Ramadan 2023 Appeal
Matn Alajurroomiyyah #26
Channel: Adnan Rajeh
Series: Adnan Rajeh - Matn Alajurroomiyyah
File Size: 38.72MB
2018 5 11 LMM before Maghrib
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
Rahim hamdulillah Hello blah Nina la masala was sending Mubarak Allah said you know have you been a Muhammad in early May okay? So today we'll study now
is one of the Taliban. So we have four words for four types of words are called Attila a turban, I mean they're the followers
and they are words that will follow that will follow another word in different forms the first thing that we studied under that under that title was a sofa or a gnat
and we studied a lot
studied to keep
and the final one is
read what the Imam said in his in his mountain Bible chapter of substitution. So we're substituting one word by another either Uber de la Eastman minutes min O'Fallon min Farah Lin, who who feed Jimmy Rabin.
If a word or now is substituted by another noun, or a verb is substituted by another verb, then the substitute will follow the original noun or verb is grammatical status exactly it'll be exact same thing and I'll give you a number of examples now, to make it clear it's not very hard
to sound there are four different types of buttons so by that is a substituting noun ruggedness study it regard study substituting verbs we'll do that maybe in a different time but the nouns are where this where the button is used the most for for verbs is rarely used it's not that it's not that important here this substituting known
has four different categories number one out of it
by the shaman a sheet while balancing the cool weather with St. Manny whereby the little little calm as a hookah worker to reliever through sir whom when a foreign US aid when and what to say the in pharmacy. All right, we'll find ourselves Delta Zaidan minnow okay. So, just explain all of that and English number one that comes the first table is the complete substitution of something. So the first type
so full substitution so like what I'll give you the example that Tina here gave is Bama.
your brother got up or left or
so what is a hookah what is the grammatical status or what is the word hookah going to be so comma is the verb and Zaidan is going to be the file or the sub subject within the verb base now right verb they sent to sorry, so the verb base sentence, you have the verb
and you have
the file the subject in the verb base known. So what is this?
Not an object, right? There's not an object not saying Barbara zedan a hookah.
Zaid hit your brother no bomb as a you know who goes as your brother. So an English will look like this?
Right we took good comments or
sometimes it will look like this.
Right? So that's what we would do. So this in English and Arabic will translate to something called a bundle because the bundle
meaning you could easily substitute the first word with a second word you didn't you don't have to say calm as Aiden. If you say comma hookah the same meaning will make its way
to your understanding, so as a substitution, you're going to easily substitute this word This is now where the confusion happens. The confusion happens between the bundle and a nut. This is where the confusion happens. So it's a hookah is a hookah a an adjective
And if it isn't, why isn't it? What are the what are the rules or the laws that govern whether a word can be seen as an adjective or not? So it has to follow it in grammatical status, which it did here. If you look at it, it did. Right.
They're both metaphor. And they had to fall it had to follow it in with others in being in being walled off or Nicola. Right. Which is what was the word for that we used?
Use the word for my tardy for what is I'm going to use
to modify Nikki, what were the words that you use for them?
Yeah, so definitely so definiteness or indefiniteness, so they have to be the same. So this is definite, because it's a it's a name. And this is definite as well. So you may say, well,
I need this is this is the same, like they should be.
It should be not should be so far it has followed all the rules. But the one rule that it doesn't follow is that it's not describing.
The one rule that doesn't follow is that the word is not actually describing the word. If it was, if it wasn't that it was a night, it was a calm as a
he's a brother, but when I define that he's your brother. I'm not really describing him. I'm just substituting that in English, right? In English. When you say your brother came your brother, is that an adjective? You know, you're not really you're not really describing someone, you're actually saying something that you could substitute the other word with, and that's why it's called by then. So this is where it gets a bit tricky. There's only two people kind of struggle.
Struggle with this with this whole concept, a way that one way to look at it is that Zaid, is he mentioned in this word, hookah?
You mentioned somewhere
where's the cuff? Go back to?
