Ahsan Hanif – Quran Tafseer – Page 108 – Purity, Justice, And Gratitude

Ahsan Hanif
AI: Summary © The Surah Al Man'tis book covers a range of topics, including the importance of purification, the use of w degrees, and the importance of washing one's faces and ankles for success in praying. The act of worship is the w settling, which is optional and crucial for achieving veracity. Clean clothing and proper hygiene for the body are also important. The importance of respecting signs and rights of Islam is emphasized, and the message of Allah's promise to forgiveness is emphasized as a means to achieve a better life.
AI: Transcript ©
00:00:43 --> 00:00:44

Muhammad.

00:00:46 --> 00:00:48

Welcome to another episode of our tafsir page

00:00:48 --> 00:00:50

by page and Insha'Allah today

00:00:50 --> 00:00:52

we are covering page 108 which is in

00:00:52 --> 00:00:55

the 6th juz of the Quran, Surah Al

00:00:55 --> 00:00:55

Maidah.

00:00:56 --> 00:00:58

In the last couple of episodes

00:00:58 --> 00:01:00

at the beginning of this Surah, Surah Al

00:01:00 --> 00:01:02

Maidah, which is the 5th chapter of the

00:01:02 --> 00:01:04

Quran, we've mentioned a number of rulings that

00:01:04 --> 00:01:06

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala has given to us

00:01:06 --> 00:01:08

concerning, for example, food and that which is

00:01:08 --> 00:01:10

halal as opposed to that which is haram

00:01:10 --> 00:01:12

and some of the other rulings that are

00:01:12 --> 00:01:14

pertaining to that. And all of these rulings

00:01:14 --> 00:01:15

as we said

00:01:15 --> 00:01:17

in the last couple of episodes

00:01:17 --> 00:01:20

fits into the overall theme of the Surah.

00:01:20 --> 00:01:22

The theme of the Surah is the covenants

00:01:22 --> 00:01:24

that Allah Azzawajal and the pledges that Allah

00:01:24 --> 00:01:27

has taken upon us. And from those covenants

00:01:27 --> 00:01:28

and pledges, we have the greatest of those

00:01:28 --> 00:01:30

pledges, which is the Tawhid of Allah, Azza

00:01:30 --> 00:01:32

wa Jal, and to believe in him alone

00:01:32 --> 00:01:33

and worship him alone.

00:01:34 --> 00:01:36

And also from that greatest

00:01:36 --> 00:01:39

pledge, we have many other pledges that form

00:01:39 --> 00:01:41

our agreement if you like with our Lord

00:01:41 --> 00:01:44

and creator. And from those pledges are the

00:01:44 --> 00:01:45

pledges to worship him and to abide by

00:01:45 --> 00:01:47

his by his commandments.

00:01:48 --> 00:01:51

Whether it is commandments to do or commandments

00:01:51 --> 00:01:53

to stay away from which we call prohibitions.

00:01:53 --> 00:01:55

So today in verse number 6, where we

00:01:55 --> 00:01:56

begin

00:01:56 --> 00:01:58

is another set of commandments from Allah Subhanahu

00:01:58 --> 00:02:00

Wa Ta'ala, but this time to do with

00:02:00 --> 00:02:02

the issue of Tahara and purification.

00:02:02 --> 00:02:04

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says

00:03:08 --> 00:03:10

Oh, you who believe when you are about

00:03:10 --> 00:03:13

to pray, wash your faces and your hands

00:03:13 --> 00:03:15

up to the elbows, wipe your heads, wash

00:03:15 --> 00:03:17

your feet up to the ankles, and if

00:03:17 --> 00:03:18

required, wash your whole body.

00:03:19 --> 00:03:21

If any of you is sick or on

00:03:21 --> 00:03:23

a journey or has just relieved himself or

00:03:23 --> 00:03:25

had intimate contact with a woman

00:03:26 --> 00:03:28

and can find no water, then take some

00:03:28 --> 00:03:30

clean sand and wipe your face and hands

00:03:30 --> 00:03:32

with it. God does not, or Allah does

00:03:32 --> 00:03:34

not wish to place any burden upon you.

00:03:34 --> 00:03:36

He He only wishes to cleanse you and

00:03:36 --> 00:03:38

perfect his blessing upon you so that you

00:03:38 --> 00:03:39

may be thankful.

00:03:39 --> 00:03:40

As we can see in this verse Allah

00:03:40 --> 00:03:42

Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and it is similar to

00:03:42 --> 00:03:44

a verse that we already covered in Surah

00:03:44 --> 00:03:44

Al Nisa

00:03:45 --> 00:03:47

which Allah gave similar commandments in terms of

00:03:47 --> 00:03:49

Tuhara and Wudu and the different types of

00:03:49 --> 00:03:51

purification that is involved for the believer.

00:03:52 --> 00:03:54

When we stand before Allah Azza wa Jal,

00:03:54 --> 00:03:55

our Lord and Creator to worship him and

00:03:55 --> 00:03:56

to pray

00:03:56 --> 00:03:57

and

00:03:58 --> 00:04:00

to show our devotion to him. Subhanahu Wa

00:04:00 --> 00:04:03

Ta'ala, Allah is obligated upon us that we

00:04:03 --> 00:04:05

are in a state of Tahara, a state

00:04:05 --> 00:04:06

of purification.

