Prophet’s Biography 3/8
Channel: Isam Rajab
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Salam Alaikum la thank you for joining us in the history of Islam class.
We will talk today about race and the era before the birth of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
We mentioned that orange is the name of a man.
That man is fear Eben Malik, one of the Grand Fathers of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
We mentioned yesterday, the meaning of Quraysh
and today inshallah we will continue by the incidents that happened after the children of a smile for saving Caleb and his group after they regained the leadership of Mecca.
How many names of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam Do you know? How many grandfather's of the prophet SAW Selim Do you know?
This is the lineage of the prophet SAW Selim. All the way to Adnan.
Adnan is one of the grandchildren of Ismail Ali Salaam.
Mohammed bin Abdullah Nanda metallic bin Hashem when I'm dumb enough,
because I have been keylab bin Mara, I've been kept, even though I even know Khalid bin Fairburn, Malik knoblich Nana
hoceima bin Mubarak cabin, India's a bin mother, Ebenezer, but not, not none, that's the name of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
And the prophet SAW Selim said himself Indeed Allah has chose
from the children of his from the children of Adam,
his smile, and from his children kena and from his children, and he chose me from koresh.
So the prophet SAW Selim was chosen from the chosen ones.
So Porsche is the name of Fabian Malik and Porsche means gathering means searching. We mentioned the several meanings of polish.
when Poseidon keylab, he regained the leadership
of Mecca. They were trying to regain to read to reopen the well of Zamzam, but they were unable to.
By that time, there were many
developed in Arabia,
due to the nature due to the ignorance due to many reasons, eventually, the society was corrupt.
And that's why the prophet SAW Selim was sent amongst them.
Every time the people deviate, there should be a messenger sent to them, to remind them, to straighten them
to bring them back to the straight path. That was the job of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
So we will take a glimpse at the social life in Arabia, before
the advent of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
This is important to understand the change that happened Amaro the long run, he says,
the knots of Islam, the rituals of Islam will be untied one by one, if people grew in Islam, while they did not know the days of ignorance, in order for you to appreciate more, what Islam has given you look at the people who are not following Islam, look at their miserable life at the time, before the time of the messenger science alum, that was the situation this is just
these are few examples.
In general, they degraded females, they consider them
less human than the males. And that was
the practice of the arrow.
And Allah subhanaw taala mentioned that in the Quran. Once the father is given the glad tidings of a female
He frowns he becomes an unhappy
Why? Because they want males who will grow up and fight and gain more money. So they dislike females. They used to bury them alive. That's what Allah subhanaw taala also mentioned, what is that among the two, so let's pay them in autopilot.
Now not everybody used to do that, but many are up they used to do that.
Amara della one is one of them.
Amara della Han he buried his daughter alive.
these are a few examples
they used to play with the months
now, they had some remainings of the religion of Ibrahim. They knew the timing for the hedge, they knew that it is in the ledger.
But when is the ledger, it's the 12th month, they used to change that they used to delay the months according to their desires. That's why Allah mentioned in sort of Toba in nomina susiya, the term filco indeed nussey delaying the months
is added to their cover.
They are deviated by that. This is one of their
practices. Another thing they used to do,
of course, worshipping the idols which is the worst thing they did. They associated partners with Allah subhanho wa Taala.
they worshipped other idols.
was like any other luggage in the house.
If someone dies,
the heirs will inherit
the money and they will inherit the woman as well.
The stepmother used to be married by the son.
The son had the right to marry his stepmother.
The woman did not have any right in the inheritance.
once a husband dies, the woman had to wait for one year, one full year. That was the period of sadness
that for one year,
during this year,
she doesn't wear perfume. She doesn't put any makeup. She doesn't shave
for one full year.
That was obligation.
And you could imagine, if someone did not
take a shower for one year, what will happen?
The Arab the males, they used to marry unlimited wives.
And if a man disliked his wife,
he will not approach her, but he will keep her so she cannot marry any other husband. And she cannot do anything.
Neither she is divorced, nor she is having the rights of wife.
So these are few examples for what happened.
The social life before the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
The grandfather of the prophet SAW Selim is Abdulmutallab. And we mentioned the story of the elephant. What happened when Abdulmutallab took his camels and he left Abra to deal with the Kaaba and he knew that he will be destroyed, how Abdulmutallab became the leader of koresh Quraysh.
