Seekers of Knowledge 015 – Tafseer of Surah al-Bayyinah

Tim Humble

Channel: Tim Humble

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What

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do

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you mean? Wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah he was solely Naveen Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi edge Marina salam o alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakato. Begin by praising Allah asking Allah to exalt the mention of grand peace to our messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to his family and his companions. We have another

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installment in the Tafseer series where we're making the Tafseer of Jews. interest to Baraka shallow to Allah as much as Allah makes easy for us. And we have reached sort out with Bina and I've handled, a lot of the videos have gone back to being broadcast via YouTube premiere. That makes it a little bit easier for me. And I enjoy that because we record the video prior to the class. And it means that we can be online when the video is going live so that the students can get used to the same class time we do at 7pm on a Friday night for Tafseer and 7pm. on a Tuesday night for blue and muram. Both of those are UK time, as 10pm Dubai time. So if you're watching this video at the time

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that it's being broadcast, then you will find there is a chat window where you can ask questions, and I will try to answer as many of them as possible. And if you're watching it later on any shout aloud to Allah, you know that the class takes place at a regular time for those people who can make that initial load to it that way works best for everybody. As I said, we reached the Tafseer of sort of Vienna, and sort of a you know, it has a number of different names. Most famously, it's either known as sort of a b unit,

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because of the word albina, which comes hot to homophobia until the baby unit comes to them.

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And likewise, it is also known as Sora lemmya

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because of the two first two words Surah lemmya. It has some other names which are not as well known.

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It's some of them called it salted infotrack

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from the word moon fat keen in

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salt, l Berry. Yeah, Willa, aka

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shahrul Berry, hiral Berry. So the word salted berry is also known by that term, as well. But the well known opinion is of course, that it is sort of a you know, and it's sometimes called solid Lem jaquan. As for this surah, where it was revealed, then the Jim Hall the majority of the scholars of Tafseer they said disorder is made any yet

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now it's interesting because of the reason for this, there is a hadith in the Hadith narrated in Bukhari and Muslim and this had is the hadith of Anasazi Allahu anhu regarding obey immunocap

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they even cap

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one of the leaders of the unsolvable the alarm data and

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what do we know about the end cap? Can you guys have a think B cap very for many many things but very famously, the Heidi that comes to mind the Hadith in Sahih Muslim in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said yeah a bell moon zero I Terry

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a to minkee tabula he

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macker out of them

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he said attend to the UI at monkey tabula he Marika, do you know or other monitor or they even cap Do you know which is according to you is the greatest idea in the book of Allah.

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Called a call to law who wore a suit who Allah said Allah and His Messenger know best we've mentioned this in other classes what that means. It means Allah knows best and Allah has given the revelation to the Prophet slice a lamp. So about what which of which is best. So Allah and His Messenger know best.

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The prophets lie Some said to him, yeah, balloons or abalones identity, a UID minkee tabula he Mark album, he said, and he emphasized that again, the word mark in your according to you,

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you know, it's kind of saying, Obama, according to you, which is the greatest I in the book of Allah.

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And it's like here obey understands what are the law and the prophets Isom is asking him

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That he he should give an answer. And his first is his beautiful etiquette with the Prophet sites and he just replies alone his message journalist

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the Prophet Tyson was not going to give him the answer now he's gonna say to him, what do you think Carla call to love, who to call a quote I said, Allahu Allah either he will hate you. Allah there is no god but Him and He will pay you to courtesy.

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Call a Baba if you salary said the Prophet sighs I'm struck on my chest while Kyle will lie. walleye, Leah Nikhil in Belmont. He said by Allah, may Allah make you rejoice with this knowledge or other Monza. So babe and Kathy was a great scholar of the Quran. He was a great scholar in filk and fatawa, and a great leader among the Muslims. So this sort of sort of the bay you know, has a connection to obey bencab and the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim

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that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in Allah Mr. Ronnie Allah commanded me to read to you. lemmya Cooney, levena kefar amin Al Kitab, sobhita hailo was a murni LEC call and I'm for Becker. He said Did Allah mentioned my name to you?

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profitsystem said Allah commanded me to read to you lemmya Cooney leadin, a Kapha woman allocatable

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he said to the Prophet seisen did Allah name me mentioned my name to you the prophets I some said yes. Then obey even cab began to cry. We said the Heidi simple Heidi and Muslim and Attila the NSA and others from the hadith of Anna Malik.

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So this is a great virtue of obey have been kept that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned him by name to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and commanded the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to recite this surah or what is mentioned in this part of the Hadith, the first part of the ayah. Now the question is,

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if this hadith is our evidence that this surah is made Ania is this Heidi enough of an evidence? Now guys know now you've heard a lot of discussion around this topic we've also done before Padma, the introduction to irlam tavsiye of the science of Tafseer.

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From what you've heard, is this Heidi, enough for you to say conclusively that this surah is Melania. Now, they have been kept no doubt on Saudi Arabia, the alone time and who?

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That doctor aspect is Medina. But is this Hadeeth? Is this hadith enough to say to us this surah was madonia? The answer is in that form. No, because in that form, it simply says that Allah commanded me to read the super to you. And it doesn't mention where the surah was revealed, so could have been revealed in in Makkah. And then when the Prophet sites at a particular time, Allah commanded him recite the surah, to obey even cap, however, in some of the narrations of the Hadith, it mentions for ends Allah Allah, Allah sent down this surah at that time, so this is a sub module is a cause of Revelation. And it also tells us that this aura is madonia. And that is the opinion of the Johor,

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the majority of the scholars of a Tafseer.

