Tafseer of Surah Al Ikhlas

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Mohammed Mana

Channel: Mohammed Mana

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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Mr. McLaughlin who Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad.

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First and foremost, what is the name of this sword? we often refer to it as sola to class. What is the class mean? We don't have a formalities here. So we can just shout it out. Yeah. If Lastly, insincerity, okay, anything else?

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excellence. Who said that? Okay, interesting. Anything else? devotion? Interesting. Anything else?

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Okay. Anybody here speak like colloquial Arabic?

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What they say I'm me are just like dialects Arabic, you got a few people? What does it mean in just everyday street Arabic When somebody says when somebody says Hamas?

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It means like, finished, right? Something's done. Okay, interesting. So think about that, that actually has basis in the classical Arabic language.

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The root word when we say something is harmonious. And so when we say something is harmless, there's a couple of things that we mean by that. Number one, we mean that it is free from anything else, it's pure.

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So sometimes, if you go and you want to buy honey, for example, or some kind of jewelry, gold or something, they will tell you, this product is harmless. It's free from any other impurities or anything else added to it. It is 100%, only raw, unfiltered pure honey.

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Or it is pure gold, it's not mixed with anything else. It is colorless. So that's one of the meanings of the word that it is free from anything else that is pure.

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Another important

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implication of this word is the scholar said that the way that this definition applies to this surah is the believer who understands Suharto, if Laos, internalizes, it has love for the slaughter lives by it, then they will be highly assuming,

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then that person will be free and pure from any disbelief, or any situation of ascribing to a law that which is not appropriate to ascribe to him.

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Also, that will allow them to reach a class as a rather said sincerity. When we talk about being sincere, it means doing acts of worship, acts of devotion, acts of goodness, seeking and hoping reward from a lot exclusively alone.

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If we want some other kind of reward from some other entities, then that's not complete in class. That's like a class plus something or minus something.

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But they say when a believer internalizes the surah,

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fully believes in it and loves it and understands its meanings, that will allow them to have a class when they devote those actions, actions of worship to Allah. Why? Because this surah only talks to us about Allah.

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That's all that we have in this chapter.

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The only thing that is discussed in this short chapter of the Quran is Allah,

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Who is Allah and describing Allah.

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And that's actually very valuable, because unfold Unfortunately, we don't talk about that as much anymore.

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Which is, which is problematic.

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Sometimes we like to engage in some very philosophical discussions, or maybe some very political discussions, or maybe what we think would be very relevant. There is a topic that is relevant, always across any time and place in situation. And that topic is talking about Allah.

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And when the believers get together, they should talk about God, they should talk about Allah.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was gathered with the Sahaba and he told them hey, yeah, tell them come here. New j. d do Eamonn Anna.

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Let's renew our Amen. Let's sit and talk about Allah for a little bit and strengthen and renew our conviction in Allah.

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And the reason or the the the effect. The byproduct of us not discussing and learning and talking about a lot enough is we actually ended up filling that void with a lot of incorrect beliefs about Allah.

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So many times a lot of false conclusions that we come to a lot of misconceptions, a lot of misunderstandings about our religion. It actually stems from

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Incorrect perception of who is alone.

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So when you talk to a lot of people that have very strange misunderstandings about this religion, but when you dig into that a little bit and you search and ask questions and

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follow up on that conversation, you'll see that the perception people have of God of their Creator is a being that is malicious, evil,

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angry.

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All kinds of very negative perceptions that have crept into people's psyche, subconscious, sometimes not even we realizing it.

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And all of that happened, because we didn't talk about a law enough.

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We have to always be talking about a law, and never get tired of that. And always be reminding ourselves, and that's actually why this tool is so special.

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Over the virtues of this surah

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is that the prophet SAW Larson and correlated between loving this surah and entering Jenna,

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How so? Well, there's this

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famous story of a companion. Maybe some of you have heard this, but he was an individual who the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam assigned to be Imam of Salah,

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amongst the unsought, amongst a group of unsought not everybody lived right next to the masjid of rasulillah not everybody was able to come and do all five times Salah with the messenger in his Masjid, some people lived a little bit further out.

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And it was difficult for them to come throughout the day. So they would come during Joomla or they would come a couple of times in the week. So the Prophet would assign these groups of people and a man who knew that who could recite the Quran and who would lead them in Salah. And so there was a group of the unsold and the Prophet assigned one man to be there Mmm. But after a while, as is the case so this isn't anything new. Even its own as a habit. people complained about their emails.

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After a while people started complaining about this guy.

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Why because every single prayer every single unit of Sunnah he would recite soldier is lost.

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And so they got kind of annoyed by that they were like, yo, cut it up. What is this?

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And sometimes he would recite another song ends or to the class.

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So he told them listen, what you see is what you get, if you don't like me that finds another email.

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So they went to the profit center long ready to sell them after some time. And they complained to him. So that's sort of like inquired, well, let's hear both sides of the story. We're not gonna make any judgment on anyone until we hear their case. And so when the owner was asked, he said, that this law

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contains seafair to be it describes to me My Lord.

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And I love to read it because of that. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that Allah has granted you gender because of your love for it.

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Because of your love for this soul.

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So having love for the soul is a means of attaining a place in Jenna. May Allah subhana wa tada gather us all engine as he has gathered us here in the highest levels of gender.

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Another name for this Sula is Surah to read,

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as you know the chapters in the Quran, by the way.

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Some of them have multiple names. Not all the chapters of the plot only have one name.

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So this is one of the sources that actually has multiple names. And that tells you the value and the importance of it when something has a lot of names. That means it's special. So another one of the names is Sula towhee.