00:04:06 --> 00:04:08

And there are 2 states of purification. The

00:04:08 --> 00:04:10

first of them is achieved

00:04:10 --> 00:04:12

by having Tawhid and belief in Allah Azza

00:04:12 --> 00:04:13

Wa Jal,

00:04:13 --> 00:04:14

spiritual purification

00:04:15 --> 00:04:17

from shirk and from disbelief,

00:04:17 --> 00:04:19

And the second type of purification is the

00:04:19 --> 00:04:20

physical purification,

00:04:21 --> 00:04:23

which is to purify your body and your

00:04:23 --> 00:04:24

clothes and the place that you are going

00:04:24 --> 00:04:26

to pray upon so that it is clean

00:04:26 --> 00:04:28

and pure for this act of worship that

00:04:28 --> 00:04:30

is the Salah. Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala here

00:04:30 --> 00:04:31

gives the command

00:04:32 --> 00:04:34

to offer the Salah. Surah. He says, oh,

00:04:34 --> 00:04:35

you who believe,

00:04:36 --> 00:04:38

when you are about to stand to pray,

00:04:39 --> 00:04:40

which shows that this is something which is

00:04:40 --> 00:04:42

done before the Surah. Surah. As the scholars

00:04:42 --> 00:04:45

of fiqh have mentioned, the tahara is one

00:04:45 --> 00:04:47

of the conditions for the validity of your

00:04:47 --> 00:04:49

Surah. So in order for you to pray

00:04:49 --> 00:04:51

and for that prayer to be correct and

00:04:51 --> 00:04:52

valid, you must be in a state of

00:04:52 --> 00:04:53

purification.

00:04:54 --> 00:04:55

Number 2, one of the benefits that we

00:04:55 --> 00:04:57

also get is that Allah says that when

00:04:57 --> 00:04:59

you intend to pray, then and then he

00:04:59 --> 00:05:02

goes on to describe the Wudu. So that

00:05:02 --> 00:05:04

shows that the Wudu is something

00:05:04 --> 00:05:06

which is only obligatory at that time and

00:05:06 --> 00:05:08

point when you want to perform the Salah.

00:05:08 --> 00:05:10

So you don't always have to be in

00:05:10 --> 00:05:12

a state of Wudu, however it is recommended

00:05:12 --> 00:05:14

to do so. It is always good to

00:05:14 --> 00:05:15

be in a state of Wudu because the

00:05:15 --> 00:05:16

Prophet told us

00:05:20 --> 00:05:22

no one preserves that state of being in

00:05:22 --> 00:05:25

constant wudu except for the believer. And so

00:05:25 --> 00:05:26

that is something which is good and recommended.

00:05:26 --> 00:05:28

But it's not a must, it's not an

00:05:28 --> 00:05:28

obligation.

00:05:29 --> 00:05:30

However, when you want to come and pray

00:05:30 --> 00:05:32

now, so it's the time for Duhr or

00:05:32 --> 00:05:34

Asar or Maghrib or Isha or Fajr or

00:05:34 --> 00:05:36

any other type of prayer. Because Allah says

00:05:36 --> 00:05:38

when you wish to intend to pray and

00:05:38 --> 00:05:41

the word salah is general. So therefore prayers

00:05:41 --> 00:05:42

that are not obligatory.

00:05:42 --> 00:05:45

So for example the sunnah prayers, for example

00:05:45 --> 00:05:47

the dua prayer, for example the tara wih

00:05:47 --> 00:05:49

prayer, all of these other prayers that are

00:05:49 --> 00:05:52

not obligatory prayers, they are optional voluntary prayers

00:05:52 --> 00:05:55

but because they are still a salah then

00:05:55 --> 00:05:56

likewise the condition for that is still the

00:05:56 --> 00:05:58

same that you have to be in the

00:05:58 --> 00:06:00

seat of Tahara. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala then

00:06:00 --> 00:06:02

goes on to describe the steps

00:06:03 --> 00:06:05

to performing Wudu and he mentions the major

00:06:05 --> 00:06:07

pillars of Wudu. Number 1 is that you

00:06:07 --> 00:06:09

wash your faces, That is that you take

00:06:09 --> 00:06:12

clean water and wash all over the face

00:06:12 --> 00:06:14

including for example the men who have beards

00:06:14 --> 00:06:16

that they wash their beards as well. Waidiya

00:06:17 --> 00:06:18

kum il al marafik

00:06:18 --> 00:06:20

and that you wash your hands up until

00:06:20 --> 00:06:22

the elbows and including the elbows. So the

00:06:22 --> 00:06:24

hand includes the hand

00:06:25 --> 00:06:26

all the way up to the forearm and

00:06:26 --> 00:06:28

including the elbow. And that is something which

00:06:28 --> 00:06:31

is important because often people come mistake in

00:06:31 --> 00:06:34

is that people wash their arms, but then

00:06:34 --> 00:06:37

neglect the. They don't really always include the

00:06:37 --> 00:06:39

within the washing of wudu, but that is

00:06:39 --> 00:06:41

something which is extremely important.

00:06:42 --> 00:06:44

And then wipe over your head as is

00:06:44 --> 00:06:46

demonstrated in the sun of the prophet Sallallahu

00:06:46 --> 00:06:48

Alaihi Wasallam that the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:06:48 --> 00:06:49

would take his hands

00:06:49 --> 00:06:51

and wet them and then he would start

00:06:51 --> 00:06:53

from the beginning of his head and wipe

00:06:53 --> 00:06:54

all the way to the back and then

00:06:54 --> 00:06:55

wipe all the way to the front. That

00:06:55 --> 00:06:56

is called in Arabic,

00:06:57 --> 00:06:58

to wipe.

