The Monumental Tafsir #050 Surah Al Mumtahanah
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
File Size: 67.85MB
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see I'm sure among Davina. Miss Mila Rahmani Raheem. Many of the commentators may Allah have mercy on them have stated that the reason or the revelation of these verses is the story of hardship. Even maybe we'll talk about the aloha in Malta, Malta, when the prophets of Allah Hardy was salam was making preparations for the conquest of Makkah. Hi Tim wrote a letter to Quraysh informing them informing them that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was going to head towards Mecca so that they would owe him a favor, not because of any doubt or hypocrisy on his part, and he sent that letter with a woman. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was told about what he had done so he
sent people to catch up with the with that woman before he before she reached Mecca and take the letter from her. He rebuked her how they will do a low on who who apologized and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam accepted his apology.
These verses contain a stern prohibition against taking the disbelievers polytheists and others as allies and showing friendship towards them. And it tells us that doing so is contrary to faith and is contrary to the way of Ibrahim and Khalid Ali Salam. It is also contrary to reason which dictates that one should be extremely cautious with the enemy who would spare no effort and miss no opportunity to cause harm, or you who believe act upon what is dictated by your faith, which is to take as friends those who have faith and act in accordance with it, and to take as enemies those who oppose faith for such people are the enemies of Allah and of the believers. So do not take the
enemies of Allah and your enemy as allies offering them friendship, that is hastening to show friendship towards them, and to strengthen the bonds of friendship with them. For once friendship is formed, it will be followed by support and taking the friend as an ally. This puts a person beyond the pale of faith, and he will become one of the disbelievers, he will no longer be a part of the community of faith. Moreover, the one who takes a disbeliever as a friend is also lacking in dignity. How could he take an as an ally the worst of his enemies who intends nothing but Ill towards him, and go against the teachings of his Lord and true ally, who intends good for him,
enjoys good him to do good and urges me to do it. Another fact that caused the believer to regard the disbelievers as enemies is that they are they have rejected that which has come to the believers of truth. And there is nothing greater than this difference and opposition for they have rejected your religion altogether. And they claim that you are misguided and they have strayed from the true path. In fact, it is they who have disbelieved in the truth concerning which there is no doubt. And if anyone rejects the truth, it is impossible for him to have any evidence or proof to support his views. Rather, once one comes to know the truth, it is easy to see the falseness and corruption of
the views or the one who rejects it. Okay, so this surah deals, although it was revealed, because of an incident that happened, which Imam Saudi referred to, and that's prior to FATCA, the conquest of Makkah, were held to be able to have the ability to add a little bit of detail, a context.
He was one, he had family, in Macau back in Makkah.
generally speaking, the more hygiene were with the prophets, Allah, Allah when he was setting them, they had family over there, there were non Muslim. They were well established in Mecca. And let's say they had brothers, they had siblings, they had cousins, right. And they also had these are the males like they were the stronger in their society. And they were the females the weaker ones, the more more vulnerable ones and the young the younger ones the children
generally speaking for the MaHA Jerry in their family back home back in Makkah, who were non Muslim, protected the rest of the family, the weaker ones, the children. Were as healthy if not available to her was not originally from calabash.
He was not from college, but he was someone who moved later on to Mecca.
Prior to Islam, he like again he was an expert, and oh he might he migrated to Makkah, and he settled in McKay became but he's not from Mecca. He's not from Mecca. He's he's he's a migrant, right? He's a migrant. So he didn't have he had some family members, weaker ones.
Maybe sisters may be cousins, nieces, nephews, weaker ones. They didn't have the family support the tribal support as other modules in in Maccha, whose family was protected by the rest of the non Muslim family. But for him, these were members of his family so he was feared
In retaliation, in case there is a confrontation between the Muslims and the people of Quraysh, they would not take their own people as hostages, they would take who, somebody like Halliburton available to as family as hostage, because they don't have anyone to defend them. They're already outsiders, they're not treated as the same as the tribal people that belong to the tribes. So they were more more vulnerable to that kind of take being taken hostage in order to again, maybe negotiate or put pressure on the Muslims. So he wanted to do what I wanted to do, the people have kurush a little bit of favor so that they do him something or do something for him in exchange,
which was spare his family and his relatives and not take them hostage or something like that. So he didn't do that out of what love for the disbelievers or concern for them.
Okay, so this is the issue of Anguilla, Alberto, and it's one of the most important issues in Islam. And it's one of them ones that are most misunderstood. poorly understood, you have people in both extremes, people who go to extremes when it comes to Al Bara, which is dissociation, and even enmity with everyone with everything, and with the slightest kind of hint. And there are people for whom for whom Islam is completely watered down. There is no like faith in Islam, and Iman and the truth has no connection with how they evaluate people in their life, or how they build their relationships. And this is common, you would find this more common with people
who lack Islamic education. Actually, both of them like Islamic education, but some of them just go to this extreme. Some of them go to that extreme. Obviously, we can't just explain this, you know, in NFC or class, it would really require a few lectures just to cover the details. It's there's a lot of new ones, this is the reason but this surah is a good example of a complex topic that you can't just derive conclusions upon reading a text or reading a book on it and think you can arrive at conclusions No, this is a complex issue has a lot of nuances, has different shades, different degrees, and you can't speak to it, you need to mature into this topic, you need to master it and
read a lot. There's a lot of hidden and subtle issues or nuances in it. So this is why issues like that should be left for the scholars. So how to not be bent on helping people that the Prophet SAW Selim was planning to take them by surprise to avoid bloodshed. And these are the people of Makkah who fought against him who, you know, pushed him out of Mecca, killed many of his companions, opposed Islam had many battles with the Muslims.
