A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #10
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
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Episode Transcript ©
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Smilla Rahmanir Rahim hamdu lillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah while early he was happy when weather were bad
we continue with our halacha which is a thematic commentary on the Quran and we're dealing with solitary Bacala the first Jews and this is the third session on Surah on the first Jews, so we said inshallah every four sessions or about every month, inshallah we will cover one Jews. And
just to recap, we mentioned that the central theme in solitary Bukhara appears in verse number 21, you are NASA top AI, even NASA Gulaba Comala, the Halacha Comala the name of public sector one or humanity worship your Lord who created you and those who came before you so that you may attain Taqwa.
And we said everything else in the Surah connects to this theme. Everything else in the Surah connects to this theme.
Everything in the Surah connects to this theme. And
insha Allah Our job is to show how everything in this tool connects to the theme of worshiping Allah alone, which is a universal call. We said, from Allah subhanaw taala to humanity, to worship their creator, worship the Lord alone.
And we mentioned how sort of starts with the classification of three types of people, believers, disbelievers, and hypocrites. This is based on the concept of worship. So those who worship Allah, they have believed those who don't worship Allah or refuse to worship Allah, those who disbelieve and the hypocrites, they refuse to worship Allah, but they pretend that they do they do worship Him.
And then Allah subhanaw taala we said, After that he presents the central theme or his call in the Surah, which is a call to humanity to worship the Lord alone. And then Allah sort of explains this, the logic behind all of this, what is going to happen for those who respond positively, there will be paradise with reward, those who refuse, then there will be a hellfire, whose fuel will be
just alcohol will be people and, and stones.
And then a lot presents a logic as well how come you don't worship your Lord or refuse to worship your Lord, when he's the one who brought you into existence, then he's going to cause you to die, then he will bring you back to life. Again, he's the one who created everything in the heavens and the earth, for you to be at your service. So how come you worship other than Allah, then Allah gives
a backdrop in history. And this backdrop is it contextualize is the whole call to worship Allah subhanaw taala alone, Allah, Allah starts with the story of the creation of humans, how humans came to, came into existence. And they came into existence or they were brought into existence for one purpose alone, and that's to worship Allah alone. So again, this is the supports the central theme, this is a historical back background or backdrop.
And the whole story of Adam, how Allah favored him over the angels with the specific capacity to learn, and to label he said, and then that Allah placed him in paradise to test him how he deals with two things. We said the capacity to learn and label and relate to things, and understand them, and then using choice using that to make choices. So obviously, Adam
was tempted by Jeevan, and he did not pass that specific test. Adam and Hawa failed that specific test. So they to they use the two gifts, special gifts that Allah gave them, they use them to disobey Allah subhanho wa taala. So we said, they identified the tree wrong with the meaning of the tree wrong, that it is going to give them which is based on the whispering of Chopin, that it was going to give them supremacy or dominion and an everlasting life.
So this was a wrong definition. So they use their capacity to define to be able to label things and relate to them and understand them and thus master them and then decide based on that they used it wrong and thus they made the wrong decision. So they ate from the tree which was against the commands of Allah. Allah is going to teach them a lesson now that when you go against the Command of Allah, when you use these gifts or faculties that we have provided you against the will against the command or the instructions of Allah, there will be consequences. The consequences is you will be expelled out of paradise you will be brought to this
world to this earth where you're going to have an extended version of this test. There's an extensive so
Adams experience in in Paradise
is similar to our experience in this world.
With one main difference, the difference is our experience in this world is more prone to protracted.
protracted, is more elongated. So we might abuse the faculties and the gifts Allah has given us and not use them to worship him properly.
But Allah subhanaw taala will not punish us immediately, Allah will give us space because with Adam, as soon as they committed the sin, the consequences became clear. But in this life, Allah is going to defer the consequences, they will happen after a while, primarily in the next life.
This is so ultimately Adams experience in Paradise is similar to our experience here in this world. In this world, there's a lot that we can enjoy and benefit from, there's a lot of resources for us, there is a lot of potential which we can utilize and capitalize on.
And there are things that are prohibited.
Simple. So how we use our capacity to learn and our capacity for choice that decides how our life will unfold. And eventually what will be the consequences on the Day of Judgment. So it's more of an elongated, stretched out experience.
experience like that of Adam in paradise. But this, as we said, is a bit more elongated.
So the story of Adam symbolizes our experience in this life. So again, we can take the lesson from that experience, Allah says Adam, down and he says, We shall give you guidance, you will stay on Earth and I shall give you guidance. If you follow my guidance, then you will be from the happy ones. There is nothing that you can fear. But if you reject my guidance and turn away from it, then you will you will be among the losers. It's the same guidance that Allah gave Adam in paradise. The guidance Allah gave Adam to in Paradise is eat from whatever you want, enjoy yourself, but don't come near this tree.
That's the guidance that was given to him. We are given a guidance, which is the revelation how to carry ourselves in this life. So this exact same experience was just the timeframe is is different. And then and here we start our class today. Allah subhanaw taala speaks addresses the children of Israel, the Israelis, so that's a shift in the whole discourse and Salton Bacala. It's a big chunk of actually a big chunk of it talks about Bani Israel.
Why does Allah talk about Bani Israel in the context of inviting humanity to worship?
So this surah we said the central theme the main theme is a call to humanity to worship Allah alone, worship the Lord alone. So why does Allah subhanaw taala after presenting this
point and this argument, why does Allah talk about Bani Israel?
For long for a considerable amount of Surah Al Baqarah? Why
exactly. They are an example of humans, a group of humans who were given the same exact this exact same instructions. They are in a similar situation as we are they were in a similar situation as we are in and this experience from the past they are humans we are humans. They were given guidance revelation from Allah, we are given guidance revelation from Allah, this pretty much the same commands, the same framework, how are you going to deal with it, learn from their experience, learn from what happened with them. And here it is, Allah lays it out in detail.