00:07:00 --> 00:07:03

And wash your feet up until and including

00:07:03 --> 00:07:05

your ankles. And that is also something which

00:07:05 --> 00:07:06

therefore includes the heels,

00:07:07 --> 00:07:08

the back of the feet. And that's again

00:07:08 --> 00:07:10

something which people don't necessarily

00:07:11 --> 00:07:13

think about or are conscious of when they're

00:07:13 --> 00:07:16

making wudu. Often they leave the ankles or

00:07:16 --> 00:07:17

the heels in terms of washing their feet

00:07:17 --> 00:07:20

and the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam on one

00:07:20 --> 00:07:22

occasion saw a companion who was washing his

00:07:22 --> 00:07:24

feet and he had washed his feet except

00:07:24 --> 00:07:26

for a part of his of his heels.

00:07:26 --> 00:07:28

So The Prophet said to him, salallahu alayhi

00:07:28 --> 00:07:29

wa sallam,

00:07:31 --> 00:07:33

'beware of those heels touching the fire.' Meaning

00:07:33 --> 00:07:36

that your wudu is not full and correct.

00:07:36 --> 00:07:37

And because your wudu is not full and

00:07:37 --> 00:07:40

correct, therefore your salah is not full and

00:07:40 --> 00:07:42

correct and valid. And so these are issues

00:07:42 --> 00:07:44

which even though they may seem simple or

00:07:44 --> 00:07:46

easy or it's something which we've just become

00:07:46 --> 00:07:48

accustomed to because we've been doing it for

00:07:48 --> 00:07:50

so many years now, it is something that

00:07:50 --> 00:07:52

we should cause and and and have diligence,

00:07:52 --> 00:07:55

with regards to. So we should be diligent

00:07:55 --> 00:07:56

in terms of Wudu,

00:07:57 --> 00:07:59

conscious of washing each and every single part

00:07:59 --> 00:08:01

of the limbs of Wudu in the manner

00:08:01 --> 00:08:02

in which it was prescribed by our Prophet

00:08:02 --> 00:08:05

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and before him by Allah

00:08:05 --> 00:08:06

in this verse in the Quran.

00:08:07 --> 00:08:09

And to perfect the Wudu, to make what

00:08:09 --> 00:08:11

is called in Arabic Isbaq al wudu, which

00:08:11 --> 00:08:13

is to perfect or complete the wudu, to

00:08:13 --> 00:08:15

do it in the best of ways and

00:08:15 --> 00:08:17

manners from the beginning to the end, which

00:08:17 --> 00:08:20

includes washing the nose and the mouth and

00:08:20 --> 00:08:21

wiping over the ears and all of the

00:08:21 --> 00:08:23

different elements of wudu that we know to

00:08:23 --> 00:08:25

do that in the way that we that

00:08:25 --> 00:08:27

that has been to us in the sun

00:08:27 --> 00:08:29

of the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is something

00:08:29 --> 00:08:31

which is extremely rewarding and it is something

00:08:31 --> 00:08:34

which a person should be conscious of because

00:08:34 --> 00:08:36

the rewards for wudu and isparkl wudu are

00:08:36 --> 00:08:38

many and great as mentioned in the Sunnah.

00:08:39 --> 00:08:41

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala then goes on to

00:08:41 --> 00:08:42

a different form of purification

00:08:42 --> 00:08:43

because the purification

00:08:44 --> 00:08:45

of Wudu

00:08:47 --> 00:08:47

is

00:08:49 --> 00:08:51

for minor ritual impurity.

00:08:51 --> 00:08:53

And minor ritual impurity is everything

00:08:54 --> 00:08:55

that is, excludes

00:08:56 --> 00:08:56

number

00:08:57 --> 00:09:01

1, intimate relations between a man and his

00:09:01 --> 00:09:03

spouse and the

00:09:03 --> 00:09:07

monthly cycle for a woman or postpartum bleeding.

00:09:07 --> 00:09:08

These

00:09:08 --> 00:09:10

two things, the bleeding of the woman and

00:09:10 --> 00:09:11

marital relations,

00:09:13 --> 00:09:15

enter you into a state of major ritual

00:09:15 --> 00:09:15

impurity.

00:09:16 --> 00:09:18

Everything else which breaks the state of Wudu

00:09:18 --> 00:09:20

is considered to be minor ritual impurity. So

00:09:20 --> 00:09:22

for example, a crime of Wudu going to

00:09:22 --> 00:09:25

the bathroom, as a simple example, or passing

00:09:25 --> 00:09:25

wind.

00:09:26 --> 00:09:28

These break your state of Wudu and they

00:09:28 --> 00:09:31

enter into a state of minor ritual impurity.

00:09:31 --> 00:09:33

How do we come out of that state

00:09:33 --> 00:09:34

of minor ritual impurity?

00:09:34 --> 00:09:37

We come out of it by performing Muduh.

