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Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Series: Nouman Ali Khan - Tafsir of Juz Amma
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Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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So I'm going to look at
our old wilhemina shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Allah Houma la who had a law who slimed lemmya lead when a new lead while I'm near Khulna, Hoon Khufu and had
published a summary where silly Emily workflow lock data melissani fo Hokulea welcome good Allah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah
once again, for all of you that are watching and listening as salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh we are beginning our study of social class. So to left last is a surah that follows in the most half solid lab that we completed last time and in the introduction of the surah a few things need to be said first and foremost, what connects the solar to the one that comes before it is even the style of the solar the you know the subject of the Quran. What I mean by that is the syllables with which words and there's a certain rhythmic pattern. So we had done but the other Abdullah have been with a
man whom Allahu wa Kassab say assign Allah that Allah have you see that pattern and then the final syllable was Fiji, the hablo min method. Then here all who Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad let me live while I'm EULA. So the the rhyme pattern actually continues. From a stylistic point of view. Also, there's this cohesion and there's continuity. Additionally, of course, there are several things that connect this surah to the last in the previous surah. There was a departure from you know, what Allah azza wa jal said before he dealt with the enemy of Islam exclusively, you know, when he dealt with the GFI when he told the messenger kolia.
He told the messenger to talk to them when it came to Abu lahab. The messenger wasn't even involved. He didn't even tell the messenger Ali subtle Islam to address Abu lahab He doesn't say that but you know, he has a level of deal with Abu lahab directly himself. It is as though Allah azza wa jal took on himself, the offense against the messenger, either hisako ceram. Now, we learned from the historical context that that Abu lahab is one of the individuals that preoccupied and concern the messenger a lot on a sort of a solemn, and it's not easy to forget about him because he lives next door. And he's constantly making trouble and nuisance. So it's not something you know, there's a
troublemaker you see on the battlefield, and you won't worry about him the next time you see him on the battlefield until then there's no problem. That's not the case with Abu lahab. But since in the previous surah, Allah azza wa jal has dealt comprehensively and conclusively with Abu lahab. Now the messenger is told to change his focus, not worry about it anymore, because that problem is not for you to solve. Allah has already solved it. So what should you be worried about? You should be worried about two things, the concern for yourself that they'll hate of Allah and the concern that you should be teaching it to others that are hate of Allah, stay focused on target and and remain
focused on the goal itself, which is teaching people the people Allahu Allahu Ahad, so Allah tells His Messenger sallallahu Sallam in the surah Cole, who Allahu Ahad, it's going back on the agenda with which the seal of the messenger begins sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Another very interesting
comment that we're going to expand upon when we inshallah Allah gets a little nervous, but I'll give you some hint to it. Now, you know in the in the Fatiha in the introduction of the Quran, the first if it when Allah so just as an hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen there are two parts of it. He introduces himself as Allah Alhamdulillah. And then he describes himself as a bill I mean, at the end of the Quran, we find these two things. Certainly Atlas is the answer to the question who is Allah? It's just about Allah. And about Rob, there are two solos who will be Rob Bell Falak and Obi Robinette, they're both about that. So that what what initiated in the Fatiha is even beautifully
concluded at the end of the most half as well. So now that the attention of the messenger has been directed towards this call of La ilaha illAllah. The other thing that you may or may not recall, we talked about it a few weeks ago. What connects this solo to the previous is that if you look at the last seven suitors, they were all about the seed of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. They were all about the Silesia and sola was about the Sierra but yeah, you had Catherine was about the Sierra you know Quraysh circulation was about the Sierra every single one of those had something to do with the life of the messenger and his Auto Salon, which concludes with select lab. So that lab is pretty
much the the historical journey comes to an end the victory is guaranteed and will have served up the the worst enemy of of the messenger and of Allah has been destroyed. Now when there's a conflict that goes on for a long time, people forget what they were fighting about. This conflict that is happening between the messenger and the Quraysh. It's going on for a long time. So in a conflict as soon as the victory is guaranteed. It is important you remember why
What is it that you were fighting about to begin with? What was the agenda of the conflict? What started this battle? It wasn't about land. It wasn't about control. It wasn't about territory. The only thing it was about was continuing and fulfilling the legacy of Ibrahim alayhis salam, which is what though he has lost sincerity. So we're coming back to the agenda itself into the class. So the other thing that this is something more subtle but deserves a lot of attention. You know, in the profit is subtle Samson. Sometimes he would pray and he would combine two solos in Salah like he would make for example, sort of Allah and Harsha he would put them together in many of the Sunnah
prayers. Similarly, he would take two suitors that are together like on Falcon and NASS, he would take them together and recite them one in one way or the other in the other car, things like that. And usually, when he pairs solos together, you find them paired together in the most half also. So you find them next to each other in the Quran. And you find the messenger RNA Sato some reciting them one after the other in the prayer makes sense. So he pairs them in the saliva lab pairs them in the mosque. But there's a unique Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, this is pretty much for every Tucson as the most recurring recitation of Quran, the two centers of every father prayer, even
the two centers of going at the harem. When you're making online honey, when you go to Harlem for the first time the tutor call you make there, he would recite a little cafe rune and so to the class. So the first of the car cafe ruined an extra car and left us right so this is a unique sadhana because in this son, the messenger Elisa to Salaam is reciting one surah, then skipping a few and then going to another sort of certain cafe rule and social class are not together, they're apart after a cafe rune came Elijah and masala then in the most hunters who are below hug, and then after that you have, so to lift last. So there's some unique connection the messenger himself makes
in his prayers between social capital and social class that should be the that deserves attention. And it's interesting that from a from a literary point of view, that that relationship becomes very, very obvious. And I'm going to try to highlight that relationship to you before we get into the surah itself. You see, when Allah azza wa jal when we discussed a little cartoon itself, at the end of social capital, and it was clear that the messenger has his Deen and that should never be confused with the Dean of the kofod. There are two very, very different things, even though they are worshipping at the same house, the Kaaba, even though that when they call on Allah, when I inserted
the human Holocaust, and it will aku Luna, Allah, if you ask them who created the heavens and the earth, even they will say what they will say Allah the messengers calling to Allah, even the machete Guna calling to Allah. So it seems like yeah, they have a lot in common, but sugatsune made it clear, no, no, no, these are two very different religions. There's no, you are gafford. And I'm certainly not engaged in the worship and slavery of what you're engaged in the worship and slavery of now that distinction. that distinction is made in SoTL cafe rune and explained further in Elijah and assala. That's the dean that will win and which didn't lose the Dean of Abu lahab de Baca Abbey
lab. In other words, the central solar is on caffeine if you want to visualize a pyramid at the top of the pyramid of social capital. And the two offshoots of it are is Agia, Anna sola and Tabitha Avila hub, right, so that the two next solos are a continuation or a corollary of that central discussion of sort of gut feeling. Now, the same thing happens with social net loss, so teleclasses about the head to head, and what are the two kinds of attacks that can corrupt a person. So heed, these are evil influences from the outside or from the inside, where are these mentioned the central position that of sort of the class, then you have certain Falak, and you have solid, and so you have
to one central surah, and two corollaries are as the same way you had that, that that tries to rock connection before that. Now, if you look at both central suitors, you find something else. You notice in sort of the class, the word allies not mentioned.
