Ethics of Sadaqah
Channel: Ismail Kamdar
File Size: 23.80MB
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Today inshallah we'll continue our discussion on the Tafseer of verses 261 to 268 of Surah Al Baqarah. And going back to a mentioned a few weeks ago, you mentioned that Surah Al Baqarah is one of the most important sutras if not the most important surah in the Quran, to study the Tafseer. Why? Because it is a summary of the entire message of the Quran.
Allah Subhana Allah begins the Quran, in the final form in which it was recorded with Surah Al Fatiha and Surah Al Baqarah Surah Al Fatiha summarizes the primary message of the Quran in seven verses in Surah Al Baqarah expands upon the entire message of the Quran in 286 persons. The reason why Surah Al Baqarah is the longest surah in the Quran is because it touches upon every single important topic in our religion. So any topic you want to study, you will find verses relevant to that topic.
This is why it is perhaps the most important for you to study the Dempsey and the surah has many virtues as well, the most famous of which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam stated that the shade bonds The Devil's Lake run away from a hole in which Surah Al Baqarah is recited and is a little Rukia tip for you that if you feel that your home is haunted, or something like that resign from besides Rebecca and any gin in the area will run away. And so Surah Al Baqarah is a very important theorem. And many of the topics that we have been discussing over the past few weeks, we have taken him directly from the surah. So when we discuss why do bad things happen, we looked at
the passage in Surah Al Baqarah, where Allah Subhana Allah said that we will definitely test you with fear and hunger and loss of life and loss of wealth. And that is what we experienced a few weeks ago. In fact, through the pandemic, we are still experiencing all of this as well. Another pet passage in the Quran that is very important and relevant to the situation we are in right now
is the passage towards the end of Surah Al Baqarah, in which Allah subhanho wa Taala lists the
the ethics and the morals and the psychology behind sadaqa behind charity
is a very important passage and it's a passage that we often overlook. I mean, we studied the Quran, we tend to overlook passages which are full of parables. What are parables in the Quran? The parables of the Quran are metaphors that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses to explain to us different concepts. Now this passage versus 261 to 268. bacara contains four parables, two parables about people who give sadaqa for the right reasons, and two parables about people who give sadaqa for the wrong reasons. And very often, when we hear a parable, when we use a metaphor, instead of trying to understand it, we skip over it and we go to the next verse. But the parables of the Quran are very
important. They give us a a striking image of what it means to do the right thing or to do the wrong thing. So last week, we discussed the first two parables mentioned in this passage where Allah subhanho wa Taala says that the people who spend their wealth for the sake of Allah, it is like you planted a seed and from that seed that grows seven stems from that stem from all seven stem of growth, hundreds of grades. And Allah multiplies that have never you will never be said that parable means that when you give sadaqa for the sake of Allah alone turns it to you multiple times over, depending on the level of your sincerity, right. So it's 700 times or more depending on how well we
have given ourselves.
The other parable, which describe those who gave charity for the wrong reasons, we said it was like a rock upon which there is some soil and then when the rain falls down, it wipes away the soil showing that it's just a bare rock. Allah subhanaw taala in this verse is describing someone whose heart is full of evil, a monarch or a disbeliever, whose heart is full of it.
But on the outside is this layer of good deeds. I do they have on the outside, they look like righteous people, they look like good people, they look like someone who we all want to look up to. But in the heart, that person is evil. And when those good deeds are wiped away, when something happens, a calamity happens, that person's true nature is revealed.
And so it's interesting that this verse, or this parable comes in another passage, the passage begins about was giving us a prohibition, a prohibition related to sadaqa. And again, you know, when it comes to South Africa, we haven't studied it as well as we should most of us have have studied Salah has give charity and Allah will give you more. And we don't go beyond that. We don't go into the why you don't give it to the house. We don't go into the intentions. We don't go into what not to do. We just know we must give. But in this verse, Allah subhanaw taala prohibits something. He prohibits something and he said, If you do this, there'll be no rewarding if Allah Subhana Allah
says, Oh, you will believe do not violate your setup. Do not make your sadaqa invalid by following it up with reminders of your favors, and would hurtful words, almost Rondo says do not violate your sadaqa do not invalidate yourself by following up with hurtful words or reminders of your favorite. What does this mean? It means don't give sadaqa to someone, and it tells them remember what I did for you. Don't give solokha to someone who can use it to emotionally blackmail that person to make that person feel indebted to you for life, to make a person feel bad to make the person feel humiliated. Don't do that. If you treat people like that there is no reward in itself.
