Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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humanists shape watching this Mill Hill Rosner walking and have a castle
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any man nothing less
be shuffling somebody we assume the MD Dr. melissani Cody will hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam O Allah say the MBA will mursaleen Allah Allah He was happy he ministered Nebuchadnezzar he loaned me Dean Allah. Minho, mamita Latina Amano Amina Sunny, hot water, wasabi Huck, whatever so the subliminal banana mean from Santa Monica Morocco to La Habra. kado gelato I'd like to begin our dose of sort of cathode with a quote a statement from Albuquerque Rahim Allah. He says Well, I'm math but I feel quality it and basa la casa Mona's Fie her Illa shakin wa Sallim wa hatami Shafi if that had he been a Leticia Kava, what he says is when Allah azza wa jal in the
previous surah concluded,
and established a matter of the hour when he talked about alcara one of the specific features of the last day, that knocking sound, he ended that Sora with a mention of people that will end up in hellfire. So we read one my aloka here now one of the people who end up in the Hellfire, he says because he concluded and as he concluded there with the people of Hellfire, he begins this Sora if he so he opened this surah with the reason of ending in hellfire. So the previous surah ended about a certain people that are hunting in hellfire. And this one opens with a description of what is it that led them to that hellfire. And in the in the previous surah Allah azza wa jal was talking about
them. For a moment, technology knew who whoever skills became light, but the person was third person, his skills, not your skills, but his skills. But this surah begins in the second person, it is as though Allah is offering one final advice to these people. And instead of not talking instead of talking about them, he's now talking to them, I'll have it diluted you something deceived you something distracted you. And we'll get more into that when we get into the sort of further just some other points about the novel The coherence and the placement of the surah. We talked about a quartet of solos for solos that are kind of bunched together. In this series of solos that we are
studying, we had sort of xinzheng it as lucila in our booth, and Jana was describing the last day, the zendala, the the earthquake of the last day. And then the very next solo I started talking about even though there's that day coming, what people are behaving like nowadays. So it went from the future to the immediate present in Santa Clara de la Canute. This is sort of the idea. It came to the reality of our time right now, even though that huge calamity is on its way people aren't ready. Look at their attitude now. Then again, we went to the alpha right, so let's look at the next era, Korea, Korea, Korea, Yoku, NASCAR.
That's where again took us to the last day. And now again, we're coming back to a slot that brings to the brings to mind the reality as it is right now. So there was asked not done yet, then then again, there's the sequence that's taking place in these solvents. Because of that sequencing, not only does this what I have a relationship with the suta that preceded it, which we just established, the previous one ended with the people of hellfire. And this one is talking about how they Why did they end up here? Not only does it have a relationship with that it has a relationship also with certain ideas, because remember, the sequences are about dunya then surah Baraka and Denis Rania, so
an idea and this surah the one we're studying now at the catheter both have to do with what they both have to do with dunya. So they have some relationship between them, they have some parallels between them, and as we go further, inshallah Tada. We will explore these parallels. Let's begin with Mila. Just a few words in the first I'll have Kumar takaful
In Arabic is a past tense verb in her comes from law one law who was the trilateral form the Salafi moseyed form is Ilha that's the mustard. So Allah you'll heal her, but the original word is non ha and wow. Which actually literally means entertainment. It literally means entertainment. In another place in Los Angeles says llama animal Hayato Daniela, a boon La La one, know that worldly life is nothing more than play and entertainment. So this is one word one way that word love was understood. Another way the word that was understood is that which keeps you busy, and takes you away from something you're actually supposed to be doing. And that's exactly what entertainment is
entertainment essentially is a waste of time. And you could be using that time for something more productive, but you basically lost that time entertaining yourself. That's the essence of the word.
But from it when you come to the word in ha it means to be distracted, to be pulled away from something and but in the verb itself is already embedded the idea that the thing that distracted you was less important, and the thing you were distracted away from was more important. That was one that's already embedded in the word itself. Now, similarly, it's used in many places in the Koran for instance, in certain munafo Allah warns us, yeah, you handed in Amano, Latin, he comes in verb, this is over there, it's in. This is in the present tense form, that will he come, and voila.
Don't allow your money and your children to beat to disk to delude you, to distract you from the remembrance of Allah. So Allah is to establishing a point there, when it comes to remembering Allah, then even your money and your children are less important. And they are actually distractions from remembering, actually, our money and our children should be a means by which we should remember a lot. And that lesson we will learn in this slot. How do you take what you have and becomes a means not to forget a lot, but a means to remember Allah, that's the lesson essentially, in this surah. So it's the surah begins with a complaint about us being you know, distracted us losing the sight of
things. And it concludes with a lesson that will teach us and teach us a profound lesson. the very things that distract us are supposed to be the things that remind us they're supposed to be reminders. So it's a rewiring of our attitudes, that's going to take place in this soda. So I'll have it diluted you I'm seeing it as the subject it diluted you What Is that it? What's the subject of the verb? What is the fact that it's at the car? At the car for is the next word in the ayah? So Allah is not saying it diluted you He is saying at the castle, which I'm not translating yet, diluted you it distracted you the word the castle in Arabic comes from the word castle. Castle means
plenty. Like Cassie means a lot that he means a lot, right? So Castle plentifulness. Allah xojo enter castle into thoroughly it means three things, I'd like you to at least actually four things. And I'm going to go through all four of those meanings before we establish the full meaning of the ayah. inshallah, the first thing that gospel means is the desire of having a lot. kathina itself means a lot at the castle the desire to have a lot. So the first meaning is the desire to have a lot distracted you. That's the first meeting the desire to get a lot distracted you, you were so busy wondering, I don't have enough, I need to get more. I only have a rental, I need to buy a house, I
only have an old car, I need to get a newer car, I only have this much savings, I need more savings, I only have one business, I need to establish another business. I only have this I need more. There's always this desire of getting more and more and more. Your mind was always busy doing that. And it distracted your mind from thinking about something that was more important. That's the first meaning. The second meaning of the castle is the competing in getting a lot. So the first thing was wanting a lot for yourself. The second is competing with others in getting a lot. How can that guy got more than I did? How can he has more than a man, this guy got a better job than I need to
compete I need to keep up. And you know, this happens at the level of an individual. It happens at work. It can be in petty things. It could be like man, you know, you're sitting in your cubicle in your office and you got a chair and the guy next to you got a nicer chair and you're like, why did you get a nicer chair? Why do you get that? It's a silly thing. But you're like you're wondering why you know, he's a nicer mouse. His mousepad is cleaner. He gets the window. He's got the window office. I don't get the window office. This could be something so Patti, there are two janitors, janitors Their job is to clean up the building. And one of them has a shiny air mop and the other
one is a man his mop is nicer than mine. Does this this urge to compete with others in what you have? constantly comparing your car with somebody else's car, your house with somebody else's house, your clothes with somebody else's clothes, your assets, your wealth with somebody else's well, so this distracts you? Well, first thing was you want it for yourself. The second is you're competing with others. This attitude of competition
between you, it keeps you it keeps you busy. By the way, this attitude even takes place in social issues, they had a wedding.
