Tafseer Of Surah Alaq Part 1
Channel: Ismail Kamdar
File Size: 23.44MB
Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Alhamdulillah. This week, we are going to begin our Tafseer of a very important Surah Surah, about which many of us are familiar with its reason for revelation, a surah, which, you know, the first verse of the surah is one which we quote very often.
This is Surah Allah.
And the first five verses of the surah were the first five verses to be revealed. This is the surah that got it started the Quran, the very first revelation to come down to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the opening verses of surah Allah. So take note of the surah let's go into an in depth Tafseer of the surah insha Allah because this is a very, very vital and important surah Allah subhanho wa Taala chose it to be the first revelation because of the importance of the message which it carries.
So surah Allah Allah,
also known as surah ikura,
and also known as ikura bismi. These are the three names of the surah and it's taken from the words in the first two verses ikura Bismillah. Rebecca Levy, Holla Holla call in Santa min Allah.
Allah is an Arabic word, which is the plural of olika. It refers to a leech like clot of blood which clings referring to the fetus in the womb, a very descriptive word, you know, this word allok. It refers to something that clings it also refers to something that has the same shape as a leech. And it also refers to something which is a clot of blood. So if you look at it, all three meanings of this word,
apply to the shape and formation of a fetus in the womb during the early days. And this is one of the miracles of the Quran, that the discussion of the development of the fetus in the womb in the Quran, is based on things which were literally impossible for anybody to have known 1400 years ago, when the Quran was revealed. This is one of the clearest evidences that the Quran is from the creator of mankind, and not from the words of any human being the fact that it uses such words to describe the fetus in the womb.
So Allah surah Allah, beginning with the words a karate smear Rebecca lady holla, it also carries the name Surah ekra, the chapter of read or recite, and this sutra, without a shadow of a doubt, is a Moroccan surah. Why do we see for sure this is a Moroccan surah because this was the first surah to be revealed, not in its entirety, but its first five verses, and the rest of the sutra was revealed about a Buddha also in Makkah, so
there's no doubt that this is a makansutra reveal in the early days of Islam. And we're going to go inshallah, into details about the story of its reason for revelation. This is a story we all should be familiar with. It's a very important story, because this story deals with the very roots and beginnings of Islam, when the very roots are beginning of the final Prophethood and the revelation of the Quran.
This is a narration found in most of the major works, including Sahih al Bukhari, at the very beginning of Sahih al Bukhari,
in which Ayesha arogya Lao and Hannah writes, she says that the first type of revelation which Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam used to receive was through dreams, he would have a dream, and it would come through, you know, as clear as daylight.
During this time, Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam felt that he needed to seclude himself in a cave, to think about things to contemplate and how to deal with the problems of society, looking for some way to deal with all of these issues. So he would go to the cave and retreat.
One day while he was sitting in the cave, the angel Gabriel came to him and told him ikura now Aikido can be translated as read as many of us do, but in my view, the most correct translation would be recite. ikura means recite, right? This is where we get the word Quran from Quran means a recital something that is recited so echo recite Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam replied mana be Korean. I am not a recite, I do not know how to read.
And so Jabra, grabbed him and hugged him and squeezed him and let him go and said read
Again he said I do not know how to read.
So he hugged him again and squeezed him and said, read Rasulullah saw some replied I did not know how to read. For the third time he hugged him and squeezed him and then he said a corabi smear up because the horlock read and recite in the name of your Lord who has created Hala called in said Amina Allah, created mankind from a leech like substance which clings to the womb, a girl or a bukal, aka ROM, recite and your Lord is the Most Generous, a lady, a llama below column, the one who taught men through the usage of the pen allemaal in Santa Monica, Mia Alam, he taught men that which he did not know.
