Dream BIG Arabic Intensive – Day 3 P2
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Series: Nouman Ali Khan - Dream BIG Arabic Intensive
File Size: 142.45MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
The spill on salatu salam O Allah rasool Allah, Allah Allah He was happy as vain As salam o alaikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
I was going over some of your questions. And, you know, a lot of you have questions about what are we going to do after this course? How do you continue and all that stuff? I'm ignoring those questions. I'm going to tell you about that stuff when you're ready to hear about that stuff. Right now. You're just on day three. So relax. We'll get there. But there are questions related to the material we have covered. And I think the hardest one from yesterday, I want to go over that with you.
And that is Aina
aina. And how do you make that heavy and the conversion was a little bit difficult. So work with me here? I'm going to start with the word. Mostly mostly men.
Mostly men, and you can try to give me the light version of this. Can you?
Mostly more? That's the live version? Everybody's clear about that. Okay. Now, mostly men.
Do I keep the Oliver No.
You remember, I don't keep the LF. Yeah. Okay, now.
Let's keep those two I'll keep most li ma Muslim men. And most li ma. Okay. Now, most li Manny
that's from the second column was the money. Right? Guys? Show the screen please. Everybody.
You can show the screen mostly Manny. And what's the lite version?
You just take the noon off, you keep the rest. You keep the rest. That's the lite version. Everybody agree? Okay. So I want you to compare
this over here. To this over here. Just want you to compare.
Yeah. How do you read the first one? The one on top in the black box? What's the mat? How do you read the bottom one? Okay, so now if I asked you to go backwards, I showed you Muslimah go backwards. What would you give me? Mostly men. But if I asked you to show me mostly money, or mostly MMA go backwards. You'd give me most of the money. Now let's go to the question we were doing.
The word was i na.
And now we're asking you to go backwards, aren't I? Is that similar to Muslim? Ah or Muslim? Ah.
And that's why when you go backwards, what are you gonna get?
i That makes sense. Now. Solved. Okay, good.
hamdulillah So, the good news is we're done with Status. Status is done. That means officially I can give you any word in the Quran if it's an Assam and you should be able to tell me its status.
That's what that means.
Let's put that to the test. I'm gonna do five five quiz questions randomly from the Quran kala Surah
Can I have
Okay, can I have let's take iron number 17 to 27 Alrighty.
Yeah, I'm so cool because I can do that. Okay.
All right. Let's start with a shumsa Impress me
nuts Knutsson Very good. nasib ending sound recombination.
Okay, important question later heavy
very good. As we learned in class the sun is irrelevant. Very good. Okay.
Why is it irrelevant
once you got
question number two, job, sound or combination.
was almost happy
Muslim or non Muslim or non Muslim 18 What's the combination?
No, okay. Muslim, a tiny Muslim, a tiny Muslim at any and then the feminine plural combination. What's that?
Was li ma tone was Lima tin Muslimah didn't know you're reading Fajr wetin Are you reading fudge? whatton. So that's not a combination. Now, some of you when you were learning to read Quran, I know I did this when you were little your parents sent you to, you know,
martial arts school also called the Quran program.
where you got your hardcore training and you're reading, and my teacher used to be like this back in Serbia, he used to have the biggest keychain of ever in human civilization. I don't know why he had that many keys. And he would be sitting there all the kids would be in a circle. They're all reading Quran. And he's just, I don't know how he's listening to everyone at the same time. But he is. But the moment he would notice that somebody's not making sounds, you know what he would do with his keychain? Right?
Right. So the kids knew that if they don't make sounds, they're gonna get the key to life. Right. So what they will do if they and some kids are slow at reading the can't read, like that says, fudge what in, but they're like,
just, ah, too late. So what some students came up with as a solution, when you say one letter, and you're still working on the second letter, just singing between just for
fun, and you
because it's still some sound coming and you will be safe from the keys to paradise. So that when you do that here, and you say fudge
in when you do that, what would be the problem with that?
That would sound like a which would make it plural, which would change the meaning, isn't it? So if it's short, you got to keep it short. If it's long, you gotta keep it long. Okay. I Yachty.
Let me let me color it. Hold on.
So you guys can see well, I Yachty.
I disagree with John. I disagree with Jeff.
Is it my first question is always what we've done this a couple of days. Now, what's my first question? Sound or
so now you tell me if this is a sound or a combination?
How do you know? Okay, some people are saying it's a combination, and I tend to agree. But why are you saying it's a combination?
Tone, thin, thin, but it's not a thin? It's a tea. So?
Oh, it's a light combination? Very good. So it's a combination. Okay, this combination happens how many times?
Which two times?
So it could be NASA and it could be gr it's plural feminine Nosov origin. Okay. Of course in the eye in the eye, it's one of them. But you don't have enough knowledge yet to say which one? So for now for you the answer is could be nothing could be job. Okay.
Yes, I can explain why it's combination. Again, if you if you if you open page six, I'll open it for you to go back to page six.
And you look at the second chart,
and you look at the end this part.
Read the ending for me mostly, ma tone is that sound or combination? Okay, and there's three of them. Tone, thin, thin now see these three combinations in their light version?
Two, tea, tea. Okay, so now if I come back here, and I read Are ya tea?
Do you hear the key? Wouldn't that make it a combination? That's why
right it is a single word and that word is your tone.
Your tone and when you make it to you make it tiny.
And when you make a plural you make it what? Yeah tone.
But if you see IR tone, you can say but the word is singular. Yes it is. That's an adorable version. It's just not the word we're looking at right now. Okay
how many did I do three Okay two more
Oh, I like this one
roughly refer at NASA job
my first question is what always you tell me my first question.
Thank you. There's only two and
So this is actually sound which is what status
let me pick a hard one
because why would I make life easy for you?
All of them are so little gaff, thank Allah
Okay, we'll go over easy
it says Roger men. That's right, Roger men.
Okay, the meme symbol is just because it's connecting to the bar afterwards. But it's still regimen. What you got?
How many NASM?
One muscle, one muscle. Okay.
I'm going to write some things on the screen, you make sure that you understand everything that I'm writing down. I just need to make sure that you know, how many kinds of words are there?
Okay, that's an Arabic Hold on.
Three cut off, stop it.
Computer. Why isn't it going back to Okay, three kinds of words which are this M? l
of isn't anybody? Status number.
for lessons of status one.