So how should our wedding our family's wedding be better than theirs? They've looked at how we should be more expensive how they ruin themselves by going into debt, we should ruin ourselves even more by going into deeper debt. Right? But the idea is this competition, it's always there. It's always there. And of course, this even happens in the workplace among non Muslims too, such as Muslims. Of course, Allah is talking to all humanity here. cutthroat, who wants to get the promotion and that guy better not get it. And if he gets it, why did he get it? Why didn't I get when somebody gets promoted? It's not like, you got paid less, you're still you're still just still food on your
table. But there's this natural urge inside the human being even it even happens among children. It even happens among children. You know, there, you have two kids, one of them does teacher gave your kid a star on their paper. And the other teacher didn't give them a star. Right? Because that the she gives stars on some other things. So this one kid, you're sitting in the car, you're driving home with your kids, that one kid goes, I got a star. And the other ones upset, I didn't get anything.
Now the fact is, whether she got a star or not, Does that hurt this first child? No. But what is inside already embedded this urge of competition, I want to get everything he or she gets, I want everything they have. This is a natural tendency. And Allah azza wa jal alludes to that tendency in this ayah. So the first thing was wanting more, and the second was competing in more, that's the second meaning. Here's the third meaning, it is taking pride in having more at the top of the council, to take pride in the fact that you have more. In other words, when somebody comes to you, and they're just talking about whatever, you make it a point to let them know. Yeah, I graduated
from that school. And, you know, and by the way, this car, I just got it two months ago. Got a really good deal. Only 37,000, etc. They didn't ask you what your car. They didn't ask you. But you felt an urge to tell them anyway. Because the castle implies not only do you have it, you like to tell people you have it. You like to let them know, yeah, I'm doing pretty good. I got this and that and the other. Right. So these three things so far, right. And then there's the fourth the firewall in Arabic, it has two things in it has mufa in it, which means people competing against each other, we covered that one. But the fourth thing that we're together has is something that is shared to our
competition, not just competition, but cooperation among each other. Right? When you have what this fourth meaning is, is all of you have the same thing, all of you share the desire of wanting more, there is not one of you that wants less every one of you wants more you all have all of you have that in common and this common urge to want more and more and more and to compete with each other. This one thing that is united all of you by the way, this is one thing that unites people that are even different in religion, race, ethnicity, age, you can be different in so many ways, right? But what is one thing all people have in common? They want more they want more than what they have
nobody's happy with what they have already. And Allah says this sentiment this attitude, it diluted you it distracted you but you know in Arabic When this verb is used in ha then you're supposed to also add distracted from what
the question is okay? I got distracted. When you say I got distracted, you're supposed to add I got distracted from what I got distracted from work I got distracted from school, I got distracted from what and when you do that in Arabic you add the word I'm like the I shared with you, law to
decree law. Don't allow your monies and your children to distract you. From what from the remembrance of Allah. There's a from there, there's an additional information, there's a piece of information that you're expecting. Now in this surah Allah azza wa jal did not mention and he and what are in regards to what are we distracted. So now by leaving it open, by leaving it open, the benefit of that is it becomes it becomes absolute. You figure it out. Allah wants you to figure out what is it that you're distracted from? Some of the other Mark commented The first thing it distracted you from the truth. It distracted you from the one calling you to the truth. He's calling
you to something important to you. I'm busy with work when somebody comes to you. Hey, listen, why don't we learn something while you're on? Why don't we learn something about this and of our messenger some Aloha, how do you send them? I'm busy right now. And alive saying your business is actually a distraction. And it kept you from the truth. It kept you away from it. This is one thing keeping away from the truth from looking within yourself. Another commentary from our left we find in deficit that aloha Saba, it distracted you from looking inside. What am I doing with my life? What am I reading
To the stuff. And you know, when you run after stuff, what happens when you get it, you get bored of it, then you go run after something else, then you get bored of that too. Then you go run after something else happens to all of us. If you're running after buying the home, once you buy the home, what happens after a while somebody else's home starts looking a little nicer than yours. Right? It just gets boring. You got to redecorate it, you get bored. When your kids really, really want to want you to buy a video game for them. You buy it for them. How long did it before they get bored of it?
Take a couple of days they beat the game. And that's it. It's finished. A new movies coming out, you know, way back when I was in New York I was talking about when I was coming out. I think it was the star wars that one of them came out in the 70s. And then another sequel came out. I don't know how many there are now. One killer was a big buzz in New York, right? And there was only opening in this one movie theater. And there was a line longer than the line for the passport for hudge these guys are waiting to get their ticket to see that movie all night. They're standing in Kian waiting to get the movie ticket, right? They want nothing more in life than to watch that movie. Some of them are
even dressed in
their dressed in the Star Wars gear painting their faces Jedi Knights the works, right? Because they want to go see this movie. Once they go see this. They wanted nothing more. If you talk to them right then and there is a you want to come and do some work or you wanna do something else? No, no, no, no, this is what I want to do. Once they finish watching the movie, what do they come out and say, ah, could have been better? It wasn't that good. The special effects were kind of cheesy. Listen, you just wanted this so badly. And what happened? You got diluted, you thought this is gonna bring you happiness. That's why you did it. But as soon as you were done, were you happy at the end?
