Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nisa 94-104 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 94
I will be leaving the ship on rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim
yeah you alladhina amanu El Dorado baton feasability Lehi, Fatima Yano.
All you who have believed, when you go forth to fight in the cause of Allah, then investigate
one of the coolamon Alka la como Salama less than Mina, and do not say to one who gives you a greeting of peace, that you are not a believer.
In the previous ayat, the command to fight was explicitly given to the believers, it was clearly given that you have to go and fight who,
those people who fight against you, your enemy.
And along with that the etiquette of fighting was also detailed.
What is the etiquette? What's the correct method? What's the correct way of fighting?
That first of all, it should only be feasible.
It should not be to make money. It should not be to increase your lens to increase your money to increase the number of your slaves know
the purpose of fighting is different for a believer and what does it feel to be than
it is to defend it is to exalt the deen of Allah to protect the deen of Allah.
And the near the intention should be to please a loss of pantalla only and not to show one's own military might military power. No, it should be sincerity for the sake of a muscle.
We also learned all the tickets or methods of fighting that are explained that a person who should hear only a loss of panel data and not the people.
Because we learned in one of the is that as soon as it was prescribed, then a group of them they started fearing people, just as they should fear of loss or even more fear.
So what do we learn from that, that when a person is doing something as scary as this, at that time, usually fear Allah subhanaw taala and not others, not other people. And this will help him focus on the reward.
We also learned of the etiquettes, or the method of fighting is that even if the person is the only one, still, he should stand up to the truth. The prophets are allowed us and it was addressed that philosophies have been left, then you fight in a way of Allah, even if you have to do so alone, because you're responsible only for yourself. And similarly, have a meaning encourage the believers. Then we were also told about which people were allowed to fight in which people were not allowed to fight.
Now, over here, another very important etiquette is being taught.
That when you go for battle, do not just attack anybody who comes in your way, assuming that they're your enemy.
Don't attack anyone who comes in your way just assuming that they're your enemy, but rather investigate. And if you know for sure that there are the enemy, then fight them.
And if you're doubtful, you're not sure whether or not they're your enemy, then what's the need of fighting them. You don't need to you don't have to.
And we learned that in the outskirts of Medina, there were some tribes who were the enemies of Muslims.
So yes, they were the people of Mecca. Amongst more than wished again, who were the enemies to Muslims. But at the same time, there were also some tribes in the outskirts of Medina who were living in the desert, who were enemies to the Muslims.
But amongst these tribes, there were some individuals who had become Muslim.
But due to some reason or the other, they could not do itra to Medina.
They could not leave their people and live with the Muslims in Medina.
And we see that there were some incidents in which the Muslims by mistake killed those Muslims unknowingly
being unsure about their email. And when those people when those Muslims when they said Salaam, or when they said a Karima that would manifest their belief. Some Muslims, they said that no, he's just saying it to protect his wealth from us to protect himself from us. No, he's not actually a believer. He's only pretending. So they would go and fight these people as well. They would go and kill them.
And we see that murder. It was something rampant amongst the Arabs on the slightest excuse, on the slightest reason, they would kill another person. So it was a habit of those people.
This is why we see that the Muslims are being taught little little things that don't just kill anybody.
Don't just attack anybody until and unless you know that they are your enemy.
Especially up until now the Muslims were not allowed to find your memory. And now they were given the permission to fight for somebody who has been holding on to so long. All of a sudden when they're given the permission, they could do that which is inappropriate. So, this is why little little things are being taught over here. fine details are being taught over here.
And we might wonder that isn't this common sense isn't this Understood? It is understood it is common sense for you, but not necessarily for them.
So, yeah, you have Medina amanu or you have believed and the addresses with Yeah, you have which is Nita which shows the importance of the command which is being given and alladhina amanu are being mentioned which shows that Eman demands this this is a requirement of Eman that either the overtone fi surveyed in there, when you go forth in the way of a VA, but optim literally means to strike. But barraba fill out means to travel
and it could be traveling for any purpose. But in particular a lot of feasibility left means to travel for jihad.
Right verb alone means to strike barraba fell out is to travel for some other purpose you're going to visit a family you're traveling for business purposes, but the fee subida net in particular is travel for the purpose of jihad for the purpose of battle.
