Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 06 – L071E
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
File Size: 7.77MB
Al-Maidah 27-40 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 32
mean agilely Delica. Because of that,
because of what, because of the murder, that kaabil committed, and Menagerie their liquor, because of murder being a grave sin, because of murder being a serious crime. because of this reason, Katana we wrote, meaning we obligated we ordained and this kita is shorter here. I'd have any assault on the Bani Israel, meaning we gave them this law. What law
that unknown Who? That indeed he, man katella whoever killed nevsun a person assault bill lading of sin not for a soul?
What does it mean by that, man catalana Epson, be late enough sin, meaning delay enough sin patella.
When a person killed another, when a person killed another, then what's the punishment for him?
The sauce that he has to be killed in return.
So over here, men, often enough son, whoever killed the person be late enough so not for a soul not for a person that he killed.
Not for a murder that he committed. So basically, whoever killed a person who is innocent,
behind innocent What does it mean?
He's not killing him as a punishment for killing a soul that he had killed
someone in an accident builiding obscene
our facade and fill out or he did not kill someone because a facade in the earth. What does it mean by facade fill of
facade, as you know, is despoiled to create mischief
and facade fill out what does that include? facade will have what does it include? harming the earth? Like, for example, there's houses there are buildings, streets. What does a person do?
He throws a bomb or something. And what does that affect? The trees, the plants, the buildings, the houses, the streets, the roads, it's the physical Earth. This is pathetic. And the second type of facade this facade of life, for example, killing people harming people.
Similarly, a third party,
and what does that include that if a person is traveling,
then somebody comes in, what does he do?
He killed him or he stretches his property, or he creates a lot of trouble for him, so it's difficult for him to travel with peace and security.
Earlier we read about the collected people who are traveling for Hajj. So authoritarian is what that a person comes. And he disregards the fact that this person is going for Hajj and he snatches his property, he kills his people, and he takes his money and goes away. This is what facade Philip
says, similarly, facade will have includes sins with sins which crimes for which there is capital punishment.
All those crimes for which there is capital punishment.
Like for example, if a person leaves Islam and becomes a cafe.
Similarly, if a person who is married, commits Zina, then what's the punishment for that?
Similarly, if a person drinks alcohol shareable hump, because the petition for shareable hump is this flogging,
but if a person does it repeatedly, he's brought for the punishment over and over again many, many times, but still, he doesn't stop,
then this is considered as facade. Phil have,
you understand? It's understood as facade fill out why, because he is not taking heed from the punishment that has been given to him. So he must be stopped. Because if he continues to indulge in this crime, that other people are going to be affected.
So therefore, Shadi will come on whom the punishment has been carried out many, many times and eventually, what's the punishment for him?
That he should be killed?
So facade, infill refers to all those actions, all those crimes, all those sins,
for which there is capital punishment.
So what are the two justified reasons for getting someone first of all pithos
Meaning a person has killed someone and as a result, they're to be killed in return. Secondly, facade will have meaning all those crimes for which there is capital punishment.
So over here, Allah says, men gotten upset whoever killed the person. And he's killing him unjustly. Why? Because it's not the case of the sauce, it's delayed enough sin.
Secondly, it's not the case of Poseidon fill Earth.
So you understand, he's killing someone who is innocent, whose murder is not justified.
Because he did not kill anyone, he did not commit any facade fell off because of which his murder should be justified. So in other words, man cutter and absurd meaning whoever is killing another, unjustly
whoever kills an innocent soul, *er, and then it is as though katella nurse engineer, he killed all people, German altogether. So whoever killed an innocent soul, it is as though he is killing the entire mankind.
He is massacring the entire mankind the entire human race.
killing an innocent person is like killing the entire mankind. How? How is it killing the entire mankind?
First of all, because the sin
that a person will get for killing an innocent person, is equivalent to killing every single human being on the set.
The sin for killing an innocent person is equivalent to the sin of killing the entire human race. Because he made the killing of people lawful How? By killing one innocent person. If he's killing one innocent person, what is he showing
that killing any person, anyone is justified?
It is okay. So by killing one innocent person, he is justifying killing every single human being.
Secondly, it is said that the Anima cotton acidemia What this means is that he will burn in the Hellfire, he will suffer punishment in the Hereafter, as though he had killed all people. Meaning the punishment in the hereafter will be so severe for this person. Although he killed only one innocent man, that it is as though he had killed the entire human race, that serious,
that great of a punishment will he suffer from in the hereafter.
Thirdly, it is said that the sauce should be taken from him as though he had killed all people.
Which is why what's the punishment
that you kill him in return? You don't let him live?
Because it is as though he has killed the entire mankind.
You know, sometimes you wonder that okay, he killed another Tony one person. I mean, why should he be killed in return? Just put him in jail for a few years
that he should give some money, he should pay a fine and that's it, there's let him go.