No, you figured something else. Man, I can't wait till the third one comes out. Now you will move on to the next thing. So you keep deluding yourself, you never stop and think man, I'm never satisfied. Every time I get one, I want something else. recur every time I need to get this I want that. I never get I never get fulfilled. I never get content. So it even kept you from looking within yourself. It kept you from pondering over your purpose in life. This distraction this won this competition it kept you from pondering Why am I here? Is my job on this earth only to run after things and then run after some other things and then run after some other things and then go into my
grave? Is that? Is that why I was here? Is that what I was putting here for? Because that's what animals do. They eat and they get hungry again. Then they go eat and they get hungry again. And the difference between me and an animal? If this is what all I'm here for? How am I any different from an animal but this You were so busy in this competition? You never had time to think about that even for yourself. Even if you did it a fleeting thought never something that you would truly ponder over. Then of course Allah comment. It kept you from paying attention to this message to this quarter on this quarter. I was supposed to open your eyes. It was supposed to show you what your
purpose in life is. It was supposed to give you the best introspection, look inside your own consciousness for you. It opens yourself up to you. But you didn't have time for this Hold on. Because you're too busy with the cathode. It's diluting you. But the most interesting commentary I found is you remember what the last little is? So Korea and Korea, loud knocking noise from the beginning how we are at the end hellfire. Allah says Allah como Takata this distraction was so huge it even kept you from Korea.
It even distracted you from the fact that the entire earth will be rattled, that Hellfire will be brought forward and some people skills will be heavy and some people skills will be like that huge reality that you learned about that you memorize that you even recite. Many of us recite that surah because it's short and we're in a hurry, right? So he recited and yet even though we recited we're distracted from that reality. How can that be?
That's a less commentary in the beginning. Let's look at some of the things that Allah might have said in regards to this ayah
First, we'll look at the parallel between this insulting idea. Remember an idea talked about attitudes in the knee and the surah also, and that's what Allah says in the insanity of the healer. Can you know that the human being is very disloyal, ungrateful to his master? Well in the who Allah, Allah Shaheed and no doubt he is a witness to that truth or in the holy
machete. There is no doubt his love of good his love of stuff. Things in dunya is very intense. And now am I saying your love is so intense that he said in a surah in this rising your love of those things is so intense it ends up doing what? distracting you? So it's the next step? What did that love end up doing? It ended up distracting you there's a solid connection between the two things. Allah has actually comments is our Shahada meaning this plenteous or this desire it kept you busy not only in your mind, but even in your activities that kept you busy. He defines the castle as as well as following at Abadi, Finca for whatever he has to show off in plenties. And to be proud of it
in and of yourself.
And so that some of them will say we have more and the other ones
No no no we have more and that's what your entire life will be spent there saying who has more and who has less. So Pamela
castle commented again by a show Kenya como la de la hora de Soto, a young fellow other than the to show off to one another who has more in terms of what and then he says arada and Hakuna Matata. castleville amwell. Well Allah Allah and mucho mucho gusto very important comment. He said the distractions, it may perhaps are distractions of money and children. The distractions that I was talking about the cathode is two things money and children. Why is he saying that when Ilha is mentioned elsewhere, what does Allah say La toliko and wailuku. When the Eldorado come with the verb, the verb for destruction associated in the Quran is with wealth, assets and children. That's
one place. Another place is the castle. So in sutra, Hadith, he says what's up Catherine from Willow daddy. So with the first word of the ayah, in how we also find a Marlin Allah, with the second word, the castle in the Quran, we also find a while and Allah, we find both things. So both Anwar meaning assets and children, we want more and more and more for them are all of them. And on the same time, at the same time, both of them are incredible distractions, from our real purpose in life, they can become enormous distractions. One slight comment that should be used to clarify, when it says the castlefield
plenty this in terms of children, it means a few things. It doesn't just mean having lots of children plenteous in terms of having lots of children, of course, we're living in times where people don't want to have a lot of kids, it's bad for the economy. Right. And there are even some countries in the world where there's a policy, you can't have a certain more than a certain number of kids. And you know, they try to play with the order of a lie, then it comes back comes back to haunt them. Why didn't they want to have more children, they didn't want to have more children, because they can't afford it, the economy won't support it. And what ended up happening now, in
places like China, now there's a new economic crisis, we don't have enough of a workforce to handle the infrastructure demands of our country, because we curbed the population. So there is a new economic catastrophe now that they themselves created because of curbing populations.
So you have both, you know, the order of allies out there anyway, the second mech meaning that is not often caught is when the last St. Catherine fell, and while it means a lot, it means you want more for your children. In other words, you know, this competition, I should have more than the other. It transcends into your children. You say, my kid should have more than the other guy's kid. My kid should make it to the team. Why did he get picked? Why did that one get an A in my mind gotta be I'm gonna go complain to the teacher, how come his son got to be
your son, your son got to see for his own reasons, that has nothing to do with him. But you're always comparing yours to someone else's, yours to someone else's. This becomes petty not just for you, but even for your children.
So Allah azza wa jal says, actually, before we go to the next ayah, let's look at a few more comments above. So the Allahu anhu had an interesting reading of this ayah he used to add an extra Hamza in the beginning, and hakam takasaki or Al hakam, taka farinata means did this, this urge of cleanliness, this competition of cleanliness? Was this what distracted you? Is that what kept you busy? So it's actually he reads it in the form of a question. He reads, this is in the form of a question. And you know, when you're yelling at someone, sometimes you yell at them in the form of a question. Is that what I taught you?
Is that what you just did? Now you don't say you just did it? You say is that what you did?
Can you explain to me why you did that? Or how you did that? You say you put it in the form of a question, because it's part of you yelling at someone scolding them, so I'm not a boss or the Allahu taala who has that meaning of the
other Muslim Finally, actually, we already covered his comment was comment was basically that it can be a shared sentiment among people. Okay, so we'll glaze that over inshallah. One last place we'll look at in the Quran in regards to the first ayah
which is inserted calf, which is a good explanation of well, how Komodo castle. You know the story of the two farmers. One of them had a small garden, the other one had a much better off garden. How did he show the castle? He says to the poor farmer, the wealthier one says to the poor one, he says, and I mean cannon, well as uniform. I am more than you in terms of wealth, and I am more powerful in terms of manpower. I have a lot more sons that take care of my business. You're a loner, you don't have anybody helping you out. So he says he established this as a national actor, and the other one says national actor, so he was showing this the castle to the other.
All right, so this is a few things. Actually, I did say that was the last comment but I should mention this comment. This is important chama This is in regards to the fact that Allah said it distracted you but didn't mention what is it that distracted you
This is the commentary of ashokan Rahim Allah. He says well America and Canada he didn't say distracted in regards to well what but rather he made it absolute the lot of love of Islam because making it absolute is more eloquent when it comes to reprimand when it comes to to yelling at someone or to criticize them the number one fee called amazon fire foofy Jamie on my
macom he says by leaving it open there all these doors of what distract What are you distracted from are opened up to you remember we talked about your purpose in life pondering over yourself all these things that were you were distracted from so all these doors are open to you when the endmill have Allah tala Mashallah Tamim and by making it removed it's known now that it's general meaning it's not reduced to one distraction it is many district many things that you should have paid attention to none of them you paid attention to because of these things. So that's one another benefit Karnataka ban, as is established in the science of eloquence This is a science within Arabic
rhetoric you study when something is not mentioned. What's the benefit of that? What might not know who shall Allah Kamata castle and coalition and the meaning is that it this the castle kept you busy. From everything you were on a common estate hobby that demanded that you should be busy with them instead, men bartylla from of course, from the obedience to Allah, Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Hara and for working towards the alpha these were the things that you should have been busy with and it kept you away from them. So this was the last comment we had on the first ayah Allah says What does automa COVID Zara is to go meet someone Zara is to go meet
Karna right, similar word to go meet someone. But actually in ancient Arabic It has another meaning it's actually to go and hug someone to, to for your chest to meet. This is also called ziana meaning you don't just go meet someone and wave at them you go and give them a hug. Okay. And Allah uses this by the way when you meet someone is a permanent or temporary. It's temporary you leave eventually. So it has that meaning to the Nazis you moved in with someone you visited them meaning you left afterwards, Allah uses this word, tone and makabe until you met with or you came to greet the grid literally meaning until you came to greet the graders. In other words, you know, when you
meet someone you're looking forward to them. And you're you know, you're preparing for it, whether you like it or not, you have to go meet and who's the one you're going to visit your grave by using siara with makabe one of the lessons we learned here is we're not going to be are great in our graves forever. Because our visit is not for ever. Allah doesn't use era for Jenna or Johanna but he uses Yama for nakaba for grapes. But if you look at the other sutra, the other slide which talks about the attitudes Indonesia sutra idea, if Allah Allah Sera, na feel cuckoo? Doesn't he know? Does he know about the time when everything in the graves will be turned over? But the word used there
was cuckoo, and the word used here is macabre. macabre. macabre is the word more appropriate with Zahra because the Allah is done to a place and macabre is the plural of macba and a noun in Arabic and Islam in Arabic When it begins with Ma. Ma. It is worth McCann it can be alluding to a place like Masjid, right, or matar airport, or mokdad place to sit majlis a place to sit also a gathering. So the man in the beginning illustrates a place of Mecca. And a visit is done to a place. So the word used for the grave is alluding to the fact that it's a place meaning like the graveyard and places like that. You always when you're busy with gaining plenty what's the one place you don't go
The grave? It has nothing for you. The graveyard has no worldly benefit for you. So you go visit the mall, the workplace, family, investors, you go everywhere else, where did you go, you know, go visit the graves. And the biggest example personally for me was in New York City. You know, I used to live in New York City. She lived in Queens and my college was in Manhattan. So we're driving on the LA and you pass by this massive graveyard over the highway, and I must have passed it 10 straight years never went there.
Right never went and windows and people I'm not the only one millions upon millions of people pass by that graveyard every single day. Nobody ever goes there except when
when when they're being transferred when they're moving in. Right. So this is one meaning of the ayah.
But the other meaning is also very, very interesting. We find a suburban new zoo, you know, some historical context and how it was understood at that time. Some commented that there were tribes among the people who used to show off to one another in everything. We have more people than you do. We have more weapons than you do. Our dead are better than your dead. We have they used to go to the graveyard
We used to have that guy and that guy? And do you have anyone like that that ever lived in your tribe? So they used to point at the graves and say, compete with each other and say, Do you have the likes of this? And this and this? Have you ever had those? It's kind of similar nowadays to saying, We in our history had this general and that one and that one and that one, taking pride in heroes of the past, but they would do it more literally actually go to the graveyard point at his grave and say, do you have a guy that, you know, can you compete compete with that one? How about that one? How about that one, again, in the more sophisticated senses happens nowadays, when we compete with
or show off our historical figures. Of course, Muslims refer to like, you know, the, or they refer to the Sahaba. We talk about our historical figures, and we take pride in them, who's got the likes of those people, you know what I'm saying? Now, by doing this, and the irony that Allah is establishing is one makabe means had a common mode, until the death came to you, and you were in your graves, you kept competing in cleanliness, until you went to the, to your own graves. But the other meaning is, you used to go to the graves. And when you go to the grave, what should happen, what should happen is you should remember where you're headed. But you even used to go to the grave
to show off against each other. So even the grave that is supposed to be the easiest place for you to remember your purpose in life. You know, if you're not a very spiritual person, and you don't think about the author a lot, if you haven't prayed for years and years and years, if you go for a burial. And you've never gone to a great if you go to a bedroom after janazah you follow the procession and you go to the burial. If you go that that will be a spiritual experience for you just walking around and leaving. Reading the gravestones. reading this guy died at the age of or this child died at the age of 20. This one at the age of six months. This one at the age of 83 years is