So these five verses were revealed the very first revelation in the history of the Quran. Five powerful powerful versus Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam
was frightened by what had happened and he ran home to his wife what deja seeing Cover me up Cover me up a zombie loony zombie loony? And she covered him up and see what had happened. And he said it I feel for myself I don't know. You know what's going on? I'll come to be explaining this to me that the Rasulullah saw son was afraid that he will not be able to handle the responsibilities of prophet to that how am I going to change the world? You know, this was, you know, the kind of fear we all faced when we are faced with the task of doing Dawa and trying to make a difference in the world. How am I going to do it? But Khadija Rajan have been the wonderful wife that she was, she told
Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam never to be happy, I swear by Allah that He will never humiliate you by Allah, you go out of your way to maintain the ties of kinship, you always speak the truth, you support the needy, you earn wealth for those who cannot. You entertain your guests, you help our people who are in difficulties. And she went on to list all of the good qualities. And from here we can learn a lesson. Know the type of spouse we need to be to our husband and wife, assisting them in that which is right. How many of us can see that when we faced with a problem the first person we ran to it, our husband, our wife, Rasulullah, slowly some cookie jar de la dee had this relationship
that when there was trouble, they knew the first person they could turn to and rely upon for advice and comfort was the spouse. We need to build the same type of relationship with our spouses with our family members. And we see that Khadija was a comforting wife, she gave us some hope. She told him good things she spoke about, you know, the good things of his character. This is how a spouse is supposed to be with a husband and wife. This is how we need to be to our spouse, this beautiful character that we see from our beloved mother, Khadija rajala on her
show deja rajala had to call Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam to see her cousin or aka the nofal. Now what aka be nofal he was a Christian but not a Christian in the deviant sense. He was a Christian in the sense that he believed in only one God and He followed the Prophet Jesus peace be upon him. And he knew both Hebrew and Arabic, and he had even translated some of the portions of the gospel into Arabic. So he was a follower of Prophet Jesus peace be upon him. He was a very old man, he at this point in time, he had already reached old age and had gone blind. So Khadija, Raja Raja one who
asked him, he said, Oh, Uncle, please listen to your cousin, and your history. Notice that even though Baraka be nofal, his body just cousin,
she still calls him uncle. Why this is out of respect for the elderly. Islam teaches us to have respect for our elders. And here we see even with your own cousins, if they're older than you know, it's respectful to use a more respectful, respectable term to talk to them. So Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam told Baraka nofal the story and he replied, this is the same Angel which was sent to Moses. I just wished it I was young, so I can help you in the people turn against you and drive you out. Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam was in shock? And he said, Will the people really drive me out of town? Or could it be NOFA replied, this is a very important reply. He said, Yes. No man has ever come
before you would what you have brought, except that he was met with hostility. If I see your day, I will help you wholeheartedly. Now in the statement of Baraka nofal there is a very, very important lesson for each and every one of us.
Each of us should understand that Dawa and calling to Allah subhanho wa Taala is an obligation upon us. And we need to command what is good and forbid what is evil, no doubt about that. But in doing so, we need to be psychologically prepared and ready for the future.
That as one could be no one said, No man before you has ever come with that which you have brought, except that they were met with hostility. Meaning you are going to teach people what is right, you're going to have to tell people that certain things they are doing is wrong. You will face opposition, you will face hardship you will face you know bad words on people, even physical violence for people, we have to be prepared to be strong and low before upon the truth, if we waver from the truth and who will support it. So, this is a message to all of us. If we are going to be the flag bearers of Islam, we need to be ready to face hostility from those who do not want the
truth to survive.
So this is the story behind the revelation of the first five verses of Surah allok. The rest of the surah was revealed a few years later, when Abu Jihad had
insulted Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, we will cover that story, inshallah. When we get to verse number six of surah Allah
for today, inshallah, we'll focus just on the first five verses, which make up the first revelation. It also should be noted about the surah that this is one of the 14 places in the Quran, which has a such diverse what is a such diverse, right, it's such a tilava, the subject of recitation, the prostration of recitation, refers to verses in the Quran where Allah commands us to make such and so we go down into such that out of obedience to Allah subhana wa Taala upon hearing or reciting these verses, so this is one of the sutras in the Quran which has such a verse. So inshallah now what we're going to do is we're going to now begin our Tafseer
of the first five verses of this surah. And the very first verse of the surah one, which many of us are familiar with a karate smear of because lady holla, recite in the name of your Lord who created Now, a lot of discussion goes on the fact that the very first command to be revealed in the Quran was a Korra, read or recite.
And I like to take this into context of what was the second and the third commands to be revealed? Because the second and third sutras to be revealed with the opening verses of Sudan resemble and Surah mudassir which begin with Yeah, you have the Muzammil Kumi Lila, Lila, Lila, and yeah, you have zero khumba and 00. You wrapped up in o'clock, stand up a night and pray except for a small portion of the night in which you should sleep and all you who are wrapped up,
arise. And one two people take a stand and one two people. So the first three commands in the Quran, were ekra, Kumi, Lail, and conferenza. Read, learn, study, recite the Quran, that's the first command, learn the religion. Learn the religion, the very first command that we were given learn Islam, learn it.
Number two, pray. Stand up a night if you're not praying five times a day, there's not much chance that you're standing up at night and praying. Allah says stand up and pray. Initially, this was a command at the commanded abrogated and he became a recommendation, it still remains one of the most powerful prayers a human being can do to pray the 200 RPM will stand up at night and pray. And number three, Arise, take a stand and wonder people do dour. So the very first three commands in the Quran, were to study the religion, to pray the Salah, and to do Tao. These three things make up three of the most fundamental aspects of our religion. All three of them are crucial and important
for anybody who wants to be a practicing Muslim, who wants to worship Allah who wants to please the Creator, you cannot please you're creative. You're not praying five times a day. You cannot please your Creator. If you are cowardly and afraid to speak your truth. Allah does not love cowardice. He loves bravery and courage. You cannot please your Creator if you don't know how to please Him, you don't understand the religion. So you have to start by learning the religion. So right from the very beginning ekra recite this book. But how should you recite this book? This mirrabooka with the name of your Lord? That is why because of this verse, that is why whenever we recite the Quran, what do
we start with Bismillah In the name of Allah, recite in the name of your Lord. So we say Bismillah In the name of Allah, and the scholars say the full sentence even though we don't say the full sentence actually means I recite in the name of Allah. Right? We don't say the word I recite, but it's understood. So the first verse of surah Allah is recite in the name of your Lord. And that's why
Whenever we read the Quran 413 out of the 114 surah of the Quran. We start with Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem. In the name I recite in the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
So love to be handled. Dada teaches us this Bismillah the BAS Bala, as it's called, what is the importance of the bhasma in Islam? Because we don't just say this. Before we read Quran, we say Bismillah before we eat, we say Bismillah before we sleep, we say Bismillah before we do anything, which is hard. Why what what's the wisdom behind us? psychologically, when you start whatever you do with Bismillah then number one, you are reminding yourself of the existence of Allah subhanho wa Taala and if he's watching you,
so it's very unlikely that you are going to say Bismillah and then do something haram right if you truly believe you will not say Bismillah before doing something haram right because there Bismillah will stop you if you are in the habit of saying Bismillah before doing anything. Then when you're about to do something haram and the words Bismillah come out of your mouth, it serves as a reminder, the old Allah is watching me, I can't do this. So it plays a very important role in our lives. Number two, you know, whatever we do, we started in the name of Allah, Allah helps us to accomplish it. Because we cannot do anything without the help of Allah subhanho wa Taala even something like
sleeping. Peacemaker Allah Hamamoto, here in your name, Ola, I die and I am resurrected. We see this when we sleep because some people don't wake up from the sleep how many times you've heard of somebody who went to sleep at night, in the morning, the soul has left the body. So it's only to Allah as well. That we wake up from our sleep Bismillah before we eat, so that the food is blessed for Allah subhanho wa Taala it's halal food. You know, if you think Bismillah, before eating haram food before eating, food watered Haram, well, then you know there's something wrong you, you should serve as a reminder to yourself, this needs to be pure, I'm doing it for Allah, saying Bismillah
also, thirdly, saying Bismillah before doing anything, makes it an act of ibadah It makes you the act of worship. So if you say Bismillah, before sleeping, your sleep becomes an act of worship, because you're now doing it for Allah said you can wake up for fudger. So you can wake up with 100. So you can spend the next day serving Allah. So your sleep becomes worship. So you are sleeping, you are dreaming, you are relaxing, and you're being rewarded with Allah Wait, you say Bismillah before eating, you're eating becomes the act of worship. So Bismillah is very, very important part of our lives. Nowadays, a lot of people trivialize this and they say, these are all small things. Islam
doesn't ask us to focus on the small things, Islam does tell us to do the small things very clear Hadees about it, very clear verses in the Quran about it. It's not compulsory, but Allah asked us to do it, because there's been a putting it, and we will do it. Because we know the benefit is there. And we want to take the benefit for ourselves. There is nothing which Allah tells us to do, except that it is beneficial for us, you know, linked to the issue of saying Bismillah before eating, for example, the issue of eating with your right hand. So many times I've heard Muslims is not gonna judge me with that into my right hand and into my left hand. Well, you know, for most things of the
world, we can say that, but when we have clear Hadees you can't say that. And on this topic that is clear cut Hadees Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said lakhta called the Shema, don't eat with your left hand in the shaytan yakushima because she done it with this letter. So now Yo, we have clear cut instructions. Don't eat with your left hand, this is a the heat this is a prohibition.