So goes back to Zaid, right, because he's a tiny bit so they are going back to the person that we're talking to. So, so this this word cannot be an adjective because it has within it an extra an extra
antibody and said, Oh, shout it. I mean, we're, we're we're pointing someone else. We're putting two people at the same time. So and yours. So we're not described. So description would be just the brother, Jani z the brother got up that would be description, but Zaid, your brother got up this is not describing this is just this who's literally substituting we were saying you could say this week if they got up or I can say your brother got up, it would work both ways.
That's how you know when you stop when you when you can remove Zaid and that sentence still has a meaning. That's how you know this is not a description. If it was a description, then you probably couldn't do that mean the sentence wouldn't be full if you remove the described thing. So I'll give you an example here.
We have another example. may help understand this is a bit complicated is a bit grammatically complicated, but it will make sense in Shell in a minute. Let me let me try this
Raju Lu apoio.
Or Judo apoio?
the tall man game, right? This is an adjective.
If you take up the wheel.
There's something missing here. Unless you estimate that the word origin is there in the meaning it doesn't make sense. Yeah, after we do, the talk came to what? So let's you estimate it to man. Right? It's not gonna work out. But here, John Ibuka, the man came with your with your dad, right? You could take out a job. In Java, as long as you're pointing to him, it's understanding the same person. So this is better from this one. And you're saying the difference. So when I'm removing Roger, I don't need to estimate anything in order for the sentence to work. But here if I take out this one, this doesn't have a meaning job, but there has to be an estimated understanding who was
who, what are we talking about here. That'd be something that estimated the meaning. And that's how you know that this is a an adjective, or a subtotal. But there are substitutes or substituting noun.
Think of examples if you'd like and I'll help you think of an example and I'll be able to give you
tell you what, how we know if it's an adjective or if it's omitted
So that's the first category but then they will call me uncle a full substitution
after that, but they will
know you're good
so but they will probably mean in the Quran partial substitution
so partial substitution so the Imam here gives an example
he says I can't do it this is the only genuine substitution this one here this first one the rest aren't genuine substitutions but they don't fall under any other category you can't call them nice outdoor Dokey so they have to go under but there's nowhere else for us to put them. So the examples I can do
ate the pizza, the the bread, a third of it.
I ate the bread a third of it.
Now, this is easier to to answer the question is this describing a relief
is a description.
If I asked you to describe it for me, you would say fouth
description, description. And same thing if I asked you to describe
the wheel. If I told you describe it as your you would say, fully no problem. But if you describe it as evil who told me
it's impossible. That makes no sense. It doesn't work like that. Like there's no description. But what you ate actually was a third of the of the, of the pizza that you that you had. So
from an attitude perspective, yes, it is following it, and it's grammatical status, and they are both, and they are both Yanni.
So they're both definite. However, this is not describing this. It's not actually describing it. So what is it then? Is it Tokita emphasizing it no emphasis, the emphasis, we said, repetition of the same word, or one of the words couldn't go home, Jimmy and or Germaine, something like that. It'd be one of those four or five words.
Out of there's no conjunction here. There's no word or anything. So what is it? It's better? It's about being cool. So it's a partial substitution. So I believe I've heard of it a part of it. It's a partial substitution.
Or you're saying the idea here. So there's not a Kaltura lever?
is a way for us to turn this into a full substitution. Is there a way?
Not really. There's really, there's really no way maybe that would be very difficult to actually come up with
we're just now
now established and now it's, it's describing a belief Kaltura lever Kula who what is that?
One of the four words that Tolkien emphasis right.
Part of it part partial, so it's partial substitution.
Again, these are very not used very commonly in Arabic, but they're important that you understand
and will follow in grammatical style that was one of them on sube the original nowadays most of them the second ones we must look at the original estimate for the bed was given before and so on, okay, the third type
the theoretical substitution, so this is called Better wish tml.
and this is called theoretical
theoretical substitution what is the example the Imam gave him whenever I need you done any more?
zayde benefited me his knowledge Did
you setting Zaidan if it is Aiden,
that's more than enough. Now, for any animal who are preparing to save also perfect. Now if it is even in removal, what is the this is the verb?
This is the subject define.
What is this is by the HTML because not a part.