How is it relevant to the situation we are in today? When what happened happened a few weeks ago, many people said oh we give sadaqa to those people and look how they are repaying us.
We're not going to give them anymore. That is not an Islamic Africa. That is not the Islamic attitude. The Islamic attitude is we give Salah for the sake of Allah. What sins other people do does not reflect on our sadaqa we'll continue to be people of generosity for the sake of Allah.
We will not remind people of our famous we will not say hurtful words to people, we will not look at other people's sins and say okay, I'm not going to give charity or anyone will say Oh, my charity overseas, because people in this community are stealing or doing other types of crimes.
Yes, we will try to give sadaqa to the best avenues possible, we will try to give sadaqa where we feel it will benefit society best. But we should never follow up our sadaqa would remind us about papers that I did this for you and this is how you repay me. That's not the type of word that should come at the dump of a believer. So Allah subhanaw taala begins this verse with a prohibition. And he ends the verse with a parable about the the person who's had the layer of good deeds, but underneath it, he is has a hard heart. Why? Because when someone gives set up with the wrong intentions, when they give Salah from a place of ego, then on the outside, the person looks like a generous person,
but on the inside, that person's heart, his heart, the person does not have your lasagna. And so when things go wrong, and his true nature is revealed, then this is what the parable is about. Then the rains come and wash away the soil and there's just a payoff on the need. That they will see back comes the calamities come the wash away the big lay on good deeds and all that's left is the exposed Okay, we do not want to be from that group of people.
Whatsoever handle data again continues to provide us with more parables related to salah
and more reminders about what to do and what not to do when it comes to saga. So one of the other verses in this passage, wash your hand up tells us what to do instead of being nasty. How's that?
many times we are we are put in a situation where somebody asks us for money, and
you'll be there many ways you can respond. The best way, the best way is to give the person so that you do it for the sake of Allah and you don't think about it again. That is the best way Allah Subhana Allah Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wa sallam has told us about people who will be under the shade of what was shown on the last day. One of those types of people is someone to give charity with his right hand that his left hand does not know about. That is another parable. It means somebody who gives us so much of sadaqa and so secret sadaqa that he doesn't even know who he gave why or how much he just gives. He doesn't count. He didn't say oh, I gave this much that person that
much of that person. No, he just gives and gives for the sake of Allah. That's the highest level right? Now. When he gets GD his way if you give someone Celica but you rub it in them.
You give someone sell a car, but you give money at a loss of a hand that tells us Golu Maru from Halo Minnesota back yet
to say sorry to say something nice and ask the person for forgiveness, for not being able to help them out is better than to give them charity and follow it up with hurtful words. Allah subhanaw taala says if you cannot be nice in how you give people sadaqa you rather apologize, don't get upset, okay? If you know your nature is such that if you're going to help someone, you're going to rub it in their face for the rest of their life, you go to your money and for it, it is better that you don't even give the person so that you just say slowly
To say something nice and ask the person for forgiveness is better than to give them charity and to rub it in their face. This is a verse in the Quran.
There are so many layers in this verses related to sadaqa. And how our mindset towards it should be I just want to focus on the last two parallels that Allah Subhana Allah brings to us related to Salah again, there is a order of Allah discusses a parable of the person that give sadaqa for the right reasons in a person who does it for the wrong reasons that the person does it for the right reasons, and then the person who does it for the wrong reasons. And these parables followed his order. So the next one again is about the people who do it for the right reasons. Those are doing a philosophy
that says, what must
be good and while they hold the majority love than those who give sadaqa seeking the pleasure of love
and to satisfy their own souls meaning to remove from them that feeling of you know of being stingy or miserly. To get rid of that feeling from their hearts. Allah says that they they're terrible. Commercial engender, it is like a garden upon a hill, like a garden or a farm upon a hill. And
when the rains fall upon that hill, their profits are multiplied. And even if the rains don't fall it they are so profitable.
