Tafsir Juz 28 #10 – Al-Mumtahanah 3

Mohammad Qutub


Channel: Mohammad Qutub


File Size: 27.82MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Transcript ©

AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:01--> 00:00:01


00:00:02--> 00:00:07

I mean, well for the La sala to attend with the Selena Hana so you know email Amina Muhammad Vahana

00:00:09--> 00:00:09


00:00:12--> 00:00:14

of Hanukkah, Madonna

00:00:16--> 00:00:17


00:00:18--> 00:00:21

everywhere silly little mini Sandhya Kohli alone

00:00:24--> 00:00:26

on Jet and having a human

00:00:27--> 00:01:05

being a human pm and Dr. hamre I mean, I praise a lot of Lady and some prayers and blessings upon the final messenger Muhammad Allah's mercy to all of humanity and upon his noble family unrighteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance, glory be to you Allah knowledge have we accept that what you have taught us Indeed you are the ongoing they are wise. And we ask Allah subhanaw taala as you brought us here in this house of his to bring us together and shalom behind the paradise with Beloved Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, the Companions normal family and all those that follow them their brothers and sisters we continue with the seer of Surah Tana

00:01:07--> 00:01:08

And we left off last

00:01:11--> 00:01:12

we left off last

00:01:14--> 00:01:16

with the saying of Allah Spano Tada

00:01:18--> 00:01:22

they and how come Allah correct? We finished our Salah ninjalah been and

00:01:24--> 00:01:24

we finished that

00:01:26--> 00:01:33

was last week's homework I know I remember before diving into the Latino homework impossible.

00:01:34--> 00:01:36

How is there no homework?

00:01:37--> 00:01:42

There's no less than last week No The one before long claim was worth

00:01:46--> 00:01:46

there was

00:01:49--> 00:01:58

some so we finished OS Allah and how to Venus will be in a livina right. We understood that verse. So we'll go to the next one.

00:02:00--> 00:02:03

We learn in a shape on our gene Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.

00:02:17--> 00:02:19


00:02:30--> 00:02:30


00:02:49--> 00:02:56

We read two of those verses, the meanings are well related. The first I have lost count on Asus.

00:02:57--> 00:03:22

Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion, and do not expel you from your homes, from being righteous towards them, and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly. This is a beautiful manifestation of the balance of the religion of Islam. And the balance of the speech that you find in the number four.

00:03:24--> 00:03:34

We concentrated in the beginning of the surah on the importance of not taking the enemies of Allah subhanaw taala as

00:03:35--> 00:03:38

as allies, and not to

00:03:39--> 00:03:53

be too close to them and to show them affection in a way that you hurt the interests of your Muslim brothers and sisters and the appliance. And the speech there was another say, rather

00:03:55--> 00:04:13

harsh because there is harshness in Islam against the enemies of Allah, Tala and this is not shameful or blameworthy, it's the exact opposite. Because strength with the arrogant and with the evil and with the unjust is something praiseworthy, and

00:04:15--> 00:04:55

those verses and the sub in those verses the jurisprudence that we understood from those verses, is very clear. It is repeated very often in the Quran. And that's why even you find Subhanallah if you read these could see it and different that seems you'll find that with those verses, there's not much explanation. The scholars of exegesis from before they didn't elaborate too much about both verses because that was perfectly clear. You don't take the enemies of Allah as supporters or allies. This is a problem we face nowadays. As people are far away from the religion and

00:04:57--> 00:04:59

mass communication and CNN and BBC and dizzy and

00:05:00--> 00:05:41

on all of these things have put the spotlight on Islam and Muslims, and the issue of Muslims hating the disbelievers and hating the Jews and hating the Christians and so on. A lot of the skewed picture that the media gives about Islam and Muslims, therefore this issue has become a question mark. For many Muslims, unfortunately, and especially Muslims were far away from Islam. Otherwise, this was the simplest issue before. So if you read the text, you won't find much elaboration about it. It's simple, you don't take the enemies of Allah as supporters and allies, and there should be something called Loving for Allah and hating for Allah and so on.

00:05:42--> 00:05:51

So this is clearly delineated in the verses that we spoke about from the beginning of the slot, including the famous story of the help of

00:05:52--> 00:05:52


00:05:56--> 00:06:07

Now, is also giving you the balanced picture, because just reading those verses, and stopping there, and not discussing the, the,

00:06:08--> 00:06:11

the the verdict as a whole,

00:06:12--> 00:06:14

makes the message incomplete.

00:06:15--> 00:06:36

Because it's not only about that, though, that all the speech was concerning the enemies of Allah, those who clearly showed empathy towards the religion, and expose the Muslims, and the believers from their claims and approval in the religion. And this allows them to spread the truth of Islam and so on.

00:06:38--> 00:06:50

But at the same time, they're armed disbelievers who do not show empathy towards the religion, maybe who do not harbor enmity towards the religion in the first place, and are a fertile ground.

00:06:51--> 00:06:52


00:06:53--> 00:06:54


00:06:55--> 00:06:57

you deserve another

00:06:59--> 00:07:16

person's behavior and relationship. And with that, Allah subhanaw taala says, and that's why the the way the phrase comes, Allah does not forbid you, as if maybe there was an idea that Allah does forbid you. And we discussed last time the story of

00:07:20--> 00:07:29

the famous Hadith that is referred to when you speak about these murders in almost all of the scenes, which

00:07:31--> 00:07:33

companion female companions and we speak about

00:07:36--> 00:07:46

know, the one who asked the Prophet peace be upon him, should I show and have good relations with my mother, which was, the sister said,

00:07:47--> 00:08:19

That's right. And that her mother came and she wanted to see her and she even gave her a gift and so on. And she didn't want to show love or affection towards her as she was a disbeliever. Until, say, the ASHA went to profit Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him and asked about this issue and Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him said yes. Be good to your mother, be kind to her show her, even though she is, and it's really an accept her gift, and so on. And it is said that these verses came down to elucidate

00:08:20--> 00:08:21

that issue.

