Maqasid al-Shariah 4: Preservation of Intellect and Wealth

Ismail Kamdar

Channel: Ismail Kamdar

Episode Notes

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In part four in this series on Maqasid al-Shariah, we discuss the importance of preserving the intellect and wealth as fundamental goals of the Shariah.

Episode Transcript

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hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Karim, Allah, Allah He was heavy as in. Again, welcome to this presentation on the cost of the Sharia the higher objectives of Islamic law. This is session number four, right where we are going to move into the third and fourth of the five major goals of the Sharia, which is

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the preservation of alcohol and mouth of intellect and wealth. So this is going to be a very interesting topic because

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you're in South Africa, I don't think especially you're in Durban, we actually discuss the Sharia from this perspective, how the Sharia revolves around protecting our intellect, and protecting our wealth. And this is something which may seem like new information.

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It's all taken from classical works, the works of Al ghazali even assure a sharp TV, this is all classical information, even though it may seem new to you. So we'll begin with a quick recap of what was covered in weeks one, two, and three, specifically for those who are new. Right, so

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mikaze, the Sharia goals of Islamic law?

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means in this subject we are studying Why, why the Allah give us was, right. That's simply what this course is all about. Why do we have laws? Right? So we say that the wisdom or rather the thinking behind us is that Allah is most wise, his wisdom is infinite. Therefore, he would not reveal a law unless that law has wisdom behind it. And so this science is all about trying to derive the wisdom behind the laws of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Right. And so the science is called mikaze the Sharia.

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In the second week, we spoke about the primary goal of the Sharia the attainment of benefit and the prevention of harm. We said all of Islamic law revolves around these two things. Every single law of Islam is either to benefit us or to protect us from harm, if Allah has made something wrong, is to protect us from harm. clearest example, the prohibition of alcohol, the prohibition of murder, these things are to protect us from harm, right? On the other side, the attainment of benefits. So our religion commands us to pray five times a day, because there's benefit in that it tells us to pass the month of Ramadan, because there's benefit in that. So our entire religion revolves around the

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attainment of benefit and the prevention of harm that was discussed in details in week two. Right? Then we said

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that this causes they generally discuss

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the issue of benefits. And they generally summarize as five main benefits, five things that the shalya focuses on. And all of the shalya revolves around protecting one of these five things.

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The five Juliet the five necessities, we say that these five things are fate, life, intellect, wealth, and family. So last week, we spoke about faith and life. What did we say about faith?

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Anyone can remember what was the main point you mentioned about fate?

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More important than life, right? Meaning, as a Muslim, you should be willing to sacrifice your life for this fate. Right? That's something as expected from us that the fate is the highest thing protecting Islamic we see is of two types. One is protecting Islam as a whole from going extinct as a religion or getting distorted as a religion. And the other aspect is protecting our own Eman from from going down by praying five times a day and fasting the month of Ramadan and things like that. The second thing we said is our religion revolves around the protection of human life, meaning what murder is prohibited, right? human life is sacred. Even when there is a legitimate jihad, they are

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so strict laws in place to protect anybody from getting harmed, besides actual combatants, right, very, very strict laws for the protection of human life. As we said, the protection of human life is not just about privacy, prohibiting murder, it's also about quality of life. It's also about taking care of your health. It's also about living a good life. It's also about making sure that we don't harm the environment, or kill an animal out of reason, or destroy a plant without a reason. All of this falls under the protection of life. So this week, we're going to discuss apple and mile, intellect and wealth, how the Sharia revolves around protecting those two things. And next week, we

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will close off early and close up and we finish the five main ones by discussing the final part, which different scholars give different names, some call it lineage, some call it honor. More recently, we started calling it family by putting the two together.

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Okay, so this week, inshallah, we're going to focus on the protection of intellect

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And wealth as gold of the Sharia. Now, when I first studied this topic about a decade ago, I didn't really grasp why alcohol was here on this list. I didn't really understand why aka white intellect. I mean, I understand the religion revolving around the preservation of life. That's something I can understand the preservation of religion, but why intellect.

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And to understand why intellect, we go back to the very fundamentals of our religion, which is, if you are unable to think, if you're unable to make decisions, you're not held accountable for your actions. Right? Our very religion revolves around being able to think clearly,

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which we call Arabic, being vocal not being able to be responsible for your deeds. And so anything that gets in the way of that becomes a problem. So the first two slides going to discuss this concept, starting with what is preservation of intellect. And number two, some examples of that.

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In Islam, intellect, and what we mean by intellectual, lots of discussion amongst the olema give a very basic definition. intellect means the ability to think, to utilize your free world and to choose between good and evil, is what intellect refers to it ability to think your ability to learn, your ability to be to, to choose between good and evil, you're free. Well, all of this falls under intellect. Islam protects us, it says, set certain laws in place to make sure that we all have this capability.

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Why? Because without internet, they can be no society. If everybody is like, look at the bill, basic example everybody's drunk or high.

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This there's no civilization, it's anarchy. So our intellect is is necessary. It's a it's a very important necessity for us to even live a basic quality life, leave alone a good life, without intellect, everything falls apart. So consciousness, the ability to think about our thoughts, free will, the ability to choose between good and evil between right and wrong, right intellect, our ability to use our minds, these are all gifts from Allah.

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Allah has blessed us with these gifts. Now, not everyone's given them, right sometimes. Some people are chested with these gifts being taken away. And that is a test from Allah. But for all of us who have a gift from Allah, and we have to ask ourselves, what are we doing with this gift? What are we doing with our intellect with our consciousness without free work? Are we using it to obey Allah or not?

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In our Sharia, the ability to choose between good and evil makes us responsible for our deeds. So when a child hits puberty in Islam, what was the Arabic words we use to describe this?

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The more common word Yes, Africa. ballot was the other common word used, not so common in Africa, but it's another word used as well. mukalla. Both these words mean the same thing. It means responsible for these words mean responsible, meaning, you've reached the age where you are now responsible for your deeds. So we asked this a Why doesn't Allah hold the child accountable for the deeds?

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What do you think is the answer? Why is Allah holding a 10 year old or seven year old accountable for the deeds?

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The intellect is not developed yet? Right. That's the key point. The intellect is not developed with the ability to think in abstract terms, the ability to think in a higher level that only kicks in around the age of 12, or 13 only kicks in when a person is going through puberty, definitely able to think about deeper concepts, right. So our responsibility for our deeds and for choosing between good and evil only happens at that time. And this is called being local law or becoming valid, being responsible for one's deeds. So because intellect is so important, our religion has prohibited any substance that messes with our intellect. It is prohibited any substance that messes with our

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message without intellect, what's the Hadees?

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Whatever intoxicates in large amounts is prohibited in small amounts, right. So it's not just alcohol, anything that messes up your mind. Anything that causes a person to lose the ability to choose between good and evil, to choose the ability to make sensible choices is prohibited by by this Hadees. So the prohibition doesn't just go to alcohol, it extends to any type of drugs that are that will have this effect on an individual.

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And the reason for that being is Muslims need to always be in their senses so that they can fulfill their responsibilities again, if you go back to the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala speaks about the alcohol

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He says do not approach for that while you are intoxicated until, until What? What is the policy until

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you understand what you are reciting.

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Do not compostella it while you are intoxicated until you understand what you are reciting goes back to intellect to understanding to using one's mind. How many of us understand what we are reciting?

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I mean, we don't junk of Islam to understand what we reciting. That's a problem, right? We supposed to understand what we are reciting. It's there in the verse. This is why it's very important that we teach our children the meanings of the surah they recite in the Sala, so they understand what they recycle.

