Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
on you're watching Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim
published Ashley Sabri where silly Emily washable rock data melissani Callie. Welcome to the law hill behind me. Oh Salatu was salam, O Allah shortfill MBA he will mousseline le he was minister Nebuchadnezzar he, Dean Allahu Medina, amin home Amina Latina Emmanuelle Amina Sonny had, what I was hoping what Allah so the sub m in yellow banana means Solomonic como la jolla with the cattle are beginning today inshallah tada and hopefully concluding also the study of social capital.
This is one of the solos that the study of which has always intimidated me personally, because of the simple language, but the repetition in the language and sometimes we, you know, nothing is quite as simple as it seems in the last book, and we have to do a deep study and analysis and trying to understand the wisdom of things to the best of our ability, and take advantage of the works of the scholars that have spent decades trying to figure these things out and try to figure out the lessons in them.
And so, you know, it's something I've been putting off for a long time. So this would have been like this, this was an opportunity for me to review these lessons and do my own research and take advantage of the works of great professors in the past. And I had tons and tons and tons of notes to share with you. And I realized something, I better, I better water this stuff down. And I better present these lessons in easy to understand language, because if I went through my notes, you wouldn't get anything. They're they're pretty complicated. The linguistic discussions and the literary analysis of the surah is pretty complex. I'm going to I rewrote all of my notes, kind of
why I'm late actually had to go through my notes and try to rewrite them. And I'll try to present these things in a coherent fashion being true to what has been said in our scholarly tradition, but at the same time trying to simplify some of those things or present them at least an easier to understand language. The First things first, the connection between this solar and the solar that precedes it. So it will go through the study of which we concluded last week. And so throughout the kuffaar had insulted the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And they had called him you know, Bhutan Hamadan, right.
So, that language Allah azza wa jal responded to in the last Ayah when he said in a shiny aka, who will have to,
but you know, when they call you something, Allah azzawajal has now given the messengers of Allah hearts, and also the writer call them something back. And instead of insulting them the power of what the Lord told to tell his messenger, the word he used for them was on caffeine. So from the very beginning, it's not even Yeah, you had caffeine. It's cool. Yeah, you had caffeine. In other words, Allah tells his messenger to now call them and caffeine, the insult they hurled against the messenger was apertif. And the insult that is hurled against them by Allah is the word and caffeine is the word of caffeine, and we'll look more into that inshallah Tada. And the difference between
how they insulted the messenger or tried to, and how Alize hurling an insult back at them. The first thing was their insult actually didn't have any reality.
The reality of his name, his legacy not being mentioned anymore. wasn't just wasn't true. Actually, it's the exact opposite. His mentioned will be made till the Day of Judgment sallallahu sallam, so he is someone that is the farthest from up top. On the other hand, the allegation alone mix against them and the name he calls them and caffeine fits perfectly. Another difference is when a lot when they made a criticism, it wasn't a criticism of any of the character, or the behavior, or the actions of the Prophet sallallahu Arnesen, because there's nothing to criticize. But when a law criticizes them, he uses a name and attribute that is actually tied to an action. So it's not just a
bad word for them. But cafe, which you all know common translation says disbeliever, or denier or rejecter is some a crime that they are actually guilty of. It is actually something that is blameworthy in its essence. These are two differences. The second is in the end of the surah Allah azza wa jal said in nashoni, UK, who will opt out he called them the enemy. And SHINee, as we said, is the worst kind of enemy
Now it is as though we are learning a laws definition of who is the enemy of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the one who is bent upon gopher after years and years and years of Dawa. After years and years of the softest approach, years and years of warning, these people don't get it, and they are still against not only this message, but they're insulting the Messenger of Allah. So Allah hundreds from on top of that, these people because of their Kufa are the worst kind of enemy. So even instead of calling them Shani, Alo calls them cafe because to him there is no difference. You know, in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal later on in Medina Calderon he commands His Messenger
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says, Yeah, you know BJ, he didn't cook for one minute 15 wasn't it him?
Right, make struggle and make jihad against the Cathars and the Muna 15, and be harsh towards them, commanding the messenger to be harsh towards them. And this is, we'll see why Allah commands His messenger to be harsh towards them a little bit later on when we get to the IR when we study that the messenger by nature is not harsh. He's very soft, and he's very merciful. And there is not after I after I dedicated to how soft and merciful the messenger is sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Eve in in the mechanical. And when Allah messenger talks to the kofod, in the in the theater proceeding, this ayah, he's always soft with them. He's always soft. But this is a very, very tough, I'm one of
the toughest I have to know Koran, revealed against the people of disbelief. The other thing is, that these Godfather, you know, they outnumber the believers, and they are powered them to they were in a position of political power, they were in a position of position of social status. And because of that power, and status, and on top of that, them claiming that the prophet SAW a sudden, doesn't even have sons to carry his name, they felt that they were in a position of strength and the prophet in a position of weakness. And because of this, they would, they felt they're in a position to pressure him. And one of the things they offered him as a, you know, as a compromise was, and you've
heard this before, perhaps we'll we're willing to accept your religion for a year and you accept our religion The next year, and then we'll come back to yours This next year, and we'll all share in others, we all share Islam for a season, then we'll all share schilke for a season, then we'll share Stanford, so given take given take, or we're willing to give you a little bit of wealth, or this or that you just leave us alone, you don't bother us in terms of our practices. So they were offering this compromise, actually, this compromising this, this the sentiment that they had, it tells you two things, one, they figured out that this man will never stop calling for what he's calling for.
