Ta’Seel Class 11
Channel: Yaser Birjas
Series: Yaser Birjas - Ta'Seel
File Size: 71.20MB
With the bribe, you're learning from whom?
Popular, someone who's not popular, someone who's younger than you. Someone doesn't have much knowledge, but they have a specialty in certain area, for example, you just might say, Who is this person to listen to? You never know. Right? So that will deprive people from learning knowledge higher or Hugill, let's say bashfulness will deprive you of seeking knowledge from whom
someone's too popular,
you know, from the public, let's say forum or platform, you feel kind of like awkward going out there in public so therefore you can deprive yourself from asking the right questions and the proper question so we need to make sure that as we seek knowledge, we need to humble ourselves no matter who the person is, we need to learn from they're probably going to learn something very useful, very unique. And also you need to make sure that you take the opportunity when it opens door for you do not shy away from it just ask your questions. If I may ask the sisters inshallah Tada we have actually their children back with them and running around to give the sisters who are listening you
know the respect inshallah to Allah and move with your child to the Mommy and Me room same thing for the brothers that in my room if your child is not sitting with you, so everybody can enjoy the socials a shout out Zach malecha So please cooperate with all of us.
So let's continue to shallow to Allah with the session with Allah azza wa jal now, we are talking about Al Marlin the teacher, what are the qualities of the alum? What are the attributes that Mr. Lim should actually should observe? So we are patient number 33 Insha Allah Tala Bismillah Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.
salat wa salam ala Rasulillah Imam Ibn Kodama Rahim, Allah he says, These are the duties of the student with respect to the teacher, he has duties as well. Among them the following, he must be gentle with his students and treat them like his own sons. He must not ask money for teaching and must not expect reward or Thanks. That's up on this one too. So the first thing he says, Be gentle and treat him like your children. What does that exactly mean? In the relationship between a student and a teacher? Really, it should be more like a fatherly kind of experience. Like you teach them and you care for them as if they are children and what what is our interest what's our interest in our
children, to make them better than us to make sure that they have 100 the right guidance, the proper way of living everything so we would love to see our kids to succeed and be better than us. So when you treat all your students in the same way, you will love to see them succeed and be become better than you instead of competing with them. If someone shines mashallah become much more knowledgeable that not that not a reason for you to be jealous. Instead you push him to do better inshallah Tabata Kotara. And I do remember from or share with me, Rahim, Allah Azza Rajasthan with me Rahmatullah Denali. He had a very special monthly session with the students who lived in the dorm. I don't know
how many of you experienced that in his life Rahmatullah to rally, he actually he had a special special time that he spends with the students who stay in the dome, and monthly basis. So I remember in the summertime, or at least maybe in the in the, in the early actually full time when the weather was still nice. We go all the way up to the roof. And there he would have a session exclusively for the students who are in the dorm. And then he makes sure that no one else is there sneaking in basically. And he keeps asking, does everybody hear from from the dorm? Residents of the dorm? And if someone says if you have a guest when he goes no out. This is a very special occasion. Very
special time for the students and Subhanallah when we when he talks, he talks a foreign language, not the language you hear from him when he's in front of the public. He addresses us with the word Yeah, My dear children.
You know, my dear children keep talking about your children. And even, he even actually started conversing with us and topics you don't have see him doing in public. Like, for example, Hey, the winter is coming is gonna get cold. If anyone needs any winter clothes, let me know to check
the hash drama dash and he will help you show a lot of Oracle data. Eventually, it was such a beautiful experience. I remember first time I was I was crying. I was like, wow, this is beautiful. You Subhanallah you're sitting there among the students, and he's addressing in a different way. So definitely, it's such a motivation that will make you would love to learn more, and would like to excel and not disappoint your teacher.
So you will become motivated to do better because if he is dedicated his time for you, you know what, I'm not gonna disappoint him. And we're going to make him feel proud that I'm learning and benefiting. I'm advancing handler Bananaman. The second point a member of Metallica, he mentioned Paul, he said that it shouldn't be taken any wages or any money for, for teaching. Now, keep in mind, this book was was actually written in time when the LMR were taken care of by the outcome of
meaning they don't have to ask people because the outcome of their many, many Muslims of that time, they used to dedicate some of their earnings, some of their
properties, they put them as outcome. So when they die and hamdulillah the money that's being taken that the generate from these businesses from these properties, goes to serve a specific areas in our deen, such as Allah ma Imam, scholars, teachers, students of knowledge prophet of the Quran, and so on. This time, we don't have. And as a result, if our dilemma, they're going to just dedicate themselves to teaching without taking any compensation. Obviously, they are being challenged between doing both. Some of us might say But wait a minute, most almost all our Alma, in the past, were also business people. Abu Hanifa, Mo loutra, was a businessman, there's no doubt about it, right. But not
every island was was really a businessman. So it actually is this is considered culture, by culture. And every time is different. So depends on the circumstances. But the standard rule, if the animal, if the animal can be self sufficient in a way that not take any money from the people, specifically from the students, then it should be
it should be so that you don't feel obliged, when it comes to teaching, you don't feel obliged to compromise in order to appease the people that are actually paying for you to teach them. So in the case of hamdulillah of our Imams, the covered so they don't have to ask the students to pay for these, for example, expenses and so forth. That is the meaning of the statement over here. So it's a case by case situation depends on the circumstances. But it's always an always the standard rule that if you can be free from seeking any compensation for teaching the people, then you should actually go that route. May Allah subhanaw taala keep us all sufficient with us, or there's Rama
Mercier Bananaman. Now I'm keeping on hearing, Allah says, he must teach for the sake of Allah subhanho wa taala. He must not see himself as doing a favor for the students, but rather, it is upon him to hold them in high regard for being people who have prepared their hearts to earn the proximity of Allah subhanho wa Taala by planting the seeds of knowledge that they are, like men who lent their lands to another for cultivation. So such a beautiful, accurate example, he mentioned in a way, he says, Look, you don't you don't think that you're doing the favor to them, when you teach them. They are the ones who are giving you that favor to open their hearts. And given your time and
their time for you so you can teach them. Their time is valuable. Their heart is valuable, their minds are valuable. And now they're sacrificing all of this for you because they trust in you. And that's why I said you need to need to honor this. You need to respect that. So whenever you teach anybody and this person says, Okay, I would like to listen to you. Don't feel that you are so proud that now you're going to teach this individual right now. Know you need to be happy and excited that you've been given the opportunity, a valuable opportunity for this person to accept you to teach them something that actually puts you in the right perspective, your it humbles you when it comes to
dealing with your students. So you don't think that you're doing a favor when you teach. Rather you accept that the favor is coming from them, to give them to give you their hearts and their minds and their lives to teach them a garden to Allah subhanho wa Taala now,
it does not befit a teacher to ask for reward except from Allah subhanaw taala. To the extent the pious predecessors used to refuse any gifts from their students.
That again, as we described earlier, if you can make yourself free from any wants and needs of your students, that is the best now.