The general understanding of such Hadees and verses which start with this form of verb is that it's a prohibition. Don't eat with your left hand. Right, of course called the happy mother. It's moku. But right Either way, it's the wrong Why? Because she does it with this letter. So now you are following in the footsteps of shader so that people say but it's a small thing. Well, the small thing here is that Brazil that slicer Mr. Eat with his right hand, he tells us that she dove into the left hand. So whichever hand you eating, would you emulating someone you're either emulating the prophet or you're emulating shaden What's he gonna be may seem small, but it's a sign of something
bigger. You know, it's a sign of, you know, where your priorities in life. Someone who is making an effort to follow even the smallest aspects of Islam is less likely to fall into major sins because they're so concerned with following Islam to the details. And someone who's lacks about these things will become more lacks towards since it's all about, you know, how close we want to be to Allah subhana wa Tada. So don't take any part of Islam lightly. If something is clear in the Quran and the Sunnah, we need to follow it.
So it's Mila in the
Name of Allah. This is something we say, before we do anything, which is right. Right. And alleged Mandela, then goes on to describe himself he says in the name of your rob your Lord. And in many other scenes before this, we described what is meant by the word, Robert, the one who controls everything that he says and sustains it. Your Lord Allah, Allah, the One who created. So Allah subhanaw taala immediately draws our attention to the fact that he created us.
if for no other reason, you know, you worship Allah, worship him for the fact that he created you, you wouldn't even exist. If Allah subhanaw taala did not work for you to exist. So you owe and I owe our very existence to Allah. So right from the beginning, the very first verse to believe in, Allah is drawing our attention to why we should worship him. Why should I worship God? He created you. That's enough of a reason. You don't need to any other reason to worship Allah, except for the fact that he created you. And he's asking you to worship Him. So do what he asks, you know, that's out of gratitude. We as Muslims, believe that worshiping Allah is our form of gratitude, Allah subhanho wa
Taala. And the Quran states as well. You know, alojado uses the word gratitude in the Quran to refer to how he will deal with the believers in the afterlife, right, he's grateful to them for the efforts This is the words Allah, Allah uses in Surah dahar. So, worship Allah because He created you, Allah subhanho wa Taala out of his mercy, he has created us and given us a chance to go to Paradise to reach paradise, and everybody will enter Paradise except those who refuse to obey Allah. Now inshallah, we'll move on to verse number two, in which Allah subhana wa tada reveals, and he continues talking about his creation. He said in the first verse that he's the, our Rob who created
us, Hala Collins and among others, he created mankind from Allah. Again, Allah.
Allah is the plural of olika. It refers to a clinging leech, like clot of blood, which is a very descriptive description of what the fetus looks like in the initial stages. Now, you know, for those who wonder whether the Quran is Allah Subhana Allah, especially for those non Muslims who wonder, you know about this, what's our evidence that the Quran is from Allah subhana wa Taala just think about this for a while. It was not humanly possible, even about 200 years ago, for anybody to have known what the the fetus looks like, and that he clings to the womb and this sort of thing. x rays didn't exist, that is the microscopes that we needed, in order to get this sort of thing done. This
is all recent discoveries in terms of science, yet the Quran, and its very first revelation 1400 years ago, in the cave of Hira revealed that the initial stage of the fetus in the womb was that of an Allah know that of alika. That of a, it looks like a leech, it's, you know, mostly a clot of blood, and it's clinging to the womb, one word, which has three different meanings that all three meanings do apply to the fetus, in its early stages. So this is amazing. And there are other verses which go into even more details. There's another verse in the Quran which describes the full
the full development of the embryo in the womb, from its initial stage of a drop of liquid, you know, to Allah God, and as it goes, until it becomes a child
in such descriptive details, which was not humanly possible at that time. This is clear, clear evidence that the Quran is from the creator of human of human beings. It's not humanly possible for a man in the desert 1400 years ago to have this in depth knowledge of embryology. So this is one of the clearest evidences that the Quran is from God. Allah call in Santa min Allah, the One who created human beings from Allah, and he's interested in alegebra hana data, you know, to prove or to a twin is talking about our creation, he brings our attention to a miraculous part of our creation, which is evidence that the Quran is definitely from him.
Allah subhanaw taala in verse number three goes on to repeat, the
command Echo, Echo rabuka A Quran. recite your Lord, and your Lord is the Most Generous occur on Pluto. This is the super later form of Kareem. Kareem means generous, Akram means most generous, and we as Muslims are now taught one of the attributes of Allah Shiva.
