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101 Qariah

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Nouman Ali Khan

Channel: Nouman Ali Khan

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Episode Notes

Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma

Episode Transcript

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Adult Oh camel Korea. yo maya coonan So can you tell Rashid maybe

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what's a coup je balou can I need to

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know as he you know, fell Hawaii Chateau robinia what?

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Hafetz malware as he know, so.

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We wanna

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come here, now on Hermia

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mambi shackley Sabri where silly Emily, Melissa de Cali, will hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu wa salam O Allah say ambia evil mursaleen what other early he was savvy Minister nevison at Loma de Allahumma dynamin home Amina Latina Emmanuelle Amina, study hard, whatever so build up, whatever so be sobre Amira Ballymena salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. inshallah Tada, today we're going to be doing a study of skeletal body. And before we get into the study itself, there's a little bit of background necessary as far as its placement in the Quran, we are studying if a third slot in a series of four slots, this belongs to a quartet of four part series of discussion in the

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Quran. And this is a third part of it. The first two slots in this chain of solos was so to xinzheng. It has nothing to do with Allah that was the first solar, the one after that was what it it love. This is the third and then the fourth one after this, I'll have kumada Castle, so they're all four. Now, what makes them bunched together? This happens by by, by the way, theme and subject order and sequence in the Quran. In sutras in xyl, we had we found a unique relationship between it and the pseudo after it's a little idea, what was that relationship? You know, so to sell talks about the last day and the earthquake of the last state focuses on the hereafter and the destruction

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of this earth.

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sort of idea depicts completely changes the scene and starts talking about the reality on the ground. How are people's attitudes right now? Well, sorta Sal was telling us the attitude of people on the day of judgment will call inside Oh, man, that's gonna that's gonna be his attitude, his word on the Day of Judgment. But what's the reality right now? Is he saying that now? Is he fearful now? No. As a matter of fact, right now in an insanity Robbie, like a note that says state right now. So there was a contrast between his state on that day versus the state right now. Now, which is, by the way, which is particularly disturbing, because if he knows that's coming, that his state right now

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should change. So there's this contrast. Now we find another two similar SoTL Korea and Korea to Macario madaraka Macario makuu nuscale for Russian websites. Again, a focus just like sort of Suzanne a focus on the

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the almost the entire solar is directly focused on the al Qaeda and it's a little leaning towards fi Johnny Belinda, it's it's it's, you know, it's sided, more towards warning rather than good news. You know, sometimes when Allah speaks about paradise and Hellfire, he speaks about both of them equally. Sometimes he gives one thing more weight than the other in some passages in this one in this surah he talks more about the Hellfire than he does the paradise. Okay.

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So this is again, Day of Judgment, as we'll see Rei nets, meaning it's talking about the day of judgment and one of its calamitous events. But then as soon as as soon as this is done, again, another surah about the attitude of the human being on the earth. And Hakuna Matata. So whatever makabe, your mutually shared urge to gain plenty in this world has diluted you. Right. So there's, again, that contrast between al Qaeda and then donia, there was al Qaeda in Zion, and that dunia in an idea, then after al Qaeda and again, donia in the coming surah, which is going to be at the castle.

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Then we find in the previous slide, even so what I'm trying to get at and is in these four surah is the first and the third are very similar. And the second and the fourth are very similar, right? That's what we're trying to get. But even though that's the case, and there are very strong parallels between them, even the third end of the second and the third because they're next to each other, even they have relationships between each other. For example, we find in SoTL idea to sort of we studied last time, a fella Alameda, Barcelona,

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Barcelona

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would rather Doesn't he know? Does he then not know what you know what's going to happen when whatever's in the graves is going to be topsy turvy that is going to be yanked out, it's going to be pulled out. I just left it there. The only thing in addition he told us about that day is what was Scylla Murphy sudo that's the only thing we learned in that store, in addition, okay, so we learned what's that whatever the contents of the graves will be brought out, and whatever is in the chest will be exposed, that the two things now what's going to happen after they come out of the grave, what's going to happen after what they have in their chest will be exposed? What's the next scene in

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the series of events, that's what's gonna happen in this surah we're gonna find the scales are going to be brought forward, somebody skills will be heavy somebody skills would be like, that's the next logical progression. So there's this, you know, the question marks that are left at the end of the last solo are now being addressed. In this order. It's almost an completion of the subject. Similarly, coming back to the the parallel between the first and the third, so that was examined silicon Korea, both deal with piano both from a stylistic point of view when mentioned the word thicken. So you have for example, what a celebrity or a scholar had ordered. A scholar came up for

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the plural of fiction, then familiar with Carla.

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Hi, Rhonda Sharon, right. So if Miss Kahn here we're gonna find in this surah subhana wa Taala. He says, For men, Sacco that same verb, same word comes up. So this is the first and the third or even stylistically connected, because the same verb and the same terminologies coming up again.

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Then we find in Salta since Allah azza wa jal had said yo Ma, even Yes, Douro NASS, I start a new Ramadan people will be spread out on that day, there will be gone in every which direction so they may show so they may be shown their deeds. But there's a discussion about people being spread out. Now that this discussion takes the next step, yo my akuna National call for Russian mob truth, like spread out maths. Another image is added to that scene. First, it was mentioned in brief, okay, there are going to be ash data, they're going to be dispersed, okay. But then Allah adds a detailed image and you know, Quran, it's details are captured in imagery. Allah paints a picture with words.

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And when you pay attention to that image, you'll understand more about what Eliza is depicting, the reality he's depicting. So there is a connection between these two sources also. But then there's a very subtle connection between these two things, which is that there is a sequence of events as far as us and our deeds, and our judgment is concerned, on the day of judgment, there's a sequence of events. The first event, as far as judgment is concerned, is we're going to be handed our book

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in either the right hand or the left hand, you're going to be handed your book, okay? The next progression of that is you're going to be shown what you did,

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you're going to be shown. And once you are shown, then it will be weighed, then it's going to be weighed, and once it's weighed, then you will be judged. So there's this four step thing, first, you're handed the book, then you're showing what the contents of the book are, what you've done, then it's going to be weighed and scaled and valued, evaluated. And then finally, after the evaluation, your judgment, citizens are dealt with one part of this event, Leo armella home, so they may be shown their deeds. So the we're starting from the second point, because the first part of it where your books are handed to you a few slides ago has already occurred for a moment at kitabi

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emini he was with yakata Bobby shrimali. That was the first part. The second part was you're being shown what you did little armella, okay. But that still doesn't say enough about evaluation. And we said when we were studying soldiers exam, there's a difference between being shown your deeds and having them evaluated, once they go for evaluation, something else is going to happen. And we'll study more of that today inshallah Tada, because, you know, just the deeds are on the outside, but Allah doesn't judge judge the deed, what else does he judge the intentions behind them? Right, not just the deed, but the intentions behind them. So you may think you have a pretty good pile of good

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deeds, and then you take them before Allah and you found out they're worth nothing. First, you're showing your deeds, though, then they're evaluate once you get take them for evaluation, they're worthless, right now. So what we learned from that basically is you have your deeds and then you have your intentions and where are the intentions there in the heart, right. So large inventions and so to zigzag he mentioned is the deeds diorama home. And sort of the idea was he mentioned what wholesaler manifesto was the now the deeds and the intentions come together? Now they are ready for evaluation for a moment have fatwas? You know, who knows, you know, what's coming in the next era

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and this whole idea is now they're ready for evaluation because it combines the deeds and the intention. So it's a beautiful progression between these three things. Okay. So that's another thing we learn in, in this phenomenal Sora. Now, we begin inshallah tada with a discussion of the surah itself, and look at how to Melaka to Raka mankind

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We're gonna bunch these three together because they're very similar. The word quality

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in the Arabic language from a morphology point of view mean it's it's what's called an instant find in English grammar, we call it an active participle. What that means is it's a noun that does something like you know how in English you say farmer, that's an active participant. Why? Because he engages in the act of what farming teacher, the one who teaches right speaker the one who speaks okay. And Korea if you want to be very basic and raw in translation, that which rattles the rattler, okay, or the knocker, or the destroyer even. It's a letters describing something that engages in the act of something. The noun is something by definition that engages in the act of something this

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isn't isn't fine. Now, the thing of it is the word Aria in Arabic, is used specifically for as a verb is used when two things hit against each other, and they produce a loud noise aloud, not just loud, but disturbing noise. If you are not disturbed by the noise, you will not call it will you not use the word para for it. But if you're perturbed by it, annoyed by it, scared but by then you will call it, Korea. Okay? For example, if two cars crash into each other and you hear a loud, loud sound, you would you can call that carrier why because it disturbed you. And figuratively Also, if you're in a situation in life that you're in a lot of trouble. This is what the Father says.

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He says that he says that Korea is also used in Arabic for when you are in a tough tough situation. When you're in a horrible situation then you use of Korea because you it's like this really loud noise has disturbed you. And it's taken your peace away. That's what a bad situation does. It takes your peace away. The way it's used in Arabic literature again, very interesting. You can Abdul vilasa you know, the somebody's watching somebody's slave get beaten. And he's saying he's being knocked around with Alaska, the staff that came nowadays came but really staff, okay, big stick. But you know, meaning he's getting hit so hard. Every time he gets hit, it makes a really loud noise.

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And you just go,

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you know, disturbs you because you know, a human being is getting hit. And it's not just he's getting hit, it's making a really loud noise. It's a pretty nasty hit that he's getting hit with. So this is the word ukhrul, then Rafi mokara. He this is, you know, it's because it's similar to lava, it's must let us know mokara as you know, like mumbra also. And it's the infinitive form. But what this does is it actually gives it a figurative meaning. In other words, when you insult someone, or reproach someone, or humiliate them in public, then it's the same as you beating them really loud. So it can be used in this humiliating fashion. Also, the word itself can be used in that way. Also,

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of course, the most common usage of it is called Al Bab, to knock on the door in the middle of the night, when people are sleeping. And when you knock really hard, what happens. It disturbs their sleep, it bothers them and their peace is gone. And of course, a few things happen. First of all, you weren't expecting it. Second of all, it disturbs your peace. Third of all, you're even scared. Fourth of all, you don't know who's there. You don't know what this is about. It comes as a shock to you. Right? So there are lots of things happening with Korea. Allah uses this as one of the descriptions of the Day of Judgment. And as a palm metal Cobra, right, Asahi, there are many

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different descriptions of the Day of Judgment, this is one of them. And the use of the benefit of this word from a literary literary point of view is what allows teaching us about the Day of Judgment is it is like that night visitor who comes all of a sudden, and you weren't expecting him. And when he comes when this day of judgment comes, you're going to be what you're going to be shocked, you're not going to be expecting it. And the rattling noise is going to wake you up meaning right now you are asleep. you're asleep and it's going to come in it's going to wake you up. And when it wakes you up, you won't know what hit you you don't know what's going on, which has been

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described in pseudo design already, because the human being said malahat What's wrong with it? What just happened? The shark will will capture you. So the word Okada is very descriptive, in regards to the DSM is very beautiful usage. So now,

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having said this, we do have to deal with a very interesting nuance in this in this in this ayah. I will give you the opinions of Mufasa and a little bit later on the traditional for Cyril. But I want to share with you a brilliant discussion that Shekar Sharma with Rahim Allah had in regards to these three parts. This is the this is one of two sewers in which this style is the beginning of this one. I'll call Dr. To Mankato, aka man Korea. And ha kottu malha kottu dolakha mal haka. Now Korea we just said the rattler the loud noise Okay. Then all the destructive noise. What is the destructive noise Mother patera. Then a third one out of Raka Macario. What will give you any clue what is

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destructive noise is three times

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Korea the word occurs three times. Korea, North Korea, Morocco Korea, by the way in the Quran, as we will see later on this word occurs a total of five times of them three times right here. So two more times left, okay elsewhere in the Quran, but we get to that a little bit later. The point I'm trying to bring to your attention First of all, can you metadata coverage, Salah Mara, this is a word that has been repeated three times. But that Allah Allah to Allah and naffy he gave him the first time it is mentioned it is as though there is some ambiguity in it. It's not explicitly clear. In other words, when you just see a word in Arabic, especially when you put on a word, this is considered a

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muqtada. It's the opening of a sentence. And when you say the opening of a sentence, what does the listener expect? The closing the subject, if the subject is budget, they expect the predicate. For example, if I said to you, the city of Dallas, and I didn't see anything more, your left the reader's left thing What about the city of Dallas? You know, there's confusion What do you want to tell me? You didn't finish what you were gonna say? Unless has an audience but he doesn't finish it. The is done. What question comes in your mind the question that comes in your mind is what calamity what rattling? When that question is produced in your mind? It is as though a large soldier read

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your mind and says what in the next ayah mitochondria? Are you wondering what this body is? And whenever there's a question asked, whenever there's a question as the principle is a patrimonial insane and yes, lm in Korea, the ambiguity makes the human being question what is on Korea? What is it? And so naturally the next is mal Korea, but whenever you have a question,

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then you it necessitates the job it demands an answer. It demands an answer. And as soon as the curiosity and the desire to seek an answer is produced in the mind, Allah azza wa jal lets us know you can't know for yourself. There's no way you can get the answer to that unless I give it to you. Well, now Raka malpighia what would give you any clue? Or would give you even the slightest idea what alpari are happens to be? Okay, so this is the progression between these three and we'll talk about how other scholars have added to this discussion also. So let us try to enter Giovanni

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unless Allah tells you Yes, inshallah, because this is being recorded, let's continue the flow inshallah, but I will address your questions at the end. Okay. But there is so there is one really powerful thing here that's being overlooked. And that is, Allah uses a word and cordiality Arabs are familiar with. This is something the Arabs know we just told you the meaning of the word it's being used as a verb. It's been used when a loud sound is made, it's not something unfamiliar, to take a word for something that is so familiar, and then use it and say, What is it you will never know what it is? The thing is from a linguistic point of view, they know what that is. They know what that is.