The teachers must not be stingy in granting advice. If a student shows bad character, he must express his disapproval to him indirectly as much as he can. He must not scold him out loud. For this makes the students lose their reverence for him. So one of the advices for the teacher obviously is that when you whenever you teach you don't spare
At any moment to advise your students, and we have seen that will live on our teachers our shoe Subhanallah as they walk, they teach, not just the teaching, just going to answering questions, no sometimes studying books with them. I've seen that to shake up the ambassador sheets, I will shuffle with me Rahmatullah trollin SubhanAllah. As they walk from the masjid to the house, from the house of the masjid, students will be sitting there by the door, will be sitting there, everybody has their own book holding it, or maybe a list of questions that you have. And then the moment the chef opens the door and leaves, everybody jumps and start walking to take turns. And the chef gives
people maybe three minutes, two minutes, as many minutes as you can somebody the books, and the show explains, others have list of questions and the answers. And He Himself, He says that's enough. Next, that's enough. Next, the walk to them as it will be probably maybe take 15 minutes of Hannula, even even more, and it's all seeking knowledge. Also, you cannot nonstops economics and teaching as well to see if someone can dedicate that time and give the opportunity in short to give the advice of Hamdulillah. However, we learned earlier from the etiquette of the students as well, too, is not to overwhelm your teacher, meaning it depends on the energy. If it was if the handler there is
energy, there is time, then you should actually maybe use that. But if you see that as being too much overwhelming or the teacher is kind of like trying to say it's enough than it is enough. So the balance is between the teacher given more and the students to try to give them an opportunity to take a break now.
He must consider the student's level of understanding and intellect and not delve into matters he cannot understand. Now, it has been rated that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam said, I have been commanded to address the people according to their intellects can go on Ali Radulov Allah who said there is certainly not there is certain knowledge here. If only I could find people to carry it.
La se said should I scattered pearls for grazing camels? Should should I prioritize pros for herds of sheep? Who grants ignoramuses knowledge will waste it? who denies the deserving from it has wronged them? So what does that mean? What I mean by that this whole thing is one one particular point. The point is that whenever you teach, make sure to be considerate of what you're teaching and who you're teaching. If you're teaching students who are maybe you know, middle middle school kids or high school kids, don't speak the language don't bring topics controversial that will confuse them. If you're talking to mothers, for example, don't bring topics that will make them feel let's
say bad or feel guilty. If you're talking to adults, depends on the age, the level of education, at what level maybe Eman, take that into consideration to teach because he says that if you teach them you need to make sure that you give them the opportunity to grow with you to grow with you. Obviously when you teach doesn't mean that you under undervalue their intellect rather you need to help them to upgrade and make sure that they study better inshallah Tabata Kotara and benefit more. So you take them one step at a time, but do not start with subject on controversial topics that will cause damage and harm more than benefit. And once you have good knowledge, it will become damaging
more than than beneficial, because some people might take some some sessions with you. And that's it. They think that they have all of it that handled by men. And they realize that oh my god, I can understand like, for example, with beginners, for instance, with beginners, you cannot start with advanced topics. Like for example, is it okay to start with beginners by discussing with them MacArthur, the Sharia, the highest level of sorrel filled meaning the we talked about the intents of the Sharia Islamic law, and you talk about all the markers of the Sharia or talk about CO Adamsville clear Maxim's that govern Islamic law, probably as a mess making I'm actually mentioned these words,
some of us are wondering what are these things even to begin with? Yeah, exactly. These are advanced topics of a certain field, rather than start with them by teaching them the basics of it. What does it mean where the law is coming from? What are the sources of law? How do we use the Quran, you know, to to benefit from it as establishing rules for ourselves in our lives and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you take them one step at a time. That's how we teach the people. Otherwise, if you bring them subjects and subjects that might be controversial, could lead them to go astray, unfortunately. And that's what remember hematol I was mentioning in the subject over here
called Fela yo kala he met with Riku from Walla Hatori Arklow. Don't give them something that will confuse it that the mind cannot comprehend that. And it was mentioned Hadith, although it's disputable in terms of authenticity, but over two and a half a NASA cadre of Boolean there's another narration about this statement over here, which means there is a I've been, I've been commanded to address the people based on the level of their intellect. There was another narration that says a statement from Ali himself from the ultra animada Paul how they will Nance Allah podria Akula him actually do it and you kept up Allah Hora pseudo. Like when you talk to people talk at the level
that they can understand you. Do you want them to deny Allah Subhana Allah his Messenger, because if you speak to them about something that they've never heard of before
I just like oh, the villi Where are you getting that from your ears indeed, you're going after your this or that. And they will deny the idea or the Hadith that you're trying to teach them because they're unable to comprehend that. So make sure to take that into consideration. Whenever establish a halacha whenever you want to give a Katara when he will talk about you know, subject, it's important to take into consideration the context and also the people that you're teaching in that moment. He also called it the mammoth Sheva Rahim Allah Tala was that translation in English, not even close to the Arabic text. So I'm going to read the Arabic for you what it says unsolo Duren
Binus ARIA Hatena undocumented and Lyra at random woman manner Hello Johanna element although a woman man and Mr. Gina facula like basically then transition as you see it there in the book, like if I have purse where I put them they put them throw them into the pasture among the camel, the camel
you know people or should I just go in the mud I'm just gonna throw all my knowledge out there to the to the ignorant ones like basically you have to make sure that when you put it you put it in the right place. You put your knowledge in the right place and that's why I support the prophets Allah Centaurus principle when it comes to talking to people call caller Salah and Arsalan Khan and as an incubating Veerabhadra Jana lemon Takamura our economy like I will guarantee you a house in Jana and some nations a house in the heart of Jana, the center of Jana, if you live arguments, even if you're right.
He said even if you're right, live arguments. They say when you're wrong. I will say when you're wrong, you should stop right. But when you're right, why would you need to stop arguing? Because when you argue no one is listening,
and probably will be in it will be conversing with someone who's completely ignorant. But Mr. Musharraf, Mr. Lowe data was reported he says con men either an orchestral Jaya healer.
If you're going to ever argue with an ignorant, he will defeat you.
No matter how much you try. Why? Because they have no soul. They have no principles, no matter what you tell them they are they're going to basically fight with you. Like I remember one time when I was younger, much younger. We like to argue a lot, obviously. Right? So I remember this one discussion that I had, it was my first student Gemma's lemmya So the brothers is bringing an argument which I'm trying to you know kind of like bring a counter discussion to it so I can say Look I'll also have a masala it means that the standard rule in this matter the evidence in the Quran that says the highest so I keep using the word colossal Allison then he just got frustrated he
goes look every time I bring you an argument determined also Lhasa Lawson what is that?
I'm just like when I heard that I said, Because I Calaca Santa Monica more than
they can I can go anywhere with this if you don't accept principles that are accepted by all the Allama under scholars and fields of knowledge. There is no meaning for us to argue to discuss anything over here. So make sure that when you spread your knowledge, it's aware it really is gonna flourish inshallah de vaca with Allah Yes.
The teacher must, the teacher must implement what he knows and not go against Allah subhanho wa Taala has words that Maroondah NASA Bill Burr. What unsewn unphysical been told that Luenell Kitab Falada? Do you ordered righteousness of the people and forget yourself while you recite the Scripture?
Ali radula Alon said two types of men have broken my back. That is the actions are horrible. A wallet in scholar and a devotional ignoramus mom's. So mean by that in this statement over here, it's one of them.
The scariest moment for any teacher really? That if you want me to teach, if you want me to teach, then I need to be true to what I'm teaching. That is the scariest thing for any teacher. Because how many of us believe that we are hardwired? Perfect. We don't believe that we can be perfect. No way we can be perfect. We're going to make mistakes, we're gonna make faults, you're gonna probably maybe not be true to what we teach, unfortunately. But does that mean that I should not teach until I perfect the practice of my knowledge?
