Matn Alajurroomiyyah #25

Adnan Rajeh


Channel: Adnan Rajeh


File Size: 52.00MB

Episode Notes

2018 4 6 LMM before Maghrib

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mean, almost all you were selling like I said, you know, Muhammad, Allah had he was on his mango bad.

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So we're going to talk about Madiba and Nikita Alibaba today. As a

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continuation of the talk that we started last week we were talking about a sofa anatomy we're talking about the adjective. In order for us to understand the adjective clearly or properly we had to talk about the cost of the body fat neck era, and the above. Why, because when an act for for a noun to be an adjective, for a noun, to be an adjective, it has to meet

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has to meet two criteria is in the Arabic language, all the time. And the other criteria is there are other parts other elements that are partially needed, not always, but for what we definitely need when

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a word is going to be used as an adjective. So I'll refer you to a solid who

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the adjective has to be like to describe noun that's to be like it be similar to it and to things in terms of grammar, grammatical status.

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Some grammatical status, what I mean by that is a law firm nossob injure. So if this word is meant for him, and the marker here of warfare is Bama, then this word has to be metaphor and the market the market doesn't matter. But it has to be metaphor like it if it's not metaphor, then it's not an adjective. Second thing it has to be the same in terms of definiteness.

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Which means Madi, Van Nicola.

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Well rough and will occur. So if this is my rough, if this is a definite noun, this has to be definite noun, this is indefinite noun just has to be an indefinite noun. So here because it has elephant numbers is definitely a noun, and this one has it too. So we're good to say this is an adjective for that. So

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grammatical sentences we've studied many, many times. So what I found is when Genevieve explained that a lot, but definiteness is not a concept that we talked we talked about yet. So I'm gonna talk about now what is a definite noun? What's an indefinite noun? Definite nouns are very simple.

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There are a number of things.

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You don't memorize what a definite note is, and that everything that's not a definite noun is an indefinite noun. So that's how we go first of all, it's minimal.

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Which means

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is similar as a pronoun, so Hua

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national, etc. April, us, them, you, I mean, all those are pronouns. These are definite knows why because they speak to something definite, like it's, it's logical is very simple. A definite no, no, just saying that is pointing to something specific in dividends certainly very general, human. Indefinite, V human, right, definite. So just trying Are you specifying are you talking about something general number two, this item this item is a proper noun. So there's some

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proper noun

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or more names. Any name so Zaid,

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anything, it's all these are proper nouns. These are definite to talk about something specific.

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Number three

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ambiguous noun

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like what like that ICA?

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like Tilka?

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are heavy here. All these are definitely in English. These are those that right? These aren't pronouns are they? What are they called an English? Does anyone know? I don't know what they call an English. So it's these that those are not pronouns he him heard that's a pronoun, but these that those are, but that's what we're talking about. You're definitely you're talking about something specific, right? When you say that. You're talking about Sonic specific, someone knows what you're talking about in terms of the specificity

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after that, anything that has anything to them at the beginning of it, anything that has any noun that has anything them at the beginning of it. So Rajul man put olive lamb or module solid or solid any damage becomes immediately the English is the equivalent of the just saying the

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sod is

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the final one, which is the most important piece

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Most which is why we need to talk about this MA Oliva Ian minha

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Ian Mimosa

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so what is compounded

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what is compounded

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to any of the previous

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so any word that is compounded to any of these becomes also a definite noun

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wasn't Nicola and Nikita and what the Imam says Carlos Mencia and Regency he liked us to be here hey don't do what a free bucola masala Salah Dooku Elif you will learn Yeah, they are logical for us. Carlos Mencia and Regency

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in every word that is general within its type or in this kind of condition Misha and agency

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every general noun

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within his kind is that the proper

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classification, it's a better way

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examples, man, house, playground, car country, these are just general nouns that have a huge number of meanings or entities under it, that we can't specify any of them. country than many countries. When I say the word country, I'm not specifying anything, right? The country someone knows what I'm what I'm specifying when I say the country maybe you don't know because you didn't come to the you weren't at the beginning of this conversation. But those who are part of this conversation there were the country they know what I'm talking about the car maybe I don't know which car you're talking about. But someone does, because you've specified it because you defined it you made a

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now, Compounding this, why do we need to understand components? Because what is compounded meaning and sometimes that's how you have to study Arabic like you one of the criteria and then okay, what is components knees or else you don't know how to do it? Anyway compound this means this is very simple, simple concept. It's not very, it's not very complicated. Take a indefinite noun, and then compound it to a definite noun. And the phrase becomes definite.

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So if I say Cora,

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is not definite or indefinite?

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Yeah, so it's not yellow. It's indefinite. It is not a pronoun, a proper noun. It's not an ambiguous now it doesn't have any of them. It's not compounded yet, but we can compound it to something. So let's compound it to a pronoun.

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Let's compound it to let's say variable, the variable so then it becomes

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clearer to whom

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right? And now this is definite. This becomes definite now.

