Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah seydel Mb he will mousseline while early. He was minister Nebuchadnezzar he elomi Deen amamagna Minh home woman and Latina Emmanuelle Amina Sati hut. Whatever Saville, Huck, whatever sob sob mineable al Ameen from Nevada saramonic Mara de la hirakata. inshallah, tada, we're studying to chumps today. And I'm experimenting with a new approach to conducting the session. So please make God that it's a successful experiment.
The experiment is, as follows. I'm going to try to establish the parallels, or at least articulate the parallels between this surah and the previous one lump sum in the beginning, and then we'll talk about the layout of this surah second, and then actually go into the IRB tafsir study, and the word by word analysis and Shylock data. So we begin, of course, based on that methodology, with the series of parallels between sort of silicon lane, which we're studying now and sort of jumps to one that preceded it. So while the chumps mentioned in its beginning, when the howdy evangelia when Lady Gaga had this is in the previous solo, so it was, it mentioned the day and then it mentioned the
night and it mentioned the verb genda with de and you mentioned the word yaksha. The verb yaksha with Knights so to be right and also to cover up the opposite sequences being used in the very beginning of this slot. So we're finding when layli evade OSHA when the how the either the agenda, it's the reverse, there was day and night and now here is Night, night and day. The other thing that's interesting to note from a grammatical or syntax point of view, is in the previous lecture, we learned Yasha ha, there was the additional pronoun How so? We learned that the night covers the sun up, it covers up for some your Shahada Hi, referring to the sun. Here Legend says when lady is
Ayesha, he doesn't mention the object of the verb as you say in English or the maroon V is not mentioned the woman motto sale is not mentioned. And the benefit of that of not mentioning it is it of course creates the question when you say I swear by the night as it covers up that's what the beginning says. When they leave I have I swear by the light as it covers up. The obvious question that pops in your mind is what does it cover up? What does it cover up? And of course the answer to that has already been established in the previous solah it covers up the sun, right as many of them will have commented, what we're learning here is this this surah is almost expecting you to look at
the previous surah as a reference point because by saying yoga by itself and not mentioning its object you're forced to think about the object that's already been mentioned in the previous law similarly allows origin in the previous law says when when the How do you either gender that's in the previous solar and so to chumps Allah says the day as it makes the sun brilliant. But here the day itself is brilliant when not when the howdy that agenda now we know what makes it brilliant in the previous Sora, the manifestation of the sun itself, right so the two are intricately connected, even how even the way you think about the subtleties in language. One is forcing you to consult the
other than others interesting nuance that's been mentioned about the two verb tenses when the law speaks about the night and it's covering up, he
uses the present tense young, sharp and fairly mobile. But when he talked about the day making bright he didn't use the present tense of mobile use the Molly genda and agenda they're both lovely. They're both the past tense, but when he spoke about tonight and it covering up he used the present tense. Now in English we think of past and present tense in very simple terms. But in the Arabic language one of the benefits of the present tense and Mubarak is incompletion or partiality you know, some little bit of something and then a little bit of something more etc. It's an incomplete sort of a thing. While the past tense is considered a complete act, it's something complete and the
way it's been commented on I'll just read the Arabic off to you was their model similar to the Madonna yaksha who Eliana, Layla Yoshi and fishy and betrayed reached the benefit of using the present tense with the knight covering up is that it only covers Little by little, it takes ages to cover up and it doesn't necessarily cover everything. Even though the light is dark. It doesn't make everything invisible. It doesn't hide everything like it hides the sun. Actually, we learned in the previous solar something still a remnant of the Sun still comes out in this bright, which is the moon that follows it. Right? Well, kamari that Allah. So we know that the present tense here the
benefit of it is that it's not absolute in its covering. But when the law speaks about the day, he says gela and agenda, which are past tenses, which means they're absolute, it's the whole act is done, meaning the day immediately brightens everything, and makes everything manifest and nothing is hidden. Now, everything is out in the open. So the way that's covered, when the officer speaks, he says, Who are they second her under the agenda, the fourth and wahida, the majority to Laura shams, it's not like them the morning time, which immediately in one shot, it gives really instead everything once they manifest, everything starts becoming clear immediately.
The next oath that allows the witch hunt takes that's again, in keeping with comparison from the previous surah. Allah said in the previous surah, was semi Eva Bonanza, when of the oma Ha ha, this was we learned in salt oceans. So Allah spoke about the sky and its architecture, and the earth, and it's expensive, and it's smoothness. But now here, he takes a different oath, he doesn't mention the sky and the earth anymore. He says 100 dakara. Well, how remarkable the creation
remarkably, he created, or what could have created such a remarkable creation of the male and the female. So the previous surah had the contrast of the sky in the earth. And this one has the contrast of the male and the female. And there are actually many parallels between the sky and the earth as a contrast, and the male and the female as a contrast, and we're being asked almost to reflect upon the parallels between them, the sky and the earth go together for a larger purpose and created date, the day is not and you know, and the sky, it works in cohesion with the earth to produce vegetation, the earth could not produce what it produces, unless it gets help from the sky,
and the water comes down from the sky. So they work together for the process of life to continue, and so does male and female. So the plant life on the earth, it's like the the earth gets impregnated with plants, just like the female gets impregnated by the male. So there's these parallels of the process of life that take two very completely different things, two contradictory things, and makes them part of a whole, as though they're not two separate entities. They're part of one larger picture, though they're apart, they're part of one larger scheme. So in the previous surah, Allah azza wa jal mentioned different aspects of this, this league of the process of
creation, he used the word the verbs by now how baja he constructed, he's, you know, he leveled out, right, he built, these are all different aspects of creating. But here he used the comprehensive term, almost putting the two together when he says Mama halakhah at the caravan. So the word calaca is more comprehensive. It sort of sums up what the previous partial verbs were illustrating in the previous surah Bana mo ha ha. Then another very interesting nuances that in this previous surah Allah so we just spoke in the third person. He spoke in the third person, when I've seen him as a word for Allah Maha Fujiwara, hava taqwa, Lucha menza he spoke continuously in the third person, but
in this surah, we will find a larger which immediately switches over and he starts speaking to the in the second person. So, for example, he says, For anger to come, now, I'm warning you, I've warned you. So that goes from third person to second person and we should understand the purpose of going from third person he she they to second person. Third person is general. When I say you know a person should be good a person should be generous. A person should be kind. In your mind, you're thinking it could be any person. It's not necessarily you. I'm talking in general terms. But when I say you, I'm not talking about just anyone I'm talking about you. It's like I'm taking a universal
lesson and making it applicable directly to you. So the previous thought I had these universal lessons in the third person, but now we're learning they're not just for for you to think about it.
In theory, these lessons apply to you directly. So there is the switch from third person universal to second person specifically to us as the audience or the audience, the original audience of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So, in the previous Surah Now, we learned one FCM one master wha Ha, ha ha foodora ha ha taqwa, we learned about this incredibly balanced creation of the knifes and how Allah programmed it to recognize its evil capacities and its capacity to protect itself, what is good for it, what is bad for it, and innate nature of fitflop was already put inside of it, that it can figure out what's good and what's bad, and that this is ill ham from Allah, Allah inspired to have this much sense, which you can call a conscience that we talked about last time, right? But in this surah, Allah takes that foundation that he established, and he he tells us despite the fact that all of you have
been pre programmed with such an ability, it's still interesting to note in NASA calm, Russia, that all of your efforts are all over the place. They're dispersed, and we'll talk about the word shut down when we come by, come to IFC, but essentially what we're learning is, even though all of you know what is good and what is bad, essentially, we still don't find all of you doing the same good things. We find some of you are doing good and some of you are doing bad your efforts are all over the place in a certainly accumulation. The other thing to note is in the previous surah Allah mentioned the feelings or the you know what goes on inside the nerves, when of suwama Sahaba
Alhambra foodora hahahaha Rahman zakka, waka haba manga cleansing the laughs an internal thing right putting the enoughness and internal thing a psychological disease of the heart if you will, right a disease of the knifes but here we're finding the outside the the outwardly so the previous Soto talked about the knifes and its Interstate and immediately now in necessity to come your efforts and efforts are outward their actions. So the inside what's going on inside the person and what's happening outside are being compared in between these two sources. Similarly, in the previous slide we learned in sort of chunks, but the afla Hammonds aka the one who cleansed it who was able to
clean themselves up literally, they are the ones who have actually already attained success in this surah Allah will describe what does that mean? How do you attain that success in the previous slide was just left as a declaration. Whoever made an attempt to cleanse it has attained success. The How was not answered the how the question mark remained. Now that question is being answered for a moment appa what dukkah was at the cabin for Sonia surah who, when you saw that entire definition is basically an exposition it's explaining what a lie is that we had mentioned in the previous sorta about the one who attained success that path to success is being described. Similarly in the
previous role I said Well, you know what harbor Mendoza, the one who basically based his knifes put it in the dust basically literally failed, what is that path to failure that is going to be described in this surah when we study the translation well mmm dakila was what Canada will cosna for some yes euro who last hurrah. So that the To summarize, declarations are now being given full full detail in this so another very interesting and subtle beauty of this surah is the sort of the two problems of rebellion. What is on the outside is to Han Canada but firmado with hahaha This is what we learned in the previous solar, that mood light against the truth. Because of their rebellion.
they rebelled against the truth, but in this surah The disease is not rebellion. The disease is something else. Well, my union who mad who is Asada, similarly istana right. So the what are these words? What are all of them have to do with they have to do it? Well, we'll find his wealth doesn't benefit him any he wants to become free of need. In other words, once you once this person starts becoming wealthy, they start stop relying on Allah, they start relying on their wealth, they start feeling stop feeling that they're dependent, they feel they're independent, because of their wealth. And when you feel independent financially, or you think you can manage on your own, then you don't
feel the authority of someone else because you're no longer dependent. You know, when you're working for your boss, and he controls your paycheck then you're a little more obedient. Because if you if you you know mess around and you do things the way you want to do them, your paychecks gonna stop but if you feel you're rich enough, you hit the jackpot some of you inherited a few million dollars, what happens to your obedience to your boss immediately starts disappearing, rebellion takes course, right rebellion comes in, but the source of it was wealth, right? We see this in human nature. So the previous that I mentioned is rebellion. de la, right. mitaka and this is what I mentioned, one
of the root causes of rebellion is this diseased attitude towards one's wealth or one's assets. So that's mentioned in the word istana. It's mentioned in the words were my union whom Allahu Allah Tada. And then finally also to cleanse yourself of that attitude under the email Ahuja Taka will read that I also so it's a whole this the theme has become wealth here. That's become a major problem.
In the in the psyche of people.
Similarly, and this is something remarkable two kinds of people have been mentioned. Right the good the righteous was sadaqa bellicose persona, and also the wretched what can never be the one who accepts the ultimate good, the one who rejects the ultimate good. But you know, both of these people are in trouble. You know, you ever heard the idea of what's considered self righteous meaning as a person does good things. They protect themselves from evil things, they act righteously, they obey Allah, they don't fall into the wrong things. But then they start developing the attitude that they are guided, that they somehow own guidance, because they're such good people, they are on the right
path, they're guided, Allah azza wa jal mentions even that as a disease. So he says in Elena Lal Hooda, we have, it is only upon ourselves that we take the responsibility of guidance, guidance is not something you're going to have, you're never going to have it you're going to keep asking for it. You'll get it when Allah gives it and the moment you stop asking, it won't be there. So it's not something you can own through your deeds. You have to own it or you can you can only get advantage of it when you beg Allah azzawajal for it. Of course, we learn this lesson very simple lesson. Every time we recite the Fatiha We ask Allah for guidance, if you know serratos nothing. So this was the
righteous and how will look correct him in the words in Alayna lol haha. But then there is the wretched and the wretched person who disobeys and rebels against Allah who already said feels free of need. This person thinks that he is in control, he owns. He's in charge. And of course, when you have wealth, the idea is you own something. So Allah says we're in Atlanta, Hirata, well, it is only we that actually owned the hereafter and even the earliest meaning this life and the next, the real owner is Allah xojo. The real owner is Allah. So we'll talk about these the the two corrections that are being made one of the self righteous, and the other of the wretched, wretched in these ayat.
Then the really interesting and subtle nuance, in the previous surah, for caribou for
the nation of Mahmoud, they lied against the messenger number one. And the ultimate Crime The high crime they committed was, they violated the miracle that Allah had sent to them. They disrespected the miracle that Allah had sent to them by slaughtering that camel takato. Right. But the first thing was the light against the truth. And then they committed a crime against the miracle. You could put it this way. In this room, we will write read under the Canada one law, the same process, except for the people who are in operation right now. What are the laws? I wouldn't say? The one who lies against the truth, just like as the birth the mood for caribou in the previous Well, just like
that. But now, what crime are they going to commit? It's not against the sheik Mo, what is the miracle lesson to the crush? It was the Quran. So how what is the crime against the Quran? What when he turned away, turned away from what turned away from the Quran. So the previous surah committed the previous nation committed a crime against one miracle of a law that she Campbell and this nation is committing a crime against another miracle of the Quran itself, and beautiful contrast has been made in the previous situation. A large demand on the kuffar on the people was stay away from the she camel, stay away from it and they rebelled against a lion went towards and undetected. And in
the case of Quran, Allah is not saying stay away from Quran he's saying come towards the Quran, and they're doing the exact opposite. They're staying away from it. So this contrast has been established in these words. The other thing is the messenger sallallahu alayhi salam. He said he warned the people in the previous surah we talked about the you know for Kala Rasulullah he Nakata, la Nakata la Watch out this is the she camel of Allah wa Sophia and its place of drink, be careful, don't so he was warning them, he was warning them in this surah a step further is taken, in which Allah himself says I've warned you for under to come now. Don't even think the messenger is warning
us of the lohani userland like solid warned his nation. Don't think like that. It is actually me who's warning you through these words. Don't think these are the words of a man These are my words. So this incredible warning has been given directly to the people of Croatia step far beyond the wording even given by Salahuddin Salaam to his nation.
Interestingly, also in the previous surah, we heard the word Alaska, Alaska if Mbatha Ashkar when the worst and the most wretched of them got up to try and kill the Sheikh Abdullah and the gang kind of went behind him and this posse went to do this crime. This is when the messenger warned them. This surah tells us what happens to Ayesha. So Allah says la lucha Illa Allah for under to come down into lava Laos Lucha in the same exact word. No, there's no accident. Allah says no one will throw themselves into the fire into this blazing flaming fire except an ashcan. So their behavior was mentioned
In the previous surah and the consequence of that behavior as mentioned in this surah and by the way in the previous surah the consequence was mentioned but in dunya what was the consequence in dunya? For damdama? Allah him Robbo home b&b him for so that when Allah crushed them and destroyed them and level the ground with them, meaning he sunk them into the ground as a people when a law talked about that destruction upon them, where was that in this dunya but that's not enough. There's another side to it, which is the al Qaeda the next side and that's being mentioned here in the ashcan.
Then we find in the previous surah Allah azza wa jal mentions for at the end he mentioned his punishment against the people, he mentioned this punishment for dum dum Alhambra Buddhism became possible and this surah he mentioned how you protect the people was that Eugen Nebo ha, and he he Ward's off, he pulls you aside away from the direction of harm the most righteous of the people the most fearful of the people. So, a less destructive attitude towards one nation is mentioned in the previous and the less protective attitude towards the righteous as mentioned, in contrast, in the conclusion of this surah. In the previous surah, Allah azza wa jal mentioned that he doesn't care
about the consequences. While I have Omaha, when I have this, his attitude against the wretched and in this surah at the end, he he explicates, he explains his attitude towards the righteous when he says what I sell for yoga, when I sell for yoga, he'll soon be very pleased, he will soon be pleased. So on the one hand, his attitude towards the wretched in the previous Sora and here the attitude towards the righteous well, so for Yoda in this sort of Panama.
Similarly, Allah azza wa jal mentions in the this is just an amazing contrast. When Allah mentioned punishment in the previous surah he quantified it. And what was the question? What was the quantifiable phrase we repeated it before for dum dum de la him Rob boom, beat them beat him for Sawa their load crushed them and you know the verbs dum dum, we discussed that last time. So, we'll discuss these are the quantifiable punishments. But when it comes to reward, Allah doesn't even put a quantity on it. What does he say? We're merely adding an extra human imagine what a sofa you're but soon you'll be pleased. Allah doesn't even say I will give him this much, then he will be
pleased. Allah says he'll be pleased. What does that mean? That means you can't even imagine how much you will get. But no one thing it is so much that you'll be pleased that this person will be pleased. Yeah, he'll be pleased. So panela he'll be content, there'll be nothing left in their imagination. I could have gotten more, there's something more I could have acquired, that thought won't occur then in their mind, because the word Yoga is you so this contrast between limited punishment and unlimited reward that is being established between these two sources. Then finally, before this pair of solos came, this is of course very intricately connected solo sort of chumps,
and so to light before then we read a little ballad. And it's totally valid, if you remember there was mention of going up a mountain, right? For why they named Fanuc, the hammer and Acaba and we talked about how the righteous path is very difficult is very high and very difficult. But Allah azza wa jal seeks to change our attitude about that difficulty. So when he talks about the one doing good deeds, which apparently sounds difficult, what is it, Lars Oh, don't say,
yes, Euro hulin. usara will facilitate for him the easiest thing, meaning Allah calls that high hill, when you take that journey, Allah will himself would make sure that becomes the easiest thing for you. That is nothing easier than that. And the one who takes the wrong journey, Allah azza wa jal make the toughest, the hardest thing easy for him, the hardest thing will become easy for him. And we'll look at a description of those those words and shed light on that when we get to the ayat themselves.
Then finally, I want to share with you this imagery that Allah establishes of the righteous going, girls,
with the righteous going, elevating themselves, the righteous elevating themselves, and the the the the wretched, putting themselves down the wretched things the more wealthy has, the higher he gets in society. That's what he thinks, the more wealth he has, the higher he is in society, and allies telling the righteous to spend aka ut milea, who, right and even in certain weather we found what categories of people to give, right for korako, but in our own film in the masaba, masaba, etc, etc. So this idea of giving now, Allah azza wa jal mentions the one who gives is actually the one getting high, because he's going up the hill, and the one who acquires well, thinking that he's become high,
what words are used for him, the Sahaba put in the dust. There are, you know, falling into a ditch falling down into a cliff, he's actually lowering himself were actually he thinks he is elevating himself, so panela. So there's this contrast being mentioned, between the righteous who put themselves down before Allah because Allah is the most high
Love the law of the hill, Allah, Allah being the most high, they put themselves down and always elevating them, but the one who put themselves high allies, putting them down. So there's this beautiful contrast that is described in between these two soldiers. So these were some parallels between the previous soldier and this one. Now let's talk a little bit about the layout, the structure of the surah and how it's organized. By the way, what time is McCulloch today? I haven't been around for a week in 35. Okay. So the layout of the solar. Of course, the solar begins with a series of oxen of oats, which we've talked about a number of times. Now, when they need a OSHA when
the HUD either agenda or Maha lacava will win an oath is taken, you are being asked to reflect upon each item in the oath, and it will prepare you for what is called jawaban kasan. The response to the oath, the conclusion, the thesis of the oath, eventually what is coming now, what is that thesis, the thesis, by the way, usually is the center of the entire song, the entire lesson alleged teaching in a solo is usually the job will cause him. So when he says in this surah, he takes these oats by the night and the day, the male and the female, and how remarkably they're created. Then he gives us the thesis, the fundamental lesson of the surah. What is it in NASA calm, the shatta your efforts
are truly diverse. Some people are working hard towards righteousness, others working hard towards being wretched and vile, and in rebellion to Allah. And since this is the thesis of the surah, it should be explained, how do people make these efforts. So the next section of the surah is describing these two pads. So on the one hand, you have an aqua with duck or Sakaba cosna for saluja, pseudo Julio, and on the other hand, you have the other kinds of efforts, what dakila was talking now or kettlebell cosna. For some of us, you know who
they are, of course, Allah is always an after mentioning these two, he mentioned his role in all of this, when he says in LA Nana, Buddha, were in Lana Hirata, well, meaning these two people are working in their own directions, but they should know guidance is his possession. It is upon him to guide and we'll talk about that in more detail to the child laughter, the Salah, and the other. The other thing that I mentioned is that he is in complete ownership of both of them. He knows exactly what they're doing, and he's in complete control, because he himself is the true owner, not only of the hereafter. But what's going on here also, you know, the believer who does good things, expects
rewards in the hereafter. they expand even when they get depressed, what do you tell them a love will give you more in the hereafter. And the disbeliever when he does vicious things, even if you warn him of the Hereafter, he says, well, it's not happening now is it? It's not so bad. Now I can do whatever I want now. So they attribute a large role both in some way to the hereafter. But Allah azza wa jal lets them know not just an era, while oola right here to right here lies in control. Also, Allah knows exactly what you're going through here, what you're up to here. And the consequences will be here, as well as over there in Elena Farah, when una
then the final part of the surah. Part Four of the soldier is basically the warning. And in contrast with the previous selladoor, Allah says, you know, for under token nanta. Laval is law in Alaska, it's a very interesting kind of warning of luggages. He says, I'm warning you a warning you essentially, we're not talking about in the detail right now. I'm warning you over fire. I'm warning you of a fire, no one will enter it except the worst, the most wretched.
Now, what kind of language is that alleges, I'd say I'm warning you of the fire and you're the most wretched. He didn't say that.
In the third person, he says I'm warning you the worst people go in it. Now the fact that he didn't call you the worst, but he did say the worst people go in it. It causes you to think if the worst people go in it, why is he warning me? Why isn't he warning the worst people? Right? What you're being told is you may not have realized how far down you've gotten figure it out for yourself. Maybe you become a lash pi, and you haven't even realized maybe you've become the most wretched, you haven't even realized. So I'm warning you, the worst kinds of people end up there. So in parentheses, what we're learning here is you better not have become one of them. And if you have you
better get your act together now.
And again, in third person dimensions, who will be saved from it, who will be kept completely off away from the punishment of the Fire as beautiful language. So you can never have an attacker, the one you know the the most righteous and the most protected even as the meaning will be kept far off the side of it. You know how somebody pushes you either way, when a danger comes, like your cars coming in, you will push to the side to stay safe or the mother is crossing the parking lot and the cars are coming so she keeps their children on the side. This is this is what's called an Arabic attack you need to pull someone thought just far away from danger. Genova to pull them away from
danger, or to be on the side. But the geneve is the hyperbolized interface. It means to keep them far away. Not even close.
all the way into the courier inside the building the car goes by then you go, right, you're totally, totally safe. A lot of talks about these people who are completely and absolutely safe. So on the one hand, the people who are the most wretched who are going to throw themselves into it, and on the other hand, the people who are going to be completely safe, and this idea of being far off and safe is very powerful. Because when the people of Hellfire haven't even entered elf Hellfire, they're just looking at it. They haven't even entered it yet. Their clothes, their clothes, you will see the things they say for Salford or Phil Bora. He'll be crying for death. He'll just be crying for death
because he's in proximity of hell, not because he's in hell, because he's in proximity of it. So it is a less gift. So he says he keeps you far away from it. So this big need that Eugen Naboo has a car. This is an incredible gift of Allah. And then I love finally concludes with, you know, how is he going to reach this point where he can be saved, unless the UT malabu Yasaka. Amalia had an integer so we learned from the beginning to end, one of the most recurring themes of this surah is wealth, wealth, wealth, wealth, in the beginning is still not was for a while. In the beginning, alpha was for wealth.
In the beginning, we found Mr. Union who Malou mal came up again. Then at the end Allah the UT milea. Who yet again, Well, welcome back. So we're going to learn in this surah what in the previous what Allah told us, the one who cleansed it has been successful, and in this role is going to tell teach us subhanho wa Taala. If you want to clean yourself up, it has a lot to do with your attitude towards your wealth. It has a lot to do with how you think about your money, how you think about your house, how you think about the things you own. And if you think about them in a corrupt way, and there's not and by the way, a disclaimer, there is nothing wrong with owning wealth. There's
nothing wrong with owning wealth. There is something wrong with having wealth, not just enter your pocket, but enter into your heart. That's the problem. Right people can have all the wealth in the world so long as it's not in their heart. Allah azza wa jal You know, when he talks about the the worst kinds of people, and they he doesn't just say they have money. He says they love money. They love And where's love? It's in the heart. We're in a hula hoop, Bill hiree. Russia deed, right. So and he loves it so much. He's always counting it. Right? He's always compiling it and counting it Alessi Gemma mala de data, you're obsessed with something you love. That's what you do. So this,
this attitude is what's the center really the central theme of this surah. And hence, we understand the word Sati in a new light. So it means to make an effort. And we'll talk about that in more detail. Again, once we go Ayah by ayah. What does it mean to make an effort, people are making an effort in two directions. Either you want to get wealthy here, or you want to get wealthy over there. Now there is a way you can get wealthy in both. It's hard but you can do it. It's possible that you can be wealthy here and you can be wealthy there. But understand that when you concern yourself with worldly assets in your heart, they become the priority. You're thinking about them
more than you're thinking about the asset to your savings up there, then you have become from a rush, then you've turned away at the one ladder, the one that's being described right this this powerful lesson is going to be the center of this Surah Now bear with me lessons we still have another 15 minutes before the Salah will begin the ayah by Ayah discussion of this surah Allah will let him initiate Nakajima Bismillah R Rahman Rahim will lay Li Dasha, I allows him again he swears by the night I swear by the night as it covers up I mentioned before Allah does not mention what he covers up. Because and this is part of the style of this sorta objects are not mentioned. In other
words, you're expected to fill things in. This is one of the great styles of the Quran, it expects you not to have everything spelled out for you. It doesn't fill you fill in the blanks yourself. What does it cover up, figure it out? You should know you've already read the previous surah right so this this attitude of filling the blanks and filling in, and I love forcing you to think about things. This is one of the most beautiful aspects and features of the Quran that we become a people of thought we're always thinking Allah forces us to think he forces us to think similarly we'll see this later on to when the How do you that and by the way, as opposed to as in regards to yoga. When
I showed it to him or commented on it, he said, You'll TB will matter he mecanim will be meaning he it covers with its darkness, whatever it was had light on before. Also some have commented that when Allah mentions night he is alluding to refer to disbelief and what Allah mentions day it is an imagery or an allegory or he's alluding to Revelation which comes like light and it brightens up all and gets rid of all the darkness right so revelation gets rid of disbelief and misguidance just like light gets rid of darkness.
Now when the howdy that agenda, I mojarra when kashia well the Hollywood with Liza
volmer unless he cannot fill lane Valley capital, Laura shumsa shokan He says, He says when you know, Allah simply is mentioning the removal of the darkness of the night and how it immediately disappears in no time it disappears by the manifestation of the day. Now, you know, it takes a long time for night to creep up.
But the billions of date happens much much much faster. It happens very, very quickly even a little bit of light and serious change comes over. But evening it's you know, disaster and then there slowly is Muslim and it's crawling in. And this is almost a parallel of the man and gopher, you know, this belief it doesn't happen overnight. corruption in a society doesn't come overnight. It takes a long time before it's you know, the change comes. But if you look at the change of good that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam brought, how long did it take this the nation was in darkness and shirk for hundreds of years and virtually overnight. 23 years is nothing in the in the neat in
the history of the nation. Two decades is nothing is no time at all, complete day manifested and full manifestation, complete manifestation when the howdy that agenda, then Eliza which had mentioned Soma Hala Kava Kava. Well,
here we have another discussion on the word map. It's a similar discussion to the one we had in the previous surah when we were studying the words was summer eat one banana, when only one ma baja the word map. The word map could be understood linguistically, it could be understood as ma Elmo sola, it's called Masuda, and it's also to be understood as ma muscaria. Now, what does that mean? masuleh means this statement is saying, and and what it really means is, and I swear by the one, how awesome is the one what kind of Lord is this, what kind of entity is this, that could create the male and the female. So ma which means literally, what what powerful being must this be, and I swear by that
powerful being that he created the male and the female, this is my, this is when when you consider this Ma and masala but if you say this is my my story, then the emphasis is not on the creator but on the creation itself. So the meaning would become how incredibly powerful how incredibly, you know or inspiring the creation of the male and the female. Here again, unless had male and female he didn't say for example, just directly he didn't say man and woman. The current owner can be used for pretty much any creative creature that has male and female gender. So opened up the scope just like young child was left open, the agenda was left open, male and female is left open. So Luke created
male and female out of animals, a lot of those are created male and female out of human beings, plants etc, etc. Now, the thing is these pairs that are being mentioned, there is a profound lesson in them that Amina Shan is lucky Rahim Allah comments on that's really beautiful.
That this, this hearing, we learn a lot. xojo says we've been called Leisha, in Havana. So Jane, we created every from everything we created a pair. And you know, if you think about a pair night, in and of itself would be destruction, and Allah mentions What if I only had night for you? What if the night became samadhan? Just it lasted, it wouldn't go away. How? What a travesty that would be for you. What if they never went away how difficult life would be for you. So one necessitates the existence of the other. Male by itself isn't complete life can continue, female by itself incomplete it can continue. And even in our psyche, you know, men, they one of the things that you know, we
have tendencies men have tendencies in them that are very corrupt also, like we have tendencies towards violence and rage and all of these things, who comes those tendencies down?
Women are mothers or sisters or wives, etc, etc. They come these tendencies down. Each has even psychological tendencies, psychological weaknesses, that the other fulfills. Women have psychological weaknesses that men fulfill. Men have psychological weaknesses that women fulfill. Men have a physical and, you know, compatibility with females, not just a physical but a psychological one, too. So Pamela, how amazingly complimentary they are just like the night and the day is complimentary. But we're learning something very profound. If everything is in pairs, then every you know, this life in itself must have a pair. There's life over here, and it must be paired this by
itself can't be complete. This must be complete only when it meets its other half what's its other half in llll?
When oola the Hereafter, so the hereafter becomes a necessary pair to this worldly life. And this worldly life you have night and day, you have male and female, and they're reminding you Everything is incomplete by just by itself it needs a pair to complete it. Well this life itself, this world itself is in half is half is incomplete and what will complete it is the life of the next world's panel. So donia paired with Ahava in asako Lucia, no doubt your efforts
Your efforts the efforts of all of you remember we said in this surah that person has changed the second person from the previous surah which was third person so much talking to the nation directly. Interestingly, in the previous slide Allah was talking to about the mood in distant nation day you will talk about them as they, they're gone. But now all of a sudden in the next surah the warnings and the the the description of your state is not in the third person, it's about you those lessons you are being prepared you were being prepared, You are now ready for this lesson directly. So let's turning his attention towards the Quran in this surah in Asakusa, shatta, some of us even have
looked at the word comb, and have interpreted it in multiple ways. One is that it's addressing the Muslims, that the efforts of the Muslims there are many, but in the end, they complement each other. Most of us don't, however, have said that our efforts being diverse, as I said, in the, in the sorry, by the way, is to pace really fast. And there are many words for running in Arabic certainly means not. It's it's faster than walking slower than running, it's pacing. Okay. And you know, we learned this word previously. And another sort of, you know, thumb at the bottom is our ASR for filler when we read this word before to so pacing, meaning concerning yourself, and working quickly
and urgently towards something this is when somebody paces, when do you see somebody pacing at the bus stop? When do you see somebody pacing through the office building, when they have some really important thing they have to do? They're not quite running, and they're not quite walking either. But they're moving quickly, because there's something concerning them, right? Allah says these concerns you have that you're running towards and pacing towards, they are all over the place, let's shatta So Allah is describing the contrast of night and day, and the contrast of male and female how these things are contradictory, just like that your efforts are contradictory. You're there all over
the place, in a religious sense, and in a non religious sense, also, in the religious sense, we would say, for example, that you know, you have,
you know, the Muslims are making efforts for the establishment of the, for the victory of them. And the non Muslims are making efforts in one direction, and the destruction of them to harm the dean and his teachings, right to two are making efforts in opposite opposing directions. But then in dunya, also, every one of us has a different job, different responsibility, it seems like we're all headed in a different direction, every one of us has had it in some other direction, each one of us have our own problems. But the word shut down is really beautiful and remarkable. There are two words in Arabic for diverse are different. In Quran anyway, mostly metallic, and shatta, shall most
of life is two very different things. shatta is something that was once one, and it was shattered, and now it's become dispersed. So what we're learning is humanity, and our efforts were supposed to be what they were, they were supposed to be one kind of natural mutton wahida man, humanity altogether used to be one nation, it used to be united. So our efforts are supposed to be one. And the fact that they are reversed, it's still they come together in the end to become part of a whole. That's what we're learning by use of the word shut out here. Just like night and day come together to be part of a whole, our efforts, even the efforts of the disbelievers against the efforts of the
believers are part of a larger plan. Just like day and night come together, male and female come together, these opposite forces also come together, they're part of a larger plan. This changes the way we look at the seal of the prophets on the Lavanya center. It changes the way we look at the efforts of those who try to hurt Islam. It's all part of the process. It's part of the process. So in other words, you have the people, you know, offending, and oppressing the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and those who believe it will be a love of Allah and how much money they are oppressing them, that those are their efforts. And the Sahaba they're making efforts to
spread this theme, to spread its message, and they're being paid to opposite efforts. But if these efforts don't collide, then the I don't come down that command them they have sub, and the instructions don't come down for them to go and make hijra all the events of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam are not the result of One Direction effort. Like it's not just the effort of the believers, what else is going on a con a conflicting effort of this believers that's what creates the situation. So it's part of a larger plan. Don't complain about it understand it's part of the plan. It's part of the test so proud Allah in a certain yakun the shatta but then you have to
figure out what side of this are you on and we'll close with this ayah inshallah Tada.
By the way, shut, should know one more thing about a chapter is the plural of shotcrete. In Arabic shotcrete, which also means broken and disperses the plural of it, and the antonym the lid of it, is that leaf and lava like Allah says, Allah subhanahu lubicon it's to take pieces of something that were broken up and put them perfectly back together and fuse them and make them unbreakable. Again, Allah uses that word describing the high hearts of the believers for lF avena. Who will become that's the opposite of the word shatter is that leaf, okay?
And by the way, this word check that will come up again in a different form.
Later on in another solar when we're going to read yoma even just a little national ash data, same word will come up again in a different morphology form. chama another thing about the use of the word chapter we should probably end on the word chapter and then take a break for the Salah is we said chapter is something that was originally together and then it was broken apart. Look at the oath that came before how beautiful the placement of this word. When a law talks about day, he says what I told lahoma Lane nessler who minhwa
a miraculous especial miraculous sign for them is the night. We snatch the day out of it, we pull the day out of it. So lies describing day, being broken away from night just like the word check. That means something that is originally one and it's broken up. Then Allah says mama Kanaka dakara will answer. Where did that come from? Where did our mother her work come from? Wasn't she broken away from Adam? Adam is Sarah. Right? So the word chapter is really really articulate and beautiful here because it complements the lessons that are coming in the beginning of the surah when lady is Ayesha, when the howdy Isa mama Hanukkah dakara Han Allah how Eliza would have uses these remarkable
remarkable words, not just to describe our situation, but our situation you will find parallels for them in nature. You'll find lessons for life and the struggle of the Muslim in the things that are around you. A lot of changes the way we think about the world around us, allows them to give us an ability to properly reflect on the Quran and the Sunnah of His Messenger sallallahu Sallam will continue with iron number five after the break so Chronicle llamo behenic Masha Allah Allah Allah into Mr. felucca willick