when at the age of 31. This one was this this one this guy was my age, this woman this man, this will and you will read that and you don't you won't be thinking of that. What will you be thinking of yourself? It's going to open up your eyes. The graveyard is a great place to open up your eyes to remember where we're all headed. It's a place of silence and reflection. And yet you people you even turn the graveyard into a place of the castle. You You couldn't even get a lesson from that you people are hopeless, which is why the past tense in the beginning is appropriate. I will have it deluded to you not that it will delude you but it already diluted you in other words you are beyond
hope you people are a hopeless case. If it says it will delude you there's still hope maybe it won't. Maybe I'll change because it has that potential but if it's already happened it means you people are a hopeless case panela
it's specifically this comment I there are many of us sooner have said this but we'll just kokanee inshallah Allah will kill me as soon as possible. It said that they used to visit these graves for your una hora de cobre Fulani
and they used to say this is the grave of that great one. This is the grave of that great one needs to take pride in saying that Canada solfatara una makanda solfatara la buena identical I art except for what? For my in the beginning? The rough meaning Kenda First let's look at the word Cal la demanda Hakan de la means for sure. Because that literally means not at all. No way. No way. In other words, this delusion of yours is not gonna last No way. You're gonna wake up soon. And you and when you do wake up you will yourself be saying whatever What have I done? How can I How could I have been deluded? You know when people are so distracted there are people you try to wake up and
you try to tell them what what life is all about and they don't want to hear it at all. And you say to yourself, man, there's no way this guy will ever ever accept the truth. That guy is a hopeless case. This one no way they will ever listen. Unless as to them can learn. No there is a time for sure. They will listen no more distractions. And this is after they've gone to the graves right after they've been buried now cannot solfatara Moon The first one very very soon you will find out Salah Muna means soon you will find out so far down the moon very soon you will find out meaning your death is very very close. It's not just close. It's very close. And as soon as you die, you're
going to find out a lot more and we used to say unnecessarily young people are sleeping. He says people are sleeping and when they die they wake up they die they wake up this is this was this comment will be alone in regards to this ayah so we find colossal fatahna wound soon you will find out find out when you'll find out when you go to your grave man. What have I been busy with? What should I have been busy with? You'll find that out pretty soon. As soon as one goes into the grave and the questioning begins. You realize how messed up you have been? That's the first one. Then he says through McCandless of autonomy then again finma colossal for the moon
Some other comment. The second is not just for emphasis. The first one is for the questioning and degrade when you will realize how messed up you were. The second one soon you will find out is when you come out of the grave and the Day of Judgment begins and all of your deeds are taken out and the whole scrolls began, then you will really realize how distracted you had been the full record. And the second record is more comprehensive than the first record the integrity of your question, but not thoroughly. But when you come out on the Day of Judgment, how are you questioned thoroughly. So the second questioning is more powerful than the first which is why the second I have thought about
making it more powerful, so might as accurate it adds the theme it is that we it adds emphasis as terror and it adds comprehensiveness to the phrase.
So, Allah azza wa jal says, Can solfatara Moon McCullough Sofitel The moon is a machine he has an interesting comment he says in our own Leo ha fu for Entebbe luminosity him this is a gift from Allah, this is a warning so that they may wake up from their delusion and their distraction. What the creator kedo did rather well in darada him and this repetition. The benefit of it is that when you repeat, the warning becomes stronger. I'm telling you, I'm telling you, when you do that twice what happens? The one listening is really warn you if you really want to stop your kids running into the parking lot. Stop, stop, stop. You don't say it once how many times you say you repeat it, the
more serious the warning naturally, what do you do you repeat it, you're gonna find out you're gonna find out, can can.
Moon, the repetition of it actually adds to the state of urgency. And the style of warning that allows origin is communicating. When Oh, when I showed
this, this style is used in Arabic, for example, a pulak. from Apple, I'm telling you, man, I'm telling you, you say it again. You know, and you say this twice to get the point across to someone who does, apparently, until you say to them this way it won't affect them. It will be there beyond the point of just casually talking to them and they'll read ready to reason. So you have to give them the stronger language, the Quran, you know, the problem is, for us the Koran is in the form of a book, we're reading it but when the Quran was being recited to the kuffaar it wasn't being recited in the form of book How was it being presented speech and in a speech you can emotionally affect
your audience but in writing is not as easy to do that in speech it is which is why even today if you really put on you may not be moved but if you're listening to Quran and Salah what happened you'll be moved because the the real effect is in speech. The real effect heart to heart is in speech. Somebody emails you advice that somebody gives you advice over the over the phone you take it more seriously because words when you hear them, they just have a more they're closer to the heart. Which is why even in the Quran we don't find the Sahaba saying, Cora, Aparna
we read and we obeyed. What do they say, Samira. Now, we heard and we obeyed. Speech writing is read but speech is what heard and it's so compelling that once we hear it, we're ready to obey it's powerful speech. So this is one of the one of the benefits of having docile Quran, right lectures on the Quran inshallah better and more qualified scholars will do them and more of them. One of the benefits of that is it revives a Sunnah of the Quran itself the Quran first and foremost isn't meant to be read the Quran first and foremost, it is meant to be heard the messenger amongst others and recites it onto the people so they can hear get through or lay him it and part of its power and its
emotional strength is lost when you reduce it to reading when it's not something that is heard. Can Nando de la Muna? No,
no, not at all. Had you only had low is Kalamata hustle. It's a word used to express what's called regret. So Allah azza wa jal is expressing regret on their behalf and thing If you only knew, if you only had knowledge, what kind of knowledge he says that
if you had knowledge of certainty, had you known the knowledge of certainty? There's been a few hours later we'll find something else we'll find it again. Okay.