00:09:37 --> 00:09:40

That is one type of purification and Allah

00:09:40 --> 00:09:42

begins with it in this verse because it

00:09:42 --> 00:09:44

is the most common one that you will

00:09:44 --> 00:09:45

need. It is the one that you will

00:09:45 --> 00:09:46

need on a regular basis

00:09:46 --> 00:09:49

every single day, multiple occasions on a single

00:09:49 --> 00:09:51

day. So that is why Allah begins with

00:09:51 --> 00:09:52

it. But then Allah

00:09:53 --> 00:09:55

moves on to the issue of major ritual

00:09:55 --> 00:09:56

impurity and he says,

00:09:58 --> 00:09:59

and if required

00:10:00 --> 00:10:01

or if you are in a state of

00:10:01 --> 00:10:03

janaaba which is major ritual impurity,

00:10:03 --> 00:10:04

then

00:10:04 --> 00:10:06

then wash your whole body meaning make or

00:10:06 --> 00:10:07

take or take or

00:10:07 --> 00:10:09

The major original impurity as we said is

00:10:09 --> 00:10:13

when a person is in a state of

00:10:13 --> 00:10:15

major original impurity after they've had marital relations

00:10:16 --> 00:10:17

or *

00:10:19 --> 00:10:20

and due to the bleeding of a woman

00:10:20 --> 00:10:23

either from a monthly cycle or after childbirth,

00:10:23 --> 00:10:24

which is called postpartum bleeding.

00:10:25 --> 00:10:27

Those people in that category are in a

00:10:27 --> 00:10:30

state of major ritual impurity. For them, in

00:10:30 --> 00:10:31

order to be able to perform Salah,

00:10:32 --> 00:10:33

they need to make a ghusl.

00:10:34 --> 00:10:35

So for the woman who is on a

00:10:35 --> 00:10:36

type of bleeding, she waits for that to

00:10:36 --> 00:10:38

finish and then she makes a ghusl. And

00:10:38 --> 00:10:41

likewise for the person who, because of some

00:10:41 --> 00:10:42

type of marital relations,

00:10:43 --> 00:10:45

then they also come into that state of

00:10:45 --> 00:10:47

major ritual impurity they must make ghusl. And

00:10:47 --> 00:10:49

the manner of ghusl is mentioned in detail

00:10:49 --> 00:10:50

in the sun of the prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:10:50 --> 00:10:52

wa sallam. Allahu alaihi wa jal doesn't mention

00:10:52 --> 00:10:52

it here

00:11:02 --> 00:11:03

And by that, that is the minimum that

00:11:03 --> 00:11:05

you do. But there is a sunnah way

00:11:05 --> 00:11:06

of doing it. And that is that the

00:11:06 --> 00:11:08

prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam would begin by

00:11:08 --> 00:11:10

first washing his private parts and then he

00:11:10 --> 00:11:12

would make a full wudu. And then he

00:11:12 --> 00:11:14

would wash his hair the right side before

00:11:14 --> 00:11:15

the left and then his body the right

00:11:15 --> 00:11:17

side before the left and then he would

00:11:17 --> 00:11:18

finish.

00:11:19 --> 00:11:20

And so that is the sunnah way of

00:11:20 --> 00:11:24

making wudu, wussal. But the very minimum is

00:11:24 --> 00:11:26

that you ensure that walta touches all of

00:11:26 --> 00:11:28

your body. And for both wudu and wussal,

00:11:28 --> 00:11:29

you have to have the intention beforehand in

00:11:29 --> 00:11:31

your heart that this is what it is

00:11:31 --> 00:11:33

that you're intending to perform. And that's what

00:11:33 --> 00:11:36

makes rusl different too. For example, a normal

00:11:36 --> 00:11:38

shower that you may have every day, every

00:11:38 --> 00:11:40

morning or that you may have for example

00:11:40 --> 00:11:41

on a hot day or for some other

00:11:41 --> 00:11:44

reason after you exercise. Those are just washing

00:11:44 --> 00:11:45

your body and that is permissible.

00:11:46 --> 00:11:49

But also and wudu are acts of worship.

00:11:49 --> 00:11:50

And so therefore for every act of worship,

00:11:50 --> 00:11:53

you need a specific intention for that to

00:11:53 --> 00:11:54

be correct.

00:11:55 --> 00:11:57

Allah Subhanu wa Ta'ala then gives us a

00:11:57 --> 00:11:58

third form of purification

00:11:59 --> 00:12:01

and that is the purification for those people

00:12:01 --> 00:12:03

who have valid excuses for one reason or

00:12:03 --> 00:12:05

another, They are not able to use water

00:12:05 --> 00:12:06

either because

00:12:07 --> 00:12:08

that water is not present, they don't have

00:12:08 --> 00:12:11

any water or because they have water but

00:12:11 --> 00:12:13

the use of that water would harm them.

00:12:13 --> 00:12:15

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says,

00:12:17 --> 00:12:19

if one of you is travelling or is

00:12:19 --> 00:12:21

sick. So those are valid excuses. Now the

00:12:21 --> 00:12:24

person who's sick can't use water, maybe it's

00:12:24 --> 00:12:25

going to harm them even more because of

00:12:25 --> 00:12:27

a condition that they have. So not every

00:12:27 --> 00:12:29

sick person can't use water or can't use

00:12:29 --> 00:12:31

water. These are the people that can't use

00:12:31 --> 00:12:34

water because of their sickness or they will

00:12:34 --> 00:12:36

exacerbate their sickness. Oh, al Assafar. Oh, people

00:12:36 --> 00:12:38

are traveling and so therefore there are very

00:12:38 --> 00:12:40

little water with them or they have run

00:12:40 --> 00:12:41

out of their water.

