Channel: Navaid Aziz
alameen wa sallahu wa sallam about the canon, the Vienna, Mohammed Juana and he
will be discussing the revelation of the Quran.
As we know, the Quran was revealed over a period of 23 years
that the Quran started
13 years before the hegira of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was at the age of 40. And the Quran ended nine days prior to the death of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was at the age of 63. So there were 13 years of revolution in Mecca, and 10 years of revolution in Medina.
Now, a common question asked is why did Allah subhanaw taala reveal the Koran over a period of 23 years? This is a question that the companions used as the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and even the whorish viewers. They used to rebuke the Prophet sallallahu Sallam for not having the Quran revealed in one attempt.
Whereas the Torah handy in jail, they were revealed by Allah subhanaw taala in one flow in once in one stance at one time, that the whole books were revealed at one time, whereas the Quran was revealed to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam over a period of 23 years.
One of the real wisdoms behind this and one of the reasons behind this, as the last panel with either himself mentions is so that he may increase the resolve of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Last minute it says, recording that in a couple who loaded up the Koran, Jonathan wahida can in fact be to be submitted before
Tila. So Allah subhanaw taala mentions over here, that those people who have disbelieved said that only if the Quran was revealed upon the Prophet sallallahu Sallam at one time. And the hidden meaning over here is that hadn't been revealed at one time, we would have believed him. And then Allah subhanaw taala mentions that the reason why we did this, because then you can lead with a bitter D. But we did this so that we may establish your heart firmly, we may establish and keep from your belief and resolve. And thus we recited the Quran in a melodies or a constant recitation. This is what Allah Spano, Dionysus. So the first reason or the first wisdom behind the Quran, we moved on
over a prenup 23 years is to increase the resolve the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And this is something which can be understood through human nature, that when you get small dosages of reminders, he serves as a better reminder than something that is given to you at one time. An example being if I was to give you a whole book at one time, compare that to if I was reading you a chapter by chapter basis, the chapter by chapter basis would be more appropriate as you're being reminded of what's in it for each class to the next. Whereas if I was to discuss, there's just a whole book at one time, a defeats the purpose or is not as appropriate as doing it bit by bit.
Because you all have it all at one time. And once you lose it, you would have forgotten it was something that's done constantly and consistently, then this serves as a better reminder and becomes more established. Taking the example again on memorizing. When you memorize something, the first time you read something, you can't memorize it. But if you read something over and over again, over a period of time, it's a lot easier to memorize and to understand. So let's move on that past gibreel Ali Salaam read the Quran to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, and likewise the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam read in the Koran to Jabri that everything that was
revealed from the from in that timeframe, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, would recite back to God, so does Allah subhanaw taala establish the Quran in the heart and memory of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And this is actually true reasonings in one, that the first one being increased the result of the prophecy, meaning that he was always reminded of Allah subhanaw taala and always was always reminded that the help of Allah subhanaw taala would be with him, and that he doesn't need to worry about the planning and plotting of the Quran as Allah subhanaw taala would protect him from it. And likewise, the second reasoning behind it is that it simplifies the moment
And understanding of the Quran, not only for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but for the companions as well. But when they learned the Quran, he learned directly from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the first use of the revelation of the Quran. The Quran was memorized. It wasn't written down right away.
At the advent of Islam, he only had you know, three or four companions with him. Right when the Quran was first revealed, we know the story of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and instead of being in the cave of head on
with revelation first came down to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the first person he went and told to was Khadija the Allahu talana. And you know, the bronze is preserved in a waiting form, but rather as more competitors accepted Islam and your companions who knew how to read and write, then they started scribing the Quran so with us, you know, it became a lot easier for the companions. When when the Quran was revealed bit by bit over a period of 23 years, it became a lot easier for them to memorize and understand the Quran.
Thirdly, it proves the truthfulness of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, how does it prove the truthfulness of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Well, we mentioned previously that the people will come to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they will ask him various questions, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would refrain from asking.
The will refrain from answering these questions until Allah subhanaw taala
revealed something to him. An example of this, or the example pulling the truthfulness of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is the story of the woman who came complaining to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. If you look at the 58th surah of the Quran, the very first verse, which is sutra magenta where Allah Spanos Allah says that somehow God ality that Indeed Allah subhanaw taala has stirred has heard the statement of the one who complains to you, right? I showed you a long talana scenario, the scenario or the revelation of this ayah and she says that a woman came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and sat next to him and whispered something to him. And I be in the other room, trying to
hear from behind the curtain, could not hear what she was saying to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam but Allah subhanho wa Taala heard it from the skies. So again, this proves the truthfulness of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that Allah Spanos Allah revealed revelation at the same time as this woman came complaining to the prophets of Allah Juan himself. So this is just an example of that. Firstly, to prove the miraculous nature of the Quran, as you know that the Quran is something for all times, that even though the Quran was revealed at the time of the province of lohani, was certain, there are certain aspects of the Quran, which are just
coming known to mankind now, like when Allah subhanaw taala mentions that he created men from water. As biological studies progress, my mind soon discovered that 70% of his body is made out of water or 90% of his body is made out of water. So unless we see that the Quran, it affirmed such things, and likewise, the miraculous nature of the Quran, in terms of its preservation, that over 23 years, not a single letter of the Quran was lost. Even the revelation came down, one after another. And even though the prophet SAW a lot while he was sent him could not read or write Allah subhanho wa Taala preserved the Quran
and fifthly and this is something very, very important that Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed the laws of Islam revealed the regulations of Islam, or what they call the Sharia in the gradual manner. Because as we know, the people of the past and likewise the disbelievers of today, we have very bad habits and they have elicited habits which are against Islam, the likes of drinking and for the kitchen. Now imagine when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came with this down, and this devil worshipping Allah subhanaw taala alone, and having good morals and good conduct, had he prevented the people from drinking and abstaining from these illicit desires, a lot of people would
have left Islam. So in the infinite wisdom of Allah subhanaw taala. Take example of the prohibition of alcohol, it came in three main stages that you will firstly they were allowed to drink alcohol, and they were asked, you know, just to reduce it when they were asked not to drink alcohol prior to coming to salon. And then thirdly, the way I came down with alcohol was prohibited altogether, that even those companies who were thinking at the time I was dismissed out of their mouth.
So this Allah subhanaw taala His infinite wisdom and his infinite knowledge, he prolonged the revelation of the Quran to make it easier for mankind that the regulations of Islam not to be enforced all together at one time. So these are some of the wisdoms behind the gradual revolution of the Quran over a period of 23 years.
Now, we come to the topic of discussion, what was the first revelation that was sent to the Prophet sallallahu and he was sent him in this there are four opinions and we will discuss them one by one by one beat the lights on.
If you look inside Buhari, the very first chapter that email Buhari has, he has an kita verbal, by the way that the beginning of revolution, and in this he mentions two main Aggies. The first one is the hadith of Ayesha rhodiola, who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the first one revealed to him were the first five verses of Surah tolaga that the first five verses as you all know, echoed smell because delicata men, the 96 suit of the Quran, this was the first revelation to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he was in the cave of heaven,
that this was with jabril Elisa then came to the prophet to answer them and told him to recite, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I'm unable to cite an interview Holly Tim, and held him close. And he said, recite in the name of the one who created you, or in the name of your Lord. And then he taught him these first five. So this is what a moment Bukhari narrates from my show the Allahu talana in the first Hadees. And the second idea, or the second main ad, that Mr. McCarty mentions is the hadith of Jabba the Allahu taala, who is where, a where one of his students came up to General de la to Thailand who are companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he
asked, what was the first revelation to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? 20 jaguarundi Allahu taala, who says, it is certain
meaning that the one who was wrapped in garments so these are two main opinions found in Hadith him themselves mentioned in body when there's no doubt to their authenticity.
The third opinion is that it is certain facts. And this is in a study found in the students have been very happy that he mentioned that the first
suitor revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was Al Fatiha. And then the fourth opinion, and this is not found in any of the books of Hadith, but rather, it's found in a book, which discusses the reasons of revolution that we mentioned that Quran it wasn't a science discussed all together in one book at its early stages, but rather, scholars will discuss each science in an individual book. So there was a famous compiler by the name of Anwar Hedy who compiled a book on bamboo. and in it he mentioned that the first revelation to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was the person that Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim was the first revelation given to the prophets of Allah Han
who said them, but again, this is another weak Hadith. So now ruling out all the weak Hadith which are opinions three and four, which are sort of Fatiha, and we are left with two main opinions. How do we reconcile between these two ideas, the statement of Isla de la hotel where she's describing how the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was in the cave of Hara, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was approached by gibreel and torture site. And then the first five verses have sort of revealed to him and then the statement of gender the Allahu taala angle that he said, when he was asked to what was the first revelation, he said that the first revelation was sort of
this can be approached by two ways. One is by way of Hadith, that if one were to compile all of the Hadeeth together pertaining to these two scenarios, meaning the purposes of them being in the cave of Hira and this hadith of Javelin, one of the narrations of the hadith of jobid mentions that
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recognized Djibouti.
From his previous approach, meaning that the proselytism whatsoever madatha was revealed to him, he recognized the brief from the first encounter with him. So this pose, that sort of mode that there was, in actuality, was revealed, reveal the nature then sort of the first five verses of sutra. So this is by way of Hadith
affirmed in one of the narrations of jabil that he recognized the possible
Send them recognize debris from one of the previous revelations. Now, in logical way of explaining this is that if you look at the texts at hand, the hadith of Isla de la catalana, and mentions that jabril came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and told him to say, and so to nanako, the first five verses were revealed to him. And what did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam do? He thereafter ran home to Khadija La Jolla hotel, and he covered himself in the garment. This is what Allah subhanaw taala refers to as the desert and as resemble, and definitely the one who covers himself in the garment and one Muslim or the one who envelops himself in a garment. So obviously, something
would have occurred prior to this before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would have covered or engulfed himself in this garment, and that is that so that Allah was revealed, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam became pregnant, and thus he went home to Khadija and sought solace in her and covered himself with these garments. Another way of reconciling them is that the first revelation was certain other, meaning the first five verses, but the first complete surah revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was SoTL muda. And Allah Subhana Allah knows best. And you know, I don't find any room for doubt, that certain other was the first revelation to the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Now, what was the last revelation to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And this is where a lot of difference of opinion occurs, not only with the people, but amongst the scholars of alumina Quran as well. And there are a lot of conflicting reports or seemingly conflicting reports.
Before actually studying the sciences of the Quran, a lot of people are under the impression that the last verse revealed to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was a new comer to the container, or the famous verse in certain either a lot of people think this, that this is the last verse that Allah subhanaw taala is mentioning how today I have completed your religion for you. When this was the last verse of the what if one was to think about this from a logical perspective, one was this idea one was this idea. It was revealed during the farewell pilgrimage of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, which was several months prior to the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And prior to
the death of the Prophet salallahu, alayhi wasallam Sora Nasir was revealed. So obviously there is automatically a revelation even after desire for this misconception that people have that.
Revelation is nothing but a misconception. And there's no actual textual evidence for this. So let's take diverse opinions bit by bit. They're all together I think about 19 different opinions on this. inshallah we'll take about five or six of them due to the time that we have.
So the first opinion and we'll start off with the opening that we deem closest to the truth is what is mentioned by email and we'll call it an email of poverty. Rahim Allah Azza wa
rahmatullah wa Houma that here it is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam lived for Nine Nights after the descent of this ayah and that is Isaiah 281, all sorts of bugs.
where Allah subhanaw taala says, with the Yeoman to Jonah de la la firma to offer called MFC maxima to home law. When Allah subhanaw taala says, and fear the day that you shall return to Allah, and then every man shall give, be given his due rights, or everything that he has earned, and no injustice shall be done to him. So obviously, the context of desire supports this opinion as well. That the last one I revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is he's reminded of the day that not only he himself wanted, mankind will be returning to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the context of the ayah supports this as well. So this is mentions in the body and in the Tafseer of
Imam authority, when an amendment already deemed this opinion to be the most correct, that this was the last Ayah revealed to the Prophet sallallahu it was sent him
in another ayah,
also mentioned by Al Bukhari is that the Near East from a bus that the last Ayah revealed was the ion of interest or the ayatollah Riba which is number 278. In Soto Bukhara where Allah subhanaw
taala documented rebels
that or you believe
fear of loss and abstain from that which is left over from interest in that
waffle words that you have obtained, abstain from that which is left over from it. So it's inherited from cannabis inside your body as well. And again, we'll explain how to understand these various variations. We mentioned that this was the last I revealed, as you will see quite a few of them. A third opinion is mentioned by mandatory as well, where inherits from saying, and then we'll say that the final final review, the final I revealed was the idea today, or the idea of loans. And this is number 282. of circle bacara, where Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, you're letting me know
that you believe that if you
take a loan from one another, then you know how witnesses antiobesity Allah subhanaw taala teaches us how to form a contract. A fourth opinion is that this is also mentioned by Al Bukhari and Muslim that the last I revealed was the idea of what they call al Qaeda, meaning that in the Muslim inheritance, when you have a person who has no progeny, and no relatives left after him, what does he do in such a situation? And this is IRA number 176, from Surah, Nisa.
And likewise, Anakin. One of the cultures of a hadith he mentioned that he left I revealed from obey vocab was the last I have sort of the Toba meaning is 128 and 129, where Allah subhana wa tada says, la caja como la tsunami and fusi con Aziza nada Hema to Harrison, alikum Minato for him until the end of the song. So these are five famous opinions. And maybe mentioned there are many opinions of this from them is that the last I revealed was the last day of Soto gaff. And likewise, the last IR revealed was sort of not either this is a general statement from Marcela de la and I mentioned by attending it. So again, there are many opinions. But how do we reconcile all of these opinions?
One way to reconcile all of these opinions is that each time we find a companion, or a manifested, saying that this was the last I revealed, he was referring to a particular scenario, or a particular situation. Like one of the examples that we didn't mention, is the hadith of Salah Maharaja lo talana. That Allah Subhana, WA Tada, citizen, so to anemone, io 195 festa Jabba the homerun boom, and neither Oh, do Armada, I mean, come in Jacqueline. But she never said this was the last I revealed. So when she mentioned this, she mentioned it as that this was the last Ayah revealed pertaining to the equity between men and women that almost treats both men and women justly. And
then you have the stigmas of the adverse, that the last I revealed was the eye of interest. What we understand from this, that this was the last I revealed pertaining to business transactions. And then we have the statement of eyeshadow tag. And then the last I was so mean that the last of the cabinet revealed, or the last of the rulings and regulations will be more from that of Soto Nevada. So this is how you reconcile all the statements. But without a doubt if one was to reflect upon the statement of a bus, where he said that only nine days passed until the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at the descent of desire. It seems very, very clear that this was the
last I revealed to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, which was the first opinion that we mentioned, which was 281, from sort of bacala We're almost panatela says what
called an FC Mikasa but we're home.
So these are
the first and last revolutions that were given to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And now let's take a look at some of the facts of the Quran. And this is something actually you know, that you can use in your quizzes that you can teach your children, keep them entertained, you know, just to keep them busy in research projects and stuff.
We'll go through some of the facts that are in the Quran. And what we mean by that are usually in the miracle facts, or things of that nature. So firstly, we'll start with the number of verses in the Quran.
The number of verses in the Quran, with consensus without a shadow of a doubt is 6236
verse 6236, verses of the Quran and you will see why
In this by each mammal by consensus of the scholars, because there's a disagreement as to the number of letters in the Quran, and we'll explain that shortly as well
as for the number of words in the Quran, then there are 77,437 77,437.
Now, one day, you know, when you really, really upset your children, and you just want to keep them busy for a good couple of days, ask them to, to count the number of letters in the quarter will be busy for a month. So now the number of letters in the colon and ends with a difference of opinion actually occurs. Now let's explain why this difference of opinion actually occurs. For those of you who know the Arabic language.
One of the most common words that we recite is the best Milan, we say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Now when you were saying this Manila, Manila, he look at how the word Allah is written, the rate of man,
the heart, the mean and the note, but when you pronounce it, you pronounce it with an lF between the mean and the noon. Whereas when you look at the mussaf itself, and you look at the horizon, it's actually not mentioned over there. So now the scholars are different, that this is the automatic way of writing the Quran, or what is also known as the Karachi style of writing the Quran, that if there was a balance between letters, they would enjoy the two letters and just put a line over there, or just leave it blank, as it was understood that they are to pronounce the other thing between, should we count this as a letter or not. So this is what a difference of opinion occurred.
So that's why you'll find in
some books have mentioned a number higher or lower. But the most common number that is mentioned in the books of alumina
is 323,671. This is the most common number mentioned
that 323,671 these are the amount of values in the Quran. And this is reading the Quran, just as it is not including the elephant. If you include the elephant, then you get a higher number, animal it's also other letters as well.
So again, repeating that is 323,671.
Now what is the longest surah in the Quran, long surah in the Quran is sort of
the shortest route on the Koran is sort of kosher.
It has the least amount of verses the least amount of words, and the least amount of letters as well.
Now, the longest verse of the Quran is the ayah today, or what they call the eye of the dead, which was again one of the opinions that the one of the last is revealed. And this is Ayah 282, of sort of Bukhara
Now as for the shortest, if not including the eye
of letters, you will notice that in the Quran,
they begin with letters like Alif Lam, Meem or others, these are known as the kakatiya are those which are caught up in divided, so not including these types of verses, the shortest verses are well familiar, but
these are two different sources and two different is one says one, one feature, and the other one says well, both of these have six letters each.
Now as for the longest word in the Quran, then this is mentioned in sort of
where Allah subhanho wa Taala says pasqualina Kumu that ran again, this isn't actually a word, what is the longest sequence in the Quran of letters that produces a word, whereas in English is actually considered a sentence that we have granted you something to drink would that's how you would translate it it translated as, and this has a total of 11 letters in it. So this is the longest word in the Quran. Now the shortest word in the Quran.
Anyone have an idea what the shortest word is.
And if that's not a word, it's a letter.
Why is the shortest word in the Quran? It can be translated as and
now, what is the first commandment in the Quran? What is the first
order that almost kind of metallic gifts is mentioned in sort of
that and worship your Lord, and when he cannot accomplish
that in the 21st I have so that is kind of what it says, and worship You, Lord.
And what is the first ambition that Allah subhanaw taala gives, or the first thing that Allah Spano tala tells us to stay away from those of you who attended my class on the four principles that we did over here a couple of years ago, would remember this, that Allah tells us to stay away from creating partners or associates with him. And this is the verse right after the first commandment. So first commandment and first prohibition go hand in hand, and this is number 22. of SoTL bacala. So first commandment is worship Allah subhana wa Tada. And then the second different first permission right after it is stay away from creating why was for less than
a day and I don't want to tell him and don't make why was for Allah subhanho wa Taala while you are in the state of knowing. So these are just some random facts pertaining to the Quran, which again, you know, like I said, you can use them for quizzes, and it's just good for general knowledge to have, that you can entertain yourselves within, you know, go over and keep memorize is very, it's important to know some of these things, especially the verses of the Quran. You know, if someone tries to introduce a verse in the Quran, and you've counted all the western you already reached 6236, you can say that no, this is no longer and this is not a verse from the Quran, and the likes
of that. So this knowledge is important, as well as entertaining at the same time. So
I think with that we'll get back on to our normal schedule, which is we'll take a break from 430 until five o'clock within the heats either service breaking, get something to drink, something to eat, or, you know, just to relax and stretch out and delight Allah we'll continue our discussion on the sciences of the Quran thereafter, inshallah so we'll start again, at five o'clock midnight, Santa Monica was alive.