But this crime is so serious,
that the sauce will be taken from him, as punishment will be carried on him as though he had killed the entire human race. Because every single human life is sacred
and killing an innocent person. What does it lead to?
killing more people.
Others have said that what it means by this particular is that Mankato and Epson Epson alpha side infill alpha Anima puzzle and NASA mirror.
What this means is that whoever killed a person whose murder will lead to many more murders.
That person killed one innocent man.
But as a result, only one man will not be killed. That murder will lead to many many more murders.
Like for example, if the ruler if the man if the Sultan if he is killed, then what happens as a result of that?
There is no law in order
and people they go on killing every single person,
every single person whom they find
similarly, if someone who is of a high status someone who is of high status in religion like for example, for the bunnies, right in particular, they killed many profits. So if you can kill a prophet if you can kill the Imam then who can you kill
If you don't respect the Prophet, if you don't respect the leader, would you
spec Anybody else? No. So this is why if I got a nema patana NASA jumia, because this murder will lead to many, many more murders.
Why not here and whoever gave life to it due to a person who is innocent.
Now he gives life to Him doesn't mean that he blows room into him. No, what does it mean?
That he's saved life,
that he saved the life of a person who is innocent,
whose killing is not justified because it's not that he committed murder, nor did he commit suicide fill out for which you should be killed.
So whoever gave life to it, meaning he saved the life of an individual.
How did he save the life of an individual, first of all, by carefully act by restraining one's own hand,
that a person intended to kill him.
But then he did not kill him.
He even tried to kill him. But then he stopped.
Like, for example, having a carbon
copy he was trying to kill happy.
Now halfway through, imagine if you just stopped is I know what I'm doing is wrong.
So this is what he's saving the life of a person whom he was about to kill.
Secondly, a he or her includes the flipside, meaning if there is a person who is under attack, there is a person who is under attack, and he's been killed. So a person comes and rescues him, a person comes and saves him.
Like, for example, there is a person who is drowning
another season, and he goes and rescues him.
Similarly, there is a person who is being killed by another who has been beaten up by another. And he knows that if he continues to beat him, he's going to kill him. So what does he do? He stops the person who is beating the other. And as a result, what is he doing? He's saving the life of a person. Similar, there is a person who is trapped in fire.
So he goes and rescues him. This is what saving life.
So first of all, what does it include? By restraining one's own hand. Secondly, by rescuing someone preventing the murder of someone
preventing the death of someone.
And this includes all those people who try to save other people's lives, whether they are in the emergency or they are in any other capacity, rescue workers in any way whatsoever. It includes all such activities as well.
Thirdly, manna here, this is understood as that a person he increases the awareness of the prohibition of killing,
that he stops other people by teaching them
that don't kill, don't murder, by for example, if a doctor for instance, he or she spreads the awareness, that if you abort your child, this is not miscarried. This is aborting the child.
This is like murder.
So if he or she spreads this awareness among the people who come to Him, then what is he doing?
He's saving life by spreading awareness. Similarly, there is a person who make other people realize that this is murder. And this is something very serious, and this is a huge crime. And there is great punishment in the afterlife. So what is he doing? He's saving lives of people.
By spreading awareness.
If a person is dying out of extreme hunger, there is a famine somewhere. And if a person sends food over there, he goes and tries to feed the hungry over there. And that is also saving life.
We think that we are only responsible for saving our lives, or the lives of our family members or our children, our friends.
But what about those people who are dying out of hunger,
out of disease out of sickness that nobody's there to take care of them.
And I'm sure all of you must have seen that video recently on CNN about this person in India, who feeds the hungry, and who doesn't just feed them. But he also goes and gives them bats and he cleans them and he cuts their hair, and he looks after them.
This is what saving human life
because of their leftover there, what's going to happen.
They're going to die because of the hunger. They're going to die because of the filth that they're in.
because nobody's taking care of them.
spreading awareness of the sanctity of human life.
This is what
Saving human life.
And this includes warning our children who plays such video games in which they're killing every single person in the sea.
I remember once, I was watching some people playing this video game, and they asked me to come and play with them as well.
And I tried, but I was like, I'm sorry, not gonna kill that man said, No, you're supposed to kill him, because otherwise he's going to harm us if I can't kill him.
I just didn't have the guts to kill him, even though it was just a game.
But there are people who are playing such games all the time, and they're killing their shooting one after the other, one animal after the other one human after the other. Yes, it's only a game. But if you can kill 1000 people on a TV screen,
one day, two hours, three hours, then you think any one human being in real life is going to be difficult.
It's not going to be difficult.
people's hearts to become desensitized. They're so used to watching so much violence, whether it is on TV or in movies, or it is in video games, that they don't respect human life anymore.
