Fiqh us-Seerah – Ep.01
Channel: Munir Ahmed
Series: Munir Ahmed - Fiqh us-Seerah
File Size: 50.38MB
Introduction & Defining Seerah
National number one a study you know who that study
for now, we let him in sugary unforseen our main say, Melina may be level for well mustard for my yo lil talented Allahu Allah Yama*a Chateau La la la la la la la luxury car wash.
Milena Wahhabi bana suasana
Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi women who dream about
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.
Allah to Allah phylloquinone Hakeem how to be led ministry cada rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
in Allahu Allah ekata who Sal lunarlon Nabi.
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Otis Lima allama Muhammad wa ala Ali Mohammed come as a local artist for Allah Rahim Allah Allah early Ibrahima innaka. hammy Dong Majeed.
All praise is due to Allah long, He alone is worthy of all praise. We seek His forgiveness, guidance and his mercy, know that one was guided by Allah, they are truly guided one who is left to go astray they will not find a guide or a protector or a helper after that. And I bear witness that there is no God, but the one true God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, on all that is between them. And he has no partners. And I bear witness to Muhammad, peace and prayers of Allah be upon him is his slave and messenger.
Brothers and sisters,
just a few things to start with.
This is going to be quite intense in Sharla actually quite detailed this analysis of the zero
at times for the younger audience, it may be quite technical, I think you'll find that the first two or three sessions maybe so as we won't get into the story till after that time.
I'm sorry to inform you, if you thought I was going to rush straight into the story, it's not going to happen. inshallah, the idea is to have a scholarly analysis of the whole subject, including the story itself, we'll come back by the moment.
And we're starting off by sitting on the floor not because it's more similar to sit on the floor and chairs and tables, let me make that clear. It's just that we don't have the facility here for tables and chairs at the moment, but depends on what kind of attendance we have. And whether the other Hall is available. I've been told that there's another activity going on in the main hall. So we'll start off like this and see how we go in Sharla. Personally, ideally, I would like people to take notes, even though it's being recorded. And this was always aware of people who taught from centuries ago. In fact, sometimes Allah refuse to teach people who took no notes and said, you're just wasting my
And yes, see, that is a story. And I don't mind if people don't take notes, but I encourage you to take notes, I'm not going to follow the idea that will throw people out if I don't see them taking notes.
But I think you'll benefit inshallah from taking notes because none of us have the capacity to keep everything and even if you read soon, I hope that you'll find some things of benefit that you've not come across before. In regards to etiquette. Of course, etiquette of learning is crucial and ethical of humility and learning and other than etiquette of learning from teachers, is something's been handed down to us from a civil law sense of Sahaba 30 and those who followed them to this day, and it's perhaps not like the etiquette that we find in the universities and schools of today where the teacher has hardly any value or any respect.
And I don't mean by value and respect that we don't ask questions. This is a
misunderstanding on the part of some moms and other moms who have made it almost impossible. And and this is especially so in the Indian subcontinent. And maybe it's not for all people, but for many, it is almost impossible if you ask a question it's as though you're being impertinent.
I know that for many decades so I'm not saying it just from when. But that's not the idea. That's why I don't mean that when I say about educate of learning Mr. Malhotra I have a whole lot from the great Mr. mojari of Sonia lohani Bukhari, the governor of his area Mahara almost ordered Buhari to come and teach his children Hadith knowledge about Mr. Buhari refused, actually, he said, No, knowledge is of value, knowledge doesn't come to you, you have to make the effort to come to knowledge, so send them to me to come and learn from me if they're interested.
So the idea, again, is that if we don't put effort and strive to learn an effort is actually learning and trying to absorb trying to understand and making the effort. And that's the value of knowledge. When I talk about knowledge, I really mean understanding.
So in sha Allah, although it on the floor is difficult to take notes on the floor, I realized that and then perhaps we look at having tables and chairs, depending on sort of audience and number of people that we have, that people want to use.
These things I have in front of me, perhaps it would be easier, also a little bit easier to make notes than sitting on the floor using the car. rather leave that to you and try, obviously, we strive as always Muslims, and whether from India in the continent on water from the Arab and he said, I think it's a Muslim problem rather than an Indo Indo part problem of timekeeping, of arriving on time. He says, 730 we start 730 not around about and then 1020 minutes later, like we do at our weddings, it's usually not 1020 minutes late is three hours late. But anyway, that's just a reminder about timekeeping for ourselves. Why am I dressed like this? Not because again, I believe
sitting on the floor wearing a jellybeans from the summer. When I'm sitting on the floor today, I find it comfortable to wear this okay. But that's not the idea of always wearing this, I believe the
prophet SAW so learn is to wear the clothes of the people of the society that he was that you are in that comes from his, his son. Now.
Yes, you find recording.
So let's begin inshallah, with the topic, if you notice that I call the topic
of the casino, Thunder B. I didn't call it just see that on the B.
What the spec mean, when I say feck
I don't mean by fact that rules and regulations and we're going to go into going through the rules, rules and regulations to do with Islam to a bar that what is further than what is not and what isn't the No. Because in its original meaning means understanding means fan
means fan. And Allah smart I used it like that in the Koran.
For example, as far as I said,
tilicho me a call the first signal feet without me Yes,
indeed, we have clarify, we have explained our signs for people who understand
for people who understand or law home coloman
life Kahuna beha talking about disbelievers those who reject the Quran and reject Islam, that Allah says that they have hearts, long kolomela cona behalf they don't understand with them, meaning they make no effort to try and understand that.
