Channel: Navaid Aziz
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa barakaatuh Vienna Mohammed Wanda and he was
so we can talk discussing how the Quran was compiled during the time or the left of Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu. And we mentioned that the Quran was compiled during the time of Abu Bakar, the Allahu anhu. Because the Koran or the forefathers of Iran, were passing away and the love of China and who feared that the Quran would eventually be launched if we didn't compile it into a single book. So upon the short of the companions of the allowed tada and who decided to assign the name the Sabbath to compile the Quran, as he was the main stripe of the prophets of Allah while he was send them. So they said two conditions in combined with the Quran, he made a public announcement in the machine
and said that everyone who heard the Quran from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and wrote it down, let him come forth to the masjid. And when you you have to have two witnesses who witness the recitation, from the profits, a lot of money was sent them and you also have to have the written documented, documented verses. And so this is a double sided compiled the Quran in this manner during the time of Abu Bakr radi Allahu taala angle. And this was the end of the second phase of competition, as we mentioned. Now moving on to the third phase of competition, it was during the time or the healer, of man or the Allahu taala.
And as we mentioned previously, that during the time of the whole of Russia and more specifically, online, Omar and Fernando the lowdown on Houma, the philosopher expanded immensely, that it wasn't just restricted to Mecca, Medina and boyfriend these areas anymore, but rather it extended towards Eastern Europe. And as the oma expanded and new people came into Islam, the proficiency of the Arabic language was lost. And this with the proficiency of the Arabic language being lost, people did not know how to recite the Quran. So one of the companions and one of the jurists that Abu Bakar of the Lakota language,
Louboutin, Huma had sent to the eastern provinces of Europe was an effeminate man. Now,
most of you may have heard of him, he was the keeper of the secrets of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and a very unique companion. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chose him for very few selected specific things. And he earned his honor and respect with the prophets of Allah, Allah to send them by fulfilling these tasks. So one day, as for the familiar man, who was governor over one of the eastern provinces of Europe, he heard people arguing over those over the Koran, one thing that my recitation of the Quran is better than yours. And the second thing to the third, that my recitation of the Quran is better than yours, and so on and so forth, which one they would recite,
they would recite in different manners and different ways other than which departments Allah Juan he was sent them had to talk to the companions. So this was due to the fact that as new people coming into Islam, and he didn't know Arabic, we would recite the Quran, in their own ways, in their own dialects, I guess you could say, and their own pronunciation. So when he heard this
man, you know, having lived with Abu Bakar, and having lived with the low tide, he feared that again, it might come where people would
distort the Quran and the Quran will be preserved in a way that it should meaning in its original form. So how they felt went back to Medina, which was the headquarters of the Philippines at that time. And he told us, man, that, you know, this is what I witnessed in the eastern provinces of Europe, that people are arguing with one another and saying that my reputation is better than yours. Yet, even when you will say to the Quran, it's not the recitation that we heard from the Prophet sallallahu Ani who was sent him. So at this point,
Othman gathered his Shura Council again, and from them was alumina victaulic and zeta the favorite and Abdullah was away and say Lebanon NCAA us and
this was his Shura Council at that time, just to repeat these names again, because they will be coming up in the next couple of paragraphs or structuring as well. So there was a double savate Abdullah University, Boyd
from the uniqueness of these companions was that
They had memorized the Quran and they were also from amongst the scribes of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So he asked the companions you know, what should we do? You know this is happening in eastern provinces. We don't have enough companions of the Prophet of Allah when you said hello to the Quran journey for from him that we can send to these provinces to teach the people how to set the Quran. So what should we do? So the companions and the Shura Council, they agreed upon the fact that again, the Quran needed to be compiled and sent to the various headquarters. The headquarters of the of those times were monka, Medina, Kufa and bustle. These were the four headquarters that
limp Sims had at that time, and the hill up itself was established in Almudena.
So we mentioned how, during the time of aboubaker, the loads and I know one must have was compiled, then anything after this would not be considered the core. And then this was the Quran, let's say the family heard from the prophets of Allah when you send them now, what's happening over here is that they must have is being taken, like the way took place was our worker kept the original message with him. When when he passed away, he passed it on to Mr. m. Nakamura de la tadanobu. And then as he passed away, he passed it on to his daughter. So there was only one copy of the massage available and all those demands, unless they had individual copies that some companions meet with themselves
with the only official copy was with the Khalifa until the time of Omar's passing away where he passed it on to his daughter. So now another emergencies come forth, where more copies of the Quran needs to be made.
he did was, he took his Shura Council and put them in charge of rewriting the most half of Abu Bakr radiallahu Tang. So he called upon Satan with avid again the main scribe, for obvious reasons, the reasons we gave that he was the main scribe, and likewise, he was honored to have recited the Quran to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he was honored to have heard the recitation of the Quran from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam to Djibouti.
So they chose they chose at the height of this Shura Council. And now the top three must have already completed most of
the time, the wife of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and likewise the daughter of oma above as well. So what happened over here now is once they are compiling the Koran and rewriting the Quran as well, they noticed that there were small differences in the waiting, meaning that one writer, copy the code and have that hafsa had another way to copy the code on the left side. And a third way to copy the code. On the left side. We mentioned that they were forming copies, the one in manga born there was going to Medina and they're staying in Medina, the one that was going to find one that was going to pass it on. So we got four riders to recopy the code on so when the Koran or when these copies or
Masonic, were completed, in being copied, they were rechecked again to make sure that there were no mistakes, no discrepancies, or anything of that sort. And, you know, again, from the wisdom of Allah subhana wa tada and from the wisdom of the companions of the love of Thailand, whom
is that there were minor differences in these Maasai. And these differences that took place were the difference in the dialects, as we mentioned previously, with the Quran we have preserved right now is in the Othmani scripture, meaning that is written in the standard of Manhattan, which stayed in Medina, whereas the ones that went to Peru for the ones that were Basra, and the ones that went to Makkah haven they were preserved in the style of the dialects that the people over there spoke. So, in Morocco, you had the style of the chorus. in Medina, you had the style of man, and then in
a salon in Cooper, you had the dialects of those specific areas. So there are discrepancies in terms of how many words or how the pronounciation took place, rather than discrepancies just in the writing I was the pronunciation would be the same.
