Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Anfal 59-75 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 65-66
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
Yeah, you know, be you, oh Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Hadley, little Mina and Al Qaeda, urge the believers to battle, economy and commercial. Runa if there are among you 20 sabi, Luna who are steadfast yellowbelly, Bhumi attaining, they will overcome 200 they will overcome How many? 200? But what's the condition? That they are steadfast, saguru 20 will overcome? 200? What's the ratio of
one to 10?
And if there are among you, 100 who are steadfast, they will overcome 1000 of those who have disbelieved. Why be unknown como la, I have kahun because they are people who do not understand.
So in this ayah the prophets are a lot of them has been commanded, that he should urge the believers for battle, he should encourage them, he should inspire them, he should motivate them, that they should go to bed,
how it is on the roof, that is how raw but how,
how means to be on the point of death.
When someone is at the verge of dying,
when someone is so sick that is about today.
And it is when something has become so useless that it is near its end, it's almost expired, it's destroyed, it's near its destruction.
We turn in sort of abusive that the father used for listening, he was so sad when he lost his son, and especially when he lost his other son as well. The second time as well, that the people said to him that had that corner huddled on outer corner, me and Haley key that you will continue to remember use it until you will the corner heroin become near death, you will be almost at the verge of dying, or you will literally die.
So this is how sad he was that he was at the verge of dying literally.
So how old is to be at the verge of death? And how rather,
what's the difference? Shut down the raw hair. The real,
the real is to remove help from someone
do motivate someone to do something, so that they can be saved from help
So that they can be saved from destruction, they can be saved from reaching the point of almost dying. You understand?
Like for example, just imagine there is a person who has, for example, a severe sickness, severe illness, let's say a very severe heart disease. So what does the doctor do? other person and sometimes they give it to them that you have to exercise you have to eat healthy, you have to change your eating habits. You have to change your living habits, isn't it so? And they're given a whole booklet that you have to eat this you cannot eat this exercise after every this much time go for a walk, instead of driving everywhere avoid these foods. Why do they do that? They motivate the person to do something to change their lifestyle, so that they can be saved from being at the verge of
death. They can be saved from being at the verge of destruction.
So the idea is to encourage someone motivate someone to do something that's very essential for them. Because if they don't do it, they're going to be finished.
It is to motivate someone to do something because if they don't do it, they're going to be finished. They're going to be gone.
So all profits are a lot of them have meaning urged the believers motivate them that they must do it and why? Because if they don't, what's going to happen.
If they are not prepared for acquittal, at this point, they're going to be finished.
Because now the Americans were furious after the Battle of butter
that they had been defeated by the Muslims. And it wasn't just the defeat that had upset them. It was an ego that had been strong.
It was their ego, because they had gone with so much preparation with so much confidence with so much of their money with so much of their wealth. And what happened these Muslims had not just been victorious over them, but they had killed so many of their leaders, and they had taken so many of them which taken as captives and they had to pay so much ransom in order to release them.
The machine were furious
And the next year after that, they came for the Battle of word. And then again, they came for the Battle of a reserve.
So the believers had to be prepared for battle. Because if they were not, they will be finished.
So therefore, the profits out of Odyssey was being told how menina encourage the believers are located upon pitted against the gopher.
And remember that war battle is something that is very difficult,
something that is very difficult. And you need to have a lot of motivation, in order to be able to go to battle. Go into battle is not something easy. People they see blood, they see that chicken, they see that meat and they start screaming, isn't it so they start crying, they say I can't touch this. Many times that happens to people, that if they see blood trickling down from something, they cannot bear the sight of that. If they see someone beating other person, they cannot tolerate that side, and they start weeping, they start crying, they happens to many people, they cannot take it. So you have to be extremely courageous, extremely confident, and you have to be very motivated to go
for battle. It's a very difficult thing.
And going into battle means going through extremely difficult circumstance, extremely difficult situations.
If you've ever seen the documentary with somebody straining, to go for battle, as a soldier of somebody straining, you see they have to eat limited food, isn't it so their clothes are so rough, so uncomfortable.
