Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Anam 141-150 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 141
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Let him in the shade
Lesson number 86 Circle a neuron number 141 to 150
waho a lady and he is the one who uncheck a jannetty Maru shatin who causes gardens to grow trellised Well, how are you Mr. Boucher and undressed?
When not flowers, Zara, and palm trees and crops? Most elephant uchu have different kinds of food was a tuna what will man Muta shabby,
shabby, olives and pomegranates similar and dissimilar colome In summary, eat of its fruit, either ethmoidal when it yields fruit, what to have a who Yamaha saw it and give it's due on the day of harvest 1234 in the hula Hubbell was revealed and be not excessive, because indeed, he does not like those who commit excess.
In this ayah. Allah subhanaw taala mentions different kinds of provision that he has provided his servants with.
And through them, he makes us recognize who he is. And if you look at it, a loss of handle data has taught us about many things in the Quran. He teaches us about himself. He teaches us about his angels, about his prophets, about the day of judgment about the past nations about what is to happen in the future.
And at the same time, he also teaches us about the world around us.
So along with everything that is necessary for our a better a loss of panel data also teaches us about the world that is around us. Because a believer, he cannot worship a loss of final data in a cell or while being cut off from everything and everyone he lives in this dunya and he must have the eye with which he reflects on what Allah subhanaw taala has created. So we see that in this eye in particular, a loss of penalties teaching us about botany, about plants,
that Allah subhanaw taala is the one who unsure, unsure is from the roof letters known Jean Hamza and Nashua new shoe is to rise to emerge and ensure is to cause something to rise.
And primarily this word is used for creating something and making it grow, creating something and making it grow. And everything there are lots of panels Allah has created and he causes it to grow. It grows gradually.
Never does it happen, that you have something that comes into existence one day, and the next day it's in its full size, no, it takes time. It takes different stages. So unsure, he is the one who has produced He has created he has made it to grow gradually, what has he grown, what has he produced, generating gardens Why?
So that people can benefit. So that human beings they can benefit
not so that people divide these genetic and the produce of these genetic into various parts, and that they should dedicate some to their idols, some they make forbidden on themselves no alasa panel data has created genetic why so that human beings can benefit
and the word genetic is the plural of gender. Literally the word gender means a garden. From this, the gender of the Hereafter is also called gender. Why? Because that is also gardens. And gender is used for such a garden, which is dense, which is dense mean there's a lot of trees, there is a lot of grass, basically the earth is covered by greenery. The earth is covered by greenery. Sometimes you go to someone's backyard, or maybe you in a garden or a piece of land. But what happens over there, there's no grass, you see the earth, the soil that is being exposed. So he has created genetic which are very dense. And these genette they are mirboo shatin. Well, they all know
they are trellised and they're also other than being trellised.
Now what does it mean by Marsha?
Marsha, Marsha, and Marsha is when they're veterans. I have a shame out of what does it mean? thrown? Where is it? Generally anything's thrown. It is high. It is elevated. It's elevated from where the rest of the people are sitting or they're standing. So proud of is the roof
Mara Lucia Mirage is that which is raised up to the roof?
What is it that which is raised up to the roof? So basically, it is that which grows upwards.
Now think about it, plants that grow on vines, what do you have to do? Do let them be spread across the land?
Some plants what do they do some vines, they spread across the earth, they grow horizontally, but others they have to be grown vertically. Now in the wild what's going to happen they will grow over trees, but generally when people plant them, what do they do? They build a particular structure, isn't it like a framework that is either wooden or metallic or something like that and they tie the plant with rocks or something Why? So that the plan can grow upwards.
So Maroon shirt are those who grow on trellises. And what is the trellis trellis is the frame on which the vines that grow upwards are still around, he said are still current meaning I made a trellis for the grapevine
I made a trellis for the grapevine grapevine can grow upwards
and every trellis has to be high. And because of this, the meaning of ash gives a sense of height. And from this is the option of the king the throne, which is that a height which is elevated.
So marble schatten, meaning those vines that are spread and they grow on trellises they grow upwards.