So this takes most of the rest of the first juice. Most of the first just goes about this we're gonna go over it quickly because again, our class is not about detail to see it, but it's about how we link the central themes in the Surah to the primal theme in the same Surah
So Allah subhanaw taala
address has been a slave he says
you have any insight into the Quran and materiality and him to Alikum whoa phobia hottie or Vbi de como Yaya for Abu ameobi Manziel to Masada alumina. Comala takuna Willa, Catherine be well attached there will be hayati, thermal and collagen or ei you have to own bilaterally this will help Kabul Valtteri will talk to me will help our Antonio Talia moon. So Allah says all
children of Israel remember my favorites upon you fulfill your covenant and I will fulfill mine and stand in awe of me alone. Believe in My revelations which confirm your scriptures and
Do not be the first to deny them or trade them for a fleeting game. And be mindful of me Do not mix truth with falsehood or hide the truth knowingly establish prayer and pay arms tax and bow down with those who bow down. So it starts with verse 40. Starts with verse 40 and extends for most of Jews one or the first part of the Quran. So Allah smart Allah is giving them advice and this advice since many Israel
especially the ones who lived at the time of the prophets of cinema gone, but Allah is addressing them here.
But for us now, they're not here they're not around. So this advice is for us. Because the same advice Allah says Allah was saying and Lilina automl keytab publikum what Iyar combinator Allah we have recommended we have advice we have instructed, the people who are given the Scripture before you and yourselves that have Taqwa of Allah fear Allah. So what was said to them is being said to us.
So Allah is saying, basically, stay true to the covenant of Allah and the covenant of Allah is two levels.
There is the level of the fitrah, which is the covenant that Allah took from all of humanity, before they were brought into this world. And this is referred to in the Quran in surah, Talal, of where the Hydra bukem and many other women bow to him do reata, much
less to get up become called Obernai Shahidullah. And the whole human player meeting in Ghana and other halfling. And when, remember, when your Lord took from the back of Adam, his progeny brought forth all his progeny from his back. And Allah made them witness on themselves. Allah says said to them, Am I not your Lord?
And we all said, yes, indeed, Allah is saying, I'm mentioning this, this list,
that you deny that later on when you come to this life.
But you say we weren't, we were. We were not aware of that. But it's it's the covenant that we have with Allah. It's the fitrah it's we know it at a very intuitive subtle level, we know that we feel that obligation towards Allah, we feel that pursuit of the truth, we feel that we feel that urge that takes us to search for the truth of this world and find Allah and recognise him and give him his rights. That's one level. Second level, is when you accept the revelation.
For example, as a Muslim, you testify that ilaha illAllah Muhammadan rasul Allah that's, that's an agreement. That's a covenant you saying, No one deserves my worship, and my ultimate love but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. So I'm going to follow his instructions. It's a covenant it it's a binding agreement. So that's these are the two levels of the covenant the same thing with the children of Israel that were given the same covenants the football and the covenant that was taken upon them by their profits are through their profits. So let's saying stay true to it. And I will fulfill that the profits are seldom said to my manager.
I tend to remain humble. Allah He had a bet on my happily budget allah
God Allahu wa rasuluh Allah, Allah.
Allah Allah Allah Allah yeah boo hola usually Kobe he che will help labor the ad Hola. Hola. Yo, zebra home in Harlem usually Kobe he Shayla
prosom said to Muhammad Isabel, he said, Yamaha Do you know what's the right of Allah upon
upon his creation upon humans and what is the right of humans upon Allah?
He said Allah and His Messenger know best, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam replied, He said the right of Allah upon His creatures the human upon humans is that they worship Him alone, without any partners and their rights upon him is that if they worship Him alone, without any partners that he would not punish them.
That's a covenant. You you fulfill your your part of the agreement I fulfill my part of the agreement. You worship Allah Allah, Allah will not punish you, Allah will not humiliate you
and believing what was what I revealed that confirms what you have, which is believed in the Quran because it confirms the scriptures that are in your hands and do not exchange or do not trade my verses for some
for a fleeting gain or for some for something that is cheap. Again, what is more valuable than the truth than revelation? Anything in exchange of Revelation is actually is worthless. Anything if you put it face to face with the revelation, its value is nothing it has no real value.
And do not mix the truth with falsehood and deny or hide the truth, when you will know it.
etc. What the most solid and established
To pray and get this occur and pray at a modern NASA delivery. So we're looking at these as as, as, as Allah is addressing vincelot Eel but don't forget, Allah is mentioning this, the Quran is for those who decide to take lessons from it. So for us Muslims, we're supposed to take these to heart and see make sure that we do not violate these instructions from Allah. And if there are some of the mistakes of Bani Israel that I mentioned that we do not fall into them, we avoid them. That's the point behind mentioning this.
That's our motto NASA will be rewritten somewhere and full circle more into the Quran and keytab FLR chapter one was taken over somebody was solid he went now that could be a lot on a lot because you're in a Lydian. ailable No, nanomolar will not be him more anomala here Roger, do you preach righteousness and fail to practice it yourselves? Although you read the Scripture, do you not understand and seek help through patience and prayer? Indeed, it is a burden except for the humble. Those who are certain that they will meet their Lord and to him they will return
in these instructions for us. Do not preach something or not practice it. Do not tell people to follow the truth and you don't follow it. Do not people tell people don't lie when you lie yourself.
And seek help because you're going to need help. You're weak. We're holier Collinson over if Allah says and Man was created, humans were created weak, we are vulnerable, we're feeble. So Allah says we will need help. So the things that will help us and strengthen us is going to be the prayer. And the prayer is a very powerful asset that we have. But we don't feel it because we don't practice it. Well. The prayer is a very deep connection with Allah subhanaw taala that empowers our souls, and reflects this should reflect in our life should give us a lot of power.