When they get when they gain the leadership back,
they had many families, the family of Muslim family obtain and brainwashing
the tribe of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
So why Abdulmutallab became the leader of Quraysh. There is a story
he saw in his dream,
the place for the well of Zamzam.
And in the morning he went and they start digging and uncovering the well until he was able to uncover the well.
But the people of courage. They said you cannot take it for yourself. We will not let you become our leader. We have to share you with this honor. Because remember, whoever owns the leadership in Qureshi is like the leader of all Arab.
So they said we have to go
for arbitration, we have to choose the judge to judge between us you cannot take the leadership. He said fine and they decided to move north for one of
the monks to ask him
in the way there was rain coming and it came only to have the metallic
So they knew that it is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So they went back and they said, We will give you the leadership. And I'm the metallic became the leader of Quraysh. That's why the messenger salam, sometimes the Battle of her name, he said, and an elective and abnorm dimopoulos. I am the son of the metallic, of the metal was not his father on the metal of his grandfather, but he was famous
amongst all the Arab.
So Abdulmutallab became
very well known. And because of that honor, he became the leader of Quraysh. He pledged to Allah subhanho wa Taala. If he gave him 10 children,
he will slaughter he will sacrifice the last one of them.
And last one was Abdullah, the father of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So he wanted to sacrifice his own son. And people told him, That's not right. Allah has blessed you with the sun, and you want to sacrifice him.
So they said, you have to
expiate, you have to, instead of fulfilling your vow, you have to pay the ransom, the compensation.
And they used to draw a lot.
They write the name.
One lot, and the other lot is the sacrifice. So the first time
the name of his son came.
So he said, I will sacrifice my son. They told him, You have to add more camels. He started with 10 camels. And he added 10 camels and every time the name of his son comes until he reached 100 camels.
When it became 100, camels, the name of the sacrifice came. So they said, Now you can sacrifice 100 camels. And from that time, it was known that whoever killed
He had to sacrifice 100 cams, unless it's a murder. If it's a murder, the man deserves
to be killed. But if it's not a murder, it's by mistake, then the compensation should be 100 cameras. It started from that time. So Abdullah was spared his life was spared by sacrificing 100 camels.
he was not famous, because he did not live a long life.
He married Amina when
she's his wife, and again, you ask some people, what's the name of the mother of the messenger? sallallahu wasallam. And they may not know they may listen to you all the names of the players of any
sport sports team, but they may not tell you a few details about the history of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam was was born on what year?
Can someone tell me?
Do you know the date? Exactly.
It was Monday.
The ninth of probably an hour.
The prophet SAW ceremony he asked about fasting Monday. He said that's the day I was born in.
That's the day when I was born Monday. So he was born on Monday. Ninth of Arabia 140 years
before the hijra.
It is Monday, April 22 571.
Actually, this is incorrect. 40. It's 5353 before he drew
Yeah. 53 before he drew, this is a mistake.
So that's the in the Gregorian calendar. It is April 22 571.
Now some people
they celebrate the birthday of the prophet SAW Selim on
12 Formula One, which is incorrect.
Why people celebrate the birthday of the prophet SAW Selim on the 12th why
He was born on the ninth. When did this start? Now this will come inshallah, when we study the history later on, but since we mentioned the birth of the prophet SAW Selim,
we need to discuss it a little bit.
When did this phenomena start celebrating the birthday of the Prophet size and them
a bin Kathy Rahim Allah.
In his book of history, I'll be there when you hire. He mentioned that it started
after 400 years of hijra, the first people to innovate that the Father is in Egypt,
who used to follow
the rafidah sectarian, they used to follow that method, school of thought the Shia.
They wanted. Of course, they were tyrants. They did injustice in Egypt, and they innovated this thing, because they claim that they are letters to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Now people ask, is it permissible to celebrate the birthday of the prophet SAW Selim or not?
What do you think?
It's not permissible to celebrate the birthday anyways? Why?
Why? If you say yes, you need to give an answer and evidence If you say no, you also need to give an evidence.
Don't follow the Jews and the Christians. So if we celebrate we are following them. How
they put cake candles, if someone did not put cake and candles
what do you think?