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And here we come to a very important realization about the Quran. Allah azza wa jal coins terms in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal, you know he is called valorization of a language. He puts terminology in the language that he takes ownership of, and before the Quran, it had one meaning but after the Quran, it has another meaning Allah invaded that language. For example, the word Salah, Salah, before the Quran was revealed before the revelation came, it had a word, it's an Arabic word, it had a meaning. But after the Quran was revealed, even though kuffaar would not use it the way they used to because now Allah invaded that word with His revelation, that word has a separate meaning now,

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Hajj actually means to make pilgrimage to a place of importance. It's not it's not explicitly used for what the Kaaba but once Allah use the word Hajj, now you cannot no Arab can now use it for anything other than Hajj of the house of Allah, Allah azza wa jal took ownership of that word. And this is part of the power of the Quran and the impact it had to coin a term and to take a word that already has a meaning and to give it a new meaning. How does that happen? You know, by the way, this happens even in our time, a word is taken a word that has a meaning in language, and then it's given a new meaning altogether that didn't exist before. And the way it's done is by popular culture, by

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media exposure by constant repetition and guess what the Quran did, when the Quran was revealed, what did the Sahaba do? They would iterate and they would reiterate and they would reiterate and they would reiterate until it became part of the discourse of the society itself. The the repetition in the Quran, right? of certain terms, and then a lot coining certain terms. So when from here on out when somebody uses the word zaccaria, they will never use it the same way again.

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A lot of unique ownership of that words problem, okay?

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Now, this again, another very important consideration

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is what is this guy referring to? We already said it's a loud sound, but more specifically in religious terms, how do we understand it?

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We know that the Day of Judgment is full of many calamities. And what by use of this word, what we're learning is there going to be a lot of things striking against each other. Now, you we just made mention of a car accident or a train wreck or an explosion. One thing strikes against another thing, imagine everything is striking against everything. The sun is striking against the moon. The oceans are being rattled, the Earth is being rattled, the graves are being rattled, the stars are being rattled, everything is in motion, everything's colliding into everything else. This is uncarrier. This can only be described as one of its very peculiar and powerful descriptions is it's

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just a day of great clash, striking against one another. Now, having said that,

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the day of judgment has been described in stages.

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And in one place in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal says, He talks about two times that the trumpet being blown the horn being blown twice, okay once and then a second time. And then in other places, we will see soon enough what is normally half as soon as mentioned the third time, most orders tend to agree that the blowing will actually occur three times based on the the ayat of the Quran, and the sequencing of them, they will occur, this will occur three times. The first is this, enough caught fuzzer In other words, when Allah azza wa jal commands the horn to be blown, there will be terror widespread on the earth, there will be absolute terror on the ended by this time all the

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believers souls are gone. And when it's blown, then you know, there's all this chaos and calamity wild animals are being herded together and all this stuff is happening. Then another time and then this time it's blown death, for suddenly, everybody just collapses and falls apart. Everything dies immediately. Then we don't know how much time in between the two but then there's a third and when this one's blown, what happens everybody comes back to life. And most of us don't comment that this Korea, this rattling noise that's being referred to here, which is another terminology for enough call to sword. This is referring to the third when we come out of our games. That that final one

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that's what's being referred to why did they say it's the final one because in this surah we get right to the judgment and how can you get to the judgment unless it's the third one because the first one doesn't lead to judgment? The first one leads to the second second to the third and the third one to judgment so because of that most of us don't comment that this is referring to that third one by the way, other places let's let's make quick reference inshallah at least the blowing of the trumpet. Where are the horn, where there's going to be absolute terror is defined for example, in the beginning of SoTL, Hajj, Allah says, Yeah, you Hannah. So taco taco in de la casa de

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Sha, Oh, nothing. Have fearful consciousness of your master. No doubt the the earthquake of that day is a huge and enormous thing. Yo Matata, Hakuna Matata, Hakuna Matata, the day on which you will see every every breastfeeding mother, animal and human being will drop whatever she used to feed. Allah didn't even say she'll drop her child will say whatever, as though it doesn't she doesn't even remember what that is. What are not what other rufolo that the hand in hand, and every carrier meaning every pregnant, animal and human being will drop whatever they were carrying, they'll just go into labor and delivery immediately out of shock. What about NASA sakara and you will see people

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drunk, while maham be sakara and they're not drunk at all. You know, when somebody is drunk, they're kind of like shaking around moving around like this, they can't stand straight, the earth will be shaking so much that they can stand straight. Right? That's what's what you're going to see them. So, this is the first one was this terror is widespread on the earth. Then we find out in regards to a site we find a new physical facility for sorry, a common facility woman in lemon sha Allah,

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when will you know the soul will be blown blown into and everyone in the heavens in the earth will will cease to live except the one who Allah wills meaning is safilo according to most of us, you know, and because you'll survive this one and then Allah will give him death and then bring it back to life. So menoufia coffee, then it won't be blowed again for either 1pm on your own then they will be standing looking at each other. So that's the second and third one is what's being referred to here the first one was fuzzer the terror and the second and third one have been combined in the other Ayah okay.

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Similarly, when Allah speaks about this final one, he refers to this one the most By the way, this last one when we will come out of our graves. He calls us for in NEMA. He has a gelatin wahida for his home beside Hello, yo mama Dada, Elijah Elijah.

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could write the date on which a caller calls to something horrifying calls to something unheard of something alien. So this is the most of the time when the Koran makes reference to that call, or that loud saw sound or the scolding, it's referring to the third, the final one will become we will be coming out of our graves. Like I said before, the only other sutra that has this style of beginning is Alhaji Mohammed Omar Abdullah C'mon haka, and a unique parallel between these two soldiers. Remember I said how many times is the word of Korea occur in the Quran five times. The fourth time is actually in salted haka, which begins in a similar way so unless has a debit samoto

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hadn't been Korea, Korea, Korea not so there's another interesting nuance and parallel between these two sources. In addition, the final time this word occurs in the Quran isn't super rad. And in super rad it actually occurs in its generic meaning in the meaning of a calamity or terrible calamity. While is Allah Dena cafaro to see boombah masala Hello, Claudia. So don't go into that in detail, but just know when it's used in that ayah it's referring to a horrible calamity a difficult situation, kind of like what Adnan fighters was describing when I told you his opinion on the meaning of the word. As far as the grammatical analysis of the first I'll Korea there are three

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things you should know.

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The first is the concept of have had that means that there's something emitted something's not said. We said the subject is there, but the predicate isn't there. Right. So some opinions are alacati itu t atone. This loud, rattling calamity is on its way, you better know is on its way that on its way is not said. But it's understood. That's one opinion grammatically. Another opinion is that this word is the subject. It's the thought and the fit and the verb of it is understood. So what is it that that tn nanocarrier for sure, the calamity is coming. So the word the verb for coming or arriving is understood before it. And just I'm Claudia is mentioned. But the third is the one I

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personally and the scholars have, you know, the scholars of grammar, talk about one kind of thing. And then the scholars of Bulava talk about something else, they go a step beyond the grammar. And really I find that a little more convincing. Because language cannot be reduced to technicalities. Language is you know, it's really an art form. It's rooted in science, Arabic is rooted in a lot of science. But then once you're done with the science, you know what you move on to art as kind of like any science, you know, architecture, a lot of science, but in the end, you have to have a beautiful building, if you want to call it good architecture. So there's an art part of it art

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component, but the art component is later what comes first, of course, the science part, right? Similar to the appreciation of Arabic language, grammar is very technical, very scientific, very mathematical. But once you get to a certain level, now you can experience the artistic beauty in it, you go a step further, and you don't lose yourself only in technicalities. On the side, this is my advice to students of grammar, because when you're studying grammar, it can get pretty boring and technical. And you know, too many details and you say I don't need to study this. What's the point of all this? Well, you won't see the point yet. Just like you know, when you're studying eighth

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grade mathematics, you'd be like, why am I learning this? But one day when you become an architect, you'll say I'm glad I learned my timetables, right, because I couldn't have done this if I hadn't done that. Right. So you'll see the appreciation of it later on in life. So the third rhetorical benefit of an Korea by itself is this.

