Tafsir Juz 29 #32 – Al-Muddathhir 5

Mohammad Qutub


Channel: Mohammad Qutub


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111 I mean humbling to see your employee even without a config of little solder to attend with the sleeve and so you know email me know have you been

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a bit of costume

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early or software he was

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in LA on Monday Subhanak allowing Milena Elana Olympian, Darlene will Hakeem

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Emery. That's a Melissa Annie. Yes, totally. We praise Allah Almighty. We send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his noble family, righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the Day of Judgment. Dear brothers and sisters, I love you for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. And my last point I'll bring us together and behind the paradise with our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa salam

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we say Glory, Vittorio, Allah, no knowledge of we accept that what you have taught us Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise. We have a lot of data to make this gathering sincere and are studying of the Quran sincere, and that he opened our hearts and our brains to the normal Quran. We continue with surah.

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And we almost finished verse 31, the long verse, speaking about how Allah subhanaw taala made the the number of

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keepers of the fire a fitna, right, for Al Kitab and four

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routers so that you can be certain that what came to the Prophet is true, and a fitna to the disbelievers and additional belief and faith for the believers. We almost finished the idea we spoke about most of it. We finished I think last was kinetic a little longer than your salary as human yeah shot we spoke about also partner on the issue of other a little bit.

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Then we get to the part which is not that was apologies for not

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here in

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Russia, and not know the soldiers of your Lord except him. And we spoke about that a little but we can speak a little bit more. We said that Allah subhanaw taala is the only one who knows the true power of his soldiers, their strength, their power, their abilities, their numbers, only Allah subhanaw taala knows and you will find and you will discover throughout your life stories that show you how amazing it is that the smallest things in life, Allah subhanaw taala may take them as soldiers in his army

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may be an important construct conscript in one of the armies of Allah subhanaw taala what may Allah will do no doubt because you don't know what are the

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things and creatures Allah subhanaw taala as used as soldiers, I'll give you a small example. One of the smallest soldiers of Allah, that destroy the great tyrants

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is a bug. It's a flight or a month

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that Allah subhanaw taala cast as one of his soldiers upon one of his enemies, and that is

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the famous king that argues with

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Sullivan, he says,

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I'm the one who gives life and gives this and it is narrated. The way that he dies is that Allah subhanaw taala can fly or a month or something of that nature that entered his head from his nose. And it continues, and it did remain there. And it was so painful for him that he used to hit his head on the wall.

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And he couldn't get rid of it. He was trying to get rid of it until eventually died because of this. This is a person who says

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How did he die with this, with this soldier of Allah subhanaw taala.

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Whenever Allah subhanaw taala was, he will make whatever it may be a soldier of his and we mentioned some of the inanimate objects, things of nature like sands and wind and so on. Those may be soldiers of Allah subhanaw taala that Allah azza wa jal is using against his enemies.

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No one knows the soldiers of Allah T. Not their capabilities, not their numbers, not

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the many situations that he has used them. Think of all of the different battles that went on all of the jihad that went on for the sake of Allah, Allah, during all of that.

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There were probably many soldiers of Allah you and I don't know. And some of them you cannot see and these are the noble Angels.

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These are of the great soldiers of Allah subhanaw taala

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disbelievers will always disbelief, or they'll refuse or they'll deny. But sometimes Allah subhanaw taala will force them to confess, even in the last one.

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There were there were stories of things that are almost supernatural. If you brothers can come a little bit closer, we can close the wide

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even in the platform, I mean, there was there was one story that was told by some of the Mujahideen that

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the when they asked when the Jews,

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some of the informants or some of the people that they captured, what the are these Mujahideen? from Hamas, what are they wearing?

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And they said they're wearing black?

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They said, No, you're a liar. They're wearing white. None of them was wearing white. And they insisted that they are wearing white, who knows Allah subhanaw taala missin. Angels to fight with the Mujahideen against the Jews. Don't be surprised. No one knows the soldiers of Allah, Allah, but we know in the battles.

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Many of the battles that were fought, there were angels that were fighting with them.

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And Allah Subhana Allah has commanded them, to fight against the disbelievers, and to kill them and so on. These are soldiers that you and I cannot see. But maybe the disbelievers can see and tell you about.

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And this will continue to exemplify itself in our life, over and over and over. And you will see, I guarantee you, and you will remember this if you Say Subhan Allah, where did this come from? Allah azza wa jal us, this creature that we have never expected, would be a soldier of Allah, it will become a soldier of Allah subhanaw taala as he saw wills when they

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were met here in the Quran in

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the scholars different about what it is referring to, because it says, Why am I here? Right? What does this pronoun refer to? Why am I here?

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what is it referring to here? Is not but a reminder to humanity. What is

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most popularly it refers to the fire. Well, I have a woman here,

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meaning the Hellfire is a reminder to all

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of humanity.

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And this is the thing of Lima and Imam

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Al qassimi, the famous Syrian scholar and

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says that this is actually referring to the, the number of the keepers of the fire as the whole is speaking about that, that that itself is a reminder, a reminder to humanity and it is right, even the fact that Allah has placed 19 keepers over the fire. This is a reminder for all of course not any 19 angels as we have spoken before it is a reminder to all of the humanity This can also be

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a possible answer

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because it's not clear what the pronoun is going back to

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mean it no meaning that is the most popular opinion. Brothers. Someone can remember telling the future to screw this

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someone can bring a screwdriver with them or somebody

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some of the things spoken about in this area is the number of keepers of the fire right now.

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A lot of it is speaking about the fire and that's why when you see

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in the end when my honor was

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right before this is what I was gonna say before that.

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He said

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No, before we started the ayah Allah subhanaw taala said

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that I will guide him into soccer right?