They don't respect human life anymore. So we must spread this awareness within our children within people who are around us that they should be careful about what they watch.
Similarly, there are so many movies out there in which people are being killed one after the other, all in the name of action.
I mean, is that all action that's left in this world.
Children who are very young, five years old, very young children, they're playing games in which they're killing others, they're chopping off their heads, they're brutally killing them. So this is losing respect for human life.
Over here, Allah says, woman or hear her, whoever gave life to a human being, meaning whoever saved his life, by either stopping himself from killing him, or by stopping other people from getting him either actively, or by advising people.
I remember reading a psychological research on serial killers. And many of the serial killers when they were younger, they used to like torture little animals and kill it on animals. So like when you see like usually little kids there you see them. They're like beeping at ants, and like killing those little ends. And it starts from that small thing if you preserve even the lives of animals that
exactly, which is why women are here, Huffaker and Nana are here, NASA jamir. It is as though he saved the life of all people. It is as though he saved the life of all people. Because if you don't respect even one human being, whether on TV on the screen, in a video game, or in real life, then you cannot respect any human being.
Woman or he or her *a Anima here NASA gymea It is as though he save all of human life. What does he mean by that, that, first of all, he will get the reward of saving the life of entire mankind,
that he was able to kill someone. But he didn't kill him. He saw someone who was at the verge of dying, but he saved his life. He spread awareness. And because of that awareness, people didn't kill others.
As a result of that, he will get the reward of saving the life of the entire human race of the entire mankind.
Secondly, the fact that no matter how NASA demeanor, what this means is that it is incumbent upon all mankind, upon all people to thank him.
It is incumbent upon all people to thank him because it is as though he has saved all of them.
It is as though he has saved all of them. He rescued one person, he rescued one person, he saved one person from dying.
But he actually saved the entire human race. Why? Because he cares for the entire human race for all people. Therefore, all people should thank him, all people should support him.
Everyone should appreciate his action.
Because he has done a favor, not just to that one person, but by extension, he has done a huge favor to all people. If he can feel for that one person, then that shows that he cares for all people for him. So Jimmy,
we can also understand from this that we should be concerned about the feelings of other people. That how people are emotionally killed, emotionally murdered, sometimes because of the way they're treated. And we only think that food is their nutrition but love is also nutrition.
I mean children who are deprived of love, how did you grow up?
So yes, definitely This is about life and death. However, by extension, we can also apply this to caring for other human beings, about their emotions about their feelings.
Because if a person his emotions are hurt, then it is as though he's detriments. I
wonder what the gentleman will also do and I believe he net and certainly our messengers came to them with the fear signs came to who the money is for you. Because at the beginning of the I What was it? That Sabina Allah Bonnie sorry
well, aka Tom Russo, Luna bill Burnett are messengers came to them with the clear signs and we know that the Bani Israel they killed many messengers, many prophets of Allah, they killed many prophets of Allah which is why this is something that was ordained for the Bani Israel This was in their law that if someone killed even one person,
it is as though he has killed all people. If someone saves even one person It is as though he saved all people.
This was something very serious for them.
So our messengers came to them with the clear signs and what is the clear signs refer to
the miracles that the prophets the messengers performed?
It also includes the clear commands that the messenger bro
so welcome to musona v net,
some inokashira min homburger ellika, then, indeed many among them, after that meaning after the coming of the messengers and after knowing the sin of this crime of murder, fill in the earth, they are the Muslim phone 30 ones across limits, ones who are extravagant
was different from the rooms that are seen Rafa and Islam is to exceed and go out of the bounds of either
a balance of that which is appropriate. So basically, His love is to exceed the appointed had
the fixed limit.
So despite that, on the earth, what are these people doing? They're crossing limits how
they're overstepping the bounds, through disbelief, through killing, through murder, not respecting human life, not respecting human life. They don't care if it's children whom they're getting, if it's innocent women whom they're killing, if it is innocent men whom they're killing, they don't care. They're exceeding the limits of respect of dignity of respecting human life.
Despite the fact that the messengers came to them, what did they do? They killed many messengers.
What do we learn from this i?
First of all, we see that the commands that our last presenter has given the laws that He has given, they are all based on some, on some cars, meaning every command that Allah has given, it is because of a reason that he has given that command.
No command is meaningless.
No command, no prohibition in our Deen is meaningless. There is always some wisdom behind the command that Allah has given where do we learn this from? From this? I
mean, edgerly there Lika. Because of that,
because if you read that story of having a copy, what does it show?
how evil murderers? how evil murder is that a person doesn't even care that it's my own brother.
It's another human being. And if you think of it, what's the cause? What's the reason behind killing someone?
It's just petty issues, if you think of it, small issues and if a person does accept the decree, you know, he can be over with it.
So because of this reason, murder is such a huge crime because it leads to great consequences. So what is this show to us?
That the commands are less apparent it has given they're all based on some regular antonym hikma. There is some objective behind them.
Secondly, we also learn from this AI that killing murder is a great thing. In fact, it is a major sin. And a person who killed someone without grade is as though he has killed all of mankind.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said it is unlawful for you to shed the blood of one another or take unlawfully the property of one another.
It is unlawful for you it has harm upon you to kill one another to shed the blood of one another.
The Buddha did our new he narrated
as you know that after remodeling our house
became the first man with a gun. And there were some people who rebelled and there were some people who came to Medina and they had received earthman learn who in his house
and they were attempting to kill him.
So but what I really learned when he said that I entered an arrest Mandalay Darren when he was under siege in his house,
and I said to him, I have come to give you my support.
Now, it is good to fight defending you. Meaning I've come to defend you these people are outside your house and they want to kill you.
So I'm here to defend you to support you, or leader the faithful
are smart enough that aren't who said, Oh, who does it please you that you kill all people including me?
Does it please you that you kill all people, including me?
A Valera said that I said no. He said, If you kill one man even It is as if you killed all people.
Yes, they are coming to kill me.
But I am not going to kill them. And you in my defense are not going to kill them. Because if you do, then what are you doing? It is as though you are killing all people including me.
So as I know that I said, therefore go back with my permission for you to leave. May you receive your reward and be safe from burden. May Allah reward you for your intention to save me to protect me to support me. And may Allah save you from the burden of killing someone unrightfully
a wounded other gardener said. So I went back and I did not fight.
We also learn from another Hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said until a hacker, violent, almost looming.
Support your brother whether he was unjust or the victim of injustice, to the people asked what about the one who is unjust? I mean, how are we supposed to help him?
He said, prevent and stop him from committing injustice.
stop him from committing injustice.
So if you hear that someone is planning to kill someone, then what should you do? If someone even has the intention of killing another? Because remember, making the intention even is incorrect.
If you know that somebody just says they know I wish I could kill them. I wish I could get rid of them.
Because many people have the intention as we discussed yesterday.
So what is our responsibility that we should stop them? And if we stop them, then it is as though we were saving the life of the entire human race.
We also learn from this ayah that
the punishment for facade fill out What is it? It is
the punishment for facade fill out is
where do we learn that from?
Because he killed a man be late enough sin Oh facade and fill up what does that show that there are two cases in which killing someone is justified First of all, when he is killed and other secondly, facade fill up. So the punishment form is that fill out his cotton
and facade fill out includes highway robbery.
But remember that every facade fill out does not have the same gravity. It is not as serious like for example, facade is also wasting food. So it doesn't mean that if somebody's wasting food, you're gonna kill them. No. Okay.
There are different levels and it's going to be decided by
We also learn from this ayah about the love
that Allah subhanaw taala has for people, that human life is so precious, is so precious to Allah subhanaw taala that even if one person is killed unjustly look at the punishment there is over a person is killing all people.
And if a person even saves one human being It is as though he is saving all people. What does it show? How much Allah subhanaw taala loves human beings
and how sad it is that a person does one man himself and he presents himself for punishment.
That Allah is solely your he is so protective about you, that if somebody kills even one person, if somebody kills you unjustly, He will punish that person so severely. How unjust would you be to yourself that you are presenting yourself for punishment?
Do you understand the how much Allah cares for human life and how less we care about our
how least concerned we are about ourselves that we willingly present ourselves for punishment. Such a person definitely is of the US philosophically and therefore, he will be in hellfire.
We also learn from this ayah that little soul that Allah Subhana Allah sends, he is always moving in meaning he always clarifies
what the message that he has brought,
because what occurred tomorrow So don't ever be yet our messengers came to them with clear signs and earlier also we have read and hamato dishonor
you by Ginola calm he clarifies for you.
So what is the short that the messenger whatever he brought, he clarified he made it known to the people.
all those crimes for which there is capital punishment? Why? Because these crimes as well. What do they lead to? Murder? It leads to more facade more corruption, more debt.
Like for example, if there is a person who is married, and he commits Zina,
what's the punishment for that person?
Roger that he must be killed.
Because many times what happens? People who do such actions, it leads to murder within family. Like for example, if the husband finds out that my wife has done this, then what is he going to do? He's going to kill her. He's going to go kill that man, isn't he?
Similarly, if the father of the male relative finds out and what is he going to do, he's going to kill her or he's going to go kill that man. So it leads to many, many murders. And that's This is why stop the problem right there.
Don't let it spread, because it will lead to the murder of many, many more people.
When a person does not have to work on on a lot, then he goes on pursuing fulfilling his base desires, which in result causes harm on other people injustice against other people.