And we're not letting go of what we have either. So the only solution in this kind of political situation, what you want to call it, a political compromise, you give a little we give a little right. So you know, in the Quran, Allah says, what do we know today, you know, for you the noon, they really want that you softened up a little bit. So they can soften up a little bit. So you give a little and we give a little both compromise a little bit, and then we'll all be happy. That's what they want. In other words, they don't necessarily want they've understood that you're never going to give up Islam altogether. So they'll just try to take a piece of it. And they have understood that
you're never going to accept a religion so we're not asking you to accept all of it, just accept some of it a little bit of it. By the way, this is one of the tricks of shape on the potential using a classic trick of shaitan. Allah azza wa jal says yeah, you Han Latina Amano. odorheiu facil Mika fatten wala who photo at a time, those of you who believe who claim to believe enter into the fold of Islam enter into submission completely. And absolutely, while not following the footsteps of shaitan. In other words, entering into Islam, but not completely, is a footstep of is following the footsteps of shaitaan shaitaan doesn't want you to leave Islam, he just wants you to compromise a
little bit of it, just, you know, give me a little and then next time we'll come around and ask for a little more. And then a little more. When teacher used to give the example of a dam, you know, the dam that's holding the water and there's a little tiny crack. You don't have to destroy the entire dam, all you need to do is make one little crack because what's gonna happen over time, it's gonna get bigger and bigger until the whole thing's gone. You don't have to blow the whole thing up, you just need to make that first crack and the rest will take care of itself. So this was the strategy that they had employed. But since in the previous surah, Allah has done two things, one, Allah has
given the messenger so much that you can't pay him with anything that can compete. Allah has given his messenger and go with them in that outlay NACA and gossip so no matter what you give him you give him power you give him money you give him wealth, you can give him anything now that can ever compete with gold ally has already given him so there's the bribery is gone there's no incentive left on top of that you can't threaten him because in the previous solar what happened to the enemy in a shiny aka who an appt of the enemy is gone. He's taken care of by Allah azza wa jal. So at this point, you don't need to be afraid and you don't need to give in to any of these proposals for
compromise. You go straight to their face and you tell them yeah, you have Garfield gold
Yeah, you have caffeine. It's a profound placement of the soda, you know, connected with the soda before it. So I'm an ad la colina callback codina. It is so Lessing now that we have given your heart strength with our words in the neck and Gotham will be ondina in a shiny, aka who will be because of those statements of ours that we are given given you, Fernando valley, we don't care about them, when I tell them to fit into him and don't turn towards them anymore. You don't need to, you don't need to be concerned with what they were going to think on what how they're going to react. For qualia, you had caffeine, the ambu metabolome. Now a few introductory comments. So these
were a few comments of what connects this similar to the previous one. But now a few introductory comments.
They were willing to give a little bit, they're willing to give a little bit but still a lot of call them on caffeine.
Allah didn't call them compromisers or proposals of compromise or even wish raccoon he called them in the surah capital and this is really important to understand, you know, typically the people who disbelieve in the Quran, they are called an Athena
and Athena cafaro and there's only one place in the Quran where they are addressed directly and that is insulting to him. Yeah, you Hello Tina cafaro la de Leon, in number two Jonah quantum terminal. And that iron Sharla one day when we get to it will understand that AI is when they are being addressed on the Day of Judgment. They are being addressed on the Day of Judgment. And by the way, there is no judgment and that that I also is a lot of talking directly to them. Because in other places in the Quran, Allah says whether you can leave a home Allahu Yeoman pm Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection. In other words, even on that day when Allah says you, you who
just believe Don't make excuses today, it is perhaps the angels saying it to them. It is perhaps the believer saying to them, even in that case, perhaps it's not even a learner's origin, addressing them, but in this surah Allah azza wa jal doesn't talk to them, he tells his messenger to talk to them and the word used for them is El Capitan. Now, they were not saying that we reject your God. This is important, they were not saying that. Actually, if you ask them who created the heavens in the earth, whether inside the home and Hanukkah, somehow it will layer coluna law. If you ask them who created the heavens and the earth, they will say Allah says I swear they will definitely say a
lot. They the the wish raccoon will say Allah. So the point you know Kufa means I'm rejecting Allah Chirac means I accept a lot, but I'm associating other partners you guys know these basic definitions. So they're crying from what we understand is that of shidduch but in this surah Allah calls them as carefusion there's a difference he didn't say yeah, you had a machete and even though they were compromising Allah still use such a strong term, those who reject those who deny those who very deep within why use this term? This is a question inshallah with Allah that we're going to try and answer. The first thing here is that this the, you know, who are these offers coming from? These
offers of compromise, they were coming to the messengers of Allah Islam from us, what
are my 11 Health bullied, bullied been mahira acid Meanwhile, these leaders of courage are coming and making all kinds of offers to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam I've talked about this many, many, many weeks before, a few few months before in a tuxedo suit abasa that, you know, making Dawa making Dawa is kind of like sales, you have a precious product, and you're trying to convince the other to take this product from you. But you know, typically, there's a big difference between sales and by the way, but there is some parallel, you know, when you're making a sale, who's in the powerful position, the customer or the salesman?
The customer, the customer, and especially if the salesman sounds desperate, like he's constantly trying to sell it to you, then the customer feels that and this guy's desperate. I should tell him, No, give me 50%.
And you know what, throwing this or that for free. You know, like nowadays, you walk into a Toyota dealership right? After what recently happened, who's desperate, the salesman is desperate. So these could fall they will think that the profit and subtle Sam is desperate. He's constantly making data to us. He needs to give us this message. So we need to make some bargains. No, I'll buy your product, but just hear me out. How about this. You give me one year I give you one year you see, you see what I'm saying? They feel that the profit margin is desperate to take it from them. And Allah tells as much messenger in this surah No, you're not desperate. Actually, you don't even respond. I
will respond. You just tell them what I'm telling you.
Yeah, you have caffeine on. And by using this word of the caffeine in the Islam form. It's not unlike the NACA for those who have disbelieved. And caffeine isn't is a noun, it's an essence. It's an active participant specifically called an SM fine. Those who are engaged now in disbelief will be engaged in disbelief and have been engaged in disbelief in other words that lie specifically together.