And, and seek helping patients as well. Patients is something that makes us stronger, makes us resilient. And again, patients is not a fair translation of the world suburb patients is a suburb is much more powerful.
suburb has the elements of sustainability, determination, continuity.
forbearance, patience, accommodation,
All of these are parts of the meaning of elements in the meaning of a suburb. And Allah says that the prayer is, is a huge burden except for those whose hearts are humble. So the ones who find the prayer heavy are the ones who whose hearts have issues and who are the humble Allah defines them they are the ones who have certainty about meeting Allah subhanaw taala. So what will make what will get us for sure and humidity in Salah is certainty about meeting Allah.
That's the secret of Joshua, some the Quran
the prayer is heavy except for those who are who have who and it's just as easy as humble or humility. Hearts have assured humility and timidness before Allah subhanaw taala who are those who find this feeling and Salah Allah says living alone no normal hola hola Him those who are certain that they will return to the Lord and they will meet him.
Then Allah addresses many side again the ebony side of Quran and materiality and I'm dwelling on the football to come Allah Allah mean what aku human lethargy is enough soon enough since? Well, I mean, have you ever had to worry,
or children of Israel, remember, all the favors are granted you and how I honored you above others. God yourselves against the day on which no soul will be of help to another, no intercession will be accepted, no ransom taken, and no help will be given. Again, the same applies to us. Because this favor from Allah subhanaw taala is being favored with Revelation we gave you the revelation will give you direct access to Revelation. You have it, you can read it.
You can read it firsthand.
That's a great favor from Allah. Its favor in that sense, but it's also from another from a different sense. It is actually it's a conditional favor, that if you fulfill it, then you deserve it and you're gonna get the full package of that favor. If you don't observe it, you will miss out on it, it will turn into a curse.
It will turn into a curse.
So the favor of Allah Subhana Allah is conditional, same thing Love of Allah is conditional.
Love of Allah is conditional. And they might say No, Allah loves not Allah is merciful to his creation.
Allah does not love those who do evil.
Forget about this fancy thing. God Allah loves all His creation. No, Allah is merciful.
To the creation
is merciful and he's kind to the creation.
But his love is only given to those who follow the truth those who give him his rights.
So the favor of Allah is conditional in that sense.
And fear a Day on which there will be no one will help will be able to help the other, there'll be no ransom, no one can save the other because everyone will be held accountable based on their deeds. So again, all of this all of the advice or the details of what worship
all of this, you know, meets in one point which is worship, worship your Lord worship would who created you and those who came before you
even the Jena coming out if we want to come up with a behind a como esta Hughenden is a cool movie that you can put it on the Rubicon while we wait for Nabi como Bahasa and Gina was going to be going back and Gina como ella for I don't know anthem, some Varun and remember how we delivered you from the people of the Pharaoh who afflicted you with dreadful torment slaughtering your sons and keeping your women that was a severe test from your Lord. And remember when we parted the sea, rescued you and drowned Pharaohs people before your very eyes. Again, this is how Allah delivered Bani Israel from the predicament of frown. And we have many predicaments in our lives, individually and
collectively that Allah has delivered us from so remember these favors from Allah upon you. We all have stories in our lives where we got stuck. And sometimes we felt helpless. But eventually Allah subhanaw taala saved us from those sometimes unexpectedly. That's a gift from Allah, we think, Oh is just, you know, it's a magical turn of fate. Well, there's nothing of its own that's called fate that's autonomous that moves by itself.
Right? That's how Allah moves things around. So when things ease out, that's from Allah Subhan Allah as a gift from Allah Subhan Allah, it's not just random, you think you just got lucky. There's nothing like this in the world. This is just, this is a biased expression. I just got lucky. Yeah,
it was my like, Lucky moment. It's, I mean, that's again, that's sometimes how we experience it. But the reality is, everything is written. And everything is there for a reason. So Allah subhanaw taala, turns things. So we all have, I mean, there's countless, countless favors, right? We're entitled, don't matter Allah to saw her. And if you were to try to enumerate the blessings of Allah, you can't even count them, you won't be able, because a lot of them you are blind to, you're blind to most of them, you just don't realize you have them. You just don't realize you have them.
And that's one thing with with humans, is that humans, once they have something,
and they take it for granted, they stop appreciating it. They think they think they deserve it. They think it's, it's the default state. I'll give you an example. Those who are in the
late 20s, their 30s, and maybe 40s and 50s.
You know, on the previous times, we didn't have the luxury of having a backup camera in the in the cars, right. But imagine some of those now most of the new cars have backup cameras, like the moment you shift the gear to reverse the, you're gonna see what's behind behind the car and the camera and the backup camera. So this this talk 10 years from now, the generation that is 15 years old, now there will be 25. And they will be driving. And probably they had exposure only to come to cars with backup cameras. So for them a car, by default has a backup camera right now, get them an older car that has no backup camera, they won't be able to back up.
And for you like someone older like like us, and this makes sense man is just you just reverse your backup is not a big deal. You don't need a camera for that camera is just a convenience.
But for them no. Like I come back I can't they don't know the dimensions of the car of the vehicle. Why? Because with them the camera is a basic thing. They take it for granted now. So they don't appreciate what it means to have a camera versus not to have it. So that's how it is with us humans. Like the gifts that we have. We think oh, that's how things are by default.
No, you have to take many steps backwards to realize that these are gifts already given to you by Allah you just take them for granted. Again. So the the issue is where you possess
So we become blind to what we have we think, okay, that's how life is. No, that's not how life is. This took a lot of work. That's not today. For us. It's mean, it's, it's normal just to have electricity, right? You have the lights turned on.
But how much work does this take? We have electricity 24/7. And we don't question it.
It's only when we have a blackout, we realize how much hard work goes into, you know, getting electricity 24/7. And how many, how many people work around the clock?
To get this to get this service for you, which you take for granted.
So we blind to what we have. So Allah Subhan Allah says, Remember the favors of Allah upon you. But the thing is, with humans, they forget, they just forget things for granted think, oh, that's how it is. This is how it is. I mean, just look at this example, drinking water, we have it at our disposal, you can buy it from the shop, you have tap water at home. Again, the water dispenser, whatever I mean, you have it, you don't think about it. Well, people in the past, they had to walk with containers,
to where the water is and get water and bring it carry it and bring it home. And they had to be very careful with how they use water. Because if they use the excuse water excessively, they would have to go back again to the will or the spring and get water and bring it back.
I mean, we don't think about that, right? We'll keep the tap running. Sometimes we don't, we don't, we don't care about it. And we think oh, now we think it doesn't involve anything, any kind of work, but it's a lot of work to get the water to our homes. Okay, so that's just an example. So let's say remember the fears of a large panel to add upon you.
And when we saved you from drowning, and we split the sea, such a profound miracles, split the ocean, and we saved you and because for ominous people to drown, and then Allah counts his blood, his a lot of his fevers upon you and a lot of on minute slide. Again, we have similar fevers, we all have similar fevers.
So I'm just gonna
mention the these favors without reciting the verses and the translation because that would just take a long time. So when Allah subhanaw taala gave me
a specific time to meet him. After 40 days.
The Allah would meet him and give him the revelation, the tablets.
And then the children of Israel, they, they took the gold, they melted it and they formed it in the shape of cough and they worshipped it.
They worshipped it because of samedi, he's the one who came up with the idea.
And when Muslim came back, he was angry with them and the advise them and so he destroyed that golden calf. And then they repented to Allah but Allah accepted the repentance. And Allah gave Musa alayhis salam the scriptures which contain guidance, that's another gift from Allah. Then Allah said to Musa the sinner, there's a punishment for your people because they worship the golden calf then
there's one way that they could get their sins forgiven.
For Tubu era battery comfort to low and full secondary comparable recommended battery comfort are very common now what about him? So
so the best for you is in the sight of your Creator
is to worship is to kill yourselves and kill yourselves what happened in that incident is that Allah spineless and done? Allah put been a slave he said, Okay, you gather in one open on one open plane, and Allah brought down clouds upon them and missed. So they lost the division range, they cannot see it was very thick clouds. And that's what happened. Fog was fog. They could not see each other and then there was supposed to kill randomly.
That was the way for them to repent from worshipping decaf.
Then as they started doing that Allah spawn to Alison down his command stop.
Allah forgive you because you were willing to do something so difficult to repent to Allah subhanho wa taala. And then Allah says, and we cause the clouds to shade you from the heat of the sun.
And We sent down upon your minnows, Salwa which were types of birds and food, very luxury
aureus food that Allah subhanaw taala offered them, so they could eat from it. And we give you many provisions, but against they acted in
ungratefully and then we said to you enter this town
or the city, and eat from it, whatever you whatever you like, and into the
into the gate with humility saying absolve us hitbox we will forgive your sins and multiply your reward for you. Simple Lhasa to them enter this city.
And once you enter the gate, or the door, you just ask Allah Subhana Allah to free you from your sins and to forgive your sins. So what did they do? They started playing with words instead of saying healthbar which is absolve us of our sins, they said to him.
Again, just messing with a religion, just messing with religion, playing with it.
So Allah Subhan Allah says that we sent upon those wrongdoers a punishment from the heavens.
And Rima Allah reminds them as well. When Musa alayhis salam asked for water and Allah Subhan Allah commanded him to strike the rock, with all the mountain with his rod. And the lock was 1112 springs. According to the number of the tribes of Benes law, a law says you eat you have the best food and you have drink now you drink from it. So it from the provision of Allah and do not create corruption or spread corruption on the lens.
And then you said to Masada, you said, we are growing bored and uneasy with the type of food eating the same food every day, man that was silhouette, the best type of food. So call your Lord Call upon your Lord, let him give us something different. Then give us something different. So you asked Allah subhanaw taala to give you herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentils and onions, etcetera. Musa alayhis salam said Allah has given you better than that Allah has given you, man, no sin where this beautiful birds, this beautiful meat that you're eating something healthy, something good and you ask him for something that is of lower quality, like you guys don't appreciate what you are given.
And again, that's part of forgetfulness of a human being. Once we have something, we stop appreciating it, the grass looks greener on the other side.
So Allah says, Okay, if this is the case, you're not happy with what you have, and you're just looking for lower quality food, go to
go to Egypt. And and this is something about them of a Syrian whether it was Egypt or not.
But eventually, Allah subhanaw taala gave them the food that they wanted. But in order to get that food, they needed to lower themselves and subjugate themselves to another people.
So they lost the freedom and the status that Allah gave them for the sake of the other food that they wanted.
So this is the first sort of segment where Allah addresses vinius Fine, and we said this applies. Again, to us we have we were supposed to take the lesson why? Because they were called, they were called upon to worship Allah alone.
And the worship of Allah has details, these are some of the details and the structures that were given to them because worship includes obedience.
Look at their story. benefit from it.
benefit from it, because you're gonna find yourself in similar positions, many of those challenges, we will find ourselves in similar challenges, not exactly the same challenges, but similar challenges. So these are types of challenges that we are supposed to look into. And take lessons from an Vive, be very careful not to fall into this. Then Allah subhanaw taala
as he's speaking about the children of Israel, Allah shifts the conversation to Bani Israel who were originally at the time of Mussolini's syndrome.
And a little bit afterwards to Benny Israelite, who were living in Medina.
