Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj - Fiqh of Worship
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with technical assistance,
menstruation and postpartum bleeding,
we will, you know, it will be a little bit challenging because we will try to focus on the take home message because there will be a take home message and we want you to benefit in that sense in a practical sense, but we are also committed to going over this book and this is part of a course, this is not like a separate seminar.
Therefore, you will have to respect the order of the book and therefore, we will also have to go over the viewpoints of
high value positions in this regard with some comparative discussion, just like usual for these sessions. So, between, you know, that comparative kind of take home message, we'll try as much as we can to basically
provide some clarity and sort of remove the confusion as much as possible,
but also try to
you know, pay attention and focus, because it will not, it will require your attention to be able to sort things out. And this is basically the structure of the talk today, which will take two hours.
That's why we did not start with the scale like we usually do.
So, we will go over the and effects
we take most of the time fibers menstruation,
start by addressing what is unlawful during height.
And then we talked about what is required upon the appearance of height, then he talks about when to resume premiums for functions and then the duration beginning and end of height.
And then he talks about cases of confusions for the beginner the first timer and the non beginner. And then he talked about and then I will add some additional benefits that are basically for practical purposes that are
included in the book.
And then we will talk about necess or postpartum bleeding.
But maybe we start with like a medical introduction to the issue of height
which may be unnecessary. So,
what is this
drawing but you should be familiar with this.
So the copper is
these are the two over
and that is dealers.
This is the brain
and this is called the hypothalamus
gland inside the brain. And this is called the pituitary, anterior pituitary.
So, basically what happens is, you're born
women are born with 1 million follicles inside the ovaries. They're born everything is preset. You know the function of Mother Mother is an integral part
the creation of women. So everything is pretty self so women do have 1 million follicles in the tool over half the time of their own birth.
The birth of their children at the time of their own birth, they have 1 million follicles ready for conception.
Trump's conception so then they stay dormant for their entire lives until puberty for their entire entire childhood until puberty. And then by puberty
ever for from puberty onwards.
Basically, a matter of moments, but from puberty
on monthly basis or approximately on a monthly basis,
there is basically like a sort of like a full blown operation that happens inside one of the two ovaries where, once your follow up will start to match your to produce the OVA, watch what he can see, which will make them desirable, which was the beginning of
the FIFA formation or FIFA Genesis. So a bunch of the follicles will start if we take a cross section from here, zoom out, or zoom in, then you will have some of the follicles here. They're trying to match your
some follicles are trying to match your
capacity, certainly not the size of the follicle compared to the ovaries, because you have one video.
And then once one of them match yours enough, it will basically not sure
and release the old one, the old one will be released. And then the rest of the follicles that are trying to match your Woodstock match your once one of them is released, that is all we need. The rest of the Falcons will pause and will not proceed with maggiore. And then then then this
will swing up the
antenna gets into ears into the fallopian tubes.
sweat a little bit inside
the cavity of the cavity content gets into the fallopian tubes and then it starts to move
towards the uterus
is at one point it means a spring here, there will be fertilization which usually happens here. And then the zygote will also continue to move inside the others.
by one week after ovulation. If we do not have implantation of the cycle into the uterine cavity or the triangle up here, the amplification usually happens up here. If we don't have implantation, then
basically that will be assigned to the uterus, that there is nothing can you expel the ovary?
Okay, why would I draw this because the hypothalamus is responsible for releasing gonadotrophin releasing hormones.
Donald Trump and releasing hormones will cause the FSH which is a follicle stimulating hormone and utilizing hormone to be secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate the follicles, you know the follicle stimulating hormone to stimulate the follicles into maturity and then the neutralizing hormone.
We'll talk about this. Now, after the follicle releases the old one, this the remains of the follicle will turn into a different body which is called luteum.
This is a different body.
This body will be releasing a hormone called progesterone.
And progesterone does is that basically it helps the lining of the uterus grow and be ready for receiving the
you know the
product of consumption for the zygote and will help in the implementation. Now the lining of the uterus will be very rich and large and will become thicker, thicker and thicker and thicker. All of this in preparation for the implementation, which will happen here and then once this is implanted, then we will start to make the placenta we'll start to make the umbilical cord and that is how the fetus would get out.
Okay. So basically the cycle here.
