103 Asr B
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 35.20MB
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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inshallah Tada, we're starting our second session on so the last or the first one was on Sunday. And that was part mostly the overview, and a broader look at the contents of this profound soda that most if not all of us have memorized it is made up of three art. It's one of the shortest sutras in the Quran, and something very, very commonly repeated and known.
inshallah, inshallah, today we're going to complete the overview and then move on to the word by word analysis and some commentary from great orlimar of our history that have pondered upon the sutra and written some great things in their capacity in regards to it. The first thing we're going to talk about today is the fact that this is one of the solos that belongs to a score of soldiers that begin with oaths a cousin, Allah azza wa jal takes an oath in many, many, many soldiers, and in this series, we have talked about this before the benefit of the of a law taking an oath, how it's what rhetorical purpose does it have? What's the purpose of a law swearing, and you know, the rough
translation? If I was to say, Well as I swear by time, it's a very coarse translation. But still, the point that it's coming across as a light himself is taking an oath, he's swearing by something, what's the benefit of just swearing? There are a few. One of them is to acknowledge the grander, the magnificent nature of something, whatever Allah swears by is something profound and magnificent. This is one opinion held by mufa. Soon, this is certainly the case here or part of the case here. Why? Because in many Hadith, for example, let us have Buddha in Allahu Allah, right? famous Hadith and other types, this type of credit, they're found inside the body and listen, they're very, very
common. Don't curse time because Allah Himself is a de, he is time, Allah describes himself as the timeless, right? So don't curse time. So it's actually it's something has to do with, you know, divine attribution time itself. So we're not supposed to say things like, oh, man, that was a bad day. Right? Or this was a terrible year, you know, how they use these adjectives for time, the very explicit words of the messenger on a subtle restaurant, forbidding us from doing that. So one way this has been understood is alacer, who Adama swore by time, as well. And the almost synonymous term to that is dad, which also occurs in the Quran. So it's something that is magnificent. That's
something that is profound, something that demands reflection. In other words, Allah is calling the human beings attention to reflect on the passage of time. That's one meaning. The second is that the, you know, we talked about the object of the oath and the subject of the oath, the maxim V and moxham, Allah He the Arabic terminology, what I mean by that, I'll repeat it very, very briefly. If I say to you, I swear by Allah. I didn't do that. I said, this long sentence, I swear by Allah, I didn't do that. The object of my oath is the word Allah. And the subject is what? I didn't do that. Right. So there's the object and the subject, in this surah. There's also the object of the oath
when asked what's the object, and what's the subject in insana, the fetus Allah, Allah says, He swears by time or by the passage of time, and then he declares that all human beings are immersed in a state of loss. So there's the object being time and the subject being the loss of the human being. When this happens, typically in the Quran, and also in ancient Arabic rhetoric, the object is actually a proof of the subject. That's one of the ways it's understood that the object is a proof of the subject to the lien for the subject. In other words, if you say human beings are in laws, and somebody says, What's your proof? Well, in this surah, what's the number one proof that human beings
are in laws that the human beings are immersed in bankruptcy time itself is proof? What is the one thing human beings are losing all the time? time? Right, where this is an asset we can never keep, we can never hold on to this asset.
This minute this second, it is leaving us and it will continue to leave us, it is not something you can store and use later on. It is something that in Batman, by the way, we have lost a lot of time already there, you know, you look back in your life, and you say there are so many opportunities that could have taken advantage of and I didn't, I could have used my time better, but I didn't. I had this opportunity and that opportunity, but I didn't make the most of my time. So there's this regret about time that has already passed away. And you should use that regret to transform the way you're going to use your time in the future. But essentially, Allah has tied two things together,
the idea of thinking about human loss and associated with the heat associated that with the passage of time. So what is the proof of the other? Another way it's a loss that is understood is it's not just and we'll see this later on, and as is coming to the Shafi is that Austin is also it refers to the life of nations, the demand the duration of the life of an entire nation, you know how entire nations rise and then they fall? Right. So when the lady says the word I said, it doesn't just refer to the passage of a time of a day only, or the life of one person, but the life of an entire nation. And these rises and falls of nations themselves are proof that human beings are in loss. History
itself becomes a proof that human beings are in loss. And that's captured by a lesson when an incident occurs. Then you go further and we find that this is the second and very important concept in as far as the relationship between locks and be here that locks them on a key is that the oath that the object of the oath is a is a witness, for the subject of the oath. This is different now we said two things. The object is a proof of the subject. That's one thing. The second is the object is a witness for the subject. In other words, Allah calls the witness against this subject. In other how we understand that now unsuitable answer is Allah is ringing time as a witness to something
what's the what is what is time supposed to witness that no doubt, human beings are immersed in loss. What does that mean? That means many, many, many human beings. And as we study the exact commentary of this will become more clear. But to make it very brief and simple right now, for now, at least, is the following. You and I, we you know, and humanity at large, they run after things, we run after things that that are actually distractions, from our real purpose in life. That should remind you of a pseudo we studied the one before this, and hack home, at the castle, it diluted you the want of more, the mutually shared urge to get more and more distracted you from your real
purpose. Most humanity is distracted running after the wrong thing. They're running after the wrong thing. Now, are we the first people to run after wealth, or to run after a house or to run after getting married to a beautiful woman or this or that whatever it may be? Are we the first to run after these things? Or were there people before that right after these things, they were and people run after them thinking that they are going to have success. When they get them they will have success. And time Allah made time a witness that people came, and they ran after these things, and they failed. And then other people came, and they ran after these things, and they failed again. And
other people came and did the same thing again 1000s upon 1000s of years, hundreds upon hundreds of generations, one after another, the same drama over and over again. And one creation of a law has been watching it happen. It's witness to this thing over and over again. It's almost as though when it sees our struggles, it says here we go again. Here's another one. So in other words, time is a witness to the tragedy of human life, the tragedy of the humans aspirant human beings aspirations headed in the wrong direction. So time is being brought as a witness against us, or a witness to the tragedy of the human being.