So Allah already told the Muslims about the children of Israel, the the, the first early generations of them, then because the Muslims were in Medina was horrible, Bukhara was revealed in Medina, they were Jewish tribes the Muslims had to deal with. And these were people of the Scripture, and the Muslims looked up to them in that sense, and they expected them to accept the new revelation.
And some of those Jewish tribes, some some of those individuals were casting doubt about the Quran and about the Prophet salallahu Salam, and this was causing some confusion to the Muslims, because these are supposed to be people of the book.
These are supposed to be people of the book. They're supposed to be searching for the truth and keen to find the truth why
Are they saying these things, maybe they have a point,
maybe they have a point. And this kind of blind trust
is very dangerous.
It's very dangerous. Oftentimes, we are caught on the blind side because of our blind trust.
You ask someone to choose of you because of how highly you think of them, but maybe the person is not qualified.
And maybe the person doesn't have time to think for you, and make a decision for you.
And maybe the person is not as good as you think.
It happens, we're always betrayed by such people will always disappointed by such people. So
so Allah subhanaw taala wants to teach the Muslims Okay, since this is the background of those videos, Swahili was supposed to take lessons from their history. And you're Muslims. Now you're trying to worship Allah alone and fulfill this command of Sultan Bacara. What is making it harder for you is what you are facing from these people of the Scripture.
This generation that you're living with,
so Allah is going to teach the Muslims in Medina, how to handle the People of the Scripture, who lived in Medina, how to understand them, how to put them in perspective, and
how to undo the possible damage that they could actually create. So Allah is gonna take them into the psyche of those people. And that's very interesting. So Allah first starts with a general principle that everything else is has to be referred back to this main point in the Levina m&r livina had when the Salah was sabe in an AMA Nebula, he will Yeoman actually were Hamid asylee him phenom as your home and dollop beam. Wala Hoefler Rahim Allah, indeed the believers, Jews, Christians and Serbians, whoever truly believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good will have their reward with their Lord. And there will be no fear for them, nor will they grieve.
That's the bottom line.
That's the bottom line. Whoever, whatever you call yourself, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, well that means believe in Allah believe in His messengers, believe in the last day, believe in angels, because you can't believe in Allah and disbelieve in the book of Allah. So someone, and that's the problem by Some so called progressive Muslims. They want to say, you know, whatever religion you follow, you will be in paradise, as long as you are sincere to Allah. As long as you are, you're a deist you believe ALLAH is there, wherever you call him. All the ways lead to paradise. Right? I say the Quran says it. You know, the believers, Jews, Christians, Serbians,
whoever truly believes in Allah and the Last Day, and as good deeds will have the rewards with their Lord.
And there will be no fear, no grief on them.
He said you can't take this verse out of context, read the whole Quran. It doesn't suggest that
doesn't suggest that.
And even this verse doesn't suggest what you understand because of him. People, oftentimes people, people mix two things. People think people mix what the text says and what they understand of the text.
That's a very common problem. People confuse these two things, what the text really says and what you understand of the text.
So some of those progressive Muslims, they say, Okay, this is what the verse says is what's your interpretation? As if they don't have an interpretation?
The problem is you're not you're not taken from the text. directly, you have a mindset, you have a frame of reference. And that's the mediary. Between you and the text, you understand the text through which you interpret the text through it, although it seems to you that you are taking the the textual meaning the literal meaning of the text, no, you're still doing a lot of interpretation.
Because the text doesn't suggest that you can't understand that text in isolation of the rest of the revelation. Look at the rest of the revelation. It doesn't suggest that and you're basically putting these revelations these verses from the Quran in conflict, but and there is no Jamar among the Muslims. As to what this verse means this first what this verse means those who truly believe is what the first suggest truly be. If you can't believe in Allah, and the last day if you disbelieve in Mohammed sauce and you don't truly believe you're not, we're not talking about linguistic belief, belief. I believe in Allah. No, we're talking about what religiously is called belief and email.
If someone disbelieves in Prophet Musa Ali's says, I don't believe in him. He's not even a Muslim. He's not a believer.
technically Islamically he is not a believer. She is not a believer.
So the verse does not suggest what these progressive Muslims, and it's that
you will find this confusion where people confuse what they understand from the text with what the text really says. Oftentimes people read Hadith or a verse And they think, oh, that's what it says, No, that's your shallow understanding of it.
That's your shallow understanding of it. And last week, I think we mentioned some examples is you can't take one text and say, Okay, that's what it suggests. No, you have to bring all the texts that are related to this issue, and create
an ecosystem of their meanings. So you can put everything where it belongs, otherwise will go wrong.
So oftentimes, people will say, okay, that's what the look at this hadith. It's very clear, this is what it says, No, that's your interpretation of the Hadith and you don't realize you're doing interpretation.
You don't realize you're doing interpretation will give you an example
and it might be difficult for some people to understand but actually this mentioning
the prophets of salaam says Oslo Giamatti. YG Bucha. Allah Quran Li.
What unimolecular Bella, Aquila Muslim, there's a narration unluckily Muslim.
The Apostle the shower of Juma Friday is an obligation as literal translation
Look at the look at the mother have
almost half of them?
Actually less than half of them? They say yes, making sure of Joomla is an obligation if you miss it, you're sinning.
Second half, which is bigger than this half
says no, it's highly recommended.
So do you think more than half of the Muslim scholars are contradicting the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So this is why I said sometimes people say oh, that's what it says. Now, that's your understanding of the Hadith. And you can understand the Hadith just by reading it like that.
You can't, you have to look at many other things.
So the the scholars who said and they are the majority majority, they're not of like, they're not the vast majority, but they are definitely a majority compared to the ones who say it's an it's an obligation that you sing if you miss that shower of the Joomla that wash with a Joomla.
They look at the companions that are the Allahu Anhu and those who knew about the Hadith, they did not make Joomla also every Joomla.
A fair number of them, and they knew of the Hadith, some of them are the narrator's of the Hadith. How come so their understanding of the Hadith suggests something else.
And the Arabic language could
could allow they you say also the Juma or the shower of Juma has an obligation in the sense of emphasizing its importance, but not making it an obligation. Is that linguistically possible? Absolutely. There's a lot of this kind of usage of emphasis. There are many
how do you how do you put this, you take the understanding of the companions?
Now I'm not saying this is right or this is wrong, regardless of what I think but I'm just saying this is one of the cases that some somebody says, Okay, this is what the Hadith says no, that's your understanding of how you because I tell you what Hadith says. You also have Juma is an obligation literal, the literal translation is an obligation upon every Muslim. Right. What about females?
There's almost a consensus among the Muslim scholars that of coastal Joomla is not an obligation upon a woman
because she doesn't have to pray Joomla in the first place, she can pray low. So that Joomla is not an obligation upon females is upon males.
And there's almost consensus among the scholars that there's no sort of Jamal No, Goosen is only like a just shed, which is completely off kind of like statements from people was not there is no Muslim, but the Prophet says on every Muslim.
How would you exclude exclude that?
Again, that's the understanding and the practice of the companions, the low unknown.
So there are many other things and many other things like this. So what I'm saying again, oftentimes people miss people confuse what the text says, and what they understand from the text and they think what they understand is what the text suggests, and they don't realize that they are engaged already engaged in an interpretation pro
says, but they're just blind to it. They say, Oh, no, you make a wheel, you're making an interpret far interpretation, but I'm just taking directly from the text. No, the other person is seeing you in the same light.
He's seeing you in the same light, you are doing an interpretation, he's taking the apparent meaning.
The same thing applies to many things, all right.
Then Allah subhanaw taala also speaks to children of Israel, and their descendants, and you to the believers as well that we take the same lessons.
And remember, when you have taken your covenant
from you and raise the mountain above you, saying, hold firmly to that scripture which we have given you some of the gifts that Allah Subhana Allah has given them
and some of the agreements that they had with them to hold firmly to the truth, then you turned away from that, and you did not fulfill it. And had it not been for the Mercy of Allah subhanaw taala and his forgiveness you would have been from among the losers. And then you know, those who transgressed on the day of the Sabbath Saturday when they went when they set the nets on Friday night, right, they were not allowed to work on Saturdays. So they set the nets in the ocean.
Friday night, and they let them throughout Saturday, Sunday morning, they went to pick them up, they were full of fish. Right? So they saw me this, this thought means round the Sharia round around the legislation that was given to them. So Allah said, Allah turn those people
into apes, disgraced apes.
And we made this as a reminder as a harsh example, for those who will wear at the time and for future generations. And then Allah reminds them of the story of Al Baqarah. Story of Al Baqarah, which is obviously, the story of Al Baqarah. A person who was murdered, no one knew who the murderer was, and no one would confess. Who's the murderer? How do we know? They came to Musa alayhis salam, we don't know.
So they asked him to call upon Allah for help.
So Allah said, slaughter account.
Now as I'm told, as I mentioned this story, what do you to think of this? This saw the biggest smile on the Quran, which holds probably the central theme in the Quran, worship your Lord alone to hate worshipping Allah known
holds the name of Al Baqarah which comes from this story.
There must be a strong connection right? So as I'm talking about this story, what do you think of the connection?
So, so mussalam calls upon Allah, Allah says, slaughter a cow.
So okay, we want to know who the murderer was. Allah says slaughter a cow
for them what on earth is this? Like we're telling you there's someone was murdered, we don't know who the criminal is. And you're telling us slaughter a cow? Like this is way out? What does this even mean? How is this even related?
He says the slaughter a cow
so what did they say? They said
okay, they basically they said, Are you mocking us? Are you making fun of us? He said, No, that's from Allah subhanaw taala. They said, Okay, can I so it must be special.
There must be something special about this cow. What is this cow describe it to us give us more details. Allah said Bacara This is called in the assorted McCulloch McCulloch means an open choice. Like you can pick any cow. For example, for the hero Nakaba. One of the explanations is free, a slave person.
Which one what's his name? What's his color? What's his background? What's his age?
Male Female doesn't say anything open. It's open term. You can pick anyone? It would be enough. It's called mutlak. Right? So this is known as must be special cow tell us ask Allah to tell us exactly what type of cow that is. So Allah said it's a cow
should neither be old nor young. So middle age
as you've been between and do what you are commanded? And they said okay, like so it's middle aged. What is that? You know, there must be something more special about it. So till maybe it's the color tell Allah What's the color of the cow.
So Allah says, it's it's yellowish gold, golden kind of gold kind of color.
she's obviously rarer.
And then he said, Okay, that's still not enough this we don't see anything special, right?
So you load to tell us even more detail like let him specify what kind of cow he's looking for.
So Allah gives them more.
So, Allah says
it should have been it should it should have been used neither to till the soil nor water,
no water the fields, wholesome and without blemish, so should be a pampered cow, basically, never done any work. Middle Age yellow, how could you even find a cow like this? Obviously, must have been very hard for them to find that cow. Now, they gave up when asking for more details and they said okay, like, where do you find a cow with all these? Yeah, this might be this must be the truth. They said, an auditor will have this must be that now you've told us the truth.
So then they kill they slaughtered the cow. And obviously the command was to take one of its limbs and strike the dead body with it. And that person would we would be brought back to life
by the will of Allah and would tell on the murderer and then would go back to death.
And they did it. And that's what happened.
Then after all these signs, Allah said that's how I show you how I bring back to life the dead.
Allah says after that your hearts became hardened more hard than stones and rocks. And even some of the rocks actually, you know, water comes forth from them and and the rocks. Sometimes they crack of the fear of Allah subhanaw taala but your hearts don't do that.