Whatever, that he is the most generous. Allah subhana wa tada has given us everything that we have, whether it be our families or our health or wealth or a man, whatever it is, you have it is from Allah. And even though we continue to disobey Allah, he continues to give us this is part of the generosity and he continues to gives us opportunities to reform ourselves and to repent. This is all part of Allah generosity. So definitely Allah is the most generous, but as believers, whenever we study the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala we also need to realize that in order to please Allah subhanho wa Taala we need to emulate these attributes. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is most
generous. So we as the servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala also need to be generous to people. We also need to be generous. This is why Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam has said inauthentic are these
men gonna you know be law he will human are here for the acronym de Fu.
Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be generous to his guests
should be generous to his guests. You know, this is a this is a sunnah of Rasulullah to be generous, to your guests, to your neighbors, to the poor members of the community to everybody. generosity is a quality of the believer. And miserliness is a quality of the disbeliever.
If you are a true believer in God, if you are a true believer in Allah subhanho wa Taala, then you by your very nature will be generous, because you worship the most generous, Allah subhanho wa Taala is your God, and you will be generous as well. So generosity is a very, very important part of our religion. And it is also one of the most powerful forms of Dawa. If you want to make a difference in the world, go out there and help people. Right? If you're not concerned about others, then you're not of any benefit to them. This is why Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam has said that the most beneficial of mankind are those who are most beneficial to mankind, at the best of mankind, so only
the best of mankind are those who are most beneficial to mankind. You want to be the best of people, benefit others, be generous to them, treat them well. This is the qualities of the believer, this are the qualities that we should be striving for.
Allah subhanaw taala continues to describe himself in the first revelation. And he draws his attention draws our attention to another one of his blessings upon us. Right? First, he's telling us that He created us that alone should be one reason to worship Him. Number two is most generous, even more reason to worship Allah, Allah not only created us, but he's been generous to us as well. But there's one other thing which Allah Subhana Allah has given us, which we need to be eternally grateful for. And unfortunately, this is the very thing which people use to be in grateful, ungrateful towards him because of it. And this is knowledge. And that's 100 Allah in verses four and
five, turns our attention to
the third of these major blessings to mankind.
For which we should be grateful to him and worshiping because of it, and that is a lady a llama below column allemaal in Santa Monica yalom. He's the one who taught me through the pen, he taught you using the pen
allemaal insane. He taught mankind Mala Mala what he did not know.
So let's move on to that he stopped bringing our attention to his blessing of knowledge.
And this verse is not restricted to the knowledge of the religion, mankind in general, whatever it is, we know we owe it to Allah subhanho wa Taala.
If we look at the very very beginning of creation, we alleged to be handled with Allah created Adam Elisa, what did he do to show other Muslim superiority to the angels?
akula he taught Adam Elisa Lam the names of all things. And then he told the angels named these things. And the angels say we only know what you taught us. And then Allah subhana wa Taala, told Adam alyssum, to name it, and he named it. So from the very beginning,
one of the greatest blessings, which Allah subhanho wa Taala had given humanity which makes human beings even superior to the angels if you use it to worship Allah property is knowledge.
Knowledge is one of the greatest blessings to humanity. Allah 100 draws our attention to one of the main sources of knowledge. I'll call them the pin. Today, it's the computer, but nonetheless, it's still the same concept.
the written word, the written word. Think about it.
Human civilization, you know, it was writing, which brought about revolutions in the history of humanity. It's interesting to note that this was the very first revelation of the Quran. And, you know, it took place at a time before writing was popular, so to say, because the popularity of books on the international level only happened about
100 years later, when the Muslims had, you know, been at war with the people of China at that point in time writing and books specifically, you know, having people most which manufactured books was limited to China, it was a Chinese secret. But when the Muslims had been at war with the people of China, they learned from them, the art and the secrets of making people. And then they opened up the first book production plants in Iraq, and from the books became famous, and writing became a norm in society. So we look back in Islam, you'll find that we have books written as far back as 1300 years ago, while you won't find that many books in other societies, as well, you will find writings, but
not, you know, in compiled full book forms at that point in time.
So book writing then became to grow, and it became the cause of revolutions. And so we find even the renaissance in Europe took place because of education, and literature. So writing became the primary source of knowledge for humanity.
