Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 07
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 41.98MB
wa Salatu was Salam, ala Ashraf and MBIA were. Most of you have been watching the Muhammad Ali after the Salah was cut asleep along the way and Ferran Owens fact that'd be my them Turner was even their own money out of that.
So we had some homework assigned last class. And whether you did it or didn't do it ahead of time, Inshallah, we're going to do it together now.
So we'll see how you fare
like to do.
So the purpose of this exercise is two things. Okay? First is to check your grasp of the vocabulary that you learned, because the first thing that you're going to have to do is select a sensible
word, that's going to complete the sentence, not all of the words are going to make sense, when the F just dropped into the,
the, the example given. The second thing that you're going to have to do is you're going to have to complete the hubbub because they're only asking you for the cover here, cover we translated as predicate and that translates pretty well, you're going to have to complete the hover correctly, which means you're going to have to make a decision, actually, you're going to have to make two decisions. The first decision you're going to have to make is what type of vowel ending is it going to have? Is it going to have a fatter? Is it going to have a thumb? Is it going to have a casserole? Or is it going to have a spoon?
And we learned that the hover can only have one of those?
The second decision you're going to have to make is whatever you've chosen Kasparov that's head on sukoon. Well, excluding sukoon, it's not possible to have two of those. Are you going to give it one or two?
Basically, essentially, is it going to have 10? ween or not? So I'll just go down my list here. And we will see how we do. And this will give me a sense of what are some things? Did I move through some things too quickly? Or do we need to go back over some sorts of concepts or things like that? So the first in my list here is the shake family. Could you please have a representative complete exercise number one?
And had you
alone? Very nice, fella. Excellent. So you heard everything that was said? Alhaji Oh, could you translate that to that way it will be certain of our translation abilities or understanding of the meaning to so what do you what would that translate as the rock or the stone is heavy? Record? Very good, excellent job. So we heard how
soft yield was the first thing that was mentioned. Okay, so that is a correct answer, because it makes sense given the meaning of hijo is a rock or a boulder.
And then we heard CPU, which means heavy, so excellent. That makes sense. And
we heard 50 Lun, and remember that this is just a
shorthand way of writing to bombas this actually if you're curious as to what this little part is, this is actually a noon turned upside down.
Not sure if anyone's ever taught you that or not, but that's actually a noon which is what we say when we do attend me. So 30 learn because the cover has to be more for which we said is represented by bottom
and it has to have 10 win.
Which means that there are simply two of the llama excellent work. Number two, someone from the
say it family
I'll get Virgos first you'll do the other. We'll do the next one. Okay. Oh, boo.
was the one.
Excellent. Good job. Could you translate that for us as well? The door is open. Excellent work on the Bible, the door.
The door, we know it definite because of the alief lamp. And because there's no 10 wind here
That's to sound.
So we have our basic word MEF. Two, which means open. And because it's the hover, we know two things about it. First of all, it has to be more for, which means that this is going to be some sort of Dhamma. And not a casserole, not a feta, not a sukoon. And the second thing,
the second aspect of hover, the second thing that we said has to be there for cover is hover has to have sandwich. And the the grammatical term that we learned for that was Nikita,
that the cover is Nikita, it is indefinite. And a while back, we had said, For your reference, if you're ever curious, what is it about this sentence structure that communicates what we have in English as the word is, it's the crossing over from mouth to neck era. Here, we have moved to the mouth effect, we said, that's a nice little alliteration to remember that the subject in this type of sentence is definite. And we have MEF 201. This is Nikita, go back and write my noon.
Which means that it is indefinite. So in case because some people, our goal is to get out of thinking in translation, from translating English to Arabic, because the longer we think in English, the more it's going to hold us back when it comes to kind of swimming in the sea that is Arabic, the world of Arabic grammar, right. But it's inevitable, to think through English in the beginning. So if it's bothering you, and you're wondering, well, I don't quite understand where is, is, in English we have is and it's an essential verb, then the answer is it occurs or the meaning is implied when we crossed over from Mount Isa to Nikita. And we'll see some more of that later as we get into some
different types of sentences. This is only our second type of Joomla ischemia. And so it's fairly simple.