Forms of status which are
refer now some job. Okay, how to tell status.
Sounds, combos, pronouns. Pronouns are rebels, remember?
That's the second lesson. Okay. Third
are pronouns. We haven't done them yet. But I just said pronouns are crazy. I'll teach you later.
How light versus
we covered that already. How many reasons are there in Arabic for a word to be light? We don't know them. But we know therefore. Okay. And last one.
Flexibility, which is how many flexibilities fully? Non and the complicated. Partly, which is the one I care about ooh, ah, and.
Right. This is a summary with something's missing. But this is an overall summary of everything we took two days to do. And how to apply. This is where we are right now. Which means status is complete. Okay.
we're going to start doing number.
In English, they're singular, and there's what?
They're singular and there's plural.
Arabic is crazy.
There's singular, obviously, there's also pair, okay, then there is masculine plural, then there's feminine plural.
Then there is human broken plural. Then there's non human, broken, plural. And then there's plural because
the Arabs said so.
The Arabs are really into their plurals when we're studying number. We're basically studying plurals. The whole study of number is just a study of what? plurals and there are five kinds of plurals pair you already know what's pair Annie? Aney Aney. Singular you already know on an N, you already know.
The masculine plural, you already know what's the masculine plural. Una inner, inner. Okay, this is getting easy. We already know that much. The feminine plural guess what do you already know? Yes. Tune in Artin. What do we not know?
We don't know human broken pearl. We don't know non human broken plural. And we don't know plural because the Arabs said so. Okay. I'm going to start with a couple of things about the masculine and the feminine plurals which we already did. I want you to go back to page six. And I want you to write something there for me. That's the best place to write it. Page six.
And you're writing it in for the plural column. This this column right here only the plural the mass
Elim plural una inner inner,
inner Inner Inner is used
is used for people or intelligent beings,
people or intelligent beings
so it doesn't include your best friend
guna in AI is used for people or intelligent beings now what are the intelligent beings in Islamic literature?
Angels will be una ina Ina. Okay. Gents will also be una ina in will cows be Guna? Ina Ina? No doesn't matter how smart your cow is. We got beef they're not going to give guna in a nutshell cow chicken.
No. Books, chairs tables.
So this is only for intelligent beings by the way sometimes Allah uses the plural for himself as a show of royalty. So you might even find it for Allah himself. In the Quran owner in a in a you might find it for Allah also for for example, and Tom does Allah Runa who I'm not nozari Runa Allah says about himself, Zadie una una. But that's a show of Allah's royalty. Okay, so guna in a nose only use for what intelligent beings Yes. The other thing you should note here is includes males and females includes males and females. In English, when I say the students arrived, the students arrived.
Does that include males and females? Yeah, it's like that.
It's not because the word students is purposely masculine or purposely feminine. It's the standard human plural. The standard is una Ina. So it includes automatically includes females. Okay.
Now let's take some notes on tone Athan and atoms are
used for humans
meaning use for women
and used for
non human words also.
non human words also.
So, for example, what's the word for skies?
Some are whatton some are Whaddon. Some are white and is that a human word or non human word. But you can see our tonality nothing on it. Or IR tone IR in IR tin. Baraka tone Baraka tin Baraka tin, the Yerba tune, the Yerba din, the Yerba tin, Rahama, tone, Rahama din or Hamerton. What are these words? Are they human or not? They're just either their ideas or, you know, places like that. So, those kinds of places, or those kinds of ideas can also be out on Earth. And so it's not always the moment you see art and art in art, and you should automatically not go to Oh, this must be people. Could be could be women, but could be other things, too. Okay.
So that's and the other thing is, what did una include?
What did guna include?
Yeah, this one is exclusively feminine.
You have to make sure you know that the feminine is exclusively feminine. I saw a hand I didn't pick Yes.
No, pairs are not a problem. The pairs you can use for anything. The singular you can use for anything. There's no limitations on the singular. And there's no limitations on the pair when there are restrictions. They're only on the plural. So for humans, these are the plurals for and there are others but the if you see these it has to be humans. And if you see art on art, and it could be humans, it could be somebody else. But to machines must be Danny to people mostly Manny or Giuliani, Mr. Attorney, etc, etc. Okay.
So we don't care about the singular and the pair because they're open anything. Anything's possible. Okay?
All right. So that's, we're done with these two masculine plural and feminine plural are done.
Let me let me start marking off what's done singular is done. Pair is done. We already did that couple first couple of days. What's left?
Human broken Pearl, nonhuman broken plural and plural because the Arabs said so I'm going
Gonna get rid of plural because the Arab said so I'll help you with this first.
write down these three words.
current for you. That's good enough. Three words NAS comb. Karan
in Arabic NAS calm corn
NASS calm calm.
Nas means people.
Nas means people. Calm means nation
can also mean group. Calm can be made nation it can also mean Group.
Group and garden can mean generation.
that the team
the team is good. Is that good English the team is good.
That's good English. You know what else is good English? The team are good.
The team is good is okay. And the team are good is also? Okay. Actually it is. It's actually okay.
The military is powerful, and the military are powerful are both correct English. They're both correct English.
Some words in English we call them collective nouns. Group class, okay, the class is active, the class are late.
Both Correct. Technically, one gets more used than the other so we get more used to it. But the idea is actually if a noun has the meaning of many in it a collective noun, then you can use it in the singular or you can use it in the plural. There are a handful of collective nouns that you will find in the Quran. When they're used. They're used as plurals. Even though the translation may be a nation, a nation is one nation, right?
But you might find a nation being talked about in the Quran as if it is plural. And that's not because there are many nations is because there are many people in the nation, you understand? So the same thing with generation the Generation is one generation, but it's made up of what many people so these these are the kinds of words and these are three Quran words that you might find are plural and the answer why are they plural? What did I explain it as? Because the Arabs had so plural because the Arabs so okay, that's most of our job is done with Number The only two things are left what are they?
Human broken Perl and non human broken Perl, I will give you warning. Now, I got the easy stuff out of the way. And before Multilib I need to make sure this in gender is done. This and gender, we can do it. But I need you guys to just accept something. I need you to accept something. In every language, some things are crazy.
It's just how it is. Every language has some things that are weird.
And you just have to what?