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This surah talks about the machete keen

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and aloo keytab. And it is one of the highest places in it that are among the highest, I act for Tafseer. In the Quran. We don't say the hardest, and we can't really make an accurate comparison as to what is the hardest or not, but there are parts of the surah that are very, very difficult to

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go into detail in that when you go into detail in the Tafseer of them. They're very difficult to,

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to to find which of the different opinions is stronger than the other. It's not that they're hard to understand. But it's you have for example, in the first is something like between 13 to maybe even 19 or so different opinions of the scholars of Tafseer about the

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About the eye. And it's not easy to understand how to how to make total g how to prefer one of them over the other or some of them over there. Some of them yes, you can discount and you can kind of sit with that a little bit, far fetched and so on. But it's not an easy surah. For Tafseer

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we're going to try to keep it as simple as possible, we're going to try and keep away from some of the more complicated aspects and inshallah to Allah that's in line with the aims of the course in sha Allah. But we're going to continue we're going to look at the the Sora from or with, you know, in the way that we that our last one and it makes easy for us. But I would like to start by talking about the people mentioned, so mentioned our little keytab and mentioned our elementary corn.

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The machete cone comes from the word ship, Ashoka usually call for one mushrik Ashoka he committed chick, you should recall, he is committing shark, and the person who does that is a mushrik. And the word obviously schilke. In a linguistic sense, it means to associate or to make a partner with something. And of course, islamically should is the opposite of a toe hate, of toe hate. And disorder are one of the themes of the soul is a shirt with toe hate to hate worship, we're going to come to that and show love to Allah, the oneness of Allah. And the opposite of that, which is making a partner with Allah as the widget.

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Now, the word therefore mushrik is a very general word. And it covers every person who makes a partner with a lot everyone who gives some or one or more of a laws rights to someone or something else, including those who give our laws rights to people, those who like give our laws rights to the dead, those who give our lives rights to the stars, those who give all of our laws, rights, or some of our laws, rights are one of a lot all of these issues. But here, there is a usage, which is quite specific, because they mentioned a long side, I look it up. And I look it up earlier who the winners are.

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They are the Jews and the Christians. And they called Lulu keytab the People of the Book, because they are a people to whom prophets were sent. And scripture was given and they remained connected to that scripture to a greater or lesser degree, to a greater or lesser degree. And of course, not all of them are

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as connected to that scripture as they would have been commanded to be and some of them are truthful, some of them are not. Some of them are very practicing, some are not. But ultimately they have a connection to a key tap to Scripture that was given before them. And they are Alia, who do when Assad, the Jews, and the Christians. Now, look it up. And we need to establish this and we need to hammer this point home are not Muslim. And a lot of regular Muslims. Listen to the words al keytab along with the words mushrikeen. And they think that Al Kitab are not Muslim.

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I actually keytab don't make partners with Allah. And I've actually had this discussion with numerous people, not once I can probably say a few times. I don't know if I can put a number on it. But I can remember instances where the argument has been that Al Kitab or not kuffaar because Allah mentions a levena cathodal. And he mentioned a leaky tap, he mentioned the catheter and he mentioned I look it up

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this is absolutely one of the clearest reputations of this is this in Levine katha min Lily kita well, mushy keen phenol ridge and indeed those who disbelieve from absolutely key tab from the People of the Book. Well mushrikeen Likewise, the statement of Eliza jello, Toby la himolla bioline not those who are anger is upon all of us who have gone astray. The profit slice lm told us that they are Alia who do an assault of the Jews and the Christians. Likewise, the statement of allies would you look at cafaro living in Apollo in a lifestyle

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that disbelieved other people who say that a lie is one of the Trinity. And so many ayat in the Quran that prove that Ahlul Kitab aku far, the disbelievers However, they are a special class of disbeliever because they are relatively close to

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Islam and to accepting Islam because they have a strong connection to previous prophets and previous scripture, and that's an opportunity for us to call them in dour and that is why Eliza gel says For example kuliah A Hillel key Tabitha Iloilo Katie Martin. So I've been an hour Bina Allah nabooda illallah wa Ilona she can be he she and I, that Eliza which are central to Allium run, see all people have the book come to a word that is just between you and I, that we will worship non but Allah we will not make any partners with him. So here, Allah is so gentle mentions en la Vina katha Amina lol keytab those who disbelieve from Allah Al Kitab, sometimes what I hope to tap could be

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using or an to refer to what we call mostly me and kita

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Muslim me Al Kitab, the Muslims from Al Kitab. I, those people from Al Kitab, who accepted Islam,

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who accepted Islam, they could be called Al Kitab in some instances, but here the ayah talks about a levena Kapha will mean a lucky tap those who disbelieve from Al Khattab and those who disbelieve from the machine. So here when the two are mentioned together, and this is very common in the Quran, in fact, it's a methodology of the Quran. And generally speaking, that there are many words that on their own, could be widened to cover lots of things. But when they're mentioned with those things together, each one takes on a unique meaning, like Islam and Eman for example. When Islam is mentioned on its own, it covers Islami man and

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when he man is mentioned on its own, it covers Islam and so on and so on. But when the Prophet sizer mentions Islam, and he man together in the same sentence, so Islam has one meaning any man has another So here, the word mushrik can cover everyone who makes a partner with a law, but in this ayah it is contrasted with our lucky tab. So here, a little key tab, or the disbelievers in this ayah. The disbelievers from the Jews and the Christians and emotionally keen are the disbelievers from among the polytheistic Arabs and the polytheistic non Arabs, also an Arab well Agim the Arabs and the non Arabs who were purely polytheistic I, they didn't have any of that scripture or

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prophets, they went back to they just worship idols. And we know that the shift that exists among the Christians and the Jews, generally speaking was different to the ship that existed among elements recall, the the Arab, and then non Arab polytheistic idol worshipers. Now that doesn't mean that they will never any kind of idols in Judaism or Christianity because there are some Christian sects that do have statues and things like that. And they do pray to them and they do venerate them and things like that. But generally speaking, the shift is different. Even, you know, a lot of times we don't know unifor acts as an example, the ship that exists among, among, for example, adherence

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to Judaism, for example, among the Jews.