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When does somebody speak in a way where they only say one word, and not even a whole sentence? Have you ever heard? So when did someone suddenly say things? For example, like fire?

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They would just say fire? Not a whole sentence. There is a fire in this building in room 257. No, no, no, no, no. They would just say what? Fire? What does that indicate? indicate it indicates a state of emergency. It indicates a state of urgency in which there is no time to talk in details. No, it's already coming. It's right here. You know, if it was coming months from now, years from now, generations from now, then you can explain it in full detail. But if you see coming right away, and what do you do? You're at a loss of words. You don't say I heard that there is a fire code violation in this building. And maybe if we don't address it in the next couple of years, we could

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have a problem. Now you had a whole sentence. But if the fire already started, what do you say? You just say fire and scream. The word of the party i by just using that word by itself. It causes this alarm.

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And it causes the people what what Korea

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and allies are so don't take that next step and says mal Korea.

00:29:45--> 00:29:58

And you will never know what that Korea is. First of all, it's an emergency and you can't even know what that emergency is. Let me tell you, it's problema it's an incredible psychological, you know, journey that is that we're being taken on in these

00:29:59--> 00:30:00

Now, let's talk

00:30:00--> 00:30:36

talk a little bit more about the the traditional interpretation of the word body. We'll look at the deficit of a show Kenny Lucy and others I'm just gonna read off some things in Arabic and translate for you quickly we'll call it a terminal color well who are born at Madame chedid body our comes from the word Qatar which means to strike with great resolve meaning strike something really hard you meant to hit it you know there's sometimes you meet you hit something by accident. God can't be that it has to be at imagine she did more damage on purpose. And you hit it really hard on purpose. Well, he I mean, a smile on and it's of course from the names of Resurrection Day in the Quran.

00:30:36--> 00:30:37

Kayla Samia

00:30:38--> 00:31:21

Takata lube Bill fuzzer. It is said that it's called an Korea because on that day hearts will be rattled out of fear. What da da da da da he will either or that will live with other and it's called the day of judgment because the enemies of Allah will be rattled on that day because of punishment. So that's one opinion we find traditionally what ACTA has been what the theme because he was a darker man quite melancholy Allah Moroccan Korea, and it said that Allah azza wa jal repeated the word three times to let you know how heavy this calamity is. So the three times repetition makes it three times as heavy and emphatic the authority to make a grand claim to make it heavier, and to

00:31:21--> 00:31:22

make it scarier.

00:31:23--> 00:31:29

Marconi hemangioma, a charlatan a lot of the memory how they made this we already discussed, then alcara

00:31:30--> 00:32:09

again, similar wording I'll actually go straight to uncaria here and that Ito Chronos will a while Well, if Sir, this is Lucy rockmelon. He says this is that which will rattle people out of terror and an absolute fear when daddy calf is semi what will in Chicago and when this happens in the skies, the term used is what in shape up and in football. We talked about these in sort of in Chicago and super unfettered. And when it happens in the sun and the moon, legends, the word queer, and when it happens with the stars uses the word nphr were either collectible and desolate, for example. And when it happens with the mountains, the word duck and NASA when you see fit algebra

00:32:09--> 00:32:49

with algebra, Lucifer, you know, and then Becca, will fill out the big play with the big deal. Well, COVID can be so Anahata chakra Allah, similar wording again, that the rattling will happen because of the against the enemies of Allah. And this will be a humiliation against them. So these are basically some things that have been said traditionally about these. I add one final comment, you know, what happens? The reason I appreciated the commentary of a shadow Ramallah he went beyond just saying, okay, it's emphatic, it's a, it's there to tell you how important it is. And that's it. Because that's oversimplification. And he is a master of Arabic literature and language, and he sees

00:32:49--> 00:33:25

things, and he analyzes them. And he, one of his great contributions to the oma is that he put very complex linguistic concepts in language that a dummy like me can understand. He simplified things. And he took things that are written in very, very technical form in books of Aloha and put them that, you know, a kid can listen to it and say, I get it. That's pretty cool. That's pretty simple. And so it's kind of being true to the ancient Arabs, because they set these they talked about very complex things in very simple language. This was one of their, you know, qualities. And this is really part of genius, because genius is that which can take something complex and presented with

00:33:25--> 00:33:56

simplicity, right? presenting something complex and complicated language is easy, actually, taking something complicated and making it simple. Now, that's genius. That's, that's something to be appreciated. And of course, that's the profound wisdom of the Quran. It presents things in such simple language. And yet at the same time, it's so deep and so profound, such brief language and so much is embedded in it. The other issue that should be brought to our attention is Accordia. Some grammatical opinion of it isn't Korea is the subject of the sentence. And malakai is the predicate.

00:33:58--> 00:34:38

Okay, which is strange because the subject and predicate and looked at that inhabit in Arabic And as in many other languages, the subject creates a question and the the predicate answers that question. In other words, when I say for example, a Muslim, that's my subject. Okay, the question is, what about a Muslim? Okay, let me tell you a Muslim is honest. Now I've given you the predicate which is that he is honest. So the the predicate generally tends to give you information about the subject, the hover gives you information about him up to that that's exactly why it's called hover. So the criticism of that grammatical opinion is how can the hover be a question? If makari or what is Aria

00:34:38--> 00:34:51

is the hover and uncanny are the first is the looked at then how can the hover be a question in and of itself? How does that make sense? And the response to that by a showcase to him Allah is the unaka Naboo

00:34:52--> 00:34:59

Casa in Nevada, that we used to assume that this is going to be any other Korea any other ramblings.

00:35:00--> 00:35:40

Like any other there's going to be just another because the word party as generic like we said, but to make for a lot of makers realize this RDR that I'm talking about cannot be compared to any other carrier that you're used to hearing about. Eliza we just made the predicate a question itself so you realize this is not like any other not like any other regular family habit that Gina and Amanda and I have Claudia and because of that that massive ignorance he informed us that this is a special Claudia thurgarton kawada. Phil How old was she? it pales all the other rattling calamities in it's a terror and it's intensity problem.

00:35:41--> 00:35:43

So a show Gani comments, when

00:35:45--> 00:35:56

you say in America National Party, what will give you any idea or what time or what situation that party I will be in? That's how he basically interprets that word.

00:35:57--> 00:35:58

Okay.