When I say that third of the leaf that's a part you took a certain part it's physical, but enemies aren't a part of aid is something that it's a part
even better theoretically, it's a part of him figuratively speaking, yes, your nose is a part of who you are. There's not a physical part that I can chop off and take with me. It's a theoretical or figurative part of who you are. Does that make sense? So an avant is Aidan animal animal is not a description to say it obviously. Describes aid. No.
You described as a by saying, Eileen, never Annie's are you doing an island, or Eileen, there'll be description, Elmo, the description design, it is a part of who we are, that's what actually benefited you from Z. And you can see that if you can remove one of them for the sentence, that sentence works with no difference. And if I need to, do you mean that you can't, you know, for any animal referring to the same thing, so nothing changed here, nothing actually was added, it was called by the listing a theoretical substitution.
Don't panic if this is a bit difficult, this is a bit difficult, I mean, some of the easiest things in there, but it's important to understand at least the idea of existence. Number four, the final category is the substitution of error. And I don't put this up here, there's only three the fourth This is ridiculous I'll show you what that what they mean by the substitution of error or a bundle.
So a to
In philosophy is the horse so I saw as a DOORS know this, what you mean by this is that oh, I made a mistake. I didn't mean that I'm in divorce for this call, but that
is a useless term is completely uninformed. I don't know why put in there. It's actually very stupid. But that's what they say. Because this could easily be a
this could be in a description and adjectives. Are you describing data as being a horse meaning in terms of that he's strong or he's quick or something like that, right. So this is a completely useless thing to learn, but they call it the certificate of error, but it's not important never, never you'll never see it in your life ever. If you do, then the person who wrote it needs to be
put in jail or something. You never use that data the three types of substitution that you have either the full substitution the word you can remove one word and the other word is exact same meaning no change, or you remove the original noun and then you have a partial substitution is this more specific in terms of physical parts? Or its physical it's not physical process figurative parts the parts that we're actually removing so
and to give like a final example
so this is better Coleman cool. I can take Zane and say hello to a burqa. Same thing baby does Aiden meaning your father same thing? This is not a adjective. We're not describing XID Abeka is no description
Yeah, same thing. If you switch them right to a back as they done the same things either there's no benefit from a bucket same thing.
That thing that I saw
your father Yeah.
Back as Aiden now if you want to add other words, then you change the whole sentence back and change the sentence altogether. But eight to Zaidan Abba can means I saw excise Eid your father between him with two commas your father I mean by that. Now what it means supporting me to know Hawaii is this not an adjective. That's what I'm trying to. It's important to me they understand why is a burqa not an adjective dizzied. Because it's not. If you are describing someone.
You don't describe them by being someone's fun. That's a fact. It's not a description, describing you're giving physical or mental or psychological descriptions of someone what he does, or who he is to someone else that's not in description that is substitution.
The difference are not the same thing. I know that philosophically the law philosophy, but it's not it's not exactly the same thing. So right do they then Abeka that's for substitution. Now let's make it a
to make it a partial substitution.
And make its partial substitution. Right? There's Aiden.
No, that's that's as a full adjective. Oakley, that's an adjective
he said, was really busy. And I saw his head as he was moving, right. So understanding how this would work though. This is a partial substitution
going to turn you on the you know mystic or something in order for this lady to say that Nora who.
So Zaidan was a great Imam or something. And I saw him in my dreams or I or I saw him by his aura President in his late to when he came in, or they came in before him. Any idea here? So this is of course, one of the uses your this may be, don't use this very often, but this is how it would work. These are different types of burden. There are different types of burden, right? In America, your father, I'm not describing him that is just who he is. I'm just, I can take out his aid and it'd be the same thing. See, take them out to a bucket say me, why are you referring to Zaid, right, you know what I would say meaning nothing changes, these aren't describing the word they are these are
actually substituting and taking this place, okay?
One of the hardest things in the Arabic language of not understanding and then differentiating with the night. One of the hardest things to do, and then add to that I'll give you like, this is just a side note in case you end up studying Arabic later on, you can remember this from me, there are there is a sofa or not the same word by the way.
So what the same thing, and
the first type of bed that is specifically, and I'll put a ban.
If you want to give someone a heart attack, or give them nightmares, try and explain all three together and differentiate them. Scholars of Arabic linguistics can do it very well. And they differ on what the actual differences are. So these are hard and so it's okay if you under if you feel I don't know, whether this is it's funny doesn't matter. Whether you know it's better or adjective, it doesn't really matter. Because what has to happen with this, it doesn't matter what has to happen, they have to follow in grammatical status, so has to be ready to say then they then
it has to be whether it's out of ban or it's been done, or it's so far doesn't make a difference is still gonna have that Fatah, they use different when we're going to call it so we call it this color that I don't really care as long as we were not changing anything in terms of grammatical status always follow the word that was before it. This is an example of things that are very, very tiny, just the nightmare study. I remember to this day and the other half of the Quran how I almost threw myself off the balcony and trying to understand which is what you mean is just very, very difficult. So don't worry, but at some point they just ended this substituting nouns these two are more make
more sense. This is a contempt time is a bit more difficult to differentiate with from an adjective but it is doable if you if you actually need to understand the concept. Okay, so that's talking about
the end of the talaga finished talking about the following nouns are the followers. Now, Bob among subroutines smell
the chapter of nouns and the state of nossob. Now you'll be doing what, what brought us here because he studied Bob Marley for it last summer, we studied the chapter of the nouns that are in the state of love. And that's what we just finished right now. So what we actually studied was Elmer for
a smell so what
does anyone remember jamboree Hamdi
Give them to me one by one.
Give me one by one number one.
So the subject in a verb a sentence
very good now I've been fine. So, the substitute of a subject in a verb a sentence was used to be an object in the direct center so this is talking about passive sentences. This has to be a passive verb basis well after that
very good the subject in a known base sentence after that
then formative known and unknown base in a noun base sentence after that. So which is actually the Muqtada
that wasn't affected by the grammatical factors that came into the sentence kinda doesn't affect them up to the stage and affects the cover makes them so great. So yeah, went after that.
Cover and now
in comes in, affects them okay, that doesn't affect the cover. So the cover stays metaphor does not affected by rain was the final one
which have under them what all four things and not
a lot of
Toki Very good, thank you.
These are words that aren't meant for all the time, they just follow whoever's in front of them. So if there is a following noun, it happened to follow on my phone is gonna be metaphor. And these are the 1234567 these are the type of nouns that will be my four. There are no other types of nouns. That will be my four. There's actually pretty helpful you know, a whole set of knows that will be marked for any now that you cease in the state of
hassy. One of the seven, it will not be anything that is not one of the seven
You want to call them seven you'll say 1-234-567-8910 All right, you just call this morning and say that one of the 10 which also works, okay, so today or we're going to start before the Salah is among so bad
so now ones that are in the status of nossob Matsubara Minella SMA
so he says among Suba to firm sata ashover There are 15 mil so much melasma we only had really nice here with the 10 or the seven
well here and in my follow up while most doru will not have husana and he will borrow from Mecca and he will hell with the Muse when was definite with smaller will monada When my God he would have I flew to my who will come to was more in our house. Yeah. So this is what we're going to study and show them the next couple of lessons. And after that there's not much left after the the method almost finishes with those saying that's pretty much the end of it. Just a couple of stuff after them. You already started a couple of them so I was talking to one. So the nouns of the state of Nasim are 15 different categories and types. So number one, the verbal objects in the FBI and the
infinitive form of the noun preposition, circumstantial preposition of time, the preposition, circumstantial preposition of place both of them again, the status, which is called and held, we'll talk about in a minute or the specification, the exception, the noun of law, the color, the causative object, the object of
a cop in a car complement, which I'm not sure exactly what it means, but I will explain to you we only show once we come to it, and then the predicate, kinda and the resistors, and the nominal subject of in and her sisters. So these are the most suboptimal, so we're gonna start with the first one with the organ muscle. We're about Russia and not without Photokina Wilbur, Dylan and Toba also exist for the monsoon, right? Because if if their fault if they happen to follow Him, when this monsoon will be monsoon as well, so tell me I can be anything can be meant for adults too bad oh my god, it just depends on who they're following. That's all. So it's not really. So we're not going to
tell you that again. We see that once it works for every single time. So what's the first one that we're gonna study back when the food will be here? So the chapter of the verbal object, the verbal object are the objects and a verb a sentence whatever you want to, however you want to look at it. The first one is an MFI, it would be here
verbal objects, so basically, as we go through these, and we study, it may not work for everything. So
And they fall under all different categories, because they just follow whoever's in front of them. They really don't have they don't have anything that it holds them. So for that smell
while measuring what I smell
I'm just giving you an idea of what how he's going through the whole thing.
basically, are all of these things
are the same because they just follow whoever's in front of them. They don't have any, any principles that they follow you just whoever it is, if they're following a noun that is meant for their metaphor, if they're falling down those muscles their most of their feminine that is Miss folding, they'd be muffled so today we're gonna study the first noun that has been studied something awesome, which is an MFI would be the verbal object
or the object in a verb based sentence.
very simple, not very hard. For this woman assume that the car will be healthier. You know how they're up to date and up to date then we're cubital fossa is the noun that is in the state of nossob upon which a verb is enacted. For example, I hit zayde or I rode
the the horse Well, Chris man on why you don't know that there's two types. It's either apparent or implicit. But boy who might have caught them at the crow who their parents has previously been explained in the two examples. When would Monica Synanon look docile? You'll know when fossil and deposits can be divided into two groups, the attached and the detached and then starts talking about all the different pronouns that we have in the Arabic language and I'll give I'll give the examples for all of them. This will probably be the longest of all the Munsell guide but it is also very important for us to understand.
wait till Masjid I saw the Masjid. Right. So
This here is the verb what is the verb? What is every verb need was every verb need a subject is a fad all the time who is the fat here who did who did the scene?
A pronoun right to
me this is the file
right I saw so what did I see? What did the act of seeing end up being focused on and miss you. So this is called my phone will be here
is called the object. Now what is the object going to be?
Monsoon rains going to be the start of not the state of nossob What is the marker of nurseryman on this word on a single noun?
Are you doing Mr G their way to the masjid All right very good
give me an example handy
because I have a sentence a full sentence
I can do let's let's make it without a pronoun just so you guys understand it better. AKA Hamdi
and he goes home today. He finds a nice pita bread. Right and he just use it all. So, based on this sentence, we have a verb.
Every verb will need a fine Hamdi is the one who did the eating so he is the fan. He's my four. There's no marker on Hamdi because we don't know the origin of his name yet find that out and show by the end of this series. And the way to eat the act of eating was enacted on leave I believe is going to be my foot will be he
won't be where's he going to be?
One so that's what we're studying. We're single sweating this muscle what's the marker of not severe
so here's another one. So your head will
your head boom What's your name?
as loves the Muslims, alright, so you have
is the verb.
Every verb has a subject and this is the subject
Here's the file
now Your love is being inaccurate towards whom? Miss Levine so they are the Mfold be
me my phobia is going to be
when sube where's the marker of nossob in the word miss me was the marker of Nasim. So first of all, what type of words and Muslimeen? Let's see because remember was take a word as it can remember what type of word Is it is
it is called gemera There was a plural
Yeah, go ahead
Jim and Mark gotta sell him. Right so there's a sound masculine plural. The sound masculine plural. When his metaphor gets what he Whoa, there was more soup and measured order gets. Yeah, so what is the marker of Nelson here? The the photon the noon even though there's a full time
Muslim Nina. But that's not a marker of loss of American Muslim mean. If you send your head boo ins Muslim una, I will throw you out the window. I mean, you have no idea what you're saying. Muslim Nina has to be like it? Yes.
Yes, by all means, give me another example.
where's the where's the?
Where's the object there? So don't get him behind most I was studied for the exam.
An object would be What did most of them study? What do you study?
Now, you'd have to say that and then well, let's do that. Let's do that. There are some
So there is a verb
in the ID the subject who did doctoral studying?
What did he study?
Right. He studied for the Implanon.
That's not the question though. What did he study object is going to be the answer to What
see? What did he hit? What did he eat?
Same idea here okay. So what else is going to be before will be it is monsoon so this is my thought would be right here the object and his monsoon what is the marker of nossob on this type of word?
So, that's the type of words what's the marker of nossob?
No, that is that is how we make a word jam onto the setting but what is the marker of nossob on so magenta won't necessarily let me
it broke my heart. It was so close. So genuine and wouldn't necessarily him the sound feminine plural, which is basically an airlift at the end of the word.
Like somehow what are the ELD yet right? So what is the marker of raffia on it?
The Obama what is the marker of nasopharyngeal run it
and rial the T wanted to sell him you can't ever give a talent you can never say some Iota right it's always gonna be some at work t necessarily all the data is always gonna be reality yeah t always good as even if it's even if it's more so but there's gonna attack as a customer that's the marker of nossob on Yemen wanted to go back and revise that again. You do that again? I have to I have to throw it out the window. I need I can't it's a lie. If you don't know you don't know that this has to have a customer on it. Let me good you remember that we didn't mention this awesome. Very good. Let's go back and see what is the marker of Nasim on hmm wonder for certain you will find
that the raffia is a llama and the nossob and John is going to be a customer okay like someone give me a new
he was I was walking down the street one day saw his father
so what is the
verb use of
the subject or
the file every verb is a fine so what did he see? Or whom did he see? His done right so his dad is going to be
my phone would be heat which is mostly worthless measuring muscles on the front would be an object
what is the marker of nossob on on? Yes Why?
Yeah, so the five exceptional verbs five exceptional nouns
What are the five exceptional nouns yeah use
him to do foo These are the words right? These words when they're metaphor they have a well when they're on soup they haven't any fun when they're Maqsood they have a year so abysmal soup so it's gonna get about who
am I said Abu What would this turn into
but you can
use your phone abou so now you're affirming that use of as a father of some other guy now becomes banned from use of because because it's following it in this grammatical style because use of is much more useful because he is the subject very good at this model changes will change the sentence meaning completely and fully. Okay.
almost unrecognizable at a starting point.
Alright, so that's, that's a couple of examples that you can use.
Yeah, but no, no, of course you've confused the person and frankly to the point where he never wants to speak Arabic ever again. Because you know, you're very it's a lot of ambiguity in one sentence. And that's it that is the marker of lack of fossa. I mean, you're not very good in Arabic because you've said a sentence that no one can understand and you need someone to decipher is too much too much ambiguity too much complication. So, you want you never want to do that. So, he is into
two categories. First one the apparent
and the apparent is VA here.
And examples is everything I just gave a few minutes ago, me going to be unknown Mfold B is going to be unknown, just like it was a second ago. Sometimes homophobia, he is not unknown. What could it be? That is not unknown. It will be implicit.
is going to be a pronoun. Okay. There's going to be pronoun.
What type of pronoun either attached
or detached pronouns. So,
an example of an attach just an example of a pronoun so we give examples of what the noun would look like in terms of a homophobe would be an object, a verb object, but what would it look like?
It was a pronoun not a full known. So if I came and I saw I had brought some food or brought a pita or leaf
handy had eaten it.
And they asked what happened to the leaf? And how do you want to see all ate it? Right? So what do you see?
You see I got it too
that's what you have said
to yourself. So I Kela
Abdulsalam is the verb
the TAT, this is handy, there's the fire the subject is talking about itself, but what is the
referring to what
28 Right. So this is now if it will be
in the form of an attached pronoun.
Right, so it's now in the form of an attached pronoun.
another way of saying this, by the way, which is not fully wrong, but it's not the best way to say it would be seeing a call to
call to eat.
Enough, perfectly of saying like there's, this would actually be faulted, but it's doable. So this is called this is the homophobia is the object placed in the form of a
detached pronoun. So these are type of pronouns. So the next time we'll see those pronouns, just like we did the first time when we say a lot of foreigners will do the same thing and it will be the end of my phobia. So basically doesn't know the different that we talked about the apparent before. Now, they haven't talked about it if it is an implicit pronoun, whether it's attached or it is detached. We'll understand shall we'll continue next week.
But we'll be back next week inshallah. We'll have the same time six to 730 so the Arabic Allah will continue Ramadan 6730 on Friday and Fridays inshallah