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They're often lightship, for, in many cases, under Christians as well, but especially among the Jews, because Judaism appears to be more monotheistic than Christianity, right? Like generally speaking Christianity, not everyone but a lot the majority of Christians are Trinitarian they will tell you I believe that you know, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit to Allah, Allah May Allah hies Allah, Allah hadal kahar above what they lie about him, because Allah subhanaw taala is not salifu salata is not one of the Trinity.

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Allah subhanaw taala is 11 wide a single god that is alone, and nobody deserves to be worshipped by him. But the majority, majority of Christians are Trinitarian Christians, a lot of them. However, when we look at Judaism, it appears to be much, much more monotheistic. So where is the shark? In that a lot of times the shake is with regard to making Hara what Allah made her on.

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And following the rabbis who make haram what Allah azza wa jal made harlot and in that for example, you can have a look at your research topic of mood. For example, we talk about the rabbi's legislating things which they know that Almighty God made forbidden and they make it permissible and legislating things that

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They know that are larger Luffy urla made permissible and they make it forbidden and making up their own religion where and the people following them in that saw the Prophet sighs I'm like he said, this is your worship of them. So this is just one example it's not the only kind of [???], but it just shows you that the kind of shark among an Kitab is often different to the kind of ship among them Ashley King talked about, for example, a see how magic is very much associated with certain sects within Judaism, and also some within Christianity as well. Again, you see differences, while Kyla tinea hood, or Zara and Nola are quality nasai syrup and Allah, the Jews said dausa is the son

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of Allah and the Christian said that the Messiah is the son of Allah. So here, what you can see is that the kinds of shifts and the kinds of beliefs were different from the mushrikeen who said fri tomalak, RZA, woman artist, Sally hotel Oprah, have you seen a lot and a minute, the third the other one. So here, there is a difference in the types of shark and so the two are separated from one another, and Loki Tabby will mushrikeen even though they are both joined by a wasp by a description, they are all of them. Alevtina Kevin disbelievers. All of them are called fall alladhina cafaro they are the disbelievers but their disbelief and they're shocked that they do is different. So Allah

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subhanaw taala separated between them, and keytab were emotionally key. And then we came to this word, Moon fettke. Now I'm going to stop with this word, I'm going to come back to it because the rest of the is not so difficult. How Tatia Hoon bayona until the baby unit came to them, the bay, you know, linguistically is a clear indisputable evidence

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deli alone, while the human being a clear and abora han a clear undoubtable indisputable evidence. What is this begginer there are two mainstream opinions there are actually more but here there are two that that we can see here. The first is that the bay unit is that our sources are highly resilient the Prophet Mohammed so I sell them and the second is that the B unit is the Quran. But we'll come to that in the next if for now let's just say we'll take the opinions The most common that is thorough soul, why the coldroom or the majority they said that the B unit is that our soul soul I send the prophets always. So those people who disbelieve from the people of the book and the

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polytheistic Arabs or non Arabs work

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on alemi acquitting any they are not going to stop, because can a corner here, you'll see that this thing, right, it's a, it's a continuity, let me they are not going to stop being nonfat keen.

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They're not going to stop being moon fat keen, until the beginner or soul or the Quran comes to them. So this word, one fat cane is the one in which there was so much debate and discussion about what it meant. I'm not going to mention 15 different opinions. And some of them are acquired buried in there a little bit far fetched. And they're a little bit difficult really to see where they came from. But we're going to look at certain

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sort of easier, or certain certain important elements of this Tafseer. So we're going to look at the opinion of Immanuel kefir.

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And we're going to look at the opinion of imagery of poverty crying out loud to Allah

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and we're going to look at

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some one or two other points inshallah. So one of the opinions that we want to want to look at here, and even actual Rahim Allah to Allah, He summarized in five different opinions, but even that, I think that some of them are

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difficult to or are not needed to mention, at least not in this kind of class at this kind of level. So even Okay, Thea, he said, that Mujahid said let me akun fokin moonta he had yet to obey and allow him will have

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meaning they will not stop. They said the word motherfucking means they will not stop. Meaning they will not stop their misguidance they will not stop their Cofer until

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this bainer comes to them.

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This Bay unit comes to them. So they're not going to stop this until the beginner comes to them.

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And if we need to be the Rasul sallallahu sallam, even kefir or him a lot Allah, He said the Quran. But in any case, when it comes to them, this is what is going to stop them

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from their coffee, or is going to take people among them who Allah Subhana, Allah blesses out of disbelief and out of their misguidance, because this baby and I came to them.

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So in this tavsiye, we would read it that the translation we will translate it as that those who disbelieve from the people of the book and the polytheists, will not cease to disbelieve until a clear evidence comes to them.

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This is one opinion. The second opinion we're going to look at is that they were united together until the Prophet came.