Katherine, boo, boo, Walla,
Maria de no mention of who. No mention of Allah. And even when the messenger says I who I worship, he just says, ma'am, but he doesn't say, Allah. When
Allah Allah did, he doesn't say Allah, he just has my output, right? Whatever. And I will do my bottom, but he doesn't mention a lie explicitly, explicitly. So what it does so to Cameroon, it creates a question he keeps saying Ma, Abu Abu twice, it comes in total capital. What amazing an entity it is that I worship. He doesn't mention him by name. So what question is created? Well, who is it that you worship? That question is created and where is that question answered when that question is created and sort of gaffin where is it comprehensively answered, and social net loss? So the two are actually rhetorically very beautifully connected. Of course, the other thing that
connects them, that is alcohol, I mean, it's very obvious that one begins with oil.
After a couple of skips, this one also begins with could these both begin in the same way. And of course, both of them you know, the Sahaba would give these the sutras that they loved a lot, and they would repeat a lot, they would give them a lot of nicknames. So sutra class has over 20 nicknames, and one of those nicknames is L Mukesh. It's a strange word in Arabic, but that's one of the names they give it, which means that which removes diseases, you know, you know, they will say, for example, duck shisha Marine, the Arab would say what that means is that the patient, the disease is completely gone, no sign of it left. And that's what they called sores on the floss. Why? Because
it removes the disease of shift. By the way of all those nicknames. sootel, Catherine also was given the same nickname, the same nickname, because what they thought of what the Sahaba thought of when they thought of salt on the class is the same thing they taught thought of when they thought of social capital, and why because both of them are talking about denying shift. Both of them are again shift one from positive reinforcement, the other negative reinforcement. So caffeine is also about the talking of Allah, La Rue de matar, Lokhande, new camellia de here also, this is also about the heat. So that also connects these two remarkable sources together. Now,
one of the few, you know, few nicknames we won't go through all 20 nicknames, but at least some of the titles that are given by the Sahaba to this beautiful surah we should make sure we appreciate at least some of them. Here's one sort of fried, fried means individual, this one that the sooner that makes make sure that allows only always to be understood as one and never to be thought as any anything more than sort of to read that which purges the concept of a lot from all false concepts, removes all misconceptions, misinformation about Allah subhanho wa Taala. In one shot, this is sort of to read, then the Sahaba would name it, of course, easiest one to shoot this one you can
appreciate two sorts of tawheed the one that unifies unifies the attributes of a lion one and expresses a lie is one and only certain
meanings meaning if you don't know the surah, you don't really know who what lies modify means to know someone to be to be acquainted with someone. So this is a surah for one to be acquainted with Allah subhana wa Taala. It was also called pseudo Samad sort of summit summit. Of course, we will discuss linguistically in more detail later on. But the sutra which and it's called this because this is the only place in Quran where this word is used, and it's used for a large image and no derivative of this word from that root, in verbal form and nominal form, it's not used anywhere else in the Quran. This is the only sutra that has the word summit in it. So another name of it. So to
summit, sort of assess the sort of the essence the core, the essence of something the essential the most basic core component, they would say this is the essence of the entire Dean, this is the core of the mission of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then of course, the name I gave you,
mocha and mocha special rather. And this is the one that purchase disease purchase sickness and you know, that which is supposed to which which causes the body harm. Well, this causes the hearts harm, and the hearts have been cleansed now and this disease has been removed. Another very beautiful and interesting concept comment about the word SS. Why the Sahaba would call the sola so to assess there's a Hadith of the Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam was set to separate when Luna Subhan Allah, Allah who Allahu
the heavens and the earth are founded upon Cole who Allah who had that the heat of Allah and the way this is common, this hadith has been commented on by inshallah, what you find is that this so long as there are people on the face of this earth, that are declaring tawheed, Allah azza wa jal allows the heavens in the earth to continue, and the heavens of the earth to exist. And when you know when people do * on this earth and they say Allah has taken a son, or they say things that are inappropriate about Allah, look at the wording of Allah Himself, that God was similar to yet I mean, who what a shocker, well, what unshackle or do what?