Very good. Okay.
Number three. So that leaves us with Mufson for number three.
Oh, Amaru. Jim, Ilan. Excellent work. I agree. I will call Morrow who would you meet on
the moon is beautiful. Excellent. Thank you very much for that translation. So, I will come out o l.
And since it has l it cannot possibly have 10 wind because we said that l and 10. When we're kind of like a seesaw, it can't be down on both sides at the same time. If you give one you have to give up the other a little Palmeiro, Jimmy loan, and a new to put on at the end, because it is the hover in this type of sentence. Joomla is mere, a sentence that begins with an essence, both the mock to that and the hover armor for both of them. They are both in the same grammatical case. So you don't really have a lot of opportunity right now to practice different grammatical cases. And to see exactly what I mean all that theory that I that I began a lot of our lessons with, we're really
going to see it in action when we go to the second type of sentence sentence which is the Joomla fairly the verbal sentence the sentences that begin with a verb so for Joomla is meow that's why they both have been most Dhamma llama because they're both the subject and the predicate are in the same grammatical case. And he gave it 10 Wayne because it is indefinite it is Nikhil Excellent. Moving along to muscle rot Could you please do number four
and what are
Sophie from? Very good, excellent. So we have a water pool which we said was either the leaf or the paper coffee. Oh, I am sorry. I translated for you.
Is light, lightweight.
Excellent. So we did it together. We completed a half me half you have a lot of hope. The leaf or a paper is is light meaning lights and weights not light as in bright light as in white coffee fun.
And as you heard, we gave huffy phone. We made two decisions about it.
First of all, we decided that it was going to have
instead of a flat top instead of a customer, because the hub is Morpho.
And we gave it to vamos
we have because it is Nikita, it is indefinite. We have a something that Foxconn Alibaba, it's Castro, or just pointed out, are we talking? Yes, yes. I'm just is it
what we call it? Or is it just pointing out? Are you talking about in the chapter of the Quran?
Or is it l comma L comma?
So is it?
So it's a puzzler right down there, right.
What I wrote, yes. As was answered in the chat box by system Mossad. That's just my writing. Yeah, it's, it's, this is 100 tl Watson.
And little Russell has a a couple of different rules. Anybody's memorized that as we pull them out of here, he goes over them. Don't be confused by my little annotation that it's L. If you have a Hamza tawassul.
And it begins
le, flam, Tally, this le flam it is always L. If you're beginning that, okay? Not if you're coming, it's connecting from somewhere else. That's why we say Alhamdulillah here or below. I mean, right? l Han, you can't possibly say Al Hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah. No, because you're beginning there.
We're out whereas with other types of words, it's different. If you have a noun that doesn't have any phlegm, then the default is Castro like ism if named
Right. And the rules are different if it's a verb,
like October it had, but those are all rules we'll get into we'll get into later
inshallah time. Good. So we've moved on. Sister Magnus said she cannot participate. That leaves Ibrahim. Ibrahim, can you do number five?
Min the law?
You're halfway through the Hoon? Yeah, very good. Mashallah, there's a couple options that would work here. Right? You could say Jimmy, though, it would be right. You could say it was excellent. It would make sense.
Appealing wouldn't really make sense how people would though. So there were a couple of different things that you could do. You chose what's the one? And what's the one? Make sense? So go ahead and translate. What does that sound to me?
I didn't have the vocab.
No problem the problem. So we have l mean deal, which we said could either be a full on Shemar or something like a hanger. Right? And then set a Western one which means Dirty. Dirty. Yes. I know that one. Very good.
And you heard how brother Ibrahim, he made two important and essential decisions. The first decision he made was to give us a thumbs up because it's covered and hover is not good.
A cloud ones keys are heavy.
That's true. That's true.
And the second decision he made was to give it to
was to give it to the homeless, which is because kava has two essential qualities we talked about. First of all, that
it is not a port so it has a bomber or some type of bomber the second that it is neck Iraq. It is indefinite, which gives it a 10 week, two bombers instead of just one like Al Amin deal who has
excellent work. Okay, moving on to let's start with me.
