Ramadan 2021 – Qur’anic Expression #11
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 25.61MB
by Dr. Fadel Saleh Al-Samerai
He saw a lot of fun on a human level slot or somewhere. I'd also learned that early he was happy Jemaine So Michael, everybody, back again with another short episode of an excerpt from Dr. Samurai his book, this is still part actually of his first chapter, where he talks a little bit about social capital. And I figured I'd give you guys this example because many of you have memorized the surah. So, you know, you learned something special about the surah that maybe you didn't know before. Okay, so it's a, I'll just tell you a couple of things about the sutra. In general, this is actually a
pretty intense surah. It's short, and we memorize it when we're lazy in prayer, and a lot of people mess it up because of the repetition in it. Right? But, and I'll tell you why. Well, I'm going to show it to you on the screen in a second. And I've color coded it a little bit. So you guys can make sense of what I'm going to say today. But
not before I do, let's, let's keep the screen off for now.
So what I want to tell you first is, you know, a very important concept related to this sort of when prophets come, they are concerned about saving the nation. Right? So they they call their nation, Jaco me, my people,
my people, right, so and that's their way of saying, Look, I'm worried about you. You're my people. I'm your My parents are from you, my my uncle's, my cousins, my siblings, maybe even etc. They are from not siblings, but you know, they're from your family. So I'm worried that you're heading down the wrong path. Right. So obviously, when you call somebody, my people, you're bringing them close to you. Right? And but this is a phase in the life of our Prophet, which I sent him, where he was trying to get his people to understand. But then a time comes where Allah says, I have decided I have checked the hearts of their leaders. And it is time for you to no longer call them your people.
They have rejected the faith. So that the so there's two things, right. Think of it this way.
The prophets lysozyme has what is what does he have in common between the Quraysh? The police, the people of Makkah, right? And the Prophet?
what's the what's the common thing?
Like together? Yeah, so the cities, the city is in common? commonalities. Oh,
families, city, home, family.
History, right. Yeah, they share the same history, the same city, actually, even they share the same karma.
language, culture, they have all those things in common. Okay. Quraysh, and the profit.
Differences around the profit, it's actually just one thing as long.
That's it. I mean, he's from their family, he does trade with the, the the thing that distinguishes them from him more than anything else, and everything else, his characters are Allahu alayhi. Salam, his message, you know, his worship, all of that is coming from where it's coming from is Islam, the fifth row before ye which is also Islam, and then the practice of his faith after, so it's Islam that he has not in common with them. Right now, think of it nowadays, you could have somebody who's American, right? We share the same neighborhood, we could share the same nationality, we can share the same, you know, grocery store, we can share the same language, we share the same burger, same
pizza, but we don't share the same religion. So the one thing that may make us different, possibly nowadays, actually, it's more than that. We could have different ethnicities, backgrounds, etc, right? But imagine people in a village, right? Usually people in a village, all the same culture, all the same kinds of houses, all the same kinds of food, all the same language. And imagine now in that village, one person's a different religion or one family has different religion, right? So the one thing that makes them apart is the religion. Right? So but even though they're This is the difference between him and them, he still has this in common with them. And based on this, he says,
You're still my people. I'm still from the same city. I still have the same home as you. I still have the same family as you the same history, we share the same garba we have the same language, we have the same culture. I've been eating the food you've been making, and I've you know, we've been eating the same kinds of food from the from since I was born. Right? So but then our time comes when Allah decides that a lot because only Allah can check what's inside the hearts. So Allah decides that there's a critical mass there's a critical number of people and enough number of people inside Makkah whose hearts are now sealed. They don't want to hear it. It is time for you to not be common
with them based on this.
He's gone. Now you have to highlight what makes you different from them. And based on that now, I don't want you to call them your own people. I want you to call them alkaff your own. Olia Yoho, Garfield on so other people. He was calling his his people this whole time. Now a line has been drawn. No, I no longer call you my people. You are no longer my people. You are caffeine and you're the disbelievers and in fact, this is not coming from me because the sooner doesn't begin, yeah, you will caffeine and imagine when when when his uncle heard this, it says uncle, right when is when is people heard this. They didn't hear you have capital, they heard they heard what were first, all, as
if because well being say. So they know that someone's telling him to say this. Allah is telling him to cut the ties that have been there, because they've crossed a certain line this in a tribe, because tribal life is all about loyalty and you know, your your code. If you go to your tribe and say, I'm no longer your people, that's actually considered a declaration of war.
That actually means that you are a traitor. And we tend to keep the unity of the village we can kill you. So when you go out and say I renounced my tribal allegiance, this is actually a declaration of renouncing This is what I actually have tribal allegiance separating himself completely based on what you can clearly see by the end lecan Dino camellia Dini, you have your religion and I have mine. Okay, so this is actually the basis on which that Allah has commanded him to separate himself when the time came. This is not the beginning of the mission. This is telling you things have intensified to the point where he's pretty much about to go to Medina because they're from here on
they're just going to antagonize against him, they're going to torture him try to kill him. Things are only going to get worse from here. Okay, so is that introduction clear? Yes. So that's what this surah is is doing right separating doesn't matter what we have in common. This is our different style. Now, la Abu Marta, Abu wala and Omar Abdullah wala and Avi d'amato now you have done some Arabic with me. I will do is fairly new daughter. It's the present tense. Okay. And in this present tense, who's the Dewar?
Yeah, so who are you on so mines Ronnie. So are abou
Hua starts with you. Oh, no. So this is I That's right. I and I will do means worship. So what does that mean? I worship la Muslim don't worship. I don't worship. I want you to focus on the word I
I don't worship.
Ma means what? Not What? What? What are you doing? What do you think
are beginning landing
Oh them towards the beginning when ending? Yeah. Oh, that's there. So this is also them? No, this is all of them. All of
all of you sure about that? Yeah, yeah. You better be sure about Hold on. Let me let me help you. Wake up.
Give me the whole thing. Cool. Yeah.
Do it. Oh, yeah.
Hello. Yeah, yeah, hello. Yeah, yeah.
Yeah, hello. Yeah.
And, yeah, but oh, my God and
Yeah. So I think, yeah, but what is Yeah, Buta Maria.
Okay, now fix it.
I'm anti taboo, and that that will no matter what, whoo, Danny. Oh my god, you're back.
And wait, you have to stop there.
So who is it? Oh my god, but I'm on to means them.
Oh, anthem, he just said.
And then I said, What does that mean? And he said them? Who means he who means
money? And who means all of them, right? They then not unknown.
What does that mean? I'm telling you and until and until then, are you saying them?
momentary lapse in judgment? Yes. So they'll fix it, please. who worships
Oh my god then
I love you. I love you. Thank you. What all of you worship presidents will daughter? Yeah, yeah. Okay. Now I'm on
your turn. I'm gonna
be done. And also I
I don't I don't worship. I know I am sorry. No, I am not a worshipper.
Okay, of what I have watched Baba Tom,
Tom so y'all worship yo you all worship worshiper of what y'all worship? Okay? This is the first thing we're going to pay attention to tos. I haven't translated the whole surah I've just translated two things. Roughly.
Those two things are talking about I, I don't worship, I'm not a worshiper. You see that? Okay. So what do they have in common? i? What do they now have in common? Well, this one, the first one obviously, the is talking about the Prophet himself. Yeah. So the first one is, he is denying this is my comment, no, denying
false worship using the present tense.
Did I use his false worship using the present tense, right? And in Arabic, the present is used for future also.
So not only doesn't mean I don't worship, it also means I will not worship Okay.
this one is denying false worship.
Using a noun
worshipper, that's a noun. Okay. So this is the present tense, including future and this is a noun. Okay. Now, let me explain what what's going on in the in the Bulava. Since this, this, I'll explain this to you by examples. So you'll appreciate if I say for example, stars
is a patient man.
Star is a patient man.
That's a quality you've given me. This is actually now a patient man is kind of like a noun.
Right? a noun plus adjective actually.
And it or if you say this, this description, it actually also means it's not necessarily
always happening. always true.
Because I could be a patient man, and I could also be throwing chutney at Maria when she forgets that on Tommy's home, or a home is Orlando, right? So I'm usually patient. I'm so amazing at patients. But sometimes it could be a little psychotic. Make sense? So just because if I say for example,
so I'm saying when you say something with a noun, that means overall, that's true. But sometimes it's not. Or if I say mme is kind.
My name is kind. That's true. But sometimes it's not. Right. Sometimes she's putting you in a chokehold. And you know, well, yeah, I'm just imagining a scenario in which she's finally learned how to engage in mixed martial arts and without telling you she has been in courses on the side, and all of a sudden you're in an armbar. And you're your life has changed completely, because she has a better hold on.
I would leave Texas.
Anyway, so if I say my name is Kyle, that means most of the time.