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Yeah, it was too so any pronoun any there's many brothers troll pronouns any any of them? Any of them at all. Cora tuna, karate. Karate, wherever you want. If you if you compound it to a pronoun. Now it becomes definite

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because compound it to a proper noun

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would you say

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proper noun?

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Yeah, so correct drama.

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Now this is definite because you're almost definitely because he's, he's a proper noun. Now caught up drama. You see what happened here. Ball

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Almaraz ball. Now is now a specified it's not any ball. There are millions of balls in the world. The ball is definite now. Right? So that what we're doing is very logically, it's very simple, but it is Arabic I need you understand how it works today if you see it, you can deal with it.

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Because this noun when you looked at it, you knew it was indefinite because you it was not a pronoun. And it's not this is not this is not this is not this so it's indefinite, but I want to make a definite so I add a compound it to one of the one of the previous examples

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say karate.

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Karate hula

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the ball of these guys are these guys ball go to her. And then this all becomes definite as well.

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Scott most common example is when we attach it to something that has elephant them

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when you attach it to something

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so curato Talib

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the students ball or

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the soccer ball of the student of what compound this does is this

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of this that's what it does as a compound is actually does

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or it makes possession

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Meaning you'll find this apostrophe s this let's talk about in this works. I'll give a few more examples as you understand

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that's a key term

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right. So depending on what you mean it could be the masjid book.

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Or the book of the Masjid.

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Right depending what you mean. You mean this book is belongs to the messy like you're taking out a book and he's saying or it's a book that is the constitution of the masjid or is the is the is the booklet that explains how the masjid works. So you say the book of the masjid in Arabic is the same.

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An indefinite noun compounded to a definite note if Allah is there so now this whole phrase is definite. This guy he came definite he became definite because he's compounded to this guy.

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Now the

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flip side of this is that we try to compound it to a indefinite

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with this word

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messy doesn't work anymore.

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Now we're more close to having it as an adjective, because now it's indefinite indefinite right? And if they have that so we have one criteria taken care of. Now if you have the other one neither both are four for example, no Marco Rubio Obama

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now is an adjective but it means nothing. He died when Miss Jaden

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msgid book I'm sad book doesn't mean anything doesn't have any meaning.

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Same thing would happen if I made the first noun definite.

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So if I said Kitab and Masjid now we've compound the book of the message or the message but if I make this definite by putting a allocatable message the same thing. Now they're both definitely and we're closer to having them as a as an adjective, which means nothing.

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Aside final thing, final example, what happens if the first is definite and the second is not indefinite?

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What is this your Hamdi?

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When the first is definitely the second is not

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Jennifer the camera because then no one can see Yes.

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So what does this turn into?

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So this is because Muqtada

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and hover, as becomes the subject of an unknown base sentence. And this becomes the information we hope to uncover at this point.

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Let's try another example. What does that mean?

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So become a figure of speech at keytab msgid book is msgid. So because the figures he comes assembly means a place for worship or something that, again, I'm not I'm not talking about the meanings, I'm just giving you the how the words would work. If one is definite at the beginning. If both are indefinite, or both definite, then they're more likely to be adjectives. Or one of them is in the wrong place within the sentence. If the first is definite, the second is not definite is more likely to be a full noun base sentence looked at the cover. If the first an indefinite and the second is definite, it's called compound this then becomes the book something of something or something's

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something so it turns into Yes.

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No, I don't

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look around or looking there if you want. Now, another I'll tell you why. Why did we study these? We say these because we were studying the adjective why does this matter? Okay, I'll give you why this matters. So

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that's your resume know but they're so

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Roger Sahib.

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So, what is this right now in terms of a sentence?

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Yeah, so they looked at it and cover because definite indefinite. So this one for head can be an adjective. Why? Because it may they may both have the same grammatical status. They may be both smartphone. But this is definite. Indefinite so they're not an adjective. Now if I put an elephant lamb here

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what happens?

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Yeah, now it becomes an adjective. Otherwise you will lose sight right? Because now they're this not only the same grammatical status, they also have the same

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definiteness status they're both definite, right? What's another way to make the word saw have definite?

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So that one way is to add Elif law. You can't turn it into any of these because it's a word that these are different types of words. But you can do this. You can compound it, how can you compound it? Give me an example of a compound this

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so I have what do you do? You'd have to add,

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you'd have to compound it to

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table so now you compound it to what

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to a pronoun so don't you?

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So I Hebrew. Now.

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This can be you this could be this would qualify as being an adjective. Another example is Roger would fall he will mammal

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mammal factory. So the man, the man, the owner of the factory, right. So now this could qualify as a as an adjective. It still works. But if you want it to work as a Hummer, but it's qualifies as an adjective right now, because they're both Mater the most definitely at this point. They're both definite. And they have the same, the same grammatical status.

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So we've studied what we're trying to study.

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by something called the Taco Bell, I mean, what brought us to this is studying something called adobea. Do I bow or follower nouns, nouns that will follow now other nouns that came before them. They just do whatever those nouns before them do. And there's a criteria for that now and to work in the different types. Because we have four types of follower nouns, we have something called a knot, or a sofa, which is an adjective. Yeah, something called a lot of

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And conjunct a noun to it one before, I definitely go toe keyed, the emphasizing noun, and suddenly gone by then the replacement now.