The Prophet SAW Salem
was going to take back Mecca, but he wanted to do it in the in the most peaceful way. Take them by surprise, catch them off guard and avoid, you know, military conflict confrontation. Now how they're gonna be belta thought about his own personal circumstances, and that probably, at that moment, made him do that judgment, which was not optimal. The action itself was a huge violation.
But the Prophet SAW Selim did not just judge him by the face value of his action. He does he asked him why he asked him Why did you do this? Why? Because in Islam, the Prophet SAW Selim says appeal to the will hate it, I thought to him. It's an important Hadith from the Prophets. He says people who have done ample good
when they slipped,
give them the benefit of the doubt, seek excuse for them. Scholars always say you will find among the Muslim scholars people who had great contributions, but they would have they would have a few mistakes. You know, people who are ignorant people who are not trained, they would say, oh, take him down. He made a mistake.
No, they would say man, cathedra tessina To who of your UCLA who's a lot, he who has contributed a lot of good when they slip on, they make some mistakes, we can overlook them. It's not like someone who hasn't given much, and let's say,
but they have made mistakes, the we don't give them the same status.
That's reasonable. It's reasonable, it makes sense.
So that's what the Prophet SAW Selim did with how to binary belta Because I'm gonna say the Rasul Allah that any adorable
dog said, Let me chop off the head of this hypocrite. Why it's an act of treason. If you look at the action itself, it's an act of treason.
But there is more to that the Prophet SAW Selim said, let the reader Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah, Khan, Emmylou Machito
In the heart of Africa,
and prophet of Solomon says perhaps Allah subhanho wa Taala looked at the people of who attended better, who took part in the Battle of better.
And we know those who have special special place in Islam, the ones who the Muslims who took part in the Battle of better
the prophets of salaam said Perhaps Allah looked at them and he said, Do whatever you want, I have forgiven your sins.
And this is very important in relationships, there are people that you are actually good with them for a lifetime meant one mistake. They write you write you off.
That's foolishness. Complete foolishness. That's not wisdom. Oh, but they made a mistake and you start making you don't you don't work out relationships mathematically. You don't you don't work like this.
That's foolishness. That's immaturity.
Okay, so again, this is why you will find usually the younger students who get into Islam and get into the Muslim scene, especially when they become a little bit famous, they get some attention. And they start, you know, wreaking havoc among the Muslims, and creating so much trouble thinking, Oh, and they have like, they can make a kick that can present a case and they say, okay, he said this, he said that, yes, it's wrong. But you can't just write off all the good that they did.
Right. And this doesn't work all the time. Because there are people who've done a lot of good, but they do some serious mistakes, and they insist on them. And it obviously doesn't come from a good place, then that's a different new ones, we can't deal with them the same way with someone who's just slipping by mistake.
So this is why these issues require a very
differentiated approach. Each detail makes a difference. People who don't understand how all of the variables work together, and this takes a long time to master people who don't see this. They would, they would draw parallels between two cases that are different just because of some similarity.
Okay, so that's the background of the story.