00:35:59--> 00:36:02

Now finally, we'll talk a little bit about what

00:36:03--> 00:36:49

a Razzie says in the silica beat. And before we do, I do want to make and remind you of a comment we made a long time ago when we were discussing some other ayat with a phrase where Morocco occurred. Morocco comes up many times in the Quran, Allah says here he says my common Claudia, he says my unique and anisocoria my Eureka line, assata, Taku, kariba, madaraka, methodic comma comma, comma comma, comma comma comma soccer comma here in this Sora aka my little puddle Otama so many places we find now what will give you a clue, but it occurs in two ways, past tense and present tense. Or in Arabic, the present tense is combined with the future tense. So in other words, what the meaning is,

00:36:49--> 00:37:28

if you say well na Baraka what would give you a clue? Well, now Utica, what will give you a clue? The cool thing in the Quran the interesting thing is whenever what other aka is mentioned, Allah answers it. Allah will tell you, what would have given you Well, this would give you what will give you a clue along the line answer that question he leaves the question open ended. So Eliza says, For example, when you recall under sahkari, what will give you a clue? Perhaps the hour is near? Or perhaps it's not? He won't answer that. But he will just leave it. Perhaps. When are you Greek Allah Allahu Yaga.

00:37:29--> 00:38:07

What will give you a clue? Maybe he wants to purify cleanse himself. Now when somebody wants to become pure or clean, where does that intent? It's in the heart and who knows what's inside the heart? Only Allah you will not know. Oh my god. calahonda lanuza kiralama hadda. We don't attribute purity. Again, you know, as opposed to ally for anyone. We can't because only ally knows what's in the hearts. That was a coup unphysical but allow us a key Manisha. Don't consider yourselves, you know, pure, don't be self righteous. Allah declares pure whoever he wills right there the word Eureka, but here like in little control madaraka

00:38:09--> 00:38:34

will give you any clue what layers of data is, what is the value of labels? Did he tell us what the value is? Yes. Hi, Roman and Fisher. He answered the question. Similarly here he says, well, Korea, and the rest of this law tells us what Korea is Yoku nasukawa should not choose what technology by look at. The entire solar is now an answer to what abraca melancholia so this is part of the subtlety of the Quran.

00:38:35--> 00:38:55

Finally, a Razzie just further fortifying what we said about the the single use of the word Allah Claudia. And would you who had the idea, the reason for using one word in the ayah by itself and know who it is used for warnings like that fire is for warning, right? Welcome.

00:38:56--> 00:39:37

Russell, this warning one word warning can occur in Arabic in Nilufer form or innocent form. So you could say for example, and now to fire you could also say and now fire you could you could call for fire that way to like acid, an acid that's used in Arabic for us refer when not with any. Okay. Now we come to the next io moku National consortium of the day on which people that the word NASA is used, NASA is used as opposed to an insane the word insane alludes to the singularity of the human being when a law talks about something that will be felt personally, individually, then we find the word insanity.

00:39:39--> 00:40:00

So a lot of people for example, says we're called insanity and you know two thirds of what we said wakandan in Santa Monica, in the previous law right before this one and the idea that law said in the insana neuron, the healer can ingratitude disloyalty, who is the criminal individ society or the individual, the individual. First and foremost the individual but

00:40:00--> 00:40:40

In this run our finding NASS, NASS, let's see what's appropriate about using the word NASS here and as we go further, we're gonna find again inside when we get to sort of lost or lost in it. When you get to sudo, NASS, NASS again, there's NASS. There's Insan. There's NASA's people, human being people human being. Some even argue that NASA is the plural of insanity. Even though it's in general it can be used as a collective noun in and of itself, as far as Arabic is concerned. Anyhow, let's talk about the benefit of the word ness. Allah says the day on which people are going to be killed for Russian mob food for Russia, maths, maths, it's also the bugs that are you know, when you turn a

00:40:40--> 00:40:40

light on

00:40:42--> 00:41:19

these little tiny bugs trying to hit the light and they're going in every direction. Those are feroce the plural of faraja actually in Arabic, okay. These bugs Allah says people will be like Faraj these little tiny bugs going in every which direction these months. Alma booth, this is the adjective given to them dispersed spread out. Now for large by itself is spread out. But he made it even more spread out by the word of truth. And this parallel is being given to people. This scene is this an individual scene or a collective scene? is a collective scene. So the word NASA is more appropriate. The word NASA is here more suited, okay?

00:41:20--> 00:41:21

Now,

00:41:22--> 00:41:57

but that to be widespread now, what are the benefits of using this? This image and philosophy of truth with people on the Day of Judgment, first of all, there's many, many, many there are countless bugs, and countless insects, insects going in every which direction, then there's chaos in them. They're not moving in one direction or another direction. They're going in every which direction and they're even running into each other. They're even running into each other. And so by using this parallel of us with and ferocity, fouth lies describing the chaos, we're going to look like on the Day of Judgment, this is what's going to happen. In other words, when that rattling sound happens,

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you will be so wrecked, you will be so shocked that this is what's going to happen to all of you, you know, we're going to NASA Kalfa Russia, North Korea should be Hannah's Indian bath bill Faraj Faraj da da da da da da da da, da da, it said that people will be people are given or alluded to, by making a reference to these moths that are scattered in every direction. Because when they move, they don't move in one direction because in a tie, like birds that move in a flock and they go in one direction as opposed to them what can then you can nest either Holloman kobori him how to be human fuzzer. And just like that, and additionally, when people come out of their graves, for they

00:42:37--> 00:42:49

will be overwhelmed by terror just like these bugs that there's an image of chaos when you see all that motion happening at the same time. It's an image of chaos and the service for fatawa Jammu jihad in chapter

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11, as he will Metallica. So

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what he's saying is that they're going to be going in every which direction and eventually end up in one of two, the direction of happiness or the direction of calamity and and sadness. When my booth Michel Bestival, who had the fleet and the mob food, the word of truth, which is an ism, a Freudian objective noun, comes from the word bus, and it means division distinction, so there'll be separated from one another, even though they're together they're also separated, which is an incredible thing, that on the Day of Judgment, we will be the biggest gathering ever of human beings all generations of human beings are coming together at one point and yet this will be the day you will feel the

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longest it will be the most alone it will be separated from everybody else. And this is described in further more explicit detail yo maya federal Marina he won't be he will be he will saucy but he he right in total knowledge even Rojas Isla de la de to we are mindful of the Jimmy and for my right so my energy right is he offers a lot everybody he even says separate me from my tribe in addition to my family, how about this Why don't you take everyone on earth into hell? Let me go We'll offer everybody else right for more mindful of the Jimmy ensemble Yoongi give give everybody else up just let me survive. That's what he's concerned about. So that you become completely individualized on

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that day. What a cool g value. naman fouche.

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And mountains will become on that day, like

00:44:17--> 00:44:56

in the Arabic language is wool of different textures. You know, you have and when you when you make wool in Arabic, you know, it's not like they didn't have cotton, really, they all they had to work with was wool. It's not a society that had flowing cotton cotton was an import really. So when a lead makes reference to this kind of carding, usually associated with cotton, but in Arab society, the first thing that came to their mind was wool so I hint is used wool, and then I'll use the word admin foolish. The word official in Arabic is to card and scraped into fine lines. You know, when you card and scrape the wall, it becomes fine fibers and then they're brought together and

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

intertwined and is used for for world that is of multiple types.