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So let's look at the examples of this. How does our Sharia preserve our intellect, the most commonly quoted example is the prohibition of alcohol to the earliest books of Vic, when they bring up this topic, this is really the only example they give, we go back to the very early works of McAfee, the Sharia, when he talks about the preservation of intellect, the only thing it really speaks about is that Allah prohibited alcohol said, We are always in our right senses. So we don't ever end up in a situation where we can't think straight. And we end up doing things that we regret later, later on. I should this is the most commonly quoted example, you'll find it all of the earlier books, this is

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very straightforward.

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I think everybody understands this, what alcohol does to the intellect and why it's prohibited, right. So I'm not going to go into details about that. The Sharia does not hold children, mentally ill people and sleeping people responsible for the deed. So the Hadees, in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, stated, the pen is lifted from three the child until he hits puberty, the person who has lost his senses, and so they come to their senses, and the person who is asleep until they wake up, meaning if anyone is in a state in which they are unable to use the intellect to decide between right and wrong, they're in that state, they are not held accountable for what they

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do. So a child

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is not held accountable. For examples not being allowed.

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I just becomes a very double edged sword when you're teaching your children Islam on a device level, right? I don't know how many of you ever had to deal with this? Did you tell your 10 year old you go and pre Salah? And he says but I'm not held accountable to the people.

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And

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you have no argument for that. Because technically is right.

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And so that becomes like, Okay, how do we teach them this? Do we not teach them this? Do we leave this for later. But it's a fact, if a 10 year old doesn't rissalah they're not going to be punished now. It's simply a matter of training them and getting them into the habit of Stata, so that when they do become of age, it's not something new and hard for them. Right.

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second type of person mentioned in this Hadees is somebody who has a mental problem, right? So of course, this is the level of mental problem where you are unable

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to know what you're doing, of course, is different levels. So I show this within like for example, to general anxiety or depression, it will refer to something more advanced like you know, dementia or something like that. A person who doesn't know what they're doing. They go in they they honestly are not in control. So in the person's intellect is taken away a lot, does not hold them accountable for anything they say and do in that state. Right. And so this is part of Allah's mercy. Third is sleeping people. Now this is something which people may find strange, unless you know someone who sleep talks or sleep walks, right, if you know someone who does these things, then you can

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understand this. Because someone like that anything can happen while you're sleeping. I mean, literally anything can happen. You're not held accountable for it. So the QuickBooks is very bizarre example. So I mean, if someone is asleep, and they fall off the bed on top of someone who crushed him to death is not held accountable to it.

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It says it's because they don't know what to do. So

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someone who's sleeping, not accountable if a man's fast asleep, and he's having a dream. In his dream, he starts to sleep talk and he says, You divorced your divorce you divorce doesn't count. Right is fast asleep. It's not in his senses. He doesn't count. And now he's pretending to sleep. That's another story.

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Number three, the prohibition of alcohol in our times, extends to what?

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recreational drugs, right drug usage, which again, messes with the mind, causes people to lose their senses causes people to make bad choices, cause people to forget things, you know,

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it even causes brain damage. In the long run. A lot of these drugs are prohibited as part of preservation of internet, Sharia. Remember, we say these three levels, right, the buryat hayata, Sr, we'll discuss this in week six in more detail, but just on this topic, there's three levels to each of these subjects. So the

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The basic level is preservation. The level above that is like development or needs. And the level above that is reaching the senior perfection. And we supposed to aim for the level of your son or daughter senior, the level of perfection. So the basic level is don't do drugs, right? That's the basic level that's like minimum in Australia. A level above that, develop your internet, study, learn, right? Hire that Santa senior, you become people have become intellectual people become people who are leaders in your field, and become like the most genius people of your time in your fields. That's like reaching a son in the field of intellectual. Remember, these are all different

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levels. When we're talking about the Juilliard, we're just talking about the minimum that is expected from every member of society, I mean, not talking about what should be our aim, just the minimum, that's, that's expected from everybody.

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Even prescription drugs, medication will fall under this prohibition unless necessary. So those type of medication which are addictive, which do have side effects that cause the person to use their senses, to lose consciousness or to lose the ability to make good decisions, these things are by default prohibited and only permitted when there's a prescription from a good doctor who says there's no other choice, this is the only thing that's going to work, that's the only time such things would become permissible, otherwise, they can be easily abused and cause all kinds of problems.

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Finally, to take it to the level of hygiene that the need for education also falls under preserving the intellect. So Muslims are expected to grow their brains to develop their brains to study to continuously developing ourselves intellectually, we should not be the kind of people who just you know,

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stay at one level for the rest of our lives, there should be continuous growth in our intellectual capabilities. And we see this in the golden age of Islam. When we look at the Golden Age of Islam, you'll find people who were doctors, and the same person who's a doctor was also a copy of the Quran. And he was also a scientist and psychiatrist, and a musician, and a mathematician, and like, one person will do all these things. And then you meet another person who is like another 20 different titles. And then that's the Golden Age, where even intellect was at the level of the senior that the people were in just intelligent. They were some of the most remarkable human beings

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to ever love in all of their fields. And that's supposed to be what we aspire towards. That's the level we're supposed to be trying to reach. We're not supposed to just be like, you know, these kids that like, as long as I pass, it's fine. That's not supposed to be the Muslim mindset, Muslim, it, I want to be the best, the absolute best in the world at what I do. That's what we're supposed to aim for, not for pride, not for ego, but because of the sun, that is a sign that you aim to be the best at everything that you do, because the human needs that the human needs people obviously.

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So that's topic number one, and I'll come back towards it towards the end. But let's move on to topic number two very important, the preservation of wealth.

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So our religion gives every person the right to own wealth, to keep their wealth secure, to grow their wealth, to spend their wealth, or anything halau that they desire to do business, all of this is something which our religion allows at a very basic level, and this is why there is no such thing as Islamic communism. Right? It just wouldn't work, it will go against one of the four basic principles of our Sharia, which is the preservation of wealth ownership. So the right to wealth and property ownership is a fundamental right in the Sharia, from the very beginning, our religion has given people this fight, our religion has given people the right to own money to own properties, and

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to grow it, and to keep developing it and growing it. Not to just leave it stagnant or to just keep it away.

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And the reason is quite obvious that in order for humans to live access to resources and wealth is necessary. So you know, one of the topics I want to talk about now is, as we go along to the slides in the issue of the glorification of poverty, which exists in some circles, particularly in some Sufi circles. We have some people who have this idea that rich people are evil, or they must have robbed someone or turn somebody down to get rich. They have this negative perception of wealth. And they believe that to be pious, you must be poor. I feel this is a very, very warped idea that's not from our religion. The professors have actually make to our protection from poverty

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and prediction from debt protection from being overpowered by people. These are all dogs we are supposed to be making, and the Sahaba they were all different levels, even for Sahaba what we would call middle class Sahaba they were wealthy Sahaba millionaire Sahaba. Some of them were from the assura Mashallah upon Abdullah Hannibal, Israel

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millionaires find it oh, you know, by the standards of their time, it did not in any way affect the level of piety, or the closest Allah subhana wa Taala. And so our religion does not have this stigma against wealth. Rather, wealth is seen as a resource that can be used for the benefit of the oma and something that's necessary. Why is it necessary? because Islam shows us that Islam teaches us is that very often people who commit crimes, why do they committed desperation, they don't have money. And that's why in those cases, we don't even carry out the Sharia punishment against them. Because there is that desperation, there is that lack of access to resources. So while is a necessity, it is

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a barrier against sin, it really is a barrier against a minimum level of wealth is a barrier against sin, because someone below that level may be tempted towards stealing, or something else.

