The Fiqh of Salah #02 – The Rulings of Athan & Iqamah

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Oh,

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lord

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No, lo

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Babu Adani well a coma, Bible Adani, well, a coma, the chapter of the Sudan and the coma. So, we will deal with the entire chapter of Ananda Nakama today and then inshallah next Tuesday we'll start off with with the show root of Salah, the word other than the word other than

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occurs in the Quran and in the Sunnah and it literally means call

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whatever then finish infinity Bill Hadji proclaimed to mankind Ibrahim is told to come for Hajj, whereas the Infinity Bill Hajj proclaimed to mankind that they should come for Hajj. And Allah mentions the the other than indirectly in the Quran. Not with the word other than

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Yeah, you will let the nominal Eva know de la sala TV Yama Giamatti, when the call is given for Salah on the day of Juma then come, what is this call the oven, the exam and also in Merida so reminder Allah says

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what is their day to me the salata Hydra husana Allah Eva, when you call to prayer, those people make it a joke the non de munaf and whatnot they make fun of it, that they're going to pray. So Allah says what he then nom de to either Salah when you call them to pray. So Allah explicitly mentions the call, but he doesn't use the word other than when it comes to this call. Clear. So the concept of the Iran is found in the Koran. And as for the Sunnah, of course, so many a hadith and we're going to mention some of them today. And if karma simply means to established, a commerce simply means to establish and the term event and if karma is explicitly mentioned in the Sunnah of

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and even Kodama begins this chapter by saying wahama mushroom ani the Salawat till Hamsey do not lady ha. And these two, meaning the Adan and the iqama are legislated for the five salawat and not for any other sada so salata Janaza does not have a diner karma so that that is discord does not have a download your karma so that's a lead does not have a done or your karma. Okay, the Salawat the five Salawat they are legislated Mysuru and for the event and the karma now

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what is the status of the event? Is it wajib is it sunnah is it firstkey Fire what is it? So within the humbly tradition, the predominant position is that the other than his photo the key fire? What does fourth key fire mean? means somebody in the community has to do it in every land, every city, there must be some Muslims giving the other somebody's got to do it somewhere. Okay, and then hamdulillah that's the way the world works that Hamdulillah that never do have a group of 55 even five or 500 Muslims except that somebody is giving the damn somewhere in the city. Right. This is the humbly position that the other than his fault CFIA. The other three months I have they say the

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event is sooner worker is good to do is good to do. And the humble these are a bit stricter, and they have their evidences for it and they say that every city should have somebody giving the event and

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the event he said literary jolly dune and Nyssa the other one is for men and not for women. The other one is for men and not for women. And that is because there is a statement from a number of Sahaba and Tabby rune it is not a hadith it is a statement from some of the Sahaba lay Salah Nyssa T Adan wala a karma and this is a report from Abu Hurayrah and from say the Messiah and other grateful of the earliest generations later Allah Nyssa II Adan wala karma, there is no event or ALMA for women. So if the women are together and there are no men, it is allowed for them to have a gym are correct, but there is no event and there is no comma upon women because the purpose of

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The other man is what is to call the people in the neighborhood to come and pray. And when there's a group of women, they are the only people that are going to be praying. They're not going to be calling the other men to come and pray. And therefore whenever there's a group that is only women, there is no event or a comma upon them literally jolly, duna and Nisa well as other no hum. Sasha Raja kalima and the Avant consists of 15 phrases, lethargy, Alfie, there is no repetition in it, while a coma to the ASHA Raja Kalama and the coma has 11 phrases. Okay, so he gives you the humbly position that Dan has how many phrases 15 There are commas how many 11 Okay, what is this a

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reference to? In order to understand this we need to pause one second and move to to a hadith that are the crux of the matter. And I'm quoting you from Sunon Aveda with the famous book of Buddhahood

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and we quote you the Hadith about the event these are the famous Hadith about the event and Hadith number 499 and sudden Aveda would mentions the famous hadith of Abdullah ibn Zayd, the famous hadith of Abdullah bin Zaid, and this hadith is known as the other than of Beadle. There are two two Hadith. One of them is called the event of Bilal. And this is this hadith. Okay, why is it called the event of Badal? Because Bilal gives the Adan in this hadith, he didn't narrate the Hadith. Okay, don't get confused. Bilal did not narrate the Hadith, who narrated it Abdullah bin Zaid and Bilad is the one who gives the other the humbly madhhab basis. It's a done on this hadith, which is the Adan

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of Bilal. Okay, so what is the this hadith, Abdullah bin Zayed said, and I'm quoting directly from suna, who would that

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that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam decided to allow a bell to be wrong, so that people can come to the salah. And when he had announced this, I went to sleep and I saw somebody in the dream. Who is this Abdullah bin Zayed, one of the sahaba. And he had in his hand a bell. So I said, Oh, Abdullah, can you sell me this bill? So the man said in the dream and what do you want to do with it? So he said, I'm going to use it to call people to Salah.