00:08:23--> 00:08:39

That Allah does not forbids you from those who do not fight you because of religion, and do not expel you from your homes, from being righteous towards them. Okay. We will go back to the Arabic word because this is what we are concerned about.

00:08:41--> 00:08:47

With him here, he's saying, right, just you can use other words to translate it also. But the word here is,

00:08:49--> 00:08:50

in general means

00:08:51--> 00:09:05

showing the trip that they're being good treatment between you. And those people. This is this is used on a higher level when speaking about parents, right?

00:09:08--> 00:09:20

Right, showing bitter towards the parents. This, of course, this is a higher level, just because he's using in this verse, it doesn't mean that I'm supposed to treat

00:09:21--> 00:09:39

my parents, right. There's a huge difference. Now, this is not the way to understand it, but in general, good treatment. So Allah does not forbid you to treat well. Those Muslims who do not fight you in the religion and do not expel you from your home.

00:09:40--> 00:09:41

It's very clear.

00:09:43--> 00:09:49

And this is the balance Subhanallah This is the religion of Islam, the religion of Islam as a reserve,

00:09:50--> 00:09:54

harshness, violence and

00:09:55--> 00:09:59

severe treatment for the disbelievers who fight you in the wind.

00:10:00--> 00:10:24

Do even for, quote unquote believers who fight in the religion are not really believers because they're actually hypocrites. Allah reserved that type of Christmas for those types of people, otherwise, it is good treatment. It is justice for the whole world for whoever wants to practice that type of treatment with you.

00:10:25--> 00:10:27

This is the beauty of the religion of Islam.

00:10:28--> 00:10:32

Where will you find the balance of this message?

00:10:33--> 00:10:34

On any media outlet,

00:10:36--> 00:10:44

especially in Western media, you won't find it because the whole idea is giving the wrong picture of Islam and Muslims.

00:10:45--> 00:10:50

Because of religion, do not exclude it from from being righteous towards them and acting justly towards

00:10:51--> 00:10:51


00:10:53--> 00:11:16

religion and that you should be just towards them, just because they may be disbelievers, and they are practicing egregious injustice towards Allah and their worship of Allah subhanaw taala. And they are drowning the worst sin which is worshipping idols before Allah, the the statues are very human beings.

00:11:17--> 00:11:25

You don't worship anyone besides Allah. Though they are practicing all of this, this is not an excuse not to be just towards them.

00:11:26--> 00:11:27

And justice

00:11:28--> 00:11:34

is a value that doesn't know color that doesn't know race that doesn't know sex or gender.

00:11:35--> 00:11:44

Justice is just and you will find it in the normal Quran, and you will find it in the religion of Islam. And this is why even the Jews,

00:11:45--> 00:11:49

they used to come to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him for judgment,

00:11:50--> 00:11:52

even after he became a messenger.

00:11:54--> 00:12:00

Why, because he was known for his honesty and for His justice, and that he would not let

00:12:02--> 00:12:06

their distance of religion or even their

00:12:08--> 00:12:09


00:12:10--> 00:12:15

that killing the profits because he was not let that be

00:12:16--> 00:12:27

a barrier between him and being just towards them. The specific issue that they came to him for this is the justice of the snap. And we've done we remember the famous story

00:12:28--> 00:12:33

where Allah subhanaw taala exonerated a jewel, and indicted a Muslim.

00:12:37--> 00:12:47

This is the justice of Islam brothers and sister, please, for Allah sake, take this to people learn these things and show it to them, shut people up, shut

00:12:50--> 00:12:54

up and show them what Islam is about. What do you do with this story? Well,

00:12:57--> 00:13:19

this is retightened until the Day of Judgment, Allah exonerated a jewel and indicted a Muslim because the Muslim in this situation was the one who stole and when Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, being a human being, and about to give judgment, to judge for the wisdom, not based on his religion, but because there wasn't a thing to do.

00:13:21--> 00:13:34

And practically it appeared that this one was told was with you and not the Muslim Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was about to judge for the Jews as opposed to the Muslim because of what he saw.

00:13:36--> 00:13:45

And he doesn't know if he doesn't know the unseen. Then Allah subhanaw taala revealed revealed the verses in Surah, Nisa, and exonerated the Jew

00:13:46--> 00:13:50

even told Prophet Muhammad was suffering lacking the lock

00:13:51--> 00:13:55

and seek forgiveness from Allah, of course, divine love judge

00:13:56--> 00:14:01

the last version was protecting him from judging wildly between them.

00:14:02--> 00:14:15

And the Quran tells them do not argue on their behalf on the behalf of those who did because either the one the thief was stolen, or his entourage will try to defend them.

00:14:16--> 00:14:19

Though they knew that he was actually up.

00:14:21--> 00:14:22

Take this to people.

00:14:23--> 00:14:33

And let's see what they have to say about that. Let's say what they what they have to say about the message of Islam wasn't the practice of Muslims but

00:14:36--> 00:14:37

the actual teachings

00:14:39--> 00:14:39

from the Hadith

00:14:41--> 00:14:45

and non Muslim wants to come and complain or criticize Islam.

00:14:46--> 00:14:48

From its sources,

00:14:49--> 00:14:53

you are most welcome. Come to the masjid and tell us what is your problem?

00:14:54--> 00:14:59

And either we will answer you. Someone knowledgeable or a scholar will never know

00:15:00--> 00:15:00

For you,

00:15:01--> 00:15:04

Islam is a perfect religion, there are no holes or gaps in it.