It's, again, it's the issue of Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, they translate it usually as Association, a sense of allegiance, right? And dissociation from the disbelievers. Right? And this surah is gonna give us an example how Allah establishes the rule then Allah shows some nuances about the level of enmity that these people show does that mean oh, you can't talk to non Muslims. You can't have non Muslims as colleagues maybe as friends. Things like that. can how can we deal with this right? Allah is gonna give us some insight into the details. So let's continue call woman that what to him will believer and non mutually do not Rasul? Allah yeah come a moment. I don't mean dare
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Because of their profound and muddy they have driven out the Messenger and yourselves all believers from your homes and have expelled you from your land. The only thing you did wrong in their view is that you believe in Allah your Lord, who has enjoined upon all people to worship Him because He cares for them, and has bestowed upon them blessings both visible and invisible. He is Allah subhanaw taala because they are turned away from this command, which is the most obligatory of duties, whereas you followed it, they oppose you and expelled you from your homes because of that. So what religion and what dignity and reason can, can there be left in a person if he takes as
allies, the disbelievers who are like that in every time and place
and nothing is preventing them from harming him except fear or a strong deterrent. If you have come out to strive and my cause and seek My Good Pleasure that is, if the intention behind your coming out is to strive in jihad in Allah's Cause, to make the word of Allah supreme and seeking the pleasure of Allah. In that case, you should strive to comply with the principle of taking as friends and allies, the close friends of Allah and opposing his enemies, for that is jihad and his cause and it is one of the greatest means of drawing close to one's Lord, seeking thereby His pleasure. How can you offer them friendship and secret when I know full well all that you conceal and all that you
disclose? In other words, how can you show friendship to these disbelievers in secret and conceal it? When you know that Allah knows what you conceal and what you disclose? Even if it is hidden from the believers, it cannot be hidden from Allah subhanaw taala and he will requite people for what he knows of them both good and evil. Whoever among you does that namely taking the disbelievers as allies after Allah has warned against that
has strayed from the right path because he has followed the path that is contrary to Islamic teaching reason and human dignity. Then Allah subhanaw taala explains the extent of the of their enmity so as to urge the believers to regard them as enemies. If they found any opportunity to catch you out or harm you. They will show themselves to be your enemy openly quite openly and would harm you physically by killing you striking you and so on and verbally saying hurtful words and they wish that you would disbelieve this is their ultimate aim and is all they want from me
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if you argue and say we only take the disbelievers as friends because of ties of kinship or financial interests, you should understand that your wealth and children will not avail you in the slightest before Allah. And Allah sees well all that you do hence He warns you against taking as friends, the disbelievers whose friendship is harmful to you, or believers, you have a good example which will bend which will be of benefit to you and Ibrahim and those who are with him of the believers because you have been commanded to follow the religion of Ibrahim the monotheist when they said to their people, verily We disown you and whatever you worship besides Allah, that is when
Ibrahim are they Saddam and the believers who are with him, disavow their people who were policy polytheist and that which they worship besides a lot. Then they express their enmity in the clearest terms seeing li renounce you and there is there has arisen quite clearly between us and you enmity and hatred. That is resentment and removal of feelings of free friendship from the heart and enmity expressed in physical actions. And there is no time limit for this enmity and resentment. Rather, it is forever so long as you persist in your disbelief until you believe in Allah Alone. In other words, if you believe in Allah Alone, this enmity and resentment will cease and will turn into love
and friendship. Thus, all believers you have a good example and Ibrahim and those who were with him upholding faith and affirmation of Divine oneness and of acting in accordance with that and a worshipping Allah alone and all things.
However, there is one exception to that which is mentioned in the in the words that do not emulate the words of Abraham to his father, as a who was a polytheist and stubborn disbelieving whom Ibrahim called to believe, and affirmed the Oneness of Allah, but he refused. Hence, Ibrahim said, I will surely pray for for forgiveness for you, although I have no power to protect you from the punishment of Allah, but I will call upon my lord, perhaps my supplication to my Lord will not remain unanswered. You should not follow the example of Ibrahim in this instance when he prayed for one who associated others with Allah. So you should not pray for the polytheists and say that by doing so
you are following the path of Ibrahim for Allah has told us of Abraham's excuse for doing that. In the verse in which he says, Abraham's prayer for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he made he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy to Allah, He disavowed Him. Verily, Ibrahim was humble and supplication. forbearing you have a good example and Ibrahim alayhi salam and those who were with him, when they called upon Allah put their trust in Him, turn to Him and acknowledge their hopelessness and shortcomings. They said, Our Lord in you we put our trust that is we rely on you to bring that which will benefit us and ward off that which
will harm us and we trust you for our Lord to do that.
Okay, let's continue and again, we will keep the commentary together
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and to you we turn that is we turn in obedience to you seeking your pleasure and all that may bring us closer to you. For we are striving to do that and to do good deeds, and we know our return is to you. So we are preparing to meet you and doing that which will bring us close to our Lord do not make us subject to the persecution of the disbelievers. That is do not give them power over us for our sins, so that they persecute us and prevent us as much as they can from practicing our faith, which would cause them further confusion for if they see that they have the upper hand, they will think that they are following the right path and that we are following the wrong path. And they will
increase in disbelief and tyranny. And forgive us our Lord for what we have committed of sins and evil deeds and for our shortcomings in doing what is enjoined upon us. Rarely you are the Almighty Who subjugates all things the most wise who does all that is appropriate. By your mind and wisdom grant us victory over our enemies forgive us our sins and mend our faults. Then Allah reiterates the encouragement to follow the example of Ibrahim alayhis salam and his followers. As he says they're early in them Ibrahim and his followers, you have a good example. It is not made easy for everyone to follow this example rather rather, it is only made easy for those who look with hope to Allah and
the Last Day.
Having faith and seeking reward makes it easy for a person to face every difficult thing makes him think little of all that he does and makes him steadfast and following the example of the righteous slaves of Allah, the prophets and messengers, for he sees himself in need of that and compelled to try to do that. And whoever turns away from obey Allah and following the example of His Messengers only harms himself, he does not harm Allah in the slightest. Verily, Allah is self sufficient and completely independent of means in all aspects. So he has no need of anyone among his creation at all, Worthy of all praise in his essence, His names, his attributes, and his deeds, he is
praiseworthy in all of that. Okay, so let's pull the main, the main theme from all of these different verses.
