn't exist. If it doesn't exist, we don't have to be grateful for it.
We pretend that it doesn't exist. When we pretend that it doesn't exist, we feel no compulsion to be grateful for it. When a person is not grateful. For last panel with the honors gift, the person will misuse it and reject it denied and reject any favor of law. And therefore, a person will feel no need to be grateful to Allah xojo in any way, least of all in believing in him on accepting his message.
So the greatest lesson for us and sort of defeat them sort of grace when we recite is every day in our Salah is quite simply, that all believers be grateful for the last panel down as gifts to you his countless favors his numerous blessings, in all forms, primarily peace and prosperity. See how secure and prosperous you are. See how safe you are. See how wealthy you really are. compare yourself not to those who are above you, but compare yourself to those who are beneath you, to those who are less privileged, and then be grateful to our last panel with Anna for these gifts, do not be like the Quraysh who are ungrateful in every way. And this led them ultimately to total disbelief
and the rejection of LA's greatest messenger, the Prophet Muhammad Salah, love it he was
so familiar abou Rob bahal bait, that is the message of sort of feed them sort of grace, let them not just rage, but the whole creation of Allah fully amadora bajada bait, let them worship the Lord of this house. May Allah subhanho wa Taala enable us to understand what's a lot more subtle the man after he was sued in the Vietnam War, he was in panic a lot more.
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