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How is that they were together until the Prophet seisen came? meaning all of them agreed that there when this prophet will come, we will support him, we will believe we will be with him. So the movie came from the Arabs. They said that any, for example from the answer, because remember, Medina is the perfect way to look at this because Medina, you had the Ansel, who were there from the ocean, the huzzle, Raj, you had the Jews who were there, and the Jews were forever, you know,

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sort of threatening the house and the hustle Raj, and saying to them that, you know, when the Prophet comes, we are going to be his supporters, we're going to be with him and we're going to, we're going to kill you kotla ad we're going to slaughter you like add or slaughtered, because you people are polytheists, and so on. And this whole concept was there that there is this profit coming and everyone was in agreement about following him and believing in Him. And you know, that we're going to fight you over it and so on. What made them motherfucking move therapy and what made them split apart is that the profit actually came. And this is that this is looking at things the other

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way around.

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So we said that the first

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opinion that we're going to take is that they that this ayah refers to the Muslims on Al Khattab, who were taken out of their coffers by the coming of the Prophet sighs and the second one that we're going to say is that the

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that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam that they were together they were the believed in or they were they were sure that they were going to follow the profits. And what split them apart is that he actually came to homophobia when he came that was what split them that was what split them apart. As for imagery.

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imagery, Rahim Allah, Allah, even God, he mentioned this that can definitely add as if it were assumed that they were in agreement on his description. They were in agreement that he was a Rasul. And when then when they when he came, they all split up. Some of them are believe some disbelieved, some followed, some didn't, some claim different things, but they all separated from each other when he came home to begin. So when the baby came, that was what made them that was what made them split. That was what made them split up.

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And there are other there are other opinions as well, who looked through the opinions that have been our short

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mentioned.

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One of the one of the wellmune another opinion third one, I just I'll suffice with this third one is that they will not move in fact, keen means means more likely that they will not die until the bay, you know, comes to that meaning one I couldn't Mr. Ivey being a hotter Nevada Rasulullah we will not punish them until a messenger is sent. So they will be moon fokin I separated from the dunya they won't die and pass away in the dunya

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Until I add those people at that time they they they didn't you know pass away and they weren't given a punishment nor hailstones came from the sky nor wind blew you know tore their houses apart habitat at your home will be here until the Prophet slicin came to them for these are three that we will mention that is inshallah to Allah sufficient otherwise is going to get more complicated. So what is the bayonet is the next question, because here are solar mineral law he yet also have what appears is that this is Tafseer Al Quran he will correct and the Tafseer of the Quran using the Quran because the Allies which has habitat at home will be unit rasuluh until the beaner comes, what

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is the base unit Rasulullah min Allah He has all sorts of animal taharah

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that it is a messenger from Allah, Who is reciting Surah 10 mortal Hara purified

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sort of purified scripture.

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here as we said in Nokia, it appears that Nokia he preferred that it is the core and I can inshallah those two are not far away from each other. I can inshallah, what it appears is that it doesn't really make sense to go away from the Tafseer that is already mentioned in this surah itself Rasul Amina Allah He has Lu Sophia moto Hara, the prophet sighs I'm used to recite. He used to recite Salatu laywer said Mr. Le. And he didn't used to read. He didn't used to read, because he was not like he said, Matt Anna Bukhari. I'm not a reader. I'm not someone who can read. But Allah azza wa jal, he gave him the ability to read. Like they say, I'm very cold like from that what was what his

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heart Allah had put into his heart, his memorization, Allah put into his heart.

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And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited what Allah subhanaw taala put into his heart what Allah subhanaw taala immediately kept within his heart like in sort Lkm

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led to Henrik

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be lisanna Kelly tarjay Debbie, don't make your tongue move trying to remember like as if you're trying to bring it quickly you're trying to remember it Don't. Don't move your tongue to noise if you're trying to keep something in your mind and your skin

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and you're trying to make your tongue

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in eyeliner Gemma who are called Anna fadeout, Clara now phetchaburi are caught Anna, that we will bring it together for you. And we will give you the ability to be able to recite it to be able to see. So Allah subhanaw taala put that for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam yet to circumvent mojarra

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this sort of stuff is a scroll or a scripture.

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Yet Allah azzawajal didn't give the Prophet sighs I'm a physical scripture as was given to some of the prophets before. REM Salatu was Salam like Moosa was given a little while, the tablets, where he had the stone tablets which is he was able to read from a cipher from a sort of from, from a scripture, whereas the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was told to read from the speech of Allah which is the Quran, and that speech is kept preserved.

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If you sort of Immortal Hara in purified scrolls, those scrolls are the scrolls that are mentioned in Surah, Abba Abba Sato and fiso heavy mocha Rama model for it in moto Hara ba de Safar ki Rahman Bharara in scrolls that are on it normal, raised up and pure I in the lower my fourth in the hands of angels who are noble and righteous.

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So the Prophet sighs lm used to recite the Quran and the Quran is recorded in the lower fourth few sort of in mocha Rama Murphy it Mota holla at Sephora cure amin Bharara peaceful haven't yet also Havana, moto hora fi have Koto boon

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chi gyimah fi her khudobin iema. Now, in these scriptures, there are books.

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In the scriptures there are books. Now here we have some different opinions about what the word kutub means here.

00:35:00--> 00:35:18

It said that the word kutub it means MK tube, something which is written down, meaning in the sort of in the Scripture, there are kutub A MK two, but things that are written down, things which have been written down, which are khayim.

