Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Anam 151-165 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 152-153
While at Aqaba, and do not approach melody at the wealth of the orphan, the property of the orphan,
meaning, don't approach it, in order to consume it, don't approach it, in order to deal with it. The wealth of the orphan
who is the orphan,
the child whose father has passed away, before he reaches puberty,
or your team is someone who is you can say very vulnerable in a society.
Just imagine a child
and he's left with money. Just imagine what's going to happen? Do you give your money to your children? Your hold my wallet? Will you do that? on my back? No.
Hold all this cash? No, you won't do that. Why? because anybody can come fool the child, or pick the child up as well and take the money. So your team is someone who is very vulnerable.
So now at Aqaba, Melia team don't approach the wealth of the orphan in legibility here, except in the way that is, that is best.
Meaning, if you are going to
approach it, in order to deal with it,
in order to take care of it, then you make sure that your way is best.
If you know that you won't be able to take care of it, then don't take the responsibility.
Lead the crew means don't even deal with it. Don't even take care of it.
Except in the way that is.
If you know that you cannot take care of it. If you know you cannot guard it,
then don't take that responsibility, give it to somebody else.
I have example a person is busy with his own work. He's hardly ever home. And he's supposed to take care of the orphans property. How can he
he can barely manage his own work? How can you manage somebody else's property he cannot. So don't take this responsibility except when you know that you can.
Similarly the set that ladder kerabu, Melia, Tina a liability or arson.
What this means is don't consume it except in an arson way.
don't consume it, except in an arson way.
Remember, earlier we had learned intellect and intuitive Baccarat
with regards to property of the orphan that
initially, the property of the orphan wants to be kept separated from the property of the guardian.
And this will lead to a lot of difficulty.
Because just imagine if the food was prepared from the orphans money that is kept only for him.
Either he eats it, or it's going to get spoiled and wasted.
Then later on what was commanded.
That it's okay for you to mix the one
as long as you can take care of his wealth as well. It's okay for you to mix your affairs because otherwise it will lead to a lot of complications and it will make your life difficult for you.
So over here when it is mentioned accent and you remember that when a person as a guardian is taking care of the orphans property, then he's spending his time he's probably spending his money, then he needs to charge some kind of fee.
So I said over here refers to the fee
that the Guardian will be charging for the service.
And if he has to take that fee,
he should not take it unnecessarily. Or he should not take a lot of it.
We learned in silicon NASA is number six, while at kulu he is often will be there when a young
woman can have an engine failure starfish woman can have a feeling fairly cold and narrow.
That don't consume the orphans property quickly out of fear that he is going to grow old and when he is going to grow up then he's going to demand his money from you before he grows up consume all of his wealth while just you're charging the fee
and whoever is rich he should have seen meaning you should not charge any fee
and whoever is for that he should only take that which is
so you understand that horrible Melia Timmy a liability arson. What does it mean by arson that if you are going to take care of it. If you are going to be its Guardian, then make sure you do it in the best way. If you know you cannot take care of it don't take the responsibility. Secondly, if you are going to charge a fee, then make sure it is suitable. It's not too much
hotter until Yabu should until he reaches his strength his maturity, meaning take care of the world deal with it guarded for the team until he reaches his maturity.
And when he's able to manage it himself, then give it to him to take care.
I should isn't the route that we've seen that, that. And assured is when a person reaches the completion of manhood and understanding. So when a man when a boy in particular, reaches manhood, and understanding, so he becomes physically mature,
and as well as mentally mature.
And it has said that I should include three things, first of all,
being physical strength,
And this is especially the when a boy reaches below
in the age of puberty,
you may have seen that boys, they're very small, soft hands, soft bodies, and as soon as they reach puberty, and their hands become vague and hard, and they look like men,
so they become physically more able as well.
So, first one, it includes over.
Secondly, it includes
meaning mental strength.
So first is physical strength. The second is mental strength, because it's possible that a boy is very huge. But he doesn't have mental strength. He's still very foolish, he's still very childish.
Thirdly, I should include the means meaning that a person is able to distinguish between what is good, what is bad.
What is right, what is wrong,
what is good, what is bad, how you behave in front of people, how you speak to people, how you don't speak to people.
So these three conditions, and once they reach a shirt,
then you give their wealth to them.