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Why? Well the subject of Toshi is a subject of studying who is Allah understanding who our Creator is. And because this sutra deals with that subject, it earns that name soldato hate. It also has another name as well suatu Tg read

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taggi read

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I love seeing Mashallah the folks that are taking notes that's really really impressive Mashallah. So to read, and to read in Arabic means to remove

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certain qualities from something general rather to remove certain aspects or qualities negative ones. And this sort of earned that name because we have lemmya lead when you lead when you're coo coo ahead. Allah subhanaw taala in this here in this surah negated certain qualities that people ascribed to God to

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Allow so allowing this sort of set the record straight no no no no let me in it while I'm you let that didn't happen and we'll go into the details of each word inshallah, what am the akula Hakuna had so it is tidied Allah subhanaw taala has removed these qualities from his description.

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Another one of the names is a Samad

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Samad

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and as you guessed that is because of the mention of this name in this order, which is unique.

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And it's not one of the most common or often repeated Names of Allah subhanaw taala. We'll talk about what it means and what it implies.

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Another name that some of the scholars gave to this sola is similar to SS.

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And SS means the foundation.

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The first building block, that which is structure stands upon associate the foundation of something. Why? Because this sort of lays down the foundation for this religion, the theology, the belief, you got to start with understanding who is alone. That's your beginning point, we start with La ilaha illAllah. We start with understanding who our Creator is, who we are supposed to be devoting our worship to.

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We mentioned one virtue of this surah that the prophet SAW Selim correlated it with having a place in gender.

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There are other virtues, as you heard in the introduction,

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that it is often mentioned to be equivalent to a third of the Quran.

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Is that valid?

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The Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, Do you do sudo?

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It is equivalent to a third of the colon.

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What does that mean? It's equivalent to a third of the colon.

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Anyone have any ideas? Yes, sir.

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Good. So the brother is saying, well, this is a discussion of images of reward

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of reward. So if you were to read this surah you get the reward as if you were to read a third of the Quran.

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Okay, and so if a person were to read it three times.

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He's like basic arithmetic here. So then that would be equivalent to reading the entire Quran in reward, yes or no?

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Yes, in a sense. So this is our opinion of some of the element that we're talking about reward.

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But they said,

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equivalency in reward does not take away from the greater reward of actually reading a third of the colon.

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Let me say that again. equivalency and reward does not take away from the greater reward of actually reading a third of the Quran. Let me give you an example. Anybody here been to?

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Or hedge? Mashallah, quite a good number of folks. So those of you that Wait, I assume you guys went to masjids? Booba. in Medina, right. Anybody been to Mexico, by the way, like, most amazing, like Tel Aviv spot fertile Milan, if you can go there, and Ramadan.

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There'll be good.

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So if you want intimacy, they have like this plaque on the wall outside of the door. And it says, It's written there is a Hadeeth record in the book of a TDD that whoever does the Honda and goes to Mr. Baba and prays there, they will have the edge of of aroma. So you will then earn the chips that you are like, score, no need to go to Mecca, we're good.

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Guys are like I don't need to do that whole tutorial business.

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No, nobody says that. Because there's a difference between the prophesies that are likening the reward of to actions and something actually carrying the full weight of reward of the deed itself, if that makes sense. So they do this, some of their LMS said it is equivalent in terms of agile, but that doesn't take away from the actual value of reading a third of the plant itself or lower them any other understandings.

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The contract, talks about

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summarize

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good Mashallah. Very well said zachman lokaler. So this is just said, Look, it's all about content. As they say content is king, right? It's all about content. Now we have a lot of content creators

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content. What does he mean by that? Well, the LMS said, Look, if you were to summarize the whole iron into themes,

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if you wanted to simplify the themes in the plan, you can kind of simplify it down to three themes.

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And I'll call it

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matters that deal with theology

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matters, dealing with rulings law,

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legal aspects of the religion

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and,

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and information that Allah gives us, whether it be of the past, of nations and communities before us, or of the future, or of the Hereafter, but Allah is informing us of events and details and stories. So they said if you can, if you want to just summarize the themes of the Quran, you can summarize it down to these themes. And sort of the class deals with what it lays the foundation for the Africa it for the theology and the beliefs. Henceforth, it is as if we are talking about one third of the Quran from a thematic from a content perspective, because it is so abridged It is so concise, it's so comprehensive in the implications of these verses, we have covered one third of the

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thematic content of the Koran.

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And that's a very, very good understanding that many of the scholars leaned towards, with regards to what does it mean when we say soul to the class is equivalent to a third of the

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world.

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We often read this or insula, and most of us, if not all of us do on a regular basis. And somebody once said, it is probably the most read surah from the Quran

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after tried to have I would say, but after a factor, I think it's very, very likely. But a man came to the messenger sallallahu wasallam. And he was speaking about another man

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who used to do the MLA and he would pray in the night like what are you guys did last night, Mashallah. Relax up.

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When he came to the Mr. Milan, he said, he will lay he stands in prayer at night with only the reading of salts in his last person.

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And he says, What can Anima takala

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the narrator tells us this man that was addressing the prophecy, I said, it's as if he was belittling from the value. Like he only reads that guy. He only reads so to the class and all the like, seriously. That's all you gotta do, man.

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So the profits of the long radio slim responded to him.

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He told them, do you not know that the last 30 to 30 is equivalent to the third of them.

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So the prophesised kind of reprimanded him and taught him that don't belittle this Sula. Yes, it is short.

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But it is heavy when it comes to value and reward and meaning.

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Now, having said that,

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maybe a lot of folks who are accustomed to only reading so to class like

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I don't have to, I don't have to spend too much effort learning other portions of the code, I know that attitude will have the adverse effect. If I'm only reading sorta class because I'm too lazy to read anything else. That's the problem.