Los Angeles saying those who believe in Allah subhanaw taala, follow EMA
should not take those who reject Allah subhanaw taala. And don't accept faith the truth, they shouldn't take them as close friends. And we have to understand that friends what that means today and what it means meant before and what it means now, Allah says earlier
in the Quran, the word is Alia Willie, okay. It's translated as friend,
as friend, but it's not again, it's not a complete translation. Well, he is someone that you love,
that you have love for,
you will have love for and what is the basis of this love?
What they stand for?
What they believe in, what they hold dear.
These are the people who you know you love their ideas, you love their thoughts, their worldview, right? Their
their philosophy if you want
their way of life, how they are, how they carry themselves. That's really
so you bring them closer, and you have a sense a strong connection with them, where you are there for them, to defend them to stand with them.
That's what will he really is. That's what will he really is. Right? And it's not just one level. It's it's a spectrum. It's a spectrum. But the most important thing that we need to understand where does this concept of Anguilla and Bill al Bara has come from? They come from the fact
that humans are shaped
by their central beliefs.
And their central belief has to do with
Allah subhanaw taala
faith or disbelief
so the believer, the most important aspect in the existence of a believer is what Allah subhanaw taala
recognition of Allah and obedience to Him and love of Allah subhanaw taala that's the central thing in the human. Every other detail in your life should stem from the score.
Ideally now is every Muslim has every Muslim reached this level of full coherence, no, but this is something you shouldn't be working for.
You should be working towards arranging and rearranging everything in your life that it actually stems from. belief in Allah love of Allah devotion, and then it stems from it and feeds into it. So it becomes the central domain in your life.
you know, the basis for that defines you.
That's what faith is.
Faith is not something you do on the side. Faith is what you are here for devotion, worship of Allah is why you exist.
It's not just something you do on the side
is not something extra, like an extra layer you add to your life. It's not like a hobby. No, that's not faith, then you're not taking faith seriously.
And if you do this, what are the consequences? You humans cannot live without a central domain, without a central theme for their life, if it's not Allah is going to be something else.
If your heart is not filled with Allah and love of Allah, and this does not sit at the center of everything in your life, your thoughts, your ideas, your intentions, your actions, your judgment, your assessment, if that Allah is not, in that center, as if love of Allah does not occupy that center of your heart, something else is going to take that place. And he's going to stipulate every other detail in your life.
That's the seriousness of it. It's like you either choose Allah or something else.
You either choose Allah or something else. Allah has to be number one in your life. Because if Allah is not number one in your life, something else will be number one in your life. And you know, your whole concept of tau Heydon worship of Allah is going to be compromised, sometimes in ways that make your image very weak, but you still Muslim.
And sometimes it would get to a point where you are no longer within the fold of Islam.
So why are we here? We are here for Allah. What should your life be about? Allah, the rights of Allah, the love of Allah.
That's what you here for.
This is the main cause in your life.
So when someone
does not align with this,
it's very hard to bring them close to you.
It's actually impossible. And I'll give you an example. Because again, there is a lot of a lot of work. A lot of
indoctrination is taking place when it comes to this to marginalize this concept. So we don't understand it. Or if we understand it, we go to one of the extremes, problematic extremes.
Let's say someone and there are these people, there are these movements that say you shouldn't be eating animal meat.
Because this is very vicious, inhumane
cruelty towards creatures that share the earth with us.
You shouldn't be eating that.
And they are very, very, like how can say dedicated
and devoted to this course.
Can you be friends with those? Can they accept you as their friend?
nah, try eat some steaks and their presents some steak in their presents some burgers, not veggie burgers, beef burgers, what what's gonna happen?
They will hate you for it.
They will lash out on you. Right? Why? Because that's the central domain in their life. That's the that's their faith. That's the religion.
That's their religion.
Although there are many examples,
but again, these people have not lobbied enough to the where you have to use political correctness. So this is why I'm using I can use them. But you know, there are other people that I can't use.
But you understand that for them. That's like, that's the great central criterion in their life. You align with it, you agree with it, you accept it. Fine. Now we can work together. We can be together. We can have time together. That's fine. That's all right. But if you have
a position that is defined, or that is not compatible with this, you're their enemy.
And they're not shy of showing you the hate and the energy and the enmity and the aggression on their side. And they will demonize you and they have, you know, labels and they have an arsenal of tactics against you.
Right, so that's the faith. That's how humans work. By the way. That's how humans work. So because you eat beef?
If they could, they could, they would kill you.
Yeah, if they could, they could put you in prison.
I mean, it happens, you know, in some places in India, you know, because of how they view the, you know, the cow and all of that stuff, you know, that they've killed Muslims for that. You might say, Oh, it's politics.
Politicians use this.
But some people believe in this as as a religion.
So they would can you afford it.
So why now when it comes to faith in Allah Santos should be the central domain in your life. And that decides everything, it decides your job, it decides your spouse, the choice of your spouse, it decides even your area, the area you choose to live in the country you you, you choose to live in
the people you hang out with
your affiliations, and everything, pretty much everything in your life, your activities, it decides everything.
So the reason somebody says, Oh, you know what, no, people can choose whatever they want worship, and we can get along and all of that stuff. There's no issues with getting along, we're going to come to this, we're not talking about getting along.
We're talking about, you know, if you truly hold Islam, deer, and the truth, deer, and you take the reality of this life seriously.
And you're going to be concerned about someone who doesn't believe in Allah subhanaw taala.
You know, they are at a great, great risk.
It's similar, let's, let's let's give it a legitimate kind of example, let's say
you know, someone, let's say a relative, or an old friend, who's addicted to drugs, heavy kind of views.
Could you take this person as a close friend?
you can't take them as a close friend. Why? Because the central domain in their life does not, does not is not compatible with your central domain in life. There is opposition that you don't, they don't go together.
And it doesn't mean oh, let me just throw them out. Maybe you want to help them, you have mercy on them. But you know, you can't bring them, you can't bring them to your home. You can't just sit them stay in your home. You know, I know some people who did that.
Some people ruin their lives. Just being naive. Again, someone said, you know, I just want to help those people who are in the streets, I want to help them out. He's he picked one and he said, I'm going to help him. And this guy was a medical doctor. And he has a brilliant career, but I don't know what happened to him. She is I want to bring this into my house, this guy in my house and take care of him and all of that stuff.
And now this guy himself is homeless.
And he lost his career, he lost his license, he got in trouble with the government and with money and with drugs and all of that stuff.
The Arabs say, Al Morava battle and will offer more alpha, more Alpha companionship. Being together, shows and indicates agreement. Similarity insight
is why we say birds of a feather flock together.
So that's human nature.
People in even people with opposing political views, they don't make take themselves as friends. Because they're gonna fight any topic that comes up, they're gonna have opposing views, right? And, you know, the views that you present.
They, you know, they just go against they violate my values. So how can I put up even with you?
So somebody says, Oh, Muslims, so Muslims, but you know, people can choose their, their faith and we can get along. You know, you don't know what you're talking about. You can only do this when Islam is secondary for you.
And that shows that there is something else occupying your heart, this central part of your heart.
But again, there are nuances don't take that in next two extremes. This is just these are nuances. That means yes, you you're a Muslim, but you know you have a lot of interference in your Islam there.
Right, there are things that are, that are as important as Islam to you. And maybe some elements of them are more important than some central elements of Islam. And that's shaping, you know, how you perceive the world, how you evaluate, and how you make decisions.
So this is what Allah subhanaw taala says here. Now the verses I believe, become clearer, if you truly believe in Allah subhanaw taala. Automatically you have a stance because you believe in the rights of Allah.
You believe in the right of Allah to be worshipped.
It's almost writing and someone violates is just like, again, let's let's make it more personal. So it registers, let's say
since that hamdullah, most of us come from families that are close knit, connected. Let's somewhat let's say someone has intimated to your father, and they take your father as an enemy and they want to harm your father with whatever they can. Can you take them as friends?
The moment they see their father, they hear abuse, they swear at him, they disrespect humiliate him, Could you could you take that person as a friend and just, you know, go and play football together?
Can you do that?
Can you do this? No. You can't. Why?
Because my dad, what about Allah?
What about Allah? Who are you more connected to your dad or Allah was more important to you or your dad or Allah? Now again, we're not saying, you know, go and fight people, or cut off, you know, cut off people don't engage. No, that's not what we're talking about. We're talking about something that is central to human nature.
What you love the most, what you devote your life to what you believe in.
That sets the boundaries for everything else in your life. So people who oppose this and if you don't see the you know what's wrong with this opposition, it's just a matter of choice.
there's more work that needs to be done.
Keep working on your Islam. Keep working on your love of Allah. Keep working on understanding your deen keep working on the Quran. Keep working, keep you know, learning your religion. And don't talk about matters of Islam because you don't know. You don't know the very basic thing of Islam, the very foundation of Islam you don't understand it.
We depend here to to have you as a Muslim, depending on your fitrah
but there are there's a lot of interference, a lot of contamination and that you need to you need to you know, repel that you need to ward it off. You need to educate yourself you need to work on Teskey or connect yourself to Allah make do X and soon to Allah that He guides you that he opens your heart that he teaches you that He illuminates your chest and so on and so forth pray at night fast gives give sadaqa and ask Allah for guidance Show Me The Truth
don't depend on any kind of again, whatever they propaganda they share with you. And at some point in your life you just held on so tightly and you think oh that's it right? But you don't see the deception that's in it. It uses your natural capacity for good by the way, uses your your morality, sense of morality, but it confuses it with a lot of deception. You need to sift through those ideas. You need to verify them you need to check them
your your commitment to the truth, your commitment to being good, your commitment to virtue, your commitment to justice, and all of that that's praiseworthy,
you know but you are functioning according to a program that is full of bugs and viruses
Okay, that's all part of Allah and Allah Okay, let's continue and see how this unfolds.
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Stop here, just one thing I want to point out as well,
which you will find, again, this is not, this doesn't only work with the believers.
Other people when they see you're practicing Islam, and you might actually find it, there are people, let's say that a non Muslims will become Muslims, the kind of treatment that they receive hamdulillah there are some good examples. But most often the kind of rejection, the kind of humiliation, the kind of enmity that they find from ridicule as well from their family, their friends, their colleagues, is
it's just, it's overwhelming.
So these people are doing well and Baroque, based on the cover
the doing well, and based on their cover their family and their colleagues, the making fun of them.
But you know what we don't we don't consider this to be like, Oh, maybe it's a sensitivity. Now that's what I'm Bara. And who feels that chip on Sheetla.
Most of the work of Szczepan goes against, you know,
you know, flaming, or, you know,
igniting the flames of, of hate in the hearts of those who don't believe in Allah against everything that has to do with Allah, especially against the believers. He fills the hearts with hatred. And that's why they act on it. It's not a matter of sensitivity, it's a matter of hatred to the truth.
Yes, so many times they don't know and they need to be educated, but they are not completely innocent. Why are they allowed to work on this kind of bias, you know, but a Muslim is not allowed, you know, to work on something, or to, to base their decisions on their faith, why?
It's just again, the unfair treatment, go ahead.
With our that tells us that his that this enmity that he has enjoined the believers to have towards the polytheist and describe the believers as showing enmity towards them is applicable, so long as they persist in their polytheism and disbelief. But if they become believers, then the ruling is connected to the reason for it. And in that case, and in that case, love that that is based on faith should prevail. So do not despair. All believers have of turning their faith have to have they're turning to faith. For it may be that Allah will bring about friendship between you and those of them whom you currently consider enemies, the cause of which will be there turning to faith, for Allah
has power over all things, which includes the his being able to guide people's hearts and change them from one condition to another. And Allah is oft forgiving, Most Merciful. He does not regard any sin as being too great to forgive, or any fault as being too big to conceal. Say, Allah says, all my slaves, who have the transgressed themselves have transgressed against themselves by sinning greatly. Do not despair of the mercy of Allah. For Verily Allah forgives all sins, barely It is He Who is the oft forgiving, most merciful, this verse indicates, and offers glad tidings, that some of the polytheist who at the time were enemies of the believers would have become Muslim, and he came
to pass Praise be to Allah.
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daddy Kameena, Marathi BML who are the ones who are doing a diuretic? Listen carefully to the translation now, you're gonna see a new ones a big category of these nuances.
When these verses which urge the believers to regard the disbelievers as enemies or revealed, the believers paid complete attention and complied with these instructions in the most perfect manner, and they refrained for fear of sin, from upholding ties with some of their polytheist relatives, thinking that this was included in what Allah had forbidden. Therefore, Allah told them that this was not included in the prohibition and said, Allah does not forbid you to deal kindly and justly with those who do not fight you because of your religion or drive you up out of your homes. For Verily Allah loves those who are just, that is Allah does not forbid you to show kindness, uphold
ties, and to be fair and just towards the polytheists among your relatives and others, if they are not involved in waging war against you or driving you out of your homes. So there is no blame on you if you uphold ties with them, because there are no reservations about upholding ties with them in this case, and doing so will not lead to bad consequences. This is similar to what to what Allah subhanaw taala says about polytheist parents if their child is Muslim, but if they endeavor to make you ascribe partners to me of which you have no knowledge, then do not obey them, but keep company with them in this world kindly. Allah wanting forbids you to take as allies, those who fight you
because of your religion out of enmity towards the religion of Allah, and those who follow it, drive you out of your homes or help others in driving you out. Allah forbids you to take them as allies by showing friendship and support to them in word and deed. As per your acts of kindness and generosity that do not come under the heading of taking the polytheists as allies, Allah does not forbid you to do that. Rather, that comes under the general heading of the command to show kindness to relatives, other humans and other creatures, whoever it takes them as allies, it is they who are the wrongdoers and the degree of wrongdoing is connected to the level of allegiance shown. If it is, if it is
complete allegiance, then it is disbelief that puts one beyond the pale of Islam anything less than that is still a serious matter.
So is it clear now a little bit clearer right? So the
there's the foundation you have your way of life and your the truth that you believe in and that you live your life for. And then that sets the tone for your life.
But a lot of people have their life fragmented so they have this for Islam but this for something else this for something else this for something else. And this is a state that Allah referred to and the Quran Allah says well I totally fell in a polybag when the cleaner what Tada who what kind of camera who followed Ah, so let's get right kind of ferrata do not follow those
whose hearts are negligent of Allah's remembrance and follow their desires. And thus, who can and will who fooled by their affairs, their life is what is dispersed, followed by is more like you know, the beads. If if that you know misbehave, right? If it breaks and the beads to spread around, that's for robot. And for Palo Alto, in the Arabic language, they say, you know, the, the, the these, whatever, like
the beads dispersed, right, so they went in other directions, they're fragmented. Some people have their life just like this. So they have like one department for Islam and Allah, and then another department for something else for school and their friends and their games and socialization, and then another area for their profession and working career and so on and so forth. It's more like having multiple personality disorder that you're not in. That's actually very hard to live, very hard to live. But if you dig deep, you're going to find some central values that govern all of those.
The world be something we have unity in our life, regardless, maybe there is some surface fragmentation but inside there is something at the core that governs everything. We have to have this kind of coherence, at least deep inside.
So what Allah Subhana Allah is saying,
Those who believe in something and this is not only in Islam, anyone who believes in a cause, it starts to shape their life set the tone for their life for everything in their life.
Everything, who their friends are,
who their favorite people are, who their, you know, role models are who the people they look up to, where do they spend their time? What do they pursue in terms of education? In terms of exposure? Where do they spend?
Which causes Do they support which organization, organization, organization, the organizations, they support, things like that. So
someone who doesn't believe in Allah subhanaw taala, again, the more they disbelieve in Allah, the more they have hatred to the truth, the more they're going to show what that enmity,
they're going to act it out. But there are people because this belief is not all the same. I think scholars have tried to figure out the different types of Kufa, by the way, disbelief. And I think it was even Taymiyah. And he,
I think, is classified. There's different classifications. Again, it's, it's an HD head, it's something that
sometimes it's work in progress, right. But it's his categorization is very healthy, I think he identified six.
As far as I remember, six types of cover. So there are people who are just completely misinformed, and they are not interested. They're not like someone who knows the truth, and they reject it, and they fight against it. These are not the same people. Right? So Allah subhanaw taala, is saying, Allah does not prohibit you from being good to your family, or non Muslim, or other non Muslims, being kind to them, being fair to them being just giving them the rights, treating them well. But again, if you truly believe in Allah subhanaw taala, you take Islam seriously, which you should as that's the definition of a Muslim, you know, your choice of friends and people, you will choose
friends who would, and, you know, companions who would actually help you in your course, just like you are, in any profession, if you are in, let's say, in fitness, you're going to find most of your friends are going to people who are interested or who are serious about their fitness and their health, right? It's just natural. This is how we humans function. Some people are so much into beauty and fashion, you're going to find their friends share the same interests. It's only a random friend here and there, maybe from school from elementary school that's still there, in the corner of their of their life, right. But who are the people they hang out with? The people who share these
interests? It's very normal. It's normal. So that's the foundation, it's human nature. It's human nature? Can we now answer the question? Can we have non Muslim colleagues and treat them well, and have good relationships with them? And maybe even exchange messages with them? And maybe visit them every now? And then? does Islam say no, from what you saw from this explanation?
Of course not. But again, it's not. It's not like a mathematical equation. What is when do I know? Where do I? How do I know where to stop, where to draw the line, the moment you start to making compromises?
Let's say your friend is very cool with you or your family, very cool with you being Muslim, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera. But with you wearing the hijab as a sister,
like, please don't wear it in my presence. When you visit me, you don't have to put that stuff on your head, whatever. Okay, now I have to draw the line.
Sometimes they're not, they might not be aggressive. But you know what?
They pull your leg into
or a gathering that's not healthy, where there's free mixing and inappropriate things happening? Is that oh, just friends? No, you've gone too far. So you have a compass, what's the compass, you take your relationship with Allah seriously, and you make no compromises. The moment something's starts to eat up at that or encroach on that,
you have to know that you have to draw the line. And maybe sometimes you might have to create some distance.
It's a very kind of changing target.
But it's not easy to navigate. But as long as you have this focus and this commitment to Allah subhanaw taala, you will start to find your way in sha Allah Tala with regards to this. So that's how it works. That's how it works. And our relationship again. So what is some people think, oh, so Islam, you can't have someone who's so dear to you, but just because they are different in faith? Yeah. Because you are trying to project your worldview on me for you. Faith is a secondary matter.
For you, faith is secondary matter. And you want me to treat faith as a secondary matter. You're imposing your views on me and reality, but you're doing it in very subtle ways.
That's part of covert narcissism by the way.
They think you're a fanatic because why faith and Islam for you is central. No, it shouldn't be on the side. It should be like something you do in private.
Well, that's your way of life. That's your religion, and you're forcing it on me
You're expecting me to comply with that. And you don't see any issues with that. And just to take it a little further and which is actually closer to the truth is that you know what, people have an issue with formal religion.
But you know, there's a lot of ways of life and philosophies today. And every time in human history that actually tick all the boxes of our religion. We have the religion of modernity,
we have the religion of modernity, and it worships power,
power and wealth.
It worships power. And one of its most powerful tools, is
the modern state.
And we all have a share in this by the way, we all have a mix of Islam and this. So people are, the thing is that it's not classified as religion. So it's okay to have it. And it's okay to, you know, build your decisions, even extreme decisions based on this, they'll say, oh, it's their sensitivity, sensitivity is their right to make choice.
But that's a religion.