So there's two now there's the knowledge of certainty, there's the eye of certainty. These are figures of speech, we'll talk about each of them and
then in the Quran, there's a third one, which occurs twice. Allah Zota uses the word Hakuna pain or in the hula, Hakuna Yaki. So there's
a finally attain and how can you Okay, there are three of them. If one has to understand all three and the relationship between them before we understand these IRS properly, so let's do that in shallow data. First of all, let's look at the word European itself. That's the common denominator between these three phrases. Two of these phrases once again are in this surah which two phrases
animalia Cain and Abel yaqeen and the other the third phrase doesn't occur in disorder, it occurs elsewhere twice, and this is takoyaki takoyaki. Okay, so let's first again, let's look at the meaning of the word up. Mr. Moravec says, and your kinnaman. Slip and Fall can modify our dilemma. He says yaqeen is a kind of knowledge that is above just being familiar with something or having information about something, it is a higher form of knowledge. That's the first attribute. So it's more than just knowing you're having your pain. I'd like to translate the word yaqeen with the words solid conviction,
or unflinching conviction, you're absolutely absolutely absolutely convinced of something, then you use the word up. This is even stronger than a man by the way. This is and we'll see why it's even stronger than a man when it's used. Then we find it commenting on the word yachting, he says he attains suku knifes, when you solder Bhima Anima. This is very important two parts. He says your clean is something you are so convinced of that deep inside you are satisfied with it. You're okay with what it says. You know, there's one thing somebody says there is an afterlife when you say yeah, I guess it makes sense. I guess it's possible. Right? Okay, I'm willing to accept that. That's
not yet been. That's a casual acceptance. But you say for sure. For sure. As sure as yesterday. as short as you are sitting before, we are not certain that there's an alpha. Now this becomes yucky and unsettled. In my heart, this is not just a casual thing. It's become firm. This is the first attribute of European, the second one that just saw the mamilla. So when you're you're not actually this was the second The first is to cooler nuts, which is you don't think about it again. It's not something you revisit. It's done. It's an absolute reality. It's a premise, which you don't go back and revisit again. Okay, so these are the two attributes. So you're, it's something you don't
revisit, and second, you're completely internally satisfied and internalized that reality. So how is the word you have been used in the Quran, we find the word yaqeen being used to talk about death had eternal looking
back at it.
The word is used in place of mode. Why? Even the cafe for sure believes in what?
You know, no matter if you could disbelieve in asset or you can just believe in the questioning of the grave. You can just believe in Paradise and Hellfire fine. No one in their right mind will disbelieve in that that is the absolute certainty. That's the starting point for any discussion for anyone they would they would know what is the certainty in our future? What's one thing for sure, it's death. That's for sure. So it's so certain for everyone that only uses the word you have been for it, he uses the word yet pain for it. Now we find in the Quran, this idea of you know, you accept it, it makes sense to you. But you don't want to really let it internalize inside. We find
this concept in the Quran, too. We find automatically Misha in Avenue in London. Wanna be mistaken? When you tell them about the hour? They say, yeah, we've thought about it. Nothing more than a thought though. We think it's a good idea. But we're not thoroughly convinced we're not gonna be mistaken. We're not ready to accept it deep down inside. casually. It's an interesting concept, sir. It's a very interesting theology you Muslims have. That's as far as you'll go. But you're not going to accept it as is the part you're not going to let it get deep inside of you. So this is this is the the the tragedy of the one who doesn't have your pain. Now the difference between me and your
pain, I know your pain and how can you clean? I'll give you I'll explain this to you by means of example. If you're driving and you see smoke, you don't see the fire you only see what smoke.
you conclude based on the smoke that there must be a what?
There must be a fire. But did you see the fire? No. You based on your knowledge. Assume because there is smoke, smoke must come from a fire. You didn't see it with your own eyes, but it is based on knowledge Still, this is called
the certainty that is based on what on knowledge on knowledge. You don't have to have seen it it is because of your knowledge that you let it lead you to that conclusion. This is a pretty viable means of deriving conclusions, you see smoke there must be fire. You see, you see, for example, wet ground, you come outside and you see the goal the whole parking lot is sold, or the whole yard is soaked must have been rained. It must have rain while I was sleeping. You can derive that conclusion based on what you see. Did you see the rain yourself? No. But this is what kind of your theme what kind of conviction and
if you go close and see the fire yourself.
Now you see the smoke and you see what the fire now what kind of yaqeen is this idea you saw so you're convinced
It is not based only on knowledge It is based on what you have seen with your own eyes. But then you go close and you say maybe that's a trick. And you go and you touch the fire.
And you felt the flame. You felt the burn. When you or you got close to the fire and you felt the heat, when you felt it. You know what that is? That is?
three degrees. Now it's absolutely the truth of it has manifest upon you in some way. That is how could you have been in this dunya Allah is offering us two of these. He's offering us alimony again, in himself in the family again, that's one How is he offering? You see this creation? Like you see the smoke, smoke comes from fire, right? You see the creation? The question comes What? Where did this come from? Where this come from? It's all pointing to who? Allah Do you get to see Allah entertain? No, you don't get to see him. But can you still have any money arcane knowledge of certainty? Absolutely. This word this for on this perfection of this book?
How can this be the word of a human being? What kind of knowledge is this? What kind of conviction do you get from it?
This is the first
alert so it just says Allah Allah Allah Muna animalia Cain had you only known the knowledge of certainty. In other words, had you only known revelation? If you studied this revelation, you would have become certain that there is an Astra, you will have become certain that there is someone that created you that will question you, you would have become certain that he is the Messenger of Allah, the only thing you needed was this knowledge that I give I've given you, you know, lets us know, Allah, Al Quran, he taught the Quran and by the way, describing the Quran, Allah says, Allah
will come to that third one now this feeling of the flame that is also something Indonesia I know you're keen, you can skip I know your pain and go straight to what happened. You can you can skip, how, if you really you know, there's one thing to study Islam and be convinced of it based on evidences research, right? But then there is something that hits you deep inside your heart that tells you this will lie he is the truth. This is a state of his son, that Allah azza wa jal, His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam describes in her discovery he says and that would allow Hakka and Nikita raha
if you don't if you you enslave yourself to Allah as though he could you could see him and if you can at least know that he can see you this has to do with seeing but is there any real scene going on? No, but you feel it like it's there? How could you think there's absolute certainty This is used in the Quran to describe the Quran itself. So if you want to go from I know your pain, which is intellectual knowledge to this deeply felt knowledge than the means to it is Allah's book subhanho wa Taala. He describes it in this in these terms. Okay, so these are the three kinds of knowledge, the where does it all begin though?
The problem of the kuffaar was they didn't want anybody again, what did they want?
you keep telling me, the sun and the moon are gonna run into each other. You keep telling me the oceans will boil, you keep telling me that genda And now, I haven't seen any of this. If I saw it, I would be convinced. Have you ever heard the expression? I'll believe it when I see it? Right? That is what kind of yaqeen if that's what they want it but Allah says no, I am giving you what
an animal can be convinced with it and joking but you're a human being you're a higher level you should be convinced with what the knowledge should lead you to conviction, an animal can see a fire and run but you are created at a higher level. You should you should demand higher evidence and knowledge is higher evidence higher reasoning. So the way he describes this topic,
then we find let's move on inshallah, Tada. How would you describe and when you attain and how the other might have talked about it? Again, who
in here refers to death as it does in other places? Okay, so knowledge of death. In other words, you would know how can life just end the death? You would have? Your soul would have demanded an answer beyond just death. And by the way, even people who don't believe in the al Qaeda even they want to live after they die. You know how how I know that for sure. You have these like intellectuals, philosophers, multimillionaires that don't believe in religion, they think religion is for fools. Okay, that's what they believe. And they multi multi millionaires and they're about to die. You know what they do? They give their estate, their property, millions of dollars of grants to a university.