If we try to draw the cycle here will be
best year, most of the doctors or what is established basically in medicine is that the cycle is 28 days
in the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam disciple is every 29 or 30 days, is what have you paid for to end this this conflict? You know, this creative a little bit of conflict is most of the doctors consider, you know, the cycles vary. But the normal cycle, the standard for the normal cycle nowadays, is about 28 days in medicine. So, whenever they talk about the cycle, they talk about this, they want
the seven, day 14, day 21 and then
but they're about 2728 women, a woman called
wheeze, Lacy wrote a book called Luna ception, a woman, like an odyssey, into human fertility and conception or infertility.
So, what they did is they went out,
basically, so far away from any urban center, and try to sync their
period with the lunar months.
And they were able to sync their period with the lunar months,
follow the 2027 women that went out on this Odyssey. So, it appears that things are messed up because of the effects of artificial lights and noise and things of that nature. But if women go out to the wilderness, they'll be able to sync their period with the lunar months past, you will find that the Hadith of the Prophet SAW themselves. Now don't turn around and, you know, make this scientific miracle because
that one of the prerequisites of a scientific miracle is that this knowledge would have not been existed during the time of the prophet SAW 710 it was actually existed during the time of the Prophet actually the word menses comes from the movie.
Therefore, this is just established knowledge with Lacey and her friends are not Muslim to begin with. So do not go out on the basis of trying to prove the Prophet. The prophet SAW someone correct. But they just went out
the sort of the pre established notion of the relationship between the period and the lunar months.
Okay, so you have
one 714 2128 and we're saying that is 29th words to 30. And they are how do you throw the profits was so much what match the lunar the lunar months. So between one to five, what is happening between one to five what is happening is
basically the period.
We're starting with a period we should actually start with here from day 14, which is the day of population. We start from day 14, that's the day of ovulation. Day 14, when that when the ovum comes out of the follicle and the ovum starts
to go in here, that happens, you know, between 13 to 15, somewhere between 13 to 15.
And now the Obamas traveling inside
the oval is traveling inside.
means a sperm within the first day after ovulation. Then eventually we will have implementation and we will have a fetus and so on and so forth with our pregnancy. But if it does not meet any sperms then the progesterone will start to drop after this one week after this one week between 14 to 21
Purchase throne was waiting the purchase was being produced by the luteum here
and it is waiting for implantation to happen after one week it gives up the luteum gives up fingers It was not happening, the purchase throne starts to drop sharply starts to drop. Now you do not have support for the lining of the uterus, you do not have permanent support by the 26th and 28th. Since you do not have hormonal support by the 26th to 28. What happens, the other starts to basically provide no support to this endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. That is what is going to be expelled and binding 28 the uterus cannot provide any support for this endometrium, first day of the period
the woman will start to expand that in the atrium, which is
tissues mixed with blood very blood rich tissues that will come out it is not just blood, it is the endometrium and it is mixed with blood and that is important when we come to dressing some of the issues in the rulings that it is not just simply blood.
So, this process would continue here they 12345
to seven days, after seven days there will be leading up to seven days and up to seven days will be considered normal in medicine.
By 10 days this this is going to be abnormal. If it continues beyond 10 days, then we need to figure out what's happening it is not physiological anymore, it is pathological it is abnormal
should not be more than 10 days in the good, but it should not be and it would be considered disease pathological.
So if you have inverses
This is the progesterone and this is the one and this is the estrogen the estrogen rise.
By the say that this is the seven customers who will start to rise by day 10 the progesterone will start to rise, the estrogen will come by day 14 to its peak, and then it will start to fall. The progesterone continues like I told you today 22, rising, rising, rising the 21 between day 21 and 23 it will plateau and then it will start to drop. So this is the estrogen
peak by day 14 and that's the day evaluation. The progesterone which supports the lining of the uterus will start to peak by the 10 we'll get to about day 21 figures out there is no implantation there will be no pregnancy I don't need to be here anymore to the moon to start producing the progesterone and we will have the sloughing of the internal lining of the uterus which is called the atrium and one of the period from day one of the theory today five Okay.
Any anyone is confused?
