Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Anfal 59-75 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 67-71
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How to build a human shape on your dreams. smilla rahmanir rahim
makanda Nina began a year Khun Ella who saw it is not for profit to have captives of war had the youth cleaner fill up until he inflicts a massacre in the earth in the land. Only then is able to have captives to the donor out of the dunya you desire the commodities of this world will love who you are, but Allah desires for you to hear after Allah who are seasoned Hakeem and Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.
Allah subhanaw taala says over here that Mecca annalena being it is not for a prophet, meaning it is not appropriate. It is not correct. It is not permissible for a prophet that he should have a slot
as slot is a plural of the word se.
And who is a si
captive prisoner. It's derived from the root letters Hamza Seema as sort of which is used for shackles chains, with which the feet are especially tied.
So it is to bind someone to imprison someone to a C is one who is in prison, and ESA, captives prisoners. And it's a very new prisoners of war.
So it's not correct for a prophet that he should have prisoners of war had their youth in a fill up until he inflicts a massacre upon the earth.
Your cleaner is from the roof gutters, Sir Paul noon.
And sahana as Hannah is to lift something, in order to estimate its weight.
What does it mean? To lift something in order to estimate its weight?
No, for example, you see something you wonder how heavy it is? What do you do you pick it up? You see, okay, it's heavy, I can get it, I can put it in my bag. Or it's too light. So you pick something up in order to figure out its weight. And siochana is to be thick, to be fat to be heavy.
Now, when something is thick, when something is heavy, is it easy to move it? Is it? Is it easy to transport? Is it easy to lift it? It's not? Similarly, if a liquid is thick in its consistency, is it easy to make it flow? Is it? No. For example, if you have a jug of water, is it easy to make water flow? Very easy. But if you have a jug of thick and goopy and gooey stuff, is it easy to make that flow? No, very difficult to make a flow, you will keep on holding it upside down until eventually it pours forward. But still, there will be so much stuff that will stay inside. So I've had to fill up is used for intense massacre and bloodshed.
What is it used for massacre and bloodshed that is caused which is followed by victory afterwards? You understand
that because even today, sometimes what do people do in order to conquer and then in order to conquer a particular city, they will just barge in. And they will continue to kill every soul they find every living being defined, kill, kill, kill until eventually nobody is found alive in the entire area is conquered.
This is what sahana is.
You understand? So what does it mean by this word in the context doesn't mean that the Prophet must go and kill innocent and he should shed a lot of blood. And there should be a massacre and only then he should take us captives? No.
Think of it when the enemy is killed. When the enemy is massacred? Will there anyone who will remain alive so that he can be taken as a captain? Can you know when you go for a battle, when an army goes for battle, and fights the other army fights the enemy. Then what happens? All the people that are killed, whoever can survive, he runs away. And the rest of them they stay back. Whoever is injured, they stay back and sometimes they're taken as captives.
But what is mentioned over here that it is not allowed for a profit that you should go for battle just to take war captives. You're not going to battle to take people as captives whom you can ransom and take money in exchange for No, you're going to battle to defeat the enemy. You're going to battle to finish fitna to finish violence. That's the purpose of going to battle.
So what it means by Justina Phil have is that he has thoroughly fought the enemy. He has called
completely destroyed the enemy.
So this shows to us, the purpose of war. The purpose of war in Islam is not to just kill people and take the others as captives. No, it is to break the strength of the enemy. That is the objective, not to imprison people. But what is it to break the strength of the enemy.
Therefore, the messenger or the Muslim leader, he should not spare the enemy thinking that we can receive ransom in return for their freedom. Let's just capture these people, and we'll get ransom in exchange for their freedom. No, the purpose is not money, what's the purpose? Break the strength of the enemy? Because if you take them as captives, and then you release them for money for ransom, then what are you going to do? You're going to release these people again, who are going to create fitna again.