So fat here means famine, understanding the prophet SAW Islam in his famous though are that he said for one of his companions, and I'll ask you who for some of you know, he said, a lot of them have *y who who fit Dean Walker where I live who that will. Oh Allah, for people who give him understanding of the game, where I live, who will and yeah, a lot teach him. Teach him the understanding that will mean in the explanation of the Quran.
For the demand is to
make each of our best our best clothes
Abdullah Ibis, who then became later known as an older man, Sahaba, and Fabien silicosis, he became known by the title of fujinon Quran by Sahaba and have been the explainer of the Quran, a blunderbuss who was very young Actually, he was young when the prophet SAW some passed away. So * you, again, give you an idea what the meaning of so this is understanding, understanding what do I mean by it? It means that we're going to look at a simpler, more analytical level rather than just give you a story and eration which it will be in Charlotte, but see where we can learn lessons from trying understand from it for lessons and contextualize to ourselves. Because the idea of pieces in
fact, in the Quran of the stories is not like just
I was gonna say Jackanory, but some most of the young people won't know Jackanory is that those of my older age will know it's not just a Jackanory story, where you just sit there say, you know, enjoy and then close the book and just finish with it and nothing to do with life. Actually, the reason for this it is to do with life.
That is to do with life. So * means trying to let learn lessons and ambra as the basis of ambia in the Quran, unless Martin mentioned that they are for a bruh for lessons for us, and not just being presented that just for simple narration so people can say Oh, yeah, that happened.
So the purpose of that, in other words, respect now.
what is Sierra,
the word Sierra comes from saraya zero, Sara zero, which in Arab not Sora. Your siru because it changes the meaning
with the scene.
sama seal, if you say Sala,
I pronounced it wrong, then it has a different meaning.
saraya zero means to become to become to achieve to reach a goal.
That's what this means. And therefore you have the word Mercia, which is the objective the goal that you're going towards that is the mercy. But this is where the word sealer comes from. And sour is zero means Sarah means the way somebody goes the way somebody travels.
The way somebody goes in this case means the way they spent their life. Yeah, so the word senior comes from the original root word of sariah sera, the way somebody goes along the way somebody travels, meaning the way they live their life means their biography. In English, the word syrup comes from that doesn't come from another root,
which has the same letters seen and raw, that word is somehow
somehow has a different meaning. Some raw with the fetta means to
to be happy or to make happy.
To become happy or to make happy is sobra. That route has a different meaning totally as you can see, it's nothing to do with biography or the way somebody goes. Sabra In fact, interesting Arabic from the same route if you change that to sunlight, you have soror which is happiness meserole which is a happy person.
And if you put instead of Fatah Castro in it, you have said Sir means secret sale as Rob secret if you put a llama on it, it has a totally different meaning. So are so raw. What does it mean?
Yeah, it means your navel here
some rock is this here. So you see Fatah Casa and then my how it changes the meaning totally in words which are similar, but this is the one we're focusing on Siva. So it is to do with the biography of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam Sierra Sierra Of course can be applied to anybody's the biography of Sierra Abdullah Sierra Muhammad Sierra of use of Sierra, you can have biography is a general word, but when we use it in sherea, to say Ceylon in the sharing our context then, most often it is referring to resource
Among the hobby, for example, is famous for writing his massive work Compendium called a Sierra novella. He used the plural of Sierra Sierra novella the life the biographies of the luminaries
the biographies of the luminaries. So, Mr. Larrabee
who is around the eighth century, his era he in his Compendium is looking at the life stories of all the scholars and who were from the previous time
Sahaba Tabby in those who came after them, etc. So, he uses the word Sierra in the plural sense to refer to all the batteries that all people meaning that the word itself see that doesn't specify itself only to the
general word as as biographies in in English, but when we say Scirocco Nabhi or as Sierra de Sierra then specifically we talking about
Sierra is a science and a field of knowledge, which is distinct from other alone and must not be mixed up. This is very important to understand
must not be mixed up with two other terms,
Sierra is not the same as Sunnah. And
there are different topics that there is overlap. How is it overlap? For example, and let's define those first.
What is Sonali Sunnah means? They say a well trodden path.
Some that is can mean law.
tsunamis storica the way somebody does some things yeah.
And that's how it's used in Quran and Sunnah as well in Quran and Hadith. That's not the term is used. For example, Allah says, some not Allah
the law of Allah, that's what he's referring to the way of a law. Yeah, for those who went before for the people who went before while I'm telling you that lesson that he learned he had a dealer and you will not find in the way of a law any change. So last month, I established certain laws and rules and and regulations so so the word so nice using the Quran, I still referring to Allah Sunnah.
Yeah, so Allah, Allah is law.
But it as I said, it refers to the way somebody does something, but we'll come to see what it actually has other meanings in regards to when we come to Islam, but in the general meaning of that, of that sense. The prophet SAW Selim, for example, he said an authentic hadith which is reported by an imager, he said, someone lies stolen. Men send their son Nathan.
Hassan attend for Amina Bihar. Bada who can Allahu Adra, who were Miss Lu Rahim minify V and Yun cosa miniatura him shader.
The promise Aslan said whoever
introduces a new way. Something whoever introduces something, they set up something which has is good. So he's using the word Sunnah, man send Asana, so he's not referring to Asana. silvassa, he's referring to anybody who, who who introduces something in life, which is good has anathan and others follow it after him or her.