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So this man said, shouldn't I tell you something better than this bill?

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I said of course. He said say, Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. A shadow Allah Hi Lola. I shadow Allah. Allah Allah, a shadow under Muhammad Rasool Allah shadow Muhammad Rasulullah hyaena salah, hyaena, Salah halen Farah Halophila, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar La ilaha illa Allah and that gives us how many

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15 Exact La ilaha illa. Allah the 15th one gives us 15 phrases exact. Then he said. So Mr. Hora and Neha robbery then he walked a little bit away from me. Then he said, When you give the comma, then say, so here we have the sedan and the iqama. When you do a comma, then say, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. A shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah Hey, la sala. Hi Jennifer aka Komodo self, of course Allah Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illa Allah, how many phrases 11 phrases okay 11 phrases. So follow us back to when I woke up. I rushed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and I told him the whole dream and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said

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this is a true dream.

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In a hallelujah hacker This is a true dream from Allah. Stand up OB lol. This was called the amount of be done. Stand up OB lab. And

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Abdullah ibn Zayd tell him each phrase. And he will then say it loud for inner who under SOtM Minca. Because Bilal has a louder voice than you be that has a louder voice than you. So I stood with Bilal. And I would tell him each phrase, and he would give the other one. And Rama Dibner hottub heard the other one. And he came rushing out of his house, tying his garment, meaning he wasn't even fully dressed. He's rushing out just rushing to the masjid. And he said, I swear by the one who sent you a messenger of Allah. I as well saw these phrases in my dream and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Alhamdulillah that Hamdulillah that you have seen this dream. So this is the famous

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hadith of Bilal. Now, the other Hadith the other hadith is the hadith of

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Abdullah is the hadith of Abdullah ibn Obi Medora. And that hadith has a slightly different phrasing. And that hadith was taken by the Shaeffer ease and the Maliki's. So in this instance, the Shaffir is and Maliki's have a different, slightly different event. What is this slightly different than so very trivial difference, to be honest, and that's why most people have never heard of it because you do not hear the difference unless you're then what event and that difference is called Total gear. And that's why in the text in front of us, even Kodama says the event is 15 phrases without third year without repetition, why because the Shafia is have repetition and the Shaeffer is

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have 19 phrases instead of 15. But what is this repetition? This repetition is that when there are then says a shadow a La Ilaha illa Allah and a shadow under Muhammad Rasul Allah, according to the Shafi madhhab, the more other than will say, a shadow Allah, Allah, Allah Allah to himself,

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then he will raise his voice and say, a shadow Allah, Allah, Allah Allah, then he will say it to himself, then he will raise his voice. So what's just happened to extra phrases there? And then the same with Muhammad Rasool Allah to extra so from 15 and went up to 19 Okay, so this is the Shafi and the Maliki madhhab. And this is mentioned in the hadith of Abdullah bin Bhima. Hazara another Hadith, which is also authentic and in it, they have a so Overhauser let me just quickly quote you that Abdullah Udo said that I said O Messenger of Allah teach me the methodology of a van. So he wiped the process and wipe the front of my forehead. And he said, and he said the whole event then a

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shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah, a shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah a shadow Muhammad Rasulullah a shadow masala. Say this gently. Then raise your voice and say eyeshadow Allah Allah Allah, Allah Allah Allah I shadow in my house relation Rasulullah and the Hadith goes on. Okay, so I just quoted you the one phrase that we need to the rest is the same that I didn't go through the rest of it. So in this hadith, which is also authentic.

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The prophets ism is teaching Abdullah venom in Mathura that when you give the event say it to yourself, then raise your voice, then say it to yourself, then raise your voice. Okay, so the Shafi say the event is 19 phrases, but you only hear if you're outside 15 of them. So in essence, there is no FTF correct. In essence, there's no standard when it comes to when it comes to outside of the Sala but in this hadith by the way, Abdullah bin Medora there's an interesting phrase and this is the Hadith inner Buddhahood for incana salata sorbet, or Salah to hydro Mina GNOME or Salah to hydro mininum if it is the salah of Fajr, then you will say I'll set out to lay them in a normal slot to

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hydro mina no. Okay. So if it is Fajr then you have to add these phrases. And this hadith is found in Abdullah ibn Abi Maduro now. So this is what he is saying that's the other than his 15 phrases. And the comma is 11 phrases. The comma is 11 phrases Now, as for the fact that the comma is 11 phrases, the comma being 11 phrases is the position of the ham bellies and Maliki's antiA fairies. This is the standard position of the ham bodies, the shaft fairies, and the Maliki's who's left the Hanafis the heterophase do not have the Akarma being 11 freezes, no, the Hanafis consider that the other than and the karma, the karma will be 17 phrases.