Accept it. You can't. Why are you Why do people do that? Why? No, no, you just have to what? This is going to be one of those things, which you say why? Just accept it. Okay, just accept it. And just help you understand this. I shall tell you a story I've been telling for 20 years.
macro economics class back when I was in college in 1875. And our professor was a PhD exchange student from China.
And he had a very thick accent.
And we had no idea what he's saying. The class was 300 students in the auditorium. He's lecturing for an hour and a half some of the best sleep of my life. The midterm was coming. Two days from then and the entire class signed a petition to delay the midterm because we just don't understand our professor. We cannot understand his English. We use that as an excuse to see if we can get the department to delay the midterm. Okay. Professor Wang came the next day to class and you put up instead of his usual PowerPoint about widgets and supply and demand. He put up a PowerPoint that said Professor Wang's list of complaints against English.
So he says you come
thing about my language I complain about your language
so he said it your language makes no sense to me. You people park on a driveway
and you drive on a parkway
and he says the plural of goose the plural of goose is geese. But the plural of moose is not nice.
And the plural of tooth
what's the plural of tooth teeth? But the plural of booth
is not beef
speaking he says
okay, so, he had a point
there are you know, okay the what's the plural of booth by the way?
booths. So, if somebody learned Oh, English is easy, if you want to make something plural just put an S and he goes to the dentist and says my tooth is on hurting
you know, if I say for example,
car plural cars child gyres.
this like English thing, the English language and moose of course and what what was it? Nice, right? No? Okay. Okay, how about this one?
House, hi nice.
You know, and somebody says, Why did you Why couldn't you do mouse's? Why did you have to do mice? And you say, Listen, this is our language. It's mice get used to it. This is our thing. We do it. Okay, so this happens in English yes or no? Okay. Now, let me tell you the difference between mice. I'm going to compare mice and houses and I want you to understand something
that will build our knowledge of the Arabic concept. So let me erase the others. Okay. The plural of mouse's mice and the plural of houses, houses, okay. In one of them, I kept the spelling of the singular, and I didn't break the spelling.
I only added to it but I kept the word intact. Which one
when I said mice, though, did I break the original word? I broke it. I didn't say mouse's I said mice I kept some sounds. But I basically broke the word when you make a plural and you break the singular that's called a broken plural.
When you make a singular when you make a plural and it doesn't look like the singular anymore it broke. That would be a broken plural. Let's try this on the Arabic side you have Muslim one
Yeah, Muslim on and then you have mostly Munna
is the word Muslims still there? And then we added to it.
It's still there, isn't it? You know what that means? That Muslim Munna is not? A broken plural? Mostly Munna is not a broken plural. Here's another way you can test if something is broken parole or not. Imagine I have a recording of the word Muslim Munna. I just have a once somebody sent you a whatsapp voice note and it says what? Muslim Munna? Is there a point in that recording where you can pause it and cut the rest and you still have the word Muslim there? Yes, that's not a broken plural. Because the word is still there. You can still hear the original word you with me? Okay, now watch this. Are
you familiar with this word?
Okay. The plural of Masjid in Arabic is masajid.
The plural of Masjid is what? Massage if you heard massage it before? I love when some of these kids speak like Arabic English. They're like I love the massage. It's
I was like it's already plural, bro. You don't need you don't need the extra s
or I love these are llamas automize already plural. You don't need the estimate your floral.
Anyway, so masjid, singular massages plural if I sent you a voice note with the word massage it could you cut it at some point and leave the rest and you still have the original word Masjid left or no? No, I broke something in the middle. I broke something in the middle okay. So this will this must be a broken plural. Okay, now what about this Kitab goon Kitab means Book. Kitab means Book
cuttlebone is the plural. Good one is the plural of GitHub. Is that a broken plural or irregular plural?
This is like mouse and mice. This is like mouse and mice, isn't it? Okay, let's try another one.
Or soon messenger, what's the plural of Rasul? Also known messengers?
What do you think? Broken or regular?
is broken? Because the original word did not start with RU. It started with raw even if I break it a little bit is broken. I need the exact original word or it's broken. You with me? Okay, what about this?
broken or not?
No, it's not a it's not a broken plural. Why not?
Because if you had a voice note of Rosu, Luna, you would still hear what Rasool paws una, you would hear it this is not broken. Do you understand what the difference is between broken and non broken? Okay, so now, the chart that we learned was regular plurals. What the chart does not cover is what? Broken totals okay. Now broken plurals. You should know a few things about them about about broken plurals
about Yeah, of course.
Both and I'll explain is the plural for azul Rasul? Or is the plural for Rasul or Soluna. Both are correct. plurals. Arabic allows you to have multiple plurals. It's pretty cool. What they each mean something special, which is even cooler. Now, what does that mean? That tells me right now, no, I shall not tell you. I shall make you thirst for this knowledge and feel the pain of not knowing. And then I shall tell you later. Okay. Okay. About BPS BP is not British Petroleum. I'm not referring to a gas station. I'm saying broken plurals, one. You can't predict what they're going to be.
You I mean, I can't You can't.
Just like some foreigner could not predict that mouse was going to be my some some English speaking person at the time. That's not mouse's. As mice, bro. Somebody couldn't have predicted the tooth was going to be teeth. They would have guessed wrongly that it's going to be tooth and somebody who speaks English would have had to tell him and oh, by the way, this one's teeth. Okay. So you can't predict what they're going to be. You know what that means? That means your vocabulary work is cut out for you.
Because whenever there's a word, and it has a broken plural, you're going to have to learn that word. And you're going to have to learn it's broken plural to.
Here's the good news though.
Most words have broken plurals.
Wait, that's not good news.
Most words have what? Broken plurals which means when you know a word in Arabic, chances are that it's plural is what raka Yes, lots and lots of words have guna and ina Of course our to then attend the regular endings. But lots of them if not most have broken pearls. Okay.
So this is a problem not of grammar, but of what vocabulary that's my second observation. Here's my third most important odd resume observation
meaning without knowing what it means.
They look singular because they don't have combination.
Rather they have what ending what
and exams. Now when I learned Muslim on Muslim and Muslim in
ending sounds ending sounds go in which column?
No, they don't go though. They're going to singular column. But now we know when you see an ending sound. It could be singular. It could also be a broken plural not just any plural. It has to be a broken for broken plurals also have ending sounds.
So let me show you an example. Kita boon. Let me make that bigger. Hold on.
Give me the reference of jar of guitar one.
Guitar bone guitar one guitar been the pair is guitar Bernie. Guitar Bernie guitar benei guitar benei there's no such thing as a broken pair that only happens
In real life, not in grammar, okay? So there's no broken pair pairs or pairs on the ad as always. But when it comes to the plural what happens?
Go to Boone, go to Ben and go to
Ben, go to one, go to one go to the endings look exactly like which column.
The first column, the singular column. So when you look at it, you're like, oh, this word is singular. No, no, no. The only way you could tell it's not singular. What's the secret? Vocabulary? Without vocabulary? It looks to you like it's what?
It's singular. But with vocabulary. Oh, now we know the difference between guitar Boone and cuttlebone. So let's take another example of this. What if I had
That's one. So what's the refer Nestle jar of one messenger or soon? Or Sulan or Sulan? Okay, how do you say to messengers or sulamani Rosu Lany Rosu lainnya there is no variations in the pears, pears or pears they always work. When you get to the plural What do you get?
are also loan refer Rusu learn and Rusu Lin so on and so again, again.
Okay, so again, how are we going to solve this problem only by learning what vocabulary now, I'm not going to teach you I'll teach you what the vocabulary in this class, what I call critical vocabulary. There's vocabulary that happens on every page of the Quran, I will teach you that vocabulary. In fact, there's guna and Ina and own and in and it doesn't happen on every page of the Quran. Yeah, every page has every page have ending sounds and nd every everything combinations. Totally. So you're already learning some vocabulary. Yesterday you learned who I forget the rest.
I see if I don't see this, the awkward smiles of silence from some of you. Some of you are like who are home you're trying other ones like
this is one of those really bad shoddy photos you take.
Who Oh my home here, Homer Hana and and toma and Tom, auntie and toma and tuna, Anna, Natalie, we'll come back to that. But I will teach you vocab in this course we only have 10 days. So I'm going to teach you critical vocab. On a side note, I have a question. You know, I'm, I like to think of myself as a fairly patient teacher. But there's also a like a, there's a mother in law that resides inside of me.
The mother in law in me is highly sarcastic. And you know,
high passive aggressive, you know, insults you without insulting you. You know, mother in law, not mine mines great. Okay, but anyway, she's watching right now. Hey, hey, okay.
So somebody asked, after these 10 days, I will know all of the Arabic
reminded me of a situation I was sitting having my food quietly at a restaurant. And some guy came down and sat on my table. See you on YouTube. I was like, Oh, that allows you to sit on this table, please have a seat.
He says if I do your Arabic program, can you guarantee me that I will know Arabic?
I know I was in the middle of my. I was like,
let's talk about this.
I'm not selling you laundry detergent that guarantees to get the stains out.
When you go sign up at the university to do accounting or medical school, do you go to the dean of the University and say if I do this medical program, do you guarantee I will become a doctor.
Do you do that with any education you go and say you better guarantee that if I do this, I will get
learning is the teacher giving you a path and you doing 90% of the work which is what following the path for that attitude?
prohibits your latitude.
The adage that this take a look, a student has a certain attitude. A customer has a different attitude. If you have a customer attitude, go to Walmart.
Okay, and there are by the way, there's plenty of Walmart versions of Arabic programs. Do this for 10 days and you will know 90% of the Quran. Sign up now.
There are programs that's great. That's cute.
so durable, and what I like to call misplaced confidence, even if you learn that stuff and you start feeling like you know, does that mean you know
you know, I was teaching an advanced course in the morning and one of the students made a small mistake the Arabic said Yeah ha foo and she read it you have for Yahoo you have four
Now so somebody or made a person named Ahmed also have been named Ahmed yeah half now. I think everybody here knows what our health means was Kaufmann
so you know what a lot of Muslims do Oh, I know hope hope means what? Fear so if I read your half who it must be talking about fear or Romania half who are made is afraid or made you half who are made is what afraid you see brother lot of words are in order to also understand that that's why 90% I already understand
this is your misplaced confidence. Let me tell you something if I say oh maybe a harmful means are made fears. And if I say oh made you harmful means are made is feared He's terrifying. People are scared of him.
If Romania half are made is running scared, if it's all made you have people are running from him. They're scared of him. It's the opposite. So misplaced confidence is dangerous. So in 10 days, will you master the Arabic language? Absolutely not the Arabic. Let me give you the analogy of what we're doing in these 10 days. The Arabic language is an ocean. Have you ever gone to the beach? Okay, you go to a beach when the water is insanely cold, and you put your foot in and you can feel it in your bones and travel up to your soul. You know, some of those cold water beaches. Okay, I'm letting you get your feet wet without letting your you feel the freezer burn. And I'm telling you allowing you
to put your second foot in, and maybe it can get up to your shins wet in this program. And you're like, if I do this, can I find the new species at the bottom of the ocean? With intendance? Hold on? Can we get your feet wet first without your crying? It's cold, I can't do it. In 10 days, let me just get you a little bit into the beach, that we'll think about hunting whales later on. Okay, you're not hunting whales yet. Just get your feet wet. This is the hardest part building your confidence. That's all. That's all I'm promising and promising you nothing else. Then some young man came to me yesterday, if I do this program, will I understand the entire Quran I was like, My dear
boy, I don't understand the entire Quran. Good luck with that. It's a journey. You have to be patient with the journey, you have to take time. But the hardest step again, I keep saying over and over again, the hardest step is the foundation these 10 days, I'm telling you now I'll say it a million times. These 10 days are a rock solid foundation, which is why you should do this material at least two times, ideally, three times before you learn. Oh, now I'm ready to download this PDF. And I'm going to watch that YouTube series. And I'm going to do this and I'm good. Before you go everywhere else, I would do yourself a favor. When we finish this program, don't think about any
continuing education. Think about solidifying your what foundation, you should know this soul. Well, you can teach it to someone else off the top of your head. This material when you have that foundation, right? I am telling you, you will fly in Arabic. But when you jump over to new materials, new sources new I want more advanced, more advanced, more advanced, more advanced.