So what what do we get from medicine, we get for a medicine that will last about 2829 30
we will get some medicine the normal period will be about three four or five days could reach seven step the normal 10 would be pathological. We get from medicine also, that this period between here to here
is a fixed theory fix. You can change this period between the day of observation and the day of sloughing. This is a fixed period you can't play with this period.
No One No One can.
But this period from this day
This is extremely variable. And this will help us also in the
period from one to 14 is extremely variable could be anywhere from one day
to many, many, many, many days.
So that changes happen in this period, not in this period between ovulation and leaving. Okay. So
hear about the height,
way up now was last year, it prevents them things.
So women will not be allowed to do one or any of these things during their period. One
to what would you vote for one, the act of prayer to the obligation of pray, why did he have to separate between the act of praying and the obligation of praying, because she does not need to make up the prayers afterwards. Whereas in fasting, he would say was so just fasting, you know, because it is the act of prayer that is prevented, not the act of fasting, not the obligation of fasting. so fabulous. And all of this is by consensus. All of this is
so fabulous, salaam, women will not be prayed. Because the prophets are the lowest set the proper amount of probation at the bottom of the page.
When the Hydra approaches, when the Hydra comes, or when menstruation comes is they refrain from praying except the heard refrain from pray. But then
why, in other way, ask knowledge on your own? Why is it that we are commanded to make up for the fasting, but we're, why is it that we make plastic and we will not make up for the prayers. So I enjoy the concept
20 on you from Poland, Hungary is like a sort of a city that used to be
in reference to the city that used to be an album.
And she said, the way it was a very good woman
is considered of February. So she said to her less than a year. And I said I'm just asking, I'm just asking. But
so I told her that
I saw several now can I see
of them are not normal people
who use this used to happen to us during the time of the prophets of Allah seven. And we used to be commanded to make up for the fasting and not for the prayers. So I did not really provide for a reason to stop there, we used to be commanded in order to stop people from
because the priority is to think of for the, for the prayers, also, for weddings, where, you know, they used in order
to make up those prayers that they missed during the period. So I should because there is this bit that is starting to spread, just wanted to start the better in the most assertive, decisive manner, cannot engage in irrational or rationalistic discussion, because you start to rationalize with a pro adage. And it becomes frustrating. Why is that? By the way, I was not accredited. But you know, I just wanted to teach them that this is how you answer questions that are posed by
this used to happen to us during the process. We were commanded to make up for this and not demand for makeup for that period, kind of a story.
But if you want to rationalize, you may rationalize. And you may say that, you know to make up for the days of fasting throughout the year. Like if the woman if this happens to the woman during a bar and she misses four or five days of fasting, let's say six or seven days of fasting, and she makes the mark throughout the year. Is this really hard so no, it's not parched. I mean, she will have four
Five days to make the makeup, what in the next 11 months who she can make them makeup for them within the next 11 months, months. But if you asked the woman to basically make up for all the prayers she wouldn't have how many prayers can we afford every month, she would have to make up for 2535 prayers. And she has a period for five to seven days, which is somewhat hard, so to remove the hardship last, but not have dressed them by the prayer during this time. So that's why I said what would you ban it prevents the obligation of the crane, as if the presence of it prevented this avarice to be directed to women have this site
core command to be directed to women have this and this is all by consensus and then without a cm and fasting also, the process
is agreed upon reports
are harder to solve the one plus one doesn't see what he gets her period, refrain from fasting can pray or praying and fasting.
cannabis is also a matter of consensus that she will not be fasting. And when he said what
can circumambulation of the Kaaba and here we start to get into a bit of controversy, what causes or circumambulation of the,
what if the woman had her period during carrying out so many cell phones, on battery with donor that
that purity, you know, ritual purification is a prerequisite of fall off, and your walk is in valid, if you don't have ritual purification.
Having important embedded sign for the moment for hanifa, who said that it is not a prerequisite but the man behind it will still prevent her from her love, because he prevents her from coming into the master
to begin with. So so she would not be making throw off tonight according to any one of them. But according to Amanda behind effect, if she makes power off, she want to sleep experience
can be valid, can fulfill the pillar, which was you know, properly father is a pillar, it will fulfill the pillar, it won't be valid, she would have heard and committed a sin and she wouldn't be
excused by slobbering evolution
Okay, have them this is also an important within the humble enough. So, in a mere
seven if she is if there is hardship, and her company will leave her and she must go back, let's say she just came from Indonesia, you know, how Indonesians used to church, how to in particular and value how to in particular, because it was such a perilous journey this long, you know, tiring for this jury. So, now, she made all that journey and came to heart and her company will move back or go back home and she is having your period and she can fulfill that pillar. So, if she goes back with them, she will go back without that perpetual masculine. So, they may I said to relieve this hardship, a lot of sense of love and support and care about as much as you can see then washes takes
of course the ritual bath and
basically you know,
Jacksons and so on very well goes into the master and makes the throw off, he does not need thick skin because he said that she has not done anything wrong in this regard. Yes,
it would be permissible for birth control to prevent it from coming.
Then so that is the story was clear.
So, if you want to be on the safer side and go by a magnet in one of the former fat head, she will make the NX p
which would be
compliant with which not completely compliant but you know,
then he said
recitation of the Quran recitation of the Quran.
We didn't go over this last time that into a presentation of the program for a woman who is happened.
We went we covered this when we talked about original, you know, sexual impurity and the need for worse.
But it is applicable here as well. Keep in mind that in the hambone mouth, how she can recite the Forman even move her lips like this.
However, she should not make any letter discernible. She should not make any of the letters of the parameter discernible. But if she does this,
nothing discernible here. Right. Okay. So
the manatees, the fabric is calibrated. May I chose the mannequin position here, you know, I told you before, the fact that he was the conservator of the by the Modern Combat is the greatest combat he of the last seven centuries, does not mean that this position isn't enough. It does have
limited choices for his choices, he was most tired, look, look, he was not bound by the mouth of us to, you know, the part from the mouth, not infrequently empty positions, kind of kind of murky, or whatever. And sometimes he would have his own positions that were not in agreement with any of the form is not unprecedented, but not an agreement with the four.
So many years, I chose the Maliki method which allows the menstruating woman to recite the Quran, what it what what, what is the argument for for the woman administering the woman for example, for me said you use the second half of his sharp eyes and from the ease you use, analogy and hobbies, hobbies is weak. And the analogy is the hobbies
administration woman or men or woman originally purity sexual impurity should not read any any paragraph. They said this has
been has been from a drama, but has been D authenticated by himself. So they said that the hubbies is now authentic in the analogy you're making between the menstruating woman can ritual impurity, because yes by consensus, people who have demanded sexual impurity should not eat the puram until they make because they said that the analogy is an imperfect analogy, because the one who has done that can't just walk to you know not walk they
can just make the most can remove the the menstruating woman cannot easily remove the Java cannot easily you know she'll have to wait for four or five days six or seven days and if we prevent her from reading the crime during this time, it will be a lot of time lapsing without reading the resolution of a friend or revision memorization
that is hard to be conveyed.
Okay. So clear this one is clear that different positions are clear. And concerning the expression of a prior that he said or muscle muscle of touching the most
touching the Muslim is based on
these were the prophets also said
that no one should touch the program except one
who is pure, except one who is pured. This could be his stuff controversy of authenticity. Some of the scholars said that due to the different narrations of Danny for instance, that due to the different variations that have effects sound, many scholars consider this cubbies to be weak. You know, it's a long copy. The entire piece is considered to be weak by many scholars of heavies, then
I was saying Glamis away from her own, no one should touch it except for the purified ones. In this refers to the preserve of tablet, not the most of our own here refers to the angels, not human beings, according to the majority of festival CEO, or commentators and the poor.
So, however, it is the mannequins and stuff I used to sue said that she cannot touch it period. And Verizon has said that she can touch it with a carrier. So she has the gloves or mittens, she can touch it, she can know the
and touch it with gloves or mittens.
Or a piece of cloth that is not attached to the most half, that is separate from the most can be separated from Muslim
now has managed to count he said, we don't have any proof that she cannot touch it with the bare hands, she can touch it with a bare hands
if you want to be on the safe side, and you want to be complying with some of the
the formulas and if just touch it with gloves, you don't need to worry about your iPhone, you could use your iPhone with your phone without gloves or anything. But if it comes to the must have the most harm,
then to be on the safe side, just touch it with gloves on.
he said what looks as a mustard stain in the master, so she cannot stay in the master? Can she go through the mastered yes important to combat is if she, she she made sure that everything is safe and that she will not cause any because during those times, things were not as advanced as nowadays. And you know, she could have sold the master and so on.
And in fact that they were allowed, if they see that part of the beauty of financing is the flexibility and ease. No place of worship would tolerate. You know this scenario where I should have said it's one of the wives that
have passed back in the lawsuit. He may have the calf, she had this basin underneath her because she was bleeding. But this was not trying to this was a this was the prolonged bleeding. That happens sometimes it's tough. The logic of it is not the normal time. She had this thirst for basin underneath or inside the mustard when she was making out the calf because she was just pouring like or you know qualifying dripping
blood. So that was enough. By the way the name was not mentioned I should not mention the name out of courtesy designer. But then the narratives were able to sort of
figure it out. So it was a little bit the ducks can get the whole family I was I
had some issue with needing to have some bleeding disorder, and friends and families some genetically predisposed to the bleeding disorder, because it was not saying that only was her sister Habiba and her other sister. All three have prolonged bleeding in all three who are highly featured in this chapter. Yes. The discernment
the disturbing recitation is does that vary in reward? Like in terms of recitation or a thought and stuff like that? I mean, is it equal reward or was it just kind of a person will just do it just so that they don't have any spots we'd like consistency basically, the purpose of existence here is certainly aside with audible voice, that is typical presentation. Typical resolution on the other book voice is audible to you not necessarily to all the people of audible to you. So that is difficult. It is believed that
that menstruating woman will not be deprived of reward, because she is prevented from making this audible voice if she is prevented. And we said that there is like disagreement, but according to the happy chef,
if she is prevented from reservation, then it is you know expected that she will get the full reward the presentation because our lives fair does not prevent her from recycling the amount and
them deprives them for reward, because she's not recycling about.
Yeah, that's for a nun menstruating woman
recently in the typical reservation is reservation that with audible voice, that does not mean there is a lot of controversy over this, but it does not mean that Not Audible resignation is not the word where the Bahama resignation is of greater reward
than staying in the master
stain in the master that
will be basically important, you know, and that is for the one who was
the one who was prolonged bleeding, they told you that she had put on bleeding and she had the basement underneath her inside the master.
The scholar has said that she is sure that she can pass them the muster, that she's sure that she is not going to spoil the mustard she can pass through but she does not stay inside the mustard and not staying inside the mustard is the position of the 40 grams that she cannot stay in.
who disagreed with this one report in the embedding method? Why would one position within the company
disagree with this and allow her to stay the master if she makes me
and who else and wasn't he he has one of the greatest disciples of itself.
Rocky Mountain law also felt that she could stay in the masjid
even when she has
that it is permissible for extremists. Now
you know it while it is commendable for for us Muslims of aversion to positions outside of the form of data, it is also necessary to understand that the agreement of the form of value does not establish conducted consequential consensus. And legally consequential consensus is the consensus that prevents further extend. But the agreement of the former lab is not a legally consequential consensus and the consequential consensus is the agreement of all scholars.
Therefore, you know, the discussion may continue and they have may continue after the agreement of the form of that, but with a lot of yellow signs, you know, proceed with caution. Proceed carefully. Be sure that you are and
be sure that you have valid
and valid arguments against your agreement of the form as I have because it is not an easy matter to go against the agreement in the form of for the number of sides, it is a forbidden area. For them websites is a dangerous territory. So proceed with caution.
There is no in my interest is very hard after the firm have that agree on something to say my assessments are crazy.
But at the end of the day, you're just responsible for your own revenue.
Regardless of how can I insufficient with this and how we can feeble it, it's by my feeble assessment, there is no proof that she cannot stay in the masjid. The Hadith of the Prophet SAW somebody must
not permit a Hydra journal to be a master or I will not make it lawful. In the massage both code for Hopkins Angeles to stay in menstruating women or women or men and women in control impurity. This hobby is not authentic. It's important from a woman called justyna. And she was considered weak by Pachauri and others.
Now, if you say we will use a habit between height and janemba
The Contender would come back and say no height is not like the journal Can you know take a shower and ritual bath must be ready for a dagger hi that is unlike this.
Then inoculate myself what what open phones and which means intercourse that is by consensus, no discussion. There's that you know no discussion by consensus. Now aside from this
Aside from this, for
the Muslim reporting from us, that when this ayah was revealed fill out the problem,
then do not approach them until they are clean and when they clean themselves, then you may approach them when this is revealed that the prophets are some fear that we become too radical, because the Jews in Medina used to not even eat with the menstruating women when they have their period, you know, some of the Jews would not allow the woman to be inside the home to begin with the setup the 10th freedom outside
the home to be in that film her period ends. But anyway, so, the Prophet sallahu wa sallam said this now,
they can do everything except for intercourse. And you may think that you know, so, why why do we need to be talking about this and why would I say Kenny ammonia
used to command me to where it is. And then he used to approach me and my height during my height
what what why all of the details and the details sometimes may be uncomfortable details, but it is essential that we learn these things. Because you know, because the the this intimacy is important for
the emotional welfare of this family, the emotional welfare of the two spouses is important for the psychological welfare of the two spouses. Can you imagine if women become men, if Muslim men become too radical with their
spouses, and they, you know, they don't let them touch them, they don't eat with them and all of that stuff that is traumatic, that is traumatic to the woman trying when she needs support, psychological support emotional support. So for the preference on someone to clarify this and for a hardship to report to this about herself. You know, it's not like she really liked to talk about these issues she just she figured that out because it is a trust that she cannot betray she will have to tell the people that this used to happen so that people can be educated
okay. So, is that the majority when when when go by ah as hobbies can add more? Oh, yeah, does it he used to command me to wear the lower wraparound garments which goes from the navel to the knee.
And the majority act upon the success of the company said no the profits of the small production
except for intercourse. So there is no need although it is recommended to cover the private parts can really private clients. It is not necessary to cover from the navel to the knee. It is it is required according to the Hanafi Maliki's and stuff. But for US companies, it is not required. It's just it is most people don't need to cover the private part. It's not terminated, but the private
because they said that whatever the preference command that I whenever the Prophet did himself, it does not mean that it is required it means that this is his preference, his preference was to do that.
But it does not mean that it is required. His caveman is not going to say I'm going to do everything suffering the course is what is binding on us his own doing his own preference. And then when he said
you know when
I asked him what is permissible and he said everything you know, aside from
interpret this to not mean an obligation.
But the soft recommendation or for people who cannot really control themselves. Then they take precaution. People that know of themselves that they cannot control themselves. Then they take that precaution.
Then you're not going to put them I said was sooner to pull up and the sooner divorce. A woman in her period by consensus may not be divorce, shall not be divorce should not be divorce. It does not have to divorce her during her period. The family is sent here from lush he asks for
not asks for the password. He requires
These asks for could be interpreted in different ways. But she says, divorce me, because she is not permissible for divorce and her opinion for his own interest and for her own welfare. But if she is the one who desires to be divorced, and that is in the case of Florida, where she gives him back his diary entry, you know, she just
then the seven decades of her life, it would be permissible.
Whether the horse injuring prologue counts or does not count. That's a different discussion before going through the agreement of every one it is not permissible, does it count? It does count according to the formulas, who said it does not count anything the out of the pile, but this is a different discussion, we will get to it when we go over the separate family in Southwark.
will be asked for counting counting the waiting period according to the calendar, counting the waiting period according to that calculator. What does that mean? It prevents women from counting the waiting period according to the calendar, a woman who is not menstruating, like a 60 year old woman who's not going to show anything anymore. If she gets the divorce, how does she counter waiting period
you know, it is basically three months, three months. But a woman who's menstruating cannot do this, she will have to count three periods, three menstrual periods, not three months, who's exempt from this
the widows in his four months and 10 days, regardless of whether he is menstruating or not, is almost four months in 10 days for widows
and who is exempt from all of this pregnant women, their period ends when they give birth regardless of anything
you know we do not wait to defer see pregnant women period ends this is the highest thing you know nothing contends with pregnancy for pregnant women, their period ends when they give birth. Next to this in strength weathers it is four months and 10 days except that they were pregnant. So the ISIS pregnancy given birth in severe forms within days for widows and then forgiver sees in depends on whether they respirating documents.
What time is it now?
905 do you want to take a break for five minutes