But this was only hundreds of years after the revelation of this verse, in which our last one that says he taught mankind using the pen.
man living in the desert of Arabia 1400 years ago, who did not know how to read and write.
He would not have been humanly possible for him to know that writing would play such an important role in human history after his time. This verse is once again evidence that the Quran is from the creator of human beings, who knows the future and knows everything.
So Allah subhanaw taala taught us using the pen.
And the pen signifies the fact that human beings have been taught, you know, amazing things. But the last one blood draws our attention to the fact that your daughter's Mala Mala, that's which we did not know. We gave the example of other money, salam, Allah taught him things which he did not know. Even if you look at the issue of revelation itself, the unseen human beings have no method of knowing the unseen of knowing anything but Allah subhanho wa Taala, or paradise or hell or judgment day or angels or jinn, except through revelation. It is because of the revelation of Allah subhanho wa Taala that we know about these things. It is true revelation that he taught us that which we do
In a worldly sense, this verse also holds true.
Because think about this carefully, you know, human beings tend to pride ourselves in our inventions in our technological progress. But if you study the history of most of the
technological discoveries and great inventions of the past few centuries, the majority of them were accidents. The majority of them
were accidents, the person who discovered it did not mean to discover it. Right? It was something it just happened.
And the people legally accident, or the scientists was working on a hunch. Where did a hunch come from, with his idea come into his head, that you know what if I try this, maybe it will work? Where do these ideas come from? If you look at it, islamically believe it. Allah is the Creator of human beings who knows everything and thought that's what we do not know. They we understand that these are not accidents. When the internet was accidentally discovered or invented, it wasn't an accident. It was meant to happen. It was a law, teaching human beings what they did not know. When human beings discovered how to make x rays. Again, it was termed in western academia as an accident,
something which was unintentional. We don't believe that Allah wanted human beings to know that at that point in time, and there are so many examples of this, if you look at the history of most of the major scientific inventions are important discoveries of the past century. Most of them are either accidents, or hunches. Where does this come from? It's not a coincidence upon coincidence, no, all of this is Allah subhanaw taala revealing to human beings in different ways. knowledge which did not know it wasn't an accident that Isaac Newton was sitting under the tree and the apple fell on his head. No, there was Allah subhanaw taala teaching him something he did not know
we as human beings need to realize this as Muslims, we need to believe in this, that nothing happens by accident everything is through the divine will of Allah subhanho wa Taala everything is because Allah will it. And so whatever knowledge we have is from our Creator.
So these were the first five verses to be revealed. And the common theme between these five verses are the reasons why we should worship Allah subhanho wa Taala why we should be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala He created us, He created us from an insignificant thing, we were nothing more than a drop off sperm. And then you became a leech like substance. But Allah turn that into human beings, many people into amazing human beings, right? Allah did that. That's something we need to be grateful for.
Allah subhanaw taala has been most generous to us. Allah subhanaw taala taught us Allah gave us writing and literature and the ability to read Allah subhanaw taala gave us knowledge which we did not know. All of this put together, make up the five minute mix up five primary reasons why we should worship Allah and why we should be grateful to him. So this is the common theme, linking the first five verses to be revealed. Now you will notice in verse number six, a shift, a shift not only in topic,
but also in terms of,
you know, the style of rhyming of the Quran. And this is something to keep in mind that when the Quran shifts from one style of rhyming to another, that that's usually a shift in topic. So, you know, the first two verses ended with a cough Holic and the next three verses ended with a meme, a column, column, column, and now the end with a leaf Matsuura.
Insanity Yato. Allah Subhana
Allah Ada Lizzie and you know all these verses or any word Alif Nakamura. So now there's another trend, which means is another topic, but there's a link between the two topics, the the link between the two topics, the first five verses are giving us the reasons to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. And why we should be grateful to Allah.
Allah Subhana turns our attention and says,
Allah Toho No, human beings still want to transgress the limits. Human beings still want to send human beings still want to go astray.
So let's wonder, I think despite the fact that he created us, despite the fact that he's been generous to us, despite the fact that we are wanting nothing,
you know, in another person's shoulder, Allah says, has not occurred to people that wants to do something completely unknown, unheard of, you know, existed once upon a time, despite the fact that we are nothing, despite the fact that Allah has taught us everything that we know, and he has given us knowledge and he has given us the ability to read and write despite that in in sanella. Yet, human beings to disobey Allah.