Yes, the publicize to them said that he or she will have the reward for it. And the reward for those who continue doing something good like that after that person. Yeah, without the others losing any reward from the good today. And the opposite sallallahu Sallam said as well, man send us some nuts and say here.
So what's going to happen with that whoever introduces something which is bad or negative, and this is a warning for us, yet warning especially for Allah and he mams and others.
When people are watching or people are learning from that they introduce some bad and others then take up that bad behavior or bad idea and they follow it in written in that sense as well it becomes established even after them, then they will have the sin of that and the sin of those who follow them as well.
So that's like, you know, introducing bad things and you're showing and encouraging others to do that bad. So here the word Sunnah is used in that sense, of course, introducing a new Sunnah. Here, we have to be careful what it means it has a general meaning, but it certainly would cut across the theme of Islam. If somebody says, Well, I am going to introduce a sixth prayer now. Would that come into this category? They would come and as soon as they hear actually, it would come under beta. That is bizarre hakea Yeah, that is clear innovation, which will break the principles of Islam. So you can't just introduce anything willy nilly. What something has been established in the deen
especially Nikita aniba that we have no way of introducing something new in that somebody suddenly out the blue start saying, Well, I'm going to start fasting every Wednesday and do camel on Wednesday because Wednesday is really special holy night. And what this is,
this is not introducing some nut Bahasa you understand me? Yeah, this is this is better.
and the prophet SAW some himself use uses the word Sunnah on a few occasions for on a few occasions. For example, if we say, he said, and the calf woman sumati for men raga and Sanofi Felisa meaning that marriage is from my son now my way and whoever rejects my way they're not from my family.
And this is one of the evidences are used to show that marriage is Mr. hub, highly recommended. Yeah, to strive to get married.
to strive to get married, they didn't necessarily put majority of them didn't put it at the level of
lift and muster hub highly recommended. As long as some of these unable to get man they were all a mom, like mom, Shafi and others, a few who never got married, and they also died.
relatively young guys are busy with their studies and teaching exactly not because they rejected married that what changes it is somebody rejecting marriage and say, I'm not gonna get married, that is against a some novice.
Now, how do we understand the word Sunnah? further
Sunnah has various meanings.
Aside from the foundational meaning I've given you the way of somebody doing something, something,
but some none.
For example, for the for poha, which is the lawyers for example of Islam, we say Papa ha, we mean the four keys, the ones who come out with the rules and regulations deriving from the sources, the folk Aha, say, for example, that all of Islamic teaching can be divided into five categories, five categories, everything of the teaching, and the biggest of those categories is in the middle. What are the five categories say watch a buffet?
That which is obligatory, you have to do if you don't do it, it's a sin, you'll be punished. Yes, then mosta have that which is highly recommended doing it you are rewarded, if you don't do it, then you are not punished and it's not counted as sin that must have is also known as manduca and Asana, meaning it is a value in the level of the ruling. Is this a legal ruling called Sunnah?
So, for the fuqaha, you can use the word mazahub manduca. And Sunnah interchangeably. What does it mean? It means it is shown not to do that when a puppy says it, it means it is highly recommended to do that. And if you don't do it, nevertheless, it is not a sale. Then of course, the third category MOBA, which is everything is allowed under the category of MOBA, then macro which is disliked for you to do, but if you do it, then you are not sinning. Then Haram, of course, is very clear, forbidden for you to do and if you do it, that is sin. Those are the five categories. So sunlight is one of the categories of legal ruling in the gradation, as it were
Nevertheless, Santa has other meanings as well. For example, when the people of jurisprudence or Susu Lee, they use the words from now what do they mean? What do they mean? They mean that in looking to drive rulings, where do we go? Looking to derive rulings from our Deen what is our source? The first source they say is keytab what is the keytab curato Karim? What is the second source? What are they say?
the Sunnah they actually use the word Sunnah. What do they mean by that? They mean Hadith.
So now some that means Hadith.
See, it is a different meaning to the legal gradation ruling of what's on the means. Here now when you use a in that sense you're saying I am after the grant I refer to the Sunnah. I refer to Hadith as source of deriving and getting evidence for a particular issue. So Sunnah equals Hadith in this case, yeah.
So not equals, we'll come to in a minute.
So, when we say
But another way, people use the word sadhana
and the public and others
is in a much more looser way.
We get this from the Sunnah.
That means we get it from the Hadith or it is so not to do this. It is some natural release was used by Sahaba Fabien as well, and he continued the scholars after that as well, when they said it is so not to do this.
What did they mean?
It is so not to do this could have the meaning they could say it is so not to do this.
You understand? It is so not to stay away from this. It is so not to do this. So it is so not to stay away from this means that something is either mcru or haraam. It's not clear from using that term like this.
You follow me?
I told you would be a bit technical today. So when they say it is so not to stay away from but that term used here doesn't tell us what level of staying away from
it could be mccluer could be how long it is. So not to do this could mean also two levels, it is either fun to watch him or it could be mazahub
it could be recommended or it could be obligatory
actually, it is also could be under MOBA Allah. For example, for example,
Ali, you know, the LAO annoyed now bas. Allah, for example, stood up.
When he was in Kufa, outside the massive gate, he did this, they brought him water. And he waited till the gathering of acid after lava, he stayed there. And he waited till the people gathered for acid prayer till they came back. So they brought him water. And he first took the water and men will do in front publicly at the door, on purpose of people watching. Then he stood up, took the same vessel container, and stood up and drank water from it.