It is almost not exactly, but almost as though the sky would tear open, and the Earth would rip crack open, and the mountains would collapse. When people say Allah has taken a sun. When people say that that is about to happen, that is about to happen. So the messenger says the only thing keeping things in tact is what? Allah who Allahu Ahad and when we don't say that what happens? And now look at this the signs of the last day. One of the signs one of the things that happens before the last day comes everybody who says that Allah and Allah, everybody who says Muhammad Rasul Allah, then what happens to them? They're gone. The people of La ilaha illAllah are gone before Larissa, which
brings about the collapse of the skies in the earth. Right. So this is a very powerful concept and a very powerful solar and it's central to our appreciation of this Deen and of course, this idea
Had there only been schicke this is mentioned in other places in Quran for example loca Anna Thema, Allah Illallah la casa data, had there been any other others to worship and obey other than Allah, then the heavens and the earth would have been corrupted and there would have been conflict between them. Because if you have multiple Gods look at any religion that has multiple Gods By the way, there's forms of Hinduism that have multiple Gods Greek mythology had multiple gods, right? When you have multiple Gods you know what the mythology includes Gods fighting with each other, the God of love fighting the God of War, the Father, God fighting the son, you'll find this kind of mythology
all the time. And this is only natural when you have two people have equal power. When you have two nations have equal power, right? Two fighters, two warriors have equal power to business people have equal power. two countries have equal power, what's inevitable, clash conflict. So Allah says, if there were more than one era, there would be conflict in the heavens and the earth. So panela then of course, this is this sort of one of the one of its most beautiful names also comes from the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. It's called Sultan knew the surah of light. You know, in Surah Noor Allah says Allah who notice and Malati well up here in this Hadith, for whom we know we
have this semi White will out and Allah and histo heat is that which gives light to the heavens and the earth was similar to to know we'll call back and this surah it gives light to your heart will color and he salam, in Nanakuli, a new one neurocore and COO Allahu Ahad. Everything has liked for everything, there is a light and the light of the Quran is called hula, hula. And this is a tremendous gift of Allah, you know,
the Messenger of Allah Elisa to Islam, he would say, for example, about dakara equaliser in salam wa salam Al Quran, Al Baqarah for everything, there's a peak and the peak of the Quran is Baqarah. But the light of the Quran is what is totally a class in your why this is such an amazing gift that every man woman and child can make a little bit of effort and memorize this a little with very little effort. And the power of the sutra is so tremendous and so huge. And yet the lesson and the lessons are so massive, and yet it takes you 20 minutes to memorize it. And it takes very little effort to recur. recurringly repeat it and say it over and over again. And so this will lead us in
shallow tala into I haven't gotten into the historical context of the sutra yet, which we'll do now inshallah Tada, and then we'll get into how the Sahaba love this. How much in love they were with this sorta I mean, they love the Quran. Yes. But there is this, there's something special about the solar when it comes to the companions of the messenger, while the Allahu anhu. Much Marian. Now there's a debate among certain classical mufa soon about the historical context in which the surah is revealed. Most call it mucky, but some legitimate scholars have also given many, many, many narrations in which this seems to be a Madani. Surah two. Now why is it called mucky? Because there
were some we already said that we should akun What word for God did they use even though they did share what word for a lot of they use? They use the word Allah. And here in the Quran, Allah is using the same word for himself. But when they think of Allah, they think of, you know, ideas they associate with him or not appropriate. That's not what we want you to believe about Allah. So when the messenger I think subtlest Salaam would describe and talk about Allah, they would say, well, we don't get it, we believe in Allah to so they would say Sif, Lana, Rob, back, give give me attributes of your give us attributes of your master, describe them to us, who is this Lord of yours? Give us
some descriptions, you know, a min the hub, a min felpa? Is he made of gold? Is he made of silver? You know, then why would they say that? Because this is precious to them, right? And their gods are made of these kinds of precious metals, and marble and things like that. So they say well give us some quality and they're looking for physical attributes, then they would say unsavable because in the Arabs, you know, the lineage is very important. So they would say, what's his lineage? You know, what's his lineage? Actually, somebody in one narration, somebody came this machine came to the messenger on Instagram and said, Well, you know, everything was created by a law firm in Haleakala
who created a lot and the messenger was furious. He was very furious. So the narration goes that jabril alehissalaam calmed the messenger down and gave him the surah she will calm them down and give him the so called hula, hula head. Right. And this is actually attributed to a similar narration is given to a yahoodi, a Jew, a member of the Jewish community in the modern era of the Prophet's life. So that's why some people say it's many others say of course, the swift and Arabic attribute, Lord, give us descriptions of him. These several of these narrations are mucky. So how do we combine both some scholars made the effort to combine both by saying perhaps it was revealed
twice, which of course is not taken by the majority. The majority has taken the opinion that both those narrations are correct and sound. And the way to understand them is, you know, sometimes a sutra would be the messenger will recite a sutra and this is a surah that the people of Makkah does the Sahaba and MacGyver many, many many times, but when he's come to Medina, it's not necessary that all the Sahaba have
All of the Quran yet. So when they would hear that same surah being used used as an answer to a question, they would think that that's what I came down at that immediate time. But that's not necessarily the case it is that this surah answers this question, just like it answered that question. And this feeling, actually even in a famous narration, you know, the ayah from Allah and Allah and Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah.
You know, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam is nothing but a messenger messengers came before him also, this ayah was recited by Abu Bakr Siddiq upon the passing of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, when on top just had a psychological meltdown. He said, anybody who says the messenger has passed away, I'm gonna take his head off. So then look at the outcomes and he recites this ayah Muhammad is nothing but a messenger messengers came before him to have a matter if he was to die a coup de la or he was killed in caloptima Comicon. Are you going to turn back on your heels? So when Bob hears this ayah, what does he say? It is as though I heard this for the first time. I felt like this little I
just came down. It was just revealed, right? Even though it's been revealed before it addresses his problem at that time. So that's how we reconcile the narrations of the Mk II context and the both the money concept and context now talking about the love of this little This is narrated, Chateau de La da da da, da da Sula, la he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So that Allah Allah Allah Surya, sakana yaku Surya, rather coleus Javi salata him first and foremost MB qu Allahu Ahad Fela mirage. What happens is, he would go he was he was on a military expedition, some some companions he sent were on a military expedition and the guy in charge of them the Sahaba in charge of them, every single Salah
he would lead he will recite something from Quran but before he would go to Riku he will recite sort of this last, every record, right so the Sahaba didn't say anything because that's the guy in charge, but when they came back they mentioned it. So record was Alec little su de la he sallallahu Sallam they mentioned this to the messenger for Karla salutely. Ha in Yes, Nadella asked him the messenger says, Why did he do this? What made him do that for you? So they asked him for call Leanna house if a man because this is the attribute this surah is the act the proper attribute of man the Most Merciful for an animal Hippo and so I love to recite with it. I can't let go of it. I love
reciting this song. So the messenger says bacala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked biru and Allahu taala Hey boo, let him know that Allah Himself loves him. That it is Allah who loves him back. So he loves to go to the class and loving soul to the class can only mean one thing. It can only mean the love of Allah. Right? You know, one of them have a single show, Kenny went on to comment. The show of love and admiration that is found for the messenger in social culture is found for Allah and so to less loss, the love for the messenger so I Salamis which surah and co author and the love and admiration and sincerity to a lot and underclass. So when this men the Sahabi loves to
resize for the class, what does it illustrate love of Allah and if you love Allah loves you back. Allah xojo loves you back so the messenger tells informant that Allah loves him. Now he used to recite it at the end of every record. Now here's another narration by ns. Viola Han who can allegedly answer your own movie machine Koba mechanical no matter how so rotten, Jacobi had a home facility microwave hobby could be called hula hut. There was a man from the unsoldered he used to lead salon Mushaf Koba, and every time he would start aka, after finishing five to have before he wouldn't recite anything else from Quran he would recite hula, hula hula, he wouldn't go anywhere
else would cool hula hula at first, so the other Sahabi is reciting it at the end. And this one's going even further and reciting it in the beginning. What if a woman had some mechanical Serato? And then he would finish then he will recite another one with it. sudo Tanaka. Maha. What can I start with Alec frequently? riccarton. And he would do this in every single NACA facula. Who has her boo, boo. So the Sahaba spoke to him and they said, Why do you do this in negative 30? Who because he saw so much data and how to have data?