00:15:05--> 00:15:09

But if you're going to come and tell me, yes, this was gonna be false on this was

00:15:10--> 00:15:23

fine. We accept that. It's unfortunate, but it has nothing to do with the religion. And this is why we say it's a perfect message. But a perfect message never has perfect followers.

00:15:25--> 00:15:48

So if you want to criticize criticize the message, the authentic message, and then we can discuss it. But if you're going to come and tell me so and so did this and so on. So this is not our issue. Many times and most of the times the example they give you, they give you an example of a Muslim who is not practicing anyway, who doesn't know the religion

00:15:49--> 00:15:54

and therefore acted in a way which contravenes the teachings of Islam.

00:15:57--> 00:16:02

Simple Elaine, so be just no matter what, and they will notice you, in your workplace.

00:16:04--> 00:16:23

Wherever, wherever you are, when you show that Justice no matter what, and you show strength in that Justice Wallahi, they will respect you and they will respect the message that you have, were toxic for in a in a live service. Allah loves those who are just

00:16:24--> 00:16:27

no matter who that Justice applies to.

00:16:32--> 00:16:33

In one situation,

00:16:35--> 00:16:40

it was also some difference or some dispute that happened between him and between

00:16:42--> 00:16:46

a non Muslim and I believe it was a Jew. In that situation, also,

00:16:48--> 00:16:49

the judge

00:16:50--> 00:16:51

judged for the

00:16:53--> 00:16:59

because in that situation, rather, he didn't judge for the non Muslim he, because he

00:17:00--> 00:17:05

was using a term of endearment. With the judge, the judge refused

00:17:07--> 00:17:09

a term of endearment in such a situation.

00:17:11--> 00:17:18

Because justice is very difficult to administer at times, and the slightest word,

00:17:20--> 00:17:22

especially if it is of endearment.

00:17:24--> 00:17:27

Something of compassion, or

00:17:29--> 00:17:31

compassion or affection towards that person and so on.

00:17:37--> 00:17:38

But the the,

00:17:40--> 00:17:49

the the idea was that the judge refused even a term of endearment at this time, so that it doesn't cover his justice advice.

00:17:51--> 00:18:01

And there are many beautiful stories and examples of this in Islamic history. Often the justice of judges, no matter who was in front of them,

00:18:02--> 00:18:14

because justice is like a sword. It's supposed to be a sword. It cuts. It doesn't become one, justice should be clear. And it should only be based on

00:18:16--> 00:18:30

evidence which is in front of you, not someone's religion, or race or anything else. And this is why Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him warm, warm. And unfortunately, this is still happening. Here, Warren's

00:18:32--> 00:18:37

implemented the punishment of Islam against a poor or weak person,

00:18:39--> 00:18:55

and leaving the rich one. And he said, this is one of the things that destroyed nations before. In other words, when Justice had a color or a race, the weak one steals, you apply the punishment, the ritual steals you forgive

00:18:58--> 00:19:01

anything, as many of them said,

00:19:02--> 00:19:08

the one who may be forgiven is the poor person he stole out of poverty or named

00:19:09--> 00:19:18

the ordain punishment is not implemented. So you go and you implemented upon the poor, the rich is exactly the opposite. And many things in our

00:19:20--> 00:19:31

in our painful reality, we find we have reversed exactly the opposite. I'm confident you can do a full lecture about contradictions,

00:19:32--> 00:19:40

things that Allah subhanaw taala commanded and we're doing the exact opposite. And then we wonder, Where are the Muslims? And where's the

00:19:41--> 00:19:42

the message

00:19:46--> 00:19:50

the next Allah subhanaw taala is clarifying the issue again.

00:19:52--> 00:19:57

Those people you can show good treatment, and you can be just to work them

00:19:59--> 00:19:59


00:20:00--> 00:20:13

Once Allah only forbids you from those who fight you because of religion, and expel you from your homes and aid in your exposure, he added a third one and eight in your exposure

00:20:14--> 00:20:21

for bids you that you make allies of them, and whoever makes allies of them than it is those who are the wrongdoers.

00:20:22--> 00:20:33

If someone comes and tries to tell us, you see, this can only cause us to be put towards the non believers. No, this person is a clear enemy.

00:20:35--> 00:20:43

As shown his enmity towards misquoting me he was a carbon killing with those around the world. And then we come and say, Look, brother, look, sister

00:20:49--> 00:20:55

after it, and by the way, most of the time, when you find there's something fishy

00:20:56--> 00:21:03

that someone said about Islam or about tech or some verdict, or something.

00:21:06--> 00:21:09

And it doesn't seem to quite fit.

00:21:10--> 00:21:35

Most of the time, you'll find he's referring to something and he didn't read the rest of the I know he is claiming to be a scholar or and he is saying, Look, is this an assumption that we say hold on, read the rest. Very simple in exposing those people, if not, right after, and I have somewhere else, which shows you that what he's saying is completely false.

00:21:37--> 00:21:39

Be careful when when you speak about the Quran.

00:21:41--> 00:21:47

Allah subhanaw taala clarifies that no, those who are enemies of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:21:49--> 00:22:01

fight you in religion, who expel you from your home, or even aid in your exposure in that not only maybe they didn't have a direct path,

00:22:03--> 00:22:05

but they're helping people to expel you.

00:22:06--> 00:22:18

They didn't expel you themselves. But they were involved in taking that decision, or they were involved in helping. And this is something perfectly clear. Allah forbids you of taking those people as allies.

00:22:19--> 00:22:22

It's clear the good treatment

00:22:23--> 00:22:32

is for the ones who do not fight you or expel you, or aid in your expulsion. And those people exist.

00:22:33--> 00:22:34

And many,

00:22:36--> 00:22:41

Allahu Allah, you will find more of them amongst the Christians, as opposed to the Jews

00:22:44--> 00:22:46

who are soft Karlan.