00:45:00--> 00:45:32

And when you're recording, you know what happens, these really fine fibers, they start flying up into the air, they become weightless and there's this, you know, you have to wear some, because you're gonna get like, the dust of it is gonna go and you're kind of like sawdust kind of thing. But this happens with wool a lot. So letters describing mountains as this weightless thing that when it's scraped, it's almost like it's flying in the air and the different textures of it implied inside the word. And the rain benefits us in that mountains are of different colors. But they're going to be slammed together and scraped together to the point where First of all, there's this

00:45:32--> 00:46:06

different colored texture dust coming out of them just like wool, when they're scraped together out of law. And so we're and we're, we're learning that mountains will not stay in in one place, because the mountainous region of one place is of one color, and the mountainous region of another place is a different color. But now they're all slamming into each other. They're making moves towards each other. So Panama. So what technology by Luca had been foolish. An interesting rhetorical question is, well, here he says admin foolish. But in Surah, Mirage he said what technology value color and he did not say

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man foolish and so to Korea, he uses the word element foolish, but there he did it. For love and Korea, and solution Indiana Tabby, this has to do with the placement of a word in a surah, which is best suited for it. The sutra began with the word Arya. And Rei literally one of its meaning is to beat something with a stick to make a loud noise. But when we said when the slave gets beat the word as I was used with it, right? Even sometimes the knocking in ancient times the knocking on the door wasn't done with your hand, what was it done with the stick you sat you slam it on the door right? Now one of the means in ancient times for carding wool was not just a scrape it but to also work to

00:46:49--> 00:47:28

beat it, to beat it. And so the word man foosh is more particular and more suited in this context, because other words have that same flavor, that same texture in them so halala. So and by the way, we find similar meaning in the word. You know, when the last video talks about in the previous Russian mob tooth, this, these masks that go in every direction, if lots are sitting peacefully, and you strike what happens? I fly up and they're going every direction. So the words that they're beautifully woven together in the sutra and they their texture comes together, the texture of words and how they correlate with each other. One of the great devices in our history that deals with this

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subject is software to FRC, by a savani Rahim Allah, absolutely brilliant work, where he talks about the rhetorical benefits of words and how they contrast each other within us or, and parallel each other and complement each other to create a full image and a soft blue line in Metallica and his wall made up of different colors, while men foolish men and nefesh. Well who are national souls? We know when we enforce a soulful mentorship in the end what he's saying is that discarded wool or this beat wool is world that is dispersed. Do anyone in Metallica made up of different colors? Either a charlatan in that election Japan Allah, Allah, Tina Fey, Albania, Basil's Artesia, it is an

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indication or a coup given by Allah, about the calamity of the mountains, and how they're going to strike against each other. And these different colors are going to manifest themselves because of the earthquake of the hour. So I'm and sacoolas mo, as you know who now we get to the final part. And as for the one whose scales are roughly translating, as for the one whose scales became heavy, you know, what's incredible about that, and I go mountains became weightless. And now what's becoming heavy, the scales. It's a beautiful contrast. It's incredible. This is a day when everything has changed, you know, and in dystonia right now, when you do good deeds, everybody

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around you says this is worthless, there's no way to it. And when they see a mountain, the first thing that their mind is this is solid, because their vision is that of what they can see. They accept what they cannot see, they don't accept, but on the Day of Judgment, Allah azza wa jal reverses this. And so the mountains become weightless, and your deeds are now heavy. They've been given Nakula was in one and amazing contrast and the solar, the thing you know what, what will be weighed? There are different IDs and there are different texts in the Quran and Sunnah that allude to what will be weighed, obviously, we know our deeds are going to be weighed. That's obviously

00:49:23--> 00:49:27

there. Okay. The deed will be weighed, we'll talk about that in more detail. A lot

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of the messenger say some allude to even persons being weighed. The Sahaba would make fun of a lightweight, it's a hobby, right? Or his beard, he can't grow a beard. He's just got one here. And he says, we were of his beard, beaver of that here and it'll weigh heavier than the mountain of water done the Day of Judgment. Right. So I mean, there there's alluding to a person's weight meal, even the messenger a little slice, I mean, another narration to a person who's very heavyset, but when it comes before a lot of the Day of Judgment, he won't mean anything more than a mosquito.

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So there's the weight of a person, then of course, there's the weight of our deeds. There's the weight of our deeds. And some scholars even Add to this the weight of our intentions, the weight of our intentions and our sincerity in our deeds. Anyhow, so let's have a moment. That was you know, there are a few interesting things here to note. Allah says men singular, even though it can be used as some Gemma the, it's clear that it's plural here because it's not mallozzi new home. It's well as you know, who. So if it's one person why I mentioned his scales, magazine, Misa and is one

00:50:36--> 00:51:15

Misa means a scale where if his scale becomes heavy, or his scale becomes light, but Allah doesn't say means and he says my was in the word magazine is the plural of two possible words, it could be the plural of the word meezan. meezan, plural magazine, and it could also be the plural of the word mosaic. mosaic is symbol for what's the difference between meezan and Muslim, this is very important for us to understand this ayah. The word means and literally refers to an ism at a scale. Typically, a scale has two sides, right? One side has the weights, the other side has the groceries or whatever you're going to put on it. And when they balance out, now you know how much this this sideways, the

00:51:15--> 00:51:52

left side or the right sideways, okay? But then there's the word Mozilla and Mozilla means the thing that is about to be weighed. That which is being put on the scale is called Muslim. And actually more scholars inclined towards this word when it comes to this idea. And we'll see why. We'll see why. And we'll look at other places in the Quran where this is established. The image that comes in our mind, usually when we talk about scales, is that there are two sides. And the image that comes to our mind is on the one side, there is going to be good deeds. On the other side, there's going to be what bad deeds and whichever ways more. That's where you're going, that's where you're headed.

00:51:53--> 00:52:14

But actually, if you study the Quran, text and the sunless texts carefully, there's a different image being presented and image that is alluded most people's mind and imagination when it comes to the scales. This is the image that most people think of, but this is actually not the image explicitly described in the Quran at all something else is described. So let's talk about that.

00:52:15--> 00:52:17

The idea is as follows.

00:52:18--> 00:52:22

Allah azza wa jal describes that evil deeds will have no weight.

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He will, these will have no weight, and the only things that will have weight is good deeds. That's the only thing that'll have weight. Now, this is closer to you know, like a modern scale that they have those magnetic scales and those spring scales. There's no two things you just put it on top of this one thing, if it weighs something, it will show if it's weightless, it won't show that's the kind of scale we're kind of talking about here. If it has some weight, it'll expose its weight. If it has no weight, it will be nothing. For example, what Kadima Illa marami Lumina emmalin fudge Allahu Hubba montura Well, they'll come will approach whatever they had done. Whatever deeds they

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had done kofod they had done some good deeds to and also make it make it scattered dust. Now what is the weight of scattered dust, nothing. It's dust, it's weightless, a lot will make their deeds worthless by making them weightless by making them weightless. So let's look at these four or five places in the Quran, where this subject is dealt with that will give us more clarity in Java. When another old man was in this isn't sort of MBA another room I was in and this Leo male piano and we will establish the scales, if you will, of justice on the Day of Resurrection. Funnily enough Sanjaya and no one will not even a single person will be wronged in any matter what encana Miss Kala

00:53:37--> 00:54:21

hubbardton min hordenine Athena beha waka Sabina has he been and had there even been the the word the amount of a seed of mustard. If that much of a weight was there, we would give it to them. Allah azza wa jal doesn't say worth of good deeds. He just says deed if you're a deed was worth even a mustard seed, we would give it a title that'd be how we will give them that and we are enough to take account in other words, the only thing that will have a loan will give to that means it's good deed. And what that implies is only good deeds will carry weight. We go further refined while was no younger is an ad hoc way it will actually only be a company weight will only be the property of the

00:54:21--> 00:54:56

truth. Meaning if you don't have truth, if you don't have human you have no weight, and only that which are true deeds good deeds will actually carry weight Simon sarcolemma was in a woofer with like a muffler horn. And because only truth actually actually carries weight on that day who's ever scales became heavy than those are truly the successful woman half fat was you know who and as opposed to that, who's ever weights became light. In other words, there were their deeds don't carry any weight. But like you can live in a hustle, hustle and foster home. Be McKenna Be it I have the moon. They are the ones who they're the ones who've wronged themselves and they've they've put

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

themselves in tremendous loss because of them, especially me

00:55:00--> 00:55:41

We are doing wrong in regards to our miraculous signs. Look at this other I will let you can Alina cafaro Be it him when he called he this isn't suitable Kathy says those are the ones who disbelieved in the eye out of their master the miraculous signs of their master ended meeting him for Habitat armello home, then all of their deeds will be seized. Final nupi Muna home Jamelia Mati was not then we will not establish any wait for them whatsoever. In other words what we're learning over and over again is good deeds have wait bad deeds have no wait because when Alessi says their deeds, Allah says I will refuse to establish any wasn't for them. I will refuse to establish any weight for them.

00:55:41--> 00:56:21

This is a contrast from what we read in sort of design, we read for you know, when Allah azza wa jal says familiar with wateen hyaluron yahama Yama with color Salatin, Shaolin yellow, they will see the way even this the the weight of a speck, they will see but it wasn't being weighed yet. It was just being seen. But then the intentions were added when the intentions were added. There was no emotion in those intentions. They became weightless. And now we come to these ions. Now the scale is worthless. Okay, there they at least saw this. Maybe it's a something, maybe it's something but when they come to this, how about a mentor, it's become worthless. So from anthopoulos my was you know,

00:56:21--> 00:56:58

hufa humble Muslim. Allah says, As for the one whose skills became heavy than those are the truly successful. In other words, allies not saying whose good deeds weigh more than their bad deeds. The real issue here is your your good deeds actually have weight in other words, they were accepted by Allah. The intentions were good the way you perform them were good. Mufti Mohammed Shafi added if you want to make sure your deeds are heavy, do two things make sure they have sincerity and make sure you're following the procedure set by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Don't come up with your own good deeds. Stick to those two things and you'll be safe. So allow in he says in his

00:56:58--> 00:57:34

Allahu Allah He says that in my estimation, the deed the quote, The weight of a deed will be judged by two things, how sincere you were, and how close to the Sunnah of the Prophet was Solo Solo and you The closer you are and the more sincere you are, the heavier that even the small d becomes, becomes heavier and heavier. metallisation make our skills heavy on how Fatma was, you know who we like and Latina Ha, ha sido enforcer home fija Hannah mahali doula and who escaped who's ever skills were made light now the word I keep translating skills, but it's those things that are to be weighed also, because Mozu the word if it's the plural of mazoon, it's not just skills, it's the objects

00:57:34--> 00:57:56

that are put on the scale, if those objects themselves are heavy, or if those objects themselves are like that's part of the meaning of the ayah. So it's the the deeds themselves that are carrying weight. Then he says, okay, so if the deeds become heavy, for whoever, reshooting, labia, then he will be in Asia, or Asia is different from hierarchy, the English translation Asia higher translated his life, okay?

00:57:58--> 00:58:21

Asia comes from Irish, Irish and Arabic, which means to have a life in which you have no worry of food and shelter. Okay, any life is higher? A husband who, Asia, Russia, there's no worry about food and shelter, meaning the necessities of your life are not a concern for you at all. Then you are in Asia, those of you who speak Arabic, or do rather ashikari.

00:58:22--> 00:59:00

Right, you know what that means? Or we're living it up? No worries, right? That's it kind of derived from there. But the Arabic meaning originally is exactly that. It's to have a life free of concern. And this is actually the life that that's described, even a wild animals in the woods, because there's no shortage of shelter, and there's no shortage of predators, but especially there's no shortage of prey that they can pounce upon, for who have a shot. And then there's the word rodya. The word robbia literally means the one who is pleased, literally means the one who is pleased. So as an adjective of Asia, it's, it's actually unique, a life that is pleased, hmm, a life full, full

00:59:00--> 00:59:12

of pleasure, that era one, which is how some of us would have interpreted it is correct, a life that is full of contentment. But in the Quran, Arabic rhetoric, you can say, you know,

00:59:14--> 00:59:42

an overjoyed life. You didn't describe the person you describe the life, right, you didn't describe the person but you describe the life and this is so to understand that this the entire life, not a moment, not a breath will go by, where the joy won't be there, where the joy will be missing with a contentment will be missing. There will not be a moment of boredom or or of you know, dissatisfaction, so resetting the labia that he that he lives on. As for example andalusi Rahim Allah says,

00:59:43--> 01:00:00

So, now we come to the horrifying next is a madman ha Fatima, Xena, who as for the ones whose skills are lightened, the thief in Arabic to lighten and you know what's really cool about this on the Day of Judgment, we want this huge burden of good deeds right. But in this

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Dunya when Allah gives us a cam, you know what he says, you read the law holy, you have a fine comb, Allah intends to lighten your burden from you.

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In other words, when you follow a less commandments life in this world becomes light. Like your life becomes easy, and your scales are getting heavier in the Day of Judgment, the contrast between the two things in local language, or via a via, via B, how we are jahannam. So he says one moment COVID, masina, hufa Omaha via and as for the one whose skills became lightened the I ended, it didn't go straight to for although have yet stopped there, because you want you to think as for the one who skills became like, you stop there, you don't just go straight to FOMO how via via Wi Fi, you reflect on every single eye you stop and reflect on it? What's going to happen? And what's the worst

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that could what the gaffer is saying, Yeah, so it became like, what's the big deal? And a lot of zildjian ads now he teaches he says for on mobile, how we both words very, very powerful. The word how we first will come to own which is even scarier. Second, we'll come to how we are first

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the word how are we in Arabic comes from who which actually means to fall into a steep Canyon. And it's usually used for a hawk or a bird of prey that sees an animal way down at the bottom of the valley. And what does it do?

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It dives down at full speed. It's faster than even falling. When you're falling down. All you have to your advantage is gravity. But the bird is even forcing itself to launch itself further down way, way deep into the valley to snatch its prey. That's what it's trying to do.

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In Arabic idiom. You know, actually, I'll tell I'll tell you the idiom at the end. The word Javier is referred to by my mother Yama. Hola he says that this is a canyon in Hellfire so deep that only Allah knows its depth.

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So first of all, the location is the one falling in it, or the one going to have years What? endlessly just falling way, way, way, way down. That's described just in the word how Yeah, but then we find this really interesting expression of the Arabs. They would say for somebody who's having a really, really hard time or they're like, they're in on a horrible, horrible calamity. They would say who would mobile same verb as utopia who had on mobile. What that means is his mother fell off a cliff into a deep canyon. They don't really mean his mother fell off a cliff. They're saying, Man, you're looking like your mother fell off a cliff. That she dove right in this. That's how you look,

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you look that depressed. You look that disturbed. Now, both words are used in the ayah. But the arrangement has changed so much of the expression of the errors, but it's something new with it. And this is again a feature of the Koran for Omar who have here then his mother I'm translating literally his mother is the deep canyon and hellfire. His mother is that deep canyon in hell, okay. What does it mean his mother

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we learned a few things from that first of all, a child in runs to its mother.

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And whether you like it or not, if the if the person is headed for Hellfire, they will run towards it. What do they want to know who wants to run the Hellfire? Nobody a child, you don't have to tell them to want to run to their mother, they naturally run to their mother. But on the Day of Judgment, your body will rebel against you what no matter how much you want to run away from it.

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When you're slow, you know, when you're first he will say give me death. Don't take me there and then you'll throw himself in. He'll go himself jumping himself because he can't even help himself. At this point. Just like a child can't help himself run towards its mother. The other benefit of lowered ooh here is a mother wraps its child around and protects it and doesn't let it go. It's the sense of motherhood that she has. And also mother when she's carrying the baby, the child is inside and can't come out. He's inside. And you know what this implies this this the mother for this person, the role of mother, the Hellfire is gonna hug him and not let him go and be very protective

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and owner or you know, owning of him, not let not release him. And he's trapped in it like a child trapped in the womb of the mothers. However,

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it's such a powerful rendition of the phrase. Then he says, well, ma arkoma here and what will give you a clue as to what it is. Man I hear. He doesn't say well now of Raka. Mel how we are.

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In the beginning he said Rama Kemal Korea, he didn't repeat called how we he said Rama, Rama here. And the difference. This is again rhetoric in the Quran. The first word party I was familiar to the Arabs. It was familiar.

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And they can compare a query or they've seen and then may be asked about a career that's going to happen even though law teaches them you really can't. But at least in their mind, yes. Body is a familiar term, the word how we are the way it's being used here completely unfamiliar to the Arabs. Plus, it's not even describing something that will happen on the earth. It's describing Hellfire completely in the hype. It's distant from them and to allude to something distant. The pronoun is used here. That's how it's used in the Quran. We will find it out

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Other places though. We'll describe what Hellfires being described, we'll find in sort of the homeless after suits Lawson Well, my abraca mahatama mahatama we don't find a word like Kanye here, but we find all my other Kemal hautala so what's the difference between using a pronoun for Hellfire and an actual noun? Well, rhetorically, we say a pronoun is used in cases where you want to be brief. And a full noun is used in cases where you want to be more descriptive, because a pronoun tells you less and a noun tells you more. If I say for example, the farmer went to town I told you more if I said he went to town I told you less you know less now than you would know if I told you

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the farmer I sent I mentioned him by the noun in Serato. And so to whom was that when we get to alpha we'll find there's far more description of Hellfire there, while my other aka mahatama narrow la Hill, mocha, and Letty Takahiro

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inna Jaime Masada Fiamma de mama Dada, of whole passage dedicated to detail about what this Hellfire is, is there that much detail here? Know what my other camera here it was the description. It's brief By comparison, not on Hermia. And there's this consistency in the Quran. When you compare texts, the text that is less descriptive, will show you justification of why it's less descriptive. And the text that is more descriptive will justify itself by using more descriptive language even even the word you know just by knowing here is used, we're expecting less by is hearing pathoma there we're expecting more and more is given to us upon Allah, then we find that the word at the end

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of this is mahiya. There's a hierarchy and the word here in Arabic means she

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the word he I mean she there's no high at the end of it. But Allah azza wa jal adds a ha This is a pilot that will to terrify this high at the end of a word in Arabic is to magnify and to give weight to a word, when you pronounce the how you pronounce it from your diaphragm. And this is a means by which you are to scare your audience when you speak. Actually, I can give you a maybe a crude English parallel. What did you say?

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That at the end, the diaphragm at the end to add to terrorize the audience. And this is actually the Arabic And when somebody is really overwhelmed and excited then they put a hat at the end of their words. It just enunciates that way this happens in the Koran elsewhere. Allah says mamanuca kitabi emini fire kulu ha kitabi No, no, no ha, ha ovako ki tabia is a hottie and excitement. This is a magnification and an expression of power. So Allah says ma here, you have any idea what that is. And there's a there's an anger in the eye and we can capture the anger in the heart that's captured at the end, while happy healing work. While Joomla does seem to feel

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angry now with a fee. This high at the end is the benefits magnifying the matter of fire and to give it its heavyweight. What I mean,

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how we fumble Falcon This is what was he says, what he didn't say, what is how we are why not and we talked about this before, but let's just see what he has to say. I'll talk a lacuna Korea.

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In the beginning when Korea was mentioned, it is something that can be experienced, it's something at least some kind of body or you can still experience it's unreal muscles. So in Korea closer to experience the noun itself is mentioned. I'm Marco Luna, Javier fillet psychedelic, but the existence of how we are is not that way. So the it's distant. It's distanced from us by use of the pronouns problema. Last is a little toddler. Now, he asked the question he answers it. Why does he answer it? Because he said my abraca if he says my Eureka, you don't find answer. When he says my allarakha you find answer. The first question was, like I'm a partier. We found an answer. Now

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another question. Now that arkoma here. And now we're going to find the answer again. By the way, this isn't pseudo about hellfire. In the end, it's about more detail about Hellfire, the surah before and the surah after talks about the kind of people that deserve Hellfire, it's sandwiched in between them. The sooner before in the in Santa Clara de la Canute the surah after I'd have to cancel

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both of the groups that need to be warned. And in between the two groups you have a soldier that deals with their fate the Hellfire I have I have written shalida Allah Allah. The word not of course we know is fire. The word Hermia means intensifier, something that's very very hot and and flamed. Well, who is this ham? It's of course the answer to the question man here the silly how we are. This is the seed of the word how we itself, natural law.

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Natural Law, well who am in a Hema. This is an adjective of fire and it comes from the word hammer which means is the dad is the dad. It means the intensity of

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aim and fire. Of course we learn from prophetic narrations of the Sun Allah Allah said them, that the fire of hell is at least 70 times meaning the fire we have here in the world is one of 70 parts of the fire in hell and its intensity May Allah azza wa jal protect us from it. And I'll call moose it even says, you know, homea Shams meaning the sun's flame is called Hema also its its intensity is called him also at that place, not the one that reaches us, but the one that's over there is called him also. So with that, inshallah tada we conclude, I want to just mention one or two things about the coherence of the sutra and how it's tied the beginning of it is tied to the end of it, Eliza

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which has scared us in the beginning with the word of Claudia He scares us more at the end with the words now on Hermia he opened the salon with a question and an answer will not have a lock on Claudia. He closes the salon with a question and answer. Well, my other camera here, now on hi Mia. So the beginning is rhetorically tied to its own conclusion. barakallahu li walakum Karina Hakeem. When I finally beat er COVID it was chemo salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.