Finally, the word Alas, just from when we get into linguistic analysis, again, this will become more clear, we're still in the overview right now. And in the overview, one of the meanings of us that is time that is running out, or the last of time, the last portion of time even selected us that is the last part of the day, right when time is running out. And classically speaking, awesome was the time in ancient society, especially in Arab society. When the merchant and the traveler they're always in a hurry. Because you know, when it's nightfall there's gonna be there's a lot of danger and they can't protect their assets and things like that. So the most hustle and bustle happens when an
officer time, that's the busiest most urgent time and by using that as an oath, you know, there are other times of day that I'll use this for an oath also, he says was so busy that when 5g will add in Russia will go ha these are different times of the day. Allah uses different times of the day to swear by even when the howdy that agenda, right the daytime, but specifically, the use of acid is a time that is associated with a sense of urgency. In other words, the next lesson we're learning here in this school as we go on is, whatever Allah has to say, the time for you and me to react is not a lot of time. There's a state of emergency
We need to act quickly because the the dawn of our life has set upon us, the sun, the the sunset of our life is at bay, it's basically it's around the corner. So we need to act now. It's this this idea of time running out the timer ticking away, that's being captured in just the words. So that this last benefit of this oath is a sense of urgency.
And when when Ireland he compared to Muhammad Shafi, among others, compared the struggle of the human being that is depicted in SoTL acid to the one who's trying to sell ice in ancient ancient times, they didn't have freezers and stuff like that, right. So the ice vendor, he doesn't have a lot of time, and it's melting away, and he has to make use of the sales and get the product out to the customer in a certain time. And if that time goes away, then all of that effort has gone to waste all of it. So he's this, he has a sense of urgency to accomplish what he needs to accomplish. The other part of the overview inshallah we'll talk about more about the middle ear later on. But
what the last is one thing for now, commonly it the last idea of socializer, is understood as having four components. Of course, it's very easy to see that in the Latina amanu. Number one, what I mean by the hat number two, what are so we'll talk number three, and what are some of the sub number four, four conditions, the first condition being those who believe those who act righteously or do righteous deeds, the third being they enjoined to the best of their ability, and to counsel one another with truth, and then also doing the same with perseverance. These are the four conditions that are mentioned. But one of the things we're going to learn today, as part of the overview, is
that these four things are actually one one thing. They seem like they are four things, but they are lesbian woman, zoom, they aren't necessarily connected to each other, they are actually inseparable. And actually, all of the rest is the fruit of the first emaan. The first thing that's mentioned is a man. And then there are three other things mentioned. But what we're going to learn is if one really has a man, than the next three things are naturally bound to happen, they are bound to happen. And if those things don't happen, guess what's missing? eema So if one wants to check if they really have him on or not, they can check by the minimal standard of the man set by super colossal, what
are the consequences of human what happens right after he man, I mean, he had told us he will talk to us even if those things aren't happening, then there's something missing in email. And by the way, all of these four are connected in a profound way. Even if you take the second case, a middle sunny hat. What is after warming to sunny how they act courageously, they enjoying the truth. They don't keep the good to themselves. Now they're enjoying the truth of using the the cliche translation, the idea of is to get the truth to others tell others to do good to. In other words, if you are truly doing good, it is impossible for you to keep it to yourself. It's impossible is a
necessary consequence of that will be you will have to share it with others, that is part of goodness. And then when you do enjoy the truth to others, you will get people that respond to you and you will get people who hate what you have to say. And when you get people who hate what you have to say you will necessarily need to develop what subject you're going to have to have it it's unnecessary because these are all connected thing that one leads to the other to the other to the other, and we'll explore more of that as we continue inshallah Tada. This is actually why this surah opens up in most explicit detail these fruits of eemaan that usually in the Quran are mentioned in
one or two terms. Sometimes Allah says Allah Xena Amano under the name just enough because really the rest is what fruits of human right so if you understand the mind properly, then the rest is understood. Sometimes he elaborates it a little more it says Allah Zina Amanullah Amina salia say two things. But in this surah, he doesn't say two things he says four things. And if you notice the last two things, the last he will have to tell us a B sub are actually deeds in and of themselves. They are deeds. And so I mean, asylee hat is a deed Amen. And the last he will have can tell us if you are also our man, I'm Elaine. They're both actions too. In other words, what we're learning here