Hi. So I was actually a little lost with the process what we're doing here I just don't no problem. Yeah, that's right.
I forgot Forgive me, we, you joined in a little late. So all we're doing is we are choosing from the word bank here, you have 123456 words possible. You're filling in the blank. So you're trying to make a sensible sentence
from available options.
Okay, so the word is
I love Bernie, is that what is this? Okay. And I don't know what's going to be in the blank because I was really lost with the meaning of the Arabic words. Let's talk briefly you and
Jimmy, you don't mean you? No.
No, sorry. I just don't remember anything. Oh, okay. Hold on one at a time. No problem. Jimmy alone means Beautiful.
Let's I love it. By the way, I love it. No, is either yogurt or milk? So
Jamil doesn't really make sense, unless you're a farmer. But in this sense, it doesn't really make sense. To say
second, OSA one was the one means dirty.
Mess. 200 means open.
Open okay, how means hot, temperature was hot.
Felt the lawn means heavy, like weighs a lot.
And coffee form is the opposite of that. It means light. It does not weigh a lot. So your options here are limited. Some of the other examples they have multiple possible answers. Really only one or two make sense here? Which one would you think you would choose? I chose Harun excited, very good.
Listen to how
she made two decisions again. So first of all, in addition to choosing the suitable word, which she did very good. The second thing she did was choose a bomber or some type of bomber. She said How rude.
Instead of how, when or how one,
right. So that's because this second part of the sentence, which we call
it means the predicate is modeled for, it's a particular grammatical case. And if all you need to know is that right now that is represented by a llama, as opposed to that time, as opposed to a cassava or something else. The second decision she made was to not just leave it hanging with one llama, but to give it a second moment how ruin,
which is the sign of it being a neck Iraq, which means indefinite,
indefinite net, t ra two.
And that is represented by the 10 wean the fact that there are two of them.
So we learned again, just a brief recap
that this type of sentence that we're dealing with, it has two parts, the move to that, and the hub, the subject and the predicate.
They, we learned two qualities.
Of these two types of words.
One they had in common, and one they were different. The one they have in common is that they are both moto four, meaning they're both going to have some sort of Bama on the end.
And then the thing in which they are different is whether they are definite or indefinite.
Meaning are they going to have one bomber or two?
This first part is definite. And so it is only going to have one.
Whereas the second part
is neck, you know, it's indefinite. And so it is going to have to, at this point, honestly, I think I'm going to share very briefly, mashallah to medical law, one of our students in the class made an absolutely brilliant slideshow to represent some of the or to organize better
some of the
concepts that we've learned. So if you're looking for a chart, this is it, you can screenshot it, or we can find a way to save it and send it inshallah. So may Allah reward that student for doing that a tremendous help, especially for those of us who learn more visually. So we see here the Joomla is Mia has two parts move to that and move to that we said means a subject. Cover means the predicate
They are the same and that they are more for Morpho. We said that that is represented by some sort of bomba
and they are different in whether they are definite or not.
The hubbub is indefinite. It is Nikita, which means right here we have our example, cabbie Ron, it's going to have a 10 Wheat at the end. Whereas the subject and motor that is Marisa, and it is going to have instead of a 10, wheat, it is going to have a that's hmm, and in this case of Le flam, is all talking about common nouns, which is what we're dealing with right now.
So insha Allah that will make things a little bit easier to remember.
Let's go back to our book is Rashad there this evening
Rashad, he's, he's here, but he's like
Doesn't want to participate? No problem.
Okay, so now we move on to a different exercise, this exercise is essentially going to ask you to do the opposite thing. Before they gave us the move to that they gave us the subject and they asked us to fill in a suitable sensible predicate, a suitable sensible cover.
Now they're asking for the opposite. They're giving us the cover.
And they are asking us to fill it in with a suitable sensible look to them.
They're also doing they're ramping up the difficulty just a little bit on you.