According to some people, this is the age of 25 years.
According to some people, why? Why do you think, especially for men, why do you think
when do men generally get married? Do you ever see a 19 year old boy getting married? Rarely, very rarely, but you will see 17 year old getting married 15 year old getting married girls.
But when it comes to boys, generally they're more older,
around 22 plus 25. That's like the general age, the average age at the time which men usually get married.
Why? Because at that time, yes, you're physically capable, there are mature, they have that sense of responsibility.
And up until then, they're only concerned about their own fun and play.
And at that age, when they reach that age, then they're concerned about other people as well.
Then they realize what life really is.
Sometimes girls complain who are married to young boys, that their husbands are very emotional, or they're very immature or that they don't behave properly or they don't even realize that I'm going through this. It happens.
I'm not saying that they shouldn't get married early, but I'm just saying that why certain scholars have said that this age is the age of 25 years old.
So how are they able to
when you reach this age, then give him his what
we learnt earlier in Sultan is that that had that either Veronica for in an ester Min humberston for the pharaoh Illa him
when they reach marriageable age, then, if you sense some rushed in them, then you give them otherwise Don't wait until they reach
what alpha al Qaeda, another commander of loss of power that it gives you is that you must fulfill the measure. While Misa Anna and the balance How will this with the Justice
oh four from the veterans welfare Yeah. warfare, what does that mean?
To fulfill something
when giving warfare is to be just unfair, to fully give to not reduce in any way.
Instead of nothing is 123 we learn way low limit of 15 and levena eductor louella nasci ESL food what either Caillou was in New York zero
water those who give less than you who when they take a measure from people, they take it and
when it's their turn to take something they take it in full.
But if they give by measure or by weight to them, then they cause loss. Such people water. What does Alessi Oh food fulfill?
Why? Because there is an entire new
nation that was destroyed. Because they didn't give the measure in full. They reduced in the help of other people. Which nation was it the people of Srebrenica?
And notice the two words that I mentioned over here. Okay. And then Elisa,
Kenneth Scott Yella, and cane is the measurement. It's the measure of liquid.
Or you can say it's the length of something.
So basically, it's the volume, or the length of something.
So when you're buying something in liquid form, sometimes you buy according to wait.
And sometimes you buy like, one liter, two liters.
In paints in different forms. They're different measurements.
And alcohol also includes length. So for instance, if you're buying a piece of cloth, you'll get two yards, three yards. So often cane, what does it mean? That if you're selling by length, then make sure you sell the exact length not less. Don't say, Oh, it's half a meter less. It's half a yard less No, make sure that it's complete and full Kayla, while meezan visa is under attack as well as a no and resign is a tool through which wasn't is obtained, and what is wasn't the weight of something. So in the sand, the difference between kale and Misa kale is the measure the length, the volume, and meezan is the weight. So fulfill both of them, because with justice without causing any
loss, without frauding the other person
learn who can live on Epson we do not overburden a soul in Lusaka except its ability land who can live on Lipson? Why is this mentioned over here that we don't overburden the soil except with what it can bear
the word nucala focus on the root of his calf lanpher, from the word confer
and golfer is to demand something from someone
that causes them grief, and difficulty. That puts them to difficulty that makes him sad.
Like, for example, a person is told to work
14 hours a day
is going to be difficult for them extremely difficult is going to make them sad, it's going to make them very sad.
Even if you give them a phone, and a computer,
and a lot of money, even still, they're going to be upset. Why? Because they would rather spend some time in their house, with their family.
So called for is to demand something from someone that is going to put them to difficulty that is going to make them sad.
It is to impose and compel a person to do something difficult.
So Allah Subhana Allah says we do not burden a person except with its capacity.
Meaning any command that we have imposed on people, it's something that they can do.
It's not beyond their capability.
Do you understand? So then you can even absent a law, what does it mean? that these are Canada laws of Canada has given over here? They're not impossible.
They're not impossible, nor they're too difficult. You can live with them. You can practice them.
For example, staying away from
is it really impossible?
No. Similarly not killing your children? I mean, if the child is born, how much is he going to eat? A little bit of food.
Now you can live on a personal level. So doing a son towards the parents, is it very difficult? Is it impossible? It's not impossible, smiling at your parents? Is that difficult? It's not.