At the same time, they have to carry heavy weapons, the kind of training they go through, going through mud going through water, what do we do if our clothes get dirty? If a little bit of mud even comes in our clothes, we don't want to touch the ground, we want to sit on the ground because our clothes will get dirty. Can you go for battle like that? With your comfortable shoes, shoe can't? Can you carry heavy weapons and go for battle, if you're used to a very comfortable life you cannot.
And going to battle means seeing a lot of violence going through a lot of violence as well. getting beaten up, sleeping less, trying to save your life trying to save the life of other people going through hunger, you have to be prepared for the very worst when you go for battle. And for that you need motivation. You need motivation. Because if you're not motivated, it's very difficult, nobody can go through it.
Nobody can go through it if you're not motivated.
And the machine, what would they do, they will take their dancing girls, they will take their musical instruments, they will take their people only to recite poetry to them, only to sing to them so that their feelings of loyalty for their country for their people for the tribe would become very active. And because of that, it would make them overcome the pain that they were going through. You understand? When you're in such a situation, you need something to motivate you so much that you can overcome your sleep, you can overcome your comfort, you can overcome your pain. Where do you get that motivation from? From what? From emotions, your emotions have to be so strong, that they can
overcome the physical pain.
So this is how motivated the soldiers have to be that they're not just going to get money, but they're going to defend their land, they're going to defend their people, they're going to defend the innocence. You have to be motivated. And only when you're motivated, then can you participate in battle.
So the machine would take their people with them who would recite poetry to them. And therefore, their feelings of loyalty for their tribe would become very active. And as a result of that, they would become very zealous and they would go on fighting, they will become very courageous. And as a result they would go on fighting.
But the Muslims, what do they fight for? Do they fight for their land? Is it for material benefits that people are fighting for? That if we overcome this army, then we're going to make so much money? No. The objective of the believer when he goes for battle is to attain the pleasure of a loss and
to get the pleasure of Allah.
This is the objective. It's only for the sake of a loss of parameter.
And also the objective is to raise the word of mouth to raise the caliber of of whether it means that you have to defend the caliber of Allah or whatever it means. The objective is that you're raising the caliber of alpha.
So how are the believers going to be motivated? through what that go and fight and you'll get $10,000 go and fight and you will have so much money? No. How are the believers to be motivated through what way that this is the reward that
You will get this as the reward that you will get. And when you realize the value of that reward, then nothing in this world seems difficult.
Nothing in this world seems uncomfortable. Nothing in this world seems too burdensome, when you focus on the reward,
you understand. So how did the profits are allowed to motivate the believers
on the day of but when the machine came with their forces and their supplies, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to the companions, oh, no, Elijah, nothing out who has some Allah to
get ready, and March 4 towards a paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth.
You're marching, not just towards the wish to gain. But this is your way to Jen, this is your past agenda, you're struggling in the way of a loss of parameter.
So romaine, if none Herman when he heard this, he said, as wide as the heavens and the earth, He was so fascinated that this is how you generalize. We know already demonizes you to sevens. And when he heard that he was fascinated, the prophet sort of all the sudden said, No, he said, Yes. So Romain said, bah, bah, meaning. Excellent. Excellent.
So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asked him, What makes you say, excellent, excellent. So he said, the hope that I might be one of its directors. I mean, what an excellent deal it is. Jenna is why does the heavens and the earth Wow. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, What makes you say that, he said, the hope that I will be one of its runners. So Romain went ahead. And he just said that he broke that sheet of his sword. Why? That the sword is not going back into anything now.
I broken it.
So he broke it. And he took some dates, and he started eating them, and started eating the dates.
He then threw the dates from his hand, saying, verily, if I lived until I finished eating these dates, then it is indeed a long life.
It would be a long life. So he went ahead, and he continued to fight, continue to fight, he didn't give up. But he continued until he was martyred, you'll be pleased with him.
So the profits are a lot less, and I'm encouraged the believers, he motivated them. Because battle is tough. And besides, when you're doing something for the sake of a loss of data, what happens Chevron comes over there.
And he wants you to change your knees somehow or the other, so that everything that you're going through is wasted is washed away.