And he explained to them that this is a sauna. To do this.
I saw the Messenger of Allah and he explains, now he's afraid to leave. Yeah, he says, so not to do this because I saw the Messenger of Allah when he was given water. Zamzam water in fact, that he stood up and drank water like this, what he was having got those from the tab in in his time, who were objecting to people standing and drinking water. So in
opposition to that, he say, doing it in front of them to break those ideas and say it is not to do this. What it means by so not to do this, it doesn't mean it's obligatory to do that. Let's see. It's not obligatory to stand up and drink water to see man is supposed to have doesn't really because you have to understand the context is not recommended. He's saying it is MOBA. It is allowed to do this, because we have other hobbies where profits are some certain drank water. So what the law is saying, you know, centrically this is that this is allowed, just like you think sitting, but if you think sitting is the only way he's objecting to that, and he's saying this is allowed. So
when you say
here so now he means it is mobile, it is allowed for you to stand and drink water.
So, in that sense now,
many meanings of Sunnah
when we come to some non Hadith as a source Hadees
is a totally different area.
To see that that's my point here haviv means itself news or report
also means the message of speech is used in all those senses in Quran, Quran and Sunnah. The word
holla Taka Hadees Moosa has the news of Musa reached you have attacked howdy full of all Shia as the news of the overwhelming event reached you, which is gamma. So so it's used in that sense or
for that knee woman you can be will be heard the Hadees Allah saying in the Quran, so leave to me like warning. So leave those people who you can see go, yeah, who reject this Hadith, talking about the Quran, Allah using the word howdy for the Quran. For that any woman you can people had, we had the Hadees leave them to me. In other words, I also sought them out for those who are rejecting and denying. So, how do you feel used in that sense, or this is used in a sense of, of speech and talking all for the message as it is in this case. And similarly, the prophet SAW Selim use the word Hanif in a similar sense accent of Hadith, the Kitab Allah, the best of speech, or the best the
message is the book of Allah
or you you're getting a sense of his own Hadith, which is the meaning that we have and I'm going to explain that in a minute. The Prophet starts from sending authentic are these for example, if we take part of it, he says, not Dora Allahu.
Allahu amre em rain.
On another nother alarm Rod
alizee Samia mini Hardison.
Allah de semi I'm in New Haven.
For you believer who cannot semia who were Rupa Rupa mobile Oh am insomnia. You said good news glad tidings for the person who take who listens to me and take from me Samia mini ha de femme takes from me.
And he or she then takes it and passes it on and transmitted pessimistic, to transmits it to someone else, as he or she heard it, encouraging to be accurate in the transmission.
And perhaps the one who receives the Hadees
from the one who said it from me will be more understanding of it than the one who's transmitting. Isn't that good news and Bushra that people from Fabien and those who come after them? Yes, some of them will be more clever in their understanding than some of the Sahaba that's what he's saying.
So however, themselves different levels of understanding there will be Allah Moussa. Sahaba. And there were those who were not Allah who just transmitted they didn't have the same level of understanding. So Hadith
in the technical sense, not like Sera, Hadith is used to mean all fell and a crore and suffer. If you look at her, this is a report, which is a connected report going back to a soul Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what does it contain? It contains information about the signs of the Messenger of Allah, the doings of the Messenger of Allah and His across the crowd.
Just to keep you away.
What's the crop?
Yeah, in English, we say tacit approval, that silent approval, a crop. He didn't. He didn't criticize it. Just stayed quiet, which means hold on I took from that it's allowed, as if it wasn't he would say No, don't do this. So a crore and sefa sefa is describing Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam what he was like, yeah,
so that is Hadith.
Hadith had these covers those four areas. However,
when we talk about Sunnah
People of jurisprudence talk about going to the second source Sunnah.
There is slight difference between Hadith and Sunnah because the Sundance that they look at all the Hadith that they look at for lawmaking or rulemaking excludes one category in the cat four categories are these which category do they exclude
for categories of injuries was st is doing is tacit approvals, and his description which category is excluded for making rules and regulations for the Muslim ummah.
is describing the message the Messenger of Allah, justice, you can't look like him. Yeah, if he's encouraging a particular thing in his Li bass, or in his, whatever he does with his beard mustache, he will say it with his words. His the way he walks, what he prefer to eat. Yeah, for example, they are from his ADAT, for example. Yeah, so what Alana affic look at some nap, they extract from the three and leave the fourth one
which is still in hobbies, but it is not part of looking as a source for making rules and regulations in a general sense. Nevertheless, even under the category of soon after, where the prophet SAW some big things.
Allah then, for completion, divided the Sunnah into those three areas of sayings, doings and tacit approvals. Yeah, but under the doings they looked at his, his particular likes and dislikes for him.
For example, simple example, Holly didn't ever lead for example, they were together and one time with the Messenger of Allah. And they were cooking the desert later. Listen, the dope
cooking the desert little lizard, the Sahaba to eat, and they offered it or prophesized. No, he said, No, he refused. He said
he refused and when he refused it, of course I want to know is it haram so Hollywood never Lee took it and he said Yara Salalah messenger of Allah is it haram messenger of Allah said no it is not Hello. I was not brought up in my family eating this kind of food that's why I just don't prefer so however the mobile eat in front of the rest of the Sava took it and ate it
which is very very good understanding to show that the Messenger of Allah saying it but they were used to eating it the others this is showing that his ad that his preference was he didn't like to eat that didn't stop others from doing it. garlic and onions
had he made it forbidden I don't know what we would have been doing for curries and things what do we have garlic Ananya we will really be of the of the shoot as I say not that we took much notice of he didn't forbidding but he said to the wall eating from garlic and he said don't one was eaten from these hubby fan he called it these filthy two he called them the two filthy Herbes one who's eaten from I don't come to the masjid
we know that don't come to the masjid right. So because of the smell All right. And of course then we can elaborate from that he said it for garlic and linea What about strong smelling curry?
Yeah, but of course if we have toothpaste toothbrush, mouthwash
perfume atta used all that then come to the mercy that was the reason for it.
Anyway, so missing some examples to do with
his AD AD so that's why some Alanna said that we have some now which is tertiary means so not from which we can derive rules, but some of these are that they send is so nice this way, but it is lyrata sreen it is not for driving rules.
It is particular torrecilla lasala
Okay. Now seerah itself
ceic itself. I have to differentiate mainly from something of course Quran with very clear
Quran which has been preserved. Yeah, word for word from gibreel from Alhaji breel mouth of Rasulullah. Saw Salaam for written a Tamil sauce until this little Yokoyama to be raised up.
Hades. Hades is a very specialist field poorly understood by many
Still poorly understood by many, many, even a studious people and academics in the Muslim world. And many people took it actually from orientalist as well, who really fully understand. But it is a great science which was developed by some real luminaries and great allamah mohabbatein mohabbatein. We're not just transmitters. They were people who are critics. Critics of Hadoop. Yeah. And they always existed throughout the centuries. Some people think that these criticism have just been started now by the Turkish Government 20 years ago, people who think that are totally ignorant of anything about aluminum bodies and our heritage, because this started as sahabas time
and many people actually also think and this is often first people to be guilty of that Muslims himself including some Alana and in my many I'm actually Imani Imams and Moby's Imams, I don't necessary call them Allah. Many people have transmitted this idea to the Muslim masses, and taken from orientalist about this idea because we passed it to them as well. That Hadith writing for example, started it is hard if you'd like the Gospels, his writing started 250 years or so because man Buhari died in 255, etc. That's when it started. It is so far from the truth. So far from the truth, because real search of those who are in the field of aluminum hobbies will show us that
Hadith writing actually started a sahabas time and that the writings were available to the tab in and many more tabs in road from the Sahaba. And all those books were available. They're not available now. But they became available to those who come after them to refer to and to listen to and double check and triple check. So from them came the compiler through written transmission as well as verbal transmission
as well as verbal transmission. This is such an important point to understand the very foundation of Hadith literature.
Abu hurayrah Dylon may not have written himself, and he's one of the famous companions who transmitted nearly 2000 Hadith famously said, the only reason if not all, not all, he said
I'm delighted that the US transmits more of these to me perhaps is because he writes them down, and I try and learn them off by heart
and obliging us therefore his writing. He Saha as did in Oman, as did Abdullah in the past, we have evidence through research, especially research done by the likes of Mohammed Mustafa azami.
Great hudy scholar, who in the last decades, wrote some great researches to rebuttal, the ideas of the orientalist and those from the Muslim Ummah, who came with this twisted idea of Hadith being only concocted and brought together 250 years later, like the Gospels, Gospels and Hadees, there is no match, absolutely no match.
So Sahaba wrote from Abu huraira, there were many students who wrote from him sobre live transmitting her De Soto, the inner writing, and from then many other students, and it continued like that, yeah, they have their own manuscripts of written at least corroborated and could be checked. And they also the other thing, of course, we cannot escape that the Arabs of the time. And later century this has been very, very distinct in the Muslim Ummah, their memories of learning what absolutely amazing.
Arabs from even before Islam generally are well known for a knowing lineage of by heart for going back many, many generations and poetry, which extends to pages and pages and pages and pages, and the history learning off by heart.
They were well known for that. And in fact,
what we find in some of the early scholars, some of the early scholars that they they sort of showed their great memory by preferring to narrate by memory, as perhaps I'm doing now, rather than reading from the book. But there was showing that students that there are few in the memory
it's not that they didn't have it in writing. There's an encouragement actually by some generic of Baja, but the few cars few of the allemaal pre early time said
the best knowledge is that which is here, because that
Which is in the books what the meaning is but it's just in the book is written and you don't really understand it is when it sinks in and you understand it that is that's what they meant.
But majority went for putting writing at the at the top level. So in this regard, I would say that I'm just giving you a little glimpse, a little very miniature glimpse of Hades. And people famously and orientalist used it as well and others use as well said, Oh, well, we have a hadith of fanfic from the prophet SAW Salaam when he said la tech to me. lol lol Quran, woman, cat, woman ketubah.
Woman katabami me, viral Quran fell Liam who
this is a very famous and if it is reported by a Muslim, it is reported by three Sahaba they they will serve it Abu hurayrah and Abu Seidel
in exchange mohabbatein said, not present there donkey's years ago, right to the early times. They said that all the chains of this hadith
are weak, except one. All the chains of the Hadith are weak because the Narrator The narrator was mentioned from Abu hurayrah and say they will find it and one of the generations from
Macedo Audrey is well known amongst them or had the theme of the time to be a weak narrator not dependable. So the hurry will be rejected as having a cut in it. It is not going back to the Messenger of Allah. Only one hubbies is authentic as Mohammed most of alchemy and other leading scholars of Hadith said and that is one of the chain from herbicidal phodrang. Eman Buhari decided even though it is authentic up to both sides of country, Mr. Buhari the great Mr. mojari, who was a great critic of a wreath said that this hadith is authentic, but it is malkuth meaning it is the opinion of Abu Seidel portray it is not transmitted from Russellville as
it is not.
Mr. Bahari further said that even even and we have evidence actually that even I will say the country if it is his opinion, we have evidence that even he wrote some studies,
which shows that even the Obama who took it as authentic to civilize us and made it very clear, what does it mean, there are two ways of looking at it. One, they said if it is authentic Rasulullah Buhari doesn't think so Mr. Muslim did think so. If it is authentic, what it meant was don't write other things on the same parchment that you're writing the Quran from me Rasulullah saw some saying, because he didn't want the writing of the Quran mixed up with even his own comments and Hadith.
Yes. So what they meant was don't write on the same page. So it doesn't cause confusion. Yet, other said that this was early on, when the crowd started being revealed to make sure that people knew to how to separate the ground. And it became abrogated this commandment later. The reality is, reality is this Hadith, even if it is authentic, in no way prevents and the evidence is there Sahaba from writing down from writing down, and the prophet SAW Selim in the famous Hadith of the lion among us, who said that I used to write from the prophet SAW Selim everything
so mushrikeen mushrikeen the idol was I saw him doing this he said, What's the matter with you? You foolish or something? You're writing from him everything. Sometimes he's upset on Sundays cross sometimes he's angry, and you just go write everything. For the library. I'm gonna blast. This is authentically, by the way. He said I became bewildered by what they said and upset. So I went to the messenger bot. And I said, report him what they said.
Promised Aslam said, he said, We're lucky enough cbmt
By Allah, in whose hands is my soul, right from me everything for surely nothing but truth comes out my mouth, Salah LaValle.
Now why is he telling him to write his writings forbidden? This is a clear, authentic strong are these? Yeah, this is the evidence that we need to use. Yeah. And I told you that it was being written down by many Sahaba many Fabien after that, and it continued like that.
was being critiqued?
I don't want to go into the whole issue of Illuminati just suffice it to say that sera sera is not like Illuminati, it is not being critiqued. It is not based on the
the chain where every person in the chain is life is known is checked whether he's a liar, whether he makes mistakes, whether he
makes up things whether he actually got it from the person before we determine whether the person from him or her got it from them all that was in the same city. Did they meet each other? Did they hear it? Or did they get it from the book? And when they got it, they compare it to other students who got the same hobbies from the same person and compare and see who made the mistake who makes most mistakes? You see, it's such a deep I studied it from mice is such an amazing field. Yeah, very specialist field. Very specialist field.
So all that is for and that's why we have authentic heavies and weak leaf and fabricated heavy.
We have that we have it right from time immemorial. Not now. It's already there.
Right from early times, right from early times. Sierra was a bit different. See, that was a bit Sierra started out. And again, people have the idea again, the Sierra started being written orientalist will mention this and others think that Oh, the first person was Abu
Omar Omar bin Abdulaziz. He was the one who told him I'm sorry.
Muhammad in the Muslim English you have a Zoe.
Zoe who died in one to four hijiri was no doubt a great scholar, great amount of Medina. He was a teacher to so many so many uncountable number of students. They used to come and learn from it. And a great transmitter of Hadith,
great transmit remedies, but not a critique of hubby's. He wasn't amongst those who are known as no path.
Yeah, not a critique of it.
However, there's plenty of evidence that mahasi mahasi is the net is a name that was used in early times for the life The biographer sort of last less than what is mallozzi me the battles. Because it was the way of the Arabs before Islam came. They were famous. And actually, I think it's across the world. If you cross the world, what people remember in history, especially at the battles Don't let the Battle of Hastings 1066 the Battle of such and such, you know, a Wellington oily. If you look at history, emanations history, they look at the battles as the key and that's how it was. So Syrah Originally, it was also titled that books were titled Kitab Al mahasi, the book of battles, because
there they could mention their heroism and the heroism of the Sahaba against the coup fight cetera. So most of it was focused around that a little bit around the life in Mecca and Medina. But that's how it started out.
it is very clear that there was some Sahaba will especially known for their special interest in mallozzi. Yeah, like a blunderbuss bora, bora and nasm and
the likes of these companions. And then we find that the writing of Syrah also
with the likes of for example, or why even Zubaydah Allah, or WA, was one of the greatest scholars of the third being. And Anwar is the nephew of Isaiah Thomas mini national on how or why I used to say that the greatest scholar that I ever met, you know, he said,
the greatest scholar I came across
and he learned from her aside from other Sahaba, Anwar wrote on on Syrah and Allah is the one who
passed away in 93 after Hydra
for all the Sahaba
he passed away then so he's doing his writing a lot earlier than that. Yeah.
And then you have the likes of a Dan, who's famous for writing about Milan, Milan and knowing about Milan
postmodern era fan, the Son of Man and their fan, who died around 100 years after his era, he's well known for this field of Siva mallozzi as well, and the likes of other.
Andrew chabi, the great savvy scholar, also famous for his book on the logic of tabula rasa sera book that he wrote, but of course, in light and he amaroo chabi is a younger than a Montessori, who I mentioned died in 124. In Montessori has so many students. His works and the students to learn from him became Of course, he's taking his words from the likes of the ones I mentioned to you. He's not just plucked out of the blue yeah
7080 years later certain I think I'll write about Sierra now let me think what I can makeup. He's, he's learning from those I mentioned before from the Sahaba been he's a young happy mom, sorry. So he's learning from senior Tabby in that Tabby me meaning they meet him with Sahaba. So, mom's story has famous students,
very famous students. Mom's always famous students are many, but the three that we need to remember are Moosa imonnit aka,
Mohammed is hop and
the likes of also actually you have
Muhammad in the Ramadan walking.
Amongst these students, the best of these students was Messiah Aqua mosa, in the Aqua, who
died around 140, after his era, is had his own book on Syrah. That book is not extended now. But that was available for centuries after Messiah Akbar, for scholars to refer to Yeah, the likes or even 100 looked at a delights in Monza have been looked at from the eighth century after hedra. But it's been lost lost since then. So that mu Sidon akba, was well known as being of
a good transmitter, a reliable transmitter in Hadith, and therefore his transmission from a majority was probably the best transmission of Syrah
which others have access to. The second level was Muhammad in his Hawk. The most famous to this day writer of sera is Ignis Hawk feud is how ma Saku died about 150 after Hydra. Yeah, so little bit later, is the most famous student of a Missouri for transmitting Sita. However, in regards to given a sub, how did the theme see him mahad the theme, for example, the great muhaddith and the the leader of the humbly school of thought in the humble, who was great in Hadith, and a critic of Hadith, and Melinda humble who died 241 after his era just 1015 years before. He said when he was asked about in a sock and his reliability, he said Lisa Mahajan,
cantelli kochava, he is not relied upon when he's transmitting like this, like other people who transmit Sangha deep authentically, but he's so dope. He's truthful, he's good, but he makes mistakes. It mixes up change and mixes up the hobbies at times. And if he also doesn't say I heard this directly, then we look at his hobbies, cause perhaps he didn't hear it from the person as he comes with the hobbies which no one else can with them. We also have to triple check his Hadeeth before we accept it, because it may be a mistake. Now he's writing all of our bodies with Sera, they were relaxed, because they felt Syrah from Syria. They were not going to bring any rules and
Sierra was not seen like these, Sierra was seemed like storytelling. So they were more relaxed with it. So they say, okay, fine, it's hard to transmit Sierra, we're not going to give the same level of importance and critique as we did with the chance of her leave with Sierra. They didn't,
although it may socked him with the same when he put change there, but many of the changes he transmitted we've
had people who are liars or people who are making mistakes, or people will not match each other. So Sierra as a whole, does not have the same level of our authenticity. That's what I'm trying to say to you as hudy Do not be fooled. The Sierra stories therefore need to be
With a pinch of salt, however, However, not all of it because the source of Syrah isn't only even a sub
This is very important to remember sera first of all is in the Quran. bother 100 tells you about what's going so Karen is coming with some syrup. Yeah, but not great details. Then sera of course is in hundies
majority have had these from the settings and doings is not contextualizing which year it happened and it happened after this happened. But but some of them do. Yeah. On the day of Fatoumata, this is what happened is in Hawaii. Yeah. And the last hatch of the prophet SAW some this is what he said and did. It's in Hawaii. Yeah. So there are instances and times and places which have been transmitted in all the Hadith books Buhari Muslim se si si tirmidhi abogado, the Abu Dhabi Muslim Mata Mata all of them, so they are parts where so if we want to get authentic Sera, we go secondly to the Hadith books to get Sierra after the Quran.
Then thirdly, we come to the books on Syrah like that of deepness. Ha, for example, if there is hoc was independent, and the third person I should mention to you, I'll walk, I'll walk it he was a famous student of a Montessori, lots of knowledge, loss of teaching and transmission, but the mohabbatein said he is a liar.
I'll walk it, and two or three others are the most famous transmitters of early Islamic history. So most of it cannot be relied upon. I'm sorry to say
most of it cannot be relied upon. Even sad. Even sad is your the famous one who wrote a tobacco and Cobra, a tobacco Cobra, which is about 10 volumes. The first two volumes are about to be, however even sad. He didn't take from
his heart he took a lot from Walker D. So even sad, although he himself was a great scholar who came in the sixth century died around 540
middle of the sixth century, he takes a lot from a walk it so you can imagine then there's a lot of things in that Syrah which are going to be questionable. Yeah, taken with a pinch of salt. Amanda happy however, said that, even sad also took from two or three mohabbatein as well who were truthful in their transmission. So there are bits there which are true as well. The most famous person, the person who made the even see even a succeed are most world famous. And till this day is who, even a sham, even a sham is not the direct student of Ignatius ha, there is something in between them called
Alpha Chi, Zaid zaev.
I think it's Abdullah backache, but say the Batcave. He is good. Good in the sense he's trustworthy and reliable. The intermediary? Yeah, he is the one who transmits the Syrah or with a sock through him to Russia.
Even a sham is a bigger scholar actually than a blaze Hawk, the one who is taking it from so even a sham takes a lot away of the weak transmissions which are coming from Jews and Christians. He removes a lot for that he's a scholar in language and a scholar in genealogy so he adds his
stuff as well. So what we have today, the most famous of those words is ignition. Even solid have already told you.
There the other one
is 33 of the history book 34 copies of imagery October in October, he is famous from the seed of covering the one of the most famous and greatest of Tafseer before Nick afield was coverage of sale, and not in Nigeria today who died in 310 hijiri. His story hakobyan is not the same as is of sale, and there is his car as well. And again, it is mostly based on transmissions from ma saw he didn't do any real critique of it either. So that existent, others wrote
as well like your mom as a hobby wrote Sierra
epilobium from the eighth century and lobby from the eighth century after his rise well ignore him Rosada mad. The preparations for the return his famous most famous book in that he also has
Section two, do we see that? Again, he didn't fall and go into critique and and separating the authentic from the non authentic. He didn't spend too much time. In that regard. There are other books, which are more to do with and from early times to this day which had to do with the known as, and I know we're running out of time. They're not as I land on Nevada or Delilah and the Buddha, they are to do with as evidences for Prophethood. Yeah, so they look at that speck only they're not looking at the whole life story. Yeah. And people like Alice Barney, and as the Hubby, there's great scholars, they wrote books on that lamb on the Buddha. Yeah, the evidence is
showing Prophethood that he was a prophet specialist in other books. I like a Shama, Shama L. The most famous one is Timothy Carmody, the great scholar of Hadith from the third century, who wrote a Shama Shama it means looking at the physical descriptions. Yeah, Hulk, and holyoake of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam looking at his physical descriptions, I still read most of it, I went through it, I haven't finished finished with it. Not everything in his authentic shell, Bonnie, in fact, did a critique of a shamal and tried to point out which Hadith were authentic and which were not to do with describing his behavior and his appearance, because a mantra maybe when he did that didn't put
the same stringent criteria in this book, as he did for his books on anatomy, the genre, so he never claimed that I'm gonna just give you authentic Ahadi. He was more lacks with it in this book. shamari was a title also done by other scholars on the same lines. The other famous classical book that we should know about is a Shiva of cardiology, called the aiyaz was the great Maliki Spanish scholar, who wrote a Shiva. Shiva is not really Syrah
it focuses mainly on the virtues of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, his macom on the day of judgment and his station, how we should send alarm and why we should send salons alarm on the Messenger of Allah loving the Messenger of Allah hating and insulting the Messenger of Allah. That's what he focuses on. It's a very good book, although I don't like the chapter on those who insult the Prophet what their end should be very harsh,
not relevant to our time, certainly. So and he said agencies don't agree with them because all of them to do with the hereafter and political in the Hereafter, nothing to do with actually killing them in this world. Anyway, that's a separate issue. So
to finish off with today, I know it's very technical.
There are books that are available.
The ones I mentioned in Arabic,
are in Asia, it's available in Arabic, and callejas, which is also in English. This one's in English, actually. A Shiva, tamales Ashima. to do with the character nazira is also being translated available in English as well as Arabic. But
there are in Arabic
in the 70s. There's a circle of Allah linked with Iraq and Medina, they started doing a 10 year study.
And the lead person for that who has written his book after the 10 year study is somebody called Akram dia, Dr. Al Ahmadi. This is only an Arabic it's a scholarly piece of work
which I've been studying and and that is brilliant. Here he has taken all the durations because he's a muhaddith and a critic of these from all the various books from Quran from a hadith books and from the Sierra books and try to then bring out the most authentic story and see that Rasulullah saw so so inshallah I'll be referring to that the other person who did that to some extent not to this level was simply normani
in India, and his book on seduction to be is absolutely brilliant as well. It was him and Solomon another week because he died Ramallah before he completed it but his manuscripts were available to Solomon and Natalie who completed that task. And it's been translated into English as well it was
and that is an amazing book as well, that is said to be in English. It's three volumes. The only volume that we have to be careful of is that because shibley Nomani was influenced by the likes of
I SAY IT admin Han, who was influenced by the British very much and
therefore, Sir, sir, sir, in Amazon, he was a scholar of the time of India, but he was in my understanding an apologetic because because of him shibley no man, he rejects all miracles of the pseudo loss of loss.
He rejects them and tries to rationalize it, and there's no need for that. So that's the only thing but you know, which scholars perfect everybody has some flaws or make some mistakes. And that's not to take anything away from this book is absolutely brilliant. Because the one I'm talking about is not available. This is perhaps the nearest thing it doesn't go to corroborate at the level of the the Arab scholar I mentioned earlier on other books, which are studied over the years, this is eminently sham. If you want that in English, then study Martin Ling's anybody studied it.
In English Martin Lynx is basically this in English with some additions here and there Mohammed Allah sola is a very good book this has been well used as you can see by
Apple has another way dharmapala a very good book brilliant book going these ones are basically going back to even a sham This is another one life of Mohammed by Abdul Hamid sidiki there was Mohammed benefactor of humanity by means of the key and the more recent one is the CEO of nectar
he doesn't go to the critical level of the likes of or I've mentioned before, but still he brings in Quran and a lot of authentic hadith on in situations to clarify from Buhari and Muslim and other the books whether this what was happening, which is a very good way so in that sense, it's very good. Those are some of the books that I recommend that you can look at.
I'm sorry, I have to stop there because it's time for Salah. I was trying to make sure I finished with this section so I don't come back with it next time. Next time inshallah we will look at why do we need to study the Syrah and we will look specifically at the things to do with love of the Messenger of Allah and 70 slums saw on him. After that, then we will move on to the beginnings