How, why are they doing that? Or how can we tell because previously, there was a word bank here, right? They were giving you six potential words to use. Now they have taken away that word bank, it is here no longer so you're going to have to try your best to think up a word from the previous words that you have learned. And we're all here to help each other. So if you can't do it, then a lot it's not that you can't if a level
Allah is not going to burden you with more than you can bear and insha Allah to Allah, Allah.
let's hear and the third thing that they did was they got rid of your 10 wean at the end. So we'll try to say that and that should be pretty easy for you all and shall so going back to the shake, family Yes. Shake family. Can someone from the Czech family do number one for us?
Coming soon as Ephraim
so we have our Tommy's
old times a boat, such as the one I'm wearing, or
the shirt is being? Yes, exactly. Very good. I will call me so now the phone you have gave 10 weeks to the cover. Call me so now the phone. I'm assuming you have several people behind that device say family so I'm going to ask for another person from your family to number two.
you repeat that one more time?
As a fundamental Maqsood excellent work very good. I wasn't sure. I couldn't hear everything exactly. Clearly the first time I wanted to make sure I heard a cute Thank you very much. So I'll call IMO, which was sorry, do you want to go ahead and translate that for us?
The pen is broken. Excellent work. Listen to what he did. It's a common noun. It's the Moke to that. So it has to be Maori
by Maori thought we mean definitely. How do we know a common noun is definitely in the Arabic language two ways, first by the Elif lamb in front of it, meaning that and second because it lost its 10 We it only has a single Lama after it. Then he said a MEK Sol rune and even though they did not write the llama, or the time when he knew that it has to be
Mexico run and not Mexico run not Mexico when not Mexico.
He knew that because of the type of word it is the type of sentence it is. It is a cumulus media it's a sentence that begins with an SM and this is the hub and we know two things that have to be true about the hub first that it is my foot represented by Obama second that is next era indefinite represented by a 10 week excellent job. So So my son rocks can you please do number three
and daddy doing Alma is water and bar it is cold. Mashallah, excellent, good. So we have Elma Oh listen to how she said oh, she knew that it had to have a vana why because the Muqtada is also my four those two essential things that we learned about the Malta and the harbor they are both more for represented by alumna however it doesn't have 10 We
because the subjects
known as the Malta that is also Madison or definite
which is represented by the Eddie flam and by only one bomber and then we heard her save battery dune
it's the hover of the sentence. Therefore it must be
metaphor just like the milk today which is represented by a llama check and it must have a second one because it because it is indefinite it is next you know
because the hover is Matthew
excellent work. Okay.
Well, inshallah move a little faster through the rest of the examples.
So someone from the say a family could you please do number four?
I'll be to Cori been
excellent. What does that mean?
is close. What's close?
date again? Oh, sorry. The house is closed.
I know you're from New Jersey. So you know.
I can I can bust on you a little bit
of the bay to probably even excellent work. You heard everything that she did. It was 100%. Correct. Have a two party vote. The house is close. nearby.
Mustang. Could you do number five? Model Shamsul. Very done.
Very good. Chance. What does that mean? That whole sentence. The sun is far. Excellent.
The sun is far. And I'm going to do a little foreshadowing here. One of the next things we're going to talk about is did you hear? I heard I heard Brother listen say el shrimps. And I'm not sure if he did or not. But just put it in your brain. Put it in your mind without thinking too hard about it. When do we do l sharps versus ash? Which is correct and why? We're going to get to that if not today then by next lesson. Inshallah. It's one of the next upcoming pages as Shem zoo
with a Lundmark berry doing to doneness because it is next year. Excellent. Moving on to Ibrahim number six.
Okay, it's no problem. We're okay we have here.
while they've gotten means standing
stand. So can you think of a subject that makes sense with that predicate?
Yes, good, good. Good. So, can anyone help them out?
Ah, it's on the tip of your tongue. I know.
daughter is good. What's it gonna end with
yes excellent work Elmo there we so where people
excellent work Ellen will resume
well before the teacher is standing very good
Oh, that's a very good question we have in the chat box.
So, we have a problem one of our first problems to come to us due to thinking in English okay all right. So if you take the two
words that we learned at Jelly soon
and wow 34
Oh doubt might come to your mind
say wait a second.
In Arabic they have a 10 week
which means that they have to be an
even if we haven't learned that explicitly here that is true. And in grammar, that this time we can only exist on an ism which we're translating as nouns. Okay.
But the doubt is Wait a second. In English, standing there equivalents standing and sitting. Or herbs.
Well, there's, there's two things here.
First of all,
is some doesn't 100% Translate to nouns?
A one shake family took the words right out of my mouth very good.
In English, we differentiate between nouns and modifiers.
Okay, so, so one example of a modifier over here is an adjective
and then another as an adverb, okay.
In Arabic ism refers to both nouns and adjectives.
So that's one thing that is some as a grammatical category is slightly broader. Then noun, in,
in our or as noun would be in English as the person.
The second thing is standing and sitting a verb in English.
I would contend that it is not.
I would contend that it is a gerund.
And we have Gerrans in Arabic.
They are known as muscle. And there are different types of muscle or muscle, just like there are in Arabic, that's getting a little bit ahead of us. But in Arabic, and English Gerrans are treated as nouns.
Okay, so that's the second point. Third of all, you're right, that there's a different, more technically correct way to translate this. Okay, I've been resisting kind of giving you guys too much, especially of morphology. But jelly Sun is a special type of pattern of Word, which is a pattern by which we make the doer of a noun. So if the noun is jealous,
meaning it's on this pattern
of a past
tense now, past tense verbs. If you don't get this Do not worry, this is all coming up and we're going to take it step by step, but because we asked, let's go there. So if we want to convert a verb into a noun, here's what we do. Instead of keeping it on the pattern jet set, we put it on a different pattern, Jelly soon.
Okay, what does this mean for translation purposes? Literally jelly, some means a sitter.
Okay, which is something that we would never say in English. So when I'm saying, I'm a modality, so Well, the phone literally, it means the teacher is a standard.
Okay, but obviously, we don't say that in English. So I'm translating colloquially. When I say the teacher is standing, which is close, because we do use Gerrans Yes, a gerund isn't isn't
Manhattan hustle, right? If we translate Jared, Jared as muster up, then the normal muscle is an essence. It takes 10 weeks. Right? So for example, Baba is a verb. What's the musta? From bonobo is Dr. Boone?
A hit. Balaban means to hit. So a Bottle Bone is a hit like a unit of hitting, okay? And that is a noun, or I should say an ism in Arabic.
There are other types of Gerrans, like a Muslim.
And tumble that you hit, which function like an SM, but aren't strictly speaking grammatically. But this is, this is going pretty far afield. But look at what all you have to look forward to. We Arabic is a very deep, broad and beautiful language. It's very organized. And there's a lot to study. So thank you, those are very, very good questions. So you caught me I was translating colloquially. Literally, this is the teacher is a standard, which is what makes sense with the literal Arabic but because we would never say that in English, we can just say, the teacher is standing and move to the gerund. Are we good?
Yes, please. So then if I say, the boys running Albula do running on can I say like that, you know, if I don't know how to translate running, so the boys running would be you know, the own ending of it. Same thing the boys drinking so drinking on? Suppose it was?
Yes. Is that? Would that be the same thing as with the Jellison even though for me, it's now running. So now I've been running as a verb. But in this thing, I would think it's um, that's correct. If we start the sentence with lol ado, then yes, that's correct. We would fill it in with a with a word on this pattern. The doer
and if we fill it in with a word on that pattern of the doer, it is an SM and it has done and it is more fluid just like you said.
Right? Volleyball is one of these things. Literally a seeker a student?
Yes, like Allah Who quality food?
Yes, collagen is on that same. We call it a wasn't in Arabic. Wasn't literally means a scale, but we would translate it better as a pattern. So anything the pattern is that are you doing?
Okay, so anything that's on this pattern, and I just mentioned it briefly when it came up the first time. Anything that's on this pattern is in terms of morphology, if you're looking to make a word, it's the doer. So you can take literally any verb, any verb, and make the doer out of it. Using this pattern, as long as certain conditions apply, which I can't in good conscience get into now, because that would take us even further afield, which I like going far afield with you guys. You guys are awesome. But it is 740. So with your permission, we can try to continue and finish the exercise. And if you guys know now, if you ever want to get me off topic, then asking grammar questions is the way
to do it. Oh, no, no, no, no, don't apologize. This is, like I said, Everybody's different.
When Marcin asked in what the first or second class, when will that really soon piqued his interest? And he asked about the cassava underneath of there. And then he asked about the VM.
Allah created us all differently. Some of us, we have an eye for detail. And if we don't know or understand, what's this thing mean? It's actually going to be a barrier for us to learning what we're currently doing. And I'm that way. I was always the kind of person that was like, Wait a second, well, what does that mean? Well, wait a second, what does that mean? I don't want to go on until I understand
everything as much as possible. And there's nothing wrong with that. And I actually really enjoy that. But other people I don't want people have a different learning styles and feel bad either, because there's a different way to learn, which is just to understand the basic concept that is trying to be taught by the intentional construction of this lesson. And then eventually, we will double back and get to these lessons in a more intentional and deliberate way. Right? So it's all good. Whichever way you learn. I'm very glad that you're all in the class. And this is great fun for me. So thank you very much. Um, we have reached Meow, meow. Do you think you could try number seven
I will learn the vocab for today. And I don't want to waste your time now you can just go ahead. What a waste of time at all. So always it's okay. If you tell me this the meaning of the second one that I can make the first one fantastic. So jolly soon means sitting. Literally, literally. But what we would say colloquially sitting.
Okay, so I would say like the
Moodle resume. Very good. Yes.
So she said, Oh, molder reseau jellies, the teacher is setting or literally the teacher is a sinner. But what we say the teacher is sitting and listen to how she made it just one Lama who, okay, because as we said,
You got I've repeated myself a lot. I won't bore you guys. But it's metaphor, and it's mount ephah. And the hover has to have the 10 week jolly soon, because it is also my foot, but it is Nikita. Excellent. Let's swing back. We have three more exercises. Can we have someone from the shape family? Do number eight.
He said no.
Very good. Excellent. I like that. We went back to some of the older words that we learned and he saw new make sure you have the type theme on the song.
He saw noon. Excellent.
The horses big. Excellent. I literally saw no Tabby around the horses big, very good.
And then someone else from the shaved family for number nine.
Elkie Dabboo bodymind. Excellent work allen key tab. Or the more listen to the effortless way in which he just stuck that llama on the end of the book to that and put two demos on the end of the cover. Al keytab who called Iman and we will end with Masataka increase the number 10.
And balibo Jedi. The student is new, Excellent, great work. A volleyball is the students literally the secret, but we use it
colloquially for a students oops, it should be.
That's a thought and an ally. Excuse my writing up for legal Jedi doing the student is new
student isn't new. And that, I believe, is all we're going to have time for. For today. Does anybody have any final questions about anything that we went over?
Here we have a nice word bank here at the end of this chapter. So if you haven't already learned your words, please attempt to do so. And for the next class I'm on the moon Jedi don't knew how the moon old was the one dirty now lifan. Clean. How run hot, bury don't cold, Saudi Iran small cabbie run large meth to heroin. Open. Maxo rune, broken selfie alone, heavy coffee phone light, Jeremy alone, beautiful, wealthy phone, standing Jellison sitting and just food for thought. And let's see your theories. Or maybe this can even be some research, if anybody wants to take the initiative. And as the time this is going to be a gesture to what we're going to begin with next class.
Consider these words, these four words, what happens to them? And how we pronounced them when we add an ally flam to them?
Okay, and is there a difference between these types of words, when we add an ally flam to them in the beginning, versus the words that we have done up until this point?
And if there is a difference? Why is there a difference? That is your Nope, you cannot answer now. You have to save it for next time in sha Allah to Allah. That's what we'll start class with.
Yes, Ibrahim, you can watch it again in sha Allah for the definitions and all the videos and shall all be on YouTube if anybody missed anything. And if that's all I bid you all, good night
Thank you very much for your excellent participation as always and may Allah bless us with this time and knowledge alongside irlam Salam Alikum after logging