That's what they do in this country. And many of the places they give these huge grants, but they don't give it when they're young. When did they give it when they're about to die? Okay. So now at this the School of Medicine, what does it say? so and so and so School of Medicine, so and so school school of architecture, they are dying and what are they hoping at least my name will live on?
That's what the monument will be built in my name my name should my legacy should continue even if you deny the author of the afterlife and love put a desire inside the human being to go on after he dies and when you deny the truth of it it comes out in weird ways like a plaque that's all
I can't have gender so I might as well get a plaque right that's what they all that's all they get. But the idea is it's some some some remnant of it it's rooted in what the that even that idea of giving away and giving after I die, people should remember my charitable work. Why do you want that you don't believe in it. So that's not gonna give you any support or anything. It's just that my name my legacy will continue. I there's more to me than my death. My death You know, my life will mean something more than just my own lifespan. That's something alive embedded inside the human being and the answer to it is the human in the author. Then he says let our own ninja him
for sure you will see and Jane. Jane comes from Japan. Your home is the stare of a lion before it's about to eat you. You know the lion out It looks stares at its prey and the way it stares the prey gets petrified He can't even run anymore because it gets caught in the eyes. Now Ally's talking about a face to face let our know you will certainly see. And you are looking at a flame that is also staring back at you. And he describes this this thing together. But there are a couple of technical things that are important to mention in this ayah that are that may or may not come again, the not in the beginning, which is called lamet. tolkein is also used in classical Arabic for what's
called job and custom to respond to an oath. For example, I swear by Allah, let alone ninja him. So when you say na, there's a custom there's an oath understood before it that doesn't even have to be said. But because there's a lot here, it's understood that it's there. It's understood that it could be a law Hey, it could be you know, well, Claudia, it I'm doing the evidence, it could be anything, but it is there it is there. And the evidence that is there is the norm in the beginning. And then the two news at the end are for sure for sure. So there are three times the emphasis in this land is one, the first noon is two and the second noon is three la
la luna, Tarot Corona Santa Rosa you will see later on now you will definitely definitely definitely see a jakeem you'll have to stare at it face to face. Some of them are commented that this is a reference to all humanity, like included median income in Canada, because the there is not any one of you except that they will at least pass by it. What it is to be at the brink of something like you know, you stop at the bank of a river to get some water and you move on. Allah says in salt medium, there's not any one of you, except that they will at least be at the bank of it at the bank of it. And then they will go forward. Even the believer will at least see the Hellfire before he
goes on why he should know what he's just escaped. He should have an appreciation of how much trouble he just saved himself from. Right. That's why at least you will get to see it. So some allama took that interest and said this is referring to that meaning you will all see it either on the map said no. Because the sutra began and how can we take care for right? worldly life and its distractions and its urge for planting is diluted you is that the case of the believer? Is he distracted? No, it's not. So since it's referring to the hopeless case, it's talking about the hopeless case here too. There's talking about people far who will only see the Hellfire, let alone
him and then when you will see it through my letter Omaha teen and then at that point there after this is about not less attractive and 70. And this is not a film is not just used to say then after that. It's also used in the meaning of more over here. It's more in the sense of the meaning of more over this dusty belief about Moreover, when you see it at that point, it will be the eye of conviction I in eliakim meaning you'll be convinced because of what knowledge or because you see it because you see it now now you're being given knowledge of it and it's not enough for you fine, which kind of knowledge Do you want, you want to see it but when you see it, that's when you get to
go in it. If that's the only time you want to believe in it, it's being given to you, but it will be too late at that point.
Then you will see it with the eye of conviction or who you're unlucky enough so Yaki and Pseudomonas technified. This is actually cutting itself off from the previous discourse. Then we come quickly to the last iron shot last time. So mulatos alone 109 then now this is the money, you'll see it. You'll be thoroughly convinced, then you will be asked on that day yoga even on that day you will be questioned and you will be interrogated thoroughly to Luna Luna with allow in the middle you will be asked let us alone as possible, you will definitely be asked. Let us alone is also possible. You will
definitely definitely be asked, then there is some law.
These are four degrees of emphasis you are definitely, definitely definitely, definitely going to be interrogated how many times that I said four times, four times. That's how alleged talking it's not normal speech. That's not how you normally say something. This is how you talk when you're really mad. I'm definitely gonna get you definitely, definitely. You see this over and over again, in a state of rage. And this is the rage of alarms or whatever, not even in regards to hell. They didn't even say you're gonna go into hell. He just said you'll see it. He just said, you'll see it. What's the scariest part is not even hell. What the scary part is, you'll be asked, that's the scary part.
The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the humans Illuminati. AKA the one who gets questioned even once on the day of judgment has been destroyed.
But that's questioned about deeds. Here's that question about deeds, this question about what I didn't name in regards to a name. Now there's the word name comes from the word Namah.
Namah. Namah means what? blessing blessing. The plural of Nehemiah is neon or unknown. Allah didn't say
no, no. No, not that either. The specific word used is on in
the winner name is Stefan Moshe. It has a yeah in it. What the benefit of that is, it's a few things. First implication of that is you yourself word that mean? You will be asked about the fact that you are someone who lives a life of blessings constantly. They are always worse, they're always getting favors and luxuries being awarded to them. So you will be asked about the fact that you lived a life of luxury, what did you do with all those luxuries that weren't given to you? luxury in and of itself is not hard on having good blessings in this world are not cut. Um, you know, there's a there's a really scary incident in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
You know, a couple of days of no real food, of wickedness comes over, he looks at his face, he knows he's starving to
death, Bob comes over, he can tell from his face. He hasn't had much to eat either. And he doesn't worry about himself was he worried about some of the Sahaba? So he takes them to another Sahabi, who's a little bit more wealthy.
