Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 06
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 35.82MB
Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala schauffele mbi almost I mean, they'll be in our CO Latina Muhammad Ali Akbar la sala SCOTUS lien Allahumma, Allan Havey, Malian fentanyl and fentanyl be Matt Ireland and that was in the element global economy.
So we left off mid lesson last time, it was a very important lesson. And thankfully, because it's so important, we're going to have a lot of opportunities for practice and exercise and going over it. And the basic idea, which we had said
last time was that
when it comes to Joomla, ischemia
sentences that begin with an ism,
the author of the book had started us off with the most easy type of or the easiest type of Joomla ischemia, which was using a demonstrative pronoun, how the Vatika and then some sort of object or person, so that we're just talking about, this is something this is a cat, this is a dog, this is a horse, and so on and so forth.
we mentioned how there's other types of Jimena, Ismene, right. So we could, for example, begin Arjuna Isthmian, with
an essence, a common noun, right? And how what we would have to do in order to begin such a sentence, so we introduced the V, le flam, Atari, right, putting Elif lamb before a common noun. And we discussed how that made it definite. So we introduced the grammatical concept of definite versus indefinite nouns in English. This is completely 100%, translatable to V. And a, you say key tab one is a book.
Whereas L key taboo is V book, right? One of those, the last one is definite, we're referring to a specific object no other objects will do. Whereas keytab boon is a book, we're talking about one of many books anyone will do, and about how our sentence structure now was, for example,
I'll scroll up I guess, l Palamu. Mac, so room, the pen is broken.
And we talked about all about the grammar and things like that I won't bore you with going over that we'll try to get into some more exercises and the grammar will come. But the most important thing that we pointed out was that if you add Elie flam, the 10 wean has to go away.
It's like a seesaw.
If the 10 wean is there, Alif Lam cannot be there. Next. So rune,
if ally flam is there, the 10 wing goes away and leaves behind only one. How to cat, in this case, llama el Columbu. So it's not possible to have a color moon.
And it's not possible to have Mexico rule.
Right? Either you have we're talking about nouns, either you have 10, Wien, or you have a flank.
So good. Let's just get right into the exercises and we will
elaborate on or reiterate some of the grammar as we go. So let's start with Dr. Machine. Could you read exercise number one right here.
Okay, taboo Jedi gun. Well, pylon. A demon. Very good.
The book is new Jedi it means new so if that's a a new vocabulary for you, and many of these exercises will have new vocab. Jegede means new L key taboo Jedi dome, this is a complete sentence.
L key taboo is L Moqtada. Right, we said that a Joomla ischemia has two parts, the Muqtada and the hubbub.
Al Kitab is the Moqtada Jadine is the cover.
We said that we learned two things about the mob to that it has to be more for meaning it has to have some sort of Bama at the end and it has to be Maratha.
In this case, we know it's mowdy for because of the alief lamp and the hover is studied and we said that the hover we knew two things about it as
Well, the hover also has to be metaphor, which means it has some sort of been at the end and it has to be next year, which is indefinite, which is by the 10. We will get into that more and more and more as we go along. And then we have the second so we have really two sentences here and one or two clauses, while call mo the pen and the pen or the moon is old, is old. So, Kadeem is the opposite of journeyed. allocatable Jedi you don't want to call mo or the moon.
syro our with while we're in your screen, can you read the second exercise?
On him RU. Yes. Allahumma ruh al HUMIRA so savvy Ron.
He saw no
kabhi don't excellent work. Good job. l Hayner. which we said was a donkey.
Savio means small l haohmaru. salir en verdad donkey is small. While Hasaan who and the horse cabbie Arun is big, large so we have two new adjectives Saglie Arun cabbie Arun small and large
let's go to Russia had
a shot or yes
Rashad actually is a little busy. I can do it for him. I mean, I can do it myself. Oh, you got it. Okay. Okay. So it's
corsi you, Max? Two. Excellent work. Yes. See you but you're on the chair is broken.
Now me I'm going to pick on you a little bit because this is our, this is the shortest sentence we've had. Okay, so I'm like, Okay.
Joomla is Mia. What's the Muqtada of this? Joomla it's me.
Sorry, I'm just gonna look at it a little bit. No problem.
Is it like,
I'm sorry, I can't tell you.
To be honest, we don't want anyone to make anything up.
So just a brief refresher. So we said that all of these sentences they began with an SM. Right, Al Kitab, Al female, Al Corsi, elmen, D. These are all examples of Islam.
So we said we'd likened it to a house and this was the room we're going into. If we're in this room, we're talking about a sentence that begins with an essence, every sentence that begins with an essence has to have two parts.
The first part is called the movement to that which corresponds to the subject, we can call it the subject, if you like. And the second part is the hover or Wii predicates. And then we learned that each of these two parts has two essential qualities. Okay, the motor that has two qualities, the hover has two qualities.
The first thing that we learned about the move to that is that it has to be motor for what is motor for remember, that was when we were talking about grammatical case, why does it have a lumbar on the end? Why not? If that's why not a customer, why not a sukoon. We said this is because the look to that. And the hover are both in this grammatical case, in English, it's called the nominative case. And all you need to know is that it's called Mark for and that we show it by some sort of Bama.
The second thing that we learned so move to that and cover are the same in that both of them are in this same grammatical case metaphor. So this is why they both have a dama on the end, as opposed to a Fanta as opposed to a cassava or something else. The second thing that we learned, and this is the difference between the move to that and the hover is that one of them has to be definite, and the other one has to be indefinite. Nagisa and Nikita. So the move to that is Maori fur and that rhymes. So it's very easy. It's easier to remember, looked at America,
and the cover must be inaccurate or indefinite, which is why the hubba maxeon has a 10 when on the end, it doesn't just have one bomber, it has to MaxO rune.
and cool to see you has simply one bomber.
All of that is very,
it's not easy, it's very theoretical, but it will come in handy later down the road. Let's see who do we have the small class today so and I've gotten messages from two people who said that they cannot do the exercises due to work or babies or other causes. So
I will do number four. The fourth example is El Amin de Loup
was a con we learned elmedia It was either a cloth or a handkerchief or a fabric
and the westcon means Dirty.
Dirty the opposite of clean
so this again, just like all the other examples is a Joomla ischemia. It has two parts that looked it up and the hover remote and the cover are both marfo Which is why you see some sort of Bumble on the end of both of them.
And the Muqtada is Maratha which is why it has le flam and Milton we see me and the cover is neck era which is why it hasn't turned me
Okay back to Dr. Moss and can you do number five for us
a mile body done excellent Alma Oh which is water the water that you're doing is cold Alma all buried on the water is cold.
And Dr. Syra if you could do number six.
kamaru Jami lOn. Excellent. Hello. kamaru is the moon
farmer which is one of the Searles chapters of the Quran. gemmy in order means beautiful. And that is one of Allah's names. Allahu Allah. Jimmy, do you have bull Jana? Allah is beautiful, and he loves beauty
good okay, let's give me a tough one. Can you do number seven? Yes. I'll bite the fiery boom what? What Al Masjid boo by x excellent work and be too we learn that before is the house Porygon means close.
wellness video. And the nested berry don't is far as far away
so we're learning some really useful adjectives and opposites
the following one alhaja ru faki loan bathy loan that means the rock or the stone or the boulder alhaja
therapy alone is heavy
Well the word aku Hafi phone and the
this can be a leaf or it can be a sheet of paper. They didn't specify. I'm imagining here. What's more suitable for an opposite of hazard is a leaf
is hoppy phone is light is light coffee.
So we have two new opposites appeal heavy and coffee.
And we learned that just like in English, when we say loose leaf paper, they have the same secondary meaning of a leaf and they also refer to that paper by using the same imagery
Oh Okay. Let's do
Saira Could you do number nine for us?
I buy new good. Hi, Ron. Excellent work. It was difficult to pronounce. That's why I gave it to you.
I love Anu.
We learned that before it either milk or yogurt depending on which part of the Arab world you're you're in. Harbin means hot
means hot how
and I think we have Abraham joined up with us So Abraham if you can do number 10 for us
Nathie for excellent no call me just means a shirt or in olden times I felt. Now the phone is the opposite of what's a phone, we learn what second means dirty. Now the phone means clean.
So we have learned a lot of really useful vocab. In this exercise, we've learned that Solea antebi
Small and Large we've learned dedied and Khadim. New and old, we've learned lesson and now leave dirty and clean.
Barry buried and how cold and hot Korea and buried near and far and Seville and huffy, which are respectively, heavy and light.
For great job. Okay, now we're going to test your application. This next activity is going to test your application of understanding the difference between definite and indefinite nouns. So we said that what we have was like a seesaw effect.
If you have a common noun,
it's either going to have a leaf lamb, or it's not. Here, I'm going to switch the screenshare to the whiteboard just to drive the point home. If we have, for example.
If it's just like this key tab, it has to have two bonus key tab button.
Which means a book. This is indefinite. I'm not talking about one specific book, if I want to talk about one specific book, I have to add something to the front of the word which is L.
If I do that, then guess what the second
Bhama has to go away.
And we're left with Al Kitab, who just like Allah says, Al Hamdulillah, Nero Billa, Al Amin, Al hamdu. Right, if it did not have Alif Lam, it would be Hamden.
But now Allah doesn't want to say just some of the praise belongs to Allah, he wants to say, the praise all of it. begotten belongs to Allah, Al Hamdulillah.
So it's like a seesaw effect. If you have this, the 10 wean has to go. If you don't have this, the 10 wean comes back to vamos instead of one. So that's what this next exercise is going to test you on your apprehension, an application of that concept. So we're going to read and look at what they did. They've taken away the endings. Oh, so you're going to have to read it with the ending, whether it's a 10 lien or not, depending on the context. So I'll do the first two just to show you what they want. And then we'll have some of you all do it. So for example, we have mes G doing right? How do I know it's must be done? Because it does not have any plan.
Oh, look at the next example. This one does have le FLA and so I know that it can only be an S v do without the own without the 10 we
and you're uncovering the process of being able to read Arabic without any of the vowel signs about any of the how to look at this word here as Misty Do you know exactly how to pronounce it and you don't need any help any Kessel, abama Kata anything because you know what the word means. And you know what it ends with. So let's start with the shape family if you could, if you could begin for us after the on the third example that
Oh my own clothes.
Oh, oh good fix good fix my own. Excellent. Yeah, that's a good idea. Let's do the exercises in pairs, Elena Ooh. which we said was water. In this case the water and now
and then if we wanted to just say generally water nah on good. Ibrahim do the next one because it's not in pairs
of bait to bait
give us an ending hierarchize just elevate a beta l Beatty. LB two
lb two? Yes. Excellent. That's what we're looking for lb two and not L Bay turn.
Mir, can you please do the next example? Yeah, it's baboon. Excellent. Good. So here, how can we and at the end, he didn't say it bad. He said Boone. She put the 10 ween on the end because it does not have an LE flan. So we know that it is definite and it loses its 10 week. Good. Up to
Dr. Mufson, the following word.
Allah. Fantastic Exactly. We have a pair here. So we did both of them call unknown, which is indefinite. No Elif lamb. So it has to have the 10 Wien and l Palamu. Le flam. It's definite. It loses the 10 Wien and only gets one Bama instead of two. Dr. Syra. Could you do the following to
On doing excellent work good. So the same exact principle we have a definite noun here and we have an indefinite noun over there. How do we telling Arabic We don't have the words a we don't have the words. We tell with two things. Either the elec well, both the LE flan and the 10 When Ali flam tells us its meaning the dog, el caribou, and Kel Boone, the 10 when tells us that we mean a dog.
Back to the shake family, can you do the next to
me soon Wallah done. Excellent work. Both of those are Nikita. Nikita is our Arabic word for indefinite. So that means that they both have 10 weighing on me so why don't why don't we start was boy
Ibrahim, can you do the next to?
Him hum, I'll know I'll have the gyro Good.
I'll what I'll
do, cause as well I do while I do.
Yes. So both of these now are definite. So that's why both of them have le flam and neither of them will get the 10 week. It will not be el Hadji alone. It will be alhaja RU. l Well, I do. Good.
Sister Mia. Could you do the next two?
Yes. Hey, man room. Hey, Meru. Good. So you've heard how the first one, which is Nikita had the 10 lien payment.
And you heard how the second one she took the time when away when she added le flam because it is Marisa l female RU. And finally, I'll just give the last one is the same principle l face or new
face or unknown?
This one is Marisa that's mowdy thought because of the Elif LAN, this one is Nikita, Nikita because it has 10 week.
Excellent work. Let's do some more.
Back to the machine bound or the say it family machine can you do number one?
ullmark Double Max su Magoun. Excellent. Look what they've done. Now they've given you the sentences they're very similar to the previous sentences but they took away all of the bow markings. Right so now they're gonna test you both on your vocab. How much you know the word. Why is it macfeather not looked at or MC tab or MC tube
All right, and your grammar elnec terrible, maxo rune, which documents and pacifying colors other than the L max level with no 10 When Mexico run with Tammy, Okay, moving right over to Saira, could you please do number two?
What would the mother Sue
daddy doing? Excellent work. l Moser Riso
our intriguing work from the last lesson. Alan moda resume, so look at how they took away everything. I didn't know that resume except this one bomber to kind of give you a hint. Jedi don't
it has a bomber at the end. And not two bombers because of the Alif Lam. It is Marisa is mocha Marisa and this here Jedi doing is cover natira Excellent work. May have been you do number three for us.
By me soon. That sorry. Alchemy. Soo. Good. I don't know how to read the next one. What was sad June? That's okay. Very good.
Yes. So there's a flat tire on top of boba. There is a casserole underneath the scene. And there is a pen we read on those on the call. Do you know that there is a like the, like the bottom one under theme like, you know that? Yes, that is a function of just knowing the vocabulary. Right? So how do we know that dog is Kelburn and not kill a boon or kill boon or kill boon? Right? Understanding how to read Arabic without the FET tab on my kestra is a function of two things. Knowing the vocabulary, which means basically knowing what are the small vowels before the last one on the word. And then knowing the grammar of the word which is going to only affect what's going on at the end of the
word. So if you didn't know the word, if you had never seen the word lesson before, you would not know how to pronounce it. But as soon as you learn this word, okay, that's the word for dirty, I remember its lesson, then you know everything about how to pronounce the word the word except for the very ending, which you rely on the grammar for. So, the more vocab we learn. And the more and the more grammar we understand, the more we're building our ability to read Arabic without any help, any training wheels. You knew alchemy. So from before alchemy, so
is a shirt or a foe in olden times, and you knew to only put one Bama at the end because it is moved to that it is Mount Isa and it is more for and then once you learned the word for Wesson which means dirty, you knew that it had to be what's the one because it is the hover because it is the cover it is also model four but it is not Kira instead of being definite like L CAMI so it is indefinite was the one
let's hear from Abraham can you do number four
love him I love him.
But by read that read what what's on the end of it by read by read the good bad even with a lead anew
excellent work the yogurt or the milk is cold baddie doing means cold
because it is a Joomla ischemia. The first part is looked at that the second part is hover.
We know two things about look to that it has to be mode four, which means it's going to have a Bama and it has to be Maori for which means it has an LE flam and only one bomber. Moving on to the second part, we know that it is the hover the predicate, the hover we know two things about it. First of all, it's more for so it's going to have a lot more on the end. And then second that it is necky at all that is
It is indefinite and so it will have a second Bama on the end buried doing good che family number five
last G though Murph two one
LMS Jido Metho phone
back up to the say it family I've sent can you do number of six?
alhaja ru kabhi rune
Very good. Syrah number seven
now by No, by dune
Hi Ron. Excellent work. Yes. I love a new berry done. Well, man who has grown and that's really interesting that we have hints about a lesson we'll have to learn another time, which is why is it instead of what Alma we said, well, Matthew, we will learn about that. Maybe next lesson the lesson after well, Matthew how rune. There's two types of hamsters. This one's 100 tawassul instead of 100 of Tata, but we'll learn that later. Good. A nice hard one for me as mayor number eight.