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So the Sharia has placed several systems to protect people's right of wealth and ownership. But to balance that out, it has also placed several systems to help the poor and to balance the economy. So this is where Islam gives us that balance, equal economic system that's in between capitalism and socialism or communism. So on one hand, we have a system that is all about the rich getting richer, without any real way of taking care of the point. This is something for example, you see a very American battling with this at the moment. So one hand we have Donald Trump representing the capitalist system. The other hand, we have Bernie Sanders representing taking the money away from

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the rich and giving it to the poor.

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Both of these extremes are not Islam, we live somewhere in the middle. Well, what is the middle part say? Our middle part says, people have the right to make money, they have the right to do business, they have right to become billionaires, billionaires trillionaires. But 2.5% soccer, they have to give, right? They should be giving sadaqa they should be setting up Walk, walk off systems, they should be doing all of these other things. So when an Islamic economy is done properly, then there is balance in society. The way I look at it is in a communist system, everyone's poor everyone stays. In a capitalist system, the rich get richer, and the poor get poorer. In an Islamic system,

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when it's done properly, the rich get richer, and they take the poor with them.

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Meaning every time the rich get richer, the amount of Zakat they're giving is what much more, right so that elevates the people at the bottom to a higher level. And so we see this, for example, in the time of Omar Abdulaziz coding, oh, my God, because I just wrote a book. So I spent one year researching his life. You know, when he was the halifa, the the economic system was so strong, that at one point in time in North Africa, people couldn't find anyone to give zakat.

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In North Africa, they couldn't find anyone to give the car to because the economic system he had put in place based on the Sharia was so powerful that everybody was going in well together. Right. And so this is what our religion teaches. It's not on this end of that, and it's not, you know, against the 1%, against rich people hating rich people wanting to take their money away from them, nor the against poor people, denying them the rights, you know, telling them You poor because you're lazy, or whatever the case may be, it's in the middle, right? Where everybody grows together, everybody benefits together. And this is a system that I think South Africa needs, can package it under a

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different name. We don't have to call it Sharia, we have to call it an Islamic system. But you get something like this rolling in our community, where we are, as we are growing in wealth and Hamdulillah, the Muslims in his community are growing in wealth. We take everybody else with us, right? If we could find a way to bring this into our communities, and to develop the sense that Africa can solve some of the main major problems that this country faces. So the examples of the preservation of wealth, the

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most obvious mentioned in every book of it is the prohibition of stealing. Why does Islam prohibits stealing, because people have the right to ownership of wealth, and they have the right to their well being protected and nobody has the right to steal from anybody else. Nobody has the right to steal anybody else's wealth. Right. So the prohibition of stealing is the most obvious example.

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Also, I will show you allows a free market economy, but with a few restrictions. So some examples of how our economy would be different from a capitalistic economy is that we have a maxim, anything that's haram to use is haram to buy or sell. So we have restrictions on what you can buy and sell. So in a capitalistic society, you can sell almost anything. Right? And then for example, we have people who are getting wealthy have casinos and people are getting wealthier, all these other kinds of businesses our religion will prohibit. So we do have some limits. We can't see a complete free market. There are some limits. There are some things you are not allowed to buy and sell you know

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allowed to do it in the economy. But it's not as much as people think. There aren't that many restrictions. If a Muslim wants to go into business, there are laws, there is halal and haram, there is certain conditions he needs to fulfill or she needs to fulfill. But it's not that much.

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In general, how Lola will be Allah has made business. That's the general rule most of it is halaal. And, and a few things are prohibited are quite obvious. Right? So for example, I will show you a prohibits us to abuse the system by by promoting charity, justice and fairness. So the profits are long some stated that your your workers are your brothers. And he said this about whatever workers

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What did he say that whatever workers deceit is about paid workers,

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slave slaves. So imagine if this applies to slaves nowadays, and we don't have slavery, that is who paid workers, right? This is your brother's your slaves or your brothers? Feed them from what you eat clothing, what you wear, don't overwork them, if you overworked unhealthy health. So these are the rights of the slaves in the classical Muslim community. What about the free worker today, and the prophets always told us not to, to to pay the worker before his sweat rises isn't meant to be literally meant what pay people on time people attend, because they also have families to take care of, and you know, bills to pay.

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So we have this system, you know, not to mistreat your employees to give charity. If you look at the classical Islamic system, the one thing that stands out to me that's missing today is the work of system. Which if you look in the golden age of Islam, you would find, for example, entire hospitals, entire organizations run entirely on walk on walk, just like not just schools and universities, but hospitals, animal shelters, all kinds of things you wouldn't imagine just running as completely free services for society, because the wealthy were paying for it in this way. So you, this is something that's really really amazing. This this book called civilization of fate,

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in the authors, Dr. Mustapha sea by Swan, my favorite books, it's really something I've read like three times, and I recommend it to everybody. If you read that book, he talks about the golden age of Islam, but he doesn't talk about the from the perspective that we are accustomed to. He talks about the libraries, the social systems, the charity systems, the schools, the universities, he talks about the hospitals, the healthcare system, he talks about all of this in the Golden Age. And the one thing every chapter has in common is the entire system is run on what whatever the system was, someone came along so multimillionaire, and he says this property, hospital free for this

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community, it's a worker from ago, right, and for any carries on like that, right today, for example, as the university is still running the system. And so right through to the people who go there, they don't have to pay fees, because it's on the system. So this is something that we should be reviving in our communities, how many people can benefit from something like this. So that's why I say in Islam in the rich get richer, if they do need property to take others wouldn't they elevate others with them.

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So our economy allows people to grow rich, but there's a curtain shows it does not leave others behind. And again, our religion is not a religion that is pro poverty, noisey Pro,

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you know, extravagance and luxury. It's simply a religion where everybody's basic monetary needs need to be met. And above that is your choice, as long as you're a good Muslim. So again, we have the rules. That means that everybody in society has certain basic rights. In general, the rights are considered food, clothing, shelter, everyone in society has the right to food, clothing and shelter. And they are obviously different countries will have different things will be added to so for example, is Africa, we see we see education, right? We see electricity,

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which we are feeling it

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what these are basic rights and our religion, even in the Islamic system, everybody needs to have access to these. And that's the buryat level. Above that is the hajia level, the harder they will mean jobs in businesses. So people need to have jobs and businesses to ensure that they are able to provide for their families. And above that that senior level, reasonably reaching your son in your wealth would mean that you as a Muslim, became a millionaire or multi millionaire or a billionaire to a halaal business and you're using that business to do what to benefit the rest of society. You are setting up strategies you're giving, aka you're providing jobs for people. Again, you know, a

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lot of times this is one thing I can understand about modern culture, when people hate on millionaires

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pluggin is the hating on the only people who are literally employing 1000s of people, and should their person lose their money 1000s of people lose their jobs. And we don't think about it this way. But very often, you know, this is what's going to happen. So as Muslims, we think about starting a business, we don't think about the only terms of am going to get rich, but you think about the terms of I mean, I'm providing a employment opportunities for so many people. And of course, we'd have to discuss the issue of fair wages as well. That's another topic.