To the people who are at the point of no return, you use cemented ghafar you cemented disbelievers who it is very clear now that there's no way you're ever going to change. And who is sure about that? It's not the prophet who short. It is Allah who is sure so he calls them at a cafe Don't you see when you say are you Hello, Tina? Tina cafaro? Yeah, you know, the NACA for even those who have disbelieved. That's in the past, that doesn't guarantee maybe they'll believe in the future. It's possible. But when you call them alkaff, you rune. When you use that word, then there's no hope for them. That's it this this they say their fate is sealed. Which answers an important question. This
sutra is not talking about all the cofa it's talking about specifically a group of gofar, who have been given the best opportunity to accept Islam. And let me tell you why I say the best opportunity to accept a stamp. You know, when somebody gives someone doubt what they had an opportunity to accept the sound. But it also depends on how effective the dollar was, how much bacala put into words of the day, you know, and environment also the character of the one presenting the doorway if the person making doorways has good words, but no character, then those words don't mean anything you know. But who did this these people whose Dharma did they receive? Not just any speaker. This is
the Dharma of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, and whose character did they see? for death for years, actually, not even four years their entire life they known him since he was born. Well Masashi will come Allah Safi beaucoup, boom imagino. So I have someone who's been with you all along.
He's been with you your entire life. And so they saw his character and they saw his words. In other words, you cannot receive better than that. There will be no better than even the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and when he has exhausted his efforts on you, and you didn't budge, that means according to a law, you are at the point of no return. The only description left for you now is Yeah, you had caffeine. Yeah, you had caffeine. So here we find Oh, yeah, you had caffeine, you know, discover of there's like we said we didn't i didn't yet explain to you, why am I use the word gopher instead of shark because the crime was actually shipped. But all these years when they refuse
to leave their ship,
when they refuse to leave their ship, refusal, rejection, denial, you know what these words are?
When you refuse it, that's another meaning of the word catfish. In addition, and this is interesting, when a lot uses the word gopher in the Quran, he mentioned schofer. Of what?
gopher of what or take leave of what? Right? So if they you know, from an yuck for Villa, whoever disbelieves in Allah and Leatherneck furuno ob
ob rusu Li. Right. So they, whoever just believes in Allah and His IR has revelations, or binyomin ahead in the last day, or in his messengers or the messenger specifically some Allahu alayhi wa sallam wa salatu salam? In other words, when this belief has mentioned this belief in what, but here, Elijah said, those who didn't believe what he didn't mention, what is it that they disbelieve in? In other words, it's all of these things. If you have disbelieved in a lie, even though you think you believe in Allah, you think you worship a lot, the Kaaba, but you don't if you don't really believe in him. You just believe in this messenger. Allah loves them, you have disbelieved in
the ayat that came to you. You have disbelieved in your own conscience you we were born, all human beings were born with a fifth law. And in that fifth law there, there the root inside of us, says La ilaha illAllah. It accepts a Lions Club, a lot told us in the 100 and 72nd is brutal Allah He asked us this question before we even came on this earth, He said, is to be a beacon. Am I not your master? Am I not your Lord? And what all of us if called Elijah hidden? We said, of course, we bear witness we testify. In other words, we gave Shahada before we even came here. So this Islam, this tawheed was already inside you. And you even denied what you had inside, forget doing what is on the
outside, you have even denied what is on the inside, and you've denied it permanently. So the word for you is an caffee alone. But there is another powerful meaning of the word Yeah, you know, oven caffeine.
And that is that the word gopher comes in in Arabic is not only used for rejection and denial, and disbelief, it's also actually used for a denial of a favor, to deny a favor calphalon and Nima they call it in Arabic to be ungrateful to a favor. You are the people who receive the favor of Allah, especially because of the drought of Ibrahim alayhis salaam. You received a letter the other ama, whom in German, we're gonna human health you receive protection from us haben Finn, you got to go. You know, in you know, Leticia, it was safe. You received all of these spirits and above all of these things. You received a loss final messenger sallallahu sallam, you receive the answer of the
Ebrahim Robin our theme Rasulullah Minho, you receive that gift of all the people in the world that didn't receive the final messenger you received it, and you are so ungrateful. So you are called the ultimately ungrateful. Hola, you have caffeine. mm Razi when commenting on the surah. He says the messenger when he when his personality is described, what are the IOD febi Mara met him in Allah hinnant Allah home, it is by the mercy of Allah that you are, is by the special Mercy of Allah, that you're lenient towards them. Bill mininova ofour Rahim when it comes to the believers, the messengers, especially especially with the believers, he's compassionate. He's always merciful. Well
I mean, we didn't send you as anything except a mercy for all the nations and all peoples of the world. And even when he's supposed to debate with them, he's supposed to be nice. Well, Geraldine, whom debate them argue them, believe it here, and in the way that is best, in the most beautiful way. debates are usually ugly debates, or if you've ever seen a debate, it gets ugly, it gets nasty, and the messenger is commanded, even when you debate them debating the most beautiful fashion, some of them what kind of, you know, mercy is this even when he was told to make well and good ashira takakura been warned the closest of your family members, by the way, the toughest enemies of Islam
were the close family members, the uncles, the tribal Pete, the people of his own tribe, these were the toughest enemies will last.
In our data, Allah, the messenger is told, I'm not asking you for any compensation. Except I'm asking you to show love and close relations. I'm sure I'm asking you not to be unfair to your own close relatives is one of the injustices that they used to commit. Yeah, a universal law economic messenger Allah says messenger messenger sallallahu wasallam. convey what has been sent to you from your master, where inlanta file and if you don't do so fehmarnbelt after his heart attack, then you have not done your job, you haven't delivered the message that you were given. In other words, the messenger is told deliver, deliver, deliver, deliver, and so much so far, even though the beynac
Albania hora de la Cana Julio coming in, so Tommy Messiah, he says, even if you the other shows animosity to you, he acts like an enemy to you treat him in that hour like he's your close, intimate friend. This is the advice given by a lot of the prophets on the long run instead of but these people have reached such a point that the messenger is told to say something that his soft heart can't even say those words cannot be his. So the word cold comes before you can say those things because you are soft. So you just say to them, as I'm telling you, yeah.