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But reading it with pondering and with reflection and sincerely understanding and internalizing its value that has huge blessing. Me lawmakers, people of the Koran.

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And by the way, if anybody is like settling for these sources, because they think it's too difficult to memorize the plan, please don't feel that way. You know, it's it's really not that difficult. It's challenging. Of course, I'm not gonna sit here and tell you guys though it's a walk in the park know that it's challenging. And if you've tried that, you know that it's challenging, but it gets easier. Because memorization requires a certain part of your brain and it's like a muscle that you work out. The more you memorize, the easier memorizing gets. And there were people in our class that used to memorize eight 910 12 pages in one day, in one sitting. And that wasn't hard, because it

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becomes very easy and the vocabulary of the plan is repetitive. So a lot of words, you you become familiar with them. So so please don't please don't feel that it's too difficult. My teacher that I'm aligned with, he had a student and she finished the Quran shortly before me and she was seven

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years old.

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And she started memorizing when she was 68.

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So, if she can do it, I'm sure you can

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play

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this surah gives us

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as we set the foundation for theology.

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theology is based on a phrase, a statement that we say

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la ilaha illAllah.

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We've heard this phrase before, I assume we understand its implication how important it is. Now, there are other metals that this phrase is very interesting, from a from a retort from a rhetoric perspective, from a language perspective, because it consists of two aspects, and they said, theology affirming who Allah is, all the ways rest rests upon these two pillars, there is no third and that is nephew and what is that? That is to affirm and to negate.

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Law is a negation there is no one worthy of worship. That's a negation you've just wiped the slate clean in the law, that's an affirmation except exclusively Allah alone.

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So, this phrase of lightening the law rests upon these pillars of affirmation and negation.

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And

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so to the class follow suit,

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Allah had a lot of solid lemonade what am unit what me akula Hakuna had this sort of begins with affirmation, this is who Allah is, this is who Allah is, Allah is not this and not that.

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So we see the same pattern of affirming who Allah is and negating qualities that are not appropriate to attribute to Allah subhana wa Tada.

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When was this sort are revealed.

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So we know that the scholars of TFC they organized the plan based on time of Revelation. And so they have sources that are mucky, and sources that are maddening. And that which was revealed prior to the journey of Allah. They labeled it as mechon, Mickey solos, and those that were revealed post journey of digital.

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They considered madonie or Medina and soulless.

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Some of their LMS said that sort of teleclass was revealed more than once.

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On multiple occasions. This is one opinion of some of the scholars of Tafseer.

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But the majority concluded that it is mucky. Even if we say that it was revealed more than once in some of those times being after the hedgehog, it still is murky, because its first and primary revelation was in the second phase prior to the digital.

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What was the reason for revelation? What was the historical context? What was happening at the time, in the life of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam? Well, we have this narration that tells us that koi fish,

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you know, they were really agitated, and annoyed and bothered by the message of Muhammad Sallallahu it was

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the majority of the people of Qureshi of Mecca, were not happy with what the Messenger of Allah came with, even though just before he came to them with this revelation, they loved him.

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He was one of the most loved people in that community, not just loved, but also trusted,

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trusted and believed. And yet when he came with them with this message, that revolutionized the theology, that they were upon idolatry and pagan rituals, then they flipped a script. Then he went from being beloved to being someone blamed and insulted. And he went from someone being trusted to someone being called a magician and sourcer. And from being someone who they trusted and believed to being someone they said was a liar, and a false poet.

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So it's interesting how the script flips when it didn't suit their desires.

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So they decided, you know, what,

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we're gonna have a dialogue with with this man Mohammed. So I sent a man by the name of Mr. Bill profane, and he went to the Messenger of Allah.

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And he said to the Messenger of Allah, you know, what is it that you want? What do you really after here? What's your agenda?

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Are you looking to be wealthy? If so, we got you covered, man. We'll make you the wealthiest amongst us.

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Are you looking to get a lot of attention from women, you want to have a lot of women in your life.

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Have we got you covered?

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Or is it that you're sick? You're just mental you're you know, you got a mental instability will bring someone to do some exorcism and cure you of your illness.

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What was the prophesized symptoms agenda, they had an agenda. It was none of those.

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his agenda was as one of the Sahaba said, Harajuku, a bad, a bad demon, a bad activity bad either a better to be a bad omen leeftijd dounia LSI,

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to extract and remove and guide people from being subservient, and in worship of other creation, to servitude and worship of the Creator of all creation, and to guide and to lead you from the limited and restricted nature of this dunya. To the vast and unlimited nature of Allah. That was the agenda of the prophets lesson.

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And what a great agenda.

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So the answer to the prophets, I send them after insulting and humiliating him with these lowly claims, as if that's all a prophet was after he told them.

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He said,

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in

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a book,

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he said, Give us the lineage of your Lord,

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tell us they're your lords of lineage. Describe your toys, where do you come from?

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As you might have deduced the ancient Arabs and not just the Arabs, but ancient Eastern cultures, overall, they really put a lot of value into this aspect of lineage. Right? Every time we hear a name of a Sahabi, or someone we always hear it been so and so the son of so and so Daughter of so and so and, and sometimes their name goes on, like, you know, on and on and on. They, they took lineage very seriously. And actually, that's a positive thing. That's actually the good thing. You know, if I can take a tangent there for a minute, one of the objectives of the Sharia is to preserve lineage, it's very important for people to know where they came from.

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It's very important, not not as a source of bragging rights, not as a means of look at me I am so incentive so and so. From such and such tribe, you know, that's not we're talking about here, we're talking about understanding and knowing where a person's roots are from, the more a person is aware and acute, of where they come from, and what led to them being here on this Earth right now. Because a lot, a lot happened for you to be here, right now. A lot of people had to come together, generation one after another after another, a lot of marriages had to happen, a lot of caretaking and, and work to get into a you know, into play for you to be here right now. Breathing and kicking

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and living. And that's why lineage is important. Because all of those people carried pains and weight and sacrificed for us to be here right now. So we need to be grateful to all of those generations before us that were a cause of our existence today. So the idea of preserving and caring about lineage, it's important.

