Ramadan 2014 – Tafsir Surah Al-Fatiha – 16
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
File Size: 7.73MB
In this episode of the Tafsir of Surat al-Fatihah, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi discusses the following aspects:
- An analysis of the Verse no: 5 – Ihdinas Sirata Al-Mustaqim (Guide us to the Straight Path).
- The etiquette of making Dua to Allah.
- The meaning of the word ‘Hidaya’ and its various types.
- The meaning of the words Siraat, Sabeel and Tareek and Mustaqeem.
Smith Ramallah Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala seda Mohammed in water. He was so happy he married a maverick. We now begin with the next verse, and that is in a Serato, almost a theme. And if you remember last week we mentioned the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, in which you said that Allah said I have divided sort of, in two halves. And the first half was the praise of Allah. Now we get to the second half and what did Allah say? Allah said, This shall be for my servant, and my servant will get whatever he asks for what the abdomen. So this half of students and Fatiha Allah has promised us we will get it if we ask him in an
appropriate manner. And even before we begin, imagine, Allah subhana wa Jalla is telling us what to say, and how to ask him and what to ask him. And this in and of itself should give us an optimism. The King of Kings has told us this is how you should ask me, these are the wordings This is how I want you to plead for what for, for your guidance. So the very fact that the wording of the petition, the very fact that the forms have been handed to us directly by a law, all we have to do is fill it out and handed back. This should give us an optimism that inshallah Tada, our job will be accepted. also realize that this sort of teaches us some of the etiquettes of law. And that is a
whole different topic. And I've spoken about that here on this member. And I also have a book about the etiquettes of drought, but very briefly from students and faculty have, yes, we're asking a lot for Hidayat, we want guidance. But we got there in verse number five, four and five. We didn't begin our drop. Oh, Lord, give me this. know, whenever you want anything from a law, there's a protocol. There's an etiquette, there's manners, and sort of that fact to have teachers those manners. What are some of those manners? First and foremost, you begin by praising Allah, you begin your day out by praising Allah, before you get to me I and myself, you begin by saying Alhamdulillah Subhana
Allah, Allah, Allah to you is all praise Alhamdulillah Allah, Allah mean, and you mentioned Allah as names and attributes. So of the etiquettes of making dr is to praise Allah by mentioning his names and attributes. Yeah, Rahman AR Rahim. Yeah, medic. Yeah, Kadeem, whatever Do you want to make you find a name that is appropriate for that drop? You want forgiveness? Yellow food? Yellow foul, you want money? Yeah, Kitty, Yara zap. You want a child? Yeah. What have ya What do whatever your need is, you will find a name of a law that is appropriate. And if you can't find any name, then the most comprehensive Name of Allah is Yara robina. Because our Lord the rub means what the one who has to
take care of to nourish to sustain and even in the fact you have al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen and the name Rob is useful in every and any whatever your need, you have to ask your Rob So you praise Allah. You mentioned his names. Then you mentioned your own weakness. Oh Allah I am your Abdul forgive like Moosa when he was in Medina. What did Moosa say Rob be in neelima Anza Damian Hayden *ing or up imma * you to your mercy. I'm a *ing I need you. So yaka yaka Stein. This is that relationship over LA I need you for everything. I asked you for your help. So you praise Allah. You mentioned his names and attributes. Then you mentioned Who are you What did Adam say when
he was expelled from gender? Robin of alumna and Susannah, tell fildena What are Hamner then akuna nominal ha city if you don't give it to me, oh, a lock on last. I need you Oh Allah. So there's an element of pleading of begging of Yes, desperation because we're lucky we are desperate for Allah's mercy. And we show Allah subhana wa tada that all of this is taught to us by certain factor also What does sort of teach us that when we ask Allah we asked him for that which is most important. Yes, we're lucky we want to have lots of money. That's a human nature, want to have good families, it's human nature and we make dua to Allah for that. But let us also ask Allah for hedaya for
mofetil for Jenna, what does Allah teach us in the Quran robina Arjuna dunia hacer la fille de hacer una, we have to ask for both. And unfortunate is the one who only asks for the dunya and doesn't ask for the accurate So the most important thing we asked for is Dino Serato. Mr. Team now what
Does he Daya These are some of the etiquettes of drawn from certified to have, by the way, what is he Daya we're saying Idina linguistically the word he Daya means to guide in a gentle and beautiful manner. linguistically the word Haida and he Daya means to guide in a gentle and beautiful manner, and it is usually used for beneficial advice. It is not a coincidence that in Arabic, a gift is called what had ear and guidance is called Hidayat, the same root. Because Heidi is a monetary gift of generosity. You give it out of pure goodwill, you don't expect anything back. And he Daya is a gift of knowledge, a gift of morality, a gift of guidance. It's not a coincidence. hadiya is from
your money. He Daya is from your knowledge, and we want Allah xojo to guide us at dinner. Serato Sultan was stopping the famous scholar of the Arabic language Imam Razi, Berlusconi, and he was really for your information. A non Arab, he was from Iran, and he was a he became a master of the Arabic language. He was the first scholar he died, don't quote me on this barrel 450 hits or so very early 1000 years ago. He was the first scholar to write a dictionary of every single word in the Quran. It's literally called mu for Dotto, Quranic idiom, and it is one of the most amazing books ever written. And I have it literally on my shelf. I have a library right next to my desk. The one
of the first books I can reach is this one because I use it all the time. It is called mu for Dotto for undercutting every single word in the Quran. It's only a dictionary of Quranic Arabic. If a word is not in the Quran, it's not going to be in that dictionary. And he has pages of commentary of every single word and he is one of the earliest authors who wrote a dictionary of the Arabic language of Quranic Arabic. So if you look up he Daya in that dictionary, he has a beautiful four page discussion of what does this word mean? And of what he says is that he Daya is a four types. hedaya is a four types. Number one, he said, he Daya that Allah has put in us by His creation, every
human has it, that he died of common sense that he died of alcohol, that he died of the fitrah. We innately know good from evil right from wrong. This is a hedaya that is bestowed and every human being you have in English, we call it a moral compass, or you can call it a conscience. Every one of us has that Hidayat number two, the second hedaya is the hedaya that Allah has revealed from the tongues of the prophets and in the books that he has revealed. So this is a hidayah of guidance, so that he die of the intellect meets with the Hadith of the prophets, and they should complement one another. And this leads to the third Dyer and that is the hedaya from Allah to actually be a
worshipper of Allah. Right? So this is the hedaya that you're actually becoming a worshipper. Some people know the truth and they don't accept it. shaytaan a police Abuja they know the truth and they're not going out as an example. Right? So they have the first two hedaya Moosa comes to him around hears that and has an intellect, but he rejects that's the 30 diet. The 30 diet is a law guiding you into Islam, and then the 40 diet is the hedaya to be guided into Jenna, and herbalist Mahoney said, each one of these diets follows from the one before it, in order to get to two you have to have one, in order to get to three, you have to have one and two. And if you understand it
is very straightforward that he died of common sense that he died of the prophets message that he died that Allah causes you now to accept Islam, it's a blessing. And then once you've accepted Islam, and you're a Muslim, then Allah you want a lousy diet to get you into gender. Which of these dias is in it in a certain name, it is all of them. We want a lousy diet and all of these categories and and elements so is dinner, we want a lousy diet, too. What are your alternatives Stuckey or Surat is a very interesting word. In Arabic, you have many words for path, Sabine Barak, and yet Allah says Surat Allah is in a Seville and was the theme or a third economist of him in certain
Fatiha it is a Serato Mr. Kim, even though in other verses Allah says Sabine and 13, right, Allah azza wa jal mentions the 30th God guidance, Allah mentions that, that while at the top of that this is subito law. Well, that's a super don't follow the other civil for the federal political instability, you'll be turned away from this unbeatable law. But as soon as that Fatiha Illa mentioned set off, what is the difference between Sabine and Talia and Surat very quickly, Sabine is a small passageway. Perhaps not even somebody has walked on it yet and yet is going to be called a Sabine. If you're lost in the jungle, you can make your own Seville back to the road. You'll create
It used to be so Seville is a small passageway. 13 is a road. But generally the patio is a smaller road like an alleyway. And authorea could be easy and it could be difficult. The trip could be flat and the patio could be mountainous. The words set out linguistically, not just in the Koran, the word siddhart linguistically means a massive huge level flat highway, the word setups, it cannot mean a crooked path. It cannot mean a bumpy path. It cannot mean a narrow paths, we're just talking about the Arabic word set off. The word set off itself implies that it is massive, that it is straight, that it is level that it is clearly demarcated. You're not going to get lost. You know
what the set off is? You know what's outside of it. You know, the road is just like when you're on the main highway, you cannot possibly mistake the main highway for the roads outside of this question. They're too small. These roads are Sabine and 13. The main highway that's connecting to major cities, that is like a serve out. And by the way, there's a theory and Allah knows best that the English word street also goes back in origin to the Arabic word set off because the English word st goes to ancient Latin, subtle, the ancient latin word. I wrote this down somewhere, I think, yes, I did write it down. It goes back to the ancient latin word set up and the ancient lasted off excuse
with the T and the ancient latin word meant the main road in the city, the straight road in the city. And Allah knows but it seems seems to close the Latin word to the Arabic word. Perhaps there is some Semitic influence on ancient Latin, which made its way into English, the word Street and the word Surat seem to have some connection. But in any case, that's beyond the scope of what we're concerned about intimacy, the point being that Allah azza wa jal calls his path of Surat why, because number one, it is level, it's not crooked. It's not bumpy. Number two, it is vast, it's massive, it's not hidden. Number three, it's clearly demarcated from that which is outside the Surat
will not be confused with any other and that is why Allah never uses the word slot. In the plural, there can only be one slot. And actually, as I said, I looked this up in ancient Latin, every city only had one slot one street. This is ancient, not modern, of course, modern Memphis are many streets here. But in the classical language, there was only one in every city, you couldn't have multiple and Subhanallah It seems as if this meaning comes from Semitic languages, because you can only have one slot. Allah never uses the word slot in plural in the Arabic language, sorry, in the Quran, excuse me. Of course you can use it outside of the Quran. In the Quran. It's only found in
the singular because there's only one so we want to be guided to the straight, massive path. And what is the description of this path? I'll set out a booster theme and what's the theme is typically translated as straight, but that's only one of the meanings of is the karma. There's many meanings of karma is the karma. It comes from the root karma, which means to stand up, and there's a connotation of perfection here and that is why Allah says in the Quran when he tells us to pray, how is the command to pray in the Quran always given
lt Masada from Mr comma. Allah never says not once Soylu never once in the Quran is the command salute to pray is always at the Masada Alina Yuki Muna Salah from the same route as the karma, because it's defilement implies perfection is the karma implies righteousness is the common implies you're doing it correctly. It's not just the straight path, it is the correct path. It is the moral path. It is the upright path, it is the path of no crookedness. So all of these meanings come into Serato Mr. team, and inshallah we'll continue, there's much more to say time is limited. And honestly, brothers and sisters, I'm not exaggerating, we're lucky there's only three or four days
left. And yet, we could easily extend this tafsir for another 20 sessions, but unfortunately, time is of the essence. So we're going to have to condense the remainder literally in three or four days. So we finish sort of that factor, at least in this beautiful month. And I reiterate the goal of this tafsir is that when we recite Fatiha 17 times at a minimum, and that's for the one who's not that practicing for the one who's praying regularly, the sooner and that will fill at least 30 times a day we are reciting This is the sort of this sort of in the Koran. The point is that every time we recite it, we should feel a sense of or we should understand these beautiful words we should
appreciate why did Allah subhana wa tada commanded us to recite these verses over and over again. May Allah azza wa jal guide us to start the Mr. team and we will continue this discussion tomorrow was said I'm ready to lay