00:12:44 --> 00:12:46

And you are in a state now of

00:12:46 --> 00:12:47

having been to the bathroom

00:12:48 --> 00:12:50

or touched your women, meaning that you've had

00:12:50 --> 00:12:52

relations with them. So now you're in a

00:12:52 --> 00:12:54

state of impurity either minor or major, then

00:12:54 --> 00:12:55

what do you do?

00:12:56 --> 00:12:58

And you can find no water,

00:12:58 --> 00:13:00

Meaning there's no water there that you can

00:13:00 --> 00:13:02

use. Because sometimes a person travelling, especially in

00:13:02 --> 00:13:04

the olden days, in the journeys that they

00:13:04 --> 00:13:05

used to have in the desert, they would

00:13:05 --> 00:13:07

have water with them. But they needed that

00:13:07 --> 00:13:10

water to drink. That water was for them

00:13:10 --> 00:13:12

to drink. If they use that water for

00:13:12 --> 00:13:14

wudu, then they would have no water left

00:13:14 --> 00:13:15

to drink. So those people are like the

00:13:15 --> 00:13:18

people who have no access to water.

00:13:25 --> 00:13:28

The translation I have here is take some

00:13:28 --> 00:13:31

clean sand. But a better translation is take

00:13:31 --> 00:13:33

some of the earth, meaning touch anything upon

00:13:33 --> 00:13:35

the ground. And that is something which you

00:13:35 --> 00:13:37

can then use, you touch upon it with

00:13:37 --> 00:13:39

your hands and you wipe over it your

00:13:39 --> 00:13:41

hands and your face. And that is called

00:13:41 --> 00:13:41

Tayamum.

00:13:43 --> 00:13:45

And Tiamum is from the Concessions that Allah

00:13:45 --> 00:13:47

has given to us and it is from

00:13:47 --> 00:13:49

the mercy of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. That

00:13:49 --> 00:13:50

when you are in that situation,

00:13:50 --> 00:13:52

you can simply use the earth.

00:13:53 --> 00:13:54

And even though you may not have access

00:13:54 --> 00:13:56

to water, the earth is something which everyone

00:13:56 --> 00:13:59

has access to. You just need to go

00:13:59 --> 00:14:01

and touch something that is earth and then

00:14:01 --> 00:14:03

you can make your tiyamun with that. And

00:14:03 --> 00:14:05

it is very easy, simply wiping

00:14:05 --> 00:14:07

over the hands and the face once and

00:14:07 --> 00:14:10

it is done. Allah Subhanahu Ta'ala says concluding

00:14:10 --> 00:14:12

this verse, Allah Azzawajal does not wish to

00:14:12 --> 00:14:15

place any burden upon you. He only wishes

00:14:15 --> 00:14:17

to cleanse you and perfect his blessing upon

00:14:17 --> 00:14:19

you so that you may be thankful. So

00:14:19 --> 00:14:21

Allah has made the religion easy in terms

00:14:21 --> 00:14:23

of these types of issues, number 1. And

00:14:23 --> 00:14:24

number 2, Allah

00:14:25 --> 00:14:26

wants us to be in a state of

00:14:26 --> 00:14:26

purity.

00:14:27 --> 00:14:28

Allah wants us to be in a state

00:14:28 --> 00:14:29

of purification.

00:14:29 --> 00:14:31

Because to be pure

00:14:32 --> 00:14:35

both in heart and likewise physically in body

00:14:35 --> 00:14:36

and limbs, then that is something which is

00:14:36 --> 00:14:38

good for the believer, which shows to us,

00:14:38 --> 00:14:40

as we know from the general Sunnah,

00:14:40 --> 00:14:42

that when it comes to the Salah, this

00:14:42 --> 00:14:44

is one aspect of the Salah. But to

00:14:44 --> 00:14:47

have a general decorum of being clean and

00:14:47 --> 00:14:48

of being in a state of hygiene and

00:14:48 --> 00:14:51

purity is something which is highly recommended.

00:14:51 --> 00:14:53

So to make sure that your clothes are

00:14:53 --> 00:14:55

clean and befitting for standing before Allah Azzawajal

00:14:55 --> 00:14:57

to perfume yourself for the men, that is

00:14:57 --> 00:14:59

something befitting for them. To use the miswak

00:15:00 --> 00:15:01

before standing for the salah is something that

00:15:01 --> 00:15:03

is befitting. All of these things

00:15:04 --> 00:15:05

show that a person should be in the

00:15:05 --> 00:15:08

best state. And on the opposite side, Prophet

00:15:08 --> 00:15:10

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said when we eat raw

00:15:10 --> 00:15:12

onion or raw garlic, don't let them come

00:15:12 --> 00:15:15

to our Masjid. So those odors

00:15:15 --> 00:15:17

that would go against what is the general

00:15:17 --> 00:15:18

sense of cleanliness.

00:15:19 --> 00:15:20

That's something which is to be,

00:15:21 --> 00:15:23

stopped and something which is to be avoided.