is a lot highlighted the two actions. This is what I mentioned last time also allies highlighting the two actions that get overlooked by people when they think about good deeds, the actions that they don't tend to think about when they think about doing good deeds are the ones that are explicitly highlighted. So we understand this is the bare minimum of good deeds that you need to accomplish. That is the loss event. And there will see the summit included in the discussion. Now, I want to share with you
a scenario and I really benefited from this scenario as my teacher Dr. semia in wonder she explained it I also heard doctors are gonna talk about it in detail. Very, very, I found that very beneficial, and we're gonna look at the lessons of sociological before we get into the deceit of the soul itself from an
Overview even from the point of view of a non Muslim, we're looking at some of the lessons and the logical cohesion of the surah. From the point of view of the knot of anomalism. Whenever you are brought a problem, a dispute, some issue in life, any decent human being, what is the first thing they will do? The first thing they will do, no matter what dispute is brought to them is they would they would demand and they would make efforts to get to the facts of the case. The first thing is to get the facts right. To get to the truth itself. You wouldn't just take it at face value, you would explore it and it's the more serious the problem, the more serious your inquiry into getting to the
truth, you would you would have to exhaust yourself in getting to the facts of the matter, okay. This is the very least requirement of not a believer but of decency, a decent human being a decent judge, you know, they would have to mean, for example, there's a dispute in your family. You know, there's a couple of members of your family that are fighting and they brought the issue to you at the, you know, indecently what you would do is you don't like one of your cousins, you like the other one. So you pass judgment against the one you don't like, but what is judgment or justice or decency require that you look at the facts of the case, okay, now that you discover the truth, you
actually, it's not enough that you found the truth, you have to now stand by that truth. You have to make a judgment, you have to take action, in accordance with the truth that you found. It is possible that you find the truth. And when you find it, you don't like what you found. And when you don't like what you found, your actions do not don't represent your findings. So what you believe to be true, isn't being reflected in your actions. What do we call that? hypocrisy. That's default. That's hypocrisy. But if you find something to be true, then it is part of human decency to stick to it live by it executed, implemented, and that is the next necessary consequence. Now, that's one
thing that you you internalize it for yourself, that this is injustice, and I'm not going to do it, I've discovered that this is a wrong act, I will not committed, I will discover that this is what I have must do and I will do it. Now when you see other people doing wrong.
Then you know this the society in which we live, we have the nyob policy, mind your own business policy, right? This is not the policy of the prophets. This is not the policy of the believers. In other words, if the prophets were to mind their own business, then salah and Vicar of Allah would be it
that would be it you have certain resemble the messengers being told sallallahu alayhi wasallam coming later in la cadena
de la Rosa.
recite the Quran. remember Allah that's for himself. But then there's another solo right? This Muslim and what else? What does Yeah, you
go ryzen Warren Warren who others tell them what you're doing is wrong. Now if you find something to be wrong, and when you see a wrong happening, it is human decency to say that you should at least speak out against it. And say you guys shouldn't do that. Now, let me give you a really a real life scenario. You know that others people or other people's property should not be damaged. Right? People have the right that their property should be respected. You're walking down the street, and a couple of kids are playing baseball in the street. And they're hitting the ball really hard, and it's hitting other people's cars. Right now, you know the truth already. The truth is they shouldn't
be doing that. You wouldn't do that yourself. So you've done a good thing for yourself. You're not a criminal. Fine. But is that enough? Is that enough that you just walk by the thought comes to your mind? Maybe I should tell these guys This isn't good thing? Maybe I should tell them they don't have a right to do that to other people. Maybe I should stand up for justice. But when you want to stand up for justice like that, you know, some other thoughts come into your mind that stop you from doing that. What comes in your mind. And these guys might get together and beat me up. I might become the baseball, right? Instead of bashing the car, they might bash me up. So I better keep my mouth shut
if I know what's good for me. I know it. I'm it's wrong. I shouldn't do it. But I don't have the guts to tell them not to do it. You understand? I know it's right. I must do it. I don't have to guess to tell somebody else. I don't know if you should do that on at the very least to tell them if you can enforce it, at least tell them Now the thing is a decent human being a courageous human being doesn't just stop themselves from doing wrong. What else do they do? They open their mouth about it and you know what even go far do that even non Muslims do that even wish to go and do that even when they believe they believe for some some some some of them believe for example, that you
know animals have a right not to be eaten or whatever. They don't just become vegetarians. What else do they do? Animal Rights protests. Right? They go out and they speak their mind. First they convinced themselves of something then they implement it on themselves and then what do they do? They go out there and stand up for it. They'll even take a beating for it might get sprayed in the face for it.
This is not even Muslims. But this process exists for those who commit to something, where does it all come from? It all started from their belief, their belief was really strong, and it was strong enough to change their behavior, it was strong enough to change their behavior that it was strong enough to make them speak out about it. And it was when they spoke out about it, and they got tough times for it, they were willing to persevere, they were willing to just stick it out, no matter what we're gonna do this thing, you know. So you have this, this idea of, you know, this progression that starts with conviction. It doesn't just happen with Islam and happens with any ideology. By the way,
communist did this, you know, students in Tiananmen Square did this. The the Iranian society did this, when they revolted against the Shah, they did this, they believe something, they change themselves, then they stood up for it, and they spoke out about it. And when persecution came, they were patient persevere. This is the you know, even among non Muslim history, you find this as the revolution of Gandhi or whatever, right? Same idea, it is the same logical progression. But now we're taking this human, you know, and by the way, every time this kind of struggle happens from a non Muslim, we're not even talking from Islamic point of view. From a non Muslim point of view,
those people who do this who follow this process are called heroes in history. They call them heroes in history, whoever followed this procedure. This person, you know, whether it's Martin Luther King, whether it's God, whoever it may be, they are looked upon as people who accomplished great things, because they stuck to their beliefs. And they stood up for justice, no matter what the cost, right, and they are, their days are celebrated and their books written about them monuments made about them. All of this is done, because human beings deep down inside no matter what culture, what tradition they come from, this is the process of decency that they respect. But then to imagine that
you're fighting for something that in and of itself is incomplete. Most human beings that they even great human beings that struggled whose struggles are commendable, they ended up struggling for something that in and of itself may be true, but it's only a small part of the truth. It's not the whole truth. And what Allah gave to us is the entire truth. So if they are willing to be convinced of something that is a small part of the truth, can you imagine a comparison between any of those activists and a believer how much more convinced the believer should be? And if they are willing to change themselves? How much more willing should a believer be to change himself? And if they are
willing to speak out about it, how much more willing should a believer be? And if they are willing to stand up against oppression and still stick to their beliefs and stand up for them and speak the truth no matter what the cost? How much more of a writer does Allah have on the believer? Sometimes the kofod becoming the man they can stand like that and compete in southern This is why Allah says to us at the end of Allah and Ronnie says, Yeah, you handed in a Manu is spirou wasabi. Wasabi tomato cola. Those of you who claim to believe has perseverance, then compete in perseverance, meaning your enemies also have something. They have beliefs, and they act on those beliefs and no
matter how hard it gets, we must persevere. We must move forward. They have this idea you should compete with them in southern and remain consistent Morabito with tequila, and you have something they don't have your tequila will give you strength, they don't have Aqua, they will not give them strength, you will be able to beat them in this competition of Sabah and perseverance.
So this is this was the overview that I wanted to share with you before we got into the seed of the soda itself. Now we begin with nutana First we begin with the ayah. One last we already talked about the oath and its benefits. So we'll look at some of the opinions of the senators including the Sahaba we begin with empanada so the Allahu taala on who he says it refers to the ages meaning different ages of different nations and the decades and centuries that have passed in human existence. In other words, when we said Allah is talking about all of human history as proof that human beings are in loss even today that's what if not bustle the Allahu Singh in a nutshell, even
he sounds as an astral refers to the night and the day. In other words, the human being should look at the nightfall and the daybreak and say I am in loss, is it the state of emergency should be awakened every time the believer sees nightfall, and every time he sees, or she sees daybreak, Subhan Allah, so we know it's easy to say they said this and you move on. But when they said that, what is the consequence of that? What happens to our understanding of Quran and the way we look at the site in the day and the way we think about time, these are transformational things. You know, sometimes you find the setup, they have a series one word, two words. Oh, either deceit is one word,
but if you think about that word, man, you realize how deep these people are so proud of law. They say a lot by saying a little it takes us a lot more to say a little but they say a little but they end up saying a lot in that in those few words. They have these, this this eloquence to them. Then similarly, Leslie says this is from Layton.
to sunset, this is the span from late a mini beginning beginning of Russell all the way to sunset, which is what I told you in ancient times, this was the time when there's a lot of hustle and bustle and emergency. Also it illustrates the end of an era, meaning a day is like an era. It's the end of an era. So what that implies, as far as the human being is concerned is know that your life is basically on the verge of death, know that you are on the verge of the very edge of the end of your life, just like the sun is about to run out and darkness is about to fall, this life of your world your worldly life is about to run out. And that not the death of it is about to fall upon you think
of it like that, and then you you will develop that state of emergency. But that that says it's the last part of the day, or the Allahu mcarthurglen is a machete both actually commented. This is salata Lhasa, their interpretation of what hospital was, so that the law said and this is part of the the methodology of Tafseer that says that one of law swears by something, it must be something sacred. Right? That's one of the opinions about oats. So with in line with that methodology, they are saying, because a lot of acid is sacred and how is it sacred? Allah calls it a famous, you know, happy little flower tikka masala.
Right. You know, guard your prayers, especially the middle prayer, and what's the middle prayer and ask? Right so to us that's so a lot, especially makes a point to talk about the answer prayer. And why the answer prayer again, tied to what society was doing at that time. They're really really busy at what time is it? That's when they're meeting is that's when the project is due, then with the store is most busy when the store is most busy, that's the hardest time to leave and mix a lot isn't it? When the project when the meeting is going on? Between exactly the times, that's the that's the time for them, when they have to break away from their the activities and go and make the sola sola
swears by that and the fact that they're not able to do that they are in loss, it's kind of luck. Then, in a one by n we find actually first we go to a cell deficit it says at the Heroku and also refers to time, all of it. And when we get to linguistic analysis, we'll see the difference between the word that and the word awesome and total insanity. In Saudi Hanan mean a diary. So the word that is used here the word asset is used. So we'll understand the difference between these two words. But anyway, I said at FSU says adapt Roku. And one by one says as Mr. Hulu I would use on men who it is all time or a portion of time. And because of that portion of time, some of us don't even said an
asset here is referring to the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they interpreted this because in another place in the Quran, Allah swears by the age of the Prophet now moroka he swears by the lifespan of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So they are inferred from that the law says when the acid is referring to the Sira of the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa sallam. In other words, the life of the last messenger that is being sent to all humanity, if they don't listen to him, they are definitely in loss. You see the connection, because this is the dawn of our This is the pretty much the sunset of the life of this world. This is the last messenger This is one of the
greatest signs of the end of this world is the coming of the final messenger. And his life in and of itself is the biggest proof that human beings are headed for tremendous loss. So that's how they understood the word loss. And also,
then we'll look at as a judge, he says, what I've been asked that, you know, this is actually a specific brand of Mufasa rune they did this, whenever Allah azza wa jal swears by a creation, they assume that the word Rob is loose, it's understood before it. So he's saying I swear by the master the lord of time. So when Allah says, Well, fudger they these scholars will interpret it as what have been,
that's how they'll understand it. And they've done this consistently a brand of scholars have done that consistently. But that's not the majority position. Nonetheless, I feel inclined to share it with you because this is within Anderson, Ella, Gemma, and it did exist in our history. Anyhow, finally, new Cathy Rahim. Allah says, as a man under the coffee, how a cat when he Adam in hiring Sharon, this is all time in which the activities of the human being of the children of Adam have occurred, whether they be good activities, or they be bad activities. And by by saying good and bad. What he's actually telling us is that the human beings overall What have they done more of good or
bad, they've done more bad hence they are in
time has illustrated that they had opportunity to do both, but they ended up doing more bad than good. So human beings have ended up in loss. Now we're going to look at a linguistic analysis of the word asked itself. The word that comes from a verb. The form is Asana, who Eric Asana who both are used if the eye, and the philosophy Magellan is also used, literally means he pressed it, he squeezed it he drenched it, it's used for cloth that is drenched in water, and then you squeeze it like that and all the water comes out. That's how it's used. Also, it can be used for fruits, you know, when you squeeze a fruit and you get juice out of it, Arabic word for juices are seen and the
verbal form is episodic.
Or to call for example, yeah, those are two five minutes
In other words he drew juice out of the the apple he drew juice out of so to squeeze something this is the first meaning
also that you run water out of the garment. Then in the Quran we find what the ERC rune. This is the melodic form that's also used in the Quran. This is the interpretation of the dream by use of RSM and in it, you know, we find a fee acetone. And they also they will squeeze juice, you know how they in the ancient times they used to press grapes, stomp on grapes to make wine, or olives and other things like that. That's the word being used for squishing them to actually bring the wine out of them or the juices out of them. The poet says low canopy and kena ha don't ya see rufina can let the dust settle. Had there only been among our leaders, any one of them, that spends or squeezes out
from his wealth to give to us the way you give? In other words, this this guy from one tribe, he goes to the leader of another tribe, and he's trying to get some money out of him, right. So and he thinks of money, as you know, you have so much so what you get is just a little drop of droplets that you squished out of there, you have the core of it. So they said I wish we had leaders that you know squish some of their wealth, so we could enjoy the droplets the way you give. He's trying to butter him up. So he gives him some money basically, that's what poetry is about. But you know, the benefit of poetry is it gives us an insight in how the Arabs use these words. So we have a better
understanding of how Allah azza wa jal is communicating with those ancient Arabs because it's their language. That's the that's the language they spoke. Then we find ourselves in interesting usage of verbs. In ancient Arabic Asada is used for a woman who is reached the dawn of her of her youth. In other words, her youth is about to expire. Then they say about her, I saw that the feminine form is used for her, or if a girl reaches, you know, maturity. They also use the word Asana, that she's matured into a woman. We find our salata Sahar a boo, the clouds reached a point where they were to be squeezed by the winds. Literally, the image of the area would it's very picturesque language, the
clouds are imagined as like cloth that are squeezed and then the rain comes down. This is actually the imagery captured in the word in the Quran, what ends elemental Morsi allottee, same root ones, aluminum sarathi, man, the GA symbol is used the we sat down from the clouds that are squeezed, meaning winds push them against each other, and they get squeezed and then the rain comes down. That's the imagery that's been presented in these ions that are solid answer is, this is something we mentioned before, but I'll tell you where it comes from. Now she had writes this in Shaka Shafi, he says it's acid is a period of time, that
period of time in during which someone you know passes away, and is also a period of time that you know in history where a nation became extinct, or a nation came to its end, which is tied to what we were saying in the beginning, the state of emergency and also the tragedy of human history. That's the two themes that are connected in the meaning of awesome. Then finally, a couple more Martha as to who Aslan is, you know when you save a file to who asked for and it means I didn't do it at the time I was supposed to do it. So acid is used as a time you are supposed to do something by understanding that implication of what we're learning and when the inside of the cluster is human
beings are in laws. And the time to change the way they are supposed to do it is right now this is the time to change immediately. That's one of the benefits of awesome in that word, then what I can name you. similar meaning he came but not at the time he was supposed to come. Or they came but not at the time that they were supposed to come. This these are the meanings of just the word. We are being asked to reflect on time that is dripping away from all of us, we can get lost in the technicalities and the grammatical analysis and the quotes of them of the room. But let's think about how this applies to us. You and I have 24 hours in a day, how many of them are gone in sleep,
how many of them are gone in work, how many of them are put into efforts for to build our savings, donia savings, pay the bills, but how much of it is being prepared for so we can pay our bills in the era, how much of it is going so that we can actually be ready to stand before Allah azza wa jal for that audit, there is the audit and tax season, then there is the ultimate audit that's coming in which we all have to stand for every single thing that we've done. These you know if I say this all the time, one of the benefits of this sort I'm using the word awesome because it's part of a day is Alize meaningless. Imagine our entire life as though it is how many one day that it's one day, if
you can transform how you spend one day, basically, you have transformed your life.
Because you know, you know this already, many of you work full time or students full time or you know, you take care of the home full time. A lot of your days are exactly the same. There's a lot of routine, it's the same exact thing over and over and over again. So if you can bring a change to one part of your day, you've actually transformed one part of your entire life. You've transformed an entire part of your life.
And that the time to make that change is running out. And my personal advice to you, this is not part of just personal advice, we make changes to ourselves in Ramadan, we make those changes, we make changes for lead, we make changes, or we you know, break from our schedule on special occasions at the death of a family member, you know, we make changes on these kinds of special look at the birth of a child, etc, etc. But then we go back to the routine, we go back to our old ways, why do we go back to our old ways, because we don't see the sense of urgency. You see, you don't say, Man, I used to go to work on time at nine o'clock. And I was doing that for a while. But then I just, you
know, I got lazy and you know, now I go at 10 o'clock, 11 o'clock, you won't do that. Because you know, you're gonna get fired. You know, there's a sense of urgency, you have to be there. And the fact that you have convinced yourself that there's an absolute sense of urgency, you have no choice but to be there on time, every day, you have no choice in the matter, it automatically made your consistency easy for you. It didn't make it hard anymore. You just have to do it. You don't think twice about it. Somebody says to you, how do you do it, man, I just got to do it. I don't think about I just do it. That's it.
Now, if we really, really believed, like, we believe we will lose our job when we don't show up on time, right? If we really, really believed that we are heading for loss. And there are certain behaviors that need to enter into our life. Like the regularity of Salah, for example, like the abandonment of vein activity, for example, if we were really convinced that not changing our behavior will lead us to loss like the loss of a job, right? Like, you know, nobody's gonna be late for their immigration appointment. They're gonna be there two hours early. Right, they're gonna prepare the night they have families the night before, because it's at 6am. So they won't go to
sleep, they will be there early, because they are convinced this has to do with if they don't do this, they will be in loss. If we are truly convinced this will lead to loss, then changing one day, rather, changing your whole life becomes very easy. But when does it become easy when there is belief, which is why when a lot talked about? What's the first exception, he mentioned, those who lied. They believe there's not just casually Oh, those who believe Yeah, I'm included. There's not the kind of belief we're talking about here. This is real deep conviction, that what I am doing is directly connected to my success directly connected to my failure, I better change my ways, I better
get my act together. This is this is just in the word Alaska itself, just in the word how it's being squeezed and wrenched away. And I don't have time, the students those of you that are students here, you have an assignment due, and you forgot to do it, this time running out, right, the kind of urgency you will see in a student, the kind of urgency to study for the exam before the final, the kind of urgency you will see for an accountant in tax season, the kind of urgency you will see, for example, if you're late to work, the kind of behavior you will have at home, things will be upside down, you better not be late, you're going to turn the whole house if nothing matters at that time,
you won't care about breakfast or this or that or the other, you will go because there's a sense of urgency, you are convinced you will be in trouble if you don't do it. You're absolutely convinced. We have to compare that conviction to our conviction in terms of our Deen and our Can you know if your boss says to you, I swear to you, you are in trouble.