So, either often feasibly the left whatever you know, then you clarify you verified you ascertain
the worth of a universal newsletters by noon from the word ban, which is to be evident
and the reason is to research to investigate and to become clear about something
to become clear to gain clarity about something how by researching by investigating.
So further by new then you should clarify you should verify you should make sure you should ascertain about what about the Islam of the person whom you are confronting.
whom you are about to attack.
While at the Hulu and do not say Lehman for who and Luca la como Salama, the one who cast and Alka over here means he offered the one who offers la come to you a Salama the salon.
What does it mean by this anchor in a coma salon?
This has been understood in two ways. First of all, the one who offers the here to sell them to you, meaning the one who offers the peace greeting to you. Meaning he says Assalamualaikum to you.
Secondly, as Sam has been noted as a seller and what does a seller mean submission?
submission that the one who offers submission to you meaning who declares the profession of faith before you
the person who declares the profession of a man before you
How does a person profess that he is a believer?
By saying the Kadima Shahada, a shadow Allah is the lower shadow no Mohammedan Abdul Salam sudama
So, Lima elk, Lake Como Sonoma, what does it mean? First of all, he offers us an empty u, which is a sign that the person is a believer.
And secondly, a person offers submission
that he says law in the law
or immediately says I'm a Muslim, okay, I become a Muslim.
Even if at that time, a person offers submission to you. He says the Shahada You are not allowed to say less than one minute you are not
less than Lisa, what does it mean?
You are not meant a believer. So you don't have the right to say that you're not a believer and you're only saying this because of the fear of your life or your property. Don't do this
deal with the owner you seek out although higher to dounia the goods of this worldly life meaning Why would you kill someone even though he says Salaam to you? Even though he's saying the kalama Shahada at that time? Why would you kill them?
Who hoonah seeking out other What does it mean?
out of out of means everything which is unstable literally
It applies to everything that is unstable, everything that is transitory, that is temporary, it is not permanent. It does not have any permanence, it does not have any stability.
And if you look at every single thing of this dunya is like that
it's not permanent, in its age, nor in its qualities. It is transitory. It is temporary and slowly and gradually what happens it decays there's wear and tear.
So out of the refers to the goods or the advantages of this worthy life
so why would you kill them just seeking worldly benefits?
Just seeking worldly benefits? These weren't the benefits are very few for in the law he so with Allah, Armani mocha to atone are many and plenty booties.
I mean, why would you kill someone unjustly and seek only a little bit of benefit? If you go through the halal way, then remember that Allah subhanaw taala has many many booties in store for you.
The word Muharram is a word of mouth No. Mal name
and mobile number is from the root letters. I knew meme. And melanin is used for booty
war booty, spoils of war.
And the word of Allah literally is used for goats. Hernan literally means goats, the animal.
before, especially at that time, mainly, people would own especially the desert dwellers, they wouldn't own land. Similarly, they wouldn't own houses. They didn't have any real estate.
So their property was what? The animals that they possessed, the animals that they possessed.
This is why the war booty is derived from the word Hello, my name is Gods. Because if you defeated someone, then you would get their god you would get their animals.
But remember that Mohan Muslim does not just refer to goats, but it refers to any kind of war booty.
Suffering the Limavady will Cathedral, Allah has plenty. He has a lot of abundant mahogany,
meaning behind him, stored for you in this dunya as well as reward for you in the
summer. ohanian doesn't just refer to or booty Guney refers to benefits in the asset or reward in the author. So why would you kill someone who claims to be a believer who shows a man just to get a little bit of his world?
We learned that even our vessels that are new he said
that a man was standing his sheep, a man he was standing his sheep, and the Muslims caught up with him. He said Assalamu alaikum
However, they killed him and took his sheep. Why? Thinking that he was a disbeliever. And he was saying it only to defend himself.
Now you might say even if he did this video, what why do you have to kill them?
You might think like that. Why? Because the Muslims were at war with them. And when you are at war with the people, then this is permissible. But if you see there,
anyone belonging to them, then you have the right to capture them or whatever. Obviously within the correct means this was something that was common at that time.
So they thought that he's just saying salon do be safe from us, but still they killed him. So then alasa panel data revealed the AR while at the Hulu limit and caught illegal Salama Lester woman, who now are hired to do even our vessels that are who commented that the goods of this world were those sheep, the goods of this world war those sheep and if you think of it the sheep, eventually they will die. Eventually they will come to an end. But the person who has been killed, the sin is still upon you
that with a homeowner out of their head to dunya remember that for in the Limavady McCarthy era, that Allah has a lot of money. Why would you try to obtain something through how long?
Because only consuming cover? Likewise, you were before? Like how?
How are you before?
This has been interested in several ways that first of all, you were also unbelievers before you were also much too keen before.
from Manila, who are the content Allah bestowed a huge favor upon you how that he guided you that he gave you a man.
Secondly, it has been said that karateka Quantum and cover what this means is that before you were also like these Muslims hiding yourself
hiding your email, just remember that is.
Just remember that is that how you used to conceal your email? Hide your email.
We learned a last paragraph that says worth. Kuru is until Cullinan. Mr. Dr. funa, fill up. And remember when you were very few, and you were considered weak in the land,
very few, and because of the weakness, you would hide your email, GoDaddy the continent. From an Allahu Allah Condon, Allah bestowed a huge favor upon you What is this huge favor, that he gave you a trophy to have a man. And he didn't just give you the trophy to have you man in your heart, but also to practice it to make it known. Because so far what was happening, these people who were living in the outskirts of Medina, they were Muslims, but they had not declared their email. They had not showed their email, their email was still hiding.
Why? Because if they showed their email, then what would happen?
There will be finished.
So because of some reason or the other, they had not showed their demand to their people. And obviously it was also hidden from the Muslims.
So the Muslims are being reminded that don't think that they're being bad by not declaring their fate.
Remember that you were altering the same position just a little while ago, you were also hiding your email.
But Allah subhanaw taala restored a huge favor upon you by giving you the faith to have Eman to declare aemon by practicing your faith, and also by giving you the tofield to do
by giving you the faith to migrate. So if these people haven't migrated, don't look down upon them.
Don't look down upon them. Because sometimes what happens if we have done something really good. If we're at a higher level than somebody else is not at that level, we begin to look down upon them.
And a lot of hands on reminders. Remember, you are also at that level, just a little while ago
gallica kuntum in Cabo
for Mandela who are in a common a love is sort of huge favor upon you from your achievement. Allah gave you tofield
it's allas allas mercy. It says HUGE favor. Fatima, you know, so make sure that you verify,
again, today, you know, has been said Why? For emphasis
that you must ascertain the man or the other person before rushing in to get him or harm him in some way. Why? Because getting a video or something that is very serious.
In the law cannot be met at maluna hubiera. Allah is fully aware of everything that you do. And remember the name of a loss of pens out of hobby, what does it show that he's aware, not just of your law hit, but also of your battling your apparent as well as your hidden matters? What you show, and what you hide? Allah knows are most fully aware.
So what do we learn from this ayah?
First of all, we learned about the obligation of investigating, and ascertaining the reality of something, the status of something before taking any steps for it or against it.
Many times, when something happens, we assume we become very judgmental. And before verifying, we pass judgments,
we form opinions.
And we sometimes also take steps, we also take some steps against someone, and what happens, we harm the other people.
And later on, we realize that the reality is actually something else.
Has it ever happened with you? Never? How's it possible?
Has it ever happened with you?
For example, you go do your laundry and you find out there's still laundry sitting inside the machine. And you're like,
they never put their laundry themselves in the dryer. It's possible that they never heard it, it is possible that you put it yourself and you forgot. And before becoming angry on the other person, try to ascertain who did it before shouting at the other person before yelling at them.
What should you do? verify what happened? And if you know for sure, then take any steps for or against. And if you're not sure, then don't take any steps. Why? Because then you can harm the other person.
by for example, sometimes within children and you walk in and the children, you know they're having a fight. And you always think that it's your son who starts it. So you start yelling at him. And later on when you finish the lesson. Then he looks at you and he says I didn't do it. She started it.
So what happens in we commit injustice as a result of our own ignorance.
So, instead of being reactionary, instead of taking an immediate step, what should you do?
Come down, investigate, research, and then do something.
We also learn from this idea that the sign of a person being a Muslim is what?
What, Salam Alaikum Alaikum wa sallam, the one who is offering the Salaam to you. That's it. That's the only thing that has been mentioned over here.
So if a person says Salaam, you should take them as they are.
Similarly, if they say any other kalama, that is a share out of the Muslims, meaning that is a sign of being a Muslim. by for example, that Illa Illa, Allah, or some other statement, then that shows that a person is a believer.
Now if you know that a person is a non Muslim, and every time they see you, then they say, sir, I'm really coming. That's understood.
But let's say you're going somewhere and a person walks by you and they say Salaam, you shouldn't assume, oh, they're not a Muslim, and they're just seeing it like that. Know, if they're saying Salaam, you know, have a good opinion about the other person, don't be so negative all the time.
We also learn from this is about the prohibition of calling someone less than a minute. If he's saying that he is a believer, if someone is saying that he is a Muslim, who are you to say, less than one minute? No, you're not a Muslim? Are you to pass judgment on someone.
Like for example, sometimes a person commits by mistake, a sin,
something very serious. And immediately what happens?
Therefore our gopher against that person
that such and such as a Catholic now,
who are you to say, less than one minute when he is saying that he is a Muslim?
And from this, we learn about the obligation of dealing with the people on their apparent on their law, if
you are responsible
for dealing with the person, the way that he shows himself?
Because in this dunya, what is in the heart cannot be known for sure, by another person on your last penalty news. And on the Day of Judgment, what's going to happen where hustle and bustle Do you want to get a salary? So whatever is in the heart is going to be displayed on the Day of Judgment.
So in this dunya, you cannot know what is actually in the heart of the person. So what are we supposed to do?
Deal with the other person according to his head, according to his apparent how he shows himself.
So for example, if you tell someone preschooler, for example, if you tell your child, your son, or your brother, or your sister bracelet,
and you come back after five minutes, and you ask them, have you prayed? And they say, Yes, I have
your lying, you didn't pray? Because I didn't see you praying?
What are we supposed to do?
What are we supposed to be judgmental? And say that No, you haven't prayed, I know what's in your heart. I know what you actually did and what you actually didn't do know, if a person says that he has prayed, then believe him, trust him.
Trust Him. And it's possible that your child or your sibling, your brother, or your sister, he prays very fast. It's possible sometimes children are very fast, very quick. So maybe you can advise them at that time that prays slowly next time. don't pray so fast. But if you say that, no, you haven't prayed? What is it, that you don't trust them?
You don't trust them.
And if they think that you don't trust them, if they know that you don't trust them, then they're never going to listen to you.
Now, the other is that you are watching them. And you know that they didn't pray, then you can talk to them nicely, but don't come down on them again.
If you confront them, and if you show to them that you don't trust them, then what's going to happen?
They're going to become very defensive.
They're going to become defensive. And if you say that, Okay, I hope you did it, or hamdulillah you prayed, or a statement like that, then eventually they're going to start feeling guilty in their hearts. You want their heart to be alive, you want that they themselves decide.
They're not praying out of your fear, but they're praying after the fear of a loss of handle time.
And when you're saying that, no, you didn't pray, then what are you creating in their hearts, your fear, not the fear.
So if you don't trust the other person on his head and what's going to happen, the situation is not going to improve rather, it's going to deteriorate.
We also learn from this idea that the purpose of war is not to get
Where the benefits, because the last panel data has a lot of money to give to the believers and dounia and the asset.
That is not the objective of battle in rd.
We also learned from this AI that whatever risk almost a penalty has decreed for a person who will definitely get it
that the hoonah Ratan Tata dunya. Then remember that for in the laheem, of animal kathira, whatever is written for you, you will definitely get it, why try to obtain it through home?
If something is written for you,
if something is in store for you, you will get it Don't try to get it through incorrect ways.
We also don't want to say that it is a huge favor of a loss of parental upon a slave that he gives him that they'll fail to accept a man and to practice.
It's a favor of a lot. It's not your own achievement.
So, if you have been given this favorite, don't become proud. And as a result of that, don't start looking down on other people. Rather, the person should be more grateful to our last panel data should be more careful.
And we also learn from this I bought the obligation to be mindful of a loss of penalties. He's fully aware of every single action that we do.
Because he is hobby,
whether the action is law hit or buckling, it is apparent or hidden. Whether action is of the heart, or of the tongue, or the limbs, any kind of action that we perform allies fully aware. So if he's fully aware, should we not be careful
Shouldn't we so the judgments that we pass on other people, the assumptions that we have in our hearts, we should fear a loss of hunger with regards to