Then you don't see we don't see that you never ever stopped doing it. You read it and then you recite something else. So you know, I don't we don't think that's appropriate for Emma and Aviva. Either. You just read this one. What Emma and tada tada da Harada. We're talking about Biafra. Or you leave it and recite something else. So they said either you just read a class or you read something else don't keep combining. We don't think it's appropriate. He says Matt and arbitrary ke ha I'm not gonna leave it
in the bottom and Oh, can be Dalek fosatu. If you want me to lead Salah then that's what I'm going to do. That's what he tells them. What encourage them
to come and if you want, then I'm going to leave all of you
If you don't like it then I'm not leading slot anymore. Okay, what can we allow him and they used to see that he was definitely the best of them he was the most righteous of them and he was obviously appointed by the messenger say someone so they couldn't just asked him like that. What can he do on your own?
And they would also not like that somebody else will leave the salon. Fela tahuna be Salalah hi so they came to the prophet SAW them as Mara who they told him what what did occurred for call, yeah, foolin. me my America and tell me my my bs hubback.
So what keeps you from doing what your companions are telling you? What's so hard about that for you?
And why do you commit yourself either Lumi heavy his Sora typically raw cotton? Why do you commit yourself in every single regard to this surah sakala in Baja, he also says I love it. No doubt about it. I love this soda. His only explanation he has to keep reciting it. He says buka iya your love for it. And the Holocaust agenda will get you into
the messenger tells him your love for this sorta will enter you into agenda. And I felt it's important that we go through these few narrations of the importance and the value that the Sahaba gave to this surah and then how the messenger sallallahu Sallam appreciate it appreciated there serious seriousness about this sorta then this famous Hadith, probably some narration of it or if not the narration, you probably know the lesson the message that comes out of it. You've heard it before this is narrated about De
Luca, manioc Rafi, Laila tin, futon Quran is it very difficult for any of you to recite the entire one third of the entire Quran in one night? Kahlua kayfabe pseudo Quran How can a third of the Quran be recited in one night called aku? Allahu Ahad ulusal Quran he said that Allah had equates a third of the Quran This is in Sahih Muslim so the messenger himself has given the surah a value of a third of the Quran. There's a lot of commentary why a third? Why a third of the Quran? It is you know and most of the kind of give you the gist of it, the gist of it is a third of the Quran deals with the attributes of Allah who Allah is Imani at the essence of what his Deen is supposed to be in terms of
a man. And so the class is the most comprehensive summary of it, if you know nothing else from the Quran about tauheed if you know if last year, okay, you're okay, you won't fall into schicke if you know enough, you know. And so this is this is this gem that Allah gave us that you don't have to do a PhD in arcada to not fall into Schick, you can just really well understand. So within a class, it's a gift of Allah azza wa jal to this oma a third of Quran. Now, you know, there are a lot of academic issues in the sutra and I'm going to skip a lot of them. But I do want to tell you about one thing that
is important. The word Allah, the word Allah, we haven't had a comprehensive discussion about this word. Of course, it's come before but this is a surah about the word Allah who Allah so we have to have a little bit of a conversation about it. In the Arabic language, there's such a thing called ha ha ha CoQ means that a word is based on another word, it came from somewhere else. Like, you know, you may have heard the word Ireland in Ireland, right? It has its mush duck. It's derived from what word in knowledge, right? So you have a word, it's derived from another word, it has origins or roots somewhere else. This is a this kind of word is called mush duck, meaning it's a word, but it
has its origin. In some other words, it's based on some other word, and that word gets modified and you know, transformed into a series of other vocabulary. Then there are words that are original. You cannot trace them back to another word, they are the way they are, and there's no going back. These are originals, untraceable words, and these are a small jammy jam it jam it means you can't go back there is no building blocks. It is what it is. You know, it's like comparing a rock to a wall to a boulder. A wall is made up of bricks. But a boulder is a boulder is made up of parts. So SM jam, it is not made up of parts, but it's a much stuff is made up of parts. I'm giving you this basic
introduction because there is a disagreement among linguists, grammarians, right? People have sought people of morphology about the origin of the word a lot. Is it much stuck? Is it derived from another word? Or is it jammin? Is it unique by itself, you cannot trace it to another root origin. Both opinions have existed in our history. Both have been attributed to some very, very high level scholars. So we can't say when is right and wrong, I wouldn't go that far. I can't I as part of intellectual honesty, though, I do have to tell you which one I tend to agree with more, but that doesn't mean that I completely disregard the other side. So I'll give you evidences for both the
group that says it is mushed up that it is derived from another word say that the root origin of the word Allah is the word in
the word elac La ilaha illAllah. So the word Illa if you put on it I ILA becomes a law the Elif gets removed. The Elif gets removed this, you know, this has of it and the word feel
uses together and the word Allah is formed. That's the opinion of those who say it's rooted in the root letters are Hamza lamb and her and from A to verbs come Allah hi Yah, Allahu La Jolla, who Allahu me literally means to worship. So Allah is the entity that is the focus of worship and obedience. That's one meaning of the word Allah. But Allah not would not go to fat halleck Allah habit le ha, the verb actually is used. In another case, it's used for a child that is thirsty for the milk of its mother, and is desperately running towards that mother. And from it derives the the the verbal meaning is the one to whom people desperately turn. The one, the Illa has someone to you
know, and in Ilha, actually, is the muscle form is the one to whom people desperately turn. And so scholars say that this is the origin of the word Illa, the one to be worshipped, the one to be obeyed, and the one to whom people turn out of desperation, there's nowhere else to turn, but he right that these are the origins of the word, Allah.