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And what can make you know what stuck out and so on and less nothing remains and exactly as the skin and over us are 19 So you see the pronoun here it is constantly referring to what the fire

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what can make you what it is it lets nothing remain it alters the skin. It is

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Over it are 19 Angels focus here is constantly referring to the fire. And then he says, We have not made the keepers of the fire except as agents. So it's very possibly referring to the fire

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from an Arabic standpoint,

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to most readers, that will be the first intuitive answer that hears the pronoun refers to the fire wanna hear in the crawling,

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it seems more obvious that it would be a reminder than the the members of the keepers of the fire. So, this is another possible example

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even gives other possibilities and there are other

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possibilities that other scholars have given.

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Another possibility, though, some scholars said it is a little bit far is the fire of this dunya know that the fire of this video is also a reminder correct? We went over that one I

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years ago

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was the iron tells you the fire of the dunya is a reminder of the fire of Allah

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homework question, even though we already did it,

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find the idea that tells you that the fire of this dunya is a reminder of the fire

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of the hereafter.

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So, this is another opinion that what is a reminder here, not because of the other, he mentioned that the fire on this dunya is also a bad thing, this is part of the linguistic

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part of the linguistic miraculousness of the Quran is that here, he used the pronoun, so that it may refer to the fire, it may refer to the keepers of the fire, it may refer to several things and they're all possible. And they all make perfect sense. This is part of the

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way I told you before. Sometimes it is a fix and understanding in to allow several possibilities for the meaning it's part of the beauty. Otherwise, if you're always gonna think just one up and even say no, it only means that

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you are you may be losing some of the many beautiful meanings. And also when you add the different they give you some other beautiful and acceptable meanings, when the meaning is not acceptable. For some reason or another this is when we say know the meaning of the is this and the reason for that is the following evidence. But otherwise, if there are several possibilities and they are all possible, then indeed part of the miraculousness of the Quran may be to keep the door open to apply to more than one possibility that is acceptable. And indeed, possible. And here this is the case will lota Allah

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Subhana Allah after mentioning

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the specific disbelief of Al Walid in the movie or in the

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Okay, mind you his disbelief was in all of the Quran, right? The general disbelief is taking the whole Quran and he is saying the whole Quran is just magic the Prophet imitated from right now he gives you a specific example of the disbelieved. Not the whole Quran, that specific example in the Quran and that is the speech about the fire and the keepers of the fire and how they disbelieve in it and they mock

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So this is this may be the way to tie the two you're wondering what is the reason for speaking now about the keepers of the fire? It's a specific example of Quran let's say this believes in after mentioning their general disbelief in the whole Quran on the part of the lead in mohila and the other enemies of Allah from

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lemma here

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because in Bucha, then

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no, by the moon

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in many places where aloft pantalla takes an oath. We said he started with no

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and we said what may be the wisdom for that?

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For beginning the awful is no, we're coming to it in the next surah so you have to be ready

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of course here that's a slightly different phrase. He says no, by the moon, and the next door is going to say operasi movie.

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Some may translated as I don't swear No, that's not correct.

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Again it is no I swear by the word swear it's their loved

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ones Arabic is weak they'll say is use basically negating it saying I don't swear no saying no. I swear. There's no the word of saying.

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No, by the way, there's no word swear. It's less confusing.

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Yeah, it's this question, but the one customer is not used. There it is. We'll deal with him right here is what's using the word. But he is swearing by the moon cannot will come up this a little bit less confusing than the one we're coming to. But again, you tell me now, why does he negate before swearing?

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Usually the wisdom behind it is he is denying something that was said.

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He is negating something that was sent by the disbelievers. And in the situation is with be negating their denial

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of the fire and the keepers of the fire and how they are saying that we will be able to win over the 1919 such a small number of us will take one of them and we'll protect ourselves from the will flee from the pirate and we'll go to Paradise. Allah azza wa jal says,

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No, it is not as you say, it is not as you

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no, and then he swears by the moon.

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These things we take for granted.

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These things we take for granted. And that's why we no longer find that. So amazing.

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The other problem is we're so busy with the dunya. We're always looking around in front of us, behind us, right on the side. But it's always at the level of our height or a little bit below, or a little bit above. But who's looking above to the, to the heavens, who's looking to the sky, who is pondering and deliberating over this great creation of Allah subhanaw taala Allah subhanaw taala. To look above, look at these amazing creatures of Allah has deliveries over.

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But we are busy.

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And part of this may also be allowed these high rise buildings and the skyscrapers they have

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covered our view, it is different for the farmer. It is different for the one who lives

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in some of these faraway places where they don't have these high buildings, and they have a beautiful view of the whole sky. They're more used to looking at the stars and looking at the moon and deliberating over their magnificence. But the ones who are living in the cities to a large extent they don't see this, this deliberation my brothers and sisters, in these natural miracles of Allah, Allah, Allah it is, it is something that will bring life back to our hearts.

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Because Allah subhanaw taala has made them as reminders. So here he is saying

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no, by the moon, in other words, I swear by the moon by this creature that you see, that is lighting your path that you are realizing

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also the your your dates and your history with

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if you if you didn't have the moon now, and we don't have the modern

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methods of keeping the date, would you know what the date would be? Or what part of the hinge of the month we would be and you have no idea. This is part of the the wisdom of the lunar calendar as opposed to the solar calendar. If you look at the sun, you have no idea what part of the month you're in. But the moon, you follow it month by month,

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this moon, which is just sitting there, lighting for you, not only that, that has its effect on the time, as you know, right from the tide in the sea.

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This morning that you are looking at just hanging there about which one of the the people who went to space when he went out and he saw the moon just hanging them. He said

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when you see the moon just hanging there like a ball, you think there must be a God

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discovered discovery might do for him. It's almost like a discovery. Because maybe he's an atheist, but he doesn't believe in Allah. Or maybe he's his face is so weak that he doesn't always remember Allah when he sees this these natural phenomena. But when he saw the moon like this

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outer space

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and he's looking at looking at the moon hanging there, and he thought there must be a God.

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Of course there's holding everything

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Who's keeping your heart beating for Allah sake?

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Who is keeping the planet in orbit? All of this organization, all of this perfection in the dunya, who is giving all of this philosophy believes it for a second.

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If he leaves it for a second,

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it will cease to exist. The system will not exist anymore. The heavens above

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are you holding it up?

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Or is it being held up by pillars that you built for it?

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But Allah subhanaw taala has created without fillers, as you can see, Allah version is holding it. As he says in the Quran.

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a human is having

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to will fall, if anyone else were to carry it other than Allah, Allah.

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If Allah didn't stops caring the heavens above you, it will follow

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physicists and astronomers and let them all of the signs, let them say whatever the heck they want to say a lot, is keeping the heavens up. And if it wasn't for him, keeping it up.

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On our heads,

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Allah subhanaw taala is in charge.

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This moon, Allah subhanaw taala is wearing my pillow.

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And by the way, many of the planets have their own moons. This is not the only moon right, but they call it a satellite, basically, a small body that is rotating around the planet. This is essentially what a moon is. Some of our planets have moons like Jupiter, right? It has its own moon. And many of the other planets have their own their own satellites that are rotating around the world. And by when lately is edible. And by the night when it departs another miracle of the

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consecutive the party, and switching over of the night and the day. Another sign to tell Allah for those who reflect, but little are those who are reflecting, just look at the sun, the sun is moving slowly, yes, most of the time when it is at noon, but what shift when it is close to sunset, that's when you will see it moving faster, right?

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Just look at your watch for a minute or two. Okay, and place a, you know,

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some physical boundary, where you are watching the sun and see how quickly it's actually moving. There, you can actually see it moving within a minute or two, it's already quite a bit on the horizon. And like this, it is moving and moving and moving. Or at least the earth is moving, the sun is also moving in its own motion, as astronomers have also

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proven but in this situation, as you see the font moving, you are now understanding the the speed of the rotation of the Earth.

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It seems stable because Allah has made a stable for us. But the earth is rotating and it's rotating very fast. It's just very big. That's why it doesn't seem that fast.

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Things are moving my brothers and sisters, time is flying. You and I are only getting older. With every breath you pick your one less closer to your grave.

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Every breath you are getting closer and closer to the grave. Things are happening. The night and the day are switching over day and life day and night. To tell you that one day has gone from your life. What have you achieved? What did you achieve today? Today is what Saturday the 30th of May.

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What did you achieve today?

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If you achieved something, please tell us what did you learn? What did you benefit? Did you get closer to Allah? Did you get further away from Allah subhanaw taala How did you use your time, the night and the day are going and they are switching? Look at it and think to yourself, What am I doing with my time? He says and by the night when it departs and why the morning when it brightens

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and by the morning when it brightens. So when the night departs, the day will brighten. And

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when you see these things Subhanallah indeed, the person who ties it

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to the one and only Allah subhanaw taala are the only ones who find this amazing otherwise

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it's just an

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The other part of the signs that we have gotten used to, and especially if they are disbelievers in the first place, they're not tied to Allah, Allah, they may be even, they may believe in a God. They don't see that this is something amazing because they'll attribute it to physics, or astronomy. But when you think that it is all due to Allah, that he is in charge, you say, Subhan, Allah, Glory to Allah subhanho wa taala. And mind you,

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part of it is also because you and I see it, and definitely have taken it for granted. Take a blind person

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who was born blind, and tell him there's something called the moon. And it shines in the sky, that with this white light, and it changes in the way it looks. And first, it starts out

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as a crescent, looking like a swamp banana, and then slowly, slowly, it enlarges, of course, it's just the light that you are seeing, otherwise, the moon is not changing, the light is changing, and therefore you see it as a crescent. And then you see it as a quarter moon. And then you see it as a full moon. And then it goes back to be an opposite crescent, and so on. And there's something called the light and the day and they are switching, it becomes dark and then afterwards it becomes light and in different places. It is different hours and in some places, they don't see the sun for six months. And then the next six months they only see the front and they don't see the light.

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You want to know

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how amazing the light of the day is that Allah azza wa jal make all of our life nice.

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And then you will say Oh Allah, give us the light of day.

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We want the light of day we need the light of day we need it so that we can participate in our daily activities we can claim like this in the dark all the time.

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Then you will understand and the opposite is also true. If you were constantly in the daylight, he was thinking Oh Allah, we need to rest we need a little bit of darkness. We want to sleep we can mean the day all the time as in the famous verses in the Quran, you know the verses right? Are you don't?

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Do you know the verses brothers and sisters? Raise your hand.

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Brother, what are you saying?

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Look, come on. This is simple stuff. I'm not even supposed to quote it.

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543 say Have you considered if Allah should make for you the Night continuous until the Day of Resurrection? What deity other than Allah to bring you light? Then will you not here say Have you considered as if Allah should make for you the day continuous until the Day of Resurrection, what they see other than Allah could bring you a night in which you may rest then really do not see Glory be to Allah and praise that he has made this perfect system for us. He says then invite the night when it departs and by the morning when it brightens

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the translation

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will not help much.

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Indeed, the fire is of the greatest affliction.

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Definitely, the translation is helpless in the situation. Because

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the main thing you think of when you would think of when you hear the word Kuba comes back to the word cavora. Right. And this three

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letter word is referring to the size of something.

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When you say something is cubbies, this is large.

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He's telling you this is one of

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meaning one of the biggest things

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now, from a translation standpoint, maybe you can say is it one of the biggest things because it is not big size wise? This is big in its weight. That means it is something great, something unfathomable, something unexpected, something amazing this indescribable. This is the meaning of

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not one of the greatest afflictions it sounds like it is you know, something that is fine, it's an affliction it's very great but

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I mean it's almost like it takes you to the world of wonder, you know, they talk about the World Seven Wonders, right? And the pyramid

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Just one of them. Believe me, the Seven Wonders pales in comparison to the Hellfire of Allah subhanaw taala it is enough that this Hellfire will come on the Day of Judgment, it will be dragged

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by how many angels?

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More than 5 billion angels?

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Or a little bit less to be exact?

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A little bit less than 5 billion angels?

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Did I pull this out of my own magician's hat?

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Where does this come from?

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Come on.

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We spoke about this a lot.

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5 billion angels. Can you imagine anything being

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offered or presented in this way? I mean, when you take any specimen, or you know, somebody made a new invention, you know, and it is about five meters by five meters or something like that. And 15 or 20 people are coming and presenting it. It's like something Wow, something great, something big. Or if 100 or 200 people are presenting some new discovery or invention for some skyscraper that they just built. Allah.

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I'm telling you 5 billion angels are driving the Hellfire

00:31:31--> 00:31:34

that it has 70,000 corners

00:31:36--> 00:31:40

each quarter or 70,000 Angels dragging

00:31:41--> 00:31:44

right? It means all in all,

00:31:45--> 00:31:46

how many angels

00:31:47--> 00:31:54

5 billion limitless 70,000 at each corner and 70,000 corners a

00:31:55--> 00:32:01

little bit less than 5,000,490 490 million, right?

00:32:03--> 00:32:05

Yeah, 490 million.

00:32:07--> 00:32:07


00:32:08--> 00:32:18

70,000 means four zeros. times two is eight zero so eight zeros 123123123 490. Correct.

00:32:20--> 00:32:21

Or 4000

00:32:24--> 00:32:30

million. So actually for close to 5,000,004.94 point 9

00:32:31--> 00:32:33

million angels.

00:32:34--> 00:32:36

Amazing to panic.

00:32:39--> 00:32:46

It is indeed this fire is one of the greatest things. affliction or not it is one of the greatest in

00:32:47--> 00:32:53

something just indescribable and unfathomable May Allah protect you and me from it

00:32:59--> 00:33:01

by the way, as you read the middle go for

00:33:03--> 00:33:04


00:33:08--> 00:33:09


00:33:17--> 00:33:19

day Hellfire will be brought when God

00:33:21--> 00:33:24

5 billion angels are bringing Jana

00:33:26--> 00:33:36

that day, the human being will remember what that was, is not for him to remember at this time. In other words, it's useful to remember at this time, he will say

00:33:38--> 00:33:44

them to hayati. When he sees this, he will say I wish I did something for my life.

00:33:46--> 00:33:49

Which life the true life

00:33:51--> 00:33:58

of this dunya This is the fake life. This is the artificial life. This is the matrix life.

00:34:00--> 00:34:02

The real life is the life of an architect.

00:34:03--> 00:34:05

That's what they are saying.

00:34:06--> 00:34:19

They will say we wish we hadn't done something for our life, this life that we are going to live now. They remember that when they see this great creation of Allah subhanaw taala dragged by almost 5 billion angels

00:34:21--> 00:34:22

in Cuba

00:34:26--> 00:34:43

as a warning to humanity indeed it is a warning to all of humanity. Remember, be warned. This is what awaits you of punishment if you disobey Allah subhanaw taala the Almighty Allah has made clear the path of righteousness and the path of misguidance.

00:34:44--> 00:34:52

The path of God is distinguished from the path of evil. Be warned, if you if you do not follow the path that Allah subhanaw taala

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

obligated you to follow through the messengers peace be upon them all that He has sent the

00:35:00--> 00:35:08

Beware of the Hellfire, the the Bashar as a warning to humanity. And some other scholars have said that

00:35:09--> 00:35:23

this may refer to something other than the fire. Some even said that this is Allah subhanaw taala that basically you're saying that I am a warrior to you, I am a warning to the humanity of the Hellfire that I am telling you about what the popular opinion is that it

00:35:25--> 00:35:30

refers to the hellfire, that it is a warning to all of humanity

00:35:41--> 00:35:46

to whoever will among you to proceed or stay behind.

00:35:49--> 00:35:50

So now

00:35:53--> 00:35:55

last time, I think it is up to you,

00:35:56--> 00:35:57

you will make the decision

00:35:58--> 00:36:04

to whoever will among you proceed, go forward, or stay behind, it's up to you.

00:36:05--> 00:36:07

And don't say I'm gonna stay where I am.

00:36:09--> 00:36:15

For all practical purposes, you cannot stay where you are. You're either moving forward, or moving backwards. You know why?

00:36:17--> 00:36:19

I'll tell you why. Because of your environment.

00:36:21--> 00:36:25

If it wasn't for the environment that we live in, it may be possible to just stay put.

00:36:28--> 00:36:35

If I like in the environment that we live in to a stream, you're swimming in a stream that the stream is not moving.

00:36:36--> 00:36:38

You can for all practical purposes just

00:36:39--> 00:36:45

stay put. Right? I forgot what they called it in swimming lingo, when they call that

00:36:47--> 00:36:50

the tread water to stay where you are.

00:36:51--> 00:36:59

But when you are swimming in a stream that is moving against you. If you stay put what will happen, you will move

00:37:01--> 00:37:34

the stream and everything around us and the environment. It's like swimming against the river. You're always swimming against the river and against the tide. If you say you are going to go backwards, maybe a little bit slower than you would if you were trying to move forward. You want to move forward you have to put extra effort. A lot of those in the city for whomever will let them proceed or stay behind it is up to you. Allah has given you the free choice. You choose you want to move forward or you want to stay behind. And this is why

00:37:38--> 00:37:38


00:37:39--> 00:37:47

go forward with the obedience of Allah subhanaw taala or go backwards by sinning against Allah.

00:37:48--> 00:37:48


00:37:51--> 00:37:53

by the way, there's a thing of

00:37:55--> 00:38:05

a beautiful thing concerning the verse before the Zeeland invasion as a warder and a warning to humanity, he says, By Allah, that no one

00:38:07--> 00:38:10

has been warned of something worse.

00:38:11--> 00:38:12

And more,

00:38:13--> 00:38:19

shall we say surprising and amazing than hellfire, when he says

00:38:21--> 00:38:23

you cannot be worn with anything

00:38:25--> 00:38:31

worse or more worthy of causing reminders than Hellfire was.

00:38:33--> 00:38:39

So therefore, choose your path is up to you. Even I mean? We.

00:38:40--> 00:38:41

But in the end

00:38:43--> 00:38:56

if you find something good, you praise Allah. This is part of our RP that we know that it is all part of the help that Allah subhanaw taala has helped us with but if you find anything other than that,

00:38:58--> 00:39:05

don't blame anyone but yourself. Allah azza wa jal gave you the option, you did not move forward, you chose to move backward.

00:39:06--> 00:39:07

This is why

00:39:09--> 00:39:13

in the famous Hadith, Muslim Prophet Muhammad Salim says at the end of it

00:39:16--> 00:39:29

whoever finds good on the Day of Judgment, Let them praise Allah. And then they find anything other than that. Don't blame anyone but your own Self. You are the one who destroyed yourself.

00:39:30--> 00:39:47

You aren't the one who threw yourself into destruction. Either move forward or go backwards this way instead, brothers and sisters, what did you achieve today? What did you learn today? What did you benefit from all of these hours? Then you forward or backwards?

00:39:49--> 00:40:00

We should ask ourselves these questions. Not just in the dunya survival mother's survival sister how are you? How are things? How are the kids? How's family? How's the dunya? Maybe one day we should

00:40:00--> 00:40:00


00:40:01--> 00:40:09

did you move forward or backward today? Did you move forward or backward recently? In the past month as we move forward or backward?

00:40:10--> 00:40:11

One of the to

00:40:12--> 00:40:15

choose one, you're not going to stay put

00:40:16--> 00:40:19

forward, or you went backwards?

00:40:20--> 00:40:21

I mean, come on

00:40:31--> 00:40:32

give me Yeah.

00:40:46--> 00:40:50

No, because we said again, I'll just quickly say that

00:40:51--> 00:41:33

we know for a fact from all of the verses of the Quran, that Allah, Allah has given us free choice, no one is forcing us to do anything. But we said that when you are a person who loves good, and you try to find that which is good, and you put yourself on the path of Allah that helps you and pushes you in the path of good, this is his guidance. But when you in the first place, you're an evil person, you like evil, you're not looking for the truth. You don't like the truth, you're not open minded enough to look for the truth and to follow the path of goodness. And you put yourself on the path of evil and you are obstinate and stubborn. And you remain that way. Allah azza wa jal will

00:41:33--> 00:41:34

keep you on that path

00:41:37--> 00:41:38

is gonna keep you on

00:41:39--> 00:41:45

unless you try to change it. But Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is

00:41:47--> 00:41:58

in their in themselves. So you have to change it. Otherwise Allah, Allah will keep you on that path, the meaning of America, you will love the minister, and I'm going to come in further but in the next time,

00:41:59--> 00:41:59

then Allah.

00:42:04--> 00:42:09

Allah Hina, every soul for work for what it has earned will be the pain.

00:42:12--> 00:42:14

Now he's saying that

00:42:16--> 00:42:33

I mean, it's a similar meaning to the previous verse in the sense that every, when he says, Do what you please, either move forward or go backwards, he tells you again, you are responsible for your own actions. Okay? So he says, Every soul for what it has earned will be retained.

00:42:34--> 00:42:49

In other words, your retention will be a result of your deeds. Your deeds are like a retainer. They stop you or they imprison you, they keep you from something, and I'll explain it.

00:42:51--> 00:42:54

Every fall for what it has earned will be retained.

00:42:55--> 00:42:58

This area and the one before SubhanAllah.

00:43:00--> 00:43:06

Both are giving you the concept that you are responsible for your own fate,

00:43:07--> 00:43:15

you will forward and backward you are going to be retained by your deeds, beware your deeds

00:43:17--> 00:43:26

are what is going to despise your faith in the Hereafter. And then going after the other verse, solid one may not think

00:43:27--> 00:43:28


00:43:30--> 00:43:32

it is in the hands of Allah, He says

00:43:35--> 00:43:36


00:43:40--> 00:43:40


00:43:41--> 00:43:52

anything, no, he comes back and he shows you that he balances the concept for you we were whoever takes or wishes to move forward or backward,

00:43:54--> 00:43:56

you are going to be retained by your deeds.

00:43:57--> 00:44:39

So it gives you the other side giving you the opposite. So is balancing the concept for you. You know, as a Muslim, everything is in the hands of Allah, guidance and his guidance in the hands of Allah. But no at the same time, you are responsible and your deeds will retain you. They are a retainer for you. And subhanAllah how these verses now are coming after talk about the fire because what many of the disbelievers wants to do and even some of the deviant sects in Islam in the past who wanted to say the human being is forced into everything no such thing as free will it is all

00:44:41--> 00:44:46

like pawns on a chessboard. Of course this is incorrect.

00:44:47--> 00:44:50

For after mentioning the Hellfire one May

00:44:51--> 00:44:52

Allah guide delivery

00:44:54--> 00:44:58

and he's warning me on the fire but why is he warning me if he's in charge? No.

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

You will be with him.

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

by your deeds, your deeds are what are going to save you

00:45:05--> 00:45:14

or are going to destroy you. You are responsible for moving forward or backwards. So he corrects the concept and Subhanallah this is part of the beauty of the Quran.

00:45:17--> 00:45:19

Now, what does this verse mean?

00:45:23--> 00:45:23


00:45:25--> 00:45:26


00:45:28--> 00:45:40

logical, when he says every soul for what it has earned will be retained right now, for this you have to go to the meaning of the word. Rana. Rana means

00:45:42--> 00:45:46

in the verb form, when I come to take something from you,

00:45:47--> 00:45:51

and I give you something in exchange,

00:45:53--> 00:45:53

so that

00:45:54--> 00:45:55

when I come back,

00:45:57--> 00:46:15

so that I may give you back your objects or what I borrowed and take back what I gave you, the it's usually what happens when you give your card so that you can enter as you are going out, you are basically giving them something for service. That's what they call potting right. When you plant something.

00:46:16--> 00:46:31

I'm taking something an object, place something on it, okay. So that I may come back and I may not feel the object, how does this apply here? It applies to the life of the human being.

00:46:34--> 00:46:35

A last panel with the HANA

00:46:37--> 00:46:40

the Almighty has given us so much

00:46:42--> 00:46:45

he has given us his blessing.

00:46:46--> 00:46:49

He has blessed us, he has

00:46:51--> 00:46:58

provided for us. He's given us authority and responsibility in the dunya he made us the vice chairman

00:47:00--> 00:47:01

of the dunya.

00:47:03--> 00:47:07

All these things that Allah Allah has given us is not for free.

00:47:09--> 00:47:10

There is a price to pay.

00:47:12--> 00:47:12

What is that price?

00:47:14--> 00:47:17

Following his guidance, obedience to Him,

00:47:18--> 00:47:23

then only you will be rewarded on the Day of Judgment. Otherwise,

00:47:26--> 00:47:27

you will be punished.

00:47:28--> 00:47:30

These things he's giving you are not for free.

00:47:32--> 00:47:32

The price

00:47:34--> 00:47:40

to implement them in the way that pleases Allah subhanaw taala. Otherwise, they will be taken from you.

00:47:42--> 00:47:51

They're not for free. So therefore, give the required do and that required do is obedient.

00:47:53--> 00:47:54

Pieces collapsing.

00:47:56--> 00:48:14

This you are retained. Because when you follow something, you're basically retained because of that thing. That person has retained you by taking the thing from you. It's almost like when Allah Allah has taken from us, when we accept the Allah Allah,

00:48:16--> 00:48:24

Allah Allah Salah what you will only when jivas right present presenting the analysis the heavens and the earth and everything in between and announcing sorry.

00:48:26--> 00:48:36

When Allah's version presented this trust, they all shied away from it. The one who took this trust is the human being. And this trust, we said before is what

00:48:39--> 00:48:40

what is this trust, whether

00:48:41--> 00:48:41

whether further

00:48:46--> 00:48:48

more generally, accountability.

00:48:50--> 00:48:52

Accountability, this is the trust.

00:48:54--> 00:48:54

This is the

00:48:55--> 00:48:57

now we're talking about the ultimate amount at

00:48:59--> 00:48:59

the end of

00:49:01--> 00:49:11

this trust is the trust of accountability that you will be rewarded if you do good and you will be punished if you do otherwise. And we accepted the trust

00:49:12--> 00:49:13


00:49:16--> 00:49:23

So you will be retained by your deeds by everything that you have learned. But then he says except the companions of the right.

00:49:25--> 00:49:41

So it seems like the companions of the right will not be retained by their deeds, but it makes perfect sense. It's logical that your deeds are what are going to render you to paradise or to hellfire, right.

00:49:42--> 00:49:45

Your deeds are supposed to decide. They are the judge

00:49:47--> 00:49:50

and especially since in the other surah.

00:49:51--> 00:49:54

He also said in the market.

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

There is give you the exception of Illa of Heaven your needs

00:50:01--> 00:50:01


00:50:03--> 00:50:05

which sort of go to

00:50:08--> 00:50:09


00:50:13--> 00:50:19


00:50:21--> 00:50:23

Verse 21.

00:50:25--> 00:50:38

And those who believed and whose descendants followed them in faith, we will join with them their descendants, and we will not deprive them of anything of their deeds, every person for what he earned is retained.

00:50:40--> 00:50:50

And then he continues and we will provide them with fruit and so on. So he stopped, he did not give you the exception of inner harmony. I mean, how do we understand that?

00:50:52--> 00:50:55

How do we solve? What seems to be

00:50:57--> 00:50:59

a different meaning? Right?

00:51:02--> 00:51:03

At the moment, shall we

00:51:05--> 00:51:20

give the following answer, by the way is easy versus clear, right? The meaning is clear, that basically you are retained by your deeds, your deeds will be a judge where you will go, Okay, it's almost like they are retaining you. Either they will render you to fairness or to hellfire.

00:51:21--> 00:51:25

This should apply to all why should it be an exception to have harmony?

00:51:27--> 00:51:30

Are they also done by the nice?

00:51:33--> 00:51:43

I'll tell you how they explained the in surah. But first, let's understand why possibly he says in one place, the exception of Hubballi Amin and here not

00:51:45--> 00:51:57

easy said this is a general idea and that is a specific and a specific will always make specific that which was General in another place, okay. This is a known

00:51:58--> 00:51:59


00:52:00--> 00:52:11

And also by the way, in some other examples and and the Hadith and so on this, the the other eye of the eye is working with is making specific what was generalized

00:52:12--> 00:52:14

another possible answer

00:52:17--> 00:52:22

and it will show you Subhanallah the beauty of the Quran is that here

00:52:24--> 00:52:34

there is a possibility of a misconception happening and therefore a law was correcting that misconception. Why? He says

00:52:36--> 00:52:48

to me, man, and how can I be in Berea This is one of the few is that tells you that there is something of a reward, extra gift

00:52:49--> 00:52:53

for the pious fathers, in that Allah villages with

00:52:54--> 00:53:04

their descendants in status, even if their deeds did not lift them to that status. Allah is going to list the descendants, the children and progeny

00:53:05--> 00:53:10

so that they may be together and enjoy themselves together in paradise, Allah.

00:53:12--> 00:53:13

One may say, Well,

00:53:14--> 00:53:46

everyone should be solely responsible, only the deeds should defy the status, right? These are not people who are disbelievers. Notice that, and those who believe, and whose descendants follow them in faith, they follow them in faith. And maybe they were not far behind. But they were just a little bit behind. So there's a difference in status. But then the the the pious fathers who would love nothing more than to be with their descendants in paradise. So Allah will list those descendants

00:53:47--> 00:53:51

up to the level of the Father and not bring the fathers down to the levels of the descendants, right.

00:53:53--> 00:53:55

Not fair to bring somebody knows, but

00:53:56--> 00:54:00

as part of extra reward for the pious fathers Subhan Allah.

00:54:02--> 00:54:07

This is one of the few ideas that gives you this meaning in the Quran, right? So

00:54:08--> 00:54:34

we will join with them their descendants and we will not deprive them of any thing of their deeds. So he'll do that without depriving them of their deeds in any way. Here one may start to think that that's the case. And maybe my father was a pious man, he was a scholar, he was a he was an imam. So it can be in the middle. Because Allah says that I will.

00:54:35--> 00:54:38

He says, in the market samurai

00:54:39--> 00:54:40


00:54:41--> 00:54:59

They were thinking that this is a freebie and therefore you can live as you please know. You will be retained by your deeds. You don't know if you will be of those that Allah subhanaw taala will favor upon and will raise you to the level of your father. That is of course of

00:55:00--> 00:55:20

The fathers are better than the children. Nowadays Unfortunately, many of the children are better than their fathers. The children are complaining, my father doesn't pray My mother doesn't do this and I am more religious than them. This may be the natural progression of people slowly coming back to the religion Inshallah, either way, He Allah azza wa jal, if that misconception occurs,

00:55:22--> 00:55:25

clarifies elucidates the issue completely.

00:55:26--> 00:55:27


00:55:28--> 00:55:48

it may not be the place to mention the full detail of the idea which is everyone we will be retained by the exception of hardly a mean which we are coming to here is just the general idea in order possibly, this this may be the answer to correct that misconception will then

00:55:50--> 00:55:52

in sort of destiny, which we are discussing,

00:55:53--> 00:56:12

he made the the initial fully clear, and that is the ones that will be retained by their deeds are the disbelievers. Everyone except the people have the rights. Okay. The people are the companions of the rights as we know.

00:56:15--> 00:56:21

Some different things about who the people or the companions of the right are in this case.

00:56:27--> 00:56:37

One of them is that they are competitive the right those who have been given the books in the right hands, those people who did righteous good deeds, who feared Allah

00:56:38--> 00:56:52

who will be in paradise. Okay? How are they not? It's not that they're not being held accountable by their deeds, it means that they were not retained by their deeds. Its means

00:56:53--> 00:56:59

and this is how many of the scholars explained it, that here the deeds they're referring to our bad deeds.

00:57:01--> 00:57:10

Everyone, but the companions have the right, their bad deeds kept them retained in prisons, in the hellfire.

00:57:12--> 00:57:13


00:57:14--> 00:57:19

people or the companions have the right to free themselves from their death

00:57:20--> 00:57:27

and when to Paradise, meaning their bad deeds, does not retain them, does not move them down

00:57:28--> 00:57:33

and relegate them to hellfire. Rather, Allah forgave it for them.

00:57:35--> 00:57:36

Allah forgive

00:57:37--> 00:57:40

their sins and their evil deeds.

00:57:41--> 00:57:42

Another way to look at it

00:57:43--> 00:57:44

is that

00:57:45--> 00:57:49

the companions of the rice only entered paradise,

00:57:50--> 00:57:51

correct by their

00:57:54--> 00:58:01

by the mercy of Allah azza wa jal, which she decreed for them, because of the good deeds.

00:58:03--> 00:58:03

You see,

00:58:04--> 00:58:18

the disbelievers in hellfire, worried pain, by their deeds, their deeds are the ones that renders them to hellfire, but Allah bestow the mercy

00:58:20--> 00:58:34

as a result of the good deeds, that the righteous put forth, thus deserving paradise. So they were not retained by their deeds, the companions of the rights were not retained by their deeds.

00:58:36--> 00:58:38

Another possibility, and this is narrated

00:58:39--> 00:58:48

on the authority of Satan, actually, probably Allah, that the companions on the right, are the children of the Muslims.

00:58:51--> 00:58:52

The children of the Muslims

00:58:55--> 00:58:58

married on the authority of women, I bet that it is the

00:59:00--> 00:59:05

it is angels, even though this may be a little bit far along

00:59:08--> 00:59:08


00:59:10--> 00:59:15

companions of the rise, they are going to be the children of the Muslims, as we say.

00:59:17--> 00:59:20

That is because these people don't have sin.

00:59:21--> 00:59:23

Right. And this is why

00:59:25--> 00:59:34

even Jared mentioned that the reason for this being a possibility is that they didn't have any sin.

00:59:35--> 00:59:49

And you will see in the next day, as they were asking the people of the Hellfire, what relegated you to hellfire. What made you to enter the hellfire? So they are saying that someone who's asking that question

00:59:51--> 00:59:59

without knowing the answer must be someone who doesn't know about accountability and deeds and sins, and therefore they're asking what made you to

01:00:00--> 01:00:14

until the hellfire, meaning that they entered paradise for free. And the only ones who are going to enter paradise for free are the children of the Muslims who didn't reach the level of puberty whereby they will be held accountable. This is why

01:00:17--> 01:00:18

probably Allah

01:00:19--> 01:00:27

has chosen this understanding that the Haveli Amin in this situation are the children of the Muslims.

01:00:29--> 01:00:33

It also made the general like we said, meaning that it applies to

01:00:35--> 01:00:58

the people who are the companions of the right, who are given the book in the right hand, right? And therefore they are the ones that Allah God has saved, okay by his bounty, but because of their good deeds, and therefore they are not retained by their deeds they are not punished by their deeds. Even some of the seller have said that they are not punished the deeds did not

01:00:59--> 01:01:01

render them to the punishment of Allah Islam

01:01:16--> 01:01:17

know that this is no these are

01:01:21--> 01:01:22

these are the people

01:01:24--> 01:01:24


01:01:25--> 01:01:31

the people of Paradise will talk to in hellfire. These are the people of hellfire. We're talking about Who are

01:01:33--> 01:01:34

we trying to understand why?

01:01:43--> 01:01:45

No, no, because because they say Well,

01:01:47--> 01:01:50

no, we will get to that, we'll get to that, okay.

01:01:51--> 01:01:57

So, those companions of the right will not be retained by their

01:02:01--> 01:02:01


01:02:06--> 01:02:40

Who will be in gardens questioning each other, you can just imagine the situation they are in this beautiful garden sitting together the people of paradise. And you will see in many situations, the people of paradise are talking to each other and remembering the dunya right. Many different conversations the Quran tells us about when they are discussing the matters of the dunya. And you will find also examples in the Quran where the people of the Hellfire are blaming each other and talking about the dunya and converting in hellfire, Allah.

01:02:41--> 01:02:46

All of it as a final regret of what brought them to this.

01:02:48--> 01:02:52

And you are seeing in this and others

01:02:53--> 01:03:01

cases when the people of Jana are addressing the people of hellfire and other cases where the people of hellfire are interesting that people have agenda.

01:03:03--> 01:03:17

So there's four types of conversations. One agenda together, one for those that have the highest together, one where the people of paradise are calling on the people of Delphi, and the other were the people of hellfire are calling on the people of paradise.

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beautiful garden

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beautiful gardens that you cannot imagine questioning each other.

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About the criminals. They're asking each other about the criminals

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that deserve the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala meaning a lot of times they are thanking Allah, they're praising Allah, they're happy Alhamdulillah Allah.

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Allah, Allah, Allah who guided us to this, and we were lucky to have been guided if Allah does not guide us. So they were happy that

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they are happy that Allah aversion

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to the punish the the eternal punishment of the criminals, right. So they're asking about the criminals I mean.

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What I'm asking them what puts you into

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First thing

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they're asking each other. So they're asking each other the answer should be

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what, what happened to them, but not as he says

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the way in other words, he went straight to what was

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the way the scholars explained this is

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you and I are saying to each other, we're speaking Okay, about something and we're questioning something. Then one of us went and questioned those people.

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So he's telling you what the people, the people of hellfire, understand.

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What do they mean? They're sitting in paradise enjoying themselves. They're asking each other

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About the criminals in hellfire, right? When they were asking each other they didn't have the answer. So a group went and called on the people of hellfire and asked

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what is it that caused you to enter the hellfire and Allah azza wa jal is telling you what the people

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the people of hellfire not once went on questioning between us is that clear?

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What puts you into this can have several meanings.

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One possibility is it is a real or rather let's start with the metaphorical it is a metaphorical meaning, not

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metaphorical in the sense that it is a question, a rhetorical question that is meant to call regrets for the people of hellfire.

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What made you to enter the hellfire? Welcome. They are really asking, what made you to enter Delphi? They're basically making fun of them. They're mocking them. They're increasing their regrets. And there are many examples of this a little bit, right. What made you to enter the Hellfire Subhan Allah Allah, Allah, Allah,

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Allah Allah will forgive all sins, except ship. Everything he will forgive, just believe in him, just asking for His forgiveness. Once in his life, Evan just never said

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to Medina, the relative of

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Allah Allah, when she asked him where

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he used to be good than he used to give the media and the poor and in the skin and so on. Where will he be?

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Otherwise he should be in paradise.

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And he never once said on the Finley, hopefully at your Monday, will Allah forgive my sins on the Day of Judgment? That's all that is required. They're asking the masala

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what made you to to hellfire, Allah subhanaw taala merciful

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99 units of mercy for the Day of Judgment for the for the sinners, made you to me means it must have been the worst of the worst to deserve the hellfire and Allah is the Most Merciful and the Most unjust. So it couldn't be a question that is causing regret. The other possibility is that it is a real question.

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This question may be coming as we just said from a family and in the opinion of

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the children of the Muslims, they don't know what made you to enter the Hellfire they don't know.

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The other possibilities? Again, as we said, it is a real question. They're asking the people of hellfire, what made you to enter the hellfire?

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What made you or what puts you into again, the name of the Hellfire that we have

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in the verses which we mentioned previously and inshallah we will continue after the

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then or after the Salah, after the Salah. We'll just take another 10 minutes inshallah and we'll try to finish the verses Baraka Luffy from the work from the anatomy of Milena venum from Madonna and enjoy