That's a religion, but
it gets away from the scrutiny, scrutiny and scripted criticism that is directed at what they call classical religions, because it's not classified as a religion.
That's how they avoid it.
But it's a religion. It's a complete religion.
And most people follow it today. Most people worship that. And most people in their decisions, their lifestyle is all built. And based on that, and it's organized, based on that.
It's a religion, it's a full literally, it ticks all the boxes of religion, it's actually actually more dynamic and more rich, because it's just contemporary. And there's, there are billions of people who subscribe to this route, but they don't just don't call it religion. We call it what being civilized, we call that being ambitious being successful. This is these are the terms that are used for it. Being ambitious, being successful, being cool.
Doing good for yourself.
Obviously, not, not everyone, but that kind of these words are used when they are used, generally speaking, be careful, they're talking about this religion, and how, how how far you are, you're committed to that religion.
They're obviously one season and exceptions, but just that's a very important to idea to keep in mind. Let's take a couple of questions.
No politically problematic questions, just in case.
In the commentary mentioned, to avoid the example of
me upgrade for its politics.
But I can speak on the parallels between that. And in since when the Prophet saw that he was seeking to ease the suffering of recall live in the echo.
Okay, so yes, the example of Ibrahim and Islam. Allah here says, There is a great example in this with Ibrahim and his followers, they, again they drew the line between themselves and those people. And they said that's it. Again, because the people of Ibrahim as well there were staunch enemies of the truth and Islam.
Allah says with one exception, Ibrahim said to his father, I'm going to seek forgiveness for you, although his father was very defiant and very aggressive.
So Allah says, No, that example don't follow it. specific one that specific one, don't follow it. Eventually Ibrahim obviously change that for the matter. But you and Allah one now I do want the lightbulb moment. Eventually, when he came a lot like he came to the final conclusion. Yes, he's an enemy of Allah. He gave up on making dua for him.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
making an intercession for Abu Talib and decision for Obatala is not as well.
It's just to pay him back for the support that he gave to the prophets of salaam protection. So it's really it's a it's a transaction from Allah subhanaw taala. So there is no love there is nothing even like when
Ebola died, and even Vitaly came to the Prophet and and said in Kabbalah, but Matt, you're misguided uncle died. He's talking about his father. I don't even know with all the prophets of salaam says where he stood up I would
go and bury him and come back. He didn't even go.
That said Bala columbarium.
So it's not whether and * it was just paying him back for the good that he did in terms of supporting the prophesied and protecting him. Sisters just to be fair, questions Yes.
While maintaining a balance principle, once you said navigate I started
That's a lecture
I think we sort of laid the foundations today. But just again, it requires education. There's no like, I can't give an answer. You just, you need to go, you need to, you know, start on a quest for learning about that. The Quran tells us, the example of the Prophet SAW, Selim tells us, tells us so there's no like, there are general guidelines. But generally speaking, you can. But it just requires starting to build a very strong relationship with knowledge about Islam. And you work your way through it with seeking fatwah advice from here and there. And then you'll you'll find the way, but there is no recipe that is going to just get you prepared from now, there is no way it's always work
in progress. So that's the best that I can do in these couple of minutes. One quick one, two minutes. One quick one. Go ahead. Final question.
On top of the first question, what's the status of someone
and they say oh
know when, when, when a non Muslim dies.
We don't have any stance we can you can give condolences to the family.
Sorry for you sorry for your loss. Whatever things like that, see kinds of kind words fine, but rest in peace, rest in heaven, and things like that. You're speaking about these things, these things belong to Allah, you are an imposter when you say these things.
person says this is an imposter.
Like who you have the you have the keys to the gates of heaven, giving someone this is not your business. But again, this comes from where does it come from?
It could be a sense of inferiority. Trying to prove a point right? Or again being completely you know, indoctrinated in some areas. So not a Muslim shouldn't say this. We don't even say about a Muslim. We don't say Muslim he's in hellfire. We don't say you know, rest in the in paradise, unless you're making it as a drop. May Allah grant you paradise. May Allah have mercy on him, we make dua. This is why in Islam, Lana, como be Jonathan Walla, now.
Even a non Muslim, by the way, we don't say he's going to the hellfire.
Unless he's someone like committed crimes and things like that. You might say it, but generally speaking, it's not it's not our business, our business is to save ourselves and make it insha Allah Trojan. So that's what a person should be concerned with. But oh, a rest in peace be this be that
it's just an infringement on the rights of Allah subhanaw taala. If a person does it would say most people are doing it out of ignorance. It's not for us to say, Oh, you're not Muslim, or you're committed or not? Most likely these people are confused. Yeah. But it could. Is it possible that someone who believes in this could they really be
Could it be that they have compromised their Islam because of the belief that is behind it? It's possible, but that's between them and Allah. And there's no point for us searching for that we're not supposed to, you know, start investigating or doing any excavations about what's in the heart of this person? Yeah, Jacqueline Lahab. sha Allah See you next Saturday. So the last in the last two years have Ah, man