The other groups has known, this is not the origin of the word a lot, the word a lot is the universal word for Allah. And isn't even limited to Arabic is the word for a lion, every language, and it is the word a lot. That is the word for himself, the proper name for Allah that He revealed to all the messengers in every language, in every language. Now, on the one hand, it sounds like this is more of a spiritual thing, and that's more of a linguistic thing. But these, this group also gives linguistic evidences, and at least at least I'd like you to know some of them.
If the word is based on the word Illa, then it's made up it's a composite of two things, Al and Ella, right, it's two things. Now in the Arabic language when you call someone you use the word Yeah.
Like you can say, Yeah, what? urogen? Right.
When you call on Allah, when you call on Allah, what do you say then? Yeah, Allah. Ya Allah. Now in the Arabic language, when you call someone you cannot use.
Like, I can't say yeah, lol, it doesn't make sense. You can only say what? Yeah, when it? You cannot say for example, yeah, I don't know him. Even if you're calling a lot. You can't say yeah, about him. What do you have to say?
to him? You know, yeah, produce? Yes.
You have to call a love. If you calling a lot would have need that, would ya? Then the URL cannot be there. This is a principle of Arabic language. So when we say yeah, Allah,
Allah, clearly the URL is still there. And if it's still there, it must be there because it's not really an
it's part of the word. That's the argument linguistically made. The fact that we use Yeah, and then we use the word Allah. You know, if that was, if that really was part of Allah, then we would call him Yeah.
We would not say yeah, Allah. Right. So the fact that in NIDA, we use a lot in and of itself is a linguistic evidence. Then the second linguistic evidence is that the word Allah is not used generically anywhere in the Quran. Whenever the word Ally's use is not used as though one worthy of worship, it's used as Allah as his name as a proper name. And the biggest proof of that is the Fatiha itself. You know, Allah azza wa jal says Bismillah even in the beginning, the best manner Bismillah R Rahman, r Rahim. Rahim are descriptions. But the word ally itself is the one being described. Allah is the noun, and Rahim are the adjectives Alhamdulillah Allah is the noun or
a molecule made in adjectives. So that's the second argument that in and of itself, it's not used in a generic sense anywhere. It's only used in this proper form, in this proper form. And then the third when they said, Who is your Lord? Who is your master? describe him to us. Whenever a question is asked, Who is he? Who do you worship? What do you worship, you don't start with a description, you start with the name. So this solar begins, voila, I had
an I had can be a description of some it can be a description, right? But a lie itself is the proper name. This is the third and then of course, Aramaic, and, and and you know,
Hebrew also have original words, the word Allah has occurred in original forms in their languages as well. And their languages as well. So there are several lines of evidence. And the final I just might as well mention it since we're on the subject is the fact that we call on a Lessing Allahumma Allahumma. And that's a unique phrase. And then lamb and Elif, together are never heavy. If you put a lift lamb with a Chaga. And if you say Allah, Allah but what do we say when we pronounce Allah, we make it heavy, we break the norm of the Arabic language for this word. It defies all principles of the Arabic language so that for that reason alone, it is considered universal. Now that brings up a
side thing I'll only mention it briefly because we have to get to the dose of the surah itself.
The brief comment is the following. If you say that this word is even beyond the Arabic language, then there's the problem of non normal self. What that means is when a word comes from another language into Arabic, then you cannot put three halaqaat on it. You can put them off at heart and gasoline on it the Casa is that he is not allowed. But do you find the word Allah with casilla? in it? You do, right? So for example, Robin us dokumen Allah, he mean Allah He there's a caslon the word Allah. So it's more of it's not it's not a foreign word. It's a completely Arabic word. So if it is from every language, and if it's or it's the word talk to all messengers, even the ones that
were non Arab, how can it have all the colors? And the response to that given by the amount of languages, there is, there's only one word that has to be universal to all languages, and that word can only be what? Allah? It's not a foreign, foreign things are that which is alien to me, and it's local to you. But what word is local to every language? Who is local to every language? Allah is origin? So there is no, the concept of it being foreign doesn't apply when we deal with the Lufthansa data. Anyhow. So it was a little bit of a distinguished distinction. Now we begin, say, say this does two things. This, of course, is a command to the messengers a lot harder we talked
about before. But what does it do two things. One, these are lessons for the messenger. And two, these are lessons, this is teacher training. This is what you go out and say, This is what you need to go and teach the people whenever you find polyendocrine, it is a lesson for the messenger sallallahu sallam. And it's also what he must go out and teach what he must go out and preach. He must declare it, he can't just keep it to himself, you know, who Allahu Allah had? No, he is a loved one, or he's unique. That's just for him to know. But he has to spread it, he has to get it out there. So in from the beginning, there's the message of tawheed, connected with the message of
dharma. That's how the surah begins who Allah had. Now the word who most of us don't say who is love the schatten here, meaning given if you don't have the word who are there, the sentence is complete. hula hula had, say Allah is one. That's still a sentence, what's the word who are doing there? The word he which were untranslated? Is he. A pronoun is used when you are talking about something that's already known.
In other words, if I was just talking to you right now, and I say, you know, he graduated from college, if out of nowhere, I just said to you, he graduated from college, what question would pop in your mind, man who you're talking about? I don't know who he is. But when there's a he that doesn't even need to be mentioned who it is ahead of time. It's so obvious who the subject is. And it's so universally his greatness is so universally acknowledged, that there is no mention to name him first. You can just say he and I really, yeah, I know who you're talking about. This is called schatten. Because of the universally known greatness of the subject at hand, you can just say Who?
