Lessons In Fiqh 50
Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem
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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa sallahu wa barakaatuh ab de la sweetie Li Amina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Jemaine a salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. And welcome to lessons and
we continue what we have discussed last time we met, which is the first Hadith and the chapter that deals with sutra. And sutra means the screen or the object you put in front of you before you pray. Brother Fadi, can you read this hadith again, please, narrated by Abu Mohammed bin Harith may Allah be pleased with him. Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, if the person who passes in front of another person in prayer knew the magnitude of his sin, He would have been better for him to wait for 40 then pass in front of him. And another generation of bizarre.
He said 40 years. So he identified the word 40, by saying it's 14 years and this Hadith, it tells us that it is highly recommendable to pray to a screen. And it doesn't say that
clearly, but it tells you that you as a person who is not praying, it's forbidden for you to pass in front of a person who is praying, of course, we will come to know that. What is meant is that in the case that this person is praying to a screen, you may not pass between him and the stream. This is completely forbidden. And it's a major sin, as we will know, in sha Allah. And the reason behind that is that when a person is praying, he is contemplating with in his prayer, and he is talking to Allah, He is talking to the Almighty, and praying to Him supplicating to him asking for his forgiveness. So that is why it is unlawful for you to break this bond, to break this connection by
passing in front of him. And this is what this is one of the benefits of the screen of the sutra that it makes you
observe your prayer and it it does not allow you to gaze right left or center. Because you're concentrating you have this object in front of you. And it consists the borders of your site. So usually people don't look beyond that line or that position. And because it is so sacred, that a person is praying to Allah azza wa jal, that is why it's forbidden for us to destroy churches and places of worship. Is that true?
Is it true that it's forbidden for Muslims to destroy churches and places of worship? Yes, Mustafa. I don't think it's completely true. I think you can destroy churches. If they built under the mural. They are the means and they build new churches. I think you're allowed to destroy these church. Now I'm talking about existing churches.
bumalik Well, according to destroying it, it goes back to the Muslim leader. And he can only do that if it's against the Muslim walls if they have
like their statues hung up. Okay. But generally speaking, if you are outside of the Arabian Peninsula, and this country has a church, or a place of worship, is it permissible for Muslims to come and destroy it? No. These are places of worship. People are entitled to worship their gods. They're to practice their religion, providing they are outside of the Arabian Peninsula, because in the Arabian Peninsula, it's a different situation. It's forbidden for them to
practice their religion in public. Of course, they can be Christians and Jews and their enterpreneurs
As with the case now, and they worship their God, they worship the practice of religion in private, not in public, because in public, it's against the Islamic law. And they may do this in private.
And, again, what is wrong is to pass in front of a person prayer, praying, but what happens if you are sitting down? Is this wrong? So sometimes I finished prayer, and I look behind me, and I find this person praying to me. So is this a sin? Am I sinful? No, because I'm his screen, um, his sutra at the moment. So if a person was sitting down, or lying down, or even if a person was standing up, and there's another one behind him, praying to Him, and considering him as his sutra, this is allowed. And there's nothing wrong in that.
The Hadith tells us, Mustafa, okay, if there's someone praying, can you actually go and pray behind him and like, with the intention that he is your sutra? What do you think, Mustafa? Yes, I think you can. Yes, you can. It's simple you can do, you can consider anything to be sutra providing, whether it's an animal, a human being, or any object, you can consider it to be a sutra and pray to it. But passing through is not acceptable, because then it distracts you. It's not considered acceptable. Brother Friday, sometimes during Ramadan, when we were in Mecca, it's very, very crowded. And it's hard to stop people from passing by. So when you stop them, they say that the ruling for Mecca is a
different ruling. Is this true or false? Now, this is a different story, because Makkah and other scholars say, Medina have different verdicts to them. maccha.