If, for example, a Buddha and other leaders who were killed at butter, if they were not killed, if they're only captured, and they were let free afterwards, what would they do? What would they do? More facade, more facade? So the objective of battle is not to go and catch war prisoners so that you can make money a loss apprentice has to be doing arnoldo dounia do you desire the temporary benefit of this world by taking ransom? Well, long will you need an alpha but Allah wants to hear after for you. what love was even hurricane and Allah is Mighty. And he's also wise,
as you know, to the Battle of whether was the first battle between Islam and COVID. And it was the first time that Muslims captured who prisoners of war, how many prisoners of war were taken 70
so there was a debate amongst the Muslims as to what should be done with the prisoners of war. Some said that, because these machines, they have been inflicting so much torture in the Muslims, they have been greatest opponents of Islam. They should be killed. They're criminals, therefore there should be killed. Other said that okay. Even though they are criminals, but they're so influential, they're so wealthy. If you free them for a ransom, you'll make a lot of money. Correct. Another set, just forgive them. It's okay.
So there was a difference amongst the Muslims.
The answer to this question is where instead of Mohammed Island before
that for him Mammon embargo, what? Once you have prisoners of war, what can you do? You either confer favor, or ransom,
meaning either you release them for free, or you take a ransom for their freedom.
So when Messiah we learned a very important lesson,
that a believer he goes to battle, not for the benefit of this world, but to eliminate fitna to eliminate oppression to break the strength of the enemy.
And this is a common theme in all of these verses. In this surah especially that battle is not Fredonia,
in contrast other nations other people, what do they fight for? To make more money,
to have more captives to have more resources, but in Islam, you only fight? Why? To break the strength of the enemy. Because if you let the enemy prosper, he will not let you practice your deen. He will not let other people have freedom. Because so far what had been happening the machine of Makkah, we're not allowing any religious freedom to anyone. You're either in our way or you were finished.
So we see that the Muslims, they had gone for the Battle of otherwise for the sake of a loss of time, for this purpose to break the strength of the enemy. But when they came back, they came back with a lot of spoils of war, and many prisoners of war. And some of them they wish to release them for ransom. In a way the NEA changed
to redo narla dhania law when you read it, many times it happens that you start something for the sake of a loss of penalty.
And then halfway through your changes.
You see the benefits of this world and then he changes. For example, a person begins praying Salah in the masjid and all of a sudden he notices to people coming Okay, I should pray longer. I should make more do I should stay more Institute. It happens where people just because of people. What happens erwinia changes sometimes. Instead of wanting to please Allah subhanaw taala sometimes our Nia becomes to please other people to redo the dunya Why is it so that our Nia changes because the love of this world is one of the greatest fitness for people.
One of the greatest temptations for people.
When dounia comes before people, then sometimes they forget everything. Even Allah subhanaw taala
it's such a bad fitness
that when we see donia we forget about everything, sometimes even in loss of primetime.
So when does the Nia of a person change,
when the love of this world grows stronger?
Because sometimes a person starts doing something for the sake of Allah. And then halfway through he realizes that he's not doing it for the sake of Allah, there is no closure. There is no Islam. Why? What's the reason? What's the reason? The love of this world is now stronger.
Therefore, the love for Allah is weaker.
And as a result of that, the love of this world has overcome sincerity.
Lola kita woman Allah, if not for a decree from Allah sevika that proceeded keytab on what is kita on me.
What has created me
a book and cutter by Yakubu to write
but keytab is not just a book keytab is anything that is written or writing.
And from this The word keytab is also used for a decree, a rule or hokum.
So had it not been for a keytab a decree from a lot that already proceeded subaqua from the roof ever seen backoff
Lemma soccom surely attached you, FEMA a customer they're gonna leave because of what you took a great punishment. Meaning if a decree from Allah had not proceeded already the ransom that you did take for freeing these prisoners of war. because of that reason, a great punishment would have descended on you from a loss.
In other words, a lot did not approve that the prisoners of war from the Battle of whether were released for ransom.
Allah did not approve of that.
Do you understand?
Instead, what Allah subhanaw taala? One
that the prisoners of war, especially those who are criminals, why should they be freed from money? If you let them free, they're going to go create the same fitna again, if there is a person who has been caught as a prisoner of war, especially in that situation, at that time, then what should be done, they should be finished because if they're allowed to leave, they're going to do the same thing again. So if it was not for the decree of a law that had already been passed, shortly, a great punishment would have reached you because of what you took. What are the believers take ransom.
Now, what does this keytab refer to? This keytab refers to a loss of penetrators, hokum is the law
of the lawfulness of accepting ransom.