And so this is for describing the greatness of Allah azza wa jal, that the word who occurs, of course will also because it's the answer to their questions, man, Hua ma Hua, who is he? What is he? What are his descriptions? And who are that what you asked about is Allah who Allah, who Allah, and then there's the word, now another grammatical breakdown, and if you take one shot, and then what happens is Allah Tada, I had covered those of you know, a little bit of Arabic subject predicate, right? Allah is an I haven't described yet. It's a beautiful word, but we haven't come to that yet. Another description is that who is muqtada, who is the first part of the sentence, a law the word a
lot is covered. And I had discovered Fanny, what that means in English translation is say He is Allah. And then say he is ahead, there were two sentences fused into one. When you have to cover that's what happens linguistically, two sentences are fused into one and the way we will translate them as He is Allah comma, one. And I actually won isn't really not a good translation of a head, but I'm sticking to it for now before I describe further to you inshallah, Tada. So He is Allah one. Now,
the first thing we need to know is the difference between a head and a head. While head and a head. The word I had is the word Why do you know I had to think that this is what one word means one. So how come Allah doesn't say a coup Allahu wa had say a lie is one that would also mean one. You see, first of all, let's take it from a negative point of view. So you understand it better.
In the Arabic language, certain certain words can be used only in a particular way and not in any other way. If I say for example, right now, laser were hidden. Mo juden field machine, laser wide, laser weapon filled machine. No one there's not one in the machine. Do you know what that means? There's not one but there's 234 or five. In other words, what I'm saying is there isn't just one there may be even more as opposed to that if I say laser, I had motion for the machine. You know what that means? There is no
single person in the machine. There's no one in them. When you say lock it, then the meaning would be, there isn't just one in the machine, there couldn't be more. There's not just one. So you're saying it's not one, it's more. But when you say, Lisa, then what are you saying? There's absolutely no one in the machine at all, I heard is used negatively, negatively only, it's not used in a positive sense. It's only used not anyone at all, what usually can be a bad idea to be a hoarder, like no one at all come and share with a lot.
Not no one at all. So that I had is an absolute negation. That's where I had to start losing a positive when you want to speak in the positive use warhead.
When you want to speak in the negative you use, especially the exclusive the absolute kind of negative, that's the first thing. But the thing is, and this solar I had is not being used in the negative, it's being used in the positive. So it's already unique. It's not something that normally happens in Arabic, the only other so it's using the negative. The second place I had is used is in Ivanova How do
I What do I do?
Right? Would any of you like? And yeah, could Allah He might in fact, if to associate with any of you like with any one of you like that they would eat the dead flesh of their dead brother, etc, right? That I had to come when it's one of bouncing it off. Like that's the technical term, the English term is one of so one of them. One of you one of the Muslims, I had a Muslim in a coma huduma. Right. So in my abdomen under calchamber, a huduma. Killer, when it's a lot more than you can use when there's a combination of two, then you can use a head. By itself, it's only used in the negative. If you want to use it in the positive you have to add something else to it, it becomes
part of something else, one of the first of etc, etc.
The only place in Arabic literature where this word is used in the positive without any further attribution is social class. That's it. There's nowhere else some oversimplifying, saying a HUD is not used for anyone other than Allah. That's not clear enough. HUD is used for other than Allah. But the word I had in the positive without any lava in it in that way, linguistically, is never ever used for anyone other than Allah. So now we know the difference between what I had and I had a little bit I still haven't clarified it yet. And hopefully before the slight least I'll get that much across. What is the difference between what I had and I had? The original word is actually what
and what had there are two variations of it itself. What had a word. And so that word, what does it mean? I'm going to give you the meaning of it from the dictionary, who are watching Don't, don't be enough see what it means someone who is individual by himself, or Julian Whitehead, a la europeu, NASA boo, boo, a person who is what had what had with a well, as someone who's at us, tribe and his lineage and his origin is not known. That's what he said, but that is used for a person a lot refuses to even use that because in the language that can be used for a person. So he uses a word for himself that is not used for any person
in the positive. And so the word I had is even the you could argue it's the hyperbolized the the enhanced form of the word warhead imamura whereas for honey in his famous book moflo datalocker. I even went as far as to say that I had is a separate route from What had you know, some most say that I had comes from the root origin while her and then but the mom Rob says no, I had is a separate entity by itself and I'll give you his definition also. He says, I went for it, Lana Vila who when a Salah who
there is nothing that can be compared to an a HUD, there is a unique singular sole entity to which there is no comparison possible and there is no competitor possible and there is no antonym or opposite possible. There is nothing impossible in terms of any sort of affiliation with this one. The one that has no second is the one for whom the second is impossible, that's ahead. Now, this word used for Allah azza wa jal creates,
you know, earthquakes in Arab society. They have gods, they believe in Gods but for their gods, there's also another god.
You can have I can have mine God you can have yours and their concept of Allah. So yeah, he has allies there. But he has, you know, angels he took his daughters by either law, or the Christian community said he took a son or the Jewish community, a fraction of them, not all of them, a fraction of them said, it was a it has taken us has been taken as the son of Allah. So they add the attributed sons and daughters to Allah. In Hindu tradition, what do they do in some of the endo traditions, they say God became the universal goddess in the bug and in the tree, and in the
rocking the stone, and God is running in my veins and all of this stuff, right? This is similar to American Transcendentalism more recently, in the early 1900s, late 1800s, early 1900s, right? In American literature, also God is in the tree or in nature in us and etc, etc. This idea, but which kind of, you know, and if you do that, if you say anything about Ally's origin that starts comparing him or pairing him or affiliating him with anything else, what is lost is ahead. And if you separate a lot from all attributions of human beings, you separate him completely from all attributions that are shared by any creation, then what you get to is a HUD it is a unique concept of the oneness of
Allah. This is the concept that even Christians don't agree with even Jews don't agree with they don't agree with this concept. They'll say who Allahu Ahad fine. When you study their arcada when you study their creed Wahid, they will not have a problem what they have a problem
with, and here before the Salah, at least one part of the word I had I want to help you understand inshallah tada because these are things that have to be clear in our minds. And I don't take a conventional approach to teaching concepts in our Theda and theology. But I do want you to have a basic, easy, easy to understand logical Foundation, that even if you don't have the technical terminology, you don't fall into categories of shark. One of the easiest places where people can be confused is when a word is used for Allah and is also used for us.
For example, Allah calls himself Eileen, knowledgeable.
Have you ever heard that word being used for a person also? A person is knowledgeable? Sure, sure. Allah calls himself Hakeem full of wisdom wise, wise, have you ever heard the word hacking being used for a person also as possible? Allah says For example, He says he is a Rahim. Rahim merciful. Can you describe a person is merciful also semia listening. You can describe a person who is listening also bossy, bossy, right? bossy is someone who can see a lead described himself as someone who sees, can you use that word for a human being? Also? Yes, you can. This is a problem because now the same word is being used for Allah. And the same being used for a human being. Now where's the
only word that's only used for a lion can never be used for me as a description ahead. That's the word right? And as some others will see, these words are unshared. Everything about DeSoto is unshared. You will find other attributes of a line other solos. But those attributes, what you'll learn about them is it's possible that in some way, shape or form, those attributes can also be used for people like Ally's name or Oof, Oof, compassionate is using the Quran for the messenger bill Mina Rahim. So how do we understand that? How do we clearly understand when a word is being used for Allah and can also be used for other than Allah? How do we not end up doing Schick but I'd like you
to remember is three differences. If you remember three things you'll never fall into check. The first difference, if for let's take one name, so we can use that as a sample and it works for all the other names of Allah within, let's take the name not knowledgeable, Allah is knowledgeable.
We say that, if that name is being used for a lot, then that power that ally has that knowledge that Allah has has no beginning and has no ending. The knowledge of Allah has no beginning and no ending. Compare that to my knowledge and your knowledge or the knowledge of all creation put together. What does it have? It has a beginning, and it has an ending. So the first difference is, it's infinite. Allah, it has to be timeless, actually, no beginning no ending, and ours is temporary timed caged. That's one big difference. The second difference? The second difference? A lot of knowledge has no limits.
He knows everything. Absolutely. Every there is nothing that he doesn't know.
As opposed to your knowledge and my knowledge, what does it necessarily have? limits? I don't know what's behind this wall. I don't know. I don't know how many heartbeats I have left on this earth. I don't know. I don't know what will happen in the next 30 minutes. I don't have any knowledge. I have knowledge, but I don't have all knowledge as opposed to Allah who has online. So the first difference was no beginning and no end. As opposed to me. The second difference is, there is no limit to a lot of knowledge and whereas any other knowledge will have limits. And here's the third and most important difference. This is the third one. The third one is everything I have, every
attribute I have let's talk about knowledge is not something I own it was given to me.
It's not something I had to begin with. It was given to me I didn't I wasn't born with it. I didn't have it, it was given to me. As opposed to Allah when he talks about his knowledge. It is his own and it is not what it is not given to him by anyone. It is his own. It is his own. Now think of any attribute. Let's think about
attribute of power legend kV you can have a person who's strong, he has some power, but the power of Allah has no beginning and no end. But the power of a person has a beginning and an end. The power of a lie is infinite. It has no it has no limits, is limitless, but the power of a human being has limits and it's limited. And then the power of Allah is his own. He didn't get it from anyone else. It's his own, but the power of a human being comes from home from Allah subhanho wa Taala he gets it from him, you keep these three distinctions in mind, and you will maintain what Allah calls ahead. He cannot be compared. He is unique. They secondly he shade they will never be any attributions or
anything compared to him. This is the the the remarkable lesson inside this absolutely beautiful, stunning word that Allah uses for himself in the Quran, Allah who Allah had. Now, you know, a lot put in the word ahead there is no Elif lamp.
But in the word a Samad there is an Islam Allah who Samad we don't say Allahu samidoun we say, Allahu a Samad. But when we say ahead, what do we say? I don't we don't say Allah. Right? So why don't why not put it over there too. And why put over here? This is a grammatical difference and has some rhetorical benefits. The first benefit is an El Mirage, what and chirala sabita, when the Arab would say that putting the neck era puts an exclamation mark on the statement. He is a law I had.
Just think about that. How amazing that is. And that can be done in ancient Arabic with it and when so I can't do you and I can't do that in English. So I have to raise my volume and pound on the podium and mess up the recording. To get that across. What a lie saying when he says I had the power of that word is manifest in that. And that's the first thing. The second is then when is used conventionally for a hub. That's the predicate of a sentence. And a habit is used when someone asks a question. And of course, I heard it was the response to a question, who is Allah? And to appropriately answer the question, the NF lamb is not there. You have to put the enemy in there. So
what the second benefit of is it addresses is Bob is giving the news to those who seek this news. Who is this Allah, the thing to know about him is a HUD and this is the sticking point. This is the one that will get you beatings. This is the one that will get you get bilello, the Allahu anhu tortured and the boulders on his chest and the only words coming out of his mouth are what I had, I had, it was the only words coming out of his mouth. This is the point of contention, saying Allah is not the problem. Even they accepted Allah, they refuse to accept a HUD. They refuse to accept a HUD Subhana Allah, what an amazing word Allah gave us. You know, there's one story I have to share with
you. This is,
you know, a friend of mine. He's gonna hate it because he's gonna watch this and he's gonna hate me for it. But I'll have to say this. A good friend of mine from Arkansas, took Shahada. I talked about him all the time, actually, but I'll tell you again. He, he was a philosophy major master's degree in philosophy. You're a typical upscale, you know, he calls himself I was I was a yuppie he called himself the white guy, you know, his wife is also, you know, Anglo Saxon, if you will, right. And they lived in Arkansas. She's, she's, I think, doing a PhD in biomedicine. He did his master's in philosophy, his library and of the university, very philosophical guy, you know, and he part of his
philosophy major was philosophy of religion. So he studied all these different religions, including, of course, Islam.
So they were both agnostic. You know what, agnostic? We're not sure if there is a God, we're not sure there's not a god. We're just chillin. That's an agnostic, right. So he was an agnostic. So he's married to his wife, and they have their first son. When they have their son, Tristan, his umbilical cord was tied around his neck several times over.
Right. And that's normally what happens when that happens. A childbirth This is the child chokes to death, but the child survives. When the child he sees this happen with his own eyes, he says there has to be a god. There has to be. He says that the agnostic leaves agnosticism as does it has to be a god. And so what does he do? He takes his old notes he puts takes the dust off of his notebook and starts going through his old notes on world religions. Right? So he's taking notes on Catholicism and Protestantism and, you know, various forms of Hinduism and Buddhism and Taoism out there you go Islam. So he looks at his own notes from years ago on Islam, and he reads this, his own writing this
though he thing is awesome. That's what he had written in his own notes, in his own words. This though he thinks sounds pretty amazing. And this was his commentary on IQ loss.
Right? And he came to the site. He's a principal of an Islamic school now, under the law. But you know, when you study world religions, you will think at face value at face value.
What will seem like? Yeah, we all believe in one God. It's all the same. They believe in God. They believe in a merciful God and a powerful God, it will seem to you at face value that yes, we all share one faith. But when it comes to studying ahead carefully, you will realize how every other religion, and every other worldview just starts falling off to the sides. And the only thing left standing is this thing. This La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, it's unique, even when it comes to belief in God, your coworker tell you Yeah, I believe in God to know they can believe in some God. Yeah, but in a lot who had? Not yet Not yet and we haven't explored what that
really means. I'm just looking at it linguistically right now, theologically, what does it mean psychologically, what does it mean? We haven't even explored that yet. We will inshallah tada after the Salah, but I want to wrap up with one thing, inshallah Tada, which is tied to this, so that you have something to ponder over when we make sola and hopefully the mumbles graced us with the social class. This idea of ahead.
One, there's one of the great writers on Islamic theology in Pakistan, actually.
If your dean, Dr. Phil Dean, commenting on the school, I said something amazing, and I really appreciated it. Because I think for modern audiences, this kind of stuff needs to be said and heard. A lot created the human being with the knowledge of himself. The human being knew already there is this highest ideal, a lot as urgent, and not just that there is a God and He created us. And now we can do whatever we want. No, he's the rub. He's the master. He's the my goal in life is to do what he wants. This is my highest ideal. My greatest accomplishment ever can be that I become his slave. That would be the greatest honor I can have the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his
greatest honor. So handler, the slavi Abdi he becomes of Allah, the slave of Allah is a great honor. That's the golden life and a lot of pre program that goal inside every single human being. But if you lose sight of that goal, it is like this, you know, you have this thirst, this hunger inside you to fulfill that goal. Allah created you with that. But when your appetite is not filled with healthy food, what do you fill it with?
If you don't get the right meal, are you going to say I'm not going to eat at all? No, when a person is starving, and there's no food of their preference, or there's no healthy food, there's even filth, barks of trees, while the human beings still start chewing on that when he's when it comes to that. They will. When you lose sight of Allah as origin and that no longer is your goal,
then necessarily, you will find a replacement, necessarily, it is necessary to have something you aspire towards. That is the mission of your life. The one who has found a lot, what becomes what happens to them in masala tea, when usuki balmaha Amati lillahi Rabbil aalameen. It's very simple for them. The one who has really found a law, there's allies for a law, their sacrifices for a law, their life and their death is now for Allah, the way they live, the way they eat, the way they sleep, what they want to do with their life, their long term goals, their short term goals, what are they going to do with their kids? Why are they getting an education where they're going to work,
everything is now for a lot, that is their goal. But for the one who doesn't have that goal, they have to find another goal. And in old times, they used to be idols. They used to be other religions, you find some other God. But in our times, it's become far more pathetic. Far more pathetic. Now you have someone who's obsessed with their body, and they're working out 18 hours a day. And their only goal in life, their only goal in life is to just keep getting buffer and buffer. Still only go take storage and look sharp and stay on top, keep in shape, or there's this goal they set with their trainer, I got to do this many reps or I got to do this many push ups or I got to get benchpress
this many pounds, etc. That's their goal that has become the you know,
for a person that their life has become about money. They have you met people, they cannot talk about anything except their work. They can't.
Yeah, I work at this company. I do this, this, this this. And the moment they lose their job, they become suicidal because that's all they ever thought about. That's all they ever did with their life. That's all they ever did. That becomes their goal. For some people, it's their children, they live for their children. They do everything for their children, day and night they think about their children. There is no other thought running in their mind. There is no other goal before them then their children. That is all they run after. When you don't find Him you will find something else. You will find something else and you will run after it and you will give your life to it. And this
is a there is no exception among human beings. And today it could be even a slacker you and you could ask me what about a slacker? in all those kids that play 20 hours of video games a day and don't get off the couch? Well what is their goal? It is to entertain themselves
Is to fry their brain cells behind a screen. That is their ultimate goal. That is what they want to reach. And they're, they're working hard to attain it every day. Right? That's what it becomes. These are the psychological implications of understanding to hate. It is easy to say allies one. But as he went in my life, it is is he is he the one for me? Or do I have some other one that I'm running after? Or some other thing that I've put before myself? And I asked this question rhetorically, he says Mahabharata Barbican, Karim, what deluded you from your gracious Master? What was so important to you that you read after that you couldn't come after this? Allah Subhana Allah.
So when he uses this word, who Allahu Allah had, its psychological implications, its implications on our attitude towards Allah, and how we think about our life completely changes. Now there is nothing more important to me than making him happy. Nothing more important to me, than him being pleased with me. Nothing more important to me than he forgiving me. Nothing more important than me that he would talk to me on the Day of Judgment telling me that I'm successful. He will look towards me, I will not be from the ones he turns away from. When are you can lemo Humala who Yeoman piano, Allah will not talk to them on the Day of Judgment, Milla not make us from those people. These are some of
the psychological implications of just internalizing I had, I had just that word, what am I saying? So this is who Allah is, this is what he's supposed to do. And I want to conclude because it's time for Salah with the following. This is the I can't quote it Bible because I'm terrible. But I'll tell you the meaning of the verse, okay, though I like the verse myself. So it's poetry. But he says what used to be he's talking about it's a pomellato heat. It's a poem about the heat. And he says, what used to be something that burned in the hearts of men, when burned in the hearts of men, is now a subject of abstract philosophical debate.
That's what he says, Now, what is still hate us today? debates, discussions, abstract discussions in, you know, in theology that have no enter them, no, enter them. But what it used to be was something that burned inside the hearts, am I fulfilling the rights of I had yet Am I doing justice to that I had yet May Allah make us of the people of the heat. May Allah give us in our hearts, what burn the likes of which burned in the heart of employ him under his salon, and the Messenger of Allah and the Sahaba de la hora. And as Marlene will continue to work on silverleaf loss after the Salah, barakallahu li walakum filco Anil Hakeem when a family with er can be it with the chemo