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The Karma will be 17 phrases, and this is the Hanafi position. And they have an evidence as well in the Hadith that according to one Hadith, the process of them so one Hadith says the Prophet SAW Selim taught us the Sudan must now Mesna and the Yvan Mesna Mesna. He taught us the Sudan double double, and the iqama double double. And so the Hanafi is understood from this. That double double meant a shadow Lila double A shadow Sorolla double. Okay. And the others have other interpretations that no, that's not what was intended. It's Allahu Akbar, Allahu maybe something so they understood it differently. But that's another difference between the Hanafis and the other mazahub. And that's

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why the Hanafi madhhab If anytime one of our hand if you brother and gives the karma is slightly different, because they have slightly different filters in this regard. So in the end of the day, all of these are very trivial differences and hamdulillah it's all really in essence the same. It's just a matter of the finer

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details, but in the humbly method, the Advan is 15 phrases and the comma is 11 phrases okay? Why am Billy and your Cornell more Xenu Amin and say your 10 are the men below court who should give the event who should give the other than the other one should be given by somebody who is a mean a mean means honest. Why somebody who's honest because we don't want him to, to what steal the masjid funds would

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give a damn before timing

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somebody who's timing we can trust a mean say yet say it means a strong voice

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so of the conditions of giving other than so when you're looking at somebody to give the event you look at somebody who's timing we can trust that he's not going to be that type of person that he wants to break fast early so who give her that early? Mashallah. Okay, so he must be Amin, say yet strong, beautiful voice argument, Bill, oh God, who knows the timings of the Salah, who knows the timings of Salah. Now as for being a mean, it's clearly common sense. You don't need any Hadith for this that the point is, the more other than occupies a position of trust. And the trust here doesn't mean he has to be at him and half of karate and whatnot. No, there's a level of trust that is

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required. And that level of trust is what he will give you the event at the right time. Okay, so if then what other than he doesn't have to be the most religious person of the community?

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Because people are different in their religion. He has to be somebody who's religiosity is at least to the level that we can trust him is going to give the data at the right time. And we need a good voice. And there's a reason for the good voice, a loud voice right. And in fact, Abdullah ibn Zayd, who saw the other than did not give the other

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Abdullah ibn Zayd who saw the event I just quoted you the Hadith. And it is mentioned in some narrations that he felt kind of

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sidetrack because he thought he would get the honor. But the process explained why. And he said, Bilal has a louder or a more powerful or more reverberating voice than you under salt. Beloved's voice is better than your voice under salt. And better here means basically, it's going to get more people. And there's no doubt as well that the shady one, somebody whose voice as well give some reason to the other one, because the other one is of the signs of Islam, that is of Sharon Islam. And therefore, we look at the one who's honest, the one who has a good voice, and the one who knows the timings. Now in our case, we don't need the one who knows the timings the chart gives it to us,

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right? So we need the chart whose timings we can trust? That's the big question. Okay, which charts can we trust over the timings but the point is that

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it is not required for the more than to be the most religious. At the same time, some of the rhodamine say that he should not be somebody who is a blatant faster and open faster. And why is this because in the end of the day, the more that is being given some position of respect.

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And if his lifestyle is flouting the Sharia, then that's not appropriate as well, then still valid. But why should you choose somebody whose lifestyle is in flagrant violation, of course, you have to be clear here. This is we're talking about somebody whose lifestyle is known as for private sins or something, all of us are sinners. We're not if you know that, Oh, this guy, you know, he smokes cigarettes, or he drinks or whatever, but he's not making a public deal about it, right? In this case, is not your business to go talk about, oh, you know, the more than I saw him, you know, smoke cigarette made, okay, but he's doing something in private, it's not your business to go spill the

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beans on him. But if he's living a lifestyle that is known to be facile, in this case, it is not appropriate. And the Roma have explicitly said that it goes against the perfection of being a more event, because you're not supposed to be flouting the Sharia and being given a position of honor. Well, you still have boo, and it is encouraged, and you are then are called ima that he should give the advanced standing up. Why? Because in the same Hadith Buddha would the process of setting OMYA Biddle stand up OB lat. So the evidence for standing up as found in this hadith Will you still have boo, it is encouraged, which means if the other were given sitting down, there is no problem with

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that. There is not a shot of the other hand, it's not a record of the other than it is allowed for the event to be given sitting down. And of course it's common sense. Why would the Adan be given standing up in the good old days because you want the voice to go everywhere and an hour

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times if there is a person with a good voice on a wheelchair, for example, we should not stop him from giving the event at all because the microphone has now taken that, but if a person is healthy and is able to then there is no doubt while you still have boo the general soon and there is no difference here that it is encouraged and it is soon enough for the event to stand up Mutata Hera with wudu.