For some people, it may be, but it's not impossible. We handicap ourselves with ourselves. It's impossible, whereas in reality, it's not impossible. You just have to change your thinking. That's it.
Learn you can live on a personal level.
Secondly, the South Atlantic elephant Uppsala wasa, this is directly connected with the previous command, we're hopeful Qaeda will Miss Anna will kiss
that no person is going to be overburdened with regards to such matters.
So let's say if a person makes a mistake in measure or wait,
he's not going to be held accountable. Why? Because he was trying his best to be just unfair.
Like for example, a person
give something according to a particular way. Okay, this is supposed to be 50 grams.
He measures it on his scale. It's 50 grams, he gives it but it's possible there was an atom less correct. It's possible there was an atom left
are an add more, or three items less or slightly, it's less from what he's actually selling.
It's possible right? And in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala, an atom is also measured.
Where do we learn that from?
That for me, I'm on this panel. Hi, Ron, yo, Sherman, Yahoo,
any sharp any evil that is even equivalent to an auditor, it will be looked at. So, if a person tries his best to be just unfair, but he makes a mistake, he gives less than view, by mistake, genuine mistake,
that alone will not hold him accountable. Why, because then you can live on Epson a level Sir,
you should try your best to be as careful and accurate as possible.
But if it's beyond your ability, then alone will not hold you accountable.
Another command, what goes on. And when you speak.
And whenever you're speaking,
what has already mentioned, but quantum has been mentioned. Anything that you say anything that you speak, whether it is a token that you're giving, or it is a testimony that you're making, or it is a piece of advice that you're giving, or it is some words of praise, any time that you speak, how should you speak according to what far the loo then be just
be just in your speech as well.
So there should be justice in your actions, but there should also be justice in what in your statements.
Generally, we consider justice to be in making decisions
or in giving accurate weight and measure. But justice is also very important in speech.
And what does justice mean in speech that a person is not biased?
that a person is not bias.
Sometimes if a person who we like if they do something good,
then we speak a lot, we appreciate them a lot, we use very good words.
But if a person whom we do not like has done something good, then nothing comes out of our mouth.
Similarly, somebody we like does something good. we exaggerate in praising them. Somebody we don't like does something bad we exaggerate.
In speaking negatively about them.
Something happens an incident occurs we exaggerate a lot. We say that which is beyond reality. What does Allah say far the looby just whether you like that person or not, whether you like what happened or not still be just
one Oh, Canada corba even if it is a possessor of near relationship, meaning even if the person whom you're speaking against who is going to suffer the consequences of your correct speech,
even if that person is a new relative, still foreign to you. Why? Because Yeah, you are Latina, Amano, Kunal coway amenable Christy, she had an ela, while our ELA and physical a worldwide eating well According
to NASA I 135.
So even if that person is there, still you have to be just
what we are delay Ofu and with the covenant of Allah fulfill
which covenant of Allah covenant of Allah refers to the covenant that has been made with a vos
of obeying Allah, of worshiping Allah, the ns, in which every single person confess that yes, Allah is, Allah is the one who is either.
So if you've made this promise with Allah, then fulfill it, how, by being obedient to Him by accepting all of his commands.
And our The law also includes the promises that you make with others. In the name of that you write Bismillah or you say, insha, Allah,
you use the name of Allah subhanaw taala. So it's an honor that you're making by the name of Allah, so fulfill it.
Don't just use the name of Allah to satisfy the other.
No, we are delay Ofu. When you've made an art by the name of Allah, then make sure that you fulfill it, whether it is a custom,
meaning a person is swearing by a law, one law he I will do this. Or he says, Yes, I will do this insha Allah it's not a cousin. So whether it is a cousin or another cousin, any fulfill it,
then ECOSOC can be that he enjoined upon you he in
joins you with it.
He makes this mandatory on you. So do not take these comments lightly. Now I look under the column so that you remember means that you take these commands to heart and you remember them at different situations in your life.
So what are the commands that we have learned so far? First of all, do not worship any but Allah secondly, do xand towards parents. Thirdly, do not kill your children. Fourth, do not even go near for wash five
Do not kill innocent people. Six. don't consume the property of the orphans seven fulfill the measure and wait it we just in speech for the Lu nine fulfill the promise of Allah. And what's number 10
well Anna had a sloppy was the femur.
And moreover, this is my path which is straight factor biru. So follow it.
So what's the 10th commandment that follow the correct way?
Follow the way that the Prophet is guiding you to that the Prophet is teaching you
while at Avira, Sula for the formal curriculum are intervening and do not deviate from the way that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is guiding you to it.
So we're under header sarathi and that indeed, this is my way
meaning and oh Prophet sallallahu Sallam say to the people because remember these if began with cold
so also say to them that has that this What does this refer to?
all the commands that have been mentioned over here
are not just these commands, but the Quran and all the other
this is my way who does my refer to the prophet SAW? Which way is it it is Mr. Clean it will lead to Gen
four the bureau who therefore follow it follow this way
while at the very similar and do not follow the other ways as soon as a Florida Sabean.
Now this is the slot that is Mr. Clean.
And there are other scible as well.
There are other paths as well. There are other ways as well, but don't follow them. Why? Because if you follow them, then what's going to happen further further could become further from the popular debtors file or all of the federal and what does the photocopy division separation.
So it will separate become with you, meaning it will separate you and Sabina Lee from his way from his way from the way of Allah from the dean that Allah Subhana Allah has given you.
So if you notice over here, one way, is the way that Allah subhanaw taala has showed us the way that Allah has taught us the way that the prophets are about us and guided us to.
And then there are many other ways as well.
Many other ways as well. But every other way, every other way, is what
a way that will deviate a person from the way of Allah.
The only correct way is the way that Allah has taught us.
If a person adopts any other way, then what's going to happen? It's going to lead him to deviation. Why? Because it's contrary to sort of stepping further further away from ncbd. Very Kawasaki convenient, that he enjoins you with it, he has enjoined you with it what following the way and not leaving it, that I look under the hood so that you can adapt the court or so that you can save yourself from what from the punishment.
So what do we learn from this particular idea?
First of all, we learned that the way of Allah,
the way that is taught in the Quran,
the way that the prophets are allowed to sit and taught us
is one way
the teachings of the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they're the same.
They're the same. They together make the one way, the only way that leads a person to gender. It's not that the teachings of the Quran are different and the teachings of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam are different. No.
It's the same thing. It's one thing it's one way.
Secondly, we learn from this idea about the obligation of following the way that has been taught to us by the prophet sallallahu Sallam
Where do we learn that from,
but to be true, because this is my way mean this is the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sweet, therefore follow it.
So we are obligated to follow the way that has been taught to us by the prophets.
Thirdly, we also went on to say about the prohibition of deviating from the way of the Prophet sallallahu.
Whether it is by inventing something in their religion, or leaving something that is off their religion.
Do you understand
that don't adopt other ways.
Without that, why Subaru that, what does a Subaru refer to?
Whether it's an innovation,
or something of the deen that has been abandoned, don't adopt that. Because if you do for the form of public commentary, it's going to take you away from the right way.
It's going to make you leave the way
that we also learn from this ayah that the sign of being on the correct path is that a person implements the commandments that have been given over here.
That's the sign.
How do you know that a person is divinely guided? Or How'd you know that you're rightly guided?
When you are following these commandments that have been mentioned over here?
Because this is what anantha sarathi, Mr. keema This is my way, which is Mr. Clean, that is straight.
And if a person is on any other way, but this, then he's definitely not rightly guided.
A person once asked even this route, so they learn
what is a Sultan was talking.
And even much rather than are no, he replied, that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam left us. And it's lower end.
And it's other end is paradise.
Just like any road that you get onto that you merge into.
One is the point from where you begin your journey. And the other is where it's going to end.
So he left us at its lower end, and its other end his agenda, meaning if we walk on this path, then where are we going to end up in general,
to the right of this path. Our other paths and to the left of it are other bets.
And there are people on these paths, calling those who pass by them.
Just as when a person is on the highway, there are many exits, when a person is going on a road, there are many, many side streets, many right and left turns.
So there are people on every intersection calling you turn right turn left, come here, don't go straight.
Even this route said, Whoever goes on the other bets will end up in the fire.
And whoever takes a straight path, he will end up
in certified What do we pray that 18 of Serato muster theme
sarafa Latina and
this is the way of those who have been blessed by almost pantalla who those who follow these commands. And remember, these commands are not just given to the Muslim woman, they were given to every nation.