So let's rather paint a picture of grass. Imagine a farm or a garden on a hilltop. Right? So what's the advantage of a farm or a garden being upon a hilltop number one is going to be exposed to moderate, right? Number two is going to be a more fertile place for growing crops. So let's assess whether there's a heavy rain or not. He's still gonna have profits, he's still going to benefit from that garden. Allah says this is the metaphor of someone who does what, who gives sadaqa seeking the pleasure of Allah,
that no matter how he comes back to you, it's still going to benefit you. So how does our circle come back to
number one, if you give Salah for the sake of Allah, you will get in return the same money multiply over in this one. Number two reward in the afterlife. Number three protection from calamity. Number four, you do ask him to be answered. Number five, often the person you get to look up to makes you are for you. These are all ways in which your circle comes back to you. So Allah is saying that when you give sadaqa for his sake, you can expect a downpour of blessings to come your way. And even if the downpour doesn't come your way, some blessings will come your way. So sometimes you give sadaqa and in return the person makes to offer you there's some benefit. Sometimes you give Salah in return
you get the same thing multiplied over in this world, you get rewarded, multiply, oh wait, this work and the next you have the calamity that you're protected from the Halle gardens answer is a download of lessons. But either way, either way, you always always benefit from giving sadaqa and this is part of the mindset of Islam that our sadaqa is not lost. When you give charity for the sake of Allah, you will always, always get something from Allah in return, whether it's protection from a calamity, whether it's the answer to whether it is rewarded the afterlife, but always something good will come your way. If you can stand up for Allah subhanho wa Taala he compares it to a gardener on
a hill is either going to be a downpour of blessings because the garden to bear fruit or even if there's no downpour, the garden will still give beer profits. And so that is the nature of a person. Don't give up for the pleasure of Allah subhana wa Tada. Now, an interesting thing about these verses is Allah subhanaw taala ends each of these verses with some of his names and attributes that relate to sadaqa. So Allah Subhana Allah says that, if you are going to say something bad to the person, it's better that you don't say anything. You don't get to look at all. Well law Who are you? And Allah doesn't need your setup. Allah, Allah honey, Allah is independent, Allah doesn't need your
father. Now just this one word in this verse, Allah funny.
We can give an entire lecture about how that relates to solder. Because in Islam when we are giving sadaqa our money is not going to that person. It is going back to Allah subhana wa Taala who is multiplying it for us in this world and the next that Allah smart Allah is seen in this verse. He doesn't need us to give sadaqa with an attitude. He is funny. He doesn't even know if you think you're doing anyone a favor by giving sadaqa Allah is the provider Allah. Resources are unlimited, Allah is just giving you a chance to learn good deeds. So we have to ensure that the way that we give sadaqa is a way that pleases Allah subhanho wa Taala in both our intentions and our attitude
towards the people who we are giving some love to guide us to be amongst those who do things in a way that is rightly made me make us are the people of a class, but he lived from us the calamities that have befallen our community and return us to a state of ease. super handy Robin is that the
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to the metaphor continues. And Allah subhanho wa Taala, then describes the opposite. He describes the example of someone who spends their whole life doing sadaqa for the sake of Rio Salado for the sake of the ego. And the end result of that. And before we go into the metaphor, is an important Heidi's related to this.
It is extremely, extremely important that every good deed that we do, we do it with a philosophy, because that is the fundamental thing that makes it rewarding.
And so in the famous Hadith in Sahih, Al Bukhari narrated by Abu karela radula, one who the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam warns us about three types of Muslims will be amongst the first to be punished in the Day of Judgment. And who are those three types of Muslims, the one who gives sadaqa for the sake of ego, the one who taught Islam for the sake of fame, the one who was a brave warrior for the sake of fame, if someone is giving charity to be famous, if they are teaching Islam to be famous, if they are fighting bravely in the battlefield to be famous, there is no reward. In fact, it is a sin. It is a sin. And that is the type of people who will be the first to be punished on the
Day of Judgment homologues to believe we ask Allah to protect us from that, and to make us from the people of Islam. So Allah subhanaw taala, in this verse now gives us a parable of the one who gives charity for the sake of real, what will happen to him later in life. And Allah subhanho wa Taala says, imagine the person Imagine if one of you had a garden of grapes, and an end date, right, so those were, in the time of the outcomes, the two most profitable things they could have in the garden, grapes. And these should imagine one of you had a garden, in which the grapes and dates and the rivers flow through the garden, meaning you don't need irrigation, you don't need rain, there's
always enough water and the loss of paradises. And besides that the garden produced every type of fruit, for what what so imagine you have this garden, you have grapes, you have days you have every type of fruit, you have the robots flowing through it, then and you have children of God and it continues to draw the picture boss, he says, and the person who owns the garden is now elderly, but his children are very young.
