Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi acquaints us with the unique characteristics of Allah’s names and how we should comprehend these divine names.
Among the most common names of Allah is Ar-Rahman and Ar-Raheem, Arhamar Rahimeen, KhairUr-Rahimeen and Dhur-Rahma.
Some unique characteristics of Allah’s names are synonymous with the following:
- Allah SWT has 99 names. How so?
- Allah’s names are always extracted from the Qur’an and Sunnah.
- Allah’s names are eternal.
- Allah’s names always commence with a capital letter such as Ar Raheem, Al-Malik, Al-Quddus.
- Allah’s names must exude truthfulness and valid meaning.
- Allah’s names appear in pairs more often than not such as Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem, Al-Hayy Al-Qayyum.
smilla Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah who Allah Allah, he was aqui Rahman Wada My bad. So we were discussing the names and attributes of Allah subhana wa Tada. And we now move on to the names of Allah that come from the route rahima to show mercy. And we know that of the most common names of Allah is R Rahman r Rahim. And in fact, they always come after mentioning the name of Allah Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. And in fact, it is not just these two names that have been derived from the root rahima. Rather, at least five names of a law have come from the same route to show mercy. You have Rahman, you have Rahim, you also have our hammer rahimian, the Most Merciful of
those who show mercy. And you have hierro Rahim in the best of those who show mercy and you have the Rama, the one who has and who is characterized by mercy. So these are five names of Allah Subhana, WA Tada, all of which are derived from the root to show mercy. And before we go on talking about all of these names, we need to understand and clarify a very important point. And that is, what exactly are these 99 names that we hear about all the time? Because you see I just gave you five names R Rahman r Rahim, our hammer I mean Hira, I mean, Ando Rama, yet it is only the first two R Rahman r Rahim that occur on the list of 99. And the other three are not on the list of 99. So what exactly
is this concept of the 99 Names of Allah? And we have to pause here because many Muslims are actually not aware of the reality of what this concept is of the 99 names. In fact, there is a common misconception. It's been hijacked calls it a very incorrect a very incorrect misconception that a law only has 99 names and this is wrong. This is absolutely false. Allah subhana wa tada has an infinite number of names beyond count, we cannot count all of the names of a law, they are beyond any one language, they are beyond our human comprehension. So what are then the 99, the 99 names of a law are the best names out of the infinite names, the 99 names of a law are the best of the best.
So all of the names of a law are the best and the smell.
All of the names of a law are the most magnificent, all of the names of a law are the most beautiful, and these number beyond our human understanding infinite. Of those names of a law that are all the best, there are 99 that are extra special, they are the best of the best. And this is the famous Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned and the Hadith is reported in Bukhari and Muslim and in almost every single book of Hadith, in the law hit this icon with the center is SMA mitten, illawarra de menos la halogen to Allah belong 99 names notice our processing didn't say Allah only has 99 He is saying to Allah belong a special 99 not there are only 99 out of
all of the names of a law there are 99 such that there's a special category, man, I saw her the huddle agenda, whoever fully comprehends them shall enter gender. Now what is the meaning of saw her? Our scholars say that I saw means Firstly, to understand and to know, secondly, to invoke those names when we're making
so we raise our hands and we use them yarraman yah, yah Karim. So we choose the name that is appropriate to order. If we want forgiveness, yes, a foul Yeah, man. If we want to child YAHWAH hub, if we want to be cured, yeah. Shafi if we want sustenance Yara zakia Karim. There is nothing you can think of, except that there's a name that can be chosen that is appropriate. So this is the second meaning of our saga. And the third meaning I saw means to fully comprehend, which means we have to act upon those names as well. ie our lives should embody those names. When we know that Allah is a semir we better be careful what we say Allah is hearing. When we know Allah is Allah bossier. We
better be careful what we do because Allah is watching. All of this comes under the meaning of a saw. So what are these famous 99 and this leads us
To another very big confusion, all of you are aware that there are charts that are found that says the 99 Names of Allah. Now a lot of people don't understand that chart. It's not wrong, but it's not necessarily right. What do I mean by this? You see, our Prophet system told us that there are 99 names, but he did not tell us what are those exact 99 names? So nobody actually knows which of the many many names that are found in the Quran and Sunnah. And by the way, the Quran and Sunnah has hundreds of names. If you look at all of the Quran and Sunnah and you derive the names of Allah subhanaw taala, even derived up to 150. In fact, Wonder Adam and the pastor Shelby even went up to
500 by really extracting from every verb and every attribute, he made a noun, but you will find hundreds of names in the Quran and Sunnah. So what are the special 99? Here's where a lot of people are confused. The fact of the matter is, in the end of the day, nobody knows. Scholars have made each they had, they have attempted to choose and select the best of the 99. But in the end of the day, these remain human attempts. Only Allah knows the exact 99 we don't know them. Only Allah knows, we can attempt and throughout our history, there have been many attempts. And the chart that you find with the nine nine Names of Allah is an attempt by a very famous color of the second
century hedgerow very early, perhaps the first attempt ever made. So because it was the first attempt, a lot of people just use it. But the fact of the matter is that many later scholars, they want to point out this chart is a tentative educated guess it is not the final definitive list. And in fact, there are many names on it that are disputable out there and I must say they're not to the 99 and so on and so forth. So the point being, there are some of the names of a lot that we know for sure of the 99 such as a Rahmani Raheem, and and medical coders because the Quran comes with the proper noun. Anytime the Quran comes with the proper noun, it's got to be from the 99. But there are
many other names that are derived from verbs. For example, the name of Allah, Allah darky, the name of Allah and bathy does not occur as a noun, it occurs as a verb, the way you will call which Robic the word or the face of your Lord will remain. So from the verb Yoko some Roma have derived the name as bhakti. Is this of the 99? somewhere? LMS said yes, some LMS said no. So there's an actual difference of opinion about what the final 99 are. And this is a very important point to notice. Some of our alumni have said of the wisdoms of not knowing is that every Muslim should want to read the Quran with the eyes of trying to catch the names of Allah, ie the eagerness should be there,
what name is Allah mentioning, and in that effort, you're showing your love for Allah, in trying to find the names of Allah and trying to think about the names of Allah. That effort is a beloved effort. And perhaps that's one of the wisdoms that our Prophet says Adam did not mention the exact 99 we should also remember brothers and sisters that the names of a law are very special. And there are things that are special about the names and they don't share them with any other being or created name of the speciality of the names of a law. The names of a law are derived from the Quran and Sunnah. We don't just sit down and start figuring out Names of Allah from our own minds know,
Allah azza wa jal warns us about speaking about him without knowledge, one Taku Allah He might attack the moon, we do not speak about Allah without knowledge. So it is incorrect to use terminologies that are not found in the Quran and Sunnah. For example, I have heard a person say, Allah is the architecture of the heavens and the engineer of the earth. No, this is not appropriate. Allah did not call himself the architecture and the engineer and we should not use the names we should say Aloha, the canal, body and a muscle Well, these are far more powerful. And when we use other attributes or names, we might have a negative connotation. So we never use a name or attribute
except that it is in the Quran and the Sunnah, as well. We understand that these names and attributes, even though we understand the concept, we will never understand the reality when Allah azza wa jal says he is a semir. Everybody here knows what is a semi are the one who hears but we don't understand how does a law here and we're not supposed to think about this. The proper term is be that Kaif we don't think how a man came to him a medic, and he said, Oh my medic, Allah says in the Quran that Ar Rahman has risen over the throne, or Rahim Allah, Allah Tell me, how has he risen over the throne? How does the law rise? What is the meaning Allah has the throne rising over it? You
know, Mr. Deacon became very angry, and he said that Alice theva maloom. Everybody knows what rising means. You don't need to be a PhD is still to rise. Everybody knows when k fu mature.
how Allah has risen. We don't think about it. We don't know we're not supposed to think when a man will be he was you. It is obligatory to believe because Allah use the word I didn't use the word is stowa I didn't use the word semi and Basia I didn't use the word way up, or what what up big I didn't use the word by whom of Sudha tan both of his hands are outstretched. I didn't use that word a lot did. So we know the concept, but we don't understand how and it is impermissible to think beyond the abstract meaning we don't think how we don't visualize how and this is an important point before we move on to the actual names and attributes of Allah as well. Brothers and Sisters of the
things that are unique about Allah names and attributes is that Allah subhana wa Tada. His names are eternal. Our names we be our parents named us those names they begin. before I was born, there was no name that was described to me, our names have a beginning. A last names have no beginning they are eternal. They go all the way and they go all the way to the future. There is no beginning or end One
of the unique characteristics of our last names and attributes is that no other creature can be named by the proper noun that Allah has chosen for himself and the proper noun is with the Elif lamp, r Rahim, Al Malik al could use only Allah can be named with those names. A person can be or oath and Rahim but nobody is autorai him other than Allah. So Allah as names are unique, and no one has the right to name himself with the name of Allah with the Elif Nam on it, as well of the unique characteristics of Allah's names is that a last names must have meaning. So when Allah says his medic, we understand the meaning and we affirm it to Allah, our names do not necessarily have
meaning to them. So my name is Yasser, of the meanings of Yassir Believe it or not, are the one who's very wealthy. Allah has given me much, but perhaps many of you are more Yasser than I am, right.
A person can be called salia. The righteous, but his actions are not solid at all.
A sister can be called jameelah Well, all of our sisters are beautiful. So we're not going to go down that route. Right? But the point is, names don't have to have meaning to them when it comes to the creation. But when it comes to Allah subhanho wa Taala ever every name is what it is valid, and it must apply. And that is of the beauty and perfection of Allah, his names and attributes. And the final point for today and inshallah tomorrow, we'll come back and continue with the concept of Rahmani Raheem. The final point for today, one of the important points to understand of names and attributes is that most of the time allows names and attributes that occur in pairs are Rahmani
Raheem. Right, I'll medical produce right a semi and Adam. And in fact, these two pairs are very important. And there is a science dedicated to examining Why did a law choose another name to put next to that name? There's a wisdom behind the two names coming together. So when Allah azza wa jal says that he is a human, and we'll talk about this combination right? And how he himself is the one who is perfectly alive, Alka UMX, he gives life to others. So the two meanings are complimentary. And this is a much neglected aspect. Almost all of us we read the Quran, and we never understand, or we never even think, why are those two names coming together? We just think it's random, or it's
rhyming? No, Allah does not do anything without a purpose. Every single name that Allah puts next to a name actually brings about a third meaning, the first meaning of the name, the second meaning of the second name, and then the combined meaning of why is the wisdom between putting those two meanings together, and we will elaborate upon this as we continue in shallow data in our quest of understanding allows names and attributes. Tomorrow we will come back to the concept of a hammer and talk about the five names pertaining to Allah's mercy, which is akmola, who was sent on why they come with a hammer to lovara Castle.