They're common to all of the Shariah.
Also we learned that the loveliness or the side of the prophet SAW the Lotus and and once he drew a line with his hand in the sand
into a straight line in the sand.
And he said hair, that's a bit of law, he was talking
this is the way of a law that history
and then he drew lines to the right and to the left of that line.
And he said how do you Sybil these are other paths lay some in her civilian ihlara in a tunnel shaytaan gather in a
and on each path there is a devil who called
on each bathers shaitan who is calling you to it. So the wave of Allah, the way that will lead to gender is one way and the physical aspect. The tangible aspect of that is these commands that have been mentioned over here.
Because a person says Oh yes, he's rightly guided Yes, I'm very good at it. I'm very good in my heart. I'm very sincere in my heart. You may be very sincere, but there have to be some actions on the outward that showed that yes, a person is really on the right way.
And what are those physical actions? These 10 commandments that have been mentioned in these Ayah
when a person is observing these commands that shows that he's definitely rightly guided
and inshallah you will end up in general, and if a person leaves even one if a person leaves even one and a person goes off track, then he's not on the correct way. He's gonna
To end up somewhere else
during a time to experience when they are with you, when they're not with you, when you're with them when you're not with them. Because each time you do something good, you're benefiting them. And each time we do something bad, we're harming them.
If we do good,
then we are benefiting them.
Why? Because they're also going to get reward, they're also going to get praise for it. And if we do something bad if we don't take advantage of the opportunities that were given, this isn't justice words are there.
And so many times was saw can be he has been mentioned over here, which was the importance of these comments, that Allah has made this lens obligatory upon us. He hasn't given us a choice with regard to them. It's an obligation, as I mentioned you to sacred duty, you cannot leave it, you cannot say that. No, I'm very upset with my mother right now. Therefore, no, because I'm very upset right now. Therefore, no other than my speech, because I hate the other person. I appreciate what they've done, but still no words of praise for them? No.
There was so can be you don't have a choice with regards to this is an obligation. And if you follow them, then you're rightly guided.
If you look at it, even more, so there there are no he said that this is the mercy of the prophets.
If somebody who will have a lot, if they leave some important instruction
that do this to the house or my children should go here or so and so should get married to so and so this is our CRA. What do people do after they've passed away?
Even if they don't want to do what they've said,
they will still do it out of respect for the person who passed away.
And they will keep reminding themselves of their will see.
This is the mercy of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam how important these commands are, that we must remind ourselves about them over and over again.
Because our commanders were okay with them.
But the fact that latok through oladipo made him look.
Similarly, without further ado, what oh, for Kayla, well Miss Anna, because
these are also very important.
And they're those issues that relate with our day to day life.
We see the sequence of the commands that are mentioned over here, that if a person does enter, then it leads to another crime that leads to another crime. And it starts very small.
And sometimes we belittle some sense. And we say Oh, it's not a big deal.
But the fact is that one thing leads to another thing.
To eat sin is very dangerous. Eat sin is very risky.
All these commands in reality, they're for our benefit, therefore our protection, our improvement. And you see at the end, learn the contact the phone
all the time, we're asking about how we can improve our dakhla. Or how we can save ourselves from the fire. Just tell me what to do what not to do, so I can be saved from the hellfire. This is a recipe This is the way
if we see over here many commands are pertaining to those who are weak in society. So for instance, the orphans, the little children, parents, especially when they're older.
This teaches us that we have to be especially careful towards the weekend society.
People don't wish to get married because they don't want to have children. And other people, even if they do get married, then they use means that they cannot have children.
Remember that over here, especially this is with regards to killing your children after the fear of poverty, but if someone delays marriage, or delays having children and the only reason is fear of poverty, then that is not justified. If it's a health issue.
If it's that a person is learning or he's in a stage of life in which he knows that he does not have time, for a spouse or for children, let's say a person is becoming a doctor a specialist. Now he's in the hospital all day. He has like a 48 hour duty he has to be there. How can he have children? How can she have children at that time, it's very difficult. So you have a person because of a genuine reason they delay with means that are not permanent. And that is okay. But if a person uses means that are permanent, and without a genuine reason that I'm too young, or I want to have fun right now and can't think of taking responsibility
then that is not appropriate.