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So because they had this that was really deeply rooted in their culture, they thought they can apply the same terms to the Creator.

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And that's where they went wrong. Allah subhanaw taala has no lineage. Because just like how we talked about why marriage is important for us, you see how we're indebted

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to see how we were in need of our lineage. That's what led to us being able to be here today communicating and sitting with each other. So if we were to associate that with a law, that means that a law was passed, that was in need,

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at some point or another, and a God who is in need of other entities ceases to be a god.

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Where is the perfection in that? Where is the completion? Where's the mic? If you have to be in need, and that's the distinctive difference between creation and creator. Allah was never is never and will never be in need of any other being or entity.

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And that's one of the implications of Whoo hoo Allahu Ahad.

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So they said,

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in sybrina, Rebecca described to us your Lord, give us the lineage of your Lord. So jabril came down, revealing the soldier to Mohammed,

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say, oh, Mohammed, that's why the soldier starts with

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say, and by the way, it is cough, a very, very, very, very, very common

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common mistake when we read it really fast and we don't pay attention is people say, could you guys hear the difference between those two?

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No.

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Versus

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that Did you guys hear that Miguel was I'm sure you find you guys right now.

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Two different letters. One is from the back of the tongue The other is from the further back in the tongue closer to the throat.

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So Mashallah heavily sounds as though lokaler but the love of reading so many people's hearts.

00:30:37--> 00:31:23

Cool, cool means to eat. Like it's commanding someone to eat. So it's inappropriate to make that mistake here. Would that work? So just wanted to mention that so we be careful. Step one to fixing a pronunciation mistake is to be able to hear it. If you can't hear your mistake, you won't be able to fix it. So just spend time listening. Before you recite, Listen, do a lot of listening and sit with a teacher inshallah Tada, if that's something that you need help with. Boy Who Allahu Ahad say, Who is this command, directed to? It's directed to Mohammed Salah Selim, in response to this claim and question that the people came to him with. And it is also by extension, a command to all of us say,

00:31:24--> 00:31:27

say what Allahu Ahad

00:31:29--> 00:31:30

proclaim

00:31:31--> 00:31:52

and knows who your Creator is. Don't be ashamed about carrying that belief. Don't hide that or hold that back, proclaiming who Allahu Ahad that was a command to Mohammed Salah Salem. and by extension to his oma, this Omar has to say, who is allowed is that for me, is like a lawful

00:31:55--> 00:31:56

fuel right here.

00:32:05--> 00:32:19

Who Allahu Ahad say He is Allah ahead, Allah. So right off the right from the top we have this name of Allah. And we might have heard before that Allah has many names.

00:32:20--> 00:32:22

company names as a laugh

00:32:33--> 00:32:34

Yes, sir, in the back.

00:32:35--> 00:32:36

Only Allah knows.

00:32:39--> 00:32:44

Yes, so the prophesies that I'm said in nearly law, he is atten. But is

00:32:45--> 00:32:52

that to Allah is 99 names, but the RMS said that does not mean those are the only Names of Allah.

00:32:54--> 00:33:05

But these are the ones that Allah informed us of and that we know about. So how many names is the law have an infinite number of names, because Allah is the Creator of these estimates to begin with.

00:33:07--> 00:33:19

Allah is the one who created Adam and taught him the names and the words of all things. So this is what has reached us. And these are names of perfection and beauty smasher. Snap, Beautiful Names.

00:33:21--> 00:33:32

This is the most repeated Name of Allah, and it is a law. Now, I don't want to get into too many details about what this name means.

00:33:33--> 00:33:48

Because there are them I have many opinions about what it means. Many, many opinions, we'll just mention a couple. A dominant opinion that many scholars affirmed is that it means the supreme

00:33:49--> 00:33:53

entity who deserves to be worshipped.

00:33:55--> 00:34:02

But there's one other meaning that is less popular, but I want to mention it because every time I reflect on it, it amazes me.

00:34:05--> 00:34:15

Some of the scholars they said Allah, it comes from the root word in Arabic. Well, he has

00:34:17--> 00:34:18

to

00:34:20--> 00:34:22

be in a state of loss

00:34:23--> 00:34:39

to be in a state of loss. And actually, the ancient Arabs used to use this word to describe a mother, a woman who lost her child in infancy the child died.

00:34:40--> 00:34:41

They would say more or less.

00:34:44--> 00:34:44

Why?

00:34:47--> 00:34:59

If May Allah subhanaw taala preserve all of you and preserve all of your children, for those of you that are parents and if you are parents to be in sha Allah, may Allah grant you children that are healthy and you see

00:35:01--> 00:35:13

You see them come and reach fruition and maturity. But if you have ever heard of or spoken to a parent, specifically a mother who has lost their child,

00:35:14--> 00:35:16

especially in infancy or miscarriage,

00:35:18--> 00:35:24

it is an extremely overwhelming and depressing experience. And and rightfully so.

00:35:25--> 00:35:49

As a matter of fact, many, many mothers who suffer the experience of a miscarriage actually fall into major depression. And it's important that if anybody experiences that, that they get the necessary help in therapy, that they need the grief therapy so that they can be able to continue living a fulfilling life and process that experience.

00:35:51--> 00:35:53

How is this related to Allah?

00:35:54--> 00:35:58

They said, because the one who does not know a law

00:35:59--> 00:36:02

will have that void and that emptiness.