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These four nouns

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will be exactly similar to the noun that they are following. In the grammatical status, that's what they have in common. But they have in common

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is that they're similar

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to the followed noun

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in grammatical status,

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which means what which means

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if there are more if the first known as metaphor, in the sense of other than there gonna be enough metaphor to it. The second one is monsoon instead of not something they're gonna have the same thing. And if the second one is measurable, it's also going to be they're gonna be the same thing. So that's what they have in common. No, not. In addition to this, it needs

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to be the same as the follow down in what indefiniteness they also have to be both definite or both indefinite for work. Or this to work.

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The adjective has to be similar to the described noun, and of course, grammatical status, which is something they all have in common. All following nouns have this in common. It's called following nouns.

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They follow other nouns

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and then the rest of them

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for the adjective it has to be exactly the same

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in terms of definiteness and indefiniteness, so they have to be the same as well. Okay.

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So that's definiteness indefiniteness and confounders. We're talking about these again 90 Very soon.

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Now the final piece of information in terms of compound this and I'm gonna explain

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is that we compound an indefinite noun to a definite noun, you end up with something so

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whatever means toy, any toy.

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the kid's toy, right? The kids toy.

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either listen to go don't sit down here and talk with Mrs. Huge ghosts and talk with them. We don't want people distracting us. Okay, this is seen make clear. The listener, you can go sit over there don't mind just don't sit here and talk. So learn about Dr. Phil. So the kids toy or the toy of the kid. Now here's an indefinite noun being compound to a definite noun. So its components. This whole phrase now is definite because of the fact that an indefinite noun is compound to a definite one. Now what is the con

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under the constant of this of this phrase, the content of this raid is that this word here

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is always going to be what this word here will always be. Yes.

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Go ahead.

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But always be mudgeeraba Always, it will always image it all right, the compounded now compounded to noun this one here is called moved off. It'll be caused in a grammatically all the time and will always be measurable. So what's the marker of German TOEFL?

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All the time. Example A more famous example that we all know

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messenger, rasool is a very, it's a definite or indefinite,

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indefinite, right, that's not a pronoun. It's not a proper noun, that an ambiguous noun it doesn't have if it's not compounded yet, but if you compound it to the Name of Allah, which is a proper noun, right? Suit Allah. Now this becomes a definite term. Now what is the constant in this phrase that the name of Allah is going to be what?

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Yeah, so what is the marker of Geralyn? The name of Allah.

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So it's always a lawsuit, Allah He, whether it's Rasulullah he Basu Lala he or Sue Lilla he

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is always gonna say

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this is not an adjective. This is a compound notice Remember, an adjective has to match. But this is a compound Enos that's why we had to study compound this in order for us to understand an adjective because an adjective

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Yes, it actually means exactly the same.

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So an adjective to be like this. An example of an adjective would be

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for the same noun

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Jamil has indefinite like like Luba, same thing, and we're gonna give them both an offer.

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Now this becomes an adjective a beautiful toy.

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Take example from here Rasul.

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Salah Salem Rasulullah. Karim, right. So if you give them the same

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status of grammar rustling Kareem now is an adjective. But here they've been attached to indefinite indefinite, indefinite indefinite turns into compound interest. And the compounded to unknown is always measurable.

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Okay. Now just the last piece of information that I need you to take a moment to think about.

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Now I'm gonna do a

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lot with a chapter of conjunction.

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So number one was inactivated adjective. Today, we don't often try to talk eat as well. They're not very difficult. The first one not is hard because there's a lot of there's a, there's two pieces of the criteria for in order for it to work. But for for the auto for conjunctions, it's not as difficult.

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So what does conjunction in English mean?

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That's first of all, read what the meme says here.

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Well, I'll tell ya Shala. There are 10 letters or prepositions that are conjunction prepositions, yes.

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Yeah, that's all we're gonna do.

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We will assume our Oh, well, I'm more ima Bella. We're lacking. Taffy Bowden mo Alba. So these are the the conjunction prepositions that we're going to use.

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Finally, if I tie that amount of four and raffia when I know I'm assuming you'll see but I'm a Holden Caulfield. Let's see if you can jump. What was the verb for conjunction conjunct?

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Conjugate maybe. So we can think conjoined Yep. So I think so if you can join one noun to the other is going to follow it and what Yeah, handy.

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Yes, if the first one is metaphor is gonna be a metaphor of the first now and as Melissa was getting my soup at this module is gonna be module is what we've been joined to nouns. It's always going to follow it and it's grammatical states. Does it need any other criteria? Conjunction? No, it doesn't need any other criteria. So let me give you let me give you the example.

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handy, handy, it's hard to put

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a marker right so Mohammedan.

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So what is the is a conjunction, preposition, right? So Mohammed and Ahmed, so what is am I going to be?

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Like Muhammad, which How do you make America RoboForm Ahmed?