And they quit and he wasn't home, actually. And he said some article a couple of times outside the door, and nobody responded. So once you say Salaam Alaikum, twice, what are you supposed to do? He's leaving, when he's leaving the wife of the Sahaba Javier comes out and says, We heard you the first time we just want you to we just want to go Salaam on the messenger of the messenger to come to our house more than once. That's why we didn't answer the first time. So it gives them some food and just a little bit of water. Very little bit to eat. And he tells him what could have said before the Allahu anhu he tells the law No, he tells them this is the nine will be asked about the lesson and
compare that what they're getting water after a couple of days of dehydration. And what are we drinking? And what are we eating? And how are we closing ourselves and where are we going to sleep?
Imagine halala are being read, it's being rewired? Our thinking is being rewired? You know when nowadays we've come to a point of confusion in the Muslim Ummah, the more dunya you have you say 100 and have a really nice house, which is nice, you should say that. But you should also say a stuff that Allah I'll be asked about a really nice house,
I'll be asked, the more I have, the more I'll be asked, the less I have, the less all we asked. So the one who has more is nothing wrong with having more, but you better be ready for what?
You better be ready to answer. You better be ready because you got you had more name. But you know what modern religious thought became, the more dunya you have, the more Allah loves you. This confusion took over the Christian world and now seeped over into the Muslim world, the Protestants different from the Catholics, and that the Catholics denied worldly pleasure. The Catholics were other worldly kinds of theology. The Protestants came in and said, No, no, no, no, the Lord wants you to enjoy this world. So even if you listen to a preacher on a Sunday, which I do, sometimes I don't recommend it. But if you listen to the you know what they say, The Lord wants you to get a
promotion. He wants you to get a nice job. He wants you to get that loan. He wants you to get the new house, he wants you to refinance. He's telling you, the Lord wants you to get more done. Yeah. Because the more you have is assigned, the more the Lord loves you. This is a confusion. This linear is not a sign of how much Allah loves you or hates you. this dunya is a test. It's a test for the wealthy. And it's a test for the poor.
the wealthiest people in history were some of the worst people found was pretty wealthy. Right? And the poorest people, homeless people, they said I was deported. So
One has been deported last is immigration. Right? And he's been made homeless and he's one of the best human beings that ever lived. Right? And we're not saying that wealth is evil, wealth is not evil, but it's not good either. It's all a test. And everything that comes to us from the law is not all of it is an AMA and we will ask will be asked about each and every one of it. from Allah Toscano nyama him and in the other meaning of name because of the Yeah, and it is a constant blessing, blessings that you enjoyed consistently, you turn the tap and water just came out, you opened the eyes and the ability to see was there. You didn't have to file an application every time they were
just made available and accessible to you. So you'll be asked about these, these these instances of not in the way that Shakuni deals with this subject, he says
and the way he ties it together upon a learning name adonia and Levy, Allah, Allah Allah Allah Allah Hara, the surah began Taka for diwata you distracted you. What are the things that distracted us? Nine the blessings Allah gave us are the ones that distracted us. If we remember that these blessings will be the things that will be questioned, that instead of these blessings becoming a means by which we get distracted, these blessings will become a means by which we stay on track. The blessings of Allah becomes a means to remember him to remember and to be grateful to him. And to remember that we will be answerable for these amanatullah Allah has given us because in the end,
whatever we've been given, is not ours. it's his turn that will determine che Informatica dunya, whatever you've been given his worldly utility, and it was given to you it's not yours. It was.
It was given to you. That means it wasn't yours. It was somebody else's right. It's allies, and it was given to you. And it's given to you it will be also taken away
from Luma. In
in regards to an aim for the believer. Another commentary that we find is, it will also be the messenger, it will be the Quran, it will be the truth is not the ultimate blessing in this world. What did you do with that blessing? What did you do with this knowledge? What did you do with the fact that Allah blessed you to say Mohammed Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that's not a small gift.
You know, 80% of the world's population doesn't enjoy that gift. But we do. You'll be asked about that too.
Qatada says in Allah subhanahu 11 Kundalini emetine alayhi wa barrhead He says, no doubt it is Allah who will be the questioner of everyone who possesses any single blessing in regards to whatever he facilitation he had given to him and that is truly apparent and obvious. The last thing we're going to read is integration of imaginary Hatem. This is tying up the whole sutra and will conclude inshallah I'll happen with the castle
the the the urge of plentifulness diluted you meaning it diluted you from obedience to Allah hat Dakota munakata Jaco hottie common mode until you visited the graves means until death came to you can lead sulfate and ammonia Nilo caught the hulten kumarakom it's known you will soon find out that's what the IRS says No not at all soon you're going to find out that means had you only found out at the time when you will be entering into your graves from luck and so forth and then again you will find out local college domain Cobra Camila machete calm This is at the time had you known when you will come out of your graves into the place of your gathering can
be a pain had you only had knowledge of certainty local advocates to combine a lot become had you just stopped to think about your deeds that you're doing in the presence of your master that our own ninja him soon you will see the blazing steering flame with alika na Surat Yuba Johanna and this is on the path that leaves you and goes through the Hellfire in you before you get to the paradise What will you be seeing all of us will be seeing the Johanna also some will fall in it and others will escape May Allah make us of those who escaped for Nadia Muslim and non Muslim will escape when Muslim when mama Dushevina Johanna and he will be warded off from an entirely from Allah to Allah
Shampoo the you will be asked about all kinds of favor what does that mean that that wish fulfilled your stomachs? What did the Sherman cold drink will enable masakan in the shade of your home's work the Donald hook and the balance of your creation to working hands left side right side we were created in such balanced fashion when led to nomen the sweetness of sleep. Well, you know, these are the names that he talks about. We don't even think about this stuff is now you just taking a nap. You'll be asked about the nap you took milazzo which will prepare us and make us truly grateful to the blessings that he has bestowed upon us.
We can make use of those who take the lesson the warning and apply to ourselves and to our lives and the lives of our families and are able to deliver this message to humanity at large. So Chronicle llamo behenic Chateau La ilaha illa Anta NuSTAR fuuka la casa in America