00:36:03--> 00:36:13

And nothing can fill that emptiness. Just like if you go to that mother who lost her child to infancy, nothing will fill that void that she feels except having that child

00:36:14--> 00:36:29

the child has passed. So likewise, the implication of this linguistic meaning to the name Allah, the One who does not know a law will have a void and an emptiness that nothing can fill, except knowing and being connected to Allah.

00:36:31--> 00:36:32

Allah.

00:36:34--> 00:36:45

Not only is he the one supremely deserving of our worship, but he is the one that we need to know and be connected to. And if not, then there will be an emptiness in our hearts and in our lives.

00:36:48--> 00:36:51

May Allah make us of those who know a lot and who are close to him.

00:36:52--> 00:36:55

But he who Allahu Ahad Okay.

00:36:57--> 00:36:59

How do you say one in Arabic?

00:37:01--> 00:37:02

Wah head?

00:37:04--> 00:37:06

So how can we don't have here?

00:37:10--> 00:37:14

We have here kulu Allahu Ahad. Yes.

00:37:19--> 00:37:20

Interesting.

00:37:22--> 00:37:22

Yes.

00:37:30--> 00:37:32

Say again, wash had implies that

00:37:39--> 00:37:41

I think I see where you're going with that. Okay.

00:37:42--> 00:37:57

So basically, both answers kind of are similar in the sense that they're implying Whitehead leaves room for others. But I had is more eloquent in expressing oneness. And that is true.

00:38:00--> 00:38:02

That is correct. I had

00:38:03--> 00:38:06

the scholars they said, I didn't feel that he

00:38:07--> 00:38:09

was fiercely fighting.

00:38:11--> 00:38:13

The scholars they said he is ahead.

00:38:17--> 00:38:22

In his essence, in the being of Allah in and of himself.

00:38:23--> 00:38:50

And the essence of who Allah is, is something almost impossible for the not almost is impossible for the human imagination to fathom and capture. But they said, Well, he didn't feel physically fat. Why hide when it comes to the attributes? Because there are many attributes. Each attribute applies to the same entity to the same a lot.

00:38:51--> 00:39:02

They said, because an attribute you can have multiple attributes that refer to the same entity. Some philosophers that I want to get too complicated on you guys, I think it's still early.

00:39:03--> 00:39:19

You can start philosophizing after 10am, not before, some philosophers, they said, if there are multiple attributes to something, that means that what is being described, also has multiple beings.

00:39:20--> 00:39:49

And this is actually incorrect. Philosophically, it's, it's something that is debunked. And also mathematically as well, you can have multiple descriptions, referring to the same entity. And so they said, I hadn't see that. And I had, as others were alluding to, is more comprehensive, and more eloquent, and more rare in usage in the Arabic language to refer to the singular.

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

So it's a much stronger way in Arabic of expressing oneness. Yes, you could say warhead, as we say in the number, like when we count

00:40:01--> 00:40:16

But when you say ahead, it is more eloquent and a stronger way of affirming that oneness in the being fi that he in a being an essence of who Allah is who Allahu Ahad.

00:40:18--> 00:40:23

Also when it comes to the attributes, they said why don't fiscally fat

00:40:24--> 00:40:37

they said a lot is one in his attributes, but they see us do a head nod their head Why? Because they said someone else could have the same attributes as Allah. But they don't manifest in the same way.

00:40:38--> 00:40:40

How so? Well,

00:40:42--> 00:40:45

you're live right? Everyone here live.

00:40:47--> 00:40:49

I heard like five people that's the problem.

00:40:51--> 00:40:54

Is this Johor? shunda? Aloha.

00:40:58--> 00:40:58

Bismillah

00:41:00--> 00:41:01

llamas fan to sheffey

00:41:09--> 00:41:13

my dad truly honestly believes that Joshua will cure any sickness

00:41:16--> 00:41:21

of course allows the cure, but you know what I mean? He has a little complicated here. So you guys are alive huh?

00:41:22--> 00:41:26

Okay, good. Have the attributes of Allah is

00:41:27--> 00:41:28

life.

00:41:29--> 00:41:30

Allah is LA.

00:41:31--> 00:41:33

Allahu Allah, Allah Allah who

00:41:37--> 00:41:40

is a laws life, like your life?

00:41:44--> 00:41:44

Yes or no?

00:41:45--> 00:41:47

No. Why?

00:41:48--> 00:41:49

Because your life

00:41:50--> 00:41:52

didn't exist at one point.

00:41:54--> 00:41:57

So first you were not alive and then you became alive.

00:41:59--> 00:42:02

But Allah subhanaw taala did not have a starting or beginning point.

00:42:03--> 00:42:10

Allah subhana wa tada was not bound by the limitations of time the way we are, there was no beginning no end.

00:42:12--> 00:42:13

So there was no starting point.

00:42:14--> 00:42:21

Your life is eventually going to come to an end. Anybody has trouble grappling with that or believing it?

00:42:22--> 00:42:27

Sorry. It's just a reality. Allahu subhana wa Tada.

00:42:28--> 00:42:28

Because

00:42:29--> 00:42:34

Allah subhanaw taala will never expire, it never come to an end, his life will never cease to exist.

00:42:35--> 00:42:41

So Allah has the attribute of hat, you all here have the attribute of Hyatt

00:42:42--> 00:42:47

same attribute, totally different in the way that they manifest.

00:42:48--> 00:43:23

were completely different. And that's why they said why don't fiercely fat because other creations of a lot can have the same attributes. But they are not the same in the way that they exist. That Allah subhana wa Tada. Can you give us a principle on laser chemistry? He surely absolutely nothing is similar to Allah, there isn't anything that you know of, and that what you don't know of that is similar to allow, Lisa can easily shake well who are semi robots.