The man is now elderly, and his children are very young. So So what was the pitch Allah subhanaw taala is going to You see, when you are young and you have young children, you can restart your life even when Fukushima happens if a calamity happens, you can rebuild your business before your children come of age. If you are old, and you have old children, or you have adult children, and a calamity happens, your children can step up and rebuild the business for you. But if you are old, and you have small children, and a calamity happens, that the elderly person doesn't have the strength to rebuild the business. Neither do the small children. So that is the worst of calamities
that can happen. So Allah is painting this picture for us. Imagine the elderly man, he has all of these gardens he spent his lifetime building up this farm and his children are too small, you know to help him and he's too old to start over. And then what happens? Allah tomato hits the hits the farm, causing fires to spiral out of control, and the entire thing is wiped away. The entire thing is wiped away. Allah Subhana Allah says
That that is the example of the one who gives charity for short. That is the example of the one who does good deeds for the sake of
there's another Hadith, Allah Subhana away or Shula tells us that Allah subhana wa Taala, that if he is there for us in times of difficulty, if we remember him, he times with ease. So this is the opposite scenario, where someone forgets a line height of ease. In times of difficulty or loss you have data may not protect them. So once you have that now gives us this example again, let's draw the example one more time. The man is elderly, his children are small, he has a farm, and the tornado hits the farm and destroys all of it, can he rebuild, he doesn't have the strength to rebuild, can it show the rebuild the too small to do anything about it all is lost. Unless rather
saying that is the condition of our good deeds on the Day of Judgment. If we approach it with the wrong intentions, someone can spend the entire life doing good deeds. But they're doing it for the sake of the ego. They're doing it because they want to be famous for doing it for the Facebook likes doing it for the YouTube subscribers. They're doing it because they want people to love them. They're doing good. They want people to see their generous love to others and Madison a day of judgment. It is as if a tornado came and wiped away all of the good deeds, and there's nothing left. And it's too late to do anything about. That's why it will give us the parable of the old man and
young children. Why? Because it's too late to do anything about it. Just like it's too late for them to rebuild that garden, on the day of judgment will be to read to read to rectify our intention, and to do things for the sake of Allah. So what is the reminder you do remind them in everything we do? Do it for Allah. Perea should never, ever be something that we engage with. And this is one of the most difficult sins to avoid. And the only way to avoid it is to constantly, constantly check our house to check ourselves and remind ourselves that whatever we do, we do it for the sake of Allah, it is very easy, particularly when it comes to set up, to fall into when people start to praise you
for your setup. When people start to call you generous when people start to look up to you, when people start to share Facebook posted a picture of you giving out groceries and praising you and liking it and sharing it. It is very, very easy for you to enter the habit. So let us ensure that when we do these deeds, we do it for the sake of Allah. And the verse ends with a beautiful, beautiful reminder
the psychology behind people who don't give sadaqa so again, our talks about giving Salah to for the right reasons, giving Salah for the wrong reasons. And he ends the passage Well, why don't people who don't get stuck at all? What's their problem? So Allah subhanaw taala explains to us what's the problem and he says, Are shaved down in
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can trade on promises you poverty, he promises you property and he tells you to be miserly. But Allah promises you forgiveness, and a lot of blessings in this world. So your watch panda is giving us the psychology behind miserliness. miserliness comes from the worst worst option, where she can't help you. If you get challenging, you're going to get
if you give charity, you don't want to lose money, you rather invest it, you'd rather save it, you rather keep it. And so the more we listened to this was the more buys into the company. And Allah compares the promise of Shakedown to the promise of Allah, she can promise you charity also shaytan promises you property if you can charity, what is a lot of promise you to charity, Allah promises you two things, forgiveness for your sins, and He will give it back to you multiple times over my
forgiveness and and giving it back to you multiple times of notice forgiveness and mentioned first Why? Because that is more important. It is more important that Allah forgives our sins, then then we get this dunya back multiple times over. So Allah mentions that goes into the psychology behind this verse is that if you are not giving sadaqa because you are afraid of becoming poor from giving charity, understand that is the worst assumption. Allah has promised those who give charity he will give it back to them multiple times over. So whose promise Are we going to believe? Are we going to believe the promise of shape or are we going to believe with the promise of Allah subhanaw taala
there are so many more beautiful, beautiful messages packed into a series of verses. I highly recommend that when you go home you open up the section of the Quran verses 261 to 268 of Surah Al Baqarah. And read through the verses read through the translations read through the tafsir because this is one of the most powerful passages in the Quran about sadaqa it explains everything from the reasons to the ethics to the model, the psychology, multiple parables, all placed one after the other in seven beautiful
Powerful versus unless you have to give us the ability to understand the Quran and to live it and to practice it. The hearing moved from our hearts to any new file Korea and replace it with a flashing neon to make us from the true believers of Indonesia Hasina will feel after the husband working for another two offices in the center of Donna. Robin Allah. Allah hisoka Hamilton wala learning me, Robin Allah Mohammed Amala Takata
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