We need to ask ourselves, why? Why do we do this? Why do we human beings, despite all the good Allah has given us, still transcripts elements? why Allah says that in the very next verse, you see, all the verses of the Quran are linked is always a theme linking Allah answered this in the very next verse. He says, Our Husqvarna era was talking about because he thinks himself to be independent. This is the exact translation because he sees who himself is takuna as independent because he sees himself as independent.
I want us to stop and think how many of us put into this category? How many of us put into this category of internal insanity yet Whoa, are we still gonna? mankind continues to disobey Allah, because he thinks is independent.
Of course, you know, this applies primarily to people who are wealthy people who are, you know, rich, they tend to forget that the wealth comes from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And whatever we have comes from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And very often, many of us we forget, and we think to ourselves, that this is mine, my wealth, my intelligence, my effort, my success. When we begin to talk and think like that, then we are headed down the wrong direction. But if someone says, Alhamdulillah, Allah has blessed me with wealth, and hamdulillah Allah has made me successful. Alhamdulillah Allah has been intelligent,
that that person is headed in the right direction, no matter how wealthy they become. You see, it all comes down to this alerting. This is the reason why people go astray. This is a reason why people transcripts the limits of Allah subhanho wa Taala are still gonna think they are independent. So the cure for that
The way for us to stay within the boundaries of Allah subhanaw taala and remain obedient to Him is to realize that we are not independent.
When you say you are independent completely, then you are giving yourself one of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala because one of the names of Allah is honey alleghany, the independent, the completely independent, Allah is not dependent upon anyone or anything for any reason. But we human beings, we are either dependent or interdependent. We are either dependent upon others, right when we are young, or if we haven't mature yet, or we are interdependent, we can do some things for ourselves. But we still need other people, we still need our spouses, we still need comfort, we still need love, we still need social support. And most importantly, we still need Allah.
So human beings can never truly be independent. No matter how rich you become, the matter how powerful you become, you still need people. Even if you are a ruler, you still need subjects, otherwise, you're not a ruler, so you're still dependent on your subjects to be classified as a ruler. Right? So no human being is independent. This is something we need to realize, because when mankind sees himself as independent, he transgresses all of the limits of Allah. And how true are these two verses to the modern world? With the spread of atheism and materialism.
And all these other sweeteners in our time, mankind began to see itself as independent. You see, people think that I'm my own King, I'm my own god, I'm my own boss, and what they do, they transgress the limits of law. And so we live in a time where sinner and homosexuality and crime and rape and murder and bribery and corruption and all forms of evil are the norm.
Mankind has transgressed the limits of online every possible way. Even now, if you look at the media, they're starting to promote things like incest now is a big law, you know, he's looking for more and more ways to transgress the limits of Allah, why? People think they are independent, we think that we are the bosses of our own lives. And we think we are the captains of our own ship. We think that we are the leaders of this world, it's our life, it's my life. How many times have you heard somebody say, it's my life, it's not your life. It's a life which Allah has given to you to test you. And if you do not do what Allah wants you to do, then you're going to be in big trouble in
the afterlife. Don't say it's my life. It's not your life. It's a gift from Allah, and you are abusing Allah as gifts by disobeying him.
So these two verses of Surah Surah, verses six, and seven,
are a very powerful description of even the modern world. Although these verses, you know, were initially describing the duration marker. They seem to be even more true about people in the world today.
that people need transcripts, all the limits, because they think they are independent.
And then Allah subhana wa Taala
gives us the solution.
Right? The problem, people transgress the limits, the reason they think they are independent, the solution in either Arabic or Raja, indeed, you all will return to your God.
This is very powerful, but Allah Subhana, Allah is telling anyone who thinks he's independent, anybody who thinks that he is his own captain of his own ship? Who thinks he's his own God? Who thinks he's his own life? Anybody who thinks I can do what I want? It's my life. Allies telling anybody like that in Arabic or Russia. Indeed, the return is to your Lord, Allah didn't say the Lord. In say, Our Lord, he said your Lord, think about it. You think you independent, you think it's your life? Remember, you will return to Allah, every single human being, no matter what people think, or do in this life, no matter what power status or wealth they acquire, every human being
must eventually return like all other creation to Allah subhanaw taala for judgment.
So this becomes a solution.
Right? A solution to the problem that if you are going astray, how do you come back on the straight path? By remembering Allah and remembering that you will return to Him?