00:43:24--> 00:43:26

But he is the

00:43:27--> 00:43:28

or hearing and all seen.

00:43:30--> 00:43:37

And said Allah concluded the verse with these two attributes, which are attributes that his creation has as well.

00:43:38--> 00:44:00

Human beings and other creatures have a law they see and they hear what they're seeing, and their hearing is completely different and is not similar or comparable to the vision and the hearing of Allah subhanho wa Taala. One is dramatically limited, and the other is completely Unlimited, not bound by any limitations of time or space or any other dimension.

00:44:02--> 00:44:06

I had one fee that he was, I don't know if it called who Allah who

00:44:08--> 00:44:15

can we pause here for a moment and ask the question and think, what is the importance of oneness?

00:44:17--> 00:44:22

What is the importance of oneness? Why is this such a whenever people introduce Islam?

00:44:24--> 00:44:36

to those that don't know about it, they always begin with this idea. The fundamental idea of Islam is to affirm that Allah is one and He alone is deserving of our worship.

00:44:38--> 00:44:39

We hear that a lot, right?

00:44:40--> 00:44:46

That's correct. That's good. Why is it so important? Somebody might come and say what's the big deal?

00:44:48--> 00:44:49

Yes.

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

Good. And so this is something that a lot tells us in the Quran, Allah says no

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

canovee Hema illa Allahu

00:45:05--> 00:45:29

Allah said if in this universe, the heavens and the earth was any other, other than Allah, the two would have destroyed, collided and been destroyed. Why? Because that's the nature of that's that's the the natural progression, the natural process, when you have to, you know strong entities or powers, there will be some competition between the two.

00:45:30--> 00:45:50

And so if there's another deity other than Allah, what would have been conflict and that would have led to destruction. So in essence, Allah subhana wa tada has laid the success and the continuty of this universe upon the fact that he is the only supreme creator.

00:45:51--> 00:46:06

This universe is able to continue and exist because Allah subhanaw taala is the one single supreme creator with no one else meddling, you know, into the affairs of this universe and

00:46:08--> 00:46:15

causing that level of corruption destruction over a week, as creation of Allah, corruption destruction.

00:46:16--> 00:46:25

On a micro level, when you add up all of that, it becomes a macro level, but it does not interfere with the plan of Allah subhanaw taala all of that is part of Allah subhanaw taala this plan,

00:46:26--> 00:46:33

even in the human being, there is an aspect of oneness also, Allah said unsalted

00:46:34--> 00:46:50

merge Allah Allah, Julio Julie mi konbini, fi jiofi. Allah said, we did not make any human being, we did not make mankind, this man with two hearts in the chest.

00:46:53--> 00:47:09

Imagine if somebody had two hearts. And we don't only mean here, physical hearts beating, because somebody might come and say, well, there was a, you know, somebody who was born with some kind of medical deformity or something like that. That's not what we're talking about. But we're talking about meaning, the central

00:47:11--> 00:47:18

processing unit of feelings and emotions and decisions and choices that a human being makes.

00:47:19--> 00:47:32

And if a human being had to have those hearts, to have those places where emotions are, we would never be able to move forward or move back, or go up or go down or left or right, it would constantly be confusion.

00:47:34--> 00:47:43

I mean, even with one heart, even if one collection of emotions and research easily get confused. Imagine if there were two sets of

00:47:45--> 00:47:48

a pair, we'd never get anything done.

00:47:49--> 00:47:52

So this idea of oneness is very important.

00:47:53--> 00:47:55

How is it really relevant to us today?

00:47:56--> 00:47:58

I was thinking about this.

00:47:59--> 00:48:00

And

00:48:02--> 00:48:03

if you think about it,

00:48:06--> 00:48:11

it's very important to have a singular source

00:48:13--> 00:48:18

for moral and ethical code of conduct.

00:48:20--> 00:48:28

There needs to be one singular source that defines ultimately, what is good and what is evil.

00:48:31--> 00:48:32

And if there isn't,

00:48:34--> 00:48:35

the implication of that

00:48:36--> 00:48:44

is the boundaries and parameters and definition of what is good and what is bad, will constantly be changing.

00:48:48--> 00:48:59

That's a very theoretical way of explaining it. But that's exactly what we are witnessing in our day and age. Something that was abominable, 20 years ago, is praiseworthy today.

00:49:00--> 00:49:12

And something that is praiseworthy today, could very well in 10, or 15, or 20, or however number of years become one of the most heinous of crimes.

00:49:14--> 00:49:21

Unless a human being aligns himself with one singular source of code,

00:49:24--> 00:49:53

Code of Conduct ethical and moral code. Otherwise, they will constantly be flip flopping. They will constantly be wishy washy. And that's why those that refuse and reject accept a law as that source. As that deciding entity that decides what is ultimately good and what is ultimately evil. They will constantly have fluctuations and changes. And I'm not just talking about interactions or dealings, I'm talking about ethics and morals.

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

the very core of what is good and what is evil.

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

And when that is constantly changing,

00:50:04--> 00:50:07

that's what destroys society.

00:50:08--> 00:50:46

That's what leads to a very unhealthy society and community. So this idea of oneness is actually extremely liberating. It's extremely liberating. And I can't tell you how many times I have heard from people that accepted Islam, people that came from a background where they weren't practicing Islam, and then they embrace this faith. I can't count to the number of times I hear them speak about how liberating it was to affirm one singular creator, that they would devote their heart and their worship and their servitude and their obedience to

00:50:48--> 00:50:51

because it frees you from being tied to any other

00:50:53--> 00:50:55

entity that will tell you

00:50:56--> 00:50:58

who to worship and how.

00:51:00--> 00:51:13

So the simplicity the simplicity of it is actually extremely profound. And it's something that we can contemplate and think about for a very long time. God who Allahu Ahad

00:51:15--> 00:51:17

hoo hoo Allahu Ahad

00:51:18--> 00:51:19

is extremely profound.

00:51:24--> 00:51:28

And when the believer internalizes this concept,

00:51:31--> 00:51:44

and it is deeply rooted within their heart, the attachment to Allah subhanaw taala singularly himself alone exclusively, that they will be able to be sincere, then they will find it.

00:51:45--> 00:51:49

So that's something we have to continuously grapple in our hearts with.

00:51:52--> 00:51:53

A head

00:51:55--> 00:51:59

kulula who had a lot of cement, let's move on. I think we

00:52:01--> 00:52:06

are over our time. Aloha Samad. Again, Allah repeats his name Allah,

00:52:07--> 00:52:26

because of its importance, and because of its value of Samad. What does that mean? Then we could talk about a summit all day, the mF TF seed, have so many understandings of what a summit is, actually it reached almost 16 different linguistic opinions of the meaning of this one word.

00:52:28--> 00:52:51

And somebody might hear that and, and be bothered by it. But actually, that's amazing. Why? Well, number one, it tells you how amazing the language of Arabic is, as a language. We're not talking about a culture or superiority of the people. We're talking about the strength and the linguistic value of the language. And that's why I chose it to be the vessel, the medium of the Quran.

00:52:52--> 00:53:09

Also, it is very impressive at the Scholastic breadth and achievement of the scholars of this ummah. But they didn't take any single word in the Quran likely, and they dissected every single word. Now let's talk about this for a second.

00:53:11--> 00:53:18

The differences the different opinions and different interpretations in the Quran are of two types.

00:53:21--> 00:53:26

One is called if Tila foo Turner word.

00:53:28--> 00:53:30

If delightful, if Tina Turner word

00:53:32--> 00:53:34

and the other is called is Siddharth.

00:53:37--> 00:53:41

First one is a 15 hour 14 hour difference of opinion.

00:53:42--> 00:53:43

That is

00:53:45--> 00:53:49

all of the different opinions can coexist simultaneously.

00:53:50--> 00:53:52

They do not contradict each other.

00:53:53--> 00:54:06

The second type is FTF tabard, where you have multiple opinions, and you cannot affirm both or all of them simultaneously. One or the other needs to be the one that is affirmed.

00:54:07--> 00:54:15

And the vast majority of differences, difference differences of opinion in the form of the first type and not the second.

00:54:16--> 00:54:24

And so we see here when we say here that our summit there are 16 or more different opinions for what it means this is referred to nowhere.

00:54:25--> 00:54:43

So what are some of these opinions? Some of them are said our summit and the majority of the early early generations affirmed this definition. They said and this is going to be a little bit tricky. So bear with me here. They said a Samad and Lizzie Jo fella.

00:54:46--> 00:54:51

They said a solid is the one that has no empty cavity

00:54:52--> 00:54:53

inside it.

00:54:56--> 00:54:57

really confused.

00:54:58--> 00:54:59

Okay, let's try it one more time.

00:55:00--> 00:55:06

Joseph is an empty hollow space in the middle of something.

00:55:08--> 00:55:13

So he has a joke. Do you have your your chest

00:55:14--> 00:55:27

in the space, there is an empty cavity inside, and there's organs in there that are filling that space. And then you need to actually some room so the lungs of the diaphragm can expand and contract and all that good stuff. There are pockets of empty space.

00:55:29--> 00:55:37

That's called Joseph. Something that has an aspect of hollowness. There's an emptiness inside of it.

00:55:40--> 00:55:48

So these are Samad the linguistic meaning of summit is a being that has no joke, there is no empty space inside of it.

00:55:53--> 00:56:26

That's something to think about for a couple of minutes. Allahu Samad, how does that apply to Allah? We don't affirm any images or any shapes to Allah subhanaw taala. He is far above that. Let's keep listening to the other definitions. As we said they're complimentary. And the puzzle pieces will start to come together. By the way on a linguistic tangent, if anybody here studied morphology, sort of anybody took a sort of class morphology, Arabic morphology. Okay, one guy. So. So

00:56:27--> 00:56:35

if you remember there's a word that is edgecliff. A word is edgecliff is one that has a vowel letter in the middle.

00:56:37--> 00:56:38

Like for example, the word

00:56:40--> 00:56:41

off Elif.

00:56:42--> 00:56:51

Elif, is a vowel. If a word has a vowel in the middle. It's known as it is a word that has some hollowness because of our unlike a consonant is

00:56:52--> 00:56:57

it comes from the joke, it comes from the hollow part, man, I'm getting real cemetery from you guys right now.

00:56:59--> 00:57:00

Like

00:57:02--> 00:57:06

the word sock made side mean that has no vowel.

00:57:08--> 00:57:15

So from a linguistic from a morphology perspective, even the word itself, the construct of the letters is not addressed. There's no Val.

00:57:16--> 00:57:45

That's pretty amazing. But let's keep listening to the other definitions. They said our summit is the one that everyone turns to for their needs. Yes, my de la Hill holla echo. All creation turns to Allah for their needs. What else they said are solid is the one who has reached perfection and completion in each of their individual attributes. And say it meto fiso added a

00:57:47--> 00:57:59

new feature added the most generous not just yet, but the one who has reached completion and perfection and their generosity, completion and perfection in their authority, completion and perfection in their mind.

00:58:00--> 00:58:02

What else they said a Samad

00:58:04--> 00:58:11

is the one who never eats or drinks. Allah de la coruna shop never eats never drinks.

00:58:14--> 00:58:17

So you said our Samad is defined by the next verse.

00:58:21--> 00:58:24

They said let me read what is the definition of a summit?

00:58:27--> 00:58:31

No children, no parents, no offspring didn't was not born.

00:58:32--> 00:58:35

from anyone that did not give birth to anyone.

00:58:36--> 00:58:53

And some said and this one is very interesting. And this one I think summarizes all of the definitions and meanings and brings them full circle. They said are Samad this goes back to the word in the Arabic That means cancelled. That which is site

00:58:55--> 00:58:58

obviously do alienness I'm in trouble.

00:59:00--> 00:59:00

Thank you.

00:59:02--> 00:59:02

Okay.

00:59:04--> 00:59:08

He actually do la that other creations seek and go towards

00:59:10--> 00:59:10

Allah.

00:59:12--> 00:59:13

Allah who summit.

00:59:14--> 00:59:16

We need to seek Allah.

00:59:17--> 00:59:25

We have to go to Allah. Allah said in the Quran to fill you in Allah, race, rush, hasten to Allah.

00:59:28--> 00:59:37

Go move to Allah. Don't be stagnant. What does that mean? Don't be stagnant in your obedience. When you say Sam had an appointment with a law, he said,

00:59:39--> 00:59:40

No, you cannot be retired.

00:59:41--> 00:59:45

I hasten to my appointment with you a law so you'd be pleased with me.

00:59:47--> 01:00:00

When it comes to fulfilling what is pleasing to Allah, he can't just sit back and relax and just say eventually seek Allah alone. A Samad one way or another every single creation.

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

will seek Allah.

01:00:02--> 01:00:07

And so it's Miriam Allah said in movie somehow it will be in

01:00:10--> 01:00:23

every single creation of Allah eventually will be a ABD will be in need of Allah, even the ones that don't want to admit it and affirm it, even the ones who say there is no Allah. Can you stop yourself from pooping?

01:00:26--> 01:00:27

No.

01:00:28--> 01:00:34

You can't even stop yourself from deprecating and you can affirm that you are in need of Allah.

01:00:37--> 01:00:42

How great is a creation that can even prevent themselves from defecating and urinating?

01:00:45--> 01:00:52

How great is a creation that can't even stop themselves from falling asleep? How long can you stay awake,

01:00:53--> 01:00:58

take all the caffeine that you want, eventually you're going to crash.

01:01:01--> 01:01:01

Later,

01:01:03--> 01:01:03

when I know

01:01:05--> 01:01:09

the loss of habitat has never afflicted by any fatigue or any sleep.

01:01:10--> 01:01:15

One way or another. Every creation of Allah will turn to Allah in need,

01:01:17--> 01:01:18

whether they admit it or not

01:01:19--> 01:01:21

allow a summit.

01:01:23--> 01:01:26

So we would be doing ourselves a justice

01:01:27--> 01:01:29

to seek and turn to Allah.

01:01:30--> 01:01:44

Let me lead whether Mulan land. And this negates the claims that many claims that were made, that Allah had children or that Allah was a child of someone else.

01:01:46--> 01:01:57

And these are the biggest lies that the history of humanity has ever witnessed. Allah subhanaw taala and sort of medium said to do similar to what

01:02:01--> 01:02:03

we know what a shocker,

01:02:08--> 01:02:11

the skies are going to crack open.

01:02:14--> 01:02:18

And the mountains will crumble down from what from this claim. And

01:02:20--> 01:02:25

from this claim that Allah has offspring has a child.

01:02:27--> 01:02:42

The human beings just utter this statement as if there is no bearing to it. But if the if the mountains if we could witness the impact of such a phrase on the skies on the mountains, they would crumble and they would be destroyed.

01:02:44--> 01:02:48

When we are called Allahu Khufu and ahead

01:02:52--> 01:02:55

and there is absolutely no one

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that is equivalent, equal on equal standing similar to Allah in any way.

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And in this final verse is actually a beautiful

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linguistic point here.

01:03:12--> 01:03:16

Usually in the Arabic language if you wanted to make this statement, you would say

01:03:18--> 01:03:21

while I'm here, can I do coupon law?

01:03:24--> 01:03:34

You would mention the object first. What am I do coupon law? There isn't any one that is coupon for a lot.

01:03:36--> 01:03:38

But the order was reversed what am akula who

01:03:40--> 01:03:47

said there is no one equivalent there is no one coupon there is no one similar on equal standing. Anyone?

01:03:50--> 01:03:50

Why is that?

01:03:52--> 01:04:02

In the Quran, oftentimes when Allah is addressing himself, there's a certain pattern that is used. And that is that Allahu subhana wa tada

01:04:05--> 01:04:06

mentions

01:04:07--> 01:04:19

himself before, the object of the verb for the object of the noun, dimensions the lesson gerada first like for example, in Sultan Fatiha

01:04:20--> 01:04:21

yakka

01:04:25--> 01:04:28

you alone, we worship.

01:04:29--> 01:04:34

Usually, the way that that phrase would happen in the language would be

01:04:38--> 01:04:52

we worship you that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned he mentioned his name first, or the pronoun referring to Allah subhanaw taala first, why, in Arabic, this is something we call hustle

01:04:54--> 01:04:55

exclusivity

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lm yaku

01:05:01--> 01:05:09

It removes any, any potential for this to ever occur and then allow mentions the name,

01:05:10--> 01:05:17

to give that exclusivity that exclusivity to Allah subhanaw taala for this standing in this position

01:05:19--> 01:05:30

that nobody else has that status and that rink alongside or besides or with Allah subhanho wa Taala

01:05:31--> 01:05:33

I hadn't had

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these are some of the meetings and some of the implications of this short solar, Allah subhanaw taala, makers of those who internalize it and understand it.