00:15:23 --> 00:15:25

And the companions used to say that if

00:15:25 --> 00:15:27

we found someone who used to have an

00:15:27 --> 00:15:29

odor coming from them like that, like onion

00:15:29 --> 00:15:30

or garlic they've just eaten and come to

00:15:30 --> 00:15:32

the Masjid, we would take them out all

00:15:32 --> 00:15:34

the way to Baqir. Baqir is the graveyard

00:15:34 --> 00:15:36

in Madinah, not too far from the Masjid

00:15:36 --> 00:15:37

of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, but

00:15:37 --> 00:15:38

we would take them all the way out

00:15:38 --> 00:15:40

to the area. Meaning it wouldn't even let

00:15:40 --> 00:15:42

them go just close to the Masjid because

00:15:42 --> 00:15:44

of the harm that it does. And the

00:15:44 --> 00:15:45

Prophet told us that

00:15:46 --> 00:15:47

indeed the angels

00:15:48 --> 00:15:50

are harmed by that which harms the children

00:15:50 --> 00:15:51

of Adam. Just as me and you don't

00:15:51 --> 00:15:53

like the smell of raw garlic and onion

00:15:53 --> 00:15:55

coming from someone, then likewise the angels of

00:15:55 --> 00:15:58

Allah Azzawajal don't like them either those scents

00:15:58 --> 00:16:00

or those odors and the angels come and

00:16:00 --> 00:16:01

they bear witness in the salah. They come

00:16:01 --> 00:16:04

to the masajid and they witness the prayer

00:16:04 --> 00:16:06

And so therefore these are issues that are

00:16:06 --> 00:16:07

extremely important that Allah

00:16:08 --> 00:16:09

mentions to us and it is from a

00:16:09 --> 00:16:12

person's Iman that they are conscious of their

00:16:12 --> 00:16:13

cleanliness.

00:16:14 --> 00:16:16

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says in verse number

00:16:16 --> 00:16:17

7,

00:16:31 --> 00:16:33

Remember Allah's blessing on you and the pledge

00:16:33 --> 00:16:35

with which you were bound when you said

00:16:35 --> 00:16:37

we hear and we obey. Be mindful of

00:16:37 --> 00:16:39

Allah for indeed Allah has foreknowledge of the

00:16:39 --> 00:16:41

secrets of the heart. And here

00:16:41 --> 00:16:43

Allah is expressly telling us

00:16:43 --> 00:16:45

that we should remember the besting of Allah

00:16:46 --> 00:16:48

upon us as well as the pledge

00:16:48 --> 00:16:51

that we are bound with when we obeyed

00:16:51 --> 00:16:51

Allah

00:16:55 --> 00:16:57

and that is that the believer

00:16:57 --> 00:17:00

is someone who acknowledges the blessings of Allah

00:17:00 --> 00:17:01

subhanahu wa ta'ala and from the greatest of

00:17:01 --> 00:17:04

those blessings is the blessing of Iman

00:17:05 --> 00:17:07

the blessing of knowing how to worship Allah

00:17:07 --> 00:17:09

Azzawajal alone, and the blessing of fulfilling the

00:17:09 --> 00:17:12

commandments of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and the

00:17:12 --> 00:17:13

blessing of knowing the beauty of this religion

00:17:13 --> 00:17:14

Islam.

00:17:15 --> 00:17:17

And also that we then understand and remember

00:17:17 --> 00:17:19

that we have a covenant with Allah aza

00:17:19 --> 00:17:21

wa Jal to say that you're a Muslim

00:17:21 --> 00:17:23

or a Mu'min or a believer, someone that

00:17:23 --> 00:17:24

accepts Islam

00:17:25 --> 00:17:27

means and necessitates them that you're going to

00:17:27 --> 00:17:29

uphold the laws of Islam, that you're going

00:17:29 --> 00:17:32

to uphold obligations that Allah has placed upon

00:17:32 --> 00:17:34

you. And as we said, the Surah often

00:17:34 --> 00:17:37

will mention this issue of pledges and covenants

00:17:37 --> 00:17:39

that Allah has placed upon us and that

00:17:39 --> 00:17:40

Allah

00:17:40 --> 00:17:42

placed upon the nations that came before us

00:17:42 --> 00:17:44

as we will see shortly in the next

00:17:44 --> 00:17:47

episode. Allah Azzawajal will start speaking about Bani

00:17:47 --> 00:17:47

Israel

00:17:48 --> 00:17:50

and the covenant and pledge that Allah Azzawajal

00:17:50 --> 00:17:51

took upon them.

00:17:52 --> 00:17:53

So therefore Allah

00:17:54 --> 00:17:56

says and remember the pledge that we placed

00:17:56 --> 00:17:58

upon you when you said we hear and

00:17:58 --> 00:18:01

we obey and that is that we have

00:18:01 --> 00:18:01

agreed

00:18:02 --> 00:18:04

by simply accepting Islam as our own religion

00:18:05 --> 00:18:07

to hear and obey Allah and his messenger

00:18:09 --> 00:18:10

And that is why Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

00:18:10 --> 00:18:11

says وَلِّ

00:18:12 --> 00:18:13

and be mindful of Allah and fear Allah

00:18:13 --> 00:18:17

and indeed Allah knows the secrets of your

00:18:17 --> 00:18:18

heart. Allah knows what you contain

00:18:19 --> 00:18:20

within your heart.