What do you think? You need any evidence, now celebrating the birthday itself for anyone. It's true, it was not done neither by the messenger solemn, nor by any of the companions as birthday. But some scholars say this is not a religious event. In order for you to look for an evidence, it's not a religious event. It's something worldly. You don't need any evidence to drink Coke or coffee
or to sleep at this time or to wake up at this time. So they say this is similar regarding diversity in general.
Others say no, it is forbidden, it is copying the Jews and Christians, but when it comes to the messenger sallallahu sallam, it becomes a religious event. So it is very dangerous, if you wanted Now, some people say we are only reading his Syrah or we are remembering his name, we say the prayer we send this alarms to the prophets. I said, this is okay. But this should not be done only on that day. Again, the matter is not that serious, it should not be
the time should not be wasted a lot about this issue. Some scholars even now, they say it's a chance for people to remember the messengers or seldom but again, this should be an all year round. It should be year round. It should not be only on that day. The point I'm trying to make a secret. He remember the exact date of the birthday of the Prophet transcendent it is ninth of October. It is not 12th on that year, the year of elephant Monday was not 12 we have inauthentic Hadees that he was born on Monday, Monday was the knife of robiola. Well.
Now we are reaching the end of the elephant when the prophets Allah Salaam is born.
When the prophet SAW Selim was born, there were glad tidings
given to Abdullah Abdullah
he was not named yet. So Abdulmutallab took the Prophet sallallahu sallam, to the Kaaba.
And he called him Mohammed.
Now why am the mockery took him? Why not his father of the law?
Because he died before his birth, that's correct. of the law who died before he sees
And the law died in Medina.
In the way back, he was going to Sham and he went back and he died.
So Abdullah was already dead. So the prophet SAW Selim was born as an orphan.
Abdulmutallab was given the glad tidings of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, what's the meaning of Mohammed?
What's the meaning of Mohammed?
the one that is repeatedly praised the one who deserves to be praised. That's the meaning of Mohammed.
His mother, Amina, she nursed him for a week. Then he was sent
to the desert, to be nursed by
other women. That was the habit for the art of that. That's what they used to do. Why? There is a reason
they used to send him to the desert because in the desert, he comes with a sharp memory
with a pure
thinking intelligence with a strong body.
That was the norm. Usually people from the desert, from the tribes, they come to the cities, looking for children to nurse.
a group of woman from the tribe of sad came
looking for children to nurse and each woman, she took one of the children and Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam was presented to everyone.
But no one took him. Why? Because he was an orphan. Usually, if a woman came and she wanted to, to nurse a baby, she asks first, who's his father. She wants to nurse, a famous infant. So she gets paid well, but she heard that his orphan then she will not be paid well, so she did not want to nursing.
The prophet SAW Selim himself was offered to Halima, but she did not take him at the beginning. At the end, Halima did not find
anybody to nurse. So she said, I will take Mohammed.
I will take him I don't want to live without anyone. And I don't want this baby to be left. No, no one took him. So she took him. Now, the signs of prophethood of the messenger Salim were before even he was born.
His mother Amina, she herself. She said that I never felt the banks and the difficulties the contraction of the delivery. It was very light pregnancy.
When I delivered Muhammad
Sallallahu sallam, I felt that a light came out of my lower body.
And it was mentioned in the narrations
that this light was so huge that the palaces of Sham were seen
1000s of miles away, it was seen.
When the prophet SAW Selim was born,
Halima herself, she said, when I took the Prophet size salon, I felt the energy in my body. Because remember, if a woman did not deliver soon, she cannot nurse she doesn't have milk.
So she already has milk for her child. But it was not that enough. Once she carried the Prophet size along, from that moment, she felt that
she became more energy. Now when they came
when they came in the group, she was the last one.
She had the she donkey.
And it was so weak that she was in the last of the group. Once she carried the prophet SAW Salem in the way back. She came in the front. And her peers, they used to tell her Wait, wait for us. Is it the same? she asked that you used to use
in the way coming she said yes. And they told her what happened.
That's the blessing of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
When they age, the tribe of Banu sad.
Again, they felt the blessing of the presence of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
they had sheep
and all of them became full of milk.