00:35:19--> 00:35:42

And it's also said that akuto they mean the eye art, it means the eye out of fear. Kotoba IV is hyena and it's also said that the word kutub it means that I can the rulings and the regulations, because the word ketubot It can mean it can be given to me hakama or

00:35:44--> 00:36:20

to to make a judgement or even to make, you know, Papa, it can be used like that, for example. Yeah, you have Lavina Amman, katiba Ali camassia or you who believe fasting has been ruled to be obligatory for you, a ruling has been made that it's obligatory. So I said quote up here it can mean it can the rules and the regulations which are found within the recitation of the Prophet spice island that he recited, and or the ayat both of these can be can be fine, or both of these are acceptable to take as a tafsir

00:36:21--> 00:36:22

hyena here

00:36:24--> 00:36:41

it means it doesn't mean Kageyama here has nothing to do with what we say today's lpm like manners and values, ie my here it means like even Algeria Rahim Allah to Allah He said idealer Mr. keema

00:36:42--> 00:36:53

they are Mr. King, they bring about is their karma, they bring about upright, they may they make you they make it make you an upright, personal, righteous, and just

00:36:54--> 00:37:21

you know, correct. They don't have any mistakes in them. All of these are things that are mentioned for the word hi uma. So there are iarracht which have no mistakes, I act which bring about righteousness and being an upright Muslim ayat, which are just ayat which are at the, you know, at the peak of perfection, all of this comes under iema.

00:37:22--> 00:37:35

Like even rigida Rahim Allah to Allah He mentioned lace if he had caught up, there are no mistakes in them. Unlike Eliza, which I said dienen pM dienen PM,

00:37:36--> 00:37:51

ie must Hakim meaning upright. It doesn't have any a wedge in any crookedness in it, or anything flawed in it. It's completely upright and completely perfect.

00:37:59--> 00:38:02

Then Allah azza wa jal will come to the next

00:38:05--> 00:38:06

idea

00:38:07--> 00:38:13

that Eliza just said well montefalco levena Auto keytab Lm embeded demerger at home will be unit

00:38:15--> 00:38:25

and the people who are given the book didn't become separated until after the beginner came to them.

00:38:28--> 00:38:29

This is telling

00:38:30--> 00:38:35

about what happened to the people who were given scripture prior to us

00:38:37--> 00:39:23

and the beaner here doesn't have to be the same baby you know that is mentioned in the first idea here is telling us about what happened to the people who came before and what happened to the people who came before is tafolla Rocco they became ferok they became sex and they became groups and they became divided among themselves after the truth came to them. And this can be seen from Salt alley and Brian I am wondering five well it Kunal can lead in at a photo walk teller form embody manager a whole beginner to what would you call him, either one of the and don't be like those people who split up and differ with each other after that clear proofs came to them and they will have a great

00:39:23--> 00:39:23

punishment.

00:39:25--> 00:39:59

So Allah azza wa jal gave them the proof and established the proof to them. And yet after that, poof came they became sector groups. And that is what we are warned against in the Hadith of the Prophet size and inelia who the telev inelia who the telephone, and there was in Africa, where in the nasaka Allah who Allah taneous about in Africa was the deaf terrick who had the oma LS lF in was about in Africa kulu have inadi in our Haider Carlo mannheimia Rasul Allah column and enter la us hobby

00:40:01--> 00:40:37

He said that the Jews differ in their became 71 sects. And the Christians differed and they became 72 sects. And this unknown will break up into 73 sects. All of them are in the fire except one, the Sahaba they said who are that one or messenger of Allah, he said, what me and my companions are apart. What me and my companions are upon, even jarier Rahim Allah to Allah, he actually links this ayah to the first one. Because remember, even God, he said that they were all together,

00:40:38--> 00:40:52

believing in the characteristics that were described about the prophets, I send them and he's going to come and they're going to be as followers until he came. So even Jerry it links and says this, Isaiah says explaining the same

00:40:54--> 00:41:23

similar kind of concept here that the arrow key tab were all together until the proof came to them. And that is exactly what happened when the Prophet slicin came, they were all together. And then when the prophets Isom came, they split into groups, because the truth came and the proof came then they split into groups, those who believe those who didn't believe those who support those who didn't, and so on. they differed among each other and they fought among each other. After the proof came.

00:41:24--> 00:42:13

Others they said that this is simply explaining what happened before what they did what they did, the sinner of Al Khattab is that when the proof came to them, that's when they split up and wanting the Muslims from being like that, and from being from the people of Alberta, when our the people of innovation and desires who when the proof comes to them, they break up into groups every group is you know, B mile a day he or B mile a day him 31 every group is content with what they have every group is happy with what they've got. In other words, every group goes away thinking that there upon the truth, can you have enough all of them in the fight allow it to accept one what the prophet

00:42:13--> 00:42:57

sighs man his companions are upon. And this is from the ID that tells you so clearly without a shadow of a doubt that what is obligatory upon you and not which the edge of the Muslims is upon that it is obligatory for you to follow the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim in the way that the Sahaba and the self of this ummah understood it. And anyone who says anything other than that, power law, this person is among the people who have followed the sooner Valiquette up. The Huck came and abena came and they took a different way. And they took if they laugh, and they disagreed with each other, they fought with each other mean baddie major at home and being after the

00:42:57--> 00:43:03

baby and I came to them because the B unit is clear here. You were given a book

00:43:04--> 00:43:47

and are also Rasulullah min. Allah here to Soho from Malta hora, Fie her kotoba hyena, and among what you were given is the command to follow the Sahaba are on the lower and hongfa in Amman will be with Lima amen to be edited out if they believe like you people believe they are guided by Intel a loafer in mmm fishy cork and if they turn away, then they are only in disarray. They are different from you from the companions of your law and Robbie Alomar and worldwide allies pleased with them, they are pleased with him. And so many statements. were cool. And what are the lower personnel all of them a lot of promise paradise, a larger love you earlier told you he sent you error school he

00:43:47--> 00:44:28

sent you a core and he sent you the command ma Anna, either us hobby what me and my companions are upon. This is your beginner, how can you then have left Iraq and form this group and this group and not group and this one is learning from the Indians and this one is learning from the Greeks and this one is learning from the Romans and from the disbelievers among them and the philosophers among them. And this one is learning the beliefs of the Christians and the Jews and taking those beliefs into Islam. And this one is resembling the polytheists and this one is resembling Hannah law, you were given a beginner you were given our soul and our book, and a command to follow the raw soul and

00:44:28--> 00:44:59

to follow the companions will all be alone, and that's the biggie and that's what we should never depart from. And this is also contains a warning against resembling Al Kitab resembling the People of the Book so that we don't resemble them. We don't appear like them and we don't even come near to them in any way. Because these are people who Subhan Allah. When you see you can see that they are people who the Huck came to them the truth came

00:45:00--> 00:45:28

To them, and then they went away. And then they went away, either because they didn't know the truth. And they were alone, or because they knew the truth, but they were too jealous and too oppressive and too full of evil and hatred to follow it like Alma de la him. So we must never ever be like that, like, Toby lay him. And we must never ever be like a balloon. And we must make our effort to separate ourselves from Al Khattab

00:45:30--> 00:46:11

and no doubt I'll get up. They have a closeness to us in the sense of there is a it should be easy to call them to Islam. And it should be easy to bring them to Islam by the permission of Allah azza wa jal and we've mentioned in our head even Buddha Han Miranda Heidi's of Mars in architetti, Coleman Al Kitab, you're going to a people of the book, Valley icon, our limited room la chahatein, la la la la like the first thing you call them be to worship to the worship of a lot to the fact there's one God who deserves to be worshipped and nor God that deserves to be worshipped by him to the oneness of Allah azza wa jal, but ultimately, we recognize that Al Khattab they differed from

00:46:11--> 00:46:22

the truth, they formed groups and sects, and they turned away from me from the truth after it came to them. So we don't want to be like those people.

00:46:23--> 00:46:30

One only one in Delhi Abdullah and they were only commanded to worship Allah

00:46:31--> 00:46:53

subhanaw taala. Somehow, they will only commanded allies though he didn't command them to make the sects and groups and the safety laugh and this debate and this argumentation, but Allah commanded them to worship Allah, morally seen Allah who did and to make the religion sincerely for him alone.

00:46:55--> 00:47:29

That's what Allah commanded the Muslims and he commanded Al Kitab and he commanded the Muslim keen, and he commanded men fill out the gemi everyone on the earth. He commanded them from the jinn and from the men warmer Hello octal Jean Noel INSA. In Delhi Abu only created the jinn and the men to worship Me alone one our army or elderly Abdullah they were only commanded to worship Allah. How can someone after this ayah this been after this ayah came to them say that Islam is not built upon to hate

00:47:30--> 00:48:25

for life Islam is not built upon to heat. Then what is Islam built upon? One mural in Delhi Abu LA, they were only commanded to worship Allah. That's it. That's what Islam is all of Islam from the all of the furore all of the pillars of Salah there's a car, the Hajj, the fasting, every single bit of it, all of it is the ability to establish the worship of Allah azza wa jal in Delhi Abu lahab meclizine Allahu Deen and further religion to be last sincerely only solely for Eliza which are known for Neff the word Hernan it comes originally from an email to turn away from one fr to effort to incline a we move away from something not so much sometimes the translation they call it

00:48:25--> 00:48:34

inclining towards but actually we're gonna face the opposite is actually turning away from something inclining away from something.

00:48:36--> 00:49:21

So here, what are they going away from? They're going away from a ship, B and E with all of its types, test Li the Trinity and the rabbis and the monks who are legislating what allies are jolted and legislate and the idols and the belief in the stars and the Egypt and the tower hooten the magic and all of the things that that people believed in, turning away from all of that. So when you turn your face away from every kind of shift, what is left, what is left is worshipping Allah azza wa jal alone, and that is what the religion of Islam is called. It is Hanif is the religion of Ibrahim

00:49:22--> 00:49:37

miletti Ibrahim, it is the religion of Ibrahim hanifa milanesa Ibrahima hanifa. The religion of Ebrahim which is Hanif turn away from everything

00:49:38--> 00:49:40

except worshipping Allah alone.

00:49:42--> 00:49:43

Whenever

00:49:46--> 00:49:59

and the word Hernando here is the second part of any that the Shahada take and hear the word Hernan thought you can, you can take from it abara mean ushiku that we turn away from and we disassociate

00:50:00--> 00:50:05

ourselves and we cut ourselves off from a ship and we cut ourselves off from the people of ship.

00:50:07--> 00:50:27

We have nothing to do with a ship bill is urgent. And we have nothing to do with the people who do it from a healthy tab from the machine from all of the different types of the Kufa. kuliah you healthcare for your own law abou my taboo. I don't worship what you worship, I never did, and I won't, and I'm not and I never will.

00:50:28--> 00:51:14

That's what capital means, right? We did the Tafseer from social capital. Here is the word whenever I'm turning away from everything else, to worship Allah subhanaw taala alone, to worship Allah azza wa jal where you clean masala and the Salah here they established the prayer because the Salah is an essential part of the religion. And the Salah is the most important of the physical Acts where you Zakah and it's the most important of the financial acts, the Zika they give this a card establish the plan they give the Zika and this is also an evidence that actions are an essential part of your religion. It's not enough that your heart turns away from shidduch and turns towards though he'd

00:51:14--> 00:51:26

rather you have to bring our mad silence. You have to bring righteous actions while you're playing masala while you're to soccer Weatherly Kadena Yuma and this is the religion

00:51:28--> 00:52:12

which is and here, Dino ibma is another one it's very difficult to make Tafseer of because the understanding is is not too bad to a dean, meaning a religion or a way of life and Kageyama we said is, is either Mr. keema or mortadella. It's either righteous or upright or fair or just or balanced or whatever you want to call it. But broadly speaking here without getting too complicated, some of the scholars of Tafseer they said that it refers to the oma that there is a oma we're it's the religion of the oma, which is Mr. keema the religion of the oma which is the upright armor, the armor that is standing upright with no

00:52:13--> 00:52:15

corruption in it and no

00:52:16--> 00:52:58

no deviation in it. And some of them said that it refers to the minute the way of worshipping Allah, that the way of worshipping allies is their karma, spring firm and operate. And it's their karma also is a huge topic. But we've talked about some of the different definitions in the past, I've done some explanations of the of the the I in the livina Karla Robin along with Mr. Karma, those who say Our Lord is alive and they stand firm stand upright, that some, for example, some of the companions, they had different explanations of it, some of them said to worship Allah not to make any partner with him. And, and, and other explanations of this, but it is the religion that has is

00:52:58--> 00:53:06

the karma in the religion that has uprightness and, and being firm and operate, and being far away from,

00:53:07--> 00:53:15

you know, sliding or veering off to the left and the right staying on the straight path. And likewise, it is the oma that is upright,

00:53:16--> 00:53:42

and the nation that is upright. And we mentioned quantum clear, automatic, reject the nest model, model, if you attend how 91 carry what we know Nabila, you're the best nation that was ever brought out for the people, you command what is good and you forbid what is evil and you believe in a lot. So I didn't want to get too complicated with Dino iema. Because a lot of the complication is a linguistic problem. Like is itself it's difficult to

00:53:44--> 00:53:52

explain grammatically and linguistically, but it's in terms of the meaning shall have to either those are two of the most common

00:53:55--> 00:54:04

meanings that are taken that either that it's the mother is upright or the religion and the ways the practicing within the religion that is upright just not

00:54:06--> 00:54:07

aligned. So a gel.

00:54:09--> 00:54:19

He told us in a levena cathodal Minh Al Kitab mushrikeen, Effie nadie Johanna Hardy, Deena fi ha Ola ecohome Chateau Berea

00:54:21--> 00:54:35

Indeed, those who disbelieve from the people of the book and the mushrikeen the polytheists from the Arabs and the non Arabs are in the fire of Jana. living there in forever. They are the worst of creation.

00:54:37--> 00:54:43

Cheryl barrier, Allah azza wa jal described them as the worst of creation.

00:54:44--> 00:54:59

soprano Todd and he didn't even say they are the worst of the jinn in the men. He said they are the worst of creation. They are worse than the animals. They're worse than the insects. They're worse than

00:55:00--> 00:55:18

The you know the even the animals that are that are what's the word that are the you look down upon the animals that are unclean, even they're even worse than them they are sheltered very, they're the worst of all of the things that Allah created

00:55:19--> 00:55:34

those people who disbelief from Alcatel shrieking and so now the evidence for the fact that we should not be copying them resembling them or mentorship or hubie Coleman for women home whoever resembles a people is one of them.

00:55:36--> 00:55:48

In contrast to them in a Latina M and while I'm in a slightly higher to a higher role barrier, those who believe and do good deeds, they are the best of everything that Allah created.

00:55:51--> 00:56:36

In the first IO we're talking about here it's the number six. I want to again just clarify Al Khattab and Alicia Kean. Both of them are in now, Jana, and that again gets you away from those people who misunderstood some of the ayat of the Quran, like the statement of Eliza Jelena levena M and well Irina had one nosara or Sabine M and M and A belay will Yomi fly Mila slyly her fellow home in Dharavi him while our whole family more than one. They understood this to mean that the Jews and the Christians and the Muslims will all be happy in gender together and so on. In alladhina cafaro Al Kitab Lucia Akina, pinata Jana, those who disbelief from the people of the book in the Mashallah

00:56:36--> 00:57:19

keen would be a naughty Jana, rather the iron sort of duck Al Baqarah. There are different opinions about it. Some of the scholars said it is men Sokka is abrogated, and others and I believe it's not abrogated, rather it's the statement of alarm and Myrna belay an am and a belay. William will ask me why mula salia. Whether believes in Allah, and the last day and does good deeds, ie the Jews who then believe in Allah they believe in the prophets that was sent to them. And the last prophet that was sent Salatu was Salam ra while he was so upset and they will be engender the Christians who believe in the prophets that were sent to them the scripture sent them and then when they see the

00:57:19--> 00:57:49

Prophet Mohammed seisen, they believe in Him, they will be in gender and not those people who believe in masa and then disbelieve in Isa and Mohammed or those people who believe in ERISA, but then disbelieved in Mohammed. aleikum. Wa Salatu was Salam. They will be those people who disbelieve in the prophets, even if it is one of them. They will be finetti Johanna Hadid in a fire in the fire of jahannam and they'll be in it forever. And they are the worst of all the things that Allah created shattered Betty Yeah.

00:57:51--> 00:58:30

Because he abara means halaqa for a lot means create so Barry Yeah, they are. And mahalo cart the things which Allah, Allah Holika, which Allah subhanaw taala created those people who believe and they believe in their hearts and and they affirm their belief with their tongues, and they do righteous deeds, with their tongues and their limbs, either absolutely man, the man that is in the heart and on the tongue and with the limbs, they are Hyrule barrier. They are Hyrule barrier. They are the best of all that Allah azza wa jal

00:58:31--> 00:58:32

created.