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So practical benefits, what can we learn from these topics? And how can we take it for as I said, My constitution, he has a very theoretical subject, and it's normally taught, for the sake of HD heart. To the preservation of wealth topic is normally used in the field of Islamic business, Islamic banking, they normally take them opposite approach to subjects. Well, of course,

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most of you are not going to be HDR. Right? You're one more practical lessons that we can take from this. So lesson number one, avoid anything that messes with or weakens your intellect, any habits or hobbies that do this? So the idea of Muslims hanging out, and you know, smoking away on things that, that cause brain damage or make them stupid, to be clear, to be blunt, because you see this now the young guys is hanging out, smoking, nobody knows what's inside, you think they smoking and then they start talking complete nonsense. And they seem to get dumber every single day. that these are not hobbies Muslims should have we should have hobbies that sharpen our intellect, you should have us

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and that sharpened our intellect. So when you look at the Islamic Golden Age, what does the previous board game speed?

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Anyone know?

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chess?

00:31:53--> 00:31:54

chess Ihara

00:31:56--> 00:32:00

is a huge difference of opinion about that chess is technically not how long

00:32:01--> 00:32:15

is the funny thing I needed the classical scholars. Once somebody told me Jesse Tara, and I asked him for proof. He gave me a quotation from your Moloch, two quotation molecules. Someone asked him about chess, and he said, I don't like it.

00:32:17--> 00:32:46

I don't like it. Haram. I don't see the link. So the way the early scholars operated was that they were very scared to say something is wrong, unless they had evidence clear evidence from Khurana Hadees. So if they could not find clear evidence that something is wrong, they would simply say, I don't like it. We meaning what it's not Haram, but I don't like it. Right. So you actually find in in the in the Islamic Golden Ages, specifically in Spain.

00:32:47--> 00:33:14

And even in Turkey, it just was like a national pastime. It was like the thing everyone used to do to hang out, you know, thing a turn based strategy game chess. Nowadays, we get these type of games on our video game machines. So when you look at kids today, really irritates me, I have a problem with video games before anyone thinks I'm a hypocrite I pay myself. The big difference is I play intellectual games like business strategy games. And I get really irritated when I see people getting fortnight's

00:33:15--> 00:33:52

games that just make you stupid. And it'll just make you stupid. So as a Muslim, you're playing video games, whether you're watching movies or TV series, whether you're playing board games, whether you're doing anything as a hobby, think about the impact it has on your brain, try to do things that have an intellectual effect. They help to grow your intellect, even if if you are playing games. And so that's This is why you know, whenever I speak to kids and teenagers, and if the individual games, I try to encourage them to play the more intellectual future games, the ones that develop your your way of thinking, or if you're into board games to try to get him into those

00:33:52--> 00:34:31

type of board games, you're trying to do something that develops your brain. Because as Muslims, our mind, is one of the most important things that we have. And we need to make it as strong as possible. One of the problems we're having with the current generation of boys who are not growing up is the love of silly video games, and silly movies and silly cartoons and silly TVC. So you have this 35 year old boy, that the five year old boy sitting in watching Cartoon Network, because he doesn't want to grow up. Now this is the opposite of preserving your intellect. There has to be this, this this this thing where you're moving to the higher level with each age group, you're not

00:34:31--> 00:34:59

getting stuck in your childhood. So there's nothing technically wrong with hobbies and pastimes and video games or watching things but try to do things more intellectually. What's the impact is going to have my opinion this is again, a very misunderstood Heidi's about human depravity. Some said that excessive laughter hardens the heart. So okay, how people to get to the extreme and say what laughing around they walk around with a scowl on their face.

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

Right.

00:35:01--> 00:35:39

Excessive laughter I thought about this Heidi's and I look at our community and realize something of people who are like stand up comedians, people who watch sitcoms all day long. People who watch a lot of really dumb comedy movies, you'll notice that they can't take anything seriously. They can't take an Islamic class seriously, they can't take Salah seriously, everything becomes a joke for them. And this is what the Hadees actually means that when your whole life is all about jokes, life becomes a joke. And as Muslims, we supposed to be more mature than that. So the practice of Islam didn't make jokes, he did laugh, he did have a sense of humor, that's a habit as well, but all in

00:35:39--> 00:36:03

moderation. And so we need to be the same with our entertainment. If someone just literally sits and watch comedies all day long. The impact of that, is they stop taking life seriously. So it does mess with the intellect. So the preservation of intellect, you know, it's not just about avoiding drugs and avoiding alcohol, avoid other things that mess with your mind. So nowadays, the big one that nobody wants to talk about is pornography.

00:36:04--> 00:36:35

It has been psychologically proven to have the same effects as drugs, completely messes up people's brains. That's why people aren't happy in their marriages. That's why people don't want to get married. That's why people are like, they kind of concentrate and work anymore. This drug is destroying people. What do we do about it? What the society do what the government's do about it, no one's talking about me keeps getting worse. as Muslims, this is prohibited, it is a a drug, it is something that messes up people's brains and causes problems in society.

00:36:36--> 00:36:47

Point number two, regarding our intellectual point, number one, avoid anything that messes with your brains. That includes the type of hobbies and pastimes that you have. Number two, lifelong education

00:36:48--> 00:36:49

is a must for every believer.

00:36:51--> 00:37:13

This is something I try to drill into the minds of every person I meet, you should be continuously learning until you leave this world. Right? What was the thing we had when we are younger? Yes, Africa seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave. Right. It's not technically a hideous, that's a mistake. There was a slogan for the school back in those days.

00:37:15--> 00:37:30

Right, the good slogan, but signal isn't appealing. That should be our slogan, that should be something we live by. It's something I tried. Because I get absolutely shocked when I meet people my age, who haven't read a single book since they finish high school.

00:37:31--> 00:37:48

They literally don't read books, they don't listen to lectures, they don't listen to podcasts, they don't even do anything to grow the internet. And then they wonder why they're not successful Indian or whether it's Dino dunia, you're not going to succeed either way if you're not continuously learning. And so one of my goals at Islamic self help

00:37:50--> 00:38:27

is to get people to become lifelong learners. The whole point of studying Islamic self help and getting writing books on time management and self confidence, productivity, is to get people back into these habits, get people back into reading books, studying online, learning new things every day to revive this culture. So back in 2014, when I first wrote this book on time management, people told me why writing a book people don't read anymore. So there was an argument a heck of a lot of people, why are you writing a book people don't read anymore? Just make a YouTube video about it. And my response is, maybe people not reading anymore because not writing anything worth reading.

00:38:27--> 00:38:48

Right? I mean, we need to get people back into the habit of reading consciously people aren't reading anymore. Stop writing. Does that mean an entire generation of people look back in 500 years time and study our era books written in that century? Nothing YouTube videos developed don't look at your scary stuff, you know, see Dean squat and all other kinds of weird things, right?

00:38:49--> 00:39:10

Books are our legacy books, our legacy. This is our legacy anytime in our history. Everything that we teach is coming from what the books of Al ghazali the books have a shot to be the books or even assure the books of even taymiyah if they didn't write books, and you know these these scholars renew books in Think about your no one reads, nobody likes me.

00:39:11--> 00:39:15

I mean, think about the two anyway, even taymiyah was writing his books. How many people like him how popular was he

00:39:17--> 00:39:39

was in prison. He was in prison. The whole of society was against him. Hundreds of years later, he's books all over the world, thanks to Saudi Arabia. Right. But he books are all over the world. If you look at Mr. McCarney, when Mr. McCarthy passed away, nobody liked him in his community. It was a scandal spread that they were jealous of him, accusing him of being a deviant.

00:39:41--> 00:39:48

This thing we have nowadays, when people are jealous of another element, a feeling of being a deviant. It's not something you have to remember.

00:39:49--> 00:39:59

And his community turned against him. And he made you up and he asked Allah Oh Allah if life is better for me, keep me alive. Get it for me take my life. And he had an exciting accident. He died in that stage. We know but

00:40:00--> 00:40:21

He wasn't he was on the side. But today his book is the most important book after the Quran. It wasn't the case when he was alive. That wasn't the case when he was alive. So the idea that we just write, we just do what's popular. And see the big problem people just want to do what's popular. How many of you label as a young person? What do you want to be when they grow from the current generation?

00:40:23--> 00:40:31

Now, when asked the question, I get the exact same answer from every young boy asked a question to you know what it is a YouTube star.

00:40:32--> 00:41:02

Every single boy between the age of 10 and 18, who I asked, What do you want to be when you grew up, I want to be famous on YouTube. And live off the advert money famous for what playing fortnight, or playing this video game, or making comedy videos. Nobody has good aspirations. So we must indulge our culture and try and pull people away from it. Pull people away from you get people back to life, lifelong learning. You know, when the internet was invented, it was invented for what? To develop people's intellect.

00:41:03--> 00:41:24

through the internet, we have unlimited access to books, to online courses, to podcasts, to to beneficial YouTube videos to all kinds of things. And instead, instead, it became a place to meet people tomorrow, it will be in the history of this world. Right? It's really become a place where people just the brain cells seem to be destroyed because we're not using it properly.

00:41:25--> 00:41:46

Lifelong Learning is something that must stay. We have a problem here in our community that when we have gatherings like this, the majority of Muslims won't even think about attendance. Why would they think about attending, because lifelong learning is no longer priority. I tell people about Islamic classic Islamic madressa

00:41:48--> 00:42:12

once you learn about the Swami madressa is not the same thing you want to learn about and raise the curiosity to keep learning about our religion. So lifelong education is a must for every believer and really to develop our intellect we have to grow this and keep working in this direction. Point number three, our community hamdulillah Some of us have really really excelled in this area, yes, and in business and finance,

00:42:13--> 00:42:15

to become the very best in this area.

00:42:16--> 00:42:36

But there's two sides to this hamdulillah you're in Durban, a lot of Muslims are excelling at business. They are excelling at their jobs, they are excelling, in building their own finances. But there's a lot of problems along the way. mistreatment of employees not paying people on time, racism,

00:42:37--> 00:42:43

exploiting the system. There are a lot of issues. So we need to clean up the issues and keep growing.

00:42:45--> 00:42:55

If Muslims can have a son in their business, they can change the world. They can really change the world because we are living in a time where the most influential people in the entire world are what?

00:42:57--> 00:43:38

The businessmen, the business people, the entrepreneurs. People like Elon Musk people like Mark Zuckerberg, people like Bill Gates, these are presidents. These aren't academics. These are philosophers. These aren't politicians. These are what? businessmen. But why are they so influential? Because we live in the age of money. We live in the age where these people who have the money, they control everything. Why do you think Donald Trump became president? You know, one year before Donald Trump became president, I told everybody I met he is definitely becoming president. There is no way he's losing the election. Because we live in an age where billionaires that's just

00:43:38--> 00:43:53

the way it is. I can guarantee you anyone on his level like that, no matter what silly things they say on stage, no matter what silly things they post on Twitter, if they run for president, with the run for any position, they get it. So

00:43:54--> 00:44:14

our problem is our Muslims are not. Instead, our countries, the Muslim countries are mostly what? poor countries. Most of the Muslim countries today are amongst the poorest, poorest countries in the world. It's like, how many of you have actually visited the poor most Takayama talked about going to Dubai for holidays? How many of you have actually visited a poor Muslim country?

00:44:17--> 00:44:21

Have you seen the level of poverty that Muslims are living?

00:44:22--> 00:44:59

Now it's really, really sad. And what's even more sad is that level of poverty is developing the wrong mindset in people. So for example, almost every day, online, I'll get people sending me a message saying Please, sir, I am from whatever country they mentioned me, the country. Give me all your books for free. Right? And the mindset I see is that everybody just wants things for free. Because a book is not a necessity. It's not like food. It's not like, you know, something that you it's a necessity. It's something that I can't afford. I don't like that. How

00:45:00--> 00:45:23

Look, right. But now the people want everything for free because you grew up in a society where it's ideal to get things for free or you don't get it at all, because there is no job opportunities or anything like that. So our Muslim countries have failed. We've gone in two directions, we have the poor Muslim countries. And then we have Dubai and places like that, which are certain Muslims getting rich by exploiting the others. Right?

00:45:24--> 00:46:04

We as advocate, we have a chance to start over, we have a chance to do this with your son to become wealthy. And as you become influential in our community, and to take everybody else with us. I mean, if a Muslim in this community becomes a multimillionaire billionaire sets up a business across the country with branches all over how many people can you give employment to how many people you can offer jobs to, when you start thinking like that, that we can give people jobs, you can give people a chance to live a normal life, we can help reduce the unemployment rate in our country. So our business should not be limited to just I'm going to make money, but rather, I'm going to make more

00:46:04--> 00:46:10

money so I can print it with your mom. I'm going to make money so I can do more good deeds. There's the Hadees about this

00:46:12--> 00:46:19

country with authorities, but no to which the Sahaba they came to the Prophet slicer made a complaint.

00:46:21--> 00:46:25

The complaint and they said that the rich Sahaba.

00:46:27--> 00:46:34

Abu huraira reported that the poor amongst the Sahaba, it came to the profit slice. I mean, they said the wealthy are getting the highest stages of General.

00:46:36--> 00:46:43

And the profits are the lowest I've seen how is that? He said they pray, we pray the past we forced to give him so much of charity, we can't give charity.

00:46:45--> 00:46:55

They sitting the slavery, we can't set slavery. Upon hearing this the prophets voice have taught them, shall I teach you something to help you catch up with them, and to help you get ahead of them?

00:46:56--> 00:47:03

And he said teaches us he said see superhard Allah, Al hamdu Lillah, Allahu Akbar, see this three times of the each each Salah,

00:47:05--> 00:47:14

the 14 back to the prophets or something and said, well do it doing this as well. So the profits for exam said, the article for the leukemia, that's always blessing he gives it to

00:47:15--> 00:47:23

her This is in Sahih Muslim. So in this Hadees, you see the sahabas understanding of wealth, the Sahaba looked at it as

00:47:25--> 00:47:26

a tool to get to gender.

00:47:27--> 00:47:56

That the poster, how are we jealous in a good way of the rich to have about what not that they had more money, that they could give more soccer. That's what they think he can give more soccer, they can reach a higher level in general. So this is what we should be thinking about. You know, if you should be thinking about what more can I do for my community? What more can I do to eliminate poverty because our country has a huge problem in this area. And we do have tools to solve it. It's just a matter of thinking in the right ways and using it in the right ways.

00:47:57--> 00:48:34

So the Asana business is not just about us, it's not just about I want to be rich, it's not just about I want to be a millionaire, should be about I want to give charity, I want something happened, I want to give a million Rand to it. So I want to interview at that level. It's about job creation. So avoca has a serious unemployment problem. If I can become wealthy, if you can become wealthy, we can all open businesses, which employ 1000s of people, we can reduce the unemployment problem, the industry employees as part of your son, we have to move away from this problem that we have in South Africa, where Muslims are looked upon as the worst people to work for. I have so many young Muslims

00:48:34--> 00:48:36

coming to me saying I never work for Muslims don't treat us well.

00:48:38--> 00:48:52

We have to move away from that. I mean, how we reach that level? I don't know. Because that's literally the opposite of what our religion teaches. We are supposed to be the best bosses. We are supposed to be the best employers we supposed to be the ones everybody wants to work for.

00:48:53--> 00:49:28

But for some reason, we became the worst of people. Yep, it's greedy. Capitalism. That's what it is. When capitalism becomes your religion instead of Islam, that's what happens. Mentoring you, those people in our community who have succeeded, who have actually done well in business, should be helping those who are not they should be taking the younger people on the DVD should be teaching other people that this is how I succeed. This is how you build a business. This is how you do things, or this should be part of that your son, because preserving the world is not just about you. It's about all of the community. And so mentoring people, giving people jobs, giving charity,

00:49:28--> 00:49:30

setting up systems, all of this is part of it.

00:49:32--> 00:49:59

When we look at the Golden Age of Islam, the Muslims were strong mentally, they were strong financially, we look at the five guru reacts. He was strong in all five areas strong in Iran. People lived in peace and safety, no murders. People were strong intellectual yet to the time when we had the best of scholars, the best of scientists, the best of everything. financially strong, right, the Omega the Empire, the Abbasid Empire, the Ottoman Empire, these were ridiculously wealthy.

00:50:01--> 00:50:10

We look at the example that in Africa, the most famous example, Mansa Musa, the ruler of Mali, perhaps the wealthiest man to ever live.

00:50:12--> 00:50:25

He was so wealthy that when he traveled to Egypt for Hajj and he gave gold away to the people of Egypt, it crashed the economy. He gave so much gold away that it lost its capacity and lost its value and had to take some back.

00:50:26--> 00:50:32

Like, can you imagine how wealthy he was that he caused gold to lose its value? That's how much gold he has.

00:50:33--> 00:51:06

So the Muslims were the best in the world financially, mentally, and family wise as well. And really, if we want to be a strong omega, we have to be strong intellectual, we have to be strong financially. We can't solve problems without money. That's a fact you can't solve problems when you can't believe school can you can't build a university or money you can't give people jobs without money. You can't build a mustard Oh man, you need money for everything, we need to be strong financially, we need to be strong mentally, we need to be the best in everything that we do. The best doctors should be a Muslim doctor the best teachers will be Muslim teachers the best

00:51:06--> 00:51:40

businessman should be and businesswoman should be Muslim, the best IT specialists to be Muslims, every field, the best of the best to be Muslim because we are supposed to be people of your sun in everything that we do. So whatever we do, we supposed to aim to be number one to be the best in our community at it. If we had to do this in inshallah, you know, we can take the rest of the committee with it. And this is what attracts people to Islam. When they see Muslims at that level, one of the things nowadays that people have against Islam is that all the Muslim countries are poor

00:51:41--> 00:51:45

Muslims, you know, so people see as the most of the Muslim Demeter stupid.

00:51:47--> 00:52:22

Did you like the amazed at the intellect of these atheist professors at the unable to be Muslim to the same level they are, it's just that we don't have that enough. And we don't have, you know, popularizing them enough. But when Muslims are the ones who are amazing people with the intellect, when they are the ones who are financially helping the rest of society, then of course, people's hearts are going to be open towards Islam. right in that situation, more people's hearts will be open towards Islam, because they see it as the solution to the problems. But when we go around telling people, Islam is the solution to the problems of humanity. And we are literally doing

00:52:22--> 00:52:29

nothing to solve the problems of humanity. So no one's gonna take it seriously, until we become the personification of it.

00:52:31--> 00:52:44

So with that, we come to the end of today's presentation, and we'll open the floor to q&a. anyone has questions, comments, suggestions on any of these topics? We'll handle that now. inshallah.

00:52:48--> 00:52:50

Why? Choose themselves?

00:52:55--> 00:52:55

What

00:52:56--> 00:52:57

is

00:53:00--> 00:53:00

COVID?

00:53:12--> 00:53:19

I haven't really studied him well enough to know. But for me, I think it was more a matter of necessity after what happened, you know, in the world war.

00:53:24--> 00:53:24

Yes.

00:53:25--> 00:53:29

Jewish people on a larger scale, they have

00:53:30--> 00:53:36

more communities. So they couldn't get along. They

00:53:37--> 00:53:38

family.

00:53:41--> 00:53:42

In the

00:53:45--> 00:53:48

UK, from that perspective, it's quite clear to see why as

00:53:51--> 00:53:53

I said, I haven't really researched him well enough to go.

00:54:02--> 00:54:04

The one thing that stands out

00:54:06--> 00:54:07

to work hard.

00:54:09--> 00:54:10

It's not just that people are

00:54:11--> 00:54:12

late.

00:54:13--> 00:54:15

Wealthy backgrounds, you know, we have this

00:54:19--> 00:54:20

notion

00:54:25--> 00:54:33

that all Jews are privileged. It's actually not true. Many of them come from poor backgrounds, but the one thing that stands out amongst us

00:54:40--> 00:54:41

and when you do something

00:54:48--> 00:54:59

very, very, very cool. That's one of the things I always talk about our community's work ethic. work ethic is so important and this is what irritates me when I meet a young person whose only aspiration is to be famous on YouTube.

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

There's like no sense of, not to achieve something.

00:55:06--> 00:55:07

A lot of them

00:55:08--> 00:55:12

give opportunities to each other. As an example, some of them

00:55:14--> 00:55:15

suddenly get topped off.

00:55:19--> 00:55:25

departments have some diversity. So in many ways, it's for each other. They believe very strongly

00:55:28--> 00:55:33

that they support each other. Unlike some of the professors that I work

00:55:34--> 00:55:49

for that you can undermine them. But if you take them by, you know, your progress in your particular field. So it is not this, I don't think it's a genetic thing. I think it's something that they have, you know, the merchant

00:55:52--> 00:55:53

interesting thing to think about?

00:55:59--> 00:56:04

Yeah, he was he wasn't, I didn't really happen, it would became a necessity for them to survive.

00:56:09--> 00:56:10

He was there before too.

00:56:17--> 00:56:24

I'm not familiar with the history was the physician to the to the at that time,

00:56:26--> 00:56:36

and is often quoted, could it be possible the picked up all of this from the Muslim Golden Age, we lost all of it. And they learned all of our good things,

00:56:40--> 00:56:41

of how Jews thrive.

00:56:42--> 00:56:44

It also led to the Ottoman Empire as well.

00:56:48--> 00:56:58

The seeds of distrust, jealousy in the US allowed for the extremist parties to take over then.

00:57:00--> 00:57:02

Again, it was a lot of people doing it, turning a blind eye

00:57:04--> 00:57:14

in the general populace, but he had to have in some degree of resentment against some of the success to have led to what you wanted to in that type

00:57:17--> 00:57:17

of space.

00:57:26--> 00:57:31

Let's move away from that topic. Again, what is MPLS it's a long competition.

00:57:32--> 00:57:34

The Jewish community

00:57:35--> 00:57:37

we aspire to have

00:57:38--> 00:58:07

the Jewish racism gets into trouble, the Jewish community will rally around, they have a fund that's actually in the house. And it will give them this opportunity, this age, this plan of action, like our squads have enough similar one. And they will use that that business was that many months in which to pull himself together, he doesn't end we'll find a way but within the framework, they help each other a lot. It's very quietly done, but it is very much that

00:58:10--> 00:58:12

any other questions or comments on the topics

00:58:14--> 00:58:15

you mentioned

00:58:20--> 00:58:28

tends to circulate wealth from the rich to the poor. But the opposite of what often happens with Riba

00:58:31--> 00:58:32

originally

00:58:34--> 00:59:12

and I think that's something that we will need to expand on that actually a very good point because that's the capitalist system I mean, every book of money or that I read now is average all the millionaires book so how to make money all into the same thing, compound interest, there's a Jesus lover of Riba that that's that's the go to get rich compound interest. So compound interest makes the rich richer, but if you're getting into something else getting pay is getting charged interest, it's keeping the poor down. Right. So the rebar system, it it's it's the opposite of the Islamic system in the sense that the Islamic system, the rich get richer and they take others with them. And

00:59:12--> 00:59:44

the rebar economy, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, because he's going deeper and deeper into debt. And their interest amounts are increasing and it becomes impossible to pay it off, which we see now on the government level. The government's cannot pay off the debts to other governments or even Eskom copy of itself, because the interest levels are too high. So this is what you said is very, very true. That's one of the biggest comparisons between the Islamic system and the western system that we do away with interest. And, you know, I was talking to someone about the issue of debt and loaning people money.

00:59:45--> 00:59:59

In the modern economy, lending people money is looked upon as an opportunity to make money off the entry interest. In the Islamic system lending people money is supposed to be a good deed. That's why we don't take anything about it. You're doing someone a good deed, Someone's in trouble.

01:00:00--> 01:00:36

you lend them money, they pay you back that same amount later in the future. And if you want double good deed, what do you do? You forgive them for the day. That's what our intention is. for us. It's supposed to be a completely, you know, completely about the other person, completely selfless act that Someone's in trouble. I'm lending them money. And and what the modern system has done is they've turned it into a point of greed that Someone's in trouble, let me exploit that 3% or about 10%, or 25%, or whatever it is. So that's a big, big difference, right? That actually should bring that more into the presentation and maybe discuss it in more details next time. Shall the Ladies

01:00:36--> 01:00:37

Night any questions or comments?

01:00:47--> 01:00:47

I

01:00:53--> 01:00:54

was

01:00:55--> 01:00:56

completely out of his senses.

01:01:00--> 01:01:07

He wouldn't come here. But the point he now is everyone says that, it's really hard to know who's speaking the truth and who's not when they say that.

01:01:09--> 01:01:11

These are very, very fine line here.

01:01:12--> 01:01:13

And

01:01:15--> 01:01:29

islamically if someone is not in the center, so you get the point of anger, where you black out, right, and hope none of us ever had to experience that. But you get a point of anger, where you literally see red, and then five minutes go, you can't go over five minutes.

01:01:30--> 01:01:51

If somebody had received in depth state, then that's been beyond the point of of, of being conscious of what you're doing. But the point is, most of the people when they do see the quite aware of what they're seeing and indications of it. I think it's more a matter of we don't really teach people, we don't teach people to send our way of divorcing.

01:01:53--> 01:02:01

Almost every week, somebody messages me a phone, we say what's the tsunami of divorcing? Do I tell them Do I have three now or three? Over three months, I neither just one

01:02:03--> 01:02:35

are you jumping to three, but we don't teach people the tsunami, right. And so it becomes an emotional thing, it becomes an emotional thing that you hold on to, and you let it out when you're angry. So this is why I really believe I go back to what I mentioned before the other week, that part of our high school syllabus should include the peak of management of divorce, it should be taught at the high school level, because people when they finish high school are either going to go to university or they're going to get a job and get married, some people get married at 19 or 20. So at the high school level, we should be teaching this. So when people go in, they know what they're

01:02:35--> 01:03:09

going into. They know the thick of it, they know how to handle everything. They know the ramifications of saying that. And they're less likely to say something that they're going to regret because they understand it. Most of the time, people nowadays will say these things. Without thinking, they have zero understanding of zero understanding, they have no idea how it comes to how it works. In fact, all they know is they're watching some Pakistani drama and the character drama stood up and said it three times. So there must be how you do it. Right. And that's not how we do it. That's actually called, in fact, that's actually called de la comida. For mantasy de la three

01:03:09--> 01:03:12

times the one city in Frick is actually called de la vida.

01:03:13--> 01:03:29

The innovator is the opposite of the luxrender, which is to just say one thing. And so what's become the norm is actually technically obita. It's completely against the teachings of Islam. So what's really needed is education. We have to educate people who are permitted. It has to start very early.

01:03:33--> 01:03:59

on that issue, the issue of the counting as one. Yeah, I'm a two minded on that. Because the majority of all the scholars and all of the Muslims on the other side. On the other hand, what he's asking about is the issue of when a man says the lottery time to one city that the count is $1 per three. So according to all four of the math hubs count is three, right? According to even taymiyah it counts as one.

01:04:00--> 01:04:36

And he was such a big controversy, that even in human history, he didn't even consider wrote his biography with Ionia. He praises epidemia. One way he calls the mistake, greatest scholar, any subject is featuring about us like expert, and he says, but he made a mistake on the issue of luck. That's like his only criticism of his teacher. He made a mistake on the issue of the luck. It was a big controversy at the time, and what have you what is really good batteries in the time of the prophets lawyer sermon, Abu Bakar, when somebody would say three times the one sitting is recounted one clock, and over time he changed it. He changed it because he felt people were abusing them.

01:04:36--> 01:04:59

People were saying he taking it taking it back. So he said if you say three times it counts as three. And somehow that became the law. And that became the opinion of all the Muslims that became the each mind that became like set in stone, even though technically the Prophet voisin was of a different opinion. And so even Damian's point is what the prophets law exams opinion is higher than one woman's opinion is so

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

A very controversial issue, I try to avoid it as much as possible.

01:05:05--> 01:05:29

When people asked me to tell them what their makeup says, I don't really go into my opinion on it. Because it is a matter of majority on one side and Huggies on the other side. And when you have that, it becomes a very sensitive issue. I actually, I'm scared to take my own position on that, because it's it's the issue of majority, the geometry of it is beaudry. Like, how can majority be wrong? How can I need to be wrong? So I prefer to avoid that question altogether for now.

01:05:31--> 01:05:32

So one day someone

01:05:36--> 01:05:44

is there any guideline? I'm going to take 200% off? Is there a problem? Is there a problem? Save I'm saving

01:05:48--> 01:05:51

70 miles in total 200% profit?

01:05:52--> 01:05:53

People can't afford it.

01:05:56--> 01:05:59

The percentage of profit? Okay, so, you mean can you

01:06:04--> 01:06:05

sell things with?

01:06:07--> 01:06:07

high

01:06:13--> 01:06:15

profit process? question

01:06:16--> 01:06:23

has been the winning use of your mind, you know, the scores for the month prices.

01:06:24--> 01:06:30

And you can really get exploited. If you someone who's soft and doesn't know the answer, frankly,

01:06:38--> 01:06:39

as a matter of work,

01:06:40--> 01:07:01

it's also just a matter of both because people growing up in that culture grew up knowing how to haggle. So it's just a matter of the culture being the provocateur. And again, you have to go back to the principle that our religion leaves business open, and a lot of it is halaal. And it's just, you know, you work with the culture, you know, the principle we say, the local culture, the deciding factor that will apply you

01:07:07--> 01:07:09

the poor, for example,

01:07:12--> 01:07:16

another ability to be as sharp as someone comes from a gun,

01:07:18--> 01:07:19

and you see them in front of you.

01:07:21--> 01:07:24

Now, you can see it is one thing, but for the exploitation of

01:07:26--> 01:07:30

anybody. Yeah. And that will be on the individual level.

01:07:31--> 01:08:17

It wouldn't be enough to criticize the whole system. But, again, the individual will be more than an individual level, because people can be exploited even in our system. I mean, in any system, people can be exploited. Someone could sell something too expensive. Let's go back to a question he asked is, can you set a cap on how high profit margins can be? Technically No, technically, no. Because our religion doesn't have a thing of setting a market cap. Now, a Sharia government could sometimes do that. If there is a matter of exploitation. Right? They could, but in general, they can't or they do they won't. Because I think this this issue came up in a time of Omar, Atilla, and he was asked

01:08:17--> 01:08:57

about it, he said that the economy will balance itself, meaning for example, if everyone say, okay, we're going to sell bread, for 200 grand a slice, people are going to stop buying bread, and I have no choice but to bring the price down. Right. So in that way, it balances itself. Now, when there is clear exploitation, someone's taking advantage of the rest of society. So for example, a lot of our books prohibit a monopoly, where one person in the community gathers everything of one type, and sells a very high price to the rest of the community, there's actually prohibited in many of the bathtubs, because that now becomes exploitation. So for example, someone knows that

01:08:58--> 01:09:04

tomatoes are going to be very rare in two or three years time. So we start stockpiling tomatoes illegally, he becomes the only person

01:09:06--> 01:09:20

the only person is Africa. And now he sets the price in such a high level, the only the wealthy can afford it, this actually becomes a sin because he's now exploiting people over something that, you know, people should be able to afford not on a lower level.

01:09:22--> 01:09:26

Very soon as well, technically, we saw medicine supposed to be free.

01:09:27--> 01:09:37

If you really want to get into it, by the way, if you really want to get into it. islamically the idea of of Dr. Andrea is technically the idea of charge of having

01:09:39--> 01:10:00

medical practice as a business. Technically, that's not supposed to exist in the Muslim world. It's also supposed to be free, covered by the government to a lock up system. The idea nowadays and this we see especially in countries like America, where it's become a big business, you know, we the prices are through the roof, and people are being exploited

01:10:00--> 01:10:41

Have something that's a necessity of life, because this goes back to the preservation of life. Medicine is a necessity for the preservation of life. So technically, it's supposed to be free, or the very least affordable. But there is some level for Islam in a Muslim say to be free. That's how it was to the majority of our Islamic countries, the Golden Ages, all medical, everything to do medicine was free, it wasn't just free. In the Islamic Golden Age, if you're a working class person, and you got sick, and you ended up in hospital for two weeks, the hospital would give you your wages for those two weeks, so you don't miss out on any of your family. They wouldn't just give you free

01:10:41--> 01:10:49

medication, they would literally give you whatever money you would have made working so that you don't lose out to the family. So it's a whole different system they to go into.

01:10:52--> 01:10:53

Yes.

01:10:55--> 01:10:56

This to, you know,

01:10:59--> 01:11:00

kind of glorify.

01:11:04--> 01:11:06

But probably if you look at the countries around us today

01:11:09--> 01:11:12

that most closely follow the principle of

01:11:13--> 01:11:15

some of the Scandinavian countries.

01:11:17--> 01:11:24

A free house free education, free housing, social welfare systems, that people pay a high tax rate again,

01:11:26--> 01:11:27

all these benefits,

01:11:28--> 01:11:31

which is why they are such highly developed societies,

01:11:32--> 01:11:36

intellect and progress in all different fields.

01:11:38--> 01:11:42

So the years ago, most Islamic countries

01:11:44--> 01:11:49

Scandinavian countries cannot talk and then sometimes so called Islamic countries came up in a world

01:11:52--> 01:11:52

of

01:12:02--> 01:12:03

self portraits.

01:12:06--> 01:12:06

Yeah.

01:12:08--> 01:12:27

To the state. Okay, the important question, something that's Haram in Islam but legal in the state, it's completely haram for Muslim to buy or sell like that, or make money off that or, and this is the hard one nowadays, because it's very hard to find a Muslim person isn't haram products some extent,

01:12:29--> 01:12:31

for example, is going to the most recent one is what

01:12:33--> 01:12:33

we'd

01:12:35--> 01:13:14

be looking at some of the drugs in our community are now becoming legalized. And so Muslims are saying, no, it's legal now. So get smoky to consolidate. Legal doesn't mean holla. Right, is the same like alcohol. Why don't we take the same stance that we have alcohol? I mean, how many of us actually tolerate seeing alcohol sold in the Muslim house? So we wouldn't, because we understand it's Haram, even though it's legal. Right? So we extend the same thing to other products, which are technically legal, but a Haram is the same thing. Muslims cannon casinos, Muslims can own alcohol stock, Muslims can't sell any type of drug even if it's legalized by the community.

01:13:16--> 01:13:41

Muslims my opinion, again, do you understand the difference of In my opinion, Muslims should not be selling tobacco products. Okay, that's the hard one, because 80% of all Muslim businesses are only one cigarette sales. Right. But technically, I believe that, you know, we when I see Muslims selling those type of products, what goes through my mind? Is you getting rich of giving people cancer?

01:13:42--> 01:13:46

How do you justify that as a Muslim? Just because the money is there?

01:13:48--> 01:13:51

The factories, they own the factories that that's that's

01:13:54--> 01:14:17

I know, I know about that. So it's a big issue. And and the way to get away with it is technically, there is a difference of opinion. And with a difference of opinion in the Hanafi madhhab. We have those who say makuta de hielo de makuta homido say Haram. And obviously, anyone you know, one of my check said, you will not hear anyone say that smoking is Nakuru and if he smokes or sell cigarettes,

01:14:21--> 01:14:33

everybody else is common sense that can't be held up. Right? So it's a big issue. It's a very big issue, that as Muslims, we should not get wealthy of harming other people.

01:14:35--> 01:15:00

And how do we get that to society and get people to understand it and get people conscious about it and get them to reform the presidency? I don't know. I don't know I actually gave up talking about it. Because anytime you bring up the topic of I've heard this morning and he said it's a small group. I call him obviously more than a fellow smokes as well. So that's what usually my group, so I don't know how to deal with that. But in general, if it's not allowed to by yourself

01:15:00--> 01:15:09

It's a maximum, whatever is haram to use is haram to buy or sell, that's the maximum. It doesn't matter whether it's legal in the country or not. Otherwise you could own casinos.

01:15:11--> 01:15:14

So I mean, this is the same rule of like, switch all around.

01:15:15--> 01:15:17

Anything else before we close off?

01:15:19--> 01:15:20

So

01:15:23--> 01:15:28

that's no harm because it can be worn in other contexts. You can wait in other contexts.

01:15:29--> 01:15:35

No, you see, okay, this is an important point, like for example, selling clothing, selling

01:15:36--> 01:15:49

TVs, think that all of these things can be used for holiday. So you can still sell it is the is the individuals business what they do with it, because these things have bought a holiday or hereafter applied revenue you can't sell if someone's gonna take it.

01:15:51--> 01:15:59

Where do you stop it? So if something has a double usage, you allowed to sell it, and it's up to you how to use it, but if something is in of itself,

01:16:00--> 01:16:03

right? I mean, what's the usage of a secret?

01:16:04--> 01:16:06

What's the usage of what you're going to do with it?

01:16:10--> 01:16:11

It's just

01:16:12--> 01:16:15

tell me how well you helped him was just in 30 or 40 years.

01:16:23--> 01:16:25

Okay, so with that, we'll conclude

01:16:26--> 01:16:50

in next week's very important topic, preservation of family and that's really big warning our times because really, we have crisis of family you know, community issue of marriage divorce, you know, all of this is an area where we really have to talk about and go into in detail so I'm just going to focus on that one point for next week inshallah we discuss all of our family then. So Joseph Allah theorem, Salah Salam Alaikum wa rahmatullah.

01:16:58--> 01:17:00

201 is

01:17:01--> 01:17:07

my newest one is 500. But there's just one copy left. So again, only one lucky person is getting it.