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Um, I didn't watch I do. If it was Mohammed in

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Mohammed in

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make that easier. It was Mohammed. Mohammed Anwar

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okay. It was Mohammed in

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Mohammed InWa. Muhammad because Ahmed is one of the words that it's called My middle son forget him on Sunday. I mean, it can't carry a customer at the end of it. Some proper nouns can't carry customers at the end of the like Ibrahim in fit own, right in total when you guys say Ibrahimi, or if it only are koroni so even Rahima that owner or owner doesn't take a customer on the end of it.

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Even when it's

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Why do you put a space between the lava?

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No, they're not. They're different. The preposition is connected disconnected from the word after it. Yeah, they're not the same. Okay, so let's talk about the conjunction

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conjunctions prepositions Alright, so the first one that the man talks about is

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English and

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write in English it's and

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after that

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what's the difference between well and for Go ahead

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Yes, yeah.

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Yeah, so if I said here's where these things become important. If I said

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Well, how am I doing

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all these are conjunctions. All these are conjunctions prepositions, we're going to put down a number of them and come to a few of them. What do they do? They can join one noun a following noun, right with the following noun

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which all that means is that the status of grammar for this is going to be the grammatical size of this that's all it means. But what are the difference of these because in English all we have really is and and or

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then maybe maybe one more not so that we have maybe one or two extra in English but in Arabic have a lot. The differences are very subtle, gentle Mohammed Mohammed means they both came at the same time. Or it means that we don't care about the sequence that they came in.

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Right It doesn't not important or that priority. We just prioritizing Muhammad because he's the leader of the gang. That's why Muhammad first and he's the leader, but in time, time and sequence they didn't come they came they walked in together or we just don't care who came first doesn't matter. Maybe I came before Muhammad was Muhammad is the is the leader. So we call out his name first. Now we change that.

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Yeah, Mohammed Ahmed.

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That means specifically that Muhammad came and then Ahmed came with a very, very short period of time between them.

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So we're standing by the door Muhammad walks in and then somebody walks in maybe a minute later or a bit less or a bit more. So five means someone's following someone else in time but a very short a short timing

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After that.

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Sama sama. What is right the same example? Jah

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what is gonna mean here and mine?

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Yeah, so a long time. Yeah, so there's, there's a time the time here is late much later. So this means and then.

00:29:15--> 00:29:17

But a short period of time.

00:29:19--> 00:29:21

This one here means and then.

00:29:23--> 00:29:28

But a long period of time. So means there's a significant amount of time between them.

00:29:30--> 00:29:32

All right, after that, oh

00:29:38--> 00:29:53

all these do exactly this. They can join their conjunction prepositions. They can join to two nouns and noun, another noun, and they're going to be similar to each other and grammatical status. So

00:29:54--> 00:29:59

if this guy is metaphor, he's going to be metaphor. If he's monsoon is going to be monsoon. He's Megazord

00:30:00--> 00:30:02

Today we're going to be MCSA or MS you're gonna image oh sorry

00:30:04--> 00:30:16

it's all does it any of these could be here any of them? Yeah different meanings they serve different purposes from a linguistic perspective but they have the same grammatical they serve the same grammatical purpose. Oh means

00:30:17--> 00:30:20

or so if I say John Muhammad

00:30:27--> 00:31:00

one of them came I didn't care to look enough I just wanted to I don't know Mohammed Rama Kim I don't I don't know. John Muhammad. I'm not one of them came either Mohammed Mohammed came. I don't know. That's what it means. So one of them probably for one of them right? Still, same thing. They still Oh, oh, and well are almost the not gonna say they're the opposite, but they're very different. Right? But dramatically they serve the exact same purpose nothing nothing changes. This is it conjoined now and this one is for follower and it's gonna have the exact same grammatical status with no difference. Okay.

00:31:02--> 00:31:13

After I'm gonna leave an ima I'm gonna go to Bella and lacking and just leave those because some of them are rarely used and just companies will complicate this. We don't need to complicate it

00:31:16--> 00:31:19

so let's start with first name means not.

00:31:21--> 00:31:22

So John Mohammedan.

00:31:25--> 00:31:25


00:31:27--> 00:31:33

who came? Yeah, who didn't come? Right. So this guy again this guy didn't

00:31:41--> 00:31:42

get the meeting.

00:31:45--> 00:31:45

All right.

00:31:50--> 00:31:50


00:31:54--> 00:31:55

and then lacking

00:32:00--> 00:32:00


00:32:03--> 00:32:22

Um, he's like, Oh, very simple, very similar. Just a different context Len lacking with a school not lacking. Lacking. Now, if you remember is a preposition that is similar to a verb that we taught anytime we started out as a grammatical factor a couple of lessons before that can is is a preposition. So if I were to say John Mohammedan.

00:32:26--> 00:32:26


00:32:28--> 00:32:28

Who came?

00:32:29--> 00:32:30

Okay, me?

00:32:31--> 00:32:33

Yeah. So what is better to do?

00:32:37--> 00:32:51

Yeah, does. So law says the next one is wrong. The first one is right. But it says the second one is right. The first one is wrong. So it's like you made a mistake. It's like you said, John Muhammad, Muhammad was like, you actually made a mistake. So Muhammad didn't come, Ahmed came.

00:32:57--> 00:32:59

And this is called the blob.

00:33:03--> 00:33:04

This is to the buck.

00:33:07--> 00:33:08

I don't know.

00:33:10--> 00:33:12

I can only do so much in translation. Lacking

00:33:15--> 00:33:20

is usually used when there's an Effie mean when there's some form of denying something.

00:33:22--> 00:33:25

So you will say majha, Mohammed

00:33:30--> 00:33:37

was a majha. Mohammed lacking Ahmed and that would mean that I'm again.

00:33:40--> 00:33:42

That's that's the more common use of it.

00:33:43--> 00:33:49

But it has other uses as well. It can be used like Bell too. So sometimes these two are used almost with the exact same

00:33:50--> 00:33:58

purpose. Bell is just more harsh. Bell is just a much more harsh word lacking is a bit easier. It gets a bit

00:34:00--> 00:34:04

simpler. Ben is like however, Berlin like almost mean, however,

00:34:05--> 00:34:16

in a sentence, even though it's not a conjunction in English. It isn't in Arabic. So he didn't, he came, however, no, he came. So it's a change. It's kind of a change of course of the sentence.

00:34:18--> 00:34:21

And I and those are the conjunction prepositions. Whoa, whoa,

00:34:22--> 00:34:26

whoa, La Bella, and everything else. We don't need to study what is one of them.

00:34:30--> 00:34:33

There's a scholar of linguistics, who on his deathbed,

00:34:35--> 00:34:39

said I am going to die today. And I'm still not 100% sure of what

00:34:41--> 00:34:59

he was a scholar of. And as he died, he said, I'm leaving this world. Well, I'm usually at Manhattan. I'm still not satisfied with my understanding of this. Of this preposition. It's a very complicated one. It can mean different things. Sometimes use is used as a conjunction preposition, but because it has so many other usages, we're just not going to talk about it.

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Other ones are a bit more complicated we leave them out yes

00:35:03--> 00:35:04


00:35:09--> 00:35:18

um so the two other ones that we didn't talk about because they're just complicated there's no point when I need you to remember these well first hola belacan alright

00:35:19--> 00:35:20

so the Quran

00:35:24--> 00:35:26

I'm gonna give you a few examples

00:35:29--> 00:35:32

you're already the socializer for example, you would find

00:35:39--> 00:35:40

in a Muslim Nina

00:35:45--> 00:35:46

well Muslim it

00:35:50--> 00:35:51

well Mina

00:35:54--> 00:35:55

Mina ID

00:35:57--> 00:36:14

well Connie Tina will call on you to do a solidarity you know a sadaqa to slavery, you know, slavery and it will cause you to you know, will cause you it will deselect the Athena party or for me, you know, for humanity keeps on counting. Every time we see oh, well, you know, there's a conjunction. Right.

00:36:15--> 00:36:17

Conjunction conjunction conjunction

00:36:18--> 00:36:24

that goes down for at least another 11 examples, right. They're all being conjoined to which which word

00:36:26--> 00:36:39

to which word? Yes. Conjoined to the first now and mostly mean now because in is a grammatical factor. It will come and do what it will affect the move to the right what does it do them up today handy

00:36:42--> 00:36:54

Yeah, makes it more so. So this should be mostly moon but because this guy came in affected it it's now mostly mean some monsoon right? So this monsoon was almost gonna be what months over my god month for

00:36:57--> 00:37:05

it's gonna be like the first one is gonna be monsoon so what is the macro of Nasir in the feminine sound Pearl

00:37:08--> 00:37:17

think you just like a look and listening that you've never seen mostly not to ever ever doesn't need a feminine sound plural cannot kick carry if I talk it'll always be a customer

00:37:29--> 00:37:33

why I asked you what is in that do to the to the motor that what does it do to it? So

00:37:34--> 00:37:56

so the Muslim, the sound, the sound masculine plural. What could it be? It's either watts or they're mostly Munna are mostly Mina. There's no mostly money that becomes too. So the marker is either well for alpha or Yeah, for nossob and jump. Right and we talked about this a while back. That's for example in the Quran. Yes. What do you want to Yes, I'm doing

00:38:01--> 00:38:02

you have a question?

00:38:06--> 00:38:07

Or question? Okay.

00:38:10--> 00:38:11


00:38:12--> 00:38:14

um, you don't have an email roofie?

00:38:22--> 00:38:23

When when I'm hungry

00:38:28--> 00:38:29

so here's a

00:38:30--> 00:38:32

conjunction preposition.

00:38:33--> 00:38:37

There's conjoining this word ways which one we're before

00:38:39--> 00:38:40

this one over here.

00:38:41--> 00:38:44

Right? This is about a foot what is the macro rough on this one you're handy

00:38:48--> 00:38:58

either on your own or I'm eating right so then well I'm your own smartphone so this guy is gonna be my fourth tool and marker is going to be well known.

00:39:01--> 00:39:03

In English we don't we put

00:39:06--> 00:39:09

when we can join we put commas right

00:39:10--> 00:39:13

so if I have like five things I want to say I will say I'm in

00:39:16--> 00:39:17


00:39:20--> 00:39:21


00:39:22--> 00:39:23


00:39:28--> 00:39:29

sure even though we continue

00:39:31--> 00:39:41

isn't this narrative you don't do that there's no that's not how it works. When you're adding when it conjoining you just keep on putting and in the form of Whoa. So you would say

00:39:45--> 00:39:46

well, Hamdi

00:39:48--> 00:39:49

I had none.

00:39:51--> 00:39:51

Wish that he

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

probably just too close. Obviously someone who really just made it too close but they usually do

00:40:00--> 00:40:04

It's a separated from the word before to Arabic and just putting in keep on putting well

00:40:06--> 00:40:37

and well means that the timing of their entrance or their Janya what happened isn't important or to happen at the exact same time the font means that it's after it but very short period of time two minutes after and there's a long period of time between them Oh is or that is not to deny the whatever came after it Bell is to deny whatever became Belen lacking deny whatever becomes comes before it. So John Muhammad and Muhammad denied Muhammad Ahmed is the one who came. That makes sense and they're all conjunction prepositions what happens if the conjoined noun

00:40:39--> 00:40:44

is similar to the followed noun and grammatical status that's all you need to know in terms of conjunctions okay

00:40:46--> 00:41:10

the whole the whole time as a you don't want Amran for example is giving what are a to z then what I'm run there is this man so both my fault it was my fault there was moto moto both monsoon it The first is monsoon The second is monsoon well not to be say he didn't what I'm reading so the first is Mojo. The second one is also module was Aidan lamea. Calm Well, I'm your code. And that is conjoining two sentences, which is something that we were gonna talk about and show them a bit later.

00:41:11--> 00:41:13

Okay, that's about it.

00:41:16--> 00:41:18

No, it's very simple. It was very simple.

00:41:21--> 00:41:23

It's not complicated. Now.

00:41:26--> 00:41:28

After that, we have something called

00:41:29--> 00:41:30

the toe keyed.

00:41:33--> 00:41:34

So don't kid

00:41:38--> 00:41:40

or the chapter of emphasis

00:41:44--> 00:41:49

we're still talking about what following nouns The third type of following known

00:41:50--> 00:41:51

as Tokyo.

00:41:54--> 00:42:09

The emphatic article, so a Tokyo as a noun is called the emphatic noun or the emphatic article follows the emphasized object and its grammatical status Tabby earned in Makati, Fiat often hear when I speak of Lee without aefi All right.

00:42:12--> 00:42:36

It Toki is similar to the adjective in terms that it follows the emphasize noun not only in his grammatical status, but also in his level or status of definiteness meaning of is if the first one is more definite, then the second one then the Tokita has to be also definite. So emphasis is the chapter. The word is called a doe keyed

00:42:38--> 00:42:40

anything that emphatic

00:42:41--> 00:42:42

the emphatic noun

00:42:44--> 00:42:48

and it comes in emphasizes another noun. Right? So I'm gonna give you an example

00:42:54--> 00:42:54

is Aiden

00:42:59--> 00:43:00

Neff Sue.

00:43:01--> 00:43:03

What's this translates into is Zaid

00:43:05--> 00:43:06


00:43:08--> 00:43:11

by told us aid himself came what is himself

00:43:12--> 00:43:16

but his aid came right so let's make this a sentence. Yeah, as a student

00:43:20--> 00:43:21

English was this

00:43:24--> 00:43:29

I don't know English. I know it is in Arabic and Arabic. It's called Don't get caught in the Arabic Yes.

00:43:30--> 00:43:31

It's like

00:43:33--> 00:43:41

yeah, yeah. So emphasizing something so nervous to write. Is it Tokyo it's called Tokyo this is here called the Tokyo

00:43:43--> 00:44:00

and this word here is called What could the emphasize noun is called and what could the emphasize known it Tokyo has to follow the word good because it's the following known as to follow the emphasize now and in two things in grammatical status. That's what we agreed that all these nouns are going to do.

00:44:08--> 00:44:11

And indefiniteness.

00:44:15--> 00:44:20

Just like just like an adjective, just like an adjective. Well, how do we know the difference between

00:44:22--> 00:44:30

an emphasizing known and then adjective? Well, because emphasizing nouns actually only have a certain number of words you can use.

00:44:31--> 00:44:35

It's easy to remember the emphasizing noun because you can only use a certain number of words

00:44:38--> 00:44:41

so the first word we talked about was deficit who neffs

00:44:43--> 00:44:45

Are you can say I you know who

00:44:47--> 00:44:54

ain't doesn't mean I also means his entity, right? Exact same. So you can word the word. You can say Kulu.

00:44:55--> 00:44:56

All of them.

00:44:59--> 00:44:59


00:45:00--> 00:45:01

You can see a GMAT Oh Whew.

00:45:04--> 00:45:26

So there's certain words that we use we can't use just any word an add any word can be an adjective, any word can describe another word, whether literally or figuratively. But in terms of the dokie in terms of talking about emphatic noun, we can only talk about a few words that work here. The man when he talks about it, he says, we're calling the Alpha when Maluma and emphatic state is established with the following words and neffs

00:45:27--> 00:45:40

Well, I mean, why couldn't Why would you man with a lab your rajma well, he I mean that other words like a drummer that the Arab used to use. No one cares about these no one uses them I've never heard them use in my life. Never read them in any book. So they're kind of

00:45:42--> 00:45:42


00:45:44--> 00:45:51

to own farm as a you don't have to wear a two column a column or two, we'll call me a Jemaine. All right.

00:45:55--> 00:45:59

What does what does the emphatic noun offer in terms of meanings in a sentence?

00:46:01--> 00:46:02

What does it offer?

00:46:04--> 00:46:10

An adjective will offer a fresh meaning something that probably didn't exist in terms of

00:46:11--> 00:46:14

wasn't there before. But what does it what does an emphatic noun do?

00:46:17--> 00:46:18


00:46:20--> 00:46:26

just emphasizes something that you already knew, doesn't offer anything new. If I said, Yeah, as Aiden right.

00:46:27--> 00:46:28

Next to him.

00:46:29--> 00:46:36

Nothing's would have been added here. But there's usually a context for this. That is important, meaning

00:46:38--> 00:47:09

we weren't a suit. We weren't expecting Z to actually show up himself. Right? We didn't even expect it. Or maybe there's twos aids, there is a an important eighth and a less important day to this story. So you want to tell me that? No, the actual guy came. Not his representative, not his lawyer, not his friend. He came Yeah, as a zoo. He came himself right and so do the context for the story. If I'm going to take the word coulomb, I'm gonna add it and then change it a bit. I'm gonna say coulomb,

00:47:11--> 00:47:13

right column, and I say about a tool comma.

00:47:18--> 00:47:20

Let's say Joe just to make this simpler.

00:47:22--> 00:47:23

So Jarl como,

00:47:24--> 00:47:47

the people came Calum all of them. Now all of them is implied when you say that people came. But when you say all of them, what you're doing is you're just emphasizing that no one was missing. And apparently within the context that was important to say that no one was missing was an important piece of information. Because maybe you were thinking a few of them were going to show up or some people said that they weren't didn't want to come Yes.

00:47:49--> 00:48:06

Yeah, could you imagine man, so to emphasizes to emphatic nouns in a row? Like in the Quran, if I say if I said you Dermalogica to Kulu Majima rune, right? So called loom, and Mr. Owen Majima, as you mount so all of them, each and every one of them. So Allah says that every single minute

00:48:08--> 00:48:18

decision was only a bliss who said no, he didn't have a he didn't have a group of guys who were who were just turning a mutiny. He was the only one to even think not to do it.

00:48:19--> 00:48:31

So what do we know about Tokita is going to follow in definiteness? is a definite or indefinite? Definite, right? It's a proper noun. What about knifes? definite or indefinite?

00:48:33--> 00:48:33

Say it again.

00:48:35--> 00:48:38

Yeah, cuz it's compounded to, to a pronoun.

00:48:39--> 00:48:55

Right? It's definite because it's compounded to a pronoun. Correct. And here it is to, to, they're always component to pronouns. By the way, that's always it's always how they're used. They can be compounded to a pronoun all the time. They just give me a second, these two means himself

00:48:57--> 00:49:02

or themself, themselves, etc. This means all of

00:49:05--> 00:49:07

all of something all of them all of

00:49:11--> 00:49:18

so it has to be the same indefiniteness and has to be saying the same and what and grammatical status. So tell me a handy Zaid, what is it here in this sentence?

00:49:22--> 00:49:23

What is eight in this sentence?

00:49:25--> 00:49:27

Yeah, why does it matter for you? Right?

00:49:28--> 00:49:29

Yeah, but what is he?

00:49:31--> 00:49:38

He's a fine, right. He's a subject. So the fine here is going to be metaphor. Correct. So we get to them. So what is next to who going to be

00:49:40--> 00:49:41

there's got to be the same.

00:49:42--> 00:49:44

Yeah, so what are you gonna give enough's

00:49:45--> 00:49:46

wherever you give it?

00:49:48--> 00:49:57

Yeah, it's always before the pronoun so on this thing, so enough suhu so Jah el como the same thing this is a Tolkien emphasizing noun or emphatic noun

00:49:58--> 00:49:59

that is going to be

00:50:00--> 00:50:08

definite like this one and there it is definitely just like this one and it's always gonna be a pronoun that's gonna have the same grammatical status. This is metaphor. So this is going to be

00:50:09--> 00:50:14

called loom, gol como ko loom, if I were to change this word and I said a to

00:50:16--> 00:50:20

now this is a up is an object is going to be on zoom so the angel coma.

00:50:21--> 00:50:22

So what happens to this guy here

00:50:24--> 00:50:34

could love them right? It will always follow the following nouns now out of Tolkien, but it will always follow in grammatical status or find out something Jared always will.

00:50:35--> 00:50:57

Some of them have extra criteria like the adjective it has to be also similar in definiteness, just like the Tokita has to be similar in definiteness, but also that dokie only has a few words that can work with. So when I say the word Toki to you, you think of four basic words, we think of nefs I mean, golden Najma These are the words that you care for. So whenever we say the word dough kid

00:51:01--> 00:51:04

now we study the emphatic noun, we're thinking

00:51:07--> 00:51:07

of neffs

00:51:10--> 00:51:11


00:51:13--> 00:51:13


00:51:16--> 00:51:17


00:51:20--> 00:51:22

you gave me the perfect example that I want to want to use.

00:51:24--> 00:51:25

The example was first agenda.

00:51:29--> 00:51:30

And then Mala eager to

00:51:31--> 00:51:40

swim melodica is a is the subject and there are four. So now the two emphatic nouns are going to be also morphia. So coulomb was was gonna get your handy

00:51:42--> 00:51:46

Kowloon just like that one, had your mountain

00:51:48--> 00:52:00

metaphor as well into well, because they sound masculine plural, but essentially, eager to put into emphasizing nouns. There's one more thing we're gonna talk about in terms of emphatic nouns.

00:52:01--> 00:52:08

The simplest way to emphasize a noun is what in Arabic the simplest way, not even using these for the simplest way.

00:52:10--> 00:52:11

Think can I tell me Yeah?

00:52:12--> 00:52:19

No, with a no, that's what the that's what the preposition you're right, you emphasize, but there's a simpler way with a noun.

00:52:23--> 00:52:28

All right, I'll show you how. So, you will see this. This is very common in the Arabic language.

00:52:34--> 00:52:36

Module athma Do

00:52:38--> 00:52:39

we just repeat the noun?

00:52:40--> 00:53:00

And then the second one is an emphasizing Now just repeat the noun is repeated again. And that is that is a sculptor keyed lovely. It's called a literal and emphasizing now, this is called a figurative, emphatic noun. This is called a literal, emphatic no, you're just repeating the word. And they do that a lot in Arabic like they do it more than you that when you think design for them

00:53:04--> 00:53:06

so I'll give an example let's say nothing medulla.

00:53:08--> 00:53:09

You praise Allah.

00:53:10--> 00:53:12

Hamdan Handa.

00:53:14--> 00:53:50

The first one has a proper grammatical status. The second one is just an emphasize of this one. Now I'm gonna go hand in hand Dinesh Corolla has ukuran chakra, right, so this is the Toki. just emphasizing now, you don't need it really good dig it out, but it emphasizes the meaning that that you're using. So that's the simplest way to emphasize a noun, just repeat it again. And you can repeat it as many times as you want. However, if you feed it more than once it becomes redundant and useless. Meaning from a linguistic and logical perspective, it has no extra meaning at all. You just emphasize repeat it once and that's enough weight. To quickly change, just revise what we talked

00:53:50--> 00:54:17

about. So the final following noun is going to be the middle and we're gonna talk about the bundle in Sharla. And executives a bit longer. There's more to talk about is the chapter of substitution where you substitute a noun with another one. They're both in the sentence but just one is substituting it with a certain meaning. That is emphasized. But the following nouns are four types. The first one is not which is adjective. Second one is a conjunction, lots of music conjoined down to another noun, and the third one is Toki was an emphatic known.

00:54:19--> 00:54:54

What was common amongst all these nouns is that they are similar to the followed known in grammatical status. If the followed known as multiple, then they're going to be marked for whether it's an adjective, conjoined noun or an emphatic noun. They're always going to be the same and grammatical starts with a mouthful. I'm not so sure you can have the same grammatical status. Now there are extra conditions for other specific nouns. So for now, you need it to be also similar. indefiniteness and indefiniteness. So if the followed noun is definite, then the adjective not only has to have the same status and Profit and Loss about a job, it also has to have the same status of

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

definiteness and we talked about definiteness and combine this as a concept that is attached to that. Octave does not need that.

00:55:00--> 00:55:32

It also does not necessarily necessarily mean that dough kid needs it needs it to be also the same indefiniteness but dough kid only has four options of words not saying good luck Gemma NAFSA who I mean who could Lou ojima Who are next to him I know him a gym owner or his model home okay loom. So it has and it has to be the same in the in the grammatical status and it has to be the same in different and this is a definite noun, that this has to be also definite by conjoining it or compounding it sorry, by compounding it to a pronoun here in this example.

00:55:34--> 00:56:11

The simplest way for you to emphasize a noun is the simplest emphatic noun is just for you to repeat, repeat the word again. If you see in Arabic text somewhere where the word is repeated twice in a row, and the second one is always a Tokido. It's always an emphatic noun, it's a literal, emphatic noun, right and in Arabic, it serves a purpose just if you do it too many times it becomes redundant and useless once serves a purpose to make it to emphasize the concept and is a part of example of this. You know, I do not have to go hand in hand at national law Sugarland chakra is something that is quite common. So, next time Michelle will continue by talking about the chapter of

00:56:11--> 00:56:17

substitution. Xochimilco, so we're gonna go from there into stuff in Lagos Mohammed in early use IVs means