If your boss says that to you, he says I swear he comes into the office. He doesn't point at you. He says every single employee is in trouble. I swear.
Every single one.
They're gonna they're gonna lose big.
When he walks away, do you think any of the employees they add not me? I'm okay.
Nope, he didn't specify right? He didn't say some people are in trouble. He didn't say that guy over there is in trouble. What did he say? Every single one. You're all in trouble. And you're gonna find out pretty soon Time's running out. There's a deadline, you're gonna find out very, very soon. Who you know how much trouble you're really in. Now, when you hear that in dunya, there's a sense of urgency. There's Oh my god, what am I What am I supposed to do? What does he want? Why is he angry? What is it something they're not doing? Now think about this. When you get a job. And I'm giving you these examples. So we understand the rest of this little well inshallah Tada. This is a critical
solar for the life of a Muslim. It is such a gift from Allah that He gave us three I thought that could change our life. You don't have to memorize bondage in your life. Just remember the laws of man. So how the law, how it will transform your life, how it will transform your life. Now think about this. You get a job. Your boss says to you, you got four tasks. Every day, you have how many four tasks.
Sometimes your boss gives you tasks that you're really good at.
And sometimes you have tasks that you don't like doing.
But because this is your job, how many tasks
You have to do all four, you only like two of them, but you still have to do for two of them you enjoy doing two of them you don't enjoy doing but you still do for now if some of them some of you decide, or I decide, I'm just going to do two of those.
Because I'm really good at those two. I'm not gonna even touch the other two. I'm not worried about that. He'll be okay. When he sees how impressive my first two are. he'll forget about the other two.
So you don't do the other two tasks. And the boss comes after a week. So what's what's the story? Where are you on the progress? I finished the first 200% or what about the other? Actually, I'm not going to do those. But see how good I did the first two, what's gonna happen to this person?
What do you think's gonna happen? He's gonna keep his job. No.
Even if you did not, I'm not the best job but at least you did your best to for all four. You didn't get 100% you got a 70% for all four. That's better than you getting 100% for one of them, you understand? So when Alas, hats out for conditions ilyn Edina amanu Aminu Sally Hart was also will have what was obvious? And we say he man Yeah, we should work on our mind, some good deeds. And he said this other stuff this for speakers, this for that just for the sheer This is for somebody, it is not for me, this is for somebody else. And what are you doing? You're saying Allah says those everyone's in trouble except people who need four conditions, but you're only interested in two or
one or three, whatever you're picking and choosing, that is also in loss. It's all or nothing. It's all or nothing. That's the attitude we have to develop in regards to this surah I'll take 10 more minutes, inshallah, Allah will probably have to have a third session of muscle blossom. inshallah. That was my fear originally was three sessions on Saturday. So when will you learn? Okay, let's get to instead of the vehicles. First of all, the word in it now is using the Arabic language. Not just to mean certainly, but to talk to a group of people that are in doubt about what you are saying. By using the word in that in in in Santa Fe hustle. We are already learning that most human beings when
they hear this, guess what? They don't believe it. They don't believe that. It's that it's that bad. It can't be that bad, bro. That's a pretty depressing lecture you gave it can't be that bad. And allies making sure you understand for sure this is the case in rhetorically it's used is at least sanity check. It is used to remove doubt. And by saying that I say the doubt already exists, the doubt already exists. And you would think this is talking to
some of us Iran said and insan al Qaeda. But another Rufus rune came with even stronger delete against that. Why? Because at least if they're at the end in law with the exception, because a lot one exception, it's all humanity. If it was a cafe, then there wouldn't be an exception to the cup of coffee, this coffee. But because it's Illa at the end is referring to each and every single human being. Now let's look at the word Insan. Quickly, the word Insan. We've talked about this before because it's come up many times in different sources. In the word in sand comes from different roots, it's argued one of them is Nietzschean forgetfulness and part of that is the human being can
be reminded that he's in really really deep trouble but what happens to an after
forgets your hobo. You get reminded, you remember and you say, Man, I gotta get my act together. And then you by the time you get to the car in the parking lot of the machine, you've already forgotten.
human beings Allah gave him a covenant before he even came to this earth is to be able to become Paulo Bella Shannon sola. Rafi said, Am I not your master? We said yes, of course you are. We bear witness.
We bought this to Allah that he's our master when he came to this earth. Guess what happened? I forgot. We forgot.
We forget the seriousness of saying Lyla Illallah we forget the power of saying Ramadan Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam we forget.
So the word insam as opposed to enfold the individual and knifes the person. There are different words that are alternatives and the you know people and not but I've insan here, two benefits of it. One to allude to our forgetfulness, and to the word insan is individual it's called is some logins.
The benefit of knowing that is, this word includes two things. It includes all categories, meaning all human beings. And at the same time, it's singular. And here we have to learn something this is the last thing we'll share for today inshallah Allah just a little bit about the word insan
is the concept of the diffusion of responsibility. There's a concept in psychology, it's called diffusion of responsibility.
All of you are here. Let me give you a classroom example or a home example. My kids are at home. I have five kids have
Under under their home, they're running around. As I'm leaving the house, I say to them be God and I close the door.
I just say be good. Are they going to be good? No, this is what you call diffusion of responsibility. But if I open the door and I say, Oh, snap, don't bother your sister, when he or don't draw on the wall, Hoda Don't yell, I might go to sleep. If I specify, then are they going to be more responsible? Yes. If I say generally, then what happens? It must be talking about someone else. I'm already good. You understand? The teacher says in the classroom, the kids are making lots of noise, the teacher has to be quiet. Everyone does their work.
But the teacher takes one student and makes an example out of them. Everybody's making noise. This is by the way, for teachers. This is a good tip. Everybody's making noise you single out one student? Can
you want to keep talking? Just one.
Guess what's gonna happen to everybody else?
Everybody chills out why you specify there's no more diffusion of responsibility. It didn't get divided up. And a lot of times when people are given a responsibility, they start assuming, yeah, it's important, but there's always someone else who can do it. Right? Yeah, there's trouble. You know, the teacher walks in. You know, you guys are in big trouble. The teacher says you guys are in big trouble. not that scary. I pick on Kareem, again, Kareem. You don't know how much trouble you're in. Is that far more scarier for getting? It is isn't it? Now to say in the national a few people are in trouble. People are in loss. That's one thing in Santa each and every single individual,
forgetful human being immersed in a state of loss. So when the human being hears this ayah Who is he to think about? himself, forget everybody else. Forget, forget everybody else. It's just I am in trouble. I shouldn't think about anybody else right now. I should only be thinking about myself. When it comes to our salvation being saved on the Day of Judgment. There is no charity. On that day, the mother doesn't care about the child. The mother doesn't care about the child with the exception of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the people the the prophets are named Masato Salaam are saying we can't make sure for you before you go someone else. I have no nothing to give you.
That is the day when brother is running for brother. Best Friends are no longer best friends but
he will be on that day you love your family so much. And by the way, we sometimes out of love of people, we do really bad things. Right? We do really, really bad things. And those same people the person was about to be thrown in Hellfire on the Day of Judgment. He says woman fell out of the Jamia and from bioenergy he says to Allah azza wa jal, lo we have teddy bear. That may not be amazing, but he was lucky. But he can I be saved from the punishment in exchange for my son. Can you throw my son my baby? Can you throw him in hell instead of me. That's what the guy will say. And my wife, and my brother, and my mother will meet Well, I'll be well foreseen at the end his extended
family. Well, mine fell out of the gym er, and he will look at all humanity and say, oh, Allah, you're about to throw me? Why don't you take all of them instead? All of them, just let me let me be saved so much energy that he should be saved.
That is the state of affairs. Now think about that. This day on that day you forget everyone. So what we're learning here is this is the time to forget everyone. First, you should be concerned about them. Second, who should you be concerned about first? yourself, I say this with all sincerity and goodwill at heart to the parents of Muslim children. We are so worried about our children. We're not too worried about ourselves. My kids got to go to an Islamic school. We got to make sure that they are in a good environment. What about your good environment? Why are you watching that stuff?
Why are you talking like that? Why are you cheating in business? Why aren't you getting up for so long?
We remember those we love. I mean, forget who are ownselves Pamela, can you talk to this king talk to that, you know, they'll come to the chef, the Imam, can you talk to my kids? They need some advice. You don't need advice. Really? Because I will think if you messed up in raising your kid, the first person who needs advice is you what happened all these years? Where have you been?
Where is the where's the parent Ben who's supposed to do his job so how to look so in an insane bringing responsibility to ourselves the state of emergency the fact that we are not safe from laws. We're not even discussing laws yet. That's later on in the ayah we're just editing an insane and I think this is it. Suffice to conclude here in Charlotte, North Carolina. This as far as today's does, and maybe not next Tuesday, we'll try and wrap up the song. But in an insane interview who's no doubt each and
Every single human being as forgetful as they are, are deeply immersed in loss and as they realize that they should also realize that Allah has already warned, time is running out. Time for them to change their behavior is running out. May Allah azza wa jal help us internalize the lessons from the hustle. May Allah azza wa jal embed these lessons onto our hearts, that we may constantly remember them. May Allah make us like the Sahaba who whenever they met each other, they wouldn't party each other. Let me let me taraka hatanaka you know, they wouldn't leave each other's company until they would recite to each other one us in an insanity hosted in the Latina monomial sweaty hot water
wasabi hot water was all the sudden Allahumma Jimena Latina Aminu Amina Sunny, hot water, wasabi Huck, whatever so the sub Amira behind me inshallah tada to see all of you next Tuesday with some article