So then, another Hadith, in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that to guard Muslims, to guard Muslims from the disbelievers in allows calls for one day, for one day even is better than the world and whatever is on its surface, to guard the Muslims for one day, even if you go serve for one day, that is better for you, then everything in this world, then the world and everything on the surface. And a place in Paradise, as small as that occupied by the whip of one of you is better than the world and whatever is on the surface. And a morning or an evening during which a slave travels and allows cause is better than the world and whatever is on its surface.
This is how good it is to struggle in the cause of a loss of handled and to do something exclusively for the sake of a muscle.
It's better than the dunya and everything.
But this is for who in the context, who is this referring to those who are going for PETA.
And Patel is an obligation on who? Men not women. Remember that. So when you hear this, don't say Oh, if I could get an opportunity. This is for men, it's not an obligation on you. Okay. Similarly qatal is only mandatory when
inshallah we will learn that when the Muslims are capable. When the Muslims are capable, only then qatal is mandatory. And when there is a need, when the situation calls you for it. You can't just randomly stand up and say, Oh, I heard this Hades, I'm very motivated, I'm going to go find a random disbeliever and kill him and perhaps I'll be caught put in jail. And I'll be like, Oh, my God, I'm in the way of a loss penalty and I'm suffering so much No, this is not the correct way. The correct way is that when data is mandatory in that situation, in that situation, when a person goes out in the way of a law, then he will get this reward.
And what is that situation? We will learn about that in the following? If
so, what can you do then?
What can you do them?
just encourage, what can you do as a woman?
In surah Toba, we learn that there are two ways of struggling in the wave of loss
One is in the bathroom.
And that is limited to what? certain situations, certain times certain circumstances, and also certain people.
And there's another way as well, which is what?
Learning and Teaching.
Because we learn at the end of October, that it's not that all the believers should go out together for battle. From every group of believers, there should be some who stay back, or who travel. Why to learn.
From every group of believers, there should be some believers who stay back who don't go for battle. Or they go in order to learn knowledge, to learn the deen to gain comprehension in the deen. And when they have gained that comprehension, they don't just say, Okay, I have that certification, I can do something else. No, they go and convey the message to other people, they go and warn other people as well. So for you, as a woman, especially, especially in this day and age, what are you supposed to do?
What is your obligation that you must learn to do, and you must pass it on. And when you're doing that, remind yourself that this is only for the sake of a loss of time.
And if you have to spend even one day, one day, learning the Quran, understanding the Quran, remember that that is better than the world and whatever that is on the surface of the earth.
One day that you spent learning the Quran is better than the entire dunya and everything on it.
You know, there's another Hadees in which it is said that a dunya una mulrenan mafia, the entire dunya is cursed at everything in this dunya is cursed Illa the Chroma except that the chroma hunedoara and whatever that Allah likes are our element. And the one who teaches and the one who learns This is just the Hadees. So when you go out in the way of Allah soprano data to learn about the theme that is better for you than everything else in this dunya
Do you need motivation for that? You do?
You definitely need motivation for that. And sometimes it is very difficult to harness yourself to control yourself to hold yourself on continuing learning the deed. Because when you're learning the deen, what happens?
So many people come and tell you why are you wasting your time learning do something else? Build your career? Why are you doing this? Go look after your children? Why are you doing this? There are so many other things to do in the world. Can't you see so many poor people are suffering? Can you see so many Muslims are suffering go help them. But what is our obligation Aleykum and full circle on you is your responsibility. First, you have to learn yourself first. And you have to make the people around you aware first. Therefore Don't try to put your hand in something that you're not responsible for.
Make sure that you are aware of what you are responsible for and do that first.
But either they're bad, or they're good, either they lead you to a success or towards a failure. Either they become your strength or they become the cause of your weakness. So if we need as a woman, we are thinking we are all emotional, we have been known for English and so it just channelize your emotion in the right direction. I think this sutra is well enough to channelize all these emotions to the faster rate.
What I mentioned was it's not an obligation on women.