If you do that, then who on earth is going to be the one and only to teach?
Nobody because you're going to wait until you become perfect that's not going to happen. Which is the meaning of the I Will Allah subhanaw says over here tomorrow NASA will bury within Sona was the commander to Nikita. Like how dare you Allah says How dare you invite people to Allah subhana wa Taala to do this to do that when you yourself not even practicing it? That's a scary warning from Allah subhanho wa Taala as also too soft ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala says, Kabul Ramadan and Allah Anthropo demanded of Allah that is the most detestable thing to Allah subhana wa Taala that you preach that which you don't you practice yourself like imagine you're talking to people about the
value of 200 200 Korea Malaysians pan Allah you know that the the power that you get from this and that and so and so, and you never wake up for the hedger
how strong Do you think your argument or at least your words are going to be
You stand in front of the people to talk about something that you yourself feel that you are. So you know, falling social and accomplishing. Definitely it's going to be very bad discussion. When you talk about that. However, our Allah Madison, which is what Imam even even Timmy Rahmatullah was asked about it says that doesn't mean that if someone you know is not perfect in a certain era cannot talk about it can't invite people to it because that diet doesn't speak about this. The idea that Allah subhanaw taala saying that Kabbalah Mactan and Allah the most detestable thing to Allah subhana wa Taala that you preach that what you don't practice, because it speaks about people, about
people who, who have no intention to fix themselves, those who have absolutely no remorse, like for example, somebody is committing a sin, committing a sin. Is it allowed for this individual to go out and talk to people and say, Yes, Mr. Takala? Fear Allah subhana don't do this, please this haram. Are they allowed to say that? The answer is yes, as a matter of fact, sometimes obligatory, when does it become haram upon them to do that, or at least this if was the foreign to the provision of this idea, if as they inviting people or prohibiting people from committing that sin, they themselves have no intention to quit it.
The only reason they're speaking it just for the fame for the you know, just basically a job that they're doing. But inside, they have no intention to quit it. Those are the people that Allah subhanho wa Taala is warning, you know, this idea, but if someone is remorseful, they know they have a certain they have weakness, but they still would like people to be better than they are. So they talk to him about it. Do you have to expose yourself until you hey, look, guys, I only do that myself just so that you know.
You don't have to do that. But just invite people to Allah subhana wa Tada and make dua and make an effort that you improve in sha Allah Allah and the Riba and your commitment to the knowledge and to the practice of that knowledge. Now
section seven, the adverse adverse, you know, let me just comment on I've ever thought of setting the alarm Allah. So Allah the Allah and Allah He said something interesting Tal, Casa medulla Raja la la, like two people broke my back. What does that mean exactly like to be I can't even understand them.
I can't make sense of these two people. He says, What are these two people called alma mater hectic? A scholar, a scholar, who's like saying, like, is horrible. Like he is violating everything that he's saying. Everything he's saying is just completely the opposite. So this is a highly motivated carnivore, Joe Montana, sick, and ignorant and ignorant, who is trying to become a devotee.
What does that exactly mean? Like someone who doesn't even know how to worship Allah subhanaw taala. And they want to worship Allah on their own way. So let's start inventing a bad car and practices and thinking that it is good for them to do.
Like nowadays, for example, one of the fancy things people they do in bed and worship, which is taken unfortunately from other practices, when they want to do the hedges. They have to burn some burnings and have candles and all that stuff and so on. Is it haram to do that or Gemma? It's not haram. But if you cannot have the mood for the hedges without doing that, I'm sorry, man. I mean, there's something wrong with that. The Avada Yes, ham the unit to put yourself maybe in the ambience in the in the light, right lightning for it, and so fun atmosphere, but be careful, don't get carried away that thinking that this is going to give you spirituality, it doesn't give you any
spirituality when you just smell that thing. Now, just given the adversity of knowledge and the scholars of evil and the scholars of afterlife. So, what are the amount of damages when should go here look, knowledge can come with side effects. You know, when you take a medicine box or bottle and you read what you read with that, here are the benefits, but be careful with these things. Is that the fault of the knowledge itself? Not necessarily. But sometimes the way we use it, the way we perceive it and the way we we take the medication can hurt us. similarly over here says that diversity of knowledge which means the possibility of people unfortunately, kind of like get hurt
getting hurt by that knowledge. Why is that? Also some scholars are unfortunately not good. Evil scar, what did that mean? They have the Elm, they have the end, but they utilize that for matters of dunya or the biller or even sometimes stop for Allah for something haram such as transgression, for example. And it says Allah of the afterlife, those who are truly dedicated for the alpha and they bring it close to Allah subhanho wa taala. Let's see what it says about this.
He Rahim, Allah, Allah, Allah says, scholars of evil, Allah Malsu are those who use the knowledge to gain worldly enjoyment and reach high position with those who can grant it. So it's the finding it simply he goes, Look, Allah so those evil scholars are those who are intention The intention
With that knowledge that that they seek and that knowledge for what I call a tunnel over dunya they are going after the dunya they know that doing this is gonna give me name, it's gonna give me fame, it's gonna give me status, it's gonna give me all that stuff and so on. So they're pursuing it for that purpose. That's what they have no intention of really benefiting people or inviting people to Allah subhana wa Taala or change the condition of a people? Absolutely not. So that's what they want. Also, they want of course for people to acknowledge them and recognize them for who they are. So what he says about that, now
narrated that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam said, Whoever learns knowledge that is used to earn the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala only for some worldly gain, he will not smell the fragrance of paradise on the Day of Resurrection. May Allah protect us from this horrible element. So the Prophet SAW Selim is making it very clear, that knowledge supposed to be out for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala however, you're doing this because you're you're going after what a specific worldly gain wherever there is, even the Prophet SAW Selim didn't even measure what it is is a thought out of them in a dunya like something's like something from the side of this dunya
something insignificant from this dunya whatever that is that you think it's significant. Karla myalgic arpha JANA to multi ama that you don't know this person is not going to be sent in the smell of Jana. The other narration the purposes and say we're in rehab at the center of Jana can be can be sense from such and such distance is talking about the far away distance still, that person will never be able to send agenda may Allah protect us from the cerebral element. Now, another Hadith says he who learns knowledge to compete with the scholars dispute with the foolish or turn people's fears towards him is in the fire. Tell me the salah via What's the meaning of this Manta lemon elmen
Uber habido lemma. You're seeking that knowledge word so they can be counted among the scholars? Like if they add you to a specific group on WhatsApp. Allah is amazing. I'm gonna share Furama share plan right now. That's awesome. That's an upgrade right now, right? Or do you get invited to such a such a conference, someone put you on this speaker's list, or this and that are Altavilla. That's what they just fancy about seeking out they want to be there. And unfortunately, I have to admit that I have encountered some people who went to study Islamic studies in Muslim countries, they went to Medina, they went to other other places. Why? Because there was a time. There was a time, you
know, studying Islamic Studies was fancy. And everybody wanted to be like Chef Alana chef, and Chef prime because they became very popular. And you ask these people, why did you go there? As well, you just said just, you know, I want to go and study the deen for what? And unfortunately, a lot of these people who went there and I know at least few of them, they dropped afterwards. Some of them even graduated, graduated. But they were unable to sustain it, unfortunately, why? Because it wasn't for the right intention. They did not get the fame and the name they were hoping for so there was just useless for them. And for me, I'm upset and angry. Because I know there's people that took a
place from somebody who was probably dying to be in that place for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala but it took that spot from them. So whoever wants to go into that field, they need to have the pure heart and intention to seek knowledge. And then he says God, well humanity has to for her. What's the meaning of matter base of that? Just to enjoy entertainment? What the foolish keep arguing with the people and just laugh at them. That's it. But are we a sort of a be here would you have nasally just you know, for the people to start, you know, kind of like desiring to be in their company and invite them over and you know, give them the name and the pleasure of being around. The professor
some says for who often now this person is going to be in Jana.
Another NARRATION The Prophet SAW as I mentioned other hadith is that among other first people who will be the fuel of Johanna Salah Aafia, among the first who will be the fuel of Jana, which is what call alum someone who has self knowledge, but for what reason, Leo Carter Ireland, he was seeking that knowledge, in order to be told on Ruby said that he is Arlen Mashallah. Or she became early my older status, right. And then the provinces themselves Galois, Kathleen. And they got it. What does that mean? They got what they asked for the name and the title and the fame. So they got their award in dunya. And that's what they deserve to be in gentlemen. And Allah protect us from the salmonella,
not too long. There are many other traditions on this as well. Some of the predecessors have said he who regrets the most when death comes as the neglect Nick, neglectful scholar
Carlo, Colorado sort of ushered the NASA method and demote Alamo for the one who's gonna regret the most is the one who knows that he had so much knowledge, but they did not really benefit from now know that a scholar is obliged to serve his Islamic obligations and abstain from the forbidden, even though he should refrain even though he should refrain from worldly pleasures as much as poss
Civil, he is not obliged to abstain from worldly enjoyment and things that are permissible.
People differ in in this regard and not all bodies are able to remain distracted. So this is one of the things Subhanallah that we see also today as well, in our time, unfortunately, it's very interesting because the other day, some of the Imams they shared with us an article about
what should be the salary of an imam in America? That's kind of an argument right now. What does that exactly mean? A lot of people unfortunately when it comes to hiring imams in the masjid, what do they expect from the Imam?
To the evidence Mr. biller? So when we hire them, we give them a salary enough to make the mashallah then our burdens are had just like that those that have no interest in dunya
it's not fair. It's not fair. You give them enough based understanding of your community and then let them choose to give charity and leave that for the era and all that stuff and so forth. Just like me says amatola He says I look at the Imam Yes, you should be asking people to do that which is good. Abstain from that which is wrong, but at the same time, it's okay for them to have a hamdulillah a comfortable life. Like is it possible for the Imam to drive a nice car Gemma?
Is it permissible for the Imam to drive Tesla
stuff all right. Tesla Mashallah. Where do you get the money from? Right? Yeah, if Allah subhanaw taala bless them, and they can afford it. Why not? Why not? Can the Imam live in a comfortable household? Of course they can do they should do that? He goes don't don't expect that they don't equate knowledge with completely abandon everything in this dunya is an answer to our tune. People are different levels. And even from the seller for him, Allah Allah people, they actually they
dilemma, there are different levels. Like for example, Imam Ahmed Rahmatullah today, he was one of them was the most conservative, one of the most conservative when it comes to the matter of dunya.
So he's always into you know, just don't participate in matters of dinner too much. Don't you know, take too much money. Don't live too comfortable. That's Imam Muhammad Ramadan style. And he was able to sustain that humble style. Someone like Imam Malik Rahmatullah, Lima, America bananas was different. Imam Malik at the very beginning of his life, he's also had actually a very difficult time. Very humble beginning to light array. To the extent that he was one time he didn't have enough money, that he had to sell jet to sell the beans in his the roof of his house, you know, back then, when they used to build their houses, they have specific, let's say, beams, they put and they put
the roof on top of it. He had to sell that. So you can feed his family. But then when the fitna happened, and he was unfortunately, was taken into custody by the governor of Medina at the time for the Abbasids and he was punished and tortured for speaking the truth and having a specific political position in that time, Rahim Allah, the Khalifa in Baghdad, the Caribbean, Baghdad, when he heard about the news. He was really offended. He was so upset. He called the governor who was relative and he punished the governor. Then he went to try to please Imam Malik Rahmatullah taralli Imam Malik Rahim Allah He started receiving directly from the Khalifa, from the Khalifa. He started receiving
direct Abuja for months over the time, so directly received from him gifts, wealth and money and allowances and so on. He started living a comfortable life. They said that he was eating meat every single day. He would eat meat every single day like in his food, he would have actually meat every single day. For us, we're not impressed right?
Today, we're not impressed with that. For us that return every single day I have every single meal you have even right. It's different back then. That was luxury for them. And he had multiple clothes. They said even he had a Robin his house. What does that mean? He had fancy fancy, you know cushions in his house. So today you enter someone's Harlem's house or a mom's house and you see fancy services so for Allah is that from the money from the car money right? But so unless you're tougher with some other mats, some Imams they would like to take the route Imam Muhammad and humble others they would like to take the route of Imam Malik Rahmatullah Allah him and Nazjatar for our
tune, as long as it's in the halal boundaries, there is nothing wrong with that. Now,
it has been narrated that Sophia and authority would eat well and say, if the beast is not given
if the beast is not given abundant for it does not work. Nam so what we were discussing earlier, so Imams Veneto Rahim Allah, kind of Hassan matam he likes to eat well. He's not gonna deprive himself from that food. He will like to eat very well. He goes, Look, if if you don't feed your horse very well. It's not gonna take you that far. So for him, he says, my body is my horse. If
If I don't fit my body very well, I don't think it's gonna get me to the head teaching to go into Fajr or that seven, I need to sustain my body very well that says this position. What about my mama? What does it say? Now?
On the other hand, may Allah subhanaw taala have mercy on him would endure harsh living conditions to a great extent. The natures of people vary. Do we understand the difference right now Gemma, so there is no one standard for being Gani Ireland, but in our time, unfortunately, it seems that we equating L. The standard is the level of knowledge Woodward, how much you know they have from the dunya versus now. I mean, they might be the richest people on Earth, but they're still the most righteous people. Which is why Imam Imam even told me Rahim Allah, Allah, Allah, he was asked, Who is the most who is better in the sight of Allah subhanho wa taala? Someone who's poor, but patient,
or someone who's rich and grateful? What do you guys think?
Who will you can think is better? A poor, who is patient or a rich? Who is grateful?
That again, the rich was grateful. What about the poor? The poor has nothing, he could go and steal and kill it just to be patient. Right? The rich, you might say, Well, if we talk about rich today, what is the image that come to our mind when I say when I'm thinking of someone rich? disobedience and fiscal future and all the Haram things right? So for him to be grateful is a very important thing. Even to me, rahamallah He goes, Look, between these two, the poor, whose patient and the rich, who is grateful, because the best of the two is the one who was most righteous.
Their wealth is irrelevant.
Their wealth is irrelevant. Similarly, when it comes to the knowledgeable people Anonima their wealth is irrelevant. The lifestyle as long as it's not haram is irrelevant when it comes to the knowledge. So that's what he started to say Rahmatullah today over here, and sha Allah Allah, we're going to continue our discussion about that next time be it Nila as though we're going to stop here inshallah and move on to the next subject.
So those who are following with us in shallow Tala, we're going to be starting from the book of Imam Raja Rahmatullah Allah Tala de Jameela. Jamil Hichem, Hadith number six from Riyadh from other Bay now we have maneuver amatola taralli. Now
can you do it in Arabic shall read that one Arabic
Bismillah Bismillah he will salatu salam ala Rasulillah. The author Dr. Maha law says I didn't even negotiate with the law Ron read the law. Call somebody to sue the Lord. Allahu alayhi wa sallam Yoku in El Hala point by Nova Indian by by new
people in the Hala Bay in in in Adela pain we're in Alpha Gamma in
Moodle Moodle Much, much
much to be had. Low Jana lejana Munna Catherine minuteness from for money for money that wash shoe hurt.
That's that's the Sabra is the is Debra Lee Lee Dini, we're we're here with the woman woman what worker official
godori Euro Hello, Hema you usually go on your on your taffy. Allah we're in, we're in. We're in liquidly Mullikin HeMan.
Allah, Allah, we're in HEMA, Hema, Hema Allah He Maha Maha remove
other will interfere in NFL Jessa de motto either so rock solid,
so rockin Jessa do Kulu what is there further?
Further than Jessa Jessa do Kulu Allah wa he'll call us and read the translation or Bukhara Muslim
Abu Abdullah and normally we're here to do the run a regular runner and who said I heard the Messenger of Allah
Allahu alayhi wa sallam saying the halal is carrying the firearm is clear and in between them. There are ambivalent matters, which many people do not know. Where God's himself against ambivalent Matters has gone to the utmost limit in seeking to be clear in his deen and is honored. Whoever falls into ambivalent matters will fall into the Haram, like the Shepherd, who Shepherd his flock around forbidden pasture, pasture age, isn't to pasture his flock in surely everything has his forbidden pasture age. Surely Allah is forbidden pasture it is the things he has forbidden surely in the body theater, the lump of flesh when it is sound, the whole body is and when when it is corrupt.
The whole body is truly it is the heart
the hunger a lot of a lot I mean, so the LA southern border kind of you know, Muhammad Anwar la Siva salaam, the Sleeman Kathira mama bad. Hadith the side of Imam Rahim Allah Allah He chose a no man in the shade of the Ultron whom are called as a matter of surah Allah is Allah Allah sent me a code in an Hara la valiant when Al haram Albanian Halal is clear and obvious Haram is clear and obvious. Cod Obinna Hamamoto mustard we had in between there's some gray areas, ambivalent areas doubtful matters, lie Allama Hoonah cathedral meninas? Not every not so many people know know them very well. Which means what? There are few who know
me they are still known to others, but not the majority. Then he says Confirmative taka Shewhart Estelle, bro Aladeen, humorless whoever guard themselves against these doubtful matters, then they have protected themselves guard themselves from falling into the haram for their deen and also their honor. woman walk over Shiva coffin haram and if you allow yourself to fall into this delta marriage, eventually you will fall into the Haram Garai Euro Halal Hema, like a shepherd trying to graze the animals around the sanctuary of a king.
If you bring your sheep around the border of that kings, you know, pasture what's gonna happen is animals don't have any mind. They're not gonna restrain themselves from it. It's greener over there. They're gonna jump into it. So that's exactly what's gonna happen. We're in the liquidity Mulliken, Hema everything has a century while we're in the hem Allahumma Harryman and the sanctuary of Allah subhanho wa Taala is his Mahara meaning what his boundaries, his limitations is haram and halal. And then he says Allah will never adjust the model in the heart and the body. There is one piece of flesh either Salah had Sahaja Kulu it was good everything goes good. Why the festival festival just
do cool and if it goes bad, everything goes bad. Well he'll call it is the art. So in this hadith Imam and our Imam Imam Raja Rahim Allah, He divided it to four points. First of all talking about the halal and haram and what the Musa we had,
then talking about what the HEMA is, and then talking about what the heart is, so the halal haram, talk about the numbers, the doubtful matters, then talking about the meaning of El Hema, which means the sanctuary how was that and then speak about the importance of the heart to save yourself in these doubtful matters. Let's see what he says Rahmatullah to Allah so we're going to be reading the shallow to Allah, those who have the book with us. We're gonna start from the bottom of page one on one and sha Allah Azza wa He says his words the halal is clear. Go ahead.
His words the halal is clear in the Koran is clear in between them are ambivalent matches which many people do not know. Means, means that what is entirely permissible is totally clear without any ambiguity. And similarly, what is entirely forbidden, but, but how and similarly, what what is entirely forbidden. However, between the two there are matters which are unclear for many people as to whether they are halal or haram. But as for those who are firmly established knowledge, they are not unprepared for them.
And they know which of the two categories they are in Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala sola So Imam Raja mo Allah is explaining the word Al Hallelu by univeral Hara MOBA when he says the halal is absolutely clear halal, which means the absolute highlight is clear and the absolute Haram is clear. Now, when we say hello what comes to your mind the first thing comes to mind when I say hello welcomes to your manager, Mr.
right, the brand the sale is our comes to your mind. But what comes to mind says something head on like what?
How about drinking water? is halal?
eating an apple, is it halal? In general all these are halomonas We have no doubt that drinking water is halal, right? We have no doubt that eating
again the Bihar is Khaled so we have no doubt on that. So it says this is absolutely clear. Al Haram is also the Absolut haram that has no ambiguity in it like what
the record alcohol do you have any doubt in that? No.
So it's very clear to be haram Xena fornication is absolutely haram. So he says these things are completely clear. Now it comes to defining halal and haram from.
Also the point of view, that's a different discussion. Like what defines Halawa defines haram. So the LMR defines haram basically, is by saying is a command, a commandment in translation, it's a commandment from Allah subhanaw taala. That requires what? to abstain from something and it's binding. What does that mean? If Allah says, don't drink alcohol? This now is considered an a commandment from Allah, in the form of forbidding you from doing something. And it's binding there is no buts and F's and prohibition of alcohol and wine colors. That's very clear and halal here. When we say Halal it's a very broad concept it includes the words of the monster hob and also the
allowed all of these things can fall under the halal so when you do something obligatory like what for example
fast in the month of Ramadan obviously can I fast you know multiple days you know back to back answer is yes. That's follow Ramadan it's Why did you do that? If it comes Sunday was to have some Mondays and Thursdays are eating for example.
In order for you to sustain your body to exercise or to wake up professional that becomes Mr. Hartman recommended. So there the Khaled is general concept and it's much more than the Haram The halal and this matters much more than the Haram The Haram is only what Allah had explicitly made haram so he says Halal is clear Haram is clear. In between there are some doubtful matters in between like what
are you allowed to drink? Soda or GEMMA
are allowed to drink soda.
one can is enough
to cans Molera. How much is concerned MOBA halal and then it becomes bad right?
Listen to music
is it haram or halal?
You know some people right now they say it's in the gray area and discuss that right? So these things becomes that for right now for us. Sometimes the doubtful marriage comes in a form of practice of like what
you know that you use the bathroom but you're not sure if your clothes got soiled by the energizer whether from the floor or from from yourself or whatever that is. So now we have a doubtful situation. Do you pray like this or not?
Should you pray or not? Is a discussion is going to come to it as well afterwards. Insha Allah Tala The idea is that the Imam pedometer Mr. Orban even Rajiv Rahmatullah Allah, he feels like there's so many doubtful matters, not so many people know them, or Rossi Hoonah, filial Yala among those who are strong in knowledge, they do have the answer to these questions. They don't have any doubt in this matter, maybe to you. So we're going to come and see what it says that as a result of that, when it comes to knowing them with a shadow or not, it becomes what it's actually a relative issue depends on how much knowledge you have, how profound your knowledge is, you'll be able to recognize
or otherwise, but there will always be, there will all be a time when somebody has a correct answer for this. So let's see what he says about that can go on.
As far as for what is entirely permissible, it is for example, eating wholesome food, wholesome food of crops, fruits, and the meat of life's livestock, drinking wholesome drinks and dressing in that which is necessary such as cotton, linen, wool or hair fibers and marriage and taking slave women etc. When it has been earned by sound contractual means such as purchase inheritance gift or in this point of jihad. Now, keep in mind when talking about slavery, that was the time when actually control allow them permissible of their time. Now,
that which is entirely for Britain is for example, eating the meat of animals which have died by some other means, then by Milan slaughtered for drinking wine, marriage to those to whom marriages forbidden men wearing silk, wearing silk clothing and for example, earning by haram means such as through you usury, gambling and consuming the price of something which is not allowed to sell such as selling wine and then buying halal food to eat with that with the money. So he's bringing these two examples right now to construct to say Look how Halal is clear and a haram is clear. Then he goes to them with a Shabbat what is it?
Taking taking property forcefully by stealing a x expropriating creating it or by deception etc. As for those things which are ambiguous, therefore exists
Apple eating those things about waiters disagreement as to whether they're halal or haram, either from corporeal things such as horses, mules, and donkeys, lizards, drinking those drinking those things about waiters, the there's disagreement as to whether whether they're forbidden, such as the Nabhi newbie, a newbie drinks, or which large amounts make when intoxicated dressing and those things about which person permissibility about who's permissibility
disagreements such as the skin of wild animals and the like. So here's a brief example of classical active forms of prohibitions or doubtful matters. So today for example, when he says Tell me the let you screw cathedra some some of the drinks that might be fermented considered haram, in our time, what is the modern example of that? One of the drinks?
Kombucha? Is it halal or haram?
You guys even know what that is.
Go to grocery stores go to the drinks section, where you have some form of you know, energy, drink and help drinks and all the sudden you find all these different fancy names. Kombucha is one of them. That is considered one of them to be that he's talking about over here. It's more of like a some kind of fruit drink that has been fermented a certain way, to the extent that it's close to become intoxicating, but it's not in touch again.
Are you allowed to drink that or not? So some Allamah they say it's okay to say no, it's not okay, because it's dangerous, it could lead you to getting drunk, especially if you miss the point where it's become an intoxicant or not. So that's an issue of motor Shabba. Among the remedies, if it's okay to do it, or otherwise, just keep going. Or from earning or from earnings about which there is disagreement, such as inner Elena, whatever rope, Lena, and
Elena Dora is one of the financial practices very common in our days, by the way, very, very common nowadays. But just to give you an example, how it works, someone needs cash, someone needs cash, no one is lending the money. So what do they do? They go to somebody who has a car says, Can I borrow your car from you, you know, for for a year, like, I'll buy it for a year, I'll pay you Shala within one year, how much you're gonna get charged me for that year. So they'll charge you $10,000 for that year. So give them installment for example, monthly installments. So he goes and he he pays it, he actually he buys for 10,000 deferred for a year. He takes the car, and he goes to the same person
before actually before even in after they sign that contract before even they take the car. He goes, I want to sell you the car back, you know, cash for 7000
He goes through so the the seller himself gives the man 7000 and takes the car back.
Okay, so how much the buyer owes the seller right now?
How much still 10,000?
Still 10,000. Right? So, okay, but what's the difference between the seven and the 10? Right now, the $3,000 right now that extra, according to the majority dollar most considered actually riba because the car was just a sham.
There was no need for that he will just wanted to have a loan. So he took us out, as if he has taken a $7,000 loan to pay it back with 1000 extra dollars later. So that's what he calls a total arena. A lot of people they consider what nowadays mad some people they call it murabaha. In certain practices, such as selling cars or buying houses, for instance, they say it's a fraud. It's similar to the work of Elena depends on how they define it and how they understand it now.
And it was with such meanings that effort is hard, and other Imams explain the term ambiguities. Now, the upshot is that Allah Exalted is He sent down the book upon His prophets, I don't know Ernie was sort of and explain what the OMA needs to know about about that which is permitted and that which is forbidden with within it, as he says, Exalted is He, one of the Kitab
the Debian and liquid Lissa Vivianna liquid Lishi
we have sat down, do you make all things clear? So what Imam Imam Ibn Rajab Rahim Allah has mentioned over here said look Halal is clear Haram is clear. The Sadat dealt with matters. However, Allah subhana wa Taala sent the Quran to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, so that the prophets of Allah Allah wa salam ala makes it clear for us. And in the following actually paragraphs Imam Raja Rahim Allah He explains that so all the ayat that you see on page 101 103, he is actually explaining that concept, how that Allah subhanho wa Taala made the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the one who explains all these rules for us. And he made it very clear in the Quran. He says I'm going to make
it clear for what is halal haram for you. And I will guide you to what what brings you to righteousness. And yeah, Muhammad we have sent this book to us you could explain to the people their marriage
And then the last point, Imam the last point, Imam Raja Rahmatullah. Hytera. Allah He, He says very something very important. I want you to read what it says Aleo MathML to the convener Can Can you read a little paragraph before what it says the Messenger of Allah?
The Messenger of Allah, if you see number seven actually on the text, the Messenger of Allah was not taken in death. They said, Oh, go ahead. The messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was not taken in debt until the deen was completed for him and his ummah. And so there was revealed to him
shortly before his death, earlier Omar welcome Dena cohmad Mom to Allah Confirmative original Muslim Medina. So this is the ayat Allah subhana wa Taala is concluding that the message has been perfected for us. It was given to you it's complete. Today I have perfected your deen for you complete my blessings upon you. And I'm pleased with Islam as it was preserved I was delivered to you. So ALLAH SubhanA wa taala, he testifies to us that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has delivered the message as it should be. What does that exactly mean? All the answers are there.
Nothing left to be ambiguous in its complete entire ambiguity. However, some will know and some want depends on the level of knowledge, the level understanding. So it's now available on Darla Ma. So he now is going to explain to us what does that exactly mean? We're going to move inshallah to page number one.
In conclusion, Allah and His messenger did not leave anything permitted or forbidden without clearly explaining it. But some of it is more obvious in evidence and others no doubt remains about about that was clarity is plainly apparent and well known.
And which is known necessarily to be to be a part of the team. And no one in any line in which Islamic dominant has any excuse to be ignorant of the things which are not so plainly clear, some of them some of them are well known to those who know the sharee Sharia and in particular,
in particular, and the people of knowledge and the people of knowledge are unanimous as to its permissibility or prohibition, but yet they might be obscured to some of those to some of those who are not often
the people of the people of knowledge. There are things which are even not so well known to those who know the Sharia and they disagree as to whether they are permissible or not. That is for various reasons, before we get to the reasons so this paragraph is extremely important because even even Raja Rahim Allah says in conclusion, let me explain to you the position of people in regard to these doubts O'Meara's, so he divided in this paragraph the people to three categories, number one called hammer to Sharia. What he said in English actually what it says
but some of it is more obvious and evident than others. So he said that no doubt no doubt remains about what is the whole certainty in plainly apparent to well, not one, not us. What's it called? Mallow moment minute Dini, the dura This is known to everybody. So things are very clear to everybody my alumina did Ventura like what the prohibition of wine and alcohol, any Muslim even those who drink it, they know that it's haram.
Even if they're going to come and tell you no, it's not haram. They know deep down inside that It's haram. So even the average Muslim with no time you don't have to have a degree in Islamic studies or degree in Islamic law to know that it's haram. So that's what he calls my Lumina deliberate Dora there is no doubt among the people there is actually considered haram. And some of these doubtful matters could also be clear to many, many people. Like for example, when you start doubting the issue of is that riba or not if you explain to the average person they will recognize I'm harassing becomes haram, and everybody's know that. Then the second thing called almost aeroburner, hammer at
the Sharia things only circulates among those who have the knowledge hammer to share which means the scholars, if you give it to the average person, they wouldn't know the difference. But among the scholars, they can tell for example, modern day example is Bitcoins. If you ask anybody today about bitcoins, the average person have no clue what you're talking about. They just want to know one thing what is it? Is it halal or haram? As simple as that try to explain they don't even follow you, because they would not even know the details. But among the scholars, they will debate among themselves discuss these matters among themselves, I will then they will know the details. So for
these callers, it becomes clear it's halal or haram. It might be doubtful to the average person, but the scars is not the third category. He says. Things are not very well popular, even among the scholars of knowledge, the Roma, they themselves, they're not sure about these matters, and Subhanallah in our time, the tons of things are coming out
out and the LMS. They argue among themselves because it's not clear to everybody. It's not as clear to everybody sometimes might say, well, it's equally clear to me maybe to you, but other LMS they don't see what you see. So for example, among the biggest debates we have today in our in our time in America, let's say again, subject of Bitcoins, investing in stock markets, whether the stock market however Haram is preferred, the portfolio is purely halal or haram or otherwise, buying houses with Islamic financing, for example, is that contract that they that they promote considered halal, or just a fake and a sham and so on. So all these things right now the variable in a manga
was caused Rama and the knowledge. So the curse of knowledge, they debate among themselves. So yes, it might not be as clear as it should be. Why he gives the the reasons why right now,
it may be the text relating to it is not well known. And there are only a few people transmitted. So this already says maybe maybe the nurse itself, people didn't have access to the same level of knowledge. Some of them they have the knowledge and he speaks about maybe in the past, particularly because in the past, before the documentation of Hadith, further documentation of Hadith dilemma they used to carry the heavy throughout oral transmission. They decide that people memorize it here, they memorize it, and then they transfer that to the next generation. Right before it was documented. By the time it was documented by manual amalaki man Buhari, Mama Timothy Manasseh. And
others, of course, obviously, in different regions in the world, some of this of this hadith, and these chains of narrators went as far as Al Andalus, some certain Baghdad, so the people in North Africa probably never have access to some of the knowledge that existed in Yemen, for instance, or even in East Asia, for example. So as a result, when they formulate their opinions, and their rules, they formulate their opinions or rules based on what they had in their hands back then, a generation later, when maybe some students traveled from the east to the west carried with him that new knowledge to them, that's when they said like, whoa, we didn't know about that. However, the early
scholars who never had an access to that new knowledge that was given to them, they've already formulated their opinions, and some, maybe their follow their opinions for generations, and they're unable to change that problem. For whatever reason, the second reason,
it may be the two texts are transmitted,
it may be the two texts are transmitted or transmitted concerning it, one of which shows that it is permissible and the other that it is prohibited, and that one text reaches one party and not the other. And so each party holds one firmly to that which is which has reached them. It may also be the both texts together reach people who the history of the text has not reached. So they hesitate and so they hesitate between between the judgment
between the judgment that it is permissible or that it is prohibited. So what I'm what I mean by that, he says look, sometimes yes, the text there are two texts out there. One of them says yes, someone says no, one of them says do someone wants one another one says don't give an example, let's say among the hate furnace and unnecessary into the explicit of saying do or don't do, let's say earlier the rough idea then is I mentioned inside Buhari hate Abdullah ricotta, but are they allowed to Nevada inside Buhari, so there is there is rough earlier than and it's very clear. So Imam Shafi Rahim Allah Allah says reflejan is part of the summer. Because as mentioned Hydra Bukhari
and the Hanafi school for example, they said it is rude. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam he, he said Allahu Akbar, Allah says Allah never raised his hand after that, because we see he never He did not raise his hand after this. So we have two narrations right now. One says he did in these positions and Salah, the other say no, he only did it at the beginning of the Salah. So what do we do in this case? Because the dilemma now one of them might have access to one narration besides the other one. So they wrote based on what they received, sometimes we get both of them. So you have received both of them. So what do they do they do reconciliation between these narrations. The first thing they
tried to do what they call it, first of all, to see if they're both authentic or not. If they can rule one to be authentic, the other one is not authentic problem solved for them. But it's a problem with the other party, who then this other way around. Now, I think this is a thing that is not just a matter of methodology of authenticating these narrations. If you agree that both considered authentic, for example, what is the next rule? The next way is to see okay, can we can we understand this? Can we identify the chronology of this hadith, which means which one came before the other one, because of one was, one was before this could be abrogated. So if the prophet one time he said
do this, and then he said, Don't do that, probably later on, they obligated that. So therefore we go by the latter one, not the former. So as a result
Eventually, there are methodologies among the Alhama. And he says that if we couldn't even get to that level, that's one reason number three comes in, what is it, it may be that there is no clear text and the judgment is derived from general rules, or not from or from an understanding, or analogical analogical deduction. And about two things, the understanding of people have knowledge of knowledge differed greatly. He said, If we cannot reconcile between the the text itself and divine text, it's left to it to LMS understanding. And if you live with the dilemmas, understand that human effort, and people have different mental capacities, different way of seeing things. So when they
make their opinions different is not going to be maybe as anybody else like you might see the Certain Way, and the other person might not see the way that you claim to be actually the right way. The third one, the fourth one, the fourth reason, do some things respecting which there is a command or a prohibition. But people of knowledge differ as to whether the command implies that it is obligatory or recommendation, or as to whether the prohibition implies that it is forbidden, or a matter which those who are scrupulous should avoid. There are many more reasons for disagreement than we have mentioned. So he just said, I gave you a summary of some of the reasons that Allah why
they differ with their opinions, and why we sometimes you know, have different
maybe positions in different schools of thoughts. So the first one he said is because maybe they haven't had access to that knowledge. And others did. The second one that maybe have both of them actually have the same access, but they have different ways of authenticating it, or understanding it better putting them together, couldn't celebrate these generations. The third one is amount of human capacity, human understanding of the language of the nurse and the Hadith and so on. And the fourth one, he says, if they don't follow suit, which means what the methodology by which they extract the rules from the evidences is different, there are different different understanding how,
how to use grammar, for example, how do we which one comes first, do you apply the prohibition
before the command? Or do you say another command takes priority over the prohibition different also methodologies makes Allama they bring differences of opinion, to the aroma, one day formula, their opinion, it's clear, but to the average person, when they start listening to these different opinions, what happens they start becoming and doubtful matters become super hard for them. An example for this, for instance.
Jim O'Brien, a solitary, you combine between the prayers for the traveler, for instance, in the Hanafi school, you don't combine when you're traveling, you just only you did, you can do Kossel other Fukada. So you can combine between the Salawat you can combine. So when somebody, for example, was following the 100 biggest conference, in which they says a lot of us are after solidor, what do they do? Should I join them or not? Am I allowed to join them even or not? They feel confused because it becomes a doubtful issues for them. But you have martial law respected, reputable orlimar and Imams who are leading this or that also right now, should I join them? Or do I go by my, my
scholar on the island that I learned from that you shouldn't be combining that level of Shiva or Tao Tamara is the easiest way because it can be dispelled by just taking the fatwa of the island in a certain way and it should be okay and you move on. But when we talk about major issues that's going to come to be discussed in detail later inshallah Tabata Katara. Now,
he's now going to instrument in the next actually paragraph. It's extremely important principle, what that principle means just to summarize very quickly, so that there is no way there is no way that the Huck will be completely concealed from us in any of these doubts on matters.
There is the hack is somewhere and someone already knows it. But the debate is who is the one who is actually the one who holds the hub, which explains to us when the relevant one people they say look, Imam Abu Hanifa Imam Malik Imam, Shafi Imam, Muhammad Al Hadith, they're all methodologies. Right? So they say they're all al Haq. They all true, they all correct. You guys accept that statement? Are they all correct?
All these schools of thought? Are they all correct?
No, they're not correct. They're all valid.
They're all valid. There's a big difference between saying they're all correct, and saying they're all valid. If you say they're all correct, what does that mean? You're allowing the contradictions, you know, to be accepted at the same time.
But when he said they're all valid, meaning even if you follow an opinion, that is not necessarily the right opinion, but because therefore the correct methodology, then your opinion is valid, might not be the right opinion, but it's still considered valid because we found a right or at least an acceptable methodology. Let's see what it says about that. Now. Along with along with all of that there has to be there has to be a man of knowledge in the ummah.
whose position whose position coincides with the truth, so that he is the one who has knowledge of it of the judgment when others find the matter ambiguous and thus are not knowledgeable about it. Now, that is because this amount will not disagree on Edit, and it's false people will not overcome it's two people. So the truth, the truth will never be totally abandoned, in not acted upon in all the lands
and in all equals So Hamdulillah this is one of the things that Allah subhanaw taala promised by this OMA, he says in nanana, Zina dico Allah, Allah said that we have revealed this liqueur and we promise you that will preserve it. Allah will preserve this dhikr deen of Allah subhana wa Tada. Part of the preservation of this deen of Allah subhana wa Tada that Allah azza wa jal will never allow the Ummah completely to go astray. Never even if majority goes through, as Allah says, went to the extra month will audit the look on sebelah if you follow the majority of the people on earth, they will lead you astray the majority but he said Salah Salem let us head over to my almighty I'll
have divine they will always remain a group for my OMA holding the truth no matter what. So that's the meaning of this there is no way there is no way that the amount will all go straight in one moment in time. Similarly, there is no way in any misunderstanding any actually discuss your arguments that there will be no right opinion.
Yes, there might be valid opinions, but it will be one right opinion and our duty Our job is to find that one. How do we find that one that's what he's going to talk about a little bit afterwards is basically by trying your best that's all what is required from you. And shall we are going to continue this hadith for the next week when the last because very important to discuss this matter inshallah. But I just want you to understand, there will be no time, no moment in time, there will be actually complete confusion without having the heart and the truth. But how do we identify the heart from the heart, it depends on the level of knowledge keep going. For this reason, the
messenger for logs sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said about ambiguities many people do not know them, showing the data and people who do not know them. But that but they are ambiguous to those who do not know them, although they are not in themselves ambiguous now. And this is the reason for the ambiguity of some matters. Too many people have knowledge. So to give an example image I can few things he was very specific about faith matters about submodels because one of the principles of faith is earlier to Lazarus check. Certainty is not removed by mere doubt. Okay, certainly cannot be removed by mere doubt. So to give an example,
if you doubting if you're doubting if you have although or not. Can you pray?
Can you pray with that? Without doubt?
There's your ma.
You have you have doubt? And you will do so can you pray with that doubt or not? What do you do in this case? allottee Lazarus check certainly cannot be removed by mere that, but you're doubtful right now. So what do we do in this case? Yes.
It depends on the author, what is the author we're talking about?
What do you know, to be the last member, for example.
And then you remember that you had to do but you don't know.
If you if you lost if you remember that.
And you don't know whether you made to do afterwards. So basically, what you're saying is that you go by the most recent certainty,
if you're certain that you had will do and you're doubting if you broke your rule, though, then what do you say you have
but if you're certain that you broke your order, because you use the bathroom, but you're not sure if you made will do afterwards or not, then you don't have although
even though I'm not sure if I'm able to do it or not, but you're sure that you broke the window. So you go over all those by by the most recent certainty in this regard. So that's one example of a okay and if another example you come to this masjid, and then in the masala over here, you find $5 On the floor $5 on the floor, what do you do with it?
The question is, are you allowed to pocket and sell hamdulillah responsa Allah, Allah, masha Allah is throughout America if money in the floors right? No, seriously, are you allowed to take that money put in your pocket? Why not?
Because what is the certainty in this situation here right now?
The money is what is that? Is that does that belong to you? Why not?
Because it's a public place. In public place. Anything you find that public place, you can't claim it to you unless of course you have evidence to prove that but if you find this $5 in your living room in the house,
are you allowed to put that in your pocket?
editable in your pocket. Now it depends on who's answering right kids cannot say that they are covered in my binder. But if you are the parent you are allowed to put in your pocket why? Because the assumption This money belongs to you.
It belongs to at least because you own us. So there are rules about these governments which brings us later on to the subject of jobs. You work for Walmart for example.
What is the what is the ruling on your on your income would come to work for Walmart. I forgot about the ethical part of it. That's a different story. We're talking about in terms of the merchandise and then the commodity that's sold in Walmart is your income whether or not
your ma Khaled But Walmart says what?
All things they have also pork, they have Mater, they have wine, they have all these crazy things. And overall your salary is going to come from the sale of everything. So can you say that your your your income is absolutely halal.
Ken says hello.
I mean, there's it's adulto matter right now, right? It is adult for Mara. No doubt about it because we do agree there's a haram element in that income.
But then the question is okay, do I overlook the Haram because the halal items in Walmart are overwhelmingly bigger than the doubtful Mara that's one example another example working for a bank for example, where's the money comes from when it comes to working for a bank?
It's all an interest. If you don't understand how banks operate you should understand that banks make money off money that's all they don't invest.
They make money of money so they guarantee their profit no matter what. So therefore it's River. Okay, but I'm not the one who's given the money and taking them I'm not the clerical you know, behind the window given the money taking the money. I'm the IT guy in the background. I'm the janitor cleaning the bathrooms. So what's the ruling on your money in this situation? Is it halal haram or doubtful Mara. These things we're going to be discussing next week inshallah Tabata, Kota, Allah Allah Spano, Colombo hammock, ASTRA SF goodwill exam or comment below