00:22:47--> 00:23:38

They just want peace. They just want good treatment between human beings. They respect you, maybe they maybe respect your religion. They maybe even respect Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. A man does not forbidden from the good doors most people know. In fact, your good treatment is to them. And those in this message I repeat those whose character is refined, whose manners are good. Those are people that we have optimism that they will become Muslim one day, as in the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad peace, where the Companions themselves were asking the Prophet peace be upon him about earlier deeds they did in Islam, in jail, in their time of ignorance before

00:23:39--> 00:23:39


00:23:42--> 00:23:46

helping the poor, and taking care of the needy, and

00:23:47--> 00:23:56

taking orphans into their patronage and so on these good deeds, they ask the public this refund, what becomes of those needs?

00:23:57--> 00:24:03

We did them at a time where we were not believers. And Allah azza wa jal keeps telling us

00:24:04--> 00:24:05

in the Levina

00:24:07--> 00:24:10

those who believe and do righteous good deeds, you need both.

00:24:12--> 00:24:20

Prophet Muhammad peace be upon them, show them that you didn't get reward because of that, but you got something

00:24:21--> 00:24:27

much more important and that is your Islam. When he told them, a slum from Allah,

00:24:28--> 00:24:30

you became misled

00:24:31--> 00:24:39

because of the good deeds you did before. In other words, it was a setup it was a worldly reason

00:24:40--> 00:24:52

by which Allah guided you to the religion of Islam. And surely whatever you did good, of course in ignorance, whenever they did, good in the time of ignorance, surely that will only increase

00:24:53--> 00:24:55

in the time of Islam, right, like in the case of

00:24:57--> 00:24:59

what's the the situation of healthy food

00:25:00--> 00:25:00


00:25:04--> 00:25:05

discussed him before

00:25:13--> 00:25:14

he asked for his rights.

00:25:19--> 00:25:20

And you wouldn't give it to him so

00:25:28--> 00:25:30

basically, that they will

00:25:32--> 00:25:33

take the rights

00:25:34--> 00:25:37

of any it was General was generally the pact eventually.

00:25:39--> 00:25:53

The pact was that it was a pact between the leaders of the tribes, that they would try to administer justice and prevent oppression from the weak and the oppressed and give rights back to their rightful owners.

00:25:54--> 00:26:12

Prophet Muhammad peace be upon it was part of this fact, even before receiving the message of Islam. He was the supporter of the rights of the week even before receiving the message of Islam and he said, after receiving the message,

00:26:14--> 00:26:23

that I was part of the stack. And then if I am called to a similar facts, again, I would not refuse, because this is what

00:26:24--> 00:26:28

supports justice and the rights of the oppressed and the weak and so

00:26:31--> 00:26:33

on lot of

00:26:36--> 00:26:48

money, and whoever makes allies of them, then it is those who are the wrongdoers and to the word is one the moon and Vani Moon comes from

00:26:49--> 00:27:05

and one is oppression and injustice, and making allies of the enemies of Allah subhanaw taala is of injustice and it is not befitting of a Muslim who establishes their relationships based on

00:27:06--> 00:27:13

their love of Allah subhanaw taala and their faith and their creed and this is part and parcel of the message of this surah

00:27:15--> 00:27:22

a Muslim their life according to the faith, they live for the faith they live for the Creed

00:27:24--> 00:27:26

then the last Potala tells us

00:27:32--> 00:27:33

in a

00:27:35--> 00:27:35


00:27:42--> 00:27:44

movie money Imani?

00:28:18--> 00:28:19

sick all the time

00:28:21--> 00:28:21


00:28:30--> 00:28:30


00:28:38--> 00:29:11

or you are believed when the believing women come to you as emigrants examine, in other words, test them, Allah is most knowing as to their faith. And if you know them to be believers then do not return them to the disbelievers. They are not lawful wives for them, nor are they lawful husbands for them. But in other words the disbelievers what they have spent and there is no blame upon you if you marry them when you have given them their due compensation.

00:29:12--> 00:29:30

Referring to the boundary and hold love choleric bonds with disbelieving women. But ask for what you have spent and let them the disbelievers ask for what they have spent. That is the judgment of Allah. He judges between you and Allah is knowing

00:29:32--> 00:29:39

when you were believed, when they believed believing women continue as a good example.

00:29:40--> 00:29:41


00:29:42--> 00:29:47

verse was revealed after social media after

00:29:48--> 00:29:57

the famous holiday via between Prophet Muhammad disappointment is companions and the pagans.

00:30:00--> 00:30:13

The famous story when they came to do the camera and Mecca, and they were all prepared for it and so on, and the police prevented them. And it was something that severely irritated many of the Muslims not withstanding

00:30:14--> 00:30:15

all the alarm.

00:30:17--> 00:30:19

And because they were forced to go back,

00:30:22--> 00:30:30

of course, not by plane, you're not taking Jazeera airways to Saudi and saying, Okay, let's take the train back into our,

00:30:31--> 00:30:33

okay, this is a month long journey,

00:30:35--> 00:30:37

a month long journey, if not more,

00:30:38--> 00:30:42

they migrated specifically for this and they were forced to go back.

00:30:44--> 00:30:52

Imagine that, though the Prophet peace be upon him his wisdom, he is the messenger of Allah, they are on the truth. And this is why

00:30:54--> 00:30:59

aren't we on the truth? Don't we have the truth witness? Yes. So why are we giving them this?

00:31:00--> 00:31:01

Why are we allowing them

00:31:02--> 00:31:09

we have the truth, we should go and we should continue our mission. What Allah subhanaw taala

00:31:10--> 00:31:15

decreed otherwise, and intended otherwise, for the Muslims.

00:31:18--> 00:31:18

They hadn't.