Okay, so, um, man, Jack. Soon, like jelly Sue. I
don't know Daddy soon.
what, Alma very smooth. Yes.
very close. Where are people? Okay. Okay. Good. Excellent work. That was a really good one. And I you know, I wasn't joking. It was very hard. So
notice now we haven't learned the rule yet. We did learn Jellystone and wealthy phone I think LastPass Jellystone means sitting while the phone means standing. But listen to how they're both on the same pattern, right? Jack least were piff. Okay, there are such things in Arabic as patterns of sound. And once we get a little further I'm going to explain some of them to you and it's going to make things easier inshallah. But notice just notice now how jolly soon and well they found are both kind of on the same pattern.
jaarlijkse Wow, people Farley boon. Right, very good. The other thing that we have to look out for is the the opposite issue of Let's see, can I right on this
one right here.
Yes. So here we go. Okay, notice here where cyber red? We said that this is really a hazard to the muscle
just like Alhamdulillah Okay. When we are reading it in the middle of a word it goes away. Well now
l Korea metal Korea right
here or what do we have here? That's actually a hands down there. This is called a hands on top of Qatar which all you need to know is that that one you always pronounce it so Al Imam
Al ima mu jelly soon well know their resume where payphone the man is sitting and the teacher is standing.
Very good. Okay. Ibrahim do for us number nine
come meet me room.
cameo. Cos apama. Arrow, Oka Maru
berry doing doing Excellent. Good. So I will put them up. And you didn't you were not here yet. When we learn this word is the moon
fall model. It has simply one bomber because it has Alif Lam berry dune
with two bombers because it is Nikita it's indefinite. It has no elephant. And finally the shape family number 10.
Alameen de Loup NaVi for excellent work, the grammar is perfect. This is a Bama just one, because it is the move to that. And then move to that we know that it has Malika and it is metaphor. And I'll leave on has two documents. It has 10 weed, because it has cover and the cover is not more for and makira It's indefinite. How do we know it's indefinite because of the time.
And I'll pick on your Tajweed one more time. Just because you know, all of these things cross over to each other. The same thing with law.
When we have law and that we have to make the sound by sticking our tongue out between our two teeth.
If we fail to stick our tongue out, enough,
past or in between our teeth, if we keep it inside of our mouth, it's going to always sound like zap. Alright, so el Amin de Loup, no v phone, no v phone, or when we had their Lika. Right. And that's going to help our test suite. Excellent work. Okay. So
Okay, good. I'll look at that. And if I move that at all,
there we go.
Okay, very good. We are running out of time. So we'll probably stop here. However, I would recommend that you try this exercise for homework between now and Wednesday. So you're going to now they've returned all of the
How to cat that's how long Macassar everything. And now it's focusing on the meaning. So you see how every exercise is testing and different thing we had something that was testing your understanding of mowdy for Nepeta, definite and indefinite nouns. That now we have an exercise that's testing your understanding of the meaning of the vocab. So you're going to have to pick a suitable sensical word or hover to complete the gym that is Mia. For every single moment that you are given, has a comma L mean the above, right? So do that for homework and then Inshallah,
if you really want to be a go getter, you can do the next one as well. But I wouldn't go past that. And we will look at more next time. Does anybody have any questions?
About anything? Yes?
What is the meaning of Biden buried means Far, far away?
The opposite of Bobby but
anyone else? Any questions?
Okay, fantastic work everybody. I will see you next time. May Allah benefit us by this knowledge and grant us success on Sudan. Welcome. Welcome to logging on.