But it could be untrue sometimes. Yeah. You understand? The same way. When you say when, when when the when you say linguistically. I'm not a worshipper of what you all worshiped. I'm not a worshiper, you're denying the noun, right? That actually speaks for generally speaking, you're not a worshiper.
But there's still room for what it's possible that you might still worship. The only way to make sure that that's also denied. Is that you say that I do not and will not worship anything that you have, that you you worship, so you have to combine the noun negation with the verb negation this one. Why? Because the verb negation denies any single instance of that
ever happening? Because this is the gentleman who does the verb the present tense is saying not even a single time, I do not, you know, I don't worship, that never happens that act never happens. a verb is associated with a single act, the noun is associated with an ongoing quality. So what Allah has done by just making the Prophet make this declaration, it's as if he's saying,
or, you know,
he's not a false worshiper.
And then not even in a single instance.
But if I say about myself, I'm paying I personally, I'm not angry. I'm not an angry person for if I say that, that may be true overall, but there may be some instances where I am angry. But this is almost like saying, you know, I'm not an angry person. And I don't ever
display anger. Now you're saying, generally I have this quality, and there's not even a single incident you can find which isn't true, you can find plenty of incidents. Right? So that's the remarkable thing about the prophets I celebs declaration. It is true now and it's also a constant. Now the thing about the noun also, so so
the thing about the noun also is that it's timeless.
timeless. And what does that mean? That this is a forever quality.
Okay, and verbs
are active, meaning they're happening at the moment. So this is a living quality, meaning it's actually he's engaged in everything he does denies false worship. Not only does it like for example, if I say I'm a teacher, so that's a quality I have, but not everything I do screams teacher.
Right, because some things I do scream ps4 gamer. Some things I do screen sleeper, some things I do, scream, lazy person, etc, etc. Not everything I do, is furthering the quality of teacher. Right? But what by combining the noun and the verb, there's that forever quality of not worshipping false gods, and also everything he does. Everything he does everything he says, everything he does, it speaks against the worship of false gods. Even when he's not actively speaking out against false gods, his his character is speaking out against false gods, his manners sallalahu are speaking out against false gods. So it's a very powerful combination of the noun and the verb in denying the false
worship. Then there's some another view. So the two reds are about the profit, right? But now look, okay, I don't worship what you worship, present tense, what you all have, let's focus on the second part, what all of you worship is not present tense. And then what all you what you all worshiped,
is that present tense?
That's past tense. That's past tense. And in doing so, he's actually saying, not only do I not follow your current religion, I also don't follow the religion you have been following in the past, even when I was younger. So not only am I different from you, now that I'm a prophet. But even before I was a prophet, I have never done what you've been doing. You see, and it's also really, so that's also kind of setting the record straight that even before a pseudo Allah sallallahu Sallam received revelation. He never engaged in what they worshiped. That's never happened. I have, I am not a worshiper ever, of anything you've ever worshiped. That's never happened. So he's denying the
current contrast. He's declaring the current contrast from them. And he's saying that contrast is actually always existed. Okay.
Then the other is, there's a dig also, there's an insult also, why? Because they change their religions, and their modes of worship, because they don't have a revealed standard. So they can change their religion as they please. Like, you know, for Muslims nowadays, they say, Well, you know, the the the church has changed this position on marriage. And a lot of churches and a lot of synagogues have also now accepted, you know, certain new standards. So how come the Muslim community is so far behind? Like, they'll they'll say that in like news interviews, why are the Muslims not, you know, up to date with the times? Right? And the straight answer to that question is because they
abandoned the revelation itself.
They can change the worship over time. So you could have, you know, you can have somebody worshipping, you know, in chairs, other people worshiping sitting in a circle, other people worshiping with a with a, with a piano, singing songs, others worshiping with guitars, others doing, you know heavy rock concerts about Jesus, etc. You could do it, all of that's worship to you because you keep changing the standards for what worship is, right? But what what Muslims have, the way we worship, who we worship, what we worship, how we worship is revealed, it doesn't change, it doesn't budge? And never do we keep shifting. And it's a comment about how even the way they worship now
isn't what the way they used to worship before it keeps mutating and morphing and changing. Right. And that's one of the signs of our religion being true that it's it stays the same or worship stays the same. So so pauwela Not only is the profit cycle of a constant, their worldview, his lack of constant, it keeps shifting. Actually, nowadays, it's less about religion. It's about like ideology, right. So
what in social media, some things are celebrated nowadays.
30 years ago, they were not celebrated 60 years ago, they were looked down on 90 years ago, they were outright evil. As decades go by what used to be bad becomes good, what used to be good becomes bad, it changes totally hinges, just do a sociological study of American society. And you'll see that a lot of things and forget American side study, for example, the Anglican Church, the Church of England, our study like the you know, the the some of the main evangelical churches in America and their positions, their declared policies about certain things and morality. For the last 80 years, you'll see a huge change in 80 years. But in 80 years, what has Islam changed? Has what what is
halal and haram changed? What is evil is still evil. What is good is still good. The standard is what constant, the worship does not change, the Salah doesn't change. We don't say okay, let's let's add some you know, let's add some piano elements to the record. And let's do some trumpets inside.
It's not gonna happen. We have a constant right. Now the other side.
So, does that make sense? The commitment of the profits? Excellent. And all of this, right? Yeah. And then why would Allah tell the Prophet This is the last question why would Allah tell the prophets I said, Oh, that these people are done. How could you give up on these people? People say, you know, they were all human. Everybody has hope. How is Allah xojo? I'm telling the prophets I'm called them Garfield would not call them his people anymore. Notice oncofetal and Adam the beginning is that an ism is that a noun or a verb? Is that an is similar appearance? Okay. Yep. So disbelievers
are described with a noun and a noun is what constant,
This is a less way of saying they have become fixed in their disbelief. They become stubborn in it.
I'll be doing now.
I'll be doing
with a noun, which is what again, fixed permanent
and then again, what and tomorrow I'll be doing a semi again.
described with a noun which is what again,
fixed it's set in stone. Yep. The reason Allah gave the prophets I some the command to call them disbelievers is because they have now been fixed in how they will not worship what Allah wants them to. They're not. It's so cool. They're not fixed in what they worship. They're not fixed in what they worship because it's mentioned in the present and in the past. But listen to this carefully. They are totally fixed in not worshipping Allah.
I will change my religion 100 different ways they say, but never Islam. That's one thing I've made up my mind about. So law into my IB Diploma, avid and you are not worshippers of what I worship, and You are not worshippers of what I worship. In other words, when it comes to what I worship, meaning Islam Allah, that I worship the God Allah, that you have made up your mind, you're not going to do everything else you're flexible. Hey, some one guy decides that he wants to worship this idol this week. The other item next week. The other idol on the other side next week. Hey, weren't you on this idol? Yeah, but I'm trying this new one how that one last one didn't work out my camera.
So I'm going to try this one. They're totally fine with that. But the moment you say I'm going to worship Allah that, nah, you crazy, that's never gonna happen. I'll experiment with everything else except the song. Right? So they have been fixed in not worshiping. You see that? Will and tomorrow be Duna Ma. Okay.
But what do I, this is the last thing I know this is kind of a, this is a session where you have to stop. If you really want to grasp this, you probably have to like, really want to get it you have to probably listen to it a little bit, take some notes, listen, take some notes and kind of really grasp because it's a lot of linguistics. But I'll throw one more thing at you. And that is the profit cycle. And we started with this. We started by saying the prophecy some when he when he doesn't do false worship, it was denied as a verb. And it was denied also as a noun. But when they are denying worship of Allah, they are only denying it as a noun.
There's no they're not denying it as a verb.
So, law and I'll be doing is twice learn tomorrow. We don't learn tomorrow we don't, they're never denying it as a verb. Allah didn't give them that Why? Because even though they are set in not worshipping Allah, there are moments in which even inside their hearts they're like, but it is true.
But now we got to stay fixed. But there are moments where there's a fear inside their heart that says,
it doesn't make sense, because even the most committed disbelievers when the prophets I said in one situation, they came to him the process on recited service hadn't caught on to them, and he got an idea and they got so overwhelmed the whole crowd like a whole Ganga them, they all fell in such that they never became Muslim, but they fell inside because of the power of what Allah was saying. Right. So they can have moments where they flicker and that fixed state they have can change. If Allah had denied the federal also that means there will be never a single moment where they even waver from that right? So, Allah denied their their their stubbornness, but does still acknowledges that there
are moments that they have weakness in their commitment to comfort and they are inclined towards Islam. So I've given you quite a brain drain today, but I thought it was important and juicy. So think of think through it inshallah. And for my students, you guys are welcome to ask questions that show in tomorrow's session barakallahu li walakum wa salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullah wa barakato So, guys, if you guys remember, do your best and Allah will do the rest. I have no rhymes today because I need rest. But that sounds like rest again. See how much rest I need. Okay. Oh my god, I was horrible. If I try to rhyme