Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Araf 3-102 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 94-99
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
lesson number 92 SoTL Allah
will begin from number 94.
When all of a sudden ficaria Ting and we did not send to any city mean there being a profit in a hudna
except that received its people with what, Bill But sir, he worked
with poverty and hardship. Why? Now I know Mia love our own, that they might humble themselves to Allah.
Allah subhanaw taala sent messengers to every community, to every nation, why, in order to guide the people, to guide them to the head, and also to fix or to guide the people to that which was better in their behavior in their relationships.
So over here, I'm also pregnant daughter says that women all of a sudden a few buddy or 10 men have been in any city we did not send any profit in a hardener except that we seized its people whose people, the people of that Korea when when those people disbelieved when those people denied, and they persisted on their denial.
So before sending the final punishment, before punishing them and finishing them completely, what happened, a loss of penalties and minor punishment.
And what is that minor punishment? Sir, what Barbara? What is set, it's from the root letters bear Hamza seen. And the word that set is used for should that will suffer extreme poverty, extreme hunger. It's used for physical hurt and pain.
So we afflicted them with poverty, with fatigue, and we also afflicted them with a barrage and what is the right refer to hardship? Such hardship that is physical tribulation, as well as psychological traumas. So abroad refers to not just physical distress, physical hardship, but also mental pain,
psychological traumas. So we afflicted them with several difficulties, different types of hardships, why learner homi Bhabha, so that they would become humble before who before a loss of data.
So that these afflictions these difficulties, these trials may break their ego and make them realize that they need a law. They need to turn to Allah they need his mercy.
So in every era, Allah soprano tada sent a messenger to guide people.
And whenever the people denied, and they persisted in their denial, a loss of panel data sent minor punishment, difficulties traumas why, so that the people during too
many people, what makes them turn to a loss of genitalia is the fact that they realize their neediness.
They realize the fact that they need Allah. They are dependent on Allah.
And this is what turns them.
So difficulties, what should they do?
They should soften a person as Allah says, larhonda homea, boronia Babu, we have read this word earlier as well, from blah, blah, again,
the reason for sending difficulties is that people become humble. They break down, they bend down before Allah. So what does this show
that if a person does not even become humble, upon suffering difficulties, upon going through hardship, what does that indicate?
extreme hardness of the heart.
Sometimes, if there is a person who is rough in his behavior, who is rude in his behavior, what do we say? What kind of explanation do we give? They've gone through a lot.
So it's okay.
But what do we learn from here? If a person has gone through a lot, it should make him humble. It should make his heart soft.
It should make him more tolerant. It should make him more easygoing, not more stubborn. And if a person becomes more stubborn, if he becomes merciless, what does it mean? That he has become hard hearted? He has become hard hearted, because the objective of sending difficulties is learn Lumia Barone, now to that people become hard hearted,
obnoxious nothing. He said that the slave is not afflicted with a punishment greater than the hardening of the heart and being distant from Allah.
For the fire was created to melt the hardened heart. And the most distant person, the most distant heart from Allah is the heart, which is hard. Which heart is most distant from Allah, the heart that is hard, because it doesn't humble before Allah, no matter what a person goes through, he does not come closer to Allah, he doesn't come near Allah, he doesn't bend down before Allah, he doesn't pray to Allah.
And if the heart becomes hard, the eyes become dry. That is the indication of the hardening of the heart.
That when a person goes through difficulties, yet he does not become humble, yet not a tear comes out of his eyes, a loss and difficulties, so that a person becomes humble. And if a person does not become humble, that shows he has become extremely hard hearted.
So when the people did not take a lesson from those difficulties, they did not turn to Allah. Then what happened?
So MOBA delnor mechanics say ITIL has another then we exchanged in place of the bad condition, good condition.
But then we substituted we replaced what were the suffering from a severe
difficulty, bad situation, what the say refer to, or the punishment. But sir, blah, blah. So in place mechanics, in place of the bad condition, we placed what Allah has on the good.
So we took away the bad condition from them. And we replaced it with good condition. We replaced their poverty with wealth, we replaced their illness with health. We replaced their shortage with abundance. We replace their hard times with good times. We gave them a lot of good mechanics a year I think hasn't
had the until our phone they increased. They prospered.
RFO is from their newsletters, farewell. And what does the earth me do? Forgive and before that do it face to wipe off.
And they're off. One also means extra. Remember, we learned earlier? That is aluna cometa. unicorn, Coleen, if
they ask you as to what they should spend, tell them and they're awful. And what does that mean extra? Well, whatever extra they have, they should spend it in the way of Allah. So our fo means over here, that they increased in their wealth and their children. They had a lot of extra excessive amount of wealth and children.
So had their fo until they grew and multiplied, they increased, they had an abundance
will follow and they said, are the mess.
In fact, it touched our forefathers. What touched our forefathers before us of the law was several, the adversity as well as prosperity.
Meaning if we suffered from some difficulties in the previous years, and now it has been changed with good times. That's no big deal.
Our forefathers the people before us, they also suffered from good times, as well as bad times.
So this is something that is normal. It's not because we did something wrong. It's not because we did something good. No, it's just a matter of time. It's just part of life.
People before us, even they suffer from bad times, even they got good times. So the same thing is also happening with us. So what does it show? They didn't even take a lesson from good times. They didn't take a lesson from bad times. They didn't take a lesson from good times.
Instead, they set for the mess over and above law was a law.
Our forefathers also it touched them adversity as well as prosperity.
What does a server I mean, it's under federal law, and through his pleasure, so happiness, pleasure, good times, even our forefathers experienced it. So it's a part of life, no worries, keep doing what you're doing. It's no big deal. If we suffer from something. No big deal. It's a part of life.
So keep doing what you were doing. So then neither benefited from Sega nor from Hashanah as a result for 100 Nahum, so he sees them both and then suddenly, all of a sudden by surprise, we caught them we inflicted the punishment upon them, or home later on, and they did not proceed, meaning they did not proceed before time that the punishment was coming their way.
So what do we learn from this? That this life is a test
This slide is a test the life of this world. And receiving blessings is a test. And suffering from hard times is also a test.
If a person is going through difficulties, that's a test if a person is going through good times, that is also a test in sort of an MBI, number 35, we learn common I've seen that a certain mode, every person is going to experience that, whenever Luke will be sharing will highly fit Nathan, and we test you through evil and through good as a fitness as a trial, what Elena to German, and to us, you all will be returned.
Similarly into our life, I 168. We learn what Bellona whom bill has, and it was say, he added, now I know whom you're your own. And we test them with good times as well as bad times. Why? So that they turn to Allah.
So good times and bad times are a part of life. And they come to us not because just simply it's a part of life, but rather, so that we turn to Allah.
So that we turn to a loss of Paradise, we turn to Allah in difficult times, and also in good times.
But those who are wretched, the misfortune people, they do not learn from any situation. They do not learn from any situation.
And it's the true believer, he is the one who learns from different situations and he turns to a loss of primal data in all situations.
For example, we learn from a hadith the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said,
that the matter of the believer is amazing.
The matter of who, the believer, it's amazing,
because for nothing that Allah decreased for him, but it is better for him.
Everything that comes his way, is good for the believer.
If a harm strikes him, then what is the reaction of the believer, he is patient,
and that is better for him.
And if he is given some law, if he is given prosperity, then what does he do? He is grateful to Allah, and that is better for him.
So it is only the believer who benefits from both times difficult times as well as good times.
He does not say what the disbelievers say that this is a part of life.
People before us also had good even they suffer from clarities. So this is not something new.
Rather, in every situation returns to Allah. He is patient, he is grateful. And this is a means of elevating his ranks.
Notice over here, a lot of penetrator says that when they didn't take a lesson for a hardener home, we see them suddenly by surprise without any warning or loss of penalties the people
and he sent a punishment upon them.
Remember that a calamity that comes suddenly a difficulty that comes suddenly that default suddenly on a person, it is a punishment for the sinful.
So if all of a sudden by surprise, a person suffers some loss, for instance, a person's house, it just burns down business it collapses, a person loses his job.
Or for example, a person's loved one dies. This is a sudden calamity, sudden calamity for which there was no warning from before no sign of it before. It is a form of punishment for who for the sinful. But at the same time, it is a source of mercy for who?
for the believer.
So if all of a sudden somebody passes away, or somebody's house burns down, don't pass judgments that look for a hot noun, but Allah subhanaw taala sees them suddenly, and is a form of punishment. They must have done something wrong. No. We are no one to pass judgments.
It is a form of punishment for the sinful but it is a mercy for who for the believer. And what's the evidence for that the Hadith of the profits out of a restaurant in which he said that motile fragile it might mean that sudden death is a mercy for a believer.
What are the two SFM Lim cafe, but a sorrowful punishment for the disbelievers.
so sudden death is a mercy for the believer. But it is a sorrowful punishment for who for the disbelief
because the believer is always ready. And when something difficult comes his way. He knows it is from a loss of penalty.
He is patient and that is a means of the elevation of his ranks. That is a means of him drawing closer to a loss of paradise. Because he becomes more humble. He turns to a lot even more
And that is better for him, he is patient, and that is better for him.
And on the other hand, a person who was not expecting it at all. For him, it's a cause of shock. It's a complete surprise for him. He cannot accept that change, especially because he was not ready for it. Instead of being patient, he is extremely impatient, he blows up. And that is a means of wasting away of his good deeds that he performed before as well, his impatience.
So what does it show to us that, as a believer, we should always be ready, we should always be ready and prepared for that. Because we don't know when our end is going to come.
The problem is that we have made this dunya our ultimate home.
And we think that everything is over here. We live here as if we're never going to go.
There. This is why sudden death or sudden loss seems like such a big deal for us. If a person knows that he's going to leave any day. For instance, if a person is traveling out of home, and he's in another country, and he's told you can leave any day, he will have his bags ready.
He would have only his basic stuff out basic necessities out. And as soon as as time comes, he can leave within moments he can leave within a few minutes within a few hours maximum. But a person who was told that you have to leave immediately. Is he ready? No. Because he wasn't mentally ready from before, obviously hasn't prepared at all. So the sudden calamity is definitely a source of misfortune for him. It is a source of punishment for him. But a person who is ready from before it is a mercy for him, because he's waiting for
one hour an hour amanu and if only the people of the cities had believed, who Anil Pura which people of the towns alkalize the Florida area.
I know Cora over here refers to specifically those who have mentioned over here in the previous ayah and not just them, but other nations as well, to whom Allah subhanaw taala sent the message to to whom he sent Warners to,
if only they had believed, believed in what in Allah and His messengers.
They believed in the messages that the messengers conveyed to them, what the code and they also feared, meaning they also safeguarded themselves from acts of disobedience. They also reform their ways. Then what would happen left Adana la barra katomina summer as a result of their belief and dakwah What would we do? We would open up upon the doors of blessings from the sky.
We would open up on them blessings from the sky. But that is the plural of Baraka.
Meaning we would send down upon them abundant blessings, abundant blessings, one after the other, in profusion in abundance, that they would not lack anything in this room. When, when they would have Amen. And when they would develop
when they would have the correct Eman And when they would save themselves from disobedience to Allah Subhana.
Allah subhanaw taala would have given them so much in return, he would open up to them all sorts of blessings and benefits from all directions, but our katomina summer, whether it's in the form of rain, or it is in the form of risk, provision, or knowledge, different things
what I can get double, but generally what did the people do? They denied, they refuse to believe that the messengers for 100 now when we met can we accept one as a result? we seize them meaning we seized them with punishment, why can we accept one because of what they used to earn? Because of what they were earning?
What were they earning? What were they doing? COVID this belief, denial, committing sins endlessly.
So what do we learn from this ayah that living a life of obedience to a loss
of a man does not mean that a person will suffer in his life.
If a person lives a life of obedience to Allah, it does not mean that he will suffer in his life. It doesn't mean that he will live like a popper in this dunya No, because Allah subhanaw taala says had they believed and had the developed Aqua, we would have sent down upon them blessings from the sky.
many blessings. Yes, tests will come anyway. Perhaps they will increase when a person tries to avail also printed out or more. But he definitely enjoys Baraka in his life.
person believes and he lives a life of obedience to Allah. He definitely enjoys Baraka in his life, whether it is in his time, or it is in his money in his efforts in his deeds in His provision.
And this is of the blessings of Eman. This is of the fruits of email that a person finds abundance and Baraka in his life.
He has more time to do good things, he has more time to serve mankind to obey Allah subhanaw taala. And perhaps before he was so consumed in the dunya, that he wouldn't even find time to pray. And now he has time to pray he has time to do they can he has time to recite the Quran, he has time to meet his family. This is all of the benefits of believing in Allah and living a life of taqwa.
We learned some of the natural eye number 97.
Allah subhanaw taala says Manami lasallian mean decorating or
whoever does righteousness? whether male or female, anyone
who I mean?
Who does righteous deeds, male or female?
What Who am I mean on while he is also a believer,
then what's going to happen further, no fee and no higher,
then we will surely cause him to live a good life, we will definitely give him a life that is good for UVA, when a New Jersey and New Home eduroam be axonemal Can we are in Malibu.
And we will surely give them their reward in the hereafter according to the best of what they used to do.
So what do we learn that when a person draws closer to Allah than his life becomes easier
than Allah subhanaw taala gives him blessings, give him Baraka.
And remember, Baraka does not necessarily mean that a person has a lot in quantity. Baraka does not necessarily mean that but what does it mean? That whatever he has, it is enough for him.
He has satisfaction
he has for now he's content with whatever that he has.
And because of that he's able to achieve so much more. Because it's possible that a person has a lot of quantity. But he's not satisfied if he's not satisfied. Can he do anything with what he has? No, because he's ungrateful, he's not positive, he's negative.
And on the other hand, if a person is content with even the level that he has, then what happens? He's much more productive. He's far more productive compared to the one who perhaps has more quantity than him.
Secondly, we alternate from this I that the previous people, they were destroyed. Why? Because they denied their messengers.
They did not believe and they did not take a lesson. If they had left the rebellion, and their insolent behavior through the quad and what would happen,
a loss penalty would have given them abundante.
And we see that the people of Yunus are his center. They believed they repented, when you know, sorry, Sam left them.
After he left What happened? they repented because they became worried that the punishment is going to come upon us. So Allah accepted their repentance, and he saved them from the punishment. And we don't insult Yunus I have 147 to 148
that will also now enter me at elephant OUC Dune for Avenue from a turn now who eloheem
and we sent him to 100,000 people or even more just imagine at that time, 100,000 people or even more.
This is Baraka
and they believed so we gave them enjoyment for a while.
We gave them enjoyment for a while. The lifespan they had in this dunya we let them enjoy
Amina Hello, Cora. Then did the people of the cities feel secure?
Amina from the roof fetters Hamza me noon. Mm. And what does that mean? safety, security.
I mean, he became safe. He became fearless. He felt secure.
So for the people of the towns, do they feel secure? from what? From our punishment from our
do they feel secure? Do they feel that our punishment cannot come upon them?
Who does not refer to it refers to those who are alive today. Those who have survived those who have not been punished. Those who have not been struck with a disaster yet
because in every year, there is always someone or the other who is suffering from a calamity.
Whether at an industry
level or at a collective level at a national level, people are suffering, those who are saved, those who have not been afflicted with the same disaster with the same calamity. And remember, as I mentioned to you, it's not necessary that a person who is suffering from Something is definitely a form of punishment. As I mentioned to you, from the Hadith, that a sudden calamity, sudden death is a punishment for who for the sinful, but it is a source of mercy for who, for the believer.
So, at every year, there are people who are suffering from difficulties, whether it is a punishment for them, or it is a mercy for them,
alone, or them, Allah knows best.
But those people who have not been afflicted with a disaster, those who are safe and secure in their homes, who have not suffered any earthquakes, who have not suffered from any national floods, that have destroyed the houses of people, the crops of people, the businesses of people who are safe and secure, as of now,
do they feel secure?
Do they feel threatened? Do they feel that nothing's going to happen to them? I mean, I hope
and you do them but sooner
that our punishment could come to them. By that and by night, we're homenet imune while they are sleeping,
by Athens from the federal Bay, yeah, 10 minutes from the word bait. What is Bateman house. And bias is when something comes or something happens by night, while one is asleep at night?
Why is this word used for night because where does a person generally spend the night in his house. And when a person is in his house during the night, he feels very safe. He feels very secure.
If a person is traveling, and he's driving at night, he doesn't feel that secure.
If a person is even staying at a hotel, he will probably not be able to sleep with comfort.
But at home, a person is content he satisfied. He is fearless. So do these people feel secure that while they are sleeping in their homes at night?
our butts, our punishment, our wrath could not come upon them.
So with what confidence or the disadvantage of a sprinter?
With what confidence? Are they not turning to Allah? Are they not humbling before?
Do they feel secure that along with that punish them? If Allah can punish those people before that he sent one earthquake and the entire nation was wiped out, he sent one loud blast, one storm and the entire nation was gone.
Those people who were sleeping in their home safe and sound good, I think that nothing's going to happen to them.
Anything could happen at any time. So with what confidence are the disobeying Allah,
our Amina Allah, or did the people of the cities feel secure, and to whom but sooner behind from our punishment coming to them in the morning wilhemina are boom while they are at play.
In the morning, at the time of Doha, Doha, some new veterans lot have yet.
And Doha is the foreign noon. It's the time when the sun has risen high in the early part of the day, and everything is bright. It's the hours of the morning, following shortly after sunrise.
So after sunrise, when the light of the day has completely spread, that is the time of full brightness of the sun. Early morning. This is what the high refers to.
And at that time, if you think of it, what are people generally doing?
So for example, these days at around 839 o'clock, what are people generally doing? yellow or blue?
What does it mean? They're playing? And what does it mean by playing? that a person is running from here to there?
If you just think of it at home, what are people doing at this time, rushing, running from the kitchen to the washroom to the room, to the door to the car
to work, and then they start their work? Well homie at our booth, and at that time, who thinks about that?
Who, which person
which person thinks about death at that time, about some calamity about some disaster. No one thinks about it. It doesn't cross anyone's mind. Because people are so preoccupied so concerned with what they have to do. It's just the beginning of the day and a person is thinking about his to do list.
about all the tasks that he has to accomplish in that day.
So at that time do they feel secure that our punishment cannot come upon them? It can come at any time, at any moment, at any moment.
So when and where can a person ever feel secure from the punishment of Allah descended upon him from the backs of Allah descending upon him?
And if you look at it these questions, our Amina, Amina, these questions are being asked out of amazement, that how can these people feel secure, they walk on the same Earth, they're living on the same earth, where the people before died? were the people before were punished. And they're walking around, they're running about as if nothing happened before, as if they're never leaving this world before.
So this question is out of amazement that look at these people.
And over here is Allah Subhana. Allah says, In the previous ayah, that the punishment could come upon them by Athens, and over here, at the time of Doha.
And at the time of night, people are asleep.
Never thinking about death or punishment. At the time of Doha, people are involved in many important and unimportant things.
If you think of it important, as well as unimportant things, and even at that time, who cares about solitude?
Who cares about solitude?
And if a person dies at that time, if that comes from at that time, then in what state? Is he going to?
And has an adversary, he said, that the believer performs the acts of worship,
all the while fearing Allah, feeling fear,
in fright and anxiety.
He performs acts of worship, how in the state of fear in the state of anxiety?
And on the other hand, the fabric, the wicked, the sinner. What does he do? He commits the act of disobedience, while feeling safe. From what from Allah storeman from a loss punishment, not even for a moment as you think that what if I leave now, what if death comes to me now? He performs his sins without any fear?
I mean, omachron law, then did they feel secure from the plan of Allah? Who the other for those who are alive today? Those who are safe and secure now? Do they feel safe from the plan of Allah?
Which plan of Allah? Which marker of Allah What does mocha?
mocha is basically a plan to afflict someone with some harm.
And generally it is a secret plan. It's a secret plan, meaning you don't tell the other of how the harm is going to come upon them, how it's going to affect them.
And it's also such harm that the other is not expecting at all. And because he's not expecting he's not ready for it.