The ruling is different because it doesn't have any pillars. It's an open plazas, an open area, usually. And it's so crowded that you know if you want to avoid passing in front of people praying, you will zigzag and probably end up closer to the cabin, rather than leaving the masjid. So scholars say that yes, Mac as a different story. You may pass in front of people because there is no other way around it. Some scholars say no, it is exactly like any other message such as this is the verdict of the Imam Al Banting. May Allah have mercy on him said he says that no, you have to stop. You may not cross or pass in front of a person praying been bad? may Allah have mercy on him say
it's okay for you to do this only. And
so we should try our best like for going straight direction and there's someone praying just to be as much as possible outside the area? for illustration? Yes, of course, you should try this. Your best brother Muslim with you guys what you said before? Can you think of
any type of animal actually? Or? Yes, even if it's a donkey, you have to know Yes. Even if you take an animal as a donkey to be your cetera, is accept is acceptable. Though there is a hadith that tells us that there are three things that
interrupt your prayer.
And I don't want to go into this, because I think it's going to come later on. But yes, the answer to your question at the moment. Yes, providing that the animal is not passing through is not passing in front of you. If that animal sitting, then you may pray to it.
What is the verdict on sutra? Is it the sooner or is it a larger?
It's an issue of dispute among scholars, some say and this is the majority. It is sooner is not obligatory. Others say no, it is logic and if you don't take action cetera, then you consider it to be sinful. And I
I feel more comfortable with the the verdict of
the majority which says it's sooner because there are Heidi's that reported that were reported that the prophecy lamps prayed in Makkah, and there were no screens in front of him. And the people used to make tawaf in front of him and this did not affect his prayer. Yes, in Medina, the Sahaba if we go back to the two records disappeared from Nazareth, they used to go to you know, like the pillars pillar. Yes. And if you know, we like this, it could be fun.
Because if you go back to Mecca, Mecca has, you know, its own students on case, I didn't get you. Now, the Hadith says that the companions whenever they prayed, the sooner, they used to go and pick a pillar and pray to it. So it would consist or make a sutra for them. This doesn't say, oh doesn't at all imply that it is obligatory. We don't have any evidence to make it not? Well, one has to have the evidence saying that you must pray to it. Otherwise, your prayer is invalid. Because if the Prophet says you must pray, and you do not, then it becomes invalid. And again, in the case of Mecca, the prophet SAW Selim could have put anything in front of him, though he did not have a
pillar, but you cannot argue and say he could not ask a person to sit in front of him, he cannot say that he could not have a saddle and put in front of him or any object, as in the case that he used to go for the masala for eight, whenever he went out to the open to pray aid, he used to have what we call aneurysm. And he used to put it, so not putting it. And there are other hobbyists that we will come through it in sha Allah, that explains this a little bit more, tells us that it's not obligatory. And we cannot make things obligatory, and make things difficult to people that have having a sound evidence and strong argument that, you know, that could pass. So I personally, like
feel more comfortable with the verdict of the majority of scholars. Nevertheless, when I pray, I always pray to something. I always pray to an object, just treat a sutra. Even if I am in my own room. Even if there's no one else in the room. I prefer to pray to the sutra, just to be on the safe side. And secondly, to protect my sight from going here and there. Because the minute you have something in front of you, it increases your submissiveness.
It increases your contemplation, it increases your awareness of the prayer. While when you pray in the open you your sight may go here and there. And this would not be
acceptable. Now in this Hadeeth. Again, it tells us that passing by is not permissible. And there's a great burden for those who pass. And remember that we talked about passing by close to the person prayer, praying, but if a person is praying, where I'm sitting at the moment, and he's not praying to a sutra, now, is it possible for you to pass in front of him? like two or three meters away?
Is it a sin? No, it's not. Is it possible to pass away from him a meter away? If he's not praying to a sutra, it's okay. It's his mistake. It's the person praying mistake for not taking a sutra. What's not permissible for you is to crush the area of his spraying which is from the from his feet, to till the point where he puts his forehead when he prostrates. This is completely forbidden, whether he's spraying to a sutra or not, if you cross this area, you're sinful. But if he does not have a sutra, it's okay
to pass away from that point. Now when he has a cetera, then this is completely out of the question and it's a major sin. We have a short break, so stay tuned.
to Medina, our beloved Prophet Muhammad wa sallam and his companions faced lots of troubles and difficulties, and enmities and obstacles in the way to Medina, before the hegira to Medina from Mecca. Also Allah subhanaw taala has assistant His Beloved Prophet and supported him in order to complete his mission and to to immigrate to Medina, our last panel Tyler has granted us this great Prophet and his companions. Now the question, why is it immigration to Medina, the hatred of him and his companions was a turning point in the history of Hinduism and the history of Islam. My dear brothers and sisters, what are the sacrifices that the prophet SAW Selim has faced with his
companions, some of these difficulties inshallah we will learn together and we will focus in some lessons. What are the lessons that we take from these incidents in sha Allah in our program, route to Medina, my dear brothers is stay
With us in sha Allah in this great event of Nigeria we will inshallah focus on some of the lessons of in this program brought to Medina May Allah make it easy for us and accept our good deeds and gather us was our beloved Prophet Muhammad SAW Salaam in Jana and
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah and welcome back. The following Hadith Hadith number 181 will be read by brother nor
narrated by Arusha may Allah be pleased that her Ulsan messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was acts in the expedition's of our book about the sutra of the person who is offering the prayer. He said, It is something like the back of the saddle. So in this Hadith, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi, wa sallam was asked about the sutra, in the sense that, what is it? How does it look like? So he indicated the province of Santa but it should be as or similar to the back of a saddle. And the back of a southern is about two thirds of an arm length.
So it's almost a foot or so a foot or so this high. So this is the back of a saddle, if you want to do to a pray, you're supposed to put something in front of you, or you should pray to something that is at least as high or like the back of a saddle. And from this Hadith, we learned that
a sutra or the screen is sooner whether you're traveling or you're residing, whether you are in town or out of town, it is a sooner for you to take and
scholars have, you know, different opinions of regarding the height. And some of them like Imam Muhammad went to the extent to say that if you could not find anything, then just draw a line and consider this line is your cetera. There is no authentic hadith backing this up, but it's just an opinion of a scholar of Islam, in case that a person does not or cannot afford to have a sutra urine a place that nothing there's nothing it's all in the open. So what should I do? He says just draw a line to indicate that this is your sutra we move on to Hadith number 182.
Narrated by Sabra benimar but Elijah honey, Roger Lalanne, Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, let one of you who is in in prayer, put a sutra in front of him even if it is an error, okay, now, this Hadith, it was regarded by some of the scholars to be not authentic. But the meaning is, is correct, because it tells you that you should take
a short break even by erecting an arrow and this is similar to erecting the annissa you remember the annissa which is the short stick lock is like a spear. So, this is the sun and it is recommended that you do something no matter how thin it is, because an arrow is very thin. So it will not cover anything in front of you. But it will help you to focus in your prayer and not exceed this area. So it would be like borders for you. And it would be good for your sight not to
exceed the this arrow or this line or this object and look what's behind it. And
this can be easily understood when you look at people praying.
Now the sooner is for you to look where faddy while praying at the place of good frustration at the place where you put your forehead on which is the place of frustration. This is a certain that when you stand up and pray you should do this. Now. I as an imam of a mosque. When I finished my prayer, as soon as I turn around and face the people praying, and I see wonders. Believe me I see wonders because the people that did not complete the prayer with me and had had still have two or three records
To finish, once they complete their prayer, I look at them as I make my supplication at the speed and vigor. And I look at them and I find people at the end of the masjid at the very end side of the masjid, looking at me.
So it's, you're talking about a 45 to maybe 6070 degrees. And I look at the person, and the guy is looking at me. And the minute he sees me looking at me, I suppose.
And I give him like a couple of seconds or more, and I still looking at him. And he goes, and he finds me looking at it goes back again. What kind of prayer is this? What kind of prayer is this? There are so many people, when they pray, they don't contemplate their prayer. They don't have the horseshoe needed, didn't look at the position where they are. They should prostrate and you find them gazing left, right and looking upwards and doing this and watching others and, and this is a clear sign that their prayer is not complete.
And we will always give the example of a wax train AWACS airplanes, you know, the rate the one with the radars, because they always do this. Look around left and right. This is not prayer that is paying a Muslim when he prays, he does not move. He looks at the place at the ground where he puts his forehead and he contemplates it with his prayer and has for sure, but he looks around and looks at the people passing by. This is a clear sign that his prayer is not complete and he should work real hard on fixing his prayer.
We move on to the following Hadith
narrated with her as a fairy. Allah's Messenger sallallahu wasallam said, in case there is not before him, an object like the backhoe was saddled. And Muslims, Salah prayer will be cut off by the passing of a woman, a donkey and the black dog. That concludes the black dog is now this hadith
is a place of dispute among scholars. And the most prominent scholar that disagreed with this hadith is
do you know,
mother Arusha. May Allah be pleased with her, the wife of the Prophet, Allah salatu salam, when she heard this Hadith,
she said, Oh my god, May Allah forgive you, you have made us women in the same category as dogs and donkeys.
This Hadith tells us that if a person is not praying to a sutra, is not praying to a screen, he is not praying to the object, like the back of a sudden in front of him, his prayer would be void, if one of the three paths in front of him if a woman, a dog, or a donkey, pass in front of him. So it's an issue
of dispute among scholars. Now, the majority of scholars say that nothing
voids your prayer.
And they say that it only decreases the adger the reward of it. So if you allow any of the three to pass through in front of you, this decreases the Azure you have. And some of them said, Well, nothing cuts or interrupts your prayer except the black dog. And they said that women and donkeys are exempted from this. Why? Because there are hadiths that tell us that it's okay. Or so they said, for example, Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, reported to us that she used to lie down in front of the prophet SAW said lamb while he was praying, and whenever he wanted to perform prostration The area was so narrow, she has to, you know, tell her to move a bit and she would take
her feet away and he would process a lamp. And once he stood for prayer, she would put her feet back again. So they say that women do not cut or void your person's prayer when they
intervene or come in front and ask for the donkeys even a bass. May Allah be pleased with him and with his father's Hadith, that he came to Mina while the Prophet was in the congregation with the companions, and he left his donkey and the donkey used to go in front of the rows while he was praying so the donkey was roaming around and it did not cut anybody's prayer, but scholars came back
I can said, Well, this is different now we said about passing through. So I actually was not passing in front of the Prophet so it's okay to lie down to sit or to stand. Passing is not acceptable. As for the donkey, the donkey did not pass in front of the prophets, Allah Salah, it passed in front of the people following the Prophet Solomon prayer, which means that the sutra or the stream, the stream for the Imam is sufficient for those behind him. So it's okay. And this is a general fact known to everyone. So, again, this Hadith, though it's
an issue that scholars have disputed on yet, the authentic verdict is that these three do interrupt the Salah, and they avoid the Salah, and I issue his objection, may Allah be pleased with her is not acceptable, because the person who said these things is the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and one would say okay, but I should have known better. Well, Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her had her own conviction, and this is what she thought. But this was not the opinion of Abu hurayrah. Buddha, Abdullah Abdullah fell, and three of them are from the companions of the Prophet. And three of them narrated the same Hadith, which means that this is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
said, Now why this is not to us to decide. Some scholar said, well, the doc, a black dog, we know that it's devil. So it cuts the prayer, the donkey, we know that the donkey is related to devils. It's not a cousin or so. But the donkey does ba does. His brain, the donkey braise when he sees a shape on, you know, a dog barks and a donkey brace so that when don't keep brace, it makes his sound. He only makes this when he has seen a shape on or a devil. And the prophet SAW Selim told us that. And we know this, by fact that Satan's or devils have the ability to transform. So they may look like a dog. They may look like a donkey, they may look like a black cat or so on. And finally,
a woman interrupts your prayer, not because she is impure. Not because she is an adjuster or anything, but because she's beautiful, and she may lose you and she may tempt you. And that is why in prayer, she's not allowed to speak or say Subhana Allah. The only thing that she's allowed to do is to clap her hands. Because her sound her her voice may have an effect on some people. Mustafa we have 35 seconds go ahead and more questions. I think a better explanation for the woman port is that this narrated by a with a with NSA when they said that the woman she has to be menstruating for her to call the prayer know when they said that she has to be menstruating. Meaning that she has to be a
she would have reached the age of puberty. Not that she has the period or meseret she's in the state of Minnesota childhood, not childhood, not invalidate your prayer. I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program. So inshallah till we meet next time Family Law was sent Mr. ecom Rahmatullahi wa barakato