So he is the one who has made janetta mirboo shed. Well they are Mr Boucher and he has also made such an effort which are not going to try this. Now what does it mean by this? What isn't even our blue shirt? And what is it mean by hieromartyr Lucia? There are several opinions. First of all, it has been said that Mara Lucia refers to climbers, meaning those plants that are grown on trellises that climb upwards. Those plants those vines that grow upwards, they're grown over trellises like for example, grapevine. Similarly, kiwi, that also grows in mines, which grow upwards they're actually climbers suddenly decide that Marcia refers to according to even our best of the line, it
is any vine
whether it is grown on a trellis, or it is not grown on a trellis. So for instance, creepers or ground cover plants. So for instance, strawberries, what do they grow on? vines? But are they growing upwards? Are they put on trellises? No, they are creepers. Their ground cover plants, they spread over the earth. Similarly, runners, so for instance, cranberry, watermelon, squash, honey, melon, cantaloupe, all of these grown What? vines but these vines don't grow upwards, because if they were made to grow upwards, what would happen? They would fall down. Because the fruit is so huge. It is so heavy, that the vine it cannot bear the burden.
Then it has also been said that Mr. Boucher refers to tall trees. What is it referring to tall trees that reach a pie that grow upwards, which are very tall, like for example, the date bomb.
And on the other hand, there are late Omarosa shots. Then what is later martial arts refers to. First of all, it has been said that, well, they don't know who shatta refers to those vines that are not grown on trellises. What was the first opinion with regards to Mr. Boucher, those that are grown on trellises that go upwards?
Then right Omar Bouchard refers to which ones those which are not going to try this but this spread on the earth like lines of squash, watermelon, cantaloupe, strawberry, etc. Secondly, it has been said the right Omar which it refers to all other plants and trees that are not mines. Now to shatter vines. Remember the second opinion I told you, my wish other vines are going to even our best which grow upwards or down in the ground whatever, any kind of vine, creepers, crawlers, and lado marshadow refers to all other types of plants. See how most of hunter has categorized the plants for us? that human beings over years and years of study, then they're gone with these terms, and then
they've categorized them, but Allah subhanaw taala, the hardik the Creator, he has already told us about the different categories of plants. So lay them out and shatter all other plants and trees are not bites that rise upwards understand whether they are trees or they are crop or they are shrubs, whatever.
And thirdly, it has been said that right Mr. Lucia refers to those vines that grow in the wild that grow in the wild.
That grow upwards on trees. Because human beings what do they do? They make the trellises. But in the wild, do grapes not grow? Of course they do in the wild they do. So what do they grow up on? When other trees sometimes you see trees that are covered with length, sometimes you see a building that is being covered up with a vine. So Allah subhanaw taala is the one who has made genetic Nabu. shatin
and he has ultimate one and the dayparts was that are and the crops. What does that include? wheat, barley, rice, grains, etc.
And all of these alasa panel data says they're most elephant. There are different from highlanda
okuu its fruit, its food, its produce conditional letters, Hamza krafla, meaning all of these different types of plants, and trees and shrubs and vines. What do they produce? different different types of fruit? Different types of produce? Some are producing grains, other are producing fruit. Others are producing vegetables. So my telephone cuckoo, and how are they different? In type, in color, in form, in taste, in texture, in nutrients, in fragrant even. There's so much variety in even the plants that have lost a planet that has created if you just go to the grocery store, sometimes you wonder what plant is this? And what fruit is is and what vegetable is this. And
sometimes we only know the fruit or the vegetable and we don't know how it grows. It's very important to know what type of plants even these fruits and vegetables grow on some of the different ruku the okra they're very what they tuna and the olives meaning and he is the one who has created this a to one woman and the pomegranates as well.
And what they do know what women meaning they're similar in some ways, but they're different with the Shaban their Scimitar will lay down with a shabby, and they're also different at times what happens, fruits are identical in their size in their color. If you get to pomegranates even identical in their size, identical in their color, maybe their sticker even. But then when you open them, they're completely different, aren't they? One turns out to be very sweet. Another turns out to be very sour.
One turns out to be very bright in its color. And other turns out to be not that bright in its color. Some with a shabby and white on with a shabby, they're similar. And they're also not similar. How? in taste in quality and usefulness. They're different
coloman In summary, each of its fruit, what does mean summary? What does he refer to all that has been mentioned over here whether it's the produce of jannetty marble shot or ladle marilou shot or another or etc, or the zaytoun and availment whatever it is, any producer last counter has given you kudos in summary What does that show the permissibility of all fruits and vegetables? What does it show the permissibility of all fruits and vegetables they're all permissible even grains.
Now, it depends on what a person does with them that could perhaps make them unlawful For instance, if a person makes wine out of grapes, then that is not going to be permissible if they take it out of wheat even that is not permissible. But primarily all fruits and vegetables are permissible.
There is a very interesting incident that happened a very funny incident rather somebody we know their child was very young and they were studying abroad and everywhere they went child would want to pick up a particular food at the grocery store and they would say no, this is not hard and this is not harder. So finally when they went to the produce section, the champion of the apple is that is that
sometimes when there are so many things which were told Okay, this you can eat this you can then you wonder, okay, Is this okay? Is that okay? So what do we learn that primarily all fruits and vegetables are permissible, all produce all grains, they are permissible. Now, it depends what people do with them, which will make them unlawful. If you take a particular fruit, or seed or grain and you make drugs out of it, it's not going to be permissible, but primarily, it is permissible. And if you use it in a large quantity that could be toxic for you. Again, that is not permissible. But generally, they're all permissible depending on what you do. That's what will make it happen.
So kuruman summary, each of its root is a model when it bears fruit, meaning when it yields when the fruit is right,
what to have for who and also give its Do you also give a talk? However, what does it mean by this? Give us how Yamaha saw it on the day of its harvest? has autism newsletters have slaughtered that? And so that is to harvest. And how sad is that harvest, which is done at the right time.
For example, the fruits that are right, the crop is ready, then you harvest then you go pick the fruit, then that is at the right time. But if you pick the fruit too early, or if you pick the fruit too late, is that going to be beneficial? No, which harvest is good that which is done at the right time. So how solid is harvest at the right time, and healthy, which is another word that is used in the Quran, that is used for destruction of the crop
that is used for the destruction of the crop because it was harvested at the wrong time. So as to help our young mahasamadhi give it to do on the day of its harvest. Meaning the day that you go pick the fruit, the day that you harvest your field. On that day, make sure you give the heck as well. What does anybody have?
How has been understood in two ways? First of all, it's how it's due? And what does it refer to?
The produce the crop, the fruit?
And what is it how
it refers to the cat. Meaning on the day of harvest, make sure you give there's a cat that is due on that harvest.
Generally, when you have gold or when you have something like that when you pay the Zakat
after a year, but the cap that is paid on produce on land that is given on the day of harvest that is due when on the day of harvest
and it is known as Russia arranging Russia
and what is Russia? It's from our shadow What does it mean 10. So it is one 10th How much is it? One 10th
and other say it is half a lower half of one 10th
is either one 10th or 120.
So as to have Babu and give it to
others I said that hacker who refers to his help creating a loss
and what does it refer to sort of?
Remember that sort of Anamika Maki surah
when were the commands given in Medina, the capital's ultimate obligatory were in Medina. So in Makkah, what does it mean by will add to Haku yamahai according to majority of the scholars, it refers to sadhaka because at that time the cat was not mandatory, but later on when it did become mandatory, then we can understand this as give the Zakat on the day of harvest
1234 and do not be excessive, do not be extravagant, do not squander the signal from the letters seen. And what is Islamic mean? Is refers to overspend when it comes to money. It is to overspend to spend beyond the limit to spend on what a person cannot afford.
For example, a person knows his earning is only 3000 4000 a month, but he goes on spending 5000 every month that is beyond his capacity, isn't it. So, it is rough, he is overspending more than he can afford more than he can afford.
And when a person does this, what does he do? He either deprives himself or he is depriving those on whom it is mandatory on him to spend on
especially for instance, if a person is spending on one thing more than what is necessary.
For instance, a person makes 4000 and he has a very expensive car for which he has to pay a lot of money every month on gas on service etc. On maintenance. Similarly, he has a phone or he has a membership or something for which he has to pay a lot of money. He is paying, he is spending more than he can afford and all that is left is 1500 at the end of the day, from which he's supposed to spend on his family, their food, their needs, their housing, and what's going to happen. If he is spending too much on himself on one particular side, then he is definitely going to neglect others.
Isn't it? He's definitely going to need like others.
So Islam is when a person overspends in one particular Avenue, as a result of which others get neglected. As a result of which others get neglected. And it is mandatory on him to spend on them. It is mandatory on him to spend on them. Similarly, a person giving soda every month, two thirds of his paycheck, he's left with one third. He can barely afford food for himself, he can barely afford food for his family. And his children are crying. We need this we need that his wife is upset. But he's like no, no, we should definitely give each other for every month, and he's giving more than he can afford.
If you can afford Go ahead, nobody's going to stop you. But if you cannot afford and because of that, you're neglecting those in whom it is mandatory on you to spend, then that is half even if you're spending in a good cause. Remember that, even if you're spending in a good cause, because a person might say I'm getting
I'm giving it to the poor, okay, you can give it to the poor, but it is your duty to spend on your family.
We learned that impinger age, he said that this ayah was revealed concerning Sabbath even case even gymnasts who blocked the fruit of his dead pants. And then he said to himself this day, every person who comes to me I will feed him from it.
So he kept on feeding them until the evening came and he ended up with no dates. What was left for himself, nothing, what was left for his family, nothing, what was left for next year, so that he could invest it in nothing. So Allah subhanaw taala saying, to have Yamaha sada Yes, give its do give charity gives a cap on the day of harvest. But don't be excessive even in spending in the right cause. Don't because Allah subhanaw taala loves moderation.
Then others have said that Lazarus refill is rough over here. What it means is wasting that give it to you. And at the same time what you're using don't waste it don't squander.
Like, for example, sometimes what do people do? If they have extra? Obviously, they cannot use it. If you go buy a lot of fruit, obviously, you can't eat it all yourself. You can't. Sometimes people own lands. And whenever there is harvest, they get particular whatever they produce, they have grown, they get bags and sacks full of that particular vegetable fruit. Obviously, they cannot eat it all themselves. So what should they do? Should they just let it rot in the house and eventually throw it away? No. Okay, you paid the zakat. But then whatever extra you have, if it's beyond your need, don't waste it. Don't waste it, give it to someone else. Because sometimes we buy a lot of
stuff. We don't use it ourselves. We don't give it to others. It sits in our house, it sits in our refrigerator for days, it sits in our closets in our storerooms for months. And eventually when we see this is all fashionable. I can wear this anymore. I can't use it. What do we do? We throw it away?
Because it's not even worth giving in charity? Because generally, what do people choose to give in charity? What they don't need themselves and what's not worth using or wearing anymore? But it's gone so bad that you can't even give it to somebody else who could use it so that you don't waste give it to somebody else who can use it.
13 has been said that lattice before, don't do Israel, because Israel also includes spending insane, spending insane in sinful ways.
So that people don't spend in sinful ways. So on the day of harvest, give the heck of Allah give us a cat give sadaqa and don't spend what you have obtained insane. So for instance, what would machine do? They would dedicate a part of it to, to their idols. So let us see for this altar falls in Islam.
In the hula Habermas revealed Indeed Allah does not like those who do love those who waste those who overspend those who neglect where they should spend, those who spend insane, Allah does not like such people. So we see in this ayah three commands have been given. Three commands have been given. After mentioning that Allah pounder has provided you with all of this fruit and vegetable, different different types. Allah subhanaw taala gives us three commands.
First of all, could eat when either as model eat of the fruit when it yields some people would think that it is piety to abstain from food, to abstain from good food.
Rather, it is a form of worship, eating good food, eating the produce of the Earth is what it is an act of rebellion, because a loss of habitat is commanding us over here kulu. So if you follow this command of a law, what are you doing? obeying Him and what is obedience to allow me to worship. And if this was the case, that Allah subhanaw taala did not want us to enjoy this food that he has created, he would not have created this variety. Or he would have told us that this and this is forbidden upon you eat only this fruit eat only this vegetable.
But a lots of panel data has made all of them permissible for us, all of them is made permissible for us. So what does it show, he has created them for our benefit. Therefore, it would be an act of rebellion on our part, if we use these blessings, we enjoyed them. And we should gratitude.
Because remember, when a person uses a blessing that Allah has given him that is actually a form of gratitude.
That is a form of sugar.
For instance, you prepare some food for your guests. They come over, you offer them the food and they say No, thank you. I don't want to eat. Or they eat very little. How do you feel? They didn't appreciate what you did, isn't it? You feel like that.
But a loss of penalty. He has created so much so much variety, and he has made all projects permissible for us. Who are we to say no, I'm not going to eat this out of piety. I'm not going to eat this because I want to come closer to Allah know the prophets. All of a sudden, he ate good food he ate by your food. And the produce of the Earth is of the world's favorite foods.
The second commandment Allah Subhana Allah has given to us over here is that we should give the view of produce on the day of harvest. What is this show? This shows the obligation of giving the ocean on the day of harvest. Some say it's mandatory to give a shot on the day of harvest. And others say it's not mandatory on the day but soon after, because it's possible you take the one 10th out, but then what happens you're unable to give it on the same day but you have it separated, you will give it the next day. You could give it the day after but the day has been mentioned Why? Because when the fruit is fresh, or the produce is fresh and people are looking especially the hungry and the
needy, they want it right away. So give it on the same day and it is best to give it on the same day.
And Allah subhanaw taala has punished those people who don't give the share of the poor and needy on the day of harvest. We learned in total column is 18 to 33. That is akosombo layers. Ramona Mosley hain is best known photographer and they have a formula bigger image for us bahat Cassady that when the people of the garden What did they do, they swore to pick the fruit of the garden early in the morning, without saying if Allah wills or without making any exception for the needy and poor,
then they're passed by on the garden of visitation meaning of fire from your Lord at night, burning it while they were asleep, to the garden became black by the morning like a pitch dark knight incomplete ruins. So when a person does not give the heck of those who deserve, then what happens? What he has does not have any Baraka in it. It's possible it doesn't get destroyed. But believe me there will be no Baraka. If you have money, and you don't give Zakat on it, you will find no bulk and that money. If you have time, and you don't use it for the sake of Allah, you will find no Baraka in your time. If you have energy and you don't use it for the sake of Allah, you will find no
Baraka in that energy. The children what happens with them, if they have something and they don't want to share it with others. For example, if they're given a chocolate bar or candy, what do they do? They hide it. And when they hide it, they even forget where they kept it. So nobody gets to eat it, neither them nor anybody else. This is what happens when people are stingy when they don't give the right of others.
Remember, the cat is from purification. What does that mean purification and increase. So when the cat is given, it purifies the wealth, it increases the wealth, and if we don't give it there will be no Baraka. So a person should not just eat of the produce himself, but he should also feed others.
Thirdly, we also learn from this ayah about the prohibition of doing Islam,
the prohibition of Islam, that do not waste even in eating, do not waste even an eating
or do not waste by not giving to others.
Do not be excessive by giving everything away. Do not be excessive
By eating everything yourself, there should be moderation. A person should eat, a person should consume, a person should spend all of this how in moderation we learn from the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala says well, that you're on the other side of Roulette and in our own Okay, well, that was super cool.
And do not make your hand as chained to your neck. Meaning you've changed your neck and you're not sharing it with anybody, or extended completely, that you're giving everything away and keeping nothing for yourself or your family or the next year.
We learn from our Hadith in Bukhari, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, kulu was trouble. Well, so when the lady is laughing, when I'm Athena, eat, drink, and clothe yourselves without extravagance, or arrogance. Eat, drink, while we're soup and also wear clothes, clothes yourself, without extravagance. And without arrogance, sometimes what happens? We're not that particular about eating. But when it comes to wearing clothes, buying clothes, we do a lot of assault. If we have worn one particular outfit at an occasion, we will never be that outfit. again. Never. Even if it costs a lot of money through which somebody could get a lot of food for many months. Literally, people spend so
much money on their clothes, they will wear it once or twice. And that's it. And the same money could be given to somebody else could be given to the hungry to the needy to the poor.
Recently, somebody followed an article, the article was titled 150 rupees 150 rupees like $1, maybe a little more than that. So they had mentioned about how before it was basically a journalist, he had gone to this particular marketplace in Pakistan where you got everything and a lot of for needy people were there as well.
And there was this place where people were selling secondhand clothes.
And sweater, clothes shawls, they were like 200 rupees, doing repeaters how much maybe $2.50 $3 maximum.
And there was a an old woman who was standing over there with her son.
And they asked the person how much the particular sweater was. And he said, 200, not less than 200. And they were just standing there quietly, in a state of complete helplessness. And then he asked that poor woman and the son that What are you here to get in this sweater? And they said that why don't you get it like it's 200 rupees and we have only 70 rupees is that you really need this sweater. He said yes. The last sweater I bought was two years ago. And now it's drawing. And it's also small. And that's the only sweater I have.
You know, this year in Pakistan, it was so cold. zero degrees. minus two. Just imagine you're outside without a sweater.
We buy one sweater on top of another sweater we were at once we were twice. We said we don't like it. It sits in a closet. It goes in suitcases in the storage. After years and years. We open it. We say we don't like it. We throw it away.
There are people who are desperate even for one sweater, one pair of socks. That 234 don't do a swap.
Why is it that when we're buying something that we like for ourselves, we will spend so much money $60 $80 $150 no problem. I like that sweater. Yes, I have another one that is very similar to it. But I like this one. Okay, you get it. 100 Allah, Allah Subhana Allah gave you that money. But don't forget the needy. Don't forget them, because they're desperate for even the bare minimum.
People spend a lot on bridal outfits. And not just one outfit, not just one outfit, multiple outfits. And one outfit could help someone who is extremely poor, maybe make a washroom in their house, maybe get food everyday. And they were mentioning about children who had been standing outside soup kitchens and eight in the morning at 2pm. They got a bowl of lentils is a bit of bread, which they took to their families and that was their breakfast. And there are days in which they stand all day long, and they get no food because there was no sponsor for that day.
Nobody sent money in the soup kitchen that day.
And the children will stand all day in the heat of the sun without getting any food.
That is before.
We bought the grocery store. We buy so much food. We're bringing it home. We wasted. We cook it we said we don't like it. We don't eat it. And there are people who are dying of hunger.
Every mother complains about the fact that their child is not eating. Every single mother complains about the fact that child is not eating. Think about the hungry children who are standing out at soup kitchens all
They're waiting for a bowl of soup, waiting for a little bit of bread. That's their meal of the day. Now 234 Can we not afford $1 out of every grocery that we do,
we buy a chocolate bar for that money. As we're standing waiting in the aisle, we'll just pick up a chocolate bar to three, we'll pay that much money just to satisfy our palates. That could be somebody's food for the day.
We need to take this seriously. That on the day that you get your money, on the day that you get your food, think about the needy as well. Even if it's 50 cents, even if it's just $1 it means a lot to someone a lot. We just don't see it. But it means a lot to someone that 234.
So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, kulu, wash lebeau without Islam without extravagance and without arrogance. Sometimes we have a lot, we where we use it. And we're very arrogant.
We have heard all of these stories, but we don't realize their seriousness until unless we see something like this with our own eyes.
So those of you who sometimes go on vacation to travel, go to these countries as well. And take your children to such places. Make them see how people are living.
Somebody I know they went to Pakistan as well. And they went to help out at one of the camps where all the refugees were. And then it was winter, it was extremely cold. And there are people waiting in clouds without any warm clothing whatsoever. And they were living in tents, no heating, no eating whatsoever. And they had never seen poverty like that.
And they came back crying and crying and crying. They couldn't take it. They couldn't bear it.
Seeing all that poverty, they couldn't take it and they left all their clouds over there. Why? for poor people to wear sweaters, we have multiple sweaters. They don't even have one sweater. One sweater. We have multiple talks every day we choose which pair of socks to wear. Okay, which sweater do I wear today? Which one inside which one outside which shawl? Which hijab
is mentioned about this documentary in which it was shown that the person visited an area where there were floods and people were suffering from a lot of poverty and hunger. And they visited a family, a children and the food that they were having was his bread with onions. And he said he tasted their food. The onions were very hot, very spicy. And he said how can you eat it? The father said, we've put the spice ourselves that children eat less. Because we can't afford other food. We don't have other food. How many onions do we waste? How much spice do we waste? How much salt we waste? How much bread we waste the same dollar could go to someone else in another country. Okay,
fine. We cannot get the bread to them. But at least we can send $1 to them. Each one of us can