00:18:21 --> 00:18:23

Allah Subhanu wa Ta'ala in verse number 8

00:18:23 --> 00:18:24

then goes on to say,

00:18:54 --> 00:18:57

for that is closer to the consciousness of

00:18:57 --> 00:18:59

Allah. Be mindful of Allah for Allah is

00:18:59 --> 00:19:01

all aware of what you do. Allah Subhanahu

00:19:01 --> 00:19:03

Wa Ta'ala gives this instruction to the believers

00:19:04 --> 00:19:05

that the believers are those people who should

00:19:05 --> 00:19:07

be steadfast in their religion to Allah Azza

00:19:07 --> 00:19:09

wa Jal. And that is because all of

00:19:09 --> 00:19:10

these laws that we have mentioned and look

00:19:10 --> 00:19:12

at the beginning of the Surah, Allah Subhanahu

00:19:12 --> 00:19:14

Wa Ta'ala tells

00:19:14 --> 00:19:16

us to respect and honor the symbols and

00:19:16 --> 00:19:17

rights of Allah

00:19:17 --> 00:19:19

and then he gives us rulings concerning our

00:19:19 --> 00:19:21

life, our everyday life in terms of the

00:19:21 --> 00:19:24

dunya and that's the food and drink that

00:19:24 --> 00:19:24

we consume

00:19:25 --> 00:19:25

and then Allah

00:19:26 --> 00:19:29

gives to us also warnings concerning our religion

00:19:29 --> 00:19:30

and that is the rulings of purification of

00:19:30 --> 00:19:33

Wudu and Usul and Tiamu. Allah subhanahu wa

00:19:33 --> 00:19:34

ta'ala says be devoted to Allah azza wa

00:19:34 --> 00:19:37

Jal therefore in your dunya and in your

00:19:37 --> 00:19:39

deen in your life, in terms of your

00:19:39 --> 00:19:42

worldly aspects and in terms of your religious

00:19:42 --> 00:19:43

aspects as well.

00:19:45 --> 00:19:46

And likewise

00:19:47 --> 00:19:48

and bear witness impartially

00:19:49 --> 00:19:51

meaning that you should be people of justice,

00:19:51 --> 00:19:52

people of honor, people of integrity,

00:19:53 --> 00:19:54

people who stand up for the truth,

00:19:54 --> 00:19:57

people who whether it is something which goes

00:19:57 --> 00:19:59

for them or against them, they will stand

00:19:59 --> 00:20:00

up and they will speak the truth because

00:20:00 --> 00:20:01

they have the fear of Allah

00:20:02 --> 00:20:03

and they are aware that Allah subhanahu wa

00:20:03 --> 00:20:05

ta'ala is all hearing and all seeing and

00:20:05 --> 00:20:07

all knowing and that Allah knows everything that

00:20:07 --> 00:20:09

takes place. And that is why Allah subhanahu

00:20:09 --> 00:20:11

wa ta'ala then goes on to say

00:20:15 --> 00:20:17

do not let hatred of others lead you

00:20:17 --> 00:20:18

away from justice

00:20:19 --> 00:20:20

because often

00:20:21 --> 00:20:22

it is people's emotions,

00:20:23 --> 00:20:24

what they feel in their heart,

00:20:25 --> 00:20:28

the animosity they may have towards certain people

00:20:28 --> 00:20:29

and on the other side the love they

00:20:29 --> 00:20:32

may have for others that will cause them

00:20:32 --> 00:20:34

to be unjust. It will cause them to

00:20:34 --> 00:20:36

sway in terms of the stance they should

00:20:36 --> 00:20:38

take. Allah Azzawajal is saying here don't let

00:20:38 --> 00:20:40

the hatred of others lead you away from

00:20:40 --> 00:20:42

being just because you should always be just

00:20:42 --> 00:20:45

and always be fair irrespective of those people

00:20:45 --> 00:20:46

who are in front of you. So even

00:20:46 --> 00:20:47

if the person who comes to you don't

00:20:47 --> 00:20:49

have a great deal of love for them,

00:20:49 --> 00:20:51

you don't have a great relationship with them,

00:20:51 --> 00:20:53

there is not a very good connection between

00:20:53 --> 00:20:55

you and them but at the same time

00:20:55 --> 00:20:56

you recognize

00:20:56 --> 00:20:58

that this individual is someone who in this

00:20:58 --> 00:21:00

particular issue is speaking the truth.

00:21:01 --> 00:21:03

In this particular issue, they are the oppressed.

00:21:03 --> 00:21:05

They are the ones who have been wronged.

00:21:05 --> 00:21:06

Then it is from the justice of the

00:21:06 --> 00:21:09

believer that he rights the wrong for them,

00:21:09 --> 00:21:10

that he gives to them their fuel for

00:21:10 --> 00:21:12

right and their justice,

00:21:12 --> 00:21:13

even though they may not be the closest

00:21:13 --> 00:21:15

of people to one another. And that is

00:21:15 --> 00:21:16

something which shows

00:21:17 --> 00:21:19

a higher level of Taqwa. As Allah 'Azza

00:21:19 --> 00:21:21

wa Jal then goes on to say,

00:21:22 --> 00:21:25

but rather adhere to justice that is closer

00:21:25 --> 00:21:27

to Taqwa, that is closer to the piety

00:21:27 --> 00:21:30

and mindfulness of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. Why?