This is why Allah Rasool Allah, Allah Islam, this is why Rasulullah solution has told us in the Hadees, frequently Remember, the destroyer of pleasures, meaning that why because it reminds you, it reminds you that you are returned to Allah. And this is why Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam has told us you know, identical this, I used to prohibit you from going to the graveyards, but now you may go to the graveyard in order to remember that. Notice the focus on remembering that. Why? Because this is the reminder that our lives are limited and we will eventually return to our Creator. So any human being out there who thinks that they can do what they want.
Remember in the Electoral College, definitely, the return will be to your Lord definitely you are going to return to your Lord.
So these three verses
are a very powerful message to the modern human beings.
Allah subhanho wa Taala each and every one of us color ins and Allah Yato Allah who's done in Isla, Rebecca Raja, know mankind continues to transgress all the limits, because he thinks he's independent. Definitely, he will return to his Lord to your Lord.
Surah Allah, verses one to eight.
Deal with one of the most important topics in our life. Allah Subhana Allah begins the Quran in his first Revelation, this is not the first surah in the Quran is the 96th surah in the Quran, but it was the first revelation.
Allah begins the first revelation by telling us to read the Quran to recite it, to recite it In the name of Allah. That's why we always start with Bismillah.
And to remember, that Allah created us, He created us from nothing, we were basically nothing we are just drops of sperm, who became our cause who became something else and grew into babies. Even as babies, we couldn't do anything for ourselves. Although he's reminding us that you and I, we are nothing.
Allah has been most generous to us. He has given us everything we have. And he has taught us he has taught us how to use the pen he has taught us how to read and write he has not so much through reading or writing. He taught us that he did not know
if you know all of this, how can you not worship Allah?
How can you not worship Allah? If you know all of this? How can you not be in obedience to Allah? And then Allah sends a message to those who still continue to disobey Him and He says, indeed, mankind has transgressed or limits because he thinks he's independent.
This is a message to anyone who thinks it's my life. I'm independent. I'm my own boss, I can do what I want. No, you're a servant of Allah. Whether you like it or not, you are a servant of Allah. Whether you admit it or not, you are a servant of Allah. Whether you believe it or not, you are a servant of Allah. And in Arabic Raja, definitely, to your Lord is your return, he will return to Allah, He will answer to him for everything we have said and done. So, let us look lives which are pleasing to our Creator. So these are the first eight verses surah Allah can very, very powerful message to every human being out there. The very first verses to be revealed of the Quran, verse
number nine, again, the topic shifts, but again, there's always a link from verse nine onwards, Allah Subhana now begins to describe a puja. So what's the link here that Allah says mankind transgresses or limits because he thinks is independent? And then he goes on to describe a Buddha. Why? Because Abu Jamal is the perfect example of a human being who transgressed all the limits of Allah subhanho wa Taala because he thought he was independent, because he thought that he was it he was the leader of the college, he could do what he wanted, and he faced a very
humiliating ending. Soon inshallah.
Next week, we're going to go into details about the story of Abu Jamal Who was he what he do, what were the evil things which he had done? and Why were these verses revealed about him? Then we will go into indeed, in depth Tafseer of these verses about Abu jihad. Let me just go through these verses quickly. Our Ada Lizzy and Abaddon either Sala, have you seen the one who stops a servant from playing for making solar or ADA in Ghana? alhuda Mr. Ravi, taqwa.
Have you seen whether he is upon guidance or if he calls people to do righteous things are either in Gaza what Allah Have you seen if he denies and turns away from the truth
Alam yallambie and aloha era? Doesn't he know that Allah sees everything? Because Allah The Illa meander he and as far as I
know, he does not stop. We will grab him by his forelock. naseeruddin de Botton hottie, he is lying, sinful forelock full yet on idea to tell him to call his friends. So that was a banya will call the angels of help for him.
Tea Oh, no, don't obey Him. But make such the and draw near to Allah. A very, very powerful scholar of the Quran and inshallah we are going to go into in depth of seer of verses nine to 19. inshallah, next week, for this week, I believe you're all insha Allah to contemplate upon what we have learned from the first eight verses of the surah
to make it something that's a part of our life and a reminder to us when
We begin to go with free to come back onto the right path and to worship our Creator, the one who created us from an arc from Africa and the one who has been most generous to us, the one who has taught us through the use of the pen God mankind that which he does not know, and the one to whom we all will return. So we ask Allah subhanaw taala to give us all the ability to practice upon what we learn, and to be amongst those who love the Quran. I will see you next week in sha Allah for part two of the Tafseer of surah Allah, Walker Dawa and hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh