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Lessons From Andalusia

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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But can tiny banca tiny but can tiny Ana them be women coming to me in Kirby

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Lee

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jelly either

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be famous the Hayden doll Seanie winner does mean a lot to me.

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All praise is due to Allah subhana wa Tada Allah Who knows what the hearts conceal, and what the tongue shall not reveal, in front of whom all kneel, and then the day of judgment to whom all shall appeal. The study of underdose is a topic that intrigues every single one of us when we hear it fascinated. Why is that the case, because generally speaking, many people are not interested in history. But for some reason, Undertow strikes a chord. The reason for this is that underdose represents the most successful intermixing of East and West, in the entire civilization before our time. underdose represents Islam, as practiced in Europe. It is European and Western Islam. And so

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especially for us here in America, and all across the western world.

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Under this represents a glorious past that gives us actually hope for the future. If Islam survived, not just survived, thrived, not just thrived, reached its pinnacle, and superseded everything in Europe, when it was based in Europe,

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then surely, there's hope for us here now,

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as well under this represents for us a lesson in every facet of history, the conquest, the rise, the glory, the civilization, the knowledge, and also the fall, and the internal bickering, and the civil wars, and the backstabbing. And the alliances with coffered regimes against other Kapha regimes and we're stuck in the middle like a pawn, literally under loose is like a microcosm of what we are facing right now. And that is why I feel very, very passionate about this topic. It's one of the topics I really love immensely. I've taken at least half a dozen trips to Andalusia and I take tours and shallowly going again, this year, I'm going to Morocco next year, so I'll be taking a tour to

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Andalus. As usual, before COVID are almost every single year, especially for our youth, it really makes them understand what is the reality of Islam in the West, and there is no dichotomy you don't have to be east versus West. No, you can be a Western Muslim. And and the last demonstrates this. Now, what can we accomplish in one hour? What can we accomplish in one, one seminar one session? Not much, we're not going to go over to the chronological order. But what did the point is to really make a start thinking and to incite within us a passion, because the books are all there, the lectures are all there, but we need a motivation to go read those books.

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We need the motivation to listen to 510 20 hours of lectures online. So the goal of today's brief with 45 minutes then q&a, inshallah is really to spark that curiosity and to give us the impetus to give us the the the motivation, that you know what I want to study this region, and I want to benefit from the realities of the rise and fall of Western Islam. And subhanAllah it's not just Western Islam and de Lucia overall the Quran, the Quran always preaches to us through history. 1/3 of the Quran is in fact, nothing but because of stories. 1/3 of the Quran 1/3 is laws and 1/3 is theology, the entire Quran 1/3 is stories why? Luckily they can of course also ma Bara, there are

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lessons in the stories of the past. And Allah tells us policy rueful out of the fun guru, go travel in the land and look at what happened to the people before you look at their remnants. Allah says in the Quran, go look at the remnants. Look at what they have left behind and take a lesson from that. So Allah is telling us to explore. And that's why, by the way, I'm a strong advocate of Islamic tourism. I'm a strong advocate. Yes, we should have fun with our families. Yes, we should go. But rather than just go to the you know, fun and sun and games, let's go to a place that yes, there's a lot of interesting things, but also intellectual stimulation. I'm a big advocate that that's one of

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the best ways our families come together we go to places where we studied the past was Becca, Stan, and once when China gets back to normal, maybe go to China. I've been to China in the past as well. All of these lands, we go to Islamic tour of Egypt go in and connect with our civilization and one of the places we need to connect to is underdose. Now I'm not going to give you a lot

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Long rundown but there are some basic facts that we should all be aware of these basic facts we can divide

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the study of analysis into a number of broad eras, okay? Broad eras, so inshallah we can figure this out broad eras, the first era. The first era is the establishment of under loose as a province within the broader Islamic empire. And this era begins in very easy date to remember, especially the elders amongst you, maybe the youngsters don't know, but 711 Elders all know what 711 used to be back in the 80s and 90s. But I think the younger youngsters don't know. Do you know what 711 is? What is 711?

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One of the stores Yeah, so 711 Okay, so this is the day by the way, that's called a mnemonic device, you should figure out how to memorize dates by these mnemonic devices. 711 is the beginning of Islam and en de Lucia. And we can go all the way to around 950 for first year, this is very broad, you know, like basic introduction to Andalusi in history, this is the establishment of Islam as an emirate as a province. So under Lucia Andalus, was a province within the broader Muslim empire. And of course, 711 is when under Lucia it was called en de Lucia, by the way, the term and de Lucia by the way, it is from the Roman and before that from the ancient local regions, one of the Germanic

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tribes invaded in ancient Roman times to this region, and that Germanic tribe, they were called the vandals, vandals, and every history students knows the vandals. The vandals invaded and conquered Andalus. The people of underdose, the Spanish people, the original people didn't have v. So they called the people that were invading Andalus, not vandals and owls, and owls. And when they call them an dals. Then they call the land after them, the land of the Andals and the Lucia that was in their lives in their region and their language. So when the Muslims came, they took this name, and they aerobicized it and they rose under the this is where the term comes from from vandals. Y'all

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know what vandalism, the term vandalism, right? You all know what vandalism means, right? Why, why does vandalism come from vandals? I'm a linguist as well. I love these little quirks of history. When the Vandals invaded a particular European city, the first thing they would do would be to deface and destroy iconic sites vandalism. So the term vandalism comes from vandals. And the term Andalusi is therefore linked to vandalism indirectly. Anyway, that's a little tidbit of history. So 711 is when the famous general positive and Ziad we all know the story thought it could have been Ziad. He was a young general, maybe 1920 years old, gathers together the forces, especially the

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Berber out of North Africa, and they cross over the streets from malaria from Morocco, the crossover, they land on that little land, the little island that probably didn't have a well known name before. Jabril thought it was called the Gibraltar as we call it now. Jabril thought it you can see Jebel product from Morocco from Morocco you can see Java thought and from jumbo paddock, you can see Morocco to to wait. It's a two way vision over there. And so he lands on robotic well known and he begins conquering. Now why did he begin conquering this region. A number of stories are told most likely one of the local kings by the name of King Roderick was greatly despised. This is a story

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that is found in our books of history. And one of his Prime Ministers revolted against the king. And he tried to do a coup d'etat against the king who everybody hated the standard tyrannical king, he was caught and he was going to be executed. This Prime Minister managed to escape and flee for his life. And he fled down south to the land of the OMA yards, the OH MY GOD region in North Africa. And he went to the governor most of near Cuba. And he said to the governor, hey, I'm the Prime Minister, coup d'etat failed. We hate our King Roderick, we are more than happy to let you invade. And you take over we know you guys are going to have less taxes, more freedom, pause here footnote, there

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was a lot of religious tension between the Christians as you're probably aware, and various segments of Christianity could not practice freely under other segments. And the Christians knew that the Muslims didn't care if your ally Kitab you're going to be able to worship and they're not going to care which version of alligator Are you? So the prime minister basically comes one of the main ministers and says to the king or says to the ruler, most of America, he says, Look, you guys invade. And I'm going to be your guide. I'll tell you exactly what you need to do. I mean, he's the minister. He knows exactly what needs to be done, where to invade from what's day, what forces

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everything. He became a traitor to his king. Thinking is going to do good to his people and it will did bring good to his people. And that's why modern Western historians point out that when the Muslims, quote unquote, invaded

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In reality the people did not stop them from invading the people of the land that's why I

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thought there could have been Ziad barely had when he landed he had a few 1000 and within a few months ago, I don't know a few 1000 You cannot conquer Europe with 10,000 people it's not possible. You cannot conquer Spain with 10,000 people. It's not humanly possible. Bada Cummins yeah did it. Why and how? This is how Allah works. This is the journey with Allah. Why am I alone what you know there are because Allah who, when Allah wants to do something mysterious ways happen and beyond your control. There is no human way that a small army of 5000 people initially then another 5000 reinforcements can conquer the entirety of Spain. Because the Muslims within 20 years, they reached

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Madrid. A lot of people don't know this. They reached Madrid, Madrid way up there. They had all of Spain, they even reached 100 miles from Paris. A lot of people don't know this. The Muslim army reached all the way outside of Paris, in a very famous battle called the Battle of Tours. And the Battle of Tours is when Long story short, that's when the Muslim progress into Europe was stopped. And the Muslims in basically receded back until they had the southern part of Spain. But for a few decades, they controlled not just Spain, all the way up to France. There was an article in BBC by the way, last year, you can look this up, they uncovered a group of a graveyard 100 miles outside of

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France, where Muslims were buried. How do they know there were Muslims. All the bodies were buried facing parallel tomato with the heads facing Mecca. They found little settlements. This is in the heart of France, they found settlements of the Arabs for those few decades. There was no pushback, the people wanted Muslims to come for one simple reason not because they loved Islam, per se. But they knew that Muslims would give them better justice and better system and less taxation and more freedoms. And in the end of the day, what does the average person want just the peace to live? They want society to allow them to live. And the Christians of that timeframe fully knew that this king

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of ours under the Pope is not going to give us our religious freedoms, their version of Christianity was slightly different. They weren't Catholics. They were a different North African version, including some Aryans, by the way. The anyway, let's not go down that tangent too many tangents were Shlomo Stein, sometimes they speak and I don't remember where I'm going. What was I saying before I went into this? What was I saying?

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They went all the way to France, and then they came back. So then Southern Europe was conquered. This is 711. Now, the sad reality under loose was not given the attention by the OMA yes, that it deserved. Why is this the case? You're in Europe? Oh, my Yes. How can you not care about Andalus? multiple reasons. First and foremost, Europe in 700. Ce II was literally one of the most backward places in the world. You have to understand Europe was not something civilization was not in Europe. London at the time probably had 5000 people living in it. That's it. And London was still pagan, half of it was Pagan 700 ce II, you still had Christianity wasn't even the norm. You had pagan

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emperors and you had Christianity battling it out. So what do we say Europe, you have to understand Europe. It was nothing for the timeframe. The civilization of the world was Byzantium. Byzantium, which is now it's done, boom. That's where Eastern Europe Christianity, not Western, again, long story but Western Christianity, the Catholics, and then the Protestants, Western Christianity only began to rise and gain dominance after the Crusades, pre crusades. Western Christianity is nothing it's not worth your attention. Why should the Amaze pay attention is literally a backward land, literally barbarians. The term barbarians comes from this the Huns of Germany and the vandal with

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these a bunch of barbarians, nobody cares. And then number two, the Almighty has had enough trouble in their side of the world as well. Back in Damascus, what's happening in 710 727 30, the AI buses are on the rise. And it's only a matter of time 752 their bus has overtaken the OMA years ago thrown over civil war as usual, this is the reality of politics, right? So the Obama years have enough on their plates to deal with. They don't worry about under loose and so what happens under those becomes somewhat of an independent principality. It's not it's not given the attention it's due. And that's one of the main causes for why the Muslims did not go up north Believe it or not, again, all

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of these What if moments in history, if the OMA years had paid attention and understood the importance, it is very, very likely that all of Europe would be a Muslim man today.

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Like under Lucia was for so long 800 years it was very likely. But Allah has called that and we accepted last quarter. We accept Allah Allah for wisdom known to him. So because of the politics actually Musa Musa bureau with the governor and thought it had been Ziad, the the the general were actually called back. They were rebuked and humiliated for internal reasons. Again, the reality of the OMA, The Good, the Bad, the Ugly. And I've said this many times that beginning students of history, innocent Muslims,

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they think our past is all rosy and glorious, they have a very romanticized notion of the past. And I want to be blunt here. No, our religion is divine, our history is very human, our religion is divine, our history is human. And you have the good and the bad, you have the beautiful and the ugly, you have the positive and the negative, every negative you can think of you'll find it and every positive as well, you will find it so when you read history, you have to understand history is a learning technique and a lesson. That's one of the reasons to learn history to not mistake to not perform the same mistakes of the past, right? The problem is, as the famous German philosopher

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forget to said, The problem is the problem of history is that one thing we learn from history is that nobody learns from history.

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One thing we learn from history, history teaches us that nobody actually studies from history. The same mistakes are repeated over and over and over and over again, by every civilization, including our own, every civilization, every single dynasty, every superpower, the rise and the fall, same problem, same issues, historians in their ivory towers understand and study, but the masses don't care. They don't care. They just go with the flow. And this is the reality even as we see it today, in any case, so Andalusi was given a very

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peripherial region. And it wasn't given the attention it was due now. Allah azza wa jal will that that lack of attention turned in his favor. How so? When the buses came to power 750 to see. They wanted to eliminate the opposition, and that's the Omega dynasty. And so they began massacring every single royal prince of the OMA Yes, they were now in the hundreds, hundreds, the Omega dynasty, the clan,

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and one of the most infamous one of the most infamous massacres, they invited the Omiya to a big feast and banquet again, nobody learns from history. This is the oldest tactic in the book, right? Free biryani they'll still come doesn't matter. Okay, invite them to free meal fancy meal, lock the door, teach everything. That's the way it goes. Right? Past standard story literally been there done that you never learned from history. So they did that the royal families being massacred, one of the minor princes, Abdurrahman, the first one of the minor princes fled to buck that far away. And you thought holla so I'm going to live the life now. Undercover. Okay, he's living now in Iraq from from

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Where do my US base who can tell me? Where are they? Oh, my Yes, based. Damascus. Very good. Okay, you're a student of history. That's good. The remainders are based in Damascus do my mosque is still standing to this day, one of the minder printers out there. I'm on the first him and his mother and his brother and I think a sister as well. They're going live undercover. Nobody knows about them. Well, that's what they think. The buses are getting free for all money. Give us I mean that money on when you call it?

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Bing. They're bribing the people. If you can tell us a principle give you the money. Tell us where they're living. Eventually, one of the people betrays him. And so when they're washing clothes, living their day, daily life, whatever. One of the neighbors comes running, so you better run away. I saw the troops coming. They're coming for you. completely unprepared. So Abdullah Amanda first and his younger brother age of 13. He was 1718. At the time his younger brother 1314 held onto his hand took a bag of gold and they fled for their lives. This story Wallahi it's as if it's out of the Arabian 1001 Nights. It's one of the most bizarre stories in our Islamic history. Right? It deserves

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a full cartoon and even a movie. It deserves a full Hollywood movie. One of the most it truly in this story is definitely a romantic epic. It is an amazing reality. Long story short, his brother was killed in front of him the OMA years literally so sorry. Yeah, do I did I bosses literally saw him run for his life swim over the Euphrates River, right with his bag of gold in his mouth like literally unbelievable, right? Five years later from Iraq. He makes it from Iraq. Put him put your map in your head. He makes his way to unloose undercover. Five years it takes him to make his way from Iraq, Baghdad all the way to undisclosed undercover. Nobody can betray Him or

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As he is going to be killed, and along the way he begins a call of insurrection against the OMA yet against against the Abbasids his royal blood. He is the great grandson of his Sham, the Khalifa. He Shamburger Abdul Malik, he is from his arms line. So he is the sorry, the grandson of Hashem. So the great grandson of Abdullah medic, so Abdul Malik, the one of the founders with Ma dynasty, the one who built the Dome of the Rock. This is his great great grandson you can say right? So abstract man the first makes his way to Underoos now, his father is Hashimi Alma Alma we his father is you know back to a seminar Hashimi, but only his father's Alma before I share to say not at Jimmy oroshi

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there are buses or Hashimi the OMA years are not Hashimi that's one of the sources of the conflict. Right? The buses are technically Hashimi you may use are not Hashimi, there are Quraishi they are been over a year. So Abdul Rahman, his mother was North African Berber and he spoke Berber fluently.

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And this is what he used to rally up the Berbers in North Africa in Morocco to rally up the Berbers to come under him against the Ibis it's you understand this point, he is Berber as well, his mother's Berber but he speaks the language is ethnically you know, half there and whatnot. And he uses that the Berbers don't like the buses for many reasons, he uses that to overthrow the Liberal government government in an Autobahn in Andalusia, and he establishes an independent or may yet dynasty around 750 BCE.

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So, this is where under loose breaks away from from what guides are you following? Are you lost? Are you following? What is it break away from the Abbasids and notice breaks away from the above acids and establishes independence under Abdurrahman, the first and Abdullah Amanda first is therefore the founder of a new version two of the Omega dynasty, but based where

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and under close and they shall remain there for 350 years the and the OMA year dynasty, the Muslims for another 800 years but the undiluted Yandina sorry, the OMA year dynasty. He's the one who establishes there, and he establishes his base in Cordoba. And he purchases the church and he builds the grand this mosque known to mankind at that time, which is still standing to this day. Wallahi it is mind boggling if you think about it 1300 years old and is still standing and it is a work of art to this day. When you see it your jaw drops. It is so beautiful. A lot of you don't know this, listen to me carefully. The architecture of Medina you know those beautiful pillars and whatnot

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right? It is taken from kotoba

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It is not meant any originally it is cool to burn that entire structure when you walk into the masjid of kotoba the first reaction Hey, I'm in Medina now. No, Medina was taken from Cordoba, the modern, you know, Masjid right now, you know, the arches and the pillars and the, you know, the designs and the motifs, right? It is taken straight from kotoba

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kotoba was the one that began when you look, you see all these pillars exactly the same as far as the eye can see. He built the largest Masjid in the world at the time. Abdul Rahman the first, and he established his base in Cordoba. And it remained there for around, you know, 300 years. But he didn't declare himself to be the Khalifa. He simply said, we're an emirate. Or he said, basically, he didn't use any titles. He simply said he I'm the soul bond. So Don is not the Khalifa. But the power is going to rise. And with that, you know, the sense of independence. And so again, I'm being very rough here with the data around memorize the dates, but roughly around 930 940. See, Christian

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Era.

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One of his descendants, the great great grandson called him Abdul Rahman, the third. So these are simple names of them, and the first of them and the third, Abdul Rahman, the third, the pinnacle of omega power is now going to happen. Abdul Rahman, the third throws off the shackles of being a minor minion and says, why should we not declare ourselves to be a? A what? A Khilafah

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I am the Khalifa of the OMA Abdur Rahman the third

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why should we follow the Abbasids

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and when he opened this door, the Fatimids of Egypt followed suit, and they declared themselves to be Khalifa as well. So for around 80 years, we had 301st, one in Egypt, one under Lucia and one in Baghdad.

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So Abdul Rahman the third, reached the pinnacle of homemade power, and he decided to build an entire city

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from scratch and he named it after his favorite milk Amin or wife, Zara. So it is called Medina to Zara and it is still half of it is standing to this day when you go you will see the pillars on the remnants of Medina to Zara over there. And this is considered to be the pinnacle of the OMA yet timeframe. He minted coins in his name.

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Forget I have my own. I don't need you guys. He minted coins in his name. I am a coin collector. And I quickly looked up so this is one of the coins about around the third. I may numismatist for the nerdy people in the audience. That's what nerdy guys do. numismatists. I collect coins. This is my passion and hobby well along with scuba diving with sharks, but this is one of the things that I do. So I have hundreds of old coins. And I have a number of coins that have value dynasty, this an actual coin. Other one, the third one, he mentioned it in Cordoba. If you want to come see it afterwards, it's to show that to see how he minted coins in his name. He also built a city, Medina

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Thirza. And he financed the largest library in the world at the time.

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The largest library in the world, to out to beat the library of Baghdad. Because it's a matter of show you have to show the people who we are, build the largest Masjid build the largest madrasa build the largest library build the largest jam and whatnot. They did this all. And he built a library. They say more than half a million books were there. Again, half a million for back in the day handwritten books, these aren't printed copies, right? More than half a million. But you see what happens with power. And we see this in across the world all the time. When politics and when power corrupts. And when you want to flex your muscles and show who you are all of these projects,

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who's going to finance them? You're building a city from scratch, that's going to cost the equivalent of a billion dollars. Who's going to finance in the end of the day? Where's money going to come from tell me

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taxes,

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taxes. So here you are living in your palaces with all of the you know and when people see the palaces, you this is the reality of Moloch in America. Why

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did loca they have all kings? And by the way, before you criticize the worthy of criticism? Simple question to you. Had you been born in the palace and your father was the king? How pious and righteous would you be just blunt question think you would think that it is so easy to criticize the Royals and will lie they're worthy of criticism? No question about it. But I personally thank Allah that I wasn't born inside the palace. Because I don't know what I would have done. If the keys of the country had been handed to me and said, Oh, just because your father is the king, you're going to be the next king. Let's see how pious a person becomes then when you have access to that much

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wealth and that much power. Thank Allah, that you have simple and easy lives. You don't have to answer to Allah for that type of corruption and whatnot, easy to complain. But that type of power? We haven't been tested with it. In any case, power corrupts absolutely. And absolute power corrupts absolutely, as well as the reality. So I've got that man the third indeed he builds his city, but Subhanallah within 35 years after his that within 35 years, the city is ravaged and destroyed, not by outside forces, not by coup, foreigners coming to invade No, by local Muslims, the people of kotoba who are starving to death, and there's gold plating, inside of the palace, what's going to

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happen? It's human nature. And these types of things are generic. We have by the way, eyewitness accounts by Venetian ambassadors, European ambassadors, who visited Medina to Zara unbelievable, we're talking about 900 CE, way before Europe is anything and there are peacock water clocks. A water clock built in the shape of a peacock that's telling you the time there is running water in the city, the royal city by the way, Medina azahara Do you think you could live there? No, no, no, no. This is for the elite the creme de la creme. This is for the wealthy? The nobleman. This is for if you have blood royal blood or you're connected to the Rockefellers and the other giants of that

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nature then if you're the Bill Gates, you can live there Yeah. But if you me and you working for the Bill Gates, the no you're not going to you're going to be the servant and the worker over there. So what's going to happen? But we have eyewitness accounts and when you visit Medina to Zara even though it is completely in ruins Subhanallah but the foundation is there, no structure remains because of the Muslims themselves. I mean, you don't really blame them but it is what it is right? They destroyed the city took all the pillars all the gold whatnot. This shows us this the beginning of the downfall is the beginning of the downfall. Simultaneous to this, another movement begins. And

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this movement is called the SP

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Anish term of reconquer the Spanish term is a de conquest. Recon caster is a Spanish term recon custom is reconquer. And this notion or this point of re conquering

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the lands of Andalus. It is contemporaneous to the Crusades that are taking place in Jerusalem. You have to a lot of people don't get this point. The notion of re conquering the Holy Lands actually under loose is sparked by the crusades, and the Crusades is sparked by Andalus. They are interconnected, intertwined. The notion of getting back our land is beginning at this time around 1000 ce 1000 1020 c. And the D conquest of Andalus is what sparks the idea. If we're doing it there, we might as well try and Jerusalem get back the land of Jesus himself. So we're not going to read on the Crusades or this whole different tangent, but understand the Crusades are actually linked

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theoretically to Honduras. And some of the people involved in Andalusia and the Reconquista went to went to Jerusalem to participate in that because the Pope said, If you reconquer southern Spain under loose, then you are a martyr, you are a Crusader and the term Crusader Well, I got I mentioned this a little bit sorry, but the tomb Crusader with what the Pope said was Pope Innocent the third who was not as innocent as his name suggests, Pope Innocent. He gave a fatwa. And they're referred to us are binding on the Catholics when the Pope gives a fatwa. It's not like me and you. My first one is nothing. Who cares if I said it? But according to Catholics, when the Pope speaks, it's not

00:31:41--> 00:32:29

the pope speaking it is God Himself. Right? So when the Pope gives a fatwa that is a verdict from God directly. And the pope gave a fatwa that whoever undertakes a journey to reconquer under loose or Jerusalem, automatically, as soon as you put the cross on you, that's what the Crusader means. You put a cross on you, you know, this the Crusaders would put across on them. Once you put the cross on you, and you're marching, no matter what happens, you have a plot in gender automatically. If you die if you live if you win, if you're not, no, you shall be a person of Jannah simply by participating in the crusade. So a religious fervor over took the people in under loose and across

00:32:29--> 00:33:16

the world to go to Jerusalem and and this is what's important, and the Spanish locals of the north region began allying with each other and attacking Muslim lands. Long story short, the first city that they conquered was the city of Vallejo, Taylor, Toledo. Toledo, Ohio. No, Toledo, Honduras. Okay. Toledo, Ohio, is named after Talita. Toledo Andalus. Toledo and under that's the original just like we have York In New York, and you know, new Michigan me with all of this newest from England. Well, same thing with the Spanish games as well. Toledo with originalism is an underdose. And if you go to Toledo today, it is one of the most iconic cities in the world because they left the houses as

00:33:16--> 00:33:46

they are 1000 years old, you see, as if you're back in Andalusia, back in the time, amazing, amazing. And Toledo was conquered and 1080 to 1085. So very early on, and the Muslims were still all across Andalusia, southern Spain. So because the Muslims are still everywhere, and Toledo is kind of a border town between Christianity and Islam. The Christian empire allowed Muslims to live in Toledo.

00:33:47--> 00:33:56

And they converted the universities to be Christian friendly. This is a very important point. Listen to this.

00:33:58--> 00:34:38

All the universities were Arabic. They remained Arabic for a while. But of course pre Greek conquest, the Muslims are all I mean, only the Muslims are studying it's a madrasa. What is the university? It's a madrasa. So Jan Madsen madrasa. What is it? What are you going to study in a university? Shediac fifth hadith of seal. That's what the law was. When you become a lawyer. In early Islam, what is a lawyer is perfectly fine. Okay, that sort of okay, a lawyer is right. So the mother says of the time where Islamic universities, Toledo became a Christian land with a large percentage of Muslims living in it. And the universities became Christian friendly. Eventually they

00:34:38--> 00:34:59

started teaching in Latin, but for a while they're teaching in Arabic, and Christians are now coming to study. This sparks the first of what is called the translation movements. Pay attention to this. It's very important. Christianity was in the Dark Ages. Why? Because Christian Christians believed that

00:35:00--> 00:35:39

One should not study any sciences from any other peoples other than our pious priests. You cannot study science from the Greeks from the Romans from any other civilization, their pagans, it is not allowed to study Aristotle, Plato, to study books of medicine, Galen has written a book on medicine, you shouldn't study that. They're according to them. They're Khufu hours, right? You can study from the Khufu hours, we still have the fundamentals of our time. They say the same thing about many sciences. But that's besides the point. We generally speaking or them, I never had a problem never had a problem studying sciences from other people. We're not studying shady and fake. We're studying

00:35:39--> 00:36:18

the sciences. As you know, we had no problem studying medicine, chemistry, mathematics, arithmetic, astronomy. We took the Greek sciences we did, and we took the Greek physicians and we built and we multiplied and we rose all the way to the heavens with their names and everything we had no problem we took science to a whole different level under loose is where it began by the way all these people you hear of eminent hates them and although they're under us, all of these people have where is the blood coming from? And what is the optics and how Why did you all of these will not call these are in a hurry, but most of the people that we hear about most of them, you're gonna hate them for sure.

00:36:19--> 00:37:01

I busted in fairness, the guy who first started to fly he wanted to fly a bus even for us. This is underdose there is a bridge outside of Oct called fairness bridge to this day, because that's where he died the guy with the wings he tried to fly we needed him to get to the Wright Brothers he inshallah He died to shade for science like we needed to something started the process. You know, I'm saying he went to the pillar and he tried to flap some wings whatnot. Point being Muslims reached literally the skies, and the Europeans are completely backward, completely dark ages. When does the light began to shine in Europe, from Toledo in 1085? How so? This is when, for the first

00:37:01--> 00:37:35

time Europeans are now studying in Muslim institutions, Muslim books, even seen as Kitab, Shiva, which is the standard textbook of medicine for 500 years brothers and sisters. Can you believe it been seen as Shiva? Was the standard textbook of medicine up until the 1700s Can you believe 1700s The founding fathers of this country are alive and even seen as book is being studied across Europe at the center and

00:37:37--> 00:38:09

commentaries of Aristotle and Plato, by people like enriched Ruiz by people like al farabi, al kindI, the Arabs had obviously mastered and studying them. So now in Toledo, for the first time in Christian history, far from the Pope, because Toledo is the end of the world. The Pope cannot tell them no, it's too far away. What do they do until the Edo they start what is called the translation movement. What is the translation movement for the first time

00:38:10--> 00:38:20

the classics via Arab commentaries, and Muslim Shura are translated from Arabic into Latin.

00:38:21--> 00:39:02

The first time, Latin is the lingua franca, everybody SPEAKS LATIN. Aristotle was not written in Latin. Plato did not write in Latin. They're writing an ancient Greek. Europeans don't know Ancient Greek anymore. Where did he get it from? From the Arab commentaries of the sciences, the book of optics, the book of astronomy, the book of physics, the book of science, the book of medicine, all of these, the Muslims not only preserved, they wrote commentaries, they took it to a different level. And from and there's a good TED Talk, by the way, good TED Talk five minutes long. Everybody should watch it. Where does the X come from? In algebra? It's from the scene that the Spanish

00:39:02--> 00:39:24

translated shape something they have the scene there, right, you can look it up the x, where why do we have x and algebra? Why do we have it from the Toledo translation movement from this translation movement, and this translation whereby the will also by the way, again, all of these just miscellaneous facts, Inshallah, the point is to what is the point of today's lecture remind me, what's the point of today's lecture?

00:39:27--> 00:39:29

What's the point? What's the Hot Rod? What's the goal?

00:39:31--> 00:40:00

To make people go and read on their own? I cannot cram 800 years of history in 45 minutes. What I can do inshallah is make you all so curious and so intrigued that you will go home and you start reading on your own and listening on your own and insisting that people teach you the history of Andalus and then inshallah accompanying people like myself and others to the land itself so that you will continue to become learners, brothers and sisters are willing to share their brothers and sisters have a phrase I always say it. You don't have

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

have to be an alum. But don't remain a jarhead

00:40:04--> 00:40:24

you don't have to be in Ireland not watching. And we need diversity. We need engineers, doctors, lawyers, we need everybody. But don't remain a giant always learn, always be a thought of it and always learn always. And Allah bless all of us with minds we can continuously learn until the day we pass away. So the point being that this translation, I was gonna say another thing.

00:40:25--> 00:40:33

The first time the Quran was translated into a European language was in Toledo,

00:40:34--> 00:40:39

Toledo. The first time the Quran was translated into a European language was in Toledo.

00:40:41--> 00:40:41

And

00:40:43--> 00:41:12

the pope, Pope Pius, who wasn't very pious, Pope Pius visited Toledo. And he saw that the students of the University all spoke fluent Arabic, even though they were Christians. And the Crusades were full swing taking place in Jerusalem. The Crusades are happening in Jerusalem. The Pope visits Toledo. And he sees the students studying in the seminary. And they're studying in Arabi and Arabic.

00:41:13--> 00:41:24

And so he comes across the idea, let us translate their holy book, not so that people convert, so that people from his perspective, know how evil the enemy is.

00:41:26--> 00:42:11

So we translated a very evil translation, a very bad light translation. And we want them to read in Latin, what the Saracens they call them at the time, say what the Muslims say. And so he found one of the top students in the College of Medicine, by the name of Robert from the British city of Catan. So he is called Robert of Catan. Robert of Catan. Back in the day, they call themselves one with the city. So this Robert of Catan, who was a medical student pause here footnote, once upon a time, Europeans had to come to Muslim lands to study medicine, literally, literally, they had to come and study medicine, and underdose. Why? Because that's where medicine was taught way better

00:42:11--> 00:42:47

than anything in mainland Europe. So Robert of Catan travels from England, all the way to en de Lucia, to become a doctor. Little did he know the Pope is going to make away and hijack him and basically say, Forget being medicine, you have to translate the Quran. So he finds a local chef, we still don't know his name because his name is not recorded. And with this help of the local chef intellectually, because remember, Toledo still had intermingling, Toledo, you still had Muslims and Christians living side by side for another two 300 years, he finds the chef and Adam and that both of them with the help of the Adam with the cedula lane and obey Huawei in particular. For some

00:42:47--> 00:42:55

reason, I don't know why they like to build lobby there. So he translated the Bible, sorry, the Quran into the first Latin translation.

00:42:56--> 00:43:10

And this is the translation of Robert of Catan. The first time this by the way, again, all of these bizarre foot and look at how history is linked together. This exact translation was read 400 years later

00:43:11--> 00:43:49

by none other than Martin Luther. Not Martin Luther King, I have a dream. No, no, guys. There's two Martin Luthers. Okay. There's Martin Luther, the modern the king, though African American civil. There was the original Martin Luther, the one who began the the Protestant movement, break away from Christianity. America is a Protestant nation. The evangelicals are Protestant. They're not Catholic. Our founding fathers of this country were Protestants and Anglicans that wanted to run away from the Pope. That's why they're coming here. And establishing 13 independent principalities, each one of these provinces, each one of these states was a different version of Christianity, because they

00:43:49--> 00:43:59

thought we can't live under the church, we have to break away. So Martin Luther, the original reads the Quran, translated by Robert of Catan, in Toledo.

00:44:01--> 00:44:40

And then all of a sudden he begins preaching a different version of theology. Interesting, what is this version say? What is the difference between Protestants and Catholics? Well, number one, there is no Pope, every person should go directly to God. Does that sound familiar to you guys? Number two, every one of us should be reading the Bible directly. I don't need to go. The only the shares can tell me the Quran. The Quran is meant from what the Bible Excuse me? I don't need to go to the priest to read the Bible. Why can't I read if the Bible is the Word of God? Why can't I read the Bible directly? Does that sound familiar to all of us here? Number three, one of the main points he

00:44:40--> 00:44:57

talked those 95 Theses on the church door number three, what right does the pope have to forgive? Only God can forgive? Does that sound familiar? And on and on and on and on guys? Do you see where I'm heading with this? Where did he get these ideas from?

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

Go figure. Okay, all of the

00:45:00--> 00:45:43

is linked together guys, the entire split of Christianity, the entire breakaway of Protestant and undos plays a vital role here and notices smack in the middle of this entire story of what is going on, again, so much to say time is running out very quickly finish up here. So the reconquest that begins around 750 10 ad with Toledo. And there's two phases of the new conquest very briefly, there's two phases. The first phase lasts 200 years. So from 10 fit and being very generic to that you memorize the dates 1050 to 1250, and those 200 years, slowly but surely, every single Muslim city of Andalus is conquered over 200 years. Every city is conquered, except one small province at

00:45:43--> 00:46:25

the tip. And that is Grenada. Grenada is basically connected to, let's say, Gibraltar, okay? Grenada is a very tip. Why couldn't they conquer Grenada? Because Grenada had to very strategically, is situated with a large mountain, the Sierra Nevada, the original Sierra Nevada, the one in California. So again, all of the names here were very not original, we take it from the Europe, European stuff. The original Sierra Nevada is a series of mountains. And Grenada is strategically fortified with those mountains. And also it has direct access to the ocean. So ships can come in with trade with supplies, so you can't really lay siege to Grenada. So Grenada was very wealthy. And

00:46:25--> 00:47:06

the Nasrid Dynasty 1250 or so decided, You know what, we can't fight these Christians. Let's just pay tax to them. We've got plenty of well, we got plenty of gold, let's just eke out an existence and they did for 200 years, 250 years. So the the conquest that was successful 80% to 1250, the entire Spain is reconquered back, and up until this point in time, Muslims are not persecuted by and large, they can't be because Granada is Muslim. We don't want to we don't want to exacerbate our enemies. So Muslims are allowed to live if they migrate, maybe a bit of pressure, extra taxes, but there's no massacres there's no force conversions. Why? Because it was a mini superpower of Grenada

00:47:06--> 00:47:56

next door. They don't want to make things difficult. So until 1250, or so 1250. The Nasri kingdom of Grenada begins the Alhambra. All of your work is built by the Nelsons right Alhambra Palace. It's very much later after the whole Toba Masjid kotoba Masjid dates to 750 ce Alhambra Palace 1400 C 13 or 250. Big difference 700 years between the two. So Alhambra is a different version of Andalusi in Islam, so the NA set is remained 250 years eking out an existence paying taxes. But you know what, at the end of the day, it's how to love they have a huge you know, down downfall, inner war. Uncles against nephews cousins fighting for power, standard stuff, standard Civil War stuff, very, very

00:47:56--> 00:48:16

dirty politics, literally brothers killing brothers and whatnot. As you expect, eventually, certain brothers ally with people up north, ie the Christians say I'd rather have you than my brother in power. And so the internal war begins long story short, in 1492. In 1492,

00:48:17--> 00:49:06

Isabel and Ferdinand, two rulers of two large states that were at war with each other in Spain, decide to get married and unite their kingdoms. So remember, Spain is not one Empire slots. So just like Muslims are divided, they're also divided. The two largest principalities, it's so happened, you had a son and you had a daughter. And they decided, You know what, let's just marry these two, so that the King and Queen, former United Kingdom, that United Kingdom became so powerful, they can now put their attention down south to Granada. And that's exactly what happened. And in 1492, Ferdinand and Isabella after six months laying siege to Grenada, with the largest force ever to

00:49:06--> 00:49:50

attack Grenada finally forced the last now suited Solon, Abu Abdullah are both Abdullah as he was called to hand over the keys of the city to Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492. Before I come back to the story, what happened? Well, Abdullah, the original treaty is still there, the original keys of the city are still there. You can see them in the palace. The original treaty has its main clause, the Sultan put in there, the Muslims shall not be persecuted. And the Muslims will have the right to worship and to pray and to wear the hijab and all of the shots of the deen nobody shall interfere with them. That's the only condition we have to surrender all the conditions they have number one

00:49:50--> 00:49:58

condition you have to have all of these Muslims protected. And Ferdinand Isabella, the football no problem sign and within 10 years

00:50:00--> 00:50:40

persecution taxes within 3040 years. You can't live here as Muslims. Within another generation, the Spanish Inquisition begins. People are given a choice converter die. That's the choice converter die. Lots of massacres lots of very evil, very nasty stories for the next 150 years. What happens? The Muslims have civil war they fight. There's a number of insurrections right. They flee from Granada. They start living in small principalities in the land of Pokhara. Pokhara is one of the regions right outside of Granada for 100 years, the Muslims live independently outside of the city of Granada, in the villages in the, in the in the forest and the trees, they're living there for 100

00:50:40--> 00:51:13

years, you still go there we go there every single year, you find the last fortress of Alpujarra, they had the last time for another 100 years, they're maintaining their Islamic identity until finally, even that is not allowed. So they are forced to convert. And these are called them riscos are the the jar moody hearts, they're forced to convert to Christianity. So for the next 150 years, you have a group of people whose ancestors were Muslims, and who are forced to be Christian. Now what's going to happen? They take their Islam and they hide it.

00:51:15--> 00:51:38

And we are discovering a lot of interesting stories and anecdotes. This isn't the 1600s now 15 1600s The last trial to take place in Spain against a quote unquote, crypto Muslim, you will be shocked at the dates 1722 1722 Somebody's brought to court. And what is the accusation?

00:51:39--> 00:52:21

He's a secret Muslim. The founding fathers are here in Washington at that time, they're here in New York, and 1722 You still have crypto Muslims, and they were not able to pass Islam down. However, many families especially in the inner regions, are well aware that their ancestors were Muslim, I myself have met a few who found out that they were of those types of forced and their great great grandmother's preserved something of Islam, some heritage, and so many of them converted back to Islam because of this. But by and large, the majority are not, you know, Arab and Muslim, but it's a very sad story. Perhaps the saddest

00:52:22--> 00:52:48

1622 King Philip, I think it was Don't quote me on the names and dates, by the way, this whole lecture is from memory. So I'm just saying in case I made a mistake, please cut me some slack and don't have a long refutation video that I made a mistake and the concept is there, you know, I'm saying like any alarm was that is, Inshallah, if I made a mistake in the slip of the tongue by a name or it is literally, you know, from the top of mind his memory here. So please understand 1622 I think, can you fill up? I'm not sure exactly. But roughly,

00:52:49--> 00:53:27

perhaps the most painful King Philip made a decree that all of these crypto Muslims must be expelled to Morocco and Tunis, perhaps 100,000 They were actually Muslims. But they would say they're Christian. Everybody knows this. Everybody knows this. The Inquisition would come. They would hide the Quran under you know, they had special boards, right? One of the tests by the way of the Inquisition really sad. And that's why if you ever go to Spain, listen to this. Wherever you go. In under loose, you will find big slabs of ham just hanging from the wall in the restaurant.

00:53:29--> 00:53:48

Why nowhere in Europe? Is this the case literally the leg of a pig hanging in the middle of the restaurant, everywhere I swear to you, you're gonna be shocked. Everywhere you go. It's culture to have the leg of a, you know, a pig in the middle of the restaurant. Why? This is one of the tests that they had.

00:53:49--> 00:53:55

They would force one of these crypto Muslims eat pork and drink wine. Now.

00:53:57--> 00:53:58

What's gonna happen

00:53:59--> 00:54:06

if you force a Muslim to eat pork and drink wine? How is how's he going to react? Even if he does it? How's it gonna react?

00:54:10--> 00:54:11

He's going to vomit.

00:54:13--> 00:54:20

It's gonna vomit. I mean, I hope Allah has protected all of your alcohol. It smells disgusting.

00:54:22--> 00:54:31

And hope inshallah nobody eats pork here. It is disgusting. Really. The texture and the taste is utterly disgusting.

00:54:32--> 00:54:57

And when a Muslim has never tasted it, and you put it in his mouth, he's gonna gag wow, I was gonna ask God, that's the test right there. If you're gonna gag execution, you're a secret Muslim. So they started hanging legs of pork and you know, I mean, pig and whatnot everywhere. So that when Muslims pass by, they might gag in the streets or whatever. And to this day that culture is there.

00:54:58--> 00:55:00

So they expelled over 100

00:55:00--> 00:55:13

1000 But then the king or the villa the very evil verdict. He said, Hold on a sec, you adults. I don't want you here. But your children, we need them for the future.

00:55:14--> 00:55:22

So the decree is all of your children below the age of what 10 or 12 or something are going to remain with us.

00:55:24--> 00:55:38

Because you mean 100,000 People, the world needs kids babies you know I'm saying you can't just expel half the city. So you adults get out of here children shall be adopted by

00:55:39--> 00:55:52

all of the families here horrific scenes Wallah you read the books of history, your heart just mothers separated from baby's parents never to be seen again a loss an entire generation

00:55:53--> 00:56:11

and those kids what is it going to happen they're raised in a Christian household Carlos is gone. And this was I mean, it's a very smart and evil tactic and it's it worked. It is the this is the end of lived Islam 1622 Even for another 100 years you still had just by name I know I'm Muslim wasn't good enough.

00:56:12--> 00:56:26

1722 was the last trial and then of course Islam completely vanished from that region until it began again slowly but surely final point shallow to Allah with this inshallah we conclude and open the floor for q&a. And then I think it's all our share has an announcement to make.

00:56:28--> 00:56:31

What year did Grenada fall? What did I say?

00:56:33--> 00:56:37

What your 1492? What's your name?

00:56:39--> 00:56:43

A young. A young what else happened in 1492?

00:56:44--> 00:56:50

Christopher Columbus reaches America. Where was Christopher Columbus?

00:56:51--> 00:56:52

Spain.

00:56:54--> 00:56:54

Interesting.

00:56:55--> 00:57:16

So 1492 It just so happens. Christopher Columbus discovers America from Spain. And 1492. It just so happens under loose false coincidence? I think not.

00:57:20--> 00:57:22

The first time I visited on the loose.

00:57:24--> 00:58:06

I read books in Arabic about the history of Andalus. Big mistake, you'd never restrict yourself to one language you always read what different sources say. Of course, the Arabic books obviously stopped at what year 1492. Okay, so I didn't know anything. This is the first time obviously I've been like 10 times. But first time I went I have never I didn't know anything about 1492 connection, literally. So I'm in. I'm in Grenada. And the tour guide is showing what's the palace of the Alhambra Palace. And in one of the gardens of Alhambra Palace to this day. There is a statue of Christopher Columbus in the palace of the Gnostic king.

00:58:07--> 00:58:09

And the guide said

00:58:11--> 00:58:29

this statue of Christopher Columbus is where Christopher Columbus was standing. When Ferdinand and Isabella accepted the surrender of Abu Abdillah and took the keys of the city. Christopher Columbus was standing right there.

00:58:30--> 00:58:47

And my mind is going everywhere. Like Wait, what? Wait, what it just complete disconnect. What? What are you talking about? Christopher Columbus. What is he doing in this picture? At the time I only read Arabic books. So what's going to happen? 1492 Right. And so I said to the guy Hold on, hold on hold on time, time time.

00:58:49--> 00:58:51

Christopher Columbus is here. What's he doing here?

00:58:53--> 00:59:35

And she said, yeah, he was literally following Ferdinand and Isabella, place by place battle by battle, begging for money for his fanciful project of going overseas. And it was only after they conquered Granada. And they had access to the Muslim treasury. Exhibit A. They had access to the Muslim treasury. Was he able to acquire the funds right here in this palace from the treasuries of Soufan so thought what a boy Abdullah boy, Abdullah, Sultan Abdullah,

00:59:36--> 00:59:47

and my mind is literally going every like, I just completely like awestruck, as they say. And I'm like, Well, I mean, is there anything left when we go there? And she's like, Yeah, well, there's a city.

00:59:48--> 00:59:59

An hour drive away, where the Nina and the paint and whatnot were actually launched from and the original structure where Christopher Columbus lived for six months.

01:00:00--> 01:00:16

He is still there including his desk and chairs still over there. This is like 550 years old right now being the patriotic American that I am right very patriotic mashallah demotic Allah, may Allah protect all those that are protecting the deen and otherwise do otherwise inshallah.

01:00:18--> 01:00:18

What was their

01:00:20--> 01:00:32

libido? So, being the patriotic American that I am, I said, I got to see this that Abida I got to see this, I got to change my itinerary and got to see this.

01:00:33--> 01:01:17

Took a rental car drove down to this lazy village, maybe 100 people live there, no idea like nothing, you know, small little village in the middle of nowhere. Let her be there and find you know, figure out where it is and find this. This little monastery. Not a single tourist. I'm the only tourist walking in. Okay, and there's a lady there selling the ticket. And I purchased the ticket. She looks up to me. She just speaking in fluent Spanish all excited. Okay. I'm like, you know, I'm from Texas, but no, si habla espanol? Mansi. Hello, do you know the habla espanol, man? So she's trying to explain something to me really excited. And in her broken Spanish and English and

01:01:17--> 01:01:20

whatnot. She asked me, Are you muslim?

01:01:21--> 01:01:32

And I said, Yes. I'm a Muslim. I'm a Muslim. Yeah, I'm Muslim. So she said, this Church used to be the mesquite a mosque.

01:01:34--> 01:01:45

And she was so excited. She took she became a tour guide from the ticket office. There was nobody there. It's a one room. She took me in and she showed me. This is where the Merab used to be.

01:01:46--> 01:02:16

This is where the minarets you see the minaret. They cut it off and put the the cross you see the minaret what not right? And again, my mind is just exploding. Christopher Columbus lived in a masjid planned the charts out. Now. Of course, he was a man. So when he got lost, he didn't ask for directions. That's understood. Okay. That's totally understandable. He's a man. We cut him some slack. Last halfway across the world. Don't dare ask for directions think you're in India? No problem. Okay. Still, he made his plans in a masjid.

01:02:17--> 01:02:27

And then she's like, let her be the Arabic term that Abida like, What do you mean Arabic looked it up? A rabbit ah, Medina to rabita la vida.

01:02:29--> 01:03:14

The connection was just mind boggling. It's not a coincidence that under loose falls in 1492, and Americas discovered in 1492. It's not a random coincidence, there's a direct causal linkage, literally causal linkage, we would not be here, this country would not be here, this land would not be here. Europeans would not be here. Whether that's a good or bad thing. I'm not gonna go down there. But this land would not be here. Had it not been for the 1492 connection with the land of Andalus. Do you now see why we should study history? Do you now understand the connections and the interconnectivity and how everything is somehow beautifully linked together. And subhanAllah we as a

01:03:14--> 01:03:45

Muslim Ummah, contributed so much at every single stage? Well, Allah we have so much to be proud of. And yes, some things not to be proud of, as well. We learned from those as well. So not to repeat, but we have so much to be proud of Islam flourished in the heart of Europe. And it would have flourished forever had it not been for our own downfalls and our own entries and our own inter fighting, which I didn't get into even more so it would have flourished. It was the primary cause of downfall. We ourselves bickering amongst ourselves fighting amongst ourselves. And what happens happens. So in any case,

01:03:47--> 01:03:54

there are many good books that one can find about about Underoos

01:03:55--> 01:04:21

the most, the most famous one written almost 3040 years ago, let me just get the title for you. It is Harvey's book about Muslim Spain is called Muslim Spain. Harvey's book, Muslim, Spain. And I'll get to some other titles as well. I have so many books at home, so I forgot which one is the one I would recommend for when you start and but LP Harvey has one of the classics. And also

01:04:22--> 01:04:23

Madea.

01:04:25--> 01:04:31

I forgot the name. I'll have to look it up. I'm trying to see if I can find it here.

01:04:33--> 01:05:00

I'll have to look it up. But there's a book that one of the professors at Yale had written is here this is called the ornament of the world. This is the book the ornament of the world by Maria Rosa men. Oh call men Oh, call me N O ca L. This is one of the best simple introductions to the history of Muslims in Underoos. I give us one final just one final point of Shaba then I'm done inshallah.

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promised insha Allah.

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One of the things that fascinates me the most about Andreas,

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is that under Lucien Islam

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was very different than the Islam and the intellectual Roma and the thinkers of mainstream ummah. We had some of the most exotic and brightest and unique minds in Andalus. I'll call Toby from Cordova for Toby.

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Ibn hasm. From Andalus. You heard some of the great minds the thinkers, a shout to be both Sahaba McCall said and SIBO Clara at

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a shelter b are both for the boy child babies are from endless

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with utmost love and respect that 500 Hijiri of 500 ce 600 700 800 fatherhood unit, muscle didn't have aroma, muscle only had after the time of the mimetic. It was only after the Mamluks where Egypt began to rise and had been agile type of era. Before this time, it didn't have that intellectual without Muslim being honest. Just like India, it didn't have the type of aroma until, for example, Jehovah Lula and before him, you know, so you had a few sparks that sparked an entire revolution. I said Hindi was one of the main founders of Indian intellectual Islam right before he said Hindi, we didn't have that type of independent thought. Anyway, these are all separate. what I'm talkin

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Andalus and the Lucien intellectual in was so unique, so different, not just in of science and technology, but the realm of Islam. We had some of the most interesting minds of the Ummah in Honduras. Why?

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What was different about underdose Andalus was never majority Muslim.

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It's true. I'm just telling you a fact. At max kotoba was 50% Muslim at max. And most of the countryside 70 80% Christian,

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the ruling power Muslim like India, the morals of the ruling power Muslim, but the bulk of the people 3040 50% remain Christian, maybe in some small places, but in the larger cities 60% Muslim maybe Yeah, but the smaller villages and whatnot, in that intermixing of cultures, and give and take of different civilizations, the mind forms a totally different understanding. And what you come forth with and every region every time Islamia knows this, you are a graduate of Azhar the way you're thinking now in America, you would never have thought 1000 years of humanity do I know this? Because it was him and Medina, if I remained in Medina, that bubble, that's why people don't like

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me, because I'm not in that bubble. But anyway, if I remained in that bubble, you don't think like this, you are forced to think outside the bubble outside the box, right? That's what our alum of under Lucia did. And to me, this gives me hope for the Ummah in western lands. Because the types of challenges we have in America, in Canada and Australia, and England and Europe are radically different. I'm not saying they're better challengers. I'm just being frank here is different set of challenges. And the people that are going to have to respond to those challenges. They cannot be Rola from us hold on Medina or Timbuktu it's not going to happen. You have to have people who

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understand what's happening locally, to under to answer to those challenges, and therefore this gives me hope, and it inspires me. It happened in the past, we had the best and brightest minds and Underoos, the most unique, the most exotic, the most thinking outside the box. Why? Because it's society and andaluz was not like Bucha that it was not like Paul Hara it was not like Damascus, it was a different land. And similarly, if you look at what's happening in the hub in the west right now, and the types of dots and preachers that are coming, again, I'm just being honest here. They're very different than the preachers of the East. Very different. I'm just being honest. A lot of

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people don't like that differences. That's why there's so much tension. So be it. I am who I am, and others are who they are. And I'm not planning to change this is I think this is the future. We have to rethink through the challenges of the East. If you listen to my talks, you listen to my Cordoba, Andrews. We can't preach people, sectarianism and this fit of color and that method Subhan Allah have to move beyond this. We have challenges that are so different. Our children are leaving the faith and you want me to teach you to hate another felucca to find another mosque and say the wrong people come on. World is different. The real challenges are agnosticism, atheism, liberalism,

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humanism, secularism, these are the challenges with utmost love to our Messiah back there, they're not going to answer the challenges of secularism, they just can't. We have a different set of challenges. And to rise up to those challenges. You have to help people who have lived in those challenging times and experienced it directly. So just like an underdose that happened in the past, in sha Allah, I'm confident in sha Allah, that is going to happen

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over here, and what we do, collectively, all of us what we do, might insha Allah to Allah influence and benefit people around the globe, just like what their OMA underdose did ended up benefiting them around the globe. With that I ask Allah subhana wa Tada to bless us all with him that is beneficial and with a humility and with a flock that is pure and good. Ask Allah subhanaw taala to keep our hearts clean clean of any evil and if you have any has any animosity, ask ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada to bless this gathering to protect our children. I ask Allah subhana wa Tada to allow our children to taste the sweetness of Eman and to carry that legacy down to their children after them. I ask Allah

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subhana wa Tada to make us and our children of those who established or set up and who paid as a car and who fostered a Melbourne and you will have a love for Allah and His messenger and a respect for the teachings of this faith. I ask Allah subhanaw taala that the Kalama of la ilaha illa Allah remains forever in our progeny and their progeny after them ask ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada to allow all of us to become instruments of good instruments of higher instruments of baraka to allow the legacy of this faith to spread far and wide and ask ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala to allow us to live as Muslims and to die as mins and to be resurrected with the prophets and the righteous and what a noble

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companionship they are. And with that, I'll hand it back to our local chef which is como la Hadron cinematic Muhammad's will be able to catch up

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with

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either

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mee Ms. De here, doll Seanie will tell

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me what to feed

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the

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fields go Ruby to me.

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Journey tassa down to

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me down