I know students that do this, I know I've been doing this for 20 years students that want to an old do they call it Agador potato right running with a leaky bucket. That's what that is. You're running, you're running out of the buckets emptying out. That's it, that's what's happening. And they get to one year of study and guess what mistakes they make. They make mistakes that students that pay attention to the first 10 days would never have made.
And I literally have to remind them by the way, intensive one, by the way, first 10 days, like oh yeah,
I don't want you to do that. I want you to have a solid foundation. Okay, anyway. So what was I saying about Russell? It is a what kind of plural?
Do you understand how to recognize it? Yes, sir.
Why can't it be Rasulullah? Sometimes it can be.
That's possible. The question is why can't it be it also Luna first I want you to know the Arabs will decide not me. They decide for some words they allow you to say rasool and SalesVu Luna at the same time. Okay. But then the discussion becomes Is there a
difference between Rosaleen and lasuna. I'll give you another really interesting example of this. The word is Garfield.
Garfield means Garfield means disbeliever. Yes also means farmer by the way. Coffee, Ronnie.
What's that? To disbelievers plural? qualia, you hell?
Also go foreign also, Guevara tone.
All of these are plurals Kaffee Runa is a plural of Kapha. Too far have you heard kuffaar before kofod is also plural of what? Cafe and Guevara hula Iike Homolka. Farah told Fedora is also a plural of cafe. So how many plurals this guy had have?
One regular plural which one's the regular plural Goffredo winner and two broken plurals calf Hara, and gopher. Gopher, they're both broken. Okay. When I get you a little bit more advanced, your feet get a little more normal in the cold weather, then I'll explain the difference between these three because there's a difference. Okay, now
here's the part that doesn't make any sense.
I will explain by way of an English example. Fatima. Sorry, Fatima if there was a father mayor, I apologize. Fatima bought four books.
She read her all in just two days.
Then returned her for a full weekend
she found her boring.
Does that sound right? Can you fix it?
Can you fix it?
Any volunteers? Can you read that and fix it? Yes, young man please.
Fatima bought four books. So far, so good.
She read her all
replaced the word her with something else that makes sense.
She read them all. She read them all in just two days, then
returned to them for a full weekend because she found
them boring. Every time I was supposed to use them I was using what
if you have a broken plural?
If you have a broken plural, you shouldn't be using they write
the Arabs 1000s of years ago at some barbecue.
They said you know if there's a broken plural. Why don't we all pretend we're talking about a girl.
And somebody else said I'm in.
So when they talk about books. When they talk about mustards in Arabic, they won't say they were built my sheds. They were built you know what they're gonna say. She was built
and some newbie comes and says she was built.
She was built.
And the Arabs are each other to each other like
inside joke. Because it's a broken plural. We're going to pretend we're not going to use the word they were going to use what word she we're going to use the word chi.
This I told you so every language has something that's a little bit what? Crazy. This is the only thing that's weird in Arabic that I've ever found. Okay, 20 years of studying Arabic 25 years only Arab weird thing I ever found really? was broken plurals are treated like a she Okay, now watch this. Whether we were books human or not human.
Okay, now let's go make this even weirder.
Ali, or let's say Ahmed, learned from a few scholars.
He spent years with them.
He served them and
from their company.
That sounds pretty normal. Right? Okay. The Arabs do this. The Arabs do this. The word I'm working on as scholars. Yeah.
But they also do this.
Akhmad learned from
a few scholars. He spent years with her. He served her
From her company
the and they say sometimes I'm going to use the and sometimes I'm going to use what?
Her I know you crazy that scholars is like 10 of them. And they're all men. Yeah, but we have an inside joke. When when something's plural, and it's a broken plural, then we can use what
she instead of they are them. When it's non human, when it's non human, remember the books example. When it's non human, they always use she always. But when it's human, they can use she and they can also use they their choice. Either way is fine. Quran uses both
Quran uses both and when it uses the word she do we translate that as she know you're gonna see the Arabic word for she but you're going to translate it what they they watch this this is not this is not grammar you know yet but I just want you to leave to realize what they do in Arabic before we take this down in our notes. So
meaning the desert travelers. Bedouins an Arab Okay.
Robbie Yan is the singular and out Rob is the broken pearl. So Rob is actually a broken Pearl Bedouins okay. Because the yard got taken off. The Yeah, got taken off. Okay. Let me give you another one. Arab is even out to be human.
You know what RBU means?
You know what it means?
An Arab man
out to be you means an Arab man and out are born
means Arab people.
Okay, so one man is what I want to be when you make it plural. Did you keep the word or did you break some of it off?
You broke it off. So I don't know this. What?
Broken plural. So when the Arab people say something, okay. The Arab says if I say the Arabs say
okay, not there. I'm sorry. The Arabs say because the word Arabs is a broken plural. Do they have two choices in how they can say this? They can either say this as they say.
And they can also say this as what she says.
And the crazy thing about the Arabs is when they hear that they're like yeah, of course it means they say
of course that's what it means. They don't even wonder about it.
Now here's let me show you some some Arabic on this. Call Allah.
Allah means he said I haven't done fairly with you yet but just want you to see something Allah means what he said. And QA let means she said yeah, they'll say Carla Arab
the Arab said they will also say
call it an Arab the Arab said
both of them are correct.
Let me give you another crazy example these you don't have to know these examples. I just want you to get settled in the idea the examples are later on. But just the idea okay.
This is the last one that Luca and Tilka
What's your name your man
Ali. Ali Ahmed. Okay, what's your name?
But I've been I've shot Okay. vaniqa Akhmad are the right are the
two first Alia hood Velyka Ali Ahmed. Veronica. Which one did I use? Daddy Daddy cars used for boys.
I can't say that. Lika Benatia. I have to say what? Tilka Benatia.
From pointing at a boy I'm gonna say what? The Lika if I'm pointing at a girl I'll say the Liga Alia till copernicia. You will be pointing at a man what do you say? If I want to point at the Imam What do I say? If I pointed my mom What do I say? If I pointed my daughter what do I say? When I point at this teacher at school? What do I say
when I ICA
don't point us all your fingers
Okay, so valleca or Tilka Okay, now
Oh, what was the word Rasool?
Is that masculine or feminine? If I point is also the man or a woman. Okay, if I want to point out as soon What do I say?
valleca If want to point out also I will say what Valka
but when and what's the plural of Rasul?
And you read the Quran and you find Dinakar Rusu for banaba Houma Allah Tilka also Akia that's a furniture store, I think, but DeLuca Reuzel why is that there? Because a Russell is what kind of floral,
a broken plural and the Arabs 1000s of years ago at a barbecue decided that if there's a broken plural, they have the right they reserve the right to talk about it as if they're talking about
one female not even many female one female del Carro Zulu perfectly good Arabic.
But you're not going to translate that as that feminine messengers. You're going to translate that as those messengers. Those messengers, okay, let's go back.
We started talking about number today.
To understand the subject of Number Number one, you need to know what singular is, do you already know what singular is? Then you need to know pair already got that. Then there is lots of kinds of plurals what are they?
Masculine plurals, which is guna and Ina? Okay. Then there's what? Feminine plurals which is what are tone or atan. Then there is
human broken plurals. We already know when the word breaks, it's called a broken plural, right? And what did we learn about them? They can use she and they can use they? Yes, she or they by the way. If you want to be technical, they can use it as feminine singular, but the easy way to remember that is what word she because she is feminine. Singular. Okay.
And then non human.
Just she just she Yeah. And then what's the last one? Feminine? Because
the Arabs said so and how many words were here?
Nas? Calm. Calm. Cool.
That's all you need to know about number.
That's all you need to know. I'll just give you some practical tests on this. Five minute practice. Just so you get the basic idea.
Life can move on.
Okay, question? Yes, sir.
Wait two people talking at the same time? i Yes. No one's behind you. Yes.
Will I send this to you at the end of the day? No, it's already in your notes. But I do want you to you can take a picture share it with your family.
I'm not sending you nothing. The transcript hasn't
the transcript you'll get tonight has it? That's all there
You know you get those nice emails every day.
That's so nice.
So proud of myself. Okay.
Yeah, right for you. Yes. For you in this course. Yes. Yes. The question is the non human broken pearls always going to be she? Yes. For you in this course. Yes. Yes.
Oh, meeting of current generation. Generation. Yes. Question.
Some people didn't get the transcript.
Email [email protected]. They'll send it to you. Or they'll find out why you sent them to spam.
Look it up email [email protected]. You'll get the transcript if you're missing them. Please email them. Okay. Any other questions? Yes, sir.
Oh, you're right. It should be plural, which is what I wrote. You should pay attention.
That's what I said. plural because the owner said so. Yeah.
Okay, let's put this to the test. Let's go to the book
okay, this exercise can only really be done if you have the meanings. So what I've done here has given you the Arabic word, but I've also written the meanings next to it right so we can get some help. But the first one, I'll look at the Bina,
what I want to know here is, is this a sound or combination?
Okay, let me remember this. Now, if you know that it's a combination, the status and the number and the gender, you already know, you know, three things right away. If you know that it's a combination. What three things do you know? Status number? Let's test that. What's the status of Ina?
So you know the status number jobs? Yes. Do you know the number?
Because it's the plural column. It's plural. Do you know the gender
masculine because it's from which chart? The masculine chart, there are four properties of innocent for when you see a combination, three of them are handed to you on a plate, status, number and gender. So let's go through all of them that have a combination first. So we get used to that Omotenashi sunnah. I want three things status, number, and gender. What's the status?
we now means? What's that is? Refer Hoonah means how many?
Plural done? Una means what? gender masculine because it's from the masculine chart, isn't it?
The bottom one are Raju Lainey. Raju Laney, it's a combination right? Let's start with status then go to number then go to gender. What's the status? Number Jada is correct. Amy. Amy. Could be nothing could be John. What's the number? That's two? What's the gender?
masculine? Masculine, which we'll dig deeper into soon.
Okay, let's do the top one. I turn.
What do you think Status? Status? Very good. It's not our turn or offer? Is this a combination? Okay, so it's our turn? What? How many number?
feminine. Done. Okay, now let's go back.
I across that output plural.
Let's go to number three. This is going to be fun. What is eligible mean? You should read the text and tell me what is eligible mean?
Mountains so because you know the meaning, you know that this word is singular para plural. Okay, now listen carefully. Is this a regular kind of plural like guna ina out an athlete or something else? Okay, if it's something else, there's three other categories. There is human broken, plural, non human broken plural, and plural because the Arabs said, so? Is this plural because the Arabs had? So
if you look at the meaning, it'll tell you which one it is.
So which one is this? non human broken? Plural? I want the status. I want the number. And I want the gender and this is going to be the crazy part. The status is easy. What's the status? Nisan? What did the Arabs pretend about non human broken plurals?
They pretend that it's a xi and because we're trying to figure out the grammar of this word. The grammar of this word, my answer for status is nestled. My answer for number is singular.
Not plural. My answer for number is one. Singular and my number. My answer for gender is feminine. Because singular feminine means she
singular feminine means what? She and the Arabs are going to pretend in their grammar that elgible is a she by the way, the singular word jumble. They don't have a problem that's masculine. As I will teach you in the next section, but this word is she
this word is feminine. Okay.
Double, double. I'll show you soon. I'll show you in a minute.
Would you want what's the meaning?
places I want the status
but you cannot tell the num
Per gender until you figure out if it's a plural and which kind of plural. So you cannot get that answer until you decide what kind of plural are we dealing with? If it's plural at all, is it plural?
Is it plural? How do you know it's plural?
Good, meaning that's key, you cannot tell without the meaning. Okay, now that you know it's plural. Now, you got to get more specific. How many kinds of plurals did I say they are? Five? It's got to be one of them. Which one? Is it?
nonhuman broken plural. But somebody's in Buddhist thought I have a face and I'm human.
Yeah, but so does a monkey.
So soon as a watch.
So, anything can have a face. A hand is not human. A foot is not human. It's a part of a human, it's a thing. So it's non human broken plural. When you get non human broken through, what's the grammar number and gender?
One feminine, singular, feminine, the meaning is plural. The meaning is plural. The grammar is singular, feminine. Why is that important? You will see when we start reading Quran? Yes.
Because we pretend it's going to be she right? We said we're gonna pretend that she, how many is she?
Why is it feminine? Because the word she is feminine? Why is it singular? Because she is singular. It's a big pretend.
Meaning in meaning it's plural. In grammar, its singular, feminine. It's the only time in Arabic where the meaning and the grammar contradict each other. It doesn't make sense, which is what I tried to tell you in the beginning. I'm about to teach you something that defies common sense. Common sense says it's plural, consider it what? Plural? The Arab says no, it's plural, nonhuman, I'm going to consider it singular, feminine in the way I talk about it. I will grammatically use it as one feminine. And so we have to get accustomed to that this is a hard one. Perhaps the hardest one. Nisa, what does it mean?
Women know. It is. First let me ask you, is it singular pair or plural?
How did you know it's plural? I want to go through that process over and over. So you understand the process. Meaning told you that it's plural. Good. Now, we cannot just say plural and let it go. We have to specify I gave you five kinds of plurals, you have to pick one.
This is a human broken plural, which means that there will be how many possible correct answers to let's go to the status first. Nisa, that's the easy part. What's the status of this word? It's not so everybody's clear. Okay. Now, when it comes to number and gender, the Arabs have two options. What are their two options?
If it's they, I'm gonna say this is plural, feminine. This is plural, feminine. And if it's she, I'm going to say that it's singular, feminine. Both of those are correct answers.
Both of those are because when it comes to a human broken plural, you get two sets of correct answers. Either you get an answer based on chi, or you get an answer based on they, you and both of them are correct. And you should know sometimes in a single ayah, Allah will use a word, a human broken Pearl, and he'll start off with the she and he'll move on to the they in the same if he could do that and that happens in the Quran. Okay.
It will be hard.
It'd be hard.
How do you know it's plural again? And again, process process process. Just like math class, the teacher math teacher is not interested in the right answer. The math teachers are interested in what the right process so what's the process? How did you know it's plural? Meaning Thank you, because of the meaning were you able to narrow down which kind of plural
let me ask you now how many kinds of plurals are there in Arabic? Which is why we have to narrow it down before we get to the answer. Okay. What did you narrow it down to which kind of plural non human broken pearl? Is the answer? Always the same for non human broken pearls? What's the answer? Singular feminine? Good. Good.
I will move to an official we already did, didn't we?
Let's do a kookaburra.
Somebody walked me through it. I'm not going to do it anymore. Somebody volunteer walk me through the whole process. I'm not interested in the answer. I'm interested in the process. Yes, young man.
You say because of the meaning it's plural. I agree with you. Go on.
It's Jarrah because of
Because of the customer because of the sound at the end good it's just
it's a non human broken plural excellent identification and therefore
I love it. This is like the
so juicy Okay, lb ina to
lb Yuna to
what do you think about the status? Anybody?
Refer? Everybody agrees I agree to refer What else you got
it singular Why is it singular
is where the meaning tells you and the hijab is usually on singulars
mostly Matan, remember? Okay, so singular, so it's singular. It's rough out What gender is it?
that number buta?
Is it better giveaway? dead giveaway
Oh, this is going to be hard I will Mullah Iike to
Al mela eager to
I don't know you should discuss this with each other before you come to me take 30 seconds talk to each other figure it out
status should be easy
okay, I agree it's refer
How do we determine number and gender here?
How do we figure that out?
Okay, meaning I'm gonna go with meaning.
What did the meaning tell you?
Is that part of the human intelligent being category or non human?
So intelligent or slash human category? So that category gives you one set of answers or two set of answers.
Here's the really tricky part. What two answers am I going to get?
Either I'm going to I need number gender number gender.
Either you get singular feminine and I agree because broken plurals can be treated like is she? Or
no not plural, feminine.
Either singular feminine or plural. masculine. Now that's confusing, isn't it? So we have to figure that one out before your break. I'm gonna explain that to you.
First I want you to know
read those names for me
so my girl's name her boy's name.
are VEDA. Khalifa title for a man or a woman?
I love my title for a male or a female male.
What seems to be the problem.
What is 3030 for?
The dumber Buddha works, it don't work all the time. The dumber Buddha can be used for many things in Arabic, gender is just one of them.
Gender is just one reason the dumber Buddha is used. The Tambora Buddha is used for a bunch of other reasons in Arabic. Just because you see a dumber Buddha is not enough to call something what feminine and sometimes, instead of looking at how it ended, you have to look at what it actually means. You have to look at
What, what it means okay? You remember I told you one of the plurals of gaffer is Guevara.
That doesn't mean female disbelievers. It just means disbelievers. The tar didn't make any difference to the gender, you understand. Now, angels aren't assigned a gender by Allah. Because the gender means you have a male and you have a female of the Quran. The angels are a singular creation of Allah from the armor of Allah. And in Arabic when you don't want to assign a gender and it's a unique creation, then you still go back to what gender because the muscle the origin is masculine. So in the meaning of angels fine one rule was it's a broken Pearl, I have a right to say one feminine, that's a grammar thing. So here's the thing I want you to know either you go by the crazy
grammar rule one feminine or you go by reality,
grammar versus what when it's reality, then it is in fact plural. And it is in fact masculine.
So you have a choice between grammar and reality two options when it comes to a human broken throat and that's why I'll melodica was both options that have come in already or no
or came in Okay, let's take our break inshallah. And we'll come back and finish this up.
It's been all salat wa salam ala Rasulillah. While earlier he was happy he went in, there is lots and lots and lots of do. And before today is over, you will be identifying four properties of every word, status, number, gender and type before today's over, that's my agenda. So I've given you a basic idea of number we will review it together with gender when we when the time comes for review tonight, but right now I want to get you started on the study of gender. Okay.
So how many properties does anism have for status, number and gender? When we study number, you're only really studying five plurals singular amperes easy number is just a study of five kinds of plurals. Okay, gender is really cool. Have you ever heard of innocent until proven guilty? Have you heard that before? Okay, we're gonna use similar language we're gonna say,
masculine until proven feminine.
That's a rule in Arabic, masculine until proven what? Feminine? In other words, let me let me explain what this means. The Arabic language, I want you to pretend that every single word of the entire Arabic language every is some of Arabic is masculine, every single one until it starts behaving certain ways. And I say, hey, that means you must be what? Feminine. So you know what, there is no point to studying the masculine. Because the assumption is that everything is what? Masculine, so you study the few things that make a word feminine.
And that means you've studied all of gender, because if it's not one of those things, it's automatically what? Masculine, that's the logic. So we normally you would think you would study masculine and you would study feminine. Actually, when we study gender in Arabic, we only study feminine. We don't study both genders. Okay? Is that logic clear? The the assumption is that everything is what? Masculine, so we just study feminine. And these are, this is what you look for. If you don't find it, you go back to assuming that the word is masculine. There are two kinds of feminine
nowadays, we know that more than ever before. There's real feminine, and there's fake feminine.
Okay, there's real feminine and fake feminine. So let me explain what real feminine means. I'll start with that. Real feminine means female.
That's all it means.
If you don't understand that, see me after class we may have some discussions to do. This is not a grammar problem. This is a some other issue. Okay? Real feminine just means what? Female This is a biology issue. Not a grammar issue. Okay, this is not a there's not a psychology issues or sociology issue. This is a biology issue. Real. So the word mother, the word mother is feminine. Why is it feminine?
Because it's female. If somebody comes with a style I don't understand my mother is feminine. Yod does your mother know about this?
Sister is feminine mother is feminine. Madame is feminine. zeyneb is feminine. Alisha is femme because these are referring to who
females even within the animal kingdom, the cowl is feminine.
Because it's a cow, the bull is masculine, you get it. So that's about female so I don't have to teach you that you hopefully know that. Okay? What we really have to study then is what?
Okay, which basically means grammar feminine, not biology feminine but grammar feminine. Okay, so fake feminine is made up of a few things number one
first what you need to know is this is feminine for words that don't actually have biological gender.
That's what I mean by fake feminine. Okay, a book speaker, a laptop or phone keys, the moon the sun, they don't have biological gender, but Arabs will give everything a gender. Everything is either male or masculine or feminine, not male or female because that's biology. This is not biology class. So we don't use male and female we use masculine and feminine Okay, so now
it's similar to Spanish. If some of you are familiar with Spanish el libro el libro en la biblioteca. Right. So el en la the the masculine and the feminine or those speakers know this.
Skog her who ski guardi
right, so the house is masculine and the car is feminine. Okay.
And so Skoch Hana liggen Oski biryani
right? That food is masculine but biryani is feminine. I don't understand.
Oscar Kima Oscar chicken Husky biryani.
Why? Why are some foods feminine? I don't I don't get it. But it is that's what we'll do is that's what it does. But English you have he she and what? It Arabic doesn't have an it even though it is either a Higurashi there is no et, which is again similar to Spanish and some other languages. Farsi is different because there is no gender distinction. Oh is for a guy who is for a girl so good. Good. Tabish his book or her book? Kitab ish. Farsi makes things simpler. But yeah, I'm really liking Farsi nowadays. Inshallah, by next year, I should be super fluent in Farsi inshallah that's the goal. Okay. Anyway. So, feminine words that don't actually have biological gender. How do you
tell number one
Elif Matsuura elephant
didn't happen. Okay, let me see. Symbol.
There we go
let me find it for you then I'll know I'm committed.
And now it went to the wrong letter.
Anyway, I tried.
Let's see if I can show this to you.
You see, sometimes there's a year and it has a dagger on top. I'm not able to put the dagger on my kitchen keyboard right now. But that's called an Elif Matsuda. Like Musa has an LFO Surah on top. These three letter endings on certain words can make the word feminine in Arabic, but they don't always work
but they can work. So it could it's possible that you see one of these endings at the end of a word. And the Arab says this word is feminine. Like sama on I'll give you an example of each. So if you say Ramadan, which means love and care.
Or if you say sama on which means sky. And if I say a house now which is the most beautiful
right? These words
love and care is that a he she or it in Arabic or in English?
Isn't it Rama, isn't it? But in Arabic because there's a round towel on it.
It's considered feminine. Okay. Sama ends with right
And there are other colored words like be law, which means white. Right if you have suffered like yellow cow and sootel Bacara Sephora is a LF longer leaf. That's why it's feminine.
And then the LF MK Surah Husna usara. Cobra Rosmah Bushra, all of them have wide at the end the Elif, Matsuura tn they can be considered feminine so these letters can make a word feminine. There's a good chance okay, there is another kind of feminine I love this one.
Feminine because the Arabs what what do you think? Sound So on page 12
Literally they said So on page 1213 They changed it
I'm deeply hurt right now.
Oh my god is page 13 Oh, I'm going to be so mad.
I've kept this as page 12 Since 2003
That hurt my feelings deeply hurt by a page 13 Everyone
times have changed okay. What does it say during a what?
How anyone know how to do means war war is feminine because the Arab said so not because it has a certain ending now because it's girly. None of those things it's feminine because the Arab said so. A soldier was daydreaming looking at
summer I will include that here. Summer is feminine because the Arabs had so the sky is feminine. Until the shrimps came up. What's the sharps sun the sun is feminine. Funnily enough, the moon is masculine. Because you get burned by the sun and you can hang out at night when you're at the moon. And I don't know I just I just made that up
Okay, fine. Feel better the sun's much brighter Okay, okay and the moon really shines because of the Sun yeah happy Okay.
When he snapped out of it, he realized he's the only knifes knifes means person neffs means what? Person
left on the battlefield he was surrounded by not feminine fire so he used a Dell One a dental one means a bucket a bucket
or as it is known in some parts of the world a baldy
a bucket full of water to make a Seville what's the Seville
and a Pareek towards for path. Both of them are considered what? Feminine. Okay.
All the way to safer
out of the land.
Okay land out of the is feminine.
In the heart blowing
wind he was desperately looking for a bit of
a well or a some of you call it a val.
Well, to draw water from in his search he found an empty Tao
dar means a house or a place. Okay.
That is a house or a place inside which he finds a
cup a cup. A glass full of Hummer
Oh feminine some really dangerous stuff.
Well, it's funny. It's the it's the it's the well and it's the fire.
It's the earth and the wind.
And then of course he's tempted despite his fear of what Jahannam say. All the names of hell are feminine. No offense. It's not I'm not talking of females on top of grammar. Okay, don't take it personally.
So Jahannam is feminine, the sadist feminine etc. Okay, but Ward's off his temptation and uses his Assa.
Yeah, stick sounds a little lame, IT staff and I want you to know that staff is not like he had like a bunch of interns.
Like that that kind of staff. Staff was like a really large, that's called the ASA. Okay.
Yeah, like the staff of Musa. Okay, so he uses his ASA to strike to drink