Once there is rain, it comes to their place. The place of Halima
so they were blessed by the presence of the prophet SAW Selim. Usually the period of nursing is two years. Once the baby reaches two years, he is taken back to his mother. Now Halima did not want
to give him back to his family, because she noticed that he's a blessed infant, his blessed baby, she came back instead of giving back the baby
to his mother. She told his mother, why don't you keep him with me? It is better, he will grow and he will become stronger. So she begged her a lot just to keep Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and his mother eventually agreed. She accepted and she kept him with Halima.
Halima took him back.
And he remained with her until he reached six years old. When he was six years old, there was an important incident happened. But before that, Halima,
she nursed him
and her her daughter also nursing. A shaman.
Or Her name was Juliana
She knows the prophet SAW Selim, also in Mecca.
the female slave of Abu lahab She also nurse the Prophet sallallahu sallam, how many women nurse the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
five, five woman, five woman nurse the Prophet sallahu wa salam.
And the more woman nurses the baby, the stronger he will become.
That's why the prophets are seldom.
He became very strong, very fluent in the language.
And of course, Allah subhanaw taala prepared him for that position.
These five woman the nurse, the messenger, sallAllahu wasallam.
Abu Salah, bin Abdullah said Abu Salah, the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
his his foster brother to the messenger Salim.
He was nursed by one woman, the same thing, Hamza
de la one hos Hamza,
the uncle of the messenger sallallahu Sallam Hamza. Hamza is the uncle of the messenger Salim and he's also
foster brother of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
So now, Halima took, the prophet SAW Selim back to the tribe of sad
and her son used to play with the messenger sallallahu wasallam. She kept the prophet SAW Selim until he became six years old, when he became six years old.
He and his brother,
the son of Halima were playing.
suddenly, two people came, they took the prophet SAW Selim, they opened his chest, they took a small black piece,
and then they put his heart after they watched it,
and they closed his chest again. Now,
his brother saw that and he ran, he ran to his mother to Halima crying, he thought that the messenger Salaam died, the prophet SAW Selim himself
became scared. Imagine if you're six years old, two people come to you, they lay you down, they open your chest, and they do this operation. And I saw the last one he himself, he said, I used to see the line of the stitches, and the chest of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, how this happened, this is a miracle. If your heart is removed, you die. But this happened to the messenger Salaam and nothing wrong happened to him. Now Halima became very scared.
She did not want any trouble to happen to Mohammed Salah because eventually it will trouble her as well. So she took him back to
to his mother. Few years earlier, she was begging his mother to keep him and now she brought him back. So Amina, she suspected she said, what what's going on? What happened? You begged me to keep him?
She said, Yes, but I want to. I want to give you your son back. She said, you have to tell me what happened. So Halima told her about the incident. But Amina, she was certain she said, I'm pretty sure nothing wrong will happen to me. At that time, she mentioned to her what happened to her and the pregnancy, she said is my pregnancy was very light. His delivery was very easy. So I'm pretty sure Allah will protect him. And that's what happened. Then his mother died.
And now he moved to
his grandfather of the mortality A
few years later, after muttalib also died. So now the prophet SAW
lala land with
with his uncle Abu Talib.
This is the childhood of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his father died, he did not see his father, his mother died. And his grandfather, the people who loved him most they all died. Why?
Allah subhanaw taala wanted the Prophet size, to be attached only to him only to Allah subhanaw taala
That's why, who educated the messenger second, who brought him up Allah. That's what Allah says in the Quran, Allah immediate care team and for our This is in Surah Taha lm aged care team FL Allah subhanaw taala is the one who gave you the shelter
or Judah cabal and further, there is a wisdom behind that. Nowadays if people lose one relative, one dear person to them, they cry and they become impatient. While the messenger sallallahu Sallam lost all the beloved ones to him. His father, his mother, and his grandfather. So now he moved to his uncle of the Natale
and Abdulmutallab had other children. But he loved the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam
Abu Talib was not the only uncle to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam but Abdulmutallab before he dies. He asked
to keep Mohammed Salah Salam with Abu Talib, not with anyone else for a reason. And this will be your job. I want you to find out why Abdulmutallab chose
Abu Talib to take care of the prophet SAW Selim instead of any other uncle. And with this, we will stop here inshallah. This is the end of our session. There was Salam Ala Moana Mohammed valen savage man