Because those words indicate that at the time of Dharma is done, the time the period of Dharma is over, you know, if they were under the Nakamoto, maybe they'll change in the future. But I've got
a bad judgment about the when the Islam is used when the noun is used, it's got constancy, you're going to remain kofod. And these are very heavy words for the Prophet himself to say something along them, because he came as a mercy and he's concerned for humanity. But even he was told you must now say what you don't even like hearing yourself. Because that means that these people did not get the messenger they will never get the message these special brand of kofod they have not only lost all hope of Allah's mercy, but the messenger is no longer going to show them mercy, whether he wants to or not. Which leads us to our next point, just in that word, cool. There are so many lessons in that
word called Allah azza wa jal used in the beginning, you see, the kuffar things like they have a choice they can worship this God or that God maybe they want to pick this religion, maybe not. In other words, they have what they call nowadays freedom of religion, right? They can pick whatever they want, they can believe in it disbelieve in it, the messenger Elisa Tucson is not presenting his opinion, or his preference. What is he saying? Well, Nadia Cooney, and Dina whom mental enough, see, I don't have any authority to change what I am bringing to you, on my own behalf, I have no authority, I'm not presenting you my point of view, I am presenting a last message. In other words,
you feel like you can change or you can accept and reject. And then you're coming to me with compromise, like I have the choice to make that decision. Right? Why don't you just take one year we'll take one year, like I'm the decision maker, and Allah says, You're not going to talk back to them I will call alone we'll talk back to them to let them know that he is in no position. He's not the one to be making these decisions. It is a law's decision. He's only communicating them and that's why he's called a messenger sallallahu Sallam a messenger doesn't make the decisions, he only delivers the message, the token in
the decision, the command only comes from Allah subhana wa Tada. That is being communicated to the gopher through the word coin. There's no room for compromise, not with me. And then we talked about the few things that they disbelieved, and now we're going to go Actually, I addressed this question also, but I'm going to repeat it just so it's organized discussion, who is this sort of talk
to please understand this is not for all capital. This is not for everybody who disbelieves this is not for your neighbor. This is not for the Jews and the Christians. This is specifically specifically being used for a group of people who received a special favor of Allah for generations, and then the most special favor of Allah, the final messenger. And on top of that, the final revelation itself, they got to hear it with their own ears, from the mouth of the messenger himself. sallallahu wasallam. And they still refuse to disbelieve, refuse to believe, after years and years of endless attempt, it is at that point that they get this title. Why am I saying that because we
nowadays are so careless, and how we understand the Koran and how we communicate the message of the Quran to others. In other words, we think these soldiers, we can just use them how, you know, I've met a non Muslim.
It's not that simple. We shouldn't oversimplify the religion especially when it comes to the word of Allah, we can't be careless in how we apply it. And who it applies to, we have to be very, very clear. These scholars are saying mussel soon. Aloha t Boone, conforama, susun. But the Anima la hoomin, whom we know look at the comments of a shokan he has a machete, he says, this is a these are you far that are specific, and Allah already knew that he will never believe. In other words, the only one who knows that they will be Garfield forever, is Allah, you don't have the right to use that word. You can't just throw that word around just to anybody. It's a careful thing to use,
inshallah, to Allah when we get to the heart of, you know, how to judge people, and that comes in learning more and more clearly, then we'll have this discussion in full. So you know, and by the way, this discover that Allah azza wa jal talks about the context of it, I gave you one issue, one issue was they said, Well, you follow one year will follow the other year. So now I will do in Africa, Santa Anita tuna, uttanasana. We worship your God one year, and we will join together the other year now. So in other words, what I'm trying to get at is, there's one year of shift and one year of Islam according to their proposal. Right. So there are two proposals. There are two
proposals. And there are two rejections, you know, how the eyes have repetition in this little
while and tomorrow. And then again, later on. When we do an AMA, there were two proposals, both of them have been rejected. Or they might have commented in terms of language because they made two offers two rejections came. In other words, they came with one offer rejection, they came with the other offer rejection, right? So holla is that just random repetition in the sutra, and we'll see the benefits of the repetition, as a sort of steady continues, then what's really beautiful is how the profits are then delivered these ions. So makansutra before Sharon, tell us the context of revelation for karma, olaru, see him Sakura, Allah him, he stood on their hands, basically, he came
right up to them. They're having a little meeting the leaders of courage, he walks right up to them and says to their face, yeah, you have caffeine. Do you understand what this means? He didn't call them yeah, at least kodesh? Right. Yeah, Allah maka is the word Yeah, even caffeine. In other words, you have rejected me and I am rejecting you. He's, in modern terms, you call this I'm renouncing my citizenship. I have nothing to do with you. I'm completely denouncing disassociating disassociating myself from you.
So this, you know, complete, complete separation between the Muslims and the non Muslims, the prophet and those who don't believe anymore. This is pretty much a declaration of war. This is what you call a declaration of war. I have nothing to do with you, you have completely rejected. And I'm not even going to call you with a dignified name. I will just call you on caffeine from now. And it's not even me I've been commanded. It's the I've been commanded. So in this word called there is one an insult to the kofod why Allah hates them so much. At this point, he doesn't even talk to them directly. At the same time, there's an award to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
you know that the kuffaar believed that the prophet SAW Selim is very truthful.
Even when they call them a liar, they didn't really think like that on the inside. That was just one of the propaganda schemes, but they knew this man just doesn't lie. So when he comes in tester calls them and caffee rune, then if there's any ounce of goodness left inside of them, they would this would hurt extra because, you know, what I'm trying to get at is there are two kinds of people who insult you. There's a person who's known to use bad language and they they're known for insulting other people and using bad words towards them, and they come and say something to you. You say, Man, whatever. This guy does like that to everybody. But who's coming in calling them catfish? The one
who only use this the best language so what would make that person say these words? How bad do you have to be that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is told to use those words for you, you understand? It adds a level of disgust and an ugliness
To the attribution made to these people that a lot told specifically His messenger to call them on caffeine, because of his character, his noble character, you know, when someone who's really extra extra nice, they use bad language or they use this, you know this, this harsh tone with you, then it just comes to you unexpected and you feel really, really bad about yourself really bad about yourself. But if someone despicable or low character, they use bad words towards you or they're harsh towards you to say whatever this guy, I should just take it, you know, take it in stride, I don't have to worry about it, you know. So the fact that even the messenger said it in and of itself
is an additional insult. Then a special comment about the word El Capitan.