So now after this task has been completed, and the Messiah was sent out
of man also delegated certain parties to go with them that he took the shorter Council and made him teach the official style or reciting the Quran, meaning the 114 soldiers in their particular orders. And then the way they were cited by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then he taught them to some of the successors and sent the successors to the various headquarters that we mentioned, along with these new copies of almost half of verse of the Quran.
was preserved during the time of man of the low Tanna angle. Now there are some key differences in the compilation of Abu Bakar and the compilation of Uthman, we will take six of them.
The first difference is the reasoning behind the compiler the Masonic in their respective times as
he compiled the most of his time, due to the fact that the Quran fonts were being killed, and they were pointing away from this world. So it was feared that the Quran may no longer be preserved. Whereas during the time of mine, it was due to the incorrect recitation that was becoming notorious amongst the Muslims. So he ordered the Quran to be preserved once more in his official and final preservation, or preservation that which is our time study. So this is the first key difference, the reason behind the compilation.
Number two, or the second difference is the people who are in charge of the compiler. Now there is a point we agree upon, and the point where they differ. The point that they agree upon is that they both hired Xavier, to be in charge of the compiler. Now, the point where they differ is that in the time of man, he added three more people, or three names that we mentioned previously, who were abducted by Satan, alas. And
now point number three, the number of must haves that were created during the time of Abu Bakar was only one which stayed with the Khalifa. And we mentioned it was passed on to Omar, who later on passed it on to have settled on the Allahu Tang, whereas Othman he ordered several to be made. Point number four that since a worker did not face the problem of inauthentic recitations, he did not have to take the step that of man did now what was my what step did was mantich. Now this may seem very controversial to us. But again, we have to keep in mind that this was something agreed upon by all the companions, and that was the destroying of all the previous Messiah, meaning that anyone who had
his own personal massage at that time of mine voted for it, and ordered for it to be destroyed. And the wisdom behind this is so that this would unite the oma upon one core and, and one. So out of the graded benefit and out of the greater muscle of man ordered for all of the Masonic to be brought to him. And if we weren't in accordance to the complete process of mine ordered for them to be destroyed. And again, keep in mind that all the companions agreed upon this, to such an extent and degree that I live in
Toronto, he said that had I been in the position of a man, I would have done the exact same thing that he did.
Point number five, I will record on your local tag on who compiled the Quran or the must have, from de Pon moves from what and from the memorization of the people. Whereas when Othman
compiled the Quran, he took it directly from the Messiah of Abu Bakar, he didn't have to go to the different writings of the companions.
Point number six. And our final point is that our workers must have and this is just according to one opinion, did not concern itself in arranging the sutras properly, meaning that the Quran, it was completing these forms of solids mean that all the i's were placed in this proper suitors. But the students aren't in the order that we know today, whereas it starts off with sort of Bakula, dinantian, Ron, then aneesa, sorry, if it had been first and then he said, Ron, and he said, and
then Allah, off, and so on, and so forth, but rather the source will compiled and we'll put any random order, whereas during the time of man or woman on the low tide angle, arrange them in its proper order, which is the order that we have today. So these are seven key differences between the completion of the must have between abogado de la junta angle and the Allahu taala.
be read and summarize all the competition that took place, one of the most concise descriptions that was given was by shaken Islam, even taymiyah. And to note what he said. He says, so in the year that the Prophet salallahu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed away gibreel went over the Koran with him twice. And this last rehearsal is the recitation of xenium, the Sabbath and others, and it is the recitation of the whole affair Russia doing Abu Bakr, Omar Osman and Ali orage, to be written in the must haves and I will work on on the Allahu tagen who was the first straighted then with manual his Caliphate ordinate to be written again, and he sent it to all the provinces and all the companions
agreed upon this. So this is a brief summary by shifting Islam even Samia as to how the Maasai works.
Completed server compiled, and this preserved until our time city. Now the Maasai for went through smaller
changes over the time. As you notice that even in our time study, the most of that we have, the vast majority of them are printed in Saudi Arabia. Now this printer we have in southern India recently went through several changes. Two of them, notably was that before the pages, we had 15 ions on them, and the page will not have to necessarily and add an ion, or as a secondary addition came thereafter, where they made sure that each page ended at a specific ayah. And it didn't continue on to the next page, so as not to confuse the people or that they want to end at the end of a page, where they would have to end in the middle of an item, and then later just make more adjustments
were made. And again, these are just minor things, whereas the text of the Quran and the numbering of the ayat remains the same. So that we have completed the chapter of the preservation of the Quran.
Now, our discussion as we mentioned, going back is to the sciences pertaining to the Quran. And from the sciences are many we mentioned the beginning some of them that from them are the monkey and the muddy medini versus, and from them are the reasons of Revelation. And from them are the different types of recitation and from them is the most common and the most shabby, meaning those iron which are explicit in their understanding and those if that requires some detailed explanation. So these are all considered from the sciences of the Quran. And due to our time, obviously, we can't discuss all of them. So I chose a select few that we will be discussing with each other. So starting off
with them, we start with the mucky and madonie versus Now many of you may think that the signs of monkey and many universities is something very straightforward, that you know, monkey is referring to those Ayah to to refer which were revealed in Makkah, and within is those that revealed in Medina, but it is not as simple as that. So starting off again with the point that Allah subhana wa tada promised to preserve the Quran. We have the Quran in its entirety and in its totality. And this was a promise from Allah subhanaw taala and a blessing for this oma. Another blessing that this woman was blessed with was the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when they
learned the Quran from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Not only did they learn the actual text of the Quran, but rather they learned and memorized the context that it was revealed and why it was revealed where it was revealed, and during what timeframe, it was revealed. This was something that the companions took upon themselves. And this was something that companions were proud of an example being an optimist. Oh dolla dolla, Wu Tang, who as is reported in Al Bukhari, that he said, I swear by Allah, besides whom there is not an ADT, that there is no surah in the Quran, except that I know where it was revealed. And there is no single verse in the Quran, except I know the reason behind
this revolution. So here you have a building. After having memorized the Quran, not only did he learn where the sources and the ions were revealed, but he also preserved why they were revealed as well. So this is another big blessing for the oma that the Quran was preserved in such detail, that not only do we have the actual text of the Quran, but also the reasoning and the timing and the place where it was revealed. So, now, let us get into the definition of murky and muddy like we mentioned previously, when studying any science or any topic, you have to define the parameters that you will be entering into. So the definition of murky and Melanie, there are three main definitions
of which we will take. The first definition is that it is in correlation to the timeframe that it was revealed in. And what we mean by this is that had it been revealed prior to the age of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It was considered a monkey. And it was it was revealed after the hinges of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam it was referred to as Madden. Now this is relevant and requires some understanding due to a particular point. When the Quran was not just revealed in Makkah and Medina, there were certain it was revealed in the book, there were certain is revealed in other places in in Africa, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did his farewell pilgrimage,
they were revealed in these locations and in these places. So now with this definition, any ayah that was revealed after the digital regardless if it was revealed in manga or in the book, or in any other place would be considered a mundane and same thing with those is videos before the hlr
That I know regardless of where it was a real, and obviously the POS system stayed in monka. Prior to the hinge alarm, it would be considered mucky.
So this is definition number one, you're looking at the timeframe, anything predigital is monkey, anything postage law is maddening. The second definition is you look at the actual places of where they were revealed. So it is more of not of a time related thing, but rather a place related. So anything that was revealed in Makkah, is considered monkey and anything that was revealed in Medina is considered meddling. But obviously there is a conflict of interests over here. Now how about those irons that were revealed in the book and in, in these other places? Where do we categorize these services, this definition has a lapse in it that is not a complete definition. And thus, it is
not an accurate definition. So what the scholars who use this definition said was that it was in
according to the theme of the ayah, that even though it might have not been revealed in Macau and Medina, we look at the theme of the ayah, I look at the characteristics of this of the ayat. And that's how we decided fate was a monkey or a madonia, or sudo.
And now a third definition, having leaving behind the two definitions of time and place factor, they said we look at the whole Quran as a whole. And we look at those
and surah that we know for sure t revealed in Mecca, and those with a shirt that we know were revealed in Medina, and we look at the common characteristics and the common themes. Then after we look at the common characteristics and themes, we put them together and apply to the rest of the Quran, where where there is a difference of a difference of opinion. So those characteristics that are from Makkah, and so we'll be discussing them as well, we say all these suitors are murky and all this is amazing. And all those ideas and so on were time the characteristics of Medina, we say that they are maddening. So these are the three main characteristics or the three main definitions. The
first one looks at the time, post and preheater. The second looks at the place, either in Medina or Mancha and the third one looks at the characteristics. And in all honesty, the most accurate of them is the first one that one cannot always be sure of characteristics, as the last panel with the hyena may have revealed is no actually he did reveal is in Medina that has the characteristics of a monkey. And he revealed in Makkah, that which had characteristics of a modern the ayah. So the most accurate definition of monkey and Madani is related to the origin of the prophets, Allah lohani was sent them that that was revealed prior to the Hydra is murky, and that which was revealed after the
hegemon is considered madonie.
So now, how do we go about knowledge? How do we go about knowing which is and sewer, or monkey or Madden. Obviously, this can be seen from the definitions we mentioned. That Firstly, it is either through the companions and this, there's no dispute about that if a companion mentions that this ayah or this surah was revealed in Makkah, then we accept it, you know, closing our eyes, and we just accept it. Whereas the second way of finding out a sutra or an ayah is monkey or medini is we look at the characteristics. So now let's take some of the themes and attributes of monkey and madonie revelations.
So the common themes that are in mocking Soros, or for
the first of them is that the IRS and the source revealed and monka the call to the pure worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala meaning that we're calling tutor heed, affirming His names and attributes and rejecting the false deities that the chorus used to use to worship.
So this is characteristic number or theme number one. Thing number two, is that it establishes aqeedah meaning that it's called to the belief in the messenger ship of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It is calling to the belief in the hereafter and belief in the angels and belief in the previous scriptures. Point number three, it establishes general morality, and genuine morality we mean by those things that were rampant during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in Mecca, from them were worshipping other than Allah subhanho wa Taala from them was female infanticide, meaning that they used to kill the female daughter. So it's now with its scriptures,
and when its revelation came to prohibit this, so
Any hire that mentions this is considered a McCain hire or a makansutra.
So then likewise, it also talks about respecting the orphans, property and any other form of general virtue that was neglected during the time the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was in Makkah, so it established a general morality with the specific examples that we mentioned. And now the fourth and last attribute, or sorry, the fourth and last theme of the mocking service, is that he discusses the previous nations, stories of use of the stories of identify them with the stories of scientists, the stories of money and all these are considered from the Americans to us, there is almost no data sent these servers and this is as improved for the Prophet sallallahu when he was sent him that this was
revelation from Allah subhana wa tada because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was unable to read and write soon wasn't able to read the previous scriptures. So Allah subhanho wa Taala sent this as a miracle to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that he was able to recount and recollect the stories of the people of the past by way of revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Now, as for the madonie revelations, when they likewise have common themes, and this is something to keep in mind that there's a difference between a theme and an attribute. When we're talking about themes, we're talking about the general structure of the source and the general information found in the source. Whereas when we talk about attributes, you will talk about the inshallah we'll get to it is that we it was revealed in manga, we're a lot stronger and a lot scarier. And likewise, it's opposite. When they used to give glad tidings to the believers, there are a lot more descriptive of how gender was and is and the likes of that. So keep in mind the difference between themes and
attributes, we'll be getting to the attributes, shortly here after. So as for the themes found in the Medina solos, then they likewise have common themes from them is that it calls to the perfection of the rituals pertaining to worship, meaning that Allah subhanaw taala in the Medina Sutras, he tells us the importance of prayer and how to pray, and how to give the Zakat and who does the cactus more and when to fast and when the pilgrimage when we when we were ordered with the pilgrimage. This is from the themes of the Madani sutras that all the acts of worship, they were perfected during the time of Medina, and they had very little during the time of Makkah, and actuality we only had to
have a banner that was legislated prior to the age of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the seller, that the seller according to the opinion, the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam was ordered with it during the second year of the hinterland. And it became compulsory five times a day when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went through the salon marriage. So the salon was ordered to eat the process and was ordered with it during the second year of Revelation. I don't know if it is said after Hmm, that was incorrect. But the second year revelation, and then it was completed at five times a day during when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went for a salon and marriage. So the general
theme from the sutras and Medina is that they are calling to the rulings and regulations of the salon is the car behind you and the song and other than them.
Then, secondly, in the motherly, Saurus Allah subhanaw taala establishes systems of law. He tells us how to govern ourselves, how to govern our families, and how to govern society. And more specifically, Allah subhanho wa Taala reveals the laws of Hadoop in the Middle East across the laws of prodotti. By that we mean that when a thief steals, almost final diner commands us to cut off his hand. And likewise, when a person who is married has illicit relationships, Allah subhanaw taala orders us to find four witnesses and then to have him stoned. And other than that, this is what we mean by the huddled.
The third common theme amongst the Medina sutras is that in the source, Allah subhanaw taala begins to address the People of the Book, meaning the Jews and the Christians, Allah subhanho wa Taala starts to call them out and tell them where they went wrong and refute some of the claims that they made. So this is something particular to the many suitors that in the advocacy of Islam, Allah subhanaw taala genuinely dealt with the Quran alone, that he called, told them how futile she was and the beauty of tawheed or as an emergency source. Allah subhana wa tada doesn't deal with the Cornish as much and it focuses more on people.
The book on the Jews and the Christians and tells them about the mistakes and errors that they have made, and how he exposes the lies that they have brought forth as well.
Now the last and final point in the themes of the madonie Sutras, is that all the ayah and the sutras that pertain to the hypocrites, you know, there's an assault on the Quran, also to
you know, this surah was particular to the madonie period of time, because during the mungkin period of time, the Muslims weren't strong. There wasn't a threat of hypocrites when it was only when Islam will hide its own Hillenbrand had its own area and its own government and its own ruling that Islam started beginning and started getting strong. And Hippocrates started to enter the ranks of the Muslims. So when Allah subhanho wa Taala would expose the pawns of the hypocrites, and to talk about the punishment. And we'll talk about those things that they did, you will know that this is a more than likely a Madani surah so now we're done with the themes of the mechanics of the monkey and
whether nice was
now as for the specific attributes and characteristics of the Madani and monkey versus
then we will mention a few of them inshallah, Hadji, sure
start with you unless
we'll get to that inshallah.
So some of the characteristics of monkey and Madani versus any ayah or surah that begins with an oath. I was anodyne, it says when federal will will answer anything that begins with an oath, or any ayah that begins with conduct, then know that this is a monkey saw, with consensus that this is a murky surah.
Now, point number two in terms of characteristics and attributes, but any sooner that begins with the whole of Makati act, meaning that they begin with Alif Lam, Meem or Alec Na Ma or Kapha I'd seen that
they are monkey soldiers with the exception of two. So all the students that begin with the letters were all monkey with the exception of two, the exception being sort of dakara and sort of lm one.
Point number three
any song that has a such that it is a monkey song that we know there are certain verses in the Quran, where Allah subhana wa Taala commands us and orders us to do such the Talas panel to Allah right away. All the sources that have this, these types of iron in them are considered murky sources.
Then to repeat a point that we mentioned previously, that all the suitors that mentioned stories of the prophets, and previous nations, all monkey with the exception of social Baccarat.
So all the students that mentioned previous nations and previous prophets are all lucky with the exception of sort of Bukhara.
Point number five, and this is the last point pertaining to the themes and characteristics of the monkey versus is that the generally the mother the monkey verses are short and succinct, and they are very strong in the words. And this is why you see that Allah subhanaw taala frequently uses both in that the verses are short and very powerful in the words and in the usage of verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala frequently uses an oath in them.
Now moving on to the characteristics and attributes of the motherly revolution.
We see that every ayah that mentions a punishment or
is a Madani these who do not mention in the marking period.
And likewise, any surah that talks about the hypocrites is a motherly surah with the exception of solothurn Anka booth.
So any either talks about the hippo case, and what they acquired what they brought it and what the plant is considered a motherly surah with the exception of circle uncle booth.
Certainly every surah that addresses the Jews and the Christians that says yeah, Kitab is considered a Madani surah
point number four
All of the ideas pertaining to Jihad were revealed in Medina, no idea of jihad revealed in Mecca. So Allah subhana wa Taala he talks about or when he talks about is pertaining to jihad, we know that it is a murder in the ayah or a madonie surah.
When Lastly, another key difference is that the IRS revealed in Medina or a lot longer,
the language in them isn't as powerful
and this is one of the characteristics of the Medina and higher and Medina soldiers with iron ore a lot longer and their language is equally as powerful in meaning but almost paneled Allah doesn't use the same amount of severity as he used in the makin yet. So now just to have a breakdown of where the sources of the Quran fall into between mucky Madani and those who should default upon as for those sewers, which revealed in Medina, with consensus, there are 20 sewers, then revealed with consensus. So now I'd find a way to summarize the names of the sooner to write in abbreviation, so we can take all 20 of them with the lights on. So the model is to us or
So number one, number two.
syllable nyda number four,
and number five.
similar to note number seven.
So, number eight.
Surah. Mohammed, number nine
surah. Al Fact number 10
surah. Number 11.
Surah Al Hadi number 12.
Suwanee, Georgia, number 13
surah and hatia number 14
Surah Al Montana number 15.
Surah. Juma number 16.
Surah Al Manasa, code number 16.
Surah Pollock number 17
I'm sorry that 1818 so a lot is number 18. Sort of the terrain is 19. And so to NASA is number 20.
So you notice that with consensus, the only the only surah revealed from Jerusalem in Medina was sort of tomasa or considered a Medina Surah Surah Nasir, all other suitors from Zambia are either monkey or the different upon now look at the eyes of Jesus Amma. Right, the ayah to choose Amma the Lord very, very short. And they all have very, very powerful language. And you'll notice that they're talking about gender and gender. And so he looked into the class. And then social capital is an addressing of the correlation where all those messages to the law when a person is commanded to say that you're indifferent, your religion is different from my religion.
Now, there are 12 slots, which are differed upon amongst the scholars, whether they are monkey or madonie, who won't get into the difference of opinion over here, but rather we will just mention their names within the atalla. So the 12, which are different upon our circle, Fatiha
and shorten airfloss, this is 10. Now, the last two are suited Falak uncertainness, this is 12 altogether. So, you have to repeat the last four, I saw some astonished expressions that the last four we mentioned that are different upon also to Zen and floss and Falak and unece which talks to us the scores are different upon whether they are actually monkey or
now, the rest of the two soldiers in the world that they fall in. We mentioned whether any you mentioned different upon so at
The 82 sources of the foreign word consensus are from Africa. So we see that the vast majority of the source or the vast majority of the revelation, if that's accurate to say, without getting to the number of ayat took place in the marking period.
And now a question that was brought up, was, is that start with young evenness? No, we discussed it. Yeah. You know, the vast majority of them are revealed in Medina and the
vast majority of them or revealed in Medina, how about a young nurse,
a nurse, there is no consensus as to where these is revealed. A lot of them were reviewed in manga, but some of them were revealed in Medina as well. When we mentioned previously, the first commandment of the Quran, it starts off with worshiping your Lord. And it starts off with you and us. Right. So Allah subhanaw taala, addresses mankind and tells them tells them to worship their Lord. So this the only way to differentiate and distinguish as to where the iron that began with Dr. Jonas is to look at the characteristics there is no definite criterion that we can use.
And there are very few occasions that you will find a monkey versus in money Soros wish to give you an example is that if you look at certain and fund, it is a modern era, like we mentioned, right? Yet a very particular verse in it is number 64.
Well, Allah subhanho wa Taala says that Allah is sufficient for his prophet Isaiah number 64. With consensus this iron was revealed in Makkah.
So this part of sootel unfurl was revealed in Makkah, even though the surah generally and in its vast majority was revealed in Medina. Now the exact opposite of this scenario, and the situation is that you have medini Soros, so he went and he versus in monkey Soros. So serotonin
is murky in its whole entirety, with the exception of three verses.
And they are is 151 to 153. So we see again, that Allah subhanho wa Taala chose to reveal these certain ion prior to the higit of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And the wisdom that Allah subhanho wa Taala himself knows why.
And with that, we end our discussion of the monkey and motherly sauce, it was my intention to discuss the bamboo
hereafter, but it doesn't seem that we'll have enough time. So the lights on what we can do is we can have
a time for question answers. And if anything, this needs to be repeated from any of today's sessions or lectures, inshallah we can do so. So we'll open up the floor for questions, and the likes of that building the lights on
his head had his hand up first. So you mentioned the medicine many versus the characteristic number three.
like, for example,
the beginning is basically
talking about the Christians and they're
saying that Allah has a son, and replies to them. So that
was revealed in Mecca. So just wondering how,
that characteristic, can we apply those. But again, to repeat what the questioner asked is that if you look at the beginning of sort of God, Allah subhanaw taala, is rebuking those people who attributed a child to Allah subhanaw taala. So we mentioned that from the characteristics of the money sutras is that Allah subhanaw taala addresses the People of the Book. So how can we take this characteristic and then say that Allah subhana wa tada addresses, the People of the Book in search of God, what sort of have was a mother nice or sorry, a monk and so on. So the way we address this is that even though it is true on the surface level, that Allah subhanho wa Taala, is rebuking the
people who say that Allah subhanaw taala took a child. This isn't the main
theme of that portion of the surah, whereas a las panatela rather is telling the story of the people who went to the cave and what happened to them. So in the last panel autonomy, rebuking the people who addressed or affirmed a child for less panels on the main portion of the solar panel
Why don't you tell a story of the three people who were before the Prophet sallallahu when he was sent him? That's why it is still falls under the monkey categorization.
it's like you mentioned that people
m&a serves while profits. And
people in the book like the like Christians and Jews, but also Paul and other category, right.
So again, now we're getting into themes and characteristics and attributes. So I guess you will look more at what's going on in the particular surah. If Allah subhanaw taala is rebuking them and affirming what he did was incorrect and was wrong, then generally it would be more than what if almost, No, dad is narrating a story of what happened and it would generally be considered a monkey. So again, you know, sometimes both can come together, like when Allah subhana wa tada talks about a certain he talks about Zakaria and talks about Yahuwah. Now Allah subhanaw taala is talking about how the previous nations rejected the prophets and killer prophets. And when you mentioned these
stories, so it is possible that the one surah may have characteristics of both at one time and place, but then you just look at the whole context. And you look at where it falls amongst the sewers. That is it. Those sewers, which is agree that is McKee, or the vast majority of it is McKee or vessel Judea, which is Monday, or does it fall under those of us that have a difference of opinion on them?
Any other questions? If someone can get the questions from the sisters with lights on? I think that'd be a good idea. Sisters always tend to complain that no one answers those questions, social leave the knowledge.
I missed the biggest part of this series. So
how they related to.
We mentioned in our discussion that obviously sciences have something very vast and has a lot of sciences and topics related to it. And the topic of how often karate is something very long that we want to be getting into. But since you mentioned it in general, I think we can briefly discuss it. The Prophet sallallahu wasallam mentioned any authentic hadith that the Quran was revealed in seven, we want to leave the word in Arabic, because there are over four different opinions as to what the word means. Now if you look in the most of the books of alumina, Koran, and most of those in the latter day, like the likes of
the Koran, and so Connie's book,
we mentioned that the arrow over here is a watch of the camera, meaning that it is one way that the IR could be recited that it was revealed that is revealed in seven ways that they could be recited.
Now, all the characters related to this or not, like we mentioned previously, there are 10 killer ads which are meant to work and are four killer ads, which are shells, right. So now are the carriage related to this or not. According to the vast majority of the books, they are not related, but rather the most of all of my own it reserved one of the afro so on in one of Yahoo is preserved in the masa, Hoffman and the six were abandoned. And this is again another difference of opinion that when they discuss the most of men in America, they say that they must have no burger at all seven out of eight. And since they were
expanded as much, they had the luxury of practicing and using all seven from the companions who knew them. Whereas during the time of earthman, since the disunity has started to take place, and since the people did not preserve the six of the Four Laws, and only one remained men of man used in his must have, so all the cameras, the 14 and the 10, which I'm with the London and the four that are shot come from the one house, or the one, the one that
preserved a lot. And obviously this requires a lot of research. If you speak Arabic. There's a nice discussion on this book by a shift in Medina by the name of
Abdul Aziz alacati. This was a book published by masa Teresa is the publishing company's name. And in this he made a whole book on the discussion of this one how they read the Quran was revealed in seven out of 22
guesses all the difference of opinions and just saying which ones are more accurate than the other opinions is like we mentioned that all 40 different opinions mentioned by the scores of the year and the scores of aluminum.
It's called shark Hadith
by Mujahid Abdulaziz. I'm calling from the scholars of Medina. And when an interesting thing about this year is
his specialization is in Quran. You know, if you look at the previous edition of the most of that was published in Saudi Arabia, he was the one who did Mirage our revision of the Quran that Mashallah he's very specialized in this field. Soon as the chief that revise the Quran before it was printed in this first edition, then, you know, the ship is like, you know, I've done my fair deal with the Quran and memorize the Quran, turn the garage, you know, revise the most of that vast majority of my uses. I think I should focus more on Heidi's now in the shape of studying Heidi for 1013 years, and Mashallah, you know, now he's becoming proficient and highly so he really is
a science from the sense of Allah subhanaw taala in our Chinese. So we are just a question from the sisters.
Brother, can you tell me which sources the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam used to recite in solid virgin
generations from the prophets of Allah money would send them in narrating salado fudger are various from them, you find sometimes short solos the likes. So the zensah has sought to broach and sometimes you find that departments will allow it to send them along at the salata budget to such a degree that the sun was on the verge of coming out. So the narrations are many. And the best thing to do would just be to look it up in the likes of Sal Bukhari and silence them because they're many narrations. And you can look it up in that, as I don't recollect them off the top of my head right now, a long time.
the most established the time.
We mentioned that the establishment of the salon took place during the marking period, that during the second year Prophethood, Allah subhanaw taala, or the Departments of aloha do send them to pray. Now as being as well as being commanded with five daily prayers. This likewise took place in Makkah, during this law and the marriage when Allah subhanaw taala brought the Prophet sallallahu Sallam up to him. And this is where we're commanded to do five daily prayers. And we're and we are given the reward of performing 50 pairs. So in any case, both scenarios were commanded with saw in the marking period.
Termination made between what is caught on and the
revelation from left.
We mentioned this in
Okay, we mentioned this in the previous session, I think it was the first session. But to go over it briefly. This is either
going to open it up for the audience to see who was paying attention to the brothers who were here we mentioned five differences so that you can share the five differences with us.
One by one hopefully.
So point number one. And you mentioned that this was the opinion of the vast majority of scholars of alumina Quran that he said that the Quran is the canon of Allah subhanho wa Taala that Allah subhanaw taala actually spoke these words, whereas the Hadith and they are the meanings of the words of Allah subhanaw taala are not specific, what we mentioned at this point over here as well, that this is an accurate, that if one were to look at all of the Hadith and all the narrations and in the understanding of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and how they interpreted these Hadith, you will see that none of them said that the hydrofoil could see we're just the meanings of
the words of Allah subhanaw taala. So we say that we leave it on its origin, that if the messengers of aloha to Selim says that Allah said we mean it, we take it literally that almost kind of what Allah literally said those exact and specific words, on number two
and four for this point is the I mentioned in sorta najem 101 in Hawaii in Hawaii. But any revelation that anything upon civil law My name is Sam spoke I wrote the Dean of a law or anything pertaining to Allah subhanaw taala. He never spoke of his own design, but rather they were weren't inspired to him
for an hour
right, the other part, okay, so point number two is that Allah subhanaw taala. When he revealed the Quran, he revealed the Quran as a challenge to all of mankind, that he taught the Arabs of the past, you claim to be so eloquent, you claim to be support, then bring just one idea or one Sora let's
see, Allah subhanho wa Taala did not put forth this challenge, it is left open. And you'll notice that they could see even though their meanings are prolific, they're not as proactive in your approach, as the Quran is, as the moron has this rhythmic nature, whereas the radical Pudsey doesn't have that. And
so point number three of the third distinction is that Allah subhanaw taala promised to preserve the Quran when he did promise to preserve the Hadith.
And we mentioned also over here that when we mentioned that almost hundreds Allah did not promise to prevent and to
preserve the hiatal portsea It doesn't mean that he didn't promise to preserve the sinner, but rather when Allah subhanho wa Taala promised He promised to preserve the Quran and the Sunnah as well as for the preservation of center then that's a topic of discussion for tomorrow. Number four.
So point number four is that the Quran has reached us in a transmission known as motivated, meaning that it was narrated to us by so many people, that it was impossible for anyone to make a mistake in the recitation or include something new or take away something from his origin, except that he would be corrected, whereas the radical cozzia very, very few of them are majority, vast majority of them are a high number five.
Correct point number five and the final point of distinction is that we worship Allah subhanaw taala with the Western station of the Quran was the idea. there not an act of worship in of themselves was a person that
is rewarded for seeking knowledge. Whereas the person who learns the Quran, not only is he rewarded with seeking knowledge is also rewarded for each letter that he pronounces of the Quran. And then we also mentioned an example over here, the magnitude or the magnificant, the magnificence of the Quran, that Abdullah Masuda, Thailand who he mentioned in as mentioned, by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that for each letter of the Quran that you recite, you get 10 words, and I do not say that and if not mean is the letter, but when there is a letter, lamb is a letter and mean is a letter. So this is one. Now in the same light, we take the Hadith mentioned in habido, where the
Prophet sallallahu Sallam was one day sitting with his companions, and the man came by and he said, A salaam aleikum, twist the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said 10 then a second man came and said salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah to which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said 20 and the third man he came, and he said a salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah wa barakato. Towards the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said 30 So now, keeping both of these Heidi's in the same light, we see the immense Baraka or blessing that Allah subhanho wa Taala has placed in the Quran. When if you look at the letters in a Salam aleikum, wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And as great of a greeting as it
is, and how much we're encouraged to see it, and how it will be a cause of us to love one another, and that love will cause us to enter agenda, we see how great it is, but almost pangolins Allah only gives us 30 rewards for saying it. Whereas then you look at the Quran, the letters, and if not me, those three letters, Allah subhanaw taala gives us the exact same award. So first, we see the immense amount of Baraka in the Quran, that through a small amount of recitation, you can obtain large amounts of rewards for doing other actions that may be more difficult or more way more time consuming. And it's like service through it we also see the magnificence of the Quran as well.
Any other questions
or the questions from sisters but
so, it's either we end our first day with the sciences of the Quran, there are two main chapters left which are very, very important, where philosophers notes and advances left and tofik maybe in September when I come back, we can discuss briefly what was are the causes behind the reasons of Revelation and the chapter of these are two very, very important chapters when you study aluminum because you will see the different types of
the Quran with the Quran. The different
of the center with the center, then it appears by the opinions of the companions and then it automatically scores with their own opinions. Now just to give you a glimpse as to how amazing the serum the core of the Quran is, we mentioned this in one of our previous classes a couple of years ago on how through an iron turtle fatty how we prove the heel of Abu Bakr radi Allahu taala angle
of the Quran with the Quran, Allah subhana wa tada says in Soto
stokin, serapion, Medina and Anthony. Then we asked almost final guidance to the straight path, the path of those who have favorite. Now let's take a look at who these, this favorite crowd or this breasted group is that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to, if you turn to certainly Sir, I can't remember saya 59 or 65. But Allah subhana wa tada says,
He commanded the Nanana mamani Mina NaVi was the famous Shahada.
That Allah subhanaw taala says over here, and will obey Allah and His Messenger, when they will be in the company of and begin the profits are set up those people who are immensely truthful and easily accepted the truth was Shahada, and those people who are martyred and assaulted him and the righteous. So now when we think
about that syrup and Edina, and I'm telling him that oh, my God is the straight path, the path of those who are favored, for the people that Allah subhanaw taala mentions as failed in this I'd certainly say, the first people are and the D, who is going to be at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it was none other than the pocket, so a lot of money was sent him himself, and there was no other than the be at his time or after his time. This we understand. Now, what are the categories that exist after him, you have a queen, you have a Shahada, and you have a son of Him who was the siddik at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was no
other than albums of acidic. So through this is sort of the 30 report, the falafel aboubaker. And this is the amazing Tafseer of the Quran by the Quran. So again, this is a very detailed issue that requires a lot of time, when being enlightened, I pray to Allah that He granted the topic and the life to study it, because he will really open your eyes to how perfect of the Quran is and how Allah subhanho wa Taala literally has given you the answer and guidance and cure for every single sickness that man possesses. So likewise, he mentioned we left our two chapters, if you have the ability to read into them, walk into a suburban new zone, and chapters of the city. And if you don't have the
ability to then make lots of classes Tofig to study together.
If you have
three or four, you can
my opinion, my opinion isn't worth much tell you that much. But from what we have learned from our scholars in the Arabic language, if one was to start, he should start with something very, very basic, the most basic of tafazzin is silver alchemy more often than
This is the most basic of silver in the Arabic language, it's in one big volume, and it is an excellent seal.
And then if one wants to take it to the next level, he can go to the likes of silicon calcium.
And then after we get there, if you really want to get extensive, you go to the likes of Pepsi or even alpinia and Pepsi of poverty and poverty is the head of ultra fast you will not get a Pepsi or more advanced than Pepsi autobody. So that is the last stage in setting the scene. Whereas in the English language, we're not as blessed, but there are a couple of resources from them. You have the normal Quran, which is a translation of the Quran with some footnotes and some details to it. So of course, you should start off with this one point number two, they actually have a detailed translation called de novo Quran which is printed in nine volumes by delta cinema as well. So he
should go into that. And then once you've completed that, you should move on to the scene in case you are the abridged version of tips 11 kithen, which likewise is published by Dallas to them as well. And we're hoping that by the time you reach that level, you would have learnt the Arabic language as well inshallah.
people follow them.
The questioner asked that when discussing the people whom Allah subhanaw taala has favored
However, there's no mention of the only of our last panel done and
the only our last panel data in our times, for one reason or another has become a very touchy topic. But to genuinely put it, the types of wilaya, or the types of protection that Allah subhanho wa Taala gives to mankind is of various levels. We lie which is that almost no other grants we lie or protection to all of mankind, that Allah subhanho wa Taala saves us from ourselves from constantly making errors, constantly making mistakes, and constantly beating ourselves to destruction, then you have a type of winner, which is more specific to the believers that Allah subhanho wa Taala grants to the believers, meaning that others pinelands Allah, He will protect them from following into
bigger disasters, or you're granting them tranquility and solace in times of hardship with a particular vinaya that Allah subhanaw taala gives only to the believers, then you have a winner which is higher than this, which is the winner of the righteous people, that those people who worship Allah subhanho wa Taala so much that Allah subhanho wa Taala gives them more favoring and more protection. And this is where the general discrepancy occurs, that people claim that they have breached this category of protection or favor for less money. And then they start asking people for their money. And they tell people, you know, if you do such and such a thicker, you'll be granted
such and such. And then they will say, and this is the most disgusting thing I've ever heard. And it proves though the falsity of these people, then certain places in Iran and in Turkey amongst the extreme Sophie's that they used to say that if you want your marriage to be blessed, before you consummate your marriage, so with that, being your wife to me first, and I'll bless your marriage, and this is you know, of Islam came to great human nature of these evil attributes, they were then you have these people claiming that you will purify your marriage. So this wisdom itself pure proves that this is incorrect, but rather the true onea of Allah subhanho wa Taala you will notice that
they are the most humble of creation, and they will only call to the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala these are the God of Allah, they're extremely humble and they will call only to the worship of Allah subhana wa Tada. No, actually of Allah will say, do such and such for me and I will grant you this would rather the true only Allah subhanho wa Taala will say that worship Allah subhanho wa Taala and make dua to him and he is the one who will answer your favorites. So the general we mentioned is the categories of we know, and how there is a third category where the discrepancies occur. And it was a reason that Allah subhanaw taala
didn't mention them because there are different types of types of wilaya amongst the four categories that we mentioned that Allah subhanho wa Taala is closer to them, they've been aggressive, more protection than He grants the average believer then he was more related to the Cydia pain than more when I add to the Shahada, and then the least amount of winner to the Salim which is just the I guess the average practicing Muslim or the average above practicing Muslim. So this is why I was puzzled. I didn't specifically mentioned the earlier because they are often the only Allah subhanaw taala just one is at a higher level than the other.
The brothers asking what are the first books that a pushin should start with when studying the sciences of alumina.
Obviously, let's start with the English language because you only have two options available in English. You have the book by Amazon Denver, which is generally a book I will consider making a quick case, which gives an introduction to the sciences of the Quran is made up of approximately 100 pages, and I believe it was published by the standard foundation in England.
The second book is a more detailed book, which is a book by our brother Amalia sacani, which is called an introduction to the senses of the Koran, which was published by Al Qaeda. And this book is a masterpiece in the English language that we need to discuss the books that a student of knowledge must have in the English language. This is actually head of them. Now in the Arabic language, if one was to start with the absolute basics, we'll start with about a three or four iron by Munna and look upon, this is the very first book that you will start with.
And now I look upon.
Now a book that is at the same level as this one is more authentic is called an mojarra to me
The author's name is masa, I have Priya.
Then the second level, he would go to a minor Hill.
And again, this is another masterpiece in the Arabic language that those brothers who want to study aluminum Quran, this is a must have book
by Mohammed Abdullah of him.
And then after that the publisher.
These are different publishers.
The first one manana coupon is published in Beirut.
I can't remember where we signed up for your book is published in Saudi Arabia might not have been Josie.
Then the third book manaia, they're fun. There's actually they're also tactic by one of the students of shaping calm domination pretty by the name of the subject, if you can get this particular version of the book. Excellent. So look at the substitution of monocular fun. And then the fourth book we mentioned was Annette con by mmm Sophie. And this is a very vast book in five or six volumes if you get the complete version, and he covers things which most scholars wouldn't even consider part of aluminum.
So, that is the fourth level. And then the fifth level, which goes back to actually the original sources of aluminum for iron was which book by Jeff Kashi we mentioned at the very very beginning.
That was the name by the by the name of the book by a Xerox machine and this machine is approximately 40 topics pertaining to normal
and busy lights on and off with that as there are only a couple of minutes left of the event so we can prepare for the salave'a nights and inshallah tomorrow we will start with the sciences pertaining to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam I highly encourage the brothers to come and so forth.
Anything that I've said that was correct is from Allah subhanho wa Taala and again, I've said that was incorrect was from myself and from shape on some hand in the Lomo. Behind the shadow on
a stockbroker to a lake Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh