Tafseer Of Surah Asr

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Ismail Kamdar

Channel: Ismail Kamdar

Topics: Tafsir

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Episode Transcript

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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

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inshallah, this week we are going to be looking at the Tafseer of surah to the author. Last week, we looked at the Tafseer of surah Telecaster, for those who missed it, I would recommend that you go back and read the translation of erotica So, so that the castle deals with the time with a team which is very, very pertinent to our times. And that is the theme of being distracted by the worldly life and caught up in the things of this world.

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And immediately, immediately after the castle in the Quran, the very next surah.

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continues, continues discussing the same theme. But now Allah subhanho wa Taala gives us the solution. So inside the castle, Allah subhanaw taala mentions a problem with the oma of being distracted or being caught up in the worldly life and in the very next surah Allah subhanho wa Taala then gives us the solution. Now what's beautiful about swagger

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is that it's only three verses

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and these three verses make up only one and a half lines. And for many of us we like to resize circle actually now solo because it's short. Right? We know most of us do many of us we like to resize to last hurrah closer, so to answer in Salah, because these are the short sutras. But these are powerful sutras. These are students that should make us think these are students that can change our lives. In mama Shafi Rahim Allah has mentioned regarding surah cluster, that if this surah alone had been revealed, it will have been sufficient for the guidance of mankind.

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That is, what you want Sharpie rahimullah is trying to tell us is that these three verses, the three verses of circle are so powerful, their message is so powerful. And it It summarizes the entire message of Islam in such a way that if you understand the surah you know how to avoid the problems of this world? And how to get to paradise.

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So this historical answer and this is what we are going to look at today what Israel answer about why is it so powerful.

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Part of the beauty of the Quran is how Allah subhanho wa Taala is able to tell us so much. In so few words, that a two line sutra, we it will take us this full hour to discuss and explain and understand these two lines of the Quran. Imagine how long it would take us to understand and explain the entire Quran. And this is just what I understand that the surah I mean, there's a lot of it, which I still don't know which Alhamdulillah if I go if we go ahead and do more research, we discover even deeper meanings to the surah

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is just the power of the Koran the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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So sudo Azur, which is the 100 and third surah of the Quran. And one of the last, or you can see, it is one of the first surah has to be revealed. It was revealed very early on in Makkah, and is listed in many gorons as the 13th surah to be revealed.

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We understand the marking period of Islamic history.

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During the marking period, the Muslims were a minority, and the majority of people with this believers who did not want to hear the Quran at all.

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So let's talk about Hannah with Allah, in the marking period revealed sutras which are short with verses which are short and verses which are very, very powerful. So that before the disbelievers can block the ears, or turn away, or try to stop themselves from listening, they already have the message. The message has already reached him. And so to answer is a perfect definition of such a surah. It's a perfect example of what the makansutra is all about. It's about a man, it's about the wheat agenda. It's about the problems facing humanity. It's about the guidance of Allah subhanho wa Taala it's about all of this summed up in one and a half lines. We are blessed to have a handle what

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Allah tells us. He speaks to us and he says while also

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by the token of time in in Santa leviosa definitely humanity is headed for destruction illa levena amanu Aminu stole the heart except for those who believe and have righteous deeds or do righteous deeds, whatever So Bill Hockney

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and the assist each other in doing what is right

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What was to be sober and the assist each other in being patient, one and a half lines. But this is a summary of the entire message of the Quran. Let's go through it slowly verse by verse and understand what each verse is about the first verse of the surah.

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While after, by the token of time, this is a, a custom from Allah subhana wa tada the customs of the Quran are many. And unless you have a handle that takes the oath on whatever he works, we as humans, as Muslims, we are prohibited from taking a custom on anything besides Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then to be only allowed to take a custom Allah subhanaw taala we need something important, we shouldn't take it in vain. We shouldn't say what law he or custom without any genuine need. So this is not something we take in vain. And it is something we only can do with the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But Allah subhanho wa Taala being the creator of everything, he takes some of what He

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wills and whenever Allah Subhana Allah takes a costume or an oath on something, it is because that specific thing is very important, or very special, one of the two,

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right, it's something special or something important or something respected by Allah subhanaw taala something important for amongst his creation, which is looked up to. So in this story, Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about destruction and he talks about the solution. Allah Subhana Allah begins by taking a custom and an oath on us or what is a Sir,

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sir, has a variety of meanings.

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One of the meanings of ourselves the one which most of us is familiar with, is the time of the third solar of the day, like the late afternoon solar is known as solar.

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Right that part of the day, where the day is coming to an end, and the sun is about to sit is known as a sort of time.

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And then it gets this meaning it gets this name from time which is running out, that the day is running out the day is almost over. So that part of the day is called utter.

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The word alacer also has a broader definition, in that it refers to time itself, time throughout the ages, time, as a

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part of life as something which we are witnessing all around us.

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Time, which is something important. We go back to what I mentioned about costumes in the Quran, Allah subhana wa Allah tells us that when Mandela takes a custom when Allah subhanaw taala takes a costume in the Quran, it is because what he is taking an oath on is something important. So we can understand from this, that in Islam, time is important.

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Time is an Amana time is a trust. Time is something we will be asked about on the Day of Judgment. And time is something that we are all running out of. You can spend money, you can earn more money, you spend your time, you can't get that time back, every minute, every hour, every second that passes, you cannot get it back. Time is one commodity, it is one valuable commodity, which once you use it, it's gone. And it's sad to see that for many of us, we don't value time. We live in an age where many people look for ways to kill time. You hear this phrase very often. Let's kill time, let's do something to kill time. Why you wanna kill time, the most important thing in your life, one

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of the most important things in your life, which you can never get back. You want to kill it, you want to waste it,

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especially during this period of the December and January holidays. How many of us are killing time? How many of us are wasting time? How many of us do that our entire lives end up wasting years of our lives.

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The Prophet Muhammad Ali Islam has informed us that on the Day of Judgment, we will be asked about our time, especially our free time and how we spent it.

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As believers, we all know that we have a purpose in life. They allow us to be handled Allah created us for a purpose.

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We have been put on earth to worship the Creator, alone and nobody else and to serve Him and to serve the dean.

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And this all takes time. Every minute or seconds

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As we waste, we are going against the kumada, Allah subhanaw taala. And against the purpose of our lives, we need to take a short break. Now when we return, we will continue with the Tafseer of circle after Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Before we went for the break, we are looking at the concept of time in Islam a lesser time. And it's important to us as believers, Allah subhanho wa Taala has created us and put us on earth for a purpose.

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And

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it's strange that nowadays, if you look around in the world today, I find and I have discovered a lot more non Muslims who are worried about time management, about not wasting time about spending their time wisely, then I have found amongst us Muslims, which is strange, because really, we are the ones who supposed to be pioneers in this field. We are the ones who are supposed to be leading the way in time management, we are the ones who are supposed to be not wasting time and you know, devoting all our time to doing good and trying to get the most out of life and trying to do the most with our lives. If we look at the system of Islam, the entire system of Islam is designed to make us

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as productive as possible. We have our five stroller, starting with fudger. The five students should make us punctual. They give us a schedule around which to schedule our entire day that you schedule it and work your day around so that

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they give us a good time to start the day after budget. So we start early in the time of the day with his Baraka and more work gets done.

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Just the solar alone getting our five daily solar in order can bring so much more order to our lives and help us spend our time wisely.

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I think one of the problems is that for many of us, we go back to the sutra before so

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Hakuna Matata saw the destruction, or the competition to pile up the things of this world has distracted us. You see how the students are related why once we are is placed after the other. So at the castle, talking about the destruction. And in the next year, I begins talking about how time is being wasted. How are we wasting time if you look at people in the world today, we're wasting time we're killing time we're wasting their lives. Most of us it is Hakuna Matata, so that the competition of the things of this world of piling up the things of this world has diverted us from what's more important. So the first step towards proper time management is to get away from that

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which is a distraction and to prioritize our lives.

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And again, you know, I find this even more amongst the non Muslims. For example, in Stephen Covey's Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. One of the the second or third habit is, first things first, prioritize your life. I mean, we as Muslims should be the ones teaching that to people. But unfortunately, it's now gone the other way around. But that's right. That's what Islam teaches us to put First things first, to prioritize our lives, to put things in an order to do things according to what is important, not what is urgent.

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A common example today of how we end up wasting a lot of time, for many of us, our cell phones, our biggest time waster. The phone rings, we answered immediately, someone text messages us, we answered immediately, we could be in the middle of the most busiest and most important work of our day. But he will stop it to answer a phone or to take a text message, which might not even be important at all.

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If we look at people in the world today who are experts at time management, one of the things that they have in common is that they only take a phone call or answer a message. If it is important, not if it's urgent. If someone messages them, they have a secretary or they have a voice machine or whatever it is saying I will get back to you later. And they focus on what is important. You see the important things get left behind. When we get caught up with the urgent things. Someone stops us on the road speak to us. Or we talking on the phone to somebody else, then someone sends us an SMS someone else in this email, someone commented on Facebook status, and the entirety goes like this,

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adding the temple eating for sleeping, etc. Entirely disappears. But if we prioritize our time, first things first so that we get the five star in order on time around that okay, what's next important time for my work time for my studies? Time for family. You put all of that in order, you will still find time to answer the important phone calls, you will find time to answer the important text messages, but they will not distract you from what is more important. So time

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are we spending it wisely? Are we doing it the right way.

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The first step to proper time management for Muslim is our solar getting our solar in order. If we are praying five times a day on time, we already have a schedule and now we can put

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During the rest of the day, around the schedule,

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for example, we can put in our schedule that I will start my work after budget.

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I will have lunch after

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I will have supper after Isha.

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you schedule your day around the Sala. So that way

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we are fulfilling the rights of Allah and the rights of everybody else as well. So Allah subhanho wa Taala begins a surah with just one word, which we spent the past 20 minutes discussing was a song by Time,

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time which is running out time which we are wasting time which we will never get back and time about which we will be asked about on the Day of Judgment.

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How did you spend your time and more specifically the howdy states? How would you spend your free time our free time daddy's talk about free time? Because that's that's the time that that matters. I was not going to hold us accountable for sleeping, if he actually over sleeping or eating unless we over eating. Right? Well, that's not going to hold us accountable for doing our work for going to school for spending time with our family. But when we have that free time,

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are we using it for good things? Or for Hillel things or for bad things? That that's the criteria. That's the that's what's going to be going to be accountable for how do we spend that extra time which we have in our day and the professor told us to value our free time before we become too busy take advantage of it to use it to do good

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or good spend the entire lecture talking about time management on date, I am inshallah planning on writing a book on the topic, but this is not the topic for today this topic in chalets Tafseer so to answer so with that inshallah, we will move on to the second verse of the surah. So, time is running out, what is happening when time is running out, and people are wasting time. And people are distracted by the competition to pile up the things of this world, your Christmas and New Years and this and that then celebration upon celebration and party upon party and gifts upon gifts. And all of this is going on all these distractions in the world today.

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What does this lead to? In? in Santa Fe?

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Definitely, humanity is headed for destruction.

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What kind of destruction, destruction in both worlds? Look at the world around us today. Look at this, this this this this. This statistics that we have around us.

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Look at the rates of crime, the crime rate in our country and other countries and about rape and murder.

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Why are these things so high up the amount of car accidents and people who died in car accidents in Durban alone in the past month.

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We all know this is coming from

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this comes from a lifestyle in which people are not connected with their Creator.

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When people worship money when everybody's competing for this world only.

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So the man who can't afford the nice car steals it and kills for it. When the man who sees the woman on the billboards, and has those desires pent up and has no way to get it out. He goes out and does it in the most evil of ways.

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When a man who wants

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a nice car and see someone else when he decides to kill him for it. This is because of the materials degree that we are living in. This is the destruction in this world. The destruction in the afterlife. For those who wasted their lives chasing after this world could be even worse.

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It can be even worse on this. Allah subhanaw taala forgives us. One of the most interesting things about this verse.

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is Allah subhanaw taala isn't see that definitely the Jews are headed for destruction. And many of us like to think only are the Christians or even the kuffaar islands in the middle of the ocean. No, this is in del, in San Jose. Indeed, mankind, humanity. People are headed for destruction. This verse is what's known in Arabic as a general encompassing everybody. It's not referring to a specific group of people. It's not even referring to disbelievers. Allah is saying humans, Muslims included, who do not follow Islam are headed for destruction. It doesn't matter if we have Muslim names.

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And if we say Assalamualaikum and if we are, you know, carrying on like we are Muslims, if on the sidelines, we are doing everything wrong

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and we are following the path that leads to destruction.

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We will head towards destruction as well. Allah is not saying that the disbelievers only hissing people, anybody who's traveled to travels, this park is headed towards destruction that includes us Muslims, and we need to wake up, we need to wake up and realize that our name cannot take us to gender. Our name cannot take us to gender. Our parents being Muslim, cannot take us to gender.

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Being a Muslim by chance without living it cannot take us to gender, you have to make that choice that I am a Muslim, because I believe in Islam, and I will follow Islam. And that choice and all the good choices you make after that India going in the right direction, that is what can lead us to gender. And that is what Allah subhanaw taala talks about in the third verse of the surah. That is what he does most of the surah is about, but we're not done with the second verse yet. In in Santa Fe. Going back to the Arabic If we look at the surah. From an Arabic perspective, this surah has a double emphasis, a double emphasis, this gets lost in translation because this points of emphasis

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you don't find them in the English language. So in the translation we're seeing mankind is headed for destruction. There's no emphasis there.

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We only translated in San Jose, the inner and the LA were not translated.

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In Arabic, the word in the stands for emphasis. It's translated as definitely of Verily, you know, without a doubt, it's with emphasis media, this is something that's definitely happening.

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So in Al insana, and then we have Luffy. The word Fie means in the law, again, is for emphasis, the word law has the same translation as the word inner, it means definitely, without a doubt. So this words of emphasis definitely without a doubt is mentioned twice in this verse, or less why that is inner? Definitely in Santa people, LA, definitely see our in hooser destruction. Definitely mankind is definitely headed for destruction. This is a double emphasis. And that's something we need to think about. So we're going to take our second break now. And then we will return to the Tafseer of struggle. So Salaam Alaikum, warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, we are looking at the second verse of

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circle answer. In in Santa Luffy hoser.

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Definitely, mankind is definitely headed for destruction for destruction.

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I mentioned that in the Arabic of this verse, the word definitely is mentioned twice. And in the translations which we normally find you will not find that in translation, this is something which is usually lost in translation. That's why it's, it's so vital and important for us to understand the Arabic language to get the complete picture of the Quran to get a deeper understanding of the Quran. So

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a double emphasis industry on this verse means that this is something which is a reality of life is not something that might happen is not something that could happen is not something that, you know, might or might not happen, depending on the situation. No, it's something that is a reality of life, a fact of life, unless we obey what Allah Subhana Allah wants us to do. What is this fact of life, that humanity is headed on the path to destruction, when we choose the lifestyle, of following our desires, of doing what we want, of making us the gods of our own lives, because that's what we do. We have made our nafs our desires our God, it's a form of Shall we have made money, a god. Some

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people have made fame they called, you know, all these things are being worshipped.

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They have been given the rights of Allah subhanho wa Taala. What we are supposed to be giving to Allah we are giving to others. And as a result, we are falling into this trap of destruction into the lifestyle that leads towards pain in both worlds. It doesn't even lead to happiness in this world. It doesn't. That's an illusion. That's a trick from shaden. It's a trick from she'd done to think that if I take Riba and interest, and if I sell haram things in my shop, then I'm going to be happy in this world. You're not going to be happy in this world. You're going to be miserable in this world. You're going to face the challenges of life, you're going to face a hard time in this

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world. Look around look at the economic situation of those countries who have made the Riba a part of life. Look at what it has done to the economy of those countries. Look at the amount of people who are living on in depth look at the amount of people who cannot pay off their debts who are practically living off borrowed money. Look at the amount of poverty. Look at the amount of suicides.

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This is not happiness, this lifestyle.

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does not lead to happiness? When are we going to wake up and realize that we have people committing suicide, we have people dying of drug overdoses, we have people dying in the nightclub. And it doesn't affect us at all. We still going after the same things which caused those people's deaths. Isn't this foolish? Isn't this silly? Why do we do this? Why? I recall what one of the convert one of the famous rappers who converted to Islam said about about the situation. He said, After becoming a Muslim, he said that I am running away from a burning house. And you young Muslims are going towards the burning house telling me to go inside and see if there's really a fire. Yeah. I mean,

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these guys been there. They've lived the life they've had everything. And they have said that they were not happy. The man I was talking about now is Napoleon who was part of Tupac in the outlaws, the greatest rap group of all time. And Napoleon said that when he was a rapper, he had sold over 40 million records. And he had three houses in the latest car. But he used to go to bed depressed, used to go to bed depressed is to feel empty inside. And then when Tupac died, he began to reevaluate his life and hamdulillah. Today, he's a Muslim.

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And now he has happiness, even though he doesn't have those houses, he doesn't have those fancy cuts, but now he's happy.

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We have these people in the world, who are proof that that lifestyle, that lifestyle does not lead to happiness, we need to wake up, really, we need to wake up because in the insanity of mankind is headed for destruction, all of us who are going down this path, chasing after these illusions, chasing after these dreams of illusion that if I do this harm, if I do that, I'm going to be happy. How can any human being be happy when the agent is not happy with them? Think about that. How can any human being be happy? If the Creator is not happy with him?

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You really need to sit and think and evaluate our lives. Are we on part of those people who are headed towards destruction?

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The final verse of the surah gives us the solution. It gives us the way out. We spent the past one and a half students looking at the problem. Right throughout the gospel of Hakuna Matata when mankind is

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distracted by this competition of worldliness of this rat race. This rat race has distracted us. Right? In the lean sanella pupusa the next era, we are headed towards destruction because of it. We're running out of time while I said we are running out of time for all of this is linked all of this is one theme of where we are headed with the way we are living our lives. And in one verse, Allah Subhan Allah gives us the entire solution the entire way out the entire way to paradise, the entire way to happiness in both worlds, not just happiness in the afterlife, happiness in this world as well. What do we need to do?

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Allah says everyone is headed for destruction. Illa except Illa means except, except those who do the following four things, right? There's four conditions to earn the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala. What are those four conditions number one levena Manu, those who have the correct beliefs, those who believe it's interesting. The last 100 doesn't say those who call themselves Muslims, or those who have accepted Islam

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or those who are born to Muslim families or last 100 says those who believe and it'll go back to Sudoku. jurati Soto hoogenraad, Allah subhanho wa Taala the Arabs that the Arabs have said, a billion Arabs have said,

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Amanda we believe, tell them don't say you believe rather say you have accepted Islam, because believe has yet to enter your hearts. So there's a difference between someone being a Muslim by, you know, acknowledging Islam, and someone truly believing because in the depths of their heart, they know it is real. They know that gender and Johanna mareel, Allah is real. The Quran is really from Allah. And they believe this firmly and he shows in the actions. So Allah subhanaw taala did not tell us that the way out is to be a Muslim, is the way out is to believe and that's something everybody needs to ask themselves. Everybody needs to introspect. Am I a true believer?

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Because it's sad to say that we live in a time for many of us Islam has and our beliefs have just become, you know, mutts if this become things which we talked about, we don't really seem to show any real belief in it in our actions, as if these are just stories of fairy tales. I've seen this with many youngsters. I've seen it. And you know, some of them if you talk to them deeply they'll even say they don't really believe it.

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To be really believe, because that's the first step towards salvation. To truly and honestly believe alexina armano believe in water.

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Unless you want to didn't specify over here what to avoid, we should believe. Other places Armando B la Houma, la de Vaca to be honestly believe in Allah and his angel and invest in his and his books, and the good and bad of God and the afterlife. Yes. But in this verse, Allah left to general to believe. It includes all of that

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includes the purpose of life, and includes to believe what part leads to destruction in which part leads to paradise. All of this is part of the beliefs which we should have

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in Xena amanu, Aminu salejaw. The second condition, or amilo saw the heart those who do righteous deeds who do good deeds. What does this mean do good deeds. It's not just a ritual where you go and you pray to Allah and say I have done a good deed. Right? No good deed is a way of life. It means those who are living their lives in a righteous way. We solar is a way of life. Sokka and charity is a part of life. Fasting is a part of life. lowering our gaze is a part of our life. Being good with everybody we meet is part of our lives. staying away from harm is part of our lives. I mean, restore the heart is not talking about random acts of goodness. It's not talking about doing good deeds.

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Occasionally, it's talking about being righteous, being good. being a good person,

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being a good person being good to others. The Sahaba asked the Prophet Muhammad slowly some what is righteousness and the prophets Larson replied, all below.

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righteousness is good character, being good to people. That righteousness, if someone prays five times a day and they are still mean and angry and always hurting people's feelings and fighting with people, that's not righteousness, their most understood they'll just solace should make you a better person. The soldiers should make us better in our interactions with others. If not, there's something wrong in the way we are praying our Salah I'm not saying don't read this aloud, continue playing it but figure out what's wrong and corrected maybe not understanding the solar even understanding of so maybe not praying our Salah in a slow enough, maybe not praying with the correct

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intention, whatever it is find out what's wrong with the Salah because Salah is supposed to make us better people around.

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Now, what's really interesting about this verse that Allah Subhana Allah does not

00:32:28--> 00:33:08

just stop there, he doesn't just say Allah Xena amanu Aminu, surely heart as is found in many other suitors of the Quran. In many suitors of the Quran. Allah talks about the qualities of the good of the righteous people are qualities of those who will go to gender. He says alladhina amanu amilo solly had those who believe and do righteous deeds. But in this specific surah. Allah is talking about the solution to the problem of materialism and capitalism and wasting time and being lost in this world. Allah subhanaw taala mentioned four conditions not to besides belief and righteous deeds, there's two other things that we have to do to survive, and to get to gender. And these two

00:33:08--> 00:33:53

things are community obligations, they have to be done with others with Unity as a group, how do we know that they are community obligations and not individual obligations? Because the word the Arabic words used for them in the Quran, Arabic verbs which are only used for communities which are used for groups of people, the verb used is what are washed or whatever. So now this will go deep into Arabic grammar to explain it. But basically a verb which starts with the top and has a leaf after the second letter indicates community obligation indicates doing things together. Like the words that are wanting to work together to assist one another. Likewise, tawassul to work together, right?

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These type of verbs have this meaning of doing things together, not doing it by yourself.

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And that's very, very important. We cannot do things by ourselves in Islam. We are a community, we are one oma, we should be united, we should be helping each other get to agenda, we should be reminding each other than we trip and forth. Because on our own, we don't know, on our own, we might be doing things we don't even know we're doing since we might have arrogance. But there's no one to tell us. We are becoming arrogant. We might be going astray and nobody's there to remind us we're going astray. But when we are a group, when we are working together, when we are assisting and helping each other.

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Then there's always someone there to remind us the older you're going to say let's stick together on the right path. Let's hold hands and go forward. Let's go forward together as one oma in the right direction that was so to work together,

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to work together to do what the ones who bill Huck to work together in spreading the truth. Huck is the truth. what's meant here is that we

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work together as a community number one to remind each other number one is that we remind each other about what's right and what's wrong. And we stick to what's right and we stay away from what's wrong. We work together to do this. Number two is that we work together to do our, to call people to Islam, to invite others to Islam, to advise others towards the truth, because we say mankind's headed for destruction, not just us, and we are not selfish. as Muslims, we should never say I'm gonna save myself from destruction. I want to go to gender. No, I want everyone to go to gender. I want to help everybody that I can get to gender. I want to help people get to gender. I want to help

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people be saved from the destruction of this world and destruction of this life. We want to do this. This is part of being a Muslim.

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You know, the world we live in today, is a very individualistic world. Everyone's out for themselves. Everyone's worried about my rights, what I want what I want to do in my life, it's my life. We all have this mentality. This is not from Islam. Islam is a collective religion, where it's about people, it's about others, other people's rights is but what can I do for others? What can I do to help the Ummah What can I do to make life better for this one I can can I do to convince someone that Islam is the true religion, so they will convert to Islam, we see from the help I

00:36:19--> 00:36:31

know, it's a community religion, a religion of working together. And that's why twice in this verse, Allah Subhana, Allah uses the word that was so work together, stick together.

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When the sheep is on its own, the wolf can catch it and eat it up easily. But when the sheep are all together, then it's very difficult for the wolf to catch one.

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So stick together as a flock as a as a herd as an oma, with a stick together and work towards the truth.

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Interest interesting that Allah subhanaw taala mentions this as a condition to escape the destruction of this world. We need to ask ourselves, why? Why is he not just believing and doing righteous deeds? Why do we need to do Dawa as a condition to stay away from the destruction of this world? And the answer is very simple call, or you will be called invite, or you will be invited.

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invite people towards Islam, or people who invite you towards their lifestyle, call people to what what is righteous, otherwise people will invite you what, what what is unrighteous. You see, this entire world we live in is a society community. And if we are not telling people what's right, if we are not commanding the right and forbidding the evil, if we are not showing people the right way, if we are not telling people that this is the way things need to be, then someone else will be telling us. It always happens in someone telling someone what to do. At one side, one's wrong, but there's always this back and forth. So if we are not showing people the right way, people will be showing us

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the wrong way. And if people show us the wrong way we can ship we can fall we can head down the path to destruction without even knowing it at all.

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So our calling people working together as a community to call others towards the truth is an obligation. And it is something which is necessity, which is a necessity to save ourselves, and to save others from the Hellfire and from the problems of this world. Because think about if you just believing and doing righteous deeds, and living in South Africa, the crime is still you're just not going to solve the crime problem. But if you do Dawa, if you convince people about the right way of life, if you convince people to worship Allah to become righteous, right, and more and more and more people come into the clinic religion. And more and more people get away from this materialistic

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lifestyle. And more Muslims are giving charity and social work. Wouldn't that slowly over time solve the crime problem. And working together towards the truth will solve our problems. But if you're being selfish, and only thinking about ourselves, the problems will always be there around us. It takes a community effort to solve these problems. So this is the worst we'll be working together towards spreading the Trojan. It is a necessary condition for the survival of humanity, for humanity to do well in this world and in the afterlife. Because he where there is no truth, where there is no truth there will be false. Where there is no justice, there will be injustice, where there is no

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peace, there will be agony and pain. So let us be people who call people towards the truth, who call others towards righteousness who invite others towards the right way of life. And let's work together as much to do this.

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The final condition mentioned in the surah.

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Is the waso. Be sober,

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to work together in being patient. This is really interesting. They're sober is mentioned in the surah. Why sober?

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Because life is a test.

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This life is a test

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right

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Alicia says in the second verse of struggle, milk allergy hola como de Waal hayata weeaboo komiya kamasan. Amara, he's the one who created a debt and life to test which of you is best indeed. So life is a test, we are going to be tested. And when you are calling people towards the truth, when you are inviting people towards righteousness, a lot of people will not like to hear this. A lot of people do not like to be told these things a lot of people don't want to be reminded. And that's when the test of life start.

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Think about it. When did the test start to the Prophet Muhammad Ali salam, when you receive the message what the word aka be nofal tell him that your people are going to kick you out of the city. And the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam said that you know the people, why would they do this to me because they knew him as Al amin, they loved him. A Warlock of a noble said nobody before you brought this message except that these people rejected him. So do we think today that we can spread this message without someone rejecting us without someone trying to harm us in some way or the other? Nowadays, 100 is mostly verbal, we don't normally deal with physical problems for doing our

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as it was in the past, but verbal abuse is still there. There's still a lot of issues which we have to deal with. Cyber is still a necessary tool to survive this world and the author and get to the afterlife, in one piece. So with that inshallah we'll take a final break when we return we will conclude with the Tafseer of circle after Salaam walakum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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Today we discuss the Tafseer of circle after one of the shortest, yet most powerful sutras in the Quran

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about which Imam Shafi said that this Torah alone had been revealed, it would have been sufficient for the guidance of mankind.

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The circle answer which follows up on the theme started inside the castle. So the gospel spoke about the competition of this world, the rat race, and how it has distracted us from the purpose of life.

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How we'll be questioned about it on the Day of Judgment.

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In circle so continues on this team and says that time is earning up, we wasting time, we killing time,

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and mankind's headed towards destruction, mankind all of us who are caught up in the destruction of this worldly life in wasting our time, we headed towards destruction in both worlds, it's time we woke up and saw it before something bad happens before something happens, which could cause us even more grief. Because Allah says we headed towards destruction. Why wait for the destruction to happen? Let's stop and analyze and see Wait, this towards right. And then the surah mentioned four things, four things which are necessity for getting to general four things which are necessity to survive in this world and having happiness in this world and in the afterlife. The first is to have

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the correct beliefs and to truly believe not just to see, we believe not just to see we are Muslims, but to truly believe.

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The second is to live a righteous life, to do good deeds and stay away from what is evil. Because only those things which are harmful of us have been prohibited in Islam, right? alcohol, drugs, cigarettes, these things are harmful. So let's prohibited

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those things which are beneficial towards Allah has permitted So why do we want to chase after what's harmful? I mean, what what logic is there in going after that which harms your body and harms your life and harms your mind and harms your family? This the logic behind that? How does that makes any sense?

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The only things which are haram are those things which are harmful to us.

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And they unless you know what Allah tells us that believing and doing good deeds. alladhina amanu. Aminu saw the hat is not enough.

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We also need to invite others towards this as well.

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And we need to work together as a community. We cannot do this alone. We have to stick together. We have to have Unity we have to be one oma despite our differences and call people towards the truth. We have to do the dour

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because if we don't do the dour to people who are caught up in the rat race to people who are caught up in this world, they will do the dour to us. They will invite us they will tell us they look at you You're wasting your life. You should be earning money. You should be getting a bigger car you should be getting a better house because I already got a nice car nice house. I want to focus on more important things like serving a law they'll say no, you need a bigger house. No, you need a better car. No you need more houses. Why? Why I'm giving you a comfortable lifestyle. Why chase after more? Why not now use your excess wealth, to spread the deen to the dour to serve as Dean to

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invest in the afterlife invest in general.

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Unless 100 has blessed us with wealth in this country. Many of us have been blessed with wealth.

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Why? Based on things like this

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word which we don't need, which are beyond our necessities, we could use it for so much more in the tower and working towards the truth, the watch will be Huck, helping this woman towards the truth and towards the tower, and righteousness.

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And the final condition

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for avoiding destruction in both worlds, the very last word of the surah is sober, sober,

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what is sober, sober, can these three meanings, sober means consistency, in doing what is right? It means consistency in doing what is right, that you continue to do what right regardless of the consequences, sometimes it's not easy to speak the truth. Sometimes it's not easy not to take a bribe. Sometimes it's not easy to, you know, be the only one in your family or in your community who's doing the right thing. It's not always easy. We need support, we need to be consistent in doing the right thing, regardless of the consequences. sober, also carries the meaning

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of controlling ourselves, control ourselves, and to prevent ourselves from doing what is wrong.