As I mentioned to you that later on sort of Mohammed Anima, for the command was revealed, that the believers may take either ransom or release him for free. So Allah subhanaw taala, had already decided that, that taking ransom was permissible for the Muslim oma. Although the instruction had not yet been given,
you understand, the instruction had not yet been given.
And before the instruction came, they decided themselves,
they decided themselves and last pantalla disapproved of that.
Secondly, they said that keytab over here, decree over here refers to a loss of penance, artists decree that he was not going to punish the people who participated in
that no matter what they do, even if they make a major mistake, a lot of parents aren't is not going to punish them.
This is a lot of Decree from before. This is a lost promise from before.
Therefore, although it was a major mistake on their part, that they took ransom for some of the prisoners whom they should have killed. Yet Allah subhanaw taala, forgive them.
Others have said the keytab over here first to Allah subhanaw. taala is a law that he does not punish people without clarifying the hokum to them.
The hokum had not been revealed, the Muslims had not been instructed clearly as what to do with the prisoners of war.
Therefore, if they do something, if they make a decision of their own, it would not be wrong on their part.
it would not be wrong on their part.
Just as for example, we learned earlier in sort of Bukhara with regards to fasting, that early memorial and nakota Nuna and forsaken, that it was unclear to the Muslims initially whether or not they were allowed to eat or have marital relations after sleeping at night, in the month of Ramadan. Before so who, but after sleeping, so if you wake up in the middle of the night, is it permissible to eat and drink? Is it permissible to have marital relations it was unclear for them.
Later on the command came which is why there was no punishment for those who did that out of ignorance. So therefore, this is the law of love that he does not punish
People without clarifying the hook up to them.
So Nikita woman, Allah subhanho wa salam, FEMA has them or they have been.
The prophets, or a lot of them said, I have been given five things which were not given to any profit before me.
And what are they of them is that the booty has been made lawful for me.
And it was not lawful for anyone else before me. It was made lawful for him and not made lawful for anyone else before him.
It is recorded and so Darren has said that the profits are of autism as two people for their opinion about the prisoners of war of butter.
And he said to them, Allah has made you prevail above them. So what do you say? So I'm one of the learn who he stood up and he said, O Allah's Messenger cut off their necks, meaning they should be killed, but the Prophet sallallahu Sallam turned away from him. And he again asked, oh people Allah has made you prevail over them. And only yesterday, they were your brother's are molded on her against it up and he said, Oh, last messenger caught up there next, the prophet sort of ignored him again. And he asked the same question, and he repeated the same answer. Then it will buckle down who stood up and he said, Oh, last messenger, I think you should pardon them and set them free, in
return for ransom.
So we will go to the owner, what did he say? That I think you should free them in return for ransom. There upon the grief on the face of Allah's Messenger vanished, he pardoned them, and he accepted ransom for their release.
So when he did that, a lot of panels are disapproved of that because as of yet the instruction had not yet been given.
And later on, the instruction was given that it's up to you. Depending on the prisoners, you can either freedom or you can take a ransom in exchange for their freedom.
So now that the Muslims are taken ransom, obviously they felt guilty. What are we supposed to do with so much ransom money that we've collected in exchange for these prisoners of war? Allah subhanaw taala revealed that felco may Melvin mtow hallen
so consume what you have taken of war boot and run into over here refers to not just the war booty they obtain from the battle but it also includes What does it include? The ransom they got in exchange for freeing the prisoners, so each of it melon into and it is hillaryland?
What is the mean by Harlan Paiva meaning it has been made permissible for you it is a gift for you. It is handled for you so use it
and others have said that hadn't even what it means over here is that you consume the Hannah and thank you from the minima. Not that for example. If you manage to get some of their money or their property or their wealth in that is alcohol and you say okay, Allah Subhana Allah said fakuma Muslims and presently even although it is alcohol It is hard on me it's hard on meat but still it's hot out on me No it's not because what's the condition it has to be highlighted and pipe in itself? Okay. In and of itself, it should be Hello.
What the Aloha and fear Allah in the level of photo Rahim indeed allies Forgiving and Merciful. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that war booty was never allowed for any among mankind except us.
So, war booty, the NEMA, which includes ransom was made Helen, Helen Paiva and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he accepted ransom for the prisoners of war. How, according to their means, according to their means. So the kadesh amongst the captives, they paid sums of money in exchange for their freedom.
And as for those who could not pay anything, they did not have money. They were poor, their families were poor. They were set free without any payment. So the profit total load isn't dealt with each prisoner based on what his means his capacity.
It is recorded in the book of Buddha, that even our best of the learn who he said that the Messenger of Allah sort of autism fits 400 did him 400 did him in ransom, from the people of Joliet in the aftermath of butter.
So how much was the ransom fixed for some people? 400
and the profits are a lot of Adams own uncle, our bass even up in metallic. His own uncle was taken as a worker. Just imagine.
Similarly, his own cousin, Arlene Vitali, who was
the profit sort of Alison's uncle, and not just uncle but he looked after him.
His son, who was not a Muslim came fighting against the Muslims.
And he was taken as a walk after
seminary the Prophet sallallahu wasallam his own
Son in law, his own son in law, I will ask Allah beer, who was married to his daughter, Xena.
These three were among the prisoners of war. And even to them, no favorite was
that just because your other relatives of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, even though you're a disbeliever, even though you came arming the Muslims, still you will be forgiven? No, they were treated just like other captives. It is said about us who was the Prophet sallallahu Sallam son in law,
that Xena blooded on her, the Prophet sallallaahu daughter, who was still in Makkah, she was not allowed to migrate, her husband did not allow her, she sent a necklace that belonged to her.
in order to pay that as ransom for his freedom for his release, and this necklace was given to her by her motherhood at the Beloved of the profit sort of artisan.
So just imagine she had to send that in order to free her husband.
And there were some prisoners who were unable to pay any ransom at all.
But because they were literate, they knew how to read and write, they could earn their freedom how, by teaching at least 10 children from the unthawed how to read and write.
This is how much importance the profits out of them gave to education learning in
him is something very important now religion, that you can even buy your freedom by teaching 10 children.
so and it is said that they'd even savate he was one of those children who had been taught by the captains of brothers
and the Prophet sallallahu sallam. He said with regards to treating the captives that deal with them kindly.
While they were as captives in Medina, generally what happens? People who are taken as prisoners, they're beaten up, they're tortured. They're harassed, sexually harassed, physically harassed, emotionally harassed. But how were these prisoners treated? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said deal kindly with them.
It is said that our disease had been remade here it is that he had lived with an untidy family.
There wasn't a prison, or a dungeon, or like a hole somewhere in which all the prisoners were kept No, where were they kept in the masjid. Or they were given to the people to keep in their houses, so that they could keep a constant check on them.
So he had lodged with an M 30 family after being brought from mother
and they gave him bread for the morning and evening meals. But they themselves took only dates as ordered by the Messenger of Allah sort of autism.
They themselves ate dates, and they gave back to the prisoner of war, the mistake, the one who would come to fight them.
And if anybody had a morsel of bread, he gave it to Abu Aziz. Although he felt ashamed and refused it, but they returned it untouched and insisted on his acceptance of it. This is how well the prisoners of which we did.
So obviously, they saw how the Muslims were living, what the culture of Muslims was, how they dealt with their enemy, even. So now the Prophet sallallahu has understood that he must say to those mushkin, who have been brought to Medina as captives that Yeah, you have to be you couldn't even feel it ad community I saw that oh Prophet sallallahu Sallam say to whoever is in your hands of the captives, that he or them in law who feel called to become higher, and if Allah knows any good in your hearts, what's going to happen? You become higher, and He will give you something better mimma freedom income better than what was taken from you.
If there's any good in your heart, what good is this referring to any trace of faith, any inclination to email, any trace of it any desire to have even
if you have any kind of hate in your heart, then Allah subhanaw taala will give you that which is much better than what has been taken from you.
What was taken from the captives,
what was taken from the captives, their wealth, for their freedom, they had to pay the ransom. And in exchange for that ransom, they were free. So obviously, for some people, it was a lot of money 400 dyrham.
So much money. So whatever money that you're giving up for your freedom,
in order to release yourself from captivity, Allah can give you something much better than that, and what is that email
and not just a man but also worldly benefits. But if you have some good in you, He will give you more in the dunya and he will also give you reward in the hereafter.
He will enable you to see the truth and accept it. He will give you that which is much better than what was taken from you and on top of that, we have a local and he will also
Forgive you will love a photo of him and unless Forgiving and Merciful,
our best little dinner and who the uncle of the prophets are about a sudden, who was brought as one of the captives. He was a mystic at that time.
He said, what he was brought as a captive, that all was messenger. I became a Muslim before, meaning I was a Muslim from before. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Allah knows if you're a Muslim.
If what you're claiming is true, then Allah will compensate you. As for your outward appearance, it was against us. You came fighting against us. Allah knows about the state of your heart, I'm not judging the state of your heart. I'm judging you based on what your outward appearance which was against us, therefore ransom yourself, as well as your nephews nofal Ebner of the metallic as well as appeal of an avatar and also your ad I are to have an armor.
And our best replied that I do not have that money. I really don't have that money. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, what about the wealth that you and human father buried? And you said to her, if I am killed in this battle, then this money that I've made is for my children and father, Abdullah in
our best set by Allah, Allah His Messenger, I know that you're Allah's Messenger for this is a thing that none except Oh my father, and I knew no one but me and my father knew about this. So if you know about this, and definitely you're the Messenger of Allah.
So he said, however all as messenger could you count towards my ransom the 20 nuclear that you took from me in the battle?
that reduce my ransom somehow. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said no, for that was money that Allah made as war spoils for us from you.
They say that Okay, my 20 year okay, you took in the battle as your war booty? Can you count that as part of my ransom? So the prophets, Allah something No, because that was war booty, you have to pay the 400. So our boss really don't know he ransom himself, his two nephews and an ad I and ally revealed this verse. And he commented later, that after I became Muslim, Allah gave me 20 servants in place of the 20 rupee that I lost.
I lost only 20 rupees, Allah gave me something much better than that, even in the dunya. And I hope for of loss forgiveness.
I hope for Allah's forgiveness, because we have Hitler come and he will also forgive for you.
What he do he unethical. But if they intend to betray you, who does they refer to? those prisoners of war who had been released on payment of ransom,
or who had been freed without any ransom for having taught the Muslim children.
So if they meaning upon being released, they intend to betray you? How that outwardly, they claim to be believers. They claim to be believers outwardly, but they go back and they become disbelievers, for the Horn of Mohammed kaaboo. That in fact, they have betrayed a lot before as well. How? How did they betray a lot before?
By doing shake, by doing?
How is it quiana towards Allah? What is a man that whatever responsibility Allah has given to a slave to a servant he fulfills that what's the main responsibility that has been given to every person that he should worship of Allah?
So when a person does not worship Allah and phedi worships others, what is that Kiana? So if they betray you, after being ransom, after earning their freedom, apparently they show Islam and later on they go to copper and they use everything to harm you. Then remember that they have tried to deceive a lot before as well.
But what happened for uncommon home but he took control over them?
Um, can I assume the room factors mean CATHERINE MCKENNA. And what does mechanic mean to be strong, and in can, is to make someone able over the other, to enable someone over the other. So Allah enabled you all Muslims, over who? over these machines.
They came to fight against you at birth, but Allah subhanaw taala gave you power over them and you brought them as prisoners of war to Medina.
Well, now who are demon Hakeem and Allah is Knowing and wise.
We see that there were many people who were forced to go out with the disbelievers to fight the believers at better
and alasa penetrator knew they had good in their hearts. So they were inclined towards Islam. Allah subhanaw taala gave them good news that you become a Muslim and not just a Muslim, but a sincere Muslim. And if you deceive, then you cannot escape a loss punishment.
there on the apparent you pretend to be a Muslim, just to get your freedom just to be in the good books of Muslims and later on you go and harm the Muslims. Then remember that you tried to deceive a lot before as well but
Allah gave authority to believers over you. And tomorrow again he will give authority to believers over you. Today you were caught, you will be caught again. Many times what happens we don't learn from our mistakes. We make a mistake once we suffer the consequences and we forget about it. And we go repeat the same mistake again. The same thing again without taking any lesson
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If you look at this last item, we just listened to that. If they intend to deceive you, then they deceived a lot before. But Allah enabled you over them. And isn't it that many times when a person tries to deceive another? He is caught?
Many times that happens people deceive other people they try to cheat other people but they get caught. So never should a person think that if he's deceiving someone, if he's cheating someone he will never be caught because Allah subhanaw taala can enable others over him
very easily. It's very easy for our last panel.
We listen to recitation of the side
have to redo