00:31:20--> 00:31:34

There were many benefits in the stack. In fact, if you analyze it, you'll find there are more benefits than harm, the only harm the Long Island and it is a temporary harm that they weren't able to do.

00:31:36--> 00:31:37

But otherwise it was

00:31:39--> 00:31:40

it was a victory

00:31:41--> 00:31:44

as Allah subhanaw taala call it and soon

00:31:45--> 00:31:46


00:31:48--> 00:31:50

that indeed, we gave you a clear

00:31:51--> 00:31:52


00:31:54--> 00:31:56

What is this victory? It is for debut?

00:31:58--> 00:31:59

After what happened?

00:32:03--> 00:32:06

Well, Milan spoke Sinhala, and tried convincing him.

00:32:08--> 00:32:11

And eventually, he asked the Prophet peace be upon him.

00:32:12--> 00:32:16

For Messenger of Allah, after they knew about this,

00:32:17--> 00:32:20

is it indeed? Is it really a baptism? Yes.

00:32:23--> 00:32:24

He believed it was

00:32:25--> 00:32:30

somewhat problematic in the beginning for him to understand it. But later on when he

00:32:31--> 00:32:32


00:32:34--> 00:32:37

this is a victory, it's a victory, as Allah subhanaw taala

00:32:38--> 00:32:39


00:32:41--> 00:32:42

part of the pack

00:32:43--> 00:32:44


00:32:45--> 00:32:46


00:32:47--> 00:32:49

chooses from the

00:32:50--> 00:32:56

party of the Muslims to go to the concert, to go to the disbelieving side

00:32:57--> 00:33:04

that the Muslims will allow them to do so. And we are not obligated to return them to the Muslims.

00:33:06--> 00:33:17

If someone goes from the Muslims, chooses to disbelieve and to go to the Confirm Mecca, the Muslims will not stop them, and nor will they.

00:33:20--> 00:33:20


00:33:21--> 00:33:23

I'm one of the kuffaar

00:33:24--> 00:33:31

is a Muslim, and they are going they want to come to the Muslim side and they want to migrate to Medina.

00:33:32--> 00:33:33

And they do.

00:33:36--> 00:33:39

The Muslims are obligated to return them to the Kufa

00:33:40--> 00:33:41


00:33:43--> 00:33:46

in this sense, it is clear injustice.

00:33:48--> 00:33:49

This is not just

00:33:50--> 00:33:55

Prophet Muhammad. In fact, the Sahaba does not want to find

00:33:56--> 00:33:58

the Sahaba were not ready to sign.

00:33:59--> 00:34:00

said no.

00:34:02--> 00:34:08

But not because of this. Because when he came Prophet Muhammad when they came to write it down, and he told

00:34:09--> 00:34:12

Danny, he told him to write the name.

00:34:16--> 00:34:22

And then the disbelievers say that he said, No, don't practice actually before they

00:34:23--> 00:34:29

write. And they said, This will never happen. We don't know. We don't know. We know this will arise.

00:34:32--> 00:34:33

Then they said

00:34:34--> 00:34:42

he said Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah He said if we knew he was the Messenger of Allah, we wouldn't have disbelieve the new right. From Muhammad.

00:34:44--> 00:34:44


00:34:48--> 00:34:50

refused. He said I would love to erase

00:34:52--> 00:34:57

the Prophet Muhammad. This doesn't mean he said show me where it is, isn't it?

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

There is

00:35:03--> 00:35:10

no question is the genuine matter of Allah when he was and he erased it, as part of the,

00:35:11--> 00:35:18

the treatment of the Muslims and examples, you won't hear anywhere else, what kind of Prophet Muhammad

00:35:20--> 00:35:21

and erased at

00:35:24--> 00:35:25

the time of the signing of the

00:35:27--> 00:35:40

agenda, the son of silent, comes running in his chains and his shackles, he is oppressed in his religion is oppressed in his Islam and he is being tortured.

00:35:41--> 00:35:46

And he comes and he wants his seeking refuge was useless.

00:35:47--> 00:35:56

And he went to the Muslim side. And then, so he said, I ask you by this pack that we find that you return them.

00:35:57--> 00:35:57


00:35:59--> 00:36:07

at the time, they can just find it. They just printed and finished finding it. And that was one that came. And Prophet Muhammad said they had already mentioned this clause.

00:36:10--> 00:36:14

The clause was mentioned, the clauses already mentioned that this is where they're going to

00:36:15--> 00:36:19

Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, trying persuading him.

00:36:21--> 00:36:25

This man is a person has religion, he tried persuading him to keep him.

00:36:28--> 00:36:31

And he tried several times, and sign them and I would refuse.

00:36:32--> 00:36:35

So Prophet Muhammad peace be upon returned.

00:36:36--> 00:36:38

And he said, this is part of the

00:36:41--> 00:37:14

part of keeping the promise and being true to the fact that we have signed the Muslims themselves were shaking. How can they send back this person to be tortured again in his religion, and now it will be worse. Right? It will be exacerbated, after they saw that he was indeed a Muslim, he wanted to be part of the Muslims and so on. And Prophet Muhammad peace be upon themselves, I wouldn't be patient, the patient because Allah subhanaw taala will make a way out for you.

00:37:15--> 00:37:17

And this was the situation of others also, Panama.

00:37:18--> 00:37:21

Eventually, Allah azza wa jal made a way out and he fled,

00:37:22--> 00:37:25

and so that others like Abu Garcia and others,

00:37:28--> 00:37:31

but you can see the difficulty of this,

00:37:33--> 00:37:35

upon the Muslims, and this

00:37:37--> 00:37:37


00:37:39--> 00:37:54

therefore, they had already agreed, Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was always true to any pact that he had signed. And this is part of the character of a Muslim. Never, ever to renege on a promise or on a pact that they signed.