00:58:42--> 00:58:55

Alonzo just said Joseph Mengele, be him Jenna to add in tragedy mentality and how Holly Dean if he had Ravi Allahu anhu what I'll do I'm Valley kelemen, harsh yarrabah

00:58:56--> 00:59:54

jezza on the recompense and GSR can be used for good or bad, but here for good. The recompense either award of the people who do believe and do good deeds in the sight of their Lord or with their Lord Yokoyama, generally Jana to add it to a karma gardens that they will reside in a paradise and the word paradise it comes from a gender, gender is what it's a garden that is so full of its its greenery, and it's a it's the vegetation and the things that are growing in it, that you can't see inside to the inside of it because it is protected by the lush sort of greenery that is growing around it. That's what the word GMan noon and noon, it is to conceal something for something to be

00:59:54--> 01:00:00

hidden. So it's like a hidden garden. Maybe that's a good that's a good word hidden garden, generally.

01:00:00--> 01:00:08

Not the hidden gardens, the gardens that are what is within them. I hidden, Jenna to add in.

01:00:09--> 01:00:28

I didn't hear it means a comma and he did they will stay that where they will reside in them, tagging him in tactical and underneath them the rivers flow underneath them the rivers flow Harley Dena yeah but they will live there in forever.

01:00:30--> 01:00:36

So underneath the palaces underneath the trees underneath the ground, the rivers will flow

01:00:39--> 01:01:27

and they will be there in forever or the Allahu unknown. Allah is pleased with them worried one woman Allahu Akbar, and the pleasure of Allah is greater than all the things that Allah has given them in the agenda than the rivers and the unharmed and the paradise and the agenda to add in the secret gardens, the hidden gardens. Better than all of that worried one, amin Allahu Akbar, the pleasure of Allah is greater than all of that, and that they will look upon the face of allies origin. In agenda we'll come to that we make the tipsy of some of the ayat which will be oma even now there are a lot of behind now there are and so on. Probably Allah where I'm home, what I'll do

01:01:27--> 01:01:43

I'm and they will be pleased with Allah, they will be pleased with everything allies are jealous given them and that's why in the in the mid third talk about looking at a lot. So whichever last pantalla will ask the people of gender, Allah will ask them about the contentment they have.

01:01:44--> 01:01:50

And they will say have you not brightened our faces? Have you not given their allies giving them everything that they want engine

01:01:51--> 01:02:06

and then Allah subhanaw taala will remove the veil that is between him and them and they will look upon his face and they will forget all of the blessings that they had in gender. What if one woman ally Akbar, the pleasure of Allah is greater, but they will be pleased with everything that Allah has given? What are

01:02:08--> 01:02:16

the early kelemen Hershey araba this is for the one who has Harsha of his Lord. Now we've mentioned Hershey

01:02:17--> 01:02:31

in other lectures and classes, that it is a whole model in its fear, that comes with knowledge, fear, that comes with knowledge,

01:02:32--> 01:02:49

fear, without knowledge. know like when people are scared of things that are going to happen to them. Can they don't, they don't really know what they're scared of. They don't really understand they're just scared. But a harsh yet, is when you know what you're scared of.

01:02:50--> 01:03:39

You know, Allah, and you know the greatness of a lion. You know why Allah is deserving for you to fear Him. And this sort of all of this reward comes for the people who have harsher of Allah, those people who fear Allah when they're alone, those people who fear Allah when nobody sees them except Allah, those people who fear a lot because they know Allah and the noise as man, his effort, his names and his attributes and his eyes efile his actions. And because of that, they're scared of our last panel data. And not all of that leads them to what Jeanette had tagged him in, that he had and how, Holly Dena fear abita, robiola and horrible and all of that, from her sheer mass from the great

01:03:41--> 01:04:31

the great rewards and the great position of Russia, in Islam, of having fear of Allah is based upon knowing Allah azza wa jal and knowing his names and attributes and actions, and it keeps a person away from doing the Haram and it leads them to generate either it leads them to permanent residence in the gardens, the hidden gardens of Paradise, and it leads them to the pleasure of Allah azza wa jal and another energy he came to look at his normal face to panel to Allah. All of this comes from Allah Harsha. So this is something that we should also look at develop within ourselves. And we asked the last panel to add to correct us and we ask Allah subhanaw taala to give us our taqwa.

01:04:32--> 01:04:59

lamattina for Sen wa was a key hunter hi Romans aka enter whether you have a mala Allah, give us our hearts, their, their taqwa give us ourselves our give us our neffs our taqwa and purify us because you're the best of those who purifiers. You are until when you have you are the one who takes care of us and takes care of our souls and takes care of our hearts and you are

01:05:00--> 01:05:43

Most of them you are the one who protects us. You are the one who takes care of us. And so we ask Allah Subhana Allah to purify us and to give us our taekwon to grant us Oh, Harsha. That's what Allah made easy for us to mention. In reality as we said, It is one of the more difficult, certain ayat within the soraa to make Tafseer of, but we tried to just simplify it, keep it easy for people to understand, and inshallah huhtala. We will be continuing. As we said, the next class coming up will be Tuesday, jollof to Allah and that's going to be at 7pm. UK time. And it's going to be below Milan, keytab zakka and Tafseer continuing on a Friday at 7pm as well. That's what Allah made easy

01:05:43--> 01:06:01

for me to mention and Alon was best wa Salatu was Salam. I don't remember all theoretically. I mean, maybe you know Mohammed, while and he was so happy he may just come along later on for watching. Please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com