Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah Sade in MBA, you will mousseline while early. He was happy he ministered Nebuchadnezzar he
Allahumma dynamin homina homina homina Saudi had auto sob
sob sob manera alameen wa salam aleikum wa Taala hirakata. In the last session, we covered some essentials about the relationship between emotion and action. And we are left now with the final two items in the final I have sorta Lhasa awasi will help. And at the last in the sub these two items. First of all, let's understand that from a literary point of view, allows a vigil could have said that there was what Allah so we'll have tea was somebody it could have been said in that way. And it was so communicate sufficient meaning, but Allah azza wa jal, and it could have been emphasized the degree above that by having said whatever, so we'll have tea will be somebody that would have been a
degree above an emphasis. But then a third degree above that is what are our Saville happy, what are solvers somebody so this is the most emphatic form of saying this statement, where the verb has been repeated and the preposition has been repeated. Because from a bare minimum communication point of view, you could just say the verb, but not have to repeat the preposition and not have to repeat the verb again, you know, but the fact that this is repeated highlights the importance of both these items and highlights how critical these actions are. And to add to the fact something we've mentioned a few times before in this series. Just also philosophy is that when we say I mean
assignee had they do righteous deeds, or they act, they engage in action that is good, that these are also actions. So they don't technically have to be mentioned, if you would think of it from a minimalist point of view. If you say I'm a little slightly hot, it includes the law civil, and includes the law civil sub, that's the first comment today. The second, we're gonna get a little bit deeper into the last segment, and then tie it together to the meanings of what I mean Dasani had, because the agenda in the study of this isn't just to understand each item is to understand the relationship between these items. So we have to do both of those things. So when we talk about
philosophy will come. First of all, the linguistic analysis of rasiya philosophy, see is something that was covered in a previous session, but a brief overview, it is to leave a will or a legacy. That's what the word comes from. And when you leave someone a will in a legacy, then already you have the utmost sincerity and genuine concern for the one that's going to be left behind. And there's a sense of urgency in the council and the advice that you're going to leave with them. And of course, whatever you leave with them is of great value to them. So these are the embedded meanings in the kind of counsel and advice that one gives when they engage in the act of the law say
this is different from a bar, a bar or a alarm, or even tiny when you're teaching someone or informing someone, or communicating something to someone or saying something to someone that's not the Aussie, the Aussie has a sense of love genuine concern. You're talking to someone in a way that you're really worried about them. And you feel like your time is running out, you know, when you're leaving a will, your time isn't you don't have much time left. So you have this sense of urgency, I need to get these things to you. And you need to make sure you understand these things before I don't have that opportunity to give you this counsel anymore. These are the embedded meanings of a
philosophy. But then the phrase will help can be understood in three ways this the preposition BA in bill can be understood in three ways and each of those three ways come together to formulate the full meaning of this expression. First of all, the bar here can be understood as an adverb, it could be an adverbial phrase. what that would mean in English is they cancel each other. They give velocity enjoying each other is the common translation, but they cancel each other with utmost sincerity truthfully. In other words, not instead of saying with truth, or to truth, I translated it as truthfully I made it an adverb. In other words, when they do that counsel to one another, they
are extremely truthful and they do it. They don't, they don't water down or they don't shy away from telling the truth, and they're extremely sincere and honest in their counsel. A lot of times when you're trying to sell to give someone advice, you would think twice
before telling them the whole truth because you think I don't know how they're going to feel about it, you're not going to be entirely truthful when you do it. But here what we're learning, the first thing we're learning is because it's adverbial, this could be had also been. What we're learning here is the manner in which you communicate. This counsel is truthful and sincere, it has sincerity in it and is complete honesty in it. That's the first thing. But how can also be understood if you want to compare to an English expression? It could be with truth with truth. And here, we understand that the set of several Sahaba who said the truth here could for example, Qatada says, the truth
here refers to the Koran, or the truth or versatile heat, or to Revelation or to the legacy of this little loss on the law horizon. What this means is when you counsel someone, you counsel them with Quran, in other words, when you're giving each other counsel and reminder, you remind them by means of what an ayah you remind them by means of the words of the messenger sallallahu sallam, you know, how would he have done this? What did he say about the situation? What did the law say about this? You know, somebody losing hope? How do you do to us even after them? You say, yeah, yeah, I got the energy, NASA for enforcing
the law. And you know, Allah says, my slaves would, you know, violated against their own selves, don't lose hope, and the less mercy, you've done, the Laci will hook with the truth. you've enjoyed them, counsel them with the truth, by means of the truth and not another way of looking at it by means of the truth, implying by means of the Quran itself, it becomes the means by which we give each other counsel and advice. The third meaning is to the truth. So we have truthfully, we have with the truth, and then there is also the final to the truth. In other words, this implies there's a person who is, you know, losing zeal, and they're losing their energy and doing the work for the
sake of Allah. One of the ways, you know, one of the benefits of the placement of this phrase in the surah is, these people already have a man and they're already doing good deeds, but they're running out of gas. So you have to remind them, Look, there's, there's the truth ahead, don't don't lose sight of that ultimate truth that we have to stand before alarms origin, you can remind each other cancel each other with the remainder of the goal, because when you say to be in the meaning of Illa, here, in the meaning of Illa, what that would imply is, you're reminding them of the goal for which they're engaged in this struggle. So these are the three benefits of just about in what our song
will have. The word ad hoc is understood also, this the word ad hoc is understood in three ways. So these were the three benefits of the bat. But now three benefits of just the word and how and how is understood linguistically as something you know, to be true for sure, for which you don't have to be told something that deep inside your conscience, you just know it's true. So this, this implies, when they counsel each other, they counsel each other to something that their conscience already agrees with. They're not, you're not being told someone that doesn't sit well with them deep down inside, they know that what they're being told is true. This is the first meaning of wealth. The
second is that which can be proven true by means of evidence. In other words, you tell them something, and they say, I never heard that before. I don't feel that it's true. Or sometimes you tell them and they feel that it's true, but sometimes they say, I don't know. I've never heard that before. At that point, what do you have to give them evidence, one meaning of practice that which can be proven by means of evidence, and these things are connected? So what's the ultimate evidence that you provide someone that something is true or false and is revelation itself? Right? So that's the second benefit, and the third is very important. The Arabic word Huck is used also, when you
have an obligation when you have an obligation that you owe, it's also using the meaning of rights. You know, when you for example, a lot we've heard the phrase Coca Cola, Coca Cola a band, right. These words these phrases, you know, are talking as Allah subhanaw taala. Hakuna Matata are right and obligatory right, whose duty you must fulfill binding upon those people who have Taqwa. What this means is you counsel each other reminding people of their responsibilities. That counsel that happens, people sometimes forego their responsibilities. They don't take care of business, basically, the essential things they must do. So Tomasi, will talk in this case can become something
as simple as a husband who's not doing his job as a husband. And you tell him Look, you have responsibilities. You married this woman, she has some rights over you. This is also this also that becomes the law civil, somebody is not doing justice to their parents, and are you telling them you have obligations to the appearance, you have obligations to Allah, you have obligations that you stand before him at the right time for prayer in the salata, kanatal Mini Nikita makuta this also becomes possible meaning and encouragement to each other to remind them of their responsibilities. So much is embedded in these two these this these three word phrase? What are so bill in these three
words? Now let's understand how this is connected to what already came in. Let me know what I mean. Oh, sorry. How do I know this is the third item. What else Oh,
Very simple. If you think of most, most people think of good deeds as something that applies only to themselves.
A good deed is I pray, I give charity, I do good. I don't, I don't use bad words, I don't do this or that or the other, I stay away from bad things. And I try to do good things. In other words, people associate good deeds with things that they have to do themselves. But you know, we have two kinds of deeds, deeds that impact us, and deeds that impact others are two kinds of deeds. When you make a law, who does it impact you, yourself, when you give sadaqa it impacts you. But it also impacts someone else. When you lie, it impacts you, but it also impacts someone else. Now, the thing is, if everybody just if you just worried about the good things that impact you, right? And you didn't take
much concern that people around you are doing things, they're they're not fulfilling your responsibilities, and then not fulfilling the responsibilities doesn't just hurt them. Who else does it hurt others also, you have an obligation to others who are being hurt, you have an obligation to speak up and stand up and say the truth, you have to do it. And this is a matter of, you know, human decency, the simplest example of this you can think of, and it really takes courage to do that, to speak up when you say somebody else might be harmed, if I don't say something, right, this is part of the loss, even, I should genuinely counsel this person. Because if I don't, it'll end up harming
someone else. You know, you're walking down the street, a couple of kids are playing baseball, in the middle of the street. And they're hitting the ball really hard, and it's bouncing off of other people's cars. Is this a, you know, is this an acceptable thing to do? No, they're hurt damaging other people's property. So the thought crosses your mind, maybe I should
tell him to stop. Maybe I should do some deloss eaglehawk.
Right. You guys shouldn't do this. But then the thought crosses your mind, maybe if I tell them to stop playing baseball, I'll become the ball.
You know, they won't use the bat. But Tom use it with me, I'll take a beating by opening my mouth. This is a small example. On a bigger level, it could be something in the family, your father's doing something wrong. Your mother, your daughter, your sister, your wife, or husband, somebody is doing something wrong in the family, they're doing an injustice, they're not giving them a hug, or they're not giving the right amount and inheritance, it's happening in front of your eyes. And you say to your inner conscience, I should say something. I should say this is wrong. But then you think what are the consequences? They're gonna, they're gonna get yelled at, they're gonna think I'm so you
know, arrogant, they're gonna stop talking to me. You know, there are lots of other consequences. So you know, whenever you start speaking about the truth, what comes to mind, these other consequences, but allows origin has relieved us or remove these fears from us? Because all of our fears and our worries are removed when Allah says La La Vina, I know. At first part, when you have a man what happens? Who are you afraid of now? Only Allah, only Allah and when you do righteous deeds, then that image only gets strengthened. And when that demand is strengthened, it is only easy it's it is only then that it's easy for you to do tell us he will help and if you find it difficult to do to
us, he will help you know what that means.
That means that there's the email is not strong enough. The email isn't strong enough that the two things become tied to each other. The courage to speak up and stand for the truth is directly connected to email. It's directly connected to
the final item. By the way, it as far as the two things being connected, listen to these Ahadi. This is narrated by MSN Sahih Muslim.
Now Actually, let's look at the Hadith of the first menorah min common Quran failure hi yah hoo, BIA de
familia Shani felonious Sati. Calvin was alika Otto and a man, not a woman, but at often.
He says, who sees whoever sees a bad thing happened, he should change it with his hand. This is the last he will have to if he can do it, as you change it with what he should try to change it with his tongue, you should speak up against it. If you can't even do that you should at least feel bad about it. And it's hard. And that would be the weakest case of EMA. Allah didn't say that would be the weakest course of the messenger didn't say that will be the weakest course of action. It will be the weakest faith. So he connected the idea of encouraging people to stick to the truth and to do something about being truthful he connect the two directly to a man just like this soldier does in
the Latina I'm gonna I'm gonna solve the heart and then immediately what are the three become connected.
Then the final thing in regards to this is the loss you will have happens. Just the use of the word the loss it comes from the third one, which implies cooperation. So this happens within your community.
This is talking about have something that this conversation is happening within your community within your family, within the circle of Muslims within those who claim to have human radicals that Allah, Allah and do righteous deeds. So this Tomasi will talk begins here. And then goes beyond that. So, when we talk about encouraging, you know, you know, sharing the truth with non Muslims or our non Muslim neighbors and the society at large, all of that is true, but where does it begin? It begins within our own household, and that's the hardest place to begin. But this is really the place where we have to begin this philosophy. You have to look at the in justices and the wrongs and the
violations of the basic principles of Iran that may be happening in your own family, and you have to speak out against them. It is much easier for me to sit behind a table and a mic and a camera and speak about these things to strangers, much harder to speak these things in front of family much, much, much harder. It takes a lot more courage, it takes a lot more patience, which leads me to the next point. When you do this work, it will require and necessitate patience.
So Lara's origin concludes this surah by saying what our soul the sovereign
Sovereign, the word sovereign means several things. And in English, it's kind of unfair to translate it as patience. So first, let's comment on what the several meanings of Sabah are. It's it's certainly includes patients, but it includes perseverance. Perseverance implies when things become difficult, you still hang on, you still keep going chugging along. This is perseverance. It also implies commitment. In other words, you never get lazy you never slack off, you remain committed, like you're committed to getting to work on time every day. Or you're committed to handling the assignment before it's due commitment. It also implies constancy. In other words, your commitment
doesn't fluctuate, it doesn't go up and down. It's the scene, you know, even taymiyah, Rama hola in defining sobre he said it is to have the same level of obedience to Allah and ease or in difficulty. If you can have the same level of obedience to Allah, whether times are easy or they are difficult, then you have exercise the quality of a sub that's what summarize. So now what Allah doesn't say what allows hope unhealthy Lhasa baru, this is very important.
They encouraged each other and counseled each other to the best of their ability with sincerity truthfully, to the truth and to the obligations that they owe, and what didn't continue by saying and they were patient in doing so. He didn't just say they were patient, he went a step further and said, What are song This summer, which teaches us something huge, not only is Southern included now, meaning they were patient, they were perseverant they remain constant, but they encouraged each other in remaining patient and constant and persevering. You know what that teaches us. You cannot keep your sudden
you need someone to counsel you and give you strength and say listen, you need to have some we need we need to feed several feeds off of each other. You know, the strength comes from the other, you will lose heart on your own. It is a it is a natural tendency of human beings, when they're engaged in a frustrating situation the most, the most active of the Muslims, the most righteous of the Muslims, they're doing good things. And then somebody insults them, or somebody doesn't appreciate what they do. And bad things happen even in Islamic work, and they lose heart the good good people who know this better than I do. Even then you have to go to that scholar go to that Imam go to that
activist that die that teacher, whoever he may be, and you have to go tell them listen, you have to have somebody. And when you go and remind them in this way does it benefit them? It does, even though they already know this, even though they already know about sub they already they still benefit from this kind of philosophy. So the last thing is sub is something that happens mutually. And this is something that happens that is necessary for these things to have been met. And if we're not engaged in philosophy, we'll have maybe to the adverse and dalasi with solder is to those who are not trying to do the last he will have been losing heart they're not seeing results among each
other. How do they keep their strength going by counseling each other with perseverance sutra, you know, the way it's described in the most simple terms is another Muslim, meaning you have to be patient perseverant remain constant, no matter how difficult things get lost Mira highlanda, sabak persevere, no matter what calamity falls upon you. That's one meaning. The other is you know, I need my Aussie, meaning you will be tempted those who do work for this Deen in any capacity, whether you're trying to serve this thing inside your house, outside you're trying to do doubted on Muslims, set up a charity, whatever you're trying to do for Islam, guess who shutdowns after the people who
are trying to serve this thing so that he will tempt them with disobedience to Allah in their private moments more than anyone else. They are more susceptible they are more under attack. So you have to have struggled from falling into this obedience to Allah. And then you have to have somewhere on the obedience to Allah meaning obedience to Allah can become difficult and you have to remain
perseverance. And you have to you know, there are among us. These are real stories. This is not some theory, Allah speaks to us, he talks about us, and he knows what kind of lives we need. He he the crew come in it is your own mentioned. You know, there are brothers and sisters, even who are very active in some Islamic activity, they're doing a lot of good things. But then they have some really bad habits, really evil habits. And it's a problem. We're addicted to them. They need you know what they need, they need the law, see this solver? They need somebody else constantly counseling them, and saying, Listen, you need to persevere, you need to hold on. The final few things I want to share
with you in regards to these the sequence of these four items. The first comment is all of these are mentioned in the past tense in the Latina, amanu. Past tense, past tense, what are also what are also all past tense. What's the benefit of that? What's the difference between saying that and saying in Latina, you mean una una sala had what I
saw when I
when I mentioned it is in the present tense.
mentioning it in the past tense implies These are people who live their entire life doing it and until the moment they died, so you can look back at their entire life and you can you'll be able to say yes, they fulfilled the rights of email. Yes. When you look at your life, you say these people did good. And they did there was he will talk and they did tell us he was sober. In other words, you know, this is almost a fulfillment of the ayah when after muthana 11, Tomasi, don't you dare die, except that you're Muslims, when you're looking back at their life, you don't say they used to be good, and then they fail tapered off until the end of their life they were committed. So you can
look back at them and say, they fulfilled all four of these things. So by mentioning them in the past, it is an illustration that their entire life represents these behaviors until death came to them. These are the people. In other words, you can never just stop, you can never just look, you have to reach the point where you can look back, or people will look back at your entire life and be able to say all these four conditions were met. This is the second benefit. And the final thing and probably one of the most important things in regards to this discussion on social Asha, as the following, you know how the bar had several benefits. With her, we talked about that. Similarly,
when they do de la ceiba sub, when they're encouraging each other, they're doing it with patients. They're doing it with patience. And when they're encouraging each other. They're doing it to patients. So what's this? What's the difference between saying, I'm advising you with patience? Am I and I'm advising you to patients. And so this is two separate things, to patience and perseverance. The way in which I give you this counsel also requires patience. I have to be patient and giving this counsel to you, you can't just have something,
you have to be very patient and you have to be very forbearing. In dealing with people that are suffering from intellect or lack of obedience to a law, you have to have counsel for them. Right? You have to be patient with them in doing this, this kind of counsel to them. But also what are you encouraging them to develop patience itself themselves. So the way you deliver it requires patience. And what you're calling them to itself is a sub of this constancy. This perseverance actually is one last thing that came in my head, and I shouldn't just mention it. These four things are a litmus test of each other. That's the last thing they'll say these four things are a litmus test of each
other. In other words, if somebody is if somebody loses Southern,
if somebody loses something, then they won't really be able to do the last he will.
Why not? Because as soon as they try to tell people the truth, people will say things they don't want to hear. And when people say things, they don't want to hear things get difficult. They will say I don't want to deal with this. When you say I don't want to deal with it, I'm walking away, I can't handle it. What is what is that a lack of? That's a lack of sub. So the fact that someone doesn't encourage to the truth actually already illustrates there's a lack of sub, there's a lack of sub. And the other thing that this illustrates is, somebody might think they're calling to the truth.
But nobody has a problem with what they're saying.
Somebody is called they think they're calling to the truth, but nobody's offended by what they have to say. Nobody gets up and gives them a hard time about it. You know what that means? That the fact that you're a parent The last thing we'll have didn't require someone he taught me you probably aren't doing though he will.
Because the most the softest most generous of people on the face of this earth when they call to the truth, they got in trouble. They got in trouble. It is a necessary consequence of doing this job.
Whether you know and the most patient of the the Rasul Allah, right, I think he will start to look at No, it is a lifetime of that Allah but it's also a lifetime of what something right because it required what he did when he called
For lead people to, you know, to insult him to humiliate him to be against him. And that necessitates sub, and the lack of both of these things when you're not calling to the truth, then there's no need for you to show or illustrate some of this last component. You know, if you don't, if somebody doesn't do it, what does that improve? What's missing? When they don't call to the truth? And of course, then there's no need for silver anyway. What is that a sign of, there's a lack of what the first two conditions, Eman and righteous deeds, because until you yourself, do righteous deeds, you will not see the ugliness of evil deeds. If you're not doing righteous deeds, yourself,
you don't see what the big deal is in doing bad things. But when you start becoming, you will know this for sure. Maybe you were a party animal before and you may tell when you started obeying the law, when you start obeying the law, you see somebody else partying, it bothers you. It hurts. It didn't hurt before, but now it hurts. How can they do that? I have to stop them, I made this mistake, I don't want them to make that mistake. It hurts, you know, so the fact that it doesn't hurt. So you never feel the need to say actually illustrates that you are not committed to good deeds. And if you're not committed to good deeds, it means you don't really have what you want. So
all of these things aren't as a moment zone. They are necessary consequences of each other and coherently connected with each other. I took a lot of extra time explaining this one surah from just when we started from zero to number one session section, each session each. But this session, this is the fourth session on total asset. And finally, we've come to the conclusion. Why simply because I feel this is the shortest Sora This is the surah that is easiest to memorize. Most of us know it by heart, but this is also the heaviest. This is the heaviest heaviest. It is it will change the way you look at your life. It will change the way you look at you think about your family. Think about
your daily activities, what you've accomplished, what you haven't accomplished. Most importantly, it will change the way you think about success and failure. It'll change change your attitude towards all of these things. You know how Dr. fabrisonic has Samarra argues that the beginning of a surah is always rhetorically connected to its ending.
The beginning of a surah is always tied to its ending what's the beginning of this surah when I will ask the point of which is to illustrate that your time is running out. And the last is for activities that we've been discussing over the last two sessions. You know how you tie these two things together, your time to get serious about emotion and action and velocity will help and Taurasi be sober is what is running out you better get your act together. This is a state of emergency for you personally, in in Santa Fe foster you understand this as, as in NFC, I myself, am in trouble. I am in Los May Allah azza wa jal makers of those who successfully fulfill the
conditions of Soto Lhasa Allahumma dynamin and Latina Amina, Amina Swati had what are some, what are some of the sub barakallahu li walakum to the Quran Hakeem when it came to light