Okay, can anyone find me the connection between
Storyville Bopara why the Salah was colder Bacala and the central theme worship your Lord alone
anyone can think of an element
so the Bukhara story of the cow.
raising raising the dead,
revealing the truth
and the level of obedience.
Okay, I'm giving you more clues.
Level of obedience.
And example of humans from before.
And the surah is called a look at this story. How long does it take less than a page
takes less than a page and the whole surah?
About 48 pages is named after it. 47 pages named after?
How does this link to the central theme? Why should your Lord alone who created you and those who came before you?
So that's a big part of it. Any any additions? There are a bit more elements. But that's the strongest one. That's the central one.
So Allah subhanaw taala is mentioned installed Surah Al Baqarah. In the context of what historical context, hey, like Muslims learn from this example. Humans you are commanded to worship your Lord alone.
And this includes details there's a lot of details and paraphernalia. So this is an example of human segment of humans big segment of humans who came before you, they were given the same instructions. So they went through the whole process. So learn from their example, learn from their example. And here we lay out the instructions that were given to them and their responses to those.
And one of those, probably the central one of them that contains most of the elements of what worship means
is this story. Let's look at the story.
First, the story in order to worship your Lord it requires a great deal of faith.
Here's Allah says slaughter a cow. They said we want to know the murderer slaughter a cow. You need a leap of faith to jump from
a murderer without a murderer being known to slaughter a cow. You need you need faith. Why? Because this instruction is not coming from a random person. It's coming from Prophet Musa alayhis salam which is an instruction from Allah.
Without that leap of faith
There is no worship.
There's no worship.
And that's why people will say, Okay, if Allah is there, let's see him.
We have to be able to measure him. We need physical evidence, measurable evidence to know that Allah is there. That's not faith.
That's not the man.
The test is about Eman is not about knowing what's the hell because anyone can know what's there. Something is there. And everyone can know it.
So what's the difference? The test of life is not mental knowledge is not perception. It's faith. And it's not blind faith. Because again, we spoke about that in your FITARA, you already designed for that faith in your fitrah, you will know that it's true. You know it more than you know that you exist even here. You're more sure about it. That's the arcane that you have about it.
So that's the concept of faith, trust in Allah subhanaw taala. That leap of faith, number one, number two,
And that's the heart of worship, like how does when you believe in Allah,
and you want to worship him? What is left for you, just to obey the instructions, complete obedience, surrender, surrender.
Now had the people of Israel, when Musa alayhis salam told them, slaughter a cow, had they slaughtered any cow would have been End of story. And they would have shown their devotion and their obedience and their trust in Allah subhanaw taala. But what they showed is no, we have to understand.
We have to understand why we do this.
You don't set the terms. That's that's the opposite of worship. That's the opposite of worship. Allah being the only Allah being the god the object of worship, means he sets the terms. You don't get to set the terms. You're just a servant, a slave, you don't get to set the terms.
Something about humans, something about humans, we want to set the terms we I need to understand.
This is not necessarily completely bad. But when you put that before Allah that I will not pray until you tell me why you want me to pray.
I will not pray until you make me understand that it makes sense to me why federal is to Raka.
I will not pray until you tell me why Salah Trisha is at this time. Why is Latin America at sunset? Why I need to understand needs to make sense to me. You're just setting yourself as a god equal to Allah.
Allah says slaughter a cow. That's none of your business. He said, I will do it.
You say no, I need to understand the logic and the dynamics behind it. If not, I don't trust no faith, no faith. So you're not worshiping your Lord.
You're not worshiping your Lord.
Okay, so obedience, and that's the heart of it. And number three, is the miracle of bringing the dead back to life, which to Allah
is nothing Allah says warmer, or Komaba. So Camilla can offset
your creation and your resurrection. It's just like bringing one soul to life. It's not like it's not a big deal. So Allah is like, like a big, it's not a big deal. So
this miracle is there. Allah showed it to you and then your hearts got hardened.
Allah is showing that he is the Lord by showing his capacity to bring the dead back to life. He's the creator, He's the originator. He's the one who brought you into existence. He's the one who has the power. So you have to turn to Him. And that's what worship means. As worship means. So surah is the story of Al Baqarah embodies all of the main elements of what worship your Lord means and what it entails.
Then Allah subhanaw taala now, he addresses the Muslims in Medina as to how to handle how to handle the People
of the Scripture, the Jewish tribes in Medina
because again, they were casting doubts on the Quran and on the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam because of the position they have. What's the position they have? They are people whose ancestors received revelation.
So this was a big impediment for the Muslims to worship complete the sense of worship that they had for Allah span. It was a big challenge
making it harder for the Muslims to fulfill that concept of worship. So Allah's mantra was giving them guidance. So Allah says says
them and he's going to expose these tribes in Medina as to how they behaved with regards to the truth or some of the truths that they had in Revelation that they were hiding. If I double my own Yamuna Hola, como Katakana Federico Minam is my own Akela Mala he told me you heard the phone homie by the man.
Amanda well either color or either Hollaback girl Mila
Allahu Allah from new hijo Combi and don't become FL. They don't our ally, Allah Mona and Allah Hi, Adam. Oh my you, Sabrina? Oh my god, oh my God, when do you believers still accept it, still expect them to be true to you, though a group of them would hear the word of Allah then knowingly corrupted after understanding it.
When they meet the believers, they say we believe but in private, they say to each other? Will you disclose to the believers the knowledge Allah has revealed to you so that they may use it against you before your Lord? Do you not understand? Do they not know that Allah is aware of what they conceal and what they reveal.
So Allah is revealing that what these people are doing in private, and the show that they are displaying during the daytime is a big conspiracy. These people are pretending to be people of the truth and people of the Scripture. But when they go back home to their friends and to their close one, close ones, what they say is that do not reveal what we know in our scripture that confirms the Scripture. Don't reveal that because they will use it against you.
So don't use it. So Allah is saying, don't think these people are speaking with sincerity. They're not speaking their truth, they are hiding the truth.
Allah says, I mean only you and Allah, Allah Manella, kita Illa Mani yo and Kamala yoga known. And among them are those the illiterate, who know nothing about the spiritual except lies. And so they wish fully speculate the majority of their population. And that's something that was known among the People of the Scripture, that knowledge was a monopoly only to the people of religion. Only two men of God priests, rabbis, etc. They are the only ones who had access to the Scripture, the layman did not have any axis did not have any access. It's only recent has happened on the past they didn't have so there was a monopoly over over the Scripture, the layman could general masses did not have
access to it. So all they knew about the religion is what people have so called people of God told them and those people had their own agenda. So they were twisting and changing the religion.
And he says, Allah says so well to those who destroyed the Scripture with their own hands, then they say this is from Allah seeking a fleeting gain. Again, there's to change it for political gain, for power, etc.
Then Allah describes their psyche. Allah says, What polenta masala, narrow Illa Yama medulla, the reason they're doing all of this, by the way, reason they used to do all of this. So they said, the fire will not touch us except for a number of days.
That's why they had the guts to change their Scripture. They said we are chosen people we are forgiving people. If we get punished us for a few days, then we will make it to paradise.
So their pride prevented them from following the truth that came to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. They said we'll take a few days in the hellfire, but that's the lie they made up and they believed in it themselves. Allah describes their psyche. And here Allah again the point here is Allah wants to help the believers worship Allah which is fulfilled the command of sorts of Bukhara and Allah was clearing the path to them by explaining where this resistance comes from. What's behind it?
What a magic arm Kitab woman in the law he Masada Colima, I'm working on a problem yesterday when Allah livina cathodal for the merger Alma Allah Forca will be here for that not Allah Halal caffeine, although they used to pray for victory by means of the Prophet over the polytheists. So they used to say to the people in Medina and to the Arabs in Medina, when the Prophet when the final prophet comes, we will be with him and we will fight you and we will defeat you.
So they used to take pride because they thought the final prophet would be from among them.
But Allah azza wa jal chose Prophet Muhammad SAW salam to be from another nation. So they were not happy with that. So what he said so now, when there came to them a Book from Allah, which they recognized confirming the Scripture they had in their hands, they rejected it. So May Allah's condemnation be upon the disbelievers that describes Allah says, okay, he'll be settled there first Don't you know, be deluded don't have the wrong impression about these people know where they're coming from. This put the hearts of the believers at peace, they could deal with them, they could handle them.
And Allah says that they actually they trade the truth for
Something like for something that's little
and when it's said to them believe in what Allah has revealed that would say we only believe in what was revealed to us. So they took us took it as a tribal, as a racist, there was a racist response from them. Because if the prophet has because the Prophet was not from among them, they rejected the truth
Yeah, so again, Allah is going to explain their psyche and their logic that makes them goes through and makes them behave in these ways. And we will finish that and complete and shallow the filters
next time, not next week, next time, and because next week, I won't be here. So in two weeks and show two weeks, not this Friday, the Friday after it Inshallah, we will finish the first debate and let's stop here and I can take two or three questions quickly.
Okay, the issue of Oslo Juma? I don't recall the names of the companions. No, I don't recall any names now. But it's a very well known matter in the books.
There are many, many instructions that if you take them at face value, or the literal meaning, you would, there would seem as commands from the Prophet SAW, so now, by the way, and even in the Quran, but then the Companions how they do it, it's not like the Companions rejected the command. No, the Prophet was among them. So this was what they understood from it being perfect Arab speakers, native Arab speakers who understood that Quran was revealed in their language in their dialect. They understood it and the Prophet SAW Selim was there and he acknowledged that that means that's the correct understanding. That's what he means.
Yeah, I'm not responding. I'm not responding to an objection but I'm just clarifying the point here
Yeah, back home is a big thing. I mean, that's a big statement because back home there's a lot of groups and different groups who have different opinions, but probably the people you know.
Let me see if someone else has a question. If not, I'll come back to you any any questions
Yeah, the mother hub yeah
it's been long since I researched this matter.
As far as I, as far as I remember him, admirable humbly. says no, it's sunnah. And if I'm not mistaken the Maliki as well. And I think most of the Shafia as well. I'm not sure if they're humbly I don't want to recall anything about the NFP no
okay, no questions Yeah
Can you speak up can you speak up
you mean the story of Al Baqarah? Yeah
okay forget about your children my George let's stay with me yesterday because there's no link here now. And now. They were they were justifying why they were asking for more details they said okay, tell us what exactly cat what type of cow it is what color it is. And if you tell us Inshallah, we will be we want to do it, you just tell us right? So they were justifying why they were asking for more details. Simple as that.
Yeah, as we as most of us today using sha Allah which means Forget it, right.
Yeah, insha Allah means if Allah wills but again, basically they just used it to justify it can be abused, it can be abused now a lot of non Muslims is
they recognize your Muslim and if they have been around some Muslims, they like if they want to, if you promise them something in the sense you're not serious, they will tell you Inshallah, right? Like you're not serious about it. Okay, that tells you what an epidemic we have among us, right you
is problematic, unfortunately, play because I'm gonna look this up on the show next week there will be halacha by a guest speaker B in the letter Allah, but our halacha will continue like this for the coming Friday the one after it be in question.
Yeah, okay. hetta was just a way it's a hit by means in Arabic. healthbar means make something fall down. Basically take our sins off our shoulders, let them come down. Take them away, because sins are a burden. So take them off, let them fall off. That's what it means. So they just use another word which is hindpaw Close. HEPA hindpaw hemper means weeds. It just is a mockery. That's the point. It's just a mockery.
So this is a Kamala Helen, salsa Damascena Mohammed whether you're suffering from