Well, who are you know whom you're the moon I mean anoon several in italic. It was already known and the Prophet prophet himself knew that when you call them that word, it's gonna make them angry. The liloan Allah and Muhammad Rasul Allah, who Allah you barely beat him a little bit about him.
It is a proof that a lie at this point does not care to offend them. Before it was be soft to them. Even if they come to you as an enemy, treat them like a friend give them data softly. At this point a lead is not care about them. So he's using the harshest tone with them. In other words, the door to Dharma for these people is closed. And if the doors doors are closed, it also means the doors to the prophets Mercy is closed on you. The prophets Mercy is no longer on your side sallallahu sallam. Now as far as the word Yeah.
Yeah, you Hi in Arabic is used in a couple of settings. One It is used in formal settings. In other words, you don't use Yeah, you have to someone like a child. You know, in classical Arabic. Yeah. Well, and this is a you know, you're giving them extra respect and dignity or formality. The Prophet is spoken to with this extra dignity and formality when Allah says, Yeah, you have to assume. Yeah, you have to be Yeah, you have Muslim and even the believers are given this dignity. Yeah, you have Latina Amma No. But you has another,
you know, aspect to it, which is that of removing all you know, it's not small talk, it's a serious matter. When it's a serious matter, are you highly used in Arabic? And when there's only formality and distancing? In other words, when you say yeah, when there's an intimacy between you and the child, you're close to the child. But if you say, yeah, there's a distance between you and them. Allah uses Yeah.
distancing himself from them. And even in those words, for the cotton alacati kuliah. It is an announcement of all severing of all relationships with them. At this point, I have nothing to do with you. And you have nothing to do with me that's already in the first IRA. And a lot of times we think this comes in the last I have this sorta when we say the convener, what do you mean, but this is already in the first hour and just in just a word of caffeine and just the word cool. That separation is already there. So panela
now, we had to do heavy Hill Kelly, Miranda and melody kalu Watanabe coming over soon.
When he hired in fresh in other words, when Allah says tell them yeah, you have a coffee rune. That language from Allah already illustrates how disgusted Allah is with the compromise proposal they came up with. He is so disgusted with them, instead of saying, say no to their proposal, tell them you help get you disbelievers. You rejecters you know, and it's almost a curse from Allah subhanho wa Taala that is waged against them. So this is the anger of Allah manifest in these words. Now, the next is our Moodle masamune.
To understand this ayah properly we have to understand a couple of things. The first of them is the definition of a bada bada and I'm going to go through it rather quickly because I've talked about it in other places and this is just a time for recap the few aspects inside the word inside a bada Are you know epidemiology mahalo these five things. It's a good definition. It's a pretty mainstream comprehensive definition, to be our ob Davila. To be a slave of Allah, you need to fulfill five conditions. You need to have obedience to Allah, but it's our right you have to have obedience to Allah. And what that means is if there's obedience to Allah and obedience to another, anything other
than Allah, then obedience to Allah comes first. And you can only obey Allah as creation, so long as it also means you're at the same time obeying Allah. In other words, if you obey our creation, while disobeying Allah, then this is already shift, you're no longer
now thought it must Lucan female Seattle.
There is no obeying creation at the same time disobeying the Creator, that can't be that cannot be as for So the first is it.
The second is
We have to love Allah azza wa jal more than anything else. When does he know Am I know I should do hope bellandur Belinda, those who believe are intense in their love for Allah. Allah says in that surah well, you know woman, a nasty man yet to his woman doula, he and dad and you
there are people who besides a lot, they take competitors loving them that like they shouldn't be loving Allah, but those who believe they're intense in their love for Allah. In other words, we have love for our spouse, we have love for our children, our parents, our family, our friends, our wealth, our assets, but all of them come under the love of Allah. They come under the love of Allah within and after him the love of his messenger, some of the lahardee have sent them. The second condition was love. So we have obedience and we have love. The third is
we have to trust the master. He I've accepted myself as the slave, I've accepted him as the master. So whatever instructions he gives me, I have to trust that they are better for me. whatever situation he's putting me through, I have to trust him. I have to trust him in that if I obey Him, no matter how hard I think it is, it's actually the better alternative. You read the law and you have the fancam Allah intends to make life easier for you to lighten your burden. We think by following the law, life becomes hard and but disobeying him life becomes easy. A lot of times in our families, we think, man, everything's
so hard. Psalm is so hard. Allah says, No, I actually give you Islam to make your life easier. And we have to trust that that is true. You have to trust Allah, debacle in Allah. So now we have obedience. We have love and we have trust, we have trust. The fourth is sincerity. sincerity. When we do something, we have to do it for the sake when we especially an activity, Bada, we have to do it for the sake of Allah. And you cannot mix with a lot of other things. If you're going to give sadaqa to the machine, for example. And you can't say yeah, it's a good tax write off and it's good so that you can't mix you know when you're going to give it is only now if you get the benefit well
and good but in your intention, it can only be for Allah Allah doesn't like to share in the intentions. He doesn't like to hear the intentions and actually the demand that is put upon us in our solidarity when usuki Rama Rama Murthy lilla, Robin alameen. This sincerity is also talked about in the previous solar Fellini project, make Salah sincerely to your investor chiapa sincerity. Cleansing Our intention is to do something purely for the sake of Allah. Sometimes, for example, and this is a side comment but an important one than the less. We serve our Deen in many capacities. Maybe you're helping out at the masjid. Maybe you're at an MSA, maybe you're at some organization,
maybe you're at an Islamic school, maybe you're helping out with a website, whatever project it is, you're trying to help them out in some way. And in the beginning, it's for the sake of Allah. But over time you say, Man, people don't listen to me, I should be in charge. And your ego comes in. And people will recognize what I'm doing. Nobody thinks me man. Nobody listens to my opinion, and nobody appreciates everything I've done so far. Now is it for the sake of Allah for the sake of appreciation? What nobody realizes it, you don't realize it over time it happens. You started out with sincere intentions and they get messed up over time. We have to maintain the class, we have to
maintain this sincerity. And the final and the most important that has to do with this matter right now.
We had four so far. And the fifth one's missing. Right? We call a simple terms, I call it the terms of slavery, the terms of slavery, you know, when you get a job, between you and your company, there's a contract. The contract tells you this is what we owe you. And this is what you owe us. Between the husband and the wife, there's a contract, this is what I'm gonna do for you. This is what you're gonna do for me, there's a contract, there's an exchange. Between the parent and child, Allah gave us rights. These are my rights. These are your rights, there's an exchange, there's an understanding between a government and the people, there's an understanding, you're going to pay
taxes, you're going to abide by these laws, and I'll provide you these services. There's an exchange. But usually these exchanges are a result of compromise. In other words, both parties come and discuss and they say, Okay, these are your rights. And these are my rights and there's compromise. But when we are sleeves to allow, where do these terms and conditions come from? Are they a result of some discussion and compromise? No, these come from above, you just take them?
In other words, you are in no position to describe define what does it mean to be a slave of Allah? What does it mean to worship Allah? What does it mean to obey Allah, you cannot define that for yourself. those definitions, those terms and conditions are only coming from a lot. And that's what makes you asleep, that you have no say in the terms and conditions only a law does. Now, the kofod are worshiping Allah.
They're doing the law they're making such that they call a last name, but the terms what they call obedience to allow what they call believing in Allah, they come up with that themselves. But Allah says, If you come up with it yourself, it's unacceptable. The only way it's acceptable if those terms come from me, and the ones that come from him are the ones that the messenger has been given. You understand? So these terms is very important. somebody tells you at your job, yeah, man, I love God. All right, worshiping I worship God. No, you don't know you don't. Because if you worship God on your own the way you want
You're not alone.
When you worship God the way he wants you to worship Him. Now that's worshiping God, you understand? The terms are defined by Allah. What does it mean to believe in Allah? What does it mean to obey Allah? What does it mean to worship Allah, this is the first discussion, the conditions of slavery. The second, I want you to understand the word Riba in Arabic or Buddha, the master, it includes two things, if I translate them as one of those two things, it's incomplete. And it's a limitation of English, as opposed to classical Arabic, classical Arabic can, you know combines many concepts at the same time. And so if we just looking at a partial translation or partial meaning of the concept,
there's confusion left in the mind, the two terms that are in that completely or comprehensively cover all aspects of Eva or Buddha are two things. Those are worship and slavery. There are two terms worship and slavery. A lot of times we either take worship or we take slavery, but there are two separate things in English but they're combined in Arabic into the word Eva and our Buddha. So when when the messenger says that we do not Abu, it doesn't just mean I will not worship also I will not be enslaved to I will not become a slave of very briefly I'll remind you of the difference between worship and slavery. When Muslim happened, we worshiped Allah, when I shot comes up, we will
worship Allah. But in between the prayers, what are we
slaves of Allah, when you're sleeping, you're not worshiping but you're still a slave. When you wake up, and you're driving to work, brushing your teeth, eating your breakfast, you know, parking your car, even if you're not reciting Quran or you're you're not working, you know, you're not doing an act of worship, you are still what a slave. In other words, worship is specific acts, the act of fasting, the act of praying, the act of making hudge, the act of reciting Quran, the act of giving sadaqa these are acts of worship, but a slave is asleep all the time, whether he does those acts or not.
This concept is very powerful. It means we are we are to live according to what Allah how Allah wants us to live, not just in jamara, during the football, and when the Salah is going on. We are enslaved to a line between the prayers to have you know, solidarity or salado spa. And some commentary says it's between the prayers be connected to a law to you know what happens a lot of times people worship a law but they still don't act like his sleeve, the worship of the compressor and say I got time for modeling. Let me go catch a movie.
And they come back from it. So they worship the law, but they didn't act like why didn't act like a slave. Somebody owns a liquor store comes to the salon for five times. he worships a lot. But he's clearly not acting like what a slave he's not obeying a law. And sometimes because we have these partial English definitions, you know what happens? We feel we think to ourselves, hey, at least I worship Him.
At least I worship Him. So my job is done. Know what you worship him. But you're still not Abdullah. Worship is one part slavery's the other, I bother includes both. Now the Arabs, they had two problems. There are two problems. They refuse to worship Allah. But you know what the bigger problem is. They refuse to be Allah's slaves. There are two problems in this surah we have to make those problems distinct. The problem when they refuse to bow down only to a lion grid and get rid of all the idols. What is that a problem of worship or slavery?
That's a problem of worship.
But when they refuse to give the orphan
when they refuse to not kill the baby girl,
when they refuse to not feed the poor, when they refuse to not give justice, when they refuse to kill without having right to do so. When they abuse the slave when they do all of these things. What are they refusing to do? They're refusing to act like a love slaves. Being a love slave includes you worship Him and you act like a slave to things. So now understand the law Budo metabolism By the way, what time is that I shot for?
915 Okay, so we I think we hear quite a bit done in Sharla hopefully even before this will be finished. So now I will do my tabula I will do I will not be enslaved to and I will not worship what you have been worshipping. Now we have to understand a lot in this ayah the messenger is being told to talk about what they worship and what they are slaves of. So what is it that they worship? And what is it that they're slaves of? They're worshipers of idols, false gods, and they are slaves of their own desires to things they worship the idols and they are slaves of their own selves, their own power, their own knifes and the messenger says, I refuse to worship your idols, and I refuse to
be enslaved to my own desires. I
refused both of those things. I am not, I'm never going to now. They said he's been rejecting our religion for a decade now almost. Let's give him a compromise maybe the future, the market has become pretty tense, you know, always this confrontation between the Muslims and non and so far, let's make a compromise life will become better their ideas we want harmony in society from their point of view. And if we compromise things will get better, there won't be any tension in MCI anymore, so our future will be better. Now, we'll do according to most grammarians, the law on the Madonna actually, more than present illustrates the future. In other words, the messenger says don't
have your hopes, hopes up, I am not going to, it's never going to happen. I will never if you're thinking the future is going to be softer on you. I will never worship and I will refuse to be enslaved to whatever you worship and you are enslaved to. That is never going to happen. Get that out of your head.
Then come to the next Iona and tomorrow be Duna ma booth. And by the way, you are not at all worshipers of nor are you in sleeve to now I'll be doing as in Islam is a noun here. What that signifies is, you have never been in the past, you are not now and you will never be in the future in any way, shape or form worshipping the same God I do, or be enslaved to the same God I am enslaved, enslaved to that is never ever ever happened and that will never ever, ever happen. In other words, this is a guarantee that you will remain in Kufa to understand this ayah properly why would Allah say they will remain in COVID? Why will they never believe these specific leaders of
kadesh? Why would Allah curse them in this way? The answer lies elsewhere in the Quran. Allah says abramo Imran in the moon, very important Ayah abramo amaranth in Namibia moon. To understand this ayah you have to understand a very, very important piece of vocabulary. The Arabic word is Abraham, Abraham.
Abraham means to tie a rope for construction. You know, in the old days, they didn't have cement. They didn't have cement. So you have two pieces of wood. How do you hold them together?
You tie them up, but you can't take a weak rope. You have to take a rope and you have to double it. You know, you coil the rope and then you twist it that makes it stronger. Then you wrap it up twice this way twice it that way you don't even not at once. How many times do you nodded twice at least to make it strong, meaning every part of this process is double double double double to ensure that this rope will never be loose. That is the word of law uses to describe the commitment of the kuffaar to remain kuffaar abramo Omron. Have they tied their rope when it comes to this decision. Are they that sure that they will never ever turn back because once you tie that rope, the intention
is you never want to untied it's not like your shoelace that you want to untie eventually right? Allah says are they so sure about the decision to remain kuffaar that they'll never go back on that decision? Is that the case? And if that is the case for in movie moon then we have tied up our rope also. If they're so sure that I am sure that I will leave them in gopher. And by the way, when they tie their rope, Allah azza wa jal use the fear in
the past tense. When Allah tied his rope, he used a noun and you know what difference between a verb and a noun a verb is temporary and a noun is permanent. In other words, even though they are sure they will never want to untie this rope and become believers, when they come before their own actions on the Day of Judgment, you know what's going to happen, right? Or Obama? Yeah, what do Latina kifaru locanto muslimin perhaps disbelievers will wish they had been Muslims. They'll try to untie their rope.
But that's it's too late, then. It's too late. And so Allah says for in Mobley, moon, my rope is permanently tied, the noun is used is done. It's finished. And that was hypothetical. Is it the case that they've tied the rope, but here it is the case. Allah says healthcare freedom so it is the case. In other words, they made up their mind in fact, so Allah has made up their mind that not never Don't be confused. You have never been worshipping what I did don't think that even before I was a messenger we were on the same religion. No, no, no, no, no, you will not be doing you will never worshipping ever. Nor are you now nor will you ever. What I am enslaved to now I will do is
the present tense for the prophets are very, very beautiful thing. You know what they were able to in the present tense signifies he didn't mention his own past. He only mentioned his present, and that's beautiful. You know why? He never did shake? The Prophet sighs I never did shift. We know that. But he really truly became a slave when the revelation came. He was looking for it. What was that a cowboy man. Father, we found you seeking and we guided you guide you to what to be asleep. guidance and being a less slave go together.
Buddha Stein immediately what Idina Avada Idina
hedaya so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam is saying, now I have found true slavery. But even before this, you guys think we were on the same religion? No, we were never, don't be confused about that. And what the powerful lesson here is, if you know that I've never been on your religion, and you're never going to be, you're never going to be in this, you know, you're never going to be worshipers of I Am, we are set in our ways. So these two I actually have to do with the future. Now, these two are together more than the past, they deal with the future, I will not be compromising, and you it is permanent, that you're not going to be compromising, you're never going to be coming
to the slavery of Allah and the worship of Allah will not be tomorrow, but to now return to the past, to IRA or for the future. Now to iron out for the past, when I be done, and I am not a worshipper of
I am not a worshipper of In other words, I have never ever been enslaved to not a bad term what you have been worshipping. Don't think, first of all, don't think that your God was the same in mind. And also don't think my god was the same as yours. The one I was worshipping even before was never the same as yours. So if I've never worshipped your God before, before, even when he came, I was disgusted by your religion. After the revolution has come to you, to me, You expect me to compromise now.
If I never even did shift before this revelation came, it is even more impossible for me now that this revelation has come. So there's no way I will ever ever compromise. When I be doing
what you've been worshipping. I was I wasn't even doing that to begin with. And now tied to the past will tomorrow be doing
well and tomorrow. But now here, we have to understand something that repetition we talked about before, but the second one for the past. The first one I'm gonna be doing for the future. The second one, and tomorrow we're gonna mark for the past. The other was one for one compromise and the other for the other compromise. We understood the repetition of these are. The third way to understand is repetition is when you go to someone and you declare animosity, then you use the harshest tone. And part of being harsh with someone is to repeat your words of animosity. I hate you, I hate you.
I'm going to kill you. I'm going to kill you. When you repeat yourself. What does that mean? It illustrates anger. It illustrates I'm not Did you hear me? Did you get that? I'm never returning Did you get it? I am never turning back. When you repeat yourself in this way. This is the messengers way, it was way of telling the messenger to communicate to them, they better get it right. If they didn't hear you correctly the first time tell them again. This is a means of like very harsh tone speech. What are we doing a man would wanna and tomorrow we do no matter what. Now,
the word man, very important. You know, Allah didn't say what and tomorrow we do not men are good.
And you will not worship? Who I who I worship. He said what I worship. The word what is not used for living things. It's used for nonliving things who is used for living things? So it causes a confusion? How come instead of saying who I worship, and I'm using worship loosely now, you know, worship and slave to the full word version, you know, I'm using it to be brief. Instead of saying who I worship, Allah makes twice the messenger say what I worship. This what could be mama study? Yeah, this is one way to understand it to make it simple for you. What worship I do, I'll put it in English term, so you understand my meaning.
In other words, the worship that I do what worship I do, you will never do. That's what the word what here means. The kind of form of worship and slavery to a lot I have taken, you will never take what it means for me to be a slave of Allah and a worship of Allah. And what it means for you is completely different. That's the one one meaning of
the second meaning of man, if it's taken as masuleh it's literally a job. What an amazing God I worship and what pathetic falsehood you worship.
When you say what, in regards to Allah, it does two things to clarify this subject the difference between who and what, when you ask the question who you're looking for an identity, you're looking for an identity, when you ask the question, what you are looking for qualities.
When you say Who is he? Who is he? He says,
he's ready, he's admitted. What is he? When you say, What is he? What's the answer? He's an accountant. He's a programmer. He's a nice guy, whatever, right? In other words, when you say who, who and by the way, accountants may not be nice guys, I don't know but who, who is to find out identity what is to find out quality You understand? When man is used? What's the question about identity or quality?
It's about quality. What an amazing God I worship what I am
Worship is the truth, the true God. So his quality is being highlighted. And then when my is used for them while I don't have a tomato bottom, what pathetic falsehoods you're following, what are the qualities of what you follow? And what are the qualities of the one I follow? That's the word my hair. It's beautiful.
you think you're worshiping the same amazing a lot that I worship, you think that's, that can be attributed to a lot your acts, never. And you think the things I do, the service I do to my master, you think that is comparable to what pathetic Gods you have in front of you never. And that difference is made infinitely wide by the use of the word man.
The man here the nature of the God a lot less messenger worships, who Allah is what Allah is the data that is highlighted in the word map. So it's not only mama study as mad at our job also, it's a powerful, powerful thing used in this ayah now we come to the final idea. And here we learned something just incredibly beautiful laocoon Dino Commedia de probably one of the most misunderstood I art in the Quran. In our times, commonly translated to you be your religion to maybe mine
to you be your religion to maybe mine. First of all lakum is early is you know if the sauce in other words job woman's role, macadam II didn't say Dino como la cama de la con de novo, Maria de your way of life, and I'm only oversimplifying right now as religion, your religion is only for you.
It's only for you. In other words, it's never ever going to be for me, I said the word only on purpose because local means early if if it was after the nuclear wouldn't be the word only, it is only for you people. When Leah Dean and my dean at this point is only for me when it comes to you. In other words, between you and I, there's never going to be an exchange, the time for exchange is finished.
In other words, I am leaving this town. these are these are the ions that are the precursors to the hyjal of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, because when that was done, there is no time for Darwin left with these people what has to happen now?
Because the only purpose of the messenger in Makkah is what is done. But if he said no, the doors are closed, the doors are closed, then basically he's already renounced his citizenship that we said before, so you can't release her and by the way, when these words come, do they get even worse in their animosity against him? Absolutely. similar words have come elsewhere in the Quran, kuliah commitment, Allah mechanic, mechanic,
tell them my nation.
Do whatever you're gonna do from your place, stay in your stay on your position and do whatever it is you're going to do in the army and I'm working Also, I'm doing what I can also Let's see who comes out on top. Now, let's understand these ions in the few minutes that we have before I break for Salah. Let's understand this is from one more perspective, and we'll tie this a little up and complete that final 10 minute lesson. After the salon shout out on it almost immediately. The word Dean the word Dean in Arabic comes from the word Dane. It means loan. The word Dane in Arabic means loan, something that is owed to you or something you owe someone in precise terms. The word Deen is
also used in Arabic for government because the government gives the people what they owe and the Gulf people give the government what they owe. It's an exchange it's a precise exchange, and a Deen necessitates an authority.
Also the day of judgment when people get exactly what they deserve and pay exactly what they owe, is also called young Dean Maliki. Yama, Dean, one of the meanings of lacantina kumala Dean is you will get exactly what you deserve, your judgment will be only for you, and my judgment will be only for me and you'll find out what the consequences of your Cofer are when the day of Dean comes. That's part of the meaning of Dean here. The convener Kamala Dean, your judgment is with you and my judgment is only for me so Pamela go ahead is open challenge you want to have four out your Hellfire is only for you at this point. In this group, these people who have been you know, bent upon go for
a special judgment is for you. And my special judgment as a messenger is for me. Let's see who comes out on top. It's an open challenge. The other thing the final thing before I let you go inshallah tada in this case, in the Candido kumala Deen, some have misunderstood this to mean that the prophets of Allah doesn't care that they will do shake, you go your way I go mine all mine my own business, You mind your own business. This is a misinterpretation and a misreading of the ayah. It's a misreading of the ayah. When was this ayah revealed, after decades upon decades, a decade of Dharma directly after a decade of dharma. And at that point, what they're being told is, you keep it
up, you keep doing what you're doing, and I'm going to keep doing what I'm doing. And eventually now we're not going to collide with words. We're going to end up colliding with the sword.
In other words, this this is almost a precursor to the conflict that is about to come. In Lokhande pneumonia? Do you know why there's a conflict embedded inside these words? Because where is the Where are the machinery going? keeping their idols? They're keeping them at the harem. And what is the messenger job? We talked about the legacy of the Prophet nation and what is his legacy? to purify the religion of Abraham and a sermon? What's his job? What How can you do so to reconstitute the house of Allah for the purpose for which it was built?
He cannot do that, so long as What is there?
So long as the idols today, the mission isn't done. In order for his Dean to be complete. Their Dean has to go. You keep doing your dean. I'll keep doing my Dean and we'll see who comes out on top. So Allah says we're never out of Santa Rasulullah who Buddha didn't Huck Leone Hello hola de nikoli He sent His messenger Allah is the one who sent His messenger with guidance and the dean Medina, Huck, and he sent him with the deen of Allah have the deen that the judgment of truth, the religion of truth, the use of the healer who Allah Dean equally, so it may overshadow and overcome and encompass all the other thing there is any other form will be overshadowed and overcome. While I will carry
heavy machinery Kuhn even if the machinery Khun hate it, even if the mesh deikun hate it, so you keep doing what you're doing, but it's going to be overcome. My Dean has already been guaranteed. And by the way, this word Dean will become even clearer in the next ayah What are eight and NASA Luna fee? The inilah Dean comes up again and there we will learn when this conflict is announced in this surah what is happening in the next surah who is going to be winning this conflict, but the final lesson of this surah inshallah Allah I'll share with you right after the Salah, barakallahu li walakum feel Corps and Hakeem when I finally what year it was the chemo Santa Monica