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Right, to prevent ourselves from doing what is wrong, this is also part of stubborn, that we stop ourselves. And we say I can't do this, when you see an opportunity to combat this, and you say, I can't do it, I cannot do it for the sake of Allah, I will not do it. This also requires a type of stubborn, right, the subject of stopping yourself from doing evil. And the third meaning of sobor is patience, at times of difficulty.

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And almost 100 talks about suffering the Quran, he's talking about all three, all three, that we need to be consistent in doing what is right regardless of the consequences. We have to be consistent in staying away from what is wrong. Regardless of you know how much we want it. And we need to be patient at the trials of life that will affect us. And again, disability is mentioned in the surah as a community thing, that is an individual thing. Allah doesn't tell us to make supper on our own. He tells us the wasabi supper, help each other Be patient. How beautiful is that? You don't need to go through the details of life alone. Suffering alone. You know we nobody by your side. No,

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this is an oma we are one brotherhood, we are one oma we are there for each other. We need to be there for each other. No one should be suffering in silence. Everybody out there should have people by their sides, saying that we are your brothers and sisters and you stand we will help you through your difficulties. This is how the oma should be this is what the surah is teaching us. Help each other, make supper, help each other. Stay away from sin, help each other do good deeds help each other to difficult times. Someone's going through a hard time help them out of the out of it if you can, if you can't help them out of it, help them get through it. If you can't even do that, make dua

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for them, but help our brothers. Summer is not an individual duty. It's a collective duty, a community suburb, a community step in the right direction. And suburb is not a passive thing. It says oh, I mix up and I'll just sit back and wait for someone else to change my situation. No suburb is the active thing. suburb is about working towards what is right and staying away from what's evil and trying to find solutions. All that's part of server.

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If someone is harming you don't sit back and say I'm making supper, you find out the way you find the right way, the Islamic way out to that problem. Why not doing anything Haram in that situation? That is

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that is something many of us have the wrong understanding.

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To suffer is something we do together as a community, not something we do as individuals. That's the way it's supposed to be. Sadly, we've become so individualistic that when someone else is going to a problem, we see that's not my problem. I we don't care many of us don't care. As long as our bellies are fully our we are big houses in nightclubs, we don't care what's happening to the next person.

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That's not the way a Muslim should be. We need to be united. And we need to help each other towards the truth and help each other towards supper. That's the message of circle.

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Right? And this is one and a half lines. It takes many of us 20 seconds to decide. And also we just spent one hour discussing it. And we haven't completed dividend to justice to the surah tele these meanings goes much deeper than what we did one hour discussing one and a half lines of the Quran.

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This one and a half days to change our entire lives because it really contains the entire message of Islam.

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That unless we have the right beliefs, live righteous lives,

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help each other in doing the dour, help each other in being patient. Then time is running up. And we are headed towards destruction

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while also

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by the token of time which is running up

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in the internal of the hosel definitely mankind

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And humanity is definitely heading towards destruction. Illa Levine, Manu, Amina saw the heart, except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, whatever. So be happy, whatever. So be sober, and help each other in spreading the truth and help each other in being patient and being patient, and consistent.

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So I will answer three verses that will change our lives. The next time you pray your Salah, and you decide to Surah think about these meanings. And did the surah affect our hearts, change our lives and make us a better oma and save us from the distractions of this world.

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Would that hamdulillah we come to the conclusion of circle Arthur and his Tafseer. And these past two weeks looking at these two sutras the next era in Kizomba is Surah Hamada, which continues on this topic on the same theme about the things of this world which have distracted us, but the next window gets more specific. So Oklahoma's omada speaks specifically about wealth and money and how greed for it has distracted us from that. So inshallah next week, we're going to tackle that topic, continuing on the same theme that runs throughout the sutras.

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And he wants to speak specifically about wealth, both the good and the bad, and what we can do inshallah, to avoid the punishment mentioned into Oklahoma. So with that, inshallah, we will conclude for today.

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They told us 100, to give us all the tofik to live our lives according to the message of circle so, to make that

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our way of life.

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ask Allah to make the Quran

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the guidance of our hearts, and

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not just a book in our lives, but the very manual, the instruction manual by which we live each and every moment of our existence.

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With that will conclude for today, I will see you next week in Sharla chisako Hi, Ron. Walker, da Juana and hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa salam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh