Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Ahzab 1-8 Tafsir 4-5
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lesson number 218 SoTL
will begin from Ayah number four,
merger the lovely allegedly Min konbini fee jiofi. Allah has not made for men to hearts, in his interior in his body.
From here, the practices that were common in the Arab society, they're being abolished. And the first of those practices is we have and the money and inshallah I will explain these terms to you, and also these practices as we move along. But before that a lot of times Allah says that he has not made for any person, two hearts in his body. urbaine is a duel of calm, and Jove is from the root letters gene, while fat. And Jove is basically a case by case, something that has another thing within it, inside of it. Sophie jiofi, in his interior, meaning in his body, in his inside, in his body, in his body in his interior. So the chest is like a container. It's like a case. And inside
the case is what the heart. So Allah has not made two hearts for any man in his body. He has not placed inside a person two hearts. Rather every person what does he have?
Because think about it, if a person had two hearts, then what would that lead to?
confusion, because sometimes you feel like doing something. And another time you don't feel like doing something.
Now imagine you have two hearts, one heart tells you eat. The other says, Don't eat.
Imagine how difficult life would become. A person wouldn't know what to do, he would become the center of confusion and in decisiveness.
Like sometimes people say, My heart says this, but my mind says that.
And because of that we get so confused and we remain in indecision. Logically, we should be doing something. But people say that if you ask my heart, I don't want to do it. Logically, I know I'm supposed to be but according to my heart, I don't want to do it. Now imagine if a person had two hearts, how difficult life would become. So Allah subhanaw taala says over here, then he has not placed in the body of any man, two hearts
that do contradictory things, do different things, telling him to do completely opposite things at the same time.
And it is also said that there was a person at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam a disbeliever, who said that I have better reasoning than Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam because I have two hearts, and he has only one heart. Why did he say this?
Just to show that he was better. his reasoning was better. And what Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam was saying, it didn't make any sense. So he was just trying to say, only to establish his supremacy. But Allah subhanaw taala completely negates that this is a lie. Allah has not created an anybody two hearts. No, everybody has only one heart.
And what's the objective of saying this, that justice two hearts do not coexist in a body at the same time. Similarly, two contradictory things cannot exist in a person, at the same time,
do contradictory things cannot go exist in a person at the same time, like, for example, a man and go for what are the
opposing things, contradictory things? Can they coexist in the heart of a person at a time? They cannot? It's either a man or it's good for? And if a person tries to take both along with him, then what does that feel to be more often than what happens? does it stay like that for they're the hormone law model, that one overtakes the other gopher overtakes him and this is why Allah says when we move, meaning, they're not actually believers, even if they say they're believers. So you understand. So do contradictory things cannot go exist in a person at the same time as well.
Similarly, people, they had these certain practices, assumptions, that if I call someone my son, he will become my son. If I call my wife, my mother, she will become like my mother. No, this is not possible. Your wife is only your wife. She cannot be your wife and your mother at the same time.
A person who is not by
rgt related to you, they cannot be your son. You understand, being your son and not being your son, they're completely two contradictory things, they cannot coexist in a person at the same time, being a mother and being a wife to someone completely contradictory things, they cannot coexist in the same woman at the same time. So manager or the law, who the legend in men conveying if he jiofi, Allah has not placed in the interior of any person, two hearts, one manager either and he has not made as well as your wives, unless he those who Allah is Florida. And let me remember,
this is a muscle is very, very basic. What's the plural allottee? And Allah He allottee and Allah both are plural. So over here, what do we see a lady? So webmanager Allah as well Jacomo, Larry, and he has not made your wives, those wives who do lie he Luna men hoonah, you all duly had with them.
So those wise with whom you usually have a loss of panatela has not made them automatic, your mothers,
your wives with whom you do the hard, Allah has not made them your mothers. Why? Because a wife and a mother who are they completely two different individuals, these two roles cannot be combined in the same woman at a time. Now the question is what is
the law he says from the heart and the heart is from the heart. What does love mean, back ends we have was a daily practice. This was when a man he wished to give an irrevocable divorce to his wife what is an irrevocable divorce for Apple back in what is that? after which they can ever reconcile?
Because for lack of luxury revocable divorces, what the first and second ones, right, a person says Fallout, he realizes he did something wrong, he does redo the second time The same thing happened he does a job with a third time. This is what final divorce he cannot do after that. Unless what happens? The woman gets married to somebody else and then ends up in a divorce or the man dies. And then again she marries the previous husband. Okay, so atolla can buy in irrevocable divorce. So if a man wish to make his wife completely haram on himself. So what would he say to her and Tia
that you are to me, like the back of my mother, you are for me as untouchable as my mother's back. That just as I can never ever have relations with my mother. Similarly, I will never ever have relations with you.
So this was a way of completely making a woman haraam.
Now just imagine
a woman who has children, and that man was angry. And in that moment of extreme anger, he said these words, imagine the consequences. If you just pronounced her lap, there is a chance of fixing the situation later on, right by Roger. But after this, there was no way and this was a Gemini practice and it was considered as a valid form of divorce. But Allah subhanaw taala he completely abolished this practice over here by saying that one major Allah as well, Giacomo, let me know
that your wives against whom you pronouncedly have they not become your mothers? Just because you say you are to me like the back of my mother, your wife does not become like your mother do
just because you say she does not become like your mother. Similarly, when myjalah and he has not made $1 equal your adopted sons are there yet? This is a plural of their
than arraign. Yeah, you put a castle under the rain and a shadow under Yeah, there is.
This is just like the word of nia. And what's the singular villainy. Similarly ambia knobbies. At the the key the other year there. And there is this is from the root letters that are in Well, there are either what does that mean to call someone. So there is
the claimed son of a person.
Meaning he's not the biological son of a person. But that person says, You are my son.
So what happens? He would become like his son. This is what declaring someone to be your son whereas in reality is not your son. He's not your biological son.
So this was also a daily practice. And it was a legal practice of that time, that any person, any man, a man would come and say to him, You like my son, and he would actually become his son and what would that mean? He would get his name. So he would be called the son of so and so. And not just that, but his ex wife would become her arm on the Father.
Like, for example, if the adopted son was married, okay, he divorced his wife, but she would be held on who, on the father, just like a daughter in law is what how long even if the son divorces him?
Similarly, he would inherit as well.
So this was a practice of the time of ignorance, but Allah subhanaw taala he abolished his practice by saying well manager, Allah derya income earner, he has not made your other yet your son's. Just because you say to someone, you're my son, they don't become your son.
Then he can do that or you are going to come is just your word, bf ye combiner mounts. This is just a word that you say with your mouse. Just because you called someone your mother, she doesn't become your mother. Just because you call it someone your son he doesn't become your son will lower your colon health. And Allah He speaks the truth will have a disability and he guides to the right way. Why is it said over here? Well, La Jolla Pullman how what you're saying is a lie. When you call someone who's not your son, your son, that is what a lie. It's a statement that contradicts reality. But Allah subhanaw taala What does he like?
Truth, that which is in accordance to reality, and he does not shy away from speaking the truth. Allah, your colon health, he does not shy away from speaking the truth. You're very embarrassed over here, that oh my god, someone who's supposed to be my adopted son, how could he not be like my son anymore? You understand it was something very difficult for the people. But Allah says, We love we are good, and Allah does not shy from speaking the truth will disturb you. And any problems that will come up after this, Allah will guide you with regards to that.
So in this ayah, primarily, two practices are being abolished. The first practice is of that of the help. And Islam put an end to this practice, because this was a violation against to the rights of women. The example that I gave to you Just imagine a family man becomes angry, he pronounces these words against a woman that's an irrevocable divorce, what's going to happen to that family, if he had settled out, there would be a chance of getting back together. But now this is like, completely finished,
completely finished. And the woman had absolutely no choice of getting back to her husband in any way.
So we see that in our religion, the allowance of taanach is given, and two chances are given, but we have this is not something that is permissible, only How is something that has been abolished,
or something that has been abolished. And what has been said over here is that before this command, that Allah has not placed two hearts, in the body of any men. Similarly, a woman she cannot be your mother.
And just in a general sense, just a side point, that a person must understand that his wife and his mother are two different individuals. Because many times people, what do they do the confused between these two, in the sense that it's either my mother, or my wife, either I have to make my mother happy, and make my wife miserable for the rest of her life. Or I'm going to make my wife happy. And I'm going to make my mother miserable for the rest of her life. No. What do we see over here?
do different people
do different needs, do different positions, they have their own rights. They're completely separate. You cannot confuse between the two of them. You cannot. And we see that. Over here. We have. It said that. When a person says that you are like my mother, this is a lie. This is a lie. This is something that is against reality. And further details of the house, they're given in sort of magetta Interactive magetta when so happy. He pronounced these words against his wife, she came to the profits on a lot of sudden begging for a solution. And then the IRS will reveal that but semiological cloning the tea to Jeju coffee zodia watashi Illa Allah vs marrow, the whole document
in Allah semir embassy and in the lies given that alladhina illa who don't have in common Nyssa in melanoma Hatem that those men who declared out against their wives, their wives or not their mothers in Omaha to LA whether they know their mothers or who those who gave birth.
them we're in the home lay of Kowloon among communists Tony missoura. And when they pronounce it hard, what are they saying? amonkar statement. Zhu Li we're in the Lucha Libre full of a fool but Allah He is forgiving and he is our fully is bargaining and he is forgiving.
And then further on it is said that what Medina EULA he wrote me Nyssa him. So my original email call for the hero,
that those people who pronounce the half there is a punishment for that a person has to give kafala for that and what is that cafaro that they have to the hairy robber, they have to free a slave mean probably any other master before they do touch one another. So, we see that when a person pronounces really hard after that, what does he have to do?
He would have to free a slave and then he would have to reconcile it with his wife, that he can do or Luna v willowby method middle Nickleby. So, we have it would not have any effect on the marital relationship. However, what is it a person has to suffer the consequences of pronouncing that big lie that harsh and extremely rude statement?
And what is the punishment that he has to give her father and he cannot go back to his wife unless and until he gives a co founder
and a person who cannot free a slave? Then what does he have to do? Firstly amisha whiny Matata bearing then he has to fast for two months consecutively when cabling ATMs for millennia. So clarify your throne was a Tina Myskina whoever cannot fast for two months and he has to feed 16 ed
and all of this is in Surah, two magetta The details are mentioned at the beginning of the solar. So what do we see over here that we do not have the authority
to play around with the laws that Allah subhanaw taala has given
that the law that Allah has given us
and we come up with a new way
that in one go in one shot completely make the woman Holloman yourself get rid of her completely by pronouncing to her. And something similar that people have invented is what st tala tala collect three times at once autolock 1000 times
for 50 times.
Why Why do people do this a shortcut to completely getting rid of the woman. But we see that this is an extremely harsh statement and extremely rude statement. This is why the opinion that saying talak three times in one setting, this equals to only $1. This is the preferred opinion this is a stronger opinion that even if a person pronounces the left 1000 times to his wife in reality, what is it $1
because this is far from reality, and it is a very harsh statement against the woman. It's a violation of our rights. So this is why Allah subhanaw taala abolished this practice of
we don't insert the natural eye number 116. But while at the cooloola Tasuku alsina to communicate Eva, Heather halaal and we're happy to have that do not say about what your tongues assertive untruth, this is lawful. And this is unlawful mean, don't disclaim yourselves. This is lawful for me, this is unlawful for me, don't start inventing things. You are held on with me forever. And you are like my mother to me. We're not allowed to do this. We're not allowed to change the law of Allah. We're supposed to follow the law, what we're the way of divorce Allah subhanaw taala has taught that if a man wishes to give divorce to his wife, what does he need to do? Follow that way
instead of coming up with his own way. And we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam even is not allowed to change the law of Allah. What do we see that limit to harinama? Allah ma hulak. Intro to him. I number one, why do you make unlawful what Allah has made local for you? So we're not allowed to change the law of Allah subhanho data. And basically over here, what do we see that the practice of law was completely abolished that Allah subhanaw taala called it and I Valley compound local, we FYI, this is just a statement that you utter with your mouse. The second practice that is being abolished in this ayah is the practice of Dublin leaf.
it from even? What is even sun, so it is to declare someone as your son. This practice has also been abolished over here, that if you claim that someone is your son, he does not become your son. In reality, who is your son?
Someone who is biologically your son, or your wife has given birth to someone who has your blood, that is your son. So just as the way a person's wife does not become his mother, just because he says to her, similarly, a stranger will not become his son just because he says he is his son. It's not possible. This is just a statement. This is just a word. So your adoption of a person is just what mere words and they don't really mean that
Anything, no matter what huge legal documents people have made, but those legal documents have no value in the sight of a loss of time. Even if the child is given the last name of the Father, the adopted child is given the last name of the Father, still, he will not become the son of that matters. Because what is the loss of data, say over here? That this is just a statement that your mouth but
you might think that why is this forbidden?
You might think like that, right? Why is this forbidden could be a very good thing in certain situations, that there could be a child, who is an orphan who doesn't have a family, and this man, he comes and says, You like my son? So he treats him as a son, and then he can inherit from him? And you can have a family? Isn't this supposed to be a good thing? Think about it, isn't it supposed to be a good thing? Why is this abolished? Then?
Why do you think so?
Basically, we see that in our religion, what are we
gonna do? How can
give every deserver of right? The right that he deserves? Isn't it?
Every person, whatever, right, he has given it to him.
So if a person is declared as the adopted child of someone,
and the actual father, he is deprived of his son, is that fair?
It's not fair. A person might say, well, the father cannot afford to take care of that child. Even then, it's his right. It's his blood, his son, his daughter, he has the right that his child should get his name, that his child should know who his father is.
So in our religion, what is the principal, our earthly Cola, the Hatton.
And also, if you think about it, when a person is adopted in this way, it could lead to the violation of many other commands of a loss of habitat.
Like for instance, that child is going up in the family, the hijab is being violated.
Similarly, it's quite possible that when that son will inherit the actual sons of that person, they have the right to more shares, isn't it Oh, but because of that son, because of that adopted son, what has happened there right has reduced.
Like, for example, imagine, if a person only has one son, and then he adopts another one, then what will happen? They will get equal shares, the state will be divided into two portions, whereas that adopted son was not there than the actual son, how much would he get? Four? Correct, he would get a full share. So because of that adopted son, what's happening, the real son is being deprived of his actual right. He is being deprived, many other commands are going to be violated, things will become more confusing. And if the adopted child is never told that we are not actually your family, and when the child grows up, and he finds out that I was adopted, how would you feel I have been lied to
all my life.
This is what he's going to feel I have been lied to all my life. And there are many people whom you may have seen, who have been lied to in this way. And as a grown up and to find out what happens, what happens, they leave their families, they completely cut off from them, they go into depression.
I know of someone personally, who grew up in a family like this, they were never told that they were adopted. And many, many years later, somebody out of spite against their parents, they told them
highly educated person, highly educated. It's as though he has become depressed. He was married, he got divorced. It's as though his life has completely changed since then.
extremely stable personality. So loving, so caring, welcoming, and now completely flipped. He doesn't talk to his mother, he doesn't talk to his father, you have lied to me lie to me lie to me all my life. How can I trust you? How can I respect you? How can I care for you?
So this is not fair. It leads to many, many injustices, we might think of adoption is something that is very beautiful, but it's not in reality, beautiful. It leads to many, many corruptions in the society. But this does not mean that children who do not have a family are not provided a family know, what do we learn that the house in which an orphan is raised? That house is one of the best houses. A person who takes care of an orphan provides for him. He's a very righteous person. So there's a lot of reward, but the child should know who his actual father is. The child should know his identity
in a lot of Ghana, or leemon hakima he knows he's wise, then how can we claim that we are more merciful than him? We might feel that all the children that need a family, you know, they all grew up with this feeling that oh, I don't have a father. So let me just say that I am here.
Father, let him have the sense of belonging to a family out of mercy. But what do we see that Allah subhanaw taala, he's more merciful, he is more wise, he's more knowledgeable.
So we cannot do this.
Remember that just to clarify, when it comes to adoption, adoption as we know it today, what happens is that a child he's given whose name whose surname is given to him, his biological parents know, adopted parents, right? This is something that is incorrect. This is something that is not right.
And a child, he may be raised in another family, and out of love, you may say that I'm like your father. However, the child should know that you're not actually his father, you're not actually his mother, the child should have that awareness, he should be told. So this practice of the bunny, this was being abolished. Now we see that the bunny it was extremely common, extremely common in Arabia, to the point that even the Prophet sallallahu, Salah, even he had an adopted son, who was he
was even had a son. And we see that they didn't, how does the he knew who his actual father was, and even found him and he came to buy his freedom. But they didn't hide it that he chose to stay with the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and then the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he declared that he is my son. So they it was known as said, even Hamlet, sort of locked in for a very long time until these ads were revealed. But what do we see that once these ayat were revealed, then say that they learn who he was known as a human. How does that and the Sahaba they didn't have any problem with that? Because what did we learn earlier? That who are the true believers?
There are those who submit, they accept, they don't become arrogant. They don't say, how come it's gonna be such a difficult legal process? No, Allah said, Don't do this. So they stopped right away. And we see that Saturday been Suhail, the wife of Abu hanifa, she came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and said that O Messenger of Allah, we used to call Salim, our son, Salim was a freed slave. And he was declared as their son. But alas, the panel data has revealed what he has revealed. And he used to enter upon me, but I feel that abacha does not like that anymore. Meaning Salim would come very easily. Now he's grown up, he's an adult now. We treated him as our son. But now if you lit up
with her, they found my husband, he wants that I should cover in front of him. But he's like our son, we've adopted him. So what are we supposed to do?
So at the end of the day, what has been said, Who is it?
That Allah He will guide to the right way. And we see that in their case, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he told her that he that you nurse him how that extract some milk and give it to him so that he will become like your Whitson.
Through the bar,
she extracted some milk. And it's possible to extract the milk, put it in a cup, and he drank it.
There is a difference of opinion, some say that this was an exception made for them exclusively. Why? Because the situation was such. And some say that no, if it was allowed for them, it may be allowed even today. So for example, if people did not know about this earlier, and they have adopted tons going around in their family, and now all of a sudden they learn about Islam, or they were non Muslim, and now they become Muslim. So this may be applied because I should have the learner later on in her life, what would she do that she would have her relatives, those women who were breastfeeding, extract some milk and give it to some men so that they could come and learn from it.
So that there would be some relationship between her and then there would be no non Muslim issue, and she would be able to teach them. So there is a difference of opinion.
Okay, let's continue.
Allah subhanaw taala says, will the rumely obey Him? Call them by their fathers? Meaning, attribute them with who? Their fathers whose last name should they get their father's name.
And this is Uncle settler in the law, this is more just in the sight of Allah. Why? Why is it more just?
How is it more just because this is the truth?
that a child, whoever son he is, whoever his daughter she is, whose name should she get? whose aim should he get? his actual father's name, biological father's name, therapy could never happen. Haku This is why he will accept her in the law.
Now, this isn't a case where you know who the father is.
But let's say a child was just found somewhere out in the street, and he was taken to an orphanage and found that he was put up for adoption. So family came and took him in. They don't know who the father is.
Even the orphanage they have no idea who the father is. And this was
Also problem at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, because children when they were very, very young, they were kidnapped. And as they were kidnapped, they were sold in slavery. We see that many slaves, they said that we were sold at least 10 times at least 10 times, they had no idea like, for example, so hey volumi Where was he actually from? Rome. And he ended up in Makkah. salado fallacy. How many times was he sold so many times? Now imagine a child who was kidnapped, who was sold into slavery at a very young age. Many times children don't even know their own names, you know that.
So imagine if a child was sold into slavery at this age, he would know. Now, once he's grown up, he's been adopted by a family, they've given him their own family name. This is something that has been abolished by Islam. Allah subhanaw taala says, uhm, the Albanian who accept her in the law, but in another case, where you don't know their father's name, unless, as for a lambda Alamo about a home, but then if you don't know their fathers, then who are they, for enquanto confit de, then treat them as your brothers in religion. why they're Muslim as well, your Muslim as well. You don't know about their family background. You don't know about their fathers, even they don't know. But
they're what your brothers indeed. And this is why it has been said that for such people, for instance, the last name of Abdullah can be given.
Why? Because any person whether they accept it or not, who are the servant of Allah subhanaw taala. So whether their actual father was a Muslim or non Muslim, still, who are they? The son of the servant of Allah. Right. So for a while considering so they are your brothers in religion, and also women were legal. Women were illegal and you're freed slaves. Mohali is a plural life. Mola and Mola is from one as well lamb Yeah. And when there is when two things are close to one another,
and this is why we layer is what friendship, closeness, protection, patronage and well out of necessity have been a friendship was basically used for or
somewhere illegal. This can be understood as that they are your freed slaves. Why because a person who was a slave of another once they were freed, whose name would they get their ex master. So for example, so and so, molar off, so and so.
Even when they were slave, they would be called what so and so molar of so and so meaning freed slave of so and so.
Like for example, Nasir molar, even aroma is something that's well known that he was a freed slave of Route even remotely learned who this is why he was known by who even are. Now let's say you don't know about their father, they were a slave, they have no idea about their father. So what identity will they have, they will be identified by who by their ex Master, but again, they will not be known as even so and so they will be known as mo less so and so. So that it's clarify they're not their biological son, but rather they are they're free to me. So for a while no competing one moloko depending on their situation. One would be when they were not slaves. muhuali would be if there were
while ASR Aleikum Generico. And there is no blame upon you female don't behave in that which you earned the mistake that you made before. No sin upon you for that. I thought oh, ha ha Hamza kata, and what is
a mistake. So there is no blame upon you in the mistake that you made, which mistake you made in the past. Or the mistake could also be made now. Like for example, according to your understanding of knowledge, the person is the son of So, but they're not actually the son of songs. So this is what
this is what Haha, a mistake. They were actually somebody else's son, but you got mistaken and you thought they were their son.
You understand? So this is a hot dog but Allah subhanaw taala says well as La congener can FEMA afford to be there is no sin upon you in the mistakes that you have made in this respect, whether in the past or in the present, when I can but you will be held accountable for what matter I'm mad at kulu Camacho hearts have intended to do there are more that I mean than a mad what is there a pillar and a pillar is something on which what stands the building stance. So the another term what is also used for intention to deliberately do something to intentionally do something
Because based on the intention is what? The action, so you will be held accountable for what you firmly intended to do. Meaning still after the prohibition, you deliberately gave the adopted son your own name. What I can matter, mother Kaluga calm. What can Allahu a fool over Hema and allies ever were fooled and Rahim, forgiving and merciful, for whatever that has happened in the past.
Now we see that because this concept of the Bundy was so common in the art society, and slavery was also very common. And there was also a lot of Xena. And there were many times when children would be lost many times when girls would be buried alive, and other people that would come and rescue them, they would save their lives. So in this case, there were a lot of children who were being raised away from their families.
And in this case, many children had completely lost their identities as well. Now those children whose identity you know, call them by who their father's name, and those children whose identity you don't know of, you call them by who
are the law? not competing, or mo alikum. If they were your slaves, you freed them. You call them Mola, so and so. And we see that the Sahaba by the mercy of Allah, what happened? They accepted this command immediately.
This was not something small, you might think, Oh, yeah, simple, logical, makes a lot of sense. Yeah, this is the right way. But it was very difficult for them. Because imagine somebody whom you've called your son all your life, and people have accepted it like that. And all of a sudden, they're not supposed to be your son anymore. They're still in your family. But still, you justify that there's a disconnect between you and them. That relationship that you had established is now disconnected. This is difficult for people to accept. It's almost heartbreaking. And it's going against the culture, the tradition. So it was very difficult for this habit, but we see that they
accept it, because in the minute men will be 18 and Latina.
hallucigenia, they prostrate, they humble, they accept.
Okay, we listen to the recitation, and then a few more things, and then we'll continue.
Jolo, Julio Julian,
boo boo boo,
Now with regards to giving a person a false identity, saying that they are the son of so and so they belong to a particular family, whereas in reality, they don't belong to that family. This is in fact a major sin.
It's a major sin. We don't want our Hadees its argument of evil class. You reported that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Whoever knowingly claims to belong to anyone, other than his father,
paradise will be denied for him.
Whoever claims knowingly claims, not by mistake, but knowingly, he claims to belong to anyone other than his father, then paradise will be denied.
Like, for example, the person says that, you know, I am I say it, whereas in reality is not to say, I am hon whereas in reality, he's not gone. I'm children, whereas in reality, they're not children. This is what a lie or that I am the son of so and so whereas in reality, they're not the son of so and so this is a big lie. And it's in fact a major sin to the point that paradise will be the night for a person. Now remember that in the Arab society, having family background was something that was extremely important because your family that showed which tribe you belong to and if you didn't
belong to any tribe, you didn't have an identity. So those people who did not know about their identity, they were like slaves, freed slaves, adopted children like this. They felt very, very deprived and other people out of mercy for them, what would they do, they would declare them to be their own sons. But we see that this was also abolished, that regardless of what the situation is, you cannot make a fake identity.
You understand, you cannot give yourself a name that is not yours.
You cannot claim that you belong to a family when you don't actually belong to them.
This AI in particular is about what adoption but what has been said over here older over the ABA him call people by who their fathers. And this is why it has also been said that if a woman gets married, whose name will she keep
her father's name, she should not take the name of her husband, because the rule only about him. When a woman takes the name of her husband, then it becomes confusing sometimes as a children, that this is weird. My last name is this and your last name is also this. My father's name is this your father's name is not this, it becomes confusing. So it's very important that the room the other Indian, whatever the situation, whether married or adopted, a person must retain the name of their father.
This is in fact protection of the rights of women that she is the daughter of a particular person and his name, she should keep just because she has been married to someone does not mean that she takes their name. Because it's quite possible that that marriage ends up in a divorce and imagine changing the name again. And she gets married to somebody else. And imagine getting their last name. how difficult that must be for a woman. It must be extremely difficult. I remember I was at school and my teacher, she underwent divorce. And she had a different name before. And then she had another name in the middle. And then she got married again. And she had another name afterwards. And we
couldn't remember which name was supposed to be hers. And I was just reflecting on it. It must have been so difficult for her. Imagine you look at your old passport, for instance, and you see the name of your ex husband as your last name.
Someone who was so harsh to you divorced you? And are you married to somebody else. This is not fair for a woman, she should keep the name of who her father that is justice. That is her right.
And whatever was done in the past, Allah will forgive. But now that the command has gone, a person will be held accountable for what for what he deliberately does will actually matter. I'm Mother kulu buco. This is something that is not allowed to do when you didn't know you did something that was out of ignorance Alliance forgiven that. But once you have come to know, then what are you supposed to do? make the changes?
Because if you claim to have a name that's not yours, and that is what a lie. And Allah soprano Tada, what does he like the truth will allow your call to help.
And we see that the Sahaba this was something very difficult for them. Imagine they even Muhammad from Zaid, even how does that. Imagine how difficult it must have been for him?
Can you imagine?
But because Allah had said this is why they changed their name.
They didn't find it difficult. So we must also not find it difficult if we have to change our name, because this is the command of the last panel. And at the end what has been said that alone will not hold you accountable for the mistake that you have made. But whatever you deliberately committed what kind of level of food over humor. We learn from a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that Allah will forgive my oma for mistakes, forgetfulness, and what they are course to do what they're forced to do, in a lot of foreign Roma, T and hotta, when they see no mayuko munari
hotta a mistake.
Like for example, you thought this was the last name, but it was not actually the name. This is what a mistake allows forgiven for that. And you see when you forget, like for example, the person is fasting. He forgets he's fasting he eats, this is what forgiven and well may you Kahuna lady that which they are forced to do. So if a person is forced to do something against his will, he doesn't wish to do it. He's forced, then again, he will not be held accountable for that.
Many times what happens is that children don't get their father's name, but they get their grandfather's name or they get their family name. Remember that, that? This is what florala
and abet This includes your father, your grandfather, your family name. So sometimes it is a tradition in a particular culture, that whichever tribe we belong to whichever place we come from, whichever background we have, that's the name that the children get. Like for example, Mr. Father's name con. No, there's a father's name children. No, it's not but what is it? It shows their background
If a person gets a name like that, then this also falls in the category of the room nearby.