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So, it is sunnah to have will do when you give the other than it is not required. It's not something that is necessary, the other than is valid for the one who does not have to do but it is encouraged for him if he has time that he goes and does will do before he gives the event in case he does not have time and it is time to give the other then it is allowed for him to give the event none of them at I have required the more than to have will do when he gives a that

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he'd better hold on he prays so after the line better doodle, but giving the Advan does not require although it is encouraged well, you still have boo so to be standing and to be in a state of purity was stuck out. I'm older and Arlynn in a very high piece of land or as high as he can go. And it is narrated authentically that one of the unsoldered said that beloved would climb up onto my house to give the other man because I had the highest house in the neighborhood of the Masjid. hadith is in Abu Dhabi as well. Beloved would climb on to my house this Ansari would say because the the minarets did not exist in the time of the process. There were no minarets. This was the OMA yards started the

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minarets. The minarets did not exist. So where did it build, I'll give the event he would not give it on top of the masjid of the process of because that had a low roof. He would actually go to the house of this unsavoury. And his name is mentioned it is escaping me now he will go to the house of this Ansari and he would stand on that house. Why? Because he said I had the highest house. So from this we extract and it's common sense as well. That of the son of a Dan is what that you give it from a high place either molder in Ireland, and of course this sooner, because we understand why. And there is no ritual associated with standing height, it's just because of voice that soon that

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does not need to be resurrected in our times. Because there's something in the Shetty out called a ruling that you understand my poor little minor and standing high up we understand why that was the case. It is not something that is intended in and of itself that you should stand high. Correct. It's something to get the voice across. So in our times, if we have microphones, is it still sunnah for the mother to go and stand on a mirror? No, there's no need to know. Because we understand why that was the case mostakbal Alqueva, facing the Qibla and facing the fibula because we learned as well from the hadith of Bilal that he faced the Qibla when he gave the other

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so beloved rhodiola, who established the Sunnah and all of them at that he basically followed suit as well that it is sunnah to give the other man facing the Qibla but it is not a requirement. So in case somebody gave the event in another direction, and by the way, this is actually very common, I will tell you so many times when you go to a conference or electoral Hall, the microphone is set up in a particular direction and you cannot face towards the traveler. So the more other than has to sometimes stand and face the microphone.

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And this is completely halal and jazz and the van is completely valid. The van does not have to be given facing the Qibla it is Sunnah, okay. Of course if you're able to do it, otherwise it is forgiven. So he gives the advanced standing up upon Tahara in a high place facing the Qibla for either battle Hey, Isla in taffeta Meenan where Shima Len wala Yuzuru called me when he reaches the Hey Allah, they Hi Allah is of course Hi yah Salah and halal further, when he reaches the height,

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then he should turn to the right and then to the left without moving his feet.

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Meaning he should not

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turn that much that his feet change direction as well just turn and then turn. And this sooner as well was established by Bilal because it is authentically Narrated by Abu Hanifa in Sahih in Sahih al Bukhari Abu Hanifa narrates that I saw Bilal give the man and I saw his mouth go right and left when he said hey Yaga salah, Haryana al Falah Bukhari and Muslim so the hadith of MATA for Cali so

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Most of the Sooners of Iran, we learned that from the hadith of Bilal, because Billa is the one giving the other. So below the Allah one, we assume he got this on the processor, even if he didn't, the fact that he's giving a done in front of the Prophet system, and the Prophet ism is seeing this is a stamp of approval. Okay, so regardless of whether this issue was taught to him, or he simply doing it, whatever is done, you should know this from your basic Hadith classes, that whatever is done by a Muslim in front of the Prophet system, and the prophets or some does not say anything becomes the stamp of approval. Okay, anybody who does anything, as a Muslim, obviously, in front of

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the prophets, Islam, and the process is silent. This means it's legitimate, and especially when it's an action of worship, it becomes not just legitimate sunnah. So Bilal is giving the other man and when he says, Hey, Allah salah, he turns, you mean how you Alpha he turns CheMin this becomes one and therefore all over them, but I have agreed that the more than should turn right and left and it is good to do that, what are you zero Khademi he and he did not he should not change his feet. Why is this is based on one Hadith that the narrator abajo Haifa says, And he didn't turn all the way around. That's what the Hadith says he didn't turn all the way around. So the narrator is making a

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point that the turning was not that much. So from it, the humble is basically extracted. And this is pretty much as well agreed upon. Now, by the way, it was very common in the past that some of them events would walk around. Why would they walk around?

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Get more people, right? That's why the there was circular pulpits up there, right in the top of the minaret, you will have the circle. So some of the more events and some of them are that have allowed this if you wanted to get the voice across, okay. But the humbly might have said no, it should just be done in one direction and just try your best as much as you can you mean and Shimon, and you've done your job. And some people said, You know what, we need to get the maximum voice. So let him go there for one of them. And then before he finishes, turn around this way, and finish up the Athan on the other side. And there's a minor difference of opinion. But nonetheless, the majority said that

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he should not move all the way around. Wire jello is by he Fionna he and he should put his fingers inside of his ears. And again, this is coming straight from the hadith of Bilal as well. That Abu Hanifa says, I saw Bilal put his fingers in his ears and then give the event your fight will be household or raising his voice. So one of the hadith of Bilal explicitly mentions he put his hand in his ears. So from this, we also take this as a sunnah. Now, there doesn't seem to be any reason why you do that. But some scholars have derived one or two reasons of the reasons is that when you put your hands up, you give more space for the lungs to breathe in. Right? So anybody who is an audit,

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anybody who is more than you know this, that when you put your chest up, your ribcage expands, and therefore, you have more space to breathe in, and you have more space to breathe out. That's where Claudia Abdul Basit Why does he do this? Right? Get it up there and then you get the the ribcage up like that. So that's one reason. Another reason is that you don't want to be disturbed. You have to give the other than I'm not going to be disturbed by any other sounds around me. I have to concentrate on giving the other than so it is suna where Jada is by he wouldn't he? Why? Uttara sorrowful Adani? Why do a comma Waitara solo Phil Adani? Why drew Phil a karma and he should give

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the event slowly and he should give the karma quickly. So this is expressly mentioned in the books of fic. And this is mentioned in a hadith in Timothy that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, oh Bilal, when you give the Yvan be slow and when you would give the iqama be quick. This hadith isn't Timothy Oh Bilal when you give the other than be slow and when you give the karma be quick. And this sunnah, is once again followed by all of the scholars of Islam wherever you go in the Muslim world, right? The Yvan is given in a slow melodious voice and the farmer has given quickly, okay, and this is the sooner that all the mudah have have agreed to

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why a Kulu fee or than a sub Hey,

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why Apolo fee and why there is as well by the way, one of the reasons as well is that a person should be able to hear simply by the speed whether it's a noun or a comma.

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And this is something as well that we have we automatically know simply by hearing the guy is this a diner calm

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So there's a wisdom here as well, that the event should be given slow and melodious the comma should be given quickly so that the person automatically understands. And as well it is one of the reasons mentioned that the event should be given long is because the purpose of the event is to tell people to come to the masjid. And that takes time. And it'll take you three, four or five minutes. And a good long event can last two, three minutes. Okay, so your point is slow, let the people come and the karma, the people should already be there. We hope that people should already be there, right? Unfortunately, that's not the case. But we hope the people should be there. So the karma is not

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meant to call the people. It's meant just to start the Salah. So short, quick to the point. And that's why the comma is given in 30 seconds. Okay, so this is from the Hadith. Yeah, Bilal when you give the event go slow, and we give the karma go fast. And by the way, one of the points by the way that I always emphasize to my students when I teach fifth is that one of the things I really loved about studying film is that it makes you realize why we do certain things.

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It's always healthy to be reconnected to why. So just to know that binner was told, take your time with the event, be quick in the coma, even though every one of us knows it. We don't know why we know it. Right? We don't know where it comes from. Just to know that it makes us feel so peaceful to me, I don't know about you, it makes you feel so much in connection with the tradition. Like you know, why we're doing certain things where does it come from? And it's something that I one of the reasons why it's so useful to study even basic that you know, Where Where did where did Assata Haberman unknown come from? Now we just studied right now in the Hadith that the process of them

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said to me my daughter he said to him, when you give the Adana sober then say or Santa Clara Mina know, for example, right it's there right in the hadith of Timothy and Abel, Hosea and others in any case, here we get to the next point.

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Why your call houfy adanya Sohi or Salah to Hierro Milla gnome Martini back then hey Isla, and he should say in the event of Fudger he should say in the event of sober two times, I'll Sala to high Rumina gnome by the halo after Halo Farah Halo Sala okay after saying that he should add a salatu Hierro Mina gnome and the four key term for this is a death dweeb at death Wiebe, this is the fifth key term at death Wiebe and this at death we is narrated in a number of traditions I already gave one of them also so that it is it also even Jose masa here that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught a woman Hedorah he taught a woman Hazara, that when you say the event for Fajr, then

00:32:54--> 00:33:05

say a Salah to hydro Mina gnome and then move on to say Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illa Allah, and this is the standard position of the

00:33:06--> 00:33:12

Shaffir is and Molly keys and humbleness if I'm not mistaken. Hanafi is do not do this. Correct.

00:33:14--> 00:33:15

So whenever they do this,

00:33:17--> 00:33:31

they do it. Okay. I will look it up then. So the Hanafis they have between the dad in a coma? Fudger do they do something else? I'll have to look this up. I remember there's another thing in the Hanafi. So one of my points is

00:33:32--> 00:33:44

that no, no, we're going to come to this issue that one we're going to come to we're going to come to this issue to it actually, we're going to come to it right now. So I'll select to hire Amina gnome. Now suppose in the Adana Fajr, the person forgot

00:33:46--> 00:34:27

the Ivana Fajr if the person forgot to say Asato in a gnome, the scholars say it is not a necessary part. It's not from the muscle of Adan. So if the more other than forgets he doesn't have to repeat the other, the other is still valid as it is. And so Assata Hobin are known. It's so not to say in Fajr. If the more than forgetting is very common in the morning from words is to forget, then the event is still valid, while you as the new cobbler walk to Illa Lucha and it is never allowed to give the other than before the timing of Adan except for Fajr

00:34:28--> 00:34:59

it is not allowed to give the other than before the timing other than except for Salat al Fajr because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in Bilal and you as the noble aim for Kulu worship or Hatha Yoga VENA even your own mimic tomb. Bilal gives the event at night. Continue to eat and drink until Eben on mimic Doom gives the advantage. This is the famous Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim that clearly shows that Fajr is supposed to have two events. The first of them

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Is suna and the second is wajib.

00:35:03--> 00:35:44

So you we should have two events for Fajr. It's good to, but it is the second event that is the more important of the two. So I don't think in our industry, we have two events. And that's fine. We have a small community, no big deal. The larger massages, especially the massager that are in Muslim areas where the microphones are on and whatnot, there should be two events. Why? Because the first Fajr, Adan is meant to wake up the people who want to fast and to cause those who are praying to hadoo to stop praying, and then get ready for the salah. Okay, so there's a purpose for the first event, there's a purpose for the first event, and that is sooner, and that's the advantage of Bilal

00:35:44--> 00:36:31

that he will give it below will given earlier than and the Prophet system allowed it and encouraged it. And he explained to the people below gives the event at night. So continue eating and drinking until the event of even a mimic tune, which clearly demonstrates two events were intended to advance were intended. And these two events even had two different events. Why? So that people recognize there's two different ones. Everybody recognizes the the caudate, the soldier, the voice, so the voice of Bilal was meant to wake up the one who wants to fast or to make the one who's praying the head stop so that they can ready ready for Fajr and then even mimic tombs, or Dan was the amount

00:36:31--> 00:36:32

okay make your way to the masjid.

00:36:34--> 00:36:45

Okay, so it is so nice to have two events, but the first one of them is sunnah. And the second one is the primary one that we really must have in every single a masjid and

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and therefore, as he said that you never give the event before its time except for it meaning except for Fajr. So the only Salah that you give other than before it's time is selected for you the only other than you give now, but if you do that, then this means What

00:37:07--> 00:37:16

if you give the Yvan a Fajr before Fajr This means what? You must give the second to them. Okay, you understand where am I losing you

00:37:17--> 00:37:18

the Fajr

00:37:19--> 00:38:02

you are allowed to give one of them and that's the one at its time. If you want to give two then you give the one earlier and then the second and I will be right at the time of Fudger. Okay, so this is the only Salah he said that you're allowed to give the exam before its timing otherwise, it is not allowed to do the event. And then the final will liquidate right now the final phrase while you still have volume and semi and more oven and your whole Akarma your whole the Akali Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he does a mirror to Moneda for all Muslim, you're cool. And it is encouraged. It is sunnah for the one who hears them more other than to repeat after him and say all

00:38:02--> 00:38:48

that he says, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when you hear the call, then say as the more oven says, than say, as the more oven says, and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as well said that whoever repeats after the event, all that the event says, and he says it causes some miracle behave from the sincerity of his heart, this person will enter Jannah So to repeat the event, and to then make the drop which is the famous dua, Allah Who murabaha the Tao at Ma was salatu call Imam Ali Mohammed and it was suitable for the ILA whereby cinema calm and my mother lady, what if you would say this dua, our Prophet sallallahu sallam said, Whoever says this

00:38:48--> 00:39:38

sincerely, my shafa becomes obligatory for him on the day of judgment. So what an amazing Hadith that every single time we hear the than we should make this dua, Allah humara berhadiah Dawa to mA Allah, the Lord of this perfect call. So the Adan is the perfect call. The Adan is that what the term was salatu wa Aima. And the Lord of this established prayer, the one we're praying for and two was selected, ima ottimo Hamedan. It was either at all for the either give the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there were sila and the follow the law. And then we'll see the end the formula or ranks or statuses in gender. There we'll see the under Felina or ranks and status is in gender.

00:39:38--> 00:39:59

These are the highest ranks of gender, T Mohammedan alwasy. level for the year. So we say to Allah Azza Did we ask him Oh Allah, give our provinces some of the highest we've seen and for Lila what bath who more common Mudan and resurrect him upon the praiseworthy status more common much more than I lead

00:40:00--> 00:40:15

Do what who that you promised him and what is the praiseworthy status? The praiseworthy status is the status on the day of judgment that will be given to one person. And we talked about the so many times in the Sierra and in Hadith, and that will be

00:40:16--> 00:40:21

the promises and what is that status? What is the point? What is it? What is it?

00:40:22--> 00:40:24

Shiva

00:40:26--> 00:40:31

all the almost Yes, not the OMA Shiva for all of mankind.

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That's why it's more common Muhammad, all of mankind will go to the Prophet sallallahu it he was setting them and they will tell him to make Jafar in front of Allah to begin the day of judgment.

00:40:46--> 00:41:35

So this is Makaveli Muhammad, the highest MACOM that mankind will elect a representative to go in front of Allah subhana wa Tada all of mankind unanimously. And that is the macabre Mohamed so what bath who resurrect him upon them a common Mahmoud that you promised him? Obama common worldwide. So our promises and have said Whoever makes this dua for me, my shefa becomes obligatory for him. So that is why we after the event, we repeat, we repeat the event. And of course the one phrase that we don't repeat is that of course, and this is in the Hadith as well. That one year here Hey Allah Salah Halal fella, then we say the holder who's a little Biller, because the more than is saying

00:41:35--> 00:42:22

Come here, hey, out of Salah it makes no sense. We say no, no, you come back here. Hey, hello salah. Right? It makes no sense to then say no, hey, yeah, I'll come my way doesn't make sense. So when someone says hey, yeah, Lasala are highlighted fella. That's the one time where we don't repeat what the one says because it's illogical. Rather we make a dua to Allah, Oh Allah give me the power to change and stand up and walk to the masjid La hawla wala Quwata illa biLlah. That's the meaning here, that when the more of this has come to Salah and come to success, so we say Oh, Allah, give me the power to change, give me the status, give me the whole change and who are the power, because you

00:42:22--> 00:43:02

have to change you're sitting up to stand up, you're standing you have to walk, and you have to have the power to do that. So how do we say it after the after the higher the higher it is. And then of course, the final point that which is not over here, but the event itself, is, of course, a great act of worship, and then what other than has been promised many, many rewards on the Day of Judgment. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if they knew what is the blessing of the man, and they would have no option other than to give lots, they would give lots to give the other than, and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that the more of the known will have the

00:43:02--> 00:43:44

longest next meaning it will be the most recognized on the day of judgment. And our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that never does a person give other than even in the wilderness, except that everything that hears his testimony from hijab and from shadow from everything around him from even the sheep and whatnot, they will testify to his event on the day of judgment. And that is why we should also give other than even when we're alone, it is sunnah to give a damn as we said, even when we are alone, and only in the case of a masjid, should the other not be repeated. Because the purpose of giving one of that in the masjid is the timing. But otherwise, we may give that in

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our houses when we stand for prayer. And as well that is why at least we give the karma when we stand up for prayer. This is the Sunnah of basically the Muslims and it is a valid sunnah, that one, we're just having our own Gemma. So we just give the karma. And that's also valid, even though it's not a requirement. We just said that that karma is follow the key fire, which means if somebody is doing it, you don't have to do it. So in case you were five of us together, praying, and we said hello. So let's just pray Fajr let's pray Aisha, let's remotely, we don't have to give a van or calm. We can just start and I say hola hola. You guys pray behind me, that's fine. But of course,

00:44:23--> 00:44:48

the purpose of the iqama is what it makes us psychologically ready. We straighten the rows, there's finally that there's benefit there. And as well, giving the karma has the benefit of the peoples the objects around that have heard you they will testify for you. And with that, are there any quick questions about the event in a coma? Translation and once again, the book is a lambda of even Kodama almasi. Any quick questions? Yes.

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So the question is that should there be some distance between the more evidence because in Muslim lands you have microphones everywhere and it actually matters

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didn't become too loud and too irritating. So this is something that should be taken up by the OIC often the Islamic sections of those lands, there's no doubt that the Shetty out does not want to cause nuisance and irritation. And you are correct that when the loudspeaker is blaring a top volume and there's five, massage it in the vicinity, that for some people it does become a nuisance. And this is a valid point. Obviously, obviously, you're not going to find anything in the classical textbooks because how loud can the voice the human voice be? The human voice is not going to be a nuisance but the microphone is 10 times the human voice. Right? And I have experienced as well that

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you go to somebody's house and the minaret is right outside. And the microphones are facing the window right? I remember I would visit one of my friends in Makkah and not the Haram but one of the local Masjid outside of mucker literally on the third floor and the minarets microphone big huge microphone outside his window. I mean literally when to jump when the event calls you get terrified like what's going on? Because it's right in there and you cannot concentrate so clearly I mean there's no doubt the [???]ty AI does not require that type of thing. So a reasonable but there's not going to be something found in the books

00:46:31--> 00:46:36

so again, yes, I agree with you like the the the congregated voices

00:46:38--> 00:46:46

that is true as well. But they're these types of issues need to be dealt with at a municipal level, right.

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But then it becomes a noise competition. Every group wants to show that we are the louder one, right. That's the problem. And that's the problem. And within the Muslim on my each Philco wants to show there are the loudest as well. Right? So it just becomes a show. And there's no doubt this is not something to show the ones you want to still ask or that was the question.

00:47:27--> 00:47:30

So being a minority situation,

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our focal have said in America, that and in all western lands, that the greater good in these lands is that we don't make ourselves a nuisance to our neighbors. And therefore, for most messages in America, they should not be giving a dance loudly, because the people are going to cause it to be banned. And that's understandable. That is understandable. So in our cases, we should not be aiming to irritate the people around us, there are places in America pockets in America where the masjid is surrounded by Muslim houses. And they do give a done on loudspeaker and there's an even better system that was recently ZModeler which see it's all a blur all the cities I go to but I was in a

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city recently, where and again, the Masjid is in a densely populated Muslim area, but they had a new system and that is that you purchase a small box from the masjid and it is connected via radio to the oven. So when then whatever then basically that gives the other than it doesn't go on the loudspeaker outside it goes on your house wherever you place it and you have the control in your own house. Right so it's a special one way only that the more events are that will come and you have the volume control and you can turn it off if you want to as well. So that's I think an excellent compromise that within a vicinity of whatever how many miles or whatever this is a good compromise

00:48:58--> 00:49:06

that you can purchase this box and then it can be around that neighborhood and that's I think the middle ground inshallah go ahead and summarize

00:49:11--> 00:49:15

how do you mean by the telephone what would be the purpose of anonymous telephone?

00:49:17--> 00:49:35

Oh recording No, no, no, no, no, no, that's not telephone this recording say not telephone the recording you mean no no, the other than of recording would not be considered a van because that is an act of worship and an act of worship has to have near and near cannot be given by a CD or by YouTube.

00:49:37--> 00:50:00

Okay, you can listen to it as much as you want, but it will not take the purpose of the other okay, because the other than is an act of worship. And the number one condition of an act of worship is Riba is a class is near you have to have near. So, the van cannot be done and there are fatawa from the 50s when these in when the CD or audio was invented or cassette, there are fatawa from the 50s you can

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cannot just put in an audio and then play your favorite event and then be it No. Even if somebody so we don't have Abdul Basit right how the boss has done mashallah diabolical he has done by the way the Vasa has done it's on YouTube, listen to it. Great, beautiful Adan or you have the idea of how to Makkah and Medina, even in that case, we'll find somebody whose voice is not that good. That's okay. But it's alive again. So it must be alive at that

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time Johnny either got

00:50:35--> 00:50:42

me stuck here, Hayden da Seanie would just show

00:50:44--> 00:50:46

me what to feed

00:50:49--> 00:50:50

at what

00:50:52--> 00:50:58

feels cool Ruby for two minutes MIM Janita,

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down.

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Down