00:37:56--> 00:37:59

They are going to cancel the act.

00:38:01--> 00:38:11

They are ordered to cancel the pact officially with the other side before acting against the pact. Otherwise, there's no such thing as

00:38:12--> 00:38:13

betrayal in Islam. No.

00:38:15--> 00:38:17

And this is in the Quran. And the verses what

00:38:18--> 00:38:19

was the first state?

00:38:23--> 00:38:24


00:38:25--> 00:38:26

This is all a little

00:38:28--> 00:38:28


00:38:31--> 00:38:33

School, definitely keep to your

00:38:35--> 00:38:36

promises and packed.

00:38:37--> 00:38:38

This is not what I'm asking.

00:38:40--> 00:39:05

The idea that tells us that if you are going to break the pack, because you see that they are breaking it or they are going to betray you in the fact do not just consider the fact nullifying without telling them make it official to them. This is part of the Subhanallah being true to the pact and true to the policy that Islam commanded. We have the IR we don't have it yet.

00:39:07--> 00:39:08

We'll get it next week and

00:39:10--> 00:39:11

not from me from you

00:39:17--> 00:39:29

know that the fact that the pact was broken there, it happened in reality, but there's a verse which collapsed. Okay, so this is next week's homework.

00:39:31--> 00:39:38

By the way, if you knew the answer, wouldn't be homework. I'm not just trying to give you homework but as no one knows it.

00:39:41--> 00:39:42

I will say

00:39:46--> 00:39:47

no, no no.

00:39:59--> 00:39:59


00:40:01--> 00:40:01


00:40:02--> 00:40:08

what do we benefit? And what do we understand from the following verse? Yes.

00:40:10--> 00:40:10


00:40:12--> 00:40:13

Okay, let's leave it to them.

00:40:14--> 00:40:33

Why did we mention all of this? Because this verse came down after the Davia treaty, and it is referring to a special group of people were alive that was prohibited and they be returned to the disbelievers. And that is be believing women, as opposed to the

00:40:36--> 00:40:40

scholars disagreed whether the act itself

00:40:41--> 00:40:46

clearly specified men as opposed to women, or whether it was General.

00:40:47--> 00:40:54

Some scholars said it was General other sense that there is evidence that shows that the agreement was for

00:40:55--> 00:41:02

the specified men. And that in that situation, Allah's pathauto just clarified

00:41:04--> 00:41:11

that the women you cannot return to the CASA, if the believing, believing women come from the this,

00:41:12--> 00:41:28

to the Muslims, for emigrate to Medina is not allowed to return them back. They are a special group, because the women didn't have the same ability as the men to defend themselves, to defend their religion,

00:41:29--> 00:41:36

to persist in the religion, as they were married to disbelieving husbands, clear.

00:41:37--> 00:41:42

And this is Subhanallah This is wisdom. This is all wisdom, of course, because it came from Allah subhanaw taala.

00:41:43--> 00:41:44


00:41:46--> 00:41:49

the other opinion stance, which is that it was General,

00:41:50--> 00:42:00

then it was he has from Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And there are many situations where Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him had a certain inch jihad, right?

00:42:01--> 00:42:13

Where the verdict was not inspired, yet. It was his deduction. Salatu Salam, but Allah then corrected, that it's the

00:42:14--> 00:42:27

right many situations, and in the opinion that the clause was General for men and women, this is an example. And the verse abrogated that part of the clause.

00:42:29--> 00:42:36

And this is what shows you that the Muslims always all of Allah says, The most important thing.

00:42:38--> 00:42:39

Allah subhanaw taala

00:42:40--> 00:42:47

specifies the women know, the women are not to be returned to the disbelievers.

00:42:48--> 00:42:49

As he says

00:42:52--> 00:42:54

that, neither are the

00:42:55--> 00:43:05

they are not lawful wives for them. And nor are they lawful husbands for them. So they are not lawful for each other. And therefore you should keep the women and not return them.

00:43:08--> 00:43:11

Well, you have believed when the believing women come to you as emigrants

00:43:12--> 00:43:14

exactly what you give them a test,

00:43:17--> 00:43:18

examine the face

00:43:19--> 00:43:20

that you see

00:43:21--> 00:43:22

faces here.

00:43:23--> 00:43:25

How can I examine someone's face?

00:43:28--> 00:43:34

Can I ascertain without a shadow of a doubt, if someone is a believer or not?

00:43:38--> 00:43:39

Cannot read

00:43:40--> 00:43:41

something in the hearts.

00:43:43--> 00:43:43


00:43:47--> 00:43:52

there are signs, there are indicators. See this religion, brothers and sisters, you see

00:43:53--> 00:43:56

what easy knowledge, knowledge

00:43:58--> 00:43:59

that's why I

00:44:01--> 00:44:02

spent years

00:44:04--> 00:44:11

and understanding what and how to evaluate. And that's why there is some difference between the scholars, even though

00:44:12--> 00:44:13

all of the women before

00:44:15--> 00:44:22

even before they all had the same definition of a man and that is a man is

00:44:23--> 00:44:24

I believe in the heart,

00:44:25--> 00:44:26


00:44:27--> 00:44:34

and action of religions also, even below Allah Abu Hanifa.

00:44:37--> 00:44:42

He also, though he may have had the opinion, that it is only belief,

00:44:44--> 00:44:45

believing and saying

00:44:47--> 00:44:52

speech as opposed to action that later on he changed his opinion.

00:44:53--> 00:44:55

The idea is that

00:44:56--> 00:44:59

and this is an example. Right? This is evidence

00:45:02--> 00:45:04

There are indicators of faith.

00:45:05--> 00:45:07

And this is why right after he says,

00:45:08--> 00:45:13

examine them and examine their faith, he still reminded you. Wait, don't forget,

00:45:15--> 00:45:18

you don't know for sure. Allahu Allah will be Imani.

00:45:19--> 00:45:34

Allah is the One who is most knowledgeable of their faith or lack of faith. So just because you're examining you, you do not have the final judgment, but use it as an indicator. And this is why the Imam

00:45:35--> 00:45:49

and other resellers, when they describe and they explain this idea of examination, how did they exam, they said, Prophet Muhammad peace be upon us to propose to them the last

00:45:51--> 00:45:52


00:45:54--> 00:45:54

you should

00:45:56--> 00:46:04

be the last idea of the surah. It says that if the believers come to you, oh, Prophet Muhammad, and they are coming to give you the pledge,

00:46:05--> 00:46:11

to not worship anyone other than Allah and not worship associates besides Him, to not

00:46:13--> 00:46:24

basically kill their children and so on to the end of the verses, if they come to you, and they promise all of this, then give them the pledge.

00:46:28--> 00:46:32

Use that as a criterion for the examination.

00:46:33--> 00:46:34

They also mentioned

00:46:35--> 00:47:04

some of the names of the center. Prophet Muhammad is used to try to ascertain if they indeed migrated from Mecca only solely for faith and religion, not running away from an oppressive husband, not coming for some husband that they secret desire, not leaving a land for the sake of another land solely for the sake of their religion.

00:47:06--> 00:47:29

This in this way, Prophet Muhammad is trying to deduce, if indeed, day has come truly as faithful ones, as true believing women. And as he ascertained that he gave them the pledge, and he kept them and he didn't return the women back to their husbands. In some situations, the husband came all the way to Molina.

00:47:31--> 00:47:32

He wants his wife back.

00:47:33--> 00:47:35

Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him didn't allow.

00:47:37--> 00:47:47

This is the, this is the verdict that Allah subhanaw taala has decreed. And then a set of Allah Allah, this verse was revealed,

00:47:48--> 00:47:50

as many emails married,

00:47:52--> 00:47:53

in this situation of

00:47:58--> 00:47:59

own control the daughter

00:48:01--> 00:48:02

life who is

00:48:08--> 00:48:09

not to come up,

00:48:10--> 00:48:14

came and tried to put the the

00:48:15--> 00:48:21

on the neck of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. I mean, why it's one of the enemies of Allah.

00:48:22--> 00:48:26

His daughter, migrated and became a Muslim.

00:48:31--> 00:48:37

And as she had migrated, her two brothers came to Medina is seeking her.

00:48:38--> 00:48:45

They wanted her back. And Prophet Muhammad Ali refused. And for this last little revealed,

00:48:47--> 00:48:48

this verse

00:48:53--> 00:48:54

will be Imani him

00:48:57--> 00:48:57


00:48:59--> 00:49:09

and if you know them to be believers, then do not return them to the disbelievers. They are not lawful ones for them, nor are they lawful husbands, forget for them.

00:49:10--> 00:49:15

But give them ie the disbelievers what they have spent Allah.

00:49:16--> 00:49:21

There it is, again, the justice of Islam, the beauty of Islam.

00:49:23--> 00:49:29

At this point, you say how will I return a clean believing woman?

00:49:30--> 00:49:32

A dirty disbelief. I will.

00:49:34--> 00:49:36

And Allah is the One who decreed this.

00:49:37--> 00:49:44

And though they came to us, they are not lawful for them. They are no longer lawful for one another

00:49:45--> 00:49:46

to Panama.

00:49:50--> 00:49:53

But at that point, you might say, not only that,

00:49:54--> 00:49:59

I'm gonna keep her and I'm not gonna give anything to him to the husband.

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

Maybe he's asking for something that is his

00:50:04--> 00:50:08

last point of dialysis and give them what they have

00:50:10--> 00:50:17

given them what they spent dowry on their wives, and as their wives left, give them what they spent

00:50:18--> 00:50:22

Subhanallah the amazing original of Islam is amazing.

00:50:24--> 00:50:25

Give them what they spend

00:50:26--> 00:50:27

their why

00:50:29--> 00:50:30

they're feeling bad about it,

00:50:31--> 00:50:41

give them something, give them what they spent on their wife, their dowry given back to them and send them back, give it back to them the money that you have

00:50:43--> 00:51:07

the money that is there in the end the what do we call bait and money? Right, whatever, whatever money is there in the possession of give it to this disbelieving husband gives them back their rights of what they had given to the disbelieving may have given to the women who had become believers as

00:51:09--> 00:51:11

well as well now ha equal and thank you.

00:51:15--> 00:51:21

There is no blame upon you if you marry them when you have given them their due compensation.

00:51:25--> 00:51:28

These women who came from

00:51:29--> 00:51:42

they came as believers, Allah azza wa jal is making clear, don't worry, you can go ahead and marry them, though. Why? Because it may be confusing that there was no official divorce

00:51:43--> 00:51:47

between the disbelieving husband and the believing man.

00:51:48--> 00:51:59

So maybe some of the believers didn't want to marry or were afraid to do so. Allah azza wa jal made clear, there is no blame upon you to marry those women, because

00:52:00--> 00:52:07

Islam severed the ties of marriage between them.

00:52:10--> 00:52:15

There is no blame upon you to marry them, if you give them their due compensation their salary.

00:52:18--> 00:52:38

mentions, and he has done a beautiful analysis of some of the the Linguistics of the Quran. He says, notice, in the case of the disbelieving men and get and giving back their money, he didn't call it a dowry. He didn't say

00:52:41--> 00:52:46

or for the past baby Sada, which is the dowry of the women, because it's

00:52:48--> 00:52:57

no longer a dowry. He says why I'm giving them what they spent. But when he came, and he spoke about those women, he said,

00:52:59--> 00:53:06

that we do what we do. Here hair is an Islamic term for the for that for the dowry that you give

00:53:08--> 00:53:11

to your wife as part of the rules of marriage.

00:53:23--> 00:53:25

Another is, because

00:53:26--> 00:53:32

one of the the wisdoms is to make sure there's nothing.

00:53:33--> 00:53:36

They're not pregnant, there's no child, and so they're still

00:53:39--> 00:53:40


00:53:42--> 00:53:45

And then sha Allah, there's more to say

00:53:47--> 00:53:53

about this verse. And we'll continue with in sha Allah next time, this is the first time we

00:53:54--> 00:54:00

interrupt the rest only because it's a little bit long, and stop paying Shala and will continue to sign off.

00:54:05--> 00:54:06

On any questions, we'll

00:54:07--> 00:54:08

do the system

00:54:16--> 00:54:17

wasn't the same?

00:54:18--> 00:54:21

It wasn't the same as in the Islamic system.

00:54:22--> 00:54:32

But it existed at the time. Mind you keep in mind that marriage was a big mess in the time of ignorance, so maybe at times they would give dowry, maybe not.

00:54:33--> 00:54:37

There are different types of marriages, right? There's the marriage of

00:54:40--> 00:54:44

what we call marrying someone. Like we mentioned the marriage.

00:54:46--> 00:54:53

When when someone gets divorced or someone divorces his wife, and then the wife wants to go back to him and then they have to marry someone else and so on.

00:54:55--> 00:54:56

What we call the logic

00:54:57--> 00:55:00

there is there were many types of minds would say

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

As salam o Allah had mentioned, the worst of which is pure prostitution,

00:55:06--> 00:55:19

those prostitution, and they knew the prostitute, they had indicators on their houses. And this is the house of a prostitute, and they would go after them. And one of that one of these so called marriages of prostitution is where

00:55:20--> 00:55:23

10 different men would go upon the lady in one night.

00:55:25--> 00:55:29

This existed at the time of ignorance, so marriage was a big mess,

00:55:30--> 00:55:35

different types and different applications. Islam came to

00:55:36--> 00:55:36

make clear

00:55:39--> 00:55:41

any other questions or comments?

00:55:42--> 00:55:43

We got to

00:55:45--> 00:55:46


00:55:58--> 00:56:02

Other situations with, for example, after the basketball,

00:56:05--> 00:56:07

some people would

00:56:08--> 00:56:09

accept a song.

00:56:11--> 00:56:11

And yet,

00:56:12--> 00:56:17

listen, so strong, commanded not to kind of judge whether they're

00:56:18--> 00:56:19

doing it out of fear.

00:56:21--> 00:56:21


00:56:23--> 00:56:25

Because in that situation,

00:56:26--> 00:56:30

they will love me, they will not necessarily be a practical result.

00:56:32--> 00:56:39

For that examination, here, it is needed to be unjust towards those believing women,

00:56:41--> 00:56:43

and to do what is good and right for them.

00:56:44--> 00:56:54

Though it is incomplete, but this incompleteness is not incompleteness of the, the command, it's incomplete this on our parts and being able to know.

00:56:55--> 00:56:57

But this is what they were commanded.

00:56:59--> 00:57:06

That try to find out try to ascertain if they indeed are believing women, if they are, they're no longer

00:57:07--> 00:57:13

lost lawful for each other, and you should not return them. There's a great danger upon them.

00:57:16--> 00:57:35

If they were to keep them right, or if they were to return them to the farm, and that they would oppress the woman in the religion and so on, and they may eventually capitulate and so on. So, this is why Allah subhanaw taala differentiated between the men and the women. And this is why this examination was required in this situation,

00:57:36--> 00:57:40

but in other situations not. And this is also part of the justice of Islam.

00:57:42--> 00:58:07

As in this situation, when Sam ovens he killed the man after having said that Illa Allah and Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him told them, how did you kill him after saying, Leila, what? And you don't know, if he said it truly out of his heart, you and I are not commanded to open up people's hearts to see if they are Muslim, whether or not once they say that in a month from international law, and it seems to be sincere, they act upon it, we accept.

00:58:09--> 00:58:19

But in this situation, they are required to do this examination Otherwise, otherwise, such an examination is to be avoided. As another example,

00:58:21--> 00:58:25

because it's in the heart, and this is for Allah, Tala to judge the law.

00:58:28--> 00:58:29

That's why

00:58:31--> 00:58:34

you'll find many instances in Islam, where

00:58:35--> 00:58:37

the means

00:58:38--> 00:58:40

may not be perfect,

00:58:41--> 00:58:43

but the result is very much required.

00:58:45--> 00:58:47

And therefore, you use those means.

00:58:48--> 00:58:55

And when I say perfect, it means lawfully, imperfect, not unlawfully imperfect.

00:58:56--> 00:58:59

Use those means in order to

00:59:01--> 00:59:03

get a certain desired,

00:59:04--> 00:59:08

important and beneficial result. And this is an example of it.

00:59:11--> 00:59:27

The way is not 100% certain, but it's a fairly good indication there are indicators. And this is why like we said, Danny, most of the scholars said that when we speak about ocarina and faith, it is something that actions also proof

00:59:28--> 00:59:40

and actions are required to prove it. Otherwise, what would you say about a Muslim who needs that praise, doesn't give those occur. Doesn't fast in Nama and is never done.

00:59:42--> 00:59:43

But he says Leila

00:59:46--> 00:59:48

was the was the reality of

00:59:50--> 00:59:52

living. There's no manifestation of it.

00:59:54--> 00:59:59

But still, this is just an indicator. Allahu Allah. Allah

01:00:00--> 01:00:10

is most knowledgeable after faith use it now in order to bring about this desired result which is protecting the women who are believers for flip the oppression

01:00:16--> 01:00:17

equals Pentagon recommendation