00:21:30 --> 00:21:32

Because this person you don't have a great

00:21:32 --> 00:21:35

relationship with, the fact that you are willing

00:21:35 --> 00:21:38

to go and give to them the justice

00:21:38 --> 00:21:38

that they deserve,

00:21:39 --> 00:21:41

despite the personal animosity between you and them,

00:21:41 --> 00:21:43

shows that you're not necessarily doing it for

00:21:43 --> 00:21:45

them. It's not because you have a great

00:21:45 --> 00:21:47

relationship with them or they're related to you

00:21:47 --> 00:21:49

or you have some business dealings between you

00:21:49 --> 00:21:51

and them or some other benefit from the

00:21:51 --> 00:21:53

dunya. You are doing that for Allah's pleasure.

00:21:53 --> 00:21:55

You are doing that because you are mindful

00:21:55 --> 00:21:57

of Allah. You're doing that because you have

00:21:57 --> 00:21:58

the piety of Allah azza wa Jal in

00:21:58 --> 00:22:00

your heart. And that is why Allah Subhanahu

00:22:00 --> 00:22:01

Wa Ta'ala says, Iradeeru

00:22:01 --> 00:22:02

aqrbulitaqaqwa.

00:22:04 --> 00:22:05

Be people of justice

00:22:05 --> 00:22:07

that is closer to having taqwa.

00:22:07 --> 00:22:10

And so therefore taqwa means to constantly be

00:22:10 --> 00:22:13

conscious and mindful of Allah Subhanahu Ta'ala in

00:22:13 --> 00:22:13

every situation.

00:22:14 --> 00:22:17

And sometimes a situation is a situation which

00:22:17 --> 00:22:17

dictates

00:22:18 --> 00:22:20

that you have to fight your nafs, fight

00:22:20 --> 00:22:22

your soul, fight your heart and desires and

00:22:22 --> 00:22:24

fight what it is that you would rather

00:22:24 --> 00:22:26

want to do because of your ego and

00:22:26 --> 00:22:28

because of certain other things that you have

00:22:28 --> 00:22:30

within your personality. You fight them and you

00:22:30 --> 00:22:33

ward them off. You strive against them for

00:22:33 --> 00:22:34

a higher purpose

00:22:34 --> 00:22:36

and a higher cause. And that is the

00:22:36 --> 00:22:38

pleasure of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:22:38 --> 00:22:40

and Allah Azza wa Jal says so fear

00:22:40 --> 00:22:42

Allah and indeed Allah is well aware of

00:22:42 --> 00:22:43

that which you do and Allah Azza wa

00:22:43 --> 00:22:45

Jal loves and gives

00:22:45 --> 00:22:48

the reward to those people who sacrifice for

00:22:48 --> 00:22:50

his sake and who strive

00:22:50 --> 00:22:52

against themselves for the sake of Allah.

00:22:53 --> 00:22:55

In verse number 9 Allah says

00:23:03 --> 00:23:06

Allah has promised forgiveness and a rich reward

00:23:06 --> 00:23:08

to those who have faith and do good

00:23:08 --> 00:23:10

works. And that is the reward. For those

00:23:10 --> 00:23:13

people of justice and Taqwa who spend their

00:23:13 --> 00:23:15

lives with Iman and with righteous deeds, Allah

00:23:15 --> 00:23:17

has given them a promise and the promises

00:23:17 --> 00:23:20

of Allah are never broken. Allah doesn't go

00:23:20 --> 00:23:22

back on his promises. Allah's promises are always

00:23:22 --> 00:23:25

fulfilled. For them they will have Magfira the

00:23:25 --> 00:23:26

forgiveness of Allah

00:23:27 --> 00:23:28

and they will have a great reward. And

00:23:28 --> 00:23:31

what more does a believer want than Allah's

00:23:31 --> 00:23:33

forgiveness and mercy and the reward that he

00:23:33 --> 00:23:34

has promised to them of Jannah.

00:23:35 --> 00:23:36

In verse number 10 which is the first

00:23:36 --> 00:23:38

verse of the next page, Allah Subhanahu Wa

00:23:38 --> 00:23:40

Ta'ala then says and it is the final

00:23:40 --> 00:23:41

verse that we will take in today's episode.

00:23:41 --> 00:23:42

Allah

00:23:45 --> 00:23:46

says,

00:23:49 --> 00:23:51

and those who reject faith and deny Our

00:23:51 --> 00:23:55

revelations, they will inhabit the blazing fire. So

00:23:55 --> 00:23:56

just as the people of Iman and righteous

00:23:56 --> 00:23:59

deeds will have Allah's forgiveness and a tremendous

00:23:59 --> 00:24:01

reward, then those who don't have Iman, they

00:24:01 --> 00:24:03

have disbelief and rejected

00:24:03 --> 00:24:06

and disbelieved in Allah and the messengers and

00:24:06 --> 00:24:08

the revelations of Allah Azzawajal.

00:24:08 --> 00:24:10

They will be the people of the fire.

00:24:10 --> 00:24:12

That will be their reward rather than the

00:24:12 --> 00:24:14

great reward of Jannah. They will have the

00:24:14 --> 00:24:16

worst of punishment and that is the fire.

00:24:16 --> 00:24:18

May Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala grant us and

00:24:18 --> 00:24:20

our families and our loved ones Jannah and

00:24:20 --> 00:24:22

may Allah Azzawajal see us all from the

00:24:22 --> 00:24:24

punishment of the fire. And with that, we

00:24:24 --> 00:24:26

come to the end of today's episode.

Share Page

Related Episodes