But if there is a need if the situation is such,
like for example, at the Battle of warhead, the women had not gone for battle. Why did they go to look after the wounded. But the situation was such when everything turned that every individual was necessary was important over there.
So there were some Muslim women who did participate in the battle.
But again, when I'm emphasizing is that your obligation as a woman is not go and look for these opportunities. Your obligation is that you learn the deen and you pass on it.
And especially a woman, this responsibility is upon her. Because if you know the Quran, if you have studied the Quran, then you can pass it on to your children, then you can develop that love in your children, then you can pass it on to your family, and only then will this grow.
But if we haven't even done the basics, and we think of doing jihad and we think of going for battle, then this is something very unrealistic and extremely unpractical.
Sometimes we don't look at what is within our capacity, and we look for other things. For example, we don't see that a lot of panatela has given us an opportunity right now to learn the Quran. To understand
And what are we thinking about other things which we are not responsible for, which we're not responsible for at all. Behind the success of every man is a woman. And the Hand That Rocks, the cradle rules the world. If you teach a man, then you're only teaching one men sometimes. And if you teach a woman, then you're teaching the whole nation, in some situations.
He goes forth in seeking knowledge is in the way of Allah until he returns the motivation factor.
So over here, the prophets are loaded in the store that encourage the believers for battle. And this is for a specific situation, in certain circumstances. But from this, what do we learn that even those who are going to learn the deen they should also be motivated. Because without motivation, the work becomes very difficult, sometimes it becomes very challenging.
So it is the obligation upon all of us that we continue to encourage one another.
We continue to motivate one another. Because we need motivation constantly. Sometimes, you may hear that a friend of yours who is doing the course she's finding it very difficult, and she's becoming very demoralized. And she thinks off leaving the course what is your responsibility? That would be it's her choice. No, you have to motivate her, you have to keep encouraging her. That Look, you're doing this for the sake of Allah. And whatever you're doing, if one day you spend learning the Quran, it's better for you than the entire world and everything in it.
And you're learning the Quran, you're in the way of Allah, Allah will reward you. So you need to constantly motivate each other. Look after one another. Don't just be concerned for yourself. Look after one another, it's your responsibility.
Because the prophets are a lot of them is being commanded obey that he must motivate the believers. Because this is something difficult, it is something challenging.
And as we see learning the Quran, especially for women, sometimes it becomes very challenging when they have look up to their house or their children. After so many other things, you need that motivation.
Just thinking about women going through courses or university and college after that, no one has got the guarantee to they're gonna find jobs after their course anyways. And so there's a lot of waste of time spent looking for a job and but if you study the Quran first, this is just how I see from my personal experience, that if you did the Quran first and you've done it, like you know, you know, whatever you go out there like you know how to deal with people how to deal with your problems and all that stuff. And maybe because of this, Allah will bless you with a lot of bounty,
the jobs and everything will come in after that you just make sure that Alyssa Pamela will was first first instead of university first I'm not discrediting university or college or anything like that. But in the end, Allah will not ask us about University anyways, he will ask us about karate, seriously.
And the thing is that even if you're not able to go teach anyone, you've benefited yourself, you've helped yourself.
So when we see the loss of female scholars, we see that Islam is dying or it's retreating back inshallah, we should bring that up again.
The culture of female scholarship.
So, he are coming from Russia, Luna. If there are among you 20 who are sabi Luna, who are steadfast, who are patient, meaning, if there are among you believers 20 people who are steadfast in fighting
and they are strong and they don't give up easily yolu they will overpower me attain the 200
me attain is a dual of Mia
meaning 20 believers that are steadfast can overcome, do 100 disbelievers an enemy that is 10 times your size.
What he can and if there is men come among you meet at on 100 yanbu effeminate Latina cafaro they will overpower 1000 of disbelievers. This is possible don't think it's impossible because Allah subhanaw taala is saying this. How is it possible? Because Allah subhanaw taala says be unknown common ly of kahun because indeed there are people who do not understand. What does it mean by this is
this part of the ayah tells us that this is the expectation that Allah subhanaw taala has of the believers.
This is what Allah expects of the believers, that if you are one, you should be able to defeat them. Your one means 10
There's not vice versa, not vice versa, not the other way around.
This is what Allah subhanaw taala expected.
How is it possible when a believer is physically strong, mentally strong. And in his Eman also is very strong.
Only then this is possible. What do we think we need the strength of just arms and ammunition. That's not enough because the word Siberian has been used over here, Siberian and Siberian does not just mean you have such physical strength because of which you can endure difficulties, but it also means you have inner strength, you have inner strength, both are necessary.
So over here, lots of parents, Arthur says, He makes clear that allows expectation of a believer is very high. You may wonder this is impossible. But remember that law you can live alone absent in navassa.
This is how strong the believer should be, not just physically, but also mentally.
And again, this is not impossible, because a man gives such strength, that the ratio of one to 10 is something that is possible.
You may have heard that in an organization 20% of the people do 80% of the work.
Generally, in organization, 20% of the people do how much work
80% of the work, and the 80% of people the remaining how much work do they do? Only 20%.
Genuinely, because if you look at it, sometimes managers, people who are working at a higher level at a greater level. And sometimes it's not the managers, it's their secretaries who are running the entire show. They are doing everything and other people that just come check their email, and check in and check out that's all they do. Hardly any work they will do. And the rest of the people are doing everything else.
So 20% of people can overcome 80% of the work. So if due to it is possible, then in the sight of a law firm believer, the standard is so high that one to 10 is also possible. This is something that is expected of a believer.
And this is only possible when the believer has suffered in him.
Like for example, one person can convey the message to 10 people only when he has suffered.
If you say I'm not good, I'm too scared. I'm too nervous. I can't do this for too long, then can you convey the message? You cannot? What do you need somebody that you sit through, you stay through the entire course, you study the entire course. And then you stay to get some training to get some practice and then you will be able to pass on the message. But if a person does not have Subbu to even sit through half the Quran, or the whole Quran, then how can you have Saba to convey the message he cannot have supper.
So this is only possible when a person has suffered that one person will be able to convey the message to 10 when he has endurance in him. But what's the reason over here that a loss of parents are dimensions for the Muslims being so capable that they can overpower the disbelievers 10 times their own number. What's the reason?
The reason that Allah gives over here is that they do not understand
who do not understand the disbelievers they do not have fear. What is fear?
Fear is the deep understanding of something, a clear understanding of something comprehension of something. So what is it that they don't understand?
They don't understand how Allah subhanaw taala helps those who fight for his sake. Or they don't understand what is needed for success in dunya. And
they don't understand what is needed for success in dunya and Asha,
what is needed for success? Indonesian afra this your physical strength, just jacoba know, along with Hello, what do you need a man. Because when you have a man, then you can look at things in the correct perspective.
And when you don't have a man, when you don't believe in the Hereafter, then you're looking at everything in what in the wrong perspective. You're looking at everything in the context of the near the benefit of dunya, the loss of dunya
But when your goal is accurate when your target is the author, then you see everything in the perspective of Africa. And as a result, you make the decision that is correct.
So, the unknown common life cone because they don't understand this is why they're not able to win against you. You have this advantage over them, that you see things in their context, in their reality in the correct perspective and they don't have that vision. They don't have that ability.
because of this reason, you have more chances of success compared to them.
In our vessel Darren, who he said about this idea that when this idea was revealed, it was very difficult for the Muslims, because they thought it was burdensome since 20 should fight 200 and 100 against 1000. So they found it difficult. So Allah subhanaw taala made this routing easy for them and abrogate this ayah with the funding.
So Allah subhanaw taala abrogated this ayah with which one the following day in which what is mentioned that 100 can overcome 200.
So in this ayah, the ratio of one to 10 is mentioned in the following either ratio one to two is mentioned.
So, what does it show that if there are Muslims who are of this number, and they have the strength they have the ability, then battle becomes mandatory under
if the need arises. And if their number is less than that, then what happens? It's not mandatory for them to quit, it is not mandatory for them. Because if you look at the Battle of whether what happened, the ratio was a 123, almost 123, a little bit more than that.
But in that situation, even battle was mandatory on them, because the prophets are the ones who commanded them.
So from this, you wonder, so does it mean that if you only 20 Muslims and non Muslims or 2000 even then you're supposed to go and fight them? What are you supposed to do?
Allah subhanaw taala revealed that what's the ratio, if you're one, and there are 10, you're supposed to go and find, but this was difficult for the Muslims. So then Allah subhanaw taala revealed that an offer from Lahore and
that now Allah has lightened the hardship for you how far from the debtors half effort, the thief, the thief is to reduce to lighten the burden of something.
So now Allah has lightened the burden from you, who are already met, and he knows that unethical darphin that indeed, in you his weakness, what kind of weakness,
physical weakness, that you're not able to fight against those who are 10 times your own number.
So therefore, what is expected of you for any accom income, then if there are among you may atone 100 that are Saba rotten, who are patient Yahuwah, they will overpower me a tiny 200
this is what is expected of you. If you're 100, and there are 200, then definitely you should be able to overpower.
Many times when people read these, if they become very proud, especially Muslims, they become very proud that look, we're so powerful, we're so great. But this ayah, in fact, is telling us what is expected of us
that this is what we should be able to accomplish. You understand?
This is how strong and capable we must make ourselves that we can achieve such goals. What do we see weakness everywhere within Muslims? We cannot even control ourselves. We cannot even overpower ourselves, how can we overpower the enemy that is double our number.
We just look at these eyes. We take pride in them and we move on.
That's what we do. But this eye in fact, is telling us that we should be so strong and capable that in such situations, there is no excuse for being defeated.
There is no excuse for being defeated for losing.
You know, for example, if there is a very difficult exam and you fail,
what do you say the exam was very difficult, it was too tough, hardly anyone passed.
But if that is what you studied, that is what you have been preparing for and your teacher has trained you for it. Then regardless of how difficult the test is, aren't you expected to pass
you are expected because you were trained for that, that is what is required of you.
So, similarly, the believers must be so strong, they should be so capable, they should be so able, that if such a challenge comes before them, they should definitely be victorious. There is no excuse for defeat, there is no excuse for loss. A loss of penalty over here is telling us what is expected of us.
Do you understand?
So for any commencal may attend sobre la Bhoomi attain El Camino elfen Yakubu and find if they're among the 1000 they will overcome 2000 how
because of their own power, be in Mila by the permission of Allah.
Because even if you're physically capable, even if you have great numbers, even then success is not guaranteed unless until a loss of penalty allows
La humara savarin. And Allah is with those who are patient,
allies with those who are stateless.
So what do we learn from these two,
that the ban is mandatory on Muslims only when they are capable.
Only when they're capable?
When are they capable?
When the ratio is one to two, then they're capable.
And remember, it doesn't just mean that you have the number. But it also means that you have the ability, that there's training, the people are trained, they have the training of sub.
If the majority of the Muslims don't even have sobor, for Salah they cannot even stand for solid they cannot even pray five times a day. Then what kind of color are you making for Jihad today?
Because there are people who say that we have to go for jihad, we have to go for jihad. But people don't even have soccer to pray five times a day. They don't have to read through the entire Quran.
In terms of what I mentioned to you earlier, that there's two ways of doing jihad. One is through battle, and the other is through learning and teaching.
So what is it that we are required to do today?
Go and fight if you do that you will lose? What is it that we're required to do right now?
learn and teach.
And if you do that, perhaps there will be no need for violence either.
So what is necessary, learn and teach this is what is an obligation upon us today. Because we need to build sub endurance in Muslims these days. This is what we need.
And this is the training that the Muslims were given when they were in Makkah for 13 years, what was being built in them, suburb patience, perseverance, because only when you have this kind of support, then you can go for battle.
Those who have tolerance, only they can achieve more
bu had really moved me
know for me,
Mina levy Naka, fo B.
one law who mows for beauty
unless help his aid is with those who suffer. Suffer is essential. If we don't have Southern we cannot achieve anything. Because sometimes opportunities come before us. We don't have solid and we lose those opportunities.
Mina de la.
Nila lahoma saw the ad.